Newspaper Page Text
T??OS. J. ADAMS, PROFR.
EDGEF?ELD, S. .C, JANUARY 27, 1831.
VOL. 1LVL--M); 8.
PLOWS, POCKET KNIVES,
IRON, TABLE KNIVES,
STEEL, GVNS, -.HUBS,-RIMS,
NAILS, PISTOLS, SPOKES.
Money Saved by Paying Cash at
HENRY P. MOORE'S.
8o9 pjipfip ?TWT
Oct. 27, 1880.-6m47.
ROBT. n. n^Hj^rsr db oo
Manufacturer* and Beaters in Carriages, BHg&Ses,
Phaetons, Rockaways and Plantation Wag-ons.
A PULL line of the above goods now in store, which in quality, finish and style
surpass any that have been brought inti) the State. Wo are afao ruanul'actu ring our
8TAND JLRD GRADES of Buggies, Wagons, Ac, that have neon so long and fa
vorably known throughout the State, and are now being sold at LOWER PRICES
than can be reached by any other bouse.
Manufacturers Agents for Sale of Studebaker, Wilburn k Tennessee Plantation Wagons
al! sises which have stood the test for the last half a century, and to-dav head the
list ?or light draft and great durability. Prices as Iowas required for* wagons of
TO THOSE IN WANT OF CHEAPER BUGGIES.
WE ARE offering a large stock that has just been received from tho host Manu
facturers in Cincinnati, that have been made for us of better material, and are bet
ter painted and finished than have ever been made for this .section before.
A fall stock of Harness. Saddles, Oak and Hemlock Solo Leather. Calf Skins.
Lining Skins, Shoe Findings, Leather and Rubber Belling all sizes, Rubber Pack
ing, Collars, Bridles, Harness, Fiudings, Shoe Tools, ?to.
SOLE AGENTS for Starr Hames and Trace chains,
Every pair warranted for
New York Belting and Packing Co's. SUPERIOR RUBRER BELTING, the
beet in the world.
PAROTTS VARNISHES, unequaled by any other make,
- The Side Spring Phaeton, price &O5.0O
The Side Spring Piano Buggy, price $70.00
The best vehicles ever proeluced for the money. Weight, 215 pounds.
tST Send for catalogue and price list. And call ana see us when in the City, and
be convinced that our prices are lower tl an any house in the State.
ROB'T. H. MAY&CO,
ike Sew limitare Store
FINEST STOCKS OF FURNITURE
EYER OFFERED IN THIS CITY
No Old Stock lo Work Off. All the lerj Latest Styles,
We have visited all the principal markets in tho LTuited States and can safely say
we have all the most modern patterns of the seasou We will have everything in
the Furniture Liue. and at prices that will compare with any m ii ket South of Bal
timore: DON'T BUY UNTIL YOU SEE OUR STOCK. It will bo complete in
every particular. WE GUARANTEE SATISFACTION.
J. L. BOWLES & CO.,
August 25, 1880 -Gm3S No. 7l7 BROAD ST., AUGUSTA, GA.
Two Doors Above Railroad Crossing, Angosta, Gi.
NIXSON & RICHaiOSD^Propiiftors.
The Proprietors are determined to make1-^"AUGUSTA*' a First-Class Hotel
io every regard, and respectfully solicits tho patronage ol' Lhe traveling public.
CURE YOUR BACK ACHE
And all diseases of the Kidneys, Bladder j
and Urinary Organs by wearing the
Improved Excelsior Kidney Pad
'lt is a Marvel of Healing and Relief.
SIMPLE, SENSIBLE, DIRECT,
It Cures where all else fails. A Itevela- j
?on and Revolution in Medicino. Ab- |
sorption or direct application, as opposed i
to unsatisfactory internal medicines.
Send for oar treatise on Kidnej' troubles,
sent free. Sold bv druggists, or sent by
mail, oo receipt of price, $2. Addres
This is the Orig-mic "Only" Lim* Pad
final and Genuine Comnnnv'
Kidney Pad. Ask: turapatl),
for it and take no* WILLIAMS BLOCK,
Other. *. i DETROIT, Mich.
Oct. 27,1880.-6m 47
At Wholesale in Charleston, S
AUGUSTA BUILDING LOTS
TO EXCHANGE FOR
Cures by Absorption (Nature's way)
Al LUNG DISEASES,
ALL THROAT DISEASES,
It Driven into thc system curative
agents and healing medicines.
It Draus From tho diseased parts the
poisons that causo death.
Thousands testify tv iii Virtues.
Don't despair until you have tried this
Sensible. Easily Appl'mrl and RADI
CALLY EFFECTUAL Remedy.
Sold by Druggists, or sent by mail on
receipt of Price. $i. by
Send for Testimo-rTJjc "Daly" Ililli: Pad
inrec .Minion* a WILLIAMS BLOCK,
\ oar. Sent free | nK rKOIT, Mle h.
bv DOWIE & MOISE, Whole
IHAYE 16 Buileling Lots iu Augusta,, n?vnv MIX'FI) PAINT!
in the upper part of the city, to ex-ly FFERS RE.W>\ MIXED PAI?TI
change for Cotton Lanels, or Plantation. I in small Cans, or by thn Gallon, or Iv
Lands must be convenient to Railroad
Apply to, or address.
R. G. M. DUXOVANT,
Real Estate Agent,
' Edgefield C. II., S. C.
Ped 22,18S0. tf3
The Cheapest in the South
W. K. NELSON, Proprietor.
_ , ,"7~'?'~ - ??..> IAJ ALLIC PAINT, for Roofs, Bridge
Three-year-old Applo , ea, ?upcrioo . ~
the Barrel, at prices AS LOW as the;
? <un be bought at WHOLESALE in NEV
?SB-QUALITY THE VERY BEST.
F iST COLORS, In al! Shades.
AU styles COTTAGE COLORS
Inside and Outr Me WSHTE.
HANDSOME, DURA BE aud CHEA!
Aisi, RICH. DARK BROWN, MEI
?aa-yeir-old Peach Trees, $12 per 100
BEND FOR CIRCULAR.
fSy Trees sent per express and collect
on dftUfrpry. Address
W. K. NELSON,
- i Doe. 15, '80.-2m2] Augusta, Go.
ALL persons are warned not to f re
pass on my woodlands and Lp. IIPYI*IIFH
Creek lands f?^g^A^^' c.?'. DEMIS SnpM.'
>as. S, ' 3?5 lise 22, 1360.
Fencing, Wagons, and Plantation Mi
ehlneiy and Tools.
ftr PRICE LISTS and 8?MPL
COLORS sent?n application.
GEORGIA TAUT CO.,
UNDER THE SNOW.
- BY JOHN H. BONNER.
This beautiful poem originally appear
i'l inthe Salem (N. (Jj) Pren. It is oue
3f the most beautiful gems that we have
encountered in many days, and just now
uan be fully appreciated :
Tho brown old earth lies quiet and still
-Under "rtio snow f*~" *
The furrows are hid on the broken hill
Under the snow ;
Every twig is fringed with, mossy pearl,
The drooping cedars bend to tho
The rose bush isdrifted intothe mound,
And still from the- silent sky to the
The white Hakes noiselessly whirl.
The roads and fields are buried deep
Under the snow ;
The hedges lie in a tangled heap
Under the snow ;
And the lit'le gray rabbits under them
creep, " ?
While the twittering sparrows cunningly
From the sheltering briers and cosily
Under the snow.
Tue rougb old barn and sheds near by,
The mounted straws of the wheal and
Are covered with snow;
The straggling fences aro softened with
f?very part is white, with a beautiful
. Of drifted snow
And I think, as I sit in the gloaming
Watching the objects disappear,
How many things are folded low
Under thc drift of the falliug snow !
There are hearts that once were (full of
Under thu snow ;
There are eyes that glowed willi the soul
Under the snow ;
There are fad ed .tresses of golden hair
Padlocks that werj bleached willi tho
frost, of care
There aro lips that once were like the
There aro bosoms that were stung with
There are breasts that once were Imo
There are forms that once were raised in
."), there's a strange and mighty throng
Under the snow !
Another mound will once lio deep
Under the snow !
And I will with tko pale* ones sleep.
Under the snow.
[), God, transform my soul with grao
That info loveligl.t of thy face
[ muy stand pure when death shall
My pulseless heart and body low
Under the snow !
PAST, PRESET* ANtf PI?T?RE !
A *rinver OF THE. CONDITION
OF T5!E SOUTUERN STATE*
Thc S'nrnuiount Meed of rm Honest
Civil Service- Why there is no Re
publican Parly in the South-Equal
"Eights Rortli and South-The Peril
in the Future Consequent upon White
Divisions-Capital Safe-The Oppor
tunity of Northern Manufacturers.
.4. K. McClure to thc Philadelphia Time*.
CINCINNATI, December 24.-A
somewhat protracted journey th rough
the South," extending from Virginia
to the Gulf, and thence North through
the .Eist Mississippi States to the
Ohio, has been a most interesting and
instructive lesson. The same g:ound
bas been traversed many times, and
the political, business and social as
peet of the two races discussed by
many intelligent observers and ready
writers, but I do not now recall any
general investigation of the conditior
of the South that has "not been in
spired more or less by sotae part ?sar
sun. Believing that the time bat
come when the Southern questioi
should be considered and judged ty
rhe North from some higher stand
-nint than political necessity, I hav
diligently sought to understand th
South as it is and to present its prog
ra.^s and prospects with the utmot
candor. It is now more than liftee:
years siuce the war closed.
A NEW GENERATION
that had no participation in the tci
rible conflict has come np and fille
half the places of those who witnes:
ed the most sanguinely struggle <
modern history, and those who yt
survive must soon, at the latest, gi\
place to the younger blood, that
pressing in their footstep?.. 3'hero :
a lull in the storm of political sit ii
A new admir.iatration has been eil
sen for four year?; the long paraiys
in business that followed th? re-u
sion of 1873 is just disappearing u
der tLo quickened industry and r
newed prosperity of all sections; ti
most bountiful crops have been gs
nered during the last few years; ti
unrest that disturbed employers ai
employed in tho North and Soul
has perished, and the nation nee
only that wise government that gc
ems least, to assure a period of u
exampled growth in all the al tribu
of enduring wealth. Tbe new o
sus ot the South ends all di^put??
regard to the substantial advan
meut of the reconstructed States. .
stead of being the theatres ot tbr
lessness and disorder, they have sha
ed the demagogues of both eectii
by the harmony of conflicting - ra
and interests and tho wonderful
crease o? industrial products. F
labor has more than vindicated its
even in the experiment of the sddi
emancipator, ami endowment of ecj
rights before the law ol four milli
of untutored bondmen, and the n
(?er who onco believed that govt
meut and social order revolved aro
the institution oi slavery, has Uar
that the freed om of the black
and the unity of interest thai
mon citizenship inspires are ct
blessings to whites and blacks.
THE SOUTH NEEDS AN HONEST
How to restore the North ai
South to the most complete an
. ing harmony is now the uppi
desire of honest men of all r.
and sections. The North is n<
it has been for twenty yenrs, er
ed with the administration o
govorrraent. It will make ?
minister the laws, and it can dd
to hinder or advance the gi
prosperity of the whole'eonntry
South is not . animated by pa'
hostilily to'the coming Presidc-n
the contrary, there is every di
tion to commend aiid support i
.ally and to blame - with reluc?
There is no desire to command
spoils bf powe.', but there is at
nest and almost universal desiri
peace-that pea-.e that hone t
ernment should ever give to an
est people. The supreme want c
South is thoroughly ecuyieteni
upright civil service, and that si
not be sought as a favor from
faithful President. It is not 01
matt r of light to every section
it is a matter of imperative dut
the part of the government. A
preponderance ol the turbulence
has disgraced the South during
last decade h?s bseu created by c
acterless, unscrupulous and c
recklessly dishonest Federal cia.
United States judges have been
pointed becausa of their bitter
tdily to the South, who would nc
charged with the administr?tior
justice in the North. Marshals 1
been selected mainly for their \
ingness to prostitute their oil
FOMENT SECTION AT. ST K1 F K.
to oppress uncdending cit)*/.ms
to pollute elections. Postmasters h
beerr appointed who were utterly
competent,, in some ?ins tances bf
unable to read or 'writ'?, r'rjerely
cause they were potential in den
alizing and controlling the ignoi
blacks. Customs and revenue o fil-,
have-been selected to miike the
lection of revenue secondary to
corrupt control of elections. U.ii
States Commissioners haye wk
with district attorneys ftnctffl
to pUlndev the Govornj?m
n ess 'i : 11 e r e s ? s
are prtwaejmtn noted criminals
rewards tor noted political crini
In several of the Southern States
found convicts, fugitives aud outlfl
enjoying the patronage of th$.i
ministration and inviting public c.
tempt lor government and law
their shameless distinction. T
blot-not upon the South but nj
North-whose ad ministration is gui
ol' its creation, has lasted with mon
less prominence fora <;c/.-n years, a
ithas'.been the- most fruitful of all
many fruitful sources of sectiot
turbulence. I submit to honest fl
considerate Republicans ol the NOJ
that it is time to c-r:d this terri
stain upon free government. I belii
that Gen. Garfield would gladly
aug?rate and maintain an hon
civil service in the South ii it woi
not involve bim in conflict with
party leaders; but lie knows that i
5 j ery leadtr has his henchmen pi ey:
11 on the government iu the South v
r \ dure n<d bc honored ht home, e
j that the control of party power
e I the South, for which conflicting a
e : bilion habitually wrestles, has
onie merely a 1 matter of the ci
1 trjl of the Federal officials. Th
NO REPUBLICAS PARTY IN THF. SOI".
.. j solely because unscrupulous advi
j I tiners will aitow no reputable mar
j. I be a Republican, aud what should
3r j a great party South as weil as No
>t j is simply a band cf often-wrangli
re j official plunderers and a dUgue!
jgjfdlowiug ol ignorant blacks. M
?a ! of the responsible Federal offii
e, i could be filled by-sincere Republic;
Q. ! who are now compelled to act ?gai
;is : the party in State elections, and
J. ; nearly every State the colored ri
U j could furnish capable men who woi
e. j be respected by all classes. Si
i0 ; men as Durant and Tucker of Loi
p. i ima, Revels and Bruce of Missisfi
u0 I pi, and Rainc-y of South Caroli
3tl j could creditably and acceptably
. u : any Federal office; but they are, a
da j rule, driven to . the rear by the
jy. j'grtssiye lobbers and distill bers v
ln. ' make delegations tu con ven lions ?
t, g clamor at Washington for their
en. ; wards. Where competent llepul
?n cms can be had to lill positions
ce. : the South they shoul 1 be appoint
[n. but-wheie they cannot be had, nei
ift- ' er the btranger nor the incompei
un- Bhojild be commissioned tu dis-rr
ons ; Republican power, lt Gen. Garfi
ces stall take a resolute stand and
in- force hone.t and capable civil s-:n
ree in thc South, he will have no n
elf,*- ti dicker over repudiation with I
den ' hone or the new eer??tor Ijora T
[ual ' neesee to secure a ;? o.-itivo admi
ons tr'tion support in the Seiinle. rJ
i?t8-. South will not Rupublicaniza it
?rn- iu Congress, but it will give a fal
nnd ful support to the general policy i
nod just ad ninislration. With the i
race cpncilable interests in Gen. Gai ii
own party, it will be simply ii
ble foi- him to maintain a Rept
administrative majority in eilh
ate or House after his importa
ronage shall have been dispensi
by a reputable civil service i
South he can Hely the assai
f-iction without in any-degn
pairing bis position an" a positi
publicar!, Is this not the wiso
for the Republican Presiden
party ol' the Nor'.h ? and is it
imperious duty '?
THE SOUTH IVA NTS TO, ??F. LET A
Tho ?South has o ic- supreme (
and that is for peace-to be let
And it is not merely the desire
whitts; it i;* as much the de:
the blades. Thave met scores
ihost intelligent colored men in
State) and ?ll oi t?rein out cf
expressed the same wish-to
alon?. The problem of race ia
ed in ihe South, and no V -d*ral
er or political device eau chan
The white man will dominate
out regald-to the occasional ntl
oil preponderance of the blacks
ply because superior intelligenc
a domination that the memory ol
runneth no: to the contrary, Ci
b? reversed without chaos. Tho
ttuii hts tried it, and he i8 cons
of his failure to protect him-t^lf.
cannot lend,'an 1 tho-e^who mist
Cdssfully lead bini appeal to his
passions and tempt bim to' his
degradation and sorrow. He ic
the victim o'' violence now, bu
has waded through violence to et
from his own incompetent, self
and he has given up the unequal
test, nut for a day or for a year
for ?ho present and for after get
tions. This is the plain truth ii
gard to race domination in the Si
as it is the plain truth of the nu
the North. Hire every cuant?e
industry is open to him, .
THE Will TE AN1> THE [?LA OK
are on equal footing; the pf?j'at
o? race have no existence; save v
there is a struggle for the domini
of the spoiler over property, at:
legislates and fills positions for w
he is fitted not only' With- the i
pathy, but often by the vole3 of
whiten 1 saw a score of colored
I icemen on the streets of New
leans, serving under a larnoo
?ff?y?Prbut it would cost Mayor ?
ley lib hist hope of elect on il
. were to pitt the sable policemen
' '-t^ilsy !^ I -saw b l ac lc.
?Silting on it/., ri i.,iaocr.it io Firi
So n th fro Legisla turps, butno Re]
ii." ?a district i-- Philadelphia pr P
[sylvania lins ventured to nomi
lone of the seventy-five hundred
ored voters of the city, or one ot
[thrice Uat number in tho State,
winy legislative position, either ?
j:or Municipal. I saw the colored
minglo with Democratic orgar
tions ?ti the South, but not ono n<
sit- in the councils of the Leagn
the Union Club or march in rn:
ranks with the Invincibles or Yo
R?publicain in Philadelphia. I
[him hive free a.-oess to every ch
uel of mechanical industry in
South, bu: he is relentlessly exclu
from the organized mechanical j
snits ot Republican Philadelp
dis admission into the printing o
of tho lurnea or the Press or
North Amerincm would vacate e\
white man's case, where most of tl
vote the Republican ticket to \
the black man; and the colored li
of the South, as a ciasH, is to
better paid, morn steadily emplo
and more uniformly free from wt
than the farm labor of the NorM
'ol any country of the world. Indi
so grea' is the demand for labor
the nov; rapidly progressing Soi
' that all colored laborers are empl
' e i Irom January to January; tl
' wiv?s and children double or qa
1 mple their income in the cotton p
1 iug season, that last three month:
? 'the year, and there is now a yef
I winter influx of white labor from
t. North to aid lu tho sugar and
\ harvests. This is tho
3 PEACE TO THE BLACK AND WHITE 3
S that has followed tho now accer.
I domination of the white1? in the Sot
(i and the black man does not wish
% changed for a renewal of a struj
h to which he is utterly unequal.
>" the North mu3t. assume the tas'n
elevating the black man to equal p
*rer regardless of fitness, let it bc
II by giving him in Philadelphia, Pe
^sylvania, New York and other
5| pu bi jean States the same indust
l0?q?i?lily and political promotion t
?^the lesa educated blacks of the So
e*now enjoy with the cordial sympa
''"of the Southern whites. I s?c I
'"same colored leader (ex-Senator R
^cisj who was excluded from the
h-rum of the Academy of Music, wi
?ta Republican United States Seual
ccsoiely because of his lace, now at
ildh?ad ?* H colored college that is s
!n'rained entirely by tho Demo?t.i
icc Stats government of Mississippi, ?
he holds his high commission tt
Li the fame authority, while Republic
4,1 Pennsylvania has no such tempi?
learning foi the black man. Althoi
b? forbidden to speak in the Philac
phi t Academy, he cnn speak to in
t*: I igent and appreciative white at
enees in the ?State that is blotted
?! the Kemper and the Y.i/oo traged
id? In al Hhs reign of passion (hat
. followed the war of races in
i South, I can find no imitation of
? exclusion of a Curtis from a pu
? hall by the Republican Mayor
: Philadelphia. These are u'npleai
j contrasts to present, but between
f' accusers of th? North and the act
. ! ed of the Sou;:.,.!here must erne
. j be truth; and i shall not hirtdei
! j early coming.
1 ! THE FCTCRE PERIL Or THE 8013
The one great peril to the So
for which I cai. see no immed
, remedy is the n-jw inevitable d
sion of the white vote of the So
, and the certain apppal of contend
? factions to the ld: ?ks as the arb
" of disputing ambition. I have u
i recently shared th* very general
j lief of the North tbat'^the division
! j the white vote of the South-must
' j fortunate for the black voters, a
j would create rivalry in extending
fti.lest protection to the blacks,
j am now thoxougbly convincedagai
; all my wishes, that the necessary a
. j now near division of the whites v
j be f. uitiui of great demoralization
I both races and that ir, will be the^
' verest (rial ol' the wisdom ot univ
I Rid suffrage. There is now nothi
? to demoralize t've black "man or
i i divert him from his industry and t
j education of his children. He is rt
j idly becoming the owner or lessee
j ianda and is his own farmer, and
. j in many instances accumulating weal
i j with habits of iadu-.trj; but wh
the white man locks horns with ]
i fellow in the battle of ambition, i
moat artful demagogue will best co
trol the ignorant freedmen, and t
; degradation of both races must fi
j low. M ?thone teaches the lessou m(
j pointedly in Virginia, where he h
i j outstripped the Bourbons in thc o'
vices ol* the demagogue and has co
' j-solidated eighty thousand propert
j less votera to stamp the ineffaceat
stain of repudiation upon an honor
Common w-alth, and repeal the ^ jr,
1 j tax that opens the free school' to it'
1 j colored c itdrec.
i j TrtE DIVISION OF inn WHITES
I j in Georgia under the Colquit ar
i j Norwood flngs sent a hurricane
? debauchery among the colored vo
? of that Slate, and al! the thriftle
? cupidity of ignorance has been whu
- ted for future contests. This se ve
3 ; trial of universal suffrage must nc
- j come, and it will present the prpble
3 j in an unexpected phase to the natio
? The whites c*= do nothiug elsa tin
i .divide.} They cannot and they abeu
f not do otherwise. They are full
" human nature; they have now i
" common danger to make them i'org
' all differences of opinion and all tl
" imputes ot ambici?n ; th? rapresss
e jealousies and longings of thia peop
r will turn', out in. widespread and bi
e ter antagonisms, and the black rn-;
i will be the ampire between th er
?*. The seductive appeal of the agraria
.1 and the cry of the communist will \
r h-?ard by the courted black mitt, ai
J his prejudiced, his passions, his app
? tites and his indolence will be a]
v pealed to rather thain his reason ar
. I his interests. I now fear this sure
? j approaching trial of the black mt
d i es the sorest that he has yet grapplt
' j with in all his many misfortunes sin1
I? hi?, liberation, and I apprehend th
e it will, o* no distant day, dpmai
e the searching consideration of tl
y whole nation, AH did universal su
n frage in Washington before it was i
p j fected, to cure its intolerable evils.
?r j THE SOUTH SEEDS FACTORIES A?
d The factory and the school must !
(?.i the grep.t civilizers of the South, ai
>r I am glad to see that Northern an
1, Southern Radicals agree in the Un
n ted States Senate in nationalizing ec
b, ucation. It is needed in the Soul
T- o an extent far beyond what is gei
ir) orally understood in the North, an
I- there will be no material elevatic
i- of the black race until the ignorai
in classes of both whites and blacks ca
ly be educated. There i's cordial syn
ie pathy, as a rule,'between' the intell
ce went whites and the blacks much moi
than there ia between the whites ar.
iS biacks in the North, but the ignorai
?d white lo ,ri never forgives the blac
h, mau for :J? i ng as intelligent as hin
it j self. In nine cnses;--ont'tjf~tnn,/ tb
;le j black man will prefeY intelligent whi
If j to any sort'of colored:'jurors, to ti
of I his case in court, and he prefers tl
ar- j former owner of slaves to any other
in ' simply because that class is certain 1
n- ?judge thc negro most generously. A
.e- i of thc reconstructed States have equ
?al j educational fVilities for both ;race
at j but their poy ry has prevented e
th ; ther thc number ot schools or tl
av ) length of terms which should be a
ie j fained to afford proper opportunit?
v- i for general schooling. The faet th
lb the intelligent whites httve no - diii
cn j culty in harmonizing with tho black
ar, j clearly points to hastened educatic
he '. ot bo.th racoa as th?,surest means
is- J their mutual ?l cv at jon "and prosper
;ic j ty. And next to the ?choo? tleda
.? tory is destined to be tho great'.cjvi
JIU ! izrir in the new South. Every fact
:an I ry I have s,oen looks like., a gi et
of; spot in the desert, and it ie steadi
igh j advancing ercry < lass ol people nboi
Iel- jit.' Thc negro is not succefsful as i
:e\-1 operative,. 36 the laborer who was b
di- ! lately the listless slave is 'in?spab
by ol' the little menial conuofttratu
ios. upon his labor that is necessary.-totl
has car? of the simplest waohinerv ;jb
the fields ??er him abundant ec
ment for the prerent, and ai
generation of educated black]
take itsJpJace.in the factories,
factories are now educatiug th<
whites, and where, the ?.factor]
the school are planted together,
will be-rapid' improvement- in
races/ * * '::??":-':'.'?."' '
MANl't'ACTTRKRS SHOULD GO S
The-manufacturers of the,J
must 8oon;go Sooth with their c
spindles und looms, and - those
go earliest? will reap the richest
vest. It is a violetion of all th<
of trade to transport 'the cottt
thonsand-milesto ah inhospitable
ale, where water power is nnrelia
third of theyear, and where it
essariiy costs more, to, sustain
than.where the. cotton ?3 grown,
struggling factories -in Pennsylv
would be earning ^from ten1 to ti
per cent, on the great water'-po
of the Savannkh or the A lab
where labor is cheap, where the
mate 19 the most genial to he ?<
on the continent, and where the
ton lint can be . furnished fresh
the gin. Instead of incurring
expenso of packing, of transports
and ol re separating the lint,atn
cost to the fibre1/ the ' cotton sho
and soon'will,' be bp un directly 1
the gin,'by 'cheaper labor, and tu i
into better fabrics than can B?J
nished with all the skill -of.the Nc
Those who a^Vthe capi tal is not
in the South either know : not -v
they say orTmean to be untratnfu
. IN EVERY SOTJTHERN STATE
there is a supreme desire tO:'have
factory everywhere th'?f the raw*
terial is furnished., and South .Ca.
na exempts every factory from
taxation for: ten years.. Iii both
Carolinas, Georgia,' Texas, Arkan
Mississippi and Tennessee, then?
regular emigration, bureaus, not c
inviting but urging while sett!
and even Mississippi has several
the largest and most.successful fa
ries in the South. . The cotto? c
of this year-will be > worth three h
dredmillionaofdollars and when sii
ly spun into va?fr it. willbs wqrt-h.m
ly. tbree,i ^ndre^Mtvmillj?nfl.<-m<
Where-in arl-the1 wjrld is there
wide and so tempting a fiji.I for
gilimate enterprise and large prob*
I believe that h^lf the whole cot
product will be spun in the South
fore another ten years, and the s
ceeding decade will -furnish South
^factories ?o?. \h,% eixtire crop. '.
factory arid the school'will go "hi
in hand in the South, and the fat
ry princes from the North will n
be bulldozing the black mari in
South to vote against the present
pressive tarif?upon cotton machine
... ... - - . -'. ?
To amend Section 4 of an. Act ei
tied "An Act to amend an Ac
the Protection and Preservation
useful animale," approved Felr
ry 20, I860.
Bc ii enacted by the Senate a
House of Representatives of the St
of South Carolina, now met and i
ting in General Assembly, and.by I
authority of the same :
SECTION.. 1,.-That^ Section,. 4 of
Act entitled "An Act to.amend"
Act entitled an Act for the'proteeti
and preservation bf useful animal
approved February 20, 1880, be, "a
the same is hereby, amended by slr
ing out of said. Section the words "t
fifteenth day of September," and pi
.ting in place and .lieu thereof " t
first day of-October." v ir. -hs
SEC. 2. That so much of any Ai
or parts of Acts as is inconsistent
repogriant'to this Act is hereby :
Approved December 21, 1880.'
t* ACT to require all Railroad Co
panies in this State to constructa
? keep'in rfpair' an adequate Stoc
guard or'Oattle-g?p atev.ery poi
. where the line .of ..Railroad,of a
such Company crosses the line
any Fence in this State.
Bo-it'en&ctvd : by-cthe Semite ai
House of Representatives of the St?
of South Carolina, now met" and s
ting in G?n?ral Assembly,, and by .t!
authority ofthe same :
' SECTIONAL ThaA the several rai
; road companies ??hose. line of io;
, lies wholly or partly in tbLs-State 1
and they are hereby, required to CO
' struct and keep iu repf.ir an adequa
j stock-guard or cattle gap at eve:
, point where the line of said rJlro.
of any auch company crosses the iii
[ of any fence in .this State..
SEC. 2. That for every violation
this Act, the railroad company so vi
lating i. shall pay the 'owner or ow
t ere of the"Jancs upon' the line
j which such'stock fence guard or ca
j j tie-gap should have been construct*
^ ! and kept in repair the sum of $10
(l?j?to be .-recovered.by action in.the.Oou
> of Common PJeas for the county
?j which such stock-guard or cattle g<
is should have been constructed AT
kept in repair. - ,
? SEC. 3. .That all Acte,-and..-parts
n j Acts inconsistent 'with.tjya, A\at a
y j Hereby repealed.. .
it I ,- Approved! December.21, 18S?.
n .;. Mctiitr.1. HtilcHtou'<fc Brokil is wi
3?? real pleasure that I ?dd my testimony
. ' t he great ..virtues of your "Neuralgin*
le as a specific for neuralgia and 6ick nea
aeho. Such a remedy is a blessing,. ai
u all sufferers should k"eop it on hand.
>e J. H. Rino ELY,
m Cathedral Street, Raltimoro.
M St>ld by-Dr. \V. E.L?N*H, , . ?_pn
An Outrage on(%Yepng Lady. Pian -
ned a Year Agu.-The Jw* Black
Fiend? Summarily Disposed ot.
Oorre.tj>ondaicc of thc (JoliiuOjiaMcgislcr.
. :,J?nosPERiTxrS. C,Jan..?9r 1881.
O.i the evening "nf . the--17th y nat,
Mii?s Bettie Werts Avas waylaid" ncai
-this place and outraged and m?r.hrT
ed by some,, fiend in human .for-i.
Several.parties were- arrested.on sus
picion and the evidence pointed di
rectly to two boys ' working on Mr.
vYerts's pkce. ;.On their ..being first
sworn both denied it, hut.on calling
Sam Fair to'lbe'stand'again he mace' ^
? con fession, i m p 1 icltisgjpj^^petH?-^^B
m.,rv.,. The confession of Sara, Fair
was that last Spring Dave had made .
a proposition d? outrage liliss Werts,
and last Fall' he again made the.same
-Proposition; ami pjkjhe 1-Jlh instant,
just- after-dinner, Dave agftjn told Sim
that he meant to outrage Ker.
\ Dave's testimony was. to the effect '
the d??^n_ the^emng; at a given
signai he was to corner to Sam's as
sistance. But Sam c.?.t J'I not leave
his horses.. When. D.?ve .saw ..Miss
Werts 'approaching,'"he^-went' to the
spring and gare th? signal agreed on
with his 'confer?*rate'; ne th? n went
on and mei Miss Worts,. Lo whom he
spoke and tbep; passed ber. Turning
suddenly around, how^ve?, h? clutch
ed her u?ck irbm behind and choked
her down ami tied,bei-.' lie then-went
an<j. got Sam/ ?nd thre^y- both ac'com
piished their' hellish purposes:'\ The
black devils then secrete<t th?"ir"vic
tim uear the path; and. .returned to
their work. TbVwas about-b P. V\
They wmtto the hoiise ?nd got their
supper, after which they returned to
the body- ard again ho.lL.outra?jed her
person and : killed her. ? They . tbtn
carried the body ol th? unfortunate
young girl to"the cr?s?ihVat (he .'le nee -
where the path crossed..
. Dave went and'dug .up the -hmd
'.kerchief with which he" had strangled
Miss Wertz, "'together' with ti;?vrcj e
.tliey had tied herewith. -, On the hand
kerchief .were ? fount;!-' bloody ..marls,
which h'e; said c?urc 'lrora her- :ntck
when he straggled her.. ' .'
Dave was summarily dealt with cn
the spot where he had: Committed his
Sam waH. captured, this cabining
and hung near this pUce by.a psrly
.of aroused citizens, estimated at .-fro ra
six hundred to
punishment was meted out to bim.
The Coroner held an ihqneit'ov.-r
the body of Miss Werts and announc
ed that she bad come to her death by
violence at the hands of Dave Spear
. mau and Sam Fair, by means ol'chok
ing and-outrageous crir?inal ausfculfs
upen her person for the most-diabol
ical purposes. A.* Hs K.
An important Homestead Decision.
'. The Supreme Court.has,dc,id?d fin
important principle, relating to. the
homestead in the- case of Francis P.
Riley, Plairvtilf, against Cl?risfa Gaines
and others. The case was an action
for partition, rh which Marshall Bv
Gaines was ?one of the distributees,
Jiving upon the real estate of his fa
ther, the Rev. Nathaniel Gaines,, de
ceased, which wasrto be partitioned.
Theresas a judgment and-execulion
.against him in favor of the National
Bank of Andersen, wbich"was levied
upon his interest fa the estate^ and
against which he claimed the benefit
of the homestead exemption, It wf.s
contended on tnepartof the. Baidc_
that the homestead could not Le
claimed or set off in property which
was undivided." The Court has ccn
't: ribed Judge Presslcy's decision, hold
ing that M. B. Gaines is entitled to
his homestead in the estate of wi ich
he is a distributee to. the amount of
his interest.-: This decision settles the
. principle that a dintributee-livihff up
on the' property in wh'ch he bas an
' interest can claim the homestead ex- fl
emption against an- #xe6ution levied
before the division of the.property.
Anderson Intelligence?, jv,
-?-.-???*? ? -> . _ -ii flj
SHOULD BE SUSTAINED.- The bar.
i keepers of Charles:on propose to test
the constitutionality of the law ard I
. have retained Col. Simonton and otb- ?
I er able counsel-. Our prediction is,
,f the tvs', if made, will be fruitless, for
. liquor is an admitted poisotf, a fo
i menter of etrife and murder, an ene
' my to mora1, ?ocial, political and finan
[. cial progress, uni as such i; ai.d' H
! should be open to-either restrictirn
or total prohibition. We do not say
f total prohibition is either practicable I
-' or proper, but any -law restraining 'fl
. the evils flowing from the use of liq- fi
T nor is both wise and jndicio?iV/ ?ra fl
-; should be sustained and .enforced.
1 ; FirlxuS Sentinel.
PnoHinmoNMNNORTH OAKOLINA. 1
j -The Proldb&Qn.Liquor. Law Ai so- fl
" j ciat#m''c# North" Carolina has begun
? ! an active canvass' of the St&e and
- ha? determined tn forward im::>di
)f j ately, for sign>tur?, to every, pastor
e ?.in the State and to every temperance
organization, and to ev? ry Christian fl
association, every school, every post
h ' master, every factory, and to. divers fl
fy others, a form of'^petitiori to the'I eg
^ islature praying for the- passage4"'of a fl
liw prohibiting the PA lc of'lirm'or, to -
be submitted to the people foi' fa'ifi- fl
*T ? .lion.