Newspaper Page Text
Comdonsed from the Coombia Correspondence of *
the Charleston Neto? and Courier.
COLUMBIA, S. C., August 17.-Up to three
o'clock the House had hurried through to the
third reading fifty-two sections of the new
tax law. There was little or no debate, and
an apparent tenderness in dealing with so
mysterious a subject.
The State police bill, providing a State Con
stable, with a salary of fifteen hundred dol
lars, and deputy chiefs, passed as amended by
Ransier, hum the Committee on Privileges
and Elections, reported a bill regulating elec
lions and punishing abuses of suffrage.
Bozcman, in behalf of the Special Com
mittee on Disloyal Organizations, requested
members to furnish information concerning
murders of loyal men, outrages, und any other
Whipper- introduced a bill authorizing the
sergeant at-arms of the House aud the-clerk
of the Senate to issue certificates for the^per
diem and mileage to August 20th, and the
"Treasurer of the State to redeem the same in
bills receivable at seventy coots on the dollar.
DeLarge introduced a bill to enable the
Chatham Railroad Company to construct a
railroad from the North Carolina Line through
Cheraw and Campea to Columbia, with th''
rL*Lt of way across any otherjroad, also amend
ing the charter of the Cheraw and Coat lied
Railroad Company. Also a bill to redeem
bills receivable. The latter authorizes tho
Governor to borrow five hundred thousand
dollars, and issue coupon Lon 's therefor ut
six per cont., payable in twenty years on the
faith und credit of tho State, which is solemn
ly pledged for the payment of the interest.
Jenks introduced a hill to provide for an
election by thc State of Presidential electors,
and to lix the time for the election of mem
bers o? Congress.
T "jininiltce on Elections reported a bill
. rt event persons carrying arms oa election
Thc State.is practically bankrupt.
ThcCiovernor caa raise no funds.
Associate Justice Willard to-day pro
nounced his Opinion iu tho matter of the Quo
Wai ranto sued out to make Thomas P. Walk
tr, Coroner, of Richland, show by what au
thority ho held office in the face of the elec
tijn and qualification of W. B. Johnstorj, un
der the operation of the Reconstruction Laws,
?c. The Associate Justice decided that the
State is entitled to judgment of ouster against
COLUMBIA, August IS.-Whipper, from the
Committee on the Juuiciary. reported favor
ably on the bill to define the jurisdiction and
regulate practice in the Probate Courts; als"
introduced a bill to establish the office of
prosecuting attorneys for the several judicial
Denny, printer to the House, was autho
rized to draw one thousand dollars in bills re
ceivable at the rate of severity cents on the
Bills regulating suffrage and providing fur
thc reorganization of thc State Penitentiary
were taken up, but after the passage of two
or three sections, were postponed.
Tho bill for the temporary organization of
the school system was partly considered.
The greater part of the day was consumed
in the third reading of the bill for the taxa
tion and assessment of property. #'
The Senate committee reported favorably
on the bill for the sale of the Columbia cauaf :
also on the bill regulating thc manner of dis
bursing the public funds by certain officers.
Whittemore, from the Committee un Fi
nuice, reported back the bill to close tbeope
r itions of the Bank of the State, with the
r-'commendation that it pass. It was ordered
tor consideration to morrow.
COLUMBIA, August 19.-In the Hous* to
day, the Committee on Gievances repoitsla
bia to license certain p.lots, and to prescribe
the terms on which they shall be hereafter
licensed. The biil was read thc first time.
The Committee on Elections reported favor
ably on the bill providing for the election of
Presideutial electors by the Legislature.
The bill forbidding discrimination among
persons on account of color, received its third
An attempt was made to prevont discrimi
nation on account of race or color, in the ap-'
pointaient cf police, but it failed.
Tho bill providing for a temporary organi
zation of thc Educational Department was
taken up. It contemplates an expenditure of
about thirty thousand dollars in taking the
The consideration of the report of the Com
mittee on Elections was postponed for two
weeks. It is conceded by the Republicans
that if another election should be ordered, it
will bring out a larger Democratic vote than
Jackson offered an amendment turning all
schools over to tho School Commissioner.
Finally the whole subject was recommitted.
The bill to close thc operations of the Bank
of the State was parsed to its third reading.
It was not considered five minutes.
The bill for the redemption of bills receiv
able was parsed.
The debate to-day was unusually acrimoni
ous. DeLarge said to Whipper, that he
wasn't in thc habit of throwing mud and
therefore wouldn't reply.
Tomliuson said that DeLarge was imperti
Leslie said that Corbin had no brains, and
Corbin retorted that Leslie was like a monkey
before a looking glass.
Leslie remarked that the chair had made
Boozer replied that if the senator would
make an issue of fact he could do so.
The impression prevails among the mer
chants here, that in a few days bilis receiva
ble will bc almost worthless. Nobody will
take them, whereat the General Assembly is
COLUMBIA, August 20.-In the lieuse, a
Bill authorizing a loan to pay thc interest of
the State debt passed.
Also a Bill to amend the Charter of thc
City of Charleston.
The vote by which the Bill to close the op
erations of the Bank of the State was recon
sidered, and the Bill recommitted.
A resolution was adopted declaring it ex
pedient to make all Poor Houses in thc State
institutions of industry.
A Bill to declare the manner in which lands
may be taken for right of way for the con
struction of railroads passed. This Bill, in
effect, give3 the Columbia and Augusta Read
the right to cross the track of the South Caro
lina Railroad, and co-pels railroads to con
suit the owners of lauds over which the road
In the Senate, the Bill to clos? the opera
tions of the Bank of the State, was take:-, up
and strongly opposed by Corbin, but passed
with an ameudmeDt which gives the privilege
of funding to all billholders.
Randolph offered a resolution to the effect
that the Committee ot Military Affairs be
instructed to ascertain the number of stands
of arms and batteries, and amount of military
equipments now in possession of the State
and at the Goveruor's disposal, which was
Resolutions were adopted providing that
thc Committee appointed by the Constitu
tional Convention to enquire into the liabili
ties and financial condition of the State, do
report on Saturday following.
Tho acts ratified to day are as follows-:
An Act to regulate appeals and writs of er
rors to the Supreme Court. .
An Act to provide for the recording of cer
tiucar.es of land sold nuder thc direction and
authority of the Direct Tax Commissioners
An Act to organize the Circuit Court.
The Appropriation Act.
.COLUMBIA, August 21.-In the House to day
the greater part of the time was occupied in
the discussion of the bill to pay members
their mileage i ni per diem ; the objectiona
ble clause being that members should bo paid
in bills receivable at seventy cents on the
dollar. An amendment was finally adopted
that the bills sholl be taken at their face value. ]
The ??ill enablii'g 'he Chatham Railroad io '
-extend their line to Columbia waa favorably i ]
reported on by the commitcee, and received 1 (
it* first reading. Also the billa ?2103 tboy,
amount-' of official bonos for certain county 1
officers and establishing Justices' Courts. (
In the Senate, Whitteuiore reported favora j
bly on the resolution appointing a joint com
mittee to invest?gale tho affairs of ihe Bank
of the State. j
The bill incorporating the'Home Insurance !
Company of Charleston was recommitted,
with instructions to amend, so a3 to require
one half instead of one-quarter of the capt- !
tal stock paid in before the company com--j
Thc bill to prevent di>erimination by per- !
sons licensed to c^rry on bu.-iiia.-s, on uccunt
of race or color, came up for i is second read- ;
ing. Sundry motions were made, and pend- j
ing a motion to refer to the Judiciary Oom- j
millee, tho Senate adjourned.
The Governor has approved of the Appro*
priation biil to supply the deficiencias o? 18li?>
There is a disposition on thc p-rt of s-'me
of the members Lo fi:; sh the mo>>t important
work to be doue and go home within two or
three weeks. This event may be hastened
by the inability to use their hills receivable
to present advantage. There seems to be a
determination among some of the citizens not
io recognize auy money of the State signed
by the officers of the present government.
Shouid this prove true, the brokers will do a
handsome business, and the members will
find themselves in aa unpleasant financial
A b:ll to provide for the election of electors
of President and vice-President of the Uni
ted Stales and to fix the time for the election
of members of Congress is before the House
of Representatives. The general provisions
1. The election of electors shall be by the
people. All persons, qualified voters under
the. S tate Constitution, shall be entitled to vote.
'2. Thc luana-; ers of el&ctiocs shall open
po?s for the election of electors at least one
month before the day fixed for the Presiden
4. The malingers of eleotiors B'J ill pive
fifteen day's notice. The vote to l:e certified
to by them and reported to the managers of
the ? bole country, who shall c-.rtify tO the
statement for the county, which ?-hall be sent
to the Secretary of State.
4. On the tenth day after such elections
the certificates shalt bc examined by the Sec
retary of State, and the Governor shall pro
claim who are elected, calling on them to meet
on the first Wednesday in December to vote
for President and vice-President.
?. No person holding au office of trust or
profit under thc United States shall be an
elector, nor any one not a qualified vpter un
der the laws of thc State and of the United"
G. When the electors are as-embled they
shall vote for President and vice-President.
If any elector fails to attend, or if any ono is
disqualified to act (of zellick fact the other
electors skull judye), the electors shall tdect
by ballot a qualified person who shall dis
charge all the duties of an elector.
7. Penalties are provided for neglect of du
ty or improper conduct on the part of mana
gers, (ht- Secretary ol Slate or the messengers.
8. Electors and messengers receive the per
'diem and mileage of members of the General
9. Members of Congress shall bc elected ou
the - Tuesday in November, or on the days
appointed for Presidential elections.
Hand it Round!
T? ike Editor of ike News:
Ono ot the county officers of ihis State is
now preparing his account against the tax
payers, and thc writer was favored with a
glimpse of it- . It amounted to ?*>18G0, and
the officer said it was only half finished !
Now what do you imagine this account wa*
for?. It was forsheriffo' nulla bona costs on
tax executions issued against negroes. One
scarcely knows wheth r to laugh or groan.
The white people have not only to pay all the
taxes, but in a single cuuuty, so called, will
have to pay S3GO0 more for sheriffs costs in
curred in not being able to collect anything
from the negroes.
Now, reader, look again ! There arc hun
dreds of thom in Columbia, taking out of the
taxes that the while people pay six dollars
for every day they squat uke toads in consul
tation how they shalt divide the money tha1
they force the white people to pay. j
Put it into a transparency and; hand it
round over the whole civilized world, tbat ir
may be known, from pote to pole, tut- omili
ation that the Government, of th;-. United
States demands lroin thc white people to the
We wish to do thc poor creatures justice,
but wo shudder ai the spectacle of law tunk
ers for the future government ot Carolina's
sons. Can any good emanate from the coun
sels of the repr?sentatives of au unintelligent
Oh ! for a lodge in some vast wilderness, ?tc.
Plain Talk from Michigan.
OAK HILL, MICH., August lo', ltsG?.
To ike Editor of the Enquirer and Examiner :
Beiug a constant reader of your valuable
paper, cordially endorsing its views, you will
allow me to make this acknowledgement o!
my appreciation of the same.
No person, unless blinded by fanaticism,
taking a candid view of tbeacts of the present
Congressional uoligarchy," (I believe in cal
ling things- by ti.j'.r right na , es.) can fail to
perceive that these Jacobins of the Radical
party intend to retain permanent possession of
power by any and every means, " fair or foul,"
if there is the least prospect of success. Even
a war of races in the Southern States, with
all its attendant horrors, would be very ac
ceptable if only they could make political
capital thereby at thc North.
If such a dire calamity does occur, fanned
into flame by Radical malignity, then you
will please accept this communication as eui
poweting you to record my ?ame as the first
volunteer from Michigan in the ranks of civil
izatiou and white supremacy.
It is absolutely useless to place the least,
confidence in ihe honor of those malignant
Jacobins, standing, as they do, convicted of
perjury before the civilized worid by constant
violations of their most sacred promises.
Who can observe the conduct of the R.dical
Kump towards Alabama, and still later to
wards Mississippi and Texas, and say that the
least vestige of /to/tor stili lingers in the Radi
cal " Ring ?"
Our only hope is to oppose with a bold
front that party which has provpd bo h inca
pable of guiding the destinies of the- nanon,
and taise to every principle of honor in per
sistently viohti'.ig its most solemn pledge-,*
and faithless to thc Magna Charta of our lib
el ties, with firm wills, lo enforce', our verdict,
with arms if necessary. ;
The writer of the present communication
is an unusually healthy, able-bodied man, on
no just plea exempt from military duty when
lawfully called upon, aud ins services are
ready at any time in the cause of civilization
and wbite supremacy; and U3 Vulcan was
banished Irom Heaven 1er hi?; deformity, so
let Radicalism be banished from the. councils
of tu- nation for its corruption.
" In causa jusliliac semper Jidclis."
J. B. A.
- - ->J<^>.^_-,
" OLD THAD" A CANDIDATE FOR RE-ELEC
TION TO CONOKKSS.-To show me extremes
to which the fanatics of tue North will go.
we publish the following paragraph taken
from the Philadelphia Inquirer
On Friday a primary election was held in
the Lancaster (Pennsylvania) district for the
nomination of a candidate for the Forty-first
Cjngre-s. It had hteu previously rccom
mended by thc Republican committee ot the
county that notwithstanding the death of the
Hon. Thaddeus Stevens, bi-, natiu shou.d
stand at the head of the ticket, and that he
should be nominated as if tie was living. For
the first time m the po.i ical history ol' tue
country a man already beyond the confines of
time was nominated Lr Congress without op
#3S~ While Ctltimoro is having a fair tr.-.do,
and tnuuy visitors, New York .3 said to bo
M duli ?a a deserted village.
??r* A lady dowu East give* her viewa of wo- j
mau's rights to the world. She is against tho
nterfereuoo of women with politic-. She asks,
jointedly: " If men can't do'tbe voting and luke 1
?aro of the country, what is tho use of them?" 1
[hat's ft pew. -J j I
Suffrage, and who are Entitled.
As the elections approach, which involve
the rights and liberties of our people, the
questiou naturally occurs as to wh'.>, under
the p-fse t condition of things, are entitled
to suffrage. It will readily be seen that no
more important question can be submitted.
And to wis we propose a clear and simple
We propose first to consider this in the
light of the Acts of Congress, and then to
refer to the Constitution of this State, adopt
ed under wha* ?re known ai the R.:Coiisiruc
Secretary Seward has declared the Howard
Constitutional Amendment as ?adopted. As
word* are important, we cite the very lau
guage of thc third section :
SKC. il. No person shall be a Senator or
Representative in Congress, or Elector of
President and Vice-.''resident, or hold any
office, civil or military, under the United
Stutes, or under any State, whj, having pre
viously iakeu an oath as a member of Con
gress, ur as an officer of the Uuited States,
or as a meuiber of any State Legislature, or
as au Executive or Judicial oQicor of any
State, to support the Constitution of the
Uuited States, shall haveengaged in insurrec
tion or rebellion against the same, or given
aid or comfort to tue enemies thereof. But
Congress may by a vote of two- thirds of each
House, remove such disabilities.
Two things, therefore, will be observed :
First. That this amendment now declared to
be a part of thc Constitution of the United
States disqualifies only from njfict and not
/rum suffrage. Secondly, that the offices to
which all, who, either as members of Cou
gress, or as officers of the United States, or
as members of any State Legislature, or as
the executive or judicial officers of a iy State,
and who participated, either by act, or in aid,
tho Confederate States,, are disqualified from
holding enjoying office are :
1. Those of Senators and Representatives
in Congress. .
2. Electors for President and Vice-Presi
3. Auy office, civil or military, under the
United States, or utidcr auy State.
It is apparent, therefore, that this amend
ment excludes a large and iuteiiigeut portion
of our citizens from any office, whether Fed
eral or State. And this disability remains
until removed by a two-thirds vote of each
House of Congress.
But tbe important fact remains that under
this amendment no citizen is excluded from
suffrage. Therefore, so far as this is concern
ed, there is no restriction upon the ballot,
although there is as to office.
Is there, then, anything in the now alleged
Constitution of the Siatc which prohibits suf
frage fur past political opinions?
We again refer to the text :
ARTICLE VIII-.-HIGHT OF SUFFRAGE^
SECTION 2. Every male citizen of tbe Unit
ed States of the age of twenty-one and up
wards, not laboring under tho disabilities
named in this Constitution, without distinc
tion ot race, color or tonner condition, who
shall be a resident of this State at the time of
trie adoption of this Constitution, or who
shall thereafter reside in this State one year,
and in the county lu which he offers to vote
sixty days next preceding any election, shall
be entitled to vote for all officers that ure
now or hereafter may be elected by the peo
pie, aud upon all questions submitted to thc
electors at, any election ; Provided, that no
person shall be allowed to vote or hold office
who is now or hereafter may be disqualified
therefor by the Constitution of thc United
States, until such disqualification shall be re
moved by the Congress uf the Uuited Slates ;
Provided junker, that no person, while kept
in any alms house or asylum, orofuusound
mind, or confined in any public prison, shall
bc allowed to vote or hold office.
Thu words in wnich we are interested are :
h That no persvu shall be allowed to vote, or
held i ffiee, who is now or Hereafter may be
disqualified therefor by nit Coustitutiou of
? ht L'uitecl Su.es."
NuW it has been se<-n ibal the Constitution
of the United Staie-< disqualifies no one from
suffrage, therefore the ?Stale Constitution dis
Il lullows, therefore, that whatever may
be the rule with regard to office, that iu rela
tion to suffrage, all male citizeus of the Unit
ed States of age, resident within '.ho State for
one year, are euliilcd io voie, except :
(1.) 1'hude kept in any alms house or
(2 ) Tho*c of uusound mind.
(3) i U' s confined in any public prison.
lin- ii seems to ns is me plain and inevita
bli: construction ol' the law_Charleston
THE COTTON WORM.-Thc following is from
thc Gonzales (Texas) Enquirer, of the 8th in
Our accounts from tho cotton crop this week
are truly disheartening. The worm has re
appeared, and, with but few exceptions, have
made a clean sweep of the fields. From eve
i \ portion of the county we get the (-ame dis
couraging reports. We have heard of a few
fields that have escaped, but the late rains
have been favorable to the operation of the
worm, aud it id now believed that the entire
crop will be destroyed. We have heard noth
ing from the surrounding counties, but. we
fear that they too are being ravaged. Verily,
between the worms and the Radicals our peo
ple are having a bad time of it. Taken sing
ly, either one is bad enough, God knows; but
when cumbined, it does Beem more than hu
man nature can stand.
The Galveston (Texas) Kcics, of the 13th
The Brazos Signal corroborates the state
ment of some of our correspondents, by say
ing " that the worms are of tbe specie known
as the grass worm, lt adds that they have
partly destroyed 100 acres of cotton on one
plantation. One plauter examined many
o'her p:aritations in the same neighborhood,
and found no worms. " However, it his be
lief that they will spread." But, says the Sig
nai " The general impression is that there
will be a good crop." It also says : dipt.
Tucker will commence picking on the 10th.
Mr. Winston, we leam, will make from 300
tr500 bales. If it will only remain dry all
will be well.
The last Marianna (Fla.) Courier says:
The late rains have hastened the develop
ment of the caterpillar, and the destruction
ol the crop, it is now conceded, will bc rapid
?md cer'ain. Some isolated farms will proba
bly escape in whole or part, but ii is believed
the cmp will be about oue-half or less of what
it was last year.
? ? ?
THE CHATHAM RAILROAD-We understand
that Mr. A. B. Andrews, from North Caroli
na, was met by a number of gentlemen last
I evening, and, upon consultation, it was pro
posed, with the consent of Mr Andrews, that
lie should address the citizens of Columbia,
this evening, at 8 o'clock, at Carolina Hall, in
favor Of the project of the above very impor
tant enterprise. Mr. Andrews is here lo se
cure a charter for the Chatham Road from
the Legislature. The project is too impor
tant lo bc considered lightly. It is proposed
that the rotid shall run directly from Colum
bia to Raleigh, by the way of Camden and
Cheraw, making almost an air-line road. The
r?ad '.'oes not ask a dollar of money from our
P'.?i:ple ; on the contrary, it already has over
$2.000.000 at, its command. All it asks is a
charter. Can it bo that an enterprise so im
portant to Columbia and to the whole State
will not be taken up wanui> by our people?
It will improve and tdd value to thousands
of acres of land from th- North Carolina line
to Columbia, now lying ?v.is'e. It will bring
the coal fields of North Carolina to our doors.
It will develop the res- urc<-s of our wooded
lards. It will give occupation lo thousands
of onr poor people and make Columbia the
centre of tue State iu her commercial rela
tions, as Bhe is now territorially. We hope
that our citizens will attend this eveniug and
hear Mr. Andrew?' views, and lend their in
fluence to the enterprise. Surely Columbia
and the State at large will not reject tlip
silver spoon t'?at ?? oll'ered, from which so
many mouths c<in be fed.-Columbia Phoenix.
?239-Hon. Geo. H. Pendleton and General Tom I tl
Ewing, Jr, uro oanvnssing tbo Stato ol Maino in tl
favor of Seymour and Blair-creating tho grent- P
sst enthusiasm by their soul-Blirring speeches,
md rallying thousands around the Democratic j,
itandardi j g!
WEDNESDAY, AUG 2 G J8G8.
OP NEW YORK.
FRANCIS P. BLAIR,
Let the Earth Shake !
Let the earth ?bake in Edgefieid next week
ivith the mighty tread of thc Democracy. Arise,
"reemcn, in your majesty and send up to heaven;
;hc shout of your indignation, your resolve, your
Read tho Card of Invitation from the Commit
tee ; read tho names of the eloquent men, good
ind true, who are to address you ; and come
["rom every hamlet and lano and nook, to honor
the auspicious occisi?n.
The noble women of the land, it will be seen,
ire particularly invited. Without them, this groat
Ratification Meeting would be robbed of half its
glory and all its grace. And they will not forget
that they are depended upon for thc elegant dain
ties and luxurious trifles that go to make up a
Come "ne, come all ! Prepared in body, in [
mind, in basket, und-wo hod almost said, in
bottle. But no. Let thc bottle bo carefully es
4bcre will bo mu?ic, and marching, and elo
quence, ?nd patriotism, and feasting, and dan
cing, and mirth. And, os wo have said above, let
the earth shake with the mighty tread of the De
The Capping of the Climax.
As will be seen, by roference to a notice in
another column, beaded " Graud Democratic Ball,"
tho climax is to bo capped on Wednesday next by
a merry dance in Masonic Hall. On account of
having to wait until to-day (Tuesday, 25th) for a
definite answer from a Band of Music, the Mana
gers find themselves without time to prepare and
send forth separate and formal invitations.
Tho ladies, it is hoped, will not stand upon cer
emony as regards this point, but come forward
and enjoy the privilege (a very rare one in Edge
field) of dancing to tho music of a fine Band.
The Forthcoming Concert.
The Concert-for Church purposes, under the
auspices of tho Ladies of the Baptist Congrega
tion-of which we gave some preliminary notice
two weeks since, will take place, in tho Masonic
Hall, on Friday evening, September 4th.
Tho Concert will consist of three parts, and in
the two rccosscs the Ladies will offer for sale, re
freshments and dainties of the most inviting
There will be music of all styles,-Sacred, Sec
ular, Comic. Thore will be something to suit eve
ry taste; sacred songs, for those who love them ;
operatio songs, for those who love them ; good old
ballads, for those who love them ; and comic dit
tios, for those who lovo them. There will be in
sirumcntal music in variety. And there will boa
scene, in costume, from a popular Italian Opera.
The affair promises to bo quito charming ; and
tho benevolent object in view should certainly
bespeak for the Ladies a large and lucrative at
Doors open at 7 o'clock. Concert to begin pre
cisely at 8. Price of admiesion, for all, Fifty Cents.
Court of Equity.
To-duy, Tuesday 25tb, bogins an extra session
of thc Court of Equity at this piuco; Chancellor
** Literary Pastime." .
This is the name of a literary paper just estab
lished in Richmond, Va Its first number, which
is now lying before us,Is a handsome, well.fi ?lcd
paper, exhibiting decided vigor, tact and-taste in
all its departments. The Pustimc consists of four
large p;i?es, containing, in oil, forty columns.
And these columns aro filled with editorials, com
munications, Icttors, poems, ??says, biographical
skotches, engravings, ?to., ?c., of a naturo well
calculated to please all readers.
Uphold Southern publications; more especially
when they are of the stylo and character of the
Terms: one year, $3.00. Address A. P.
CKUTCIIFIELD, 915 Main Streut (up stairs) Rich
.QT The Chronicle ti- Sentinel, of Sunday,
says: "We learn that a house and kitchen, be
longing to 0. J. Howard, and situated in Edge
field Dist., about 2k miles from the Augusta
Bridge, wa? entirely destroyed by fire on the
morning of the 21st inst. The loss is estimated
at from SI ,000 to $2,000, and tho property was
insured for $800. The fire is supposed to baie
boon the work of an incendiary.
f&* The Newberry herald, of the 19th inst.,
says: "Our community has sustained a severe
loss in the death of Mi.-'s Sallie O'Ncalc, avery
estimable lady, who departed thi- transitory life
Tuesday, tho 11th instant, in thc 68th year of
her age. She was the daughter of Hugh and
Nancy O'Noale, tho youngost sister of our late
distinguished Chief Justice, and the last surviving
mcmbor, in this soction, of the O'Nealo family.
Great Changes in Wisconsin.
Tho great wave of popular reaction (says the
Chronicle di Sentinel) which, beginning in Maine
on our estrcinc eastern boundary, hus swept
ncross the great central and western States, bear
ing upon its crests the glorious banner of the
puro Democracy, has at last burst upon the great
Northwestern prairies, and bidB fair to swallow
up thc last vestige of Radicalism in tho North
In Wisconsin Judge Ira Mead, the ablest and
most influential Republican in thc Chippewa val
ley, has openly renounced Radicalism and es
poused thc Democratic cause. The Hon. H. O.
Webb, Republican State Senator from the 39th
District, has also cast bis lot with tho Democrats.
All over tho State tho changes in faror of Sey
enour und Blair arc numerous und important.
Our friends hope to carry the State by a band
7jSf It is rumored in diplomatic circles that
;ho French Minister bas received intimations
'rom homo that war between France and Prussia
s threatened. Baron Gerolt is also said to huvo
upressed serious apprehensions on the same
jZSSf- A negro was caught on the morning of
;he 13th instant stealing corn out of the field of
Dr. Thomas Powe's place, ono mile above Cheraw,
iy a colored man who was working in the farm
it the the time, and who shot him. The thief
an a short distance and then dropped dead.
?5?" There was a largo mass meoting in Pick
ins District last week. Speeches were made by
iVhituer Symmes, Esq., Richard Simpson, Esq.,
iVado Hampton, Jr., aud General F. N. Oarven.
Che efforts of these gentlemen were well received.
?gt- On the passenger traia coming from
lynchburg, on Friday cvoning, a vote waa taken
o ascertain the preference of the passengers for
he different Presidential candidates, with tho
ullowing result: Gontlomtn : for Seymour, 60;
kant, 4.' Ladies: Seymour, 23; Grant, 4.
?Sf The Pruvidonco Journal says lhere, is a
eut'.oman, well known in Newport, who bas been
tarried four times, and who has never been a
ido'.Ter over six weeks at any one lime.
E?f Ex-President Fillmore is a firm supporter
f Horatio Seymour.
82?*Chief Justice Chase has retarned from
?a official visit to Weat Virginia, and expresses
ie opinion that the Conservatives are largely in
io asoendoncy in that State, and will control the
EST Idaho advices to August ll report that
tdge Shaffer, a Democrat, was elected to Coa. I
?cae bj dix hundred, majority, j }
Thc Mooted Question.
The Domocratic Clubs of Edgefield District are
low, more seriously than over before, mooting the
[uestion whether or not we shall continue to give
implojment to negroes who vote against us. We
lave thought, for a time, that it were better to
et this question rest until after tho Presidential
section, but our ?pinion is changed. We need
it present moro bold, fearless, unflinching dofence
if truth, of justice, and of our rights, and less
ihaky, weak-kneed policy. The negroes in our
section of country are, and have been ever since
the emancipation, more blind, unreasonable, and
jtiff-neckod in their intense and unanimous Radi
calism/ than in any other part of the South. We
speak advisedly, for wo are in the daily habit of
reading papers from all parts of the South, and
in no elections that we can call to mind, have the
negroes been so unanimously and wantonly ar
rayed again.it tho whiles as in EdgeSold District.
Had wc been less tolerant of all thia in the pari,
perhaps lt woro better with us now. Conse
quently, wo believo it to be time to cease beating
about the bush and como out flat-footed.
If the doctrine of not giving employment to
negroes who vote against us be carried out in
practice throughout the Sontb, it oannot bo long
before tho negroes will be compelled ta see that
their true interest lies in being faithful to the
people of tho South, instead of aiding, by their
votes, to bring ruin upon us and our country.
Whilo it may be a respectable excuse for the ne
groes to say that their ignorance and prejudices
have been imposed upon by wicked and design
ing men, it is but poor consol '.lion to us who are
Doing degraded and ruined by this very means.
And why, pray, do the negroes act so much more
inimically with us than in Mississippi, in many
parts of Georgia, and elsewbero ? Are they more
ignorant? Have they couse to be more bitterly
prejudiced against the whites? Certainly not?
Are Radicals here moro cunning and unscrupu
lous ? In Mississippi lately, Democracy has tri
umphed mpat signal ly, and the result has been
achieved by the aid of the negro vote.
The cause is apparent. The laborer has leen
made to foel that ho cannot make war upon the
capital from which he derives bia support; that
in separating himself from his white friends, he
is quarreling with bis meat and bread. A like
policy would achieve the same result here.
This is the way, and perhaps the only way,
left us to convince the negroes, in spito of the
attempts to deceive them so perseveringly made
by tbo Radicals, that their own welfare is identi
cal with the welfare of the white people of the
South, and that they cannot join our enemies to
effect our ruin without ruining themselves. Long
experience has proved boyond all doubt that
nothing we can say to the negroes will detach
thom from their radical leaders. They are made
to believe there is a natural antagonism of inter
est between themselves and us, that the Radicals
are their only frionds, and that, in fact, our ob
ject is to bring them back to their former bond
age. And We have no way to counteract tiftse
influences but by making the negroes feel that
our friendship is worth having. And tho only
way to do this is to treat them at friendt, and re
ward them when by their volee they ?how their
friendship towards us. And, on tho other hand,
when they persist in treating us as their enemies
by voting against us, we should treat them ac
cordingly. They should bo made to know that we
will distinguish between our friends and our ene
mica, and that we will systematically reward, en
courage and patronize the former and withhold
all patronage from thc lutter.
Heretofore, we have not paid sufficient atten
to this important matter. It is probably truo that
we have scarcely a colored man in a hundred
among us who has not joined our enomies and
done all in his power to effect our utter ruin. Bu'
if there are so few of tho freedmen who have en
titled themselves to our kindness and patronage,
why do we not confine our patronage to those few,
and to white loborers who, if sought for, may he
found in greater numbers than we would at first
imagine It is full time for us to begin to draw a
well-defined lino of distinction between our
friends and our enemies. This ia about the only
alternative that is left us to defend ourselves
against"the radical crusade, by which it is pro
posed to perpetuate our subjugation. It may in
deed be said of the ignorant nogroos, that they
know not what they do. But if this be true in
most cases, as it probably ia, it certainly does not
follow that we should not take thc only means
we havo of making them understand what they do,
by muking thom feel tho consequencos of their
own acts. It is true kindness to the negro to
teach him this lesson by showing him the differ
ence between our treatment of those who are our
friends and those who are our enomies ; and
more especially us hu can be taught his true in
terest in no other way.
But surely nothing can be more suicidal as re
gards our own present and future wolfare, than
for us to continue to giva the samo patronage and
support to those who are doing all they can
against ua, aa to those who are working with us
and for us.
-? ? -?
" Truth is Mighty and Will Prevail."
The AlsXHndift Commercial Advertiser says:
" We aro glad to see a gentleman of tho high po
sition and sound judgment of the Hon. Mont
gomery Blair, a partisan during the wur of the
cause of tho Union as against secession, boldly
acknowledging, as ho did in his speech on tho
night boforo lost at the Seymour and Blair meet
ing, that the impulse which led the people of the
South to secede from the Union was not so un
justifiable after all. " He had differed from them,"
(thc pooplc of Virginia,) said Mr. Blair, " in be
lieving that their rights were to bo sought in thc
Union, but in looking at the present posturo of
nffuirs, be was almost iiclined to think ho had
been wrong and tho people of Virginia had been
right;" und again, "tho people of the North
knew that the poople of the South were patriotic;
there had been caus? foe the resistance of the
South ; if the people of the North had not seen
it before, they begin to seo it now, and it waa for
the future, in its developments, to ray which side
t3F" Peter Fleming, a colored man who form
erly belonged to a gentleman in Virginia, re
turned to his old home a few weeks ago, and
orected a monument over the grave of his old
??kT*It is said that the oars will run from
Graniteville, on the Columbia <fc Augusta Rail
Road, by the 15th November-the necessary iron
having boen purchased and shipped.
jpgfA. B. Southall has been appointed Post
master for Hamburg, vice Qeo. Damm, resigned.
?SFA good story is told of a bootblack' whose
energies were taxod by tho huge shoos of a pri
vate just returned from the war. Tho little fel
low, kneeling down looked over his shoulder to a
comrade, and exclaimed, " Lend me a spit Jim,
I'vo an army contract."
Somuel B. Claris, of Auburn, N. Y., was
stung on the upper lip by a boney beo. The
sting was very painful, and tho lip was in a few
moments swollen to an enormous sizo. The pains
extended to the back of the head, and he had
aioknoss of tho stomach, accompanied with dizzi
ness. His limbs, hand; and feet were much
swollen. The doctor pronounced the case a dan
gerous ons, and said if the progress of the poison
had not been arrested it would have resulted in
Returns from all but Ave small counties
in Kentucky, for Governor, show the result to be '
For Stevenson, Democrat, 111,451, and for Baker,
Republican, 23,526; Democratic majority 87,925.
^SJ^The President has ordered the release of
Mar, Powors and Watkins, sentenced to death
l'y military commission at Raleigh, N. C., for tho
illegad killing of a negro, guilty of rape, which
lentenoe was commuted to fifteen years' impris
m ment by Gen. Canby.
?&~ It costs vs moro to be miserable than
rould make us perfeo?y happy. How cheap aud
lasy is the servioe of virtue, and how dear we
>ay for our vices.
/gr-Tho Democratic majoritj in Montana will
each twenty-four hundred. A gain of seven
mu arc d in on? JIU. j
Shall We lie Taxed Without Repre
Por forty-five day?, (says the Columbia Phoe
nix,) the capital of South Carolina-a sovereign
and independent State-hos been disgraced by a
mongrel party of ignorant adventurers, renegado
natives and stupid negroes, constituting a self
styled Legislature, and assuming, under tho sanc
tion of tho bayonet, to make laws for lhe gov
ernment of the land-owners and intelligent mas
ses of our people. How this unnatural and ille
gitimate organizion found hirth, is well known.
How it came to pass that the spawn and fungi ot
Northern society, and tho newly-emancipated and
uneducated black men of the South, carno into
and aro now exercising power, needs no repeti
tion. Startling as tho anomaly is, it presentB,
uevertholess, an incontrovertible fact; and deep
as may be the regret entertained by every citiien
who is interested in order and the wclfnro of the
State, at this painful festuro in so-called free gov
ernment, the unprejudiced world will do the whit?
men of the South tho justice to say, that they
have borno the infliction of this crying disgrace
with wonderful forbearance
Thc press of the land has, with raro exceptions,
counselled the people to moderation, and the
peop'.e have submitted to thc injuries imposed cn
them with i ut attempting to exercise any other
remedy than that. uff- rded by the ballot-box, and
then even in thc face of infamous frauds openly
perpetrated by the party in power.
But patienco, sometimes, ceases to be a virtue,
and tho continued denial of God-given privileges
and rights, justifies tho resort to extraordinary
means fdr their rocovcry and perpetuation! To
our apprehension, that moment is approaching in
the history of our down-trodden people, and
whilst wo deprecate any recourse* to physical
power for tho vindication of our rights, as inex
pedient and unwise, wo do not hesitate to com
mend tho employment of other agencies, quite as
efficient, in securing a speedy but peacoful solu
tion of the difficulties by which we are embar
rassed. * Not tho least obvious of these is the re
fusal to lend countenance or aid to a govercmeot
in which wo have no participation or representa
tion, whilst it is proposed, at tho same time, tc
tax us to death for its support.
The so-called General Assembly of this State
is now engaged in perfecting a scheme which will
place all the burdens of taxation upon tho prop
erty owners of tho State, alargo class of whom
are denied the right to aid in tho legislation ol
thc nation or State, whilst it exempts tho very
people who enjoy all the power and aro froed from
the burthens of government. Nor is this all. Il
is on tho evo of seizing the funds of tho Stnte
wo mean the bills receivable, for tho redemption
of which in good faith thc credit of tho State
stands pledged-seizing them on tho same prin
cipio that the highwayman commands you to
stand nnd daliver-and then by express r?solu,
tion, they are to bc paid to the members at a de
predation of thirty per cent. Nearly $100,00(
of these funds, are to be stolen from the Treasury
and thrust upon the market, whare it is obvious
that, if circulated at all, they will bo only at nr
enormous discount. Theso bills aro receivable fa
taxas, however; and herein lies the hope of thc
carpet-bagger, who takes $1.30 for every dolla]
claimed to bo duo him by tho Stato as compensa
tion for his services asa member; and then i:
ho has any taxes to pay-which is, at best, doubt
ful-he returns them to the treasury at their poi
value. So fur every thousand dollars issued, thi
State, under the most favorable circumstances
can receive only seven hundred in return.
There is one way to obviate tho otherwise evi
effects of this manifest culrage, and wc comment
lt to tho consideration of our people. Rrfnsc U
take these lill?, under any circHinstunces, or ni
any price." That they will bo eventually worth
less, no ono donbts; and it may as well bc under
stood now, at homo and abroad, that the tux-puy
iog people of tho State-those from whoso purse:
is expected to como thc redemption of these billi
-utterly repud?ala them, as they tcill any ethe)
debt created by a Government in icliich they ari
not represented, and whoso acts, like those whicb
gave them birth, they regard ns usurpations, anti
unconstitutional, revolutionary and void.
-? o ?? ?
For the Advertiser.
MR. EDITOR: Permit me to express my surpris*
that you havo so unreservedly approved tho Res
olution of thanks to President Johnson, whict
was i'.doptcd by tho lalo Democratic Conventiot
in Columbia. Though not disposed to iuditi
"flippant scribbles in tho newspapers," nor t<
make " upon Mr. Johnston unbecoming and in de
cent uttacks," yot I respectfully crave thu privi
lego of entering upou the record my humble pro
tal against tha: Resolution being con.-idered a:
expressing the sentiments of thc people of Soutl
Carolina, icithoitt many qualifications and limita
That Resolution .? n fall endorsement of Mr
Johnston's admin i.- :r ulou ?n.d of all his officia
acts affecting tho South bined thc late war. Cut
tho pcoplo of South Carolina so stultify them
selves as to forget and forgive nil of his inanj
acts of oppression and outrage ? Let. us recoun
some of titos; acts-tho bare recital of which i;
alone - uliiciont to stir tho blood.
President Johnston, of his own volition, an
nulled thc terms of surrender which had beer
tendered and accepted by tho respective Com
manding Generals of tho Uuitcd States and Con
federate armies. And, after thc Confederate ar
mies had been disband'd and hud diaper sed, he
proceeded to impose terms aud conditions of hie
own, which tho southeru people, undo-. Ibo cir
cumetance?, wero compelled " will ye, nill ye" to
accept. This was " tho great first cause that
brought death into the South and all our woe."
To add insult tooutrage, Mr. Johnston quartered
United States troops amongst ui-many of them
negro-troops-whoso presence served no other pur
pose than to ioteniily the feelings of enmity en
gendered by the war, to create aiion.itiou and dis
trust amongst the negroes towards tho whites, to
instil into the negroes' miods falso and dango-ou?
notionj of social and political equably of races,
and to r:nder thom almost worthless as an indus
His setting aside the governments of the South
orn States, which were in operation at ibo close
of tho war and were officient lor the preservation
of good order, and his establishing in their place
his pet provisional governments, were acts not
only supererogatory but grossly unconstitulional
and tyrannical. His requiring the Southern States
to abolish slavery and to repudiate their war debts,
as a prerequisite to their admission into the Union ;
his exacting of all men who were, before the war,
possessed of property of tho value of twenty
thousand dollars, to sue to him for a special par
don, and an amnesty oath of every man, ia order
to purge themselves of treason and to entitle them
to the electivo franchiso ; his long incarceration
aid cruel treatment of JoflVrson Davi/;_" the
noblest Roman of them all"-aro all acts of
" vulgar tyranny" that not only do not entitle
President Johnston to our gratitude, but stamp
his administration in those respects as simply
What shall bo said of his appointment of such
"bru'ish beasts" as Sickles and Canby nnd Popo
and Meade and Sheridan " to lord it over God's
heritage" in tho South? Who moro disgustiug
than Sickles, moro contemptible than Pope, moro
odious than Meado, moaner than Sheridan, moro
tyrannical than all of them ? Was ibo United
States ai iny so destitute of go;itlomen, that ho
oould find only ono Hancock-ono decent man
among its general officers ? And when he bad ac
cidentally blundered upon him, why did he not re
tain and sustain Gen. Hancock ? By his appoint
ment of men to rulo over tho South and his re
taining them in power, whon he know they wero
disgracing tho uniform they wore, President John
son made himself justly r^onsible for all their
moan acts of oppression and outrage.
These aro Bomo of his acts, for which be alone
ia responsible, that surely must qualify and limit
"the thanks of tho old commonwealth of South
Those negativo acta of his-his many vetoes of
tho revolutionary acts of a fragmentary Congress
-give President Johnston a just claim to our ap.
proval and admiration; and bad the resolution of
tho Convention in Columbia been restricted in its
temi to those acts, I would not have penned a
word of diciest, 33 OB SHORT.
For the Advertiser.
The following ia the Committee on Finance ap
pointed to solicit subscriptions, in money, for the
Democratic Barbecue. It is earnestly hoped that
>ach member of the Committee will exert him
lelf to raise funds for this Barbecue, in which the
Democrats of our District arc deeply interested.
Each member of the Committee will report to
the Chairman at Edgefield C. H., on Monday, thc
Committee.-Gen. M.C.Butler, Chairman, Capt.
C. A. Cheatham, Capt. Junes Gregg, Dr. D. C.
Tompkins, Col. E. J. Goggans, Capt. T. W. Car
wile, Col. A. P. Butler, J. A. Lanier, Esq., S. C.
Cartledge, Esq., Col. J. H. Brooks, Dr. W. H.
Timmermon and E. W. Carwik, Esq.
Contributions of Meats, Ac, for the Democratic
Barbecue, on 2nd Sopt., are roquested to be de
livered to tho Committee, at the Store of C. A.
Cheatham & Bro., at Edgefield C. H., on Tuesday,
the 1st Sept., beforo 12 P. M.
M. L. BONHAM,
W. T. GARY, Seo'ry.
For the Advertiser.
Edgefield Democratic Club..
In pursuance of the Resolution adopted at the
meeting on Monday the 17th inst, this Club met
in tho Court House on Saturday last for the pur
pose of completing its organization.
A Constitution and Rules of Government were
adopted, and the following officers elected :
President-Gen. M. C. BUTLER.
Vice-PreBidonts-Messrs. M. L. BONHAM, R. G.
M. DUXOVANT and Z. W. CARWILK.
Recording Secretary-A. J. NORRIS.
Corresponding Secretary-W. T. GARV.
Treasurer-B. C. BRVAH.
The lists were completed and the roll called
numbering one hundred and twelve members.
The following Delegatos were appointed to the
Central District Club, which it is proposed to or
ganize at the Court House on Sale-day next, viz:
M. L. Bonham, J. L. Addison, John Kenny, W.
W. Adams and Julius Day.
M. C. BUTLER, President
A. J. NORRIS, Sec'ry.
For tho Advertiser.
MR. EDITOR:-It will be seen by the Resolu
tions adopted by tho Democracy of Edgegcld at
tho Court House on Monday last, (the ISth,) that
it is proposed to organize the Democracy of the
District on the plan proposed by the late Demo
cratic Convention in Columbia. I desire to sug
gest the propriety of raising a District Campaign
Fund of Twenty-five Hundred Dollars or more.
There are upwards of twenty-five hundred white
voters in the District, and one dollar to the man
will raise the money.
Lot this money be turned over to the Central
Executive Committee to bo used by them for the
purposes of the campaign. The Annual taxes of
the District are now about Thirty Thousand Dol
lars. Under the Radical Regime they will be
from Ninety to Ono Hundred Thousand Dollars.
When this burden is pi.t upon us it will be moro
than we can bear. The taxes raised in South
Carolina, under the white man's Government,
amounted a little upwards of Three Hundred
Thousand dollars. Tho tax bill now before tbe
Legislature (so-called) contemplates raising by
taxation the sum of One Million of Dollars an
nually. How much easier to pay Twenty-five
Hundred Dollars, to defeat thia scheme, than to
suffer the election to go by default, and subject
the Stale to thc annual payment of Ono Million
of Dollars to support an odious negro rulo. Thc
Democrats mu-t win this fight. A word to the
wise is sufficient.
For the Advertiser.
To the People of Edgefield District.
OLD WKLLS, S. C., August 16th, 180S.
MR. EDITOR.-I learn that it is reported that
I am a Radical, which is a base falsehood. I
am a Democrat, and never have expressed myself
as being anything else.
GEORGE W. TURNER.
Aug. 25 4t 35
For the Advertiser.
To The Public.
I havo hoard, with inexpressible regret, and
from a source that challenges my own respect,
as well as that of tho whole community, that 1
am engaged in the organization of a company,
for what purpose I am not advised, but I must
presume, for thc purpose of carrying out extreme
Radical views, or for some other like disturbance
nf the peace.
Having lived in this District as a slav.: and a
freedman, for about thirty eight years, ever since
my boyhood, and having striven all the while,
to establish a character for trutb, honor, and
fidelity, I feel bound to give so unwarranted and
injurious a report, a flat and unqualified contra
diction. Let the author avow himself to mc,
an 1 I will provo to his own, and to the satisfac
tion of every other reasonable man, that he is
mistaken. And for my further vindication, I
appeal to the candor and good feeling of all thc
people, both black and white of Edgefield villago,
who hive known mc from my youth to the mel
ancholy day nt which I sui set ibo myself,
GOOD NEWS FROM ILLINOIS_A letter from
IMinois gives the following cheering signs and
The campaign has opened here with a will
on our side. Seymour will carry more votes
than any other man who could have been
nominated, Pendleton not excepted. He was
the man the staunch Democrats wanted ; but
it was generally conceded that he would not
accept the nomination. When the news came
that he was nominated and would accept,
thc people were almost frantic. You can see
by Republican journals how coldly the nomi
nations were received in the West ; but this
is simply political talk. The radicals are not
making any effort at all. There are no pub
lic meetings and no public men to aldress
them. I believe they intend to come with a
rush, just prior to the October election and
endeavor to make a short, sharp nod decisive
campaign ; but I believe we will have enough
ammunition for them, if Pennsylvania and
New York do as well as they did one year ago.
A correspondent, writing from Lincoln, Il
linois, under date of July 30, says:
Grant, Colfax and victory! Such was the
heading of a cali for a Republican meeting
at the court house, last night In response to
this call, twenty two individuals responded-a
portion of them being Democrats, who at
attended out of curiosity. This is tbe fourth
attempt at the formation of a Grant club here.
Running oil with a Negro.
Yesterday morniug, on the arrival ol the
Georgia train, Lieutenant Murphy waa ai the
depot, aud his suspicions were aroused by
what appeared to be a white man and negro
together, very sociable. He watched' them
awhile and his keen eye soon satisfied him
that it was a woman disguised as a man, and
arrested both. Soon after the arrest a tele
gram was received from the girl's father, sta
ting that she and tbe negro bad left Union
Point the night before, and asking that they
The girl, whose degradation is so deep that,
we refrain from giving ber name, says that
abe had been intimate with the negro fer some
months, and that she was in a condition that
would have soon disclosed the fact to her
parents and ran off to prevent the discovery.
They were to go to Nashville, Tennessee, and
marry, so the negro says. Thia she denies,
but says she loves him belter than any man
The negro is a black, ugly, kinky headed
man, about 30, and a fair sample of his race.
The gill is about 18, with homely features
and a depraved look.
Since the above was io type, the father of
the girl arrived in thc city, and will return
with her to-day, to bis home in Oglethorpe
county. " The wages ot sin is death."-At
Dan. Rice is trying to hire Grant to ride
his trick mule. The only difficulty is that
there is no monkey fool enough to ride with
Hon. Ben. Hill in Augusta.
Hon. B. II. HILL arrived in Augusta on
Thursday afternoon, and that night the cit:,
sens gave him a rousing serenade. Mr. HILL
addressed the people, and in the course of his
remarks said :
It was frequently asked : " S oppose Sey
mour and Blair aro elected, what good will it
do us ? We have got Bullock & Co. for some
years ?" He did not see any difficulty in the
matter. They were usurpers and itdid not
always take a revolution to get rid of usur
pers. When the pressure was sufficient, they
got rid of themselves. He illustrated this
point by an anecdote. When he waa a boy,
about ten years of age, there was a pasture in
front of his fathers nous?!. This pasture waa
a common grazing ground for everybody's
sheep. One day it waa bruited abroad that
the dogs had got among the sheep and were
slaying them right and left. Great excite
ment immediately prevailed in tie neighbor
hood, and the people assembled to take action
against the dogs. They armed themselves
with clubs and guns, sticks and stones, imag.
ining that some of the dogs might take a no
tion to turn from the sheep and bite their as
sailants. This, however, waa only an idle
fear, for just as the crowd of men and boys
made its appearance, the dogs tucked their
tails between their legs and fled in utter
bo, said M. Hill, shall it be with the Rad
ical functionaries. They are the dogs who
violently corrupt the green pastures of Con
stitutional liberty, and when the American
People march against them, the? will not
tarry long in the place of their atrocious inva
dion. They will run like dogs.
The Radical orators at Atlanta had told
the colored people that, if Seymour anti Blair
were elected, they would be reduced to sla
very. They knew they lied when they said
so ; for it was a solemn convention of the
people of Georgia in 18C5 that gave the black
man bi? freedom and tuera waa no intention
to take it away.
He showed the colored people that it WES
against their every interest to link thcmselvis
with a party that sought the disfranchisement
of 20,000 of the most virtuous and intelligent
of the white men of Georgia; that any per
manent benefit accruing'to the colored people
could only come, eventually, frem the posses
sors of the soil. . * J
Mr. Hill counseled moderation on thc part
of the white man toward the colored. He
thought much good could be done by candor
and calmness, and believed that a great chango
bad already taken place, which would give
?t least one-half the colored people to tie
A Radical had told a friend of his in Atina
ta that Georgia would go Democratic by 20,
000 majority. The only donbt he had fbout
it was that a Radical had said it ; for a Radi
cal could not tell tbe trutb. In this instance,
he was convinced that the aforesaid Radical
had only told balf tbe truth, since Georgia
was good for 40,000 Democratic majority in
Mr. Hill had been called a violent man. He
was accustomed to call villainy by its right
name. No honest man need fear him or his
words. He would not repel any decent man,
but rather pat him on tbe back and welcome
bim to the fold. He had been overlooking
his Atlanta speech, which some people char
acterized as too aggressive. The harshest
thing he noticed was this quotation, applied
to the Radicals : " Ye generation of vipers !
how shall ye escape thc damnation o? hell ?"
The Radicals thought it was original with bim.
But it was addressed by the Saviour of the
world to men who were not half so bad as
the Radicals of this generation. Those who
were not indignant at crime were ready to
commit crime. He believed the Radicals to
be vipers, aod, as such, to te crushed and
^He closed with an eloquent apostrophe to
the beautitul country we inhabit ; its splen
did skies, its gorgeous fertility, ils lovely flow
ers, its grand traditions. He called upon all
present, to unite with him in swearing that
this magnificent land we were so proud of was
c i. J, and should be ours forever.
Th?tiood Work In AtaDama,
MONTGOMERY, August 21.-Th? Hon. W. B.
Jones, the Presidential Elector for Grant in
the Fourth Congressional District, has taken
the stump for Seymour. Ho declines to serve
as an elector for Grant.
The Hou. Thos. Masterton, representative
from Laurens County, bas abandoned Grant
and declared for Seymour.
The Radical oretan in this city has suspend
ed publication. It has uot paid expenses.
The Southern Militia.
WA* HING: os, August 21.
A circular letter issued from tho War De
partment, includes the following extract from
the Army Appropriation Bill, passed at the
last session of Con cress:
Be il enacted, That all militia forces now
organized or in service in either of thc States
of Virginia. North Carolina, South Carolina,
Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi and
IVxas, be forthwith disbanded, and that the
further organization, arming or caiiing into
.-ervice of the said militia forces or any part
thereof, is hereby prohibited under any cir
cumstances whatever, until the same shall be
authorized by Congress.
The pul ' .ation of this extract is intended*
as an explanation of the refusal of Secretary
Schofield to furnish arms to the militia of the
Southern States on the application of the
Governors, r.r.d for the information of the
officers ot thc army now on duty in the
Alluding to the militia in the Southern
States, the New York Times say8,edk?iiillv :
u The case 13 made a good deal plainer by
the extract from the. law which the Secretary
of war introduces to his order, by one of those
unfortunate blunders which have marred the
progress of reconstruction at almost every
stage. The South is literally without a mili
tia. Not only have the local governments no
arms for its use, but the supplying o? arms by
the War Department, is forbidden by a clause,
which, passed under difierent circumstances,
is yet unrepeated. ; Congress, therefore, in
its haste to adjourn, did more than neglect
the distribution of arms, which a measure
brought forward at a late day rightfully con
templated. It left on the statute book a pro
vision wbjch.rcstrains the War Department
from anning1 the militia, whatever the emer
gency. To this extent the reconstructed
States are powerles?, their authority perfectly
paralyzed by an order which nothing but an
Act of Congress can set aside."
CHECK !-We hare said that when the c.sr
pet-bag Legislatures elect Presidential electors
they thereby, under the fourteenth amend
ment, deprive the States they respectively in
fest of representation in Congress, and we
have now to add that, by virtue of this same
amendment, the votes of such electors caunot
This is the reasoning : By the second sec
tion of the fourteenth amendment it is de
clared that when the right to vote for Presi
dential electors in any Sktfc is denied tho
people, such State shall'lose its representation
in Congress, and by article IL, section 1. par
agraph 2, of the Constitution, it is dcclaicd
that each State shall have in thc electoral *
college " a number of electors equal to the f
whole number of Senators and Repre.scnUjf
tives to which the State may be cntitMna
Congress." Tf it is not entitled to any rep
resentation in Congress, of course it is uot to
have any voice in the electoral colleges.-New
Tho Executive Board of the Byefield Associa
tion will meet in tbe Baptist Church, at Edge
field C. IL, on Saturday before the 5th Sabbath
The Union Meeting of the 4th Division will be
held at the samo time and place.
L. R. GWALTNEY.
Aug 18 . 4 2t 84
---? ? ?
The Edgefield Baptist Association will bold its
next meeting with the Horn's Creek Church, (5
miles South of Edgefield 0. E.) commencing on
Friday, the lltH day of September next, at 10
o'clock, ?. M., being Friday before the 3d Sun
day in September.
W. Wi ADAMS, Clerk,