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DURISOE, REESE & ?0.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., JULY 29, 1868.
VOL?HE XXXIII.-Ko. 81?
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Feb 24 I?? 9
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Jan J ^
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Wa* P.oopened to the P*i;ii? Oct. 8,1S66.
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Jan. T. tf 1
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detay, and those tadabted to said Estate are re
quested to pay up forthwith.
J. T. MIDDLETON, Adro'or
Oct. 9, IR" *1v 41
1FOREWARN all Pornon* from Selling DR.
J. J. MCBRIDE'S KING OF PAIN, unlesa
-said persona are duly authorised by myself, as I
am tho Sole. Agent for the Sale of said Medicines
?SOT tho District of Edgefield.
Merchant? supplied at Wholesale prices.
V L. C. McNEARY, Agent.
frog Ley*l, Newberry Dist, g. 0.
?pro *?* 16
I met her in tho quiet laue
One Sabbath morning early ;
The sun was bright, although tho rain
Still glittered on thc barley.
The lark was kinging to his mate,
The wild bells chimed their warning,
We paused awhile outsido the gate ;
We lingered till it was too late
To go to church that^norning.
Again wc met. The whispering leaves
Glanced nigh in sight and shadow :
The reapers piled tho yellow sheaves ;
Tho bec? hummed o'er tho meadow.
Thc royal sun rose up in state,
Our marriago day adorning ;
Tho bells rang out ; wide stood tho gate,
And neither of us was too late
To go to church that morning.
? ? ? ?
The noblest men I know on earrb,
Arc men whoso hands are brown with foil
Who backed by no ancestral graves,
Hew down, tho woods and till the soil,
And win thereby a prouder fame
Than follows king or warrior's name.
Tho working men, whate'er their task,
To carve the stone or bear the hod
They woar upon their honest brows
The royal stamp and seal of God !
And brighter arc tho drops of sweat
Than diamonds in a coronet !
God bless thc noble wor' tug men,
Who rear thc cities of the plain,
Who dig tho mines and build thc ships,
And drive the commerce of the main.
God bless them ! for thtir swarthy baud;
Have wrought the glory of our lands.
-^-- ? ? ?
Speech of Thos. A. Floyd, Esq.
OF NEWBERRY, DKFORE THE
PINE PLEASANT DEMOCRATIC CLUB,
On thc hth July, lS'JS.
MR. CHAIRMAN AND FELLOW-CITIZENS:
must congratulate your noble old District i
the high ground she lately took, and ten
ciously adhered to, in reference to one of ti
most vital and dearest priuciplcs, at stake
the issues of our day.
If I were going to raise my feeble voice
some of the people of our Di.s:ric% I migi
introduce my remarks by a personified aue
dote I once read, which ran somewhat r
follows: Once upon a time. Water and 0
git into a broil; Soda, lauding near, ove
heard the embroilment and slopped in b
tween them. . The ?esultwas the toimatic
of soap, wj.ieh mule a good substance t
purge out the (??tu and ditt from all jbji ct,
Application,-We as a peopb are struggtin
with evil, li!;hy elements, and I am sorry t
siy some c!" our people arc getting rathe
dirty a:id smutty. Instead ol soda, the intel
vention ol light is needed to make anotb'e
kind of toap to purge, wash, and cleanse thu
uiiiids and a>..\:f? .
. Mr. Chairman, the criti.'sally serious situa
tion under which we labor as a people, ant
the calamities and misfortunes which beset us
have brought with them problems that I fee!
would lake abler brains than mine to grap
plc with and haudle properly. However, ac
cording to my reflections on our situation, the;
resolve it more into the grand, and lo us ni
less vital, problem of Ethnology than that o'
Politics. To make the term plain lo my hearers
Ethnology is a word from the Greek language
derived from ctluios-race, and loyos-de
fcription ; treating of the different races o
men, their distinctness from each other, ant
their comparative merits, physically ant
According to my knowledge of this science
the ablest ethnologists claim that at presen
lhere exist three distinct races of men, tbt
Caucasian, the Indian and the Negro. Some
of the natural sciences, especially Geolog)
and Historical Relics, haye developed th<
fact that other races hare existed and pass?e
away, probably before the existence ol' tht
present races. I feel satisfied that the old anc
trite doctrine of thc unity of the races is ex
ploded. Twenty years hence this idea wil
not be entertained,
I am a believer in the plurality of the races:
I believe the Indian and the Negro were ere
ated before Adam and arepn-.ldauiite races.
Ev* ry race which God created, he placed hec
to fulfill its own peculiar mission. As to the
II ?S?ion of those obsolete races, we might
speculate upon it, but it is sufficient for us tc
know God had a purpose tn creating them,
and that purpose is with Him. When that
purpose was fulfilled He saw proper to remove
i hem and create others.
As to the mission of the Negro, le is here ;
bis history, so fur as known to the Caucasian,
can speak for itself. In his native land his
condition is gross mental darkness, depravity
and heathenism ; there he lives on scanty
patches, spontaneous fruits ol' the earth, : ni
vyj?d game. This has been his condition there
since the dawn of his history; but here in
the Western Hemisphere, especially in tL'>
Southern States, under (he government, imme
diate command, compulsion, and management
of the White Man, he has been strained to a
somewhat higher status. He WJ-.S made to
produce in abundance thc great staples Cot
ton, Tobacco, Rice and Sugar, which clothed,
fed and luxuriated the world, and poured
wealth into the laps of the Caucasian ; which
wealth served as a means and a medium to
mature discoveries, develop indentions, and
increase get.orally the grand mai ch of civili
zition. Rut this inisikn ol'tho Ne^io is now
euded, and I confide it to* time, the touch
stone of truth, to tell the tale of his melan
As to the status of thc Indian, it is some
what similar to thai of the Negro in his na
tive wilds, subsisting by scanty patches,
spontaneous fruits and wild game ; but the
lud?an is superior .to tba Negro in mental ap
titude and thrift, and as a wai rior. A ro
mantic race, his mission apparently was to
supply the bold Caucasian adventurer the
food of bis scanty hospitality, and to attract
and stimulaie his aasrebes after valuable furs
and precious minerals and mettle.
But when the ailwiso .iud beneficint Crea
tor, in his own due tin.e. saw fit to illumine
the earth with civilization, He also saw lit to
eluate a race of superior organism, texture,
and capacity of brain, as a medium through
which to accomplish this purpose. When He
Baw fit to adorn the earth with tb? bright
lastre of science; when He saw flt to beitow
- ..j...., i... mngai..? .??????nrrrrrmi iw II II
on earth a lustre of still brighter effulgent
the revelation of bis own divine will, Ile ci
atcd Adam. He added Adam to nature ; A
am the great federal head of the Caucasi
We need but trace history, to become co
vinced of this. Every step in the grand mar
of civilization has come through the brain
the Caucasian. Egypt, the cradle ot scienc
colonized Phoenicia; and Phoenicians i
vented and launched the first small barks i
thc turbulent waves of thc Mediterranean,
exchange thc products of one clime for tho
of another. And this was the beginuing
commerce. Cadmus, a Phoenician, introduci
sixteen letters of the alphabet into Greec<
and this was the beginning of literatui
Gioga invented the Mariner's Compass whit
guided the Caucasian in sail vessels- over tl
wide waves of the Atlantic and Pacific. Ga
lileo invented the mechanism of the clock, 1
compute tho hours of day and night; an
the Telescope, to scan the planets of spac
to compute their size, distance and motio
Sliwartrz invented Gun-Powder, which i
many respects places the weak individual c
a footing with Ute strong. Gutteoberg, Shoe
fer and Faust invented the Printing Pres
thc car of intelligence for thc diffusion <
knowledge. Hall invented the Steam Engirt'
which propells wheel carriage? on our Kai
ways and vessels on our water?. Fulton ar
plied it to Steamboats to navigate our grea
rivers. Whitney invented the Cotton Gin t
prepare the lint to clothe the world. Mors
invented the Telegraph by which we cai
stand ott one spat of tue globo and convers
with our antipodes. Sir Isaac Newton discov
ercd thc laws of gravitation, steam and light
Galvani, the laws of galvanism ; Harvey, th
circ ulation o? the blood ; Gall and Spurzheim
the system of phrenology ; Franklin, the con
trol of tte lightnings of tho heavens.
Every great Artist the world ever produced
every groat Naturalist, every great Physi
cian, Metaphvsican, Poet, Historian, Orator
Statesman or Law Giver, Military Genius
Theologian or Divine,-all, all, were Cauca
sian. Noah. Abraham, Moses, Solomon, Da
viii, Christ, his Apostles. Luther, Mclancthot
and Calvin.-the direct vehicle of revelation
(that Polar Star of the heavens, which guides
the great ?hip of civilizUioa as it passes ?ts
brilliant path over the waves of time to iL?
great and glorious destiny) the-c too were
Mr. Chairman, is it not an axiom, a self
evident lt util, that the mission of this noble
Caucasian race is peculiarly brilliant and. pre
eminent ? Superiority ! Superiority ! It is
it.s heritage ot Leaven ! It is its inalienable
right of God !
Th". nhiloRonhv nf history will nl?r> an.9tai?
(bis great truth beyond contradiction, lo wit.
Wherever two distinct races, a superior and
an inferior, are brought to dwell in contact,
one of four results will follow cs a natural
consequence under the operation of natural
laws. First, The inferior will become sub
soivient to thc superior. Second. If not tb??,
the superior. . Third!*-, If not cither of these
two, the inferior, by overwhelming numbers,
bruto force and lawlessness, will exterminate
or expatriate the superior. Fourthly, If not
either of these three, it will bo because the
superior has become so corrupt, dppraved and
degraded as Yo tfm-ilgarrmte with the inferior,
nore then is mongrelism ; where the blood of
two distinct races, coursing through thc same
arteries and veins, aro antagonistic elements,
warring with each other, and resulting in a
malformation or defective brain,-the pre
pared seat of aH unbalanced mind, the want
of the capacity of self-government in the in
dividual. An aggregation of such individu
als, form just such a similar society. Society is
always properly the creator of government.
Government is always properly the creature
of society. The chip will always partake o'f
the property of the block ; the offspring will
always inherit more or less the quality of the
parent. If society hr; corrupt, degraded and
rotten, thc government emanating of it will
also be corrupt, degraded and rotten, and will
crumble and topple to extinction, entailing
the 3atne awful doom on the. society from
which it sprang. W,e need only trace the
history of America for examples of this mo
mentous truth. The slaves of America were
examples of the first instance ; the Indians
bf America arc examples of the second ; San
Domingo is an illustration of the third; Mex
ico and many of the South American States
arc this day living examples of the fourth.
Mongrelism may be aptly illustrated by a dozen
of army caterpillars cooped in a jar; tba
strongest will devour the weakest, and then
thc strongest will bc metamorphosed ifrto an
ephemeral fl)", will dwindle, languish and
Mr. Chairman, the logic of facts makes the
conclusion inevitable that the great cause of
the Democratic.party is the cause of civiliza
tion-is the cause of Christianity and Civil
Liberty. She hus unfurled her colors; she is
maishaliing her invincible legions on tho
great moral field lo subdue and crush thehid
eous demon mongrelii-m. Mongrelism did I
svy ? Yes ! that hideous demon, begotten of
hill-parent of vice and ignorance ! When
ever vice and ignorance fasten their demon
piutch, and holds their sable iron grip of us
cendency, government corrupts, degrades and
rots ; 80jiety languishes to extinction, through
all the spasmodic agonies ol earthly woes.
But whenever virtue and intelligence, badge
companions of a pure Caucasian caste, hover
and brood their gentle, lovely-their Heaven
born wings.-?iud hold the glittering, golden
grip of ascendency, then will be perpetuated
a humane, equitable, and a wire government;
a happy, prosperous and noble people.
SHELDON'S NOTIONS or MORAL HONEST*.
They that cry down moral honesty, cry down
that which is a great par? of religion-sdv
duty towards God, aud my duty towards man.
What care I to see a man run after a sermon j
if he cozen and cheat, as soon as he comes
home? On the other side, morality must
not be without religion; for, if so, it may
chaDge, as I seo convenient. Religion must
govern it. He that has not religion to govern
his morality is not a drachm better than my
mastiff dog ; so long as you coax and ' please :
him, he will play with you as fine os may be ; i
he is a very good moral mastiff ; but, if you
hurt him, ne will fly into your face and tsar
out your throat I
Another Letter from Texas.
Written for the Advertiser.
EUTAW, Limestone Co., Texas,
July ] Otb, 18G8.
ME. EDITOR,-Since the publication of my.,
letter to Ex-Gov. Bonham in the Advertiser,
some mouths ago, I have received several
communications from certain good people of
South Carolina, who wish to know if they
can get employment here; what prices are
paid for labor ; which is beat, to labor on the
farm, or herd and drive stock ; &c, &c. I
bave concluded to write you a short letter for
publication, and thereby answer all their i' -
Those who wish to labor on the (arm will
riot find auy difficulty in getting employment
aere. There is always a demand for laborers,
and youDg men from the old States are pre
ferred to the citizens of this State, as they
have more energy, industry and perseverance
than those who have been here sometime.
It is.said that persons coming here, soon j
becomo lazy and 'indolent, and will not work
!ike those fresh from ide old States. The
people here usually furm or shares, and very
ieldom employ hands by tuc year for staled
?vage3. I know of some few bands being cm
ployedjit from $12.00 to $15.00 per month
ipecie-provisions furnished ; but those who
?rnvon shares usually average more than tbi?.
?. good hand can cultivate here from 20 to
iO acres of land, and generally realizes a
handsome prolit on his labor. I know white
nen here who have cultivated 40 acres, but
.hey had a-=si.-.tur.cc in gathering in their
This loose sandy soil docs not requiro tie
?vorlc of the red bfla of Soulh Carolina, and
the farmers seldom give their corn more than
me or two good plowings. If tbe seasons'
ire favorable a man can mak? in this country/
nore than bc ca:i gather. During the cotton-!
ricking season, a good band can earn splendid]
vages. Last year a short crop was made j
rere, on account of the caterpillar ; and cot-;
on was then selling at a low price. Yet the,
armers paid from 75cts to ?1.00, specie, perj
100 lbs., for picking cotton, and furnished nj
it ns besides. Those who are willing to work
ian make more money he-re than in South
karolina, and this fall will be a favourable
ime for you to come hither.
But if you do not wish to work, and that
lard too, I would advi?e fba to romain where
rou ure: this is no place for enjoyment, and
none.y will nut How into your pockets voluu
arily. IC you corre here during thc fall, you
viii liuve tu ridk your health for the benefit
>f your pur--e : though, this vicinity has not
ieeu very sickly during the present year. If
'ou have resided in a malarious country
eeo not be afraid to come to Texn?>.
I won hi not advise any young man to herd
ir drive Mock, as this business is usually All
owed by men who are too lazy and trifling
0 work ; and the associations would be anv
iling but pleasant or agreeable to persons of
my refinement. Thc company you would
jeep would, be calculate 1 to lead you into
)rofanity, intoxication, &c. Slock men some
iiiica pay their hands very fair wages, but
jersons coming here from thc old States could
lot get the pay of old, experienced hands at
And now, Mr. Editor, after a few words as
A3 the crop3, prospects for the future, icc, I
Wo have beeu blessed this year with splen
iid rains and favorable seasons, and the crops
ire very fine. Forward corn is already made,
md tbe recent rains will be suffioienr. to make
the most o? that which is Pf ter. Wc cen
aow calculate with all safety upon cn abnn
Jant harvest of ecru. The farmers on tbe
Brazos have planted largely in corn this year
[as they cannot rely on the freedmen to gath
jr a big crop of'.cotton,) and I understand
their corn was never bettor; Cotton too is
loing splendidly and with favorable circum
stances, promises an abundant vicki. It is
aow maturing very fast, and I understand is
beginning to open below herc on thc Brazos.
[ expect there is more cotton planted in thi?
portion of the State, and in Northern Texas,
than ever before. Tbe wheat crop of Texas
is almost a complete failure. The grasshoppers
last fall and this spring, together with the ex
treme cold weather and the rust, almost com
pletely destroyed it. I learn that most of
the farmers expect to get their'secd wheat for
sowing from the East. If we succeed in
makiDg a good crop of coru and colton herc
this year, this State will again bo in an easy
condition ?utncially. . .
1 am not posted in politics, aud you, per
haps, know more of the proceedings of the
Convention of this State than I. Politics are
never discussed here, and the people seem to
take no interest in the matter. I would be
glad to see my friends from thc old Slates
here. Come on ! " Nnff said." ,
B. F. O UZ I'S.
BARBARISM.-Henry Means, a colo.ed mitti,
died in this city on Thursday night, and be
cause he voted the Conservative ticket his
color refused to assist at the burial. This
fact coming to the ears of one of the leading
citizens, he made it known, and at !) o'clock
on Saturday morning thirty-five or forty gen
tlemen went to his house, and proceeded, with
the body to the cemetery. They had pre*
pared a nice coffin, and all other arrange*
roents for a decent burial. Thus he was bu
ried by his white friends, aud n beautiful
wreath of evergreens placed upon his grave.
The services were conducted by the Kev. Mr.
Hal tom, of the Methodist Church. Had tho
fact of the refusal on the pavt of his color
Leen known sooner, we doubt not but that
hundreds of our citizens would have been
present. And it was their plain duty to seo
that the man did not receive detriment be
cause be was a friend to his country.-Char
lotte (N. C.) Times.
THE POSITION OF MK. CHASE.-The Wash
ington correspondent of the New York Herald
[?ive3 the following Delphic paragraph con
cerning Mr. "'iase :
Chief Justice Chase declared to day to a
Western friend that while he could not per
sonally accord with the resolution again?t
the Reconstruction acts, and believed that the ?
present constitutions ?. South ought to stand ,
till changed by tho people of each Stute, all
voting, yet he was a Democrat, a State Rights :
Democrat, and in full sympathy with the
Democratic party. I
Speech of the Hon. Geo. H. Fendletoi
'Thc Democrats of West Virginia held the
&ate Convokion on the Kith inst.. Moi
than ten thousand persons were in uttendatic
excursion trains being run over the varioi
: braucht s of the adjoining railroads. M
Oleo. H. Pendlelon and Senator Thurman, <
Ohio, and others, addressed the assemblag
Resolutions endowing thc nominations an
platform of the New York Convention, an
wmanding the repeal of the registry law i
fyrce in that Slate, were unanimously and er
^Mr. Pendleton on coming forward v/as ?
f" ivcd with great cheering. He said :
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen: The ?bah
loan of vour State executive Committee, whe
invited me to attend your meeting to-da^
Ibid mo that 1 had no "truer friends in tb
j|nion than I would meet here ia West Vii
?tara. You have proved his statement to h
tjrpc. 1 came obedient to your bidding.
.desired to see you, to make your personal ac
fijaintance, and to return to you my thank
for tho warm and constant support of you
delegates to the National Convention. I cam
th show you that no personal disappointmen
hubers in my breast, or dampens for an iii
want the ardor of my efforts for the succ?s
tfr your party- | cheers ]-but that fir j.bovi
a]l personal considerations, I rate the suecos
oj the principles in which 1 believe, and tba
''whoever shall bear the flag on which tbos'
Jnnciples are inscribed, 1 shall be lound ciosi
by hid side in thc thickest of the fight, t'
"*ieer bim with my voice and to aid him will
"thy arra. 1 came to urge upon.you, Demo
erais and Republicans alike, trample unde
.fjpot every possession and prejudice ami pus
?on, if ir were as "dear as life itself, aud, tUiu(
ft the height of this great struggle, to reinem
fier that we have only a "lifo to give and a no
We and enduring government to save. [Ap
I am a party nian; I avow it, but not, 1
fl rust, in any narrow or sec tarian sense. 1
:i m attached from conviction to the principle!
'( f the Democratic party ; I have studied it.'
. ?story from ibe foundation of thc govern
I lent. In the States 1 have found it to be tin
? arty of liberty and progress. In the fedsra
?veruruent I have ?uimd it to be the expo
; lent of that fundamental principle of thc
?' bnslitutior. that all powers which are nd
jj pra?tcd are reserved, lt has been the con
?Stent opponent of consolidation in the om
??etern and of excessive administration in tin
lither. It has been at once the firm supporte:
of tho rights-of the States and ol thu jusi
gowers of tho federal government. In ever)
vicissitude of our history it bas appeared tc
direct us with its wisdom and to extricate uf
by its courage, and io day it stands as it did
??'1798 and 179i), tinder the guidance of Mr
^fferson, pointing us to the path of saTety.
j?pich is now, a? rt w:rs then, the path cl tilt
constitution, ol' frat-.-rnai' hannor-y and peace
T!:e Convention wliich sat. in New Yeti:
was an august ss.iemblag?. It was the true
sCtfUiicil ol our par'y. lt embraced our bes;
?Dd purest ninl wisest, men. The roll of thc
Sjatcs was called av.il not one was wiihouf. a
jfeppcsentativc. Tuc tull of the districts was
^Ued and not one of them was missing
??rrF?fiC'CTrtJje Of State rrnctdo wac not recog:
nixed-the dissolution of the Utiioii was not
acknowledged. Every State was invited tu
he present, and evrry State accepted the invi
talion. Erery State selected such citizens as
she chose, and thus it happened Not th Caro
lina and South Carolina, and Georgia and
Virginia .-at as in tuc days of the revolution,
in fraternal council with Massachusetts and
New York, Pennsylvania and New Jersey,
and that Hampton and Preston and Forrest
sat side by side with Steadman and Morgan.
The convention was the sign and symbol
and tho prophecy ol' a restored Union and a
harmonious people. It rose to the dignity of
its high duty. The eyes of the world were
upon its proceedings. Greater than the holy
alliance which subjugated people and divided
empires, its mission was tu enfranchise a peo
ple of our race, to restore the union of our
States and to maintain thc institution of civil
liberty. For the first time in their history
the American people realized that free gov
ernment was in danger and that tho fate of
the Republic trembled in thc balance. They
had been taught lo believe, that freedom was
indigenous in our sr.il, and sl utting their eyes
to thc teachings of Jill history, shutting their
eyes to the facts co nected with our own ro.'
olution, they bad hugged to themselves the
delusion that in whatever storm of faction, or
passion, or revolutionary fervor, liberty at
least was safe. They hud awakened from the
dream, ami as they sent representatives to
the convention they charged them-, as the die-,
tutor of old was charged, to see to it thal, un
detriment happened to the republic. Ilya
unanimous vote they adopted a declaration
of principles, fidelity to the constitution.
fidelity to thc Union, fidelity to the rights of
thc Slates, fidelity to Hie rights of the citizen,
fidelity to the principle? of civil liberty, fidel
ity to that policy in mattera of finance and
taxation which, by paying thc public debt in
legal tender notes, will lift from the shoul
ders of labor the burdens which oppressif,
and by lightening the measure of taxation
?ill secure to it the just, rewords of a cheerful
and contented industry. |Cheers.J
Thc speaker then referred, in many eulog
istic terms, to thc nominees of thc Democrat
ic Convention and said if anything more
wcio needed io fire tbe'heart with enthusi
asm, let it be drawn from thc contrasts ibe
country to-day prcseutcd. Thc Republican
party had been in absolute power for eight
years. Where was thc constitution they
swore to uphold? Where was the Union they
swore to maintain V After brielly dilating
on the course pursued by thc Republican
party since tho war, more particularly with
respect to the reconstruction of States, he
went on to stale that Congress had usurped
to itself all power over the t?jate governments
ot tho South, and had, in fact, destroyed them.
Adverting to the military government, Mr,
Pendleton continued :
It is reproducing in our country thc lessons
of all history. Thc despotism ol' the legisla
tive assembly is thc worst despotism in the
world, It iii the most selfish, the most cruel,
tho most audacious aud the most, short lived.
It ends in anarchy, and this is speedily follow- j
ed by Hie calm repose ot the order of the .
sword. Recall the history ol the Roman Sen- j
ate and Ibe Empeora. Recall thu history of
the Long Parliament and the tyranny of the ?
Commonwealth. Recall the history of the j
Legislative Assembly of Fwi.cc and of the :
Consulate and the Empire, and read in them ;
the certain prophecy of thc fate of this gov- j
crnment if congressional usurpation shall run
its course. Have we not already a part fill- j
filment ? Congress has despoiled the Presi
dent of tho just powers ol' his office and has
yested ihcip in the General. It has despoil- i
cd the States ol their rights.of civil govern- |
mont and vested them too in tbesau?e officer. :
It has given him power over all the military j
commanders, and to his decision it has refer j
red every question of interpretation and exe
cati?n of the reconstruction laws. Aud this
aamo officer, wielding this enormous power,
backed bv the anny, sustained by all tue mil-1
itary organizations by whatever name they I
may be known, appealing to their fervor which
yet remains after the struggles of a terrible
war, demands that he shall be elected Presi
dent of the United States. And.this party
which supports him declares that if they can
not do it by the votes of you men of tho North,
it will elect him by the votes of the negroes
and carpet-baggers in the reconstructed States
of Iii? South. Gentlemen, do y^)u see no dan
ger here ? When, years ago, we predicted
this result, and warned against ibe first step
in revolutionary progress, the Republicans
laughed sit our fears and called us Copper
heads and traitors. [Applause.] When Na
poleon was called on, young, unkuown tn his
countr3'men, never having had command even
nf a regiment, to quell the revolt of tho sec
tions, ho did it effectually. In four years
he was First Consul and master of tho French
people. How grand the theory which the
Democratic party opposes to this whole sys
tem of the Republicans I I read from the de
duration of principles:
" First-Immediate restoration of all the
Statte to their rights in the Union anti under
the constitution and ol civil government to
"Second-Amnesty for all past politicil
silences ami the regulation of the elective fran
chise in thc Slates by their citizens.'-"
Tho Republican party is the party of usur
pation. It is also the party nf corruption.
Read the report of the Commissioned of In
ternal Revenue. Count the number of clerks
who are seeking in vain to discover the
nmount of peculation in the Treasury De
partment. Go to the War Department and
*nc the mutilated archives, and ask why they
were destroyed. Visit ?.he penitentiaries and
:ount 'be public plunderers who are confined
there. [Hear, hoar.] He reviewed the ex
pcndilurt'S of the federal Government from
July 1,1805. to July 1, 18(18, showin that
the Democratic administrations bad .been
much more economical. Moreover, be would
ask why was it that the amount realized fr tn
taxes fur 18(18 would bj less thin the amount
r alized iu li>ti7, considering s hat the rate
of taxations was .substantially the same ?
1 nave been represented as hostile to the
bondholder. Gentlemen, you shall jimVo
mo. I au; hostile to ro class or interest in
?he country. 1 simply desire io bojnst-ju>t
to ti.e bondholder, just to the pt-ople. I would
live up with scrupulous fidelity io the terms
Ol' our contracts. 1 would pay the interest, oj'
the live-twenties in gol., because t!;e gov
ernnient promised to do so. I would pay
principal and interest of the ten finies in
gold, because the government promised to do
so. I would pay the principal ol' tho five
twenties in legal-tender notes, because the
bondholders agreed to receive them iu pay
ment ; and as I would not repudiate an hon
est bargain to make money fur the people, so
will I not repudiate an honest bargain to
make money for the creditors. [Cheers.] He
did not think thal policy would give us a de
predatory currency, but, on tbe coutrary,
was of opinion that just as the public debt,
was thus discharged, will the certainty of its
ultimate redemption be more apparent, and
its value be rapidly and steadily increased.
Thpse bond operate as ? mortgage upon the
property and labor of the country. Then
are two ibous?nd millions of them. Pay off
these two thousand millions, and will not the
legal-teoders bc first in the proportion more
I know the evils of a depreciated currency.
I would not aid in depreciating our eurrency.
I fought against it when It was proposed by
tn^TRgal tender act. but" since itr wa* accom
plished-?ince the debt was contracted in le
gal tender-since it may be lawfnliy end
honestly paid in legal tender-I am in favor
of continuing it luitil we can secure -.he peo
pie, who have already suffered all the evils,
whatever good may be expected from the
system. But, gentlemen, I detain you too
long. I have sought to bring in sharp con
trast the two parties and their re pective
principles. Choose between them. [Cheers.]
Senator Thurman and several other speak
ors having delivered addresses, the conven
tion adjourned at eight o'clock.
TIIK PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION.-The New
York "World" thus sums np the prospects ol
the next Presidential electiou :
In canvassing thc question, with the dele
gates to the Convcntton since the nomination
was made; the following State's are put down
as su:e for Seymour and blair:
New Je rs ey.7
One hundred and fifty niue votes are all
that is necessary for electlcr, und in the above
tables there are one hundred and sixty elec
toral votes without Counting one of the
Southern States engaged iu thu rebellion. In
tpt; list of States given, every une save thre~
in which a Stale election has been held in
tLo last eighteen months, has gone Demo
cratic. In all, the ??.cal elections h-'ve exhib
ited great Democratic gains, sufficient to in
suro the S'ate for the Dt-imu-raey ibis fad.
We have not counted Illinois in i be list, but
the d' lega Cs to ti-o Convention deciand ti-ai
there WHS no doubt but Pendleton could car
ry that Slate. Il it would be ceriuiu for
Pendleton, then it can be safely counted for
Seymour and .Blair. In addition to this, the
States of Alabama, Georgia and Mississippi
arc certain to give a Democratic majoiity
with any fair chat ce forvoiiig; this will
give twenty-four more electoral vol?'* and
swell the Democratic column to 18-1. Bul
the Repu,bi?cj?RS arc ja oying to exclude the
votes ol' thc States of Virginia, IVxas and
Mississippi, by l?gislation in Congress'. If the
elector il vote? o! these States ?re not counted,
then there will be ia thc Electoral College
2fJl voles, and HS will be all thal will tie ne
cessary to elect. The Democracy can then
lose Ohio, and still secure a maj? rity of the
Electoral College, without counting any from
the South ; or. by curry h g Ohio, they cnn
lose Miss.mri, Wisconsin und Kun.-as, and
still elect their ticket without receiving .. vote
from the South. There is, ih?rolore, every
reason for encouragement to the Democracy,
and the election of Seymour and Blair may
bo put down as a certainty.
From the Mercury, of the 221, we clip 'he
fallowing Mackey items;
DISTINGUISHED ARRIVALS.-By the South
Carolina Railroad train' yesterday afternoon,
Dr. A. G. Mackey and his two sons in one
carriage, and Mr.'F. Sawyer, United States
Senator elect, in another. They report all
quiet in Columbia.
IL THE MILLS OF THE GODS GRIND SLOW
LY."-That is true, but there are exceptions
to all rules, and when Hon. (?) A. G. M., on
tho Fourth of July, rolled the proverb like a
sweet morsel under his tongue, he little thought
that be would so soon be in the hopper.
To LET_That large, handsome and weli
furnisiied mansion in Washington, D. C.,
which has been lilted np in fashionable style
regardless of expense, for the use of a United
States Serator. who expected to be elected.
Circumstances over which he had no control
have caused him to change his plans, and the
said mansion is therefore offered cheap. Ap
ply between the hours of ten and two this
A. M , at tho corfter of East Bay and Market
streets. Entrance on East Bay.
J???"When a single gentleman cannot
pass a clothes lino without counting all the
long stockings, it is a sign he ought to gpt
married, and the sooner the bettet.
The Homestead Law.
The following is the homestead law as pass
ed by both Houses of the General Assembly:
A BILL T0 DETERMINE AN"D PERPETUATE THE
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the State of South Caro
lina, now met and sitting in Geueral Assem
bly, aud by the authority of the same,
SECTION 1. Whenever the real estate of
the head of any family residing in this State
6hull bo levied upon by virtue of any m estie
or final procesa issued from any court, if the
same be the faintly homestead of such person,
tho sherill'or other officer executing said pro
cess shall cause a homestead, such as said
person may select, not to exceed the value of
one thousand dollars, to beset off to said per
son in the manner following, to wit: Ile shall
cause three appraisers to be appointed, one to
be named by the creditor, one by the debtor,
atid one by himself, who shall be discreet and
disinterested men,resident in the county, and
shall be sworn by a Justice of the Peace to
impartially appraise and set oil', by metes and
bounds, a homestead of the estate of the deb
tor, such as he may select, not to exceed the
valu>3 of one thousand dollars; and the said
appraisers shall poceed accordingly to sot oat
the homestead ; and the set off and assign
ment, so made by the appraisers shall bc re
turned by the officer, along with said process;
for record in Court ; and, if no camplaiut shall
be made by either party, no further proceed
ings shall ba had against the homestead, but
the residue of thu lands and tenements of the
head of a family, if any more or other he shall
have, shall be liable to attachment, levy, and
sale: Provided, Tbatupon good cause shown
the Court, out of which the procesa issued
may order a rcappraiscineutand reassignment
of the homestead, either by the same apprai
sers or others appointed by the Court : And,
provided further, That should the creditors
or debtor neglect or refuse, after due notice
from tho officers executing the process to
n<-minaie ar. appraiser, then said officer shall
appoint the same.
SEC. 9. Whenever the personal property of
the head of any family residing in this State
is taken or attached by virtneofany mesne
or final process issued from aiiy court, and
Kitid person shall claim the said properly or
any p-irt thereof as exempt from attachment
on account of the same bei og the annual pro
duct of his or her homestead, or as subject to
exemption nuder thu constitution, and tbc
creditor and debtor do not agree about, the
same, the officer executing said process shall
causi- the same to be ascertained, and all ex
empted property set out by appraisers appoint
ed and ?worn 1er the purpose, as provided ir.
the pn ceding section for setting out the
homestead, subject to like limitations and
provisions, and the residue, if any, shall be
ijoid. which proceeding shall be stated in thc
officer's return of such process.
SEC. 3. The exemptions of sections one
and two of this act shall not extend to an a
t?chaient, levy or sale on auy mesne or final
process issued to secure or enforce the pay
ment ol taxes, or obligations contracted for
the purchase of said homestead, or obliga
tions contracted for the erection of improve
ments thereon : Provided, The court or au
ihoritj issuing said process shall certify there
on that the same is issued for some one or
more, and no other, of said purposes: Provi
ded further, The yearly product of said home
stead shall be subject to attachment, levy and
.-ale to secure or enforce thc payment of ob
ligations contracted in the production of the
ikiD? ; but the court issuing th'e process there
t r s?all certify thereon that the same is is
ued for said purpose and no other.
SEC. 4. Tne estate or right of homestead
uf the head of any family existing at his death
shall continue for the benefit of his widow
mid minor children, and be held and enjoyed
by them until the youngest child is twenty
one years of age, and until the marriage or
death of the n?dow, and be limited to that
period. But all the right, title and interest
of the deceased in the premises in which such
estate or right exists, except the estate of
homestead ttius continued, shall be subject to
the laws relating to devise, descent, dower
and ;ale for payment of debts against the es
tate of the deceased.
SEC. 5. When a widow or minor children
are entitled to an estate ur right of homestead
as provided in the preceding section, the same
muy be set off to the parlies entitled thereto
by the Judge of thc Probate Court, who shall
appoint three disinterested persons, resident
iu the county, who, having been duly sworn,
shall pruceed to appraise and set out, bj
metes and bounds, such homestead, and make
return thereof to bim. If no complaint shall
be made against said ?ppraisal and setting
out of the homestead, within twenty days
thereafter, hy any party interested therein,
or any good cause appear to the contrary, the
j same sball bc confirmed by the Judge, anfl
SEC. P.. Appra?aers appointed to set ont the
homer-tead, under this act, shall receive as
Compensation two dollars per day each for
such services, and the same .-hall be paid by
Hie officer executing tho process out of tho
property of the debtor ; or in case of the
homestead set out to a widow or minor chil
dren, out rf the estate of the deceased by tho
executor or administrator thereof.
We leam from the Lynchburg (Virginia)
" News" that tho loyal" leaguers of Mount
gi rn, Campbell County, perpetrated the fol
lowing dastardly outrage upon one of their
members, who, not likiDg the workings of
the band, desired to withdraw therefrom :
It appears that a negro named Nelson Ros
ser, a former member of said league who had
withdrawn, was suspected of having betrayed
some of the conspiracies of that infamous or
ganization. On Friday night las?, Norton
Roberts, negro, President ot the organization,
a-id two other negroes, went to the house of
Nelson, called him ou,t, and charging him
with treachery, urged him to repair, as taras
possible, the damage he had done by rejoin
ing tho league. Tuis Nelson stoutly refused
to do, and Roberts and his comrades pro
ceeded to execute upon him summary ven
geance. Seizing their victim, they tied him
by the heels ai d suspended him from the
li:nb of a tree, in whioh oondition he was
kept for several hours, his torturers all the
time urging him to come back into the 14 fold."
At the und of some hours, during which the
u fortunate negro suffered intense agony, his
spirit of resistance succumbed, and he con
sented to accede to tho demands of the black
di mons. He was then released in an almost
exhausted condition, and again took upon
himself the oath prescribed by the league,
and in addition was forced to swear he would
never divulge the treatment he had received.
Thc Democrat!", party is the spontaneous
j growth of tho average national character,
? and has always been imbued with intense nu
; tional feeling. It ha? the thriftiness of airee
growing in a congenial soil and in its natural
climate. It may pass through hard Winters,
: its foliage may be beaten oil by hail-storms ;
; it may be riven by the thunderbolt: but its
roots penetrate so deep, and its sap is so full
of natural vigour, that it can never cease to
grow. The Democratic party being founded
on the opontaneous instincts of the American
; people ; being the outgrowth ?nd embediment
of the national character, its enduring vitality
is casi'y accounted for, and the |i-?9a of exa
berant. almost exultant, activity, conrade, and
bop? which U now exhibits, cease to be unaz
It would doubtless be a very comfortable
thing lt the riebt of ihe State could bo paid, .
or the interest funded, untH the people, under
a Jegilimute gov rntnent, are able to meet
their public obligations. Hut this cannot he
doue by tho motley L?gislature now in ses
sion in Columbia: norean the}-, bv the issue
of bayonet" honda, provide, ns proposed, f?r
the deficit in the animal revenue of the State.
Tue Legislature will, of course, bleed freely
s vi'ry pru pe. i iv-hoi der in South Carolina, sad
is long as they usurp the machinery of the
law, may compel the payment of taxation.
Negro legislators, negro sheriff* and negro
:0D3iabIes may distrain, and there the scheme
sf financial white-washing will come to a
Beyond this they cannot go. What capi
talist would touch " bayonet" bonds issued by
3ur bogus Legislature 1 Would New York
3r Boston touch these bonds i-sued by au
thority of a horde of negroes, and in face of
:ho protest of the white people of the Stute '/
Would not our Northern brethren prefer to
?vak until after November?
The Stato debt of South Carolina-the
lebt now existiug-will be paid to the last
:ent, whatever the General Assembly -may
lo; but no " bayonet" bond, for whatever
'eason issued, will ever be recognize bv ?he
vhite people of the State-Cbar.es:ou News.
The Presidential Canvass,.
The Washington correspondent of the Bos
on Post, under date of the IC.h iu*t, sendi
he following words of good cheer :
Thc respective national committees are on
irgetically arranging for?? liberal dis?ributieo
if campaign documents. Tbe growlings first
leard over the New York nominations n^rrir- '
sd the Radicals wiu a false hope. Tl1 ey
vere j ubi laut, aHd everywhere they were q:w
ing this Democrat or that Conservative- to
>rove that the Seymour ticket was a failure.
Chis continued* only a few- days, and uow
?othing of thc kind is heard. Chief Justice
3hase has endorsed tho ticket. Doolittle is
mt with a letter approving it most'cordially.
Com Ewing, Jr., advocates the election of
seymour and Blair, and will deliver a .-^eech
it the grand ratification meeting on Saturday
ivening. Voorbees goes heartily into thc
lontest and President Johnson assured your
lorrespondent to day that tho ticket had hi?
>est wishes and would receive all tbe-snpp'T?
he Federal Executive was able to give. Tho
ihairman of the State Central Committee of
Pennsylvania is-here, and 6ays that Pennayl
rania'is as certain for Seymour and Blair oe
Uew York, not, however, by no large a nia
ority. He reports the ratification mett-ng
n Philadelphia on Saturday last to have been
be largest and most eutlnwasuc ever known
n that city, while the Radicals have thu? far
ailed to get up a ratification meeting of any
dud. Philadelphia alone is set down as good
br 10,000 majority for Seymour. l"ho Dera>
)crats carried the city at the last erection by
ipwards of 3,000 votes. It is confidently sta
:cd by well posted politicians that Judge
phase's endorsement of the Democratic tick
H secures the electoral vote of Ohio for Sey
mour. Illinois and Indiana politicians, who
jlaiin to know, say that their States will go
?uthusiastically for Seymour and Blair. The
political aspect seems to have completely
changed here within a few days, and the New
?'ork nominations are becoming as popular
LS were the nominations of Polk and Dallas
n the better days of the republic. Not a
wreath of dissatisfaction is to be beard, and
:he greatest enthusiasm prevails.
A PREDICTION FULFILLED.-The following
s an extract from a letter written in lf?45 by
SOD. J. H. Hammond, of South Carolina, to
rhomas Clarkson, Esq., of England. The
iredictioB of the consequences following the
ibolit:on of slavery has been remarkably ver
led, and is becoming moro so eveiy day ;
Released from their present obligation',
?heir first impulse would be to go somewhere,
it first they would seek the towns and rapid
y accumulate in squalid groups upon their
jutskirts. Driven thence by thc armed police
bree which would immediately spring into
existence, they would immediately scatter in
Ul directions. Some bodies ot them might
sander to the free States, or to the Western
wilderness, marking their tracks by their
iepredtttious ano their corpses. Many would
roam wild in our big woods. &ahy more
would seek thc recesses of our swamps for se
:uri covert. .Few, very few of them, could
oe prevailed upon to d<> a strok-j of work .j
lone to labor c-jr iinuously, vthile not a head of
;attle, sheep or swine could b*; f -und io our
ranges, or an ear of corn nodded in 'Ur aban
ijned fields. TLes . exhausted, oar (olds and*
jjultry yards, bains and storehouses would
3 -come a prey. Finally, aar scutered dwel
lings would be plundered, perhaps burned,
ind thc inmates murdered.
-? ? -V
COLUMBIA, AXD AUGUSTA RAILROAD.-Wc.
ire pleased to ler.rn that track laying on this
ftoad is progressing rapidty. rre?ide.it, John
?n, who has been sojourning in our city tor
I few days, informs us that iortj one miles of
ron bare been laid-four miles on the Iiuu
lear the South Carolina railroad, al Granite
fille, and thirty-seven milc3 on the C* lumbia
md. A contract has Been made wi' rt tho
Scranton Iron works of Scranton, Pa,, for tile
lelivery of the whole of the iron requisite by
;he first of October, and the iron"will bo laid
lowu as fast as received. There is but littj*
lonbt but the whole line from Graniteville to
Columbia will be completed and running by
he first of November. Indeed thc President
s already extending an invitation to stock
lolders to a free ride over the road at the
?ext annual Convention in November.
The lino from South Carolina Railroad
unction to Augusta has been surveyed, and
,he contracts let. The distance is a little less
ban twelve miles. It is expected thal this
)art of the work, grading arid supen>tructure
viii be completed by next New YeaiV day.
We are informed that the bonds of the Goo
lany meet with ready sale, and that a prom
nent banking house of New York is investing
argely in the stock of the Company, having:
recently purchased five hundred shires at
narket prices.-Augusta Chronicle & Sea.?
" Never," says tho St. I??U?S Times,
1 in the history of Su Louis has a Presiden,
dal campaign been inaugurated with- ouch
lertain omens of victory as the present. From
be moment that the nominations cf Seymour
md Blair were- announced, not only did mere
liffercoces of opinion as to men vauish lronv
imoDg Democrats, but those of our uoreto
ore opponents who had opened their eyes to
.he suicidal course of leading Radic?is, open
y manifested their adhesion to tho Democrat?
c platform, and one and all, with euihusjas
ic ananimity, pledged themselves anew to
he fight or liberty.
-?? 0 ?
" Mack" of the Cincinnatiu Enquirer" saya
?hfl contest that commenced on Th -'Sday last,
.vith Governor Seymour's nominell? u, is ne
tween civil law and military despotism as to
,ho people j between venality one principle
is to parties} and between brains v d bugt
.OD3 as to candidates.
jpg!* A young woman in a Wesiu ? towt.?
it is said, has been fined ten doi-ars? tor kiss
ing a young man against his w.n.
A correspondent of our of oar conn
try exchanges says; "Rev. B, P. Vfbuteuiore
has a United States flag with (J?rau ?ud Col
fax stamped on it now floating over Dalling
ton. Though the' flag is a common pne, I
understand he collected seveniy f u dollar*
from the freedmen to p?y tor it."