Newspaper Page Text
BY Di R. D?RISOE.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., DECEMBER 21, 1871,
TOLMIE' XXXV.-Ko. 52.
(Formerly C. A. Platt A Co.,)
214 Broad Street? Augusta, Ga.
Maple and Walnut Bedsteads,
95 to $10!
TTTE particularly call the attention of
VV purchasers to our SOLID WAL
NUT CHAMBER SUITS for Beauty
Durability and Cheapness.
Our MANUFACTURING DEPART
MENT is still in operation. Special or
ders will be promptly, attended to. Re
pairs done in all its branches.
Hair Cloth, Enameled Cloth, Reps,
Terry and Springs and all articles suita
blo for Manufacturers, we offer at Low
Augusta, May 2 lyl9
Georgia Lime & Fertilizer Co.
OFFER their "SHELL LIME" to the
Planting public in full confidence of
its excellence as a
It was extensively used tho past year
on Wheat, Corn and Cotton, and has giv
en entire satisfaction, as is' shown by a
number of certificates from some'of the
best planters in Georgia and So. Carolina.
Our XXX LIME is equal to any in the
market for all Mason's purposes, and
from its whiteness, rxperior to any other
for whitewashing and for hard;finishing
Our price for Fertilizing Lime is $15,00
per ton. Cash, put up in Casks or Bar
rels, delivered in the Cjty of Augusta, or
at any landing on the Savannah River.
The price of XXX or Mason's Lime is
82,00 per Barrel, delivered as above.
COLES & SIZER,
No. 14, McIntosh Street, Augusta, Ga.
AGENT: M. H. MIMS, Johnson's Depot
THE COTTON PLAN!
Cooking Stove !
SlNCE the death of the late WM. HILL
and closing up of his business, I have
taken the Agency for tho Sale ol the
j ni mm nnnvi
Persons wanting a good Stove such as
the **? Philanthropist," " Chief Cook," or
" Cotton Plant," can be supplied by call
. F?LLERTON, Stove Dealer,
- .._. ... - AIWCSTA, GA.
No. 6 Stoves for $20,00 and $26,00.
No. 7 Stoves for $25,00, $31,50, $33,00
No. 8 Stoves for $28,00, $37,50, $40,00,
Augusta, Oct 4 6m 41
20$ Broad St.,
Wot- LD respectfully announce to their
Friends and tho Public of Edgefield Dis
trict, that they have^ust received, direct
from Europe, and now offer, a large and
magnificent Stock of GOODS, consisting
Fine Gold and Silver WATCHES, of
tho best makers.
Ladies' and Gents' Solid Gold CHAINS,
of the latest stvles.
DI AMONDS of first water, in Sets, Pins
Superb SETS for Ladies and Misses.
Stone, Cameo, Seal and Plain Gold |
Steriing SILVER WARE of the latest
Triple PLATED WARE.
American and French CLOCKS,
A large lot of Imported FANCY
^??T WATCHES and JEWELRY will
be repaired with tho usual care. .
Oct IS Rm 43
6. HEWITT & ?
282 Broad Street,
A U GUST A, G E O F. G I A,
f Importers and Wholesale Dealers in
Foreign and Domestic
BRANDIES, WINES. GINS,
BITTERN TO UTE lix, A ES
Of ail Grades.
Tobacto and Segars
Of overv Variety.
Oct 18 Ut 43
Rapidly Increasing Trade !
Faaey Goods Store,
251 Broad St., Augusta, ta.
MRS, N, MUM CLARK
-ELAS returned from New Yi>: !< and
offer? the ri?n;est Best and Cheapest
Stock of ..i.'LL.'NERY and FANCY
GOODS to be foiind.
RIBBONS, LACES, COLLARS,
CHIGNONS, CURLS, Ac., etc.,
GIMP3, BUTTONS, Ac., Ac,
HOODS, CAPS, SACQUES, SCARFS,
Velvet RIBBONS, Ac, Ac, in variety.
??T- New Goods received semi-weekly.
?Sf Cheapest Hats and Bonnets in
Small Profits arid Quick Sales .'
Mrs. AT. SR UM CLARK,
251 Broad St. Augusta, *a.
Oct 18_ 3m_43_
WITH J. H. CHEATHAM.
I herewith respectfully announce to my
old friends, and the friends of my father,
that I will be glad to see and serve them
at tho popular Dry Goods and Misceila
neons Storoof Mr. J. II CHEATHAM,
where nothing irr. my power shall bo
spared at any.time, to exhibit them the
b?xt poods, and offer them the most .ad
vautageousbargains. I solieittheirkind
Wi E " LAN DRU M.
Nov 20 _V _ . . tr_. .??_
Stono ..Fortiiiz r.~.
~ WM^ JOHNSON. Agent,
JQMS aar SB
James E. Cook.
Graniteville, S. C.,
Desires to inform his Friends and the Public Generally that
he has just returned from the North with the LARGEST,
BEST, MOST DESIRABLE and COMPLETE STOCK OF
GOODS that he has ever brought to this market, consisting in
SUPERB DEY GOODS,
READY MADE CLOTHING.
BOOTS AND SHOES,
HATS, CAPS, TIRTTJSriBIS,, "V ALISES,
Hardware and Cutlery,
BAGGING, TIES AND WAILS,
SOLE LEATHER, CALF AND KIP SKINS,
BACON, LARD, SUGAR, COFFEE, TEA, CHEESE, RICE, SYRUP,
MOLASSES, MACKEREL, BUTTER, SALT, CANNED FRUITS,
TOBACCO, SEGARS, CANDLES, SOAP, STARCH,
In fact Everything usually found in a First Class Country or Village Store.
COTTON consigned to me for sale in this market, will receive my perso
nal attention, FREE OF COMMISSIONS.
Graniteville, Oct 4 3m 41
69 Liberty ?Street. ISTew York.
The Original Stock Life Insurance Co. of the United States.
WILLIAM WALKER, President.
HENRY J. FURBER, vice-President. JOHN H. BEWLEY, Secretary.
GEORGE L. MONTAGUE, Actuary. E. W. LAMBERT, M. D., Med. Ex.
This Company (?flers the Following Important Advantages io (hose
About Effecting Insurance en their Lires:
1st. Insurance at Stock Rates, being from 20 to 30 P??
Cent, less than the Rates charged by Mutual Companies.
2d. Each Policy-holder is regarded as a Stockholder to the
extent of one Annual Premium on his Policy, and will share
in the Profits of the Company to the same extent' as .
holder owning an equal amoui.t of the Capital Stock.
.. 3d.. Every Policy issued by the Company is non-foi
and contains a Clause stating .its exact Surrender Yah
BEFOEE INSURING YOUS LIFE OR ACCEPTING THE ?GEI
READ THE FOLLOWING :
A lengthened experience has demonstrated that the rates of Prcmiu
charged oy Life Insurance Companies are from twenty-five to thirty per i
of what are necessary for a sate and legitimate conduct of the business, JU other
words, carefully and.prudently-mcnagea Companies charging ".Mutual" rates has*
been able to return to their policyholders from 25 to 30 percent, of the amount charged
When Life Insurance Companies were first organized, the reliability of tho data
upon which the premiums were constructed!had not undergone the test of experience.
It was thought, therefore, no more than common prudence to adopt a scale of premiums
which would, in any event, meet all the presumed aud unforeseen contingencies of the
As long as the matter was involved in some doubt, it was better to fix the rate too
high than to incur the risk of making it too low ; because, in the former case, the error
could be easily remedied, at least in part, by returning to the policyholders, at certain
intervals, such portion of the premium charged as was found unnecessary lor the
purposes of the business and the complete security of the Company.
Experience, however, having satisfactorily demonstrated that these rates are exces
sive, what possible excuse can there be for maintaining them ?
Availing themselves of this experience, the Directors and Managers of the Universal
Life Insurance Company, at its crganization, adopted a scale ol' premiums in accor
dance therewith, and which has proved to be fair and adequate, and all that was
necessary to meet thc requirements of the business. These premiums are about twenty
rive per cent, lower than those charged by Mutual Companies.
lt also appeared, inasmuch as the rates so established were as near as could possibly
be determined fair rates, and not ju excess of what Insurance has previously cost the
Policyholders in Mutual Companies, that any profits arising from prudent manage
ment justly and properly belonged to the stockholders of the Company, for the risk
incurred by them in undertaking thc business.
Experience has shown that there are sources of profit in th? vraciic? of th? hiuines*
which theory will not admit of being considered as elements in the calculation U the
premiums. These results from a saving in thc mortality of the members of a Com
pany owing to the medical selection of good lives, a gain in interest on the investments
of the Company over that assumed in the calculation of its premiums, the profit?
derivable from the lapsing and surrender of Policies by the members, ?nd fbc?m other
Profits from these sources, in a Company possesed of x capital of $.200 000, and do
ing a fair amount of business, would give to the stockholders dividends largely in ex
cess of what were counted on by thc Directors of thc Universal at the time of its
organization. They have, tb?re?bre; determined to divide among the policyholders ol
;!ie Company a large part of the profits accruing from thc sources named, all of which
have heretofore been divided among the stockholders.
The plan adopted for such division is as follows : Every person who may hereafter
insure with thc Universal will, for the purposes of division, be treated as a stockhol
der to the extent of one Annual Premium upon his Policy ; and wiU share in the profits
of the Company to precisely thc same extent as a Stockholder owing an equal amount
of thc capital stock.
By lins system of Insurance, original with the Unlvrsal, the policyholder secures
the following important advantages :
FIRST. Insurance at the regular "Stock" roten, requiring a primary outlay oj
about twenty io thirty per cent, less than thal charged by Mutual Companies, ami
.which is equivalent to a yearly " dividend" paid in advance of that amount ph mutual
ates. This low cost of insurance is worthy of attention. Since its organization tin.?
?ompahy luis received in premiums from its policyholders the sum of $1,517,000. To
effect the same amount of insurance in a Mutual Company would have cost them an
initial outlay of $2,000,000. By allowing its policyholders to retain in their own pos
session this excess of $483,000, thc Universal has virtually paid them a " dividend" of
i>lS3,000, and paid it, too, in advance, instead of at the end of one or more years. It
is impossible io find any example of a Mutual Company furnishing insurance at BO
low a cost by returning to its policyholders an equal amount upon similar receipts.
SECOND. "Participation in the legitimate profits of the Company, upon apian which
secures to the policyholders the same treatment which Directors and Stockliolders award
to themselves. This system of participation, in connection with the low " stock" rates
of premium, must necessarily secure to the policyholders every possible advantage to
be derived from prudent and careful management.
The low rates of premium compel economy, and, independent of participation,
guarantee to the policyholder his insurance at a rate which is not in excess of the cost
in well managed mutual companies ; while, by the proposed plan of participation in
what may be considered the legitimate profits of the business, the cost will be still
Tim's by the combined advantages arising from low stock rate and participation in
theprofits it is confidently believed that the UNIVERSAL LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY offers insurance at its lowest practicable cost.
jgajg- Those of the existing Policyholders who de3ire to participate in the Profits
under the new Plan can do so by making application to the Hefts Office, or to any of
the Agents of tho Company.
The Company is in a sound financial condition.
Ratio of Assets to Liabilities 136 to 100.
fiSrGOOD RELIABLE AGENTS WANTED, who will deal direct with
the New York Office, and to whom full General Agents' Commissions will
be paid. *?
GEO. B. LAKE, General Agent.
May 24 - 2m22
W. D. TURNER ^F^rTWJ^^m?H?IjS^^
Of Edgefieid, S, C.,
BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, TRUNKS, VALISES,
324 ?road S?refl, Opposite Pianlfrs K?lel,
* . v AUGUSTA, GEORGIA.
^?rl'rices guaranteed as Low na any House in the City.
Oct IS 3? 48*
Tho sun goes np, and tho sun goe* down,
And tho day and night are the same as
The year grows green, and the year grows
brown ; -
And what is it all when all is done ?
Grains of sombre or shining sand,
Sliding into and out of the hand.
And men go down in ships to the seas,
And a hundred ships are tho same as
And backward and forward blows tho
And what is it all when all is done?
A tido with never a shore in sight,
Setting steadily on to the night.
The fisherman droppeth his net in the
And a hundred streams aro the same
And a maiden dream eth her love-lit
And what is it all when all is done?
The net of the fisher tho burden breaks,
And after dreaming, the dreamer wakes.
Major Vandolf had been a daring
soldier, and he came out of the war
with his right arm gone, anda wound
through the lungs. His wife attend
ed him in his invalid condition, with
a patience and assiduity which were
the theme of much praise through
out the community ; but the major
was a fretful and suspicious man, and
he had his reasons for believing that
his partner was anxious to be reliev
ed of him, that she might mate her
self with a companion whose health
and manhood were not so marred and
maimed as his were. He was jealous,
in short, of the handsome physician
who visited him professionally al
most every day, and thus formed an
intimacy with Mrs. Vandolf that drove
the disabled soldier nearly frantic
Every day as Hie doctor went down
stairs from his patient, he paused a
while in tho parlor with Mrs. Van
dolf, and these pauses grew in length
from day to day, till at times they
ivere so long ard so torturing to the
jealous major, that he would with his
left hand hurl the furniture of his
room about, thereby creating so great
\ row that one or both of the suspect
ed would have to run up, and attempt
to compose him.
. "Harriet," he had said, "ycm. are
i ired of me, and you long for my
;leath, that you may many this in
fernal soft-handed and sweet-tongued
ioetor. I know it !"
" And I," h ui been her cold, firm
reply, " have given you every assur
mce by word,and deed that you do
me injustice by these vile suspicions.
What more can I do'?"
" You can avoid this Doctor Cor
bet!-ye;' c. n cease those mysterious,
:onfideu'tial and affectionate dosetings
ivith him !"
?v^y'is I can, since matters between
you'have progressed so far!"
" As you please."
Oftentimes these angry colloquies
were much more extended, tierce and
violent, at boston Vundolfs part,
and it very, naturally came to pass
that the gossips of the town heard ol
them ; and the verdict of the gossips,
on a clue canvass of the whole mat
ter, was that the "uajor had reason
for his jealousy.
However that may bc-and far be
it fi om me on trifling evidence to im
peach the honor of a wife, or the
chastity of any woman-it is certain
that the major nursed and nourished
his jealousy till it became a monoma
nia with him. He knew that he did
not have long to live, and as he lay
on his couch, or feebly tottered about
his apartment, he fancied that he
could hear his wife and Doctor Cor
bett downstairs making their calcu
lations upon his death and the ar
rangements for their marriage. It
maddened him to an insane fury.
Yet there were times when he
seemed io castall feelings and thoughts
of jealousy from him, treating his
wile with every appearance of affec
tion, and the doctor with at least the
semblance of friendly confidence.
These intervals were sometimes quite
prolonged. During one of them, when
he had been unusually kind and con
riding in his manner, he insisted that
Mrs. Vandolf should go East, and
visit her family and friends.
" You are worn and wearied," said
he, " and if you do not take some
holiday and recreation from your long
attendance on me, we will be both
tumbling into the grave together, like
John Anderson, my Jo, aud his fond
old lady !"
" I assure you that I prefer to re
main by you," the said. " We do
not know what may happen any
But Vandolf insisted, and the doc
tor was quite confident that Mrs.
Vandolf might go for at least one
month without alsrm. So she went.
The day after the departure of his
wife,-Major Vandolf wrote a letter
to Captain Alfred Brogden, which,
having carefully sealed, he endorsed
with this injunction : " Not io be open.'
ed until three years after receipt" He
enclosed this in another envelope, to
gether with a note, in which'he sol
emnly enioinsd Captain Brogden to
faithfully carry out the trust that
he thus committed to him. These
were all promptly sent to mail by a
A few evenings after, on the usual
call of the doctor, Major Vandolf
complained greatly, protesting that
his pains were inceseant and most
acute, and that he could get no sleep.
It was unfortunate that there was no
apothecary in the town, and Dr. Cor
bett or bin assistants had to compound
hie own prescriptions for his patients.
Where there is an apothecary, the
physician, be his intent never so vile,
has to be exceedingly cautious in what
he prescribes for the patient whom
he lins no desire to save ; and the up
right praotiiioueis in cases where
somebody has fatally blundeied,. or
criminally interfered in the treat
ment, can boldly appeal io his w'rifc
ten pmxrint^, on Ole -at the apothe
j cary's. In the preseSt "case, a ser
vant was sent with Etti Corbett to his
office to fetch the meaicine.
"Who fixed this stuff ?" inquired
the major, as the returned servant
handed him a vial.
" The doctor himself," replied the
" Hang kim !" said Vandolf. "I'm
afraid of him, anc^?fVfcm obliged to
trust him. Did h^ayAnything?"
"He said that he sent you but one
dose, which you must take right
away, and that he hoped you- would
"He would like it all the better
should I never waker.I suspect! But,
no matter-here it; goes," and he
swallowed the eontents ofc-thei vial.
" You can go now. I Bh?il want you
no more to-night."
When this same "servant went to
his master's room next morning, he
found him dead, cold and stiff!
As ,oon as the alarm was given,
the room and house, were thronged
with the curious. One of these per
sons found on a table in the room a
brief paper in the handwriting of the
deceased, to which die eagerly called
attention. It was as follows :
"I have just taken a prescription
of Doctor Corbett's,: which makes me
feel dreadfully. I fear that he has
given me poison, aad that I am dy
ing, as he has reaso? to wish for my
That was all-but in the unmista
kable writing of the left-handed
There was an inquest and a post
mortem, examination of the body,
Verdict: that Major Vandolf came
to his death by pois'pn. administered
with malice aforethought by Doetor
Corbelt. Of course; the doctor pro
tested his innocence^ but the proofs
were too overwhelming. A vi:il was
found, conbdning.traces of the s;me
poison which had paused Vandolf's
death. This vial thc servant swore
he believed to be tile one which held
the last dose he had seen Iiis master
take, and which hejiad received from j
Doctor Corbett's own hands. It was j
too much. The doctor was of course \
committed to prison to undergo trial j
for murder. I
Mrs. Vandolf had bcv-n telegraphed ]
tor. She came iu time for the fu- <
lierai, and immediately after left, ]
never being soen again in the town. <
In due time Doctor Corbett was i
tried. It is needless to latigue the
reader of this report with the details ,
of the testimony and argument. The j
doctor was convicted of murder in |
the first degree, arid sentenced to be <
hanged. Everybody said it was a <
most righteous judgment. ,
About three vekri after., the don tl. <
J f - ---- r -j-.- ; .". .??>
their lona dalliance, exulting in the
prospect of my speedy death, which (
they think will enable each to fully
possess the other. Dut I am resolved ,
to disappoint them and avenge my
self, and to this end I shall hasten my
own death by poison which I have
had by nie for along time; butin
doing this, I shall so contrive the cir
cumstances as t? point our. my physi
cian as my murderer! I sh di l-ave
a dying declaration charging him
with thc crime ! This will upset thc
nice-laid plans concocted under my
very nose. The dear doetor will b .
hanged-and I shall die happy in that
" Within three years all I wish will
have been accomplished, despite the
law's delay, except the publication of
the facts here revealed. I desire all
mankind to know bow I have avenged
myself, so that ' Vandolf's Vengeance'
may become a proverb. I solemnly
enjoui upon you that you have this
communication published to the
There was no need of the injunc
tion. Captain Brogden found thai
Doctor Corbett's death sentence had
been commuted to imprisonment for
life-and so the worst had not oc
curred. Of course the unlucky phy
sician was liberated as soon as the
facts were made known; but many
held that he had received no more
than he deserved. On inquiry, Cap
tain Brogden learned that Mrs. Van
dolf was dead.
Brevities and Levities.
?"JT- A younjr lady being asked by a
rich old bachelor, " if not yourself who
would you rather be?" replied sweetly
and modestly, "Yours, truly."
??" A young lady having called ont
an ugly gentleman to dance with her, he
was astonished at the condescension, and
believing that she was in love with him
desired to know why she had selected
him from the rest of the company. 'Be
cause, sir,' replied the lady, 'my husband
commanded me to select su-.-h a partner
as would not give him cause for jealousy.'
0jr Another humble imitator of George
Washington has turned up. A Michi
gander presented himself to the Sheriff,
weeping, and said ho could not tell a lie ;
he had killed his -fll^and child with his
little hatcliet. The Sheriff told him ho
was too good to live much longer, and
the chances are that he will not. This
Michi-^anc/er was a " goose."
p&- An exchange tells that at " twenty
years of age Lehmand Stanford arrived
in California with only one shirt to his
back. Since then by close attention to
business, he has accumulated over ten
millions." What tho deuce can a man
want with ten million shirts?
One of the richest specimens of
an Irish bull which has ever fallen un
der our notice, was perpetrated by the
clever and witty but blundering Irish
knight, Sir RichardStoel,, when Inviting
a certain English nobleman to visit him.
"If Sir," said he, "you ever come with
in a milo of ray house, hopo you will
?ar It is cheerful to bo silting in a j
railroad car going at tho r*ie of forty '
miles an hour, end havo a -man pass 1
through the train and leave *a tract in
your lap entitled, "Prepare to meet your
??3~ Youth and ago have toolittlo sym
pathy with each other. If the young
would remember that thoy may bo old,
and tho old remember that they have
beon young, tho world would bo happier.
A nico young girl at Green Bay,
Wisconsin, was being courted by a nice
youngman. He was generously inclined,
and made her presents of hair oil, which
ho purchased from tho store of the father
of his adored. After giving her some
twenty bottles of the oleaginous fluid, he
discovered ho was working in a circle
as fast as he presented them she returned
thom to tho store, thus dutifully making
trade for her father. No cards.
?S3" The weather still continues as cold
as Egypt and resembles cheese. Now.
can any one tell us why ?
83?"A muddy stream,'flowing into
ono clear and sparkling, for a time runs
along by itself. A little further down
they unite and the whole is impure. So
youth untouched by sin, may for a time
keep its purity in foul company, but a
little later and they minglo.
?Si" The romance of trade-buying on
credit, selling for cash, failing and pay
ing twenty-five cents on the dollar.
TUE KU-KLUX TRIALS.
COLUMBIA, Dec. 12.
In the Ku-Klux Court to-day ap
plication was made for an authoriza
tion of the summoning of witnesses
at the Government expense, and the
Court decided to give no such orders
until the prisoners indicted in the
:ase of the United States vs. R.
Hayes Mitchell, and others, from
York county, for conspiracy, had been
The defense severed for the chal
lenge bf jurors and the Government
severed fur trial. R. Hayes Mitchell
ivas then arraigned.
The counsel for the prisoners avail
id themselves of the right of ten
peremptory cliallenges, and for this
purpose severed. The prosecuting
jfficer then severed, the parties named
n the indictment, ana put Robert
Hayes Mitchell upon trial. The next
nove in the comedy was to procure a
pry, and such a crowd to select from
kvas probably never before seen in
my court in any county ; but at it
;hey went, and from the mass of ig
norance, thc defence hoped, by exer
cise of gre it diligence, to separate a
ittle sense, with what result will be
seen in the perusal of the composi
tion of the jury mentioned hereafter.
A quest'on was raised, when the
usual interrogatory was put to each
uror, by Mr. Johnson, that the juror
must answer if he had formed any
"ipihion as to the Guilt or innocence
if ali the persons nam-d iu thein^
.Hutment, not the particular pernon
ivlu :.. the prosecution had selected
s- ~ . but with
right to set aside jurors, ano1 ne wourn
exercise it until the panel was ex
hausted, when he would either accept
or peremptorily challenge them. In
this manner Andrew W. Birney,
white, James T. Holloway, colored,
William H. D?Berry, white and John
A. Pugh, colored, were disposed ol'.
They were the most intelligent look
ing of all the jurors called.
Belore thc defence bad exhausted
the number of cha Heng s they were
entitled to, a jury-if it can be dig
nified by such a name-was formed.
Ten blacks and two white men, and
such a spectacle. Tho following is H
list of L mies of the twelve persons
who are trying Mr. R. II. Mitchell
for having, ns is charged; violated :i
constitutional right of an, as is held,
unconstitutional law, and this before
the law was passed, viz: January
Simpson, colored, Columbia; William
Smith, colored, Columbia ; Gabriel
Cooper, colored, Columbia; Josapb
Taylor, colored, Columbia; Isaac
Black, colored, Columbia; Philip Sal
ters, colored, Charleston ; William F.
Dover, colored, Charlesron County ;
Jo-eph Keene, colored, Statesburg;
James McGill, colored, Georgetown;
Ephraim Johnson, colored, George
town; William Mooney, white, Co
lumbia; James McMacken; white,
The ten negroes are all bitter rad
icals, and the two white men arc Wm.
Mooney, a member of the Radical
City Council of Columbia, and Jas.
M?.Macken one of Scott's Constabu
L j from Ohio.
Tho jury formed, witnesses were
placed upon the stand to prove the
horrible conspiracy about which the
charges have been rung until they're
stale. To do this the famous Ku
Klux constitution and by-laws was
read, which the man who judges of
the average gentleman of South Car
olina tried to immortalize. Several
witnesses were put upon the stand to
prove the genuineness of the docu
ment, and the remainder of the af
ternoon and evening session was occu
pied by the examination of these wit
nesses and other testimony, with the
endeavor to show that in 1868 a con
spiracy did exist of the nature de
scribed, and which the prosecution is
trying to bring down to the present
time so as to embrace his charges and
the acts of Congress. One witness
testified that an organization was
formed for the purpose of security
^ COLUMBIA, Dec. 13. .
The Columbia correspondent of the
Charleston News, of the 13th, fur
nishes the following synopsis of the
day's proceedings :
The proceedings in the Ku-Klux
Court to-day have been monotonous,
the same ground having been gone,
over by the prosecution in the case of
R. H. Mitchell as on yesterday, for
the purpose of proviug some kind of a
conspiracy as having existed in York
County. Additional Vitnesses were
called for this purpose, who testified
very much us if they had great hopes
of creating an impression favorable
to themselves, by making statements
that would adroit of ?or? thaa oat
construction. Whether or not these
witnesses have learned their lesson
well, it appears as if they had tried
very hard to do s \ The scrutiuy of
the counsel for the defence reached
the bottom of the matter, and in
every instance it appeared upon the
cross examination that there had ex
isted, at the time when it is alleged a
secret organization was formed, a ter
rible state of fear and uncertainty as
to security of life and property.
It was shown that numerous gin
houses had been burned, and in some
instances dwellings and barns had
been destroyed by the ruthless incen
diaries. The women of the county
were living in a continued state of
uncertainty, and when the father left
bis family in the morning to pursue
his daily avocation, the feeling that
he might return to find his dwelling
in ashes, and his family homeless and
houseless, accompanied him. These
.are about the facts that have been
elicited to-day upon the cross-exami
nation of the witnesses for the prose
It is under this state of feeling
that there might have been entered
into some kind of concert of action,
in 1868, for mutual protection against
evils, imaginary and real, and at the
best, a very uncertain state of socie
ty ; and it is this that the govern
ment seems inclined to twist into some
kind of conspiracy, so as in some way
to bring it within the meaning of a
vague and uncertain law. It also
appeared iu the cross-examination
that threats had been made that
if the election at that time did not
go as it was desired it should by the
blacks, the rumor was prevalent there
would be a killing which would em
brace all, as it was expressed, "from
the cradle to the grave."
The prosecution closed during the
afternoon, and the defence was opened
by placing upon the stand Mrs. Julia
Rainey, who not only verified the
facts brought out on the cross exami
nation concerning the burning of
houses and other property, but stated
that she herself had thus lost a gin
house and twenty-five bales of cotton
At the cloce of the testimony of
Mrs. Rainey, which produced a pro
found se.isatio the court adjourned
until to-morrow, at eleven o'clock.
The defence have many more wit
nesses to testify as to the alarm, and
the cause of the alarm, that existed i|
at the time the people took precau
tionary measures for safety. Among
these witnesses are many persons ol
more than local good repute, who are
cognizant of and perfectly familiar
fc?ith the state of affairs that then
existed, and the old saw, that it is a
long lane that ha.s nn tnrn ~c- ??.
.; i . . ". ill I . I tick*'
pirv? jedi?g, ttuu among the crowd a
nv?mber of ladies whose attention to
the details of the evidence was more
The grand jury returned true bills
against Edward T. Avery and others,
Lawson Armstrong and others, and
Thomas B. Whitesides and others, all
charged with compiracy, and all of
COLUMBIA, Dec. 14.
In the United States Court to-day,
the defence placed upon the stand a
number of witnesses, who testified to
the great excitement and fear caused
by the organization of the negro mi
litia during the last election, and that
rauch alarm existed among all classes
in York County at that time, occa
sioned by the apprehension of an
outbreak. Judge R. B. Carpenter,
Bill Lindsay, (colored,) and other
witnesses substantiate the statement.
The examination of the witnesses
for the defence, in tbe case of Robert
Hayes Mitchell, was resumed and
continued until four p. m.
The general character of the testi
mony established the occurrence of
numerous incendiary fires and the ut
terance of threats to kill from the
cradle to the grave by Jim Williams,
prior to his execution.
Among the witnesses was ex-Judge
R. B. Cai pen ter, who testified to the
general alarm of the unarmed people
of York, during his canvass for Gov
ernor, in view of the armod negro
Thegra'.d jury returned true bills
against John Lyle, John L. Parker,
Wm. Thotnosson, Wm. Lowdry, John
Miller, Bishop Sandifer-except as to
Sandifer and Thomasson-for con
spiracy against Dick Wilson ; also,
against John L. Parker, et al, for
conspiracy against Hiram Alexander;
same finding also against John W.
Mitchell, Joseph Mitchell, Thomas
B. Whitesides, Melton Watson, Wm.
Good, Robert McCreight, Newton Os
born, Herod Neal, Charles Byars,
John Davis, Capers Scott and Pinck
ney Weber, for conspiracy against
Look to Your Interest!
ATKINSON & GUY'S,
(Formerly John L. Atkinson)
QJtANITEVILLE, S. C.
WE bog to inform our friends and
customers of Edgefield and adjacent
Counties that we are opening our
Fall Stock of Goods,
Consisting of DRY GOODS, NOTIONS,
READY MADE CLOTHING,
BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, CA?PS,
Hardware, Tinware?. Crockery,
BACON. LARD, FLOUR, MEAL,
COFFEE, SUGAR, M0LA8SES,
SYRUP, RICE, MACKEREL,
Spices, Soda, Soaps, &c
Also, a full lino of DRUGS and MED
> tST Physicians' Proscriptions carefully
propared day or night
We are next door to the Post Office,
and most cordially invite all to call and
examine our Goods and Prices.
We will also Sell Cotton in this market
Free of Commission;.
J. L. ATKINSON,
B. J1. GUY.
Grantville, 0*4 . SwU
To the citizens of Edgefield.
Persons visiting Augusta will find it GREATLY TO
THEIR INTEREST to stop at
WHITMAN & BENSON'S,
(One of the Finest MERCHANT TAILORING ESTABLISH
MENTS in the Citv,) previous toibuying elsewhere.
We Guarantee EVERYTHING which we represent will
GIVE PERFECT SATISFACTION.
So remember that at No. 229, BroadStreet, op
osite Masonic Hall, you eau be fitted out most fa^ionably
and genteelly at VERY REASONABLE PMC?S.
Augusta, Oct 18 8m 43
Sto v es ! St o v es !
W. H. GOODRICH & SON*
"M . , Jr A
265 Broad St., Augusta, Ga.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
COO? AI HUTING STOVES, GM1
Mantles, Tin Warer Wood Ware, &c, fcc..
^^-Manufacturers of all Kinds of TIN WARE,
jggrSpecial attention given to ROOFING and JOB WORK.
They keep constantly in Store a full supply.of the "HENRY CLAY"
Cooking Stove. This Stove has no superior in this or any otirer market; as
hundreds who have used it in Edgefield, Abbeville, and Barnwell'Counties
can testify. Ask for the "Henry Clay" when'wanting a fi i-s? class Cook
ing Stove. Each Stove warranted to give satisfaction in every rrspe'et.
W. H. GOO?Mft?C?? ? S<E?,
265 Broad Street, Augusta* Ga.,- ...
Novl ' ?.: . ?.m. 45. ,"
Kavanagh"" 4 Jj^ch,
No. 36, Jackson Street, Augusta, Ga.,
(In rear of Globe Hotel, and opposite Schneider's,)
Have in Store a Large, Perfectly New and Very Fasbiona
ble Stock of French and English Cassimeres, Broadcloths*
testings, Scarfs, TiesJ&c,, &c, and will maka
* GENTLEMEN'S CL?TH'NQ
TO ORDER, IN A STYLE UNSURPASSED.
KAVANAGH & LYNCH.
Augusta, Oct 25 2m 44
aas opened a large and complete assortment of SHOES and BOOTS ft r
* And Children.
And is daily making accessions to his large and varied stock. Call and
gei suited from the Tatest styles.
Copper-Tipped Boots and Shoes for Children.
Kid, Morocco and Calf Skin Shoes ku- Ladies and Misses, with a fall sup
ply of Congress and Laced Gaiters,
Calf Skin Boot? and Shoes for Genth-mon and Boys, with either Single or
Double Uppers and Soles.
DRY GOODS AND GROCERIES.
A lull line of DRY GOODS-and GROCERIES kept .constantly on hand
at III 0. SAMS.
Oct 4 , tf 41
"x~ s A?S i B-sr7"
No. 3, Park Row,
EDGEFIELD, S. C.,
FUIE BETOS, MEDICINES, CHEMICALS,"
PAINTS, OILS, VARNISH; PUTTY, GLASS, DYE STUFFS,
BITTERS, PATENT MEDICINE-*, PERFUMERY, FAN
CY ARTICLES, TOILET AND FANCY SOAPS,
CONGRESS AND VERMONT WATER, "?.
ALL OF THE LATE AND POPULAR REMEDIES OF THE DAY,
SEGARS AND TOBACCO,
IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC WINES,
1 . LIQUORS OF ALL KINDS, &?;
Begs to announce to the public that his Stock is Fii?S, Complete.
Fresh and Genuine, and all articles sold as low ns the same can be
bought in any market in the State.
PRESCRIPTIONS carefully prepared, day and iii,Li, and warranted
from tested Medicines.
NOW IN STOKE,
A CHOICE SUPPLY'of FAMILY GROCERIES, embracing all arti
cles for family purposes. My Groceries are chore, and special attention is
called to them. I have also received
10 Barrels Pure RYE WHISKEY, from G to 10 years old,
10 ". " " " from 4 to 6"years old,
5 " " Old RYE " 2 years old, " ,
4 " " Copper Distilled CORN WHISKEY, .
2 " " Mountain WHISKEY.
Also, Pure FRENCH BRANDY, Holland GIN,
Imported Jamaica RUM, WINES of all kinds, &c. .
My Liquors are tmre and nnrectified. Persons wishing to purchase will
please can, and I know satisfaction will be given.
: Nov 1 . . tf ..' 45 .
SHOES ! "SM?IS
I have recently added largely to my already hea^y stock ol'. SHOES
consisting as follows :
1 Case Men's Heavy BROGANS at $1,50
1 " . " " M $2,00
1 " " " " extra sizes, at $2,25.
Cases Men's and Bovs BOOTS, lower than ever.
1 Case Ladies' Waifing SHOES only $1.25
1 fi " " Calf, Sewed, $2,00.
Cases Ladies' Congress and Lace GAITERS, $2,00 and $2,50.
Children, Misses and Boys SHOES, in great variety, all of which arc
guaranteed to be the best that can be made.
3 Cases BROWN SHIRTINGS, 8,30 and 12* cts.
Bleached SHEETINGS and SHIRTINGS, alf qualities and priced
SADDLES, BRIDLES, GIRTHS, Saddle BAGS. &c.
Parties visiting the Village to purchase Goods are cc?dial'y invited to
examine my Stock and prices before purchasing elsewhere, as I think I will
make it tp their interest to do t>o. My St ck is large and complete"'in' all.
p^u o r w ,, 0. F. ?HEATHAM.
Edgefield, S. CM Nov 15 tf 47