Newspaper Page Text
. Bacon. Tinos, J. Adams.
ieU, S. C., Joly 23. 1*85
Rapidly increasing Enterest ia Onr
successive meeting of oar
Agricultural And Mechanical
Society becomes unmistakably more
interesting, and, what ia still better,
more earnest. The meeting of last
week waa more largely attended than
any one for macy months ; and the
exercises of these meetings have fet
tled down into a convenient and ju
dicioas routine. President Tillman
and Secretary Chea the m were prompt
ly in their placee, and the first busi
ness transacted, which need be re
corded, was the election of delegates
to the Sommer Meeting of the State
Agricultural Society and State Grange
at Ben?etieville, in Marlboro County.
The delegates elected are as follows,
gentlemen who by their social gifts
no less than by their active internet
in agriculture, will very worthily rep
resent Edgefield : B. R. Tillman, 0.
F. Cbeatham and W. E. Prescott.
The alternates are S. B. Mays, J. N.
Fair and V/. E. Ti m m er m an.
After this, those members appoint
ed* at-the preceding meeting to dis
cuss certain questions and make cer
tain addresses, were called upon to
"come forward and be beard. They
did so promptly. T-he_easaye,^-ef-|
MeEaw.-:Wv4^a?^H. B. Qa?lman
and R. Cantelou, opon the sowing
and cultivation of oat?, we publish in
full this week. And upon reading
theee essays, oar agricultural public
will at once see the earnest zeal, the
practical good sense and the valuable
experience that now characterize the
meetings of this Society.
The address of the Hon. W. H.
Timmerman-"How Should the Farm
er Rank With the Other Professions?'?
-was also, notably, a very valuable
paper. We shall publish it in onr
And between this and the August
meeting, we beg our farmers in all
parts cf our County to diligently study
the following sound and sensible talk
from F. D. Curtis, editor of the
Farmer and Dairyman :
"If the farmers in a single town
ship, or even a neighborhood, were
thoroughly organized for the purpose,
with but little expense to each, they
could produce the finest blooded
horses, the most showy and graceful
cattle, the heaviest fleeced sheep or the
purest bred hogs, and the gain wonld
more than compensate for the effort.
They would be enabled to command
higher pi ices for farm stock, the cost
of transportation would be lessened
from the ability to market in bulk,
the most costly agricultural imple
me^te could he produced, and the ad
vaiit S of Bchooh, churches and
libraries - be available to ell. In other
words, if capital can stud the ocean
with thousands of asile, croas the
mountains with lightning speed, and j
-r *wdl<\**vr). KnjruliuvAjs- 'S-m-immi>?-ta en
terprises, it teaches farmers that by
following the same course they can
do many things for themselves that
Would be impossible for the single in
dividual to perform. United effort
overcomes all difficulties and sur
mounts every obstacle, great or small."
This week we publish Senator
Hampton's interesting account of the
Legion's noble work at the first bat
tle of Manassas. If we mistake not,
the object of the article is to correct
certain errors made by Gens. John
ston and Imboden in their accounts
of the battle published lately in the
Century magazine. There are hun
dreds ci men in Edgefield, surviving
soldiers of the Legion and descend
ente of dead ones, who will read this
article with iutense interest and pride.
Small drain.?How lo Prepare the
Laid and When to Sew lt.
Au JEssay Bead t>v W. I? Dnr?t, Ese..,
Before the Edgefield Agricultural
Society at Itt July .Meeting,
In opening the discussion of "Small
Grain," " how to prepare the land,"
and "when to do it," I will take up
first the cereal most generally and
successfully grown in our County, vizj.
Oats. The last censuaj^terSiT show
the oat production 0f the United
States in 1879, in round numbers, as
407,000.000 buehelg. Of that amount
only about- one-half ; vt pire~~pt>ij-pcut>7
or 2,715,000 bushels, were grown in
South Carolina. Our own County pr
duced of that amount 415,000, or
na&r?y iah" a million bushels, about
15* per ce?t>of- the crop of the State.
We naturally say this was good for
one County, and feel like boasting
again, as some of us have done in the
past, of having made at some particu
lar time anywhere from 20 to 75, and
even 100 bushels per acre. But re
member that. it took 36,000 acres to
produce the 415,000 bushels, which
gives us only about ll J bushels per
acre. It is true we raised much more
than that in 1882, probably three
times as much, for I know nearly one
fourth of that amount, or one hun
dred thousand bushels, was grown in
one Township alone. But those are
the figures that go to the world as
oar ann nal crop, Iii bushels per acre
for the County, and 10} for the State,
while in the North-West the average
was about thirty-five bushels per acre.
How shall we prepare our mds to
produce more than Iii busaels per
acre? Alas! too few of us have done
aa well this year. As this is supposed
to be a body of our most advanced
and practical farmers, I feel embar
rassed in attempting to open a dis
cussion on small grain culture, at this
period of the history of agriculture,
and not being able to say com et h mg,
of my own knowledge, of those im
proved implements, the Seed Drill,
the Broadcast Sower and the Roller,
which are so extensively used in put
ting in grain in sections where the
bulk is grown, in the absence
that experience, I will quote fromoi
last census.returns in regard to eon
of those Implements; though not?:
actly in order at this point, as the
.ire p,li rr. en ti med in the article c
wheat, and are nowhere referred I
in connection with oats. But tl
same imp) eme nts for the saraereasoi
are also used for seeding oats. "I
the older States, New York, Penney
vania.?nd Ohio, more grain is dillie
in tba.: is sown broadcast; but whei
there ia little or no danger of wiot<
killing, as in California, broad cai
sowing is mach more largely practice?
Done on a large scale, broadcast SOY
ing with machines, and covering wit
harrows, is cheaper than sowing b
drills; but on- smaller farms, and i
mixed farming, authorities differ i
to the relative cheapness betwee
broadcast sowing by hand, and dril
ing by machine.
"The 25,000 acree of the famoi
Dalrymple farm in Dakota, were sow
in 1879 by one hundred'and twentj
five broadcast seeders and harrowed ii
Dr. Glenn, b'f Col aaa Co., Cal'foi
nia, with two iu^n and one brosdcai
seeder, sowed one hundred acres pe
day. But the advantages claimed fe
the drill, are that by frfqnent fret:
ing ancl thawing, a portion of the sm
face ie raised on email columns of ici
and the fibrous roots are drawn nj
ward ; and when the ground lhavi
and tbis is repeated, the roots ai
drawn out of the Boil aod exposed 1
the wind and ann; and thus the plai
is either killed outright, or is ver
*mT?c^lnj\rred in "its growth;-"W^ei
grain li drilled in, the operation c
the drill leaves the seed deposited 2
a uniform depth, and in the bottoi
of a slight furrow, and the same opi
ration of freezing and thawing whic
tends to dislodge the plants, also tent
to level down the ridges between thet
fnrrows, the soil falling over tho rool
and partially covering them. Fe
this reason, grain that has been drille
in winter kills less than where it he
been aown broadcast."
Let us decide first which of oe
landa to eow : cultivated land or stu I
ble. On many farma in the clay so
section of our County, we find ubot
one half the land in stubble, the ott
er in com and cotton ; and on o the
farma probably one third of eacl
Now where we have sufficient lan
in cultivated crops, which being seeri
ed down will ordinarily produce tb
amount of grain desired, acct wher
the stubble land will produce cult:
vated crops, I fail to see any goo
reason for cowing again the stu bbl
land, which is now filled with bumu
and is in the very best condition t
produce cultivated crope. But i
some scclions there are large bodie
of land, mostly abandoned imtnedi
ately after the war, and recently re
claimed, which produce only oat
profitably. These lands must, of ne
censity be sown in oats year a'teryeai
When first taken up, under favorabl
ee^--v_and having been clos'^r-j;??
-??y, LWraiB iiac .J^liwbuc??oy-n?? H.
stock law, they produced most abo
dent crops. Bat with dry tammi
and fall seasons, which retarded tl
sowing and prevented the plants fro
being well rooted before cold weathi
set in, aud owing to the friable coi
dicion of the eoil after having bee
sown a few years consecutively, son
of the crops have been nearly fail un
on account of 1 winter killing." Tt
plan generally pursued was to tui
the foil in August or September, tl
sooner the better, and sow the oat
either before or after lurniug and ha
row. The only suggestion I can mat
to day, aa a paitial remedy againi
"winter killing" on this class of land
where seeding has been delayed 1
dry weather, ?9 to manure with aci
phosphate, or acid phosphate an
kaiuit and cotton seed-and roll t
the time of seeding.
The manure will stimulate a vigoi
otis giowth, and cause the' plants t
be more deeply rooted when the col
Beta it, while the rolling would probi
bly prevent auch deep freezing an
throwing out of the plants. The lorn
er I have practiced with good resultf
the latter is mere conjecture on in
part. _-- -
Ijvjii?ru^?ike to iiupresB upon thoa
who have not had it brought to thei
attention, the fact mentioned, tha
closely grazed lands produce the met
abundant crops, and followinjg-Vui
. il.j, T nu pif m now'iift? iii|?prrn~i?
nent pasture in oats, and ou a portio
seed lightly and add red clover an
orchard grase ; change the pasture t
stubble land, and if successful altei
nate, and set each pasturo in turn i
clover and grass. Thia, so far as ck
ver and gras? ia concerned, if di)
may be a failure, or may lead to mor
grain, more grass, better cattle an?
stock, and lesa dependence on the ex
penaive cultivated crops.
But if we confide ourselves cloeel;
to the question submitted for diecus
sion, this may be considered digrea
sion ; BO I will speak next of land ii
cultivation in corn and cotton. Thi
may be eeeded between the rows ii
the growing crops, from 1st liugas
to lat. October, or even earlier, witl
almost any kind of plow-scraper
sweep, cultivator or harrow-that wil
distribute and cover the seed uni
formly, and leave the land as level a
possible. If corn or cotton has beet
gathered before the first of Novem
ber, it is beat to plow down the beds
sow broadcast and harrow acrosa4b<
rows. I anppose the drill wonld bi
valuable for this sowing, if not clog
ged by stalks in the operation. Aftei
lat November, plow down the bedi
and pat in with disc harrow or plow
and follow plow with smoothing har
row. The plants from this late seed
ing are yoong, tender and bat slight
ly rooted when cold sets in, but are
less liable to be killed if covered deep
ly aod well manured. I have hod
but little experience with epi ing grain,
and consider the crop less certain than
to follow either of the above- plans I
and would advise against sowing in
spring except in case of necessity,
and then would recommend manaring
As a sort of summary, and in con
cloeion on oats, would say that on
laud which has been rested and graz
ed, or that has grown only cultivated
crops several years iu succession, all
things being favorable, the largest re
sulta may be expected the first year;
aud where an extra large crop of oats
has been grown, it is not often fol
lowed by another as large for several
yeais, unless the soil be unusually
rieb, even though the land be changed
to cultivated crops and fertilized. It
seems (o take more than one year to
restore fully the oat element so large
ly drawn upon to produce an extra
We next take up wheat. Perhaps
the larger part of the soil in cultiva
tion in the boanda of the membership
of this society, is not well adapted to
its full development, and we are set
down in the 1880 census as producing
only six bushels per acre.
. It is well known that, with. ue,
wheat will only follow some cultivat
ed crop. And a clean cultured crop,
like cotton, seems to suit it best, Fol
lowing corn or cotton, plow down the
beds and sow as early after frost as
possible. On land not subject to " win
ter killing," it may be covered with
any ordinary harrow running across
the rowe. But on land where the
plants are liable to be injured by
freezing, put in with disc harrow or
plow, following .wrth-^apioothin'g -bar
row where 'plowed. Have grown
wheat on cotton lands* with euccees
hy both these methods, without ma
nure; and at other times have broad
cast at time of seeding from 75 to 100
lbs. of acid phosphate, and from 15
to 25 bushels cotton seed, with very
satisfactory results, producing from
twelve to twenty-five bushels per
acre. With this yield, I am sure
wheat can be grown as cheaply aB
corn, on soil adapted to its maturity,
when we consider the relative cost of
producing the two crops. From what
I have seen of the Drill, think it
would be preferable to these old meth
ods in saving labor and seed, securing
a more uniform stand, and would
leave the plants in better condition
to be protected from cold.
Barley with ns is grown only as a
grazing and soiling crop, and requires
the land to be rich to succeed. The
cheapest and most durable plan to
enrich soil for barley is what is known
as "cow-penning." The droppings
from a few cattle and a small number
cl sheep will keep a limited quantity
of land in condition to produce aver
age crops, without the addition ot
other manures, and is the beet pa) ing
crop we can grow. Barley follows
barley admirably, and there is plenty
of time between grazing or reapiDg
io spring and sowing in fall, to pro
pare tho land by repeated plowing
and harrowing1, and to manure by the
5 aryfgi -u;-;-. " j i mi: dp,0f?fe-** "
. manure on hand^t that season sup
r plementary to the droppings. Sep
5 tember is the month to sow tor early
i feeding. Continue at intervals of a
r few weeks until about first December,
. for late spring use.
An Ftsey by Capt. H. B. Gallman,
Read Before the Edgefield Agri
9 cultural Society at Us
; July Meeting.
1 To the Southern farmer there is no
3 crop ot more importance than the oat
' crop, especially so since the introduc
tion of the red rust proof variety.
3 Cotton perhaps may alone ! excepted.
And to a great extent these two great
? crops, cotton and oat*, seem adapted
7 to our county. We may not be able
j to compote with the Red River planter
in cotton, nor with the Weste?n farrn
er in oats, but when we take into
consideration our advantages, diver
sity of crops, soil, climate, water,
health, and with our proximity to
' markets, we should feel grateful to a
beneficent providence that our "lines
' have fallen to us in pleasant places,"
and that only industry, thrift and
' economy are necessary to make us a
r prosperous and happy, if nota wealthy,
people. The red oat seems to be well
adapted to the cotton States, and es
pecially to the upper portion of the
cotton belt. No food crop caa be pro
duced at so small a> cost, or Berve so
good a'purpose, as oats ; and no crop
yields a more generous return-when..
we take into consideration the amount
of labor betowed upon it, and the
slovenly manner in which that labor
is generally done.
It was the cusL/ui in ante-bellum
days, and in tact np to a very recent
date, to scratch in, or bog in, as the
case might be, a few oats late in win
ter or early iu spring, on the poorest
portions of the farm, and this was
regarded at the time as a venture of a
doubtful nature. Consequently there
was not much expected, and less
realized. For such a system as this,
there might be several reasons assign
ed, only three of which I here men
tion-the cheapness ol' slave labor,
the prevalence of rust in th? old
variety of oats, and the high pi ice ol'
cotton that obtained for a few years
succeeding the war.
It ie said that every ill has ita cure,
and every sweet its bitter, though we
may not always be able to realize the
truth of the adage. But we can now
really give thanks for the low price
of cotton, if it will divert our atten
tion to the production of our own
supplies for man and beast. Aud
nothing presents itself with more
promise of such a consummation than
the cultivation of the red rust proof
oat. When we look at the humiliat
ing position of the old "King," neg-1
lee ted and abjectly seeking a place in
commerce, with cottou mille shut
down, with more cotton and more
goods lhau tue -world demande, and
no prospect in the uear tutureot a re
action which will makea pound of cot
ton bring in market the cost of pro
duction, we cannot but realize tbe
solemn warning against our mad
worship nf this idol, which promises
wealtb, but gives nolhingsave povei ty.
In the face of this stern fact let un
tum about in search ol other branches
of husbandry which seem to woo our
attention and which, if they do not
freers entirely from the tyranny of
thia old deception, will at least enable
us to be reasonably soil'sustaining.
And then instead of buying all, w?
may have something to spare.1 .
Owing to our peculiar system of
farming (following cotton and corn
with oats and vice versa) it is diffi
cult to lay dowD a plan of preparation,
but the main point to success seems
to lie in getting the seed iu ai. the
proper time, which would seem to be
from the first ot September to the
first ol November. Many persons
ha/e bad good eucceee from August
sowing simultaneously with laying by.
the cotton. The writer is among this
number. But this plan has its ob
jections as well as its advantages, the
greatest of the former perhaps being
the unevenness ol the land, OD ac
count of old ridges. This, however,
can be overcome, to a great extent, by
running a small bulk tongue in thc
stalks and taking thenTup and them
running across with a Jones harrow*
This should be done\in December and
January. And thus would"-be over
come the chief objection ; and tbif
light tillage would perhnpo more than
pay expense by additional yield Thi?<j
August sowing saves the expense o
plowing in, which is quite an-ite
later on. *~4?^**r'
Another plan of sowing oats amoim
colton, which baa given satisfaction ?
was done in September, after tht
middle of the month. As the cottor
was picked, tho plows followed put
ting in the oats. This may be dom1
with shovels or -cultivators, without
injury to the cotton. The write) ;
would prefer this to August sowin;
provided it can be done at the tin?t
Where oats are to follow corn, they
might be put in during the month of
September, by following the rowr?:
and the unevenness of the grourjd
might be overcome to some extent ka
indicated on cotton land.
But under all and any (
stances, I regard timely sowing to
an all important point in oat rai
Much moi e might be written ffcon
this pregtiant subject-the prepara
tion of stubble land, hov/ to pu /Tho
seed in, &c, but this paper i^|per?
haps already loo long.
An Essay by lt. Canteiou, Esq jr Jhul
Before the Edge?iel? Agrkull '
Society at iia July Metal?/
?J \ A
At request of the Edgenelr? gri
cultural and Mechanical Socio '. . neBe
observa ions are given, upoj ~ i'ing
oats willi a drill, or aa Irily
planted, with a view lhat ? ' 3 y do
not directly profit, they ti' . pvife
diecussion that may elicit fj ?5 T/iect
..n *-< .1 .1 J?LL^- ' - 5 . ' '-^X
that, forming a chain found* j,arj
perience aud expeiimenl, mai
tage oat sowers. [ ? faa*
A Drill for planting grail1
&c, made by the Empire Dt Jfrt]j
Shortsville, N. Y., was used ?'. . V^t
rather experimental ly. All oalj j aj
ed by drill did reasonably wi J|h,
though some errors or fun Ita Ljefori
implement must be corrected ^blei
U3ed agiiu. These minor tr'^..|
are given, and the means to pC&?.,
them in future: Grans, leavee',lparj.
clog the hoes of the drill in euch f"ii??
ner as to throw the bees out ?-jj jn.
ground. To avoid this, all/* \^\\
tended for the drill must be/
ly cleaned of grass il j
peculiar fuzz from the/
the foicing tnbes.so th/ .,
ed ont, they failed to e/
be remedied by"" .Ly
a barrel, aller thro. /
will be cleaned aa >. . -ie
The cotton burs wouir/. &
hoes and occasionally stop'- .
more of oats from reaching the grofa
before noticed. This can be obviaie
by having the bottom feed cup rojje
longer. The hoes dc not enter j>?
ground deep enough in a hardey
surface. This can bo prevented}
attaching a light weight to each
One and one half bushels to \
>-^*^se used on eome plots, gW
oobushehvto the acre_on otly~
\j without, t any-^TO?trir^r appwen?] |
crease or decieaEe of ?tand. Olw
plots where tin's drill was ueed trj^
oats in cotton rows, the oats so;>
to show a bettor stand gener?
Side by wile, in one locality, the d^
ed oats wcie twice aH good as
hand sown and plowed in by shov^-j
bnt this wan on a Nor.t
and kandy laiiil. Otl.ef
not have differed so mue.
tion would arise: Whyi?vi
haps the top earth being|
w*t earth was uot manipul? '
drill, as the lower bottom ?.
by the plow. " Daub io oalv
wheat," ia an old aduge. Ie itlTgl
With thorough brealnug.heaw^j
nuiiug, harrowing and rolling
drill would no doubt be preferab '
an economic factor, bol.hloFdoin^
work, ami securing the beet res]
after the-work ?B done.
Commeicial fertilizers can be I1
died with lar more accuracy
economy Ly the drill thau witbou
use. A man can, say aa a maxim
go over eighteen acres per day, i
goes over nine feet at a going, oi
many rowe as a plow could lay
niue feet wilie a day, as raanv
us eighteen scooter plows used t.
over in a day for the same purr
A saving of at-bd ia also b?FcCt?ij
it is said Ihree pecks to the ac
In sowing oafs in cotton mw
pays, as it gives the opportun it;
get in the oat crop rapidly wher:
light full rains germinate them/ \
givflh chance for them to become
' wel^^ted by freezing time.
outside of the limited
Socj 'Question, the attention of
Kr I }era on both sandy and red
lani ' ? culled lo tbe use of kaiuit,
coi! ..?Led if possible with other ma
nu; ^aa a poseible good fertilizer for
BOJ -'fl giains. It will possibly prevent
ruinous freezing out, and increase the
cr?b fertilized by its use. Wheat ha?
l)$h benefitted by ils use. But "one
swallow does not make a summer,"
and a further test can be better re
?A1I persons planting sandy land,
ehouid test Ibis fertilizer, if '.veo io a
very email way. This is a suggestion.
lu planting oats, the di ill makes a
little furrow, in which the oat root ie
protected from the cold winda; and
t^e falling in of the earth, as it thaws,
lenders every freeze the same as a
plowing to the oat. This it sebtus
ifould adapt the drill to sandy land,
?s the trouble ie " freezing out" on
j For the Advertiser.
Two or Three Farmers Who Con
stitute an Exception lo Capt.
Tillman's Otherwise Irre
The lands along the line of the
Railroad on the Ridge are all im
proved by a mbre attentive cultiva
tion than generally exists in the in
terior of the County ; but it is doubt
ful if, as a clash, these farmers keep
ae free from debt aa those fnrther
from the railroad. This applies only,
0k&j*% to such as all w the railroad
'influences tn absorb their profits. But
many of them" hirvb kept ?l?oT from
the awful'folly of running large a>
conuts with guano ageutB and depot
merchants, by making their food and
fertilizers ht home.
Mr. Lcderick Hartley, of Bates
burg, belongs to this wise class of
good old-fashioned people. His state
ly and hospitable mansion stands on
an eminence jual above Bateaburg ;
and he preserves the simplicity of
true prosperity by makiug his own
corn and raising his own meat. Like
our good old f'rieud, Mr. Benj. Ouzts,
of Meeting Street, he raises big crops
of corn by "planting long rows, and
having a heap of them." And euch
corn as Mr. Hartley has I One would
not think land as near the Lexington
sand hills would produce such large
and lofty stalks, with two ears on
each stalk. And back behind the
house, amid the apple trees, that drop
daily their bountiful supply of ius
cious fruit on the ground, are his
huge, fat hogs-too full to eveu no
tice the mallow apples along their
shady path. His cotton and pea crop
aleo are veiy hue, aud Bbow ?bal they
are attended to by him in peraou.
Though getting toward hie threescore
and ten, Mr. Hartley ia as active and
energetic as ever, and gives his many
furrowed fields thu imprint daily ol
his own footsteps, which is said to be
Hu active, energetic habits are a les
eon to the regiment of idle youngster;
whose lolling forms lie stretched upoc
Eiiu lit beds, only to be roused by the
smell of bteakfast. He still rises at
break of day, aud goes out to bia
peach orchard and watermelon patch,
and gathers by breakfast many crates
of luscious fruit, which by good hand
ling, he sells for a good price iu Rich
mond, and at other points. This money
comes in good time. And then he
lives so splendidly at home! You
may talk about the tasteless pile of
dishes Ht t about nue at a city hotel I
Who knows where the lard comes
from that seasons the fond, or what it
?s made of? And the butter and the
egg/; who can tell how many rough
miles they have jolted in a peddler's
hot wagon? How "dull, stale and
unprofitable" is laehionable hotel fare
compared with that of a thrifty conn- j
try homestead like Mr. Hartley's!
Th's prosperous and model farmer has
for dinner, fat chickens just from his
yard ; new butter milk, cool and pure ;
tomatoes, freBh and red ; cabbage,
white and savory ; big Irieh potatoes,
beets, squashes and cucumbers, all
sweet and juicy from his garden ; and
rich, yellow butter; and light biscuit
shortened with genuine homemade
lard; and delicious ham of his own
make. Then for dessert : peaches
just pulled, with rich cream and su- j
?^^-^ax?Qj?i^B^ w i th-a- gl?ss-?f-fresh-r
Bweet milk. Aud-w^^. this, one
can help one's self all during the day
to peaches, apples, watermelons and
figB, that grow in the glowing Bun
hard by the deeply-shaded yard.
Just down the road, a little below
Mr. Hartley's, lives Mr. Wm. Milch
ell, the young and energetic Forman
ol -Batesburg. He farms according
to the improved methods of the times,
reads the Cultivator, and prepares lo
keep abreasl of the age. He is using
-be buggy turnplow to prepare his
aud, with the happiest results. His
ar?e fields of cotton are truly beau
iful. He has arrauged his laud into
egular plots, and rotates the land
vi t b oats, corn and cotton, not for
?ettiug the pea, which he justly coll
iders, like Gol. O. F. Cheatham, as a
;reat improver of woru outland. Mr.
Mitchell has also compounded a very
ue fertilizing mixtuie of his own,
"hieb, li oin the experiments showed
ie by actual illustration, is a decided
nprovemeut on any ready-madegua
o. His compound is a secret as yet,
ut be proposes to give it to the world
iter on. His corn, which he plants
i checks, and plowB both ways, is
(ceptionally fine, lie never put a
3e iu it I
When a country blseeed like ours,
LU raise euch corn as Mi. Mitchell
nv has, between Batesburg and Lees
Ile, it is a burning shame that the
right traius which roll up to the
i hoad depots in our land, should be
jilyioaded with sucks ol Western
rn, Messrs. Mitchell and Hartley
,ve proved that the bountiful God
of nature baa laid abundance right at
our fest, if we will but stoop and
take it up.
Mr. Alonzo Bates, too, is an exten
sive planter, and has fine crops all
around him. To in va as vast an area
as be hus, it is wonderful bow well
be manages to keep it worked.
Tue death ol I be lamented T. S
B.ite3 was a great loss to the'Ridge,
ss be not only contributed a great
deal of produce to the commercial
world, but was a jnat and benefitciti
zen, and a good mun. Since bis death,
his sou Alonzo, assisted by Mr. An
drew B. Watson, has been shoulder
ing aa unusual amount of agricultu
ral duty. But from bis thorough
knowledge of farming, he is equal to
All the crops about here, two weeks
ago,looked badly ; but since the late
good raiue, everything (is a larmer
said lo me) is "just a rearing"' i.ow.
Near Baiesburg, July 20, 1885.
We have just received a carefully selected
and complete assortment of Fishing Tackle,
to which we invite your attention and in
Apr. 15. G L. PENN & SON.
jj?-Go to PENN'S and buy the cheap
est (good) Toilet Soap ever offered in Edge
field. 30 cts. per dozen. Cakes regular
5 cts. size.
LANI if THE SKY !
HESUERMHYILLE, N. C.
Altitude 2260 feet.
THE undersigned bGfrleave-?o'ifff?rm^
the Travelling Public that they have
recentlv purchased the Virginia House,
and that under the new management the
House has been thoroughly renovated
and repaired for the season. You will
find large and well ventilated rooms,
good beda, an excellent table, and the
best of attention. The house is cool,
centrally located, and baa one hundred
and seventy-five (175) feet of verandas.
Stages leave the hotel for Ciesar'8 Head
and Asheville daily. Bus to and from
tue depot Open all the year.
C. W. GRAY,
of New York.
J. R. THACKAM,
July 15, 'S5.] of Columbia, S. C.
DUTCH BOLTING CLOTHS,
NOW is the time when everyone who
lins a Mill should be looking how
he can make the most and the best Flour.
In order to do this, he mus: have a good
Bolting Cloth. You can get that by call
ing or sending to
Miller's Corner, Aiujusta, (Ja.
July 1, 1885.-30 _
~ FIRST-CLASS LUMBER.
HAVING recently set up a Lumber
Mill on a finely timbered tract
about two miles Southward of Johnston,
and one mlle from C. C. ?fe A. R. R., we
now offer to the public the best of pine
lumber in all classes. We guarantee our
lumber and will sot our prices to suit
the times. J. P. ,fc J. W. HARDY.
May 27, 1885.-?-25
rble ! Gran
"nm w aa u ?afCSSSSS ^atpcigtapf
Iii m a I Tablet?, l?Ian?*e.",'?:<
HAVING oponed a yard at Johnston,
S. C , for the above work, we solidi
the patronage of the public, and guaran
tee work nnd prices to compete with
Augusta, Charleston or Columbia, aud
satisfaction given in every respect.
Call on or write to us at Johnston.
Prompt attention given to all orders and
IRON RAILING furnished to order.
? AK.IIMAN & V3?J.EM Ivi:.
Apr. 1, 1885.-17
For Reut, or for Sale on Rca^
1. A 250 Acr? Farm, near Dom's
Mill, well watered. Fine oats can be
grown on it.
2. Two Lots and a DweUiiig, at Ridge
3. Ko? Commodious Stores, at Ediro
field C. H. h
4. 2,000 Acres of Land, on Shaw's
Creek, 3 miles from Trenton, partly in
Edgefield and partly sn Aiken County
with fine timber, 'water powers, opon
land and tenant houses. Will bo cut np
into small tracts If desired.
Also, 2 good 45 saw Gins and 1 sot Mill
Stonos for sale.
ARTHUR S. TOMPKINS, Att'y.,
Aug. 12, '84.-tf J Edgefield C. H., S.C.
OUT OF THE ASHES!
W, fl, Iiis,
Respectfully informs bis Friends and
CuBtonioni.-that-fao hashes*' -
Since the Fire,
Sec up his rest at tho
with a good stock of
iow being daily recruited from tho best
uarkets in the land.
Come and see me.
W. II. BRIMSON, A'gt.
Oct. 21. 1884.-49
rHIS Thorough-bred STALLION will
stand the Spring Season at Johnston
n Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednosdaj's
?id balance of the week at Trenton.
Terms: $20.00 per season, and il* mare
m't prove, parties can have tho benefit
* next season. Or $2") to insure a foal,
room's fee, $1.00.
All parties sending mares must send
J. MONROE WISE, Ag't.
Feb. 24, 1885. b
Fine Properly for Sale,
i the Healthy and Flourishing Town
of Williston. on the 8. C. Railway
A lot of Iii acres of pineland, with an
chard nf about 500 fine, early peach
?I6S on the place. Also, a dwelling,
th six plastered rooms, and one negro
use, stables, barn, carriage house, dre.
ritlea perfect. Will sell lor half Its
lue. For further information, applv
G. S. Burckbaltor, Williston, S. C.?or
S. N. GREEN,
?9 S. Broad St., Atlanta, Ga.
M. 7. '84.-t.f44
tue German Carp for
IHE coming food fish of America. I
have both Breeding and Numil Fry,
I will sell them low and fillipprompt
Parllos wanting will pleuro apply
ly. aa they boar shipping better In
GEO. W. TAPPAN,
Whito Plains, Greene Co., Ga
.pr. 15, 1885-19
The Augusta ?ot?oa Crin Co.,
THE AUGUSTA COTTit? ?IX.
; [-: :-J
For Tine Sample. Clean Seed,
Fast Vork, Fine Finish ?Mi! Su
perior Mechanism, Ulis <.i? i< ?ol
Planters of ?dgefield should remember it is made clos ; to them, where
broken paris und repairs can be fm Dished promptly and at small coat.
WH REPAIR Cotton (rins of .my make in the heat manner.
EXCHANGE NEW FOR OLD GINS on ?Vir terras.
Have HO assortment ol' KE'"0N1)-II AN D1CD Cotton Gins, of varions
makes, overhauled and iu perfect order, for Rale, at extremely low figures
in fact bargains.
We sell AMES ENGINES. BIRDS A LL ENGINES, LIDDELL BROS.'
COTTON PRESSES, SAW .MILLS. GRIST MILLS, Ac., and the best
TRACTION ENGINE made in th? ?iiiled ?lat a. Ii will travel anywhere.
For Circulars and Term-, address,
O. M. STONE. Manager,
Office No 7, Warren Block. AUGUSTA, OA.
AUGUSTA, C?A., Jun? ?nth, 188b
Mr. 0. M. STONK, Manager Augusta t'ottnn Gin (Jo.
Dear Sir-At yur i wpiosl, wo linvti soon teated (ho "Augusta Cotton Gin,"
manufactured by rho Aus'iista Col lon Gin Coin nany. Tho li r.-t tevt wan made with
Seed Cotton, vory loafy und slitrhty wini ly. TH? lint produced waa very ?-lean and
beautifully ginned. Til? scennd teat wan with ? loir, inferior grade of Stained Cot
ton and very sandy. Th? lint produced WHS perfectly clean, and would soil in any
market as Clean Stains. A Her such a s:ii isfaolnry test, wo do not hesitate to recom
mend this Giu to planters in every Motion a* bein? tho best wo hnvo seen.
J J. DOUGHTY, of J J Doughty cv. Co., Cotton buyers.
R. D. KKI.T.EY, Cotton Moyer.
VV. A GAKUR?T, nf Garrett ,v. Latimor, Cotton Factors.
Cn?M P. BAKBIT, of .?' M. Burdell ?v. Co, Cotton Factors.
J. K. Kv A NS, Colton Shipper.
(?KO W CHANE, Colton Factor and Buyer.
.INO. P. Ron HUTS, of Wm. S. Roberts ck Son, C tton Factors.
B Rn? A Rn KUAN ic MN, Colton Broker.
J. ?;. MC?HNS?M), ColioirBroker.
JAM KS TUIMN, of Phinixy A (Vi., Cotton Factors.
N L. WIT.?.KT, Of PokrceJ Willoi cfr. Ballard, Cotton Factors.
.1. J. Bussell, or H. F. & J. J Russell, Cotton Buyers.
Kn WA RD ii. DICKSON, of Dickson Bros. Cotton Buyers.
F. COUIN, Superintendent Augusta Factory.
CUAS. HST ES, President John rv King Manufacturing Co.
GEO. T. JACKSON, President Knterpriso Factory
MOCOKMICK, S. C., May 6th, 1885.
Dear Sir-During tho fall or lss-11 ginned about 450 bale^_<^rtion with- MH?W
8AW AUGUSTA COTTON GIN, using for power a 0 li orso BirdsaU Engine. I
usually ginned -150 lbs lint cotton an hour The gin cleans tho seed perfectly, and
the lint Irorn it sold last Houison in Augusta at i to ?K per pound above the lint from
other gins in my soctlon: Mv patrons were wall ploased with my work. The gin
is now almost in porfect order. Yours trn'ly, WALTER TALBEBT.
AUGUSTA, GA , December 23rd, 1884.
Mr. O. M. STONK, Manager Augusta Cotton Gin Co.
Dear Sir-During the past season I have ginned -100 bales cotton on the CO-Saw
Augusta Gin. lt cleans the sood perfectly, makes an unusually fine sample and a
splendid turn out. Mv gin lias not laded to make a yield of over one pound lint
to 3 pounds seed. My usual time of ginning a halo ol" cotton is from 40 to CO min
utes. I can recommend the Augusta Cotton Gin to the public
COG BURN A STEVENS.
Mr. J. II. Oogburn, of Cogbnrn ct Stevens, also states that his gin has, during
the ontlre season, yielded more lint from seed cotton than any of the gins used in
his section. This result was not obtained from one plantation only, but from
many plantations, since ho used il ?us a traveling ginnery with a Birdsall Traction
Engine. The splendid yield "waa dne solely to the Augusta Cotton Gin, since
drouth had caused short crops, and therefore thc sta;io could nothavo beeu ex
ceptionally good. O. M. STONE, Manager.
NRAR HAMBURG, S. C., January 2S)th, 1885.
Mr. 0. M. STONK, Manager Augusta Cotton Gin Cn.
Dear Sir-During tho past Rinning season we used one of yonr?'1-Saw Augusta
Cotton Gins, with a li horso power Auiea Engine. We usually ginned abalejif
cotton in 45 minutes. Tho send was always perfectly cleaned, and the turu out as
good as could bo expected from any gin. Tho sampln was very line. The gin is
very strong and well made, and has given perfect satisfaction both to ourselves and
pu tn i ns. ? ' ,
The 32-inch mill, built for us by tho Augusta Cotton Gin Co., makes excellent
meal aud works well. Wo grind ? bushels an hour when rocks are in order.
, VKA/.KV, GRKKN CO , GA., January 23d, 1885.
Mr. O. M. nl'oNE, Manasrer Augusta Cotton Gin Co.
Dear Sir-The attachment which you put to my colton gin, virtually making
it an AugusiaGiu, causas the gili to make beautiful lint, and I nm much pleased
with it. It gives me pleasure to mooni mond your gin to my friends and others
who are planters. Yours truly, K. A. VEAZ?Y.
f?r* NOTK._Mr. Vessey makes tho linos! colton ol any largo planter in Georgia.
i 11 --Mi--- SBSHSSSMMSMSMSJMSB
The Whirl of Time Brings About Another
ITT HE LTISfVE 7 OF 0 ?R
We Open Hie Spriiijr Rosiness With a Slock of
9,000 Cases of Ladies' and Gents' Shoes & Hat*
Bought with tho CAS FI ai a terrible sacrifice and will be sold the same.vay,
BEAD THESE FIGURES.
5,000 pairs Ladies' Kid Laced Shoes at (SH
7,000 pairs Ladles' BCalf Hals ut VA)
4,000 pairs Ladies' Kid Button Roots nt 75
3,000 pairs Ladies' B Calf But. Brjols
for !.?"><:.. worth S 2 00
1,200 pairs Ladies' Kid Fox. Pol. Pat.
Slav 75c. wortii $2 00 i
2,000 pairs Ladies' Calf But. box top, i
$1 25, cheap at $2 00 |
WORTH We have in stock about 175 pr. T<ad i AS' Fin? Fonoh Kid,
6Kf\ handsowwi, Mutton Coots, Dint wo have sohVor fd and
. *J VJ 80.50. Trw) sizes are little broken, und W will
clo-sci thom ont for ?5.50 und c l per p>r.
500 pairs Lidies' Sorge Folish at
500 pairs Ladies' Kid NiwportTiesat
C5c, worth $1 50
lOOpans Ladies'Kid Now port But
ton nt G5c worth $2 00
ROO pairs Ladies' C'bth Slippers at
f-^gonerally sold at 50
1,000 pairs Ladies' Webb SUpoers at 10
The Last, but not the Lens*, of our Ladies' Dopnrlmot, ?sour "Wild Irish
man." baud-sowed that wn sold Tor ?:i per pair, will close his lot out for $2 per or"
We have about 700 pairs Misses' Kid Pox Polish, made by Viiglor, Miles and Dix
on, that we will eloso ont al $1 50 per pair, gehornlly sold nt $ and $2 25. We have
also about 500 pairs Misses'Kid Button Roots, m lido by Holers <fe Co., Dunbar
Smith it Co., and a host ol' others which we will close out at $.50 por pair. Those
goods are worth irom $2 to $3.
. Among our daily arrivals we shall placo before our peopleome "Landslides"
that aro positively beyond tho whisper of Competition, Conipt?wn, or Monopoly
-Prices that will tench you in tho silent logic or Truth, tho dinerfi?rcobetween
dealing with "Live and Hoad Men," betwoen tho Right and Wrong way or'oinir
In this Department wc Show More Extensive Featu
than any Oilier House!
For tho nextfow days wo will .soli about .700 pairs??jenLH,n!<'???yr
LmrQUHrloi1 Sh?esT Prince Alberts, Oxford?, Oxford Butteaa andi
Strap Ties. These Goods aro wol! worth ?2.50 per pair; we. wat close,
them ont for the benefit of our customers at i)0o. por pnir.
Wo have also about TOO pairs of Gouts' Congress Gaiters that are welt worth
51.75. Theso will bo closed out at 85c a pair.
JG3TWhy we Sell these Goods at such figures it matters not to you. What
ve promise we will L Yi3a
About 700 pairs of Gouts' Walking Bals th it wo close out at $1 n pnir. 500 ors
if Gents* Congress Gaiters at $1.50 ; worth $2.25 About 75 pairs Gents' Bnls. Con
;ross and Buttons, hand and machine sowed. This lot will bo closed at $2 75 per
?air; they are worth $1 ami $1.50 each. 110 pairs Gents' hatulsewedCongress Gait
rs that have boen soiling for S5 ; will clos? ont lot at $3 i>0 per pair. 75 pairs Gents
and-sewod English Bats, cnlfiined, that wo have sold for $0.50; wilVdio closed ont
t $4.00 per pair. HG pairs Gents' Congress Gaiters, opera cap too, that wo will
lose out at $5; former price of those was $7. mo pairs Gonts' Congress Gaiters
'rench too, cair lined, al $t.!i0; ronner price 3tl.R0 per pair. About 200 prs. Genia'
Inglish Bals, odds and omis ol'a big lot thal were formerly sold for $3 50- now
Did at $1.75. 250 pairs Gents' Cal f Ties ni $l.f.0 ; formorly $2.25. 275 pairs Gents'
alf Ties that we will close oui at 75c; worth $1 50.
flBfr* Who oAn tell the wasto of money when von get. vonr goods of Houses that
ny ou long time? Those aro genuino Pinkos, although tho prices raise a doubt in
oar mind. They could not lie manufactured al those figures under any eircum
IN OUK HAT DEPARTMENT
We presont a carnival of Novelty and a Festival of Elegance. What is the use
I* Wasting a Dollar wlion you may save it hy Buying ono ol'our MACKINAW
ATS for 75c , generally sold in town for $2.'
se our Nobby Straw Hats at. $1.
See our Young Men's Nobby Hals 40c
ie our Young Men's Nobby i lats al 20c,
See our Young Men's Nobby Hals, 5c
See our Latest Broadway Mackinaw, 50c..
See our Young M en's Nobby Hats, 30c.
See our Young Men's Nobby Hats, lOOc
See something very Loud ct Wide^ K?v
About 300 dosen Gents' Nobby Caps in al! colors, will bo sold at loo. oach,
arth 50.1. SOO dozen Boys' Nobby Saxony Wool Hats nt 10c. each.
This is the Music and these the Prices Hint Crowd our Stores. New Advanced
eas Crowding Oat thc!Old, Pluck instead ol Luck, Cash instead of ('redit, Brains
the place ot' Cheek, and Science ami Ability Boating Rack ami Crowding into Ob
ion These Moonshine Merchants willi their Voiigh and Tremendous
ter LO IN" CV P^ICES.lSfl
Che J. B. WhiteCo.,
740 BBOAD STREET.
Ingnsta, Ga.. Apr. 14, 1S85.-50
[ troted Cat?
... -mi- " EVERYTHING FOR THE GARDEN,"
?~r . a>mo rall Of valuable culturel directions, containing
Pl A IM I X Hirco colored plau-s. and embracing cveryiuln?
1 UAil X Unew ?nil raroln Soocln ?od X'lnnt?, WU
toas ot malled ou receipt of atampa to cover poat
t QT iooO* ago (6cental. To customer? of la?taewousent
_ _freo without nppllcaUon. _
, & co.,