Newspaper Page Text
PUBLISHED KV EU V WEDNESDAY MOEN INO
D??E?S0?, KBESE & CO.
IN VARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
The ADVERTISER ii published regularlyev
ery WB?3ES0AY MoriNiso.ntTHREE DOLLARS
peranuum: ONE DOLLAR and FIFTY CTS.
for Six Months; SEVENTY-FIVE CENTS for
Thrco Months,-ahcay* '" miranee.
#?S~ All paper.* discontinued ot tho expiration
of che titna for which they ?have boon pail.
RATES O?" ADVERTISING. *
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE, "
Advertisements will ho inser-teil ai" thc rate o'
ONE DOLLAR and FIFTY CENTS per Sq.ui.r
(IO Minion linc* or io?s.) for tho first infeftino.
and ONE DOLLAR fir each subsequentinsertion'.
-v liher.? dweoant, will bo made to-those
wishing to advortrso bytbo year.
Announcing Candidates $5,00, ?n advance.
That Satanic 014 Wretch.
Previous to the passage of the Supreme i
tal.aud Explanatory Military Reconstruction
? ll, thu'. S'vLunic olcTwretch, Thad. Steven.--,
delivered himself of a spec-h, from which th
following is an extract. He'says: .
it can ho reduced, I think, to a piain propo
.sition, thai. Congress', and Congress atone, wa?
thc power li?t cati reconstruct: w:w the
power that cain admit these outlying State
1 Hetty I hut ilia Ptesidem has any rigbt'to
cali on the Attorney General, or on ani
either branch of tue government, to interfere
ia any act of such n.construction". There
was hui one appeal ^ that tras to the agents
appointed by C mgresa. I* ought to befcrmwn
listore this" to the President'. J trust it i -
known in every colored shobl in this Ljistciot.
that the CJistitutiou of the United State?
does not apply- lo any Territory. Thc S tach
are p vrties to the constitution, they are thf
c instructing powers ; they are the sUb*tAn
live body. Terril dry, however aeqOired, by
purchase or* conquest or by inheritance, is th'
property only of that "substantive power,- and -
ihit power bound up by the constitution;
that p'iwer aio.-ie is g ive ned by the coes?tu*
tien, but does not extend for any purpose, into
any territory or conquered province. Wai.
luci, talk about the Constitution regulating
the a.Ttion of Congress io a province, in a Ter
ritory. ia a'State,.whether eonqOeted from a
legitimate State or an illegitimate State?
I may ask how one would treat thc Co-riVd
e.-ate States of America. Why just as Con
gress chooses. They are cur property ; their
citizens are our subjects : their lives, their
liberties are subject to the supreme will o
thi< body, always Controlled by the laws ol
na'iorls, the laws < f war, and the laws of hu
manity. There is no other power on earth,
thcreis ?KI branch of the government, there
is no power in the government, except what
i bare mentioned, that has any right to inter
fire or to say one word on the subject. If
yon wish to punish thc malefic tors for violated
majesty, that is another question. Possibly
you might do PO turr?ngh your courts of prac
lice ; at least you might attempt if, but I di?
not Suppose y< K can d > it. But thrre is one
thing clear, ttint territory not yet declared by
Congress to hz in a State of peace or restera
tioti, it is under the military 'authority of the
government, and any tribunal constituted by
the military aurherity, any military tribunal,
any court martii\\ can try any one of those
. who belonged to the belligerent forces. Jef
fersou Davis, or any man of the army of the .
Confederacy, conquered by us, is this day sub
ject to trial by a military tribunal. If T had
my way I would have long ago have organized
a military tribunal under military power, and
I would have put Jefferson Davis and all the
members of his Cabinet on trial for thc mur
ders at Andersonville, the murders at Salsbn
ry, the shooting down of prisoners of war in
old blood-every man of them is responsible
for these crimes.
It was a mockery to try that wicked fel
low Wirz, and make him responsible for acts
which the-Confederate Cabinet was guilty of.
Or' course they should be condemned ; wheth
er they should be executed afterward I give
no opinion. I would carry it out through the
legal tribunals that I have mentioned, and
which are as much the legal tribunals of the
land as the Supreme Court ol the United
States. That is my view exactly of what
woukl be logical. A3 to the question of con
fiscation, I think that a ma? who has mur
dered a thousand men, who ha3 robbed a
thousand widows and orphans, who has burned
down a thousand-houses, escapes well if, own
ing a hundred thousa id dollars, he is fined
lifty thousand dollars, as a punishment and to
repair his ravages. I said before that I was
not in favor of sanguinary punishment. I trust
in saying that I need not be supposed to con
demn them when they are necessary.
For instance : the clamor that has been
raised against the Mexican Government for
ihe b:roic e.vecutiou of murderers and pirates
- [some applauie and clapping* of hands-by
mcmhets, followed by some hisses]-that
c'anior buds no favor with me. I think that
\\?iile he bas gone far enough, though not hali
so far as be might be justiiied' in going, yet
there is no law nor policy under beaven, and
no sense of Justice that will condemn that
r,ial heroic, much-enduring man, Who for six
y?ars has been hunted with a reward upon Ids
Head-has beon driven from one-end erf hi
empire to another, until he got to the very
border-who has no parallel in history that I
know of, except it be William of Orange, who
was driven from island to island, and bom
s^nd-p'itch to sand-patch by just ar t ut as
bloody a persecutor as wa^s to be found in
Maximilian when he decreed that every man
warring against him should be shat down
without further trial. I am not going to
shrink from saying that I think such punish
ment proper/' .
At the cfose of the speech, the bill was
The ?London Time? ou the Morder of
The unhappy Emperor haa shared the fate
of his chief associates, and the renovad d Re
public of Mexico is stained with the bloud bf'
That blood will cling to the nation as weil
as to the/man who ha3 ordered it to be shed.
Juarez is but a type of the raco, which, since
thc Sovereignty of Spain was withdrawn, has
ever alternated between despotism andanar-';
cby, and is now once more free to follow its
half-savage instincts. Like -the great majority
of those who are called Mexican, Juarez is an
Indian, without, it is said, any admixture of
European bi-o?. He has shown that-be had
energy, courage, andperseverance, but to look
to him for mercy, gentleness, regard fora fal
len enemy, ead such like vistues, whether
Christian or chivalrous, would be futile, ne
belongs to a party whose usual recklessness
and disregard of human life have been height- ,
cned to the extreme of savagery by the con
fl ici of tho last lour years. The party again
represent a barbarous population, inclined to
look uptm moderation and mercy a's sig.vt of
weakness. The worst traiLs of the Mexican
character have boen exhibited in this matter,
and lt will impress on'tbenew. Government;a
character which will not easily be ebanged.
As long as wc c&n 'rerae4mby, Mexico bas
leen a lan'f of blood. The Yival factions
h?v? never shruak from exercising the utmost'
rights of Victory. If the goods owl the liber
ty of peaceful residents were endangered by
the struggles-of unscrupulous partisans, t - cse >
did, at lea.str stake their lives on me event,
and when they failed, unddrwutit the list ex
tremity of Var. One might have hop?tl that
the progress of enlightenment arid humanity
might have extended even to Mexico, and that
the Republican leaders, taaght by the events
of the last feiryears, would have endeavored
to introduce a milder political code. They
have had not only the remonstrance ot Eu
rope, bat thc advice of the United States.
Every one is agreed that such a political state
as existed before the invasion of the French,
cannot j^ermaoently endure. They must be
aware that ?(bese incessant disturbances and
the desire of a* .many to gratify .their ambi
Iton at the cost of-the public peece had their
origin in the recklessness and demoralization
of society, and that then? .could only be cured
by abandoning the evil traditions of political
l?ujLMBff? tfiTf if they have at th? drat OD
jo?atiaj ytrfeftl ?JJ lb* w?# moni? tifa i
formet conduct, we expect their Government
will go from bad to worse until it falls anew
iato anarchy, and compels another interven
tion. Europe is iud likely attain to interfere,
bul a time must come tchew the. Vjiited States,
will hare io deal teitk tint t?over?t/ietil which
slew Maximilian. ; ^
The Influence of Seuator Wilstfn'B
! "Mack," ?b Washington correspondent
! of the Cincinnati Commercial, in hi* letter of
! of thc 4th inst-, says :
Senator Wilson's Soulhern trip has un
questionable done him, and through him, as
any influential member of the Republican
party will do the country, a great deal of
j good. It has not in. ary positive stnse made
bim Conservative, but it has convinced him
* hst 'tb"eYe;is"nerther wisdom - nor statesmafir
.ship i? the extreme measures proposed by
[Sumner, Stevens and ethers, who kn?w noth
?i?g of the ?south or tho Southern p?op'e ex
cfept what they have learned by private letters
written bvar>etof worthless fellows, whoso
only hope' for preferment and profit is ir. siieb
eijisiation M will prevent respectable moa in
.the South from participating in politics for
Mr. Wilson oomes back fully convinced, so
h: td!* me in conversation, that coi. fiscaiion
w -ubi be a ruinous policy ipr bjth st e ions
0? the eooniryj and. that those who arc
(?r -achii-g.tMt d ctrine are doirl mischief
to thy country a'id ty. thc Rjpubiicin pa?ty.
[Ie savs^f the negroes want land tjiey mu?:
w>rk.f <r it'T that it is easier for a negro in
the South, at thu present lime, to earn live
aores of land, than for a wi-ite wau in Mas
xichusetts th earn one ; that land is cheap '
and work is plvnty, and a maa.who, under
cirtu'itstanc,t>s, is not i*ble to carn a,' farm, is
not ii- to own one. Ho'-himself, al thc age
.f twenty erne, workc-d,?n a farm foi* six dol
iars a month, wli'h six dollars.wouldn't buy
is much bud ia Massachusetts us on?'dollar
votild now buy in the South. li? believe*
-.?.he Southern people are disposed to trial the
negroes vv.eli, an*l will educate them,.ajad pay
them, and enable them td* take care of them
selves. This much coming from ? maVi who
bas done moro than any' other man-at any
rate, quite as much-to shape the policy of
the Republican party since its'organization,
and to whose practical common*Sense as op
posed to Summer's political Quixotism the
ptrty owes much of its success, is quite sig
nificant. < .
. "Poor Carlotta!" Maximilian was shot
a;ed to the front. Hrs*'last ' worth were
j-Popr Carlotta!'' How tender and touch-'
iog is this convincing illustration of the matt
iy and" generous nature of the lallen Empe
ror! Abandoned by France, be ti ay ed by a
.Mexican follower, tried by a military tribu
nal of his implacable cnemfe*, condemned to
death, and. brought out for execution, all in
terpositions in his -behalf from the represen
datives of foreign Powers, having failed, this
distinguished victim of Napoleon's '. grand
idea" would have been justified had he d?vos
ted his*last moments in denouncing the con
[rivers ot his destruction and the barbarians
thristiug for his blood, and iii deploring his
untimely fall, in ilie strength of his manhood
and his hopes. But Maximilian was a man
of larger .breadth of niind aud heroism .han
this. He bad deliberately cast his life into '
the scales io defence of his empire, he had
pledged his word in thc name of his imperial
aouse of Hapsburg to right it out with his
enemies, and, like a true soldier, he was pre
pared for his last disaster. He recognized
nis "atp as. resulting from the fortunes of war.
and had neither denunciations ncr regrets uh
ais own account to. inuke. Like tlc dying
Gladiator at Rome.
Ile recked not of his life, nar of the priio,
His heart was home, and that was far away.
Face to face with his remorseless execu
tioners, awaiting but the word to " fire !" all
thoughts of his lost empire and his low es
tate gave way to those endearing memories
and sweet affeCtiors which had linked his life,,
his happiness, his fate and his ambition with
' poor Carlotta !" As to- a drpwuing mau
numerous events of his past ille running
through many years of time arc vividly re.
produced in a few fleeting seconds, so to this
victim of Mexican vengeance were, no doubt,
recalled in the last moments of his earthly
existence those charming recollections of
his young, beautiful, gif.ed, accomplished,
and deVQted wife, whereby he had become so
fascinated with his Mexican empire, and.his
hopes of the Mexican people that he could
only relinquish them with ' his . life. " Poor
Carlotta !" Her triumphal journeys, her do
ral receptions, her welcome chanties, her gra
cious ways, her catholic piety, and her re
sistless, womanly gentleness among thc sus
ceptible Mexicans, were also faithfully devo
ted to his cause as to develop in him the he
roism of the feudal ages. He was her gallant
knigh t, equipped by lier own fair hauds for a
glori?os crusade she was his queen of love
arid beauty, to whom his word -as a soldier
and his faith as a devotee were pledged. All
these thoughts in the presence of the .grave,
doubtless, recurred to him *as_the memorie>
of a gulden dream, and from these and that
other thought, that she had hopefully braved
the dangers of the seasj aud- the doubtful
? -neroMty of France in his behalf, only to be
rop; edtoiu despair, and tobejdoomed to a liv
rng death, came the inspiration to Maximilian
which was expressed in his last expressive
words,-" Pour Carlotta !"
Nor is there in the rc-eords of history, a?
tue last words of a dying fcaint or hero, any
thing giveiv which appeals so" tenderly to our
better nature, to all that beautifies and softens
the human character, as these dying woads
of Maximilian-" Poor Carlotta !" Thiey will
crown in history this fallen man. .However
misguided he was in his acts as a ruler, those
two words, with ail their impressive aud re
deeming associations, will crown him with'
the f'owers of. affuctiou and the laureis of the
hero. Had he recited and eloquently vindi
cated every step* and every act m his imperi
al career he would have failed to reach the
eloquent defens? embodied in his oying ex
clamation of " Poor Carlotta !" To her they
will be the words of- restoration or dissolu
tion ; for-hi m they are the wreath of im
mortality. " Poor Carlotta I"-N. 1*. Herald.
Publie Lands Granted to Southern
The New York T-ribxene has the following
paragraph in its Washington correspondence :
Mr. Julian has reported and .had offered
to-the House Reconstruction Committee a
very important bill^ of which , the following
is the substance :
Section 1 provides that all the lands-grantr
ed to thc States of thc South in l???ti for rail
road purposes, nearly 5*,O?O,?OO acres in ai1,
which grants are now expired by limitation,
are forfeited to the United.Staten, and made
subject to the Southern Homestead law.
This opens a very large body of cnoiCe
lands to settlement and cultivation, which are
now tied up in the hands of rebel corpora
tions and rebel State governments.
Section 2. provides that the Freedmen's
Bureau shall appoiaj a competent surveyor to
retrace and establish the lines of the old sur
veys, where, they are obliterated,'at the ex
pense of the United States. .
. This relieves the claimants under the Jaw
from $10 to .??25 for sjvveying a'single tract,
the accuracy o? whick .survey is left entirely
uncertain. "M .
Section 3 provides that all the public lands
of.the State of Texas which have not he?>n
disposed of by .-aid State ?ball le forfeited to
the United State*, and made subject to the
said Southern Homestead law so soon as the
ma?h[nery of thc Jsnd department of tho' gov
ernment is extended over said lands, which
is provided for. ,.
Section 4 provides that all agricultural lands.
which shall hereafter Be sold for nonpayment
e." Federal taxes, and all like lands which
shall be sold by virtue of prqqeediugs in bank
ruptcy, shall bo disposed of onjy in lots of
not. less thangi tormore than 80* aurea.
These prov?noos would go far to quiet the
clamor which has been raised in the South
in favor of confiscation, without interfering
with private property.
As far as we know, this bill, if passed,
will principally affect the States of the South
XS? T'o ?Oft of Bnssian America to fit, taxing
pho whole territory; if atosi tfc?t ^aaatm '
JAMES T. BACON, EDITOR.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 24, 18G7.
; Our Ciiab Kates.
. We aro now famishing the ADVERTISER to
Clubs at the following, very dow ratos:
? Two-.Copieii one Yoar, $5.50.
Fivis Copies ono Year, 12 50.
Ten Copies ono Year, 22.50.
Twenty Copies ono Year, 40.00.
No Clubs received for a less period than one
year,-and in all oases the Cash will be required
in advance. The namos of the entire Club must
bo Fent at one time.
^STr Tho obituary.notice of that estimable lady,
Mrs. ELU. O'CONNOR thc wifo of the late FRAN
CIS O'CONNOR, Esq., who died at Mt. Vintage, the
r?sidonco of her son-in lt\w, Mr- JAMES T.'GRAT,
on-Friday last, At the advanced age of seventy,
s'-rx ynnrs, bne boen received and will appear in
our next i<?ue. .
.?23*"* The Provost Court for this Military Dis
trict bas been in session fit this placo since
Wednesday last. Maj. STONE, thc President of
the Court, works with a vim and dispatches busi
ness rnp:dly. It rs thought tho Court will remain
in session several days.
gS?" There is a slight advance in Cotton, and
a decline in tho provision market, according to
thc last Northern and Lirurpool -quotations.
We call nttontion to tho Card of onr esteemed
fclbw-cif?zen, Mr. Jon.s: COI.GAN, but think this
public vindication of his character altogether un
necessary, as our pcoplo have known hbo too long
and too favorably to listen for. a moment to th?
malicious rumor tbat-somo contemptible cur may
have put in circulation against bim.
The Wonder of Wonders !
It is a souroe of real pleasure to announce to
cur wader? that SARGENT, the renowned Illusion
ist, Magician, Necromancer,'?lc.; wilt give two of
bi* inimitable entertainments in Masonicand Odd
Fellows' Hall, commeecing this (Tuesday) eve
ning. Mr. SARGENT oojries to'us with a wide and
icnviable reputation as a Magician t.f tho highest
caaraoter. Every where be meets with unbounded
success, and gives universal satisfaction.' He is
said to be a "Wonder of Wonders."
. SARGENT has reocntly visited Augusta, and the
Pre*?, noticing bl? entertainments, says': "SAU
CENT is drawing largo and fashionable audiences
zt his pince of amusement, and the loud and re
peated applause with which ho is greeted each
evening testifies*" thai his pefforaances are well
worthy of patronage. As one evidence of the
popularity of this young Illusionist, and the de
sire of tho pcoplo to witness Iii? unequalled dex
terity, we will state.a ease that came under our
special notice last evening. A gentleman cam?
rixtson miles, bringing bil wifo with him, on pur
poso to tee this wonderful necromancer, His
railroad fare, hotel bid, and ticket of admission
amounted to about fourr?es dollars; and he ex
pressed himself perfectly satisfiod, and would not
fct've missed tho enjoyment for twice tho-amount.
It is molly cheering to hear frota all sections
of the District so favorable reports in rogard to
!h*c growing crops,-Cotton, Corn, Pea?, P4tatne.<;
?c. Our farmers aro in tho most ?xuberant
spirits, uud most of them are entirely satisfied
whh their prospects. They tell us that their
cr ps were never better,-justas good, some say,
u< they could desire, True, a few are wolully
in the grass, and don't expect much of a cotton
crop ; but it is thought tbat everybody will .make
a sufficiency- of torn and other provisions for
their owu use, and to spare. A big provision crop,
and -so far hs .tho most of us are concerned, con
fiscation, registration, convention, Thad Stevens,
li.L.l lUitlnr. ar\A ol] ivlli?. ulinm!ii.>?/. i ??? I
to the d-1. Hurrah for the tillers of the soil,
?ail-thank God for the generous und propitious
showers with which we have been blessed.
On Sunday last throe men-W. B. Prisock,
Rsrly Bedenbaugh and Benj. Bodenbaugh-wore
arrested and lodged in j til, charged whh ?nter
iug tho houso of Mr.^MATTK?AS SHEAI.T, a very
ord gentleman living near the Lexington line, and
robbing him of some $25 in money, a quantity of
flour, jtc. It is said that they presented a pistol
,-rrid.threatened the old man that if he moved they
would blow his d-n brains out. We are gratifi?e
to know that these robbers and brigands have
been apprehended, and hope that our people
everywhere will act. as energetically as did thc
cititons in Mr. SUEALY'S vicinity, in having all |
such characters brought to justice. It is the only
method lo put a stop to ttft the lawlessness extant
for the citizens themselves-tho good and true
to throw off their lethargy in this regard, dopent
no longer on military or civil officers, but to take
thc matter io their own bands, and seo to it that
all evil-doers are apprehended or run out of the
country. And then, and not till then, will good
order and security for " life, liberty and property,'
resume her wonted sway in the land.
For tho interest of all concerned, we would di
rect their espocial attontion-to thenotice of Sheriff
SPIRES to all plaintiffs who nave oommoneod suits
at law since May 1865. TheVo parties would dn
woll to pay thc costs in said suits before Septem
ber next,-or tho present costs will be considera
bly augmonted and thc parties forced to pay. To
the wise, a hint is ?ll that is necessary.
We are indebted to Mrs. J. A. BLAND for" deci
dedly the best Cabbage that we have seen tflis"
scirsoii-und, in fact, as large and firm as we
ever saw brought from Buncombe-, North Carolina.
The "Cabbage question," is now certainly jettied,
as we don't think jt possible for this mammoth
specimon of the Cabbage species to be excelled.
To tho Rev. MARION SAMS wo aro also indebted
for the largest and finest and handsomest tomatoes
it has ever been our pleasure to look Unon. The
great mystery to us ls bow such* monsters' cari be
raised. .Some of tho tomatoes exhibited by Mr.
SAKS weighed over one pound, whilst the general,
averago was from ton te twelve ounces. Who can
beat, or even equal them?
Mr. JACK COV*R, who is nu fait in all that per
tains to gardening, sends us a Beet as large as
-Well, we are afraid to say, through fear "that
our'readers will say that we are exaggerating.
Bul wo thank you JACK, for the whale,-'and will
order a wheelbarrow' to send it home.
Beautiful Cotton Stalks.
Mr..linus FEAS.ER, A skillful farmer in tho
Mt. Tabor neighborhood, sent to us some ten days
since two very Pno stalks of Cotton, over waist
high, arfd well filled with square?, blooms and
bolls/ These -stalks aro hard to beat even now,
ten day? after they were brongbt to this office.
We ?re told that Mr. FEASTER*! entire crop*ls lo
good order abd looks very promising-the result
of industry, good management, guano, and the
genial showers of Heaven.
The First of the Season.
Young FINK.NET DDRISOE, .who js running a
?mall farm, after his owb manner, and by tho way
quite creditably, has presented us with a good
sized Sw?et Potato. This ls very early for potar
toes, and we give PINKMET the credit so far of |
beating the big potato mun at tho Cross Roads i
but look out PINK, if in the and, the Colonel dont
Why Maximilian was Shot.
Mr. Romero, the representative of the Mexican
government ?at Washington-, ?is said to attribute
the ?tern measures against Maximilian and the
Mexican ronols to " tho desire of the Mexican, au
thorities to take warning by the ill success of the
conciliatory policy of the President and Cabinet
of. the United States toward^ traitor?, and also a
desire to win the sympathies of the dominant
politioal party in thic country by a stringent and
relentless coane toward the foreign and domestic ,
?fiomiff ci Qt? Ibr?aa SifwH?/" i
A Word of Warning and Advice to
Thc country is hoing flooded with incendiary
documents ; speeches of leading Radical?, rni?
guidjng ch'atechisms ard inflammatory dialogue/.
Many of tho latter'so false, stupid and ridiculous
as to mate a very"fdipt laugh. All. these aro in
tended for the instruction and misleading of the
freedmen,' Of cpurso they, emanate from that
wretched but powerful-faction which is laboring
with such"satanic virulence to kiadie unnatural
and filial social hates between two classes bonnd
by so many relations and considerations to a
common destiny. ,
What reek these incendiary agitators of tte
future of the poor negro-of his material antiso
cial advancement-of the profitablo employment
of his industry and tho growth of bia intellectual
and moral powers-after they have used him for
their miserable selfish purposes of retaining power,
of getting office, of accumulating money ? What
interest have they to help him to become a useful
and productive member of society ? The whole
country in all its length ?ind breadth, is swarm ?g
with mischievous incendiaries, ?peculating adven
turor.-', and unprincipled demagogues, more exoro
scencos, hangers on, af the communities in winch
they db so ruuch mischief, living upon office) or
by the misfortunes and taxation of the pacplo.
When these.men have filled their pockets with
the money extracted from the industry and prop
erty of the people, they can tako their fliglt to
distant lundi-to the North, from whence OMI
of them come-and there fatten upon their ill
But not so with thc negroes, not so withxur
citizens, who have accumulated property and
raised families here, or who have established repu
tations upon which they depend for sub?istence
who aro identified with tho country in so nany,
ways. Those white? and these negroee wil re
main, they will bo compelled to remain; and it is
their mtor?st-quito as much of the negroig as
of tho whites-to preserve amicable and kirdry
relations towards each other and towards ell of
their fttllpw citizens.
Those whor whithout provocation, are laboring
os we remarked nbove, with such satanic 0'iru
lenee to kindle the*e Unnatural and fatal, sieial
hates, are thc worst opemios of onr govcrnnent
and society. rf
If the freedmen allow themselves to be lei by
these teachers and taught by those books, they
will discover, to their so/Vow, in a very few rrhrs,
that they have built their houses upon the stnliesi
How to Avoid Confiscation.
Sena<o.r WILSON-, of Massachusetts, hai ad
dress:.! to a prominent Virginian, in ansver" to
ta inquiry rec:ntly njRde, the following:
SEDATE -CHAMBER, WASHIXUTO.V, D. C., t
July 15. 1867. /
To Wm. T. Early, Etq.. Chariotteevitte, Vu. '
DRAB SIR:-You ai>k me in your note, " Vhat.
action is rioces.?iiry on the part nf the people here
to avert from them confiscat?bn ?" I am sure'tbe
generous action of General Grant and our Conv
m.milers toward the men in arms agninsttbeir
country ; the magnanimity of the nation; the
liberal policy of Congress ; should satisfy you
and the well-disposed people of the rebel State?
that nuthiug will be done for revenge, b?t every
thing'for the enduring peace of ihe country.
Nothing can bring coofircation upon - the people
of the robel Stales but the persistent folly and
madness nf the massos of their people;.aid I
cannot believe that tho body of their people wil!
by their future action bring confiscation ipor,
themselves. ? will suggest, ray dear Sir, asare,
way for your people- to avert from themselvescon;
!i -cition, remove disabilities, restore law, order,
peace, and individual and national prosperity and
happiness: Let them abandou at once and for
ever the ideas, principles and policies of their
lost cause ;. strive to conquer the prejudices, batei
and passions engendered by their robeliAn' and
the conflict they inaugurad. Let them accept'
the results of the nation's victory, the unity of*J
the State?, the perpetuity of the Republic, tbe
emancipation, enfranchisement and citizenship of
their bondmen, their equality of rights and privi
I?ge*. Let them do this in spirit ?s well as in
form; let them establish' schools for the education
of both races ; let them encourage the freedmen
to be thrifyand temp?ratelo get-homcst^ads
thomeevelop the mighty resources our Heavenly
Father has given the people of tho Sunny South,
and cheri h a epirit of fraternity and love. Such
action will inspire affection, confidence, magnan
imity ; make confiscation an impossibility; cau?i
disabilities speedily to disappear, and bring down
upon them their State's and country's ble.siug;*
and benefits. Ver/ truly, v?nr friend.
^?T-" The Emt Florida Banner," published al
Ocala, Fla., by B. F. SMITH, Esqr., Editor and
Pmprietor, and STEPHEK C. DEBRCHL, Associate
Editor, comes to us this- week with a handsome
new head,-an evidence of increasing prosperity.
Tho Banner is an excellent wc Hy, published st
only $3,00 per annum, and is worthy of support.
Pani Kayne's Prize Poem..
This giftod son of Carolina was awarded $108
for the prise poem which app?ared in the last
number of the Southern Opinion. We find th?
concluding lines in fha Charleston Courier :
" Enonch ! 'tin overt the Inst gleam of hope
Hoth molted from our mournful heroscope
Of all. or all bereft;
Only to us are left
Our buried heroes and their matchless deeds;
The'xe cannot poss; they hwld tho vital seeds
Which in some far, untracked, unvisfoned hour
May burst to vivid bud and glorious flower.
Meanwbilo upon,the nation's broken hoart
Her martyrs sleep. 0, dearer far to her,
Thu-.) if each ?on, a wreathed conqueror,
Rode in triumphant state
Th/ loftiest crest of fate ;
0, dearer far, Because omcast and low,
She yearns above thain in her awful woe.
One ?pring its tender blooms
Hath lavished richly by those hallowed tombs;
One summer its imperial larges? spread
Along our heroes' bed;
One autumn walling with funeral blast,
Tio witb?red leaves and pallid dust amassed
AU round about them, till bloak winter now
Hangs hoar-frost on tho grasses, and the bough
In dreary woodlands seana to thrill and sturt,
Thrill to thaauguifh of th? wind thut raves
Across thoso lonely, desolated graves !"
The New York Time* says of the laws
taxing whiskey, that they are not only failures
financially, but they have done more to demoral
ize thc whole body of officers charged with t^cir |
execution, and to convert a very large proportion
of thom into shameless knaves, than all the other j
laws of our statute books.
^?"-The Texas papers speak of a general de
position among thc farmers of that Str.*.e to les
sen the quantity and improve the quality of the
land they cultivate. This chango is caused by
tile scarcity of labor, which leads to improved
cultivation and an increse of production from a
given quantity of land. The improvement in the
sj'stem of cultivation in Texas will ultimately
extend to all parts of tbcf South.
The American Consul at Vera Cruz, under ]
date of June 2S*th, writes the State Department
that the city of'Vera Crur and the Castle of 6L
Jua'i P'Ulla, is io quiet possession of the Mexi ' n
national forces. General Benaridos, the Imperial
chief, and foreign troops have embarked and left
We picked up the following lines the other 11
rlay, and publish the? for the benefit of tho writer, j <
Although we do not know his name, we congratu
late him in bis good fortune in obtaining test:
RJ'rTApp OP A 8COI.D?NQ WIPE.
"Beneath this stone, my wife doth lie,
Sho'? now at rose-rand-SQ am I."
EgP" A general beer-drinking trial has come | ?
off in Germsray. One man drank twelve gallon?
in half an hour ; the other fifteen-and both
bursted about the same time. ,
?32r Virginia papers tay that Clark Mills is
going to make an equestrian statue of Robert E.
Lee, and has already vidit'ed the ex-Confederate
to make preliminary arrangements.
?gf The Fourth of July passed off very quiet
ly in Chicago; only twelva fires, five murders,
throe.nuicido-, -half a dogoh robberies and nine
Bus.es of rape aro reported. The morals of that
sity must be improving.
tg?-" General Grant approves aiuggestion from I \
Popo, of tho 3d District, that* Confederates who I B
jppose the Reconstruction acts violate tho terms
if their parole.
try Mrs. Jefferson Davis arrived In Charleston
in Monday, and stopped one day at tba Milli
Koa?, es ter ?rsy te Sarasa**, Qa.
Advice from a Sont carolinian in
Wo find in tho Olarondonfianncr, tho folioi
ng brief extract of a lett from Hon. Vi1. W.
BOTCE, one of our forme Representatives in
Congress, and now praotici* law in. the City of
Washington. It is addresse'to Mr. GALLUCEAT,
)f' Claren don I) i strict:
" A word as to the public atterf. I think our
people ought to register al participate *jn the
tlections. To do nothing, ill bo te commit gui
nde. I bink the great tfnt ia to cany out
"lenora! Hampton's idea nd show themselves
hereby the friends of the Cored people. Our
>eople should recognise wha is inevitable in r?
jard to the legal anJpolitiearights of tho Macha,
tnd grant, of their own vtHion, what wilt be
;iv?n in ppito of them, "By ait course, harmony
>etween the two rates will JO maintained, and'
lolitical power in the -Statctwill remain ingana
tandi. AH cxpresaions Hough the press or
itherwue againat-the domin?t party ho? should i
te avoided. It is impossibles^ th?3 tim - for the
)eraocratic pnrty to help tb South. The great
ibject with the South now sbuld bo to get estab
ished in their politicaVrighT. Then a fooling of
onfidenco Will take the pino of present ?neeca
ity, and'capitnl flow in froinfhoNorth..
I feel intensely for the uibappy crtt?ition of
ny Southern friends. You lust not be disooor
ged-struggle on-affairs nust improve.
With kind wiabei, yjur friend,
WIL1IAM W. BO?CE.
Congressional and Vv'^hiugton PfewY.
On thc 10th, in tho Senate, the President's mos
?ge suggesting liability for Southern State debts
anted an animated debate, and heated dcmoh
trations as inopportune* and calculated to unset
Ie the finances. The ines s a re WAS ordered to be
rinted and tho Senjto odjriirtied.. \
In the Honse, the amen?tn .r.t reducing the'Re?
onstructibn appropriation t<? $1,04*0,000, waa
oncurred.in and the* bill goes to the Plaident.
The bill passed last se?>:>u prohibiting the
'resident from troatihg with '.adiana waa repealed.
Appla?so from the Democra ic sido over the first
A resolution, inatruCting thc Judiciary Commit
se to inquire whether Kentucky, Delaware and
iarvlanJ hnve State constitutions Republican in
>rm, waa passed by the Spo.ikor'i vote, tho Honse
Unding 47 to 47.
Stevens introduced two bills pa Reconstruction
-one entitlod " a bill to enable tho inhabitants of
ie Southern Territories to form State govern
tonta." They were ordered to bo printed and
sferred to the Committee on Reconstruction.
Raymond says that he never applied fur the
.uatrian .mission, and Would.not accept it if con
Persons in Washington to secare relief On the
?vee Questions are much discouraged.
It ia understood that Cotton cases involving ros
itation to loyal owner? decided by the Court pf
llaiffia against the government wilVbe appealed
rom. The amount involved ?3 $3,000,000.
In the Senate, on the 17*h, Wilson proposed
Se following amendment to the Constitution :
No distinction shall be made by the United
Hates or any State Jrmong citizens in their civil
r political rights on account of race or color."
Ordered to be printed.
A bill providing that co person shall be dis
tftlined from holding office in the District of Co
txmbia on account of race, or color, passed. Ayos,
5; nays, 5,' vi? : Buck ale w, Bo/ard, Davis, Hen
In the House, Butler rose to a queation oi
irivibge, and.mada* allegations respecting pris
ners. A colloquy ensued. Baldwin asked El
Iridge if he expected the House to take Gen
)uld'a s'atsmeut against tho testimony and state
oent-of Union eflicers. Eldridgo believed thal
Jen. Butler himself would not deny that Gen.
)uld was a highly honorable and conscientious
nan. (Sneering and laughter on the Republican
ide ) Butler remarked, that before the war, he
md regarded General Ould as a highly congelen
tous and honorable man, but when a man coin
nitted treason, he wai like a woman fallen from
rirtuo, .ready for any crime, and from that hon:
io oue knew where to find him. Eldridge re
ntnueu tiuxiei mu? m twaBj-mat i ian LU euc nt
iad forgotten the eminent men ihat had gone
nto rebellion, Hancock, Adams and Washington
hisses.) Every one of them bsd been called s
robu!, and every one of them bad boon a rebel
[continued hisset) until the rebellion became ?
The following was introduced and passed undei
\ suspension of the rulos, by a strict party vote
" Thal ?he doctrine evoked by the Presiden!
that the abrogation of the rebel States binds thc
nation to pay their debts incurrrd prior to th?
rebellion, ii at war with the ?irinciples of intern?,
donal law, a stab at the national credit, abhorrent
to ovary sentiment of loyalty, and pleasing onlj
to traitor*, their allies and sympathisers, by whoa?
igency alono tho governments of said States wert
Th? Senate bill conferring on negroes the righi
nf holding office waa amended to include the
right of serving on juries, and referred to thu
A resolution requesting the President to iaaue a
proclamation dirocting the proper officen to pro
rent the invasion of Mexkw, was referred to the
Committee on Foreign ?fft irs.
On the 18th, in the Honse, Mr. Robinson lietel
leave to introduce a preamble and '?aolution tc
remove tho raw cotton ta.t. Megan. Allison anc
Mr. Binghnm sent to thc Clerk's de?k, ami hat
read, the followinir tel eg rn rn, rc-eived by hin
From General Siokles: 1 Thauks for .you
handsome reply to Mr. Eldridge; You may rw
lievo his anxiety with tho consoling inforipatioi
that my equipage has not r st him or any of bl
friends anything, said equipage Ltipg (he cher
ished gift of my colleagues of the ' Third Arm}
Mr. Logan offered a pre.-.M'jlo and resolutions
which Was passed, reciting the general Tumor tba
irmed expeditions are being organt?od in chi:
:ountry ?gain?t the Republic of Mexico, at 7arl
inca with the feelinga and wishes of all goo<
;itixens of the United States, and contrary to eg
tiiblhaed public policy ; and lespectfuljy request
?ne the President to issue a proclamation requin nf
ill proper officers of the United States to preven
?uch unlawful organisions being formed, am
(raming all peraona who depart from tho United
States on auch expeditions that they will forfei
Ul rights to protection under the laws of thc
On the 10th, in tho Senate, thc House amend,
ment allowing negroes to ierre as jurors wsu
Sumner introduced a bill to strike out the wore
white from tho naturalization laws, which* wai
referred to the Judiciary Committee.
The veto wag read, and the bill passed notwHh.
standing-- 36 yeas to 6 naya-Bayard, Buckalow
Davis, Hendricks, Johnson, Patterson, of Ten
aossee,-and the Chair announced that tho hil!
wai a law. , ;
The reconstruction appropri?t inp bill was pastee'
iver the veto.
In the Senate, on the2Qth, there wa? an ixregu
lar discusaion regarding adjournment, in whiol
:ho President was denounced a? contumacious
?nd Mr. Chandler said there was a ?ort of hybric
joncern in the Sonate called Conservative Be
Foasenden took the further remark* of Chand
er at personal and said he hod but 'ope. thing tc
lay. Tba Senator from Michigan say? what ii
Chandler buried back Mr. Fesscnden's COD tempi
rith ?corn, when the amiable controversy wat in
irrupted by a motion to go into Executive set
ion. The Senate ?dop tod the report of the Oom
nittee of Copfere?ce and then adjourned to Hit
Tho Now York CHizen IcarnBthat "Broth
.r Ben (Wood) trot hit with a red hot poker
about ten days apo-a 'draw poker' in fact
o the tune of $45.000-the winner being a
dominent and respected member of fae up
?er house of the Common Council. Thia i?
k fact, and it was a band of tbreiracea agaiuit
bree qneenR that commenced the heavy baal
??as. Th? t;amo was played near th= Fifth
Lvenue Hotel, in the saine room and at the
ame table whore Brother benjamin, not long
ince, won $128,000 in OD C evening from Con
For thc Advertiser.
? I tras no jess astonished tb soi pained to hear, a
'Yew days sinoo, that a false and insidious report if
in c ire ula lion, to the effect,. that I am- a United
Btates Detective, whoie '-busibesa it ft to spjr out
and in'fbjrm i?e agents.-or:lao Qorernrnelrit, of
any infractiftn.of the'Intern^-Rerenue-laws, by
my fellow cUtfaens. ." Wbenyor how thitu tejp'ort
.originated I am unable, to twy.i If nay of .my.-ac
tions have bena suchas to lead to tho SUspioion '
that ? am a spy, I am perfectly willing that the(i
mittor uh?M be investigated by a committee of
honest me*. As such a report is calculated to in
jure my reputation by lessening me in the esteem
of tay fellow-citizens; I tuite this rnethod of pro
nouncing it false and malicious ; and I herewith
and hereby brand tho designing inventor of .this
, fonl falsehood,this "j\ta?tTh tha'twtn*a|of ppuwa
which ever finds an easy entrance io ignoble v
minds," as a hypocrite, liar and knave:' ? hope*
this card, and the passed; services .that land my
sons have rendered the. C.VUJO once dear: to us all,.
wi|l be eutrjeient to vindicate my name before-an
impartial public. "'.-v .?
JOHN COEOAlf. ?j
, Tba Presideur* Veto Meaaog?.
.O?rthe 19th, th? President sent jn to botjl
Hoas?t-ot Congress hmvetwf tbe^uppletaen
tary Jjfll, but wbidi was immediately passed
in the Senate, over bis yeto, by a tote.of 30
ayas to 5 r.aji, and in the House by 100 aje?
to 22 orfys. . >*.
The lifessagc covers' three coramns- and ar
gues elaborately thc inconsistencies, uncon
stitutionality ?ud tyranny o"f the neu Aliud"
ing to the dedrara/ion tbat the" State govern
ments are ii?egal, he says : A singuUrcontra
dictjoa is apparent here. Congress declares
these local Sta e governments to -be Wega!
governments, and then provides that these il
legal.govern meats sbaH be carried "on by Fed
eral officer*, who are to perform the very-du
ties imposed on its own officers, by this ille
gal State authority. It certainly would bc a
novel spectacle rf Congress should attempt to
carryon- a legal State government by the
agency pt its own officer*. ' It is yet more
strange that Congress attempts to Ktistain and
carry on an illegal- State government by the
same Federal agency.
With regard to titre by conquest, ha says :
It is a new title acquired by war. it applies
only to territory or goods or moveable thtOj^s
regularly captured in war-at? called M booty,"
or if taken by individual soldiers, " plunder.''*
Tkere i's not'a fool of land if any one of
these ten States whiob tbe United States
bolds by conquest^ save only such land as did
not belong td either of these States or any
, individual owner. linean such lands as did
belong to the pretended Government called
the M Confederate States." These lands wo
may claim to hold by conquest. As to all
other land or territory?, whether belonging to
the States or to individuals, the Federal Gov?
e'rnment bas now no moro tide or right to k
than it had before the rebellion-.
The rn esvare concludes : u Within a period
less than a year the le^'wlarion of Congress
has attempted to-at rip the Execjitiv?-Depart.
- ment cf t he-Government ot aomeo? its essen
tial powers.' The Constitution and the oath
provided rn it devolve upon the President the
power and the duly to .see that the laws are
. -faithfully executed. The" Constituticii, in or
der to carrv out ibis power, gives him the
choice of tho agents and makes them subject
to his control and supervision-. Bot -rn the'
execution of. these lawn tbe constitutional
obligation upon the President remains ; bnt
thje power to exercise that confftitttii?ual duty
is effectually taken away. The military, com
mander is, as to tho power of appointment,
. made to take tbepiace-of the- President, and
the General bf the army the place of the Sen
ate ; and any attempt, on the part oj tho Pres
ident to assert his own constitutional power
may, under pretence of law, be metby official
( insubordination. It is to be feared tbatf hese
military officers, looking to thc ?uthority
i but the commander of the district and the
i General of the army. If there were no other
i ?bjection than this to this proposed legisla
I tiou, it would bo sufficient. Whilst I bold
j the chief cxecutivo authority of the United
States, while 'he obligation rests upon me to
see that all the laws are faithfully executed,
I can never wilUogly surrender thaUrusUor
: the po wera gi Ten for its execution,* J. can nev
' er give my assent to be mad? responsible for
: tho faithful execution ol laws and- at the some
i time .surrender that trust and the po iv era
. which accompany it, to any other executive
: officer, high or low, or to any number of ex
. ecutivo oncers. If this ex?curiv?.trust, vested
| by the ConsMt?tiop in the President, is to be
.taken from him and vested in a subordinate
1 officer, the responsibility will be with Con
gress in clothing subordinates'with unconsli
: tutional power, and with the officer who ns
1 sumes it3 exercise. This inttrrference with
i the constitutional authority of tho Executive
Department is an evil that will inevitably sag
tho foundations of our federal system. But
it is not tho wrtrse ev^l o? this legislation. Ii
; is a great public Wrong to take from the
President powers cobferred upon him alone
by ibe Constitution ; bot the wrong is more
flagrant and more dangerous when the powers
' so taken from tbe President are conferred
' upon subordinate executive officers, and es
pecially npon military officers, over nearly
j one-third ol 'he States of the Luton, Military
, power, regulated by no fixed taw, rules su
prent*. Each one of these five district com
maho>rs, though not .chosen by tho peoplo OT
responsible to them, exercises at this hour
1 BWe creative ppwer, military and civil,
' than the acoplo have over been willing tb?
- confer-upon the head of the Executive* De
r partment, tb\agh chosen by and responsible
to themselves. The remedy must come from
t the pedple tte**r>elvea ; they know what it is,
t and bow lt is to\e applied'. At the. present
, time they eau not, %ecordu>g to the' Constitu
tion, repeal'these-lavs. f hey ennneft remove
* or control this militair despotism, The icm.
J edy, nevertheless, is I* ?beir hands \ [tis to
? be found in the ballot, \?? js a 8ure one jp
- riot controlled by fraud, o^rawed by-arbitra
? ry power, or, from apathy ^ ?boj* part, tco '
t Itmg delayed. With abidi^ ooofluVirdo In j
I this patriotism, wisdom and 'ntegrity, I am
, stiff hopefal of the future, and t>8t*?i tbeend
the rod of despotism will bc broken- tb?
' armed rule of power be lifted fron, ihe necks
1 of the people, and the/principles of ?vfolaied
.? AN AMERICAN1 BASTILE*.-It -would ap?ar
that the last Confederate prisoner of war i*s
not yet been released. Lieutenant John C
Braiiie, lato.C. S. N"., a*very Bayard of the
. sea, Whose gallant exploits ia the service of
his country certainly cannot have been so 'soon
forgotten, is languishing in the King'* cou**:
't'y penitentiary," New Jork, whore be bas
be'pn a prisoner since September, 180(1: He
was arrested in Savannah on \he charge of
piracy and morder, in connection with f?e
capture oftae Chuaptak\t, in Violation of the
k amnesty granted by the President ip May,
1865, and has nevar, to ibis moment, been
offered a trial. Bis case is ono of peculiar
hardship, and one that deserves' the fullest
sympathy And aid of the Southern people, in
wfyose behalf he .labored and rough-!' so Vali
- ? ?.*>- ?
A ClIECK TO THE RrSE IN. PaovrSI0K3.-r:
There was a pretty decided break yesterday
in leading Western products. Flour deolined
25c. per barrel ; wheat 6c, and corp and oat?
lc. or 2c. per bushel. Pork declined 50c.
per barrel, and tht> rapid F?SO in other hog
pi-oducts received a decided check. The ad
van co ki sugar, now. amounting to 2c. per
pound within a brief period, seems also to
have beers checked.-New York World, 16th.
DROwNM).---We regret to leam lhat ayouth
named Austin' Putnam was accidentally
drumed in Habitu's Creek, in this district, at
Abercrombic's mill, -on Suuday last. This
youth, we loam, b^d gone \o Ofill-pond
to bathe. Uis body has been found, and an
inquest heliL-^Laupensvillo Herald, 10th.
p?f The boliercra in the approaching milleni
uni are now at Warehouse Point, Conn., anxiously
walting to go up. The understanding is that un
less the pr?sent attempt ? successful, there wiU
NEW ORLEAKS, .Inly IS, noon_The kt ve
nue cotter Wilder.nfs.-i arrived' last ni^ht from
Yera Cruz, where she arrived on ' the four
teenth. A deputation of Mexican vigfeeen
rxm'tdedtha vessiJ.^and ..^ari?y.'-welc?rAed
.Madame Juarez.- On'tV-tifteeoVu. abc'-difem
barked and mei.witb -an e?th?ar?stic jubfic
.'rficepf?Qb. frorjor^Vil^baJd military'authorities.
'.The city was . Ufaa^'ted, a^d'raewo^ dis
played";' /rho 'pCTtt7?te to leave fodfte City
?Of ?fe???o o?r ?he wfc. *
g Juarez arrived t.? the capital rnh'the 14th.
'He eatpBatically declined a re-election, and
bas ordefted a Dew elcctlop. He will retwe
to bis Hacienda in the mountains.
It ia efflfeiaNy reported -that Vidaurre was
" shot oa the sixth.
Marquez is'believed to be biding in the
City of Mexico, a id wiH be shot as soon as
.captured.. M.. , t . ... ' .......
It is reported in Vera Cruz that .Santa Anna
?" still lives, but we havyUtfir da$ei? [ 3 j ifa
'Everything is qjiet'at Ver? Cruz. Th? .city
waa perfectly healthy.
The Austrian etoopof-war -??fi?betk Wai '
receiving Austrian 'refugees en hoard. She
Bad no communici.tion with'Mexican officials
except through the United "States gunloas
\ Tacony and Consul Saulnier.
The Wildernest bringa dispatches to th?
BiiiUh. French,.aad Austrian Governments..
The Mexican trovernmeat rs preparing an'
address fo tho woiid, in which they Vfxpeci
tcgustify themseives for thg^execntion of
Maximilian, ?t will treat of the killing sixty
three thousand Mexicans fur defending their
furtive soil, ari?? cire* "?Trecid??ts which they
thtlrdc "will prove o early their acts within the
range of propriety. They wrll produce doc
hjnenta which will throw new. HghYupour
their acts. Some erf the ablest merrin the
Reb?blie-are engaged on .tho work. - . . - .
-i-Hjf?*-'. r -" 'i
, Fi*np Texas?
GALVE8TOi>'July 20, p. m.-Heaftqaarters
are overwhelmed -nth vnports of on/raties. in
the Red River country and colored persons
dare "not accept tlj"? .appointment of regisfer,
as they are. threatened with, death. Judge
Litemcr, a prominent Texan, ba* -resigned bia
appointment in the Bureau, afraid of -his lifie.
The chief outlaw, . iamed Guest (colored), fled
to the woods on bis approach. He shot ?
freedwonfatij ont cot her womb with a ljyrng.
child, which he exhibited ia a drunken glee
id a barroom. Hr was arrested bul escaped.
Sterling (Rbbinsoi county) colored choach
Was assaulted and two men and one - woman
Silledv Captain "Landa!, . Bureau, sgeat, -cai?-.;
ed ona hundred freedmen and. arrested two
of tho ringleaders. ' . '/
More InrUa.n Massacres..
Dispatches iron: Leavenworth,' Kansas,-to
the Cincinnati Cc mm er cia 1, says the Indian?
captured a train n jar Port Barned; Bishop
Lauray, ten priests and six Sisters of Charity
were among the iraEst?ngerr'. The men were
killed and their b Mijes -badly motikl*d. The
women were badlv abused. An 1 escort tried
to overtak?:the train and protect it, but ar
ri red tod late.
-i--?^? ? ?' ? ?
CHARLESTON.-1--A correspondent -of the
National lAtellige<icer} writing from Charlee-'
ton, say? : ' ...
Our people-arron the verge of despair.
'Our capitalists have remitted whatever money
they could reafiza+nto gold tQ Liverpool and
France, fearing tue political events of the
next twelve months. Cor real estafce is al
most unsaleable; vepy. UtJlaoC our land can
be.sold at any price.. All building and en
terprise baa stogpud. Temporary existence
seems' to be the only anxiety. The threat ot
confiscation and ajrariauisui that Messrs. le
vens & Co. bold.over<is asa Damocles' sword
is fast undermining everything like . a hope
of peace, and in addition to this the certainty
of having a negro State Government, froV.
Governor-to constable, caps the climax of QUI
misery. The Northern people do not realiz?
how poor and brohea spirited wo arc, or they
would not bo human- to.contiuue their harsh
and to eke.out a bare, existence, is beyond
belief. Many of '.he people who were able to
save a tittle silver plate and jewelry have be-.-u
selling it and paining it for* the past two
years', to buy bread mid clothing -lor them
selves and their little ones. We have seen
articled that belonged to Revolutionary gen
erais sold as old gold, that five 3-cars ago nu
money could have bought ; but starvajion it
a hardmaster. . ,
Important to Planters and Others.
Captain Hawkins, commanding lbs post
at Darlington, bas submitted the 4>lfowin?
points to tho Commanding General Tor bi.*
opiniop: . . . .
Frequent cases bf theft-are reporte''. .Oom.
fodder, etc., are found'missing, and tracee
from the premises of the owner direct to L
neighboring plantation-. The owner desire*
a search warrant from a magistrate to recov
er his property. Ho is sure that -it may bi
found among the labores*1' quarters on said
plantation! But le does not know on whom
to fasten-suspicion. The question is. cana
magistrate so fr?o a search warrant as ti.
entida the holder to entry into and upon al?
the premi?es on* said plantaron, or miwt tnt
owner of the con, etc., obtain a secaral?,
warrant for each of said premi*es ? By con
tract, the planter" jteiteraily specifies that ht
is to be permitted to enter any hmiseon his
plaie atrwiil, because of .their* beine a|l hi>
own pfdperty. Now, can a nerghbor-who
has lost the corn, ?tc, looktipun the-different
negroes quarters ai conatitutkig one and thc
sam? preses, ell subject to aetion under the
One warrant ? '
From the reply cf Gen. Sickies,-we extrad
ite main paragraph r '
41 In pederah; search Warrants can only be
issued upon form by affidavit showing proba
ble grounds for tie belief that the ?tol?n
property is on the premises designated for
Bearch ; the warrant Afcouldbe- placed ra the
bandi of a congabie*, sheriff or deputy sher- -
iff, and by him executed. If ?he. affidavit de
scribes a plantation a? tho premises- Wheret
the property h sncreted, the authoriiy to
search woura extend to the dweiling-and all
?ppurter.ano'es. Premise* held by agreement*
between hnd'ord and tenant would not be
?p?urler?ant and- a beparate warrant moat be
issued- to authorize a'Search thereon."
The New York Tines, of Saturday, has the
following paragraph^ which we commend to
the earnest attention of car readers:. ? One*
af our Virginia correspondents gjves us*hifor*
mation of the 6tart.:ing fact that the proba
bilities are lb Avor-of??there hoing thtnojerxty
of neffro'vofetis in tie State of Virginia. . This
is due' to the refusal of. many of the whites to
egister themselvcstiader the Military Bill, li
^believed that ab?ut 9G,000 -negro voters
Wi boen registered-, *bile the whites, wbv
?Ott? bava regiatersd to the number of 12?>
^"e, acopwiing lo the computation, now
TU e'rt<iver*1 thoafaads behind the blacks.
Ihat fttn?gioes w-jj act'oompactry1 in poli
nes, and ^ajfc strenuous attercpts to ?lect
i?r T0 ^ecial representatives, black or
wbvte, tVero ; l?Ul? doubt ; an.d that much
bitteroes, offing- between tho two races
wrll be ensandewJ \Q the ebntest for politioal
' 5?Fe.raa?y. 'a evi\?Rt from -th? present course
of things C?r ct?respondent remarks that
the- ?rgeprejondeSnceofrg.igte,.^ blacks
reiAM T^?F?rl*n of Eastern Virginia,
bas filled iJsfj?to ?b fioom ?nfl ?ra!
The reproaches wV.n ara vkjited u ^e^e
unquent whites are ?ry seXere, anjth? indig
nation which ^f^ Mt agai?st th.
blr?d aod_ mt?tof ^W6Pap?rs which haw
misled the waite men^nl0 ^ deplorable a
bunder ?ndenme as t?V (Ner Virginia
to the power of th* negrds pe^es ?ery
part of the countrj.1" \ r '
Ia Cleveland thcrt are fe^g who f|Uton
shoes to their hoops waite the clerK^ u^oking for
another pair, and walk off with the \,fe^
t3^*- Th?d. ?tevcn.i ?aja, thal V^W^ro^
,'the Som^ will oatoh hell.H- B?l ^"ke iies,
it is quite probable that hell Witt catch T\
jtST Qf otl\er yicWj a man may, io time)vff
tired; but in the countcnanco .of women ther\.
a variety which se.U ?carines at devance. "
divino right of beauty,''say? Junius, ".is tho onl^y
divine Tight ajuan ea 1 ncknowiedge, and a pretty
woman tho only tjrtnt ba ip not au thorned to
MILITARY IjratRucTioK nt COLLEGES.-Maj.
Wbittfeiey, of the regalar anny bas, under
the dire?tion of General Grant, and- by spe
cial ord?r of Secretary Stanton, after consul
tation Tfith the Authorities of tho principal
colleges of the United/St'atc, matured a pian
for the introducion of a system of TQ?ilitftry
instruction into the colleges.
"Hie plan proposed by Majer W hittlesey ii
in the form o? an Act, which it is expected
- Con grete will' pass at aa early day.
It provides that, upon tho application of
any established college having the attendance
pf two hundred students, the President of the
United States shall detail an army officer to
act as a military Professor, aad while so em
ployed-to hayo tho r.ink and pay of a-Lieu- - *
'(tenant -Colonel, if he has served twenty years
in the army,.and if,jaa ^ettok? a^.piy-.o^ '.;,
-Th*. J^&nt shep Jik?wj4eAdei|il g ?mgz-.
tent Lieutenant of fie armylo act as military
assistant. Wb?aeve? any college baa estab
lished u_ course of instru.ctiyn in military
studies ';h?? Act 'provides thai 'rne'flecesBaty -'
text bocks shall be issircd^?ratuitously to the
Students, anda suitable collidion of military,
books ? " ?ference "be addea to the >. college
1 brary, and military maps, tnedel?, etc., be
famished for the-rectnre room.
. The course of study is to comprise " Instfttc- ?i
tion in the Theory.of Ordoaupe, P^rojectireer
and Gur.nery,:.'iu Military 'Engineering,- -in
Military Law aad l&e Pracjticc,of .Courts Mar
tial and in tfeer Art of Wir.": Tt is jirovided *
that from each class, as if graduates, five shall
be selec ted who havedistingoisbed thearscl ves
for gentjral proficiency in tho collegiate course, ,
special attainments in military science, and of
)joqd ffioral jehara?ter and of jsound Etealth, j
and tba1, the ntweeS oT these five snail oe pub- '
pished Iii true'?rW ?f?gisttt, and'tbtt'??e-of .
the-five shall be ' c'ommrssiotiPd as a Second
Liehtervmt iu-theUnited Stat*? Anny, upon
precisely tho same foottbg as graduates of
West Point., "rjt ,
Major Whitflejsey, wo believe, hfls recently
visited Lexiflf-tfen,.' .V^iijia, td oonfer 571th
the Faculties of Washington Colleges and the
Military Institute upon the adoption of his;
plan. The University of that State, too. will
doubtless inAorporate the n*jr feature .in its
.curriculum ; and, perhaps, Roanoke and Em
_pry and Henrv Coll?ges, Stay, bave* students
enough attbeir>Bext session to authorize them
#to make application for the benefits of the
'proposed \<3L^-?oHrjirt,, ^ .?
.* ' ' ''Sa4 QaixnUi. '
' ' A co?es?d boy-of abodt sj*r years- was and>..'
.'dooly killed in this place, on Monday after^ -
noon laat^ ip thc following- singular manner :
The child was playing rn his father's, yard,
^h-en a'soldier of the garrison, Who was pass-"
?g along the- rcrSd this side of the depot, dis
charged his piece-tQ, get tfd oTt^e.- l?ad, and
tbe ball passeH over a field,, a?wral'bundred
yarda, through an inch board, 'through the ?"j
clrild'-s body ?nd', .lodged ?0 jjh arm, killing
him trlqiost instantly
A Co.-oner'ig. jury waa call?d?~of wlute-and.
co!oi"?? n^n^wbo rendered a verdict of ac
cidental, death. This occurrence speaks loud
ly ag iioa?- ?he /pr?dtic? of shooting g*utis "in.
the limns of-the f?f?) esp?cnjJly when load-? "
cd with.balla.-Bariwgton So?henerr 19. .
?&~ Tho Declaration of Independence was
read 10 tho negroes of Memphis on the Fourth at
?a pic-nic. They teiamohigbly i?oeq^e? and tb?
most of thom left declaring they didn't go there
to ?bear such d-<t rebel stuf. . ?.. . i
SUSAN P.OPS, iufant daughter of H. C. and
MARV' JASE ?I^O, ?ged one year, TOUT'months
and fifteen days*, departed this 4tfa July-Mth,
after a short "fUneets at ?he? residence .of her pa
rents in Edge?eJd Dtsiripi. ,
God in hi's providence has seen Ct to tike tte
only .child,. and leaves a disconsolate and be
reaved* family. Fer one of suer* tender ego, she
posaeesed more? than ordinary character. Genc
[?ro.us and affectionate in her nature, she stood
eminent -?mopg children. Beautiful in life,
beautiful in death,-too pnre for o*rth,-she has
win r?a?n to TUB TJffsom or?im wno said, "SntTer
littletfaildron to come unto me and forbid them
not." Just budding in life, the dear little one
has gone to bloom ia Ilcavcn.
" Dearest child thou hast left u.*,
Here tlfy loss Wo deeply feel ; *
But 'tis God 'hat hath bcroft us,
lie .con ali our sorrows heal.
T "Tat agnin we hope to meet ?bee, .
When thc day of life is lied,
Then in Heaven with joy to greet thee,
"w here no farewell tear is shed."
WIZARD OF THE SOUTH I -
.ti A SO*" IC i ODO FELLOWS? HALL.
TUESDAY AND 'WEDNESDAY, 23d A 24th.
.FOR TWO NIGHTS . ONLY i .
^sS^Tinkeio 50 Cts.; Children 25 Cents. .Doors
open at "i-o'crook. Perfonnanc* kr-eommencs
July,, 2.'l lt* 30
Mat1;rasses ! Mattraisses !
IAM prepared to make to nr?tt, COTTON,
WOOL, MOSS or SHUCK M ATTIRASSES,
in tho bclit manner, ar.d at the most reasonable
prices. M. A. M A RETE RT.
July'23 tf '3*0
. . 1867--'68-'69.
Paper aiul \* ?0 Ctut Prinrfor
TWO I>?I>L,ARS !
nrtHE *flR9RK"fNG FARMER will be sent to
A one snbicjiljc.r twO' years, or two siihscribcrs
one year'br $?,0D, and tb th* person remitting
m the Adaey Wo will send a CONCORD GRAPE
VINfi, (the vine which took the Grecly prire of
. $100, at the last Fair of the Ameritan Institute,)
. worth*P Cents.. THE WORKING .FAftME?
fe a double octave of 24 pages, price $1.54) per
s?iaam, and.ia written forby the best Agricultu
rists in the country. Among its regular contribu
tors are : ,
8. Edwar<b'To.ddj _ Mrs. J. E. McCt>na*gb.cy
J. Paya? X owe. X. J. Simonson,
P. T*. Q?ian, ^* f i V. H.'White,
Mr\i. M. E. Dodge, Mrs. Laura Lyman.
Yjt circUrars, specjaicns, 4c, containing pre
mimn.lis?*, address.TV"M^L. ALUSO.N 4 Co, 5fj
CortlandtJit.,^ir..Y. ' , ? f]
A Use-fol Journal. -iiVc settee among oar !
exchanges Tr,p. \?OH?IMG FAHirtr., a monthly ag
rioul'ural jcarrna!, published hy Gillam L. Alfi
sen**'4 Co., nt 38 CorimncU Street, New York; \As
a olear exponent of the - principle? of scient tic
'farmipg, this-paper is one of tb? -best wo have
ewer seen. Too Anny agricultural papers arc
voted to the more elegant branches of horticul
ture and rttiey.gardening intended for the etnas
known a? gantleraca.ianr.ew," and kat of little
value te th's workingman \\hoto farm is bia only
scarce of income- Vi'e- f??' convinced that th is.
papejf wftl iWtet taeaaocssirles ef the-lntfer class,
and hy i? eminent prao.lio-ibiliry will pive just
the ipform,at-ioo theympst ?cad, "Tho AYorking
Farmer," now io its ufneteentb-year? M a doubl?
octavo Af twenty-Mirr pagos, aird is furnished to.
subscribors at th? krw priw- of $1,50 a year.
Aithnr'j Have Magazine.
Splendid Sewing Maebine Prcaiiuuu
Ip -addition to oUr ord?narv^?rrm*u<aa we make*
the following SPE?fAX 07FER: '
ForThif'ySix (3?I) New Suhettribers forward
ed to us at ibo. ra'a of. tjt^.50. per annum, or for
Seyentr-Tvo (M\ Subfrribcrs at OUT advance I
?luh rate (it\,W a year.) we w?l'present a Gro
ver 4 Baker, Wheeler 4 Wilson,; or Wilco? ?
4 Qibftis* ?Yurily Sewing Machine,complete,.with
Ham mor, pri?e $5S. -
W?- will also gu'e one of the above machines
for Eighteen'(IS) Suhscribers two years and $3
each, or in case the number is not obtained, the
deficiency in ranr.fty may 112 m ado ?P bv tba taicr
of the pHehlura V?tliout tho paj?ersy Tbe'?paper?
will bc tent in packages to ono address, or to
each subteriber-'s rrnnic and post-t.ftce. A.ddseja
Vs abov?? * ,*> .* .>
WA|. L. ALH50? & COM
i? Curtiaadt St., Now Yor k.