Newspaper Page Text
The Inauguration of the New Govei
HEADQCART'S SECOND MILITARY DISTRICT
CHARLESTON, S. C., Jone 30,1868.
[(/trurol Ordtra Ko. 120.]
Ia conformity with the law of tba Uni
States passed June 25, 186S, entitled "
Act to admit the States of North Carpl?
South Carolina, Louisiana, Georgia, Alaba
aud Florida to repr?sentation in Congre:
all officers ot the States of North Carol
and South Carolina, duly elected and qu
!iea under the Constitutions thereof, and
prohibited 5rom holding office in said Su
by the third section of the proposed ame
ment to the Constitution of the United Sta
known as Article Fourteen, will, upon
ratification of tho said amendment by
Legislature, be inaugurated without del
taking the oath of office prescribed by
Constitutions of the Stetes in which they h
been elected, and otherwise qualifying,
conformity with the laws of said States.
1. So much of the provisious of Gen?
Orders No. 79, of May 2, and No. 83, of S
12, 1SGS, from these headquarters, as de
nates the time for the officers elected un
the new Constitution to enter upou their
ties, aud requires them to take the oath ]
scribed by tbe law of July 2,1862, being
perseded by the law above cited, is heri
2. The third section of the proposed ame
ment to the Constitution, known as Art
Fourteen, is republished for the informat
and government of those whom it may con?
SECTION 3. No person shall be a Senate
Representative in Coigress, or Elector
Presuie -t und Vice Piesident, or hold i
office* civil or military, under the Uni
States or under any State, who, hiving ]
vioa>ly taken j.n oath as a member of C
gress, or as au officer of tho United States
as a member of an}* State Legislature, or
un executive or judicial officer of any Sti
to support the Constitution of the Uni
States, shall have engaged in insurrection
rebellion against the same, or given aid
comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congi
may, by a voto of two-thirds of each Hot
remove such disability."
* * * * ? . .
Should the disabilities of any of the offic
elect not have been removed, or if they sho
from any other cause be unable to qual
the fact will oe immediately reported to 1
Governor of the State, and the present
cumbents, if they are charged with any act
administrative duties, or with the care of p
lie records, or with the custody of public c
ney or public property, will, in conform
with the law, hold over until their successi
be duly qualified.
2. To facilitate the organization of the n
State Governments, the following appoi
meats are made :
To bo Governor of North Carolina, W. '
Holdent Governor elect, vice Jonathan Wor
To be Lieutenant-Governor of North Ca
lina, Tod R. Caldwell, Lieutenant Govert
elect, to fill an original vacancy.
To take effect July 1,1868, on the meet!
of the General Assembly of the State
3. To be Governor of South Carolina, R<
ert Iv. Scott, Governor elect, vice James
Orr, removed. .
To be Lieutenant-Governor, Lemuel Boozi
Lieutenant-Governor elect, to fill a vacan<
To take effect July 6, 1868, on the meetii
of the General Assembly of the State
4. The County Courts of North Caroni
and the District Courts of South CaroHi
having been abolished, the records of all sn
Courts will be transferred to the custody
. the Clerks of the Courts of the respect!
Co un tie-, and all unexecuted processes i
other unfinished business of the said Coui
wilTbe returned, in the? former State to tl
Superior Court, and in the latter to the Cou
of Common Pleas and General Sessions,
the first ensuing session held in such Count}
and in like manner the records, papers ar
public property in the custody of the Clerl
of said County and District Courts, as we
as in the hands of Clerks and Masters :
Equity in North Carolina, shall be turn?
over to the incoming Clerks of said Superb
Courts and Courts of Common Pleas.
5. Unless or until otherwise directed by tl
General Assembly of North Carolina, tb
duty of approving the bonds of public office!
of Counties will be devolved upon the Count
Commissioners elected under the new Cot
6. For the purpose of organization, th
County Commissioners elect of each Count
in the State of North Carolina shall, on th
day provided by the Constitution for them t
enter upon their duties, or as soonHhereafte
as practicable, assemble together at tb
CourUHouse in each County, and elect on
of their number Chairman, who shall there
upon request the Chairman of the retirin?
County Court to administer the oath of offic
to the said Commissioners; and the sail
Chairman of the retiring County Court i
hereby empowered and required immediately
to administer to the said Commissioners, ssv
orally, the oath prescribed by said Constitu
tion ; which oath having been by them thei
aud there taken and subscribed, said Boar;
of County Commissioners shall be deemec
duly qualified and inducted into office.
The County Commissioners elect in Sou tl
Carolina will organize in like manner, there
tiring Ordinary in each County administering
7. Until the General Assembly of the Stat?
of South Carolina shall expressly prescrib?
by law the duties of the Sheriffs, Coroners
and Clerks of Courts chosen or authorized tc
b i chosen at the election held in said Stat?
on the 2d and 3d of June, 1868, the office?
so elected shall, after qualification, perform
thc duties prescribed for said officers by law
under the existing provisional government oi
8. Until otherwise provided by law, the
Judges of Probate elected in South Carolina
shall perform the duties heretofore performed
by Ordinaries ; and in respect to business
appertaining to minors, and the allotment ot
dower, and in cases of idiocy and lunacy, and
persons non compotes mentis, shall conduct
their proceeding? as far as possible in con
formity with the rules and regulations govern
ing the practice in like cases in the Courts of
the Provisional Government now authorized
by law to take jurisdiction of such business,
and records and public property in the hands
of Ordinaries will be transferred to the Pro
0. In like manner, nntil otherwise provided
by raw, the powers and duties of County
Commissioners in South Carolina, shall in
elude the powers and duties heretofore per
taining to Commissioners of the Poor. Com
missioners ofRoads.B i Ige -, F?rr;e? ai d Cuts
Commissioners of Public Buildings, and Com
missioners to Approve the Bonds of Public
Officers, and in discbarge thereof said Coun
ty Commissioners will be governed as far as
practicable by the laws and usages regulating
the functions cf the offices, the powers and
duties of which are hereby conferred upon
10. It shall be the duty of each of the Boards
of County Commissioners in South Carolina,
immediately after their organization, to ap
point a Treasurer to act until otherwise pro
vided by law, who shall be required, before
entering upon his duties, to enter into bond
to the Board, with securities to be approved
by the Board, and in amount to be fixed by
the Board, conditioned for the faithful per
formance of his duties, which bond shall be
filed with the Clerk of tho Court for the
County; and such Treasurer shall safely keep
and disburse all funds belonging to the Board ;
and for his services shall bo allowed a com
mission, to be fixed by the Board, an all sums
received and paid away, but no commission
or other fee shall be allowed on the transfer
of fund8tothe Treasurer from b:s predecessor,
nor from the Treasurer to his successor, nor
shall the commission allowed no the Treasu
rer exceed the* ra te of two per cent, on moneys
received, and two per cent, on moneys paid
11. The Circuit Judges, who shall be cho
sen by the General Assembly, shall, until
otherwise provided by law, ba authorized to
exercise in suiis in equity hereafter commenc
ed all the powers heretofore pertaining to
Chane ellon, subj ect to rules of procedure to
be feed hy Justices of tba Supreme Coon j
ana until the adoption of such rules
existing rules of chancery practice sha
By command of Brevet Major-Genera
E. S. OAXBY.
LOUIS Y. C AZI ARC
Alde-do-Carap, Act, Asst. Adj't Genet
Proclamation by tho President
WASHINGTON, July 4-A jproclamatioi
been issued by the President, declaring
whereas, in the month of July, 1861, ii
ceptiug the condition of civil war, whicl
brought about by insurrection and reb<
in several of the States, the two Hom
Congress did solemnly d te I.ire that thi
was not waged on the Government in
spirit of opposition, nor for any purpot
conquest or subjugation, nor for any pu:
of overthrowing or interfering with the r
or established institutions of the States
only to defend and maintain the suprei
of the Con*tiiut:?rn of the United States
to preserve the Uuion, with all the dig
equality and rights of the several State
impaired, aud that, so soon as those ol
should be accomplished, the war on the
of the Government should ceise ; and, w
as, the President of the United State:
heretofore, i ? the spirit-of that declart
and with the view of securing for it ulti
and complete effect, set forth several pr
mations, offering amnesty and pardon tc
.ons who bad been or were concerned i
rebellion, which proclamations, however,
attended with prudential reservations an
captions, Uien Ueetned necessary and prc
and, whereas, the said war has long
ceased, with an acknowledgment by al
States of the supremacy of lie Federal
stitution, and there Dolouger exists any gr
to apprehend a renewal of civil war, 01
foieign interference, any un."awful resisl
by any portion of the people of any of
Statea to t*>e Constitution and laws of
United States ; and, whereas, it is desi]
to reduce tbe standing army and t>? bril
a speedy termination military occupa
martial luw, military tribunals, abridgrae
freedom of speech, of the press, and sus
sion of the privilege of habeas corpus, ant
trial by jury-such encroachmeuts upoi
free institutions, in times of peace, being
gerous to public liberty, incompatible
thc individual rights of the citizen, cont
to the genius of our Republican form of i
ernment, and exhaustive of tie national
sources ; and, whereas, it is believed
am ne? ty and pardon will tend to seem
complete and universal establishment
prevalence of municipal law and order
conioimity with the Constitution of
United States ; and to remove all appeara
or presumptions of a retaliatory or vindit
policy, on the part of the Government, al
ded by unnecessary disqualifications, pi
penalties, confiscations and disfranchisemi
and on the contrary to promote and pro
complete fraternal reconciliation among
whole people, with doe submission to the I
stitution and laws; therefore, be it "kn
that I, Andrew Johnson, President of?
United States, do, by virtue of the'Gonai
tion, and in the name of the' people' bf
United Staten, hereby proclaim and dec
unconditionally and without reservation
all and to every person who directly or i
rectly participated in the late insurrectioi
rebellion, excepting such person or person
may be under presentment or indictmen
any Court of the Unjted States, having c
petent, jurisdiction u^fci^J^ar^tres
or other felony, a fu?rP^fo"J,8rjd*-amn(
for the offence of treaa?n^giast' the Uni
States, or of adhering f&g?j? enemies dui
the late civil war, wita restoration of all rig
of property, except as to^slaven, and ext
also as to any property>5f which any per
may have been legalry^dlvested, under?*
laws of the United States. In testim*
whereof, 1 have signed' these presents%w
my hand, and have caused-the seal of
United States to be hereunto affixed.
Done at the city of Washington, .the
day of July, in the year of our-Lord <
thousand eight hundred and sixty-eip
and of the Independence of the.-Uni
States of America ninety-third.
Bv the President.
WILLIAM H. SEWABD,
Secretary of State.
On the 1st, Hamilton, a member o'f 1
House of Representatives from Florida, \
The President has relieved General a
Dowell from the command of the Fourth li
kary District and ordered him to report
the War Department for duty. He ia st
ceeded by General Gillern.
IQ the House, the Bill to appropriate moe
for tte purchase of Alaska was under consi
Mr. Washbarne, of Wisconsin, opposed a
appropriation to carry the Bill into effect,
is understood that a vote OD the matter w
be taken on Thursday.
In the Senate, Mr. Trumbull spoke again
the Bill excluding the Southern States fro
the Electorial College, and moved to atrii
Florida and Arkansas from the Bill. No a
j tion was taken.
The consideration of the Civil Appropri
tion Bil! was resumed.
Mr. Sherman withdrew the Funding Bi
! which he had offered as au amendment.
On the 2d, in the Senate, a joint resol
tion was passed admitting six Japaneseyoutl
to the Naval Academy at Annapolis.
A bill was iutroduced convening the ne:
session of Congress on the third Monday :
A. S. Welch, the Florida Senator, wi
Pacific railroad matters were discussed i
A bill was reported giving $7,000 to tl
ladies' Mount Vernon Association.
In the House, the Reconstruction Com m i
tee reported a bill dividing Texas into tw
States. Ordered printed..
After disposing of several executive cou
municatious of no general importance, th
House considered the Senate amendments t
the civil appropriation bill, and, without cor
Members of Congress are becoming ver
anxious to adjourn, and will probably do s
without touching the finances.
Several Treasury clerks were dif-missed o
the 1st, on account of no appropriation0.
The object for convening Congress th
i third Monday in November, is to have a re
cess instead of an adjournment, to prevent rt
mov?is by the President.
Boutwell objects to the bill dividing Texas
A joint resolution extending the Agricul
tural College act to Arkansas, was referrei
to the Committee on Public Lands.
The Tribune says editorially, alluding b
Grant's order, placing recently elected offi
cials in office iu Louisiana : General Gran
will to-day issue an order of the same naturi
applicable to the States of Georgia, Florida
Suuth Carolina, North Carolina and Alabama
? On ?he 3d, in the Seuate, a memorial wat
presented asking fifteen thousand dollars foi
deepening the St, John's (Fla.) river.
The tax bill was reported and made tb?
.special order for Monday, and until completed
A resolution to adjourn for the 4th wat
adopted, ten Radicals voting nay.
Tbe balance of the day was devoted to
District of Columbia affairs. Senate adjourned.
The House considered appropriations in
Committee of the Whole, ?gain rejecting the
amendment allowing clerks extra compensa
tion ; and after passing the bill forniuhing the
militia of each Congressional district with
two thousand rifles and two batteritjs of ar
tillery, adjourned to Monday.
The Corruption Committee report covers
over twenty columns with positive facts or as
sertions. The report labors to show the prob
ability that money was raised and used to
acquit President Johnson. The amount of
din throwu is amazing. Scarcely a friend of
the President or prominent political opponent
Detective Lafayette C. Baber is dead. He
leaves a quarter of a million.
??S~ The Augusta Chronicle & Sentinel says :
The old and well-known firm of W. A. Ramsoy
A Co. have sold out their stock to Mr. J. C. Par
ter, late of Edgefield District, S. C., who wi!! con
tinue the grocery business at the old stand. Mr.
W. A. Ramsey will still be found at tho store, and
will be glad to tee his frionds. We commend Mr.
???Kter to tb? ptftoatgo of ?or oMrou. . j
J AMES T. BACON, EDITO E.
WEDNESDAY. JULY 8, 18C6.
BA ns nu's HOTEL. BALTIMORE, June 28.
Dear Advertizer : On Fr nd ay morning, at 10
o'clock, we find ow.... set down, noient volent,
in Baltimore. On aooount of some Sanday regu
lation the cars do not run further than tbii point
to day. Therefore wo shall not seo New York as
soon as we expected by 24 hours. So it is in life.
How seldom do the proposing of man and the
disposing of God run in the tame groove !
And now that we are brought suddenly to a
stand-still, we make it our first duty to achieve a
few jotting? for the Advertiter. They will be
higgledy-piggledy, pell-mell ; for that is the way
we feel, after two day? and nights of dirty, sleep
less railroad travel. When we get to Now Tork
we will proceed to indite you Convention pros
pects and Convention doings.
Loft Augusta on Friday morning, in pelting
rain. Hope you had some of it ! Bought Ex
cursion Ticket to New Tork and back for $32.00.
Chose npper route, via Columbia, Charlotte, Dan
ville, Richmond, to. ""Was informed that we
would reach N. T. on Sunday morning. Railroad
men aro as deluding as women ! Thought the
cars would be jammed with distinguished public
men starting to Convention. On the contrary
only three human being?, including ourself were
passengers. Felt like Jonah in the whale's belly.
Not having traveled fora long time, was nervous
for fear a disaster would befall us. Felt constant
ly in one pocket to see if excursion ticket was
safe, and in the other to see if financos were ditto.
The long and elaborate ticket made much larger
roll than the finances.
Struck with nothing between Augusta and Co
lumbia but the splendid orchards in the vicinity
of Orangeville and Aiken ; and with the appa
rent extreme poverty of thc people all along the
line of the road. At Orangeburg met with Ridge
people getting on the cars, and upon arriving at
Columbia, saw them take the train for home,
left Orangeburg at 2 P. M., and would reach the
Ridge by 6 P. M. So mach for the Columbia and
Hamburg Railroad. At depot in Columbia saw
some hard-featured strange looking women. Won
dered much what they were and where they came
from. Turned out to be Yankee school-marms
laboring and loving (negroes) in Columbia. Four
of them embarked, and formed a study for us of
human character, until we happily lost sight of
them at Richmond.
At Charlotte, N. C., things began to look more
prosperous,-premises in good repair, fences
whitewashed, inhabitants clean looking. And
this became more and more the case as we neared
Virginia. Passed over the new Piedmont mad,
and by the beautiful and thriving town of Dan
ville, destined, it is said to be one of the greatest
tobacco markets in America. It is situated in
the heart of as beautiful c. oouotry as we have
even seen,'the whole land exalting in growing
Corn, groin and tobacco.
Contrary to expectation, obliged to lay over in
Richmond* four hour*. Repair to Spootswood
Hotel, and thence make an incursion into the
city; in company with Dr. Irvine and his daugh
ter of Greenville. Richmond beautiful, airy,
clean, healthful, guy,-prosperous Walked about
the bright and bustling streets With a sickening
sensation that South Carolinians are the poorest
people upon God's earth. Truly no people seem
ti be so sorely stricken as we 1 Why can ire not
recuperate like the inhabitants of other sections?
We say it with groaning; that cannot be uttered,
but really as soon as we crossed the South Caro
lina line we seemed to emerge from darkness,
death and long despair, into life and sunshine
From Richmond to Washington via Acquia
Creek. Up the Potomac at snails pace; could
have towed a largo steamer up Beaver Dam in
exactly the same time.
From Washington to Baltimore on Sunday
morning. Whole oouotry one soene of beauty,
wealth and civilization. Cars crowded with Irish
people in Sanday clothes.
Dropped by the omnibus at Barnum's Hotel.
Hurry through crowds of distinguished and ele
gant-looking men, who, we fear would be demon
stratively disgusted at the appearance among
them of so grimy and dirty-looking an individual,
and hurry to a chamber.
Begin to jot down these items, when loud
laughter and tumultuous footsteps are heard io
the hall. These proceed from two individuals
woll known (shall we say '-and loved?") in Edge
field. Gen. M. W. GARY and Capt N. 0. BUTLER.
They are both popular here; indeed they "weed
a wide row." They bring with them a couple of
gay triunda ; and much is said and done that
would amuse a dead man in a coffin.
This party, ourself included, will depart for
New York to-night. Fear we have written some
what egotistically; if so, pardon us. Hav'nt bad
time yet to find out anything about anybody else,
or any other matter. More anon. How does the
public square look ? J. T. B.
Through some neglect in the Post Office depart
ment we have failed to receive our Editorial Cor
respondence from New York, which we have eve
ry reason to believe was mailed in time to reach
here on Monday last We regret this. But hopo
to hear from Our Editor in lengthy detail before
our next issue.
? ? ?
Prosident Johnson's Amnosty Proclamation has
at length been issued, and will be found on an
other column. The Charleston New? says, allud
ing to this Proclamation, " Right worthily has
President Johnson done his part in the restoration
of peace and order to the Union ; and though the
partisans of a Radical Congress may oontinue to
howl at his course to the end of his term, his place
in history is assured among the eminent men who
have dared encounter undeserved obloquy and
persecution for the sake of their country's weal."
A Superb Basket of Fruit.
M. D/T. VAUGHN places us under everlasting
obligations for a large basket of magnificent
Peachos and Plnms-decidedly the finest we have
seen this season. We are ready at all times to
give warm welcome to such contributions, and
are now anxiously awaiting for some other good
fellow to remember us out of their abundance.
Who will it be ? '
-? ? ??-;
Mr. G. L. PENN, the ever reliable merobant, bas
on hand a large supply of Buist's Genuine Tur
nip Seed, which Mr. P. is willing to warrant tobe
of the very best quality. Call on him and secure
your seed forthwith. None better can be found
anywhere in these United States.
" Well Done," Friend Body.
Rev. J. P. Bonis, a warm and good friend of
the Advertiter, and the Advertiter corps, sends us
from Kirksoy's X Roads a Club of Thirty New
Subscribers, accompanied with the Cash. Thank
you-thank you-thank you, dear Mr. B. Long
may you livo in the land, and may hoalth and
prosperity attend you alway.
Who will send in the next Club? Comoon,
everybody. We still have room for your names
on our Subscription Book.
"Castle in the Air,"--Poetry-will ap
pear next week.
Lost on Saturday lost, between Gran i to vi Io and
this place, a pair of Gold spectacles, in a black
Merooco case. A liberal reward will be paid for
the delivery of said spectacles at this office.
Some years back a Survey was made of
the contemplated Railroad from Aiken to Ninety
Six. Can any of our readers inform us of the
then estimated cost of building said Road accord
ing to said Survey ? Who will respond ?
The Legislature of North Carolina assem
bled on the 1st inst Governor Holden sent in a
brief message. In the House the Howard amend
ment was adopted by a voto of 78 to 20, and in
tba Senate bj ? rote ot H to 2. j
The Batesville Barbecue? ^;
Business engagement?, of a pressing SB
pro von ted our attending the Batesvillo Cel
Hon on Saturday last, but at our urgent rcqn
friend who was pre pant, bu preparad for n
following very interesting account of the pro
ings and incidents of that nevcr-tc-bo-forg
oooaslon, to which wa invite especial attentif
In ncoordanco with previous annonnoe
very extensively circulated, the Barbecue P
and Railroad Celebration carno off with
eolat at Batesvillo Depot, the present termi?
the Columbia and Augusta Railroad, on Batt
the fourth of the present month.
At a very early hour the ronds from all i
ter* were thronged with multitudes of pc
pressing forward to the scene of the festiv
and by ten o'clock an immense crowd had ai
bled upon the ground. -
The first object (hat attracted attention wo
Now Depot, a very handsome rnd commo
building just completed. In a grove hard b
speakers stand bad been erected, and seat?
pared for the > occasion. These latter were
filled with ladies, and the array of beauty
presented waa very imposing. In another i
further on a very long and capacious tabli
been erected in the form of a square, and ?ni
yond this was the pit where an active coi
cooks were engaged in the preparation ol
viands. A committee in the table rcjuairi
busy receiving the baskets, which poured i
goodly numbers, well filled with savory thin
As a train Was looked for from Columbia, ?
body was on the tip-toe of expectation, and <
for the Iron-Horeo to make.bis appearance
did not remain long in suspense for at a teal
ble hour the shrill whistle told of the nea:
proach of the train._ Then followed a nub. 1
Depot and long linos of peoplo formed on
side? of the road to await its arrival. A
seconds more and there it stood " Sn all its ^
OU8 attributes"-a novel sight to many, a
gladdening sight to all. It was a long t
heavily freighted with the beauty and the cb
ry of the Capitol of the State, together w
numerous delegation from Lexington and the
Stations on the route. ' Thoy were crowded o
platforms, on the tops of the oars, and even oi
cow-catober in front of the Engine, and we 1
that many were left, on acoount of the wa
room. The arrival of this train swelled th
ready im menso crowd to overwhelming num
It was estimated by good judges that there
now present from two to three thousand pe<
A Committee appointed to receive the Presi
and Directors hastened to meet these jgentlei
and after extending to them a cordial welcon
the festivities of the day, oonducted them tc
JAM KS E. LEK, the irrepressible and uni ven
popular " squire" of the Batesville oommui
presided as Chairman and Master of Ceremoi
with his usual urbanity and courtesy.
A Band from Columbia now struck np itt m
and contributed greatly to the life of the o
sion. We noticed on the stand OenL M. C. I
LiR, F. 6. Da FONTAINE, Esq., Capt. F. W. D
SON of the Charleston AVI.-I, and others.
The Chairman rose and announced that
WILLIAM JOHNSON, President of the Road, wi
address the audience.
Col. JOHNSON was received with applause,
proceeded to address the audience at consider
length in a very practical and happy style,
represented tb? prospects of tho Road os hi
very encouraging, and expressed full confide
in its early and rapid completion. The grac
had been nearly finished to Graniteville; the i
had been purchased and was being hurried :
ward as rapidly as possible, the stocks were gi
uaily appreciating in value, and that he bad m
a recent sale of ten thousand dollars of the Bo
of the Road at seventy-five per cent in ca?:
expressed congratulations that tho political pi
pects of the country were brightening, and i
mated that he did not think Chief Justice CHA
the worst man in the world to be run as a cai
date for tho Presidency. Ho alluded in com;
mentary terms to the valuable services that 1
been rendered the Road by the people: on
Lexington end of that route, and in this conn
tion made especial mention .of Messrs^Bjn
Bou KNIG HT, LEWIE and othors,and saidee m>]
that the people of Edgefield would como to
rescue with the same enterprising and resol
Dinner was then annonnced, and tho crowd
paired to the tables whioh they found lader
with a sumptuous supply of all sorts of gc
things, and they yielded a very willing obediei
when the Master of .Ceremonies directed them
j i* Pitch in, for it was a free repast."
In the meantime, upon the arrival of the tra
the Depot was pressed into service by the you
folks, and was at once converted into.a Terp
ebore Hall. With tho exception of a short int
val at the dinner hour, the motto at the De]
was "on with the dance, let joy bo unconflnei
We have omitted to mention that on the w
from the stand to the table, there was station
by the road-side an establishment with a ve
conspicuous t iga hung out, marked "Democra
Ice-CrcBm Saloon." -The individual who was t
presiding genius here, although a "Vay-fari
man," was by no means a fool. At all events
did not "ere therein." The day was intensely h
and his establishment was so well patronized tt
wo venture the presumption that bs would ha
been a very fit subject for thieves and robbers
, ho returned to his home, for we do not doubt 1
a moment that hit. pockets were well lined wi
great wada of " filthy lucre."
Dinner now over, and the crowd having be
refreshed, all bands again repaired to the Star
when a loud and very general call brought o
friend Mr. LE KO Y F. Yo UM ANS, the distinguish
Solicitor of the Southern Circnit to his feet. Il
was, as it was expected to be, a spirited and ol
quent address, interrupted with frequent applaui
Ile urged the paramount importance of buildii
up the internal mprovoments, and fostering tl
internal resources of our country, and illustr?t
his position with groat practical effect by a glan
at English History, from the time of Bacon
that of Gladstone, to prove that whatever polit
cat dissensions distracted the English peoplo, th<
never ncgleoted to foster these elements of ni
tiona! greatness, and that as a reward for the
vigilance their proud old Commonwealth stnnc
to-day peerless in Commerce and the mistress i
thc Seas. He concluded with the following sent
ment, which was well-timed and happily receivec
" WILLIAM JOHNSON the.Railroad King of Norl
Carolina. The old North State has not domai
of sufficient area to monopolize his energy, a bi! it
Calls were next made for Mr. DEFOKTAINI
the inimitable ".Personne," who declined in favc
of Captain DAWSON. Tho remarks of this speak?
wero in good taste, and were well received.
Loud calls were frequently made for Genera
BDVLER, but he did not respond on account c
Two colored Democrats from Columbia, whos
names we regret that we failed to obtain, foll o wei
next in order, and made staunch Democrat!
General PAUL QUATTA LB A UM then madeashor
address and the day closed.
The whistle blew-and then another rash ti
the Depot-some to get on the train, and othen
to see them off. Another blow of the whistle
and a few lusty puffs of steam, and the Rioblant
and Lexington Delegations were out of eight
Thus terminated an important day at Bates,
ville Depot. Though the ocoasion was not po
litical in its inoeption, and though this Depot ii
situated in Lexington District, yet there wore
numerous and unequivocal signs of the rapid
progress of a sound and healthy Democraoy. It
would seem that the Democrats are about to take
possessing of the once glorious u Fourth," and
restore it to its primitive ronown.
Let the citizen* of Edgefield be on the lookout
for the locomotive, and whonit comes, let us too,
like the people of Batesvillo, have a grand old
time over the occasion..
X9T William Little, Editor of the Bennetts
ville Journal, was married on the 2d inst., to
Mill Martha C. McBride, of Charleston.
Meeting of the jLeglslature.
According to Qov. SCOTT'S orders the Legisla
tor? of South Carolina assembled in Columbia
on Monday lost. As yet wo have heard nothing
A special dispatch from Columbia to the Charles
ton Courier, dated the 4th, says :
Abont forty members of tho Legislature arrived
here to-day. i
The canvass for United States Senators is very
warm and excited. The friends of T. J. Robert
son and Dr. A. G. Mackey have united and claim
their election on the first ballot-the former for
the short and the latter for the long term.
A lively canvass fur?the Speakership of the
House of Representatives is also in progress. W.
J. Whipper, (colored) has withdrawn in favor of
R. B. Elliott, (colored) who will be run against
Franklin J. Moses, Jr.
Nickerson'a Hotel, of this city, appears to be
the headquarters of all political parties.
Through the courtesy of Capt Nonius we aTe
in possession of a Saok of Extra Family Flour,
kindly sent us by Mr. Jons G. ABLE. The Flour
is very beautiful, and mokes delightful cake, bis
cuit, Au. We are a thousand times obliged to
you, Mr. ABLE, and will ever romember you, and
your well-timed liberality, with emotions near
akin to the love we cherish for those dearest to
us on earth.
Capt NORRIS accompanied the Flour with the
following note, which wc take the liberty of pub
lishing, inasmuch as it gives the location of Mr.
ABLE'S Mills, and other particulars which may
be of interest to those having Wheat to grind :
Mn. EDITOR,-I herewith send you a sack of
very superior Flour, Which I have been requested
to torn over to the Advertiter Corps hy Mr. John
G. Abie's the proprietor of the " Abie's Mills"
in Lexington District Mr. Able has now in
splendid working condition a first class Flouring
Mill, and is daily returning to his customers a
very fino article of Fionr, with a guod "tarn out."
The " Ablo's Mills" make very readily from good
wheat a yield of from forty-four to forty-five lbs.
of Extra Family Flour to the bushel, and have
made os high as forty-eight I tried some of Mr.
Abie's Flour lost year, and havo again just had
the pleasure of sampling some of the same kind
that he sends yon, and in both instances I have
found it to be'No. 1. The " Abie's Mills" are
situated on Lightwood Creek, one mile above
Quattlebaum's Mills, and about five miles East
and South of Leesville. They receive tho undi
vided attention of the Proprietor, who is thor
oughly experienced in the business.
A. J. NORRIS.
I Graniteville Hotel.
This beautiful and quiet little town now glories
in a well-kept Hotel-a desideratum long felt in
that place-under the able and acceptable man
agement of Mr. NOAH CONLEY and his estimable
lady. It was our pleasure to stop with Mr. C. a
few days since and we were highly pleased with
the neat and comfortable rooms, the well furnish
ed table, and the very kind and oourteous atten
tion extended by Mr. and Mrs. C. to the comfort
of their guests. Persons having business in Gran
iteville should by all means make it an object to
sojourn whilst there at the Graniteville Hotel.
Albert Jackson and Philip Johnson, (known
previous to May 1S65 as Albert Boulware and
Phil. Hill) both noted for their orderly conduct
and politeness, are running an Ice Cream Saloon
-and are doing it to perfection. We were the
delighted recipients, on Monday, of a large wai
ter of Ice Cream from their Saloon-and none
bettor was it ever our privilege to test They are
disposing well-filled plates of this most excellent
and pleasant compound at thc astonishing low
price of fifteen cents a plate, or two plates for
twenty-five cents. Give them a call.
? A Flan of Organization'.
A 7ery simple and yet very, efficient plan of
organization for the Conservatives of this State,
is suggested by the Columbia Phoenix. It is this :
1.. When each district is folly organized with
clubs at the court house, and in every convenient
locality in. the district, let each club elect five
delegaisfi! t?o-meet and form a District- Central
Club, for the moro thorough organization of the
2. Lot each District Central Club then elect
one delegate-these delegates meeting and form
ing a State Central Club, which meets os often as
it may see fit. , -
In this way the whole State may be thoroughly
organized. The pion has this merit, that it will
not interfere with present organization of the
I Democratic Clubs throughout the State.
A Campaign Paper.
The Augusta Conetitutionalitt-a true Southern
paper-and conducted in all its departments with
ability of the first order-will be furnished to
subscribers during the Presidential Campaign,
from 1st July to 15th November, at very low
rates, and we advise those who wish to keep part
ed on all tho political a fairs of the day, to sub
scribo at once.
The Proprietors make the following announce
The Conetitutionalitt will be mailed to clubs of
five, or more, from the first day of July to the
fifteenth of November next, at the following
Daily.& 50 per copy.
Tri-Weekly.,. 175 ?.
Weekly,. 75 "
The oanvass will undoubtedly be the fiercest
and the results the most important of any that
has taken place in this country, for the real issue
is a Constitutional Form of Government or a
Despotism, and every man should keop fully con
versant with the great struggle.
IfST- Note ii the Time to Form Club*.
The rates aro put down so low that no pecunia
ry profit can be realized, and those who want a
sound and reliable Demooratio journal for the
oampaign wonld do well to subscribe immediately
to the Conttitutionalitt.
See advertisement of Mrs. M, C. FULLMER.
Her " Wsshing Compound" ls as represented. We
have tested it-and would not be without the
1 Family Right" for ten times its cost Enclose
$1 to Mrs. M. C. FULLMER, Frog Level, S. C.,
and we will warrant satisfaction.
Col. J. P. THOMAS, has, we regret to-an
nounce, retired from the political management of
the Columbia Phoenix, which position he has most
creditably filled for the last three months. Mr.
SELBY, the Proprietor, will hereafter "run the
machine" alone, and promises to " exert himself
to'continuo the good name nf tho Ph cen ix," Suc
cess attend his efforts.
> On tho 30th, General Canby removed the
Governors and Lieut Governors of North Caroli
na and South Carolina, and appointed the newly
elected officers in their stead to take effect on the
meeting of the Legislature, and was done to facil
itate the inauguration of the officers elect which
takes place when the Howard amendment hos
been ratified. -
The Camden Prisoners (says (he Charles
ton Mercury) arrested for supposed complicity
with the Dill murder, it is now understood, will
be tried before a jury of their peers in a civil court,
and not by Military Commission.
Thomas Williamson, one of the guards
employed at the State Penitentiary at Columbia,
was accidentally killed by a gun in the hands of
comrade Thursday afternoon.
' In Mississippi forty-seven oat of sixty-one
counties return a majority against the constitu
tion of 13,906 ,* four of the remaining counties wil]
return majorities for thc constitution.
E5T Gold was quoted on the 3d, at New Tork
at 40}. The New York cotton market was a shade
firmer. Sales 1000 bales, at 32a32$o. At Liver
pool cotton closed firm and unchanged. Sales
8000 bales ; uplands Hid.
V. Young, Senator elect from Abbeville
Distriot on the Radical ticket, deolir.es to serve
os suoh, and says " I am no Radical, and have
no sympathies with the party, but on contrary am
a Democrat ia the strictest sense of tho term. A
weak ship on the breakers is rather dangerous)
and some people know it.
ty The Editor of the Chronicle & Sentinel hag
boen favoured with arness of fine Sweet Potatoes
the first of the season.
?&- A Mississippi nowapnper thuB graphically
describes the oratory of a political opponent :
" He ranted, raved, fumigated and scala wagged,
mongreled and kangarooded the Republican par
ty, bat tooompuihed nothing."
Por the Advertiser.
Notice to Democratic Committees and
A meeting of the Central Democratic Committee
is hereby ordered for IO o'clock Saturday, 18th
Inst. * V
. Members of the Sub-Committees, and Demo
cratic Clubs of thc District, are hereby respect
fully requested to bo present in the Court House
on that day, as matters of importance wi?l'be
brought before thea for full discussion.
P. \y.PICKENS, Chairman
of Central Committee.
For the Advertiser.
As " RIDGEWOOD" remarks in your issue of
the 24th, in regard to Edgefield Railroads, the
ic i nd work has been repeatedly done ; yet without
a certain amount of wind work the necessary
?team will not be generated. The first step to be
taken is to get the people thinking seriously on
the subject, and convince them that tho project is
not only feasible, but will add directly or indi
rectly to the comfort of themselves and neighbors.
With doe deference to " RIDCKWOOD'S" views,
I suggest he is in error in thinking the larger
scheme kills the smi.ller one. That might be the
case if it depended isolely on the small population
residing on *he short road. One of the sugges
tions made by the writer of this, was, if it wu
found impracticable to push through the Aiken
and Ninety-Six Ros.d at present, then the loca
tion of the Edgefield Branch should have some
referonce to tho ultimate completion of that Road,
so as to benefit and be benefitted by iL
But tho building c t the Aiken and Ninety-Six
Road is not a work Of such stupendous magnitude
as to render its cons tr action impossible, even under
existing circumttancts. Should our country be
blessed with propitious seasons the farmers of
Edgefield will be next yoar in a condition to ren
der some assistance. Could the people be aroused
to a sense of the importance of the euterprize, a
fair proportion of the Stock of tho Company
might be subscribed inlands, materials and work.
It rests with the people of Edgefield to take the
initiative. Co-operation and i assistance might
thon be expected-snd obtained from the various
Railroad lines and Corporations' which would
As stated in their former article, tho South
Carolina, Greenville and Columbia, and Columbia
and Hamburg Railroads, as well as the Port Royal
Railroad, and the City of Charleston, are all
deeply interested io the construction of this com
paratively short link, which would connect ulti
mately the teeming plains of the West with the
Atlantic Coast. Apart from the assistance these
Corporations could and wcold render direttly,
their influence could be brought to bear on the
Legislature of the State for additional aid, for
this is no merely local euterprize, but one which
will affect the interests of thousand*. Postponing
action to a more favorable season, may loose us
the influence of rome one or moro of these Cor
porations. Now is the time to bid for their assis
tance, and take the preliminary steps to secure
their aid. Augusta is urging the construction of
a Road from Athens, Ga., to Clayton, and if
counteracting influences are not brought to bear,
the Port Royal Road is likely to identify its in
terest with thoso of the Georgia route.
For the Advertiser. "
' Pleasant Lane. Democratic Club.
PLEASANT LANK, S'.C, ffiti June '68
lu pursuance to'a Call m ?'de ly thc surround
ing citizens, a meeting wes -convened - this after
noon, at 2 o'clock, for thc-pbrposo bf. organizing
a Democratic Club. .?4<T??t? -
The meeting was called to>?tder hy.LcKK C?L
BREATH, Esq., wkereugon. -St^kN-LAK^ was
ad Chairman 'w.itQ- J.'.-M*-. '"BJE.LL. and FELIX
LAKE, Jr., acting Ee#re^r^.V %K#?:
After some very ptrtixW^^mkijftom the
Chairman, the followIt^^uKarr^^i^appointed
to draft a Constitution -for^.tlrc' cfiib, to wit : P.
Dorn, Dr. F. R. T i mm ons,' L. G. Holloway, S. C.
Strom, Dr. R. C. Mayson, R. Timmerman and
Dr. W. A. Culbreath.
After retiring, the Committee reported the fol
lowing, which vras unanimously subscribed to:
,JxLordor to aid in restoring Constitutional lib
erty to the people and States of the United States,
we, the undersigned, residents of Pleasant Lane,
do hereby form ourselves into an association to
be known as tho Democratic Club of Pleasant
The object of the association shall be to co
operate with the Democratic party of the State
and United States, for tho purpoce of maintain
ing the Constitution and Union, and preserving
our Republican. Institutions, State and Federal,
in their original purity, as handed down to us
by our fathers.
Article l?t-The Officors of this Ctab sbaJl con
sist of a President, vice-President, Seoretary and
Treasurer, to serve six months from this election.
Art. 2nd-The President shall convene the Club
upon the application of ten of its members
which number shall constitute a quorum-and he
may courene it at his own discretion whenever
any exigency may roquire it.
Art. 3rd, It shall be the duty of the Secretary
to keep a record of the proceedings of the Club
and to aot as Corresponding Secretary.
Art. 4, The government of the States and
United States being a white man's government, we,
to maintain it in its original purity, as such, aro
uncompromisingly opposed to negro suffrage un
der any qualifications or restrictions whatover.
Art. 5, To arrest the degradation and humilia
tion imposed upon us by Radical rule, we do mu
tually pledge ourselves to give employment to no
porsons who in future persist in voting the Radical
Art. fi, Any male person, twenty years of age,
may become a member of this Club by signing
Art. 7, This Club shall hold its regular meet
ings onco in every month.
Art. 8, This Constitution may be amended by
a vote of two-thirds of its member* present, vo
ting after two consecutive meetings/
After the reading of the Constitution LUKE
CDLBBEATU, Esq., addressed the meeting at sumo
length, heartily approving and urging its adop
On motion, a committee consisting of G. S.
McNeil, R. Timmerman, J. A. Nicholson, G. W.
Burton and Jas. T. Adams, were appointed to
nominate Officers for the Club.
The following nomination was approved :
Dr. JOHN LAKE, President
L?KE CULBBEATII, vice-President.
J. M. BELL, Secretary.
L. G. HOLLOWAY, Treasurer.
Moved that these proceedings be sent to the
Advertiser for publication-.
There being no further business, the Club ad
JOHN LAKE, Chairman.
JgT General Sherman has adopted the son of
the late Kit Carson, and will provide for his edu
cation at Notre Darno University, Indiana.
Hi*- Tho Columbus prisoners, charged with
the murder of Ashburn, are now being tried be
fore a military commission in Atlanta. The trill
commenced on the 30th, and is expected to be
long and tedious. Two of the prisoners have turned
S tito's evidenoe against their companions. One
of them named Marshall has been examined and
his testimony will go hard against the prisoners.
The other infermer is named Bots, a oitisen of
Sr- Tho Galveston Bulletin notices the arrival
of immigrants at that port, by the bark Weser.
They are mostly from Bohemia. Part como pre
pared to buy lands and begin a career as inde
pendent farmers. Others ?ill seek paying em
ployment, and in good time will also possess their
share of good lands. They are all hardy, tem
perate and intelligent. They come from a land
where the law oompels every parent to send bis
children to school. They are the. people, there
fore, who make their " mark" with the shovel and
9- Rev. Mr. Craig, who seduced Miss Mc
Clellan, at Peoria, 111., resulting in her death, a
few weeks since, has committed suicide at El
PAM. The State prison it chested of ? victim.
Closing the Free Slave Trade soon caused i
propeTty slave in the fertile sad genial South, t
be worth as much as six or eight horses or mulei
or rather ns much as six or eight* Free Trad
Slaves useci to be 'worth;../This /induced th
Northern people to sell their Africans to the Soutl
and to import cheaper white labor from al row
It also caused the South to reduce the broe din
of Africans to a science. This greatly iuorease
value of the Slave likowiso soou taught his mast?
not only to treat him tenderly; but to guard hil
jealously, as ho hod legs. The poor native whi*?
here, as well as poor white men from the Norit
and from Europe, either wanted land in tho Soutl
or employment at good' wages in our delightft
climate, but could get neither on account of th
competition of negro labor, and the monopoly c
land by the ?lave owners. It was not long there
fore before these poor whites began ta wai
Sambo out of the way, and often instructed a
well os persuaded him to use his legs. As whit
population continued to multiply, these same poe
white men, to get land, or employment themselvei
made, open var with constantly increasing bit
terneesoath; very institution of Slavery.. Ib i
caused tho slave owners not only to repel poo
white laborers from abroad, but to expel, pao
white men from the South, or to drive them ii
colonies as it were' to the thin lands of the South
The nat?viti?t bf population ic the United'Statei
os-disclosed'by the lost Federal'Censer, beor wit
ness to this fact Before the war South Cnroli
'niant wera accustomed to think that the fltate-wa
being overrun by Yankees, and that our cativ
whites were too well pleased with slavery, am
too strongly opposed to the abolitionists to aeitl
among them, yet in 1360, there were
Natives of South Carolina in Free States am
Territories, ! ' 10.65?.
Natives of Freo States and Territories in Senti
Even in the wild Territories of the North-West
beyond Karisa*, our State had 215 native repre
eontatives in 1850, of whom 37 were revelling ii
. the beastly rites of Utah.
What aggravated still more the jealousy of th?
slave owner,- and the hostility to sk very pf th?
poor white man in th? South, at the North and it
Europe, was the second fatal policy of tUe South
ern people, not to develope any ind jf try but agri
culture, and to avoid manufacturing; mining ont
commercial pursuits, because they would bege
towns, and introduce poor whites, who it wai
thought would demoralise thc slaves, ?ad ander
mine the institution of slavery itself.-.-The mott?
of our local statesmen was, " Ko Home Industry
but Agriculture with Free Trade in the work
shops, and markets of the world." They forgo
that the white poor here and el; where had to Ii vi
With the cessation of the Free Slave Trade, thi
only policy by which slavery could have lon j
been maintained, would hare been in the Soutl
diversifying her industry, to give employment U
ail poor native whites, and to such as might chops?
to corno hither from the North, or from .abroad
Iusteod of this, all our surplus capital was investee
in more negroes from the border Slave States, t<
erbaust more land, to make more staples, to buy
more negroes, to expel mort poor native whites
and to repel more foreign w hites. This was fbi
short circle, or rather tread, in whioh the South
' mored to work out her own destruction. Whili
the surplus capital of the South thoa went to build
up Factories, Ships, Rail Roads, Banks, Palocei
aud Cities at tho.North, oswell as?to invite ene
mies to Slavery in poor white' laborers from Eu
rope, tho self murdering South kept nothing ti
show but galls and gallie;, ?s most of her fixed
capital was nailed up'in a co mr once every thirty
three years, and buried'in the old fields. It i
obvious that the Whigs were right in-seeking ti
diversify Southern industry, tiace, if Mantrfoe
turing, Mining, Ship-Building, and the like, hal
been developed here, in all probability slaven
would not have been abolished in the Unite?
States for several generations to come, and thi
Southern people would not note be so pc or e vc t
with slavery abolished. As our ancestors wen
blind in closing the Free Slave Trade, so theil
children have been equally blind In developinj
no industry but agriculture.
Tho great void ia the Labor market of th?
United States, created by closing the Free Slav?
Trade, and by sending all the surplus capital o
? the South, Northward to develop* new industriel
for white labor there, caused millions upon mil
iions of Europeans to pour into the Northen
United States, until the stream of white popula
tion"having crossed :he Continent, terned- Sooth
ward, when it was checked for? time by the bor
der Slavo States. This temporary check onlj
served to increase the jealousy of the slave owners
and to intensify the hostility of tao swelling mas
pe* at the North, until finally it cut minuted ;u a
war, which h*s ended in the abolition of slavery
(which was inevitable sooner or later) not for thc
good of tho negro, but for his destruction, tc
make room for thu white man, and the Northern
masses do not intend to be cheated out of th?
fresh elbow roum whioh they have acquired in
this friendly climate and prolific soil. Th? senti
mental fools, and the designing knaves who want
office, moy prate as much as they please about the
nigger being a "man and brother,"-about th?
Inalienable rights', of humanity-about all men
being born free and equal, and about negro suf
frage, bat the masses-the sensible abolitionists,
have no idea of admitting the negro into the ranks
of the governing ol?ss. All. colored men belong
only to the governed class in white society, and
it is tho settled policy of that society lo so govern
them that they may be happier out of the world
than in it
All practical fu'ure agitation about the nigger
in American politios, wiU be bow .best to get rid
of him, not how best to make "a man and bro th
or" out of bim. As long os Qtuuhee was property,
worth a monopoly price by the Free Slave Trade
being closed, his master was under bond not only
to treat bim weU, but make others do it. That
shield having been broken, every white American
now, except the sentimentalists at the North, and
many of their old masters at the South, will prove
an Ishmaelite to the colored gentleman.
The right of qualified or absoluto suffrage has
been given to a handful of negroes in a few States
ot the-Nortb, but it was not done fr >in sentiment,
or principle, but only from policy, os part of the
electioneering machinery to abolish slavery et the
South. The negroes were put into the army for
the same purpose, and not to fight, os it is well
established that Sambo can stand neither steel nor
lead. It was pretended to make a soldier of him
only to undermine and dobauch the institution of
Slavery. The Southern whites mode Such a stub,
bi rn and heroic defence of Slavery that the
Northern mssaes bad fears for several months, af.
ter the war, that the South might attempt to re
store it This is the reason why the poor deluded
freedmen have boan pattiod on the book by oven
sensible and practical abolitionists. Bat now that
. all fears of slavery being re-established have been
dispelled,-now that the.iustitutiou has been for
ever abolished, within the United States, accord
ing to tho forms1 of law, tho negro will speedily
disappear from the political stage. Negro Slavery
hung over the South like a black storm cloud
which had to discharge itself in a convulsion at
some time. The worst of the convulsion has pas
sed, and the political heavens"will ere long get
serene. Let ns be thankful that the Sooth no
longer has the white race ef the whole-world
banded against ber. Let ns smile, rather than
-Crown, at the antics of Gumbo in strutting his
brief hour around his conquered old master,
whose only crime was too mach humanity to the
African, in giving four millions of them employ,
mont to the excluiion ofthat many white laborers.
Wo got well whipped for it, and as the Rndicel
leaders arti trying to exhibit still atore hrjuanity
to Cuffee by attempting to make a white-man of
him, they will get even stilt worse whipped at the
ballot box, and if necessary at the cartridge box.
-When Seward-that greatest mind but basest
heart'in America-said that thorc is.an "irrepres
sible con fl i : t" between free and sieve. labor, he
only told part of the truth, and os usual, with bia
consummate skill, ho did not say hat/ whitt he
meant. Ho intended to say that there is an irre
pressible conflict between the white race and all
the colorad races, not onlj OB to labor, but TABQ OM
to .land, as. to political, .powe^.and even as to the
right to lire. He would not tay thia because the
ie nt imenial white human i tar i an s would hare been
shocked, and because he wished to ne the South
ern negroes as instruments to accomplish their
own dostruetion-and (hey bare bee? thus used.
All the wise negroes who desire real political and
social equality in the State, ought promptly to
uko advantage of the liberality of the private
sentimentalists and Congressional knaves to get a
passage to Liberia. By. waiting too long the ardor
and money of these fellows will grow ema! jr by
degrees and uglier less. Eren in Africa, Sambo
will not likely be allowed to remain in peace for
any great while, on account of the startling in
crease of the ubiquitous white man, and from a
climatic cause, which will be explained after first
stating how a climatic cauie eame to fcavc much
to do with abolishing slavery in the South, and
why the same cause will prevents negro suffrage
from being established here.
The dettrpction of ne gio Bravery/ja^e JJnited
Sutes, -nu der the molt fi.vorable circa matan e ey
was only a question of time. The trat normal
movement of a dense population in the temperate
regions is toward a similar climate either in aa
Eastern or Western direction, or to high table
lands southward, al climate depends as much on
elevation as on latitude. After ail accessible
temperate: climates have been occupied, the second
normal movement of a dense population is toward
its natural grate-the tropics-whare human life
ia short and unprolific-where hat little.foot,
fael, ?helter, or clothing is mwes'sary-where, as
vegetation is a perennial jungle, and os every
other1 tree hal somethrXf-good to ?et, maa need
hare no care for subsistence, hut may indulge his
passions withont/ stint,-?hif* wind seither has
the native power, nor feels th? necessity to exert
itself, where premature decay, idlens.v, vice, war
and pestilence reign so supreme that a g ray haired
.moa .. ilmost esteemed a wizanL . All intelligent
mon therefore opproaoh the tropics wi'.h-great re
luctance, in search of a permanent heme.
Before the war it WAS generally tlWgutat the
Norththat most of the Slave States,.and especial?
or tis, d i'soaVe and death'to tle hWiilg white man.
It was the former prevalence of th .'. leiisf, North
of Mason t Dixon's linc,' that* somewha^ieeoD
eiled the,Northern nuises, to a sullen tolera ti or.
of slavery in the States, where it was establUhei ;
but experience bas Jemonstrated^tbat, faning cli
mate, health, soil, and Variety of produetions Into
consideration, perhaps the bestepW?? the ?Nerth
'American Contlt??nVin* wbioh for a whfto'n?a? to
make his home and better his condition by hil
own kb or, is in these Cotton States.' During the
war the million of men in "the Federal Arm j bed
ample opportunity to ase er tads. ail thats feat?.
Contrary to all expectations, etan of Souhoroer^
both the Federal and Confederate armies camped
' and slept on the naked ground often, in tact? usu
ally with no canopy but beaven, and with perfect
impunity, in all sorts of weather,'both lbj day and
by night, ?ai all seasons of the year, o vet is the
rice fields of Carolina, or in the sugar aw.vmpe of
Laosiana; The moment this salubrity of the
Southern elimata became known io tho hr dy
Teutons of the Federal 'Arm/' (for the bulk of
that army were either Germans or Irish, not Yan
kees,) that moment the fa to cf slavery and of the
llave was sealed; Those soldiers determined so
longer to permit tie negro,' with an indefinite
prospective increase of his race, in a state of sla
very, to comber, the ground in such a country, to
tho e'r eic ?ion of the'white'man ; and these ro
tara ed soldiers are the voters who hare bf en giring
such heavy majorities against the Radicals of late,
and they ?re.the' won who will commxrod'their
former Commanded in ?be next Presidential elec
tion. For .perhaps-., wo year? after th? commence
ment of the war, most of the Federal soldiers
were- strcnglyopposcd to the abolition of slavery,
but for months before -tha'-end of the wn?? and
mostly from th? cause just indicated, that army
were almost unanimously in favor-of destroying
the institution. Therefore, at the close of hostil
ities, President Johnson knew tknt it was idle for
him to try to redeem the pledges he had given at .*
a Sonator in regard to Biavery^ ard he bail been
most foolishly, as well as unjustly abused for net
essaying to make good those pledges.' Since the
South formally abolished slavery, tt c President
has stood hy her with sm honesty, ability, courage
and fortitude that entitle him to our gratitude, not
to our denunciations. The only thing'for which
no patriot, either North, South. East or Weit, canf
will, or ought ever to forget or forgive in tho
President, was the introduction into American
politics, in time nf perte, both' the fact and name
of that omin?os Mexican institution, "Provision
al Government ;"'but doubtless ho was inspired to
do it by his evil genxus-TSeward." "*
La tieri y 4 ni tu ns great a cb ange hal come o vor
thc opinion of Europeans, ia regard to the cli
mate uf.middlo Africa, as has taken place in the
minds.of the Northern" people in reference to the
climate nf the Sooth.' "T^ro'erry^ Equatorial''SLf
rica was believed to here tho worst climate ia the
world, and to be the most fatal to the white man.
This is n ow considered true only cf a strip lion g .
the Western Coast, as nearly ail the great unex
plored regions of Central and Eastern Africa
have recently been discovered tobe high table
lands of fertile soil, with an equable aniLxivther
good olimate, quite as desirable t's several ol' the
climates in which some families of the white race
are now doing welL Livingston, and a nut ?her
of late Missionary travellers, nave establiihed
these tacts. Since tb? commencement of the
Modern Crusade-, every thing concerning the col
ored man is done for the sake 'of religion, mo rali
ty, humanity. England has taken the lon 1 in
this* sacred work of sending religio tu Miisk^ariee
in every direction, at the expanse of lac public
treasury, to report on soils arid climates, and to
suggest how betti? send tho heathen to Heaver.,
or somewhere, so the white man can got bis land.
Cortes and Pizaro conquered both Mexico -and
and Peru for the good of Religion. ' One God and
morality saints of Now England have also eent
the Indian to his long borne, and then brought
the negro here, through piou* motives. It was
likewise devotion to humanity which sada them
latoly lore the Southern slave so dearly. Napier
tod bas jost knocked Klng'Theodore oa-the bead
for the sake of humanity-to release a few con
temptible criminals, or Missionary spies from
prison.-Bah ! To make cotton on the land of
Aby sin ia, tri th the labor of itsmongrel owners as
stares, or rather Apprentices, I believe Ur.? Phi
lanthropic English cali them now, which msani a
colored u-.an apprenticed to a white man, not to
learn '-ow to live, but how to die, by hard
work and cruel treatment. England's great Colo
ny of white men in Southern Africa li fast push
ing the negro toward the Sahara Desert, like the
Americans hare driven the Indiana toward the
Rocky mountains, and now that the bu made a
lodgment in Eastern Africa,-now that her de
vout Missionaries report so favorably, on mos : of
the un ti I recently unexplored African soil and
climate-let the negro even in his ancestral home,
which wan long thought to be impregnably forti
fied by nature against the white man, prepare to
seek peace in oblivion, for he may not be permit
ted to enjoy it long even fat'Africa.
The. negro govern any portion of the United
States indeed? The practical Abolitionists of
the North'have abolished slavery, and it is now
their purpose to drive the negro .(rota tbta.eoun
try in order to secure lo themselves the rich fields
of tho Sunny South. Bat they will never be
guilty of the absurdity .-of enfranchising four
mtlliont of illiterate blacks-tho lowest type of
maa*-to go???, or assist in governing thirty
four millions of white Americans. The Caucas
liam of this Uuioa, whose pois? is seid to beat
nearly two strokes faster than that of any, people
in the worid, and in whose vein3 commingle the
fiery blood of the best fighting stock on earth,
will never brook auch an insult to their manhood,
even from ? world in arms.
I will now close these papers, leaving un too ch
ed the many other causes which aro demolishing
the Radical Party,-believing I hove shown that
the permanent establishment of negro salb age in
the South in. nn na tu ral an i impoulbl?, -lt at the
Radical Party ii doomed,-that too much South
ern humanity to the negro asada, the Radical
party, and'too touch Radical .humanity to tlio ne
gro will destroy the Radical iarty.
. ',~ -jTfititeifeur.
li . K jj * ?**V&Z
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