Newspaper Page Text
tcitiJ?f?r "Scenes Aboard Ship in
^ War Times.
Emma Henry Ferguson, in Lippincott's.
The captain had ordered the
children, nurse, and myself on
deck ere starting out, and wrapped
abou$ .with sheets we reclined or
eat on the -cotton bales that lined
the sides of the ship's deck. The
men werona!! flressed.in white, the
amoke-staok's were painted white
and inverted, giving forth no sound
and consuming their own smoke.
No w?rct was -spoken on the ship.
Thus, without souud, and seem
ingly without visible motion, she
glided" through the waters like a
bird on the wing. She was an illu
sion to the material senses, a
phantom; we on board seemed
. spectres, silently'but recklessly
laughing in .the face of death.
Faster, faster glided th* toy ship ;
nearer,- nearer grew the great red
light. " It seemed, to me we must
run into it. I sat motionless be
side C$pt. Reid on a bale of cotton,
watching the glowing ball of fire
-, that loomed through the shroud of
mist in front, and realized that
impending death was on either
side, the visible risk of it ahead.
Suddenly,- and without verbal or
der from the captain, the men at
? tb^wheel turned the little craft
with t??-alertness of hand of the
magicraD., an? she shot to the left,
just outside of the radius made by
the beacon light of the .flag ship,
and-. between-.it and a great lum
bering cruiser rolling about in the
waters h'alf a mile off. '
As wo noiselessly' ran thus be
tween the very jaws of death Capt,
Reid touched my arm and pointed
right and left. ? Following his di
rections I saw on one side, within
the radius, a magnificent man-of
war, its deep-mouthed cannon near
the surface of the water, ifs tower
ing masts majestically reared
against the clouds, its deck swarm
ing with a powerful marine force,
all bathed in red and yellow light
that made a minute, distinctiv?
picture against a dark sea back
On the other side, in shadowj
outline, lay the dark hulk of the
other, noisily puffing her steam,
but quiet, like a monster held in
leash against its will ; while be
tween the two. with thenicestkind
of calculation, our little craft ran
her gauntlet, boldly, defiantly.
Once well through,I could feel the
speed being gradually strengthen
ed, until in two hours a fine dis
tance had been put between her and
At the end of that time Capt.
Reid advised me to go below and
get all the rest I could before day
"Why before daybreak?" I ask
ed. "Isn't the danger of blockade
He smiled grimly. "It has not
fairly commenced. What we have
done seeias something to you, but
it is not difficult. My ship makes
no noise, nor .shows herself at
night. With a little management
in guiding her by the flag ship's
light, ?t is easy to run through the
fleet. The enemy knows that. Ahl
they are clever at Washington.
They've put their two fastest men-B
of-war into the high seas to .pay us
for this and by the light of day."
It has been suggested by al
staunch Reformer, who has done a
great deal of work for his faction
without any adequate reward for
his services, that an. equitable
solution of pending and prospec
tive troubles in the political camp
would be for Senator Irby to send
in his resignation right away, so
as to* avoid any further complica
tions . growing out of his recent
escapade in Columbia, which would
enable the-^Legislature to elect
Governor Tillman to fill the
vacancy this winter, and thereby
avoid the expected contest between
Butler and Tillman next summer.
_ It is. very doubtful whether this
arrangement would suit either of
the parties mentioned, but it has
the merit of sincerity and the pur
pose is to allay political fermenta
tion inthe State
UNTIL further notice, we
will'buy. Cotton delivered
at Langley, S. C., at Augusta
market prices on day of de
livery". '"Will not buy anything
below Strict Low Middling.
THOMAS BARRETT, Jr.,
Pres't Langley M'f'g Co.
I will pay FIFTY CENTS in
Trade.for SEED OATS, Sacked.
I am in the TOP of the COTTON
MARKET, and in the BOTTOM
of the GROCERY MARKET.
Fruit Jars reduced 25/ doz.
? Yours for economy,
E. J. NORRIS.
Billi of Sale and Mortgages of I
personal ancfreal estate for sale at f
the ADVERTISER office.
I bad a malignant breaking out on my leg
below the knee, and wascuredsonnd and well
with two and a half bottles of |9Egl
Other blood medicines had failed gg^SSgj
to do me any good. W^C.B^TY,^
I was troubled from childhood with n?j
grav&ted case of Tetter, and three potties ol
MAnnv?le, L T.
Our bools on Blood and Skin Dishes mailed
free. ?wnrSHWOTO Co., Atlanta, Ga,
.WOOD'S ' PH09PHOD1KE;
.The Groat English Bemedy.
Promptly and permanent
ly euros all forms of Nervous
, Weakness, Emissions, Sperm
atorrhea. Impotency and ali
effects of Abuse cr Excesses.
_ pre seri beC over SQ
years In thousands of cases;
- ls theonly Kellatie and Bon
' Medicino knoten. Ask
for WOOD'S PSOS
i Before and After EUODIKZ; If be offers some
t cejare ana ??jier* worthle?, medicine in place
of tais, leave his dishonest store, inclose price in
letter, and wo will send by return moll, Price, one
tack ape. SI; six, $5. One vHll please, lix will cnn.
am phi ot In plain sealed envelope, 2 (.tampa
Address THE WOOD CHEMICAL CO..
a 131 Wood TC ard avenue, Detroit. Mica.
0?s\T" Sold in Edgefield by G. L. Penn & Son
ana druggists everywhere *
THE Trustees announce to the pub
lic that this school will open on
Monday, Sept. 4,1893,
and continne ten months, forty weeks,
with a recess of one week ai Christ
mas. There will be three departments,
each carefully graded :
The Primary, embracing 2 years.
The Intermediate, embracing 4 years.
The Academic, embracing 4 years.
Provision is also made for Music and
Art Departments, under competent
teachers. Arrangements for studies
higher than the Academic will be made
hereafter, if it be deemed best to do so.
The rates of tuition will be as follows :
In the Primary Department,first
and secoad years, per month.. % 1.0C
In the Intermediate Department,
1st and 2nd years, per month.. 2.0f
In the Intermediate Department
3rd and 4th years, per month.. 3.W
In the Academic Department, 1st
and 2nd years, per mon lb. 3.0C
In the Academic Departmen t, 3 :d
and 4th years, per month. 4.0C
In the Music Dep rjneui, pe:
In the Art Department, per
From these charges will be deduct
ed the pro rata amount allowed for
each pupil from the public school fund,
The trustees have committed this
school to the management of
Dr. L. R. GWALTNEY.
He will be aided in each department
by competent teachers. It will be seen
that the basis of financial support
which has been in operation for sev
eral years has been abandoned, the
trustees having fully decided that it
is better to have fixed rates of tuition
for all pupils. If the citizens of Ed~e
fleldwil^heartily standby "The In
stitute," they will have a good school
in which they may take a commenda
ble pride. The Principal is well known,
He returns to Edgefleld. to. become the
pastor of the Baptist Church, and tc
give his matured experience to the
work of educating our boys and girls,
Good board can be had for $8 to $1C
W. E. PRESCOTT, Chairman.
Due West, S. C.
Opens first IMonday in October next.
IFFERS CLASSICAL AND SCIENTIFIC COUESES.
Large and handsome building com
pleted. Delightful climate.
Now in the 54th Year of .its Existence.
Total Expenses for Board and Tuition, $150.
?sWm Writejor Catalogue. .
W. M. GRIER, Pre ?dent.
Liquor, Morphine, Tobacco, Etc.
The liquor, morphine, and chloral
habits absolutely cured under guaran
tee. P?rticulars given by .'etter pr in
person at my office, which is open all
hours of the day.
There is no use to go away from
I home and spend hundreds of dollars
for treatment, when you can be cured
at home for a much smaller amount.
J. GLOVER TOMPKINS, M. D.
Edgefleld, C. H., S. C.
W. N. BURNETT,
Successor to GEO. B. LAKE,
CYCLONE & FIRE D?SURAl?CE.
Office over Bank of Edgefleld.
W. I? DOUGLAS
S3 SHOE MP.
Do yo J wear them? When next In nest) try a pair.';
Best in the world.
u.wM . wast
If you want afino DRESS SHOE, mala In the latest
styles, don't pay $6 to $8, try my $3, $3.50, $4.00 or
$5 Shoe. They fit equal to custom made and look and
wear as well. . If yon wish to economize In your footwear,
do so by purchasing W. L. Douglas Shoes. Name and
price stamped on the bottom, look for lt when you buy
TV. Ii. DOUGL AS, Brockton, Blass. Sold by
J"- JS/L. OOBB.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
HAVING bought the above
stallion, he will stand the
coming fall season, beginning
Sept. ist, at my farm, Curry
ton, Edgefleld Co., S. C., ten
miles north of Augusta, Ga.
. Terms: Insurance, $25.00;
H. A. SHAW,
Hamburg, S. C.
1 READ OUR 3
E TESTIMONIALS 1
BPiUPESlSEE^ lfE GUAKANJEE A CUBSj
.hE??sLerab^i? and Invito tho Jnostj
I careful investigation ua to our reapcr.eibil
I ity aud the merita ol' our Tablets.
davR. Perfectly liar:).-. ^
Will complete! y destroy the desire for TOBACCO In from 8 to
lc9s; cause no sickness, and may be gi v. n l.i a cup of toa or folleo without tue know!
edge of the patient, who will voluntiirily stop smoking or coercing ia a lew daj'3
DR???KEHNESS ??I0?E MBIT SS??^1?
the patient, hy tho uso of our SPECIAL FOXT.1ULA GOLD CURE TABLETS
Dnrin(rtreatmentpationtanrer.llrw?yl tho free use of Liqucr or'Kor
phlnc until such tune as they shall voluntarily give thcui up.
Wo send particulars util pamphlet of testimonials freo, and ?hall
bo gin d to place sufferers from any of these habits in commun lea
tlou with persons who have bceu cured hythe use of our TABLETS
HILL'S TABLETS ??ra for salo by all 7IEST-CLASS
druggists at $ J .00 puekt.pe.
Jjyourdrufhrist?oi'!- not keep tbein, enclosons ?? I .CO
and wo will send you, hy return mail, a package or our
Write yonr name and nddress plainly, and stato
.whether Tablets are for Tobacco, Morphino or
DO NOT BE DECEIVED into purchasin
any of tho various nostrums 1 hat nro being
offered for Bule. Ask for HULL'S
TABLETS and take no other.
Manufactured only by
OHO CHEMICAL CC
Cl. 53 & EB Opera Block,
s-~ Ts:: OTHO C'
. y cn ro for tobacco ha:
WL'^Of do wrhrti von .cl-.tim fi
Q> . worthcf.theSsc?jrgc?i
y and ircr.; o;:c to ?iv? . .;:.:r.s; ar
from ten io _? ^. ty ;?.:.. ..>( tobi ceo.
r-.nd smoke*! for Uveuty'?yrf yr: : ?
' your 'i'aulcL: <;r.ro-i mc BO I hr *. ; o<
I ./. ' DO?I:??I Fr.i:r-y,
jr TUB Onifi CnEltflO?t Co. :-^0B3TLSMSK:-iJcrne tittie iii '
r foT Si.ot; worth ol' your Tab?ctu ro. ". -.:.: < o Ht ?>5fc I it
Iriera ali righ?nu'J.altuoa
il-.i Co v/ork Ju i?s:i tl
jr Truly yoi
jf. 7:?U o::io Casa'ic*L Co.:r'Jr:.-rz.
i ?ig?iiiU'J.nltuoagh i WHS i.e.:!. -
Co v/ork :n iusa.thuii thre:-1 . '/&. .
Truly yours, ?A?aii/ J?
me pleasure ?c :;pcuk a
:.'..':/: ..?dir;U-.i ?OV",!U80Of
. II-.". 'y?? : |j:-?.vy. and
.:ri't.d?y.j he q-.ii?u rinking,
:-. '.iv uj?iith cefoic writing
^ Vi?. a??L3?S itOHElSON.
A?IE Onio CHEMICAL Cc:-GENTLEMEN:-Your Tablet. Lavo porlormo? ?rnUvele in my caso.
I have used morphine, hypodormicully, for seven years, aud Lavo O?C:? onrsu '?y thc uso of
:wo packages of your Tablets, and without au y effort on my part. ' V. L. LOXEGA??
Address all Orders to
- ,- ?orti'?f praisef6ryocrTaW?te: i?y ?.t: v
gS&S f :i-;i:o:-,:-'.: t::rcu:r;? ::i:i;-::d. . v-u?lnd lot:-.
ff con->;.-aii drinker, Las afterusingyor.pTr.M?:I
J> and will nor soucb liquor cf any kind, i havo V.a?i
y you, ia ordo.- to kuov/ tn o euro waa lxtrtncnout. i'our^
. RESPONSIBLE :
writing pleaw nic^Uc
THE ?mo QHEMIQAL CO.,
51, 53 and 55 Opera BSocfe. LSSftA, OHIO.
PADGETT PAYS TEE FREIGHT
Why Tay Extreme Tiices for Goods!
Fend for Catalogue and iao What You Can Save !
<P 1 COO for fuis
slritlng of llureau.
rtedsteoil '& Wash
stand-, worth $!??;
PRICE NOW $15
ICQ other Bedroom
Suits, ?ll prices.
Just, to Introduce them.
No freight pail! on i Iiis or
giin. Guaranteed to he a
pood organ or money re
Elegant Plush PAIvLOR SUITS, consisting
ol Sofa, Arni Chair, Rocking Chair, Divan,
and 2 side ('hairs-worth $45. Will deliver
lt to your depot for
This No. 7
ed to your
A $55 lucscrz
with all attachments, for
delivored to your depot.
VThc regiilar p?ee of this
5UGGY is fi? to 75 dollars.
The manufacturer pays ...
thc expenses and I sell them
to you for S42.75
and guarantee every one a ^jSte??I'iSa^
bargain. No freight paid ?^^'ii'^^
uar^aiu. ^ u
on this Buggy
A 065O PIANO
delivered at vour depot
all freight pnM fur
Send for catalogues of Kttrnlture, Cooklnc
Stoves. Baby Carriages, Uleyelcs, Organs, Pi
anos, Ten Sets. Dinner Sets, Lamps, &c, and
SAVE MONEY. Address
T I1 DA TYfllffTnn 805 Broad Street
li. ? . XJCLU UTJCJ 1 X Augusta, O'a.
PDjfT FOLGET THE SEBMjjjTY ?^J^j1""6 of
B0H7 ragCET THE FIS8MTIES r?^^?y:
DMPT FORGET THE MfljgSETY ^?S?y ^fact?red
DOIPT FDRGET THE BjjjjjjMY S^?^.
ff of writing to ns
_ for estimates or
DOM'T FORGET THE
fl?GUSTfl Lt?pBEP, Go.,
PRIZES ON PATENTS.
How to Get 2,500 Doters
The "Winner Has a Clear Gilt of
a Small Fortune, and thc Losers
Have Patents that may Bring
Them in Still more.
"Would you like to make twenty-five
hundred dollars? If you would, read
carefully what follows and you maj
see a way to do it.
The Press Clams Company devotes
much attention to patents. It has
handled thousands of applications for
inventions, but it would like to handle
thousands more. There is plenty ol
inventive talent at large in this coun
try, needing nothing but encourage
ment to produce pratical results. Thal
encourgement the Press claims
Company proposes to give.
NOT SO HARD AS IT SEEMS.
A patent strikes most people as ar
appallingly formidable thing. The ides
is that an inventor must be a natural
genius, like Edison or Bell; that he
must devote years to delving ir
complicated mechancial problems and
that he must spend a fortune or
delicate experiments before he car
get a new device to a patentable de
gree of perfection. This delusion thc
company desires to dispel. It desires tc
get into the head, of the public a clear
comprehension of the fact that St is
not the great, complex, and expensive
inventions that bring the best returns
to their authors, but the little, simple,
and cheap ones-the things that seem
so absurdly trivial that the average
citizen would feel somewhat ashamed
of bringing them to the attention ol
the Patent Office.
Edison says that the profits he has
received ?'rom the patents on all his
marvelous inventions have not b:'en
sufficient to pay the cost of his ox
p?riment** Bul the man who conceived
die iden of fastening a bit of rubber
cord to a childts ball, so that it would
come back to the hand when thrown
made a fortune oat of his scheme. Thc
nu.dem sewing machine is a miracle
of ingenuity-the product ot' the toi!
of hundreds of busy" brains through a
hundred and fifty years, hut the whole
brilliant result rests upon the simple
device of putting ihe eye of the needle
at the point instead of at tile ocher end
THE LITTLE THINGS Tnii MOST VALU
Comparatively row peoplo regard
themselves as Inventors, hut'almost
everybody has been struck, ? at one
time or another, with ideas that seemed
calculated to reduce some of the litth
frictions of life. Usually such are ideas
dismissed without further thought.
"Why don't the railroad company
make its car windows so that they c:ui
be slid up and down without breaking
the passengers' backs?" exclaims the
traveler. "If I were running the road
? would make them in such a way."
,'What was the man that made this
saucepan thinking of?" grumbles the
cook. "He never had to work over a
stove, or he would have known how it
ought to have been fixed."
"Hang such a collar button !" growls
the man who is late for breakfast "If 1
were in the business I'd make buttons
that wouldn't slip out, or break oil", or
gouge out the back of my neck."
And then the various sufi'erors for
get about their grievancet and begin
to think of something else. If they
would sit down at the next convenient
opportuni.y, put their ideas about car
windows, saucepans,and collar buttons
into practical shape, and then apply
for patents, they might find themselves
as independently wealthy as the man,
who invented the iron umbrella ring
or the one who pateni.ed?thejlfteen
?'.V TKMl'TIXG OFFER.'
To induce people to keep ^track ol
their bright ideas and see what there
is in thein, thc Press. Claims Company
has v.'solved to offer a prize.
To the person whs submits to it tho
simpjest and most promising inven
tion, from a commercial point ot view,
the company will giye_tw_onty-iivo
hundred dollars.in cash, addition to
refunding the fees for securing thc
It will also [advertise^the invention
free of charge.
This offer is subject to the following
conditions ? K**?
Every competitor must obtain a
patent for his invention through the
company. He must first apply fora
preliminary search, the cost of which
will be five dollars. Should thissearcl
show his invention to be unpatentabi.
he can withdraw without further ex
pense. Otherwise he will be expected
to complete his application and take
out a patent in the regular way. The
total expense, including Government
and Bureau fees,will be seventy dollars.
For this, whether he secures tile prize
or not, the inventor will have a patent
that ought to be a valuable property
to Iiiin. The prize will be awarded by
a jury consisting of three reputable
patent attorneys of Washington. In
lending competitors should lill out the
following blank, and forward it with
their application :
"I submit c*:e ?within described in
vention in competition for the
Twenty-five hundred Dollar Prize
offered by the Press Claims Company.
XO BLANKS IX THIS COMPETITION.
This is a competition of rather an
unusual naturi1. It is common to offer
prizes for the best story, or picture, or
architectural plan,all the competitors
risking the loss of their labor and the
sue ssful one merely selling his for
the amount of the prize. But the Press
Claims Company's oller is something
entirely di li?rent. Each person is
asked merely to help himself, and the
one who helps himself to Hie best ad
vantage is to be rewarded for doing it.
The prize is only a stimulus to do
something that would be ..ell worth
doing without it. The architect whose
competitive plan fora club house
on a certain corner is not accepted has
spent his labor on something ol' very
little use to him. But the person who
patents a simple and useful device in
the Press Claims Company's competi
tion' need not worry if he fail to secure
the prize. Helias a substantial result
to show for his work-one that will
command its value in the market at
The plain man v. ho uses any article
in his daily work ought to know bet
ter how to i m provo il than the
mechanizal expert who studies it only
from the .theoretical point of view.
Get rid of the idea that an improve
ment can be too simple to be worth
patenting.The simpler (hebelter. The
person who besl succeeds in combining
simplicity and popularity, will get the
Press Claims ConipayV. twenty-five
The responsibility of lin's company
may be judged from the fact that its
stock is neld by about three hundred
of the leading newspapers of the
Address the Press Cia'ms Company,
John Wedderburn, managa attorney,
918 F street, N. W. Washington, D. C.
Corner, .Broad, and. McIntosh Streets.
Augusta, - - O-a.
M nfl Mei
i Mm EiGssi of Egps, O?eop si goes.
1 nyR?D? [IRON WORKS. ?ND
LUIYiDnny (SUPPLY COMPANY
Machinery and Supplies. Repairs, etc., Quickly Made.
f[W~ Get our Prices before you buy.
For Inventions Procured by the
PRESS CLAIM COMPANY,
Equal with the interest of those having claims against the Gov
ernment is that of INVENTORS, who often lose the benefit ef vena
blo inventions because of the incompetency or inattention of che at
torneys employed to obtain their patents. Too much care cannot be
exercised iii employing competent and reliable solicitors to procure
patents, for the value of a patent depends greatly, if not entirely, upon
thc ciire and skill of the attorney.
With the view of protecting inventors from worthless or careless
attorneys, and of seeing that inventions are well protected by valid
patents, THE PRESS CLAIMS COMPANY has retained counsel
expert in patent practice, and is therefore prepared to
Obtain Patents, Conduct Interferences. Make Special Examinations,
[Prosecute Rejected Cases, Register Trade-Marks
and Copyrights, Render Opinions as to Scope
' and Validity of Patents, Prosecute and
Defend Infringement Suits, etc
If you have an invention on hand, send THE PRESS CLAIMS
COMPANY a sketch or photograph thereof, together with abrief de
scription of the important features, and you will at once be advised
as to the best course to pursue. Models are not necessary
unless the invention is of a complicated nu.ure. If others are infring
ing on your rights, or if you are charged with infringement by others,
submit the matter to us for a reliable OPINION before acting on the
The Press Claims Company,
CIS F Street, Northwest, WASHINGTON, D. C.
P. 0. Box 463. JOLN W?DDERE?RN, Man'g Alfy
0?*~ Cut this out and send it with your inquiry.
ACON j?f '
Tho QUEEN it CRESCENT ROUTE affords the
Qnicko.it Schedules, the Finest Equipment,
ONLY THROUGH GAR LINE TO CHICAGO.
From Asheville, Paint Rock, Hot Springs and
Knoxville, via R. & D., E. T. V. & G., Q. & C.,
L. S. R. H.. Louisville and the Penna. Lines to
Chicago without change.
Another car nins from Asheville to Cincinnati. Both caa
make closo connection with all Chicago lines.
Ask for your tickets via
QUEEN & CRESCENT ROUTE.
Any Agent of tho R. * D.. E. T. V. & G. or Qncon ?
Crescent viii give you information ai to rontes, rates,
St op -o vers allowed at Cincinnati, Loulf .
?ville or Indianapolis. I
D. 0. EDWARDS, G. P. A., CINCINNATI, 0,
I*' IYOTJ "WANT INFORMATION" ABOUT
ADDRESS A LETTER OR POSTAL CARD TO
THE PRESS CLAIMS COMPANY,
JOHN WEDDERBURN, Managing Attorney,
X>. o. X5ox 469 WASHINGTON, XX C.
Honorable discharged soldiers and sailors who'served nineiy days,
or over, in thc late war, are entitled, if now partially or wholly diabled
for ordinary manual labor, whether disability was caused by service
or not, andVgardless of their pecuniary circumstances.
Widows of such soldiers;:nd sailors are entitled (if not remarried)
whether soldier's death was duo to service or not, if now dependent
upon their own labor for support. . Widows not dependent upon their
own labor are entitled if the soldier's death was due to service.
Children are entitled (if under sixteen in almost all cases where'
there was no widow, or she has since died or remarried.
Parents are entitled if soldier left neither widow nor child.nrovided
soldier died in service, or from effects of service, and they are now de
pendent upon their own labor for suppoit. It makes no difference
whether soldier served or died in late war or in regular army or navy.
Soldiers of the late war. pensioned under ene law, may apply for
higher rates under other laws, without losing any rights.
Thousands of soldiers drawing from $2 to $10 per month under
the oki law, are entitled to higher rates under new law, not only on .
account, of disabilities for which now pensioned, hut also others,
whether due to service or not.
Soldiers and sailors disabled in time of duty in regular army or
navy since the war are ah,o entitled, whether discharged for disability
Survivors, and their widows, of the Black Hawk Creek, Cherokee,
and Seminole or Florida Indian Wars of 1832 to 1842 are entitled un
der a recent act.
Mexican War soldiers and their widows also entitled, if sixty-two
years of agc or disabled or dependent.
Old claims completed and settlement obtained whether pension
has been granted under later laws or not.
Rejected claims reopened and settlement secured, if rejection
improper or illegal. .: .
Certificates of service and discharge obtained for soldiers and
sailois of the late war who have lost their original papers.
Send for laws and information. No charge for advice. No fee un
less successful. Address,
THE PRESS CLAIMS CO.,
JOHN WEDDERBURN. Managing Attorney.
P. O. Box 463. WASHINGTON, D. 0.