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The Songs of Old.
The songs of old ! How deep a spell
Lies in !ho old familiar words
Once sung by those we loved so well
In other days, in happier years !
Visions of hope long passed away
Come o'er the heart so lono and cold;
And memory asks, 0, where aro they
Who sweetly sung tho songs of old ?
Where arc they ? Some in silence sleep
Beneath thc mournful yew-troo's gloom ;
Others within tho boundless deep
Have early found an ocean tomb.
Pim aro the eyes that gently shone,
Tho once warm heart lies still and cold;
And hushed for aye, forever gone,
The voice that sung tho songs of old.
Where are thev ? On some foreign strand
For many a weary day they roam :
Cheerless they tread the strangers' land,
From friends afar, afar from home.
Do they not long to join once moro
The joyous dance, the social throng,
And mingle, as in days cf yore,
Their voices ia tho olden song ?
Fondly thc heart still loves to linger
Amid thc ruins of thc past;
Tracing with fancy's airy linger
Visions too beautiful to last ;
Bringing to memory's ere again
The long-lost friends, tho cherished oncs
Waking the past with some sad strain,
Some wcll-remembcrcd olden song.
South Carolina Radical Negro Conven "
CHARLESTON, Fob. 3.
The Convention assembled at 1.2 At., ard
was culled to erdec bj thc President, A. G.
Prayer was offered by the Rev. H. D. Ed
The journal of Friday's proceedings wa
read aud approved.
The reports of several of the Committee?
were presented, and on motion of K. B. Elliot
(negro) were made the special order for OLO
Mr. Duncan offered the following, which i
was referred to the Committee on the Judi !
WhercHs a large proportion of the Execu- !
tors, Administrators, Guardians and oiler j
fiduciary agents, appointed in this State prier j
to and during thc late rebellion, either acta- j
ally did or fraudulently pretended to ht?vei;:- '
vested thc funds and estates of their ceslui j
qn-e trusts in the securities of the rebel State-,
created for the purpose of carrying on war j
against the United States,
And whereas investments made in such sc- i
curities in aid of the said rebellion, w as not j
only treason against thc United States, but |
when made by Trustees and other fiduciary !
agents, a fraud upon the rights of the persons ;
whom they were appointed to represent, ami j
who were legally incompetent to protect their j
own interests ; be it therefore
Resolved, That ail investments of the funds ?
and est?tes of infants, married women, idiots, j
lunatics and other cestui que trusis, in thc se
curities cf the late rebel government, or in ?
thc securities of any one of the rebel States, 1
created for the purpose of carrying on war
against the United States, by executors, ad
ministrators, guardians, masters and commis
sioners ia equity, trust, e; and other fiduciary ;
agents, are, aiid shall forever hereafter, be
held to be absolutely null and void, and no
plea or pretence of any such investments
shall avail in any court of law or equity in ;
thia Stare to bar or hiuder Ruy cestui qu.i
trust from recovering his, her or their estates ,
in lawful money of the United States of ;
! Resolved, That it bc referred to the Com- 1
ni it tee on tho Judiciary, to draft a provision
to this effect, to be inserted in the Consti'.u- ?
tion to be framed by this Convention.
The usual number cf Resolutions Trere of- j
fered-some were laid on the table, and otii- ?
ers referred to the appropriate Committee?.
The hour for the special order having ar
rived, the ordinance declaring null and void
all contract?, judgments and decrees, ma le or
entered up where the consideration was for !
ihc purchase of slaves, was taken up.
Mr. B. 0. Duncan obtained the lloor, and
by consent of thc Convention, read his argi -
meut which he Lad ptcparcd for thc occasion,
when thc subject was discussed.
Mr. Duncan said he was no repudiation ist. :
nor advocate of stay laws, but as a matter of
abstract justice, thought old debts should be
scaled to accord with thc present value cf
property, or that the property itself should
bc returned as pay. That he did not regard
as repudiation. Even that he had given up
and would be satisfied, if they succeeded in
passing this ordinance, and in establishing a
itberal homestead law to be retrospective . .
well as prospective. He believed they cou! '
establish both to stand tho test of the C' ai s
Ile thought that justice and the future welfun
of the country demanded that they should
annul all debts and obligations of any kind
He argued that thc essence of every erm
trac; is value tor value, and if he sold prop w
ty *rhich was afterwards found to bc utist..'
or thc titles not good, he was not entitled
pay fur it, because lhere had not been va:'
tor value. Such was found to be the easer.;,
with titles to slave property, and in the eye?
of the law therefore unsound and could legal
ly be set aside. General Sickles did this it.
an order given as Military Commander.
To recognize these debts or obligations, he
contended, would b.e lo recopniae rights in
slavery, and as the representatives of a party
opposed to every principle of slavery, it
should uot go forth that they were willing to
do so. lt was sail' by some let the courts de
cide. But the courts must decide according
to law, and thc Convention could make the
law by which they must decide. Ile believed*
the Supreme Court would soon cease to re
cognize any obligations based on slavery. It
is the great fundamental idea of the Repub
lican party, and everything connected with it
or growing out of it shall cease to exist.
J. J. Wright agreed with the speaker who
had just taken his seat. Ile came herc ? ?.
tertaiuing no malice, hatred or prejudice
against any person or persons that had ever
held slaves. American slavery he contender!
never was a legalized institution. It never
was so hy any act or law. It was simply
regulated by law, and as necessary to regu
late it by law as other processes entered into
and c.irried on by men. It w:is ncci-ssary to
make very stringent laws in order to protect
those who held persons in bondage, because
they held in bondage men endowed with all
the powers of intellect, capablo of being
trained a;.d developed. When the intellects
of these men were drawn out and developed,
then it was the men who held them began to
tremble for their lives.
He contended that there could not be prop
erty in man. Thi3 decision had been given
by tho highest Courts in the old world, and
it could be shown from decision already ren
dered in the Courts of thc United States that
there cannot be property in man. Therefore
whenever a debt was contracted, the proposed
consideration of which was a slavo, there was
no consideration received, and where there
was no consideration the debt wa3 null and
Ho contended that the fourth section of the
constitutional amendment rendered null and
void all debts contracted for slaves. They
wera here for laying tho foundation of a nan
Government, and tbey should have no 1<
lation going on in tlc Courts where the
sideration was slave*. It was their dut
destroy every element of slavery, and ui
they framed a Constitution destroying tl
elements, they recognized the right of p
erty ic ir,an. Ile contended that this m
ure was one of the best the- could give
peoplo of South Carolina. Many of tl
men to whom these debts ure due are tl
who trafficked in slaves and came from
parts of the United States. They came f
the 2\orth and the West They came T
vessels bringing a car.?'o of slare?, sold tl
to thc people of the South, put what mo
they could in their pockets and went b
.vbercthev belonged. Many of them
now around with their bonds expecting to
thoir money and they ought to suffer,
believed thu repudiation of these debts wo
ave many :i widov and orphan from stat
tien and perhaps from death. He hoped ti
would show to thc people of South Carol
and to thc world, that they were not afrai<
io. their daly, and so thal those who si
c nie hen 'ter c>. net rho up and say wi
th : Convention Lad thc privilege of p
luir?; ,.? ?hat inru> -a- . niau anywhere t
?.V .. where, at ail .in.es. 'Luv refused todo
LT ? ' iori; d, ?j.* ... I, tl V any man in l
- i vote against therepuc
t??i??o? these bouds.
t?. Jlutiand ?ii?! he had not intent
? sj . . . tua ie -uHjocl, in consequence
LC h . se but he was s
prised ti L , ic g-mth man from Ncwbc:
sei >at wi ti; ?wy remarkable assertion tl
. ? . . . ... slay law man, a
: - ; i L \- ry next breath.
. ?v? at LJ?S question at all,
. mve an opportunity for argume:
luey bad, in the first pince, to set aside t
Constitutiva and laws of the Uaitcd Sta'
and the Constitution and iaws of South Ca
lina, as they have hcretofoie existed, and l
opposite ride had commenced by tirades ai
appeals up.>;i a question which is peculir.rl}
legal ono find peculiarly within Iheprovin
ol the Courts fur their decision, and not 1
this Convent: ': to waste ?lstime upon. Th
speaK i>: Pc;.;i:; ri. ol iesislation, ns 0
argument in favor ol ... . sage ol' this c
dinanco. 3c would like to know of thc pt
ty favoring repudiation, !? . they are to
ju-;.icc and carty out their doctrines to c
justice, without morel?gislation tuan was cv
:.e.ud ' i in this country. He would like
ki.ow if the roan who p'.roLast>d a slave ai
?.aid cash for him WHS not entitled then
bring action to rt>cc". er what he had paid, 1
weil as tbe man whose debui and notes for
$1,000 or innre were declared null and voi
[f the slave v.-as not property, tbe man wi
paid Lu* a right to recover his thousand dollar
J.J.Wright. Ls it your desire that tl
constitutional amendment skookl be adopt',
when the Legislature assembles?
Mr. Rutland. I am in favor of the Recoi
struction laws ol Congress, and if the Go
err.ment of the United States undertakes 1
repudiate these debts, I would say notbir
against it, for they bave the power. Rut I
contended this Convention has not thc pow<
t?? repudiate tLeso debt*, ami tb? same h;gi
lation in reference !o then; would be carrie
on in the Ct urta aa if the ordinance was n<
passed. They would declare it un unconst
tutional ordinance, which, according to the 0!
laws of the United States, and the laws (
S nth Carolina, it undoubted y is. He neve
did believe one riiuii had Ute ri?bt to mi k
property r?r another. But they w ore bonn
to respect the laws as they existed, and h
wished to Itt thc Court* decide whether
warrant 1 r title t" property to make it bind
ing, shout ! ensure against r?volut ions, cart li
quakes, and everything els?. Conversing wit
a gentleman on tho subject, be put two 0
thrc . questions to him. Ile asked where th
cash was paid for a ?dave, whit would he tl
in a case ?ike tba. ? He replied ho woub
tna?e the seller pay ike money. He the
asked what course he would take, where th
mau had used slaves twelve or sixteen yean
without payment 0: either principal or inter
est ? He replied he wt old demand pay men
for the .?nie they wer: used.
The result o? the acrion <.f thc Conventiot
in repudiating these debts wr.nld be to ead
die thc country with a ? gislation whicl
mid have no end. '.' w ?ld n:n back a
far ns slavery itself. There would Le no suel
thing ns a statute cl limitations, and thc leg
isiation wou d devour the country and ruin it
Mr. 1!. b\ VVhittemorc raid h? had hopee
this sui ject would 1 ?av.? be? n referred tot
pari d so distant that the Convention wouk
net bo called upon to consider it. The Con
venticn had declared it would not enter inte
an . scheme o? :e-iU !?::;: n. lt was this feat
hat some qucstioi ol repudiation inigh
spring up that compel cd him to vote against
the rc oluticn ree|uc>t.ing relief of Genera
Can Ly in tie c >i lectio;: of debts. Ilewi.-ditc
11 kuow it thc Convention waa really willing
.0 ?cud their tiforts 111 thc repudiation 0
? chis a;.el ;he impairing of 'he obligations 0,
1 .e i K' pie. An ' who purchased a slave
. ..! ?. ins n; tc payable ai .? certain date, re*
ved . .. ... 'o.! >wledged, in South Ca
bro .ut ih< entire South, by
e Co tina State and the Con
. ''.dr consideration,
ike pt pl i rm of the couutrv
ave said lo he rid (hit they went inte
:. if will timi : ty. their lives, and
( . th - .- .: heir sacred hon
r, and i ? .??.... en .'?s they cttmo np from
t ut. i :xg?, ..? ihey had lost every
... iiouor. And no gentlemen
that honoi by endeavoring to
. ,.ipo out their responsibilities nud impair
i their obligations. The Convention, has no
I righi to do this. They had no right to pass
I an c.<: post Jado law, and tay ore gentleman
' In 1! not pay his debts 10 another. If the
; debtor and creditor Lo h di sire it, let them
cocao belitre thc Convention fud express their
desire. Ile would have ibis natter in tho
bauds of 'bc ('(.urta. to where it properly be?
L. S. L'n[.!ey said 'be executive of thc
State had expressed him-elf an in favor of
?.onie such measure. For many years slavery
bail been declared throughout Christendom
. as piracy. The principle that rendered null
' and void properly in rn:<K on the high seas,
; rend? red it null ?it-;! void in South Carolina,
i I?. F. Randolph followed in favor of the
! piasago ol thc ordinal ce, sayi ng that this
! kind of repudiation had been practised by
: one .>f the best a:.d wisest nations in the
! world, Englai d. Il Ikey voted down this or
; diuanee tiley would declare it us their opinion
i that tho traflic in human flesh wtis right.
IL. B. Elliott said the Congress of the Uni
lcd S;:ite? had declared there tvas no l?gal
government existing iu this Siatc. When
oil).-is huid tho pas.sa^'c of this ordinance
would bc the repudiation of the obligations
cf contract, be held thero never could bc any
j claim to property in man. He regarded the
i seder us tho principal and thc buyer as the
! accessory, lio proposed Lo punish the seller
; by making him lose his money, and the buyer
I thc services of him he has purchased. He
' considered it but right and just to pass this
; omi nance. They would then get rid of a
' troublesome qnestion which if not stopped
I would bring misery to the country.
F. L. Cardoza looked pon tto buyer and
i seller of thc slaves as equally guilty, and
j should bc both equally punished. He eon
! Bidercd that the Convention had no right to
i object to a contract or render it null and void,
when it was for the transfer of property be
tween the parties. The speaker opposed thc
passage of thc ordinance at some length as
i unconstitutional, a picco of class legislation,
and concluded by an appeal to lay it on tho
.1 W. J. Whipper was the noxt speaker, and
advocated the pass?e of the ordinance. lip
took occasion to say that he differed with
others in this. He believed the convention
has legislative powers the same as had been
exercised in every Convention of thia State
He considered it a Convention of the people
possessed of supreme absolute powers, and
whatever they might deem necessary for the
?ood of tho people they had the right to do
it. He was anxious to see this "ordinance
passed, to see thc last vestige of that hybrid
monster, slavery, buried EO deep in the sea
of oblivion that no resurrection air shall ever
reach it in its loathsome bed.
Much had been said about the obligation of
i contract. There was no obligation to the
contract. There was no consideration, and
therefjre no contract.
Another rule that might be applied.in thia
case was that where wrong and great incon
venienco result lrom a local law tue latta
shall not prevail. This was a local law whic
had blighted tho fair prospects of the fairest
portion of the country, destroyed its com
merco, and caused desolation and poverty
In conclusion the speaker hoped the ordi
nance would be passed by an overwhelming
The hour of three having arrived, the Con
CHARLESTON, Feb. 4.
Thc convention assembled at 12 o'clock
Prayer by the Rev. F. L. Cardoza. The rull
?vas called and journal read.
The Presideut stated that the ordinances,
taxing the people to defray expenses, and de
aning thc pay and mileage of the members,
lias been engrossed and duly signed by the
Secretary and himself.
W. E. Ro.se, lrom the Committee rm Peti
ions, to whom was referred a r?solu, jn willi
reference to thc collection of thc wages and
lebts of labjrers. reported the same back
ivith thc recommendation that it bc laid on
Llic table. Thc report was adopted.
W. E. Rose, from thc Committee on Peti
tions, reported favorably upon the petition cf
W. J. Mixer, praying that he be restored to
tno privileges of inc elective frnuehiso.
The rep..rt. was adopted.
The President laid before the Conven'ion
i communication from Gen. Canby on the
Jebt question, and orders heretofore issued in
On motion of A. J. Ransier the unfinished
business of yesterday, being the ordinance
invalidating contracts based on slave?, Was
Speeches were mr.de bj' A. J. Ransier, C.
C. Bowen, 1). H. Chambcrlin, and G. Pillsbu
ry, and the previous question then being
sailed, the main question was takc-n, by yeas
md n.-ij's, and the ordinance passed to a third
On motion of F. J. Moses, Jr., the scrgeant
it-arms was instructed to summon the mem
bers and close thc door=.
The ordinance passed to a third reading by
i vote of ninety-six yeas, against nineteen
Arnim, Bonum, Harris and Rivers voted in
the dOrmative-Elliot and "Wooley did not
Before nnnoiK.ciiig Hs vote, B. F. White
more, ot' Darlington, obtained leave of the
convention to give his rcasuns therefor. He
?id : The manner in which this question has
beer, debated to-day would tend io indigate
:L.u.t ui'ory jw fcj:i TV li o ??y "-?^C^^p-?.'
it, favors tho idea that there can be any rieht
of property in mat:. I v.-iah to say that there
?3 no del- gate on this floor who has more
persistently and continuously denied such a
righi than myself, and 1 vote " no" on the
pre-ent question only because I believe in thc
enforcement of all contracts mutually and
legally formed, of whatever character they
W. G. "Whipper moved that the ordinance
be reconsidered, and that the motion to re
consider be laid upon thu table. The motion
was agreed to.
On motion of ibo ..ame delegate, thc rules
were suspended, and thc ordinance received
its third reading, and was ordered to be en
The ordir.ar.ee is as follows:
AN ORDINANCE DECLARING NULL AND VOID ALL
CONTRACTS A ND JUDGMENTS AND DECREES
HERETOFORE MADE Oil ENTERED CI', WHERE
TDK CONSIDERATION WAS FOR THE PURCHASE
Ot" S I. AV LS.
We, the people of South Carolina, by our
delegates in convention assemblely do hereby
declare and ordain, 1st. That all contracts,
whether under seal or not, the considerations
of which weic the purchase of slaves, are
hereby declared null mid void, and of no ef
fect ; and no sui I, nith';r at law orin equity,
shall bs commenced or prosecuted for the en
forcement of such contracts.
2d. That all proceedings to enforce satis
faction or payment of judgment or decrees
rendered, recorded, enrolled or entered upon
such contra?is in any court in this State, are
o. That all orders heretofore made in any
court in this Slate in relation to such con
tra?is, whereby property is held subject to
decision, as to validity of such contracts, are
also hereby declared null and void, and of no
Done in convention, at thc City of Charles
ton, thc 4th day of February, in the year
of our L')id ono thoujand eight hundred
B. Byas (colored), of Berkel)-, offered a
long series of resolutions providing that every
freedman in S.uith Carolina shall bc entitled
to collect wages from his former mast cr for
services rendered since January 1, 1SC3, to
wit: Male hands, over lU years of age, at the
rate of ?10 pc-r month; under 12 years, $8
per month ; female-, over 18 vcar>, ?8 per
month ; under IS, fti! per month.
Tlie resolution was laid oh thc table amid
great laughter, Byas being evidently much
discomfit ted thereat.
Some discussion took place on a resolution
offered by J. J. Wright, to thc effect that
whereas several of the leading members of
the convention were iuclined to dodge the is
sue whenever important questions were to bc
decided by yeas and nays, therelorc resolved
that any delegate absent more than thirty
minutes, without leave from thc President,
shall lode hisser diem for that da}'.
Ou. motion of B. Byas, it was laid on thc
The rest of the business of the day was un
important, and at the usual hour the conven
DEATH OKA MILLIONAIRE.-Mr. Cr.mshaw,
the wealthiest iron manufacturer in England,
died some mouths ago. It was then under
stood that he left au estate of four millions
sterling. It now turns out to bo nearer sev
en millions, or $35,000,000. His youngest
son took two millions under the will, but was
also left residuary legatee, probably under
the supposition that after paying the other
legacies no very large sum would bo left.
Curiously enough, however, on the final set
tlement it is found that he actually comes
into possession of a million more, and he is,
therefore, without doubt, tho richest "young
er Son" in England, perhaps in tho world, for
he begins lile with an actual capital of fifteen
millions of dollars.
JEST Available land is bceoming so scarce
in Kansas that the legislature asks Congress
not to allow any one person to purchase o
largo tract, and to compel tho railroad com
panies to whom grants have been raadu, tc
put them into tbe market
?Down with thc Dictionaries.
The reporter of the Raleigh Sentinel, who
sketches thc proceedings of the North Caro
lina Bynes and Banjo Couvention,'in his clas
sification of members, called the black mem
bers ffi?groes." For this k? has been threat
ened .Villi expulsion from the hall. Com
menting on the action of the Convention, the
New-York Journal of Commerce congratu
lates /itself that the authority ot the North
Carolina Convention does not reach beyond
tho Upits of that State, and that the people
of the North are not under the necessity of
"hunting up delicate euphemisms to suit the
fastidious tastes of the members of that body."
It becomes a question whether thc politi
cal at?d social revolution which Radicalism is
new attempting is to be allowed to take a
^itcrarj turn and subvert, our standard dic
tionaries. It appears to be aiming at the au
thority of the Lexicographers, and to threaten,
what-all New England has until now been
proufj'of, the fame and thc ascendancy of the
learned Nuah "Webster. We call a horse a
horsc< a man a man, the whites Caucasians,
the blacks Negroes. Turning to Webster's
dictionary, we find tho following definition :
u Regro-a black man : especially one oj a
raceofJ)lack or very dark persons, ioho in
h?bil the greater part of ?frica, and are dis
tinguished by crisped or curly hair, fat noses,
high chcelc bones, and thick, protruding lips."
This is the# definition of a New England
Lexicographer, made before thc Reconstruc
tion Bill was passed giving suffrage to the ne
groes. Has that act changed the meaning of
the word ?
There was a very great man of England
who abhorred the siavc trade, and always
manifested a profound sympathy for the Af
rican savages. ty This great man was the
learned Dr. Samuel Johnson, the author of
Johnson's Dictionary of thc English lan
guage." He had for years a negro servant
.name'd Francis Barber, to whom he left the
bulk of his property, and after naming him
in his will, he added-" negro."
Dr?sToht?oe, of England, and Noah "Web
ster, of Massachusetts, were our most emi
nent Lexicographers, and we have that au
thority for calling a black man a negro.
Down with the d'clionaries, exclaim the
Radicals-a blackman is nota negro ! What,
then, we ask, is he ? . Ho is not an ape, a go
rilla, an indian or a white man. If not a ne
gro, what irke ? Among the uumerous wants
treated by Radicalism is the want of a new
-? ? *
MORE ABOUT THE STEAM MAN.-Few beings
havcrheen more talked of or wondered at du
ring the past fortnight ^than Mr. Deddrick's
.stcamvman-certainly none in as short an
existence have become -so widely famous.
The delays experienced in introducing his
majesty to the public were occasioned by a
weekness of the knees, brought on perhaps by
over excitement in view of the trial to which
he was to bc abjected. Tho old spiral
springs which we described as being necessary
to throw the foot forwerd have been superse
ded by stronger ones of more simple construe
tion. Yesterday steam was generated, and
ho (or it?) performed to the entire satisfac
tion of admiring friends. Last night a tiial
trip was made through Broad street, to
Crump's Garden, opposite Military Park,
wb?re the machine will be exhibited to thc
public during the coming week. Mr. Ded
dick has been almost beseiged by the calls
tof^uK? curious and floods of letters have
j^iOnrf^^froro^di pa^rtg of .the country. One
day last WeeTT a committee or rm? ?remtertien
from Albany called upon Mr. Deddrick to
decide a bet as to whether there was any re
ality in the thing, as it was thoDght by sume
that it waa only a newspaper hoax. N arly
fifty letters, asking for further information,
have been received. Some contain orders
fur men and proportions fur territorial right
fur the manufacture and salo of them. A
gentleman from Chicago thinks the affairs is
just what is needed for work upon thc prai
ries and level lands of thc West, and proposes
that it be allowed 11 to walk to Chicago," as
the sensation produced would eclipse Weston's
in his pedestrian trip. Oilier parties make
equally encouraging propositions. Some are
exceeding facetious. A person in Philadel
phia wants a male and female that he may
stock his place. Among the letters are five
from ladies pretending to be in search of hus
bands. One gentleman wants a lady made
to order, but the inventor ungallantly replied
that as his creatures do not ta;k he is doubt
ful whether a womau would bo a success.
VIEWS OF AN ORIGINAL UNION MAN.-The
Hon. T. A. R. Nelson, of Tennessee, who, as
our readers know, was a consistent Union man
thruughout thc war, has pnbiUiyjd the follow
ing note of warning to the North. To these
who believe in an overruling Providence, and
remember thu history of nations who have
preceded us, thc force of these eloquent re
marks will appear to be strikingly applicable
to the case in hnnd. Mr. Nelson says :
<: Let t he North remember that there is a
just God, who ? uleth in thc annies of Heaven
and upon earth, who governs nations as well
as men; that lie used the Assyrians as instru
ments to punish tho rebellious Jews; but
when thc Assyrians persecuted them from
year to year, wb^n they showed no mercy,
when upon them they laid very heavily their
yoke, He raised up Cyrus to take Babylon,
and punish the conquerors, who had been
his instruments, most severely. Let them
remember that although the South is con
quered and subjugated, helpless and power
less^ bound hand and foot and bleeding at
every pore ; though her rich men have been
humbled in the very dust ; though her ser
vants are now upon horses and ber princes
arc walking as servants upon the carib ;
though famine broods over the last murmur of
complaint; though she has drunken the dregs
of the cup of trembling aud wrung thom out
-yet her shrieks of agony will go up to Heav
en, and, sooner of later, will be heard, and
in some form, now hid from mortal ken, He
who forgetcth not the cry ol thc humble will
be her friend and her avenger.
INMAN BATTLE IX TEXAS-ONE THOUSAND
SAVAGES ATTACX CAMP LAXCASTEK-A let
ter dated San Antonio, Texas, January 14th,
Dispatches j ist received herc state that a
severe lud?an baltic was fought at Camp Lan
caster on the 27th of December. Camp Lan
caster is two hundred aud forty miles north
west of this place, on -the Rio Pecos, and is
garrisoned by a company of colored cavalry
belonging to thc command of General Hatch.
The Indians, about ono thousand strong, at
tacked tho camp at -1 o'clock P. M., while
the company were watering their horses. In
thc dash three men were killed, a number
wounded, and thirty horses captured ; but
the colored soldiers retreated in good order
to the post, where, getting their Spencer car
bines, they furiously assaulted tho savages,
driving them into thc old post works near
the camp, where thc fight lasted until late in
the night, when the Indians pavo way in con
fusion. On the night of the 58th the Indians
renewed the attack, but werr. repulsed with
great daughter, leaving the ground strewed
with bows, arrows, guns, blankets. coa'.s, pis
tols and knives, but carrying off ail ihcir dead
This is tho first pitched engagement the
colored troops have had with the Indians,
and it is not likely the savages will bother
hem soon again. The negroes fought with a
savage desperation that astonished tho red
men, who, no doubt, thought they could easi
ly capture the post ?ri its small garrison.
From the Charleston Mercury.
Sketches of the Delegates to the
Kin get!-Streaked-and-S tripe
TUE EDGEFIELD DELEGATIC
R. B. Elliot-nigro-?3 regarded '
white people of Edgefield as the " head c
of the delegation Horn their dietrict
Club House assembly. He hails frOE
sachuseits, where te claims to have
lawyer, aad he also asserts that he is :
ner, in Charleston, of C. C. Bowen. 1
oct appear in tho district which he hi
by misrepresenting until the summer of
He was commissioned by thc Union I
lican party to orgauize the club3 in th
triet, and created for a time, among tl
groes, quite a fiirore, by the boldness
declamation, the splendour of his eloc
and thc extravagance of his promises ai
mmptions. He made sundry speeches,
gered insolently and talked largely, wii
hope of provoking the attention of the
people ; and failiug in this, subsided in
dusky crowd of freedmen, and has not
been heard of above the surface. Ii
zenith of his importance and glory, he
unto himself a wife, in the person of an
doned mulatto woman, ot notorious 1
ind character, repudiated even by th<
groes. To consummate his matrimonial
pines?, he borrowed from his friends ar
mirers various sums of monej', which h
failed to replace. Among others, he mi
Paris, the barber, at the courthouse, for
ty dollar?. Paris is a very reputable
worthy mulatto, who dees not belong to
club," or affiliate otherwise with the j.
but it is presumed that he was overcon
this instance by Elliot's flattering and
Prince Rivers (coloured), formerly a c
man of Mr. Henry M. Stuart, of Beai
who was a refugee iu Edgefield during
war, is thc text most promising fellow at
them. Ho is a flue specimen of a full-blc
negro, and was remarkable, when a slav
being a cood boatman and an accompli
whip. When bc made his Gist appeal
upon his coach-box you were at a loss w
to admire most-the polish of his horses
polish of his manners, the polish of h?3
or the resplendent polish of his shirt co;
Prince had a taste for letters, and he lea
to read and write. This latter accomp
ment brought him to grief on one occa
Then he exercised his genius in writing pt
for some sable damsels, omitting at the
time to put his own signature to thc d
ment. This performance brought him
der the notice of thal awful tribunal thc 1
council of Beaufort, from whose judgmei
few prisoners ever escaped, as it was loc
upon asa crime by that august body tc
even brought before it.
During the war Prince became dissatis
Like young Nona': " he had heard of <
and longed to follow to the field." He
cordingly borrowed his master's horse and
for the coast. He passed through the (
federate lines and joined the United St
army. He subsequently visited New Y
where he was a lion. He addressed a m
ing in that city, and. be it said to his cn
he gave the most correct and truthful si
ment of slavery as it existed in the S(
that his audience had ever listened to.
know nothing of Prince's military cxpl
We do not think he was at Olustce, and
are very certain, from his presence in
cT7nvCTiiTOtT,-itA?tiio ?m? hat af. "Honey Hil
Prince was sent to Edgefield as regis
which paved the way for bim as a delegat
ike convention. What kind of a Solon
will make is doubtful. He has shown
wisdom thus far by holding, his tongue. \
he have the wit to continue to do so ? Hi
frightfully black, ignorant and itnpuden
talks like a low country " gulla nigger."
has beeu devoting himself, since his discha
from tue army, entirely to politics, and
very consequential member ot the Un
League, app ars to be a bird of passa
here, there and everywhere, except ia
proper sphere, with currycomb and hoi
brush, or on the box of some genteel (
Dave Harris, a mulatto shoemaker t
Methodist, preacher, h really the only one
thc delegation who belongs to EdgeSeld.
was c^iehinan of Mrs. Harm, of Abbevi
for a number of years, and had been pra<
cally free since her deatb, sometime bef
emancipation. u Sinco freedom" ho has kt
him-elf aloof and in sullen antagonism to l
whites. Is president of thc Union Lean
Club at Edgefield village-not very " mouth
Frank Arnim, as he is familiarly called
thc negroes of his acquaintance, has had
name in priut before on several occasio
and in fact, those of our readers who inter
themselves in thc proceedings of the Unit
States Court for the District of South Cai
lina, will recollect him as the individual w
was fined thc small 6um of ?12,000, for v
lation of the iuternal revenue laws by t
illicit distillation of whiskey. Unfortunate
thc flus was remitted, and bis example i
mains a great temptation to the people of 1
neighbourhood to take a short cut to fortur
by cheating Uncle Sam of his lawful dui
Arnim is a Prussian adventurer, who beean
a captain of a company in the United Stat
volunteer forces during the late war. He
as ignorant of thc English language as
English law, and in this respect is a mc
suitable member of the Club House asset
bly, where nine out of ten members labo
under the very same disadvantages.
John Borium-Is a Charleston negro,
black as the ace of spades, and on what pri
ciplc of the law of elections he was chosen
represent Edgefield District it is difficult
imagine. Bonum was born and raised her
and was, before the war, the slave of Mr. i
Hawley, a halter on King-street. Since tl
war he has kept a sort of chicken and variel
store, in Join: street, near King street,, ari
dabbled in various other little speculation
One of these was being on the Finance Con
miltee of the first riuged-streaked-and-strij
cd convention that ever met in Charlestoi
There were two others on the committee
Poinselt was one, and wo think, though w
are not sure, that Ilansicr was the othe
These three "gentlemen of colour" were ir
trusted with the funds of said convention fe
various purposes and among others to pa
for tho publication iu pamphlet form of th
proceedings of that, then, queer body. The
made an arrangement with a certain printin
establishment, any more exact description o
which we omit from regard to the proprietoi
to have the minutes printed as desired for th
sum of ?150. The job was performed accor
ding to contract, but the printer declined t
deliver the work without the money. Th
committee complained that the money hai
not been'ail collected which was due them
but agreed to pay ?75 on delivery of half th
number of pamphlets, and to settle for am
take the remainder in a short time. Th
printer consented, but he waited for it sc
long, that he was glad to dispose of tho claiu
to another party ata sa^.ifice.
Bonum, like many other men, was a prac
tical Mormon, 'though he was too ignoran
ever to have heard of that prophet of mani
wives. Tho honourable delegate when a slave
was lawfully married to a weneh as black ai
himself, but he treated her very badly, anc
finally deserted her, and took up with a mu
latto woman cf bad character named Nancy
and whom many cf our readers will recoiled
as a stewardness on the South Carolina Rail
road between Charleston and Columbia. Since
i the war Nancy has departed this life, and
j Bonum, either because he couldn't do any
better, or perhaps from his sense of respon
sibility as a ircc man, ns.s rcturneu io ms um
love, and is now enjoying such connubial
felicity as the once discarded Melinda is able
or willing to bestow. To judge from his ab
solute silence in the convention, he is proba
bly kept under hack at home.
John Wooley, is a white man, from Granite
ville, of whom nothing can be learned, ex
cept that in his own neighborhood he bears
the reputation of being a very low and utter
ly good-for-nothingindividual. As far as the
unlawful assembly is concerned, he is altogeth
er insignificant, and it will be difficult to find
his name in tho proceedings.
George DeMeddis, whose name appears
upon the roll of the unlawful assembly, bas
really never been ? member thereof. He is a
white man, and sometime before the negro
convention met, he published a card in the
local paper3 declining to serve, on the ground
that he had beon grossly deceived, &c, 4c.
j?3T"Billy," asked a Sunday school
teacher, '? what did the Israelites do after
they crossed the Red sea ?" " I dunno, but I
guess they dried themselves."
J?>;5" Mrs. James Gordon Bennett wore
one hundred thousand dollars worth of dia
monds to the opera.
J5S" Mexico pays her Pr?sidant thirty
thousand dollars, which is fivo thousand dol
lars more than tho American President re
jfcy* Tho Newark inventor of the steam
man promises to invent a steam horse thn
will plough or run over a race course. Good
A man in Washington got a billiard
ball into his mouth " for the fun of the thing,"
a few days ago, and a surgeon had to assist
in getting it out again.
yjg" Josh Billings says: "Marrying for
love may be a little risky ; but it is so honest
that God c tn't but smile at it."
j*J3?" The Atlanta Intelligencer calls Col
onel Carey W. Styles the ." Brick Pomeroy,
of Georgia." He is certainly a brick !
fty*/?" Arrangements are being made in
London for the construction of a new tunnel,
entirely of cast iron, under thc Thames. Tho
cost is estimated at the rate of about $200,
000 per mile.
SST "Why don't you trado with me?"
said a close-fisted tradesman to a friend the
other day. The reply was good : " you have
never invited rae, sir. I have looked all
through the papers for an invitation iu tho
shape of an advertisement, and found none.
1 never go where I am not invited."
5^ The Baltimore Sun snys that in Wash
ington there is a Cabinet "King," com
posed of both Republicans and Democrats,
which insists on the resignation of Mr. Stan
J55r" A desperado named Narmer, in an
affray at S mirna. Tenn., was shot six times
with a pistol and cut with an axe, from the
effects of which he died.
Ty*?? A. bill is pending before thc New
York Legislature prohibiting the marriage of
first cousin under a heavy penalty of fine
JES" An Iowa editor suggests that every
man be'al lowed to marry as many wives as are
required to wash, cook, and keep house for
vliim. He has been . unfortunate in procuring
JCS" It i* that in one of the Northern
churches, the pews are arranged on pivots, so
that the titters can turn to see people come
in without twisting their necks.
j?S"The Albany Argus publishes a state
ment relative to the colored troops, showing
that fourteen deserted where one was killed,
thirty died where one was killed, and twenty
were mustered out for disability where one
was killed in battle.
A negro member of the Virginia
Reconstruction Convention, named Hodges,
favors thc abolition of the Freedmen's Bureau.
He " does not want negroes to stand around
thc Freedmen's Bureau, squalling like hogs
fer a few grains of corn, but to go ko work
like men and make their living."
At a recent lecture in Brooklyn, the
other evening, a geutleman arose and asked
the lecturer to wait a few minutes until a
couple cf Indios near him had finished talking.
The request was applauded, and the nuisance
BSy-The aristocrats of Liberia aro prin
cipally black emigrants from the United
States. They have civilized themselves with
a vengeance. Each dusky nobleman is enti
tled to one hundred and fifty wives.
??- Prcntioe sajs that the aristocratic ne
groes are in a great rage at the preachers,
whe tell them they must be born again. They
are afraid that the next time they might be
born white men.
The New York Herald thinks that eleven
dollars a day ?3 " royal pay for negro legisla
tors." It says: li Thc negro Reconstruction
Convention of South Carolina forms a high
estimate cf its services. The Sambos who
used to be glad to get a few dollars a month
for working on the cotton or rice plantations
have fixed their pay as constitution-tinkers at
eleven dollars a day and twenty cents mile
age. Our white Congressmen, who get eight
dollars a day, will envy these happy blacks.
When the darkies come to Congress they will
undoubtedly endeavor to raise the dignity
and emoluments of our national legislators in
thc same proportion. If a negro member ol
a State Convention bc worth eleven dollars a
day, what ought a negro Congressman to get?
Thirty dollars a day at least. How astonished
these South Carolina negroes must bo with
their extraordinary change of fortune 1 Thej
can hardly realize whether they stand or
their heads or fc?els. To cap the climax ol
their ridiculous presumption they should have
proposed to pay the whito members of the
convention half what they get themselves
and that, after all, would be only somewhal
in proportion to the estimate in which the
two races are held in the South just now. A
white man may be nearly half as good as t
REJOICING T?AT IT WAS NOT WORSE ?
An election has just been held in Ohio to fill
a vacancy in the Congressional representatior
from that State, which was occasioned by the
murder of a Radical Congressman by hi!
own son. The unfortunate deceased wa.?
elected in 18G6 by a majority of three thou
sand, and at the late election another Radi
cal was elected to fill his place by a majoritj
of about one thousand. This magnificent
victory so elates the New York Tribune, tba
it fires a double-leaded editorial of at leas'
one hundred guns, throws up its cap anc
shouts from excess of joy. Some idea of thi
thankfulness of thc Radical party for small fa
vors may be formed from this delight at bav
ing lost only two thousand votes in a singh
Congressional district since thc last election
II, however, they are to loso in the sarai
ratio in all the other Congressional district
at the North, at tho elections of 1868, hov
many Radical candidates are likely to be ii
tho condition of the " headless horseman ?'
Why, there will not be enough of that sor
of cattle in the forty-first Congress to put on
on each of the " standing committees of th
house," if there are many moro such victc
ries as that which has just put Greely to dane
ing like a dervish possesed of St. Vitus,
Sheriff Hastie yesterday received from Gen
eral Oanby the following letter, in reply to
iQqniries addressed by him to that officer, in
relation to the effect of the military oitlers,
already issued, on tbe subject of sevcval de
scriptions cf outstanding State taxes for the
The.principal objection urged against these
taxes was that they were retrospective in
character, as they imposed taxation for a
period, eleven twelfths of which had already
There hare been several military orders
issued already bearing upon this question ;
and the principal points remaining in doubt
were 1. Whether merchants doing business
continuously on their own account, and hav
ing parted with their goods at the time tho
lax of December, 186C, was enacted, should
be entitled to the relief accorded by Genera!
Canby to commission merchants, doing busi
ness on account of others.
2. If they are not liable lo the tax of De
cember, 1S66, what rate of taxation shu!: they
be required to pay?
3. Whether the business of publishing and
Tcudiug newspapers shall be regarded a*> an
ordinary mercantile transaction and taxed .n ??
such j newspapers, prior to Decem bor, 18t0,
never having been taxed in this State.
HEADQ'RS SECOND MILITARY DISTRICT, '
CHARLESTON, S. C., Januaty 28,1868.
William S. Hastie, Esq., Sheriff Chariest-,i
District, Charlesto-n, S. C.:
SIR-Referring to your communication of
December 20th, 1867, ] am instructed by t1 ')
Commanding General to reply to your in
quiries as follows:
You inquire " where goods were sold OD
commission in 18G6, and settled for, precio?.s
to the passage of the act of 1866, is twai.ly
cents on the hundred dollars to be collect'r'i.
Although your inquiry is confined to
cases of sales on commission, where the pro
ceeds were accounted ;for before the p&ae&go
of the act, the reply is applicable to all
other cases embraced under the clause ia ques
Assuming the facts, out of which your in
quiry grows, to be as stated by you, and it
appears that, duriug the year 1866, prior to
the passage of tho act raising revenue (or tho
year 1867, there was no law in operation
subjecting to taxation transactions of the
clas3 referred to by yon, but that hy the last
preceding act on the subject, the rate of taxa
tion was fixed at twenty cents on the one
hundred dollars. In this case the proper
amount to collect is twenty cents on the
one hundred dollars, that being the amount
fixed by the last law preceding that of De
Your second inquiry is as follows: "Mei
chants having done business continuously on
their own account tor others, during 1866. de
livering their goods as they sold th-?m, are
they to p*ay the tax of December, 1866, as
passed by the legislature, or is their tax to
bc scaled down to twenty cents on the hun
dred dollars, or is no tax to be collected 1"
Merchants doing business on their own ac
count, stand on the same footing with com
mission merchants. Sales, accompanied by
the transfer of property effected by them, pri
or to the passage of the act of December, 1866,
are not liable to taxation, under the provi
sions of that act. As to the liability of such
transaction to the tax of twenty cents, tn
answer bas already been given, under your
first inquiry. ?
Your third inquiry relates to the- prop?T' '
rate of chargeante taxation, in tho case of
The business of publishing, and vending
newspapers, including the sale of advertising
space, is regarded as mercantile in its charac
ter, and accordingly the provisions of thc
first clause of General Orders No. 92. aro ap
plicable to taxi s, laid upon transactions in
the course of such business. The rates cbarg
able upon tho gross earnings of such estab
lishments, are to be fixed with reference to
the principles hereinbefore laid down, in re
gard to the genera! mercantile business.
Your obed't serv't,
LOUIS V. CAZIARO,
A. D. 0. and A. A. A. G.
The practical effect of this Order will be a
large saving to our merchants and pnblishers
of newspapers. The act of December, 1866,
imposes a tax of sixty cents on every ono hun
dred dollars "on the amount of sales of goods,
ware?, merchandise, embracing all the arti
cles of trade for sale, barter, or exchange
(spirituous liquors aod the products of this
State, and thc unmanufactured products of
any of the United States or territories there
of excepted), which any person Bball lisva
made," from January 1, 1S66, to January
Thus if a firm sold goods in 1SC0, ?.o the
amount of $100,000, their tax, ii stead of
?600 (asper act of Legislature), will, by Gen
eral Canby's order, be only ?200.
The act of December, 1866, impose.* a tsx
of two dollars on every one hundroi dollars
"on the gross receipts cf newspapers. pu - '
lished in this State."
If the zros* receipts of a newspaper, there
fore, in 1806, was ?100,000, the tax on :.'o;i
amount, instead of ?2000 (as per ad of I. r
islalure), will, by General Oauby's i-rdcV, ue
only $200.-Charleston News.
-? -*- ?
Two YOCNG LADIES BDRNED TO DJUTE -
We learn that a shocking accident oe. ir
; red in Chattanooga, late on Saturday flight
by which two young and accomplished lr.-'ir
lost their lives. It appears that Mi-3 Mm
Daily had been spending the afternoon in-l
i evcniDg with Miss Kate Harrington, at tb"
F residence of the latter. About ll o'clock,
? the young ladies returned to Miai Daily's
' residence, iutending to sleep there. It t "ing
i cold, Miss Daily attempted to start a fire m
i the stove, but the fire not burning briskly
' enough, she procured a gallon can of coal oil
i and poured some of the oil into the s' J7C In
f an instant the oil exploded. In auo'hcr in
! stant the young ladies and everything in tho
i room wero in a blaze. Miss Daily threw her
i self on a bed in an adjoining room, bv.t only
I succeeded ia setting fire to tho bed -'lothes.
i She was soon rescued by thc negro attached
? to the house, who, alarmed by the screaming,
i rushed in and bore her out. Miss Barring
ton rushed out into tbe street, and was im
mediately rescued frorr. the flames by several
. gentlemen who had arrived on the scene.
I both ladies were so severely burned that the}?
i died early on Sunday morning.
. A private letter, giving us an account of
] this horrible accident, says the room waa cern
j' pletely enveloped ia flames, and although tbe
. neighbors made most heroic efforts to rescu-s
- tho victims, they found themselves aimo-t
r powerless. The persons most active in their
t efforts to render relief were well nigh sufioca
t ted. The scene is described as terrible. The
t bodies of tho two unfortunate young ladies
I presented a revolting appearanc?. The vic
; tims were highly esteemed in Chattanooga,
- and their melancholy fate calls forth univer
- sal regret and sympathy-Knoxville Herald,
j -.-? ,
The following gentlemen, members of tho
9 National Democratic Committee from their,
s respective States, have notified the Committee
7 that they will be present at ita next meeting :
i John Wilson, Virginia; William Aiken
" South Carolina ; Wm. L. Sharkey, Mississip
t pi; Geo. S. Houston, Alabama; John FLin
e cock, Texas ; A. H. Chappel, Georgia ; J.idgo
e Marvin, Florida ; A. B. Greenwood, Arkan
h eas ; and Col. C. Cooper, of Tennessee,
j JC3ST Massachusetts educates her children
- j at a cost of nine dollars per annum tor every
' child within ita limits.