Newspaper Page Text
T??OS. J. ADAMS, "MtOFR.
I^GEITELI), S.^;, APHTL 21, 1831
VOL. XLVV-NO. 20
? ff R702'Ero?d S?rec
CLOCKS, BRONZES &
AUGUSTA, GA., Nov. 27, 1S79.
is Saved te Ike Tl
And every description (
JU ll Xi
Feb. 2, ISSI.-6ni47.
'hair, fl ti// .* ?D
il O'fVA J ;-< -". ?*? ? ? ;
Bearers in Every DesyvlpMon of
The largest and best assorted stock of
"Glas:,-in the city.
Tn balk, a:so in boxes ol* 1 to ? lbs.
White Lead and Zinc.
S?rietly PHIS?, C m ad O by the Kentucky
Lead and Oil Go , \v!:i'--i we guarantee as
good as the best Also; tho well known
Nassau White Load and puroFrouob Zinc
PREP ABED PAINT.
The cole''Vated Py.ir.t; made Ly Wads
wort!?, Martie."?, cv Langman, which
Full lina, of Paint ?fc Whitewash Brushes
A large and assorted si ic?s of Colors In
; 3 OiL_ Also. I \ ry Colrys.
White Damar, Coarh, Copalj Furniture
Japan, Asphaltum, tte.
Johnson's celebrated Prepared Ka?so
nilno, all shades.
' Linseed Oil, Haw :;r.d Boiled.
? large variety bf Locks.
Ptim and Mortice Locks.
Rnrfe.ee and Mortice Blind Hinges.
All sizes and style* of Door Butts.
Inside Blind Butts, brass and iron.
A tino Una of Padl icka. .
Yale Store Doer Locks.
.i'ri'cNlg'.it Latcbea. -
Screws in any quantity*ahO every size,
and anything ?l?? yon want in the Hard
Doors, -Sasli 72S?iin?*.
The'-!arg'e3t stock in Augusta, at bottom
tigar es. Send for juice list.
Balusters, Brackels nm) Mantels-.
And almost anything that can bo made
out of wood, we are prepared to make.
Ye23otv Fine Lumber.
In any quantity, rough or dressed.
**5^ We pack and deliver all of our
goods free of charge.
Thompson 1 Heinde!,
!10 JACKSON STREET.
De*. 2*1^0. lyi
\%EX?A RSA ti Y r.ilXBD PAINTS
in small Cans, or by the Gallon, or In
the Barrel, at prices AS LOW as thej
can be hougrit ufWHOLESA LK in NEYV
^Sf* (QUALITY Till-. VERY BEI?T,
FAST COLOBS, in all Shades.
All styles COTTAGE COLORS
Inside and OolMde VVfiflTn.
HANDSOME, DU il ABE and CHEA!
Also, RICH, DARK BROWN, MET
ALLIC PAINT, Pu*. Hoofs, Bridges
Fencing, Wagons, and ?lactation- Ma
chinery raid Tools.
_*S9~ PRTCE LISTSf' and. 8.AMPL1
COLORS seid en ap; licaih if.
Address, v r
GEORGIA PAM CO.,
J. H. ALEXANDER, Pres't. >
C. C. BEMI?Jjup'l. j
Doc. 22, 1880?? f^J ?f8
FINE FANCY GOODS.
IN THE FACE.
liousand by Baying
i Watches, Silver & Plated Ware,
*2ft Broad St., op, Central Hotel,
1 R-d.iy Striking Clock, ?4:25.
Alarm Clocks, i?J.25. Nickel Clocks, $1.75
Hunting: case Silver Watches, 88.00.
i Nickel, stem-wi odin g &. sotting watch
es, ..?(> 00.
Ladies' and Gents' Gold Watches and
; Chains. Solid Silverand Plated W re.
I f?f Special attention to all lin-, aud
di nico lt Watch and Clock Repairing.
Everything warranted as represented.
! March 2, 1881. ly 13
To 580 Broad Street,
HU Dn^r'Below R. R. Crossing,
Whcro ho will ba pleased to see these de
?iring goods in his line.
GUN?. PISTOLS, TABLE <fe POCKET
CUTLERY, AMMUNITION, Ac.
I Just received, the Finest Lot or FISH
I INO TACKLE and JAPANESE FISH
?IN? ; POLES, ever brought to Augusta.
I Mar. 15, 1881. 3ml5
PIEDMONT SEMINARY FOR
PiedBiool House, Sparlaubiirs, 8.C.
AHKJ II CLASS School for youug la
dies, recently oponod at Spartan?
I burg, S. C., one ol' the healthiest towns
I in the "up-country," and 700 feet above
; tho sea, has been located in tho favorito
Piedmont House, on Main Street, long
j known throughout the State as a charm
ing Summer resort. Its broad piazzts,
j spacious corridors and airy apartments
alford ampio and excellent accommoda
tion for a large, first-class Female College.
The Piedmont will be found to be a
thoroughly good School, and a refined,
christian home. The course of study
comprises faithful instruction in the rudi
mentary and higher English branches,
Latin, (by an admirable system) French,
German and other modern languages.
Music, (taught by a recent graduate of
tho Conservatoire at Leipzig) Drawing,
Prof. Hager's lpr.g residence abroad
has given him an unusual facility in the
The personal and constant supervision
of the deportment and studies of each
; pupil, a specialty of the Institution.
! Terms per Session of Twenty Weeks.
[These will be found aa low as at any
; Pe?nale College of the same grade.]
j Collegiate Department (including
! JVftc tuition in Latin and French, ?2.r> 00
I Intermediate Department, (giving
a sound English training) 20.00
j Primary Department (to which
; great attention is paid) 12.f>0
Contingent Fee, (for eac':- Dep't.) 1.50
Board, (including fuel, furnituro,
lights and service) 00.00
Pupils received at any lime and charg
ed from date of entrance. Rills for each
session payable half in advance and bal
ance nt end of first ten weeks.
?5?* Send at once for Circular ari ref
Present Session ends June 17th, and
j Autumn Session commences Sept. 12th.
J. HENRY HAGER, A. M..
j Spavtanburg, S. C., Mar. 1, 1881. 3m 13
|??GUSTA BUILDING LOTS
TO EXCHANGE FOR
T HAVE 16 Building Lots in Augusta,
X. inthcTipper part of the cit}', lo ex
change for Cotton Lauds, or Plantation.
Lands must bo convenient to Railroad.
Apply to, or address.
R. G. M. DUNOVANT,
Real Estate Agent,
Edgefield C. IL. S. C.
Dec. 22,1880._tf 3_
? ' "
IOFFER 203 acres of fine cotton lands
op. Chovis Creek. The place has on 1
j 4 cabins.
Rents this year for 8 halos of cotton
Thc purchaser will get the advantago o
this yoar's reut.
Terms reasonable. Apply to
R. G. M. IJUI? O VANT,
Real Estate Agent.
Feb. 9, '81* tf 10
And he is dead: his race was run *
Swiftly; as high bred courser's, o'er
j cr like some gallant r.hij), full sailed,
Mid storms, and tempests, surging s
But still right onward-braving every
j His course bas been, nor faltered o
j his feet.
."Till death himself hath claimed at
j - ute meet,
To great, and grand, inevitable fate.
Ah, hov/ he battled ; 'midst the thro
And never once surrendered to his fi
He triumphed o'er misfortune, and c
Taught to respect the fearless. A co
Oppression, hate, fanaticism, could
Or cow a spirit, proudly brave and fi
Nor could he leam to bow, and bend, u
To favor, power, position, on sripplii
He bravely won, and took, whate'r
Nor asked, like beggar, for hLs dufs,
Stepped boldly to the front, when dani
Or-God-like-spoke his own, not b
He lived, and died, in highest sense,
Nor like a hypocrite, his part did play
A slavish public sentiment ho faced.
When right-feared not what critics h
Ah, how tho shafts of envy, malice, fie
Arouna hts head; detraction-jfHd h
While sycophants and cowards, with pi
Soiled his fair fame, for such he curse
While living; and now scorns, thouj
True worth he loved, and virtue too,
But tuo base counterfeit-of honor, lov
Religion, Jnsiice, trull*, despised at
Ab, Carolina, thou hast less worthy son
Who wear tho ermine and the laurel.
These, they ?ny, are " Christian Slate
wtera," .. -
He, while living, could not wear the ba
But still, in love of theo, in heart, soul,
Mind, great thoughts, brave, kind dee<
Was he surpassed ?-Or wherein aid 1
In thy demands, thy gr??tes! need?
"Ambitious?" Yes, ho was ambition:
But not for a'base, selfish end
His country, kindred, friends, wore a
In him ambition ; and he did but lend
To thee and them, his talents, courage, cl
All, all, h': gave, thy cause to save,
And in return, must he now sink,
Cold, dead, forgotten, in unhonored gravi
It cannot, must net, be ; for .should th:
In history, or lmno's temple, e'er traca
Tell of brave deeds, bright thoughts, r
i write a name,
Rest on in peace, dead friend ; it shall 1J
Farewell, "Old Mart;" country,klndrec
Will recollect that thou wert ever true
To them-if not thyself: and may yei
In death, ii' nut in life, pay what was titi?
Spanuitig the Savannah. .
Work is progressing rapidly on th
Augusta and Knoxville road and th
track is laid and cars running near!;
to Quaker Springs, about 12 mile
from Augusta. It was the first in
tent ion to build the road to the river
and then haul the iron bridge np t<
Walton's Island on the road, when
it could be put in position.
Tbift course would cause considera
ble delay in putting up thc bridge
So. to JJ??HMw i?e ircm work, o
the biujpHH--^ AT?gustrv, ?-/bein/
poled up the cana! to the locks, am
thence up the tiver to Walton's Is
land. In this way the bridge am
track are building together, and th?
splendid ir<>n bridge over tho Sa van
nah river will be ready for tho en
gine of the A. and K. ror.d aa soot
as the track is laid to the river bank
The wharf at the canal basin ic
covered with portions of the bridge
and flat boats are busy loading and
conveying their cargo to the scene o
btidge building and the waiting pier;
up the river.-Augusta Sacs.
The Atlanta Exposition.
I ATLANTA, March 30.-The execu
tive committee of the Cotton Exposi
tion' to be held in this city during th?
mouths of October, November and
Ddceraber of this year, received no
tice to day of a subscription of $-5,
OOO from leading merchants in New
Libe) a. subscriptions are also com
ing in from other cities, and nearly
$100.000 have been raised eo far foi
The Scientific American suggest.
to farmers the following method ol
getting rid o? stumps upon their farms:
"In tho autumn or early winter hore
a hole one or two inches in diameter
according to the girth cf the stump
and about eighteen iches deep. Pat
into it one or two ounces of saltpetre
fill the hole with wa'er and ping it
close. In the ensuing spring take
out the ping and pour in about a gill
of kerosene oil and ignite it. The
; stump will smoulder away, without
I blazing, to the very extremity of thc
j roots, leaving nothing but the ashes.'
j Ha^?b^TTRACT EDITORS.-The
; fabio E^^Bfty"g^,d of thc
j princes make "Monte Christo" dull
. j reading. When Sharon gave a din
j ner to General Grant the menu wai
engraved on sheets of silver; when
; Flood gave a german the favors were
! expensive jewelry, ?nd nt Mrs. Mac
I kay's recent ball the Howers alone
cost $12,000. When these peoplf.
begin to put $10,000 greenbacks un
. der tho napkins of their guests it if
1 to be hoped that editors will bo in vi
. ted to dinner.
Do not trifle with the affections o
a young girl: it is worse than triilinp
with a bad cold, for this c'.n be curer
by Dr. Bull's Cough ftyrup.
Fro?it the National Portrait Gaiter]/ of
Distinguished Americans. ?7
Was born in Paxton township,
['.Pennsylvania, on the 10th of Septem
ber, 1730. He was of French-do^
scent, his ancestors having been driv
! en from France by the revocation of
the edict of Nantes. They first set
tled in Scotland,} ?md afterwards in.
the north Of Ireland. His father en;
igr;ted lo Pennsylvania, and from
thence removed with his family, while
Andrew was very young, to Virginia,
' and settled for a few years, about
eight miles west af where Stanton
now stands. In the year 1752, his
father removed from Augusta counti
Virginia, and settled in the Wax!
South Carolina. His family
amongst the first setters of
of the State! As hefcwas
th? frontiers ot a newly settled coi
tty, he was necessarily deprived
the advantages of a good education.
He spent his youth in hunting and^
agriculture, the usual occupations of
such a country. But endowed as he
was by nature with uncommon sagac
ity and great decieion of character,
he soon attracted the confidence of
all who knew him. He w?9 rather
above the middle height, very active,
wiih a muscular frame, capable of
enduring great fatigue ; and there-:
was no hardy enterprise of those days
too daring to enlist his xeal and
Like many of our most distinguish
ed officers of the revolution, he com
menced his military services in the
French war, which terminated 1763
Ic was during this war that he began
to develop those finalities fe 1 which
he was afterwards so eminently dis
tinguished. In the year 17G2, he
served as a volunteer in a bloody but
successful expedition under Lieuten
ant Colonel Grant, a British officer
sent by General Amherst to command
against the Cherokee Indians.
In 1701 the settlement made on
Long Cane, in the western pail o?
Carolina, was nearly exterminated by
the Indians, and many of the inhabi
tants tied to the Waxbaws for protec
tion, and amongst them was Ezekiel
Calhoun and his family. It was Re
becca, the daughter of this gentle^uji^
with whom young Piekens then beT
came acquainted, and ix ft er wa rds ml?
ried. She was the sister of John
Calhoun, who died while a senara
Early in 170-1, the eulject of this
biographical shel eh removed to litei
Long Cane .settlement, near where
Abbeville C. II. is now situated.
He had a considerable family of
small children, when the revolution,
with all its additional horrors of civil
war, commenced. At a very early (
period, he took a decided and active
stand against the right claimed by ?
Great Britain to tax her colonies with
out their consent. The section of
country in which he lived was tin for
tunately much divided. And it was
more so n?ar him, in the section bo
tween Saluda and Broad rivers, where
the majority were tories.
These circumstances rn ide the
struggle in the upper purr? of South,
Carolina far more painful and destruc
tive than it was in almost any other
part of the confederacy. The Woody
and midnight contests that arose be
tween neighbors and acquaintances,
even over their hearthstones and in
the bosom of their families, were far
more terrible than the conflagrations
of a foreign foe; and nothing but the
sternest patriotism and most undaunt
ed courage could have borne up the
whig cause against a murderous civil
war at home, and the invasion of a
relentless enemy from abroad.
At the ?erv commencement of the
revolution, Andrew Bickens raised a
militia company, and was appointed
the captain. The distinguished pt?ij
which ho acted throughout the sti
gie, for independence, has beei
general terras recorded by the
lian, and the principal events
only be alluded to in the pre.?!
sketch. His zeal, ."kill, and courage"?
were rewarded by his country in bis
being rapidly promoted lo the respec
tive commands ot major, colonel, and
brigadier genera!. '
In the most despondent lime, when
South Carolina was overran by the
enemy, and suffered all the horrors
of Indian and tory murders, he re
mained unshaken, and with Marion
and Sumpter in di fi?rent parts of the
State, kept up the spirit of resistance.
These throe generals waged a gueril
la warfare by night and by day, fight
ing on the banks of tbis creek anti
on the bank's of that river, over eve
ry inch of soil, in a manner thal
.stands as yet unrivalled in tho histo'
ry of American chivalry and gallant'
ry. This will more readily be od
milled when we consider, that fe;
the three years immediately preced
ir.g the battle of the Cowpens, during
which period the American arms hac
met with a succession of defeats anr
disasters everywhere, these thie?
State generals fought, with few or ni
resources save their own undying
spirit and courage.
In addition to the common enemy
General Bickens had to encounte
the Indianfl, as his command lay ii
the upper and western sections of th
State. Ile commanded in chief in a
.expedition against the Cheroki
??732. As ammunition waa s
and not to be had, he invented ii
moue of fighting savages. He
short sabres, made most of thei
jjjie^ common blacksmiths of the <
, tty, and mounted his men, ai
'?with these cutlasses, on hormel
.?riey penetrated the interior -ol
; nation _ with such rapidity andi
j ness, that it struck universal ti
amongst them. Willi fire and s'
h^e destroyed in a few days their j
?ipal towns; and such was his sue
mat with a force of five hun?
men he subdued the spirit of
powerful people, and'laid the lou
Hon of a peace so permanent tha
B^ot been since disturbed.
Bt the commencement cf the
Kou^jjie Muuoil of safety Ibot
9 Sr ?^';e1' 1
HF?Mfni or upper p
jBP^^ ? Cbs candid-ties
^Hfe?- . one of th sse regime
?g?re Robert Cunningham, May
and Moses Kirkland'. Mayson
the commission, and the other
immediately became disgusted
turned tories. They, parcicnk
(he first, having extensive connexi
and acquaintances, produced gi
dissensions. The consequence
that the tories, who had hilhi
fought, io,detached parties, arsenal
in'1770 more than seven bund
men, under Colonel Boyd. The p
of operations was laid in New Y
by the British commander. Wi
I Savannah was taken, Colonel Gam
WHS advanced to Augusta. Bo
who hail just returned from R
York, was to notify the disaffec
and excite the tories in the wi
ern parts of North and South C?
lina, and force his way to join Colo
"Gamble at Augusta. Colonel Gi
ole immediately moved up Savani
river with several hundred motin
toten, and after maceouvreing in
neighborhood cf where Petersbui
now stands, and Kerr's fort, in on
to tii'ect u junction with Boyd,
was compelled by the whigs to retri
General Picken?, who waa then a c
onc-l,.with only three hundred s
.twenty men, alter driving back Ga
ble, pursued Boyd, and forced him
?ross il^-=i?er, eighteen miles abc
fcZiunction of Savannah and Bro
BRr He then crossed at th
Bion, and was joined by- Colo
H Bone hundred Georgia
^WPB^M, with great patriotis
Lj^Bk-.he command of all the for
lo hiuT. -They then pursued Bo
rapidly, who had taken a circuito
route through the Cherokee oatie
until they overtook him in a few da;
on the eaid banks of Kettle creek
Georgia, just as his men had si
down some beeves, and were pr?pi
?ng their breakfast. Colonel Picke
lind divided his forces into three <
visions, Colonel Dooly command)'
tho : ig?fc, and Clarke the left, wi
directions to flank them, while
commanded tho attack Irorn the ce
tr*?, with strict orden not to lire un
within thirty-live paces of the en
j my. Boyd was a brave, active ma
j brit waa shot down early in the a
lion. Alter close fighting for half i
hour, the whigs drove the enen
through the can?, over the cree
They fought willi desperation, ar
left a great many dead and wound?
upon tho field. They then rallied <
a rising ground on the west ban
?ind renewed the fight, the whi?
finding great difficulties in pressir
through the cano. However, the v:
tory was complete. The whigs ht
four hundred and twenty, and tl
tories upwards of seven hundred; ar
out of that number, not more thf
three hundred ever reached Colon
Gamble in Augusta. Th a sucre
was of far more importance than tl
numbers engaged would indicate.
Ij^ke up the tories throughout Norl
troTina, who never afterwards ai
rubied except in small parties, <
ider the immediate protection of
reigir forc?. Although they wei
gladed for their desperate and ra
lignant outrages upon the countr
yet they acted more for the plundi
and murder of individuals than li
conceiled and manly warfare. Tb
battle of Kettle creek, in 1779, wi
decisive of their fate. Colonel Pic]
ens, with many other whig officers
.j this section, had many desperate rei
j counters with detachbd parlies o'f tl
I disaffected, which, although develo]
? ?ng much bravery and personal cou
! age, are too numerous to be mentioi
ed in this short sketch.
He was with Geuerul Lincoln i
I thc battle of Stono, and had his hon
. killed under him while he was eo<
-. ; ering the relient ordered by that gel
. eral. Ho commanded the unlit
? ! forces at the .famous battle of tl
? i Cowpens. When all the ciroumstanci
' \ aro considered, thia rauet be pronoun
. ; ed one of the most gallant'and da
? j ing battles of the revolution. Twi
I j thirds of the American forces wei
I j militia under hts command. Tl
3 ; continentals were under the cominan
0 of Lieutenant Colonel Howard, nc
^ j the cavalry under Colonel Washinj
? ton, and ?ll directed by the skill ai
..bravery ol Morgan. Tarleton, :
r the head o! his mounted men, (lue
1 j ed with conquetU, and arrogant wil
? success, pressed on, expecting certa
a 1 victory. General Morgau had be<
separated from the nfflffirrTCy'"
General Greene, ai d Tarleton
been detached by Cornwallis t
him off. South Carolina was lit.?
overrun, and military garrisons
: been regularly established at Car
i Granby, Ninety-Six, Augusta,
: other place?. Cornwallis andi
ton were pressing, with snp
j forces, Greene and Morgan into ?
j Carolina. The Cowpens is in th?
i per-edge of Spartanburgh disl
! and'very near . the North Car
line. It was of vast importance
those under General Morgan sh
not be prevented in their retreat
effecting a junction with Greene,
was also pressed by the superior i
of Cornwallis. Under these eire
stances.. General Morgans opi
was against fighting ut the Cojwj
Colonel Picken? thought Vhal: .Vc
thing mn=i be" done, cr the spiri
! the country would be broken dc
and South Carolina become a pet
noni and ea*y conquest. Af?
council of officers was hcid, the ?
was determined on. The enemy \
superior in numbers by two hand
Colonel Pickens formed his line al
two hundred'yards in advance of
second line, consisting of the li
infantry andVj?orpa ol Virginia
fiemen. TheHhirdftline was fori
from the cavalry with about f
mounted militia men. Colonel P
ens issued strict orders not to fire
til the enemy were within forty ys
and when forced to retire, to fora:
the right of the second line. T
I were obeyed, and the fire was a*
stineting.as it wa? unexpected,
checked: the impetuosity of Tarli
for a few momeuts, when he ?ncot
ercd the stcond line; and the nilli
to the astonishment of the ene
fell back in good order, and rall
under their leader in propel t
for the second onset. The seci
line were forced to give way, and
back upon the cavalry; and wi
Tarleton wai cutting down the ir
tia Colonel Washington made a ?
cessful charge upon him; and IL
ard, almost at the same moment, *a
his continentals, charged with fi:
bayonets. "The example was
stantly followed by tho militia. Nc
ing could exceed the attonishm
and confusion of the British, oe
sioncd by these unexpected chargt
The victory was complete. This 1
thc first time in the history , of
country, that militia were rallied :
brought in good order to the ?ec<
fire and charge; and it is not detr?
mg from any to say, that on that
casion, animated by the spirit t
coinage of their commander, tl
won at least an eqnal share pf gb
with the continentals. The 1st L
talion of the 71st, and two Brit;
light infantry companies, laid do
their arms to the American mili!
Upwards of three hundred of ihe <
i erny were killed or wounded, a
shove G,vc hundred were taken pi
oners, with baggage, artillery w?
ons, howes, &e., ?fcc. Thi* victc
had a (remendona effect upon I
whole country, and waa followed
a series pf successes up to the victo
of t^miutaww, J|nd Jho^nptur;?
CornwtPfti BB Jm^y ?
'? bravery* on tb.JW!^?^pRc.on;rr
! voteTl Colonel Pickens a (word, a
j immediately afterwards he was f
pointed brigadier general: After tl
battle General Morgan joined Geii"?:
Greene, who was pursued by Coi
wallis, and made one nf the nit
skillful and fortunate retreats in t
history of Q19 country. The reas
why General Pickers happened t
to be in the battle of Guilford C.
was, that a few day? before, the mi
tia under his command from Geor*
and South Carolina, and from Row
and Meckler.berg counties in Not
Carolina, wore offended in the afb'
, of Wlnteset's mills; and under t
advice of Governor Rutledgp, w
had arrived in camp, he march?
them back into South Carolina.
In the meantime, however, Gem
i al Pickens and Lieutenant Color
Lee had been detached in pursuit
, Tarleton in North Carolina, who w
. exciting the loyalists. Three hu
. dred and fifty of the tories fell
; with General Pickens and Color
3 Lee, under an impression that th
? were Tarleton's men, and while cr
f ing "God Bavo the king," they we
? cut to pieces.
? He immediately returned and la
. siege to Augusta, then in posaessii
. of the British and tories under t
. command of Brown. Colonel L
and himself then acted iointlv and
t concert. In a few days Crown sn
E I rendered.
.1 At the siege of Ninety-Six i
. ? brother Joseph, who commanded
a j c raipany was shot while reconnoiterii
Q j theWrt; an<teu??jfl fcrtaken pri
glpkfl fe?H Belivered in
.. ?? j?^mmi^MJS^JHho inhuma
.. ?Ty*scalped ami then burned him
,. ' sport for their dance, i^any tories b
e I iug present. At the great battle
e ; tho Entaws, ho comraandod with M
(1 ; rion the militia of the Carolinas, ai
d : early in the action received a *ev*
r. : wound in the breast by a mort
d j ball. His lifo wan providential
it, -saved by the ball' striking the bud
i- of his sword belt, and an officer
h tho Maryland line caught him as
?n waa falling.
m In his military life, his strong ch<
. I acteristics were great sagaci
[ j decision, connected with ?
; ? watchfulness; so much so, tbj
I many and various engagemet
' all kinds of enemies, he wa?
, ; taken by surprise.,
, Peace being restored, the v
j his country called him to ser
?"in various civil capacities,- ?
I continued without inttrrapl
public employment until ISO
j the treaty of "Hopewell wil
j Cherokees, in which he was
the commissioners, the cession i
portion of ihe State now called G
ville, Andenson^and Pickensjdh
was obtained. h Soon "afterwar
settled at Hopewell on Seneca
the place-wliere the treaty wa;
j He was a member of the legis]
?and afterwards of theeonventio
j for^ed -tlffi/Sr^te constitution
fv/as elect-ad a member under, th
j constitution'until 1701, when i
? came a member of congress,
. caning ? re-election to congres
i was again re!urned a member
Such was the confidence of G<
Washington in him, that he re<
ed his attendance at Philadelp]
consult with him on the practic
ty and best means of civilizing
southern Indians. And he als
fere J him the command of a br
of light troops under the com
of General Wayne, in his cam]
against the northern Indian.', y
In 1704, when the militia was fir
gauized coniform ible to the act ol
gress, he was appointed one of th<
major generala of the Staie, v
commission he resigned after hold
a few years. He wa? one of the con
sioners who settled the line bet'
South Carolina and Georgia, an
was ftppciuted a commissiorier o
United Staten in all the tie
held with all the southein tribe
Indians, until he withdrew from
It ie deeply tu be regretted
there ha? yet been no fall and ge
al history of the upper parts of S
Carolina, and of lue various .sc
in which he was called toactso pi
inent a part. This is owing pr;
pilly to the rude and unlettered i
of the conn try in ita early settlec
and revolutionary struggle, w
bat few men kept any particulai
Beter mi tiing to enjoy t hat t
quility and peace which he hac
greatly contributed to establish, \
the simplicity of the e irly timei
the Roman republic, he retired f
the busy scenes of life to bia tarn
Tomassee" (a place peculiarly in
. eating to him,J where ho devi
himself with little interruption to
mestic pursuits and reflections u
his death. Daring this tranquil
riod, few events occurred to ch
the even tenor of his vii tuon* ?
happy life. Revered and belove 1
all, his house, although remote fi
the more frequented parts of Hie Sri
' wnsstill the resort; of numerous friei
' and relations, and often received
visit?? ol tim enlighten^! traveller.
' He looked with great interest
I our lani wac with Great Britain, ?
: the causes that lead/ to it, disiinc
I perceiving that in its' consequent.
. the prosperity, independence, fl
i glory of his country were deeply
1* volved. In thi? hour cf danger, 1
' eyes of his fellow citizens were agi
' turned towards their tried serva
? Without his knowledge, he WAS CS
1 ed by tiie sj ontaneons voice of 3
: countrymen into public service; Cc
. fidence thu3 expressed could not
' disregarded, lia accepted a seat
1 the legislature in 1 SI 2, and wes pre
1 ed to serve as governor at that evei
I fol cri>is. which with his character
r tic moderation and good sense he c
3 dined. He .thought the strugf
} should be left to more youth!
In Lis domestic c'.i vamstanci
although economical and prudet
! yet he was indiff?rent to the acquit
f sition of property. He had a coi
9 petency, and never desired moro. I
" had great simplicity of charade
II without contrariety or change. I
reflected much, was ever grave, ai
y said but little. Ho scarcely, ey
conversed on-the. scenes in whi<
B his eventful life had been spent, ui
, less pressed very particularly I
D His features were strong and boh
with an uncommonly deep and pov
0 i The prominent points of his cha:
; acter were judgment, decision, an
! prndence. He was from early life
' t firm believer in the Christian religioi
a ! " .
j and ao influential member of tl:
? : Presbyterian Church.
j Howdied suddenly in 1S17, appal
i entry'4ft lull health, after having er
1 joyed *a lon;; hfu of seventy-eigh
years, rich iu ?lets of patriotism an
j benevolence, and blessed with a
I those Christian charities that softe
( j '. and comfort the heart of man
e ' A man at Lincoln, Neb., quieted
ek ! panic in a church by knocking dow
ly ; the man who yelled lire and the
'e threatening to shoot any one wi
rushed. In three minutes after .tl
-e last one was out the floor was ahlaz
j jw Now is "the time to pay for yoi
j Drunkenness as a Sin;;
j The Rev. W. H. Campbell, rector
?of St. Paul's Church, Charleston,
[ preached an excellent discourse late*
ly, of which the following i?. a brief
synopsis : -
Proverb*, xiv; 31: lUtfhwonfinefcS-ex
alted! a nation, hut si? is a reproach to
The destruction and disappearance
of the ancient empires of the Assy
rian, Egyptian, Roman and Greeks,'.
although theres seems a chaos atten
dant upo:i their downfall, yet there
is a vein of order that rons through
their- histories-the hand of God
raised in retributive, justice ipr great .
national sius. The vice of intemper
ance is now a great national sin in
America, subverting law and destroy
ing gotiTttl.es^' lives and wrecking the .
hAppiibefe' of rnany ho?SfcsV 'iv is:,4*';R
sin ?.gainsu G ri and ihn *oul. Whilst .
coramu.'?itit-s are. gu?i\??d by enact
luients to protect them from Burder*
ti;t?t,'yet dr ti keime* s'i* not consider
ed as a crime. Th'; laws have not .
stopped . tho perpetration of crime,
yet wholesome checks have been ?
placed by them npon criminals who
are punished or imprisoned for viola
tion ot law.
;The duty of the Stats ie to protect.:;
the happiness of the family; drunk
ards should be imprisoned; civil rules
should be rigidly enforced a3 to the
regulation of the saloons, lesuictii g -
the manufacture of spirits, as the
"facilities pf-obtaining drink are a
great temptation. Legi;dation should
ba enforced and the barkeeper and. .
liquor-dealer should not be allowed
to have things their own way,/BLd'
the moral industrious citizen should
not be taxed to maintain police xegu*
lations against criminals from drink?- -
There are two views of droukenneis
one regarding it as a disease, the oth
er as a sin. The treatment under the j
first view is to turn the drunkaid
over to the doctor. But the cor:cot
view ic to regard it at a sin; it ie a
?iu ; it is so regarded by God's woid,
where it is reckoned with the mist
atrocious crimes. As a sin i' must
be met by moral agencies and civi?
hw. Seventy millions are annually
derived by the United States revenue
tax on liquors. Seven hundred mil
lion dollars are engaged in its man
ufacture, yet only 2? per cent, of this
is paid to the operatives.
, In N^rth Carolina lat^y?ar_-S?gLi ?
; -J?lions of dollars waa T -^tin the 0
manufacture and sale of liquors," one
million was spent in the cause of re
ligion. No statistics of South Caro
lina could be obtained, but the show
ing would not be much better, if
any, than that of the Old North
No fanaticism should be attendait
upon the zeal in checking Intemper
ance. The use of wine, beer and ale
should be encouraged. ? 'lhe Chris
tian can indulge in moderation in the
use of these. St. Paul commet-ds
tli9 use of wine to Timothy, and
wine i?* not accursed as it is used iu
the most sacred offices of the Church,
and with the approval of our Saviour.
If we pity the drunkard, let us soothe
his sorrows and show him a better
way. The influence of women, the
total abstinence pledge, the inebriate
asylum have all failed. The Church
i? the only reformatory of any avail,
and this is of Divine appointment.
If a man cannot indulge or is not
able to reeiet temptation, then total
abstinence is hie _duty. The grace of
God will give him strength to'.resist*
"Be not filled with new, but with the
Holy Spirit/' thasu will never seek
The great evil of intemperance is
incieased by the desecration of the
Sabbath, now a day of carouse and
not a day of res:. The Sunday ex?
cureions, picnics, now so common in
all cities, add a large number to the
liit of drunkards, lt is now a pro
verb in the larger Northern cities
that "Sunday was not made for man,"
but for saloon-keepera and liquor
sellers. Whilst the Church languishes
our people are governed by expedi
ency not religion. Profanity pollutes
the Sabbath air. "Zion mourns, her.
gates are desolate."
A Frightful Moase.
The Newburyport (Mass ) Herald
relates the following incident: "A
short time since an elderly lady of
this city startled the honsehoid with
a piercing shriek and the informa
tion that there waa a mouse in her
pocket. Some one rushed to the res-,.
ene, hastily aesiBted hertodiveet her
self of her wrapper, firmly grasping
the month of the pocket to prevent;
the eecape of the dangerous animal.-.
The garment waa then turned over to
! the man of the house, and he, armed
\ with a club, proceeded to the back
; yard to dispatch the offender.
?The pocket was gradually-opened, Z
[ but no meuse appeared. Finally gaia- jj
[ ing courage, he venture! to investi- ra
i j gate, and found the cauee pf all the
' excitement to be a pocket tape meas- j v|l
! ure. from which the spring had be
1 ( come detached and had unwound jym
? ! with a whirr." The lady had been />]?
n ; firmly convinced a mouse had sought _J 1
0 ' refuge in her r.ocketand could scarce?
e j ly b* made believe the contrary.
5. ! Let us pray that this may, be an.
' off-year for the potato bug, the grass?
* i hopper and the fruit tree peddler,