Newspaper Page Text
The Vital Issue.
Chairman Clarkson, of the Re
publican National Committee,
when asked recently in regard to
the platform tobe adopted in Min
neapolis, went on to give an out
line of the declaration which he
thought would be made by the
convention. A part of what he
said is extremely interesting to the
people of the south.
"I do not know," said he, "that
the Lodge federal election bill will
he specifically endorsed, but I do
know that a human right's
plank of unquestioned vigor will
be presented to tne convention."
Continuing Mr. Clarkson says :
"Did it ever occur to you that
yonr child may livi to" see as many
negroes in this country as there
are white people to-day? Within
the next three-quarters of a cen
tury I predict the colored popula
tion of this country will be at least
65,000,000. And does any one
mean to tell me that they shall be
denied the elective franchise guar
- anteed by the constitution? That
ia the next great issne to be fought
over, and we might ashwell open
our eyes to its magnitude."
As the negro is not deprived of
the "elective franchise guaranteed
by the constitution," Mr. Clark
son's interview, when reduced to
its last analysis, means that the
great issue to be fought over is,
whether or not the federal govern
ment will consent to put the bay
onet at the ballot boxes of the
south, for the purpose of intim
idating its voters, and allow the
republican party to attempt to
accomplish by force and bloodshed
what cannot be accomplished with
a fair and free ballot.
The bayonet as a republican
promoter, is the real issue and Mr.
Clarkson goes to the gist of the
We may talk about tariff reform
and free silver and remark with
considerable emphasis that they
,are great and growing issues, or we
may say that this one or that one
or that one is paramount. But it
all amounts to nothing. The real
issue between the two parties is
one of sectionalism. That is the
cat in the meal tub, or, to speak
more pertinently to the facts, it is
the nigger* in the woodpile. We
can't escape that particular issue ;
it is paramount and it seems to be
So far as the two parties are
concerned, there is no need for
any - platforms or declamatory
resolutions. The voters know in
stinctively what each rep*resents,
andjhey will ally themselves with
each regardless of the issuee that
play about on the surface. The
democratic party as it exists to
day is formed for the purpose of
resisting federal aggression and
opposing the spirit of sectionalism
which appeals to the prejudices of
the war and strives to turn the
south over to an ignorant and ir
responsible race led by corrupt
white men. .
The white people of t\e south
may as well get themselves in
readiness for a renewal of the old
and oft-repeated contest. What
ever the platforms of the two
parties may say; whatever the
names of the candidates may be,
there will be but one issne-the
southern issue, the sectional issue.
Those of our friends who imagine
that the campaign is to be fought
out on the economic issues of the
hour may as well lay aside their
arguments and address themselves
to the central and vital questions
of the hour, namely : whether the
- time has come to surrender the
south to the forces which stand
ready to despoil her states and
overthrow her social organization.
That is the issue and the whole
of it. There may be a pleasing
display of rhetorical fireworks over
the tariff, the silver question and
the other issues that form the
burden of off-year discussions, but
it will amount to nothing. It will
sparkle and go out and we shall
find ourselves scrambling about
in the embers of the war and
fighting against the effects of the
combined and harmonious effects
of the combined and harmonious
effort of the Republican forces to
Africanize the south and to renew
and complete the ruin begun
during -the reconstruction period.
This issue is of more importance
than all the rest put together. It
is an issue that we cannot escape.
It is all that holds the republican
party together. The end and aim
of its "war mission" is the spolia
tion and degradation of the south.
While the republicau organiza
tion presents a formidable front
the people here cannot afford to
divide on any issue, for all issues
are insignificant in comparison
with this attempt to Africanize
and despoil the states of the
.The industrious man touches all
the buttons and the loafer takes
The first battering ram was pro
bably made, of a hard-headed man
wbo-wWiot upright. I
Second Croi,, Irish Potatores.
Lay aside all the small potatoes
from the'size of an hulled wal
nut down to that of a small hickory
nut, as the crop is dug in June or
early in July. Accumulate as
many seeds as it is desired to
plant, and expose them to the sun
until they assume a greenish cast.
Then take and clip on the seed
ends of each small potato, throw?
ing this clipping away.
Near a well, or other convenient
source of water, scoop out a place
in the soil eight or ten inches d?ep
and line the same with straw 01
leaves. Spread out the potatoes
in this hollow, three or four inches
deep; cover them with a little
atraw and then throw on several
inches of soil. Wet the seed be
fore covering with soil from time
to time,>very day for as few days.
If rain does not fall .'on the bed,
apply enough water to keep the
potatoes steadily moist. After ten
days have expired, begin to watch
for their sprouting and as soon aE
this is indicated have the soil
made ready to recieve the seed,
Have the land well plowe'd and
the furrows laid off in good time.
If a rain occurs to wet this open
furrow just as the seed potatoes
have sprouted, (sprouts just
started grow so they will not break
off in handling) it will be a
decided gain in startling the crop
to drop tho potatoes in the fur
rows, as soon after the rain ashcan
be done and not too wet to plow.
Drop the seed every fifteen inchee
and press them firmly into che
mellow soil with the foot. Then
with a turn shovel run a furrow
each side of the seed furrow, and
far enongh off to make a square
bed over the seed. By this opera
tion moisture will be conserved to
the use of the already sprouting
potatoes to bring them up in ten
days or two weeks if another rain
should occur in a week after
On naturally moist soil, rain
may be deferred some weeks with
out interfering with germination,
When the potatoes are up keep the
soil stirred shallow. If the neces
sary plant food is in the soil the
second crop frequently is much
larger than the first one. A trial
of this plan will show that a
second crop 'is more easily grown
than you now think.-Southern
u 'Have you seen anything of a
dog going down the road, with a
tail an inch or an inch and hali
or two inches long?'
"And the man answered, 'Yes,
he went down the road about an
hour or an hour and a half or two
hours ago, and he has had time tc
get a mile ]and' a half or two
An inference is always more 01
There is not much wind in the
blows of the sledge hammer.
A prophet is. never without
honor in his own ward.
Experience is one thing that
cannot be transmitted.
When a .goat wants to do a
complete job, he uses his head.
Dr. Talmage Tells a Story.
The Rey. T. De Witt Talmage tells
with great gusto the following experi
ence, which he attributes to his brother,
also a clergyman:
"He had just recovered from a long
spell of sickness," says Dr. Talmage,
.'and weak in body, emaciated and
pallid, he was walking slowly along a
street near his home when he was ac
costed by a big, burly fellow, who said
to him cheerfully:
" 'Say, is your name Smith- Jim
" 'No,' replied my brother, 'my name
" 'Well, I didn't know. Tm looking
for a man named Smith. They say he
lives near here. He's dying of consump
tion, and I thought as soon as I clapped
eyes on you that you might be the man.'
" 'Sir,' said my brother, 'I am a cler
gyman, and I may look thin and pale,
but you must not judge of consump
tives by that. In my time, now, I've
preached funeral sermons over scores of
fellows just as big as you. Apoplexy,
you know, catches you big fellows every
time. I hope I shall not be called
"But," says Dr. Talmage, "the big
fellow did not wait to hear my brother
to the end."-New York Herald.
Do You Appreciate
The advantage of buying always
from a clean, fresh stock of goods? If
yon do, you can bave that advantage
by baying shoes, slippers aud hats
from Mulherin, Rice & Co., Augusta.
Prices are lower than the lowest.
Gentlemen, we have the handsomest
line of fine dress Shoes in this market.
Prices low./Give us a call and we will
please you. More new dress goods to
arrive this week. J. M. COBB.
Dotted Swiss will be worn this sea
son more than ever, we have a full line
with laces to match.
PEARCR & A I.LKN.
MissAinoss will leave Edgefield in
about ten days, and persons wishing
dresses would better call at once and
see her. PEARCE & ALLIN.
Tne Spring is Upon Us,
And we are receiving this week a
nice line of ? Spring Calicoes, Ging
CAI and examine tnem.
W. H. TURNER & Co.
lOf Ginghams for 6^. This is for 10
days only. PEARCE & ALJ.FN.
10? Windsor Ties, now 5?.
PEARCE ?& ALLEN.
"Dearie's" Innocent Prattle.
An exceedingly pretty and graceful
young woman and a little girl of per
haps five years of age, boarded a Tre
mont street electric yesterday after
noon, and the car being nearly empty
walked up to the forward end and took
a seat where the young miss could
watch the motorman twist and untwist
tiie brake and turn on and off the elec
She watched him with the deepest in
terest for a long time, and when'the car
started without th 2 aid of horses, or any
visible signs of power, she became deep
"Mamma," she said, "what makes
' "This is an electric, dearie. Electric
ity makes it go."
"Mamma," said the little miss, after a
long silence, "we learn more'n and
more'n every day, don't we?'
\ "Yes, dearie," mamma answered,
with a far away look in her eyes.
"Did you pass that bad quarter on the
1 conductor?' dearie queried after that
individual had just gone by collecting
the fares. Every person in the car
heard her and tried hard not to smile.
"Papa said if the conductor wouldn't
take it you could pass it in the contribu
tion box next Sunday. Could you do
i MaTrima, signaled the conductor just
then. As they were getting off dearie
was telling mamma that those three red
haired women were awfully homely,
i and when the car started off again the
red haired women blushed even redder
' than their hair, and a strange, undefina
, ble constraint pervaded the car until the
last red haired woman had got off,
which was somewhere near the end of
the route.-Boston Herald.
Taking Advantage of the Tear.
' Over the line in Paulding, Ga., there
; lived a widow whose name, we believe,
was Brown. But it is not Browr now.
She is there no more, nor is she a widow
' any more forever. She was fat and fair,
i but not forty. About three weeks ago
there came along a middle aged widower
of fine mien and prepossessing appear
ance. Ostensibly he stopped for a drink
of water at the well The widow, in
, the goodness of heart, kindly gave him
the water. Her looks pleased him, and
1 at once to business he went. Neither
i one ever saw the other before. He ask
ed her if she was married. She told him
no, that she was a lone widow.
Whereupon he informed her that he
, was a widower hunting for a wife.
"Yes. sir! walk in." Here we drop the
curtain. In her own language, how
ever, we give the_result: "It is sufficient
to say this is leap year, you know, and
at 8 o'clock that night we "twain were
made one.' We fixed it all right there
Tomorrow she leaves for his home.
Where it is or what sort it is or
whether he has one, she knoweth not.
She says "marriage is a lottery any
how." She was on our streets yester
day as gay as a lark. Now, who can
? beat a widow "for business" when she is
i in dead earnest?-Atlanta Constitution.
Nothing better illustrates the dullness
of society in the Middle Ages than the
custom used by all high placed and
wealthy persons of keeping a profes
siona? jester, nor was it confined to
Christendom, for we read that Cortez
1 found an individual of this profession
1 at the court of Montezuma. Our mod
ern clowns, though very different from
the licensed jesters of old, owe to them,
of course, their origin; but, so far as I
know, the female jester, who was in
. vogue before the male, has no presen'
We are told by Erasmus that in all
the gre it inns on the Continent uhere
i was in his time a female official of
this description, who enlivened the-com
pany ati she waited at table By witti
1 cisms'and repartee. It should be added,
> however, that she was generally young
, and pretty. So late as 1853, we read in
Mrs. Hornby's "Travels" that she found
a female jester at Constantinople, who
was exceedingly amusing.-London Il
Animals' Eyes Flag Trains.
"Yes, we have a good deal of experi
ence with wild animals," remarked an
engineer, "but not so thrilling as that of
the engineers on western roads when the
buffalo was common on the plains. But
there is enough still left of wild animal
life to make it interesting. The eyes of
the wolf, coyote, wildcat, jack rabbit,
polecat and other animals look like a red
light when facing the headlight. Did
not these animals quickly undeceive us
by turning their heads, an engineer
might think his train was being flagged
and stop his engine. The wolf, wildcat
and coyote are quick and jump from the
track, bat the jack rabbit is less fortu
nate. The headlight has a strange fas
cination for this animal and often it is
An Electrical Finger.
An electrical finger for surgical uses
has recently been invented. A bulb, at
tached to a long probe, is attached to a
finger stall. The bulb is double and the
outer skin is flexible. The two layers
are connected with opposite poles of the
battery, and wires connect the inner
layer with the finger tip. Pressure at
any point closes the circuit and the elec
trical current is transmitted to a corre
sponding point on the finger. The sur
geon has thus a means of feeling and
measuring things which he can neither
see nor reach by ordinary means.-Phil
A Surprised Official.
The following story is credited to Con
gressman Boutelle, of Maine:
There was once a secretary of the navy
from an interior state. He had never
seen a ship before arriving in Washing
ton. Some weeks after his induction
into office, he visited a ship of war. Af
ter landing on the main deck he looked
down the main hatch and seemed great
ly astonished. "Never dreamed," he
said, "that the durned thing was hol
A prince received from the house
steward his monthly statement of ac
counts, in which occurred the item of 1.50
lire for the keep of a cat in the palace.
The prince immediately wrote in the
margin, "If there are no rats in the
house, it is no good keeping a cat; if
there are any rats, the charge for the
keep of the cat is superfluous." And he
struck out the item.-Don Chisciotte.
A Dentist's Way of Expressing lt.
A story is told about a popular dentist
who was a farmer's boy before he studied
his profession and the metaphors of the
farm came glibly to his hps. He had
just opened an office and one of his first
customers was a young lady, whose
teeth he carefully examined and then
remarked, "I find, miss, that one of your
hind teeth needs a little filling."-Spring
Gets Warmed Cheaply.
A Havre jeweler, who has an alternat
ing current transformer in the basement
beneath his store, has placed an iron
grating over it. and in this way warms
his place at the electric company's ex
pense.-New York Journal.
For 10? we will give you a white
Persian Lawn, worth 16jV
PSARCS & ALLEN.
How Photography Has Come to the Aid
Of the Enthusiastic Astronomer.
The Boston Scientific society has held
a meeting of unusual interest, at which
S. C. Chandler, the eminent astronomer,
gave the first public presentation of the
remarkable work now being done by
Has Wolf at Heidelberg.
He said: "The position of asteroids in
astronomical science is a peculiar, and
I might say practically a useless one, so
far as tangible results from their dis
covery are concerned. The discovery of
a new comet is a matter of great impor
tance, and the increase in their number
contributes much to the knowledge o?
the science, bat with asteroids, they
must be found in large numbers before
they become of especial significance,
and in that event it has always been a
debated question whether the immense
amount of labor required in keeping
track of them and performing the neces
sary computation is really worth the
while when the actual results obtained
are so small.
"There are known to exist by the thou
sands and tens of thousands down to
the size of an ordinary rock, and to col
late and preserve the knowledge ob
tained of them as fast as discovered has
been a difficulty well nigh insurmounta
"But the development of photography
in connection with telescopy has seemed
to open up an opportunity for accom
plishing something in this line. If cer
tain whole strips of the heavens could
be tracked and a record kept of the ob
servations, a long step would be taken
in solving this problem. Apropos of
this matter, young Max Wolf, of Heidel
berg, has been making some very unique
"He uses a small telescope of 6-inch
aperture, and has devised a piece of
mechanism by which he can not only
follow the heavens for a number of
hours together, but can put away the
plate, take it the next night and con
tinue the record consecutively from the
point where he left off. This continual
exposure of the same glass night after
night has hitherto been regarded as im
possible, and Wolf was scoffed at when
he attempted it, but he has succeeded
nevertheless. By this process he has
been enabled to discover asteroids by
observing their motions.
"Moreover, he does not use clockwork.
His plates are exposed, and he keeps bia
instrument fixed for hours together on a
given point by means of a subsidiary
telescope. In this wa}' he has discov
ered seven new asteroids and found be
tween thirty and forty old ones, and
thinks also that he has discovered a new
comet, though that has not been fully
demonstrated as yet
"He has also discovered the tracks of
meteors and has found a succession of
variations of their light by means of
duplicate impressions with different tel
escopes, recording five or six distinct
oscillations in brightness. His duplicate
impressions agree perfectly. Wolf
now trying to find the companion of Al
Ecclesiastical colors include all th?
primary colors and black and. white,
which are used at various church offices.
The cardinals of the Roman church have
adopted scarlet as their color, which
was originally red. In ancient Rome
the occupation and rank bf many peopli
were made known by the colors of the
garments which they wore. Black
in common use among us for mourning
but the Chinese wear white, the Turks
wear violet, and in Ethiopia brown is the
White was originally the mourning
color in some European countries, but
black is generally accepted now. Dif
ferent colors have frequently, been
adopted by opposing parties, and the
colors of various nations are incorporated
in their flags, for instance the <4red,
white and blue" of the United States.
Harper's Young People.
A Bear Climbing a Tree.
Even professional taxidermists some
times make blunders in their work. A
funny instance of lack of thought by an
animal stuffer is to be seen in a'show
window of a Broadway cloakmaker,
where there is a dead polar bear in the
act of climbing a tree.
Thousands of persons pass that bear
every day, and it is safe to say that not
one in a million ever sees how untrue to
nature it is for a polar bear to climb
There aren't any trees in the polar re
gions where the white bear comes from.
Perhaps the bears would learn to climb
them if there were.-New York Herald.
Schools and the French Army.
The total expenditure for normal
schools in France was, in 1872, near
$11,000,000; at present it is upward of
$25,000,000, or an increase of 127 per
cent The French republic has spent
and is still spending untold millions
-upon the army and navy. But on ac
count of that it does not forget the
school. And without a doubt the re
publican school will outlive the repub
lican army and be a blessing to all gen
erations to come, for knowledge makes
us free.-Chicago Herald.
Bombay's Water Works.
The Tansa water works for the supply
of Bombay were only completed after
very great physical difficulties had been
overcome. The work involved the con
struction of a masonry dam two miles
long to form a lake of nearly six square
, miles in area. There are fifty-two miles
of ducts, twenty-seven miles of iron
mains, four miles of tunnel and nearly
a mile of iron girder bridges.-New York
Bows and Arrows in a Modern Battle.
Many readers will be as much sur
prised as I was in learning that at the
battle of Leipsic the Russianflirought
into the field numbers of Baskir Tartars
who were armed only with'bows and ar
rows. So we read in General Marhofs
"Memoirs," written by himself. The
general was himself wounded by an ar
.ow in the battle.-Notes and Queries.
GEORGE B. LAKE,
- AGENT FOR -
The MUTURAL LIFE INSUR
ANCE CO., of New York. . The
largest and best Life Company
in the world.
Agent also for the following Fire
HOME, of New York.
GREENWICH, of New York. ..
HAMBURG-BREMEN, of Ham
LANCASHIRE, of Manchester,
ST. PAUL-GERMAN, of St. Paul, [ UN
MECHANICS and TRADERS, of
TRAVELERS ACCIDENT INS.
CO., of Hartford, Conn.
I. H. PAUL, AGENT,
No. 2 Park Row,
-IMPORTERS OF FINE
Vines, Liquors, Tobacco, Cigars,
Stone Mountain Corn Whiskey a Specialty. '
Will move to our new quarters in about thirty days in the HUFFMAN
732 Broad (Under Central Hotel,) Street,
Augusta, - - Ora.
L R. Schneider,
IMPORTEES OF FINK. j?'.i;r
iVines, Liquors and Cigars,
JAND DEALERS IX?
Bourbon Rye and Corn Whiskey.
?oi ?tiicl"8o2 Broad Street,
March, April, and May
kill ?ell EGGS to persons in Edgefield county at $1.50 per sitting of 13. Send
illustrated circular, showing SHOW record. Farmers can dono better
in to PLANT a few chickens this year.
lEEXISPR-Y F\ COOK,
GRANITE VILLE, S. C.
Edgefield, S. C.,
We have now removed to our new quarters on the corner next to
9 Farmers' Loan and Savings Bank, where we shall be pleased to
? and entertain our friends and the balance of mankind, right
That we are prepared to do this, a bare inspection of our inner
ornings will establish. Our
liquors, Wines, Cigars, Etc., Etc.,
3 of the latest, best, and most approved brands. Give us one call
d you will need no further invitation.
B. B. EVANS,
Ufe ana Fire insurance Wi
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
The UNION MUTUAL LIFE, of Portland Maine. Its polices
) the most liberal now offered to the public.
The PENNSYLVANIA FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, of
[t will be to the interest of parties contemplating insurance to ex
line their contracts before insuring elsewhere.
K7~E are receiving SPRING GOODS every day and will be glad tc
have the public come and see them. We do not require yoi
buy but only wish to satisfy you that we have a nicer selection thai*
11 can get elsewhere in the town. Also that
/Ve Guarantee Prices.
Everything has come in except Dress Goods, Gloves, Hosiery and
Qbroidery; these goods we are looking for every day. We will have
.ARGER and MUCH NICER line of DRESS GOODS this season
We have added Mantua Making to our business. Miss Amoss, a
ebrated dress maker from Baltimore, will preside over this depart
nt. Remember we guarantee every dress to fit. Our terms are
SHOES ? SHOES!!
We will also carry a large line of Ladies' and Gents' Shoes, the
it, without any exception, that has ever been brought to this place;
ring bought close and discounted every bill wo care nothing for
npletion. Try us and see !
Bepliyrs stud ?Sillas*.
We have added Zephyrs and Embroidery Silks to jur stock ;
ne and see them before they are picked over as they are selling very
We will not quote prices or mention, at this time, the different
ids of goods we carry in stock, as we keep everything that is wanted
a first-class dry goods store. You will save money by trying us
we ask is a trial and we will convince you.
PEARCE & ALLEN.
Kgh Prices for Cotton
IS MADE POSSIBLE BY INVESTING WHERE YOU CAN OBTAIN
EST VALUES FOR LEAST CASH.
( LOWEST PRICES,
A GOOD TEAM ]
( BEST GOODS.
Weare headquarters for BLANKETS, CLOAKS, DRESS GOODS
fDERWEAR, and everything in Dry Goods.
Come and see us when you come to the city.
MULLARKY & HARTY,
IO Broad St., A.ugusta, G-a.
IF YOU ARE LOOKING
POPULAR PRICED, STLISH, WELL MADE CLOTHING.
We with all sincerity recommend you to call when in Augusta, and
see the immense stock of
I C. LEVY & CO.,
Tailor Fit Clothiers.
AUGUSTA, - . Gr A.
GEO. R. LOMBARD & COMP'Y
MACHINE, BOILER aM W WOHIS HILL, ENGLVE ail GIN SUPPLY HOUSE.
Is the place to get Machinery and Supplies and Repairs at Bottom
50 New Gins and 62 New Engines in stock.
If you want a First-class COTTON GIN at Bottom Prices write
for a New Catalogue and Reduced Prices of IMPROVED AUGUSTA
COTTON GIN. See the extra fine recommendations of last year's
Mention THE ADVERTISRR when you write. jly301y
OUR MOTTO, "QUICK SALES AND SMALL PROFITS."
AGENTS FOR THE
"FAMOUS OLD MOBY Ai TEIE8SFE WAGONS."
BEST IN THE MARKET.
f 949 Broad St., i
REPOSITORY, ] FACTORY, \ 914 Jones St.
( 946 Jones St. (
THE BEST, ^CHEAPEST, AND MOST RELIABLE HOUSE
bo o 0 M g
c5 .bD'? g e nj
J CJO'? -cfc 3
_ pl d ^ ?
S ffl 00 ? o3 0
H fl fe
. r ? ?
a?s ? SHU^
I8 J Ma oo
SJ i ?
u H i-i
ss ? $ O ?g h
L. JOHNSON, PRESIDENT. W. H. WILLIMS, SUPERINTENDENT
CHS. F. DEG EN, General Manager and Secretary and Treasurer.
TE AUGUSTA LUMBER COMPANY,
ALL KINDS OF
Dressed Lumber and General Building Material,
Office, Factory and Yard,
Adams, Campbell, D'Antignac and Jackson Streets,