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The SouPs Oasis.
An oasis lies in the desert of years
That never loses its green,
? And often watered by memory's tears,
Are the burial grounds of joys and fears,
With rich violet turf between.
Through that emerald spot the waters roll
That were quaffed in my boyhood's day,
When a merry chime, not n funeral toll,
Bang out in the belfry of my soul,
And life seemed an endless May.
A summer lodge in that plf.ee of bloom,
Far off ia the desolats waste,
Is enwreathod with roses of rare perfume,
And portraits hang in an iapcr room
By no mortal pen?il traced.
They need not repair at tho hands of Art,
For their colors will vanish never;
Aud with flash of eye and beat of heart
Loved forms from enchanted frameworks start
And whisper-" We perish never !"
In that oasis, so sweet and lone,
Begirt by the wild, gray sand,
From a lucid lake, with silvery zone,
Comos music sweeter than Ariel's own,
That was heard by Ferdinand.
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By lips that in youth I kissed,
Weave round me a weird, bewitching spell,
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My spirit oft wanders thither,
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In that beautiful land of bloom and light,
Where the blossoms grow not to wither.
THE SECRET VAUMT.
i Tale of the French ?evolHtitn.
CONTINUED FROM LAST WHEE.
It was evening. Garciuier was talking
with his daughter of the peril they had just
passed in satety. He had been i tito the street
and heard of more horrors. Tbree hundred
young women had been drowned in the Loire,
and hundreds of children and infants had
shared the same fate. Helpless infancy and
hoary age were alike sacrificed to the mad
ness of Carrier.
While Mademoiselle and her father were
expressing their abhorrence of these crimes,
some one tapped lightly at a window. Gar
ciuier asked : " Who is there ?"
" It is I ; it is Santervilie. Let mc in 1 In
the name of humanity conceal me a couple
of hours !" was the iustant reply.
" You adjure mc in tbe-name of humanity ;
it is an appeal t?at I cannot resist. Go to
tie door and I will admit you," replied Gar
" Citizen, I thank you !" said Santervilie.
as he entered the bouse. " Mademoiselle, it
gives me pleasure to see you. I trust you
will live through the Revolution," ho added,
with some warmth of manner.
" Tho bodies of youug maidens float down
tho Loire," she added.
"1 have heard such reports, Mademoiselle,
but I wish not to believe them. Of these
terrible things, however, I cannot now stop
to epeak. Though a stranger to the peo
ple of Nantes, I have unhappily ?llen au
der suspicion. ButI have made arrangements
to fly from this tieatre of carnage, lt I can
bafida the horrible zeal of the murderers for
two hours, I shall escape. Twe hours, did I
say f-taking out bis watch and consulting
it-" less than an hour and a half will give
my friends time to suve me."
" Were you followed ?" asked Garciuier.
M A fellow dogged my footsteps, but I trust
my adroit movements deceived him."
" The creatures of thia infamous murderer,"
replied Cecile, "are not easily thwarted!"
Santervilie shrugged his shoulders.
Garciuier exchangee, significant glances
with Cecile. The iormor pointed to the cel
lar stealthily, and tho latter nodded assent.
They were thinking of the secret vault.
" Come with me, my friend," said Garci
nier. "I will conduct you to a iiding-place
that will defy tho prying eyes of Carrier's
They descended to the cellar.
''Swear," said Garciuier, "that you will
never betray the secret I am about to confide
** I swear !" said Santervilie.
Garcinier opened the stone door and bade
" You will find here a young mat whose
only crime is the love of humanity. You I
have seen him ; it is Paul Fleurian," he added.
" These are sad days, my friend, when hon
est men are forced to hide in the earth like
reptiles," Santervilie said, proffering his hand
to Fleurian. ,
The latter drew back surprised and not al- I
"It is Santervilie," said Garcinier. "He
is followed by the spies of Carrier. He sccko
concealment for a short time. Very soon
some faithful friends will aid him to escape
Fleurian advanced and welcomed thc fu
" Inform me, Monsieur Garcinier, when the
hour and a half has expired. My friends
will then be awaiting me, at a certain place,
with passports made oat for one who resem
bles me in personal appearance," remarked
"You shall be informed," answered Garci
nier, who then closed the door, and returned
to his daughter. " Wc did well to construct
that apartment, my def.r. We may have the
priceless satisfaction of saving human lives,"
"A happy and hc:aorabla privilege," re
These worthy people congratulated them
selves that they had the power of doing a
good action. They were thus employed when
they heard tho soldiem beating the door with
MCitizen !" they demanded, "have yon
given shelter to a fugitive from justice?"
They described the person of Santervilie very
minutely, even specifying the articles of his
" We harbor no cr.minals. My dwelling
has been searched once to-day, but you can
search it again."
" He speaks t ruiy," one of the men answered.
" I was one of the party. He is a Revolu
tionist; wo shall find no royalist here."
The soldiers seemed to be satisfied, and, to
the surprise of Garcinier, contented them
selves by looking about the lower rooms a lit
tle and opening tho closets. They wont away
without committing any greater depredations
than the larceny of some articles of jewelry.
When an hour and a half had elapsed, Gar
ciniar, having first gone out to see if any one
was larking in the vicinity, went to the vault
and informed Santervilie, who, embracing
Fleurian, and calling him brother in misfor
tune, left his concealment. Before leaving
the house he found aa opportunity to say to
" Mademoiselle, such beauty and amiability
as yours will not always pass unnoticed, lt
may yet be in my power to reward your
goodness as it descrvw. Pardon me, Made
moiselle-you are fil ed to grace a high su
tton in life. Should fortune smilo on yr>u,
do not flout her5'.'
With these words Santervilie departed.
Garcinier watched bim a moment fjwm th?
door and saw fair? walk' cautiously awi
bis figure was lost in the darkness.
The night passed quietly. Garcinier
the danger had passed and they shot
ceive no more visita like those of the pr
day. Fleurian came from his hiding
and breakfasted with the family. All w
better spirits than usijal. They conver
the latest rumors from Paris, and j
there would soon be a reaction, in j
opinion. Breakfast concluded, Garcinia
to Mother Nicholet's cottage to see
could learn anything concerning her.
little room? no longer looked neat and
The furniture was broken and scattered i
and the house rifk'd of everything of
He looked io vain for Therese, and ret?
home in as tnnch doubt respecting her f
lie bad scarcely finished the simple r
?on of the desolation of the good woi
coOKgc, fVu'en, upon casually turning hi
toward a winrhiw/he p^eeived armed
rtcrromidirig tu? house. Fleurian had
. to ? 'ie. vault ; for him they folt little an:
Tb? door we* .burst opes^aad the wret
cnllin; themselves *'s?ldieiu uflfce Repul
" To th? cellar-t~ tho cJUr !" cri?e
ipadc-r. who w<>rc thr> uniform of a serg
' A him])-a lump !" he added, turning fi
ly toward Garcinier.
Cecile hastened to get oue, and acti
liuhted it for the vile horde.
" Come with mc," said the leader, leo
at Garcinier and Mademoiselle. " If we
him, it will be the signal for your arrest.1
Father and daughter, with affected i:
ference obeyed this imperious mane
When Cecile saw fha soldiers examining
wails, thrusting their bayonet-? between
stones, she could not but feel tho liveliest
p-ehensions. Others struck upon the st<
with the butts of their muskets to test.t
firmness, and to judge bj their resanan
there was an open space behind them. '
was a more trying scrutiny than they had
petted. Every moraeDt was fraught with
most painful suspense. They gradually
proached the entrance to the vault.
"Hold ip th* lamp I" said the serge
piurirjg before the fiat stone, and passing
point cf his sword into the interstices aroi
it. ** Ah, wn*t is here ! Men, pry out
stone. I think we shall unearth the fox !
Mademoiselle's face became white with ]
lor. The timely support of her father's r
prevented her from falling. For some rc
utes the stone resisted the endeavors of
searchers, but finally yielded. The vault \
revealed to view.
" See in what holes these conspirators bi
themselves 1" exclaimed the sergeant.
With shouts of savage joy they drag?
Fleurian from the retreat where he vail
thought to find security.
Cecile was nearly overpowed by the v
lenee of her emotions ; but thc voice of Pa
caliing to her to be firm, revived ber couraj
" Be brave T' said Fleurian. " Do not
these miscreants seo your fortitude shak<
Do not think of me. I am going to death,
is true; but though it may separate us nc
it will ultimately unite us forever."
" Poor consolation for one so young a
handsomo !" said thc sergeant, with an u
feeling laugh, while others of the party ma
coarse and brutal remarks.
" Come, citizen ; and you, pretty Mademi
selle, are also wanted before the Commission
added tho sergeant, addressing Garcinier ai
" What," exclaimed Fleurian, for the fir
time manifesting alarm, " have I broug
misfortune upon you, also ?"'
The young man covered his face with b
hands, and shed tears.
This is a true love affair! It is a pity I
interrupt it," said one, which sally calle
forth other jests of a similar nature.
These worthy and heroic, people were hu
ried to prison, without boinia allowed a rai
men I to make preparations for such an even
Persons conversant with the history of tl
Reign of Terror need not be told of the hoi
rora of a French prison during that trouble
period. Such will form a tolerably corree
idea of the place where Mademoiselle Gai
cinier was incarcerated on being ten fror
home and its comforts. The three occupie
separate cells ; a circumstance that was pal
ticularly painful to Cecile, who wished to b
uear her father, during the few hours of exi:
ten ce that might be allowed them.
A very singular surprise was rcscrvr.d fo
ber ; which was the appearance of Monsieu
Santcrvillc, a short time after her imprison
mont. He entered the compartment in whicl
she was immured. She could not suppress ai
exclamation of astonishment.
"Monsieur Saiiterville! Do I indeed be
hold you here? I hoped you were far fron
"I assured you that I had friends wh<
were interesting thcratelves for my escape
One of them bas much influence orcr Jeat
Baptiste Carrier ; and he lu? exerted biinscl
so earnestly in my behalf, that I can non
walk the streets of Kant? without fear. 1
caa, sj you perceive, f,3foi tpmma eveu to this
vretclred pruton," he ??twanai.
" ^ansiHnr, yon ara ?a-aafeJy fortunate,'
" I ought to bo grateful to God,'' returned
Santei ville, piously. " I ibould be grateful
to you "also ; I expect to prove that I am. I
have como here burning with a desire to save
you and your friends. Mademoiselle, there
is but one method of effecting my purpose.
Thit. is not a timo to practico ceremony, or to
let scruples of delicacy deter one from doing
everything in hi* power to save life. Carrier
has promised my friend-who, as I have iu
fonr.ed you, is all-powerful-to protect my
laraily. Said he, 'Tell Citizen Santerville
that, bi? family t-ball not be molested. Ho
may send for them to come to Nantes when
ever he wishes.' This pledge has suggested
a plan of saving yon. Mademoiselle, become
nay wife, and the liberation of your father and
Fleurian you may considor certain."
"That," replied Cecile blushing, "is im
possible. If 1 should live tobo a wife, Paul
Fleurian will be my husband."
M Paul Fleurian," responded Santerville,
with a slight contraction of his brows and a
decided voice, " will die to-night. The order
is aiready signed for his execution. To-mor
row, thc waters of the Loire will roll over
him. . This- shocks your sensibilities. It
grieves mc, also, to announce the fatal truth
-but truth alone must be spoken here*"
u Oh, I am sure, I can never be your wife I"
cried Cecile, wringing her hands. Santerville
appeared to reflect seriously, walking the lit
tle compartment with bent and meditative
" I haro another expedient, Mademoiselle,"
he said, pausing before her. " To save yon,
I will submit to a mock marriage, by which I
shall have no legal claim upon you. The il
legal forms gone through with, you and your
friends shall bo furnished with tho meanB of
escapo fi om Nantes. I can devise nothing
better. If this does not meet your approval,
I ara powerless to savo you." Mademoiselle
Garcinier looked steadily and searchingly at
Santervillo, watching closely bis expressions.
This project, though it had the apparent seal
of friendship and kindness upon it, was sin
gularly abhorrent to her feelings.
"You perplex me, Monsieur. I know not
what to say. Thc plan does not-does not
strike me favorably. Monsieur, could not
your friend go to Carrier and say, 1 You have
cast Santeirille'a family into prison. Give
me an order for their release?"
Santerville exhibited some embarrassment.
It was a siniplo and natural interrogatory,
but he did not 6cem prepared to. answer. Ho
finally said :
"J mtv*, at Uart, hore some pretext for
calling you my wife. Tho. method I pro;
is, I think, the safest, and the only remai
one to be adopted, if you object to bein<
wife in reality. Indeed, if you can reco
yourself to becoming Madame Santervi
will confer upon you wealth'and station,
of which you merit. Nothing shall be v,
ing on my part to make you happy. Bi
as I have said, this-is r?pugnant to your
ines, assent without delay to the other a
native, which is but an innocent decepti<
a pardonable ruse-a cunning expedier
save your fair neck from the guillo1
Mademoiselle, my timo has most expire?
must leave you in a moment. Decide ;
fate by making choice of the alternati
have exhibited to your view."
. Sauterville manifested impatience ;
walked across the cell, making a short pi
at the door. With this movement a pi
fell from his pocket, which, with a vibra
motion, dropped softly/at the feet of Mader
selle. She. tollo wed its descent with
eyes, and read upon it, when it: was at
upon tho floor, her father's name and
own. She hastily picked it np and cooee!
ither bosom. Sauterville came back
stood before her to hear her decision.
t: You tell mo that Carrier has promisei
protect you and y our family ; but what 2
ance can be placed in the promises of a m
ster who assassinates women and childrei
she said. ...
u Monster ? Oh, Mademoiselle, I-I \
of you to think bf yourself only !"
That strange expression which Cecile 1
PO often noticed-which was not unlike
sudden kindling of passionate element:
passed over Santervillo's face.
u Citizen ?"said a voice at the door.
- ff Who calls ?" Santerville asked, sten
and without waiting for a response, pas:
into one of the long corridors of the pris
and Cecile heardhim conversing in suppresi
tones with some one. She snatched the pa]
from her bosom and read, as follows :
" I havo found tho hiding-place of FIcurian.
have actually passed au hour and a half in
lair. By this timo ho is arrested. You neod i
wait a formal order. To night, and-the Lo\
Mademoiselle Garcinicr held the pa^ ..
her hand long after she had read it; her ey
were fixed upon the lines in speechless wond
and indignation. Now she could see he
they had been betrayed ; now she could rei
i?ce to some extent tho height, and depth
human depravity ! The villainous nature
Santerville was unmasked." She returned t
paper to its hiding-place, hearing Ibo comh
footsteps of the hypocrite. He came in wi
a benevolent smile upon his face.
" Mademoiselle, you consent ?!' he said, e
tending his hand fur the purpose of takir
hers. She retreated and motioned him boc
" Mademoiselle, I could have urged upi
you s confession of a passion that consum?
mo, but I have refrained. .1 have sacrifice
the lover to the honorable friend. While
remain silent respecting my passion, I suffi
all the martyrdoms of the hopeless lover; bi
respect for you, enhanced by the recollects
of your hospitality,-keeps rne dumb."
With flashing eyes arfa" a smile of loft
scorn, Mademoiselle Garcinicr drew the pap<
from its sacred repository and hold it up bi
foro Santerville. He recoiled .before her ir
dignant glances and thc inuto witness of hi
"Spy! Informer!. !Betrayer^of_h?sD?Ml'
ty ! Violator of tho most sacred trust
Your villainy is known ; your plot unrnaslcec
Do not stand buger in my presence! I an
prepared for death. Go back to your fellow
murderers ; and remember, when the hour c
jour own death approache.>-surely it canno
be far distant, lor God will not loug penni
such a wretch tu live-that you have violate,
the mont holy of confidences, which ought t<
bring upon you thc execration of all mankind."
Villain a.- he was, he could not stand be
fore her unabashed and without confusion
but quickly calling up his native hardihood
he made a sneering reply. He took out hil
I give you two minutes, Mademoiselle, tc
choose betwe n me and the Loire-which
already hus three hundred brides I" he said,
with terrible calmness.
" Wretch ! who arc you, that you speak ol
life and death with such imperious confi
dence ?" cried Cecile.
a I," said he, still keeDing his eyes fixed
upon the watch, "I am Jean Baptiste Carrier"
Madcmoisello Garcinier uttered a cry ol
horror, and held up her hands as if to thrust
hiru back out of her tight. She heard the
watch ticking with strange distiuctness.
"The two minutes arc hastening to join
the eternity of minutes behind us," said
" Thc Loire ! the Loire !" answered Cerfle,
growing calmer. '' And," ahe added in a sub
dued voice, " thc only mercy I ask is that you
will leave me and send the executioner.".
Carrier replaced the watch in his pocket,
and contemplating Mademoiselle thoughtfully,
" Am I, then more loathsome than the ex
" So loathsome that you will be held in uni
versal execration of all mankiud 1" replied
Cecile, averting hor eyes to shut out the sight
of the worst of murderers.
Carrier took paper aud pencil from his
pocket, and wrote :
" It is thc order for your bridal I" he said,
with a smile of terrible import. 11 This night
vou will be wedded-lo the Loire. Farewell,
Mademoiselle j we shall meet no more."
He left the cell with slow and reluctant
feet. He wished to give time for her to re
lent and recall him. He paused and looked
back when he had passed the door; and there
might have been'a momentary feeling of re
gret in his bosom ns he contemplated for the
last time that pale and beautiful face and
statue-like figure. Thc iron door swung
heavily-Jean Baptiste Carrier had gone.
Left alone, Mademoiselle shed those tears
of grief and regret that her situation neu
rally called forth. Having paid tributo to
the first impulses of nature, she endeavored
to prepare her mind for tho chango before
her. The night closed in quite dark, and the
shadows crept gloomily into the prison. Ce
cile heard a tumult without, which increased
and drew nearer. She heard persons beatiug
upon the door of the prison, clamoring for in
stant admission. She heard, also..the bolts
drawn by thc jailer and the rush of feet into
" They are murderers !" she said to herself.
u, They como to drag us to death !"
Lights flashed through the grated windows.
" Bring out these traitors !" paid a grutT
voice. h Be quick. Produce them as I call
their names from the list."
The speaker paused, and then, in a loud
voice commenced calling for his victims.
" Paul Fleurian 1"
ff May mine bo next !" murmured Mad-??
"Louis Garcinier 1"
" My poor, poor father !" exclaimed Mad
"Cecilo Garcinier I"
The door of Cecile's cell was thrown open
by the turnkey, saying:
" Wanted, Mademoiselle-wanted."
" I come !" answered Cecile, and passing
out of the cell, was instantly surrounded by
frightful looking men, carrying torches and
bloody sabres. She saw her father and
stretched out her arms to embrace him, but
was prevented from doing BO.
" This lot goes alone," aaid the ono who
had called the names., " Wo shall return for
With these words the victims were hurried 1
from the prison. ?
"Do not fear; you are in the hands of
friends," whispered a voice tho moment they
were ont of the horrible place and in the open
air. He then brandished his sword, and said
aloud-^' To tho Loire I to the Loire 1" His
companions rattled their sabres and repeated
the cry. They were soon upon the bank of
the terrible river. A boat ww there, guarded
by arnon with a musket Cecile was lifted
into it,' and the whole party followed, when it
was pushed from the shore and began to move
across'lho Loire. They crossed in silence-r
over the graves of hundreds.
" I ?will no longer impose silence," said the
" Friends, you are saved from'the power of,
M Who aro you, that take such an interest
in ns?" cried Garcinier.
"lam Mother Nicholet. And these are
some ?of my friends and youirs, who have as
sumed- this disguise to deceive the corps dc
garde, and gain .access to the prison. We
hav?^?nceeeded. There is no time to loso.
Let uai'asten across the country to a secure
retreat that I have provided". These dreadful
days cannot last. We shall return to Nantes
and ' dwell there without fear. Yes, my
friend?r, we shall live io see the execution of |
" Saraterville and Carrier are equally guilty,
and na yon predicted, Mother Therese, will
die ti the same moment," replied Cecile. Sho
related the scene in prison. Garcinier and
Fleurian were astonished. Such duplicity
seemed, to them, to be verging upon the im
''So we ha7e entertained the butcher of |
Nantes 1 We conducted him to our secret
hiding-place. We placed poor Fleurian in the
paw of this, mad lion! He suspected us of
concealing him,, and' betrayed ns through the
action .of the finest feelings of our natnre.
li? appealed to us in tho name of humanity,
which he abuses daily, in the persons of his
fellow-creaturca. My daughter, you did well
to scorn the proposals of one in whose breast
love must be forever a stranger.' Had you
bought my life at the price of your happiness
md.honor, existence would have been a bur
Jen too heavy to bear,'-1 said Garcinier.
' The parties reached, before morning, the
placo'which the forethought and friendship
)f -Mother Nicholet had provided. It proved
i safe und agreeable retreat.
I&sa few months Carrier was recalled to
Paris? "He appeared before the Tribunal and
wasicandemned to death as an agent and ac
:om^ee of.the system of terror. The Gar
vin itrs"were in Paris on the 25th of Decera
3cr,' They heard the rumbling of a
?rtt-^end-the cries of an approaching crowd.
The vehicle contained three persons. Gar
.inior stepped back to let it pass. Mademoi
icll^lnng tremblingly to her father's arm,
oohed compassionately toward the criminals.
Due. of them suddenly turned his face toward
icr-j hi3 eyes met hers. For au instant he
;azed at bec with intense surprise.
(j Sanier cille !" cried Cecile. Carrier heard
torc A faint and ghastly smilo played upon
m lips; he bowed, and the cart moved op.
kl that moment she saw Mother Nicholet
itrugg?ng to approach the terrible vehicle ;
ihe, succeeded-sho stood so near Carrier that
?he could nearly touch him with her hand.
The guard didnot drive her back till sho had
" Monster 1 ; Look at rac ! I am Mother
Nicholet. Remember my prediction. I am
tut?? tCS?fLyour infamous head drop into the
casket ! Oh, onTTo youTdeatlr: - Hasten to"
oin Robespierre. Hell is moved from be
jcath to'meet at thy coming J'
Garcinier and Mademoiselle hurried from
he spot, deeply impressed with tho awards cf j
?ternal justice. This sceuc haunted thc mern
?ry and disturbed the dreams of Cecile long
ifter she became Madame Fleurian.
The vinson's Duty.
To stretch tho liberal hand,
And pour thc stream of gladness,
O'er misor/s withered strand,
To cheer thc hearth of sadness
To dry tho orphan's tear
And sootho tho heart nigh brokon,
To breathe in sorrow's ear
Kind words, in kindness spoken :
Tah is thc Mason's part,
A Mason's bounden duty ;
This rears the Mason's heart,
In wisdom, strongth and beauty.
To practice virtue's laws,
"With fervency and freedom,
And in hor noble cause,
Advance where'er ehe leads 'cm.
To curb the headlong courso
Of pasfioB's fiery pinion,
And bend its stubborn forco,
To reason's mild dominion,
ThU is thc Mason'spart, etc., etc.
To shield a brother's fame,
From envy and detraction,
And provo that muTu's our aim
In spirit, life and action, j ,
To trust in God through ali
Tho danger and temptation,
Which to his lot may fall,
In trial and probation :
Thit it thc Mason't part,
A Mason's bounden duty ;
Thit rears the Maton'e heart
In tcitdom, ttrcngth and beauty.
No Right to Indorse. j
1. A man has no right to indorse, when ?
he failure of the first party to meet his
blig&lion will render thc creditors of tho in
or.s?cr liable to loss in consequence of such
2. He has no right to indorse for another
nan, unless bc makes provision for meeting
uch obligation, independent of ?nd after pro
dding for all other obligations.
3. He has no right to indorse unless he
ully intends to pay what he promisess to,
iromptly in case the first party fails to do so.
Tew indorscr? prepare for this.
4. His relations to his family demand that
ie shall not obligate himself to oblige anoth-1 1
ir, simply at tho risk of defrauding or depriv
ng them of what belongs to thom.
5. Ile should never indorse or become res
lonsible for any amount without security is
?rnislred by thc first party. It should be
riade a business transaction-rarely a matter
>f friendship. It is equivalent to a loan
>? capital to tho amount of the obligation,
md the same precautions should be taken to
C. A man has no moro right to expect an
ther to indorse his noto without recompense,
han to expect an insurance company to in
ure his homo or his life gratuitously.
7. It is not good business policy for one to I ?
isk another to indorse his note, promising to
iccommodate him in the same mannor. The
ixchange of signatures may have, and usual
Y docs have, a very unequal value. It is
letter to secure him thc amount, and exact
i like security for the amount ol responsibili
8. It is better to do a business that will in
volve no necessity for asking or granting such
?vors, or making such exchanges. It is al
ways salo and just to do so.
JSgf* A new hotel at Louisville, Ky., to be
sailed the Galt House, is being erected at a
:ost of $1,200,000. It will be finished by
?2T It is said that tho wilc'i ass " fecdp on
ho wind." But the black-assCh of tho Geor
gia convention can't raise tkewinrl coieodon.
To the Members of the Bar of the Third
Congressional District of S oath Caro
I have carefully examined the nord of W. J.
dawson, Register of the 4th Congressional Dis
trict of this State, and recommend its provisions
to the members of the Bar of this Congressional
District, in their practice in tho Court of Bank
ruptcy. The circular follows this notice.
Register 3d Congressional District S. C.
For tho purpose of facilitating applications for
tho benefit of tho Bankrupt Act, approved 2d of
March, 1867, and for saving costs and expenses,
both to Applicants and Attorneys, the following
practico is respectfully recommended, to wit:
1. Have a Commissioner of the United Statos
Court appointed in each District, before whom
Petitions and Schedules may be sworn to, as well
as before a Register.' See-B. A., Sec. ll, Rice's
2. Make up your petitions with the oleven
forms of A and B, omitting those upon which no
entries are made, and have tho same sworn to be
fore a Commissioner of tho United States Court
Preparo, at the same time, a blank order, if in
Voluntary Bankruptcy, reforring the case, to the
Register, leaving the day of reference blank, ac
cording to Form 17,S. C., Rice's M., 147. Thus
preparod, forward the Petition and Schedules,
and blank order to the Rogister, who will exam
ine the same, and if found "correct in form,"
will so certify, as required undor Rule 1th, C.,
Rice's M., 106. The Register will then forward
tho Petition and Schedules, with the blank order,
to the Clerk of tho United States Court, who will
file the Petition and Schedules, in his office, and
carry the blank order to the Judge of the United
States Court, to be signed by him. The order,
whoo signed by the Judge, will be filed by the
Clerk, in his office, and a true copy of the same,
certified undor tho seal of the Court, forwarded
to the Register.
3. Upon the rccoipt of the order by tho Regis
ter, so certified, he will issue his Warrant, direct
ed to tho Marshal, as Messenger, to summon the
creditors of the Petitioner to meet, at a given
time, at his office, or such other place as may be
designated by the Court, or by the Rogister, to
prove their debts, select an Assignee, and to show
cause, if any they have, why tho Petioner should
not be adjudged a Bankrupt; at that and all sub?
sequent mootiugs of creditors, they may bo rep
resented by an attorney in fact, as provided in
Sec. 23, B. A, Rice's M., 59. For form of letter
of Attorney, by creditors, see Form 67. S. C.,
Rice's M., 1S9.
4. At the first meeting of creditors, if there be
DO opposing party, tho Petitioner's Attorney will
movo that the Petitioner be adjadgod a Bankrupt.
If opposed, the opposing creditor must give no
tice of his objection, and, within a reasonable
timo, filo with tho Register, the specifications of
tho grounds of his objection. Upon tho filing of
the specifications, tho cato wiil ho immediately
referred to the Judgo of thc United States Court
Sec. ll, B. A., Rico's M.; 43.
5. Tho Fifty Dollars, required undor tho Act
to be deposited with the Clerk, to bo paid to the
Register, must in all cases accompany the peti
---?? ? .
Commodore Vanderbilt's Nerve.
The New York correspondent of the Hart
ford Press writes tho following about Com
Now that Commodore Vanderbilt has ob
tained control of the New York Central Road,
it is the general impression in railroad circles
that the stock will advance to a higher figure.
[ am informed by one who knows that he per
sonally owns seven million dollars of the
?tock. His whole property is valued in round
numbers at thirty-one millions. Ho is now
importing, at the cost ol one hundred and
sixty dollars per ron, steel rails for the Hud
son River Road, and expects to have ?ho en
tire track relaid with them in a year's time.
For some time the great ambition of tho
Commodore has been to own or control a
through linc of railroad from New York to
Chicago. He has now taken a long step to
ward the attainment of his object.
One great secret of the Commjdore's suc
cess in life has beeu his nerve. At times,
when bis speculations Lavo been against him,
be has held on until matters have come round
to him. The following story is told as an il
lustration of his nerve. Ho was very fond of
:ard playing. On one occasion, while travel
ing down the Mississippi river, he was sur
rounded by one of the gaDg of gamblers
which, in ante-helium times, infested tho fath
er of waters, and invited to play " poker."
Be accepted thc request. It was the game
if these professional gamblers, when they had
jot hold of a victim, to keep "going him bet
ter" until the large sums at stake would frigh
ten him from ff calling," and thus insure thom
he " pool." They tried it on the Commo
First one would bet a few thousand, and
3th .TS would .-.ec that sum and go several
thousand better. Finally the amount in the
pool had increased to a sum far in excess of
ho ready funds which he could demand. The
Commodore, however, had no intention of
seing ''bluffed" off. He saw their game.
Dalling a negro, ho asked bim if ho would
?sk the captain down. The captain ap
peared, when thc following conversation en
Commodore-Captain, can you tell me who
)wns this boat ?
Captain-I do, sir.
Commodore-What do you call it worth ?
Captain-I cannot tel! exactly, bnt I should
tay thirty thousand dollars.
Commodore-Will you cake that sum for
Commodore-Very well. I am Commo
lora Vanderbilt, of New York. Then wri
lng a check for thc sum, added : " Here is
ny check for thirty thousand dollars. It will
30 honored at our first stopping place."
Having done this, tho Commodore turned
-on ml to tho table and said to the gamblers,
1 I see the last n mount and go it better to the
jxtent of this boat."
Tho gang was not prepared for this coup d'
dat. They were not able to " see" the Com
nodore's " rise," and ho consequently coolly
iwopt off thc contents of the ff pool." We
.eckon no Mississippi gambler ever attemp
ted to " bluff" Commodore Vanderbilt after
-i--? ? ?
RETURN TO BARBARISM.-The Native Vir
jinian, published at Orango Court House,
rives the following lamentable condition of
the negroes in that section :
In parts of Louisa and generally in Flu
Fana, negro huts are multiplying rapidly.
Many ot these huts are built in the wildest
solitudes, a mile or two from arable'land, and
iccessiblo only by a narrow path which the
traveller passes unnoticed. They are built
in the hastiest manner, of the rudest materi
als, and resemble more the habitations of the
beaver than the residences of human beings.
In these thickets th a negro children are being
reared in absoluto, almost barbarous idleness.
These are the first fruits of abolitionism-the
beginning of tho end.
J5?y It is said that the Austrian Govern
ment is using its influence to induce the Cabi
net of the Tuileries to recognize Senor Jua
rez as President of the republic of Mexico.
The Massachusetts State prison pay
a yearly profit of $21,000 annually.
South Carolina Negro Radical conven
OHABIESTON, Jan. 20.
The Convention assembled at 12 M., and
was called to order by the President, Dr. A.
Prayer was offered by the Kev. James M.
The roll was called, and one hundred and
one members answering to their names, the
President announced a quorum present, and
the Convention ready to proceed to business.
The Minutes of Friday were read, corrected
The President announced tho standing
The " Delegation" from Edgefieid are dis
posed of as fellows : .
R. B. Elliott (negro) on the Committee on
Bill of Bights.
P. B. Bivers (negro) graces the Judiciary
John Bonum (negro) lends his financial
abilities to the Committee on Finance.
David Harris (negro) is OB the Committee
Frank Arnaim (white) labors on the Com
mittee on Petitions;
John Wooley (white) devotes his legisla
tive capacity to on Bules and Regulations.
Mr. Miles M. Johnson, of York District,
"a sound Republican and qualified,'' was
elected Sergeant-at-Arms for'tho " august"
B. F. Randolph offered the following reso
lution, which was referred to the Committee
on Franchise and Elections :
Resolved, That in the opinion of this Con
vention the question of the confiscation of
property and the disfranchisement of citizens,
for disloyalty should be left to. the Federal
Mr. James M. Rutland offered the following,
which was adopted :
Resolved, That it be referred to the Com
mittee on Finance, to enquire into the condi
tion of the State Treasury, and that they re
port to this Convention at the earliest practi
Mr. F. J. Moses, Jr., offered the following,
which was referred to the Committee on Leg
Whereas, forced sales of property under
'gal processes, at the present unpropitious
period, when cotton is so mach depreciated
in value, the. daily necessaries of life.so high,
and the.whole country in such an unsettled
condition, that the entire planting interest is
endangered, as well as almost every other solid
interest in the State, depriving the planters of I
the power to continue preparations for their [
crops, and nearly all the laborers in the country
of their homes, and the means ot obtaining
provisions for their daily subsistence, and,
Whereas, The general destitution that must
inevitably ensue, can result in benefit only to
a small class of persons, who live by sp?cul?t
ing on tho ruin of others, therefore, be it,
Resolved, That we the representatives, of |
the people of South Carolina in constitutional
Convention assembled, do hereby respectful
ly, but earnestly petition Brevet Major-Gen
eral Ed. R. S. Canby commanding Second
Military District, in order to afford this Con
vention the necessary time in which to mature
proper measures of relief for the people of |
the State, to suspend ior three months any
execution or other legal processes under any
judgment or decree rendjered by the Courts of |
this State, for a debt or debts contracted
prior to tho 30th June, 1805.
Be8olved, That the President of the Con
I vention be rcauested to forward at the earli
est practicable moment a certnied copy of |
thia preamble and resolution to Brevet Major
General Ed. R. S. Canby.
Dr. J. C. Nearie moved that the rules be
suspended, and that thc preamble and resolu
tion be adopted.
Mr. Boozer objected to the suspension of
the rules. It was one of the gravest and
most important questions to bc presented to
the Convention. A gentleman introduces a
resolution to suspend the collection of debts,
or rather to petition the military authorities
to suspend the collection of debts for three
months, and it is urged to press it before the
Convention at once. He desired such a ques
tion to take the regular course, not being
prepared to discuss its merits. The Conven
tion should not proceed hastily in a matter of |
such grave importance. It was sprung upon
them and he hoped the rules would not be
Mr. F. J. Moses, Jr., said if the member
from Lexington had been in bis seat last Fri
day, he would have known that a resolution
covering the same ground was introduced and
laid on tb J table. Three days had elapsed,
and it really did seem that members had full
time to make up their minds. It was a very
common rule, when gentlemen wished to kill,
a resolution, to refer it to one of the standing
committees. He (the speaker) was opposed
to referring it. It was important that such a
resolution should be passed, and passed to-day.
The first Monday of next month will be sales
day, when a vast amount of property will be
sacrificed under the hammer of the Sheriff if |
not checked in time. Let the Convention, by
passing that resolution, show the people of |
thc State that they are willing to rush any
thing demauded for tho people's welfare.
Mr. C. C. Bowen opposed the suspension
of the ruh-s and thc resolution os it stood.
He understood there was to be some effort
made to afford relief, which would be con
curred in by a large majority of the members.
But he wished to state that he was opposed to
anything like class legislation, and this was
strictly of that kind. It proposes to enume
rate what class of people have a claim to pro
tection from this body. He saw no reason
why this should not go to its appropriate
Mr. Craig said if the matter was referred to
a Committee, it would delay it, and perhaps
come up again too late to prevent sales of |
property by the Sheriff in February. It was
important something should bo done to pre
vent tho immense sacrifice of property through
out the State.
On the question being taken, the Conven
tion refused to suspend the rules, and on mo
tion of Mr. Duncan it was referred to the
Executive Committee, with instructions to re
port to-morrow, (Tuesday.)
Mr. Duncan moved that it be left to the
discretion of the chair to admit such visitors
to the Convention as he might deem proper.
Mr. J. M. Allen offered the following which
was referred to tho Legislative Cummittee:
Resolved 1st The personal property of eve
ry resident of this State, to consist of such
property only as shall be designated by law,
shall be exempted to an amount of n jt less
than $1,000 from sale on execution or other
final processes of court issued for the collec
tion of any debt
Resolved 2d. Every homestead not exceed
ing one hundred and sixty acres of land and
the dwelling house 'hereon, with the appar
tenances to be selected by the ownor, owned
and occupied by any resident of this State
and not exceeding in value $2,500, shall be
exempt from forced sale for the collection of j
any debt or execution of other final process
of any Court. Such exemption shall not ex
tend to any mortgage thereon lawfully ob
tained, and such mortgage or other convey
ance of such land by the owner thereof, ii a
married man, shall uot be valid without tho
signature of the wife of the same.
Resolved 3d, That no resident of this State
owning and occupying a house on land not
his own, and claiming the same as a home
stead shall be entitled to such house, to the
heue?ti provided ia this Article to tho same
extent as if fae were the owner of sncb land,
and such exemption shall not in any way im
pair the right of the owner to the -said land.
Resolved 4th, If the owner o?a homestead
dies or deserts his family, leaving a widow,
or wife or children, snch homestead shall be
exempt from the payment of debts so long as
the widow shall be without other homestead
of her own, or while thc deserted wife shall
occupy such homestead.
Resolved 5th, The real personal estate of
every woman acquired before marriage, and
the property which she may afterwards be
come entitled by gift, grant or inheritance, or
devised, shall be and remain the estate and
Eroperty of such woman, and shall not bc
able . for the debts, obligation or engage
ments of her husband, and may be devised,
bequeathed and alienated by her as if she
Mr. Allen also offered the following, which
was lost :
Resol ved, Thai the Judiciary Committee
be instructed, to inquire into the legality of
extending the benefits of the homestead law
to all exemptions* of debts .contracted prior
to the passage of those; .Acts, and that, they
he empowered to call to their aid the bvst
legal talent of this State, if by them consid
Mr. Allen said members whom he consid
ered competent judges, had expressed the
opinion that snch a law would- be unconsti
tutional. The Governor of the ?tate, how
ever, whom he considered competent legel
authority, advised the passage of such an
Act. He had merely introduced it so as to
enquire into the expediency and legality of
the measure, which was intended for the ben
efit of prominent men of this country, who,
unless afforded relief, would be thrown as
outcasts upon the land.
L. S. Langley introduced an Ordinance to
change the names of the election districts
into counties, and providing for the division
ni the State into townships of ten miles
square, by the Legislature, as eoon as practi
cable at its first assembling. Referred to tho
Dr. J. C. Neagle introduced an Ordinance,
authorizing the President of the Convention
to place his signature or official title, dated at
Charleston, January 20th. I8G8, across the
face of ?'.00,000 of tho bills of this Stat?,
authorized by the Act of the Legislature of
this State passed 20th December, 1865, and
known as bills receivable, and that all such
bills bearing said signature shall be legal ten
ders for debts, public or private, within the
jurisdiction of this .State, ,excepc in cases
where-tho Government of the United States
is a party.
Also that tho Trossurer of the State in
Charleston be authorized to sell, under tho
direction and control of His Excellency James
L. Orr, Provisional Governor of the State, a
sufficient amount of. these bills to raise $10,
000 in United States currency, per week, or
as much as may be necessary to pay the dele
gates to this Convention their mileage and per
diem, and all other contingent expenses of
this Convention during its silting, and shall
hold such monies subject.to the order of the
President of this Convention.' That the bal
ance of the bills remain ia tho public treasu
ry of the State, to be expended in paying the
contingent expenses of thc State in the ap
propriation authorised by General Orders
under dale-from Headquarters 2d Milita
ry District, but under the direction and con
trol of His Excellency Governor Jas. L. Orr,
or his successor in office.
That the Finance Committee are hereby
directed to prepare and report at an early
day, an ordinance for the levying and collec
tion of taxes, on the property of this State in
accordance with the ' Reconstruction Acts of
the United States under which this Conven
tion is convened.
That the amount of $200,000 be collected
between 1st September, and 1st December,
1871, which monies shall bo appropriated to
the reduction of said bills, on or after tho 1st
January, 1872, in such manner as this Con
vention may direct.
Dr. Neagle moved that the above be refer
red to the Finance Committee with instruc
tions to report to morrow.
Mr. Parker, Chairman of the F-nance Com
mittee, hoped the time would bo extended
two or three days.
Dr. Neagle said a good many of the dele
gates were short of funds and had not enough
to pay their board bills. They wanted :o
know where the money was coming from.
On motion, it was referred to the Finance
Committee, to report at twelve o'clock M.,
Mr. Ii. O. Duncan offered the following,
which was referred to the Committee on the
Whereas, The institution of slavery has been
abolished by the Government of the United
States, and this action has been rat ?fi id by
the State of South Carolina, and
Whereas, still to recognize indebtedness or
obligations for slaves, is still to recognize
rights in slavery ; therefore, be it, .
Resolved, That all debts or obligations of
any kind for slaves, are herewith declared to
be null and void, and shall forever after bc
so considered. Be it further,
Resolved, That hereafter no State Court, or
State official shall entertain any sait, ur re
cognize any claims on indebtedness or obli
gations contracted for slave property.
B. F. Randolph presented and read a me
morial, of which he gave notice on Friday,
praying Congress lor the continuance of tho
Freedmen's Bureau iu this State. Refer
red to the Committee on Miscellaneous Mat
H. D. Edwards offered the following :
Whereas, Ministers of the Gospel should,
by their profession, dedicate their services to
Gol and the care of souls, and ought not to
be deterred from their great object ; be it
Resolved, That no Minister of the Gospel, "
or public preacher of any persuasion what
ever, whilst he continues in the exercise of
his functions, shall bc eligible to the office
of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, or a seat
in tbe Senate or House of Representatives,'or
work upon any public road or streets, or do
patrol duty. ,
Referred to the Legislative Committee.
W. B. Nash offered tho following which
was referred to the Committee on Education
Resolved, That all Schools, Academies.
Colleges and Universities in this Stato, which .
are or may be endowed or supported in part
or in whole from the revenue arising from
taxes or donations to the State, cities or towrs,
shall be open for the reception of scholars,
students and teachers of every grade, without
any distinction or preference whatever to all
citizens of the State ; also, it shall be the du
ty of the Legislature, at itsjjrst session, to
divide the Stato into school districts and es -
tablish free schools in every district, to be
open to all citizens of the State.
George Lee, of Berkley, offered the follow
ing, which was referred to tho Legislative
Resolved, That all persons shall enjoy
equal rights and privileges while travelling
in this State, ind all places of amusenu-r.!.
entertainment, refreshment, or of any public
nature whatever, shall be open to all peraou*
Resolved, That no Company, Municipality.
Parish or Corporation, shall make any rules
or regulations creating any distinction b J tween ?
persons on account of race, color, or previous
?Sf Prairie chickens are sb numerous in Iowa
that they a? knocked down"hy the hunters with
sticks, and bagged by tho hundred.
JC3T " An Iowa editor received a pair of i
gold scissors as a Christmas present." Ia it
complimentary to give an editor scissors ?