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He that by the Plow would thrive,
Himself iiiu.'t either hold or drive."
Don't Leave the Farm.
Come, boys, I h&ve something to tell yon,
Come soar, I would whisper it low
You are thiuking of leaving the homestead,
Don't bo iu a hurry to go.
The city has many attractions,
But think of the vices and sins,
When once iu tho vortex of fashion,
How soou the course downward begins.
You talk of the mines of Australia,
They'ro wealthy in gold, without doubt,
But ab ! there is gold on tho farm, boys,
If only you'll shovel it out.
The wercnntilo life is a hazard,
The goods are first high, and then low,
Better risk the old farm awhile longer,
Don't be ia a hurry to go !
The great busy West has inductmeuts,
And so has the busiest mart,
But wealth is not made in a day, boys,
Duu't be in a hurry to start!
The bunkers and broken1 are wealthy,
Thoy take in their thousands or so,
Ah ! think of the frauds and deceptions.
Don't be in a hurry to go !
Thc farm is tho safest and surest,
Its products most certain to pay
You're free ?a the air of the mountains,
And monarch of all you survey.
Better stay on the farm awhile longer,
Though profits come rf.ther slow,
Remember you've nothing to risk, boys,
Don't be in a hurry to go !
From the ?outhera Cultivator.
EDITORS SOUTHJERX CULVIVATOR :-The
agricultural interest of the South is so
much unhinged by the emancipation of
the slaves, it will take some years for it
to settle down to a re^ :'ar system again.
But whilst this uncertainty lasts, must
this great interest of tue South continue
to decay ? We say not. Let us resort
to wliut seems to be our only chance, and
that is, to abandon thc large planting
system, and adopt fanning. Thc expe
rience ol' the last two years, has shown
conclusively that totten and Rice plant
ing have been ruinous undertakings to
those planters. Why then, persist in it,
when we see that thc negroes as laborers
are still unsettled and unreliable, and the
chances of making crops with them are
no brighter I lt seems, under the circum
stances, but the part of wisdom to aban
don the large planting system, and adopt
the farming one. Let us now discuss the
policy of so doing. Which is best, to
make large cotton crops, no provisions,
and have to take the proceeds of the cot
ton crop to buy provisions with, and pay
your laborers and other expenses, leaving
you no income, but in debt ; or to culti
vate a farm, raising your provisions,
stock and ot.ser necessaries, and planting
only a sufficiency of cotton to defray farm
and household expenses ? Let us go
further, and say, that no money is cleared
even by farming, but expenses paid by
the cotton crop, and the difference in fa
vor of farming will be at least this : you
have raised your provisions, and are
gainer that much-having made your
supplies-when, by large cotton crops
you have no provisions, and have to boi
row money to procure food and necessa
ries to carry on the plantation another
year. It is very clear, under the most
simple reasoning, that the farm system
possesses all the advantages ovar thc plant
ing. Again, the laborers are few, in com
parison with planting, less liable to de
moralization, aud easier managed. The
contrast is striking, if we but compare
the situation of the farmers of upper
Georgia with the planters of lower Geor
gia. Admit that all are penniless, but
the farmers in the up-countries have an
abundance of provisions, stock of all
kinds around them, and they are living
in apparent comfort and ease ; whilst with
the planters, provisions are scarce, stock
scarce, and the plantations show signs of
neglect and decay. Lc-t us take another
view of this subject. Who does the cot
ton that is made, benefit? lt does not
benefit the planter, the freedman or the
South ; for the cotton goes North to the
manufacturer, and he reaps the benefits
from the fabrics made out of it ; and the
proceeds from the cotton by first sales,
goes to the Northwestern farmer, for his
corn and meat, furnished to make it, and
the balauce to the merchants, in the way
of commissions and s applies furnished.
Wc see, therefore, that the producer
makes nothing forhims?lf; but is enrich
ing the very men who robbed him of his
laborers, and placed him in this dreadful
and impoverished siiuntion. If my rea
soning is correct, the remedy should sug
gest itself to our planters. And before
concluding, I will make a few remarks
to my brother farmers of Northern Geor
gia. We possess a fine country for agri
cultural purposes-having a rich soil,
capable of producing a variety of crops,
such as grow in Northern climates, as
well as the more Southern, and ac pure
bracing a climate as man need work in.
What we need, is, to improve our sys
tem of agriculture and keep up with the
latest improvements. Procure good plows
and use them to advantage, learn how the
soil should be properly managed and pre
pared for culture, so as to double its
present production ; procure labor saving
implements, and what is undertaken have
well done, with an eye to improvement
and profit, and you will soon see there is
no section of country to surpass it in ag
ricultural advantages-one where people
can live more comfortably, more bounti
fully and more independently. All we
need is to study our interest, and do away
with old exploded ideas of farming, and
relying on bull tongues and scooters, and
scratching and half plowing. Lay that
system aside, and procure such plows as
are made by Mr. T. E. C. Brinly, of
Louisvile, Ky., and you will soon find
ont the importance of them. There is
no manufacturer in the United States that
makes as cheap and ns fine a plow as
Briuly-one that can break the land as
thoroughly, with as a light a draft to the
animal All our country needs, is thorough
plowing, with such plows, proper manu
ring and good n^ungement, and we can
live as comfortably, and as independently
as any farmers elsewhere, without plant
inn- a seed of cotton ; but if cotton is de
si^d, we can raise it here as plentifully
to the acre orland, as in most of the
cotton countries. I advise all, however,
to abandon cotton, and let New England
import it from thc colonies of Old Eng
jlsnd and let tia torn our attention to
other crops, and fine stock, &c., and live
on thc products of our own farms.
J NO. H. DENT.
Floyd County, Ga.
Is Farming Pro?tabie.
The first question with us, all over thc
country, is-is farming profitable? Not
can a man get an honest, comfortable
living by it? Not will it contribute to
his health and daily enjoyment ; promote
vigor of body and mind ; give him days
of sweet peace and nights of undisturbed
repose, and spread contentment all along
the paythway of life? But will it pay ?
And by this it is not meant whether it
will yield r. sure and steady income, and
that in proportion to the capital invested,
and the skill and industry with which it
is employed ; but can a man get rich by
it. And by this even it is not meant
whether a man can lay by a few hundreds
every year, and at the close of life be
worth thirty, forty, fifty thousand dollars ;
but can he " make his pile ?" And even
that will not suffice, unless be can make
it in the course of four or five years.
No. In this sense farming is not profita
ble ; and thank God it never will be.
For if it was, it would be robbed of its
true glory, and shorn of its heathful,
Tilling the soil, and the tending of
flocks and he-ids, were the earliest, as
they will be the latest, occupations of
man. They are adapted to his capacity,
contributing to his wants, and indispensa
ble to every existence of society. Such
occupations, with such results, and so
necessary to the well being of man, can
not be monopolized by the rich and pow
erful. They may as well seek to mo
nopolize the rain of heaven, or the atmos
phere we breathe.
True, there are men of great wealth
who are engaged in agricultural pursuits.
Their capital, their talents, their physical
force and mental energies are all enlisted
in this noble calling. And it is well that
it is so. It is to this class of persons that
we are mostly indebted for the improve
ment in stock, in the science, art and sys
tem of agriculture-all of which are as
important to the humble as to the weal
thy farmer. Thesemen, with their capi
tal, might find any occupation profitable,
Hud their income satisfactory.
But is farming profitable for men of
small means and limited resources?
There are two answers to this question.
If the farmer's returns are greater than
his outlay.*, including interest on the in
vestment, then his employment is profita
ble ; and if in the meantime he is improv
ing his land, (which every farmer is bound
to do.) then his actual profits are still
greater. But if by. profit is meant thc
sudden accumulation of a vast fortune,
by a grand speculation in the products
of the soil, a dashing operation in real
estate, or a government contract to sup
ply the army in Utah, then farming is not
profitable. And any mau, young or old,
whose brain has been turned by such
practices, had better never dirty hisfingers,
nor disgrace thc soil, by bringing the two
into contact. But to every able-bodied,
industrious, honest, frugal and thorough
tiller of the soil, farming is profitable
always was and always will be. Profita
ble in every sense of the term. In the
language of another, "Of what conse
quence is it whether a man's income be
?500 or $5,000 a year, if he can so regu
late his expenditures that the smaller sum
may meet all his reasonable wants?
Other occupations may yield greater
profits, but they are attended with greater
hazards; and a much greater proportion
of farmers reaching the age of fifty will
be found better off than in any other vo
.-. ? ? ?
Cheap Paint for Fences, ?vc.
We fine the following directions for
making a cheap paint highly recom
Take a bushel of well burnt lime, white
and unslacked ; 30 pounds of Spanish
whiting, IT pounds of rock salt, and 1*2
pounds of brown sugar. Slake the lime
and sift out any coarse lumps and mix it
into a good whitewash with about 40 gal
lons of water, and then add ttte other in
gredients, and stir the whole together
thoroughly, and put on two or three
coats with a common brush. This is a
cheap paint. Five dollars' worth ought
to make a building look a hundred dollars
worth better. This makes a coat that
does not wash off, or easily rub off, and
it looks well, while it will go far to pre
serve the wood. It is, therefore, espe
cially adapted to the outside of buildings
that are exposed to the weather. Three
coats are needed on brick and two on
wood. If you want to get a fine cream
color, add three pounds of yellow ochre
to the above. If you prefer a fawn color,
add four pounds of umber, one pound of
Indian red, and one pound of lamp-black.
If you want a gray or stone color, add
four pounds of raw umber and two pounds
of lamp-black. This will be more dura
ble than common white wash.
Here is another recipe, which forms a
hard surface, and is very durable :
Take freshly-burned unslaked lime and
reduce it to powder. To one peck or one
bushel of this add the same quantity of
fine white sand or fine coal ashes, and
twice as much fresh wood ashes, all these
being sifted through a fine sieve. They
should then be thoroughly mixed together
while dry. Afterwards mix them with
as much common linseed oil as will make
the whole thin enough to work freely
with a painter's brush. This will make
a paint of light gray stone color, nearly
white. To make it fawn or drab, add
yellow ochre and Indian red ; if drab is
desired, add burnt umber, Indian red,
and a little black ; if dark stone color,
add lamp black: or if brown stone, then
add Spanish brown. All these colors
should, of course, be first mixed in oil
and then added. This paint is much
cheaper than common oil paint. It is
equally well suited to wood, brick or
stone. It is better to apply it in two
coats, the first thin, the second thick.
MAKE DEAD ANIMALS INTO COMPOST.
-Many an old horse is actually worth
more in the compost heap than in the
stable or pasture. One dollar a hundred
pounds is a low estimate of the value of
any living animal for manure alone.
Every farmer who is buying fertilizers
can well afford to pay that, and usually
the carcasses may be had for their re
moval. The way to handle them is to
cut them up, using axes and butcher.:.'
saws, into pieces of, say 50 pounds weight,
and then to compost them in layers with
plenty of swamp muck, crumbly peat,
grass sods, or loamy soil. Do this in an
out cf the way place, and while it is at
tractive to dogs, be on the lookout with a
rifle and add to the heap every dog that
comes near. Otherwise drive stakes
around the place, making a compost yard,
inaccessible to those " vermin." It is
some little trouble, but will stain.' the
financial test, and surely pay. Within
six months or a year, the heap may be
overhauled, mixed, the bard bones thrown
out, and these put into the next heap or
into any manure, or compost heap. The
hardest will become soft in a year or two,
so that they may be mc shed with a
Loss of Appetite in Horses.
Written for the "American Farmer" by G. II*
DADD, V. S., Baltimore, Md.
Loss of appetite sometimes arises from
over exertion ; occasionally it is the re
sult of over-feeding or overcrowding the
stonuch v,ith food, thus impairing the
function of this organ. In such case the
stomach needs rest from its labors, and
cessation of appetite is the very best ac
cident that could happen.
Should the appetite fail without any
assignable cause, a change in the quality
or kind of food might prove of benefit.
It is well known that inferior hay. oats,
&c. disgust the appetite and is ui.profita
Young horses, while teething, often re
fuse to masticate, in consequence of the
pain they suffer at this period, which is
then often attributed to "lampas." The
pain does not arise from "lampas" but
from the pressure on the dental nerve by
the fang of the tooth, and then instead of
burning the palate or bars of thc roof of
the mouth, the tooth or teeth, as the case
may be, should be liberated from their
imprisonment by making a crucial incision
through the mucous membrane or gum.
The crown of the tooth being ^ thus ex
posed, relief is immediate ; yeta loathing
of food may, for a short time, exist, in
consequence of inflammatory or sympa
thetic fever. In such case, thc diet ought
to consist of cooked food, composed of
boiled carrots, rice, oats; and hay tea
will serve as the best drink. Under this
treatment, the desire for ordinary diet,
uncooked, will soon return; but should
the mouth feel hot and appear inflamed,
then keep a bucket of cold water before
the colt, so that he may cool his mouth
and quench thirst at the same time.
The appetite, when faulty, may be im
proved by giving, each morning, for a
week or ten days, two ounces of tincture
of gentian ; the food to be of the best
quality and only a little at a time offered.
Should any remain in the manger, at the
period of the next feeding time, let it be
removed, and keep the patient hungry for
awhile, and see that cleanliness prevails,
in the rack, manger and stall. It is cus
tomary in some stables to cram the filthy
straw, or whatever bedding may have
been used, under the manger, thus com
pelling the animal to respire vapors which
must ultimately impair his health and
pervert, the appetite. No wonder that
the appetite is " losl ;" it is more wonder
ful that it was not his life instead.
A good and uniform appetite may be
very desirable, especially when the ani
mal is needed for constant hard work, yet
over-indulgence leads to the high road of
disease and death. Some horses thrive
??.nd work well on shorter .-at?ons than
others ; but the facts in the case do not
form any objection to the esiablishment
of a fixed allowance, so that we take into
consideration age, size, the kind of work
demanded of the animal, and the capacity
of his digestive functions. In some sta
bles-say, containing from twenty to
fifty horses-there must exist diversity
in size, weight and digestive capacity ;
hence some must require mote food than
others, yet it often happens that the
" feeder" serves all his equine guests alike
-out of thc same measure. In such es
tablishments I have often known disease
and death to run riot.
A great proportion of the diseases oc
curring among both men and horses owe
their exciting, if notdirectcau.se, to over
taxing thc stomach ; thus it is said that
" some men dig their graves with their
teeth,5' and the carcase of the equine of
ten brings up at the glue factory from a
similar cause ; therefore loss of appetite
is not always so deplorable an event as
some persons might suppose. The evil
consequences of overfeeding are not al
ways apparent ; sometimes they are so
insidious as to escape notice, yet disorder
is almost sure, sooner or later, to occur.
A horse when standing idle in the stable
for a day or more, is almost sure to get
more food than he needs. This creates,
often, a morbid appetite. The best way
of correcting this is to dip a lighter hand
in the meal bag, or, if the season permits,
prescribe a short run at gras*, which will
not only benefit the animal, but prevent
a great waste of food.
Comparative Value or Hay, Corn
I wi.-h briefly to draw the attention of
our farmers to the value of hay when
compared with other crop? which are or
may .ie raided by them.
An acre of ground retained expressly
for hay, yields on average not more than
one and one-half tons of vegetable food ;
an equal space planted with carrots or
ruta bagas will yield from ten to twenty
tons, say fifteen tons, which is by no
means a high average, and has often been
attained without, any extraordinary culti
vation. It has been ascertained by care
ful experiment, that three working horses,
fifteen and one-half hands high, consume
hay at the rate of two hundred ?ind twen
ty-four pounds per week, or five tons and
one thousand and forty-eight pounds per
annum. By a repetition of the same ex
periment it was found that au unworked
horse consumed hay at the rate of four
and one-quarter tons per annum.
The produce, therefore, of nearly six
acres of land is necessary to support a
working horse for one y^ear ; but half an
acre of carrots at six hundred bushels
per acre, with the addition of chopped
straw, while the season for feeding them
lasts, will do as well if not better. These
things do not admit of doubt, for they
have been the subject of exact trials, as
some of your agricultural friends can tes
tify. It has also been proved that the
value of one bushel of corn, together
with the fodder upon which it grew will
keep a horse in good working order for
?i week. An acre planted with corn, and
yielding sixty bushels, will be ample to
keep a good sized horse in working order
for one year.
Let the f irmer then consider whether
it is better to maintain a horse on the
produce of half an acre in ruta bagas or
carrots, or upon the produce of un acre
of corn ; or, on the other hand, upon the
hay and grain for six acres of land-for
it will reqtfre six acres of good land to
produce the necessary hay and grain ns
above. The same reason might be made
use of in feeding cattle and sheep.
These facts deserve particular attention
by farmers who are desirous of improv
ing their pecuniary condition. I am aware
that labor of a proper kind is in many
cases difficult to procure, and with our
habits is not easily managed. 1 know
also that a large portion of our farmers,
from the naturo of their habits and their
style of living, are so prosperous and in
dependent that they have no occasion to
extend their cultivation beyond what it
now is, in order to meet their wants, and
to incur ?he trouble, vexation and risk of
employing more labor, expending more
capital, and increasing their earea.
But it is not fair to produce such in
stances as any examples of the profit or
unprofitableness of fanning, which, when
carried on, to be successful, must be
managed with skill, intelligence, industry,
enterprise and all thc capital and all the
labor which can be bestowed upon them
To carry on farming in the most suc
cessful manner, the farmer should have
the control of capital equal in amount to
one year's crops and one year's manure,
or he must know to a greater or less dis
advantage in proportion as the amount of
his capital fills below this mark.-Ger
FOR HOUSE-KEEPERS.-The following
are a few valuable household hints, which
are worth preserving :
Save your suds for garden plants, or
for garden yards, when sandy.
Wash your tea-trays with cold suds,
polish with a little flour and rub with a
Frozen potatoes make more starch than
fresh ones; they also mane nice cake.
A hot shovel held over varnished fur
niture will take out the white spots.
A bit of glue dissolved in skim milk
and water will restore old crape.
Ribbons of any kind should be washed
in cold soap suds, and not rinsed.
If your flat irons are rough, rub them
with fine salt, and it will make them
Oat straw is the best for filling beds ;
it should be changed once a year.
If you are buying carpet for durability,
choose small figures.
A bit of soap rubbed on hinges of
doors will prevent their creaking.
Scotch snuff put in holes where crickets
come out will destroy them.
A gallon of strong lye put in a barrel
of hard water will make it as soft as
H?.lf a cranberry on a corn will kill it.
Always mend the clothes before wash
IMPORTANT TO HEALTH.-One of the
best preparations for keeping the feet dry
and comfortable is given in the last num
ber of the N. Y. Clipper, a reliable sport
ing magazine, known all over the world.
The editor says : M It will contribute much
to the sportsman's comfort to have his
boots dressed with thc following mixture,
as this precautionary situation will not
only render them completely water tight,
but at the same time perfectly supple :
One pint of boiled linseed nil ; eight
ounces of mutton suit ; six ounces of
beeswax ; four ounces of rosin ; the
whole to be melted over a slow fire, and
to be well-rubbed in with the hand while
warm." The above preparation should
be kept on hand by all persons exposed
to wet feet, that sure precursor of disease.
Its cost is comparatively trifling, while
the benefit derived from it may provo
of untold value.
CASH, OR CREDIT J'OR APPROVED
j\.S we are constantly rceoiving GUANO which
can be sbippod without tho expense of storage
nnd other cxpen.-cs, and in oricr to increase our
sale? for Cash, to meet heavy payments, we hare
dct?*ui?Dcd to reduce our prices at Savaunah and
August.1 $5 per ton, fur all ORDERS ACCOM
PANIED WITH TUE il ON EY. Our prices
will therefore be uuilorm, as follows :
Importal direct to Savannah from McKoan's
Island. Price per ton of 2,000 lb?. Ht Savannah,
$?0 Cash, or $i?2 payable 1st November; at Au
gusta, $55 Cash, or $70 pnyuble 1st November.
Wilcox, Gibbs & Co's. Manipulated
A mixture of PHONIX and PERL'VIAN, well
pulverized and mixed under our personal super
vision. Price at Savannah, $o5 per ton of 2,000
lbs., Cash, or $S(I payable 1st November; at Au
gusta, |70 Cash, or $S5 payable 1st November.
Pure No. 1 Peruvian Guano,
Direct from Peruvian Agent, at lowest market
price at Savannah and Augusta, for CASU.
^SErWe would advise those who wish to buy
GUANO on time, to apply at once as drafts must
be executed, und approved, or other satisfactory
arrangements effected before shipments nre made
Orders solicited and promptly tilled. Address
WILCOX, GIBBS & CO.,
IMPORTERS OF AND DEALERS IN GUANO
No. 9? Day Street, Savnnnnh, or
No. 241 Broad St., Augusta.
Augusta, Jan 2U -in 4
IMPORTANT TO OWNERS OF STOCK.
THE AMERICAN STOCK JOURNAL
Farmers' and Stock Breeders'
ONLY *1 PER ANNUM IN ADVANCE
A First-class Monthly Journal, devoted to
Farming and Stock Drceding. Each number
contaius :t6 large double-columu pHges, illustrated
with numerous engravings. Specimen Copies
free, for stamp, with list of splendid Praiuiuinas
HORSE AND CATTLE DOCTOR. FREE.
Tho Publishers of tho AMKRICAX STOCK JOUR
NAL have established a veterinary Department ia
tho columns of th? JOURNAL, which is placed un
der tho charge of a distinguished Veterinary
Professor, whose duty it is to receive questions as
to tho ailment* or injurien of all kind? of stock,
and to answer in print, in connection with tho
question, how they sh mid tie treated for a curr.
Those prescriptions aro given gratin, and thus
evory subscriber to the .Tor RX AL ha" always at
bis command a Veterinary Surgeon, /rea of charge.
Every Farmer and Stoek Breeder should sub
scribe for it.
Sent Free, 3 Month? for Nothing.
Every new subscriber for 1808, received by thc
first of February, will receive thc October, No
vember and December number? of 1867, free,
making over 500 large dotiblo-coiumn pages of
reading matter in the 15 numbers. All for the
low price of $1.00. Address
N. P. BOYER Jfc Co., Publishors.
GUM TRKH, Chester Co., Pa.
Feb. JG 2t O
FRUIT TREES, consisting of APPLES,
PEAR, PEACHES, Ac., Ac.
(.RAPE VINES, largely CONCORD and
CLINTON, with a good Stock of all tho leading
old and new varieties.
STRAWBERRY PLANTS,mainly WIL
EVERGREENS, FLOWERING SHRUBS,
ROSES, DAHLIAS, BEDDING PLANTS of ,
every description ?tc , Ac.
Our Stock of Trees and Plants is largo and
unusually well grown. i
Prices as low as tho leading Northern Nurse
ries ; and plants gr men in and adapted to our
Catalogues mailod free. Addross
P. J. BERCKMANS,
Au gu 3 lu, Qa.
Angosta, Jan If 3m 4 , '
I. SIMON & BRO.,
Offer Their Entire and Splendid Stock of
SE?DY MADE CLOTHING,
Gents' Furnishing Goods,
"AND VARIOUS OTHER ARTICLES IN THEIR LINE
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES,
IN ORDER MAKE ROOM FOR TBE
A GOOD SELECTION OF
Cloths, Cassimeres, Doeskins,
OFFERED IN RETAIL BELOW WHOLESALE PRICES.
I. SIMON & BRO.,
224 Broad Street, Augusta, Ga.
Jan 27 tf 5
AUGUSTA SEED STORE,
No* 15 Washington Street-One Door South of Broad?
TlIE SUBSCRIBER has just received a SPLENDID STOCK of FRENCH,
ENGLISH and AMERICAN
GARDEN AND FIELD SEEDS,
Which cannot he surpassed for quality and variety in the Southern Market.
ALSO-ONION SETS, Red and White CLOVER. LAWN GRASSES,
KENTUCKY BLUE, ORCHARD and HEARD GRASSES and LUCERNE.
AL SO ?The Celehrated Early Goodrich and Harrison IRISH POTATOES,
Pennsylvania Gourd Seed and other early CORN, EGYPTIAN MILLET, &c.
OCrCountry Merchants and Farmers supplied as low as elsewhere. Small pack
ages, from one ounce to a pound, sent by mail free of postage.
Augusta, Jan O' 8m 2
WU. H. TUTT,
IMPORTER AND WHOLESALE
DRUGS, CHEMICALS, PAINTS, OILS,
DYE-STUFFS, SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS,
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES,
264 Broad Street, Augusta, Ga?,
HAS NOW IN STORE one of the most complete Stocks in the South, to which
he respectfully invites the attention of Merchants, Physicians and Planters.
The Stock embraces everything to be found in a F?RST CLSSS WHOLESALE
DRUG HOUSE, both of American and Foreign production, which is offered at
prices that cannot fail to please.
Having had an experience of twenty-two years, in thc Drug Trade in Augusta,
he flatters himself that he fully understands the wants of the people.
Merchants are assured that they can purchase their supplies from us at NEW
YORK PRICES, freight and expenses added.
All that we ask is au examination of our Stock and Prices.
Oct 23 3m 43
X HE Suli?criler hu? recel red an UNUSUAL
LY LARGE AND FULL SUPPLY of
Buist'* (?enniiie (?arden Seeds
All of which nre of tho FIRST QUALITY and
WARRANTED AS REPRESENTED. Also,
in Store, a large ?upply Choice ONION SETTS
ty Prices very low.
0. L. PENN.
Jan 7 tf 2
HAVE just received a COMPLETE AS
SORTAIENT OF GARDEN SEEDS, ONION
SETTS, and Adam? Extra Early CORN-which
will he fold at the very lowest prices for Cash.
THOS. W. CARWILE,
At Sign of Golden Mortar.
Jan 13 tf
BOOT ANO SHOE HOUSE!
J. W. APEL,
209 Broad St., Under Planters Hotel,
HAS just received from New York 150 Cares
BOOTS AND SHOES, emhrocing
Every Style and Quality.
And all of which he hm marked down to the
VERY LOWEST FIGURES. This Stock was
bought direct from tho most roliahle Manufactu
rer-, and is warranted to he as represented.
My old Edgcfields friends and customers are
urgently requested to givo me a call, and look
through my large and varied Stock. No better
Bargains in tho Shoo Trade are to be had in the
city than are offerod at my Store.
J. W. APEL.
Augusta, Nov ll tf 4fl
WE ARE RECEIVING FRESH SUP
CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES i
To which we would call the attention of all in
want of GOOD GROCERIES.
??~All Orden faithfully txecutrd.
ftS3~All Good? Caih on dtlirtry.
JAMES G. BAILIE & BRO.,
205 Broad Stree',
Fobll tf 7
ESTABLISHED IN 1850
THE Subscriber would respectfully inform the
the citizens of Edgefield and tho surround
ing country, that ho keep< n SPECIAL ESTAB
LISHMENT for the lt EPA IK of WATCHES
.nd JEWELRY. All work entrusted to his care
will bc executed promptly, neatly, and warranted
fur on? yc-ir.
At his Store will be found one of the largest
(iolu and Silver Watches,
Of the bc>t European and American manufacture
in the Southern States, with a select assort
It it'll AND NEW STYLES ETRUS
CAN GOLD JEWELRY,
Set with Diamond*, Perils, Rubies, Oriental Gar
net--. Coral, ?c. Al.-o,
Solid Silver Ware,
FULL TEA SETS, WAITERS, ICE
AM) WATER PITCHERS. CAS
TORS, GOULETS, CUPS,
Aud everything in the Silver Ware Hue.
FINE SINGLE AND DOUBLE BARRELED
Colt's, Smith k Weston's, Cooper's, Reuimiug
fou's, Sharp's, Derringer's
And many others of thc lntcst invention.
FINK CUTLERY, SPECTACLES, WALKING
CANES, PERFUMERY, PORTMONAIES,
AND FANCY GOODS
Of Qvcry variety to be found in a Srst cla?s Jew
One Door bolow Augusta Hotel,
103 Droad Street, Augusta, Ga.
Oct 1 _6m 40
TO OWNERS OF WATER POWER, MILL
TnE Subscriber would respectfully announce
that he is now prepared to SURVEY, LO
CATE Mid PUT IN OPERATION ANY KIND
OF MILLS or MACHINERY, propelled by
either Water or Steam.
Added to a lifetime's experience (IM years o.
which is recorded in this and adjoining Districts,)
he has since tho war boen to the North inspecting
and ttadyidfe the latest improvements in his line;
and bus made bis selection in Steam Engines,
Water Wheels, Model Flouring, Orist and Saw
He now possesses all the latest Improvements
worth bnving, at Maker's prices,-which Im
provements he will guarantcu to give satisfaction
when put in operation by himself, or under his
Residence, Six miles below Pine House on tho
Aiken Road. Post Otlice, Granitevillc, S. C.
Mechanical Engineer and Millwright.
To the Public.
TnE Subscriber is engaged in tho BLACK
SMITH BUSINESS, in all its branchos, at
the Brick Blacksmith Shop in rear of Park Row.
Having secured the services of a good WAGON
BUILDER, I nm prepared to REPAIR ALL
WAGONS and BUGGIES sent to my Shop. All
work entrusted to my care will be warranted to
Prices reduced to the lowest rates, but terms
Mr. A. A. Paul, Gunsmith, may be found at
my Shop, ready to work on Guns, Pistols, Ac.
Jan 13_tf 3
UST recoived Ono Barrol No- 1 Kerosene
Oil. ?. h. PENN,
fob U Ul
Ye Old Customers !
I TAKE THIS METHOD of announcing to
you that I am still at my old stand, where I am
conducting tho same old line of business, which
comprises the usual assortment of
SHELF AND HEAVY
HARDWARE & CUTLERY.
Which I manufacture in all its Styles and Pat
A largo assortment, such as Buckets, Tubs and
COOKING ANE? HEATING
Among which are the justly famous Cook Stoves
" DIXIE," "SUMTER," "GOOD SAMARI
TAN," " SOUTHERN STATES" and "FIRE
SIDE." These Stoves are adapted to Southern
Honsckcepcrs, and there should be one in every
family in order to facilitate and make Cooking
Cali and make a close inspection of the Goods
and Prices before you go further. ,
I am not paying ?2000 a year for rent of
Store as many others are. Bear this in mind, as
these expenses are not to be added to prices paid
TV M. HILL,
BAUB?RO, S. C.
???EIJ, WILLIAMS ? ?C.,
Tin and Sheet Iron Ware,
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS, PUMPS,
ic, ?kc, Arc,
265 Broad Street, Augusta, 6a.
nvite thc attention of thc public to our
well selected Stock, embracing several patterns
of FIRST CLASS COOKING STOVES, among
which will be found
The Olive Brauch,
The Henry Clay,
THE AUGUSTA COOK, a new and beautiful
Stove, manufactured exp-essly for us to supply
thc wants of our people. It being lower in price
than others, brings it within the reach of manj
who are unable tu get more expensive ones.
In addition to our large Stock of Cooking
Stoves, we have all sizes of HEATING STOVES,
ORATES for ?coal <.r wood. PORTABLE RA
DIATING GRATES, FURNACES, ic, Ac.
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS, of every
variety, may always be fuund in our Stock.
Our facilities f..r ROOFING and GUTTER
ING, or MANUFACTURING TIN and SHEET
IRON WARE are uusurpiis.-cd. This depart
ment is under the personal supervision of our
Senior Partner, who ts a practical Tinner of 32
year-;' experience in this City.
SCO FIELD, WILLIAMS & CO.,
iii) Broa?l Street, .lu g ts tn. Ga.
Oct 22 3m 43
DENNIS' SARSAPARILLA !
THE PUREST AND THE BEST !
FOR DISEASES OF THE LIVER. FEMALE
COMPLAINTS, OR PURIFYING
Tl!E BLOOD !
jJSlrFor sale ky thc Druggists.
Aux 23 tf 35
THF DODI) SMBITj
E HAVE A FULL STOCK of the above
namoi STOVES which we propose offering ot as
low prices as any FIRST CLASS STOVES ic
These Stoves have the reputation of being tie
Used, and ar<j especially adapted to this section
of country. We feel confident in recommending
them, when out pf nearly FIVE HURDRED
SOLD DURING THE P.AST TWO YEARS,
WE HAVE NOT HEARD OK ONE THAT DID
NOT GIVE ENTIRE SATISFACTION.
HE WARRANT ALL STOVES SOLD
And always furnish a COMPLETE SET OF
UTENSILS, with PRINTED DIRECTIONS for
u.-iag them, so that one can change from thc old
way of Cooking in a Fire Place to ;he usc of tho
Stove with little or no inconvenience.
We always keep on hand ALL tho different
Styles or COOKING STOVES. It ANGES,
Ac, prepared to pitase the tastes of any one
who may cxamiue our Stock.
Wc have a large Stock of HEATING
STOVES suitable for Churches, School Rooms,
Stores, Parlors, ie.
Wc manufacture largely of TIN WARE,
which we offer at low prices.
Our Stock of PLATED UOODS, PLANISHED
and BRITTANIA WARE, WOOD and WILLOW
WARE is very full and complete.
Wc would be pleased to sec our friends from
Edgcfield and surrounding country.
JONES, SMYTH & CO.,
192 Broad Street,
Oct 15 3m 42
EVERY KIND OF PLANTATION and Mi
ning Machinery, Portable and Stationery
(steam Engines, Saw Mills, Grist Mills, Sugar
Mills, Horse Power, Agricultural Implements,
Shafting, Pullies, Hangers, Couplings, and all
kinds of Iron and Wood Working Machinery
built to order on short notice. All kinds of
Promptly repaired, and nil kinds of BRASS and
IRON CASTINGS furnished. '
-GIVE US A TRIAL.
RUSE & NEAL.
Augusta, Dec 17 3m 51
UST received a lot of FISK'S CELEBRA
TED METALLIC BURIAL CASES-of the
Also, on hand, of my own manufacture and
lnish, a beautiful assortment of MAHOGANY,
IVALNUT, POPLAR and PINE COFFINS.
All of which I am soiling at LOW FIGURES,
md STRICTLY FOR CASH.
M. A. MARKERT,
Ne st door to Advertiser Oft??.
Jon lt If J
DEMORESTS MONTHLY MAGAZINE,
UNIVERSALLY acknowledged the MODEL
PARLOR MAGAZINE OF AMERICA; devo
ted to Original Stories, Poems, Sketcher Archi
tecture and Model Cottages, Honsehold Matters,
Gems of Thought, Personal and Literary Gossip
(including special departments on Fashions,) In
structions on Health, Music, Amusements, etc.,
by tho beat authors, and profusely illustrated
with costly Engravings (full size) useful and reli
able Patterns, Embroideries, and a constant suc
cession of artistic novelties, withother ujefal and
No person of refinement, economical housewife,
or lady of taste can alford to do without the
Single copies, 30 cents ; back numbers, as spe
cimens, 10 cents; cither mailed free. Yearly, $3,
with a valuable premium; two copies, $5,50;
three copies, $7,50; five copies, $12, and splen
did premiums for clubs at $3 each, with the first
premiums to each Subscriber. SST A new Wheel
er k Wilson Sewing Machino'for 20 subscribo?
at $3 each. Address
W. JENNINGS DEMOR3ST,
No.'473 Broadway, New York.
Demorest's Monthly and Young America to
gether $4, with the premiums for each.
83?*We will furnish Demorcet'e Monthly and
the Advertiser one year for $5,25. Apply at this
Dec 18 tf 51
DEMOREST'S YOUNG AMERICA,
XlIE BEST JUVENILE MAGAZINE. Every
Boy and Girl that sees it says so ; all the Press
say so ; and Parents and Teachers confirm it.
Do not fail to securo a copy. A good Microscope,
with a Olass Cylinder to confine living objects,
or a good two bladed, poarl Pocket-Knife, and a
large number of other desirable articles, gi -rn
as premiums to each subscriber: Yearly, $1,50.
The November Number commencesa nen volume.
Try it, Boys and Qirls. Specimen conics, five
cents, mailed free.
W. JENNINGS DEMOREST,
473 Brosdway, New York.
Dec 18 _3t_51
AGENT WANTED FOR THE
i RAY JACKETS,
AND KOW THEY LIVED, FOUGHT AND
DIED FOR DIXIE,
Incidents ?nd Sketches of Life in
Comprising Narrative* of Pertonal Adventure^
Army Life, Naval Adventure, Home Lije, Par
tisan Daring, Life in the Camp, Field
and Hospital, Together with the Song*,
Ballads, Anecdotes and Humorous
incidents of the War for
There is a certain portion of the wnr that will
never go into the regular histories, nor be embo
died in romance or poelry, which is a very real
port of it, and will, if preserved, convey to suc
ceeding generations a butter idea of the spirit of
the conflict thun many dry reports or careful nar
ratives of events, and this par; may be called the
?ossip, the fun, t^e pathos of the wur. This il
lustrates the character of the leader?, thc humor
of the soldier*, thc devotion of women, the Lrsve
ry of men, t-e pluck of our "aeroc, the romance
and hardships of the service.
The Valiant and Brave Hearted, the Picturesque
and Dramatic, the Witty and Marvelous, thc
Tender and Pathetic, and thc whole Panorama of
the War are here ?rillingly portrayed in a mas
terly manner, at ni ce historical and romantic,
rendering it the most ample, unique, brilliant and
readable book that the war bis called forth.
Amusement as well as instruction may be found
in every page, as graphic detail, brilliant wit,
and authentic history, arc skillfully interwoven
in this work of literary art.
Send for Circulars and see our terms, and a full
description of the work. Address,
JONES BROTHERS k CO., Atlanta, Ga.
Jan. 30 2t 5
SUNDAY SCHOOL TEACHERS !
UNDAY SCHOOLS eau be supplied with the
following Books, AT COST, by applying at the
Store of B. C. Bav.vy, Edgc?eld C. H.
S. S. Celebraiion Hymns,
New Sund:iySchool Primer,
Infant Class Question Dook,
Little Lessons for Little People,-Part I.
Little Lesson? for Little People,-Part II.
lirk'f Catechism of l?blc Doctrine.
Child's Question Book on the Four Gospels.
Child's Question Book on the Four Gospels.
Questions on the Four Gospels,-with Harmo
ny,-for Biblo Classes.
Nutes on the Gospels.
Maleoui's Bible Dictionary.
Child's Scripfure Question Book.
Bibles and Testaments.
" Kind Words,"-S. S. Paper, monthly, at $1
for 10 Copies.
Any Books needed by Teachers, or religious
Books desired by any persons, will be procured
at short notice, and supplied at Cost by thc un
Testaments and Catechisms given to those who
are not able to buy, when application is made
thr..ugh any S. S. Teacher known to B. C. Bryau,
Agent of the Depository.
For any information, address
L. R. GWALTNEY, Chair.
Ex. Board of Edgc?eld Association.
Nov 20 tf 47
State of South Carolina,
IN THE COURT OF ORDINARY.
WHEREAS, Patrick M. Stevens and his wifo
Martha L. Stevens, have filed their Peti
tion in thc Ordinary's Office for the District and
State aforesaid, praying that a paper purporting
to be the last Will and Testament of Ivcrson
L. Brooks, dee'd., late of .said District, may bo
proven in " Due Form of Late." And it appear
ing to my satisfaction that S. Virginia, wife of
W. F. Aver, and M. Josephine, wife of Ashley
C. Hood, reside from and beyond the limits of
this State : It is therefore ordered and decreed
that tho said parties, together with all and singu
lar the heirs and dis tribu tics of tho said Iverson
L. Brooks, deceased, be and appear at tbe Court
if Ordinary to be held at Edgefield Court House,
for Edgefield District:, on Monday, tho 30th day
>f March, 1SCS, to show cause, if any they can,
?hy said paper should not be proven in " Due
Form of Law."
Given under my hand and seal, this 30th day
>f December, A. b!, 1SST.
W. F. DURISOE, rx. SJ
O. E. D.
Jan 1 3m 1
State of South Carolina,
?x Parte L. D. PADGET, Administrator, Petition
that the property of R. W. ADAMS, deceased
ON the Application of L. D. Padget, Adminis
trator of R. W. Adams, deceased, These are
o cite and admonish all and singular the next of
tin of said dee'd, as also all and singular tho pur
chasers of property at the sale of said estate and
di and singular the creditors thereof to bc and
ippciir in uiy omeo on Thursday, tho 19th day of
Uarch next, to show cause, if any they have, why
he sale bill o'.' said Estate should not be revised
ind tho true value of property ascertained with a
rjew to the final settlement of ??id Estate.
W. F. DURISOE, O.E.D.
Feb. 17 ?t_8^
? Final Settlement will he made on thc Estate
?IL of STANMORE JOHNSON, dee'd., in the
)rnioarv's Office, on Wednesday, thc 22d April,
Sf>8. Thoso having claims against said Estate
rill present them by that time, duly attested.
Ul indebted to said Estate, are expected to pay
ip by the 10th February next.
M. M. PADGET, Ex'or.
Jan 22 3m 4
A LL Persons having demands against the Eu
?IL tate of SAMUEL BROOKS, dee'd., will .
iresent thom, properly attested, to th? Unders
igned ; and those who are in anywise indebted
o the Estate of the said Samuel Brooks, dco'd.,
rill please come forward and sottie. t ^
1. H. CLARK, Ad'or.
Dec 31 Sm 1