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THOS. J. ADAMS, PROP'R. ?
EDGEFIELD, S. C, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 15,
THE bPIEIT OF THE AGE.
BY ELLA. WHEELER.
In ita mad, eager search for the real,
The age uses feet and not wings,
es it too roughly treat the ideal
?1" Coes it shatter too many dear things
ye your idols al! broken and battered?
If Are there rums of faith on each hand .
Ve*, precious the seed that is scattered
When harvest shalt whiten the land.
Though we worship no more in their
Or walk where oar fathers have trod,
We are fuller of lov* and compassion,
And so we are nearer to God.
We have taken the crown from the
Bot bloodthirsty warrior of old,
And our homage and praise have de
To the thinker, untrammeled and bold.
The age turns aside from old byways
We were taught to revere in our youth,
And finds the new beautiful highways
Lying bathed in the sunlight of truth
Should we weep if some idols were shat
Some liossomn trod down by the way,
Since the seed that is everywhere scat
Must yield a great harvest some day?
THE OLD GOSPEL^ HIP,
With Earth and Hell Roaring
Around Stem and Stern
and Mutiny in th a
Is Having a Rough Voyage, but tbe
Captain Says Ue '.Viii See
Dr. Taimase fries, Hands off the
Bible ! tbe Koh-i-noor Among
all tbe frown Jewels.
It Saw the Cradle of all Other Books
and Will Sec Their Graves
Forever and a Dav.
THE BUSINESS OF BIBLE
BROOKLYN, Jan. 28.-The follow
ing sermon was preached by the Rev.
T. Dewitt Talmage in the Brooklyn
Tabernacle this morning :
"Safely through another wec4:
God has brought us on our way."
Subject . "Mending the Bible."
TEXT-Revelations I, VJ: "Jj any\
man shall takeaway from Hie words i
^^I^?^J>OJ>:. of this vropheeu. God '
|^^U?ftA-t ax fay n-.: ? : inc ?.-UT:
*Qf Jjife and oui of th JdolyVity." |
Inff iration here ?or&z&v-thxt the '
?Z? would come when there would |
,e burglarious attempts made to pur- j
loin and carry off part of the Bible.
One man would brenk in here and
another woaid break in there, but
my text let? them know in astound
ing emphasis that the gates of hcav- j
en will clan g shut against the entrance j
of all such assailants. "God will
take away his part out cf the Book j
of Life and out of the Holy C.ty." j
You see it is awfully risky business, I
the tinkering of the Word of God. j
A New York pulpit and others in j
sympathy with it propose the expur-1
gation of the Bible. The aforesaid j
pulpit declares that the Book of Gen ?
63?s is a tradition of creation-a sue- j
' oe88?ve layer of traditions which w?s ;
thought out centuries before. He j
says Moses' mistakes ab ?ut creation :
were the mistaken of his age ; that i
there are many systems of theology
in the New Testament ; that Paul i
had all the notions of the rabbinic*1 I
schools of his period ; tnat Job winds :
up bis epilogue in genuine fairy t-.ie
Style; that Revelation i? a long array
Of misshapen progeny in the form of
apocalyptic writings; that revelation ;
omes to a madman or leaves him j
mad; that what he callad the "abom
inable lewdness" of some parts ot the j
Old Testament are not fit to be read.
He says it is un abominable misuse of [
the Bible to suppose the prophecies |
the foreieiliog of the future. He says
?~t?'?t the Book of Daniel is not in the
right place, and Solomon's Songs not
m the right place, and the whole Bi
ble has been improperly chopped up
into chapters and verses. He inti*
" mates that he doee not believe that
SAli.S?X .SLEW A THOUSAND MEN
with the jawbone of an ass. In other
word?, he rejects the beginning of tho |
Bible and the close of the Bible and
all between as being uninspired of
God, and to be taken as the history of
the thought of each, gradually evo
luting toward our present high mor
al and intellectual condition. In
other words, it is Thomas Paine and
Robert Ingersoll in bands and sur- j
plice, but far less excusable ; for the
infidels openly and above board de- j
clare what, they are, but this whole
sale assault is made in the Christian
pulpit of an honored sect, of which
Bishop Macilvane and Archbishop
Leighton and the venerable Stephen !
H. Tyng were chief apostles. I go !
forjargest liberty of discussion, and j
mfhere are plenty of places where men !
^can assail Christianity without any ;
intetraption. But ' it seems to me i
that as soon as a man gives up the
faith of any 6ect his firet plain, hon
est duty is to get out of it. It wouid
not be considered honest for a man to j
stay in a store or bank, at the same
time declaring the account books
were wrong and denouncing the in- 1
tegrity of the ?rm, and at the same I
time taking the aupport of that firm.
Sorely a minister of the gosp
ought to be as honest with his d
nomination as a dry goods clerk wit
[ Let us look at the heinousness
fault finding with the Bible on tl
part of a Christian pulpit at th
time. From all sides the Bible
be'ng assailed by scurrility, by mi
representation, by infidel scientist
by all the voice of the world and a
the venom of perdition. And at th
particular time some of our pulpi
come out with their criticisms. It
as though a steamer were in the Se]
tember equinox, the waves dashin
to the top of the smoke stacks an
the hatches fastened dowu, and man
were prophesying that she must four
der in the gale, and some of the ere'
should come down with saws an
axes to cut out some of the plant
and beams which they think hav
been made out of timber that neve
should have been there. I think th
crew could be at more commendabl
business than trying to help the wind
and waves outside by their saws an?
axes inside. I tell yon that this oli
Gospel ship, with earth and hell roar
ing around stem and stern and mu
tiny in the cabin, is having a roue!
voyage, but the Captain says He wi,
see her through, and I notice that no
one beam has star;ed, and keelso:
and counter timber knee are hewn o
Lebanon cedar, and s-he will weathe
tue gale. But no credit to ihe mu
tinous crew. Pulpit assault on th?
Bible at this time makes me think o
a fortress terrifically bombarded o:
all sides, and the men of the fortress
instead of swabbing and loading th<
guns and hauling up the ammunition
from the magazine, should spend theil
time in trying to pry out of the wai
some ol the blocks of stone whict
they think came from the wronj;
0, MEN OF THE RAMPARTS,
better be fighting back and down the
common enemy than furnishing them
with ladders by which to scale the
In opposing the expurgation of the
Bible, I shail give you my reasons foi
accepting the entire book from the
first verse of Genesis to the last verse
of Revelation and from lid to lid.
.'It can not be possible," says some
of these p*ulpit evolutionists whose
brain has been addled by tooa^g
t.HBflAia? jot -H.^yooyt^_Sx^axuM<^p^.d
Darwin-Kt can not be possible that
you believe there was a garden oi
Eden?" Yes, just as much asl be
lieve that there were roses in my
garden last season. "It can not be
possible that you think the sun and
moon stood still ?" Yes, if I were
strong enough to make the san and
moon, I could myself easily make
them stand still, or, by refraction
give that appearance. "You don't
believe that the whale swallowed
Jonah?" Ye?; if I were strong enough
to make a whale, I could arrange
safe ingress for any false prophet,
leaving it to evolution to ej-ct him
"Do you believe that Samson slew a
thousand men with the jawbone of an
ass?" Yes; and he who assails the
Bible wields the same weapon. "Do
you beiieve that the water was turn
ed into wine?" Yee, and that the
wine now is turned into water, with
logwood and strychnine. There is
nothing in the B ble staggers me.
There are many things I do not un
derstand, but that would be a very
poor God who could be fully under
stood by man; that would be a very
small infinite that could be measured
by the finite. We' ought not to ex
peet that we could weigh the thun
derbolts of Omnipo encein au apoth
ecary's balaLcee. Staiting with the
idea that God can do anything, and
that He was present at the beginning
and is present now, I find nothing in
the Bible that even excites my ekep
ticism. Here, look at me, a lossil ol
the centuries, dug up Irom the ter
tiary formations, fallen off the sh^-lf
of a curiosity cabinet, a man in the
latter part of the Nineteenth century
believing ir. a whole Bible.
My reason for not wanting the
Bible mended, in the first place, is
that in its present shape it is a mar
vel of preservation. While 1,500
yeare after Herodotne wrote his his
tory there was only one manuscript
of his book, and while there was,
1,200 years after Plato wrote, only
one copy of his book, God took such
good care that we should get the Bi
ble that we have fifty manusciipt
copieB of the New Testament more
than a thousand years old, and some
of them 1,500 years old. We have
unimpeached men like Justin Mar
tyr, of the Second century, and Ter
tullian, of the Third, handing the
Book on down.
THE THREE OLDEST MANUSCRIPTS
are in the hands of the three great
churches of the world-the Protes
tant Church of England, the Greek
Church of St. Petersburg and the
Romish Church of Italy. It is a
matter oi history that Tischendorf
went to a convent in the peninsula of
Sinai, and was by ropes lifted over
the walls, that being the only admit
tance, and found in a basket of pa
per to be used for kindling fires, the
Bible in manuscript. He copied a
few leaves that night, and after fif
teen years of plann:ng got the valua
ble manuscript into the pression of
the Emperor of Russia. Our cs
1 )gue of the books of the Bible c
responds exactly with catalog
made centuries ago. Thirty-n
book-3in the Old Testament 4000 ye
ago and thirty-nine books now ; tw
ty seven books of the New Testami
1,600 years ago, and just twenty s
en now. Marcion, in the Secc
century, was turned out of the chui
and he assailed Christianity, but
his indignation he gives a list of t
Bible corresponding with onr ov
Assaulted, spit on, torn to pi ec
anathematized, burned, yet still (
hering. I ask you as men and v
men of common sense if you thi
that a good God would allow ti
book to g*t into oOO languages a
into 300,000 000 copieB and now cc
+'ront four fifths of the human ri
in their own tongue if the book we
not trne and right? Assailed a
found fault with more than any bo
ever written or printed, yet mc
widely spread and more potent th
evsr. Do you not think it loo
as though in its present shape
were divinely protected and car
The epidemics that are constant
sweeping tens of thousauds of boo
into the sepulchre of lorgetiulne
only seem to brighten the fame
this. Not one ot a thousand boo
lives a y?-ar. Not one of fifty tho
saud will Jive a century. All of tl
Bible has lived eighteen centurie
and much of it fifty eight centurie
and has more rebound than wb?
first put upon parchment or papyri!
This book stw the cradle of all ot hi
books, and will see their grave
Though at fifty centuries of age ye
might suppose it would
GO HOBBLING IN DECREPITUDE
on two crutches, it outruns all hum*
books in circulation and in iniluenc
Waiter Scott's Waverley Novel
Macaulay's History of England an
the most popular books of the cento
ries have not had so many copie
published in the last ten years as th
Bible. Yon have no idea hov; har
it is l'or a book to get through on
century or two centuries. There wa
a fire in a seraglio at Constantinople
aud some old volumes were throw
into the street. One of them wa
picked up by an ignorant coan who wa
examining it. A echolav locked ove
his shoulder, and seeing it was th
firsthand second decadj? of _Livv>h
offered the man a larg*.? reward t
put it under his coat and fellow bin
to the scholar's rooms. Bur. they gc
separated in the fire and so foreve
was lost the book of Livy. Piin;
wrote twenty books of history-al
lost. The most of Neander s writing
are lost. Of ISO comedies of Plau
tus, all got- but twenty. Euripide
wrote a hundred dramas-all gone
but nineteen. .Eichyhis wrote 10(
dramas-all gone but seven. Yarn
wrote the laborious biography of 70(
Romans-not a fragment left. Quin
tillian wrote his favorite book on th<
"Corruption of Eloquence"-all lost
Thirty books of Tacitus lost. Dior
Cassius wrote eighty bocks and only
twenty remain. Berssius' history lost
Almost ail the books are mummifies
in tho tombs of old libraries, touch?e
perhaps once in twenty years by some
m>tn who, after blowing the dust off
finds that it is a book he does no;
want. The fact that the Bible ha?
kept right on in its present shape,
and here in the latter part' of the
Nineteenth century is more discussed
than any other book, and stands ex
citing the admiration of all the good
and challenging the spite and wick
edness and animosity and hypercriti
cism of all earth and hell prove thar
it is fit to live and that it ne is no
court plaster to cover up imperfec
tions and wounds, no help from doc
tors medical, or doctors theological,
or doctors philosophic, or doctors
evolutionist. Is it not a miracle of
piotection just as it is, andis not that
an indication of how God wants it?
Man added the apocryphal books of
the Old Testament, but they fell out.
Council of Trent, Bishops at Hippo
and the Synod at Jerusalem declared
the apocryphal books must stay in,
but they stayed out. No mau to-day
would put the books of Judith and
Susanna and Maccabees beside the
books of Deuteronomy, or Job, or
Psalms. So attemps innumerable have
been made to add to the New Testa
ment gospels and epistles and apoca
lypse, but they all dropped right out.
Of the 300,000,000 copies not one
has left out a book of the Bible. Di
vinely protected age after age in ita
present shape, it is evident God
likes it as it is, and we ought to like
it as it is.
Further : I oppose the expurgation
of the Scriptures because that attempt
carried out would
RESULT IN THEIR ANNIHILATION.
The infidel geologists would say :
"Out with the Book of Genesis." The
infidel astronomers would say : "Out
with the Book of Joshua." The peo
ple who do not believe in atoning
sacrifice would say : "Out with the
Book of Leviticus." Those who do
not believe in miracles would say :
"Out with all the marvelous stories
of the Old and New Testament.''
"Out with the Revelation" would cry
some. "Out with all the Pentateuch"
would cry others, an i there would
be nothing left of the Bible to be
Worth as much as 'last year's aim
Dac. The expurgation ot' the Eib
would be its annihilation.
I am also opposed to the tinkerh
of the Holy Book because I ha1
noticed that in proposion a? peop
become good they like the old boc
aa i is. I never knew a man or w
man greatly distinguished for goo*
ness or self-sa rifiee that wanted tl
Scriptures altered. Many of nBha1
fallen heir to family Bibles. Thc
were read twenty cr thirty or fori
or fifty years. Go through them at
see how many chapters have be?
crossed by pen or lead pencil; see
on any o! the margins you could fir.
the words "not fit ?o be read." /
any time in the last half century th
book could have been privately e:
purgated. No; your grandfather ga?
it to your father and your fathc
gave it to you. Moreover did ye
ever hear of anybody being harme
by the so called cruelties or indecei
cies of the Bible ? A cruel book prc
ducee cruelty and an unclean boo
uncleanness. Fetch out of Christer
dom. and from all the ages, one pei
son whose heart has been hardene
or whose life has been derpoiled b
the Scriptures. My opinion is tha
the people who niaki such ado abou
the indelicacy of the Bible are prc
rient in their tastes and imaginationi
Any man who can not read Solomon'
songs without impure suggestions i
either .a heart or life a iibertm<
Any woman who is offended at th
indelicacy of the Scriptures is e:ihe
in heart or life an adulteress. Th
wickedness, described in the Old Tes
tament and New if? purposely am
righteously put, in disgusting shap
instead of tbe novelette, Byronic am
Parisian vernacular, which makes sil
attractive rather than appalling
When the old prophets ehow you ;
lazaretto you understand it is a lar
aretto. When a man after being bet
ter goes back into sinful ways,
THE BIBLE COES NOT SAY
"He has yielded to the fascinations o
the festal board," or "surrendered tc
conviviality," or "become a little fast.'
It says : "The dog hath returned tc
his vomit and the sow that was wash
ed to her wallowing in the mire.'
No gilding of iniquity; no garland
ing of a death's head ; no striking o
ein with a silver mallet instead ox ar
iion sledge-hammer. * ,
:. But I eau easily see how peoj^j
can c^?WBmm^r.? morbidly hover
ing aroustt those parts o: the Bible
descriptive of uncleanness until they
shall be as full of it as the nostr?e
and beak and wing and claw of thc
buzzard are foll of the odors of a car
eas?. It is not the Bible that need?
disinfectants, my brother, Bu much a;
you need to have your entire mind
and heart washed with carbolic acid
I might as well at this stage ot the
sermon say that the people who ?vant
the Bible dunged have never been
soundly converted. The laying on
ot hands of Presbytery or Epi-copacy
can not change the heart. Men get
into the pulpit, as well as into the
pew knowing nothing of the sover
eitf? and ali-converti;iggr ce of God.
G?t your heart right and the Bible ;s
right. The trouble is not with tae
book. It is with natures that have
not by radical, gospel change been
brought into harmony wita the book.
Expurgation ol the heart is what
is nee-Jed, not expurgation of the holy
oracle. You can not make me be
lieve that a book which at this mo
meut ' es on the table of the purest
and best men and women of the age.
and a book that was the dying solace
of your kindred already passed into
the skies, has a taint in it that by
t)\e strangest microscope of honest
criticism could oe made visible. I
hurl back the insult to my Bible. If
men are uncontrollable in their in
dignation when the integrity of wife
or child are assailed, and judge and
juries as far as possible excuse vio
lenee under such circumstances, what
ought to be the over powering and
long-resoundiDg thunders of condem
nation for any man who will stand
in Christian pulpit and assail the
VIRGIN PCMTY OF INSPIRATION,
thr well-beloved daughter of God.
Expurgate the Bible ! Better go to
the picture galleries of Venice and
Rome and Dresden, and retouch the
old paintings. Perhaps y u can find
a foot in some figure of Michael An
gelo's "Last Judgment" that needs
improvement. Perhaps you might
lengthen the chin of one of Rem
brandt's facet*, or put a new crest on
thc waves of Turner's "Slaveship,"
or throw more pathos into Reuben's
"Descent from theCross," or improve
the color in Titian's "Assumption."
Or go into the sculptor's gallery and
refashion some of the limbs and
change tbe posture of the statuary of
Phidias and Praxiteles. Such icono
clasts would soon find themselves in
the penitentiary. But worse vandal
ism is that which would attempt to
retouch the masterpieces of inspira
tion, or remodel themoral giants of
this great gallery of God. Now, let
u? divide off. I demand that all those
who do not believe the Bible cross
over into the ranks of the enemy.
Take your position behind the devil's
guns. Do not try to make a compro
mise between infidelity and Chris
tianity. Out-and-out opposition we
prefer to these
who believe the
ble and don't be
lieve it, who accelt the miracles and
don't, accept then! trimming on one
side to suit ekepifckm and trimming
on the other sicwo mit their own
pride of heart, ai-?who seem to think
that in order to ?ve their courage
! they must make"Mie Bible a target
and shoot at GojjSThere ie one thing
j that encourages':;
! that is the Lord,
and perhaps ma<
it a little while
Lon? live the Bibi,
j Hands off, ye fl;
Koh-i noor ari*
Stand by the Bil
virtue but it cl
not a sorrow bu
is not a good 1)
ita foundation :
braver, holier m?
roe3 and hen
A boy named
not loDg since ii
to every parent.]
the grammar EC
or wincer, and \^
a high grade i
might appear ii
He studied ol
the night, givinj
in the day tori
ous strain upon[
at his desk,
lems on hm
weak or ?i
by the fae]
in the grs
died ? j
that a system i
daces such dei
faulty. The ol
to cripple themj
Instead of t?
briefest time th\
that he make a
are urged into al
ble only to excej
are not exceptio^
boys who are
should be consi<
have other cap?
quite as useful
of their more i
It is the dur
watch and con!
ohild, If he ha
? ner, let him b!
there are highej
before bim than!
publication of h|
al health, a cl
and a clear, cab
should be the
training, and an]
or petty prizes
should be avoid?
If a boy is nate
not keep pace
wke heart ; learn]
that thoroughly ;
ward the m an hoc
Out in the big ;
play his part it
his school avera?
he is truthful ,1
he has learned hi
and he has show]
sluggard if he is
ready and waitn
the very fjualil
place among mel
Dux every yearf
Governor of Soi
a brilliant mei
Bar, who has bi
time past for hit
medicinee go, h<
all that is furthel
and, with Mrs.
for home on th
close of April.
The largest fi
leans, on being
ail the cocoanut
he sent ann ?alli
York, to be gq
?very much, and
re out to manage
.o. they were born,
ab!e to manage
they are dead,
king of books !
[.critics, from this
is not a
aends. There is
any nation but
the Ten Corn
are no grander,
gs than the he
whom it blo
Mlliam Einer died
New York under
.'He had passed into
Ll in the autumn
L?xabitious to reach
(he next June ex
^er that his portrait
certain school jour
if school late int?
timself but two hour
recreation. As th
iroached, the nerv
lim became more es
g'dny he sank dow
ras carried home t
lirinin he recited h
or scribbled pro'
. The strain mu
?, aR he was not
?y? which was prov)
e lingered for wee
iisease which oft
leek which this b
ri in a New Yo
iliug to pass in r
^insane by 1
pledge, aound p
, objects of yo
rh ich destroy
illy slow, ar
iwhat he can
1 where h?
.fers little v
as t wo or
honest : i
?as weil d
'that he if
l&low; his i
for him th
!5 of si own
help him to
than if he h
the well kn
Ith Carolina, i
lor cf the Ni
, health, find
him that (
.needed is r
|iin is now i
K Y. TrU
uit seller ii
Wei np ^
INSANITY AND ALCOHOL.
The Close Relations Between In
ebriety and badness.
Interesting Papers by Prominent Phy
sicians Rearl at the Cloiiug Ses
sion of the Societv lor the Pro
tection of the Insane.
INEBRIETY AND INSANITY.
It cannot be doubted that in ali
oivi?i/ed countries insanity increases
in a manner which is ont of propor
tion to the increase of popnlaaoa^gOf
all the tributaries to this starffing
fact, there is none so lasiing in its
effects, so harmful to the physical as
well as the moral Hie, as the abuse of
intoxicating liquors. Intemperance is
an iuexhau3tibie source of the develop
ment and increase of infinrny.
demands an undivided attention, not*!
only on account-of itb existing relation
bat particularly because intemper
ance, among all the factors which aid
in the increase of insanity, can best be
diminished and its influences reckon
ed. The relation betwen intemper
ance and insanity ia so definite and
clear that it is unnecessary to adduce
proofs. Limier has shown that in
France, with the increase bf alcohol
consumption, insanity has al?0 increas
ed.. In Italy a similar result has been
reached by investigation. In Prussia
it was found that in sections where
the largest number of drinking saloonf
existed, i. e.i where thc consumptior
of alcohol was the greatest, the num
ber of insane was also the greatest.
DISEASES CAUSED BY ALCOHOL.
Without doubt ir. is to alcohol tba
we must look for and find the mos
potent cause cf the development an<
spread of mental diseases. It is we!
known that alcohol acts as a disturt
ing element upon the nerve centre
even if it has only once been used I
excess. In consequence of the acul
disturbance of circulation and nntr
lion an acute intoxication takes pla?
which may range from a slight excit
tion to a complete loss of consciousne/
After habitual abuse of alcohol fan
tionsl disturbance of the brain si
spinal cord become constant and d
appear the less as the central orgai
degenerative processes are more a
more developed, processes which le
to congestions and hemorrhagic et
pions in tue meninges and ii the br;
itself. Thesi degenerations of 1
nervous system giveri-?e toa progr
ive decay of all intelligent and a
> is to
iiiretnmal ? tai
ble minded n
a large number
I and gradually e:
Tcay. The number
?oobol intoxication i
Tderable one. From 20
?nt. of all mental dise
a director indirect rela
cruel consequences of int
nee. An investigation among
lents iu the insane departmen
e Berlin Charity H spital, in 1
showed th*t among GOT patients
had entered as epileptics, 150, or
24 per' cent, had been addicts
drink-133 before and 17 after
disease had shown itself. Fur
that ot 1 ,??72 patients with deli
tremenp, 242, or over 10 per
were epileptic, and that in 221 ir
perance WHS present before the
break of the epilepsy. Finally
umong 2,079 patients who en
the department in six ana a half
393, or 18 per cent, were ine1
epileptics. Among 128 epileptic
I had occasion to'note, 21 per
were drunkards r.nd 20 percent
offsprings of intemperate parent?
baneful erects which is product
directly by the intemperance <
rents upon the mental constitu?
their progeny is surely just as
and disastrous as the list o? i
which intemperance deals dire
the mental life of man. Ou\ s
of the inheritance of a deprave
pathological constitu? iou. the cl
of intf-mperate parents frequen
fer from au abnormal physical
ization. As in the progeuy ol
epileptics, suicides ned crimii:
also among the children ofdri
do we see cases of congenital
f what j and imbecility, and im bri
! not a
physical and somatic degenera
of degraded morality, of vagra
ANOTHER VIEW OF Ti?R SC J
After a treatise on "The
; alic Education of the Insa:
i Means of Cure," by Dr. Jem!
of Dublin, the matter of " Ii
. ance and Insanity" was again
ernor D ? time ina paper writte
own ex-1 Norman Kerr, of London,
and since j flay8 :
!W York The relations bet ween inter
for some and insanity are so cloeethat:
s it now ing the various phases of th
Brown- : the expert is constantly rem
10 far us j the latter. The clo.eneas o?
and that nection must have been obsi
est. Gov- ! the ancients for one of the
11 Home, : of the Sanskrit verb 11 mad']
get drunk," and the Sausl
' nudd" denoted first, int?
f?cond, insanity. Aristotle
drunkennehs is voluntary
At every stage of habitual
occasional inebriety sympto
veloped, which ?eem more
?itu black madness produced by a phy
than to moral obliquity or
i, will sail
i New Or
) to New
ety, or j
cy ; also I
ney arid j
oe aa a ;
es Lalort :
?n by Dr. :
inded bf j
' th?G con- '
, waa " to ;
said that '
and even j
mB are de
allied to '
sical calife |
Though nearly as clear-headed and j
as well-disposed ;<s his abstaining
brethren in tue interval* between his '
attack?, yet during each outbreak he
is guilty of freaks cf stupidity and
violence which may truly be said to !
ba the acts of a maniac. A woman 1
was imprisoned one hundred diner- j
enc rimes for drunkenness and theft. !
Each timi1 she had stolen n tub. Si e j
was a washerwoman. Waa each o:
these acts of theft not the act of one
temporarily insane ? Is it not mon
strom to pnnieh such a person as a :
criminal, without any hope ol'reforma- i
tion, when, i: she were treated as one j
diseased in an inebriate retreat, there ?
would be a fair opportunity of trying !
-^^-i?gatment ? I
have kuown a man, qpie*Ta1*Tr-rnTj7i*rn--i
sive in his sober moments, so mad
df d daring his periodical drunken
outbreaks thar he was always then
possessed of an insane desire to set
ii:e to everything. An accomplished
friend of mine, given at times to strong
drink, whenever he gave way to ex
cels was seized with an overwhelm
ing desire to shoot some one. The
thousand and one delusions to which
periodical drunkards are subject, the
crimes which only the unceasing vigi
lance of others keeps them from com
mitting and the crimes which unhap
pily they succeed in committing; ar<
weil known to alienists as " confirma
tion strong as Holy Writ" of a tem
porarily insane state. Intemp?rant
is a cause of insanity, aud insanity is ;
cause of intemperance. Alcoholic epi
leptic mania is frequent. With all on
ignorance concerning the propertrea'
ment for such patients, we knew, hov
ever enough to warrant ns in insistir
on the treatment of habitual inebrie!
and insanity as diseased conditio*
rather than their punishment i
criminal offences. Deal with the i
ebriate as yon have so successful
dealt with the maniac-with kin
MORE Hoo AND HOMINY.--The lc
prices at which cotton is Belling is n
having a good effect on business, a
as theie seems to be no prospect of
advance in the fleecy staple soon, ti
state of things will likely contin
for some time to come. The prest
crop ia very large, ami many mai
factories have stopped operations,
they have more goods on hand ti:
they can sell. With thia ?tate of thi
wo!*jd it not be wise for our IV.T?
this year and m tor mom " i
and hominy ?-/.xij'Ma 2I?EK;*
The eminent metallurgist, F. \
Briestrn, ia un unie article in a G
man paper, announces a large <
steady decreHse in the production
gold." Several countries once tam
tor their poid productions do not i
y;eld their own supply, while a :
eral decrease ia taking place ali c
the world ia the very teeth ot a g:
expansion of commerce demandir
A bad sign-A forged Signatur
A designing man-The areli
Appropriate name for a bulldi
A friend every man turn6 his
The man who lends his inflo
rarely gets it back.
It is the sunshine Itseil '
mwken every shadow.
Hate burns longest and ?(
whose fires are kindled by envy
Good advico and timely assis
alleviate much human suffering
The meat dealer should be
man for he L always ready to
When alona, watch thy thoi
in the family, thy temper; ii
pauy, thy tongue.
There are epidemics of nol
as well as ol disease.
It takes a girl about four
longer to wash the Iront wind
a house than the back windowi
Many a man who snarls and
at his wife in public is very
and tender when no one else ia *
He has to be.
" Whistlers are ol ways g
tu red," says a philosopher,
body knows that. It is the fo
have to listen to the whistii
Somebody has discovered
correct pronunciation of tb
Khedive is "Kedowa." Th?
as well ?eil ue that the prope
pronounce bee hive is behowi
Believe nothing against
but on good authority, no
what may hurt another, un
a greater hurt to conceal it.
A theimomerer plunged
(mow to the depth ol four in
mark nine degrees moro hea
No man can be revengefu
deliberately keeping his ow
opeu. Let your wounds he
then you will be ready to
but if you probe them ev*?r
pain you give yourself only
inflame your hatred.
" Jones, if burglars ehe
intoyonr house,what would
''I'd do whatever they r?
me. I never had my own v*
houso yet, and it is too lat<
now-yee, alas ! it's too lat
Subscribe to the ADVKB
S?lEX mmmmtL tu.,
CHARLESTON, S. 0.
SOLL'BLE GUANO, highly amcnonjaied
DISSOLVED BOXE, hi?hest grade;
ACID PHOSPHATE, for composting;
ASH ELEMENT, made of Float-:, for Cotton, Grain and Peas ;
GENUINE LEOPOLDSHALL KAINIT, imported direct from the
. Aliues m Germany, and warranted pure;
GENUINE FLOATS, ol hiebest, grade, produui ol' the Pac Atomizer:
SMALL GRAIN SPECIFIC,
COTTON and COR^i COMPOUND :
GROUND DRIED FISH and BLOOD ;
GROUND RAW BONE;
N. S.LAND PLASTER;
. ; COTTON SEED MEAL,
Special Formulas made to order.
Special inducements for cash ordeiv.
For terms. Illustrated Almanac* and cards address the Co.
Jan. 2d 1S82.-I 6
702 Broad Street, Cor. Mcintosh.
KEED Sc BARTON'S
Celebrated TRIPLE-PLATED WARE.
CLOCKS, BRONZES & PINE FANCY GOODS
A?OrHTA, OA., Nov. 27, 1880. 1?51
WE are now looa ted at our NEW STORE, with Boilble the I'OOHl
we have ever had before, and with Twice the stock We have
ever had. Om fast increasing traae has compelled ns to go to the ex
pense of having an ft levant Illustrated Catalogue printed,
which will be ont in about ten days. WRITE. FOR ONE.
J?gP? We still defy competition, and Lead in Low Prices and Good Gooda.
J. L. BOWLES tc CO.,
Oct. 1?, 1882.-01?] 88? & S41 Broad SI., AUGUSTA, GA.
Watches, Diamonds Jewelry
SILVER and PLATED WARE, CLOCKS, &C.
I have received and am receiving daily, th* tinrst line of the above gooda
ever bronchi to thia city, at PRICES LOWER THAN EVER. Agent for
the BRAZILIAN SPECTACLE. WATCHES and CLOCKS- rep*i~d and
warranted: WUR SC-WW
nm M my m i
ugh ts j
r way to
lese it be ?
ches, will j
,t than at !
al np and
j day the
ray in that
3 to begin
W. J. Pollard,
731, 734 and 736 Reynolds Street, Augusta, Ga.
On hand and to arrive, the largest stock of Machinery, Belting, Steam fitings,
?fcc., of anv house in the South, consisting iu part of the following:
100 SMITH COTTON PRESSES.
100 POLLARD'S CHAMPION COTTON GINS, with Feeders and Condensers
100 FAIRBANKS STANDARD SCALES, all sizes and patterns.
20 TALBOTr ?fc SON'S ENGINES, "> H. P. upward.
20 WATERTOWN ENGINES, from 4 H. P. upward.
'20 C. ?fe G. COOPER .fe CO'S ENGINES, from 6 H. P. upward.
25 J. W. CARDWELL ?V CO'S ?RAIN SEPARATOR, all sizes.
2r> B. GILL de SON S "PEERLESS" GRAIN SEPARATORS, all sizes.
SD "ACME"' CLOD CRUSHERS and PULVERIZERS, the Lightest and
Most Thorough Pulverizers Ever Used.
60 RAWSON RE ATE RS-Single.
25 JOHNSTON HARVESTER CO. REAPERS-Single.
10 JOHNSTON HARVESTER CO. REAPERS aud MOWERS, Combined.
IO JOHNSTON HARVESTER CO. REAPERS aud BINDERS, Combined. ,
Iv HUBBARD CLEANERS and BINDERS (Independent); will take up the
crain and bind it at any time after it is cut.
10 EMERSON, TALCOTT ?te CO'S REAPERS
20 EMERSON. TALCOrr cfc CO'S STANDARD MOWERS-liew MANNY.
20 JOHNSTON HARVESTER CO. MOWERS.
20 RAWSON MOWERS.
Also, large stock of
EXTRA HEAVY RUBBER and LEATHER BELTING.
LACE LEATHER, BELT HOOKS and RIVETS.
STEAM GUAC?ES, WHISTLES, GOVERNORS, INSPIRATORS.
CHECK, GLOBE. ANGLE. PKETand OTHER VALVES.
OIL CUPS, LUBRICATORS, and all other Steam Fittings used.
Purchasers are cordial!}' Invited to call at my New Office, No. 731 Reynolds
S:r?'Pt, and examine the inost complete stock.of goods in the above line ev' col
lect'.'il together in this city.
JOSEPH DAY. SAMUEL TANNAHILL
BAY & ?AMAHILL,
-WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
SHOE FINDINGS, BELTINGS.
733 ami 735 BROAD STREET,
HAVING puronased ou the Int inst,
the interest of Mr. S. H. Sibley, in the
lirm of DAY, TANNAHILL <fc CO., we
respectfully solicit tho patronage of the
public for the new iiriu, and ofter to our
customers a splendid assortment of VE
HICLES for the Spring Trade. Half
Top VICTORIAS, Extension Top VIC
TORIAS, ROCKAWAYS, JUMP 8EAT,
Top and no Top Buggies, two seat Bug
gies, Phietons and Spring Wagons of all
xiyles. We have the agencv for WIL
SON, CHILDS ?fc CO'S. Philadelph
Wagons and Carts, the best work for Plantation'use in the United States. Also
agents for the OLD HICKORY WAGON, which ranks next, and the Patent Hay
Rack Body. We continue thc manufacture of our One Horse Plantere* Wago
iug. Copper Rivets. Ponchea. Sets, Ac, and tho hem Lacing ever brough
this market. Wagon Material, Axes, Spring?, Bolts, Spokes, Shafts, ?tc. Bnj
Umbrellas, Children's i aniages-ali styles. Fine Trunks and Satchela,' all at
duced prices. Cet. 5, ISS0.-ly.]
JOSEPH S. BEAN, Jr.,' Cashier
ALFRED BAKER. Prc.Vt.
THEMOST PROSPEROUS BANK IN THE SOUTH,
811 Broad Street, Augusta, Ga.
ASSETS OVER ?100,000 I.V PRET?ItJT? BGXfiS.
SECURITY FU.YD IN PREMIUM STOCKS.
; ?gr* Interest paid on Deposits. Sums ot ?1 and upwards received. Bonds and
: Stocks bought and sold for Investor*.
JOSEPH S. BEAN, Jr., Cashier.
e !" j W. M. B. YOUNG, )
I E. R. SCHNEIDER, } Finance
- ! ED. O'DONNELL. J
Com rr Ute?.