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THOS. J. ADAMS, PEOP'E. 1
EDGEFIELD, S. C.,
, DECEMBER 3, 1885.
i VOL. L.--N0. 52.
Weep not that we most part,
Partings are short; eternity is long.
Life is but one brief stage,
And they that say life ends with life
List to thine own heart's cry
Love cannot die.
What thought so far away ?
Thy thoughts are still with me and
And absence has no power
To lessen what by nature is divine.
List to thine own heart's cry
Love cannot die.
Then weep no more, my love,
Weeping but shows thy trust in mi
Faith is by calmness proved.
For know this truth : Thou canst not
Unless thine own heart cry
Love cannot die.
-AU Ute Year Mourn
A COLLEGE FOR FARMERS,
The Need of Better Facilities
A Practical Farmer Pleads for Pra
cal Education tor the Sons of Fai
era-Marked Contrast Between A
?ir .of Ike iWuw and
Courier : Oed. Pope, of the Columbia
/?cj'wtoysays "he laughed heartily
/ at Capt.. B. E. 'Tillman's Bennetts
% ville speech," and* then explains that
"eve?ylody laughed, including the
. speaker, until they sat down cn his
. resolutions,' and then'hedid" "not laugh
so much." Nero fiddled while Rome
was barning, and if Col. Pope can
"' only see cause for laughter in that
speech and those resolutions, he ie
lesa of a patriot and statesman than
I give him credit for being. He
knows fall well that while there wae
much laughing it was anything but
I a comedy vand that the farmers be
hind the railing would have passed
these resolutions if they had had
voice in the matter, and I believe the
farmers within the railing-the dele
gates-would have passed them had
there been no adjournment and eau
cussing. None of my lRcts was con
troverted, none of my arguments was
. met and overturned, and although I
was "sat upon" I am not crushed or
silenced. I expected nothing else,
attacking as I did the College in the
house of ita friends, and the board ol
agricnlture in its own house. I did
not go to Bennettsville to pass resolu
tions, but to point out to the farmers
of this State how they are duped and
j robbed of their just rights by our
lawmakers. What I sought was an
I audience of intelligent farmers. The
farmers did the listening, the poli
ticiaoe the voing, and that explains
why the resolutions failed to pass.
Doubtless my attempt, single hand
ed and alone, to reform some of the
abuses and right some of the wrongs
ander which our farmers suff r, can
?only be likened to Don Quixote's tilt
against the wiudmill, (my arguments
met only wind, not refutation,) but
could I speak to South Carolina as I
spoke to Marlboro' there would be
some fine somersaulting to get on my
side, I imagine.
I may be a crank-I acknowledge
to being an enthusiast on the subject
of agricultural advancement and en
lightenment-but, if so, I am more
than satisfied'with my company. J
sent that epeech to Gen. Stephen D.
Lee, president of the Mississippi Ag
ricultural and Mechanical College,
and asked for facts and data to sus
tain my position. Here is the reply
of that distinguished soldier, who
rose as rapidly as any officer in the
Confederate army, and always sus
fained himself grandly in every po
sition he occupied. South Carolina
is justly proud of him, and it were
well for her to give ear to what he
says and profit by his counsel. As a
civilian he is doing more for the
farmers of his adopted State than all
the "Confederate brigadiers" from
Virginia to Texas.
GEN. LEE'S LETTER.
AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, MISS , \
October 21, 1885. j
Capt. B. E. Tillman-My Dear Sir :
On receipt of your letter I mailed
yon such literature bearing on the
^matter in hand asl could find, iaclr?fl
port, &c, some extending JRolt
starting of the college. I ttfpl you
new a copy of a letter written last
January UT Col. Edgar, of the Ar
kansas Industrial College, which will
obviate the necessity of my writing
at length except to add. I also mail
a copy of the report of a Convention
ol Agricultural College Presidents in
'Washington in Jciy last, marking my
?arts af the discussions. I point to
'ref. Knopp, also, as the ripest agri
culturist io that convention.
I have read your speech. . You are
in tke .main correct. Unless onr
- Southern people change, onr boys
will be "hewers of wood and drawers
of water" to strangers. Any system
of farming that gradually impovei
iahes land is criminally wrong. There
are lands in the old country to day
that bear one hundred fold more than
they,did in the days of William the
Conqueror. Oar present system is in
direct violation of the commonest
principles of agricultural science, rob
bing the land constantly and not re
storing the plant food extracted and
moved off in the crops. The best
- larmer is only a modest engineer of
nature, as to her laws. He must
comprehend the sciences underlying
agriculture, including all the natural
sciences, to attain success a? a farmer.
Yet oar farmers take their smartest
boys, expend thousands to make them
professional men, who have books
.^and books of cases, precedents, &c,
to hit any case that arises, while of j
the dance they make a farmer-the
boy who has tc anderstand nature
and her laws. Then again the edu
cated gentleman who has been train
ed for literature or the professions
goes to farming. Never having had
that technical drilling necessary to
make a farmer, which is deemed so
essential in all other professions, pur
suits or trades to insure success, he
' Bas to serve a long apprenticeship,
and often dissipates hie capital before
he learns anything about the buai
ness, or, if be makes money, dot
at the expense of the land.
The same loyalty that ie used
educating young men for other p
suits in their own colleges will
in agricultural colleges when pro]
ly conducted. The trouble has b
the literary professors who have bi
pot in charge of agricultural colle
-men not in sympathy with agrie
tore or the industrial classes in t
way, men who have always mc
their living with their brains a
having no belief in any other tba
literary training, or sympathy w
labor-hence the general fa?u
These remarks with the literati
sent you will give the key to succi
The very heading of the Federal 1
endowing these agricultural colley
is "To benefit agriculture and t
Now, we are winning daily on I
farmers in this State. We now hs
in attendance 350 students, 190
college classes, the balance in 1
preparatory department Had
accommod?t'nus we would have 'io
but we are fuL. Whenever wa h<
a farmers' institute we get from 15
20 boys. These institutes are "far,
era' experience meetings^". Th
pe" ! "Itv attepdflflpWttgKMMbar
with the konara pr*s
out, giving1 . scientific : and practical
.hearings, exchanging views sad an
swering questions. These"1 institutes
are growing in popularity and aie
great educators themselves.
Tho trouble in the collegs is to find
worlhor the boya The boy who
does not work is looked down on,
and they are marked in their work
as they are in their studies. Whet h
er they work or not they are com
pelled to go there the same as-they
are compelled tc go to the recitation
room. We have recitations in the
morning, work in the afternoon, study
at night and early in the morning.
Education comes first, work second.
The boys are thus more healthy,
more contented, less disposed to "sow
wild oats," and, above all, do not lose
their respect for the class from which
they sprung. Besides this, labor, paid
for at eight cents per hoar, goes far
to enable poor boys to pay their
We have a 2,000 acre farm, 400
acres in good cultivation, the bal
ance pastnrsge; 300 head of stock'
35 pure breed, the-balance grades,
&c. In a few years our sales of stock
will be $10,000 annually. Wc now
sell milk and beef to students amount
ing to over $500 per month. The
creamery is a success-run entirely
by students. We can't supply one?
filth of the demand for our buttor. It
takes precedence over Northern cream
ery bntter wherever it comes ic com
petition with it? We send to morrow
to the Aberdeen isir 30 head ol
splendid stock, showing ihe Holstein,.
Devon, Hereford, Galloway, Jersey
and their grades. We have 100 com
mon cows, being served by pure breed
bulls, and are grading np all the
time. In two years we will sell each
year a large number of pure breeds
and say 100 or more grades. Our
dairy herd will be a splendid one.
We are blazing out the track that ev
eay farmer will be able to follow in,
and giving our experience, failures
and successes for the benefit of our
farmers. We have a splendid pro
fessor of agriculture, scientific and
practical-got him from the Michi
gan Agricultural College. Around
our farm land has gone up steadily.
Our ensilage feeding ia a success.
The object lesson caused 21 silos to
go up within three miles of the Col
lege in August and September just
past. Our farmers are doubling t neir
stock, running wire fences around
what was supposed to be their Wortl
aut lands, for pasture, &c. Our cream
ery has moved the butter line South
hundreds of miles.
In horticulture we will soon ship
fruits. We have 5,000 fruit trees
joining on, and ft commercial nursery
sf near 50,000 trees for sale. We
will have twelve acres of B tra w ber
ries in the spring to cse- and ship.
We expect soon to have atf evapora
tor for drying fruits and vegetables.
We analyze all fertilizers sold in the
State. Our faoulty and students are
enthusiasts. We know we will suc
ceed. Our L gislaf ure has been most
liberal, giving us the same aa the
State JTjniversitv at Oxford-$27,
e a handsome
ter, fruits, vegetables, pure
tie, grades, ?cc.
I thank you for your pleasant let
ter. I hope you will succeed in hav
ing a good agricultural college estab
lished in Somh Carolina, in loyal .
hands. Separate it from the uni*
versity or it will be smothered to
death. The atmosphere is not con
genial. Yours, truly,
STEPHEN D. LEE.
I will now supplement the admira
ble letter from this grand soldier
statesman with a few extracts from
his letter to Col. Edgar, of which
mention is made :
"We have steadily gained on the
farming and industrial classes and
our popularity is as steadily increas
ing. The boys in attendance are
mostly all from the farms and indus
trial classes in the towns and cities.
The sons of wealthy parents have al
most ceased to attend.
''The Federal law is intended to
reach the industrial classes and 1
think we are doing it in onr Missis
sippi institution. We are essentially
an agricultural college, because we
did not have money to make the me
chanical feature equally prominent,
and because most other colleges have
selected the mechanical and abolished
the agricultural as intangible, where
as the agricultural is the a^-absorb
ing feature at the South ana should
be developed and helped. We as
sume that the State University should
furnish a strictly classical and litera
ry education. We ignore the classics
so ss not to antagonize, and to make
our institution more technical and
practical. We aim for a good Eng
lish edncation and a thorough knowl
edge, j tactically and technically, of
the sciences underlying agriculture.
We aim to furnish education suitable
to industrial people rather than to fit
them for the professions, as the mass
es belong to industrial people. Our
2e it ! expenses are very small. Last ;
fifty boys got through on $50, '
nearly all for $100 or less. We i
military 'discipline throughout,
an office]; of the United States ac
as teacher of tactics, &c. Until
session we were regarded as an
p?riment, now we are regarded i
success. Last commencement we
three thousand visitors on oar
and agricultural day. They v.
mostly farmers. The law apport;
ing students to counties did not w
well, and was repealed. It has b
unnecessary for the State to furn
books, &c., to boys, as we are so ch
that poor boye see they can aim
obtain an education by their own
forts. In brief, Colonel, my opin
is you cannot ride, two horses at OE
Ton must either be the ordinary cl
sical and literary college, or 3
must be industrial and practical ?
put on no airs. It has been the f;
of all agricultural schools that hi
been made adj une ts of such claasi
institutions that sooner or later I
agricultural feature is lost, or ph
so subordinate a part as to discourt
oung men from entering it. - At c
"iseissirjpi University foraijtog ti
(TUB an income*>3r?i0,000.
The first-year they had three stu
dents, the second year two, and'dn
ring the last eight years they did not
have a sanglastudent in the curricu
lum of agneu?tare."
And then, in answer to- .a" letter
asking leave to publish his letter to
me, Cen. Lee says :
"My duties here are all executive.
I do no teaching. You will find the
college people will fight you with all
their might, for they will not want to
give up the farmers' money, and will
27 to throw discredit on agricultural
ocation. But there is no sensible
reason why a farmer should not have
a special training as well as the doc
tor, lawyer, engineer, preacher, &c,
and that, too, after having obtained
general culture. If unable to obtain
both, of course the special should
CONTRAST SOUTH CAROLINA AND MIS
Contrast this Mississippi Agricul
tural College, which Gen. Lee has
created-for it is his creation, and so
acknowledged by the papers of that
State-contrast it, I say, and its re
suits with the pi- ifni, contemptible,
so called agricultural annex to the
South Carolina College at Columbia,
a classical and literary kite with "ag
ricultural" written on its tail. See
the results of an agricultural college
tn loyal hands ! I have examined the
catalogue and curriculum cf the
South Carolina College, but do not
ure to go into details. "By their
fruits shall ye know them," and I
venture to say that this institution,
rhich last year had sn ly ten agrie ui
;ural students, will never cause our
armers to take any pride in it or
lend their eons there to be taught
'agriculture." It may turn out a
ew agricultural ^dudes to become the
anghing stock of practical men, but
i practical scient fie farmer, to become
i beacon light in his county, never,
it ia an admirable place to lay the
bundation for a profession or to ed u
iate a rich man's son as a gentleman
if leisure, but to make a successful
armer the hand and head must be
rained together; he must know how
o work in order to do it or have it
lone, and a special scientific train
og is needed to enable him to make
arming a success, and not rob the
and. Bat I am going over the same
;.' ou nd that Gen. Lee has so well cov
ered. I am a farmer and feel the
teed of that very training, and tens
if thousands in oar State feel it and
noora over the time wasted in get
ing a smattering of Latin and Greek.
iVhat Mississippi has done South
karolina can do. Oar lands have
?reater need of scientific farming than
tera. They are older and more worn,
,nd our people are too poor to edu
ate their soins as gentlemen of leisure
ny more. We need fewe: planters
nd more farmers-farmers who are
uperior to the clods beneath their
set. It is not right, it is not jost, it
3 not wise to leave our agriculture
a the deadly grip of ignorance and
mbecility and take the "farmers'
loney," as Gen. Lee cal 1B it, to edu
ate professional men or those likely
o choose a professional life. Jfhere
j a ghastly heap of skeletonpat the
sot of that professional ladder, and
v&y^crhTO Tmrefc-^e-fceldJ with a
?iant'S grasp to keep from being push
d off. Is it statesmanship "trrvpa
riotiam to use all the money the \
Itats can ?pend in higher culture 'to L
aerease this army of non-producers, J
o fill these already overflowing pro
essions more full and tax the farm
ra to do it, while leaving agricul
ure, our prominent interest, to lan
;uieb, and give it no recognition worth
be name ? The agricultural colleges
f Michigan, of Kansas and of Mis
issippi all give, the lie to the asser
ion that agricultural education, pure
nd simple, is a myth. Mankind have
een taught for centuries that there
ras but one royal road to learning,
be classics ; but the latter half of
his nineteeth century has come to
ecognize the scier ??e as a ither road j
hat may be travelled, and bachelor t
f science is now regarded as equal t
o bachelor of arts. c
A PRACTICAL AC E.
Said President Willits, of the
lichigau Agricaltural College, in his
naogaral address, on August 19,
885 : .11
" This is an institution of applied
cience. The sciences are first with
he facts and then with the laws of
he material universe, and then they
;arner a harvest of comfort and ma
erial wealth that is so obvious and
0 charming and so delightful to the
enses that in this practical age we j
cknowledge their untility. There- i
ore the practical man and the so call- f
d practical scientist command a
iremium. Practical men are paid 11
he highest wages. The theoretical
nan, who develops the principles of
1 science, is not to be ignored, but it 11
s the man who can apply the princi
pes envolved by the theorist that ] t
iommands the situation. This, there
ore, is the age of applied science- j t
ipplied to commerce, manufacturing
ind all the varied industries of mod
fear I ero life. A State's progress ist
and ured by the bounds of its ap;
lave sciences, and its prosperity by
and ! amplitude of the practical arts,
this reason we have the demand
our system of education shall inc
both theory and practice and thai
State shall furnish both."
Those South Carolinians who 1
to the New Orleans Exposition'
winter saw the results of that syi
of education. Acres and aorei
machinery and manufactnred :
ducts, all betokening a lesseninj
labor, and more brain power, thou
wealth, and all from the North.
South could only exhibit raw mab
and natural products, the frail
muscle, and we ali know that
muscle is principally expanded
raising one product, cotton. An
so besotted, PO blind, so little aliv
the lesson there taught that we
not strive to bring some of this "
.plied science" down here ?
Then, again, to come back to a
cultural education-though agri
ture rightly conducted is an app
science, or rather an application
?aj? jthe .sciences;-Mr.ffllli taj
sha]J edacatefthe scholar a? d yet 1
the artisan, that shall make the m>[
i of cuitare and yet preserve the fort
\'er& We .believe it is, and that ; tljie
I Agricultural College, of Michigan ?s
such an institution. This leads us to
consider the general purposes of thy
.college. The fi rat one we'will no??
is that it seeks to foster and' encour
age the industrial impulse. 'Tb?
country is fall to repletion of lawyers,
doctors, clerks, agents and brokers, p
percentage honest, worthy ? able, la
borious gentlemen, ornaments to their
profession ; but a large proportion
living by their costs, j agglers in the;
strict sense of the, term, making a
precarious living, seeking, soma ot.
them, to wear clean clothes at the
expense of a clean character-alf ot
them desiring to live without work.
We have enough of euch. As a iule
they have a hard time, and did they
but know it a little hard manual la '
bor would be a tonic to their man
hood. Bat, in the first place, they
are shirks naturally, and in the sec
ond place they have had associations
that led them to believe manual la
bor degrading. Mere drudgery, we.
grant, is not ennobling in any pursuit
but to say or believe that intelligent
labor is degrading, is a reflection upon'
the Divine mind which created hands
as well as brains. They go together.!
Drudgery, without intelligence, is
slavery; labor, with intelligence, is
freedom. Whatever interests a man
has growth in it. Greek roots have;
made some very small men, the other;
kind some very large ones. There is
health and vigor in knowing how to
do something, there is better health1
md more manly vigor in doing it. A.
man with a trade has a moral capa-j
bility; it is a fence around his ener- |
7?ea to keep off trespassers. The
fews used to say, " He that teacheth
lot his sou a trade doeth the same as
if he taught him to be a thief." You
?ive a man something for his hands
;o do and you take hostage for good
citizenship. The habit of daily toil
3 a better conservator of the peace
han a paid constable. Our prisons
ire filled with loafers, our poorhouses
,vith beggars and our politics with
lemagogues gravitated thither for
he want of the little moral purpose
ying behind a good day's work. So
ve believe that the best legacy one
ian leave to a son is a willingness to j
vork. We believe that institution is j
>est that not only teaches the law,
mt teaches a trade ; that not only
caches a science, but what to do with
t ; that teaches the application as
veil as the theory, and above all,
hat teaches that all labor ia honora
"There i- moral influence around
nstitut ons as weil as surrounding
nen. They have character as well
-no two alike. The air is full ol J
he predominating purpose. A true
lormal Behool is full of the teacher's
vork. Instructors ta'k about it,
tudent8 write and orate about it ; BC
nth a law or medioal school, each it
?lied with a pervading Btrength, a
predominating sentiment which give?
haracter to the institution and to tb !
tudents. To a like degree is it trot
hat an institution like this, where a; j
tated times all work with their banda
viii tarn ont students that manual J
abor is not dishonorable, that t?kjaV
ileasure in robust work directed b ?
ntelligence. Such an institution he a
uch morale in it and about it tb t
oung men will leave its halls an j
n ter th? shop or go to the farm wit li
io se usc of humiliation or disgrace,
'?pable of managing affairs of Stal e
nd of putting their hanJs to work nt
my thing worth doing. We belie\ e
his collage has the power to mii s
uat such men, and we proclaim to a|H
he world that we do not wantayourlg
nan who is ashamed to work with
tis hands as well as his brain. If be
:an accomplish more by brain work
ifter he leaves us, well and good, we
lo not object ; but whether he can br
tot he will not feel above work on the
arm or in the shop, fie will do that
iheerfully because he will feel there
s no disgraca in it. That is the initial
loint in the character of the young
nen we seek to send out. We want
10 loafers here, and we shall mourn
iver a loafer who carries oar degree
vith him to the busy world to which
ve accredit him."
IS IT HERESY ?
AU thie, no doubt, is downright
?eresy to many men in oar State; bat
LS sare as the sun rises and sets we
nust come to believe in this doctrine
ind practice it before there cao be
my return of prosperity to our State,
rhe negro has ceased to be a mudsill
ipon which to stand, or an umbrella
inder which we can be profitably
-protected from the Bun s rays. Three
ourths of the people of this State are
armers, and must continue farmers
vhether farming pays or not. Our
ands are growing poorer constantly,
md ander the system generally pur
sued can never be built op. Nothing
mt an institution similar to that in
tfisBsisippi, which was modelled after
hat of Michigan, will ever cause a
?hange till it is too late and many of
.he personal owners have lost their
andB. We need farmers, trained as
inch on a model farm conducted on
?883- ' practical and scientific princi
fdied who can go into every county ol
. the ! State and demonstrate the feasifc
l^or of mating land yield an income
the investment and not grow po
f?pe We need an institution where we
(?tule educate our sons and have them
W:- tarn to ns not ashamed to work
hit ashamed of their origin, not aeha
ot the calling their lathers and
fathers have followed, hut wi
and anxious to take it up and
monatrate that they have not gor
college for nothing but to equip tl
'selves for tha battle of life. ME
of arts used to be the goal of
l?giste endeavor. Master of PC i
of J has long been considered an equ
glittering prize. Let master of t
culture be the next step in the wot
adornment. As God is roy judf
who^fcnow little if anything abm
after seventeen years' study, car
sore those accustomed to cons
anybody, however, trained, " ?
enough for a farmer," that law, m
?iB? or divinity are easier thing?
master jjor, st least, I believe ther.
4^Ti QinQTrfc<e>s^ ^ir tn~ -ffTinViVj;
y4hose profession8 with whom I am ac
THE PROPOSED REMEDY.
Now for the remedy, for we have
had argument enough to convince
any save those who are both blind
.-. Gen. Lee tells us that a farmer can
be trained and equipped for that pur
suit just as easily and as certainly os
soldiers are trained at West Point. It
has been done and is being done
every day in Michigan, Kansas and
Mississippi. All of these institutions
are alike in that they give a thorough
English education, have college farms
upon which practical agriculture and
paying agriculture is carried on, and
the students made to work enough
not to get out of the habit, if they
had 1 earned it at home, and the seienc ej
which underlie agricnltnte are de
monstrated, illustrated and practiced
.by the students, who tbns learn their
practical value. Agriculture ia the
goddess whom they worship there,
-and boys are taught that it is a noble
?ursuit and worthy of their ambition.
t here is experimental work carried
on, too, to solve new theories and es
tablish new principles, but it must
never be lost sight of that the boy
lives during his collegiate course on
.'a well-equipped model farm, conduct
ed mainly to show the application c f
'methods which have been recognized
as essential to successful and profita
'ble farming, so as to let the student
leave the college thoroughly satisfitd
that M farming does pay," when ra
tionally pursued. The wild scramble
now going on to get away from the
farm would cease and the farmers of
the-State could feel assured that they
would have their boys benefited bv
Wounding $his school, whether th _
graduated or not. Such a result can
never be attained at the South Caro
lina College. Let our Legislature dig
up the corpse of agricultural educa
tion which has been buried at Col um
bia, carry it to some healthy up coun
try county which will subscribe the
most money towards establishing such
an institution as I have described,
locate it near some accessible town on
a large farm such as they have in
Mississippi and put it in loyal hands,
and it will soon return to its life and
grow strong and robust. In a few
years its farm would become a Mece*
to which the farmers of the State
would go as on a pilgrimage, and its
commencements be only second to cur
Siate fairs, indeed more instructive.
One word more and I am done. The
Act of Congress of July 2, 1S63 gave
to each State land script to tba
amount of 30,000 acres for each rep
resentative in both Houses of Con
gress, the proceeds of which were to
be invented and the interest used as
* fund " to establish at leant one in
stitution of learning the leading ob
ed of which should be the encour
igement of agriculture and the me
manic arts." Will any one pretend
;hat the South Carolina College is
inch an institution ? Gen. Lee cal ls
?his fund, which in this State is $102,
)00, "the farmers' money." The
nterest is $11.520. Half of it goes
;o the Clafflin University at Orange
jorg to educate negroes, and the
)ther half to the South Carolina Col
ege. Let our lawmakers do justice
ind carry out the agreement made by
^ft%nfct-wrih fhe Ti/dted States in
good faith. Keep the South bolina
College open and give it all nectoo.:-.-}
assistance, but do not rob the farmers
to do it, and for every dollar tbns
spent to educate tbe men who are
most likely to enter the professions
give the agricultural college a like
amount. Farmers are ever slow tn
perceive their true intereet?, more so
than any other class of men. Their
thoughts move in a sluggish current
and they are not eapily etiired, bat
efforts are being made to arouse their
resentment against the South Caro
lina College, and I think it would be
wise in the friends of that institution
to give up the "farmTB' money"
gracefully and help establish a farm
era! college. They had better com
promise the nutter ere the s'orm.
which is brewing, shaken the founda
tions of their beloved college, and,
perhaps, topples it to the ground. I
appeal to the lawyers o! the State
who govern ns, and who, by reason of
their culture, are able to see thc utili
ty and value of technical education
as applied to farming, tn help estab
lish sach a colleg , and I appeal to
the News\ and Courier to throw its
powerful influence in the scale and
give that aesis'ance the farmers have a
right to expect. I express it as the
humble opinion of a backwoodsman
who is simply a farmer, that free
trade is a barren ideality, which is
dwarfed into insignificance alongside
this grand question of technical and
industrial education. I hiv* not bean
able in the space allotted me to pre
sent the subject in all its aspectp, and
there are many arguments that I
must leave out, but I trust that I
have so successfully set the question
afloat that it will not be allowed to
sink out of sight any more.
B. R. TILLMAN.
Hamburg, S. C., Nov. 16, 1885.
THE ADVERTISER one year and
a Waterbury Watch for $4 50.
These Wfitohes are guaranteed.
At thia soaaon nearly every one nooda to OM IOI
?ort of tonie. IKON enters into aimoet every pb
aician'a prescription for thosowho need bu" "
" HAS NO '
n medicine thatis not Injnri
We uk ii OP,
It Enriches tho Blood, InvlKorntca th
STHtcm, Restores Appetite, Aids Uisestio
It does not blacken or ir.j r.ro tho teeth, canse nea
acho or produce constipation-odier Iron mt dinna t
Dn. O. H. BrsKLET, a leading phjsician i
Springfield. 0., says:
"Brown's Iron Bitters isa thoroughly good med
cine. I use it in my practice, and find ita ac tu
excels all other forms of iron. In weakness or a lo
condition of the system. Brown's Iron Bittern
usunlly a positivo necessity. K ie all that u elaina
Genuine has trade mark and crowed red lises t
wrapper. Tali e co other. Made only by
BROWN CHEMICAL CO..BALTIMORE, Ml
LADIES' HAND BOOT-useful and sttracUre, ea
?r ,_ taming list of prixea for recipes, information abet
R K^.KTT'?IBWT!? i"T? ?y rfpalpT In medicine, i
majjid tu rnTli^aW^driL?" on receipt of 2c. stamp.
? * r?
Fall & Winter.
Miss MEDORA COVAR
Livitos the atteution of tho Lad ir s of
Edgelield and surrounding country to
the Large and Attractive Stock of Goods
just received, which erhbraces the very
Latest Stylos of
Hats and Bonnets,
lt. rds Feathers,
and ovorytbing usually keptin a FIRST
CLASS MILLINERY ESTABLISH
M ENT, af. prices lower than ever before
known in Edge?eld. Give mea call.
Miss MEDORA COVAK.
Edgefield, Oct. 27,1885.
HE SOUTH CAROLINA PENI
TENTIARY BOOT and SHOE F AC
PO RY has now been in successful ope
ration three years, and in that time has
wen red an enviable reputation for the
Make-up and Quality ol' its goods. Deal
irs throughout the country who were
prejudiced iu favor of other makes, are
low only too gl d to replace thur old
ilocks with, the products of this Facipry,
md orders are daily received from all
sections otSthe State, and numberlessin
piiries for "sample lines" from which
o select an order. The reputation of
hese goods for "durability" stands un
ivalled. One dealer writes: "I shall
?evor sell any but Penitentiary Shoes;
hero is more money in them than iu
myth in g that I have ever handled."
Another says: "The case of 'stitch
lowns' shipped me on Tuesday haye
cone like 'hot cakes;" send me two
Another, buying his first bill, writes:
'Goods received, open up splendidly,
un confident of a 'big run' on them."
These are but a few of the many letters
jeing constantly received. Ask your
lountry merchant for SOUTH CAROLINA
'enlteutiary Shoes. Take those of NO
iTnKU Penitentiary. All of our goods
,ro sum ped on the bottom : A. C. Din
?RT, Columbia, S. C.
Salesrooms : 2<?0 King St., Charleston,
I. C.; 716 Broa 1 St., Augusta, G.; and
'olumbia, S. C.
Tun? S, 1SP3.
** O T LI E??
?.>K.:S CHILD-BIRTH' ^
The time has como at last when
tho terriblefurony incident to this
very critical perh'd lu a woman's
lilt* can be avoided A distin
guish d physician, who pawed
tho greatest portion of his lite
(forty-four year?) in this branch
of practice, left lo child bearing
woman t.lds priceless logacv and
lifn-savir.g appliance, "THE
MOTHERS' FRIE\D,'* and to
day there aro thousands of the
best women in our land who, hav
ing used this wonderful remedy
before con liniment, rise up and
edi his name blessud.
Wo rt'Cwive letters from every
section or the country thanking
ns for pl will* tili-* preparation in
the reach ol' sutl'.irinsr woman.
One lady from North Ca-ol ?na
writes us that she would like to
thank the proprietors on her
klines for bringing it to her no
tic", as in a previous confinement
she had two doctors, and they
woro compelled to uso chloro
form, instruments, etc., and she
si i tittled almost death; but this
limo she used "MOTHERS'
FRIEND," and her labor was
short, quick, and almost like
magic. Now, why should a wo
man snffor when she can'avoid
it? Wo can prove all we claim
by living witnesses, and anyone
interested cr.n call, or have their
husbands do so, at our office, and
see tho original letters, which we
This remedy is one about which we
.minot publish certificates, but it is a j
nost wonderful liniment to be used after |
.he first two or three months.
Send for our treatise on the Health and
Happiness of Woman, mailed free, which
jives all particulars.
THE BRADFIELD REOULATOR Co,
Box 2S, Atlanta, Ga.
Sold by all druggists.
This has no relation to mee, color or
n evious condition-it mr ans Jewelry !
lewelry that is Jewelry ! Go to PKNN'S
md see it
"There Is Plenty of Room at the Top."
AND O U R AIM
IS TO KEEP
The Best Shoes in Augusta
at the Lowest
? ... i-. - ; ... -, . ..
20 Lexical Points for Consumers.
1st When you buy, you want to buy
a KOO d Shoe. Isn't that so ?
2d. When you buy a Shoe, you want a
dealer to tell you exactly what a Shoe la.
Isn't that so?
3rd. N. M. Mnrphey <fe Son never mis
represent a shoe merely to sell it. Isn't
4th. They represent the oldest Shoe
House in Augusta. Experience .is cer
Stir. Having moneytobuyw?thj?na'?
buying exclusively for cash, and from'
manufacturers, they get the lowest pri
ces. Isn't that so?
6th. They are good buyers. Isn't that
7th. They are conscientious men. Isn't
8tb. They are not like some dealers,
wanting to make a barrel of money on
me pair of Shoes. Isn't that so ?
9th. They believe in the low profit sys
;em. Isn't that BO?
10th. N. W. Murphey & Son are the
>nly Shoe Dealers in Augusta that buy
md sell Shoes exclusively for Cash,
[sn't that so?
ll tb. N W. Murphey & Son am the
inly Shoe Dealers in Augusta that sell
ipecial Shoos with the price marked
dainly on the bottoms. Isn't that su ? |
12th. They originated that system in
Augusta. Isn't that so?
13th. N. W. Mnrphey & Son are the
only Shoe Dealers in Augusta that seil
the celebrated James Means $3 Shoe.
Isn't that sot
14th. N. W. Murphey A .Son aro the
onlv Shoe Dealers in Augusta that sell
the A. A. Battle $2 50 Shoe. Isn't that so?
only S'fioe Dealers in Augusta that se
the Great f2 99 Shoe, for ladles. Isn't
16th. They sell more Shoes to the peo
Sle of Edge?eld County than any other,
hoe House, in Augusta. Isn't that so ?
" 17cb. N. W. Murohey <fe Son are betU r
known asselllng a good 8hoe than any
other 8b"; ? House in1-Augusta. Isn't
that so? " , . ;
F tb. If our goods were not sa tis facto
ry to the people, then our trade would
falloir. Isn't that so?
19th. But the many imitators of our
system, and the rapid growth of our
trade, proves that our system is a good
one. ' Isn't that sd? 1 '
20th. And we know that Imitation is
the sincerest flattery. Isn't that so ?
Every wearer of Shoes owen one big duty to himself, that is, either to
)atroniz3 us or to say which of tbe above points is not well taken.
N. W. MURPHEY & SON.
Sept. 8,1885 -40] ,104 Broad St., Augusta, Ca.
WHELBSS & C0.f
IAVING TWENTY YE \RS EXPERIENCE in handling COTTON, we
iel warranted in promising satinfactiou to those who may favor us with
jeir patronage. SPECIAL ATTENTION given to WEIGHING and
SST Consignments solicited. [Aug. 18,1885.
harlotte, Columbia & Augus
?1CHEDULE in effect Sept. 14, 1884 :
Nn. 52-MAIL a-d EXPRESS.
atesville,.7:45 a rn
save Charlotte. 1;00 p m
rrive ac Columbia. [B].5:15
save Columbia, [B]. 5:25
?en ton. 8:30
Arrive at Augusta, Ga.,. 9:38
STo. 53, DAILY-MAIL AND EXPRESS.
ignsta, Ga,. 8:45 a m
rive at Columbia,.12:42 p m
ave Columbia, .12:52
rive at Charlotte,. 6:15
rive Statesvillo,. 10:15
No. 47 DAILY-MAIL AND EXPRESS.
igusta, Ga., (A). 5:55 b m
dge Spring. 8:15
rive Columbia, (U)^. j .10:'-^
^b:-.. ,-l7?W4.Y -ftlAU.AND EXPRESS
jiu m I tia,. 6:15 a m
nea vi Ile. 8:09
i tes burg,. 8:15
mid use. 9:40
Arrive at Augusta.- 10:42
Nos. 52 Mid 53 carry Pu ll man Sleepers
(tween Augusta auil Washington.
Nos. 4" and 48 carry Pullman Slnopors
?tween Augusta and Wilmington.
All accommodation trains going North
nncct at Chester with trains on Chester
id Lenoir Railroad.
Th routh tickets sold and baggage
lecked to all principal uoints.
G. R. TALCOTT, Sup't.
M. SLAUOHTKR, G' ?: Pas. Agent
D. CAKDWKLL, Aas't Gen. Pas. A pent,
dum bia, 8. .C.
ugusta & Knoxville R. R Co.
Schedule in Effect June SS, 1885.
The Best Newspaper in America,
and by far the Most Readable.
Agents wanted everywhere to earn
money in distributing the Sun's Pre
The most interesting and advanta
geous offers ever made by any News
No Subscriber ignored or neglected.
Something for all.
Bean tirol and Suba tan tia! Premi?me in
Standard Gold and o thor Watches, Val nable
Books, tho Beet Family 8ewing Kachina
known to thc trade, and an unequaled liai
of objecta of mal utility and instruction.
Rates, by iimil, Postpaid:
DA i LY, per Year (without Sunda;) $6 00
DAILY, per Month (without Sunday) 50
SUNDAY, per Year ... I 00
POR FV^RY DAY IN THE YEAR 7 Of?
WEEKLY, per Year ... I 00
'.tor***,' T?l?VrX, Srw York tVj.
AFARM of Five Hundred acres of
land, 300 opon and cultivated. $75
or $100 necessary to repair the fencing,
and $1250 will pay for the whole place.
Titles as good as gold, or no sale. This
is the best bargain in the State of Geor
gia. So far as the knowledge pf the un
dersigned extends, it is and has been a
splendid farm-extra good for the coun
try. Situated 12 miles South-west of Ca
milla, Ga. This place formerly sold for
$5.000. Why so cheap how,- because the
owner has moved off to Florida end
needs money badly. I offer this bergain
to . South Carolina emigrants only be
cause I am an old Edgeoeid boy and pre
fer to give my friends'or relatives the
benefit of iL Only 60 days to sell in.
Apply at once If you want to purchase.
riov. 3,1885.] Cairo, Ge,
Lv Lau p'lia A r\ 7 501 4 40
" Waterloo, " I 7 04| 330
Lv Greenw'd Ar
'* Verdery, " |
" Bradleys, " |
" Trov, " I
" M'C'rmick "
" Pl'm Br'cb " |
Ar Augusta, Lvl 2 30
Lv Augusta Arl 1 55
Ar Beaufort Lv
" Port Royal "
" Charleston "
" Savannah "
" Jacks'nv'le "
I 7 47
I 7 35
I 7 00
I (J 55
Connections madoatGreenwood o and
un all points on Columbia & Green
Time 32 minutes slower than Augusta
E. T. CHARLTON, G. P. A.
T W TIA SS. Sup't.
Subsp.rihe to the ADVERTISER.
Tb? most popular Weekly now*.
vontions&nd patenta eyer published. Erarynum
bor illustrated with splondid ?aerarin*?. TO?
nf inform&tionwblchno peraoUahoold be without.
Tho popularity of th? Bcnawmo AJcnoca? ta
auch that iu circulation nearly equala that of all
othor papers of luclaascombinad.,.Pria* Wit
voar. Discount to Clubs. SoldJ? ?ll nawadaajerj.
MUNN * CO., Publishers, No. ?B?o*dway.N. Y.
i Muan a Co. har?
also had Thirty
[tie Patent Office and hare prepared
Imore than One Hundred.TJiou
laond applicaUonaforpatenU ln lb?
JCni?Sl gutes and fof?^ eounWta.
V Csvoaia, Ti^e-Maika. Copj-riahta.
i-rAssiBnment?, and all P?Pf"
I securing to inventors their nsbta in tho
?ndo? oTill vmmSrSi wish todta
'^?S^ CO.. Offlo? Saxxrmo
AiizaicAS, 3C1 Broadway, New Yow. .
SHOW CASES. -CEDARv?
ASK" ?TOR-ILL'O STRATED-^M? "
Save half your money by buying 8EC
OND HAND BOOKS, which are just is
Kid in every respect as new oms.
rgest collection in the State. Schcol
Supplies and Stationery in great variety
We also Keep NEW SCHOOL BOOKS*.
Z. T. 8TINE,
106 Centre Street, Augusta. Ga.
SepL 16, 1885. *.
Spectacles! Spectacles I
If your eyes need assistance, go and
examine the fine assortment of Snecta
clea now to be seen at G. L. PENN *
SONS, before going lo Augusta or an vt
where else Thoy have the most hialiv
recommended glasses lu tho world.