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THOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR ' ^ EDGEFIELD S C., THUP?SPAY, APRIL .14, 1892. _ ___ VOL. LVII. NO. 14.
THE SADDEST HOUR.
KLLA WH?KLKK WILCOX.
Tb? saddest boor of anguish and of
loss ; '.' _
Is not that season of supreme !de
When we can find no least light any
To gild the dread black shadow of the
Not in that luxury of sorrow when
We sup on salt of tears, and drink
Of memories of days beyond recall
Of lost delights that cannot come
But when with t/es that are no longer
We look out on the great, wide world
. of men,
A nd, ?miling, lean toward a bright
Then backward shrink, with sudden
To find that weare learning to forget;
Ah ! theo we face the saddest hour
Economy and Scanty Cash.
The extreme depression in the
price of cotton, coming about the
opening of the planting season,
has caused planters to hesitate
about the propriety of raising much
cotton and using fertilizers as
usual. Our information from North
and South Carolina and Georgia
is that while a fair acreage will be
planted, not- over 40 to 50 per cent,
of the usual quant iv of common
fertilizer will be used. Great
economy will be observed and less
cash used than at any time since
the war. The dispositon to raise
other crops is general, and the use
of home suppli?e of manures
will be'-a firm necessity. Of
conree this year will wind up with
abundant home supplies a less
crop of cotton, no new debts
incurred. Good and favorable
seasons may help them to a
The Coon' Dog's Mistake.
One sunny Sabbath morning
the late Rev. Samuel Hamilton
found himself preaching to an
attentive congregation in * Ken
tucky town. It so happened that
a drunken man strayed like a
black sheep into the fold ; but no
one objected and things ran
.: smoothly. .enough-Presently
small dog entered at the open door
and trotted down the aisle until it
reached the front of ' the pulpit,
when it set up a furious barking
at the minister. The tipsy man,
with the utmost gravity, arose and
walked'steadily down the aisle to
where the dog was barking.
. Seizing the animal by the neck,
he held him up before the
congregation for a moment, and
then, shaking him furiously he
broke out with: "Tree a peacher,
will you, you, d-n fool pup."
This was too much for Mr, Ham
ilton. He could not restrain his
laughter and he took hi* seat, not
being* able to dismiss his con
SuggeatiouH of Brevity,
It is proper 'to' mention- the
death, of our friends,. To do this
- in detail is of modern invention.
When Enoch passed out, his
obituary was short but comforting,
suggestive and instructive. "He
walked with God and was not, for
God took him."
This seemed to be the rule for
writing obituaries among the early
Methodists. Even the laborious,
self-sacrificing ministers who died,
had but little said about them.
Going back, only as far as the
conference 1784, when the
question was ! asked "who have
died this year?" This memoir
was the answer :
"Caleb B. Pedecord, a man of
sorrows', and like his Master,
acquainted with grief, but a dead
man to the world, and much
devoted to God." At the confer
enge held in 1786, the answer to the
same que s ton was "James Thom as j
a pious young man, of good gifts,
useful and acceptable, blameless
in his life, and much resigned in
These are beautiful models-so
simple, and yet so expressive.
A story which is told of the late
Charles Jamrach, the naturalist
and dealer in wild animals, who
died in England '.last summer, is
so well vouched for that it may be
accepted as worthy of belief. 'Mr.
Jamrach was married more than
once, and the story is to the effect
that when a friend condoled with
him on the loss of his second wife,
the naturalist answered, with a
heavy sigh: "Yes, yes; as you
say, she was a good wife. But,"
he added, as if he felt compelled
to speak the whole truth," she
never took kindly to the animals.
Why, even in winter, she wouldn't
let the snakes sleep under the
MK. SHEEP WON.
I But Mr. Hog Had the Colored]
People of "Westbury, I* I.,
With Him-The Question Was:
"Resolved, That the Sheep is]
More Beneficial Than the Hoer |
to the People of the United j
It has been a long time since a
newspaper has told about a debate
in the country: Here is the story
of one just as it occurred. It is
worth reading : +
If people thought that the Young j
Colored Men's Progressive Lyceum
of the New Light Baptist Church
at Westbury, L. I., was dead at the
age of nine years they were much
mistaken. It but slept, and Mon
day, night it woke up with a jerk
and a snort and showed to the
world that its eye was not dimmed
or its natural vigor abated.
They had one of the liveliest de
bates ever heard tell of Monday
evening on one of the most fasci
nating topics betweeh'the lids bf
any book. The question was
"Resolved, That the Sheep is more
beni ficial to the people of thee?
United States than the Hog." Aud
they hail it hip and thigh.
Mr. F. S. Cunningham, a white
man, acted as chairman. That is
to say, he kept his eye on his big
silver watch and the second a
man's time was up, whack ! went
the gavel. The judges wore : Mr.
Henry Hawkins, an Englishman'
who keeps one of the hotels ; Mr.
Charles Levi, whose hair and beard
were white like wool, and Mr
Charles B. Alsop.
The leaders per programme were
Mr. William Cobb for the sheep
and Mr. Oliver Coulter for the hog;
but before the evening was through
it was plain to see that the real
leaders were : Mr. James A. Payne
for the sheep and Mr. Ebenezer
Williams for the hog. Other
speakers were: Frank L. Payne
and L. D. Payne for the sheep and
Robert Stephens and Horace G.
Payne for the hog.
The debate was held in tne base- i
ment of-the. church. You go down <
brick steps and push open a door i
with a padlock on it, and there 1
you are. The folks sat around the j
sides of the room, which was kept t
good and warm by a big coal stove
in the middle. There was a right |<
smart sprinkling of white folks
there and a lot of good looking
colored ladies, whose sympathies
were decidedly in favor of the hog.
At the back end of the room was
a big table, and on it a .. acket of
water with a dipper in it. Some
hobble-de-hoy colored youths sat
there and cackled their applause
and laughter at the proper times,
back of the chairman hung a big
painted banner with "Jerusalem
Lodge, No. 383," on it, and a chart
to illustrate the great prepon der- | ]
ance of the demon rum "over edu
cational and church institutions.
Mr. Cobb opened for the sheep.
Mr. Cobb has a bald spot on his
head and two front teeth gone
He had no collar and his calico
shirt-front was unstarched. He
spoke without notes. Said he:
Whack came the gavel. "Talk
to. the judges," said the chairman
Mr. Levi, who was leaning on
the top of his- staff, letting his
mind run on, lifted his stiff white
eyebrows and let. them drop.
"Mr. Judges," proceeded Mr.
Cobb, "I shall not expatiate on the
consideration of pork as compared
with sheep meat. I shall contend
that the sheep are the most bene
ficiary to the people ot these
"True, too," interjected Mr.
James A. Payne, his colleague, who
purposely strengthened his dialect,
demagogue that he was, to catch
. "In perambulating through New
England you'll se^ the smoke of
many chimleys where they are
manufacturing thousands of mil
lions of yards of woolen cloth out
of cotton-(derisive laughter from
the extreme hog . partisans)-I
mean out of:wool, with cotton
mixed. These go to all parts of
the world, I claim that the sheep
are the most beneficiary. And this
we see from the discussion we have
lately participated in concerning
the protective tariff that the sheep
of our nation has vastly increased.
Why, gentlemen and ladks, there
bas been times when sheep meat
has been as low as 2-eents a pound
and the wool and hide has been
worth more than the whole sheep.
Now, Mr. Judges, I claim that the
wool of the sheep is valuable. And
what's the consequences? When
we have the rheumatism-I shou
say the rheumatics-what does t
doctor Bay? Why, he says we
red flannel. And what is red fla
nel made out of?" ;
"Hog's brustles!" declared W
James A. Payne, derisively ja
hiing a metaphoric needle into tl
"As far as hog's brustles go," r
sumed Mr. Cobb, "they dor
amount to anything, because thc
don't use brustles to sew shoi
with any more. Take the hull i
the hog, and he isn't as beneficial
as what the wool of the Bheep is
They tramped their feet whe
Mr. Cobb sat down. Mr. 01iv<
Coulter arose. Said he :
"Sheep talks well. -Talks might
well. But, gentlemen and ladie
will presume to.say that when u
kill hogs and send .'em oil', moi
money comes into this counti
than there does for the wool. (Tf(
mendous applause from the ho
partisans.) You can salt dow
pork, and when you freshen it u
it's good to oat. But when yo
freshen up salt mutton, what is it
It's jist like gum stickmri !"
"Uck-um! Hear dat !" went u
from a wildly enthusiastic audi
euee who were with the hog hoar
and soul. -
"And more'n that !" went on Mi
Coulter, vastly cheered in hear'
"Sheep?s good meat, but hawg'
better. How long will sheep sta;
by you? Two hours and a hali
How long'll Mist'Hawg stay ir
you? Five or six hours. Git u]
in the mawnin'. git a breakfast o
Bheep meat and you're hongry be
fore 9 o'clock and caint do mucl
work. Eat howg meat and yoi
can work till noon. I maintair
that the hog is a friend to the la
borer, and also is a friend to thc
Farmer and therefore I conclude
that upon the whole the hog is thf
main support of two-thirds of thc
population of this nation."
Then arose Mr. James A. Payne,
prepared to warp it to the hog de
fenders. His b/g brown eyes bulged
mt amTTiis gray beard wagged
merrily. He was right lively on
[lis feet, which were shod in brown
felt shoes. A pair of big fat Arc
tics stood near by to buckle on
when he went outdoors. He had
>n trousers a little to short for
nim but he was up and a coming.
"I declare," 6aid he, "you het
me up so hot that I jest natchully
have to stand up fo' Mist' Sheep,
['ll admit that the hawg is the po'
man's savings bank, but he's worse
than that, cause what you put in
the savings bank you km take and
take out again, but a hawg'll eat
bis weight three times over and
then not get fat. He's sich a glut
ton and dutty ! Mau ! sir, he's the
iuttiest beast that walks. He's a
oawg. ' And wut's. he good for?
"Yas, Lord!" said the unregen
erate on the table at the back. '.
"But he a' 1' good for nothing
sise. Who ever made anything to
wear out of hog's hide? But these
yer pebblegoat shoes-is it pebble
"Mebbe it's peppleshoat," sug
gested one of the hog's friends.
Mr. Payne scratched his jaw but
didn't'deign to notice the inter
ruption. "Chamois, they make
that out of sheepskin and mo
rocker. Shoes made outer that is
worth $3 a pair. And as far as
wool is concerned 'taint alone in
the Northern states they ueed it,
but down in the Southern States
you'll see the folks wearin' woolen
ahirts. What for? Why to keep
the gallinippers for eatin' 'em up
alive. Caint git th'oo that wool.
More'n that. You take and turn
sheep aloose on a pasture that the
horses and cows have all eat bare
and the sheep 'll git fat offen it.
where a hawg'd starve to death.
You git sumepin out o' nuug. An'
as for hawg meat, gentlemen, you
take and take a piece of pork
and put it in a kittle an' put fiah
und' it an' what yo' got? Grease.
Nung but grease. Might j is' well
eat so much lard. All it does for
to grease bread and potatoes on
they way down. They mo' strenk
in sheep meat, speshually in the
summer time than what they is in
poak, and poak is the most un
healthiest meat they is."
Here Mr. James Payne sat down
amid the wild est applause.
After him arose Mr. Ebernezer
Williams, clad in a thick blue
chinchilla pea jacket,
"Mist' Judges," said ho, "it don't
appear to me the hawg-swine, I
should say-hasn't it been half
sufficiently commended. Now I'll
argue from this point. Pork goes
farther towards sustaining any life7
than sheep can possibly do. The.^
gentleman says that pork is the
most unhealthiest meat. Where's
his statistics for.it? That's what'
I want to know. There's his sta
tistics for for it? He aint got
none. Because if it had havo been
we wouldn't none of us been here
for to tell the tale. The gentleman
says that you ea? get something
out of nothing with a sheep. Does
that stand to reason? You put a
cow on a pasture and that eats up
all . there is. And then you put on
a horse and that eats" up all the
rest (Deri siva laugh ter from the
opposition benches). -4And" then
you put on a, sheep and he gets fat
.on what's left..-JThat' ,don'. stand
to reason, aim. IHbink ray- v'enera
blb opponent will find if don't
stand to facts; bocaus I sold a
man. fifty bushels of turnips for to
help his sheep out. I should style
the gentleman's argument"' as an
attempt to introduce the doctrine 1
of spontaneity- Cries) of 'There
yu got '.qm.') Spontaneity! Tho
samo that the fellow "hold that
said that" ' " man came ' ironr
spontanesty, and that the eggs of
chickens were first hatched when
the earth was hot and warm on
the inside-.". . .
This reference rp the Darwinian
theory' was' a"-caulker anet the
sheep - men ' begun' to whis'peV
among themselves. .
.-Mh^WilliamR went on: "I'm
'T rii'fl think youf was1. a?-t?r ?ll
them big words," jeered Mr. Janies
A. Payne, bitter with envy. .'?
"I'm s'prised to hear that talk
about pebblegoat being made from
sheepskin. I've often heard of
wojyes in sheep's clothing, hilt I
never hoard of sheep that's, got
goat's clothing Tell me,, you
sheep ineh, what was" them crullers '
made out of that you ate yourself
sick on? Hawg's lard. What was
that headcheese made of that , give;
you tho dyspepsia pretty*" nea??'
Hog's head ! (Wil?l cries of 'Hoo-(
00-00 l')-Hog% feet m?tOs^s^uB^f - '
Did you ever hear of sheep's
sausage? Talk about wool. This
coat of mine isn't mude of wool.
Ifs shoddy 1"
Ain't shoddy chawed up wool?
Ain't, it now?" demanded Mr.
James A. Payne.
"I tell you pork supports the in
ner man," continued Mr. Williams,
"and it don't make no differnce
how much wool you got piled on .
you .if you don't s?port the inner
After all was said the judges
went out of doors, and as it was j
pretty sharp outside they very
soon brought in a verdict for the
sheep..- Loud cries of "Sheep win 1
Baa-a, baa-a," ^ greeted the
decision) and the meeting . ad-,
joumed till two weeks from next
Monday night.-New York World.
There is no doubt, says Theit
Scientific American, but the form
of a roof has much to do with the
draft of a chimney. The flat roof
offers no resistence to the passage
of air, but as the pitch is increased
the current, is more and more
disturbed, until with a highpitched
and many-galled roof it is broken
into innumerable eddies, some of
which are sure to curl down and
force the smoke and gases in the
flue into the rooms below.
Chimneys on suct?^oofs should be
built higher than ordinarily.
Mrs. Green (to Young Physician,
whom she has called . in haste)
"Oh, Doctor! Doctor! I fear you
have made a terrible mistake! My ?
daughter- has that, prescription
which you sent her last night
filled, and took a dose of the
medicine. Now she exhibits every
symptom of poisoning. Oh-''.
madam? Why, that was an offer
of marriage !"- [Puck.
The people of this country pay
$15,000 a year for a congressional
flower^ garden, the products of
which aro purely congressional
perquisites. A New York member
made himself conspicuous last
week by sending "a. whole wagon
load" to an actress. His name
should be published.
The Railroad Commission has
received notice from the authori
ties of the Charleston, Sumter
and Northern Railroad that the
passenger rateR on that road has
been reduced from four cents per
mile to three and a half,
The family of Governor Till
man are now rapidly improving
from their recent severo sick
?Surveys the. Political Field
| ?nd'Gives His Opinion
editor of the Press and
ihor called on Lieut. Gov
^.rGary yesterday for ab expres
pf his views as to the recent
yention, when he said;
think perhaps the most im
p?iyit work for the Convention
w^?" to bury indepef?dentism in
ou?fPState for .years to come,
wjfgjh, of course,Vis a source of
joj?ra all good Democrats.
i wk&B glad to seo that those of
thSmndependents who were in
th?3onventioh have at last seen
th(&error of their way, and
dejKtnined. . to support the
lio??jhees of the party.
=flrarat doyou think of the nomi
: *i|5?per not- to speak of them at
th?Sfcime further than to say that
afte^^carefully reading the'
prf^rcciings of the Convention I
fcelff&tiefied they are not such
as wen I'd have been made if some
of flfeshrewd politicians in that
b?dvpiad not felt that there was
no cj|itnee lo win.
I $hmk when tho delegates
coiiv jr'sed' freely as to the
prob ibilitv of euccoso in their
sevffl $r.Counties, some of those
wh'o^feould have been anxious for
ns. on the Slate ticket, but
onor simply of a suggested
ion became . ..oonWinced
eat would await tliem,
ifore preferred for others
go the defeat and fatigue
is a happy thought to have
f ions made by a commitee,
ige number declining the
fa suggested nomination
lave'been a wet blanket on
or; o.f the Convention.
OT MUCH ENTHUSIASM.
t of the enthusiasm over
pL^fchink there i s any great
even among those who are opposed
to the Administration. I have
not heard a single man hurrah
for the ticket. Several have said
in Abbeville that although opposed
to Governor Tillman, they would
Bupport him in preference to Gov
ernor. Sheppard, and quite a
?umber seem to think that Col.
Orr should have been nominated
for Governor and Governor Shep
pard for Lieut. Governor.
rHE-BLUNDERS OF THE CONVENTION.
What do you think 'were the
greatest blunders made by the
The nomination of a full ticket, |
anclthe faiure to demand a direct I
primary after so much fuss had
been made about the demand.
The effect of nominating a full
ticket will he to dampen the ardor
of those who would, have aspired
to a place on the ticket as a
reward ' for faithful services
rendered in their several Counties.
No doubt quite a number of
ambitious men in the ranks of
those opposed to the Admins
tration feel that they are fully
as capable as some of the nominees
to discharge the duties of office,
and that thier claims have not been
fully appreciated. When the
mass-meeting was called I thought
the pincipal reason was to demand
a direct primary. It seems that
the delegates who were so anxious
for a direct primary changed their
minds aftei reading the strong
and convincing interview with
Governor Tillman, in which he
clearly showed the great injustice
that would be done the counties in
the low country. One delegate
said it "would be used against
them in lower counties, and the
News and Courier said after the
Convention adjourned that it
would be easier to defeat the Ad
minisration by a primary for dele
ates, than by a direct primary.
Did these reasons havo anything
to do with the failure to demand a
direct primary? After all the fuss
about a direct primary it seems
to have been "much ado about
THE CONSERVATIVE PLATFORM.
Well, Governor, what do you
think of the platform?
It is conservative in tono and an
acknowledgement that tho policy
advocated by the people was right,
although it was stoutly contested
by those who composed tho Con
It seems they are willing to con
cede everything the people want if
the}' are only allowed to namo the
officers, and the people do the
voting for them, as they have
The platform says : "We pledge
ourselves, if entrusted with
power to protect the credit of tho
State by sacredly meeting every
just ooligation." Have some of
th?) members of the Convention
who are in positions to render
assistance to the State, done every
thing they could, when they are
not "entrusted with power?" And
has their action not been in
striking contrast with that of the
people when they voluntarily
paild taxes to uphold the ' "gov
erment in 1876 when Gen, Hampi
ton was elected Governor? They
are exceedingly anxious to regain
what is expressed by that little
THE OPPOSITION HAS BEEN INCONSIS
What do you think of the
those who are opposed to' the
I think it has boon inconsistent
from beginning to end.
1. The Farmers' Movement
was bitterly criticised two
years ago, as tending to dif-cord
and disruption of the Democratic
party, by producing factions in
our rank?, yet when thc mass
meetings were held to elect dole
gates to the convention their
speakers on all sides proclaimed
rh at they were not opposed to the
2. When tho March convention
was held 2 years agothcre was a cho
rus of condemnation of, its action
throughout the entire State, yet
those very people who condemned
it then, advocated a convention
in March 1892, and when tim con
vention met not. only suggested
nominees for Governor and
Lieutenant Governor, but an entire.
State ticket. Speakers took par?
in the campaign who were not
candidates for a State office, to
convince the people of the error
of their way.
3. When the "peace and unity"
mass^meetings were ,held to ; send
es~TO Columbia' 'i&mV:-o?'
the orators took occasion to vent
their spleen against the Adminis
tration, placed in power by the
Democracy. Their platform is in
striking contrast with those
speeches, and some of the
resolutions adopted at the mass
4. But perhaps tho most incon
sistent of all their acts was in
regard to a direct primary. Mass
meetings had passed resolutions
for the delegates to make the
demand. Delegates from some
counties went instructed, yet the
matter seems to have frazzled out
when they reached Columbia.
THE INCREASED STRENGTH OF THE
What do you think of the
strength of the Reform Movement?
In my judgment it is stronger
than it was two years ago. From
all directions we hear that the
advocates of the movement are even
more determined than ever in their
opposition to the rule of the
THE EFFORTS TO CRIPPLE.
A great many think that every
obstacle posssible has been thrown
in the way of the administration
to prevent it from carrying out
the needed reforms.
They believe there has been a
conspiracy on the part of certain
corporations to cripple the gov
erment financially, so as to make
the peoplo dissatisfied with their
officials and to put in office those
who formerly hold power.
The people are educated on
political questions ; they think for
themselves ; and do not need a set
of men to suggest for whom they
shall cast their ballots. You can
put Abbeville county down as one
of those that will support the
The discussion of the Behring
Sea question.has aroused Russian
diplomats who declare that the
right of the Russian government
to act as it did in the sale of the
territory of Alaska, shall not be
called in question by the British
"We don't place any value on
things till we lose them," said
Mrs. Smith. "That's so," said
the widow Jones. "I never know
what a good husband I had lest
until I heard the minister preach
his funeral sermon."
Suits for damages have been
filed against the city of New
Orleans in the interest of six of
the heirs of the Italians killed in
the Matia troubles. In each case
$30,000 is aBkod.
'TWILL BE FARCICAL.
A Chance for John Haskell, J. C.
Hem ph il 1, Kirby Tupper, and
A. B. Williams to Distin
The fight with the Coosaw Com
pany is not over by any means.
The State has gained a glorious
victory over tho mightie.it corpora
tion within its borders. The last
court of appeal has decided that
the octopus' claim to a perpetual
right to enjoy the rich deposits in
Coosaw river is all moonshine and
water, and without any foundation
in fact. This is the first act of the
drama and it was filled with tragic
possibilities for the State. Some
of the ablest lawyers in the State
struggled hard to put the hoof of
a corporation on the neck of South
Carolina, and to keep her forever
from the enj >yment of her own
riches. They have failed and the
State has won a great victory for
which the people should rejoice.
The second act of the drama is
about to open, for the "between
acts"' will be short, and though it
will be as serious a? the first there
will be some features and incidents
in it that will be exceedingly
amusing and comical except to
those who will act the leading
The opposition papers have held
up the administration as worthy
of deposition and scorn because it
dared to tackle this great and
powerful monster that had thrown
its long, slimy arms out over the
richest spot in South Carolina,
that did not belong to it, and
threatened to hold it forever and
a clay. Their most plausible ar
gument and the one thing paraded
most was some fanciful theory of
theirs that tho State wa_ losing
money by the suit. Tho State lost
no money, and even if it had the
people would rather lose money
than tamely submit to the dicta
tion of any corporation, howevei
standing three separate bonds for
$50,000. The first is the one filed
annually since ?876 and is con
ditioned for a faithful discharge
of the obligations arising unde
that act. The second bond of $50,
000 was given when the Coosaw
Company secured an injunction
forbidding the State from entering
its own territory, and is condi
tioned for payment of costs, etc.,
all damages that the State may
sustain by having been kept^out
of the territory, provided the
courts decided that it had the right
to enter therein. This bond is
signed by men of wealth and is
held tobe very strong. Under this
bond the State will bring suit for
costs in the case and damages it
has sustained in the case.
Right here come in the comical
possibilities. Will it not be a rich,
rich sight to see A B. Williams,
J. C. Hemphill, John C. Haskell
and Kirby S. Tupper on the stand
testifying against the interests of
their friends and to the strength
ening of the administration that
they so bitterly oppose and fight?
For once the wiso have overreached
\Vhat better evidence can be
wanted of the damage that the
State has sustaiued than is afforded
by the files of the News and Cou
rier and the Greenville News, or
the speeches of Kirby Tupper and
John Haskell in the House, es
pecially that memorably bitter and
caustic speech of John Haskell at
the last session of the Legislature?
What will these gentlemen do
when brought to the witness stand?
Will they wiggle and squirm or
will they reaffirm what they have
so often stated, that the State has
lost $125,000? If the State has
been damaged to that extent, and
these gentlemen say it has, will
not thc Coosaw Company have "to
pay the freight"? It will be an
awkward position for these gentle
men to be made to testify to things
that they have uttered in other
spirit and for other motives. It
will be funny for everybody but
It is true that Coosaw's indem
nity bond is only for $50,000, but
that will not hinder the State from
bringing suit for o greater amount
if it be conceived that the damage
Another red hot thought for Coo
saw i s that another bond of $50,
000 was given the Farmers and
Carolina companies when they
were enjoined from mining in the
territory which tho State licensed
thom to operate in. Undoubtedly
they have been damaged by the
injunction and the bond is good to
cover those damages.
Then Coosaw can be granted out
as the other phosphate territory is.
The Board of Phosphate Commis
sioners will meet next Monday and
all these things will then betaken
March 2, 1891, the Farmers,
Carolina and Beaufort companies
were licensed to min6 in the Coo
saw territory. They will at last
be able to utilize these licenses.
Probably other companies will ask
The Coosaw Decision.
That the State would be suc
cessful in the contest with the
Coosaw Company was expected
even by the opponents of the
administration. The case was so
plain as hardly to admit the
possibility of a doubt, and little
doubt has been expressed as to
the ultimate result. While the
Coosaw Company had a perfect
right to contend in the courts for
any pr ivilges granted it, the whole
situation has been so clearly and
logically against its position as to
make it appear that its contest
was based not so much on . the
necessity of preserving its right as
on a desire to embarrass a State
administration-which came into
power on grounds opposed to
Coosaw and Coosaw's monopolistic
The fight was commenced by the
Coosaw Company and supported
by its friends, not for the sake of
sustaining any supposititious right
of the company, but for the
purpose of cutting off the revenues
and discrediting the State ad
ministration. This has been made
apparent by the fact that little 'if
any effort has been made to sustain
the position and defend the rights
of the company, but the opposition
Las rather contented itself witbv
condemning the manner rn which "
the administration h^jE?ndledihe^.
the extent to which the revenues of
the State have been impaired.
Any criticism; as to the manner
in which the case has been
conducted may well enough be
ignored. Success is the highest
test, and success has b'een achieved.
The State has secured control of
its own phosphate territory, which
it set out to do, and thus justifies
the course it has pursued.
Now comes up the matter of .the
royalty which has been lost, and
on this the opposition has based
its severest criticism. When the
Coosaw Company secured an
injunction to keep licenses of the
State out of the phosphate territory
pending litigation, it was
compelled to give a bond to
indemnify the State for any
damage sustained by reason of
this injunction. The opponents
of the administration have placed
this damage at a very high figure,
some of them as high as $15,000.
We have never believed that the
loss of revenue was so great, but
the testimony of Coosaw and
Coosaw's friends on the matter may
be accepted as authoritative and
only makes so much larger the
indemnity which the company
must pay on its bond.
Thus ends the first lesson. The
first action of the administration
toward conserving the rigWP^of
the people has been successful.
The first fight against corporate
oppression (not against corpora
tions) has been won. .The obstruc
tion of the opposition is now
shown to have been founded not
on justice but on spleen and malice.
But the administration has the
satisfaction of knowing that the
opposition muet pay for its whistle,
and thatjthe people have lost noth
ing by this attempt to preserve
for them their rights.-Register.
Those who read every thing are
thought to understand every thing
too; but it is not always so.
Reading only furnishes the mind
with the materials of knowledge ;
it is thinking that makes what we
read ours. We are of the ruminat
ing kind, and it is not enough
that we cram ourselves with a
great load of collections. Unless
we chew them over again, they will
not give us strength,
"So you are going to teach a
nigger school?" said a young
lady to her old aunt. "Well, for
my part, sooner than do that, I
would marry a widower with nine
children." "I would prefer that
myself," was the quiet reply;
"but where is the widower?"