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l p iu the Barn.
. Old Faruior Joe steps through the doors
A,? wide to him as gates of Thebes
And, thoughtful, walks about thc floors
Whereon are piled his winter stores,
And counts the profits of his glebes.
A dozen head of cattle stand
Reflective in the Icaf-strewn yard ;
And stalks arc stacked on every hand,
The latest off ring of tba 1 in I
Tu labor long maintained and hard.
Cart-loads of. pumpkins yonder lie
Tho horse is feeding in his-stall
The oati aro bundled s .-affold-hi^h.
And peas and beans a-e heaped hard by,
As if it.were some festival.
At length old Fariner Joe sita down
A patch :;cross each of his knee3
Ile oro.wds his hat back on bis crown,
Then cli3;w his h inds-so hard .nd brown
And, like a firmer, takes his ease.
" Ho.v fast the years do go !" ?f irs he ;
" It sectus, i-n fact, but yesterday
That iu this very barn we three
David, Ezekiel, nnd mc
Pitched in thc.summer loads of bay!
" David-he i?ails his clippers now ;
And 'Z?kie! died in Mexico
Sime o.ie must st-iy and rido thc plough,
Get up the horse, and milk a cow
And who, of coarse, but little Joe ?
" I might have been-I can't ted what !
Who knows about it till hu tries ?
I might have settled in some spot
Where mot ey is more easy got;
Perhaps beneath Pacific skies.
*' I might hive preached, like Parson Duci
-Or got a livin' at the law;
I* might have gone to Congress, sure ;
I might have kept a Water Cure;
I wight have goue and been-U pshaw !
** For better far it is as't is ;
What fortuuc waits bim, r?o man knows;
WhaL he has got, that, sure, is bis;
It m ikes no odds if stocks hace riz,
Ur politicians come tj blows !
" Content i* ?ich, and somothin' more
I think I've becrd somebody says
It't ever rains, it's ?pt to pour ;
And I am ric* on tills barn floar,
-. When all is mine that I can raise!
" I've ploughed nad mowed this dear old farm;
Till n ?t a r^d but what I know ;
l'y* kept th*? old folks snug aud warm,
And lived W-ithoot u twinge ot harm
1 don't care ?.ow the storm might blow.
"And on this sarao old farm Vii ?tag,
And ra's; my cattle and my corn ;
Hero shall these hairs turu wholly gray;
These feet sh-ill never learn to stra}';
Rut 1 will die where I was born."
And Farmer Joe pulled down his bat,
And stood up on his feet onco more ;
Hu would not argue after that,
Rut, like a born aristocrat,
Kept on his walk about thc floor.
- -? .
Our distinguished fellow-citizen, Gen,
M. C. M. HAMMOND, over twenty years
ego, while residing m Burke County,
Georgia, delivered before the Burke Coun
ly Agricultura) Society, an exceedingly
interesting address, showing the necessity,
even at that period, of diversified Agri
culture. We have been placed in posses
sion of a copy of thisaddress, and as Gen.
HAMMOND'S views then ure equally ap
plicable to tlie present day and time, we
make copious extracts therefrom.
After showing the impracticability o?
thc almost exclusive culture of Cotton,
as has heretofore been the prevailing cus
tom among our people, the Gen. branche s
off to the subject of his remarks, and
This is indeed an Agricultural era,
most trying to us now, and exciting the
deepest anxiety for thc future. We nave
no hope of discovering a new staple,
which shall bc necessary to the existence
or comfort of mankind, the cultivntion o;
which we can monopolize long enough t<>
restore our fortunes, and throw it upon
future generations, to struggle through
that revolution in agri. altare, which, how
ever protracted, mus, come at last. Then
arc indeed, virgin soils still open to us in
thc West, to which ? have already allu
ded, where wc might shun thc work which
would inevitably await our children herc.
But if wc have no attachment to the
graves of our fathers, and the scenes of
our childhood-if the family mansion,
thc broad fields, the lofty forest, the fa
miliar stream, all of which have been
Home to us from our first recollections,
possess no charin to bind us here, we may
well doubt whether thc difficulties we
should have to contend with, as adventu
rers among adventurers, in a strange,
wild, and for the most part unhealthy
region, might not bc at least equal to
those which surround us here-and
whether it is not tho manlier part, to
struggle with the ills of .Fate upon the
spot where God has placed us, than to
attempt to shun his visitations, by inglo
rious flight. To many, the most of us,
however, even this alternative is not left.
We cannot all go. Whatever betides,
whether from compulsion or choice, far
the largci part must remain where we
The question then, is, what arc we to
do? The answer might be given in the
words of the Sacred Book, "thatwhich
our hands find to do," and do it with all
our might. Let the intelligent planter
survey Iiis own premises alone, and it will
bring ample conviction of the work which
is allotted him. T/Ct him look around
upon the plains with their scanty herbage
and compacted soil-upon the red hills
with their skinless backs and skeleton
sides ribbed with gullies! The first thing
to be done is, to restore all these to their
original fertility, and to . carry them in
. deed beyond it, as has been done a thou
sand times, in as many different countries,
by people far behind us in intelligence
and energy. The next thing will be, so
to .diversify their productions as to grati
fy more human wants, and avoid, as far
as possible, the over-supply of any. And
lastly, we'must so change our habits of
life that we shall become, as we should
be, a simple, home-loving, pains-taking,
hard-work ing People, as wise and polished
as we can be, and as becomes our Age
and Country. Here is what wc have to
achieve, and it must be accomplished, or
we are a ruined People, impoverished,
fallen, degraded, ready to succumb to the
first tyrant who waves his strong arm
over us-to sink into the degeneracy of
modern italy an>' Gr?ce?-, or rush into the
wild anarchy of South American mono
No candid and intelligent mind can
fail to see the work we have to perform,
and no one, I trust, wili want courage to :
address himself vigorously to the task 1
before him. Yet, thc means of its ac
complishment are various, and many 1
ho.tcst ?md earnest differences of opinion
in relation to them may exist. How are
we to real ore our exhausted lands ? How <
are we to diversify our ^rocfric?/ows ? i
These are the points I propose to consid- <
er. How wc shall alter our modes of ]
life so imperiously demanded by our al- I
tered circumstance?, is a question 1 shall 1
refer to thc good sense of each individual j
to answer for himself. j
Thc renovation of exhausted land is a <
matter wluch has occupied the minds of t
mea Scorn the earliest periods of which J J
we have any account, for profane histc
docs not carry us back to a point wi
thc earth, kind and generous as she is
all her sous, did not demand of then
filial regard for her own wanto. 1
Chaldeans irrigated at vast labor and <
pense. The Egyptians used machines
insure the full benefit of the waters
the " blessed Nile." The Chinese, m<
els for the agriculturist for a thousa
years, planted no land not highly enrii
ed ; and industrious in collecting and p
serving all nutriment to vegetation, w<
so sensible of its value, as to have pass
laws anciently against the waste of n
nure. In periods more recent, the Fie
ish have reclaimed and fertilized a barr
waste. .' The English within our day, ha
nearly doubled :he produce of their lat
hy draining, improved plowing, and i
mense contributions of manures, some
which were transported thousands
miles across tho deep. And our Norl
ern fellow-citizens also, .struggling will
bleak climate, and gravelly and for t
most p rt poverty-stricken soil, are p<
form rag great things in the improveme
of land, and in agriculture generali
Modern chemists are now turning th<
attention to thc subject, with a zeal whi
promises the grandest results, and \
may feel sure, that Science, which h
accomplished wonders for Agriculture
the last few years, will achieve for us
much in the long run as she has done f
all the other practical professions of ma
kind. It is of primary importance th
we ohould not turn a deaf car to her kil
and;salutary admonitions. In ibis inti
ligent community, let the mau be scoute
who, resorting to the hacknied ultraisr
.of an age gone by', presumes to ridicu
or denounce " book learning" -arnot
planters. Conceited ignorance, hastenii
to its own ruin, may indulge in grimai
when scientific ideas are advanced, whii
are entirely beyond its comprehensio
but the mau "of sense is not only wea
but criminal, who does not look with co
tempt upon the jibes of clodpolcs, wh
though they may nave walked their thre
score years and ten, upr>n the bosom
the earth, know nothing of tho. history
its formation, its elements, its wants, <
even its capacity. Thc same system
labor taught us by our fathers, if pursue
by us and transmitted to our childre
would insure their starvation. We mu
therefore turn our attention to scientif
aud useful books. Wc must strive 1
know all that the collected experience
the world, from the earliest ages, can i
form us, of what has been done and c?
be done agaiu. We must take Agricu
tural papers, and learn what thc practic
men all over the country, having in vie
the same great objects as ou? selves, ha^
done, and are now doing. And bavin
inwardly digested these things, we mu:
exercise our best judgment, in appropri
ting the results to our own usc. W
must try carefully and thoroughly ever
experiment from which we have any re;
sonable hope of advantage. Nincty-niB
of them may utterly fail us, yet thc hui
dredlh may remunerate all our tronbl
and fix our fortunes on a sure and cudi
ring foundation. The Chinese, who hav
carried Agriculture to its greatest perfci
tion, did indeed arrive at all their know
odge by thc slow process of experimen
unaided by scientific 'principles. Ho1
much more rapid should be our progr?s
iud more sure our success, blessed as w
are, with the incalculable benefit of a<
quaintance with the physical sciences, an
especially with the grand revelations c
In reclaiming lands, we must make th
b(st use of the resources which natur
oilers us, and has deposited most convt
nicntly for our purouse. With man ur
made in our stables, cow and hog pent
all of us are familiar. I propose to suj
gest the means of greatly increasing au
judiciously using them.
The most extensively employed ii
other coi.ntries, and the most valuable c
all materials for improving lund, is lime
For ages past, it has been regarded a
the "basis of all good husbandry.'' It i
an essential element of a good soil.
spread upon the laud, its mechanical el
fects, at least they are yet regarded a:
mechanical, are to loosen and make pc
rous still'soils and give adhesiveness t<
sandy ones, and it gives valuable aid ii
restoring "galls" and preventing washes
Applied in its caustic state, it combine;
with free acids, which check decay, anc
converts them sometimes into fertilizing
substances, as in the formation of gypsum,
It has an important solvent action upoi
certain inorganic compounds, and largely
absorbs carbonic acid from the atmos
phere, which it gives up to the roots ol
plants, and is thus highly beneficial even
when applied lo calcareous soils. But its
greatest advantage is in hastening the de
composition of vegetable matter, such as
weeds, roots, &C, uniting with their ele
ments, rendering them soluble in water,
and yielding them, when required, to
growing plants. In this respect, it is the
best of all materials for reducing our
compost heaps ; yet, as it expels ammo
nia, the-Promethean spark of putrescent
manures, care must be taken to cover the
heaps with absorbents, in order to arrest
the gases as they are evolved. Lime is
burnt near the mouth of Briar Creek,
and was sr ld hst year al. 12 cents a
On account of its destructive action on
the texture of plants, when applied to tho
growing crop, it has been superseded,
where convenient, by the use of marl.
Professor Johnston asserts, " that a larger
surface of the cropped land of Europe,
is improved by calcareous marls, than
by the aid of lime and farm yard manure
put together." Though producing, with
pure lime, nllimalr',., the same general
e??ects upon the soil, it has the advantages
of acting beneficially at all periods, of
supplying carbonic acid, the grand prin
ciple of nutriment, and of sometimes
adding to land animal and saliue matters
i)f great value. And while promoting
temporary fertility, this substance, caustic
;>r as a carbonate. ha3 a tendency like
wise, with the addition of vegetable ma
terials, to give durable and increasing
strength to the soil, by awakening with
I he earthy compounds, a beautiful play
af chemical affinities. Marl has been
'bund in various parts of this county,
md if diligently sought, I have little
ioubt, may be discovered within the
.each of all who desire its aid. Uneer
iain experiment need not be apprehended,
is its value has been amply tested in Vir
ginia and in Carolina. The quantity to
DO applied depends altogether on the
itrongth of thc laud, for which rules may
de easily formed.
For sp?cifie purposes, plaster or gyp
sum has been ?vpplied with great effect in
jtlier countries and in our own. The in
creased luxuriance of vegetation which it.
??reduces everywhere, demonstrates clear
y its fertilizing influence. It is a diss
ector, and thrown over our manure piles,
ibsorbs the gasses which arise from fer
nentation injurious to health, and con
?entrates and preserves them for thc le
gitimate purpose of enriching the ground,
t has ft peculiar affinity for ammonia, the ?
! gas encountered in our stables and known
by its pungent and offensive smell. Scat
! tereu in these nauseous places, it renders
! them as sweet and the air as pure as in
our parlors, while it fixes and saves to us
this ammonia, the vital essence of ma
nure. Thus is the health of our laborers
and work, auimais essentially promoted,
oy the very means which improves so
materially the quality of our manure.
Plaster is not found among us that I
know of, but can be procured at the
North on reasonable terms. After plaster,
peat is probably most useful in our stables
and pens. Through not a disinfector, it
absorbs largely and combines with am
monia. It has been applied to soils in
the different forms of ashes, compost, and
in its natural state, and where a deficiency
,of vegetable matter exists, is highly ser
viceable in all. But it is preferable to
us as a compost, as it is scarcely abundant
enough to supply the desired quantity of
ashes, and requires a long period for de
cay in its natural condition. Swamp mud
or muck, when weli dried, is in many re
spects superior to peat, as it is more
finely divided, more soluble, contains a
larger proportion of earthy salts, and ab
sorbs equally as well. We possess rich
mines of this material, which it becomes
us to work as early as practicable. It
should be dug? out and piled to dry, at
least six months before it is used for any
Red clay has an affinity for ammonia,
and dried, absorbs remarkably, while in
its burnt state or reduced to ashes, which
is done on a grand scale in other coun
tries', it resembles lime in its mechanical
effects, and supplies various salts essen
tial to vegetation, and which are rendered
soluble by the burning. Leaves and
straw, in proportion to their weight, fur
nish a.large amount of alkaline salts, and
absorb freely the liquids of the farm.yard.
They are abundant about us and in gen
eral use. Cornstalks are not only excel
lent absorbents for our heaps, but, con
taining a large proportion of silicate of
potash, an essential manure, should be
carefully preserved. Marl, in addition
to its other advantages, is likewise an ex
eel lent material for our compost heaps'
and stables; when it begins to operate it
stimulates powerfully the process of de
composition, and also absorbs noxious
gases, since experience proves, that it
renders stables more healthy for animals.
In some parts of this county Bommer's
patent system of making manure has
been adopted with eminent sue ess. This
method should not have been patented,
and it is not certain that the patent is
valid. The plan was systemized by Jauf
fret in France, but has been more or less
practiced in all ages and countries. It
is simply a mode of composting, a little
more expensive and laborious thin those
in common use, by which the raw mate
rial is much more rapidly carried through
the process of fermentation. There is
no magic about it, but still it merits a'
tention, and perhaps is worth the reduced
price now asked for it. On small plan
tations it can certainly be employed with
great effect, and possibly on large ones.
Vet, as time and labor oannot always be
conveniently spared to collect at once the
large quantity of materials required
without counting the money cost of some
of them-while our ordinary compost
heaps may be built up by gradual addi
tions during the year; it is a question,
whether we could not excite fermentation
sufficiently by pouring into the heaps the
liqaids of the yard and stable, mixed
with marl or plaster, and loosening the
piles to admit the air, at the same time
render the manure good enough for all
But if we are at length convinced, and
thc times ought at least to have induced
tliis conviction, that it is cheaper to raise
our own meat than to bring it across the
mountains, and have fully resolved to
make the trial, our hog and other pens
will supply thc most considerable portion
of our manure, and of th? most valuable
kinds that are known. From this source
we have heretofore derived little or no
benefit. The few hogs reared among us,
with some exceptions, arc usually turned
into a scanty range, with scarce food
enough to preserve life, until shortly be
fore killing. They are then allowed the
run of pea fields, often picked over, and
an increased supply of corn to give a
streak of fat. Excepting the straw for
bedding, which absorbs something by
accident, no manure whatever is collect
ed. And under such treatment a hog
rarely weighs 150 lbs. ata year old. The
plan should be changed; we should pen
all our hogs and feed them regularly the
year round. This course has been adopt
ed successfully at thc North and partially
practiced with profit by certain Planters
in both our adjoining States. Thus en
closed and attended, hogs have been
known to exceed 500 lbs. at a year old,
and to increase for short periods as rapid
ly as 3 lbs. per day, while each hog, when
amply supplied with straw, peat, rotten
wood or charcoal and oihcr raw materials,
has manufactured in the year as much as
two cords or over 200 bushels of excel
lent manure. Thus, the manure' alone
would pay for the feeding, and thc in
crease of flesh over the ordinary accumu
lation from the means I have described,
would be nett gain. Taken from our
range, hogs will consume more in fatten
ing loo, than they would under judicious
treatment in pens, during the whole year;
and by enclosing, they would be kept out.
of mischief to ourselves and our neigh
bors, would multiply more rapidly, occu
py less time in attending to them, and bc
less liable to be stolen or destroyed by
wild animals. From the heat of our
summers and the liability to mange and
lice, our pens should not be too confined,
and free access should be had to running
or fresh water. Houses are built for
hogs at the North, where they are removed
from their element and pampered in the
second and sometimes even as high as
the third story from the ground. We
may not obtain immediately such results
herc as at the North, though an approxi
mation to them has been made recently
in Alabama; yet, with a good choice of
breeds-among which I should by no
means recommend the Berkshire-an
abundant growth of turnips, artichokes,
potatoes and com, and with our mild
winters, there is no reason why we should
not surpass them.
By enclosing likewise our cattle, even
greater advantages would result'to us.
After providing our laborers amply with
milk, the increase of meat and butter
would repay thc trouble and expense in
curred, while vast quantities of manure
would bc collected nearly equal in qualily
to that from our stables.
A grand benefit that would accrue from. ,
the enclosing all our stock, if universally
practised among us, would be the ability
to dispense altogether with fencing, ex- !
cept for these enclosures, Few taxes are 1
heavier than keeping up the infinite linc
of fences and cross-fences, not only upon
our time and labor, but also on our for
ests, which will soon be consumed with
out a change of system. It has been es
timated bj ?a enlightened planter of
South Carolina, that there are at least
100,000 miles of rail fence in that State,
requiring 8 or 9,000 rails per mile, val
ued at $50, which gives for the value of
all their fences, the enormous amount of
five millions of dollars! And the State
interest being 7 per cent., and the annual
decay of such fences being 13 per cent.,
or their duration only seven yearsj the
annual interest on the sum thus invested,
is 20 per cent., or one million of dollars.
The calculation for this State would be
much larger. And our proportion ot
this immense outlay of capital is incurred
solely to allow our stock the benefit of a
proverbially poor range. The amount
thus invested in fences equals perhaps the
full value of our stock ; and if the labor
of splitting rails and repairing fences were
withdrawn and applied to the crop, it
would increase it sufficiently to purchase
the larger part of the meat for the entire
plantation consumption, while, if the ne
cessity of keeping up extensive fences no
longer existed, we might dispense with
our immense reservations of lands, lying
idle otherwise than to supply timber for
In addition to the above sources of
manure, I must not fail to allude to night
soil a3 the most valuable of them all, and
which might be more readily collected
and applied to use by Planters than is
generally supposed. It is nearly as good
a?. Guano, without costing as that article
does the transportation of 5,000 miles.
Prejudice, 1 know, will preclude its gen
eral use among us for a while, but when
we fairly begin the scheme of manuring,
and acquire, as we certainly will do,
a sort of enthusiasm in the accumulation
and preservation of all fertilizers, and
learn that this one is universally saved
and applied with*the. greatest results, in
the best agricultural countries, I am sure
that it will* bc as carefully kept, and be
far more highly appreciated than stable
manure is now.
To be continued in our next.
LARGE vs. SMALL KERNELS you SEED -
Some ten years ago I planted an ear of
corn to test the difference between the
pi'odoct of the kernels of both ends and
tho middle of the same ear, and will give
you the result The soil was just alike,
the cultivation the same, and the crop
very different. I planted the first two
rows from the large end of thc ear, the
next two rows from the tip or small end ;
and planted all thc same morning. The
large end produced fair-sized ears, with
irregular rows, much as you will find
them at the end of the ear. The middle
kernels produced large ears, mostly
straight-rowed and fair. The tips brought
forth nubbins only. There was not a fair
ear on the two rows of corn. I have
raised corn, more or less, for forty years;
and now plant only about half, or at most
two-thirds, of thc kernels on each ear of
corn, and generally raise good crops.
"So far as I know," writes a retired
farmer, but an attentive reader of our
paper, " stock growers are very generally
following in the footsteps of their fore
fathers, by occasionally giving a stinted
quantity of salt to their stock. In the
Summer they often throw it on the ground,
in the pasture, and being so starved for
salt, the stock will often cat the ground
because of its being impregnated with
salt. One of the greatest errors now
practiced by our stock growers, is the
neglect to give the-r stock the requisite
amount of snit. I should as soon think
of stinting my stock with water as salt.
My mode of salting for a number of
years has been to keep a sufficient quan
tity of salt in a trough in my pastures
and yards, so that my stock may have
free access to it, and eat of it ns often ns
they wish, and as much as they wish, al
ways keeping up the supply, 'I think our
stock know hetter than we do when they
want salt and how much they need. They
as well know when they want salt as they
do when they want water, and when they
have eaten all they crave, they will wit
no more. When they have grass in the
Summer they will eat salt every day.
Cows will give more and better milk by
having free access to salt than when de
prived of it. A great share of the dis
eases among stock, is in consequence of
their being stinted with salt. I would
caution not to give free access to salt at
once, but increase the quantity by degrees
for about two weeks, otherwise they may
be starved for salt and cat so much as to
How TO MAKE SUPER-PHOSPHATE.
To one hundred pounds of water in a
half hogshead tub, add slowly forty-three
pounds of sulphuric acid, (oil of vitiol.)
To this add one hundred pounds broken
bones. To be stirred occasionally and
the bones will be dissolved in ihree weeks.
Then add four times its bulk in muck
(dry if you have it ) Thc tub should be
kept covered, if the material is kept
hot, three d;iys will do it as well as three
weeks, if cold.
To dissolve, bones without acid. To a
flour barrel full, put one-half bushel hard
wood ashes, then alternately a layer of
bones and ashes, ending with ashes ; add
water sufficient to wet, but. not to drip ;
brine is much better. In time these,
bones will dissolve. This- mixture is a
powerful fertilizer.-Maine Farmer.
MANURING TREES.-Now is a good
time to put some manure round your
fruit trees. The fall and early spring
rains will carry thc soluble elements into
fresh soil and cause them to start with
fresh vigor into p.irly spring and summer.
Apple trees will send out their roots a
great distance for food. We recently cut
off roots a distance of forty feet from an
apple tree. Thus a single tree may ex
tend its roots across the diameter of a
circle two hundred and fifty feet in cir
cumference. Wc are inclined to the be
lief that manure should not be placed
close to the trunks of the trees, but at a
distance of a few feet from them.-Maine
Fruit Preserving Solution!
WE have just received the above SOLUTION
for Preserving all kinds of Fruit!?, Vegc
tublei), ko. ODO Bottle will protervo Ono Hun
dred and twonty-eight Pounds of Fruit.
TEAGUE k OAR WILE.
Under Masonic Hall.
Aug 27 tr 35
MY BROTHER, SAMUEL E. OWEN, left
W. T. Head's Mills, near Ninoty-Six, in
'uno last, and hus not hocn he:ird from since. S.
E. Owen is 20 yours old, live feet 10 inches high,
Fair complexion, sundv hair, IIHZOI eyes, ?tc. Du
ring tho War hu was Musician in the 14th Regi
ment, S. C. V. It is evident that something has
happened to him more than common. Any per
ron knowing anything relative to the said Owen,
iud informing me of tho same at Browerton, S.
C., will he handsomely rewarded.
Browerton, S. C., Sopt 9 3t37
i/S7"E hav? on hand a good supply of M AUIS
r? TRATEN BLANKS.
IMPORTANT AND TRUE !
KENNY & GRAY,
238 BROAD ST., AUGUSTA, C?A.,
Address themselves to the public in very emphatic terms. Everj
Gentleman in South Carolina and Georgia who will
take the trouble to call at our
FIRST CLASS CLOTHING HOUSE,
Will be willing to endorse our assertion :
* * ??*/...',
That our House contains the MOST COMPLETE
ASSORTMENT, and the most elegantly
finished Stock of
, . FOR
SPRING AND SUMMER WEAR,
That has ever yet been offered in Augusta.
It is, therefore, important that every gentleman who desires to be well dressed, ir
garments that are THOROUGHLY FINISHED, and, at the same time, at the
LEAST POSSIBLE EXPENSE, to call at once at
KENNY & GRAY'S.
OUR TAILORING DEPARTMENT
Is supplied with the CHOICEST CLOTHS, CASS1MERES and VESTINGS
including the most delicate bhades of color to be found in the country ; and its ope
rations will be prosecuted with RENEWED CARIE AND ATTENTION on the* part of th<
Proprietors, so that nothing of an inferior character can possibly escape theil
We~have made special selections of choice FURNISHING GOODS, which wil
receive more care than heretofore, and enable our patrons to supply themselves a
our House with every article they may require.
$|3gf*0ur Prices are immensely Reduced!
KENNY & GRAY,
238 Broad Street, A-iagfusta.
Apr 1 3m 14
To be Sold out in th? Next Few Weeks to Make Room for More,
New York Panic Prices
FOR CASH. .
Calicoes at 10 Cents per Yard.
Good Fast Colors at 1211-2 Cents,
The Very Best Styles Made at 15 Cents
BLEACHED COTTONS at 10, 12?, Iii, 18, and 20 Cents.
LONSDALE COTTON, at 24 Cents.
8-4, 9-4, 10-4, and 11-4 BLEACHED and BROWN SHEETINGS, a
NEW YORK AUCTION PRICES.
STRIPED COTTONADES, at 12+. 15, and 20 Cents.
COTTON PLAIDS, at 18 and 20*Cenfc?.
COTTONADE PANTALOON STUFFS, at 20 and 25 Cents.
LINENS FOR PANTS AND COATS, from 25 Cents to the Finest.
SILK WRAPPINGS, at Half Price.
GRENADINE, IIERNANA, MOZAMBIQUE, and other SHAWLS, vcr
33TTO SECURE THE PICK OF THE STOCK COME EARLY.
V. RICHARDS * BROS.
301 Broad St.., Corner by Planters' Hotel,
Augusta, May 27 Ira 21
NEW GOODS AND GOOD GOODS
Low Prices !
Jhjt On? Pri(3e Only J J
I. SIMON & BRO.,
Nos. 176 and 224 Broad Street, Augusta, Georgia
MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN
EN'S, BOYS' ?UiY?yTHiJ
cJbclsH VA J
AND GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS,
AVE on Hand a FULL and SPLENDID Stock of CLOTHING and FUR
N?SH1NG GOODS, which they offer to their Friends and the Public at large, at
REDUCED RATES AND AT ONE PRICE ONLY
In their Clothing Department you will find
Fine Black Cloth DRESS COATS; Fine Black DOESKIN PANTS;
Fine Cassimerc DRESS SUITS, extra sizes;
All Silk Mixed Cassimere SUITS, extra sizes;
lri*h Linen SACK and PANTS; LINEN DUSTERS;
DUCK SUITS, all Linen; White Linen SUITS ;
Silk, Linen and Marseilles VESTS, exira sizes.
And a large assortment of
BOYS' AND YOUTH'S CLOTHING
Wc offer MEN'S SUITS, made out of good Goods, at from $3 to ?40 per suit
In their FURNISHING DEPARTMENT you will find
Fine Linen SHIRTS, made by the best Manufacturers in the United States.
Fine Silk, White Lisle Thread and Gause UNDER VESTS.
Irish Linen and Cotton DRAWERS.
CRAVATS, Linen and Paper COLLARS, Silk and Cotton Half HOSE,
A large and fashionable stock of fine and common HATS ;
BOOTS, SHOES, TRUNKS, VALISES, CARPET BAGS, UMBRELLAS.
HAIR BRUSHES, COMBS, TOILET SOAPS,
And a great many other Goods too numerous to mention.
rO COUNTRY MERCHANTS AND FARMERS.
We will sell the above Goods at Wholesale or Retail at a Saving of 23
[>er (Tent. OBI Your Part, and will guarantee to give you new and as
?oud Goods as are manufactured in the United States.
Call and examine our Goods before purchasing elsewhere, for yoiir own satis,
iiction. Remember that the One Price System is established for the satisfaction ol
.11 who purchase their Goods from
I. SIMON & BRO.,
FASHIONABLE CLOTHING EMPORIUM,
176 and 324 Broad Street, Augusta, Ca.
August?, June 17 tf 25"
And New Prices for Edgefiejd !
THE Subscriber is now opening at the Cornel
Store, between Mr. B. C. BRYAN'S Brick Store
and the Planter's Hotel, ft CHOICE ASSORT
Family and Fancy Groceries,
! Liquors, Wines, Cordials, &c..
Which in -peint of quality-and low prices cunnol
be excelled, if equalled, in this market.
I also intend dealing Largely in the
Such as BACON,' LARD, FLOUR, CORN,
MEAL, kc, which will be sold at AUGUSTA
RETAIL PRICES-transportation added.
j23T-The public are solicited to pay the new
Store a visit and examine my Stock and figures.
^gSrTho hi?;hestmarkot price-paid for all COUN
. A. A. GLOVER, Agent.
Edgefield, Feb 12 tf "7
" CHRISTIAN MESSENGER/'
Published Weekly, in Augusta, Ga.,
.A.T SS .A. YEAR.
T the instance of gentlemen residing in differ
ent parts of the State, whose judgment and wishc;
are entitled to consideration, we proposo to com
mence, on er ?boat tho 15th inst., the publication
RELIGIOUS AND FAMILY P?PER,
the object of whioh will be the dissemination ol
intelligence, religious and moral principles among
all classes of our people throughout the country.
It is the desire and design of tho publishers to
make the MESSENGER an instructive as well
as interesting family visitor-ono that will b?
read and appreciated by the intelligent reader,
among all classes, and equally acceptable tc
Christians of all denominations.
To aid ua in carrying on the Work we havi
undertaken, wo would respectfully ask all Minis
ters of the Gospel, and our friends generally, ti
assist us in circulating the MESSENGER.
Contributions for its columns are solicited fron
Ministers and others who may feel disposed l<
aid us in the good work wo have undertaken.
All communications and remittances must hi
GENTRY k JEFFERSON,
A few seluct advertisements will be inserted a
All papers friendly will please givo the above i
June I 25
For the Plantation,
And thc Home Circle
,T the request of tho Publisher, I am nov
neting as Agent for tho SOUTHERN CULTI
VATOR,jir. indispensable Agricultural Journal
published at Athens, Ga. Terms, $2.per annum
Every Farmer, Planter and Horticulturist ii
the South should bc u reader of the CULTIVA
?5?" S pee i naen numbers may be seen at th
D. R. DURISOE.
Sept 17 tf " . 3
THE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN is the larges
and most widely circulated journal of it
lass in this country. Each number contains six
teen pages, with numerous illustrations. Th
numbers fur n year make two volumes of 416 page
ach. It also contains a full account of all th
priucipal iJvcmions and discoveries of tho day
Also, valuable illustrated articles upon Tools am
Machinery used in Workshops, Manufactories
Steam and Mechanical Engineering, Woolen, Cot
ton, Chemical, Putroleum, and allothcr Munufac
turing intercuts. Also, Fire-arms, War Imple
ment?, Ordnance, War Vessels, Railway Machi
oery, Electric, Chemical, and Mathematical Ap
parntus, Wood and Lumber Machinery, Hydraul
ics, Oil and Water Pumps, Water Wheels, Etc
Household, Horticultural, and Farm Implement
-this latter Department being very full and c
great value to Farmers and Gardeners, article
embracing evtiy department of Popular Scienci
which every body can understand and which ever
budy likes tu read.
Also, Reports of Scientific Societies, at hom
ind abroad, Paient Lav Deeisionsaod Discussion:
Practical Recipes, Etc. It also contains an Olli
??al List of nil the Patent Claims, a special fcatur
of great value to Inventors and owners of Patenti
Published Weekly, two volumes each year, con
tnoncing Junuary and July,
Per annum.$3 00
Six mcnths. 1 50
Ton copies for One Year.25 00
Specimon copies sent free Address
MUNN & CO., Publishers,
No. 37 Park Row, New York City.
Messrs. MUNN <t CO. have had twonty year'
jxpcricncc in procuring Patents for New Inven
tors who may have such butiuess to transact ca
receive, free, all needful advice how to proceed.
State of South Carolina
IN COMMON PLEAS.
G. W. Murphy A Slocum, )
.? vs. . \ For. Attach.
J. A. Bass, J
THE Plaintiffs in the above stabed case havin?
this du.j- filed tbeir Declaration io ray office
and the Defendant having neither wife nor Attar
noy known to resido within thc limits of thi
State on whom copies of said Declaration witl
rules to plead can be served ; On motion of W
W. ADAMS, Esq., Plaintiffs' Attorney,'Ordered
that said Defendant appear and plead to sai.
Declarator within a year and a day from the dat
hereof or final and absoluto Judgement will b
given against bini.
S.HARRISON, CC E D.
Sept. 29, ISflO lyq 41
State of South Carolina
IN COMMON PLEAS.
H. A. Shaw, bearer, ]
vs > For. Attach.
Welcome^ Martin. J
THE Pliintiff in tho above stated case havin;
this d.iy filed his Declaration in my office
ind thc Defendant having neither wife nor At
'ornoy known to resido within tho limits of thi
State on whom copies of said Declaration wit!
rules to plead can bo served : On motion of J. L
Addison, Plaintiff's Attornc)', Ordered that sah
Defendant appear and plead to said Declarado]
within a year a id a day from tho date hereof, o
final and ats jiu :e Judgment will be given agains
him. S. HARRISON, c. c. E. D.
Mar 21, :?S67. qly IS
Sta^e of South Carolina
IN COMMON PLEAS.
Guthridge Cheatham, bearer, '
ss ? For. Attachm'n
G. W. Strom.
THE Plaintiff in tho above sta'.o? caso havin,
this day filed his Declartuion in my office
and tho Defendant having neither wife nor Attoi
ney known to reside within the limits of thi
State on whom copies of said Declaration wit!
rules to plead can bo served ; On motion of TV
W. Adams, Plaintiff's Attorney, ordered that sai
Defendant appear and plead to said Declaratio:
within a y uar and a day from tho date hereof o
final and absolute Judgment will be Riven again a
him. S. HARRISON, ac.E.D.
Mar 7, 1867. ly ll
State of South Carolina
Guthridge Chiatbam, ]
st \ Foreign Attachment.
G. W. Strom. J
THE Pln'.nliff in the above stated case bavin]
this di.y filed his Declaration in my office
and tho Dofcndant laving ncithor wife nor Attor
ney known to resid- .vitbin the limits of this Stati
on r. hom c ip ?es of said Declaration with rules ti
plead can lc served; On motion of W.W. Adams
Plaintiff's Attorney, ordered that said Defendan
appear and plead to said Declaration within t
year and a day from tho date hereof or final ant
absoluto Judgment will be niven against him.
S. HARRISON, c.c.K.n.
Marli, ?S67. ly ll
THE Subscriber will pav ?he highest marke
price for GOOO JiUSHELS WHEAT
A. A. GLOVER, Agent.
Jifrlf la 28
." '.. n" ' -
DR N A. PRATT,
(Successors to Pratt & Wilson Bro?.) 4
Analytical and Consulting Chemist,
NO. 23, HA YNE STREET,
CHARLESTON, S. C.,
Analysis of Ores, Soils, Fertilisers, ic, made
with greatest care and accuracy.
Oh ernie al advico given *.i all branches of the
science, on moderate terms. > ? ii J
DR. F. OLIN DANN ELLY, so well known
throughout the State, is with me, and would be
glad to see old friends, or fill any order for Goods.
Charleston, Mar 25 * 3m 1.1
REMHST;C3t:T O IST'S
Sold by the Trade Generally.
A Liberal Discount to Dealers.
200,000 Furnished to the ?. S. Gov
ARMY REVOLVER,. "' 44-100 in. Calibre
NAVY REVOLVER, . ' ^ 36-100 in. Calibrs.
BELT "REVOLVER, " 1 * * Navy Size Calibre.
POLICE REVOLVER, : Navy Site ? Calibre.
NEW' POCKET REVOLVEH, ' 31*-100 in. Calibre.
POCKET REVOLVER, (Rider's pt.) 31-100 in. Cal.
REPEATING PISTOL, (Elliot pt.) No. 22 A 32 Car.
VEST POCKET PISTOL, NO. 22. 30, 32 and 41 Car.
GUN CANE, NO. 22 and 32 Cartridge.
BREECH LOADING RIFLE, (Ecals') 32 & 38 Car.
REVOLVING*RIFLE, 36 and 44-100 in Calibre.
Moore & Nichols, New York.
Wm. Read. A Son, Bo:ton.
Jos. C. Grubb i Co., Philadelphia.
Poultney and Trimble, Baltimore,
Henry Folsom & Co., New Orleans.
Johnson, Spencer & Co., Chicago.
L. M. Rumsey & Co. St. Louis.
Albert E. Crane, San Francisco.
Circulars containing cuts and description o?
ourArms will bc furnished.upon opplication.
E. REMINGTON A -SONS, Ilion, N. Y.
Mar 12 if ll
. BROWN & PERKINS,
And Music Books.
WE would respectfully call the attention of
Choir-L?aders and Singing School Teach
ers to our establishment, where all kindsof Church
Music, Glee and Anthem Books can be obtained
on the most favorable, terms.
Thc long experience of our Mr. PEBKINS, in
Musical Conventions, Choirs, the Concert Boom
and Sunday School, enables him to give advice
und information on all points of muMcnl interest
as to the selection of proper works of instruction,
formation of Musical Schools-progress in musi
cal studies, and items of general interest to coin
posers, leaders, teacher* and students.
Sheet Muric furnished on the usuul terms, with
promptness and dispatch. Couutry orders solici
ted-and selections made for pupils, teachers, con
certs, <fcc, Ac., ?c.
Will be True to Me,.T. E. Perkin?,.30 cts.
The Orphan Wanderer,....T. E. Perkins,.30 cts.
The Rose Bush,.T. E. Perkins,.30 cts.
Fairy of tho Wildwood,...H. A. Brown,.3d els.
Memory, (for Baritone,)..H. A. Brown,.30 cts.
Fuur of any of the above will bo forwarded on
receipt of one dollar.
??f"Send for a Circular..
BROWN * PERKINS,
420 Broome St., New York City.
New York, Jan 1 4ml
GARDEN SEEDS BY MAIL.
E INVITE attention to our LARGE and
COMPLETE ASSORTMENT of FRESH
GARDEN SEEDS, comprising
Over 250 Leading Varieties,
INCLUDING THE NOVELTIES,
Which we furnish, neatly put up in packets,
BY MAIL, POSTAGE PAID,
To any address, at our Catalogue rates, enabling
parties at a distance to purchaso as advantage
ously as at our Store.
All our Seeds are carefully tated before send
ing out, and are
Warranted to Grow*
[f properly planted out and cared for.
OUR NEW DESCRIPTIVE PRICED CAT
ALOGUE is mailed to any adflress on receipt; of
Stamp for postage.
.EDW'D. J. EVANS & CO.,
No. 9, N. George St., York, Pa.
Marli 2m ll
The Best Tonic Now in
C. F. PANEttIN,
CHARLESTON, B. C.
Charleston, Jan 15 ly 3
Is used by
First-class Hotel*., Laundries, Tens
of Thousands of/Families, aud
Should be used by all.
It gives a beautiful polish, making the iron
pass smoothly over the cloth, saving much timo
and labor. Goods done up with it keep clean
longes, consequently will not wear out so soon.
IT MAKES OLD LINEN LOOK LIKE NEW !
Sold by Druggists and Grocers generally. ?
OUR IMPERIAL BLUE
IS THE BEST IN THE WORLD!
.It is solublo in hard as well as soft water. It
is put up in tho safest, neatest, and most conveni
ent form of any offered to thepublic.
IT IS WARRANTED NOT T0 STREAK THE.
Sold by Grocors and Druggists generally.
Agents wanted everywhere, to whom we offer
extraordinary inducements. Address
NEW YORK STARCH GLOSS CO.,
No. 518 Fulton St., New York.
Jan 1 _ 6m _1
GROVESTEEIV & CO.,
PIANO FORTE MAN?FACT?BERS,
409 Broadway, New York.
THESE PIANOS received thc Highest Award
of Merit at tho World'? Fair, over the best
makers from London, Paris, Germany, the cities
of Now York, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Bos
ton ; also, the Gold Medal at tho American
Inttitute, for FIVE SUCCESSIVE YEARS!! *?
Oar Pianos contain the French Grand Action,
Harp Pedal, Overstrung Bass, Full Iron Frame,
and all Modern Improvements. Every Instru
ment jearreu'ed Fi VE YEARS! Made under
tho supervision of Mr. J. ll. GBOVESTEEN,
who has a practical experience of over thirty-five
years, and is the maker of orer eleven thoxeaud
Piano-Fortci. Our facilities for manufacturing
enable us to sell these instruments from $100 to
$200 cheaper than any first class piano forte.
^ES~GEO. A. OATES, Augustn, Ga., is the,
authorized Agent for the sale of these PIANOS,,
and will always keep a number on hand for tho
inspection of the public.
Aug 8 lyntp 32
FOR Sain at this Office a latge lot of OLD>
NEWSPAPERS. For sale In parcela to suit
Jww4, tf ?