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EDGEFLELD, S. GI MAY 9, 1872.
6.T -- ?*T -.
V0LTME XXXf I.-Pio. 20
m - ?-"
??? Under!i?Q"ed hay*thie-day entered into Co-partnership in the Gen
* ?*. OOTTON STATES LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
tor South Carolina. Office at Miot's Drug Store.
M. W. ABNEY,
Columbia, S. C., Mar 7, 1871.. .. J: . . J'.W' PARK-EK.
t Having established the Office, for tba aoove flompany in Columbia we
invite attantionjto one or two of the advantages- offeied to them who may
desire to effect insuranoe on their lives, ip. 3 saie-Home .Company :.... ..
The Be?r4 of Managers at a recen 'meeting, passed ' unanimoaslv the fol
lowirg ResolptjojQ. : ?. .
[' Resolved, That in view of W(a^it'there; are unusually large sums
paid for Life- Insurance, to the .Companies. .0/ the- North and East which
sums, being there invested, contribute to the .enrichment of those.'' sections,
whilst our own South is greatly in nee Jrof cash capital to prosecute success
lully our Agricultural and Mechanical enterprizes ; it is ordered, that for
tne purpose of retaining these suma" injwr midst, hereafter a certain pro- j
portion of the net cash receipts-irom premiums, amounting to not more than
<u per cent, of the same be invested in such manner aa -may be in accord
ance with the .regulations of the Company, in those sections from which the
said premiums are attained." . ? ' ;
rr JrlWp o . 'T- ? TENS?N, Pres't. *
GEORGE S. O BEAR, Sec ry. . . . . .
The: ^rmuciai strength ot the Company places it in high rank. Its last
Annual Statement shows that the Company possess, besides its larW Gbar
antee, $170 for every $100 of its'Iiability. , . _... ._
*r a?-v . wiv^WtMX ?,PAfoV^foAgento?,
PIEDMONT ? ARLINGTON
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY.
Some months ago one of the General Agents of the " Universal" irisfitu
ted a comparative cost, of Insurance between his Company and the Piedmont
ML S1^ mn& the Shc1: tables of bis (;ompany and" the-Mutual tables
ol: the f ledmont & Arlington. The error was promptly corrected bv fur- t
mshmg a.comparison o? the Stock taifa of cad,, clearly proving the Pied- t
mont & Arlington to be the cheaper of tbe two. " " '
Our attention has recently been called to an advertisement of the " Brook
lyn claiming to be the " cheapest" Company, and publishing on the plan
ot the "Universal\ ' a comparison between- the cort of ' insurance of that ,
U>mpairy.and the Piedmont & Arlington, among marry-other Companies
Now we heartily approve of comparisons, bur- we must here call the at- "
tention cf. our friends .representing chat very substantial Company, iii the C
fact that, notwithstanding the comparison of cost, taking male risk* aime
intoco:isideration, is correct?.yet wben.it Ls known that in the- " Brooklyn"
Women aye aliooys charged one-half bf one per rail um on the amountin-i"
sured, as an extra premium, in addition io thcjegidar rates;' it will be readi
ly conceded, as the comparison- below.will prove, that the Piedmont & Ar- .
Jirrgton 18 infinitely cheaper for insuring females, and- decidedly cheaper ?*
taking the average cost of loth sexes, as the Piedmont Sc A riington makes no 1
difference aa toaax. lt m -trite that the- Brooklyn takes no female risks on tj
the ordinary life atony price, but the sane comparison will hold goodin
the " 10 payment Life and Endowment plans.." The tables, below is used
for convenience in continuation of comparisons previously instituted.
At thc ape of20.'At the ape of MfAt the apo of 40
.. j?i?Owill intairejgaoe.wiTJ ii?ureB250will insure
u female for | a female for a female for n
lx\ tl}? ?iedmor*t AArlingtpn. ><,4r>:, m ' "$s Sib 571 ; *r T?F22
' Brooklyn of New York, ti.S4?.?l|_ ll?lS ul "lass ?J5
Tn favor of Redmont A Arlrngton j si.tA;,!.^, ?l,2?7 4(?i ?so-t QQ I
Tn Piedmont & Arlington. Sl">0 nt ase of 50, malo and female, will insure $S,455 4? e(
In Brooklyn, " " ' " " " " 7,868 52
In favor of Piedmont it Arlington? 8502,94
In Piedmont & Arlington, $200 at ape of 30, male mid female, will insure $S,810 57. t]
In Brooklyn, " " ." " " 8,881 ?0 t(
In favor of Piedmont & Arlington; ?428 f>7
In Piedmont <fc Arlington, $250 at ape of 40, male and female, will ir.snre $7,987 22
In Brooklyn, . " "" " 7,780 60
?n favor of Piedmont & Arlington. _. ... $20Q C2 | d
From the above fair and accurate comparison of rates it will be seen that
while the rates of insurance lor male risks in the Brooklyn are a fraction J't
cheaper than the established rates of other first class Companies, yet the] tl
additional charge for female risks', and tho; average male and female, makes
the rates-much nigher than the Piedmont & 'Arlington; to say nothing of
the ?ct-that .the prernitrms (all?c&m)?D the Piedmout ? Arlington may bo
reduced by Dividends after one annual payment, and in the Brooklyn "at jj
the settlement of the^hrrd annual -premium, and annually thereafter." y
The intentionof this article is '-.o.remove from th* minds of some of the j
patrons of our Company, the impression that we are iarging them more for c
Insurance than "they wnuld have to pay in other good Companies-and not t
to detract in any way from the reputation of the Brooklyn. It would not i
have r>een'p'ilbl?she"d"if>? comparison, in our opinion incomplete, had nqt c
been instituted by the Brooklyn.
We endeavor to obt?iir our share bf public patronage by the activity of
our Agentsiri presenting the advantages of cur Company to the people, with [
instructions never to seek to obtain business by disparaging other Insfitu- i
tions_never tr> assail other Companies, but always to stand on the defensive e
if assailed. " . - _
It is'well to note that there is only one Agent representing pot Company
in the States of South Carolina and Georgia who iswOrkingon-a guarantied
salary, and the President reports that lie is making his guarantee. _ The
? . t' _Vj_A-_-^t.>.. ?,11 c oi-ir.ino loco trion oro rtai/1 hv
commissionB allowed otrr Agents- on all plans averageness tSan are paid by \
other competing Companies-but, as the President stated m a letter bf re- ]
cent date, areas large as he is justified in safely giving, acting on the ad- s
vice of -Elizor Wright and other experienced actuaries.
Now-j inviting the closest scrutiny of our comparison with the Brooklyn,
we*proceed to present in general terms, .the peculiar advantages of the
Piedmdrrt'-& Arlington. . [(
It is tbewtft/ Southern Company that has passed the ri^id inspection o? | (
the Insurance Departments ot New York, Ohio. Missouri, Califoini^ Rnd
othersr 'and ia working - .successfully with Northern agents, at no extra ex
pense olrsaluxiesccin. Northern territory, it has also gone into England with
no expense but the regular, wodfei^te eomnrissicus paid Agents here. To be
brief, we offer you a.well-ea^?bbih"e?-"Southern Company, which will insure
your life and pay a fair interest on your money from thc day you invest, and
the principal pune?cMy when due, \riut requiring you^to lei your capital lay
idle for several years os w "the custom of 'myuiy Companies, without the usual
forfeitures of policies from death in violation of'the law of the State in
which you reside,', or^the-United States, or from non-payment of premiums
when prevented by war, as was lately the ease at the South
Your investment i.^'eqfer- in the Pied mont & Arlington, because it must
be based 0? real estate of twice'tlie value, without restriction, as to territory,
and cannot be destroyed m'oncfire, as waa the.cuaeat. Chicago,.and as may
be atjWJi trme?n any ?pmpaqpy ?luq cc life.) orguuized in the State of New
York* for th/ State~laws reAfrcr tii?ir iirvestments to New York city, and:
fifty miles around,-uuoer penalty of foricit-uxe of Charter for violation of Jaw.
Thus is 10 u* ai-preVTKfe'd'not oniv thc 'danger of destruction of Capital
and Assets bv fire. 6?'.vr?a Hie .ca** wifclr about 60 fire Companies at Chicago,
but also the-lower rate.of iirt wiest on fi itt dais investments ?Vom restriction
'of territory Ly Slate laws/ "J?iat thV*N<;W York CompitnirS feel this restric
tion -is proven b ;?e persistent effort* of their different Insurance Conven
tions to have it removed, so as to allow tiieir vast and rapidly accruing
. capital to have the advantage^4*H* larger rates pf interest, and greater
. choice of investments; but th? contracted policy of their State legislators,
who can see only the tucuiintefcst of the City and vicinity, has so far defeated
all efforts of their financiers, and every dollar paid them must.be taken
from our own impoverished country to U> invested, less safely, and at less
advantage, fbr'the benefit of thal *?ct?w which is oppressing and harrassing
you with unjust taxation, and wJir?? hortles of armetl mercenaries are now
imprisoning and'hunting down your best citizens, insulting and robbing the
i nnocentfemales, and creating .'. a reign of terror" unknown in the modern
history of enl]^hrein>d . nutiniiH, hng ^isnrpaas?? by the Neroes and most
cruel barbarians* of the dark ages./ . ' .
We do not mean to'attribute to the Northern Insurance Companies this
?tate of affairs, or to impute our sufferings to their agency, but they belong to
a section aiwaij? inimical Co u?, end our "^/itut?'ns.-oiir'conqtierors, tyrants
of our fained people, and daily dispensing to the destitute widows and or
phans the sacred lund entrusted tu their keeping. .
The Piedmont & Arlington, with an income ol about Si 500,000, is pay
ing annually over ?50,000 to the widows and fatherless of South Carolina
We will close tnis article with the endorsement of one of South Carolina's
?t allant sons, whose sister was the first beneficiary of tho Company in
m0S,,R\ "Noone i trust, of the m my who received the generous hos
Pitalrtv'and untiring kindn-ss of-rhe people ol; Virginia, in t?ie late strug
gle can be -o recreant to the highest le?lings ol humanity, as to forget her
people or ?g?ovfe the enterprise of her sons,-or CaiCto give preference to this
over Northern Companies." ' .
LEAPHART & RANSOM,
Apr 17 lm lT
TUe Day Dawneth.
HY MRS. ELIZABETH OAKES SMITH.
Up to the mountains of our God .
Oh! weary pilgrim hio; .
With broken staff, and feet, unshod,
And half despairing cry,
Ye only mark the uplifted rod
Ye only yield the sigh.
Oh! faint of heart ! lflfr up your eyes,
Behold how breaks the day l.
Oh ! deafened years ! along the skies
The joyous tabrets play ;
Awake, Ve feeble souls arise ;
Hie Master calla away* '
Stoop down, dearLbrd ! speak very low,
-Lest we, amid the noise m
- -Of - maddening- sin and w eary woe,
May hardly darerqjoio? ; .
?Miy tailthy.dtrloet.iwtes k> know,
Nor hear?h^ ^xXn&xpi?e^
Oh ! foot sore pilgrims ? beoalygW I
The flinty path ye' tread ; ' " -". *
The Master'g&et thfeJialli^ija^aVrxrrigbt; I
The night dews wet his head ,. .
Your sorrowing tears ?re not forgot:
For He the like hath ?bed, rrr -
n ... I 1 . ? Y.Z. -.. ,i Tr,. I tr ; j ?
Oh ! feeble souls ! depressed by ?ear
Behold how breaks the light ;
Trust the dear Lor<? and ye .shall hear J
The songs he.gives atarught-,- . . ; -i
.Though hang-the dark clbudiLaver near'
? - Thelimhg stHlis'brig^tf7^- '
MR. EDiTOR^-Thaabove wastenolosed i
in a letter frontmy valtted correspondent,"
the authoress, in the^riginal, cut from th?
London-?bwHopoidfite:" 'Itrite soWu??ful
I copy and send forthew4d?>e>-<wer. 'Twas
written from thedepths.of a seared heart,
?S yo? doubtless know that her eldest
son, Sydney Oak es Smith, perished in
the Iron Glad, Atalanta, whilst taking it
?? the Hatjcn Government, to. whom he
lad sold it. H?-'was a yoting lawyer of*
ffeat promise in New York. City..
Your old friend,
S. A. L?
Able Argument by CQI. Hamilton. ;
In. the U. SL Circuit Court at Charlt
on, "on Wednesday last, in the trial of
he Ku Klux case, The United States vs.
tobbtrt-X. Biggins, o?5 York, .<marged:
ntiTcanspiracy and murder, Judge Bond
-residing. Col. Hamilton,-of York-, forthe
efence, at the close|of the testimony,
lade the following argument before the
'ourt and jury: . -, - . -
The defence having no further witnesses,
'olonel Hamilton began hi^ address to the
iry. lie bald,: May it please the court
nd gentlemen of the jury. 1 congratulai*
ou opon the fact that you have arrived
t last at tho end of a c;.*a in which the
stimony^hasbeen voluminous, and which,
am convinced; has been a wearisome
rial to you. 1 congratulate you also fur
ie reason that you have come'to the trial
T tliis i-asewith ? your mind relieved of
ie prejudice which has surrounded thc
enera) circumstances >A this case. I be
eve that the mists of prejudice are begin
ing to rise, and .that the fires of haired
Inch have been invoked in the progress
f these cases now burns less fiercely. I
tn very well understand the existence of
"--uuouditt^ if the horrid btories that
pW? rr ..j , u.ll , , ",\ ^
1, and in high quarters of lue govern
ont, that this grand conspiracy was "a
?\v rebellion," but I think that by this
me you are convinced that this is no such
ling! . It has also been circumstantially
>ld that this was a resuscitation of tlio
onfederate army in secret, that it was
loroughly organized throughout the
)untrv, with generals and other officers,
nd it "has been a great disappointment, no
oubt, to find that this was all a fable, lt
I proven now that the Confederate anny
i not in it; that the organization, what
ver it is, is composed of young men in
lie humblest walks of life, it is a very
ignificant 'iftct that after all this labor ol'
lie government, after all this loree and
reasure have been employed, after mill
)hs of dollars have been expended, the
ighest man in the community against
?.hom is found any positive evidence is
ir. Jim Bunch, a barkeeper rn Union
?ounty, who had been a private soldier in
he Confederate army, and who is a man
a the humblest walk of life ! The stories
i the extent and organization of this con
piracy are shown to rest on suppositions
lone, they are myths, they are untrue,
hey are disproved. You understand by
his time what is the class of men belong
tig. to this conspiracy. You see them
?very day in court, upon the witness stand
md on the streets. They are of the hum
iler, uneducated, class of agricultural la
>orers. They are men who work between
he handles of-the plough, and side by
lide with colored laborers, lt is among
hese men that the organization prevailed.
X was the natural, thc inevitable result
imong such classes of thc disturbed con
litiou of society. It spr tug up locally
ind spontaneously, and was secret, because
Hider the militia laws that had been made
i penitentiary offence for white men to
)rgauize without the consent of the Gov
;rnor. lt is, gentlemen, a deliberate un
truth and slander upon the educated, the
rirtoons, the intelligent people of this
State, to say that th?-y approve these
murders ind* 'these inhuman whippings.
It is not so. 1 can speak of the senti
ment of this community upon this sub
ject,.-and the .butiment of that community
is unanimously as much against those out
races as can b'e the feeling of the strong
est biased man upon the othar side. You
will lind that there has been trouble fos
tered between these laboring men of the
two races ia thc up-country, and this has
led to most deplorable results on either
side, but von will also find that it sprang
not from politics, that ita origin must be
eought for in something deeper far than
Colonel Hamilton continued, saying that
he had assorted before and still maintain
ed that the jury in'a case of capital felony
were thc judges' boih of law and fict. He
quoted two decisions to sustain this point,
the hist being in the United States vs.
Wilson and Porter, and thc second a case
in 2d Sumner. In the first case the judge
distinctly laid down, that principle, and m
the other case the judge admitted that
the jqry were to judge of the applicabili
ty of the law to the case in liana. That,
he said, was precisely ".'hat he claimed.
It was a great, sacred right, an 1 one of
the great bulwarks of liberty which the
Pilgrims of the Mayflower brought with
them in their bosoms. He illustrated the
point by relating that nearly two hun
dred years ago in London a poor Quaker,
Penn by name, was brought up in court
charged with the terrible otlence of preach
ing the gospel in Grace Church street, he
not being a clergyman of the Established
Church. There was ? law on the statute
books which made that an awful offence.
There was no doubt about the fact that
the poor Quaker had preached in Ornee
Church street, and the jury were fully
charged by the judge as to both the law
and fact, but when they returned into
court and thc foreman was asked for-?heir
verdict, he answered, "Kol guilty, my
lord.'-' J'hat was the power they had lo
judge of thc law and the fuel. 11 was a
right guaranteed by. tho constitution,
which declares that thc trial by jury shall
be inviolate, and it was a right which
could not be taken from them. II?', called
attention to another right which had for
hundreds of year* been guaranteed to the
defendant-the right to be tried by a jury
drawn from'thc vicinage in which he lived
-bv a jury of his -peers and neighbors.
There was uo instance on r?cord in Great
Britain or this"country, until these cases
nroso, where a defendant wa? tried except
before a jury from his vicinage,
this case it was a terrible hardsh
defendants Had the trial been
County all the defendant's witness
have been present. There was c
. case on record where a .similar 1
been enacted". It was related in M
Life of'Washington, volume 2, cl
that there was great"ccmmbticn ir
bellions Coj?ny-ef Massachusetts 1
.thegoverhment and the .people
count of the stamp act. . In ?he
boring Colonies' of Kew York an
.necticut they had secret organ
known as the Sons of Liberty, an<
impossible for Great . Britain to ge
diet of conviction in the courts of
chuaetts. He quoted from Justit*
The next me&Bure proposed wa
for th?'impartial . administration Of
in tbe~praymi^erf Massachusetts B
provided '? That in'caseairy, t?rson
pe indicted "in that'pr?'vif?ce raFmu
?nycflther-.c?pita?- offence;'' and it
Mipearr by, information given on e
the Gov?r?prt that the tact was^ cc
ted in ihe-exercise ?Tii?? o? th? -ma,
cy/in suppressing riots, and that
trial could not be had 'in the provit
?hou^ ??ndjthe person, so* indicted, '
other colony,'br td Great""" Brjti?ri, \
teWi^.Thifofct iras to; confirm? ii
four years, and was, as an English
observes, the counterpart ot the ob
and tyrannical'-'a^?f SCTrfy VIII,
revived forthe tr^^a-G&wifc-'Kitt
tre?sons committe*dW?n^nca: **'?
"Colonel Hamilton continued: "A
weeks ago I was riding on the public
leading from Yorkville . to;Chester," k
same upon a mansi?n? standing. on
iide of the road.'. Inside', ol', Uiat ??
hon I knew that thefe, a- ludy
?me bright^ - beau t i?uL?lnldren Vhnt
tvas a vacant place beside, the heart
Vacant seat ?t the family table, ?
Unibles feeling-that, only the1 ere?
enow-of vacancy and loneliness 'il
-he chamberpot ;that tttfriigoA:; '-That
he once happy, home pf M? John S. I
on, tlie brother of the Dr. Brat ton
ms been spoken of in tlie testimony
his case, who was as innocent, gentle!
S any of you can be, but who was i
ind who is ?ow, gentlemen of the j
n exile from home, au exHe from his e*
ry and all that is, dMr. io,. .tli<LlhuJ
eart.. .Kiding aliltle further, 1. cam
n h amble--log. cabin, and there a silt
revaifctl - fik?? that bf --rhV gfave.
inoke was curling upward from the ch
ey, and no sound ot human life distur
lie quiet of the dense wood on one s
r the pin? thicket on. the other. T
as the cabin ol' Jim Williams, and I
J you, gentlemen, that my heart was 1
.1 with tho profoundest sorrow when
.fleeted on tho untold misery caused
oth sides by 'those unhappy occurr?ne
could not help thinking of'these t
uhuppy pictures ; and 1 could not -h
uing to the causes which produced thc
see thom clearly, and i hope that y
ill. see them as plainly ; andi tell y
lat, as 1 hope tu be believed hereafter
truthful man, and as I value my li
ng reputation as a truthful man," 1 I
?ve-1 firmly believe-that the cause
(ese organizations was the intrbducti
that aruM.-d militia-tho distribute
ate of semi-warfare, 1 will call yo
tendon to the facts, as they have cou
it on these various trials. In the iii
?ace, take the County of Laurens-thei
i you have been tolil, lhere Was lightin
?liing and slaughtering by the uiiliti
i Union County there was the murd
I Stevens, a poor, one-armed crippl
munitted by a whole company ol' th
lilitia. Go "to Roundtrce's country, ar
lere were tho parades and demonstratio]
f Captain Penis's company. Wherev
ou go you cun (race these causes as doa
f as an effect can possibly bo traced bac
) its cause. I do not blame tho colore
?en for their desire to bear arms. I e
ot censure their desire to have militi
Dmpanies ; but 1 do blame those men
liose officers of tho State-who turne
bern loose without officers-without an
ne of discretion and intelligence to lea
hem-to march over thc face of a peac<
al country. These proceedings must even:
ally result in a war between the race
ind hero 1 beg to call your attention 1
, significant fact, and one which must t
cceptcd as conclusive evidence of th:
iractice. This fact is, that Governor Scot
he Republican Governor of this Stat
ias since taken away these guns from th
olored militia-taken every arm and eve
y round of ammunition away fr?m th
legrocs, and left us unarmed and une
[uipped, but at peace with each othei
L'OU will see now, 1 think, how these dis
urbances arose. You will soe that th
[uestion of politics came in only as a
ncident of the disturbances. Tlie cause
ie a great deal deeper. It was a distur
?ance, an upsetting of the whole toiidi
ions of society, it happened that th
?olored men belonged to ono of the noliti
?al parties and the while men to anothei
md it was by this accident that all tin
ihow of testimony has boen gotten up t
?low that there was a conspiracy to op
jr?&s somebody, because they voted in ;
Colonel Hamilton then recounted th
marges contained in .the indictment, am
spoke of the government witnesses wh
were depended upon to prove the genera
jonspiracy. Gunn, (the $200 Gunn, as h
was generally called, since it was HIIOWI
that the attorney-general had given hin
that amount for his services,) Aiullinax
Moscly and the rest, were, he said, o
that class who arc known as " swift wit
nesses," and very swift they were to tes
tifyiu these cases, although they acknowl
edged that they were themselves guilty o
tho most heinous crimes. They had thei;
lessons by heart. They were fully primee
and loaded, and they weut right olf. ? H<
once knew a celebrated quarter-horse ii
Florida. He was an. Indian pony, aue
had one eye. He could make the faatesl
time for three hundred yards of any hors?
in the world, and the . reason was that al
the first jump he could always get off al
his full speed. His master would alway!
stand at his head to start him. He woulc
keep that one eye of his on his master
and his master w?uld start him by slap
ping his hands and shouting " Injun." Se
with these witnesses. The district attor
ney l?eld them exactly as thc mau in
Florida held his pony-with a halte)
round their necks-ami he slaps his liant
and hollers " Ku-Klux," and oil' they go
first jump, at full speed. He did not be
lieve one word of their nonsense. He
did not see how they dared to come upor
the stand and expect any sensible, hon
est man to believe one word they said
The testimy of a principal in a murdei
could not be taken against his accessory
and he believed with Greenleaf that thes<
mon wore not competent to be put upor
the stand anyway. He claimed that ne
conspiracy against the right to bear arm:
had been shown, because thc guns wen
not kept by that militia company in con
sequence, ol' their constitutional rigt?t te
keep them, but by the act of the Legis
lature it was made a compulsory dutj
With them lo bear these weapons. Aste
the murder count he invoked another prin
ciple oj law, which was that where in the
. execution of a conspiracy the overt act o
killing is committed, then thc crime of cou
spiracy merges in tho capital felony o
murder as the greater crime includes Un
IcfS, and ho read from Wharton, HOC 29(i
to show that the conspiracy merges in tin
over! act, when such overt act has beer
committed. Col. Hamilton proceeded, al
some length, with a careful review of tb<
testimony, pointing out its discrepnncie:
and he askec
^upofi the - foHcrwine
and points of
the eourfc to c
First That uporv.? trial for TI eapftal
Moinee jury aro^tp judges of.-the law
Second. That'thouxistence of ?ic'c?u.
spiraey must hep:
[ol', witnesses ,-of
before such testimi
viet the d?fendant.
; Third. The ffT
a conviction for a
bemused .as a wi
sory. 'ana cons
xxmspiracy to bin
erasing' tho right
date and oppress
I jpn vc him of ?
1 coupled with'the
I Jim Williams,
merges in the cap:
' ?Sixth. That tills
Sevenths That i
tho part of thejnU
to boar arms, that
imposed by Ibe
which, by law, "
I.felon can nev^r
? --ife, ?*--c?*L J
Of mtfrder "of
he proof-?rat the
; . toa i conspiracy
Iirihrder upon this
no fright ?f?wo?\
codvpulsofy duty I
i deprived. t$L???r~*r ;
He concluded by toying that he sup-i
>sed tt was hot 'tEMBBg poli<iy or*
sue relentlessly all
may have been gail
these outrages. Itj
of the government !
morly and punish!
ol' thc men ;giiilty
hud. been punished^
ttr?y?ii' from their*
upper country of
turned into desolat*
that they, wanted no1
those niue counties'
martial law he wool
would give a bond
le keep the peace,
peace and freedom ?
tial law. Ko one co
who suffered by it,
of martial law. me
aloud hanging over
af agony to meu bom'
if that cloud could "
night pass away,
??onld be a lasting
ind this matter woul
Col. Hamilton was
tnt District Attorney'
he case was suomi
er a? absence-of a'
?alf the jury returju
>f conspiracy and' ?
The prisoner was ro;
>f participation in
jfjtifttBr f?w-r '? hud'
lese crin J es many"
l^ujny more wore'
mc?. TES wE???J
is'S?tate h?d" been:
L sadness. All
were now uuder|
know, biit those,
that Iron hand'
It vas a black
>Ae freemen; and
lifted, ?nd tir?t
bold besare there !
Bet at rest for- i
wed by ?ss'ist
le, after whlcll
the Jury. .Al
one hour an d a j
?raict of guiliy j
ilty of murder*,
ed for sentence.
' .' MIAMI,-M?i?pril 22,1872.
1>car Advertiser: My^ihquirics, in an
iffbrt to learn the origfti of the name.of|
iur town, have elicitedsbome faeis which
nay bo worth knowing";
This town was laid out in 1837 by Hen
y Ferrell, a son of wrtom is located now
rily ono block from -where I write. It
ras then named Greenville. Deeds of
ouvpyancc for town lots were made in
838. Abmit olevon ye^aftor-thiH, say
84??, there hoing a post?x>fBop-of the sanio
pon Miami, which was "tnon tl?? nnme
f n considerable bottom ip a bend of.
lissouri River, just below tho tow
'his bottom took its name from a small
ribe of Indians who inhabited it ?md its
trinity previous, to the war of J.S12, an
p to about 1811.
These Indiatis vcreeonsidcred au off
hoot from a small tibe by that uame
seated in tho country now called Ohio
t appears that at the line ol' tho war ol
812 the western ex tren i ty of the white
ettlcrnents on this rivr, were about tin
daces now called Bonville and Arrow
tock, the latter of wich is only about
f> miles S. EL of our own; and during
he war the Miami Incansof ourvicinity
ngaged with other ibjs in hostilities
igainta the whites, ail compelled them
o fortify near the pots I have named
is marking the boru- of their scttle
nents. They built Opel's Furt, three
>r four miles East of.rrow Hock, King
Jades, in same count near where Kow
franklin now stain and Coles Fort
lear where Boonvil now stands. Ol'
lie depredations comitted by these In
lians during that x, I cannot now
ivrito, and need onlyy that the white
lad nothing sale buwhat was in the
Forts, and even theyon kuow thei
ivas none safe. I'm mentiou a larg
imount of stock wh thc Indians ap
jropriatcd, and tho kug of Col. Sarshal
"dooper, in Cooper's J?, about 1813. On
night thc men in the't heard a (hump
ing against tho ou ts of thc Fort, but
concluded that it wume by a cow, as
they had soinu stockading just out
side. Soon a rifle heard, and Coi
Coopor lulls dead bys lire. The men
noon find that an I mi h as made a hole
large chough for theizzle bf his fatal
machine, has killed ban, andisgonet
Those and other saeta of plunder
and murder cxaspen the white men
exceedingly, but there comparative
1 have said murderanso, up to this
time, there were no ?. troops in thiR
vicinity. Tho men ese Forts were
citizens, who had borced to fortify
for the protection of1 families. My
informants say that it 1814 some U.
S. troops under Genaro, came to the
relief of these citizethe Forts, who
were then commai by Col. Ben.
Coopor; and that, van advance was
made upon tho Miariians, they sur
rendered with their ies and plunder
without a struggle, irrest about two
miles from where I >w sitting. The
government commi Gen. Dodge,
prevented tho cxaed citizen sol
dieryfrom killingiami warriors;
and, in a parley wlucceeded their
surrender, they pl? that they had
not killed a whito uor stolen his
stock. That they hahased the stock
in their possession n tribe located
on the opposite sid? river. Thero
woro, with tho whi'UUiber ol' men
belonging to the SI'tribe of friend
ly Indians; and to fl?- General com
mittcd these captuumians in-cus
tody for good b?llilt is said that
there wero many bm horses and
cattle embraced imwender, and
when an officer wko up one at a
time and ring it, ? soldier would
say, " that's minC|ako it.
I have talked wlwhohavolivcd
in this vicinity forfwn fifty years,
and tiley tell mc rc is a Fort six
miles from this thich was very
old when they ca?, which gives
evidence of havhpuiltaftera bet
ter model than ai?? to the indi
ans ; and that abd in the country
around for somefablo distance,
arc to be found fr|of implements
of various kindsjarthen vessels,
snell as they sup? ?ot known to
thc Indlabs of th?. Some breth
ren of my Churclivo la that vi
cinity; propose fro in an inves
tigation of these when I cnn get
a little time to ali and, if I SUo
up : tl
coed in getting <n?tion doserv- alter tl
tag your attention, you shall have it. .
You may say to my fri ends thaW and
Mis. J? orno, and lyu la,- are enjoying.re
maikabiy .good, health ;-and axe still de
lighted with- o ur n? w home- The. privi
lege of printing, these' three . linea ia n
m at te ro f n o . small. - consequ en ce. to me,
. | f or J IgpQifc tha t many of my frie nds su b
scri be-fpr your paper ^ and I;hope they
;. w.ul all be induced-to^do.;so, as itafforxlK
j . me . a - read y ? means of communi c a tiari,
and .-I .can no t. no w,, answer^ tb e letters
-wlnch^they are scuding to rue. tA?*ti&\ .
?Trom tae ??ck
In these days'pf <d^g^?racy afidmijia
] the, country is* so^f?fen .sj?ocked^hy born?
of a^^m?n^a^>irTft#'df ?S'flhnres;
?ion uporr th?-;.public rnind. man is
jabot.':,- the nejVB.- Breada '?tviftly? qysr= the
country : many indignant?ijcem&rkS/ Ure
madeja few .short, commentaiY,:t?a prcas;
ar^^ere's^n. fjpG&ffy, mattias .??The;
?yj^oM^ 'so^^goj^^lfl^Jt-^s?-a?gh t
of zurrid o ?he r ariQrtreaher i i Sensations,, sod
;4hissorld inovasgayly orr? 'iiy/> iir?^?:? !
faSttobrla the ?w?^c?%^Drl?rrim^ j I
I ha^''?1^ys'b?i?rr, 'tr^ivlch^Ht^ CTCfiHi
rfiees tlTat V<li^ft? aa-?
:m?nt?dilL^-and;we ..abaJL-.no t.psis them
-haabeia?en theJaV-i? ?JffJ? JJ g! ?
.H&^as-a pbo?j?^V..^10^:^*8 ^?"??-L
T?nk?owh perhaps, oiit of sightirou ?te}
fimoke of 'hi s. oven cabm f: andMrifl tint?me- ;
cT?w'maHie-.?s"' charg?""lo'p?^ ftEe'ihdict'- '
ment agairisfmm may^aV'?^D^t?roe.'; he
and actually comm?t?d_ the. horrid (!)
crime of intimating -.some coloredvoter :
bu?W ?lPtrr?s n?'wat ?Troman "Being^an
American citizen,-' and"?? ??title^=tcTbe
treated aa B?ch*, and not be-dealt- w5t rr "as
an ou Uaw, and shat down uke-a dog. t?a^t
.Various accquntajni tba shootings have
appeared in the columns^fthe^iicwBpa
peiu. "Af first thV y?raw?^pf the. ajTair
differed widely^tf^m?njrjpin^ Vir?
totally WG&j nut n?w/lthe-tf^'s^iV ol*
forttW pnbfic'itf^?^?vi?ence^bf'fb? w?fP
nt-sses who testified^^ih?,K5bi?a?lf8,'id!
queSfc The substantial facts appear tobe
these S&Wtoe -Maoh.aWiuaaam^ haying
bench-warranta.ibr ^i^^rri^- Mwoa
Harris and others, wcmtup.'iato.the Byoad
River country 'tb ?xecu.te^.lhe warrants.
He was ?<xo?rrpanie"d';by ? detachment, bf
Federal Cavalry^whb) as is" stated by Ma
jor -Merrill in Hisdespatch-?to^??'!WaVT3e
partment,-were --" aetiagW-a^posse td-the
United States Marshal;? LnawWi ?Mato
When thelorce reached the-neighbor
hood of the Cherokee Jron Works,-a Bquad
of soldiers;were stationed at a r^int..,ojQi
tlie river, where' a certain boat waadying.;
and ordered,, bv lieutenant Benner, .who
commanded' the *detechment7"." n?t to al
low any one to tak?'^tK? boat away; and
to arrest aivy ? persori th?S1 came there ;
ind not to allow them to-^6 awfcy; arid it
in immediate command' of the squad, tes
tified that ho received from Lieutenant
Benner. While the squad were guarding
.he liver bank two men (Minor Panis and
\larion Hair's) came up, intending to'cr?ss
he river in the boat, or to visit Parris'
ish-traps out m the river, it does not ap
iear clearly which. They were ordered
>y Grider to halt. Harris did halt, but
'arris refused to halt, and going to the
oat, got in arid rowed off into the river.
Liter he had got some distance from shore,
he detachment, having called to him re-,
eatedly to halt and come back, fired a
oller at him, one ball inflicting a death
.ound through the hips. A short time
lier thc shooting, Marshal Duncan and
lent. Benner, who we are told were asleep
; at thc house of Mr. Lathau a lew hun
red yards distant, at. the time of the fir
ig, arrived at the scene of the occurrence,
ul thc wounded man was brought on
nd, where he died, after suffering in
nst-ly for eight hours.
These are tno phun unvarnished facts,
ow, it appears from this state of the
se, which we t:?ke to be the true one,
at tin Deputy Marshal, to whom the
nch warrant was directed, and the only
u in the party who had a legal right to
prebend the accused, was not only ob
it at the time of the attempted arrest,
t was actually asleep !
No warrant was served upon Panis,
i authority was shown which he was
mid to obey. The Marshal, who held
) warrant tor his anest, was in bed
eep several hundred yards from the
ue. Hr.d Parris refused to surrender
the Marshal, the lawfully constitute^
ccr of the Federal Government, upon
exhibiting his warrant, and thc Mar
1 had ordered the soldiers to fire upon
i, and he had been killed, the act, per
ts, would have been justifiable, ?ut,
mihtary were acting only a posse to
U. S. Marshal : and, operating in that
acity, they could be used by the Mar
l only in case of forcible resistance io
MarsluU ; and without mis immediate
lenee, they had no authority to de
id the surrender ol the accused. Sure
it would be a monstrous thing if citi
i, it matters not if they are accused in
ural Courts, must yield to any United
es soldier who.chooses to demand
r sunender, or be shot to death !- The
est Jiimin'al in the land, is euUtled io
?arne legal rights which the most vir
is citizen may claim. The law pre
es him innocent until he is proven tb
ailty ; and throws a shield about' hira
L he is properly oondemncd by ?;legal
t-. The .fact that he is charged^-with
dotation of an Act of Congress does
)lace him beyond the pale of the law?,
ion this cursory.yiew of the case it
ara to us very clearly that the. kill
f Parris was not only unwarranted,
i most reckless and inexcusable tak
f human life. The majesty of the
law ought to be vindicated, and the
of investigating the affair will de
I upon the grand jury of the' next
held in Spartanburg county... Tba
nsible parties ought-to be prosecuted
5 full extent- of the Law. Blood has
shed wrongfully; a man has been
iy tho military without proper au
y : let it be settled now once for all
1er the lives of our citizens are at the
. of the Federal soldiery,
i poor man who?e life was thus reek
taken, leaves a dependent wife and
Upless little children' to mourn his
I'hey have our sympathy, and, we
?e, that of all who feel for the vie
il'Grant's cruel military despotism,
append below, Corporal Glider's
testimony taken before the Coro
ury, April 19 :
nilton Glider I Lance Corporal) be
worn; says: That he belongs to
pL,"7th U.S. Cavalry, that on
' morning, the 12th of April, 1 was
r* Lieut. Benner . not to allow any
take the boat away, aqd to arrest
srsons that came there ; not to al
em to go away and if they insisted
[ig to fire on them ; two men-came J W1
icy had blankets 6n their shoulders; J_ for
"dd them' to halt ; oho man did halt, I washe<
e other swore that he would not j
he man ran ; part of the. detach- j Apri
ollowed him and ordered him to
nd he did not halt, and used the
;s, "he be damned if he would ;" - iTne
mt, part of the detachment halted , ft Apr
brm frequently-,-after he^faad lgot'-somft dis
. tance in 4-bediver- the' (reiachmen? 'fired-or
[hm ? a??f-that be showed-signs ot beinr.
jve^opt into. fheUriver^aJJer^im. anc
^rong?ft hTi? ^iX?ntlis.s??^ ?f.thj^river
-TS A?^i^ttV?&kf? Sf?fii ?D&A?B,
i?b?'fo?oVihg^rsp?tcH" ??s^be?i? ' received
mlb -who. tasrhe-' ir aft ^in'O haT??swn. '-itt- the
-tump, icoawa.-noli ing--pera tbtr-af?
?aifcL<i .-jt? Jirrw fti gyfid ;
?u^KIu^murder, was ah^.ft^?^^iJed'-Pj
fi-Qops^actip?L as jipase XjJ tJr^eq.. S.taXe*
marmal, ?hjle ue? ?s^?ii.iII^^LQ!?T?rt^
ff tnt maYsn?F?o irrest ? LT?,OP V bcnc&
: "^^rTfoTtrj-e^rchi .
1 ^e-%ew8p%?er? fo-creSt? Yefr>atibfi;,Inra3e
? dr^i^tet!* Ot?trag^-?re^rirtTy^^a
ij rr ."Mt^y? MtinST?r? ri ;
The jlw?Mr4uSit|tti t '
ojygipated in. the fact .thai one r?fce&lat-j
-ing,??ubjecus.4ent her a leg and .wini? af ^
a-oo?t rni^iona'rr,.lnclosed, in an old ropy
?.?oiuidin- tho iiiiing :o?L?ia^missionar^
rhat,.b?tjt.>i ?r<55 "U<?w^-c
(ai ./sa-.-Rattle snakes ?cw so hum ero nsf a
Coln m bris, Ne bras ka, ? -that they ring
'town b?L?rthi- ee -t ; raes a day Tor- SA i
killings, to keep them 5iorl<3r?40itJW|
?ipitba acm.; a*^ r.";: :.?.-:
'fin $Sft^4ofc^aT^heT ^?OTjrj
^li^s^ifc^atrte^ ffiirffig^Jm #\\
ms'^SiiiHTiiim^?h .^k^feVfcrotrg^r?l fcfifl J
a bil? ot ia'.-, w&eli*fc?^*g3?d?ri c-trrfoirS- .
Iy/iatfi^Ban ' l?W itf^rw^ap?S?fip^ j
at?otttB& bMWMfr'WW p&ee'?^^Msj
plat-? ?tdb?? h*Hr-8l*rf^r8^^*?th? T?r??
fc?}l?tmillg>,.'4, tf'?itfiFte?nr?aSe^tp fivsd
tm?ig" al6#n\ ?' tfrm'that '?oo^s^Ucc t?jd?jy^
Crf^^mfea^i?^?''-" ? n'?rf ufT??- thVy
navV^?f?^fr ^g^^^^f '?$
??Rfa?niFr??Mrng?'ntl IHffi ^vhat
.. An.O?JMW^U in.^vj
Ktt?aSgL woni^g^t/djS^er^ ?m^MPi
swereo*; ^ ?r?no ; vrf^oolVj jo^r^g
or four that.wa^L^scK- .
and trr?de^f -T^Ye^^
he remarked, " when I almostTitea#ned
she i^n?VWgt??:. J'JgjL ss^d Jie
i?er$??f^g ajnce.!"^ ^5 ?.-rf: ^ *a?t*^
a...? . i. '?? '? -**--. ' ? ? - ????? a
JOHN E. BACON, V JSW. 7)? TAIJ-E&T
, ^S?598; .& T?aoirrr. :
IL L. BONHAM.- R. G-. BOZTEFAM.
BOASfiAM & BOiaBJLlff,
Attorneys ai Law,
Office, at.Edgetield a H., ti.' C.
Jan 24 -. tf 5
~ THOS. J.; ADAMS,
[tlornej aod ionnseilor at Law,
Will Practice in Courts of this County
Od -tate. &
Will be found in the Law Office nex
hove TVP. Magrath, Esq., and opposite
Edgeneld, S. C.. Nov. 20," 6m 49
L/TAY bo obtained in accordance with
TX thc recent Statutes'bf tho State of
>urli Carolina, by applying to
(iAt? dc GAitY,
, . . Attorneys at Law.. .
Mar. fi . 3U1' " JJ
ET. W. A?J>rS0i\
LAW RANGE, EDOEFIELD, C. IL -
Brick Office, - formerly offico of Mo
ima it Addison.
Ian. 1, ly 2
I . . ..?
HE undersigned lura formed a Co
.tncrship fort lie PRACTICE OF ?A\V
Edgell eld County, :md the Counties of
> Kii'tJj Uiranlt; under tho name'and
le of MAGRATH a: ARNEY;
'hey will also Practice in the Courts of
al Justices for these Counties.
THOMAS P. MAGRATH,
JOHN R. ABNEY,
dgcficld, Dec. 13, tf 51
TO SPORTSMEN !
pherds, Pointers, Setters; Ketriev
:s. Newfoundland- St Bernard, Fox
ad. Deer-Honnds, Gray.hounds,
lood-Honnds, Eatters, Coach-Dogs,
're ni ia m .Chester White Hogs,
tioroagh-Bred Berkshire Hogs.
"Fancy Poultry and Egg6. .
? OM. CALVERT,
Newark, Del. -
>*. A11- orders left with' Mr; J?H^r H",
i, Edgefleld, S. C' -will - receive.
?pt attention. ' - ? ? *
.. ly- ? -48,r ;
ftiOBE HOTEL, >
ks on A: J uli au, Proprietors.
E beg leave to call tho attention of
.a vol ling public to this weU known
I. which we haye recently pur
d, and placed ?n a fooling second
ie in the South.
excuse will be Bpared to render it
it Class Hotel in every respect, and
attention will be paid to the com
nd oonvenionoo of guests. . -
rusta, Feb 14 6m8
S HING TACKLE.
unusually large and select assort
lent Just received, and for sale by
MARKERT <fc CLISBY.
.27 , tf . 14
[LL pay the highest market price ! sunda
WOOL delivered at my store,- close
i or unwashed. Also Sheep Skins. ! snn?,
W. H. BRTJNSON. I ??HR
116, tf . 17
host .RAT POISON out. Fors-.de W
G. L. PENN'S Drug Store. ' I ?
10 tf J ,-^rr
??RB-*(m^^viYlg--a' very targe^^j^^^^^J^'". t . ;
tr? eLyona <tol?re*?i?(fri?^ rWartc? - *
Iii tv JapaiMee ?ii^^*W? ?^^f 0ttaJKiMp -r?^ ^ ' ' "?4? f**?*
Are-?utl ?f*-?fll-tl^tf?'bujar Manette.*
?frri<*?i*~; w.&ss*, ****** ..'...
I-?S?? ?*V & bes******** ??** .T**"I":,,,8DR' *
io T<&*is od
^cai-r <\i (r^ui??--? ?.pr .-raar^-f?n ? i)
.rex; eridJ ?-..?r"nc ai^fi-^vi b*-^ ' r /
13) .3 "?? '..Til ,<m?9/I .A JJ .** ?>':."
xn .oWO.To .VU??M?WIv- *i?b?'i?
?bl? l-nj . - ??r^rf?WTS ?.? 5? -?ii ; v-. -. . .. rl?s
-MT?? - ? r"/'\j> j - ? &J< s it^sa ? n;^? 5s* ?Xi
.1 *.!v t""?^ ??3U*J1 'i'll1. !l - w
?J???. Ai "iir-/
I SAVE tRcf1$a^ -?p^iliij'ii?k* '??VWt? &94bkW*i?9
.?A .mli-linevrf'Sro? oil henfr; iM?f ..^^
* *C?Sae?^VgW.-'?flt*,Sywip.' l^lasfe ';#' '. ,.. .
> '. .^a?^-?rftckei?y Jellies, Canne^? Jr?jt?j, ,.1,,. ( .
Maccaroni, Cheese, y . . *
,-o- F-louivMeai,Grits, Bacoa, .
..? ?And?lkother-articles nsnally kept in a first-class Grocery House.
.And np>y,as ibu- .
I believe f have thc ??sule^r?cTcTaETQ-Un ult-thai luv urs ul ' good liquorg will
w?m?mei:] "' " ' - ? ? w . .- -
T?ovroh h?ntl'a choice lot* of'Chewing and ^mokine TOBACCO, find su
perb'CIGARS'of airkinds. ' . , ... . , u ?U
.. w. A. ^A.^ERS.
^ Bear in linnd thatcto-be,^ick is a costly tldng. ^.Therefbie. get Pure and
Genuine .Medicines, at.redv-ced places, jiud keep v e]). _
. When you ate Sick, seiid. fce Sajideri^ Dr,iy? Sj or c ' (or ^y o ur Mediciaes. 4.
^PAESORIPT-IO^ and FAMILY REOtOIPT? t ??rel'uily comp?nfided by
Dr.-SaTidenTih perron/at moderate cost. ? - . -* , . .
?t?mWlt?tyls? the people, ?f pd?%ft"Ui1it:]i1?l< ??aili fu'%.';
.?p'arecl"'to ^x^iiibitTor'tlieiv'jnspectioR a conip?ete ft*sortment '*
"Foreign an?lDom?stio T&y GbQC?S ??iij^<j?la-?li?.7"'Z '.":
>~< "7l * i^ffhiT' ? j ."*,'i:
And to ??s?rejthe.m th??t 1 ".' ' * e;
Unusual Convincingly Low -Prices, will.- Prevail 1 I-:'*
Flu dspocia'rly deere's, to, cal] a(jte?t?on to -his- . - - "
'. r?rrl ?til J
Cfeoiee, Bare and Elegant Assortment ?
111 have on exhibition to-day Blafck Gros Grain Silks; BI*ck Drab^ec
ice, Colored Silks in all the new popular shades, Japanese Silks and Im
in Silks, Black Iron, Grenadine and Canvassed Bare^os, fine .to sublime -
Dolly Varden Styles,
a any materials Grermdines Mn- variety, Ballorruves, Searsnckers, Suit
^Linens; Lawns, "Bladr Tdaifia Lace ?aoqueBand Points, <fcc., &c ' Also,
y large assortment of Cheap Dress Goods. '??>< -
igusta, April 3, 1872.
Third House above GloU- Hotel
Ute, Columbia and Angosta Railroad
SUPEIU?CTENDEJ?T'S OFFICE, 1
CUMBIA, S. C. March 29,1872. J
ON and after Monday,
(April 1st,the foUbwing
rscnedule wiU be rlin
. OO?NQ SOUTH. :
Train No. 1. Train No. Sb
Charlotte...7:10 A. M. 7:25 P. 91.
Columl)ia..l:15 P. M. 1:4y A. M.
ar Augusta...6:15 P. M. . 6:30 A. M.
. GOING SORTIT
Train No. V. Train No. 2.'
Augusta,.. ?:45 A. M. 6:30 P. M.
Columbia 11;45 A. il:lu P, .
j Charlotte 6:10 P. M. 5:00 A.M.
dard time'teri minutes slower than
ngton City time:
1 Train d ai ly.. No. 2 Tral n dail y,
ya, excepteq. T'^li traiiiH make
connection, to ?U j-?iuo >via:ii,
ough .tickot* sol' und bafegagi.
>d w an_principal.po;nts.
P. AXEXANJAEH, Cen. Sup.
i? - li I" *- ' ? '? "V> - .- .
._.? jN ? Di ?.." o...,
10 tf is
. 1\. BRIM CLARK
OF'FERS, St low i?ee?, ?jj uuosiu?ly
laj-ji? and attrac'tiv- -..CK of
' BONFETS, HAIB,
rio-.ti s, - Law?,
OOL'I/A-?? BOW.>;.. -
Ribbois^ F ?ir" . ? j ttii?H',
TRIMMINGS, SILKS, ?fe tti..
liri? S'>T.- ?l^tffi c ; v n a
MIA, r-AM j? DSS ?i OR i;4s . ./
. PATTI; R:VS. . ?
Ladies can nov- pi cure the leading "
?tflcsj . .
MRS. N. Ri VW r\ A fit.
April 10 ?ii tf