Newspaper Page Text
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BY MBISOE, KEE^E & CO.
EDGEFIELD, S. C./M&UST 15, 1866.
VOLUME XXXI.--N0. SS.
arnon in \\ n a h i tl "t n n .
J. L. ADDISON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW AND SOLICI
TOR IN EQUITY,
EDGEFIELD C. H" S. C.,
Office in Law Range. .
May 22, tf J
M. lu JBONHAM,
morney at Law and Soltador in
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Office formerly occunied by EMMET SEIBELS,
./an 29 tf 5
aW. ADDISON, ATTORNEY AT LAW
and SOLICITOR IN EQUITY for Edge
field ?nd adjacent Districts.
Edgefield, S. C., May 22 4m 21
"R. II. PARKER respectfully announces
that he if ?ell preparad to execute in the best
manner and promptly all work in th?pbusines3,
-and at greatly reduced figures.
Having acquaintod himself with tho late ines
timable improvements in the profession, ?.nd se
cured a full stock of materials, ic, he warrants
good and satisfactory- work to all who may desire
Edgefteld, S. C., Aug. 1, tf 31
kR. J. Ti. COURTNEY respectfully ia
-J forms bis old friends and the public general
ly tatt he is prepared to do alt work in tbe
M?NTAL LINE, in- the best manner, and oft
.-.".ort notice He will wait on parties at thoir
residence when r?q?estod to do so. Letters ad
dressed him at fc">i??efi.iM C. H., or at Grnnite
ville, will re?oive prompt a: ton ri on.
. May 22 3?m* 21
The Friends of Capt A. P. WEST respectful
ly announce him as a Candidate for Sherill of
T Infield at the next election.
? Nov 7 ? te* 45
?Sf* We have bedn i.uthorised by the friends
of Capt. tl. BOULWARE to unnounco bim a
Candidate for Sheriff of Edgefield District at the
Apr 12 te* 16
For Tax Collector.
The Many Friends of D. A. J. BELL, Esq.,
respectfully nominate him as a Candidate io.
TAX Collector at the noxt election.
Oct 18 te 4.1
For Tax Collector.
?Ha?mi.ny Friend? ol Capt.' JAMES MITCH
ELL respectfully nominate bim as a Candidate
for TAX COLLECTOR at the next election.
Dec ? te* 50
??f'Vfe havo been natho'-rzed by the many
friends of Capt. L. YANCEY DEAN to an
nounce him a Candidato for Clerk of the Court j
of Common Plea? for Edgefield Diftrict at the
Jane 20 te 27
EDGEi-TELD, S. C.
T*IE Subscribers respectfully announce that
they are now prepared to do all work in thc
COACH MAKING and REPAIRING BUSI
NESS that m ty be entrusted to them, in a work- j
manlike manner, and with nearness and dispatch. ;
We bare on hand a iow CARRIAGES asd sn- i
perior Bili iii KS, of cur own manufacture, which .
we will sell low.
All kinds of REPAIRING done promptly and j
warranted to give satisfaction.
. ^?-As we ?ll ONLY FOR CASH, our prices 1
cr* nnnsuslly rwrsoivble. Ail wo vk is a trial. .
swim & JOKES, i
Mar^_tf_ 10 _ I
METALLIC BURIAL CASES
THE Subscriber has just received an assort
ment of. tteae beautiful Rosewood finish
?METALLIC BURIAL CASES and CASKETS
Air-tight, ?nd indestructibly-for protecting and
preferring tue Dead-whieh be will sell at but a
a > de ra. te advance on>originsl cc?tnnd transporta
tion. Wherever introduced these Cases have the
preference over all others.
ISTOrders promptly fillod. Terms, of course,
strictly Cash. J.M.WITT.
Edgefield, Mar 13 tf ll
I. X. TE AG FE,
EDGEFIELD.. S. C
HiS ler?d the Whitaker Stables for the pur
pose ut conducting n general SALE AND
MVTKRY STABLE BUSINESS.
HORSES left in his charge will receive the j
?est niicotion. , ?
BUGGIEJ, CARRIAGES and HACKS, and
good gertie HORSES, to hire whenever tailed j
USOYERS wHl ?ad ample accommodation at
Egr" Terms reasonable.
Feb ll - tf
IPOT Old and Yoimg
IHAYE on hand a large nnd choice variety of
SPECTACLES, including Patent Perescopie
j.ENS and co au in s Scorch PEBBLES. Also,
EYE GLASSES, EVE PROTECTORS, *c.
Oive Jn? a call. I can snit your Eyes.
D. V. Mc II WEN.
To the Public.
DF. HcEWEN,-having received a COM
. PLETE ASSORMENT OF WATCH
MA t'EKULS, wowld respectfully inform bis
friends and the public generally that-ho is now
prepired to exeonte, with dispatch, all work
* ?a the
Watch Bepaiiring Departroeiit*
fSTAll work done by him will be warranted.
All Myles of HAIR WORK and SOLID GOLD
JEWELRY made t? order.
TERMS CASH. No work will be allowed to
(nave the Shop until paid for.
ONE CASE GENUINE CONGRESS WATER.
Pur ?ste by TEAGUE A ?JARWILS.
DRAKE'S PLANTATION BTTTF.BS;
RUSS' ST. DOMINGO BITTERS;
GREEN'S OXYGENATED BITTERS.
For sal? low by
TEAGUE A CAR WILE. V
Way 23 . _<*_!L
amtrf COPULAS BED BOG KILLER.
P**P TEAGUE * CASWJLE.JI
( Life's Sunset.
Where aro you going so fast, old man,
Where are you going so fast ?
There's a valley to cross, and a river to ford,
There's a clasp of the hand and a parting word,
And a tremulous sigh for tho past, old mon,
The beautiful vanished past.
The road has "been rugged and rough, oil man
To your feet it's rugged and rough,
But yor see a dear being with gentle eyes,
Has shared in your labor and sacrifico;
Ah ! that has been sunshine enough, old man,
For you and me, sunshine enough.
How long since you've passed over the hill, old
Of life o'er the top of the hill ?
W ere there beautiful valleys on t'other side?
Were there flowers and trees with their branches
To shut out tho heat of the sun, old man,
Thc heat of the fervid sun ?
And how do you cross the waves, old mau,
Of sorrow, the fe?rful waves 'I
Did you lay your dear treasures by, one by one,
With an aching heart and " God's will be done,''
Under tho wayside dust, old man,
In the graves 'neath the wayside dust?
There ie labor and sorrow for all, old mac,
Alas ! thero is sorrow for all,
And you, peradventure, havo had your share,
For eighty long winters have whitened your hair?
And they've whitened your heart a.? well, old
Thank God, your heart as well.
You're now>t the foot of thc hill, old man.
At last at thc foot of th? hill ;
Thc sun has gone down in a golden glow,
And the heavenly city lies just below;
Go in through the pearly gate, old man.
Thc beautiful pearly gate.
Beaufort, As It Is.
Mr. B. C. .Truman, the traveling corres
pondent of the New Yorfc Times, writes that
paper a long letter from Beaufort, S. C., fron:
which we extract as follows :
Probably no city in the Uuiou has experi
enced such a change as this. It was formerly
a rich, aristociatie winter resort for Suutber
ners-men of luxurious ease, who bad piena
of money, and spent it without stint. What
a .change I Beaufort is now complotelj Van
keeized-that is, it is almost wholly inhabited
by New Englanders. Maine, New Hampshire,
Vermont, Alassachnsetts, Rhode Islam ann
Connecticut are all well represented ; ard al
though the present inhabitants are more
thrifty and industrious than the nabobs who
formerly were the possessors ol' property here,
they keep their purse-Sitings much tighter,
dispense charities, ?fcc, less lavishly, and not .
withstanding tLey aim to he clannish, get
aloiig together l?ss harmoniously. There
are between fifteen hundred and two thousand
white people in Beaufort, almost all ol' whom
are genuine Yankee*-all rich, too, tfc?&k*
lo tLe fate of war ai.d the existence of Direct
Tax Commissioners. In and about be.vo are
some ten thousand colored men, who u ingle
with the whites just as though they wi re ut
the same origiu as the whites. The Mayui
rr- ifco-c?rj- V t*~**xm-? i iii. , ,1 -?^rl. 'V[TT I
s?lice Bolder, laudlord and store-keeper JmECf?
irum the same section. The best proof, how
ever, that Beaufort is thoroughly a Yankee
town, is obtained from the fact that tint peo
ple are in lavor cf negro suffrage, ant ! to a
man-office-holders and all-pronounce An
drew Johnson a traitor. Some i if theso men
are Ex Quartermasters and Ex-Commission
ers ; but as a general thing, the couiniunit)
is composed of sutlers, sutlers' clerk*, ano.
other high-toned patriots, who fought, bled
(the soldiers,) and died for their country,
although as yet history Las foiled to giv?
them honorable mention.
The colored people, who are really tho only
ones who do any hard work hereabouts, do
great credit to t hansel ves and the community
rn which they move, by tb<nr uniform good
behavior and industry. It. really griov;s me
to see how these popr fellows are swindled
and dealt with generally. But it seems to do
no good to show up these operatior,s, for
there is a party at the North pretending to
be governed by good motives, who endeavor
to conceal all facts connected with thes; out
rages. I tell the readers of the Times that
Generals Steedman and Fullerton have not
told half. These colored . people .have been
swindled beyond al) consideration : and if the
Freedmen's Bureau Biil now before the 'louse
becomes a-lav/, God help the colored men of
the South, say J,
Tue must distinguished and most successful
of all of these n?gro robbers ia a lormer
chaplain, known as Father French, who has
in the past four years accumulated a quarter
of a million dollars in cash and real estate.
Even the Northern people here, to a man,
pronounce Father French the Tycoon of all
the robbers. He had .General Saxton com
pletely under, hts control, and got bim into
bad repute. He was ordered away from the
auction sales by the Direct Tax Commission
ers, but managed to buy all the property he
bid on, which was considerable. General
Saxton is a frightful fanatic, and while a Com
missioner of Freedmen, did a world ot harm.
But the accounts of General Saxton swind
ling the negroes are strictly untrne, as are
;ilso thc reports of his being mixed up in the
diroct tax sales greatly exaggerated. The
only case in the latter charge that can be sub
sta?tiated is the fact that through hil influ
ence he became possessed of the mQst pala
t ? ai mansion in Beaufort for a mere song. I
haye met several of thc warmest; friends of
General Saxtou, hero, yho scout tue idea of
bis ever personally being connected with any
iitgro-swindlins operations, who say that his
purcbasa of the honsc above alluded to was
a fraud.. If lt bfid been bid in fairly, i'lid the
Commissioner? inform me this, it would have
brought ten thousand dollars. As it was.
General Saxton got it for two thousand, os
there was GU competition-the entire commu
nity agreeing that hesbould have the property
Father French's operations exterd from
here to Charleston, bot ii in the purchase of
teal estate and in running plantations. His
inodvs tyerqndi in the purchase of land was
as follows: Thousands of acres of la id wore
laid off and called soldiorf' tracts, to be sold
to soldiers at certain low priflcs, Father
French, would buy in these lota, ostcu1 ibly for
the soldiers, the latter being presen ; at the
[ sales ; but in almost all cases the certificates
ultimately lound their way into Father'
Frenchs pockets. Bat his negro-swindling
operations brat everything. He is the big
gest planter South Carolina ever hod. He ?3
rnnn?ng thousands of negroes and running
them into debt and into their graves. They
are all io debt to him, on account cf his lofty,
charges for meal and Attleborough jewelry.
For certain reasons T will not give this bad |
man at this time the full extent of my knowl
edge of hie operations in South Carolina. He.
has been sent for from Washington ; but it is
the common expression here that he will pull
the wool over the eyes of the authorities there.
Tbs office of the Direct Tax Commissioners
for Sooth Carolina is located here, and will
tiaish its operations, no doubt in .another
year, a? there is less than ?100,000 to collect?
Although there are many complaints against
the Tax Commissioners here, they are not,
.ike'the FloridaComuiissioitors, charged.with
gross frauds and robberies.' Up to tin* time
nearly a quarter of a million of dollars Hits
been collected for the Gorernjoeot by tax?
and by tai sties.
Beaufort is a sandy town, nearly tv
miles from the ocean, and it is nearly
summer. Don't you believe it is a little w
However, we have a nice breeze with tb<
every evening. You ought to see the I
fort mosquitoes-gracious !
Freedmen's affairs are frightfully mixe
on the Sea Islands. These islands, as ai
remember, were set apart by General ?
man, in Order No. 15, in January, 186-=
the settlement of the colored people wh<
gathered together in vast nu-rbers in
General's lines. Allotments of land, n
nally of thirty or forty acres in extent, bi
reality of all dimensions, from half a d
acres to half a'dozen hundred acres, .
squatted upon by all ages, sexes and cc
tions of the colored race; The diatribe
ender General Saxton, or some of his agc
was made in the iiiost careless and irreg
manner, which irregularity was contir
until the end of General Saxton's adm;
tration. Not half ot the certificates iss
comply with General Sherman's conditi
and worse than that, cormorants of the Fa
French style of philanthropist, and he am
them, have swindled the poor freedmei
completely that half of them are dostii
and dependent on charity. The recita
these facts is unpleasant, but unpleasant i
is, I feel it my duty to make yon anare
them. As far as the Sea Islands aro c
cerned, and especially where the plantati
are being run by chaplains and officers of
Freedmen's Bureau, the most unscrupul
robberies are being perpetrated, and an alai
i og state of lawlessness bas cropped om
coDFrqaence. Thece has been and is a j.
ceptible state of improvement in this parti
lar since the advent of General Scott, ?
it is due this officer to say that he is vi
strict with all classes, but he happens nul
be a fanatic.
Notwithstanding, the Vanderbilt came
to tbis town on one occasion contrary to I
exp-ctaiions and hopes of the projectors a
founders of Beaufort, it will never be an i
portant commercial city. Port Royal, wbi
lii-s at the month of the river, and ?mme
m ely on the ocean, is destined to be the gn
commercial city of South Carolina. It h
the finest pert and harbor South of Portlat
and, of course, will accommodate tbe large
of ships. The town is being laid out
splendid style, and already a large number
people have settled there. It can easily
seen from Beaufort, being less than flfte
miles distaur. Great efforts will be mai
yet to have a first class navy yard at tl
place (Port Rojal,) and all the proper
hereabouts has been brought, some at tl
tax sales Kome at sales of confiscated pro
erty, and some on private terms. Peop
from all over the United States have pu
abased building lots, (city property,) <
plantation lands, orhoth. Tens of thousanc
i>f the richest plantation lands in South Can
lina are in close proximity to Port Roval, a
rd which crow the lung staple or sea "isl?n
"otron. f noticed, a few days ago, win'
looking over the Tax Commissioner's book
knar, one of the best plantations in this vicii
tty, comprising seven hundred acres of lani
r:as :old to a firm composed of Senator Doi
itile, of Wisconsin, Ben. Wade, of Ohio, an
Simon Cameron, of Pennsylvania. This wa
ho property of Col. Seabrook formerly, wli
.an away and sacrificed it for thc rebel cans?
The cotton on this plantai ion is lookin
splendidly and is in full bloom.
-??-?-?- - _
--: . Ji . "?fi? Miser.
"Old Boge was a mispfa^le"^tTl"eilow7wB
aad accumulated great, wealth by lil'e?on
peevishness. But even misers have to di
sometime, and old Boge Vas at length calle?
in tb pay that debt which all must pay, am
which i-- paul as easily hyjthe mr.n who baw
i cent as hy the possessor of millions.
Old Boge was sick unto death, finding
partial recompense in bis sufferings from th
rt-fteclLun that as be could not eat anything
wmething was bring saved. His physician
Cold him that his end was rapidly approach
mg, and as' he felt within himself that he wa
rapidly appr .aching his end; it wa? evident ti
jld Boge that ho mnst meet his end vcrj
soon. " How long have [ ro live ?" aske<
Old Bop?, :n a faint voice.
" Only ralf an hour," said the physician
taking out his watch in a business manner
and added : " Ls there any one voil woulc
like to send for-a clergyman, lor instance ?'
Old Bogi! innscd in a lethargic way for t
moment, ti.cn started upas withs snddei
thought, raised his feeble hand and lid t o
his emaciated chin, upon which (.wo week
growth ot gray and stubbed beard bad grqwn
then whispered har icdly, "quick-bring mc
The hamer came with his kit, and oh'
Boge said, in a "voice that was rapidly growing
a You-charge- tea cents-to sbsve-live
" Yea, tl;at ia our price," replied tho barber
,; What- yon charge-to shave- dead men 7"
.'.One dc liar," said tho barber, wondering
what be meant.
" Then-shave-me-quick." said old Boge
nervously eyeing thc watch which the doctoi
held in his hand. He was too weak to speak
further, br.t the doctor interpreted aright the
question that was in his eyes.
'. Fifteen minutes," replied the doot^r.
Old Boje made a feeble motion as with n
lather bru:.h, and the barber was at his work
ia a jiffy. He porfbrmed his task with dis
patch, an? although the sick man had several
?inking spell? of an alarming enture, yet he
bore np tc the end. When the last stroke of
thc razor waa given, old Boge whispered iu a
tone rf satisfaction: "That'll do-ninety
cents-sa"ed and immediately expired.
-;- ? ?
THE EI-OEFIELD ATWKRTISER.-This ener
getically taanaged and ably edited exchange
comes to ?is every week now, with its columns
filled to repletion, with vigorous, sensible, and
forcible discussions on that all important sub
ject-the Stay ?baw. ?pnvjof the views pre
sented therein are cmiuontly wise, well
grounded and convincing, and if wo had the
necessary space, we would take pleasure tn
transferring some of them to our own columns
Yor the info? mat ion. and instruction of our
As usual the proud old District of E.ige
field is takiug the lead in the discussion and
settlement of this- momentous subject, as she
always does in such matters as involve thc
welfare and prosperity of our State.
We trust that the efforts her people are now
making in behalf of the sorrow burdened and
poverty-stricken people of our well-beloved
commonwealth will le?cj to the most speedy
and practical results, and that we may soon
be enabled te see our way clearly through
tho dark wilderness of uncertainty and of
doubt in which wc are now involved-Sum
TUB GE^ATXST CURIOSITY OF THE AGE,
One of tho most remarkable curiosities of
the age, in the way of monsters, is now on
exhibition in thin-city. It is the head of a
colt, born ou thc dcm of Mr. -, three
miles Routh of this city, with but one eye,
and lhat iiauiediuU ly in the centre of the
forehead. Tho eye was fully developed and
capable of sight. Tbere is a malformation of
the upper jaw, a deficiency in the growth of
the bone, which g ves it a still more hideous
appearar, ce.-Hawkinsville Dispatch.
$33* Tho o?ty authorities of Mobjlo havo re
jected tbo petition of AJiss Angust? Evans fo?
pormiesion to erecta monument to tho Confed?r
alo dead in Boinville Square.
pSt* Caa oltlsens of those places where the
office of postmasUrii ailed by ? postn?treu b?
wfife ?foy ft? ?mi H imam'f
The New CottonTax.
THE PROVISIONS OF THE NEW .JJSTERX A% REVE
NUE LAW OS THE SD3JECT.
Aa a matter of very general interest to our
readers, we present, below, tho'first eight sec
tions of the new InternaiY.R?venue Law,
which embrace all the provisions of the law
which* relate to the internal UUton cotton :
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Repr?sentatives of the UiiUedMates of Amer
ica in Congress Assembled, That on and after
the first day of August, eighteen hundred and
sixty-six, in lieu of the taXTssijjh unmanufac
tured cotton, cs provided in # An act to pro
vide internal revenue to hupphrt the Govern
ment, to pay interest on the -public debt, and
for other purposes," approved^Jone thirteenth,
eighteen hundred and sixty-four, as amended
ty the act of March third, eighteen hundred
and sixty-five, there shall be paid by thc pro
I ducer, owner or holder, upoirall cotton pro
? dnced within thc United* States, and upon j
which no tax bas been levied, paid or collect
ed, a tax of three cents perpttund, as herein
after provided ; and thc weight of stich cottou I
shall bo ascertained by deducting four per
centum for tare from the gross'waight of each
bale or package ; and tax shall bo and rpmain
a lien thereon, in the possessioaof any person
whomsoever from the time when this law
takes effect,-or such cotton, ia produced-as
aforesaid, until the*sam? shall have been
paid ; and no drawback shatH? any case be
allowed on raw or unmanufactured cotton of |
any u \ paid thereon when export*d in the
raw unmanufactured condition. Bur no tas
shall be imposed upon any cotton imported
from other countries, and on which an import
duty shall have been paid. "? fc
SEC. 2. Andb?it furtlicr enacted, That the
aforesaid tax upon cotton shall be levied by
the assessor on thc producer,|own?r or holder
thereof. And said tax shall- be paid to the
collector of internal revenue^wit?rin and for
the collection district in wl?ch- said cotton
shall have been produc d, and before the
same shall have been reuoved .therefrom, ex
cept where otherwise provitjed in this A'
and every collector to whom any tax upon
cotton shall bc paid shall mark ?be bales or
other packages upon which trie tax shall have
been paid, in such manner'as ?thay clearly in
dicate the payment thereof, ?nd shall give to
the owner or other person hiving- charge of ?
such cotton a permit for tho] removal of the
same, stating therein tba ataoant and pay
meat of the tax, the time aid place of pay
ment, ^,nd the weight and marks upon the
bales and packages, so that the same may be
fully identified ; and it abaiKbfr the duty of j
?very such collector to keejj;ciear and suffi
cient records of all sue'-: ration inspected or
marked, and of all marks and identifications
thereof, and of all permits foi the removal of j
the same, and of his translctions relating
thereto, and he. shall malee fal returns there
of, monthly, to the Commissioner of Internal
SEC.-.0.. And bc U further enacted, That the
Commissioner of Internal Rev?cue is hereby
authorized to designate one qr more place? in
each collection distriot whereat assessor or
an assistant assessor aud a collector or deputy
collector shall be located, and where cotton
may be brought for tho purjbse of being
weighed and appropriately marted : Provided,
That it shall be the duty of /beassessor or
assistant assessor and the colhjCtor or-deputy
collector to assess and cause ^ybe properly
OTr?^ist ncr, ^?SS?B?x???n "7.
ing expense? to and from said designated
place, for that purpose, bo paid)by tbe owners
SEC. 4. And be it further envied, That all
mitton having been weighed aril marked as
herein provided, and for whicb permits shall
have been duly obtained of thejasscssor, may
bo removed from thc district il which it bas
been produ:ed to any one otbef district, with?
out p're-payment of tb.? tax duothercon, upon
tho execution of such transp-rtation bonds
or ol her security, and in accordance wit h such
regulations as shall bo prearihe-1 by the
Commissioner of Internal Retenue, subject
to the approval of the Secretar of the Treas
ury. The said cotton so redoved shall be
delivered to the collector ol ilternal revenue
or his deputy forthwith upon Ls arrival at. its.
point of destination, and ahallrcuiain subject
to his control until the laxJ thereon^ and
any necessary charges of Astody thereof,
shall have been paid, but. noling lierehr-eon
taiucd chal? authorize any d?;.y of the pay
ment qf said ta;;es for moro ton ninety days
from tho late of ihe permitft and when cot
ton shall hsve been weighed fend marked, for
which a pt ?rmi 1 shall have bin gnuiieil with
out prepayment of tho tan it shall he the
duty of the assessor granting such permit to
give Immediate notice of still permit to thc'
collector of internal r-^enuSfor the district
to which said cotton .s tojbc transposed, \
arid he shall also transmit tn^revvith a state- j
incut of the tares due thufeou, and of thu j
bonds or ofher securities ir tnc payment "
thereof, and be shall make|fall returns and
statements of the same to (lie Commissioner
of Internal Revenue. .*>
SEC. 5." And bc il furlh?ftnacted, That it
shall bc unlawful, from andj|fr.erthe first day
of September, eighteen haired aud sixty
six, fer tbs owner, master, ?percargo, agent,
or other person'bavin? chalcot any vesuoi,
or for any railroad compati^ or other trans
portation company, or for an'j common carrier,
or other person, to convoy, or attempt-to con
vey, or transport any cott?ijf- the growth or
produce of the United SttrAfLfrom any point 11
In the district in which i^sball have been
produced, unless each baleoj package thereof
shall have attached to or.a?pmpauying it the
proper marks or evidence j? the payment of | j
thc revenue tax an/1 a pornty of tho collector
for stich removal, or the pehnit of the asses
sor, as herein before provided, under, regula
Hons of the Commissioner^ Internal Reve
nue, subject to the approyajof the Secretary
qf the Treasury, or to e?rey or transport
any cotton fruin any Stutajq vhich colton ic
produced to any port or pfce in tho United
States without a certificatejrem the collector
of internal revenue ol the jjstrrct from which
it was brought, and such ||hor evidence as
the Commissioner of Interfil Revenue, sub
ject to tue approval pf tqfc Secretary of the
Treasury, may presorlbe,/5jat tho tax has
been.pt.id thereon, or the irmit of the As
sessor as herein before p?vided, and such
certificate and evidence asjbresnid shall be
furnished to the collector^" tho district to
which it \i transported, ati| his permit bb
tained before landing', discji^ging, or deliver
ing such cotton at tho pltge to which it is
transported as aforesaid. Jj?q anj? petaon or
persons who shall, violata^e provisiona of
thia Act in thia respect, orfeo 3ball convey
or attempt to convey "from joy State in which
cotton is produced to any-p^t 0r pJacn with?
out the United Slates anv^on upon which
the tax has not been paid^ihali bo liable tq
a'pena?ty'of ono huadr^q0?for? for each
bale of cotton so conveyed'tor transported, or
attempted to bc conveyed^- transported, or
to imprisonment for not i%o than ono year,
or both ; and all vessols Wj-vebiclcs employ
ed in-such conveyance nfltr-jgpg-.tation shall
be liable to seifc?re a?d forfeiture, by pro
ceodings in any Court of ifo United States
having competent juri>ajg%a. And all cot
ton so shipped or attempted bo shipped or
transported without pRyn^t 0f tho tax, or
the execution of such trar^rtntj0n. bonds or
other security, as pro^q?4jc this Ac, f-Iia.il
bo forfeited tb the Unjfif State?, ' and the
proceeds thereof distribtfijd according to the
statute in like cases provj^.
SEC. fi. And bc it fwjfa unacted. That t
upon articles loanufaciararj-, exclusively from '
cotton, wheo exported, tfe gWl to allied
as a drawback an amount equal to the
nal tax which shall have been assesse
paid upon such articles in their finishei
dition, and in addition thereto a, drav
or allowance of as many cents per ]
upon the pound of cotton cloth, yarn, t
or knit -fabrics, manufactured exclus
from cotton and exported, 03 shall have
a^scssed.and paid in the form of an int
tax upon the raw cotton' entering in!
manufacture of 6aid cloth or other ar
the amount of such allowance or drav
to be ascertained in such manner as mi
prescribed by the Commissioner ol Tnt
Revenue, under the direction of the Seer
of the Treasury ; and so much of sectior
hundred and seventy-one of the act of ,
thirtieth, eighteen hundred and sixty-four
provide internal revenue to support the
ernment. to pay interest on the public 1
and for other purposes," as now provide
a drawback on manufactured cotton, is 1
SEC. 7. And be it further enacted. TL
shall be the duty of every person, firu
corporation, manufacturing cotton for
purpose whatever, in any district where
ton is produced, to return to the assesso
assistant assessor of ihe district in w
such manufacture is carried on, a true si
ment in writing, signed by him, and veri
by his oath or affirmation, on or before
tenth day of each month ; and thc first st
ment so rendered shall be on or before
tenth day of August,, eighteen hundred
sixty-six, and shall state the quantity of
ton which such manufacturer had on h
and unmanufactured, or in process of ms
facture, on the first day of said month ;
each subsequent statement shall Bhow
whole quantity in pounds, gross weight
cotton purchased or obtained, and the wt
quantity consumed by him in any busineat
procer of manufacture during the last j
ceding calendar month, and the quantity 1
character of the goods manufactured the
from ; and every such manufacturer or c
sumer shall keep a book, In which he si
enter the quantity in pounds, of cotton wh
he has on hand on the first day of Augt
eighteen hundred and sixty six, and et
quantity or lot purchased or obtained by h
thereafter ; the time when and the party
parties from whom thB same was obtaine
the quantity of said cotton, if any, which
the growth of thc collection district wh<
the same is manufactured ; thc quantity,
any, which has not been weighed and mark
by any officer herein authorized to weigh a
mark the same; the quantity, if any, upi
which tho tax had not been paid, so iar
can be ascertained, before the manufactti
thereof; and also the quantities used or d
posed of by him from time to time in ai
process of manufacture or otherwise, and t!
quantity and character of the-product ther
of, which book shall, at all times during b
siness hours, be open to the inspection of ?
assessor, assistant assessors, collector or dep
ty collectors of the district, inspectors, or
revenue agents ; and such manufacturer sha
pay monthly to the colleclorj within the tia
prescribed by Inw, the tax herein sp?cifie
subject to no deductions, on all cotton so du
?umed by him in any manufacture, and 0
which no excise tax ians previously been paie
ind every such manufacturer or person who?
iuty it is to do so, who shall neglect or refuj
to make snch returns to the assessor, or t
keep such book, or who shall make false c
fraudulent returns, or make false entries i
juch^book, or procure thc same to be so dom
States all cotton and all products of cotto
in his possession, and shall bo liable to
penalty of not less than one thousand no
mors than five thousand dollars, to be recov
??rod with costs of suit, or imprisonment nn
exceeding two years; in the discretion of th
'curt ; and any person or persons who sha]
make any false oath or affirmation in relut io;
to any matter or thing herein required sha!
be guilty of perjury, and shall be subject ti
thc punishment prescribed by existing statute
Tor that offence; Provided, That nothicj
herein contained shall be construed in ain
sonner to affect the liability of any persot
for any tax imposed by law on the good
manufactured from such cotton.
SKC 8. And he if further enacted, That thi
provisions of the act of .Jun? thirtieth, eighteer
hundred and sixty-four, .as amended by th<
let of March third, (ightcen hnudrcd anc
sixty five, relating to the assessment of taxe;
md enforcing the collection of tue same, an?:
iii proceeding and remedies relating thereto
shall apply to thc assessment and collectiot
jf the tax, tines and penalties i rn prised by
\m\ not inconsistent with, the provisions ol
thc preceding sections of this act; and the
fJommissioucr of Internal Revenue, subject
to the approval of thc Secretary of the
Treasury, shall make all necessary rules and
regulations for ascertaining the weight of all
?ottun to be assessed, ?nd for appropriately
marking the same, and generally for carrying
into eiltet the foregoing p;'ovi?ions. And the
Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to
ippoint ull necessary inspectors, weighers and
markers ol' cotton, whoso compensation shall
DC determined by the Commissioner of In
crnal Revenue, and paid in the same manner
is inspectors of tobacco.
Brother Democrats-there is work for ns
to do. We have a country to rescue from
ruin, fanaticism and the damnable grip of
New England intolerance, priest-craft and a
favored sectionalism begotten in ignorance
ind nurtured with the bot blood of innocence.
Pray for pluck ! Be men-or cowards. If
rou aro democrats and are afraid to own your
Iii th, sit down and let women ;ake your place.
We can succeed. We can save the country
jr die in the attempt. All we ask is this
Equality of States or another war.
? White men to govern white men.
Eqnal taxation or repudiation.
Here is our Banner, and thoso who liko it
ire as Iced to a,id us in ?Ptiin-j it before the
people. We want the old Constitution ; every
?tate represented in Congress and the right
to regulate her own affairs ; United States
Bonds taxed or repudiated. It is a cowardly,
tyrannical wrong to keep eleven States out
M the temple they built in their owu blood,
"t ia an insult to' Washington that niggers
must govern' white men. Ic is damnable to
New Englandize tho hot sweat of western
men into cooling perfumes to regale the uos
trihi of pamoered, abolition protected Bond
And wo say to the radical traitors in Con
gress and their nigger loving bapkers,, if equal
rights Opd fair play bo bot given the toiling
whites and tho many States of America, there
soon will be another Grand; March from iue..
Prairies tu the Sea, which will Shermanize.
New England forever and tint the floors of
the Capitol with the extermination of puri
tanical intolerance! And if you ask what
we mean, you will fiud it in this paper and
hear it on the platform from one American
who is the friend of poor white men-the
descendant of Revolutionary stock- who
never bowed his head to a tyrant or sold his
honor for pity*0 or gain, and who dares not
only write and talk what he thinks, but dare?
face the music of every national air.-La
Crosse ( Wisconsin) Democrat.
COMMITTED_Frederick De?hl, August
Statis and John Frodcr, U. S. soldiers,-be
longing to the garrinon hore, were arrested
by riio commanding officer ?nd turned over
to the civil authorities to be tried for the
charge of breaking open and pilfering tho house
of our townsman, T. B. CraytQn. They have
been committed to jail, to await trial- An
derson Appeal - .
A Trae Estimate.
Docs any sane man, any rational politician,
if such a nondescript can be found, euppose
that were tho South to accept the terms pro
posed by the Radicals in Congress they would
be willing to see our Representatives bick
th? ? That factions majority, at the bead cf
wflftjh Chief Justice CHase now stands, their
President th prospecln, who are opposing the
wise policy of President Johnson, offer ne re
storation to the Union if we will adopt tlieir
doctrine of negro suffrage. This they demand
and insist on, knowing tbe South will not as
sent to suca a bargain. If the South wero to
ace pt their terms to morrow no body would
be more surprised or shocked than these s ?If
same Radicals. We much fear that not even*
the bouquet d? Africana, in allopathic do:;es,
would restore Messrs. Sumner, Stevens & Co.,
from the collapse into which* they would in
ovitably sink upon the announcement that die
South-had accepted their proposed bargain t.ud
adopted negro suffrage. They offer it because
they know it will not be accepted, and would
be excessively surprised were tho South to ;
adopt it, and theil plan of perpetuating their
power by the exclusion of-the Southern States
be defeated. Were we inclined to entertain
their proposition we would distrust their pin
eerily, well knowing that it is but an excuse
lor delay, and that were it accepted, other ob
stacles would bo thrown in the way of our
restoration. Were the negroes made votrrs
tomorrow, they would add nothing to ihn
Republican strength. In nine cases out of
teu we believe they would vote with their
former masters, and employers, who are their
natural guardians and protectors, and to whom
now, in trouble or distress, they look for pro
tection and assistance, and do not look in vain.
To the great disgust of the anti-slavery socie
ty, we would wager that ninety-nine in a hun
dred would vote with their former raastirs
We understand them, and speak knowingly;
have been brought up by and amongst them,
and appreciate their commonsense views o?
their own iuterests. Their white emplo}*.-;^
would have twice the influence with them o!
those nasal-twanged gentlemen of Andover,
those pious theological fledglings from th?
Cambridge divinity school, or th? radiim'
army of lovely " school-marms" that has in?a
ded us. Good juicy Virginia bacon, corr
bread, hominy, and a tumbler of whiskey
would have a hundred fold the effect that a??
the codfish and hard-tack the "Bosting''
market could produce. John Brown's per
turbed spirit could never "contend in luis
world with Davy Crockett's style of election
eering. Aud this the Radicals woold learn
to their cost, shoilld they succPed in forcing
negro suffrage on tho unhappy South. The
Southern plauter, like a highlaud chieftain at
the head of his clan, would marshal his hands
at the "polls with much more certainty of con
trol than the mill owners of Lowell or Blan
ches ter do their operatives.
But tho South will never consent to the de
grading bargain and sale proposed, which pal
pably violate the letter and spirit of the Con
siituti?n, under which ic is now-supposed ir
be. It would rather await patiently the hom
when the conservative sentiment ol che North
shall rescr.e it without sale from thc political
degradation in which it now is. We woulii
not nccppt restoration on such terms, if eviry
bale of. cotton, every article of plute, furn i
ture or clothing, that has been taken from us,
should be restored to its lawful owner.
To -TJi o se who Think of Emigrating to
Mr. Editor :-Inroy recent travels tnro??g?T "
several of tho Southern States, I have mei
many perdons who have expr?s'ed a desire to
goto Mexico. Not a few of these pers:>m
were heads of families and members of nur
church, Ifcning been in a position fur s?vtTRI
years affording me constant intercourse with
almost every part, of Mr-xico, and ?eelin j u
deep interest in the welfare cf our people, 1
beg permissiou to say a word on the subject,
through your columns. I have lived iu Cali
(ornia for uearly twelve years past, and the
direct" and constant intercourse which aa<
been kept up between thut country and Mex
ico has given me opportunities to acquire
reliable informaiion, so that I can speak ad
My advice is, let Mexico alone. ? It is scarcely
3borr, of insanity for a man to think of taking
his family thither, in the present condition o:
the country. If tho political condition of th
Southern States ia unsettled, that of pooi
Mexico is moro so. Mexico is a bone U- be
fought over-perhaps for many years. ' Gen.
Jubal Early in a recent leiter states some
facts which 'arc worth considering. The
substance of what he soys is, that you canuoi
obtain good titlej to lands, and that in the
existing state ol affairs you cannot rely opon
being protected in the peaceable enjoyment"
of'a home. The mixed, mongrel, d?grader
population of Mexico, half lazzaroui, -ind
uali banditti, numbering millions, will, in in)
judgment prove to be a moro dangerous el -
ment in society, and more difficult to manage
lhan the negroes in the Southern S ates
They infest the whole country, and will mak?'
it next to a pandem?nium fur twenty years to'
eon??* It is true they aro destined to fade
away .before tho blaze of American civi'izi
tion, but from my heart I pity the man who
lakes bia family among them uow. lour
homes in the South may be desolated and
impoverished, but in Mexico you would have
lu .a word, if matters are unsettled here. .
so they are all over tho world. This South
ern land is the fairest that the sun shines on, 1
combining more fertility, beauty, grandeur
and healthfulness, than a'uy Other on the earth
of equal extent. If ?he young "men nf thc 1
South will remain where they are, and ex- 1
bibit a patience, industry and pe.Severance 1
equal to tho valor they displayed ou the !)nt- ,
Llefield, they have before them a glorious and j
prosperous future. 1
Another word. Tho great masa of tho 1
Southern people ainnot gei away. Thereat j
majority of its people, including the widows i
inri orphans of the fallen horoes of the war.
must remain. Is-it manly to leave them, to I
fly to some foreign shore to escape prewnt '
Humiliations and disabilities, which, in due |
;ime, will surely cease?
At any rate, "koop away from Mexico. That
is no country for a man Who wants peace, aod ,
trishes to reap the rewards of enterprise and
honest industry, free fro-n oppression arid !
langer. For my part, I had rather identify J
my fortunes, and those of- my children tilter
me with the-plund?re?, suffering South,"than !
with thqse of any oth?r land and people u ;der
0. P. FITZGERALD.
Macon, Georgia, May 2Aih, 13l>6.
BAH ACCJOENT.-Mr. Thomas Martin, on
Tuesday morning, being engaged to cleat, out
a well for Mr. Lowensteine, of this city, was
being lowered, but coming in contact with
gas, requested the hands at the windlass to
draw him up. When within a few feet of the
top, he become so much overcome froufth.'-J
effects of the gas, that he let go his hold upon
the rope and fell head foremost to the bo'.lomt
hus scull was badly fractured and his neck
broken. Precaution ebould bo; taken before
entering wells to Bee whether they are ini
pregna?ed with gas. This young man 's life
would have been saved if the proper c*ution
had been taken. We learn that he had dean
ed oat the same well some weeks Pince and
did not apprefiend any danger from gaa^
Rome Com merdai.
??r*'-A gentleman in New Hampshire, aged 80
years, has been ened for $10,009 for bracby
Tbe negroes seem to be constituting them
selves as great a public nuisance in Washing
ton city as in R dimond. The Constitutional
' Union, of Monday, says : M The institution
of the Freedmen's Bureau waa a great thing
for the country, especially for tbe nigger.- Wo
'o not know exactly where the headquarters
of this costly piece of furniture is located,
but judging from our senses of seeing, bearing
and smelling, one of the drawers thereof
must have a local habitation in the upper
part of the Sixth Ward. We happen to re
side iu that ward at present, and speak from
painful experience. Night after night, when
all decent and honest persons are endeavor
ing to court the precarious (in these hot
nights) favors of Morpheus, we have.been
kept awake, and praying for the disturber?
of our rest, by the stentorian eloquerce.of an
ebony divine, who holds forth to an interested
and odoriferous audience in a negro cbnrch,
about a block from our residence. The yells
and shouts that issue from the congregation
naturally suggests the idea of a pandemonium
of demons, rather than a Christian Church.
When the services are concluded, a drove of
tue ' black bruddern and sisters' take posses
sion of the neighboring streets, and their in
cessant gabble and idiotic laughter convey a
very forcible idea of the noise of a vast drove
jf monkeys or ourang-outangs. Wo to the
unfortunate wight (white) who happens to be
belated and meets the gang. He is jostled
out of the way, laughed and jeered at, and
if he escape whole in body and purse, bc may
be truly grateful. Saturday night, a prayer
m. eting-or we would more truthfully do
scribe it as a. fetish orgie-was held in a
shanty in the neighborhood alluded to, and
ihe groans and cries of the sable fanatics
broko the quiet of the right until long past
the hour of midnight. How long will public
decency continue to be insulted, and the pub
lic good.set at naught, by the pets of Thad.
Stevens & Co. ? How long will our people
submit to their insufferable insolence? If
the strong arra of the Jaw cannot deal effi
ciently with this African plague, we care not
now soon a vigilance committee may taketha
matter in hand, ard with a. stout rope and'
convenient tree or lamp-post, rid thc commu
nity of some thousands of these pests."
What Does it Mean?
On the 18th, General Sheridan issued aa
order prohibiting the erection, in his division,
of any monument in memory of the rebellion,
T.the formation of companies, batteries,
brigades, &c. On tho 19th, a telegram in
formed us he had recalled that order, and it
was to be presumed that be bad received or
ders to that effect from Washington ; but, lo ?
ind behold ! a despatch published yesterday
morning, dated New Orleans, 20th, announces
that the Virginia Valley General had formal
ly published his original order.
People may well ask what does all this
ceaseless persecution of "thc Southern people
mean ? If ladies interming'e tiny flags_
representing " the conquered banner"-among
-vergreena, as innocent emblems and meinen*
ocs of the cause their friends and ?eiativea
.-ell in defending, forthwith a military ofrtcf-f
is sent to investigate whether these little one
ir two inch square emblems are not freshly
batched symbols of another rebellion. Now,
by special order, the people of Louisiana are
iorbidden to erect monuments, tombstones,
Jcc, over tho remains or the gallant dead.
I'bey. cannot inscribe on the marble that my
son; brother . qr hnsband , fell on anch a field, v
ai f!"fTr"^ *?n1t?p' 'hfi bftd'-f^pnrawV.
these yrUVes:mnst remain witli?ut.any tablet
co their memory, by command of Gen. Sher
What does it mean ? These petty acts of
military officers, intruding within the sacred
.recincts of grave-yards and cemeteries, what
do they mean ? God, who searcheth the
hearts of all men, only koowa. Il they are
merely the acts of men exercising " a little?
brief authority," they are only the failings of
poor weak human nature, as they have ap
peared in every age-if they are intended to
^oad the people of the South to " disloyal "
I so-called) acts, they will fail of their intent,
because 'he people can afford to wait to erect
rheir tomb stones and head-boards,until u the
^ood time coming," without violition of the
eras they have accepted; but, if they are
intended to ind ?cato that the work of subju
gation is yat incomplete, then arc they at
variance with the avowed policy of the Presi
!ent for tba restoration of unity and pfaee
u) onr unhappy country, and should forthwith .
ie put a stop to by his mandate as Comman
der in-chief of the Armies of the United
REFUSED TO GIVE HIM UP.-Brownlow's
Whig of last week says : " Governor Jenkins,
.f Georgia, recently made a requisition on
Governor Brownlow for the. person of a gal
lant Federal officer at Nashville, the nephew
of General Burnside, upon a charge of steal
ing cotton. The Governor r?fased to surren
der him and the Georgia rebels speak of rt as
in outraee, and threaten to carry the case be
fore the President. When it becomes necessary
the Governor of Tennessee will lay thc cor
respondence before the country, which will
vindicate his action fully and justify thc reiu>
sal. - The President eau turn aside, if he think
proper, and serve his rebel friends by the
?irrender of a gallant Federal officer, hut
?he Governor of Tennessee wdl not gratify
the malignant spirit of rebcldora by any such
>urrender. All that is wanting in Georgia to
imprison or hang a Federal officer or soldier,
is to get him before a Georgia jury, charged
with an offense."
It is thus, sa VB tbe Macon Telegraph, that
the constitutional obligations of Tennessae
ind the comity of the States are set aside hy
Ibo ruffianly Governor of Tennessee, ile
ipenly ha'rbors and protects thieves who have
lcd from other States, and under a pretext
which he knows to be utterly false. A Fede-.
ral officer would have as fair and impartial a
xial iu Georgia as he would in Tennessee or s,
.he District of Columbia. Aller such con
vict we hope our Executive will suspeud all
riendly official relations with the State of
Tennessee so long as Brownlow-sball continue
o disgrace her gubernatorial chair.
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF JEFFERSON DAVIS'
TRIAL.-The approaching trial of Mr. Jeffer
ion Davis wilftest the Validity of States right?
n a'manner worthy of the immense impor
tance of tho principle. A great defendant
?nd a great cause will compel a great verdict.
The Southern theory, and it used to bethe
Northern theory until the European became
pr?dominant in the Puritanic and - despotic
section -of the Union, is, that the first allegi
on CG of a citizen is due to his own State*
When the State of Mississippi seceded from
the Union by the legitimate action of ita Leg- - f
i ala t ua\ Mr. Davis would have been a traitor
to Mississippi if he had refused bis adhesion.
Upon that issue bis trial will depend* it
will be a great cause in America and through
out the world : but greatest in America, be
cause the verdict will help to determine tho
question that lies at the root of American
liberty. If the first allegiance is doe to the
Federal power in casi"> not external to the
Union, American democracy is as dead ii "
American slavory, and the future dictator
has bat to sharpen bis sword and bide his
time for his inevitable triumph.-Blackwood'a
jfly? A forger, who some ten days since*
forced a check for g 150,000 on thc First
National Bank, of Philadelphia, which waa
cashed, was arrested in that city yesterday,
*ith all bis plunder, on his arrival frota Bal
timore, whew he had just been nutrried.