Newspaper Page Text
:.] \ t
BT PU Ri SOE, KEEi.SE & CO.
'J. . : ?
EDGEFIELD, S. C.; MA11CH 7, 1866.
VOLUME X?X?.--N0. 10.
BPmm MY GOODS
?pring Dry Gr o ods,
ti. f. ElISSELL ? CO?,
ARE NOW OPENING A LARGE STOCK OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC
Purchased at the VERY LOWEST FIGURES from Importers and Manufacturers, in
New York, Baltimore and Philadelphia, which they offer at Wholesale and Retail, on most
reasonable terms. ?'. . ?
Merchants from the interior will Sod it greatly to their advantage to examine our
Stock, as great inducements will be offered thom.
Augusta, Mar 25, tf 13 .
IMPORTANT AND TRUE!
Immense Reduction in Pri?es,
KENNY & GRAY,
238 BROAD ST.V AUGUSTA, GA.,
Address themselves to the public in very empliatie terms. . Every
Gentleman in South Carolina and Georgia who will
take the trouble to call at our
FIRST CLASS CLOTHING HOUSE,
Will be willing to endorse our assertion :
That our House contains the MOST COMPLETE
ASSORTMENT, and the most elegantly
finished Stock of
SPRING AND SUMMER WEAR,
That has ever yet been offered in Augusta.
It is, therefore, important that every gentleman who desires to be well dressed, in
garments that are THOROUGHLY FINISHED, and, at the same time, at thc
LEAST POSSIBLE EXPENSE, to call at once at
KENNY & GRAY'S.
OUR TAILORING DEPARTMENT
Is supplied with the CHOICEST CLOTHS, CASS1MERES and VESTINGS,
including the most delicate shades of color to be found in thc country ; and its ope
rations will be prosecuted with RENEWED CARE AND ATTENTION on the part of the
Proprietors, so that nothing of an inferior character can possibly escape their
We have made special selections of choice FURNISHING GOODS, which will
receive more care than heretofore, and enabie our patrons to supply themselves at
our House with every article they may require.
'Our Prices are immensely Reduced!
KENNY & GRAY,
238 Broad Street, Augusta.
Apr! 3m 14
224. Broad St., 224.
LIME REDUCTION I
Every Article in Our Stock Largely
I. SIMON & BRO.,
MANUFACTURERS OF '
MIN'S, ??rr AND YOUTHS'
Offer the remainder of their WINTER CLOTHING and GENTS'
FURNISHING GOODS at REDUCED PRICES in order to make
room for the Spring Trade.
Our well assorted Stock' of Cassiraeres, Broad Cloths, Doeskins,
Tweeds, Jeans, Hats, and many qther Goods, we offer at the same
Reduced Pric?s. .
.jgfBuyers will save money by calling and examining for
^Remember we have ONLY ONE PRICE, always giving
our Customers the advantage of a fair Bargain.
I. SIMON & BRO.,
FASHIONABLE CLOTHING EMPORIUM,
224 Broad Street, Four Doors Below Central Hotel, Augusta, Ga.
Augusta, Jan 7 tf 2
LUMBER ! LUMBER !
THE Subscriber hus on hand at his Circular
Saw Mil), situate within 2 J miles of the
residence of Mr. Elijah Watson, Sr,
FEET CHOICE PINE LUMBER,
Embracing every variety required by Builders
such as Framing Timber, acont?iojrs. Weather
boarding,.Flooring, Ceiling, Fencing, Ac., Ac, ?J1
of which hos been cut nndrir hit own supervision,
from the bett Stocka, and h no'w being well sea
JfSflta ms, $10 per thousand, La Currency, ut
frS&Pt?. T Ufl.?iiV*? ' TOOB jaie at this Office, LAW BLA?FKS OF
Ord? ftr Lumber filled atJ^ahorteiiBotjce. C ALL KINDS at tho most ?easoaahl? prices
Buggies and Wagons.
IHAVE on hand at my Shop, situated near
Good Hopo Church, a few NO. 1 BUGGIES,
of my own manufacture, and of good finish.
Also, one-excellent TWO JJ0RSE WAGON.
Wagons at'-i all kind's of Vehicles repaired at
short notice, and at low prices.
To persons wishing to exchange or barter pro
visions for work-done att joy Shop, satisfactory
trades will be given.
JAS. S. HUGHES.
May 15 bt 20"
.i^e* . WM. STEVENS. .. j for Cash. * ?j
: " Adan's a Alan for a* that."
BT CHARMS MACSAt.
"A man's a man/'.says-Bobert Burns,
" For a' that and a' that;"
But though the song be- clear and strong,
It lacks a note for a' that. :
Tho lout who'd shirk his daily work,
Yet claim his wages and a' that, . '
Or beg, when he might earn his bread,
Is not a man for a' that? .
If all who dine on homely fair,
Were true and brave, and a' that,
And none whose garb is "hodden gray," .
Was fool and knave and a' that,
The' vice and crime that shame our time.
Would fade and fail and a' that,
' And plowmen bo as good as kings,
And churls as earls for a' that
You see yon brawny, blustering sot,
Who swaggers, swears, and a' that,
And thinks because his strong right arm
Might fell an ox and a' that,
That be's as noble, man for man,
As duke or lord, and a' that ;
He's but a brute, bey und dispute,
And not a man for a' that.
A man may own a large estate,
Have palace, park and a' that,
And nob for birth, but honest worth,
Bo thrice a man*for a' that;
And Donald, herding on the muir,
Who beats his wifo, and a' that,
Be nothing but a rascal boor,
Not half a man for a' that.
It comes to this, dear Robert Burns
The truth is old, and a' that
The rank is but the guinea's stamp,
The man's the gold for a' that ;
And though you'd put the minted mark
On copper, brass and a' that,
The lie isgrosa, the cheat is plain,
And will not pass for a' that
For a' that, and a' that,
'Tis soul and heart, and a' that,
That makes tho king a gentleman.
And not his crown, and a' tbat,
And man with man, if rich or poor,
The best is he, for a' that.
Who stands erect, in self-respect,
And acts the man for a' that.
A Horrible Story.
A private letter, written by a resident of
Fort Pitt, a small settlement in the Valley
of the Saskatcaawn, Prince Rupert's Land,
contaius the following account of a most ter
rible occurrence which took place there on
the 13th of March :
A dreadful affair happened here the other
day ; such a singular and out-of-the way crime
if it can be so called, that is almost without
thu bounds of credibility. The name of the
last new-comer is Martin Buthiere. He, is
a habitan from lower Canada. He came here
last fail, accompanied by bis wife and five
children. It iu this family that the dreadful
tragedy which I am about to relate took
place. On Saturday,-in?t., Buthiere killed
three pigs, slaughtering them in the usual
manner-that is, after stabbing the animals
and allowing them to bleed to death whilst
walking around, he disembowelled them, and
plunged their carcasses into a vat of boiling
water, and then scraped the bristles clean
from the skin. The three pigs were then
hoisted by the hind legs to an overhanging
beam. Thc butchering operations of Martin
were witnessed by his two younger children,
boys, of the respective ages of six and eight
years. Tho oldest, Gustave, it was observed
at the time, seemed delighted, not only by
tire stupid actions of tho pigs after receiving
their death wounds, but also excited and in
terested in the after processes of the butch
ering, clapping his little hands and mutter
ing, in the patois of these people, childlike
observations of joy. The butchering, as J
have bffore observed, took place on Satur
day. Ju thc morning of tho next day the
various members of the diflerent households
assembled in the little chapel at the east cor
ner of the fort, aud heard mass celebrated
by our good Father Guorcau. Ho invited
us to attend in the evening, when he fntended
to lecture upon some subject suitable to this
scas^? of thc Church year. In compliance
with bis invitation thc chapel in the evening
was filled w.th the usu-.l number of. worship
pera, with thc exception of some ofthe young
er members of thc community who had been
left at home. Among these latter were the
two boys of Martin Buthiere. It was pretty
late when the meeting broke up. I accompa
nied Buthiere and his wife toward their bouse,
which was but a short distance from the.
chapel. When within a few yards of his
doorstep we were all startled by observing
the little Gustave running toward us holding
up his hands all red and bloody ; his eyes
glistening with a wild, but child like sort of
glee, and crying out in broken French to the
effect that he had ''killed little piggy ; come
and see." The mother, startled at the ap
pearance of the boy, interrogated him quick
. ly as to the cause of the blood, but he only
clapped his hands as before, muttering about
u piggy," and said, " Come and see." My
first thought was that, the child had been
playing with the carcasses of the pigs, and
that this accounted for the blood. The fath
er and mother also seemed ofthe st.me opinion,
and chided the boy for what they considered
; his mischievousness. Littlo did we imagino
j the feat tul spectacle that awaited us within
j tho house. Soon the door was redbed, little
Gustave running on before and openiog it for
us. Ob, horror of horrors ! The door is open-,
ed, and right before our eyes, hanging from
one of the low beams that ran across the
room, was the dead, naked, mutilated body
ot thfa precious little boy, .the youngest of
Buthiere's children. The floor was covered
with clots and pools of blood, still warm and
streaming, Bud, horrible to relate, directly
under the hanging corpso were the bowels of
the little fellow in ha cap; jost as the had been
torn from the still warra-hody! The mother,
with a Iran tic shriek, swooned on tlfu threshold,
the father stood transfixed with horror,
whilst I, with n sickening feeling, leaned
against the doorpost, a,ai with my hands
tried to shade my eyes from tho ho/rid sight.
Some of the villagers, who were passing at
the time, attracted' by tho shrieks of Mrs.
Buthiere, came to the house. Their excla
mations aroused all but the poor mother to
consciousness, and we soon became sensible
to the frightful nature of the deed that had
taken place. The boy Gustave, in the mean
time, stood near the centre of the room, with
a wondering look on his youthful counten
ance, and gazing up in the appalle 1 face of
his agonized rather. Lot me draw a veil over
the scene which followed, and merely recount
the followiog facts which have been elicited
by an inspection of the room and from the
confessions of the young fratricide : It would
seem that, shortly after Mr. and Mrs. Bu
thiere had left their home for the purpose of
attending tho lecture at tho chapel, Gustave
proposed to his little brother, Ado.ph, that
they should play killing pig. In this request,
it is supposed, the unfortunate little fellow
acquiesced. The youngest was to be the pig,
the eldestethe butcher. Gustavo eargerly
assisted his brother to undress for the .tra
gedy ; and, taking a small rope, tied him
down securely to a rough lounge that stood
in the room ; he then procured the butcher
knife that his father had nsed iu slaughtering
the pigs tho day before and plunged it into
the throat of his passive and-helpless brother.
The wound WM a mortal one, and it is sup
posed that death mu-t have immediately re
sulted. After tbe child bad bled his little
life away the unnatural brother, with the
most incredible heart least, ess, took the cord
which confined the body to tbe lounge, abd,
tyibg one end round the feet of the corpse,
? threw -the other over tho beam, and, 1 aiding j
toa wti?M and tfrejgti, k?s ted tit* ho&j ? J
the position in which it was found; then, not
Satisfied with the programme thus far carri
ed out, the little butcher mast needs disem
bowel his dead brother almost in the exact
manner in which his father had the pigs the
day before, I mention here that the boy
GnsUve has always been considered aa pos
sessing a weak intellect, bat was thought, to.
be a good hearted and tractable child. What
could hire induced him to commit this fear
ful crime is beyond our conjecture, except it
be from an unavoidable desire to imitate his
father in the killing of the pigs. Since the
tragedy he has seemed to realize, in a certain
degree, the fearful nature of the deed, and
cries bitterly when he sees how unhappy his
father and mother are. At present he is
kept in close custody, but what disposition,
the authorities will make of him I cannot say.
* * *
LIBERTY OP TUE PRESS AND OP SPEECH.
The New fork Herald any-*:
The military Gov?mors of the South, who
are acting as a police in the unreconstructed
States, should remember that no legislation
of Congress' can abolish that' clans?'in the
Constitution of the United States which re
cognizes and guarantees tho perfect freedom
of the press and speech^except in time of war.
If they properly understand their duties un
der the laws of Congress, they can get along
with the.greatest ease, and will find no deli-:
cacy or difficulty in their positions. One edi
tor is just as much at liberty to write against
the reconstruction laws as another is to write
in their favor. One stump speaker has just
as much tight to criticise the Acts of Con
gress and to laud the used-up chivplry to the
skies as another bas to uphold the Congres
sional policy and ridicule the Southern braves.
But no State officer is entitled to use bis posi
tion to interfere with or embarrass the opera
tion of a United States law, nor has any man,
office-holder or private citizen a eight to in
cite a riot or disturb the public peace. Gen
eral Scofield did wrong and exceeded his daly
when ho prohibited that literary Bohemian,
Pollard, from delivering a stupid lecture in
Richmond ; but he did right in arresting a
white instigator of a riot in that city. The
former act interfered with the constitutional
right of free speech ; the latter prevented a
breach of thc peace and punished a violation
of the law.
. An " Incident" of the War.
On one occasion after the battle of Shiloh,
the hospitals ot' the towns and cities on the
Ohio River were so crowded with wounded
.nen, both Confederate and Federal, that
some of them were sent to Covington, Ky.,
and in the Southern Mother's Home, nuder
the care of that benevolent institution. On
a b/ight and pleasant day, after some of the
-wounded had become convalescent, a Con
federate soldier was out "sunning himself,"
when a Federal soldier of the Teutonic per
suasion also came out, and after Walking
round aod eyeing oar Confederate friend for
some time, accosted him thus :
f You pees von sccesh ?"
"How do you know?" said thc Confede
" You pees so tam fat."
" Explaiu yourself," said the Confederate.
<; Veil, I pees io te hospital myself. I sees
Borne tings vot goes on. De ladi?ac?me in
mit te pasket. on arm, and Bhc coonoon to
me say'vat you be?' I say I pees Onion
man, vounded at Shiloh. Sho say 'vat a pity
for dc beeples von de var shtop !' Den she
goes to you and say, 'vat you been ?' You
say, 'I pees a rebel soldier vounded mit Shi
loh.' Den she puts her lily vite hand in de
.basket and takes out de cake and dc vine, and
give you ever vat you vant. After viii an
noder lady comes in, mit de pasket on her
arm, and she goes to you fust, and ask you
'vat you been.' You say 'I pees rebel soldier,
vounded rait Shiloh.' She say 'vat a pity.'
Den I tinks 1 goin tb get sonneting. Veil,
she come to rac and say, 'vat you been?' ??
pees Onion man, vounded mit Shiloh.' She
sets down her pasket and put in her lily vite
hand, and pulls out A Cot tam Mettotist track!
You tinks a man get fat on de lam Mettotist
tracks 1 De Cot tam secesh, da gits de cake
and vine, and ever vat da vant, and de Onion
man can't git to smell de bottle."
-? ? ? -
, U CHARIOTEER, PAUSE."-We heard a good
one the other day of a certain Col. in the
late war, which, we think, will .bear repeat
ing. Thc Colonel aforesaid was riding in a
stage coach, with several other passengers,
when ho accidently dropped his hat 'outside
the coach. Putting bis head out of the win
dow be exclaimed in a sentorian voico :
" Charioteer, pause I I have lost my cha
The driver paid no heed to the command.
Again the bombastic fellow authoritatively
*. Charioteer, pause ! I have lost my cha
No attention being paid by the driver to
this last command, a plain, blunt man, who
bad become disgusted with his fellow traveler's
silliness and pomposity, put his head out of
the window, and said :
" Driver, hold on ! this d-d fool has lost
This was perfectly intelligible to ??_o dri
ver, expletive and all, and the bat was se
THE STREET CAR QUESTION IS NEW YORK.
So much ado has been made of late about
the-exclusion of_ negroes from the street rail
way cars of Southern cities, that the follow
ing from that Radical sheet, the New York
Evening Post, of the 13th inst., is rather aa
, toniehing :
About eleven o'clock this morning, a clean
ly and well dressed negro boy, apparently
fourteen years of age, attempted to get .into
a Fifth avenue stage on Broadway, but the
driver, with great rudeness, prevented him
from doing so. The occupants of the stage
were only five in number-one lady and four
gentlemen. As soon as the driver saw the
color of the boy he shut the door, so that the
child could not get into the stage and called
to him in much anger to climb on top of the
stage. The boy who was burdened with a
morocco satchel, with difficulty tried to climb
over the wheel to the driver's seat-which,
by the way, is not intended for any person
but the driver. The boy did not succeed in
this effort, either through the opposition of
tho driver, or for some other reason. Ha de
scended to the pavement and again tried the
door, but with many objurgations the driver
still held it fast, whipped up his horses, and
drove down-tho street.
The new paper mill in Petersburg has com
menced making paper. The Index states
that the proprietors are prepared to manufac
ture all descriptions of paper up to the very
finest qualities. They have every facility to
enable them to complete with similar estab
lishments elsewhere, and it is due to them
that consumers at the South should at least
try their gooda before going further North
for supplies.-Hay Book.
We, of this establishment, don't even goso
far North to secure good paper. Th? "Bath
Paper Mills," located near Augusta, Ga., fur
nish us with paper which we think is superior
to Northern manufacture and much cheaper.
Wm. Craig, Esq., is President, and a more
gentlemanly man is not to be found in the
country.-Tallahassee [Fla.] Sentinel.
The colored men of Assumption Parish,
Louisiana, recently held a meeting, at which
speeches were made advocating the policy of
Btanding by the'Southern' whites and politi
cally affiliating with those Whom they hid j
known so long. They ?rs on the tight trade. <
An Effective Speech.
Senator* Wilson has found a Hon in his -
At Montgomery Ala., he challenged
Southern nian to reply to him. The gag
battle was'ac/'fipted by Gen. Jas. H. CI ai
.who, thoughMaken by surprise, deliver*
telling and?-eloquent speech. To the ex
sion of oth?rrrnatter, we reproduce the ?
stance of his remarks, for which-we are
debted to the Montgomery Mail :.
Friends and' Fellow Citizens :
I return^ from the country a few mini
since, and?yas informed that some cole
men had trifled at my office, to in-ito mi
attend thteJaceting. I appreciate this ac
kindness, confidence and friendship cn tl
part. My';.cblored friends, we are South
men, born-npon the same soil, live in
satae country, and will sleep in the se
graveyard-when life's troubles are ver ; i
our destiny.is the same. If you pieper,
white rac?':of the Soath will prosper ; ah
the white Tace prospers, you must prosp
and whatever misfortune is visited upon
South, must be borne alike by both races,
is alike your duty and interest to cultiv
friendly relations with your neighbors i
former ownas, who are to-day, and ever h
been, youx^best friends. For one, I <
proudly say:that no one in this assembly <
assert that Fever oppressed him when he *
a slave. ' On one occasion I fought for ont
you in these streets. On another, whei
White min Had been waylaid and murder
and his neighbors had assembled, and tal
the law in their hands with the avowed p
pose of executing the two supposed leadc
who were colored men, I interposed, with o
ers, and succeeded in having them placed
jail, and a fair trial given them. One v
convicted' and hung ; thc other acquitted, a
still lives. .
Tho Senator from Massachusetts, who 1
just addressed you, and who lives several thi
sand miles distant, has explained to you t
.object of his political pilgrimage South. 1
'has challenged any one present to meet h
in discussion to-night, and has offered to <
vide time with any one who would accept,
was born and raised in the South, and ho
tobe buried in her soil. I have met t
brave men of the North on many fields ; th
outnumbered .and overcame us; and I ci
tainly have no fear of their politicians. B
for my family,.life would have but fewekan
for me. Neither thc fear of the gallows, t
gibbet, or the bayonet, will ever cause me
desert my people, forsake this bright southe
land which gave mo birth, or deter me frc
tho expression ol my honest sentiments und
any circumstances. Some young Southe
Radicals, who have recently addressed yo
say that the Sherman bill, which they are a
vocating, would disfranchise them, and, ben
their efforts were purely unselfish, whilst
the time their applications to be relieved fro
the disabilities of that measure are pendil
at Washington, and they arc doubtless e
peeling to call on you for your votes at tl
next election for this State.
I will here State my own position briefly (
(his point :
I believe that bill is unconstitutional-l b
lievo it is oppressive to a certain class ol 01
As soon as that bill passed Congress,
high Federal official with the kindest feeliiij
forme personally, said tome: " You wei
not au Origiual secessionist. Congress wi
remove ytur disabilities under the Sherma
bill. You Must send on an application, and
will approve rt, and help you toget it through
I replied thal the Republican party-had r
right under tlc Constitution to elislranchif
me, and 1 would never ask for relief at thc
hands, and that a my position to night.
The honorable Senator from Massachusetl
has said some thijgs which evince good fee
ings on his part, Mid which I approve. H
has also said many things from which I mm
dissent, aad made many assertions which th
political history, and particularly that of ou
recent unfortunate wir, proves to be untrue
He commences with de history of slavery i
the South since ho came upon the stage e
action, and endeavors to lix the responsibilit
of the existence of that institution upon th
Southern peopl", with all of its horrors as de
picted by his vivid imagination. I will carr
the gentleman back to the starting point c
the institution on thu' continent, and before
take my scat I will prove to you that th
North is responsible for the existence of sla
very with whatever evils attached to it; am
I am fr. ak to say that there vrere features ii
slavery which were wrong.
Many years ago, mv friends, beforo thi
United States had an existence as a nation
your forefathers inhabited the home? of you
race-Africa. The Northern people, wh<
were then as now a commercial people, own
ing many ships, went ? the coast of Africi
and bought some, ano. stole or kidnapp?e
your grand-fathers and mothers, placed then
in the hold of their vessels in great numbers
and in chains took some few to their North
ern homes/and sent most of-them to be sole
to the Southern people for slaves. In thi?
work they had valuable co laborers in the
English and Spauish. "By this traffic in hu
mai flesh they made large sums of money.
The Southern people, as a general rule
were opposed to the slave trade, and whet
the Colonies threw off the yoke of Greal
Britain, the Southern Colonies amongst them
and one of the principle reasons which they
published to the world in justification of theil
caise, wis that the Mother Country had im
posed slavery and the slave trade upon them
against their wishes.
When our Independence was acknowledged
and wc firmed a Union of the Colonies, the
South wis still opposed to the slave trade, and
it would have then been declared piracy, and
half of jour race in the United States would
not have been here now, but in Africa ; but
th- Nort'iera men engaged in the trade found
it to be 10 profitable, and so entirely free from
any conscientious scruples were they, that
they insstcd that their piousoperationssho'jld
continui twenty years longer, and the South
yielded. These slave traders invested their
money h lands, houses and other property
North, rhich made many of their grandchil
dren or ,rreat grand children rich ; and some
of whoa are now leading Republicans.
The laveholders of the Northern States
did the tame thing in most instances by send
ing tber slaves to Virginia and other Southern
States md selling them when their slave
labor bcame less profitable in a cold climate
than vbite labor, and have since amused
tbemse?es by abusing the Southern people as
slave divers-and the Senator, the descen
dant of these men, ia here to-night reminding
you of he wrongs you have received at tho
hands < your former owners, and advising
you to avoid political alliances with your
frieudsmd neighbors, and to seek an alliance
with pople in distant States, the Republi
cans ofthe North. I repeat, that the con
scientias scruples of the North ware not eeen
croppi? out until they had your raoe in their
?ocket where they have taken good care to
eep yu ever since.
ThcJ are many good people at the North
who ai ypur friends, and whohave never en
gaged 1 the slave trade, owned slaves or ap
provecbf slavery. The'same can be said ot
the So.b; and if let alone by the North that
ela<s ould have been mueh larger in the
South; More slaves have been freed by the
act of aeir owners in tho Sooth than at the
North. George Washington owned about
on" th?sand, whiob he freed at his death.
Mi. Rodolph did the same. General Ogle
thorpepposed slavery in Georgi*. Tbefo is
; a mun u this ctage who knows that I had an
angry mtroversy many years ago in this city 1
[for endorsing Henry Clay's emnnoipr
scheme for Kentucky. He was1 my poli
leader,. I never-knew bim to do wrtogr h.
lear we will never lookrupon bis like a?
The gentleman from 'Massachusetts
you ought to identify yourself,-with "hc-B
cal party of the North because they^ 1
waded through' a bloody :. ar t)f fou:' year
set you free, to give you the right tc sit u
juries, ride on railroads, testify as witne
in courts and much else. I deny ev ?ry ai
tion he has made on these points, and c
lenge him to the proof. He who says,
this war was commenced by the North tc
you free and confer on you the rights wi
you now enjoy, falsifies the history of
country j not intentionally, I hope. The C
ernment of tho United States-, during
war, again and again declared mort solem
that this war was not commenced or be
.waged for conquest, or with a view of in
feringwith our propertyin slaves in the Sta
Mr. Lincoln urged us to return io the Uni
pledgiug the Government to receive us rt
cordially and give slavery its protection in
States. We were threatened with emanci
tion if we did not come back. In one h?
the Government 'offered us n Union and S
very," and in the other was "rebellion- <
emancipation." Having gone to war on pi
ciple, the South chose the latter. No u
knows this better than the honorable Sena]
Nor will.ho or General Swayne, rdio is
the stand,.deny the assertion, that I am c
going to make, that we could have gone bi
in the Union and herd you as our daves
day. You are not indebted to the North
thc South for your freedom, but to God.
stead of abusing us you ought to rememl
that this rebellion which you are taught
despise,, by your enemies and ours, who 01
come amongst you for your votes, was an
strument in the hands of God for your del
erance, so far as mortal eye can divine I
purposes of the Creator.
The Southern people do not envy you ye
freedom. They would not restore you
bondage if they could. They have your wc
being at heart. I did not fire a gtn for s
very. More than half the Southern an
never owned a slave. Hardee, Cleburne, a
many others signed a petition long before t
war closed, for your freedom and to afford y
an opportunity to voiunte r and assist, yo
white friends of the South in achieving Soul
President Davis recommended .this coun
and I, in the theatre, in this cit}', endors
his policy in the presence of a very large, i
sembly, and stated that I would take gr?:
pleasure in commanding colored troops. Y
acted well your part during that ur.fortuna
struggle, for which you deserve, and hav
the gratitude ol* every Southern man and w
man in our midst.
The gentleman says* that the Mexican w
was brought on and advocated by Mr. Ct
bono for the purpose of increasing the an
of freedom. No mao ought to know bett
than the honored representative'of Mais
chusetts that the statement-is untrue. M
Calhouu, and s.lso Mr. Clay, tho great Sout
ern giants alive at the time, opposed the wa
Mr. Calhoun^wus lo tho last t?c bitterest o
ponent of that war-predicting as he did tl
disastrous results upon the peace Of thc cou
try. Jnstead of that war being waged fi
slayery it was very evident, as^he rcsu
proved, that any territory ad joining us whic
could be acquired would bc free tcrntor;
That war gave to the North, California, Uia
and New Mexico. Though only a boy, I fu
lowed the old flag through that war," wit
many thousand good and true men from m
section who only regarded the National Hoi
or of our commou country. Again as to ho1
you became free. The North aidjd to ire
you with bayonet and by Military Proclaim
lions only as they believed it would injure i
and raise you up a hostile eleracat in ou
midst ; and set-mingly innking your welfare
secondary con.-ider;ition. To render this ac
of theirs valid and constitutional, it was nece?
sary that we should act. We "alled-togethi
our conventions and without hesitation mad
you constitutionally free forever. We als
gave you the right to testify in ea;es wher
you were interested, and I advocated in thi
Stat? House your right to testify in all case
* You now enjoy many privileges here no
enjoyed by your race in the Northern States
As tho gcntlemau has congratulated you upoi
your improved condition herc, and createi
still greater expectations for your future po
litical and social relations in thc 'South, le
me tell you what great* blessings the Xnrfl
has conferred upon your race even in his owr
First, until very recently, although youl
race at the North arc free, and have the ad
vantages of the free school system of which
he boasts, and few in numbers, yet whilsl
your numbers rapidly increased as ?laves ir
the hands of cruel masters referred to by him,
yet with him at the North they have dimin
ished, your race have buen and are.still ex
cluded from Northern, hotels, steamboat cal
railroad cars, and places of amusement.
They have been frequently expelled from
such places and sometimes mobbed for claim
ing tho rights of white people. And what has
been the result of every effort on their part to
obtain redress and establish their rights by
law. They have in every instance, [unless it
be very recently) signally failed. The courts
of the country were against them. I saw in
Northern .newspapers, and I believe it, to be
true, for I-baye no where seen it contradicted,
' that about the last of lSGi?, or the first ot' the
present year, Frederick Douglas, a mulatto of
New York, who is said to be a highly educa
ted and polished man, who conducts himself
with great propriety everywhere, traveled as
far west as St. Louis, and. was there and
everywhere on his, route refused Emission
into the first class hotels of the North and
West. Nearly every Northern Stale has dis
criminated against them as jurors, witnesses
and heretofore at tho ballot box. They no
where at the North enjoy, in fact, all the
rights of white people, end "in m*ost' States
North they are by local laws denied political
equality at the present time. .One or mo'e
States went so far as to deny them settlement
within tbeir boundaries altogether.
You have been remiuded by thc gentleman
of pecuniary favors conferred ; the supplies
voted you by his party, and the Bureau under
Gen. Swayne in Alabama, as another reason
why you should act with the Republicans. . I
believe Gen. Swayne to be a friend of yours. I
believe thc gentleman who bas just addressed
you is also a friend, for they ln?ve no.cause to
be otherwise, but no better friend than I am
.and many other Southern men. Many of us
have been educated by your labor, and I hope
I shall live long enough to pay you back with
C inpound interest in promoting education
amongst you, which I Loll your is the only
hope of your race.
i requested that Gen. Swayne be continued
over us, for although we see things from dif
ferent stand points, yet, I believe he wants to
do fight, and I ?never think less of ary one
for an honest difference of opinion merely.
But however worthy thc motive* or the act
on the part of the Government in assisting I
you through the Bureau, and for which tho
Senator, amongst other reasons, claims your j
votes fop the Republican pafty, it is an unde- !
niable fact that tho same party discriminates ]
against you in tho way of taxes ca cotton, ;
and in this way wrings from the sweat of.your
brow one hundred dollars to every one re-i
ceived by you through this same Bureau.
With these facts staring you in the face,
which tho honorable Senator will not deny,
what is the obvious object of Bis vff.it South ?
It is this, my friends. His party is in power
and he is here aidingfto keep thou: so.--He
ie hera to form a political alliance with YOU i
. a*nd what few whites can*bc ihdnced"to join
him. They want'office,. they want spoils and
?-they want to retain 'power. It is quite pleas
ant an profitable to them. It is not because they
"love you better than other, people. 1 warn
you against him and all like him, at home or
What claim have the men iii our midst tb
your confidence, who profess to be Radicals,
and advise you to join that party? I see
several^of thora before me now on the stan?3.
Mr. E.'H. Metcalf'is one, who within a few
dav s past has written a letter saying, amr-Dgst
other things, that the Southern men opposed'
to tho organization, to which he belong?,, have
been legislating since the war to overtax the
poor and deprive the negro of his wages. He
ought to have known that 'these statements
wore untrue. He has lived here many years.
His brave sons were in our army, and I never
heard of his paying any negroes their wages
until they were made free." I have been in
formed, and believe', that Mr. Metcalf, who is
a good man and citizen, did not write the let
ter referred to.
? second is Judge Felder, my old friend ;
what is his record ? He, before the' war; as
Senator from Montgomery county, if I am
not mistaken, voted for a law to "enslave every'
free negro in the State who dir! not leave by
a certain time, and to prevent any more being
madi free. Under this law Jack Abercrom
l ie, his mother and sisters, went into slavery.
I tried to save them from the operations of
the law and failed.
He now claims to he your champion here,
and invites yon to join his party. The Hon.
Senator, in his last speech, says, I spoke ol
many small'things which occurred herc which
he never before heard of. They may be pica
yune to him way up in Massachusetts, bot
deeply concern us here. He may consider
the course of our local Republican leaders
here, the gentlemen referred to. ?s unimpor
tant, and it may and doubtless is true, .that
he never heard of them or their political re
cord before. But I hope, Senator, you will
be patient and watt nh those gentlemen.
They "a-e youn? Republicans ; like young
birds just beginning to feather, they have the
will and will .fly after awhile, and' you will
hear from them. For
" Whoo young converts first bc?ia to stag
Their happy souls are on tho wing."
There is still another c!as3 that foi- your
own sales and for humanity's sake, I wish
most especially to warn you against. I mean
those mean wretches who, without employ
ment cr character at home, come into our
midst and endeavor stealthily and citen at th?
hour of midnight to poison your minds and
embitter your hearts against the white race
your neighbors. Any man, white or black,
who does this to procure office, or through
any other motive, is a fiend in human shape,
and deserves the execration of mankind. If
this is persisted in, what will he the result?
'. A conflict of races ol' course." From which
God deliver us. See'the riot which occurred
in New Orleans,-white men got it up, and
when the danger became .imminent many of
them fled, only a few of their number were
killed, but some fifty rr. sixty unsuspecting
freedmen were reported killed.
A nun mean enough to bring about and
encourage such a state cf affair.- as a conflict
of races in our streets, when the hour of dan
ger arrives, couldjiot.be overtaken hythe
fastest cur in our city.
It occurs to me just at this moment, thal
there is another portion of the honorable
Senator's last or second speech, to which I
will briefly allude. He says I have mentioned
some things he never before heard. In that
Le has none the advantage of me, for be bas
spoken of many things that bc did that ['.have
not heard of before. Ile boasts of what the
Northern army did. but I did not know he
was with them. It is only very recently thal
he. iuvaded the South. Ile remind-; me of the
bohl frontiersman, who, when thc boar en
terod the cabin'door quite unexpectedly, ran
up into the loft. Thc good wirb, having no
means cf escape, u-ed th? pitchfork very
freely, killing the bear, the husband in the
loft crying out all the while,'at thc top of his
voice. " Lay on, Nancy ! lay on, Nancy !:"
When assured that the bear was qui'e dead,
he descc: dod. from his safe retreat, walked up
to the side of Lis wife, and. with tito air cf a
game cock, exclaimed, "Nano)', ain't we
brave?" The gentleman eau afford to boast
now of what we did!
In conclusion, let me say, that you have
known me 'rom my boyhood. I have alway.'
done the best 1 could for you, and am si ill
your friend. Although I have been deprived
of citizenship, yet I love my country and her
people, and 1 will remain with you. When I
took thc oath to support tba Constitution and
Union of the States, I did so after much re
flection and in perfect good faith. I did so
with a determination that I would do ali that,
I could to promote the peace .and prosperity
ot my whole country, and particularly your
race, who were and ar? now .-o much in n^ccl
of instruction. - There is a minister (Rev.
Jas. Newman) of the gospel in tLis city who
knows that t'jring the war and at a timo
when the South expected IQ be successful,
that we pledged ourself, one to the other, to
give the energies of our life to thc improve
ment pf your conditiou. Things have since
changed. I am prostrated by the war, but I
will assjst you all I can, and am doing so now
and encouraging others to do something. My
heart was made glad a few days since when
I heard lhat a Southern man, notwithstand
ing our impoverished condition,-bad donated
a piece bf lund in this city for a school house
for y ur children, and upon which, I learn,
the Government proposes putting up the
building. But for thc excitement aiid preju
dice on the question engendered by politi
cians, North abd South, before the war, your
?condition would have been a much better oue
than it is. I believe you will bear me out in
the assert ion that your forme:-Southern owners
treated you quite as weil as the Northern
men did, bnforc they sold you to us, and as'
well as those who settled in our midst and
owned slaves before the war. Your own ob
servation and experience teaches you that the
latter class, whether from Massachusetts or
any othor New England State, were, as a gen
eral rule, more exactir.g tb?h our own South
ern born people.
My father hired out slaves for many years
for an estate, and told me, what I knew to be
true, that those slaves never did refuse to live
with or run away from any but two men and
one of these was from Connecticut, and'thc
other from some other Northern State. When
you return to your 'homes, be .industrious, so
ber, and economical, save your wages, and
buy and adorn your homes, however small,
educate your children, cultivate peace with all,
and God will, bless and reward your efforts. I
thank you for the respectful attention you
have given me.
ANOTHER AWFUL WARNING-THREE MEN
KILLED AND TWO WOUNDED BY THE EXPLO
SION OF AN OLD TORPEDO.-On yeaterday-af
ternoo. a larVe torpedo having lodged on the
John's Island beech, it was regarded as a
valuable prize by the poverty-stricken inhab
itants, and a great crowd gathered round,
while six, all freedmen, engaged in the fool
hardy attempt to unload the destructive con
trivance. They had .been engaged in the
hazardous enterprise about fif een minutes,
when suddenly there was a tremendous ex
plosion, and tho crowd ot bystanders were
covered with 6and, and enveloped with a
stifling smoke. As soon as the first sheck of
the explosion was over, and the smoke had
cleared off, it was found that Pompey Legare, .
the principal workman? had been blown liter- 1
ally to atoms, bisbead,- arrop?tid bHfKbeingf.
a!?'a:ivered from his body. Jack. Hamilton <
noa i?oDeri uanmognam wac nm?? -
frightfully mangled, and William- andJJoe
Ri7irs were" severely wounded. The-'??'Jcth
man, as if by a miracle, escaped unhurt. That
norn; of the surrounding crowd'we re killed or
ever, injured is passing strange, andean only
.beaocou jtcd foP;on thc supposition, tba;;tho
forcii'ofthc explosion ra* upwanh-GlwrJes--.
ton Mercury, 21st. .
-__r_,. ? <^ ?> ,
An Attempt to lucite Mob Violence
Against Mr. Davis in New Yo rb.
Under the heading " A Word of Advice
to A.rr. Davis," th 2 New York. Evening Post
of Wednesday has thc following atrocious
Mr.-Jefferson Davis willyt is reported, ar
rive in New York to-day. As it is possible
that our journal , may fall nader the_ eyes of
some of bis friends, we ?Uggcst,to them the
propriety of urging the traitor chief to the
'mos', modest demeanor while he is here. The
public is greatly and justly. outraged at his
rele? se; it dashed and expected to see him
brought to trial, and coudemnsd to the pun
ishment which thelaws decree for such crimes
as his. ? '
That he has not been brought to triai for
these crimes is, we think, an injury, and will
prove a source of weakness hercallor to us.
But as he.bas been released', a decent res
poet for public opinion demands that he
shouldgo quictlj' into an obscure place and
live there in the utmost retirement. Ti is
not fit or decent that he should be seea in
New York at all. If there is any dark un
visited corner where hef can hide himself, let
him slink to it and there remain.
If he is so ill-advised and foolish .as teat
tempt any public appearance herc, he will,
not improbably,?, excite a public commotion
and tumult. When just laws remain unexe
cuted, when great and atrocious crimioals
are, by the connivance of the authorities al- |
lowed to escapo punishment, thesense of out
raged justice sometimes, leads the people to
take matters into their own hands, and to
deal that justice which is denied by the court
and other authorities. We do not mean to
justify atty such resort to violence ; bul we
know that thc public mind is - deeply and
painfully-excited, not only at-*tbe rolraso of
the Itading and tno-st impudent and it;ff-nock
ed traitor, but also at his shameless insolence
ia coming herc to show himself immediately
upot. his libera'ion.
Oar streets are still full of wounded and
crippled soldiers-thc marks of his crime.
Thousands of our citizens have seen the shat
tered wrecks turned overtons.from the loath
some Libby- prison tho poor famished and
frozen fellows* who came home from tin:
horrible pen of Bello isle to die, or to live
out a few paiuful ysars of suffering. All.
kno*v that these foul prisons were not at u
irrent distance, bat under thc very eyes ol' ;.
Davis ; when he looked out O?' his bedroom
windows every morning ho saw our starving
sold'ers at Bello Isle; when.bc rode ont. lor
his pleasure or health ho rode by thc Libby.
Nor was his malignant hear- content even to
thus .starve and freeze to death our soldiciys, ,
bathe added insult to bis-tortures : '-Do you
not tl I know," said be at Columbia, on the
-Ith of October, 1864 "do you notait know
that the onlv way to make spaniels civil ;s,to
whip them ?;' " Docs auy , maa bslieye,-'b$ ?
said "thab-Yankees .are-to.be conciliated by
tern" s of concession ? Docs- any man imag
ine tba: wc caa conquer Yankees by. retreat
ing 'jefore ".hern-or do you not all ?now ihut
/lie c tili/ vag lo make spaniels civi? is to v:h??>
Ic is a part of his "spaniel" theory to come
at once to Net/ York, when he is released.
Lot hts friends, ot whom he appears to have
<om-i in high place, warn him to be prudent.
Ur? has no business lura ; he Las ?0 right to
walk our strcetsr to 4launt himself in tho
face; of th? widows and orphans his crime
and bis stirt'necked persistence in crime made.
Let him slink aw.iy, aver by road<, in u closo
carriage, to some obscure and unknown toot,,
and there hide himself. .
G errit Smith's Spcecluat Uichmond.
Gerrit Smith made a spt-coh to :'. mixec. as
setnbly of black and white peuple at Richniond
on Tuesday which w::.s full ot cbarac:eratic
benevolence, and contained broader and more .
sensible views than tho speeches of any other
Nor bern orator nov: in the South, lie did.
not i pare.the S^uth for its sin:; and follies,
(or Iringing on the-war, or for attempting, in
som?: cases,.to ruu away from the.restoration
tern s of Congress ; bat bc blamed the North
also for its s/fare in briuging on the trouble
and ;'or its want -of magnanimity. Though .
uncle r.the Constitution those whojj took jjart
in fighting against the Government ore trai
tors to day, ho said ho ?vas " averse to hav
ing his countrymen (tho Southerners) go
down to posterity stigmatized as traitors.
When-this strife iiad advauced to a great
civil war, with a defacto government, and
carrying cn war as an independent power,
they were no longer traitors. He wanted
thus to* lift thtm from their supposed d?grada
tion. The North, he' would say, was urida*
a common responsibility with the South Tor
cLc ?ate war."
.A ter speaking of slavery as thc cause o?
the -var, and the North being equally gu,!*y
with the South for establishing and maintain
ing that institution, he-added, we of the
North reaped far dor? gain.from slavery than
von did. You but held tho cow-we milked
it." He sahl ho was not an advocate ofcon- t
fiscation, and advised the blacks not to ask
for it, but to seek homes by their honest irar
ning,*,. He would also relieve the South for
hali:, dozen years from direct Federal taxes
to er able the people to recover something of
their former prosperity. Congress, he said,
should have appropriated ton or twenty mill
ions, of dollars to that suffering land. Kow
such broad and liberal views contrast ^rith.,
the narrow aud ilhbera!, policy of Congress
intasingthe productions cf the South ?t a
time when they most needseiistanco!. How
diffo ont is this speech of Gerrit Smith to . -
thosi! threatening and mere partisan speeches
ot Wilson, Kelly and . some, other Northern
orators in the South ! We .think Gorrit
Smith would do a great deal of good vere
he to follow those other speakers throughout
the South,.and we recommend him io do so.
?-New York Herald.
Thc Result of thc Mobile Disturbances.
MOBILE, May 20.
The following Order was issued from h ?ad- >
quarters this evening :
" HEADQ'IIS POST OK MOBILE, May 1!).
General Swayne, Commanding the District
of Alabama, directs the issue of the follow
ing Order to prcveut further violence grow-,
ing out of tho disturbed couditiou of affairs:'
> Tho. undersigned assumes the- mainten
ance of public order in tho city of Mobile.
Tho city police, administration is suspended.
Special policemen or members of the old
force .will be employed when necessary.
Breaches of thc city ordinances will be tried
as he retofore. : Violations of the public peace
and fisting order will be dealt with by tho
military authorities.. Out-door congregatipna.
after nightfall arc prohibited.. When public
demonstrations are intended, notice must, be
filed in the Mayor's offico in season. Ta?r.
prompt prP'cuce of such police force as may
be necessaij- to preserve public peace will bo
expected. A severe responeibility will be
attached to the publication of any articles
calculated to incite riot or \iolence, and to
tho tse of any incendiary language, whether " ??
employed in privato rooms or. at any public
.(Signed) . "... J. L. SHEPPARD,
* . Colonel Commanding.'^