Newspaper Page Text
Washington News and Speculations.
On the 2kb. the Arkansas Senators and
members of tbe House were sworn in, and
took their seats in the respective Houses.
* In the Senate the Mount Vernon Ladies'
Association asked for niue thousand- dollars.
A bill was introduced by Howard abolishing
the Freedman's Bureau in tho represented
States after January 1, which was referred to
the Military Committee. A bill making eight
hours a day's work in Government work
shops was passed by a vote of twenty-nine
to eleven. The Civil Appropriation bill was
0? the 25tb, in the Hou e, tho veto was
received of the Omnibus Bill, but the Bill
passed notwithstanding by a hundred and live
votes to thirty. Recess.
Paine asked leave to introduce a Bill sup
plying the militia with arms.
Eldridge demanded that it should be read.
P-ai ne then w i t h dre w it.
Thu Bill dividing Illinois into two Federal
judicial distritos waa passed. It goes to the
The Tax Bill was resumed. Au amend
nen, forbidding the removal of whiskey IVom
the distillery until the tax was paid, anything
in the bill to the contrary notwithstanding,
aud allowing fifty cents drawback on expor
tions, was passed.
In the Senate, an amcudment increasing
the salary of the Assistant Treasurer at
Charleston, from twenty-five hundred to four
thousand dollars, was passed. Said Treasuer
disburses seven millions. Without conclud
ing the. Lill, the Senate passed the Oinnibu.^
bill over the vom. by 35 votes to 8, and ad
The veto is very brief. The objection to
trie Arkansas bill, without restating them, ap
ply to these States, except Alabama, in which
case, in addition, the bill violates the plighted
faith of Congress.
The President has sent a special agent to
Georgia to report the circumstances connec
ted with the imprisonment of the citizens of
Columbus in Atlanta.
The Speaker of the House has decided that
the Arkansas members are entitled to pay
from the date of their election.
They claim pay from the "commencement
of the session. The Speaker referred the dis
pule to thc Judiciary Committee.
The ArkiiUsas Senators cast their first vote
against the confirmation of Cox for the Aus
"Leo." the Washington correspondent of
tho Charleston Courier, under date of Wash
ington, .Tnne 221, says :
The President will probably issue a procla
mation of amnesty cn the +?h .Inly, for the
rel'ef of persons who participated in the re
" hellion. This amnesty will exempt such per
sans from criminal prosecution for any act
onnected with the war. It will simply re
heve them from criminal prosecution, but
not from the politieal disabilities to which
they are su'j ct.
The fourteenth article proposed .is an
amendment to the Constitution authorises
Congress to relieve persons from political dis
abilities. No one who was connected with
the icbellion can hoid office until he be re
lieved by the action of Congress. The am
nesty proclamation will apply to about one
hundred individuals only.
Until the House and Senate both pass into
Conservative hand?, restoration of Southern
citizens to political rights cannot be expected.
But both Mr. Sumner and Mr. Wilson have
recently stated in conversation, that after
the admission of all the Southern States they
will urge the removal cf all disabilities to
which Southern citizens may be subject, and
pursue a liberal course towards the South, en
deavoring to promote the permanent prosper
ity of that region.
Since the name of Chase was first mention-,
ed in connection witb the Democratic nomi
nation, Mr. Johnson has taken unusual inter
est in the proposed Convention- He has fre
quently expressed his preference for Chase to
tnose who introduced the subject to him over
all other candidates. In his opinion the nom
ination of Chase would be the harbinger of
victory for the Democrats, and his election
, would bring peace and qaiet to the country,
besides doing away with military rule, and
restoring the reign of law and order.
During the conversation the President ex
pressed the hope " that the Democratic Con
vention would have wisdom and policy to
nominate Chase, around whom the Conserva
tive and constitutional loving masses of the
country would rally. If this was done, te
(Johnson) would do his utmost to secure the
success of the ticket."
The Chief Justice thanked the President
for his kiudness, and expressed his willingness
to accept tba nomination on tho platform em
bracing the living issues of the day.
It is understood that arrangements are now
in progress for the formation of a coalition
Presidential ticket of Conservative Republi
cans aud Democrats, with Mr. Chase at its
head, on the basis of opposition to Radical
ism and centralization, and acceptance of the
accomplished events of the war.
Tho Washington correspondent of the
Charleston Mercury, says :
Tho recent extraordinary proceeding of
General Meade and his myrmidons and sat
?lites in Georgia, in the matter of the im
prisonment of certain citizens of Columbus,
have been published befe, and excite a very
general feeling of horror and disgust. I have
met no man who defends them, und I know
quite a number of prominent Republicans who
utterly disapprove of tbe' act3 of the military.
The matter is rouen talked of in Cougress,
and an effort bas been made to procure a
change of the Department Commander in
Georgia, which will probably be successful. I
think that Meade will be sent away to some
point where he will not dare to report such
outrages, and that General G.anger or Gen
eral Rousseau (both of whom are now here),
will take his place. The President Bays these
acts are horrible.'
In the House, on the 2Gtb, Paine's bill,
giving arms to thc State militia, was referred
to the Military Committee.
Paine's Bill, furnishing arms to the militia,
authorizes the Secretary of War to supply
each Congressional District two thousand
rifles and a battery upon assurance, that mili
tia organizations in their respective districts
On the 27th, in the House, tho.Committee
on Claims reported a bill granting 810,000 to
the owner of the bark Barry, destroyed at sea
by the Confederate cruiser Florida.
The President told Grant unless he moved
promptly in the matter, affecting the Colum
bus prisoners, he (the President) would act
Several Georgian refugees aro hero.
Col. Lamar, who has been here and in .Nc<v
. York in the interest of the Columbus prison
ers, leaves homeward to night. Prominent
lawyers in New York have volunteered to
defend the prisoners. The President's special
agent to investigate the matter is an officer,
arid brother of General Schofield.
Gen. Grant has telegraphed McDowell to
turn over Arkansas to the civil authorities as
soon as it is safe.
NINETEEN NEGROES DROWNED-From a
gentleman who reached our city yesterday
we learned the particulars, as far as could be
gathored up to the time of his departure, of
the drowning of nineteen negroes.
On Sunday last a party o? twenty-five ne
groes, many of them nnder the influence ol'
liquor, started from Burgess' Mill, on the
Saiilla river, ?ki a small sail boat, to attend a
meeting at Jeffeisonton. On <ht? way the
boat, through the mismanagement of those
who were sailing it, capsized, and nineteen of
the party wore drowned. The others saved
themselves by clinging to the boat until help
arrived. Of those drowned eleven were men,
the rest women and children. Everything
was done tn recover the bodies, and up to
2 o'clock Wednesday afternoon eleven bodies | (
had been found.-Savannah News k Herald,
ST. JOHN'S DAY IX HAMBURG.-The festival
of St. John the Baptist was celebrated on the
2ith inst, by Harmony Lodge No. 67 A.*. F.\
M.*. at Hamburg, So. Ca., assisted by visiting
Brethren from Lodges of that. State, as well
as from this city. The Lodge was opened
and soon called off tb refreshments, when the
Brethren went in procession to the house of
Past Master A. Simon, where a eolation was
urrai'ged. Af'er having done justice to the
eatables and Hamburg lager bet r the Lodge
again returned to their hall ami were dj*
The Union Pacific Rail Road is being built
nore rapidly this vear than ever. The word
?a " To Salt Lake by Christmas." Sis hun
Jred and forty stiles are now in running or
ier, and a hundred miles more ure nearly
ready for thc track. Brigham Young has
ave thousond men at work in Utah, and says
be is not afraid of. the Gentiles, lt is proba-,
ble that the locomotive will go through to
the Pacific in 18C9 instead of 1870, and will
carry along with it an immense train of pas
sengers and freight, now awaiting that happy
event. Contrary to the u^ual experience of
rail road companies, the Union Pacific has an
abundance ol'ready monev, and pays cash for
everything. Its First Mortgage Six per cent.
Gold Bonds are eagerly taken throughout
the country by parties of sound financial judg
ment. The sales have already amounted to
seventeen million dollars.
REMOVING THE DISABILITIES OF EX-REBELS
-A few ex rebels who have gone over to the
Radical party had their disabilities .removed
yeste rday, so far as the action of the Senate
could remove them. This is all very good
and proper ; but it would certainly be the wi
ser course to pass a general bill, removing the
disabilities of all who are willing lo faithfully
abide by tho result of tho war and support
tho Constitution and laws of the United
States. Such a measure of pacification and
harmony was proposed by Slr. Vickery of
Maryland, but it was rejected without a
division." In the opinion of uar patriotic Radi
cal Senat; every Southern ex-rebel who does
not support the destructive views and policies
of the dominant party is disloyal aod not. fit
to bu trusted. The Southern mao who is a
Conservative most not be allowed to hold of
fice, but no matter how prominent he may
ha-, e Leen in the rebellion, and how deaptrate
ly he may -.ave bent his energies to the wotk
ol'destroying the Union, if he is willing to de
clare that the negro is as good if not a little
better thau the white man, and to express
himself delighted with military despotism and
anarchy, he is forthwith welcomed into the
elysium of Radical affections and is voted ca
pable of holding any. office. And so we go.
Perhaps the people may be allowed next No
vember to grant to ?he late rebels of the South
a general amnesty, without waiting for a spe
cial act of Congress.-N. Y. Herald, 17th inst.
SHOT.-On Friday last, a negro coming out
of the gunsmith shop with a shot-gun, in a
most careless and ignorant manner, capped
and pulled trigger, with the intention, he said,
of blowing the gt n out. Most unfortunately
the gun was found to be loaded, and went (ff,
the contents of which lodged in the head aud
shoulders of a quiet and good boy, who was
sitting near by. Thc boy shot, formerly be
longed to Col. Renwick, and bears an excel
lent character; while the other, judging from
bis greasy, lazy, good-for-nothing appearance,
has nothing to recommend him. Had lae
case been reverse:!, the harm would be con
sidered trifling. The wounded boy, with one
eye shot out, and otherwise badly hurt, is in
a precarious condition.-Newberry Herald.
A very excellent address was delivered by
Col. R. A. Fair, before the Democratic Club
of this place, on last Saturday evening. I
was addressed principally to the colored mem
bers, and was designed to expose the false
philanthropy of the "carpet baggers" and
"scalawags," who are carrying out their own
selfish purposes at the expense of the deluded
blacks-fit representatives of that pious crew
of early abolitionists who sold their slaves,
pocketed the proceeds, and then joined in a
holy crusade against the institution. The
next address will be delivered by the Hon.
Armistead Burt, with ?ir. W. H. McCas as his
DEATH OF CRPTAIN JOHN CIIESNUT.-It is
our sad task to record the decea>e of this es
timable, accomplished, courteous gentleman.
He died about noon on the 15th instant, and
was buried in the family cemetery at Knight's
Hill. Early in the late war, be joined Gregg's
Regiment as a private and proved his man
hood by the cheerful courage with which he
encountered the perils and hardships of an
infantry soldier, little fitted as he was, physi
cally, to endure them. Upon the dissolution
of that regiment he entered the Boykin Ran
gers, a company of mounted r. fiemen, which
was afterwards converted into a>cavalrycorp3,
and was incorporated into the 2d South Car
olina Cavalry. On the retirement ot Captain
Boykin, he was succeeded by Captain Ches
nut, who served with eminent distinction to
the end of the war. Pure and elevated in
spirit, genial, fr-nk and I polished in manners,
bold and manly in character, he was loved
and admired as a gentleman, a soldier and a
patriot. We trust some of bis many friends
will prepare ? memorial more worthy of his
* THE DILL MURDER-MORE ARRESTS.-By
a private letter from Camden, dated the 22d,
we learn that the military authorities are still
engaged in investigating the Dill murdur.
Several additional arrests have beeu made
and the parties confined in the jail, prepara
tory to their removal to Castle Pinckoey.
Among those last arrested aro Mema. Huea
hee, Kelly, Rayburn. Mattox, Dr. Wm. Nel
son, John Mickle and James Pickett. Four
or five negroes have also been arrested for
supposed complicity in thc murder. These
occurrences keep the Camden community at
lever heat, as no one knows what a day may
bring forth. Altogether there havo been ar
rested eighteen; or nineteen white?, besides
thc blacks above alluded to. A good deal of |
amusement has been excited in tho locality
by the reports published in one or tv?) Charles
ton papers of " bloody and fearful outrages,"
which never occurred.-Charleston News,
PRESIDENT JOHNSON AND THE DEMOCRATIC
CONVENTION AT NEW YORK--WHAT HIS
FRIENDS SAY.- Washington June 21, l?GS.
Friends of the President here claim that he
will receive the largest vote on the first bal
lot in the New York Convention, and antici
pate on the part of the Presideut, within.the
next three or four days, some official demon
strations ?which will secure him the nomina
tion. They claim that Mr. Johnson's gallant
stand for the Constitution entitles him to the
gratitude and favor of the Conservative party,
and that some bold stroke ot policy is all that
is needed to secure it. Hence they say that
important events are near at hand.-Special
to Baltimore Gazette.
Letter From Charles Sumner.
RICHMOND, Juno 25, noon.-The following
letter hos been written by Senator Sumner to
i citizen of Norfolk :
SENATE CHAMBER, June 22,1868.
DEAR SIR : 1 have your letter of the 18th,
in reference to the eligibility of a colored
mao lo Congress. I know of no ground on
which he could be excluded from his seat, if |
iuiy elected, and I should welcome the elec
tion of a competent representative of the col
ored race to either House of Congress as the
final triumph of the cause of equal rights.
Till this step is taken our success is incom
The children of Charles Anderson, three
a number, of Eist Bradford Township, Ches
ter County, Penn., were burned to death last
Thursday. The parents were engtiged' at
work for one of their neighbours when tho
icddent occurred. It appears that the girl,
?ho was about eleven years of age, attempt
}d to make a fire to cook some dinner, when
ihe took a can containing kerosene oil and4
waa in the act of pouring it on the fire when
t exploded, throwing its contents over the
:hildren and igniting their clothes. They im
ncdialely ran out Of the house, and fn m
;hence to a neighbour's bouse, but by this
;imc they were burned in a shocking manner.
The neighbours soon collected and attempted
o alleviate their sufferings. The boy, aged
?even years, died in about three hours ; the
jirl, aged eleven, in about five hours, and the
nfant in six hours. A grandchild, who was
?eared io the door, escaped injury.
HST The Petersburg Index contains this ap
>cal : Virginians, bo firm as the bases of your bis
o?e mountains, unbendiug as their snowy caps.
Hake uo compromiso ; be decoivud by no suoh
rap for gulls as this Chase movement; you have
?ken your stand, maiutuin it against all ussail
tnts alike, Virginia btlovgt to white mea, awl 1
Kvcr mit bc rvktf bf pegr***, J
T H Eg A D V E R T J SER.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 18G8.
3 Our Editor left on Thursday last for Now York,
to be present nt tho great National Democratic
Convention. Wo-hope and expect to rcceive'a
long letter from bim io time for our next publi
We regret our inability to givo place to an ar
ticle from Dr. H. R. COOK and another communi
cation from " PnucnKSS." Both will appear next
gg!~Wo havo been informod by GEO. DAHSEN,
Esq., Deputy Messenger, that a mistake has oe
.curred in tho notioe advertising meeting of Credi
tors io the matter of Douglass Robertson. The
advertisement calls tho meeting on the 16th, in
stead of tho 15:u July, at 10 o'clock. Abo, in
the matter of Moses P. Walton, advertised on the
14-th of July at 10-o'olock, should be 14th July
at 11 o'clock. Parties interested will take due
In the Glorious Union at Last.
On Thursday, the 25th, the Omnibus Bill, to
admit the States of North Carolina, South Caroli
na, Georgia, Florida, Alabama and Louisiana to
representation in Congress, was passed over tho
President's veto by the requisite two-thirds ma
jority, and lin? now become a low. So we ure in
tho Union again, or will bc as soon as the Legis
lature assembles end pusses the Fourteenth
Amendment to the Constitution of the United
States, which will be done on Monday or Tuesday
Meeting of the Legislature.
Gun. R. K. SCOTT, Governor elect of the State
of South Carolina, bas issued tbe following Proc
lamation convening the Legsslature on Monday
next, tho 6th ?net :
By virtue of authority vested in me by an Act
of the Congress of the United States, passed June
25, 1SG8, entitled " An Act to admit the States of
North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Geor
gia, Alabama and Florida, to representation in
Congress," tho members elected to the Legislature
of South Carolina, in pursuance of tho provisions -
of au Act entitled, " An Act for the more efficient
government of the rebel States." passed March
2, 1867, and Acts supplementary thereto, are
hereby uotiQed, to convene in General assembly,
at tho City of Columbia, at twelve (12) o'clock
noon, on Monday, the sixth (6th) day of July,
Anno Domini 18G8.
Doue at the City of Charleston, South Carolina,
this twenty-sixth day of June, A. D. 186S.
R. K. SCOTT,
Governor-elect of South Carolina.
Formation of Democratic Clubi.
From a glance at our columns it will be seen
that three moro Democratic Clubs have been
ganized in this District. Go on gentlemen,-the
cause is a good one, and there is a grand work
to be tluuo-re-instatiug the Democratic party
into power again; and every white mun in thc
land, .and colored mun too, should work with
will for the achievement of this, the only hope,
for the salvation of the country. We desire to
note the formation of many moro Clubs in the
course of the next few weeks.
Barbecue and Pic Nie at Batesville
We have been requested by the Committee of |
Arrangements to announce that a Railroad Cele
bration will bo had at Batesville Depot, on the
Columbia and Augusta Railroad, on Saturday,
the 4th inst., and the public generally are cordi
ally invited. A large Barbecue and Pic Nie com
bined, will be propsrod for th*, occasion, and
Speaking, (not political,) and Music, and Dan
cing may be expected. In a word, the good peo
ple of the Ridge want to have an old-fashioned
4th of July jollification, and desire all their
friends and acquaintances to unite with them,
- Edgefield village and vicinity will have a full
delegation on hand-a lean, lank and a hungry
orowd. Look out for them.
A well written article, over the signature
of " G "-a new and welcome contributor to our
columns-wiE appear in our issuo of the 8th in
Gen. 31. L. BONHAM has our best thanks
for an interesting batch of Western and North
Miss Buie's Institution.
Somo two weeks since we announced that Miss
BUIE, "the Soldiers Friend," was in our midst,
with tho design of establishing here a Female
School of high order. We are now happy to an
nounce that Miss Bum hus actually begun her
School' She commenced operations on Monday
of last week, in tho Fcmalo Institute. And we
are authorized to .-.tate that, in a short time, this
large aud commodious building will be in Miss
Bute's possession by purchase. Miss Ii L IE has
many able and willing friends ; and this fact,
joinod to the indomitable enercy and perseverance
of the lady herself, encourages us to predict that
she will make of her present undertaking a grand
success. Misa Brit; deserves well ut the bunds of ]
thc Southern public, i>nd we call upon the people
of this section to come up now to her support.
Of course ber Institution must becomo popular
hero, before it can draw pupils from abroad.
Tho Female Institute building, as soon as it
oomes into Miss Bute's possession, will bo thor
oughly repaired .-.nd set in order. Nor will her
school be discontinued while repairs are being
made; another building will be provided in the
mtsanlinio. And it is Miss BUIE'S intention to
engage a corps of Teachers whoso, vory names
will give satisfaction to the great public of Edge
field District. Her text books will be strictly and
exclusively Southern. In fact Miss Bute's devo
tion to the South, and to Southern people, and
Southern ideas,-and Southern traditions, and the
Southern future, amounts to almost absolute fe
And here, again, we would beg leave to call the
attention of our people to the fact that should
Miss Bun: succeed, as sho now has every hope
and prospect of doing, the charitable education
of tho daughters of deceased Confederate Soldiers
will be a prominent and ever-fostered feature of |
Miss Bute may be found either at the Institute
or at the private residence of A. A. GLOVER, Esq.
Spear's Fruit Preserving Solution.
For preserving purposes this Solution is now
considorcd an indispensable article. Many per
sons in this vicinity tested it lost year in preserv
ing Fruits, Tomatoes, Syrups, Jellies, Spiced
Fruits, 4c, and found it equal to all that was
claimed for it. It serves to prevont decomposi
tion and preserves Fruits, ftc, in a fresh and
wholesome condition for years, at the most trifling
expense, and without tho aid of sugar or air-tight
vessels. Now that we have an abundance of |
Fruits, it behooves the good housewife to com
mence her preserving operations without delay,
and at the outset we imploro 'them to procura a
bottle of Spear's Preserving Solution; and there
by avoid tho trouble of sealing, obtaining costly
jars or cans, and tho many other preserving an
noyances known to every hom keeper. This So
lution may bo had on application to the *' Corner
Drug Store," at the sign of tho Golden Mortar, or
at tho Store of Mr. G. L. PKSN.
?&~DT. T. J. TEAGUE, at thc Drug Storo un
der Masonio Hall, hos just put up a frosh lot of
superior Rat Poison. Wo have tried this Poison,
and succeeded in killing an old suck-egg dog,
two cats, and about a cart load of rats, judging
from the indescribable knock-down odor that
now infests our corn crib. This Poison will kill.
Try a box-not on yoursolf-but on your Rats.
On Wednesday night last aband of armed
negroes went to the house of a Mr. Brown, in
Screven county, for the purpose of carrying off,
by force, a girl hired thore. A row ensued, in
which one of the negroes fired at Mr. Brown, who
returned the fire, killing one of the party, pound- j '
ing Mcibej ?d potting tho mt tv flight, j <
T-be Torch of thc incendiary,ja ..J
There were two large fires io Charleston on Sat
urday and .Sunday night?, the 20th and 21st, 1
which were evidently the work of the incendiary, i
Messrs. HOLUKS k CALDER and W; L. "WEBB were
thc principal euSorers ot the first Aro-their stocks
being almosta total-loss. They were however in
sured to a considerable extont.. Tho (ire on Sun
day night entirely consumed tho ?xtensive Drug
IIouso of GOODRICH" A WISEMAN, and considera
bly damaged* the large stock of bookrof E. J.
DAWSON & Co. These gentlemen were also in
sured. The loss of property by those two fires
must bavo approximated $150,000.
Thu Charleston Nero*, .alluding to these devas
tating conflagration?, and thc probability of their
being the work of the cowardly incendiary, says :
"It is not oar.custom to give notoriety to the ne
gro papers published in this city, und as long as
they confine themselves to abasing white men and
Tn? DArcv Ni wa, they will receive no attention
at our hands- Rut one of these papers-the Mis
sionary Jiecord-under the guidance of B. H.
Cain, oue of the negro "Aldermen of Charleston,
has gone out of its usual path, and now stands be
fore this community and its military rulers, as di
rectly responsible for all that is not accidental in
the fires of Saturday and Sunday last.
Io the Missionary Record; published an Satur
day morning last, is an editorial under the cap
tion, " Tho whirlwind cometh-Beware." This
article opens by declaring that the white oppo
nents of Reconstruction are so intent on punish
ing thc poor man,"white and black, for voting the
Republican ticket, that- they forget that such a
courso " may catt them their /ature p*otptet$ in 6K
* mets." Here is a plain and direct menace ;? and
tho writer goes on to say that the merchants have
thrown all their weight against tho laboring man,
and that the merchants and business men gene
rally have brought to the city country negroes
who will work for a mere song so as " to make
ninety per cent, over tho cost of citizen labor, and
put it into their own pockets." The article then
speaks of the colored men without work-the
starving wives and children-the business leeches
" who fatten on their fat contracts"-the "relent
less" landlord, and says " they-the Radicals
have boon turned away from every employment,
by those who aro opposed to them in politics, SB a
punishment for using their liberty. We appeal to
that class of men " to beware of two thoutand men
in a ?tate nf denperation, maddened by the cries
for bread coming from their children, frenzied by
tho eight of th? 'hunger-smitten wife, goaded by
the merciless landlord, and then when he remem
bers that a certain olass of men have contributed
to all this misery, simply on political grounds,1.
rAey will wreak their terrible vengeance on their
head?." Further on, it says : " While we write
tho fearful scenes of the French Revolution stand
spectre-like before us, as we contemplate the
thousands of men, women and children in this
city who are thrown into a state of want and suf
fering by tho actions af those who have it in their
power to oppress thom, and as we pa>s the motley
aud sullen crowds that occupy tho corners and
walk thc streets casting an eye of fire at these
gentlemen-merchants, contractors, speculators in
their bones and sinews-we exclaim, God ?ave ut
from the tight which crazed France and lit the fire?
of dettruction which ?wept over that country. If\
tuck a fire thould bc kindled in thit city, who will
suffer the most ? Let. the merchant, the property
holder, the men who ara in power, remember that
the rich alway? tuffer the mott where the rabble
rule. This is no fancy sketch ; the fire burns now,
when thc wild passions are once
aroused, you cannot catily allay them." For ns
this is more than enough, but we print the wholo
infamous harangue in full, so that it may tell its
Tho Missionary Reco' d .9 published on Sat
urday morning, and on Saturday night a fire
broke out in a house filled with paints and oils,
next door to a building crammed with dry goods and
clothing. Tho next niirht a fire brokeout in an un
occupied house in tho midst of shoe merchants and
dry goods merchants, and next to the Telegetpb'
and Express Offices. Were theso things acciatc
tal ? Was it a mere coincidence that the flames
should have followed so soon tho article pub
lished by the Record ? Was it chance that this
"Alderman" Cain should goad on the colored
men to madness in tho morning, and that by night
the fires of destruction should hold high carnival
in the city?
Was an accident that the city engine houses
have been broken into twice within the lost week,
and that on each occasion tho hose was cut, and
thut the couplings were carried away 7 Was it
chance that thus a thing was done, which might
hare made an engino useless if called suddenly
to a fire ? Was it a coincidence that thc hoso of |
tho engines was cut at the fire on Sund.-.y night?
Wus it fate that each of the two fires wc have
chronicled burst out in positions where (he flames
might be expeoted to spread rapidly, and give
abundant room for picking and for pillage? We
say that it was not accident, coincidence or chance.
It was done deliberately and oalmly, with a full
knowledge of the natural result, and we ask Gen
eral Cunby whether ho will allow this mau Cain,
his appointee, to sit any longer in tho Council of
thc city bo is endeavoring to destroy by inciting
?ti ce nd ii ri? ra, riot uud wrong?
??r~ Demorett'e Monthly for July, prompt os
usual, and with an additional quantity of Summer
Literature, is one of the mott useful and interest
ing of all tho parlor periodicals, readable from
beginning to end, and, better than that, its toneis
elevated and earnost, very unlike tho frivolous ar
tificiality that disgraces so many fashion journals.
The fashions are a feature,as ever. Ladies in the
country think they can not make a garment with
out Demorett'a Magazine, and thero is, in addition
to tho treasured-patterns, ul ways a fund of useful
and valuable information upon all household and
domestic subjects. Address, W. JENHISCS DKM
OBEST, 473 Broadwoy, New York. $3.000, yearly.
ffSS" From a communication laid before Con
gress by the Paymaster General of the United
States we learn that General Canby estimates
that $127,398 25 will have to be appropriated to"
meet the deficiency in tho fund for executing the
reconstruction laws daring the past year In this
Military District, and $24,000 for carrying on his
operations next year.
JSP Wo learn from parties wb? have just re
turned from Washington, (say's the Charleston
Courier) that Congress will not adjourn, but will
take a recess from August to Ootobor. This meas
ure has beon decided upon, it is said, to keep a
check upon tho President's removals and appoint
ments to office during the procent Presidential,
^3J-Two negroes, near Mrs. Bell's Mill, lu
Putnam county, on last Wednesday, were scuffling
for the possession of a shot gun ; while in the
melee the gun was discharged killing one of them
TSSf Among those from this State whosa politi
cal disabilities wer* removed, lon the passage, by
Congress, of the Conference Bill, by a two-thirds
vote, loBt Monday were, J. D. Aihmore,.A. S.
Wallace', C. C. Bowen, F. J. Moses, Jr., Thoa. J. I(
?3?" A lady, not long since, visiting a cemetery
with her little daughter, observed on one of the
stones a neatly cut figure of a horse. Wondering
why such an emblem should be used) they exam
ined the inscription closely* but could find no clue
to its appropriateness, when ber. little girl re
marked ; " I presume she died of the nightmare."
^3J-The Monticello Democratic Club is re
ported as flourishing. It has seventy-five white
and thirty colored members. Col. W. J. Alston is
President; Dr. W. P. Curry, Col. T. J. Dawkins,
and Maj. J. R. Lyle?, are Vice-Presidents ; H. M.
Zoaly is Secretary.
QT Ex-Gov. Brown, of Georgia, has had his
political disabilities removed by Congress-snd is
now ready to take bis seat in the U. S. Senate as
loon as elected by tho Goorgia legislature^ which
swill be done in the next ten days.
The election for the ratification of the
State Constitution commenced in Mississippi on
F aundsy last, and it is said th? Democrats will J
?jry tho 3tat? .ptottbeftnajtaufe* bjjfl^ap, j *
Home for the il ot hers, Widows and
Daughters of Confederate Soldiers.
Six months ago, there was established in Char
eston, bj the indefatigable .exertions of many
jobie women of that city, a Homo for the Mothers,
Widows and Daughters of-, Confederate Soldiers,
ind now these noble women lay before the peo*,
pie of the State a Report of the :'.':Home"Yor
:he first half year of its existence. This Roport,
togothor with a letter from the President of the
* Home," we take the utmost pleasure, in pub*
lishing. Our readers will lind thc cn below.
Tho main dependence of the founders oT the
'.' Home" has been, and must still continue to be,
in tho benevolence, the generosity, the patriotic
remembrances, of the citizens of. South Carolina,
who bave never yet been deficient in tho exercise
t?f charity. We know that our people have suf
fered much. They have lost property in many
ways, and the profits of years of labor have melt
ed away in their hands. But when they consider
the a i m H and object n of the Home for the Mothers,
Widow? and Daughter* of Confederate Soldier?,
wo have b ave no fears that their liberality and
patriotism will fall'short of the demands which
such an institution so naturally makes upon them.
We hope when tho .day comes which awaits us
all, the great, judgment. day, when the Son of
Man shall come in his majesty, and all the angels
with nica, that there aro many among us who
may havo the bliss of bearing the words of the
King addressed tb them: "Come ye'blessed of
my Father,, possess the Kingdom prepared for
you from the foundation of the world. For I
waa hungry, and you gave me-to eat ; I was thits
ty, and you gave me to drink; I was .> stranger,
and you took me in ; naked, ' and you covered
me; sick, .and you visited me; in prison, and.
you came to me."
God ever loves the kind heart and the open
Any one wishing to bestow aid upon the
"Home," can learn, from the appended letter and
Report, the name and, address of its honored
President: . . /
- . CBABMSSTON, June 11th, 1868.
Editor of the Edgefield Arfoerf iter,-DZABSIR :
-The Ladies in charge of the Home, for the
Mothers, Widows and Daughters of our Confed
erate dead, respectfully ?enclose you a Circular
containing a report of the Home, for the last Six
Mouths ; and beg you will give it an insertion in
your journal, in order to inform the citizens of
Edgefield District as to the condition of an In
stitution, in which all parts of the State are in
terested. Gur'work is not confined to the City
alone-as inmates from other Districts have at
roady been received into the Home. We are
however sadly in want of funds to carry on our
noble work, ami would bo much indebted if yon
would be kind onough to make for ns an appeal
through your valuable Journal. Hoping that we
are not asking more than you are at leisure to
I am, Sir, Very Respectfully,
M. A. 8N0WDEN,
The ladies incharge of the "HOME," believing
the public to be interested in their mission of love
and mercy, would lay before those who have so
kindly aided in this charity a brief statement of
what has been accomplished for the welfare of
Thc "HOME" has been in operation for six
months, and numbers over 60 occupants. Here
these destitute ladies and children, some of whom
have been reduced from affluence to poverty, by
tho misfortunes of War, fiad a comfortable shel
ter, and a pleasant home. In the seclusion of
her apartment each mother can carry . n the work
of training her children with the same privacy
and care that sho could in her own home; and
the children can still enjoy tho privileges and
pleasures of the domestic circle.
Three times a week soup is supplied in.the In*
stitution ; and from time to time snob provisions
as have boen sent by friends have been distributed
among the inmates, and most gratefully received.
A school, numbering over .fifty children-and
constantly increasing, gathered from the families
in the " HOKE," and from those unable to secure
education elsewhere-bas been organizad, and is
regularly and gratuitously taught by young ladies
of refinement and culturo. Tba firogre-s of th?
children in acquiring knowledge has already been
such as to reward and stimulate their disinterest
Tho large and commodious building, rented by
tho Board of Control, affording the facilities, it
is proposed, as speedily as possible, to admit a
limited number of girls--daughters of Confeder
erate Soldiers, who have been impoverished by
the War, and to afford them a home, in order to
securo them the meads of thorough education.
They will, bo placed under tho supervision of a
discreet and experienced lady, as Matron. For
the means of their education and board, however,
the Board of Control make; earnest appeal to the
liberal and benevolent. Tuition for them eau be
obtained, at sumo of the best schools in the city
of Charleston, at one-half the usual rates ; and
the zeal and determination of the young ladies
to secure thc mcaus of self-support will, doubt
less, ensure double the ordinary progress to that
Fortunately, also, the spacious premises occu
pied by the .' HOME" hos afforded shelter lo per
sons in need who do not come within the exact
letter of the purpose of the Institution, but who
havo gladly availed themselves of the privilege
of occupying room.3 in the building which were not
immediately required by thu? .or whom they
were originally designed. Tho eagerness with
which ludies huve nvailcd themselves of even a
temporary shelter, which they covonanted cheer
fully.to resign so soon as it thould be needed by.
those having a prior claim, dues but indicate the
extremity to which we are reduced, the patient
magnanimity with which it is, borne, and tho
timelines?, of even the lea-t i f?o rt and prayer for
While thanking most gratefully all who have
assisted us in this undertaking, we earnestly en
treat them not to relax their generous endeavours
on behalf of the "HOME."
There are many wan ts of its inmates which we
are unable to relieve; and feel that our work is
incomplo until wo pour out the full measure of
comfort, upon those whose protectors yielded lip
their lives in dofenco of their homes and ours. .
We fully realize the vast importance of our un
dertaking-its grave responsibility. We know
our work to be a noble one-to comfort the widow
and the fatherless, and to shelter the homoless.
Therefore, with an abiding faith in the kindness
of onr people, and a'confident trust in the benevo
lent promptings of humanity, wo earnestly com
mend tho " HOME" to the loberai and philan
. Mrs. M. .A. SNOWDEN.
Mrs. P. C. GAILLARD*.
Mrs. D, E. HUGER.
. Mrs. GEO. ROBERTSON.
Mrs. WM. RAVENEL.
Mrs. HENRY RAVENEL.
Mrs. J. S. SNOWDEN.
Mrs. C. S. V EDD ER.
Mrs. W.'E. MIKE LL.
Mrs.- J. S. PALMER.
Mrs. M: P. MATHESON.
Miss M. B. CAMPBELL.
Miss ANNA SIMPSON.
Miss E. E. PALMER.
Miss MATILDA MIDDLETON.
? -??- .- ?
For. the Advertiser.
MT. WILH.NO, June 27th, 1868. -
Mn. EDITOH : I see by the Columbia Phoenix
mat aevoral hundred people met at Mt. Willing
md. unanimously pa axed a Resolution offered
>y Capt. PHIL WATERS disapproving tho Edgefield
rillege programme in general. The troth, of the
natter is, a large number of persons bad assem
)led together at Mt. Willing to pay Taxes, and
[ suppose a few of them passed the said Resohi
;ion. I am en humble member of the ML Wil
ing Democratic Clnb, bat was not present on that
iccasion. Had I haveheen there I should have
ipposed the Resolution. I fully approve of the
troceedings of tho Edgefield meeting.
J. H. BLEASE.
IST The editor of the Journal of Art, a paper I
lublished in Paris, has been condemned to two
:ears imprisonment In jail, and to pay a fine of
0,000 francs for an article .written reflecting very
ererely on the Government.
Chicago ia favored with a remarkable in*
?dual, a citizen named Koerber, who has a beard (
ix feet long, which he is, of course, compelled to
?ft as he walks along the street
Governor Bullock* of Georgia, is from
rew York ; Governor Clayton, of Arkansas, is
rom Pennsylvania ; Governor Reed of Florida, 1
i from Wisconsin ; Governor Warm ou th, of Lou- ]
liana, is from Illinois ; Governor Scott, of South ,
arolina, is from Pennsylvania and Ohio. All ,
wpet-baggers. The Governor (B. B. Engleston), <
roposed for Mississippi, is from Ohio; Governor ?
feils, to be roted for in Virginio, is from f
lir-h?gan, j c
MR. EDITOR.-At a public meeting held by. the
Democracy of tba Salada, at Maj. Hu ie t's Store,
03 Saturday 13th inst., the following proceedings
On motion, by J. Y Culbreath, the Mooting was
called fc.order-by;X7apt<losEP^Wi8?^tf?iog the
Chair, and J. H. BAUKS'IUHT acting as Secretary.
The Chairman explained tho object of the
Meeting,"vis : tho. organization of a. Democratic
Club, when on motion '.the Chairman 'appointed
tho following gentlemen a Committee to draft
Resolutions, viz: Capt. L. Charlton, Wilson Ab
ney, J. Y. Culbreath, John Huiet and Thoa.
Banks, who after a brief absence presented the
WUEBEAS, It is the duty of every oitizen to act
his part iii the approaching great strugglo for tho
restoration of Constitutional liberty, and it being
necessary that, his name be enrolled in some or- i
ganization among its sapportors and defenders.
Bo it therefore
Retohcd, l*f, Thot wo cheerfully respond to
the ci ll of the Democratic party of- tho State, by
organising ourselves in to, a Club, to be known as
the Saluda Democratic Club.
Reoohed, 2nd, That as unity is the itrength of I
all organizations, we. Will make no iziuo on minor
points; but will set before us the only object to
be accomplished by the Democratic party, to wit :.
She restoration of Constitutional liberty. . i
Revolved, '?rd, That we pledge our support to
the Platform adopted in Columbia, the 8:h inst.
Resolved, -Uh, Tbat we advise our colored friends
to listen no longer to fanatics and demagogues,
birt unite with ns in rescuing our country from-un
On motion, the foregoing Resolutions were
adopted; after which the Meeting.adjourned, to
convene the 4th July next, at 2 o'clock, P. M.
JOS. WISE, Chair.
' Jos. H. BOUKSIOHT, Sec'ry.
After a brief recess the crowd assembled ia an
adjacent grove, and was ably and eloquently ad.
dressed upon the political issues of the day by
Judge POPE, of Newberry, and E. W. S LIB LES, of |
Mi. Willing. .
Lewis Butler (colored) well known at Edgefield, |
made a sensible, logical, and patriotic appeal to
his colored friends to rally to the Democratic
standard, and stand with the white people of the
South in the approaching Presidential Election'
whioh was favorably received by his audience.
Jos. H. BAU KNIGHT, Sect'ry.
For tho Advertiser.
D e m o c rat i c Meetiug.
MCNEABY'S STORE, June 10, 1468.
In pursuance of previous notice, a huge number j
af the citizens ot the vicinity of McNearj's Sloie,
Edgefield Bis trio t, met on Saturday the G th of
Dr. JACOB WEET WOS called to the Chair, and
J. I. RAUCH requested to act as Secretary.
The Chairman briefly stated the object of the '
meeting, and on motion a Committee of Seven?
consisting of Messrs. A. W. Lindlcr, Frederick
Kinard, Lott Jennings, H. H. Riser, A.P. West
P. E. Wise and Joseph Wise, were appointed te
propare business for thee meeting.
The Committee reported as follows :
We, accepting the defeat of our policy by force,
of arms, and believing the people of our State
firmly attached to the principles of Constitutional
liberty, is handed down to mi by tbe fathers of |
the Republic, and recognizing the National Dem
ocratic party as the only party, true to these prin
cipies, and knowing that the policy of the Radi
cal party, If successful, must inevitably lead to
bloodshed, and all the horrors of a war of racer
and being anxious to preserve peace, law and
order, by uniting for the overthrow of these ene
mies of our peace and country. Therefore, be it
Remited, That we form ourselves into a Demo
cratic Club, to be known as the .Spring Creek
Democratic Club of Edgefield District, ?. C., and
that we pledge our sacred honor to be governed
by such Rules and By-Laws as a majority of the
Club shall enact for its government.
Resolved, That those colored men who voted
the Democratic ticket, or abstained from voting,
we recognize as our friends, and will rta nd by
them as such, and give tb em all the asentanco in
our power; and lo those-who acted against us
hitherto, either white ot colored, we-now extend
an invitation to join us in the cause OT finerty, to
forsake the Radical party, and assist us in keep
ing peace in the country.
The following gentlemen were nominated and
elected permanent Ornoo'"
Dr. JACOB WEST, Prc '?ut.
L. C. MCNBARY, '. Vi. LI.NDLER, Vioo-Presi
P. E. WISE, Recording Secretory.
A. P. WEHT, Corresponding Secretary.
LOTT Jr.XM.vs, Treasurer.
The folio-,mg Committee were appointed to
draft a Constitution and By-Lavrs for the govern
ment of the Club : E. P. West, Joseph Wise and
J. I. Rauch.
P. E. Wise and Jos. Wise were appointed a
Committee to procure a speaker for the next
The Club adjourne 1 until the 20th inst, at 2
o'clock, P. M., at which time it ?ill meet at tbe
School-house at St. Mark's Chnrcb.
JACOB WEST, President
J. I. RACCB, Seo'ry.
For tho Advertiser.
A Democratic meeting of the citizens as
sembled at Spann'? Church, on Saturday the 20th
June. The meeting was organized by calling Capt.
R. WARB to the Chair, and Mr. P. L. WmunT
(o act as Secretory.
Tbe Chairman, on taking the -Chair, addressed
tho-meeting at length on the condition of the
country, and the object of the meeting, in an able
and eloquent style.
The meeting was also addressed by T. H. CLARK,
Eiq., and Capt Tuos. JONES.
It was then resolved that the Chair Appointa
Committee of Five to prepare a Constitution und
business for the meeting, Whereupon the Chair
appointed Capt Thos. Jones, Col. B. E. Nichol
son, Capt T. H. Clark, Geo, Walker, Esq, and
Martin McCarty, Esq.
After retiring a few minutes, the Committee
mode the following report.
The Committee would respectfully eubmit the
following artistes for a Constitution.
Article 1-This Club sh all be called the Ridge
ville Democratic Club.
2. Its Officers shall consist of a President, a
vice-President, twu Secretaries, and a Treasurer.
3. The duties of the President shall be to pre
side at all meetings, and call meetings when ever
the interest of tho Club demands it; and ia his
absence tho office shall be filled by tho Vice
4. The duties of the Secretaries shall be to re
cord all the proceeding of each mooting, and to 1
proser vc "the records ; and that of the Treasurer's '
to take charge of the funds belonging to the Crab, '
and to pay them ont by order t>f the same.
5. The object of thin Club is to promote tbe
interest of the Democratic party, and to act in
concert with said party.
fi. Any mab) oitizen, of the age of twenty-one
years, may become a member of this Club, hy ?
subs cribing to this Constitution and conforming *
to the same, (
7. This Club shall hold on? regular meeting in c
each month in the year, at such place as the pro
dding officer may designate.
8. Any Article of this Constitution may bo al- r
tered or amended hy a two-third vote of the
members present at a regalar meeting.
The meeting then elected the falling gentle- 1
nen permanent Officers of the Club to wit :
Capt R. WARD, President
Capt THOS. JONES, vice-President
P. L. WRIGHT and J. W. LAGROONE, Secreta
MARTIN MCCARTY Treasurer.
The meeting then adjourned to meet at Dry
Sreek Church, on Saturday the 4th of July next,
it 2 o'clock, P. M. I 1
P. L. WRIGHT, Seo'ry. | ?
On last Wednesday, Miss Elizabeth 6am- V
iler, residing near Temple station, on tbe Eastern 1
Pennsylvania Railroad,Berks County, Pa., caught 1
i locust-the first one sho had t ver seen-and was T
ixhibiting it to her mother, when it atong her on
he hand. The sting caused h :r much pain, and s
ts poisonous effect a ran through her whole system, a
rom tba effects et which abo .lied on Batar day j a
" - Tor th?'Advertiser.
. Number IV.
If the Southern people he trae to themselve
s both unnatural ac J impossible that negro i
frage, either absolute or qualified, eon perraani
ly. be established here, andas bold as it ra ay sou
I do not hesitate to ossert,fpat, even if the wi
mea of the South should unanimously and cht
fully consent to absolute negro suffrage, tho f
pre of the North would not ?How it. XbVy wo
gave us against our own mad fully,, becauso t
themselves would he involvedln:<fnr ruin. T
some of the Northern States appear to be io ul
Radical, and so revengeful toward the SoutL
seems that they would, if they could, impose
blighting cauLso of universal negro raffiOge O]
os,provided the seven hundred thousand ne
men of the Sooth could be enfranchised so ai
vole only in State elections. But this cannot
done. Every negro who-may be permitted to v
for officers of the State Government must likew
according te the Constitution, bave the privil
of voting for officers of the Federal Governnu
The Radicals first attempted to enfranch
niggers in ail the States, thisklngthat so fewn
ger? inhabit many of the States North, where <
treme radicalism was lately triomph?t,'that lil
or no objection would be made ; bat wherever i
proposition hu beon submitted to a popular v
in any State at the North since the weir, it J
been indignantly and overwhelmingly defeat
The uniform verdict at the North, in ell late el
tions against negro suffrage in any form for i
handful of darkies in that quarter, has caused I
rodicsl leaders to shift their ground. Their pi
Hon nowie to let each Northern State regal
suffrage to suit itself,-but, through the Fed?
Government, to compel every Southern Stotel
only to enfranchise all blacks, bat also to disfrt
chiso enough whites to give the niggers control
the State Governments, and power, to cast I
vot? of the'South for nigger Presidential Eloctc
a&d for nigger members of Congress. This slij
change of base will not save them from contine
defeat, because it proposes to -hive ora rule'
suffrage for the North, amt another rr le of s
frago for the South, without regard *? Jae Com
tution; because by. letting niggl rs vote at 1
South, in Federal elections, which cannot be p:
vented if they are allowed to volt in. State eli
tions, it will carry negro suffrage home to er?
ma?, Woman and child at the North jost 'as' eff
tually os if the Southern negroes dwelt at I
North, and should vote there. For instance,
the negroes at the South are to vote in a Pre
dentio. election, it does not matter where tb
wide, aa a nigger voter here will offset a, wh
voter at the North. Jun so it will be too in
elections for Representatives and Senators in Os
gress. Thus it ls that tho black chickens hatch
by the Radical Leaders, that have been roost!
over Southern men for some time p ast ii. tho Stt
Governments, arc at last going horca to per
above the heads of their dirty parestj in tho tilt:
Hen House of the Federal Government. T
South has an ample guaranty against having r
gro suffrage fixed apon her, in the fact thmt it ca
not exist here ss,to the Sute G o vern menu wit
oat also existing os to che Federal Governm?
The people of the United States are not yet qui
ready to revolutionise their Government, and mo
grclise their society, as the Spanish America
As ttie leaders of the Radical party hare i
patriotism, and are governed entirely hy corni
policy, they propose - to continuo in power by i
tempting the hitherto unaccomplished feet
making white men out of laggers ; but the hose
thinking privates of the party, who'aro govern*
mora by principle in politics, can never folk
their leaders in such en infamous and -qu'not
enterprise. Humanity and the equal rights
man are the Radical pleas for c la ?ming -the neg
or Chinaman as a brother of tho Caucasian. B
this ls very new doctrine, to which bat few whi
mea subscribe. In fuct, no white man, unless I
bo a designing knave, ot sentimental fool, caa i
will admit that any.colored man,-black, red, ye
low, or tawny-is his equal. Let casuists reese
ai they may, bat ia the Ways of God to ma
whatever'rightT Th?/h?g fist elt tip~TJie"U
tie ones of their kind. Thc hawk and eagle di
vour th J birds of the air. Tbe lion and tiger pr?
upon the quadrupeds of the field, and why shoal
not the superior white depredate uf-on the infer
ors of his kind ? Whether right or wrong, natur
or unnatural, he is doing it by tho wholesale,
is an old. saying that whon two mea hove to ric
the samo horse, tho weaker must ride behind, an
that when tbe horse can no longer carry both r
dcrs, the weaker mmt dismount ; or, if proferret
that when a small plank at sea will not sup poi
two men, tho weaker must support himself in tb
water,, *. - .
Sinoe the discovery of America, and of th
South West passage to India, the Caucasian rac
no longer remain penned up ia the small Conti
nont of Europe, to prey on euch other for elboi
room, as in former times. The Goths, Vandal
and Normans, ins tead of extermina ting the de
caying families of their own race, are now engegei
ia a ground crusado against all tho colored tribe
The Mariner's. Compass, the Steam Engine, ant
tue Rifle, together with the Priutioj; Press ant
some othur minor ugenoies, have made every wbit(
man a crusado against the colored ni. n. S warm i
of Caucassians are daily, I might say hourly,
leaving tho busy hives of "Europe, to join lo thc
mighty crusado whieh the white man is waging
against the colored mao all over tbe irond. Thu
crusade is the key to all the te a den c. i t> of, the age.
It is the primary moving power of .modern socie
ty. It bas given the whole white race a delirious
fever, which rages much higher than that of th?
crusades in tho middle ages. It bas put every
thing into a transition state. It is upsetting all
old ideas of Government, Law, Religion, Morals
ind Trade. It is making every white man t con
queror, a land owner and a governor, or extermi
oator of the colored man. It is leveling ail aris
tocracy ia Government among white men, so as
to make each white man, theoretically at least,
.inly an equal unit of power in the State. It is
making every w?te man only a Democrat as to
every other white man, but au aristocrat as to
i very colored man ; and this white aristocrat is
claiming the usual privilege of a parvenue gover
nor, which is to govern others, bat net submit to
je governed himself. The late inventions. and
discoveries of Art and Science have greatly in
tensified this gigantic crusade.
The large Ocean Steamer now makes a voyage
?etween distant Continents in ten days, that used
to occupy as many weeks or months. At least
if ty thousand miles of Rail Road have been built
through the colored man's territory within the
oat thirty years. England has constructed over
four thousand milos of permanent Railway in only
me of her Cu lon ?ci-India-during the past seven
rears. Perhaps a million miles of such Road
?ill be built over the colored man's land within
he lifetime of children now born. The white
nan's Iron horse, oarrying both troops and imml
?rants la hi* train, is every where riding flown
he colored races; like-the car of Juggernaut. Be
iause a redondant white population any where
ian easily find relief by taking a short voyage,
LS to time, and by doing a little fighting after
anding on the shores of some colored man's tar
itory, the whito race are multiplying and replen
suing beyond all precedent-beyond all ?rpecta
iun. Malthus is laid asido as ?bsolete. For every
rhite ohild bern into the world, at least two col
ired haman beings have to get oat of ii to make
oom for tho Caucastian infant. As land is the
inly limit to the reproduction of white population,
be white race are determined to conquer the land,
,r.d go on with unlimited reproduction.
The whito man's Government, as well as indi
?dual white capitalists everywhere, find it better
nd cheaper to arm and pay the passage of their
h ri f tics? poer and vicious criminals to some col
red man's land, where they can quickly become
reducers, tax payers ar d customers, than to sup
ort them permanently In Poer Houses, or defray
be expense.of their punishment for crime, or toot
be bill for higher insurance to guard against the
iolence of h angry moos.
Thero is noihiag whieh makes a meta so free,,
o independa at, and so lordly in his aspirations,
s ownership of load, and every white nun nov
-days eau at oily becomo a Land-owner
?ike has ivery witty of soil, cHmsto, and
gove?ment from which' to nieet It is^he con
sciousness of this fact which makai th? poor au*
sea of over-peopled Europe io restire-to pron?
to revolution-so resolved to level all politic*!
distiuctiona among white men. The wise aristoc
racy of England-the first in Europe te detect
the true spirit cf the modern crusade against the
colored races,-aot only retard their fall M a
privileged class, hut eves reg?late it, by giving
employment and scope tor action to ?il ambitious
Englishmen in conquering territory from ft? col
ored races, and in 'j at truing th??? neos. Hatee
it ii that England's Revell ie rolls around th?
world, over Land taken from the colored mae.
Even now she is conquering Abyainia, wail?
-France ta pomsaaee of tits atm. policy, lr catting
the throats of the Cochin Chinamen, and Russia
is recognising all the colored tribes of C?itj?) ard
Northern Asie as "men and brothers" by fte liing
the-jackonrand vultures with their carcases/
But it is not for an American - to throw the first
stone at bis'white brother across-the water., WJare
ore the 'millions upon mittiost-of ladsaWftat
once inhabited this broad co n tin ant ? Tha las. of
them are being slaughtered st the foot of ft?
Rocky Mountain? by the Radio?!s, who feel so
much gashing humanity toward 1he negro, who is
infinitely below the Indian In tra? manhood.'
So aggressive is the white man toward the col
ored races, so rapid is bis increase, so boondie.'s
arc bis facilities fer easy, quick and cheap trans
portation, to matchless ate his means ferr fighting,
that wi ti. la two centuries more in all probability,
a wait' man's government will hare be?&i?*t*b
j liahru over every foot of desirable land *n tho
habitable globe, ?nd tb? 'Negro, Malay and Mon
go ii j n will have been as completely exterminated,
ac the Indian has besa ia the United States. At
all events every thing' foreshadows that ?re
many centuries, colored men. will have becomi as
rare as diamonds ore now, .and that but ?ix or
eight white governments, speaking- only ?sf malty
languages,' will coter tho earth. The ."lamb or
fawn never more instinctly shuns aiscciation with
fte lion or tiger, than the colored race? etoo?!
from contact with the -white- man. -The ftirtteit
of weakness camvsd the Mongolians of Japan ?od
China to prohibit all intercourse with fte white
msgr,'--bot?n, "t^jfl? Tb^-^tritedT^fetfk**^
open'fte gates o'tfapstj*, ??*d aH m*r??me^??p?>
combined to burst the "barri era of Chin a. It WM
while'an English Admiral was getting sadly
worsted in this h atinen that oar gallant Commo
dore Tatos! forgot t?^Mtnlity ?*1ns 'lag; ??*
ext?ndel aid, nccoopomed with tho ientr.n?nt to
which every honest, sensible" Caucasian respond?,
that '+ blood is thlek?r ft?*w^Mtf* - - * 3>fTt'
AU fte Continents, and fte y^tf ling
are heb g rapidly appropriated by the whiteman,
as fast and ?ven foster thad they are nt?d*d,^or
the multiplying white race. By common consent
tho laud, labor and live, of the colored raceu. are
artio'.es of fm trade among . Caucasians every
where. As tho Indians'?ad ! Malays make but
sony laborers, and ?rs in trac ? cable in Uoper,
they ?are despatched at ance for ft? ?ak? of their
land; bot as- the Negro ann Mongaiiau SN hardy,
docile, cheerful, and good ' wcrhors, they ?re isl .
measure spired for a time, etfter' to work fte
Lami they once owned, or they are carried to the
territory conquered from the murdered Indians,
and Malays, there to toil for thu white mas, until
by increase of white population, sufficient white
labor caa be found to till fte soil, when fte Ne
gro and Mongolian mast die somehow. England
?lone, os sho is still true to har Norman Wood,
baa, in ber several Urgt> Colonies, at least one
hnBdjr?d and;filly. J?illioas of such, colorad OT .
mongrellaborer's, toiling Uko gtiley slaves, on a
bore subsistence, either for her white wt?sens, or
for ker Government. As soon s ?.white .mon esa
be found to work the Land of thai? Colonies either
aa small proprietors, lessees, mortgagees, ot Jot.
wages, those hundred and 'fifty milliou's colored
laborers mus' perish by fte sword or otherwise.
The English rule, and" it ia the araetieal Caucas
sian rule everywhere, ht to destroy colored Laborers
eren gradually,' step by 3tep, so as to keep pace
with fte increase of white men.
. The Indian has been xi lied in America, be
cause be would neither gire uj bis. laud good
naturedly, nor cheerfully work it, without either
pay or food, for tho ancestors of oar present
Radicals. While land was plentiful and whit?
labor scarce in the United Slatey, the negro was
brought here also by the faibert of fte pr?tent
Radicals to labor bard ipr no compensation, bat
the lash. As long as free trade existed in Afri
cans,negro slavery obtained throughout the lim
its of the United StaUs, but fte Southern States
ni.:n who wero in fte Convention that adopto J.
the Federal Coustitution, had .a cLaus? infer ted;
abolishing the free (African Slave Trade. Thia
was. don? against fte earnest protest of the Radi
cals of that d?y, who wore the ohief hunters sud
importers of the Sable " Brothers" of their grand
children. Twenty years were giren, those old..
Saints to wind up their African importing busi
ness, but their decendants did not sire fte Sooth
an hour to dose up eren the intiiutio* of Slavery.
When tho Free Trade'closed, the price of slave*
immediately rose, and continued to rite) with
occasional fluctuations, until the'cnal abolition of
slavery. While the Fro? Trade existed a hearty
grow? African seldom cost snore, ot even aa much
as a good horse or male. His price embraced no
item for nor turing him on til he could subsist
himself, and yield a good profit by his labor. A
few dollars for citohing him ia his native jangle
-a few more dollars for importing him, sad ?UH
a few more for prc ht ta the Radical importer,
made up the price,
Eut for the fatal step ef our Sou them Ancoslora .
in closing this free trade, African Slavery migbt
h A vo continued to exist throughout the entire
Length and breadth of the Uni ted States to the '
present time, except perhaps in som? of thc o?J r
sterile, overpeopled States of New-England* ?tali
it might have continued so to exist hereafter for
perhaps a century, as we yet have plenty of land,,
and nil Mexico, Central Amer ina, and Hayti Vrj,.
are to be oars whenever fte whit? rsc? hen shs 111
need fte fertile lands of those regions. Stare?;
fte abolition of Slavery freedmen are getagt?'
some parts of the North ja-large numbers as do
mestics and as farm laborers. Contrary to jaw
expectation of oar short-sighted ancestors, since
the adoption of fte Federal Constitution which
prohibited 'fte- Free Slave -Trade) - the United
States har? acquired mon than' three times ss
mach new territory a? the old States possessed
when -they ?losad ft? Frc? Trade in Afr ?can labor.
These new forests had to be cleared, ft? swamps
drained, the Rivera leavied, ft? fields tilled, aad
th? thousand other demand* for Labor La ftes?
new territories,'' to say nothing of ft? aced for
more labor in fte old States, had to ba supplied
from some quarter.
Tho inexhaustible supply from Africa having
been cut off, the enormous o'sim a nd for more labor
in fte United States hat beer." filled by white labor
from Europe, or rafter the demand at the North
and West has been finished from this source,
while the still Large demand at fte Sooth hat
been supplied from no source, bat natani ?aer?ese,
and by draining Africans from fte Northern
States, which caused si avery to be abtdLshed there,
io one State after soother, some Um? sgt. Since
tho close of the Free Slave Trade, the South bes
never had sufficient labor even for her agricul
ture, niue a less to dcvelope ber manufactures,
mines, shipping, etc. Proof cf this may be found
in the fact, that-st long as fte South could get all
needed labor, slave or tree, Charleston sad other
Southern cities, kept pace with Not them cities
in population, wealth,' commerce and ic every
eleoiont of prosperity. Yet it ass not to mach
the mere elosiagof. the Slave Trade that prevented
the South from oetag well supplied With labor,
at it'wsa the adoption of another fatal policy, of
which I will ny something in m'y next.
G. D. TILLMAN.
^-TA TeaspoonT??In""tin ?Uk, wift the
promise of the largest yield rr?r koowa*. Cotton
it also lookiogi,v?iy ftii*fy:?ind ^ai bra larg?
crop if not destroyed by fte worm. '
MsaatiO, on fte 14ft June, by Gao. W. Nixon,
Esq , Mr. WM. A. HO ?FLE and SABAS ANfi
HcDA??mL?^aUof tbisDiftac. .
ii lr% M *