Newspaper Page Text
The State Records.
SECRETARY OF STATK'S OFFICE,
COLUMBIA, S. C., Oct. 12,18U5
EDITORS F Ka? vis : I? your, inane o
lOth iu>'ant, 1 ....?i.t.c? u'i ex'ruct tjg>n
OhurlrMim Courier, iu which..o-ieO* it?
respmdents, in ap-aking "f 'tlicj d'Stni
of ? at? aiui lJisirici n-oi>rds, .>? ' The Fe
troops, ?raf e? that '* the State records
o'her papers di importance are gone<
ever." . .?
1 do not know from what sonr.e he
drawn hie informa >"n, nor d > I doubt
sincerity of his msetion, b ?t a? every ci
ot t e S-n?e is i'it-n-stcd more or leus i
rec >r I? ot'rl?s otti*?, and thw.se- <?f tba
Teyor-G?n?riil, I d< oin it my duty lo ic
th?< anxiety wh eli.un} arise, by correct
mistake into which be tia* fallen. Th
??rd* of the Secretary ot Stale", ?tid Su
or-Gener?il, ar-? <uteJ I have good re
to know something of these records,
pvnful exp?*rii-n<-6 in "Sving them.
M.- long c 'nuec'i ?tl wi h th *e office1
' . Ungbt ovo t i lest'nia'le v due ot thee
cms 'o I he State, and I tbo'ightof the t
mous j .dj of. paclcius so lar^e- a nuiubi
book* and papets, an I g t ?lg them o
time to save them.. \V"H? tti? ?.'ort u
giveu, I know it' I saved them I rms sac
.frery th?ti? I owned ; tbif aooucr thau ne
State lase that which cannot be replace
determine 1 to do. and by laying aside
priva'e interest, devoting my winde tin
tlie sTvice'of tb? State, working day
night, usiner ihy own wagon nud team,
r Vu- .servants of a tri?nd, And leaving the
teuts of my own b/>nse itself to th? ton
the enemy, succeeded in packing and au
its rec >rd and papets. of v .lu?-, not o ily o
two office* of Secretary of State and Sm
or-Gvner&J, located at Columbia, but al
the i*>rre?ponding offices heretofore loc
ia Charleston, b-it two years, previously
# moved to this place and put under my chi
While ou tili? -ubjoct, 1 anil mention,
the ?eu*-flt of those , interested, that I
saved th* record?-'..of.7he Oomnvsdonc
Equity,. Cleik- of Court, and Ordin?r
ilamwell District. Those of th? two lust
cc-?, I happwbed to "discover th the ti
whilst loading my own, and knowing:
would he hurnt, if not removed by some
I bad thetu pat into my car, and tnok t
off safel I also savod'onc bi>x of the (
missioner is "Equity ot Beaufort, and tho
the Commi-Mourr in Equity ol' Charle:
which Were in my ollie** ul the tim*.
WM. R. UV STY,
Stc-etary of State, S.
There seems t ; buhot tinn-s jusft no
the political ?tmOi-phere of (.bc North.
Wendell P.ul?ps h:is quite recently ma
epeech at Boston, which indicates the fa
policy of the li u?cal?. He denounces'
recon-truction policy or the President,
Mys tba/ Mr. Johnson is "three-four:
r*-t>*d." The Democrat* are not behind.
Nuw Y irk, at :h**. 0<-op r Eis'itu'e on
??vening of lite lHth, th'?v had a tremont;
rat ?cat?on meeting, at whreb Hon. Mo:t'g<
ry Blair, John Van Buren, James T. lir
a-.ul other prominent politicians sp ike.
Blair denounced utvro suffrage, and rec
meuded that tho negroes be colonize
Mextc >, and that war be cb-c'ar-'d against
Empire and Maximilian expelled. Upon
first hoad he said :
u There ?a at this moment a sectional
j wry in .Congrega ready to expel from
?i?ep out of that body, the representative
many Southern States, unless they yiclt
the dictation of that ? ?jori ty, the po we!
impose a condition of suffrage which tl
very States that made the Constitu'ion of
United States abjured from the beginni
This daring attempt, which, if success
would in effect bo an abrogaliou of thc C
etitution by a body which no being without
ha? an aim (ar beyond the establishmem
negro suffrage in the States exhibiting
Negro suffrage if it bad no other effect tl
that ol* altering the state of a poll, and a
ing tis a balance of power in the hands
one section of the country to cast thc elect
against thc will of the owners of thc si
the wealth and intelligence of the other s
tion would be intolerable ; but it would, bri
in its train other incalculable evils, the wo
of which would be ;ho creation of u ru'rx
degraded casto of laborers, much more fa
to the peace of the Government than pee
slavery during the ilr>t two centuries of
On the subject of colonization in Mexii
and war on tue Empire, Mr. B. said :
M If the negroes are erer to be free, equ
and, independent, they must have a place
refuge set off and secured to them by t
common consent of all the States of t)
Union, of all the republics on this contine:
Such s laud of promise is now held out
them by th? Liberal Government of Mexi<
It beckons them to the rich region stretch ii
round tba Gulf of -Mexico from the B
Grande. Hare we not a right to accept it f
them, and unite, with the struggling peep
and President of the Mexica.-i Republic
restoring it from foreign domination, at
confirming to our freedmen population
home in the new land-in a clime congeni
to their physical constitutions and their ha
jta, and presenting in tho productions of i
?oil everything which their agricultural sk1
U accustomedto rear in perfection, and w
?t once raise them acove want to iudcpei
dence '! Io the region to which they aro ii
.vitfcd they wou!d become a line of ijemarc:
tion between the United States and Merit*
and along ita maritime frontier a coast guat
against foreign invasion-under tho wing \
the Republic of Mexico on one side. und<
that of the ?nited States on the other, an
?be freedom of its people guaranteed by bot h
all i's political institutions built on the moe
els of its neighbors and fostered by then
without intrudion Irom any, would certsinl
bold out a promise of a right of suffrage, st
curing an equality, and" the opportunity c
pursuing happiness in their own way, whic
they, can never obtain in the bosom of th
Southern States, filled with their old master
and a daring military race of white soldier?
reduced to poverty by their presence, am
excited to an increased hostility to a race bj
a war waged for their deliverance, and tb?
threat to make them rivals in the Govern
m?ilt and io the sovereign rights over th<
country which the white man claims as hit
fl Bat it is said we pannot undertake ? new
?var for the Bake of th? pegro. I say wc
most for oar own sakes."
After Mr. Blair had finished, the meeting
.wa? sd dressed by John Van Buren and jg. S.
Go*, _ _
Contracts by Freedmen.
The following timely circular has been is
BUREAU OF REFUGEES, FREEDMEN-, ?C., *|
J2gAPo.'R3 ASS'T COM. STATE VIRCINU, L
RICHMOND, VA., Sept. 29,1865. j
Reports having Leen received at these
beadejuartera, that the freedmen ift some parts
of the State refuse to enter into just and roa
?oa?bte contracts for labor, on account of the
belief that the United States Government will
distribute lands among ?beni, superintendents
and ajents of this Bureau will take the ear
liest opportunity to explain to the freedmen
that no ?ands will be given them by thc Gov
ernment; that the Government has but a very
??altqoant?ty,?f latid in the State, ouly
enough to provide homes for a few families,
and tbmt this catv only bo secured by purchase .
or lease. They will also explain to them the I
advantages of at once entering into contracts !
for labor for the coming year, and that the |
system ff contracu is in no way connected
with slavery, but ?9 tue system! adopted by
free laborers everywhere. ?t ? believed that
the renting of small tracts of land by tho
farmer to his hborr.r* would be actually b?n
?ficia!. The Itilnrer's interest ii? his cruj?s
and n:iprove'ij"tin? Would attach him ti> the
ni.vutrrioii. pruinrura'-t. nnv uniipruiioH io
break his c<"?mr;;c, and, by famishing finid
for tb? nmre dep-.-wleiit mrupiers ul bib fu??
ily. (nure*** their Couteutuieut and their
The nKri for renting binds on shares to the
freedmen'has been guroessfuilv mt'l in some
part's "1 'bu Star*, and is believed t-> be
w.irtuly of a-ni ?rn fxivndf i trial. Superin
tendents will r?,>.inai-l wi'h and a*si t bi dh
p.r'k'S in pinking either ol the nhnvn arrange..
mtim?. O BKOWN.
Cob'mel and A distant Com.
JAMES I. BACON, EDITOR.
\V Eli.S'ESO AY, XOV. i, igtfff.
. /SET Parties having billa! under the denomina
tion nf Sv, isiued by the City Council of Cbarles
t?n, can di-pose of the same lu advantage by ap
plying at this office.'
Spectacles, TVatck-?epairiag, &c.
We call attention to the card of our very esti
mable fellow-towntman, Mr. I>. Y. -MCEWEN, to
be f.'und* in aimtbar column. Hu has a new und
large supply ?f Spectacles, Eyo i/Ia?.?t?, rcpaiiing
material, ?e. . Iiis work is d mu In the heit style,
and ho is a? fair and obliging as it id punible
No Nc iv s from the Legislature.
We have nu nuil*, and o?uj?gueiitlv might just
us well be living in CalTraria or tho country of the
Hut eiitot'. Of course ev*ry one ii' deeply in
.oreMcd iu what is now guiug un in our State cap
ital, aud very unxiaus to hoar therefrom ; conse
quently wa havo stirred our stump? tb pich up
some sack tidings, but tn vaiu. Neil bor DOWi'pa
oor, nor traveller, nor flying report, has reaehod
Eugefiold since the sitting of tho Gcuoral Assem
bly. Until we Lavo regular mails ouce more, wo
must conteut ourselves to rest iu outer darknesr,
and. for amusement, ?naah our teeth over rbis"
'lamentable dearth uf now* from tbe untado world.
Of thu r?duit of the lalo election for Governor
pf South Ci-ulina, we eaunot, of course, fpeak
o/aile de?iJeJ:y. In ?il ibo Districts, however,
fruta which ;ve have beard, and they are nut a few,
the iunjurity fur tieHl. UAUMMN was large. In
tf-rws Distrieti alone, Orangeburg, Edguteld and
Abbeville, his majority was over nine hundred.
So it sewins that, despite th? fact of Col. Om:
having been solicited to run fur Governor by more
than two thirds of tho members of the Conven
tion, the people of South Carolina have thought
tit to vote for Ge,nl. Ilaiti'iox, the great ani cb?v
alrous military ebieftaiu who fought fur them so
long aud valiantly during the Ute war. Geni.
H?UI-TOK was uot a candidats, and this turn in
the affair was unexpected to almost every one
Whether he will serve, or will bo permitted to
sorve, we cannojsay. We understand he has not
yet been pardoned. Should be ho eleeted, and
not be willing or able to assuma tho office, we take
it for grautod that thc lion. W. D. PoRTKn, of
Charlearon (who is of course chosen LUut. Gov
ernor) will become our Governor. We deeply re
gret t>at wo aro unablo to givo our readers any
nar. s a? to tho probablo result of thc pending election
?t r United States Senators from South Coralina.
Detttli ol Dr. ??ontwrigbt.
Tho Columbia Photnir, of tho 24tb says: " We
deeply regret to have to record the death of I>r.
John H. Boatwright, a native and resident of our
city. As a citizen, he wai* highly esteemed, tr.il
ai a professional gentleman, be bad a large Share
of public confideuco aud practice.
Dr. Beatwright bas filled mariy positions of
hono'r'and trust. Ho bas beon Mayor of the city
of Columbia ; twice elected to the House of Rep
resentatives in the Legislature, from this District,
and at the time of his death was Grand Master
of thc Order of Free Masons in South Carolina.
In all these positions Le discharged his duties
with fidelity to those who had placed bim in them,
with ability, and with great credit to himself, both
in heid and heart, Ile was a good citizen, and
his loss is univerrally lamented iu our community.
Ile died on Sunday morning at three o'clock,
after a brief but painful illness, and his remains
were escorted to their last resting place on yes
terday morning by a large number of the Masonic
fraternity and citizens generally.
The renowned Abolitionist, HHNVT WAHD
iiEECHKH, one of Ibo principal leaders of tho
Black Republican party, bas recently turned a
complete political summerset. On the 22d ho de
livered a sermon, in which be gard in his unquali
fied endorsement of President Johnson and his
reconstruction policy ; urged forbearance and
kindness toward the South; insisting they must
regulato negro suffrago fur themselves; discoun
tenanced any interference, and claimed that (hey
must havo cuufidenco in the loyal professions of
of tho Southerners, and that their self-respect
must not be offended. He also puta foitb kind
words for G eu. Lee."
Thc Coming Circus.
Not that we know of one comiug, bot that wo
hopo one w'll como ? Perhaps if we write in tbo
Adi/ertiner thut Edgefield is a good placo to gath
er up haif dollars fc, and that tho peoplo of all
? sorts and sixes would flock to tho exhibition, tho
said Advtttincr will fall into the Lands of tho boss
circus mau, and he will read our longing pura
graph, and bis sympathizing heart will be touched*
and he will immediately hasten to our relief. How*
delightful it would be-not tho sympathy of the
boss circus mao-but the Circus itself! Just im
agine the spotted horses; and the spotted clown ;
and the spott d ladies ; and tho pretty, dirty men*
with pretty, dirty gold headbands on, wko ride
and swing and climb and tumble ; and the lady
who i a eera round on a horse, with a *hort dress
aud spangles, aud standing on one leg, and junip
I ing through the hoops ; and the strong man who
has a large stone placed upon his strong stomach,
I and anothor strong man to beat upon it with a
j large hammer ; and the big brass band tho! al
ways plays tho selfsame air from " Crown Dia
monds." And should tbey have an Elephant,
and Monkeys aad Lions; and should we be al
lowed to feed tho Elopbant with apples and nuts t
And then all tho little, miserable, niggerloss chil
dren that have boen born of rebels parents during
the past five years, could go und see Ike " Circus
and the Monkey-show." BILL AIIP deplores most
touchingly that several of the li.tlc AftPS havo
never bad this inestimable advantage and privi
lege. Poor little things, they would no doubt
imagino themselves in Paradise, looking at angels
aod thc like of that. Having been debarred from
circuses for five long years is something fearful !
So all y- u, who want tho circus contrive to throw
this copy of the Adveititr into the bands of thc
boss circus man.
?2>* At pre?cot negroes are allowed te voto in
only six States, viz ? -Maine, New Hampshire and
Vermont, sabjoct to thc same conditions aa white
men ; iu Massa chuso tts they must bo able to road
?nd write ; in Rhode I-laud, must bo worth ono
hundred and tl irty dollars in real estato; in New
York, must bo worth two hundred and fifty dol
lars over all inetimbrasces.
: Terrific War in South America.
For some months past, o very vigorous war has
be*n going on in South America, between Dra7.il,
Btuuo* Ayre?, nnd Uruguay, on th? ono part, and
the small and weak ltoptibHc nf Paraguay, cn thc
o:h-T pnrt. As i- -we'] known lo mir readers.
Br;.7.il ?md l?ennos Ayr**, cr the Argentino Con
federation irs it. is new culled, ure the Iw?i greatest,
strongest mid wealthiest powers of Sent h Ameri
ci : wbilo, :.s we .? ,i 1 ali'ive, Paraguay is misera
bly small ?nd webk: She in weak', bul hts pro veil
aeriell in this war sublimely bravo and deter
mined., s ?ut h Auici ?can new?4M|Msrrf im vu lately
reached ibu united Slates, giving detail.? ul the
recent groat lia tl! c of Y at ny. The-o impels show
'that the w;,r in question \? astuni?ig a chasac'cr
ol the utmost, loree.ty and bb.odtLirstiness. O'n
thu 17th cf Au^Urt rho allied* forces, eighr thou
siud, fivo huuJred Strong/under General* Flores
?nd Pauucro, encountered three thousand, fuiir
hundred P-raguayans, under Major Duarto, at
Yatay on the right hank of tho Uruguay rigel?.
The Paraguay iu : wire unprovided with artillery,
and were outnumbered two to one. A summons
w.is snit tc them m ntrrender, hut they replied
by ?hooting the ines-engcr. For^an'heur and a
quarter, tho Paraguayans met the Aeree nrsaults
of the =llics with a most desperate und valorous
rcs'Maccc, neither nuking nor receiving tho iju-ir
l'ir,which their powerful ?ssuilunts were lillie
dL-pu.-ed to accord them. At. thc end of that time
they broke and lied tu the rivor, pursued by l'?ur
thousand, cavalry. Herc o flauguter lock place
which ono of tho victorious generals character
izes as? general bu te li? ry. Scarcely one' of the
valiant and devoted army of Paraguay oictiped.
They left fifteen hundred ii^if on thc field, and
only threo hun ired icnuncltd-a. conclusive proof
cf the fearful nnturo id tue struggk. Their loader
Duane, and twelve hundred uf bu troops, felt in
to the Lands of ibo Brazilians, uud all their i tores
\rcro captured. Tho allies state their los.? at only
two hundred and Gfly killod and wounded.
Another detach m-'iit ol the Paraguayan army,
sovun thousand strong, on the opposite ?dc of the
river, was prevented by the Brazilian gunboats
from reinforcing Dutrte, ard wore at latest date*
hemmed in beyond tho possibility of escape. As
a set off against Lhcsc successes, aa engagement
is chronicled between the Paraguayan batteries
and thu Brazilian tl et, in whir-h tho ?eet seems
' to bare been" severely handled. Further battles
nf equally important character were daily expected.
ir?an y Thau ks.
We acknowledge our kindest thanks te J. M.
CLAUSE. E-q., of Augusta, Mr. .I.B. Hone us,
Mr. M. Lr.eRSOiittI.Tr., Mr. ANDREW RAILSAV, ard
Mr. BAITUN HOLMES for timely and very sorely
nooded late paper.-*.
Thc Georgia State Convention.
T?o [??orgia Stn tc Convention assembled at
Mil'odgevillc, on Wednesday, the S?th.
On tho 27th, in tho afternoon gestion,'an ordi
aanc: declaring the State war dcbt3 voi l wai re
ferred to a pommittoe.
Two articles of tho now Constitution wero re
ported. Thc first article was adopted, tho 20th
section of the same abuluhes slavery, with n
promise that emancipation shall bc no cstopel to,
future claims for compensation.
A strong feeling against-repudiation ij mani
it is thought that Ex-Gov. Josoph E. Brown
will be a candidate for Governor.
internal Revenue Gaule?
Being an ABSTRACT-of the Internal Revenue and
Direct cr Land Tux Laws of tho United States
-with Schedule! of Taxation, License, Stamp
Duties and Exemptions, showing the P. itee un
der the various Tax Laws since July 1,1S'>2,
intended for tho general information of thc
Tax Payer. To wbicbj* added an Abstract of
thc Acts of Congress-'pa ?si <T daring the'Afar,
rotative to Abandoned Lands and to other mat
ters of General Interest By C. J. ELFORD,
Esq., Assessor Internal Rivcoue TeX for Third
Collodion District South Carolina.
Tb is neatly printed little work ut just the book
that every mau who has any taxes to pay, or ?vko
desires to know anything concerning all laws of
interest passed by thc United States Government
stueo 1 SOO, should be in poEsessftn of. Thc com
piler has evidently discharged his heavy task well
and thoroughly, and thia conciso abridgment of
so vast nn amount of general information to tho
people, from such an -immenvo muss of acts,
amendments, alterations, repeals, re-enactments
Ac, os passod by tho U. S. Congress during the
war, reflects much credit on the intelligence aud
indomitable energy of Mr. Ei.ronn. Price iO
cents per copy. A liberal discount to tho trade.
Address G. E. ELFORD, Publisher, Greenville, S.' C;
For the Bcuciit of Freedmen.
For the information of our colored brethren*'
we give tho following extracta from thc address
of Gen. HOWARD, tho head of thc Freedmen's
Bureau, delivered at Snvannnh, to tho Freedmen/
on tho 19th ulL, and hope they will profit by the
advice^ giver! :
With regard to thu qucstiau of labor, ho in
formed them that thu Government had set them
freo forever, but it had not stopped work. For
merly they did not receive the earnings of their
labor, thees were now secured to thom, Hereto
fore they had familics'from whom they were of
teu separated, thia would never be again- Ho
urged thom to provide for their families, not only
Ko feed and clothe them but to educate thom. As
many of them wero refitting to make labor con
tracts for thc ensuing year undor tho vaguo no
tion that- the Government would do something for
them, he earnestly desired to disabuso their
mind? in this particular, also ; 'and hence the ne
cessity for their making contracts with thc owners
of the landd and sticking to them iu gund faith.
When tho contract was made they wore to under
stand that tho ?raple-yor w^s entitled to all their
labor, and for which they should be paid fair'and
With regard to thc abandoned lands of Uoorgia
ho rema! ked that the Government hud determined
to restore thom to their owners, as they were par
doned by tho Executive of the nation. That it
would be unjust in the Government to confiscate
these landB lying generally on the coa9t, when
tho people of the interior, who had been equally
rebellious, wore not treated in like manuer. That
equality in thc dispentution. el', justice should be
observed throughout tho South, without reference
to loca'ity or color, when there were no legal im
pediments in the way. If they wanted lund thoy
nhl st go to work in good earnest, save money/nnd
make required purchases in a rogular way. Ko
knew uf a colored man who had, by his own hon
est industry, accumulated $10,000 in the last four
Thc Sivcdc9 iu Virginia, and Thc
Poles in Texas.
, The emigration from Sweden and Norway to
America is so great that the public journa's, of
those couutrios aro begiuning to cry out against
it with great vehemence. Tho departure of thoir
stalwart'sons from countries so thinly populated
is naturally regarded ns a great calamity: A
colony of Swedeii has arrived in Virgiuiu, whore
they ?re hiring themselves as laborers, and whore
they are giving universal satisfaction by their
honesty and industry. .
Tho loiig-talkod of emigration to .Amorten of,
thc ? floe a thousand Polish refugees, wbo,' since ;
their Hight from their own country, have boen :
scattered over free and ropublicnn Switzerland,
has ?Iso actually begun/ a colony having already
arrived ia Texas. . I
?S3* From a special dispatch to tho Times of j
this city, dated Jackson, Miss., lUth, wo learn
that the Hon. W. L. Sharkey wus elected U. S. j
.Senator lo fill the unexpired tenn of Hon. Jeff ,
Davis, commencing 4th March, 1860, by a ma- '
jority of 7-1 votes over Fulton Anderson, of Jack
SOB, The foi mer recived 100 votes. j
"Is Not The Whole Land Before
' "Scpnrnte thyself,' I pray thee, from me : if
thou will t-*fce tho left ha nil, then I will jo to th?} ?
right; ?'."ii thou lU'p'irt lo the right band,then i
I triii go I" thcieft" So a..i-l Ahr thain lt? I...t ? I
many thousand ?roars bgo, when he found t!.?.t i
they Ci/u'il nut iir? i"?.-othk:r in peace; and I", it-l '
storr.?,-tho ?unihern C'-u robes., not yretenoiog to (.
ho wi. cr or better than Abraham, ure now wrying |
roi.li?; Churches of the North. Abraham and but
wore both righteous tuen ? yet it was bolter fur |.
thom that they parted. The Churches h.-ib Sortit j
aiid S#uth m nj be righteous -Ai?; and in li ko j
manner it ui?y be beti cc iV-r tuen that they-part. I
Or*rathor that thoy reituau ported. Thc Buhwpj j
of .h<; Moi.Vidi.-I U;irc?j-;:1 ?buruh Smith think
sn, and biivo veiy openly expressed their viens
to their pe-.?du. 'Tho'Souther li Bapthts nl.?'>, if
we mistake not. shrink back in unmistakable re
puguanrc from saluting with a holy kr?3 their
brethren ? f tho North. Tho great tri-cnnial Uon
vcntio? of tb..- Protef-ant I'p:.?crpnl Church bas ',
'.cry latu'y beti: "tu-so.:-ion iu Philadelphia: and ?
at this Co uy en dun theare appeared deliquio; item ;
but two Southern' LUatos, Netti; Carolina sud j
Texas. The acid end ti.?.3 of tb ?J Cou ven ti en 1
were very decidedly for thc restored unity of the ?
CU ur-bc- Nvrlb an? Sou la: Uut licv?'riheless; ,
the Southern Kpisc-uul Bishop's; if wen^ttin mis
take u?t, aro evidently inclined uaay with Abra
ham: "Separate thyself from ino." Tho General
Connell of tho Episcopal Church South, to bc held
in Mobile ia the ensuing inou?s, will luke autbur
native action on tho subject, bishop Davis of
our own State, has addressed a Utter te bbs Clergy
and L:iiiy, in which be declares the sonoratron of
the Churches OJ involuntary and overwhelming
under ibu influence of the political revu: Mon,
and that it cannot bc regarded in tho light of
souttar. Tnat tho sc fer lime wad fur tho mity
of her faith,; and taut the Southern Church id
rightly consli uted, and is un independent ami
integral brauch of the Church Ca:boKc. Thut
sho is, therefore, free to regain a; sh o ia, or re
turn to her union v. -th tho North. Bi. hop Daria'
regarda thc agc as pulitieal and secular, and toud
iug to combination, which he views us seenring
dominion, but as dangerous to truth ; and lie is
of ((pinion that the large expanse of thc United
Stales and th 2 discordant elements or" ?td popula
tion tire too va?: fur the continued harmony of
our Church, and for that Church to attain a sure
foundation for truth :md peace. Ile is in favor
of an itiilep?ndeat Soqtliern Church, but ii willing
to bo guided by ? bo counsels of tho general body
wbi.-h is soon to. convene. His motto is; "A
Church divino, not.human; a Gospel pure au?i
perfect." .The present prospect, therefore, is that
the Protestant Cl; ur che? South will remain sepa
rate and dir tine! from the Protestant Churches
North. Wo will not umk-rtnko to say whother
ibis will bc-lor better or for worse. Uut wc can
certainly, say wira safety, tbst tliis disruption,
whither it result for good or evil,comes from that
unholy mixing up pf p"ii:ies. and religi?n which
has already worked so much harm to thc eu usc
of Christ in our country.
Open what paper you may, radical or eonsorvn
live, Roman Calholic or Pro te.? tant, mid the
heading '? Fcninnism',' ia rcea in bold type.
Fonianism in fact lia? hccniuc thc?, great sensation
of tho day. Tho grand general congress of thc
Feniana.in tho.United St H tes assembled in Pbila
delphit! 011 the Kith of October, and is, wc believe,
still ia.sos.-Hun. There is aperfect outpouring of tho
faithfulto attend this ??iportant convention, rep
resen Uti vee haring arrived even from California
and thc far Territorio: of tho West. It seems
more tbar.probablo too that Fenicuisin will on this
occasion take souio decisive step.
Tlio various shapes which this Fenian excite
ment takes in Englnud and Ireland aro a* strange
in form as Ibo minds of men can mako them. The
Dritish papers, v. bile agreeing in a beliuf that tho
maiu project is to wrest Ireland ir<iia tho English'
rule, arc by no moan.-; harniouiaus in agreement
aa to the manner in which thc work is to bc dune.
An uprising ci' tho seagirt idle is prosumcd, of
course, to be upon- the prognmino, but it
thought by some that'Utera is to bc powerful as
sistance 1 rom abroad. Tho Bonding of a British,
fleet to guard tho coast of Ireland is an evidence
of the fears which arc entertained of a sud'lc 11
descent. The United States arc supposod to bc
thc hotbed of tho intrigue which aro to culmi
nate in tho grand attcmn't ut revolution. To pro
vent the sudden lundiug of nn armed expedition
is tho object of thoso maritima precautions.
Whilst, however, tho British authorities are
garrisoning Ireland' and blockading ita ports,
thorc aro not wanting " well-infurmod ", parties
who coolly inform them that they are neglecting
tho real point of danger, that real point hoing
Canada. This British possctsion, ray ibo '.'wull
informed," id to bc invaded by an immense army
of Fenians from the United Sta tos. Canada being
carried by n coup de wain', will bc erected into RU
Irish republic. The Uuitcd States will contract
nn alliance with thc new and flourishing republic.
War will bo declared by these two powors against
i Groat Britain"; io due time will follow tho inva
j sion and capture of Iroland, and tho redemption
of that unfortunate island from tho Saxon t?
rant. lu th ir? plot the " well-informed " ones say
ihat Secretaries Ss WA a? and STANTON* aro impli
cated, and that they, in'fact, know Of, approve Of,
and direct all thc Fcnir.h.fuovsments. Meanwhile
the grand Fenian C*ngrcss is in deliberation;
aud lieforo long, we may seo its members, and
their followers, rush over the Canadian bordee- and
accomplish tfec-grand opening movtrnggt. Per-.|
papa Secretaries S aw A no and STASTO* bare al.
ready given thc signal.
- i -?-?-'
Kow Things Work.
An incipient insurrection has buen recently
quelled in Barnwell-Dist; iet, ns wc have been ad
I vised.by a rccont vis. tor from that quarter. The
i ncgroos had arms, and had banded themselves fer
! tho purpose nf destroying the whites. They had
boenmo possessed of the Idea that, with the do
! struction of thc whites, they w nhl beootno p'os
i .?essors of thc lund. They waylaid the crossings,
and their plan was to boat down tba travellers with
cudgels, then drug thom into tho woods aud mur
der them. One or moro of thc whites h a.ve been
murdorcd. McC'uc, a farmer noar Barnwell, was
ono of thc victims. Tony bud elso burnod some
barns, with all tho gathered crop of tho scasion.
They wcro dissatisfied with their allotment of
share, and proccedod to improve it by destroying
the wliolo. Tho plot has been discovered, and
the scheme i?, M tho present, scotched. But
wbnt will happen, when tue crop is generally to
bc ehored out, is a problom of great difficulty. It"
will bo well if a utrong gunrd of soldiers shall bo
present nt tho plantations, severally, wbonovcr
the dUtribution. of thc harvest shall take place', j
Wo learn, als ?,**th?t things aro lobbing very squab j
ly above Georgetown. Oiio gcntlctnnn assures us !
that Ibo negroes ia that "qnarlcr aro almost in a J
state of revolt -SoVys tho "Charleston AWx, of :
'tho 24 th. ' .
??- Contractors nuder thc Confodcrate States
Government, it lins been decided by Attorney
General i^pccJ, arc not " civil agents," and boneo
Eced" not apply for pardon on that r.oeount.
A schema for thc colonizitioti of tho i 1
freedmen in Florida bas been laid beforo the Soc- j !
rotary of the Interior, and will noon bo brought j '
before the President. I 1
i " . ^^^^^^^^-3-:-rr-:
For tho Advertiser.
Kr. CJ. D. Tillman :
Sin,-The canvass lor tho S'atc Senate wai
short a one that the people, in my opinion, vc
not folly informed as to our respective opinion?
?chui' ll ^ravc and important stibj-t-ts; an?fc
r..i.^..tis iraprcssions were made noon thc pub
mimi in reference I? roy'coarse in the Convcntiu
I iher^t-.-rc.'nke ?be lib-Try to address you thront
the press. I will'endeavor to be brief, and w
not-ciabnratc thc argument.
in your ^>eech to the people nt LibcrtyTTi
almost Mt its i chinning, you asserted broad!
il H ? ly mill emphatically ih'at the Constitution
tiio Unite<1 PtatCK-waa deaJ, and tn i ntl i le did
t'i nruve it, you invoked (hu a?ihority .?? a ci
tait) inniuoloss Yankee Colonel. Younlso a?ert
thai ^outli Car ulina.walno longer a Stute, b
merely a big <-oiiuty, and bore thc same rehiti
to thc Peder;;! Government Ui?t Edgcficld D?atp
did to thu Government of South Carolina.. Ab?
tho cloie of your .-pooch yon broadly; flatly a
emphatically told the propl* that dcl-tu could r
ho abolisticd, because (he Constitution of t
United Sra tes forbade iL it is probable that
Chincsu Jugular could have blown the breath
lifo into tho Constitution mere adroitly than d
yourself; but I hold it to be utter impossible i
even thc Prince of Jujrgleni to have pcrfonb
the same feat more.audaciously, or with groai
miirj fi ?id than you did on that memorable occ
I, in the few reinarles I made on thal ceca?ii
attracted thc attention of tho people to thisglari
inconsistency in your speech. Subsequently,
your speech at Richardsons,you gave evidence
a chance, or at lea?t of a material modification
your views in rolutmn to Hill important .?-urjet
but you failed to give the reason therefor-r
did you stato fr."m whonco came the light tl
illuminated your understanding,- Neyortbelu
! I will not.complain, hut beg to express the ho
I that the reformation cominonccd at homo will
completed in Columbia. . Tho Constantina
South Carolina, to ordain and establish irhi
you assisted, prescribes tho oath of office, a
lhat oath required all officer? to swear'to prism
protect and defend the Coiutituti?n of this <?ta
and that of dee United States. To swear tofrcwr
yroteH and defend something that is doad; son
thing that is not in existence, is simply absui
Thia oath, as Senator for Edgcficld, you havo I
kcu. You will therefore doubtless see and ft
the necea ti ty of your immediately perfeofi
your reformation in regard to this grave sul-jc
In truth,?ir, th??r* ?3 no escape fur you ; you a
sworn to bdvoeato tho Constitution,-you i
hound to plant yourself upon tho ConsKtutim
fo- it is the true platform, and it is the pUtfoi
I have, pince tho Soutlf coased to fight,- in scaj
and cut of season, so industriously preached.
repeat, Sir, there is no escape for you, unios I
deed you violate your oath, which I will not co
jecture, and which I do r.ot suppose possible. 1
Sir, I would cot wantonly impute so bise, so fe
a crime not even to tho vilest wretch, the meani
criminal that thc revolution through which j
have just paned; muy havo spewed up or mi
hereafter spew up from the lowest depths of ign
rainy and shame to tho surface, und perhaps L
elevated or may beroafter olcvute to high plac?
Enough ha? boen said to provo you inconsir.tei
-and I will now b-iofly address myself to thc meri
of thc subject. When you said that the Consl
tution WHS dead, and that South Cand?na was b
a County, you enunciated a grave error ai
evinced no gruat statesmanship. If you had sa
that thc Constitution was suspended you wou
have come noaror the truth. Had you sa
that civil law was suspended, as to tho Sout
you would haye been critically correct. In poi
of fact, civil luw has and ii suspended in mar
respects at tho North ns well a3 at thc South. Bi
it has been suspended acoording to thc forms t
the Constitution, and aa provided fur by that ii
strument. Clause 2, Sect, t), Art. 1, reads as fo
lows: ff The Privilege of che Writ of IMeas Coi
' pun shall not he suspended unless when in cast
of rebellion or Invasion the public safety mu
roquiro it." It is well known that there was t
tho limo tho writ was suspended, war, invasiol
and, accorJing to thc theory of the (Jencrai liol
ernmcnt. nud tho opinion of the dominant part
North, there was rebollioii. It would thurefoi
bo correct to say thjit civil law had been suspt-r
ded as provided for by tho Constitution. Prei
dent JOHNSON has been a democrat,-the doun
eratic party bi.s always been a Constitutional pal
ty, and it is believed at tho South that Presider
JOQXSOK is devoted to tho Constitution, truo t
its principles, and a friend of the South. I then
lore firmly bclicyo that tho President will, s
soon as all the seceded .States take thc prope
steps te restore themselves to tho Constitutif
and tho laws, restore tho Writ of huleas Corjfm
and proclaim civil law and pea:c throughout th
length and'breadth of our long distracted coun
try. God grant that it may sp colily come !
Constitutions arc uiade to protect tho weal
against tho strong, to protect the minority agains
the majority. The Government is stronger thai
thc South, thoroft.ro lot us cling to tho Constitu
tion. The Nortb^ is moro popul?os than tho South
therefore lot us maintain tho Constitution. Thi
warrior bold but wary, would not, while confront
ing Ibo foo, break,iuto'fragments and liing frere
him tho only weapon left him for self defence
The Statesman wise and sagacious, would not,
finding himself pressed on every side by diUlcul
ties, cast at his feet tho only shield that interpo
ses itself botwecn his people and certain destruc
tion. The Constitution is our only weapon, anil
it is our only shield. In day* gone by it has hcoa
of service to us, and it may be of sorvico in time
to come. I<et us at least feshlvo to " preserve, pro
tect ai.d d-.-fetid" it in good faith. All. tattered,
all'tom, though thc Constitution of our country
mny be, lot it bo our part with caroful hands to
adjust ira parts and cement it together with a
life's devotion, for remember it is the work of our
liires. All soilod, all bloody as .it is, let us hold
it aloft that thc pure Lrcczos of upper' ctn or'may
blow upon it an 1 purify it, that thc rays Heaven'?
sun may ?hi?e upon it und bleach ft and make lt
white; and in our efforts to purgo it of its goro,
let us iuvoke the aid of Heaven, for remember it
is-th?'work of your sires. Though , low in tho
dust, thc Constitution of vir country may lie, lut
us stoop, piok it up, hold it on high ; and from it
with willing hearts, with willing hands,Ut us fling
tho dust and the corruption that about it may
cling,-for it is the work of our sires. It is" hal
lowed by time, it is the pillow of fire to the bravo
and tho freq of every clime.
II. Qr. M. DU NOVA XT.
P. S. I will address-you again.
. ?CuT" Wc leam, from prie of our Northers ere
changes, that a son of John, Brown rios just made
a .?peech lu which he urges the nogroes to arm
thomsalves and iasist"upon-ruling the South hy
force. President Johnson has just madoa ?peech,
in ^hich he urges the negro to go to work and
leave their political futuro to Providence. Which
advloo will ?he colored poi.?-lc take?
?3*" Alexander II. Rives,'of Charlottesville,
says that ho was informed by Secretary Seward j
that ho wished td ?luke peace between tho North !
and the South; that, as lo ibo test oath, if he had .'
been in Congress ho should not h.we voted for it j j
b'ut, said ho. Hie bath if a law, and any Congres- I
donal district in the South "bad bettor ?omi an
diot or a child to Congross who cnn tuko it, than
to eend a wiso man who cannc t."
For tbe Advertiser.
Tribute of Respect. .. . ,
BcTtF.n LODGE, No. 69, A. F. M!
WHKXBAS, Dr. JOI?N P. ABNEY, DANIEL
DENDY and 'V. SMITH, members of'thia Lodge, '
hiivu fallon victims to t'.ic war waged between tho
United and tho Confederate States of Americas
Therefore, Lc it . .
RreolneJ, That by the d?*fh of these men w?,
118 .Ma-Dili, buve lost good and true brothers ; our '
Lodge faithful au J well-tried workmen, and, our
Country.. eitizcn-8oldi?rs, who, in .courage..and
faithful devotion to duty, were surpassed byn one.
f? tat I ved, That a'page in our Record Book be
duvnfed to the memory of each of our deceased
brothers, and inscribed with their names.
Uenttved, That'the afflicted families and friendd
or our departed brothers have j.ur deepest and.
mo.*t heartfelt ry m pitied extended to them in
their great loss.
Ite*olv.*I, That those Resolutions bs published
in the Ed ge Held Ailee tiucr,. aD? that a. copy be
reut to each of tho families of the deceased.
JAMES W. SPE l^MAil.'Sec'ry.
An Important Circular.
IIE'D'Q'RS, ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER,
BURKAU REFCOEES, FREEDMEN Am AYANDON
BO LANDS, SO. CA. AND GEORGIA, .
^ii.viu.ESTo-sy S.-C, Oct. 6,1865. .
To the People of South' Carolina: H*..a*'-> " ?
In entering upon my duties a's Superinfen
dunt ot Education f?r' the State 'of "South
Carolina, iu accordance'with Special Orders
No. 19, Assistant.Commisaonc^Bureau Ker.
fugees, Freedtneii and Abauc't?bou. Lands for
South Carolina and Georgia',' it" is iny .ear
nest desire to' secar? th? co-opefat:on of all
person^ in the State.- : ~ ?. -.*-..?
"lt is admitted on -alt hands that nr> work is:
of moro importance', as affecting- tie- future
prosperity ol the country,- than the. -removal
of the mass o? ignorance 'i*hich,nowv weighs
down tho laboring classes throughout tho
South. Thc sooner this ' work is began the
better for all parties' coucefnrd;. ' '- '?
In thc present crippled nuancial'condrtlon
of this Suite, it is not expected - that 3he eau
assume the responsibility ot", pruybiinjg^the
moans; of education of ail within LJT border-d.
It is. therefore, jn no spirit of ?frdga'ncc; or
s-elf-sutiieiency that the vario ^Benevolent
Associations of the North'propose to assist in
the work of educating the. ??ruorant classes
of this and other Statea of ; l!ie South.,.. The
proposition is made with -tho.-sincere desire
?if bearing their share of the burdens Provi
dence hes put upon us all, and tor the pur
pose of securing a bi ighter and more prosper
ous futurs- - #. v ,..-.-' . .
These Associations now stand prepared to
furnish-teachers wbenover tho Agents qi this'
Bureau shall call for them.
I, therefore, earnestly request ali-' persons
in any part ot this State, who may'leol an in
terest in tbis work, to communicatu with m^,
.iuruishing me with alj the , iufornuiirtp tbpy
can give as to thc facilities' for establishing
schools in their respective neighborhoods. ' (
Whenever residents of thc Stateave w?lling
to accept positions as teachers, and arc other
W?FO quuiified, they will be employed.
Sure!}' no argument is needed to 'convin 'a
the intelligence of this State tba" I educati. 1?
is the prime condition of its futttre safety.ai..'
prosperity, and that the woik of .education
canuot bc commenced too soon, or carried on
with too much earueitnrs's. if Vin no other
ground than self interest . alone, this: matter
recommends itself-to the attention of every
plantcr-in the State. " n
Let the freedmen on your plantations
know that there is a school ?it hunt?, ' where
their children may.be educated, and yoa give
ouo of the strongest inducements to content
meut and. steady iudustry.
The purpose of this Bureau, and especially
this branch of it, is neither \o -destroy or un
necessarily interfere, but simply to assist in
repairing thowaste places," au>lin laying
sure tin? foundations of thu fntnre happiness
and greatness of the people of this state and
of tho whole country. This is' life spirit, in
which we shall labor, and we trust "Hie people
of South Carolina will meet us in a timilan
spirit, and co-operate with us in our cfJfoTts,
so long as these efforts may be needed, to ?e?
cure the ends \ for which this" Bureau was
established-the protection and education "of
the ignorant, ario*tb* well-being and safety
of the whole community. ... - .
. REUBEN TO MUNSON,. .
Superintendent of Schools for South Caro
lina. " ' .-.*-".- -K
jZir A Columbus (Midd.) paper says, in on? of
tho wolla ou .the 'barraek' grounds,, used,by freed
men and women, the bodios of fifwon ne?ro in-:
faiits have been found, unquestionably the victims
?gf A Richmond maiden wr.s recently robbed
oT all ber wedding outfit thc ulgbt bof?V? tho
time appointed for her marriirgo. ' So she bad
nothing to wear, and tboint?restingo?raaio? was'
deferred;- .1? ,vk ^r.; ,: .
jJSJ- Egypt is suffering fronPaScarcity'of bread '
stuffs, the Viceroy having by hlsHuoiarive mo
nopoly io the ootton trade, subitratttd-ejittou -to-...
such an extent for corn-ail over the .country, that,.
Odos-sa and all other grain degots have.nuw.to.be
rausacked to prevoat starvation from,succeeding
.'.-?-' . - - ??E -. ' . .
J?3~ Tho Spaniards must bc very, fyud nf fetes
' They have just boen holding some to. .'celebrate
thc etitry of their .sovereign upon" 'ibo fifth month
of pregnancy." Considering tbattiuiicn- isabella
has four ebildren living, and baa -aovcral times
had expectations of otb?iv,- the oveut ls not, one
would think,-so rara ai to e?t Cor much enthu
siasm. : . -:. .... v .. ; - "; J?.
?gTThh Colored Tcnncsseeab *?ji? : So far aa
tho colorod raco is Cunccrnod, all that they ?csiro
is to bo lut alono.. That thev wilb.Scrupulously
i trivo to keop.the-blood of .their peoviliar raco ?a
its primal purity and that it is their nu h us a na
tion to do so, is a fi.ct patent to.all vrko aro host
acquainted with tho peculiar characte'risties of
the raco. .". . * " '"'v ' rfv
It is catiinated. that tho cost of*too Wirt '
trial to tho Government wllf.oe ^pVr'irds'of''$lj-'
1100,'O?O. ' In ono ?njf?nce'tb? co'yt^f^rer?dlng a
single witness for the dofence wai? $3,100. '
psi" A clergyman'said in a recc?t'seTm?irtBs't'
the path of teeiitud? bal been traveled BO^?Udo
of lato year? it bad completely run to grass. .
Z3T~ Do not m eudlo with what doel not concern
you. Recollect that when the bounds are furious
ly fighting tor a morsel of meat, if they see a
jackal pass, they act off together in pursuit,af
him, > . ?...',;".. ... i ....
An old lady in Springfield* Jfitaiav81 years
of age, foll and dislocated ker ifcouidcr Ust week.
It wus-sot the samo evening,, and on thc second
day she made bur bed and walked a milo. Sho
was evidently ono of tho "old'Vtock.'*
. t3?" A correspondence betweeu Sccj'otaTy Sew- '
ard anti Provisional Governofl'crry U publ?lieJ,
tn wbieh the laltor, inquiring as1 to vriieB
ho shall ecaao to exorciso the funclior>r<ef
thc oiBso, waa informed tbftt fae should act until
rclrcvod by cxpreas ordnvef the President.
jjrfHllon.* A.'H. Stepbe't?sJias arrivai at bis
h?iiio iu Crawfords ville, ile: ia reported.to I bo
looking better than ivor bet?re, .hough bia hair
ia sprinkled with grey. lie u accompany- L by
his brotbor, Hon. Linton Stophiuj, uuj Mr. Da
Boa?. ...fl - . f. ,j . j.^r
?8- Indications, sh ow a majocity of ^0 ^?is
?isiiopi Legislature to hi in favor of nogrelZesti
. ' - ?ts; T t^L?v<. : .-T i