Newspaper Page Text
Mr. Cleveland's Message Reau
Before That Body.
OUTSPOKEN Oil PENSION FEAUD3.
Tho Hawaiian Matter Is Briefly Touched
Upon-I'rompt Action Upon the Linc ot
Tariff Reform-About a Bond Issue and
WASHINGTON, Dec. 4.-Tho president
sent in his message to the two houses
promptly upon notification of their as
In the opening pages Mr. Cleveland
treated at length and iu detail upon our
relations "with foreign powers. Ke re
fers to the troubles in Brazil, and states
that American interests are amply pro
tected in that quarter.
He sums up tho situation thus:
"While our foreign relations have not
at all times during tho past year been
entirely free from perplexity, no embar
rassing situation remains that will not
yield to the spirit of fairness and love of
justice, which, joined with consistent
firmness, characterize a truly American
His utterances mon tho Hawaiian
question will be read with interest and
are given in full, as follows:
Thc Hawaiian Trouble.
It is hardly necessary for mo to state
that the questions arising from our rela
tions with Hawaii have caused serious
Just prior to the installment of the
present administration the existent gov
ernment of Hawaii had been suddenly,
overthrown, and a treaty of annexation
had been negotiated between tho pro
visional government of the islands and
the United States and submitted to the
senate for certification.
This treaty 1 withdrew for examina
tion, and dispatched Hon. James H.
Blount, of Georgia, to Honolulu as a
special messenger to make an impartial
investigation of the circumstances at
tending the change of government and
of all the conditions bearing upon tho
eubject of the treaty.
After a thorough and exhaustivo ex
amination. Mr. Blonnt submitted to mo
his report, showing beyond all question
that th? constitutional government of
Hawaii hud been subverted with the ac
tive aid of oar representative . to that
government and through the intimidation
caused by the presence of an armed na
val force of the United States which was
landed for that purpose at tho instance
of our minister.
Upon tho facts developed, it seemed to
me that the only honorable course for
our government to pursue was to undo
the wrong that had been done by those
representing us, and to restore, as far as
practicable, the status existing at tho
time of our forcil ?le intervention.
With a view of accomplising this re
sult within the constitutional limits of
executive power, and recognizing'all our
obligations and responsibilities growing
ont of any changed conditions brought
about by our unjustifiable interference,
our x>reseut minister at K molulu has re
ceived appropriate instructions to that
Thus far, no information of tho accom
plishment of any definite results have
been received from him. Advices are
soon expected. When received they will
beproptly sent to congress, together
with all other information at hand, ac
companied by a special executive mes
sage fully detailing all tho facts necessa
ry to a complete understanding of the
case, and presenting a history of all the
material events leading up to tho present
Our European Relations.
Our relations with France continue to
be intimate and cordial. 1 sincerely hope
that the extradition treaty with that coun
try, as amended by tie senate, will soon be
"\\ hile occasional questions affecting our
naturalized citizens returning to the land
of their birth have arisen in our inter
course with Germany, our relations with
that country continue satisfactory.
The questions affecting our relations
with Grear Britain have been treated in a
spirit of friendliness. Negotiations are in
progress between the two governments
with a view to such concurrent action as
will make the award nnd regulations
agreed upon by the Behring sen tribunal
of arbitration practically effective; and it
is not doubted that Great Britain will co
operate freely with this country tor the ac
complishment of that purpose.
Nicaragua has passel through two rev
olutions, the party ni lirst successful hav
ing in turn been displaced by another, and
our newly appointed minister, by his time
ly good offices, ?lided in a peaceful adjust
ment of the controversy involved in the
first conflict. The large American inter
ests established in that country in connec
tion with the Nicaragua canal were not
The canal company has. unfortunately,
become financially seriously embarrassed,
but a generous treatment has been exten
ded by the government of Nicaragua. Thc
United States is especially interested in
the successful achievement of the vast un
dertaking this company has in
charge. That it should be accom
plished under distinctively Ameri
can auspices and its enjoyment assured
not only to the vessels of this country ?ts
a channel of communication between our
Atlantic and Pacific seaboards, bul to the
ships of the world in the interest of civili
zation, is a proposit iou which, in my judg
ment, docs not .admit of question.
Guatemala bits also been visited hythe
political vicissitudes which have afflicted
her' entrai American neighbors, but the
dissolution of its legislature and the proc
lamation of a dictatorship have been un
attended with civil war.
An extradition treaty with Norway has
recently been exchanged and proclaimed.
The "extradition treaty with Russia,
signed in .March, 1S.S7. and amended and
confirmed by the senate in February last,
was duly proclaimed last June.
The dispute growing out of the dis
criminating tolls imposed in the Wel
land canal, upon cargoes of cereals
bound to and from the lake ports of the
United States was adjusted by tho sub
stitution of a more equitable schedule of
charges, and my predecessor thereupon
suspended his proclamation imposing
discriminating tolls upon British transit
through our canals.
A request for additions to the list of
extraditable offenses covered by the ox
isting treaty between tho two countries
is under consideration.
The Surrender (if Wicks.
posta Rica has lately testified its
friendliness by surrendering to tho United
States, in the absence of a convention ol
extradition, but upon duly submitted
evidence of criminality, a noted fugitive
from justice. It is trusted that the ne
gotiations of a treaty with the country
to meet recurring casey of this kind wifi
soon be accomplished, in my opinion,
treaties for reciprocal extradition should
be concluded with all those countrief
with which the United States bas noi
already conventional arrangements ol
I have deeme '. ii. fitt cg tc txj/ ess to
the governments ot < '<?-.? Rj< . and Co
lombia the kindly desiri cl the-United
States to see their pending 1M nndury dis
pute finally closed hy ai i (ration in con
formity with the spii of the treaty
concluded between lix m a tyearsago.
About I?, partmeiti Reports.
The president reviews, fully, the re
ports of the various donar touts-ami
calls attchiioTi to the impor n tl : ilures
He commends the rap ?ri of th . sscre
tary of agriculture amit ida .. spirit
of reform m mi este 1 by thai <..; Lal.
Regarding the ;.. . sys'o ? in the judi
cial department, Mr. Cleveland strongly
urges its abolition. He s tya:
The system is bhorough vicious which
makes the compensation of court officials
depend upon the volume of such business
and thus creates a conflict between a prop?
.B?v?cutiQn of the law and privat? iruin,
wnicn cannw; ran TO oe dangerous -to i
rights and freedom of the citizens and
irresistible temptation to the unjustilia
expenditure of public funds.
Regarding the report ot Secretary
the Interior Smith and his efforts to o
rect and prevent "wholesale and gigi
tic" frauds such as had formerly be
perpetrated upon the pension depa
mcnt, Mr. Cleveland says:
I am unable to understand wily frau
in the pension rolls should not bio expos
and corrected with thoroughness ai
vigor. Every name fradulcntly put up
these rolls is a wicked imposition upon t
i kindly sentiment in which pensions ha
their origin. Every fradulent pension
has become a bad citizen; every false oa
in support of a pension has made perju
more common, and false and undeservJi
pensioners rob the people not only of tin
money, but of patriotic sentiment, wini
the survivors of a war fought for t!
preservation of the union ought to i
Those who attempt, in the line of dut
to re;t i fy these wrongs should not be a
cused of enmity or indifferent to t
claims of the honest veterans.
Tho number of porsoua remaining on t
rolls June 30, 18t!3, vho wero pension
under act of June 27, 1S90, which alic
pensions on account of death aud disal
ity not cha geabfe to army servico, w
Thu number added to the rolls duri
tho year waa 12.'5,G34 and the numb
droppi d was 33,0t;0. Thc first paymonts
pensions a lowe.I during thu year amoui
ed to $37.C7.*,517.73. This Includes tba t
cumulation between the time from whi
tho allowance of pcusious dates Hntl t
time of actually granting the certifica!
Although thc law of 1800 permits pensio
for disabililijfl nut related to milita
service, yet ai nrequisite to its benefits
disability must exist incapacitating app
cauts, "from thu performance of manu
lahor to such a (legree as to render the
unablu lo earn a support."
The execution of this law in its oar
stages does not scorn to have been in 8
cord with it: truo intentions, but towa
the close ot tho last administration, i
authoritative construction was given
tho statute, and since thar, time this coi
ttruction has been followed. This has hi
the effect of limiting tho operation of tl
law to its intended purpose. The d:9co
ery having been mint? that many nam
bad been put upon tho pev.siou roll 1
means of wholesale and gigantic fraud
the commissioner suspended paymcu
upon a number of pensions which seem?
to be fraudulent or unauthorized, pundit
a complete examination, giving notice :
the pensioners, in order that they mig]
have aa opportunity to establish, if poss
ble, tb? justice ol their claims, nothwitl
standing apparent invalidity.
This, I nudcrstand, is the practico whir
has iona long time prevailed in tho pei
6?OU bureau, but after entering upon the.'
recent investigations, the couunissioui
modified thij rule so as not to allow unt
after a complete examination Interfer? n<
with the pay neut of a Denalon uppareutl
now altogether void, but which merci
had been fixed nt a rule higher than tin
anthoriz d bj law.
The condition-of the Indians and the
ultimate fa'e aro sui j cm wlrch strong)
appeal to tao Beuse of justice auJ 111
sympathy of our people.
Our Indians number abun't 24S,CC0 Moi
o? them arc located ou ICI ienervation
containing 60.110,531 acres ol land. Ab:a
110.0C0 of these Indians have, to a !ar^
degree, adopted civilized customs, liane
.lu severaity have bceu allotted to many <
them. Such allotments have h cn miele i
110,000 indi 'iduals during the last h\>ci
year, embracing one million acres. TL
number of Indian goren ment school
opon during tho j jar was 193, an inert a*
of 12 over the pn ceding year. Of lb!
total 170 are on reservations, of which 7
wcro boarding-schools and U7 were da\
Twenty boarding schools and five da
schools, supported by the government
were not located on reservations. 'J L
total number of Iudian children enrolle
during the year as attendants of all school
was 21,138, an increase of 1,231 over the cit
rollment for tho previous year.
I am sure that secular education an
moral and religious teaching must he in
portant factors ic any effort to 6avo th
Indian and Iced him to civilization,
believe, too, that the relinquishment c
tribal relations and the holdiug of land i
severalty may, in favorable conditions, :
thia consummation. It seems to me, how
ever, that allotments of land in severalt,
ought to be made with great caro and di
If hastily done, before the Indian know
its meaning, while yet ho has little or n
idea of tilling a farm, and no conception o
thrift, there :s great danger that a reserva
tion life in iribal relations may be ex
chanced for the pauperism of civilizatioi
instead of its independence and elevation
Tho solution of the Indian problem de
pends very lurgely upon good administra
tiOD. Tho personal fitness of agents am
their adapabiiiiy to tho peculiar duty o
caring for their wards ?3 of tho utmost im
The law providing that, except in espec
cial cases, army officers shall be detailed ai
Indian agents, it is hoped, will prova i
?uccessful experiment. Thero is danger o
great abuses creeping into the claims io:
Indian depredations and I recommend th?
that every possible safeguard be provide>
ugaicst the enforcement of iraudulon
claims of this description. _
Secretary of Airrlculturo.
Tho secretary of the interior has snpet
vision of so inany important subjects thu
his report ia of especial value and inter?s!
On the 3Cih day of Juno. 18'J3, thero wer
on the pension rolls CGG.012 names; an in
crease o? 69,944 over tho numbor on th
rolls June cO.i;, lSf'2.
Of these, thero were 17 widows tm
d^u^htors of revolutionary soldier", 8G stu
vivors of the war of 1812; 6.425 widows o
Bobliers of that war; 21,518 survivors nn<
widows of the Mexican war; 3,882 sur
vivors and widows of Indian wars; 25
army nurses, and 475,045 survivors am
widows and children of deoeased soldle.i
and sailors of the war o' the rebellion
The latter number represen'.? tboao pen
B-'oned on account of disabilities or dsatl
resulting from nrmy and navy service.
The report of the secretary of sgricultnr?
will be found exceedingly interesting, es
pecially to that lurge part of our citizen:
intimately concerned in agricultural occu
On tho soronth day of March, 1S03, then
wore upon Its pay roll 2430 employes. Tub
number has been reduced to 1850 per
sons. In view of a depleted treasnrj
and tho Imperativo demand of the
poopio for economy in the administrator
of their government, the secretary has on
tered upon tbo task of rationally reducing
expenditures by the ol mutation from tie
payrolls of all persons no' needed for ai
efficient conduct of tho off.-ira of tho dnj
Puring the fir.it q-iartcr of the prcsiiul
year, the expenda of the department a"
gregatns Si35.S76.70, as against $403,012.43
for the correspond lng period of the fiscal
year ending June 30, 18i>3. The secretary
makes apparent his intention to continue
this rate of reduction by submitting erM?
mates for the next fiscal year less by i'J'.'i,
2 0 thn.n those for the present year.
Among tho heads of divisions in this de
partment, the changes have been exceed
ingly f?w. Three vacancies occurring fro
deaths ami resignation havo been filled
by promotion. Those promotions of ox;-e
rienced and faithlul assistants have not
ouly beor, in the Interest of c fli-jicut work,
but have suggested to those ?n tho dopur!
ment who look for retention and pre
motion that merit and devotion to dutj
aro their host reliance.
Th-'! arnon- "".appropriated for tho bureau
of an'.mil Industry for the current fl^-ai
year is S850,000) the estimate for tho ensu
ing year is ?700.000.
The regulations of ISfC concerning Texa1
fever havo been enforced during tho Issi
year, and the iaign stockyards of thc coun
try have been kept free from infection.
Occasional local outbreaks hive bec"
largely such as could havo been effectively
guarded against by thc owners of the affect
ed rattle. j
While co tagious Pleuropneumonie in
cattle has boen era 'ie .ted, animal tuber
culosis, u d'"e"J?o widespread and morf
dangerous to human lifo than p'euro-pneu'
monia, is still provalent. Investigation
has been niado during the pant year as tr
the menus of i's communication and tb?
method ul ita correct diagnosis, i
?luca progress has been made in thia di*
rection by tho ?tudies of tbe division oJ
animal pathology, but work ought to bc
extonded in co-operation with kcal a"
tboritles un'i tbe danger to human lid
arising from this cause is reduced to ?1
The number of animals arriving fron
Canada during the year and inspected by
bureau o??eom was 4C2.C02, and the num.
ber from trans-Atlantic countries wai
1.207. No contagious diseases were found
among tbe imported animals. Tbe total
number of inspections of cattle for exporj
during the past flscrl year wax Gil.542, tbfj
export? show a falling off of about 2S ppr
cent from the preceding year, the decrens-j
occurring entirely in the last half of tbe'
year. This suggests that the falling of)
may bavo been largely due to an increasi
in the price oj American export cattle.
During the year ending June 30, 1893,'
exports of inspected po.k aggregated 20,
677,410 pounds as against 38,152,674 pounds'
for the preceding year.
The falliug off in this export waB not
confined, however, to inspeoted pork, the
total quantity exported for 1892 being 665,
490.01o' pounds, while in 1893 lt was only
627,3 8,695 puunds.
I join tho secretary in recommending
that hereafter each applicant for the posi
tion ot inspector or assistant inspector in
tho bureau of animal industry be required,
as a condition precedent to his appoint
mont, to oxhibit to tho United State? civil
service commission his diploma from an
established veterinary college, and tba?
this be supplemented by such an examina
tion in veterinary science a3 the commis
sion may prescribe.
, Tho work of the statistical division of the
department of agriculture deals with oil
that relatos to the economics of far m in?.
The main purpose of its monthly reports i?
to keep the farmers informed, as fully as
possible, of all matters having any influ
ence upon the world's markets in which
?noir products find sale. Its publica
tions relute especially to the
commercial side of farming. It
U, therefore, of profound imp?rtanos1
und vital concern to the farmers of tl* 1!
United States, who represent nearly on-.,
half of our population, and also of direct
interest to the whole country, that the
work o' tills division be efficiently per
formed, and that tbe information it bas
gathered be promptly diffused. It ia a
matter of congratulation to know that tho
secretary will not spare any effort to make
this part of his work thoroughly useful.
In ibo year 1839 the congress approprl
atfd 91,000 to bc taken from the patent
office funds, for the purpose of collecting
and distributing rare aud improved varie
ties of seeds, nnd for prosecuting
agricultural investigation and procuring
agricultural statistics. From this small
beginning tho seed division of tho depar'
jnent of agriculture has grown to its pres*
int unwinding und unjustifiable estrave
I especially commend to ibo Ottenth u o'
tli? congress the statements contained in
the secretary's reports concerning forestry
Tho time han come when 1 fflrient measurer
should be tuleen for tho preservation of nm
forest.? from indiscriminate and reined i les
Tho recent opening to HsUU-ment of lb?
lands in the Cherokee our
let, embracing an ora o
1,890,000 acres, not withstanding the a: mool
caro iti framing the regulations governing
iba selection of locations, and notwith
standing Ibo presence of til? Uniied Stalo
troups, furnished an exhibition, though
perhaps in n tnodlfleJ degree, ol the ra id
scramble, ibe violence and the fraudulent
occupation which have accompa dod pre
vious openings of public land.
I concur with tbe secietary in ibo bo?el
that these outrageous incidents cannot b?:
entirely prevented without a change in th?
laws on the subject, and I hone bli recom
mendations in that direction will be favo;*
The sum expended or. account
6ions for the year ending June ?
The commissioner estimates
$303,000,000 will he required to pay
sinus during the year eudiug Jane ?
The condition of the Indians and thei.
ultimate fate are subjects which strong
ty appeal to the sense of justice and tuo
sympathy of our people.
Becammends Army Reorganization.
The operation of wiso laws and tho
influences of civilization constantly tend
ing to relieve the country from the dan
gers of Indian hostilities, together with
the increasing ability of the states,
through the efficiency of the national
guard organizations, to protect their
citizens from domestic violence, lead to
tho suggestion that tho time is fast ap
proaching when there should be a reor
ganization of our army on thc lines of
the present necessities of the country.
This chango contemplates neither in
crease in number nor added expense, but
a redistribution of the force and an en
couragement of thc measures tending to
greater efficiency among tho men and
improvement of the service.
The adoption of battalion formations
for infantry regiments, tho strengthen
ing of the artillery force, the abandon
ment of smaller and unnecessary posts,
and tho massing of the troops at impor
tant and accessible stations, ail prom
ise to promote tho usefulness of the
In the judgment of army officers, with
but few exceptions, the operating of the
law forbidding the re-enlistment of men
after ten years' service, has not proved
its wisdom, and while the arguments
that lcd to its adoption were not without
merit, the experience pf the year con
strains mo to join in the recommenda
tion for its repeal
It is gratifying to note that we have
begun to gain completed results in the
comprehensive Boheme of seacoast de
fense and fortification entered up u
eight years ago. A large sum has boen
airead}- expended, but the cost of main
tenance will be inconsiderable as coin
pared with tho expense of construction
and ordinance. At the end of the cur
rent calendar year, tho war department
will have nine 12-inch guns, 2(3 10-inch
and ?4 eight-inch guns ready to be
mounted on gun lifts and carriages, and
75 twelve-inch mortars. In addition to
the product of the army gun factory,
now completed at Watervliet, the gov
ernment hos contracted with private
parties for the purchase of IOU guns of
these calibers, the first of which should
be delivered to tho department for test
before July 1, 18114.
The manufacture of heavy ordnnco
keeps pace with current needs; but to
render these guns available for the pur
pose they are designed to meet, emplace
ments must be prepared for them.
Progress has been made in this direction,
and it i? desirable that congress by ade
quate appropriations should provide for
the uninterrupted prosecution of (hip
Jv", Tho Sherman Law Repc&J.
The recent repeal of the provision of
law requiring the purchase of silver
I ullion by the government as a feature
of our monetary scheme lias made an en
tire change in the complexion of our cur
rency H Soi rs. I do not doubt that the
ultimate result of this action will be
;ai:>st salutary and far-reaching.
In the nature of things, however, it in
impossible to know at this time precisely
what conditions will bo brought about
hy the chango, or what, if any supple
mentary legislation may, in tho light of
mich conditions, appear to bc essential or
Vt course, after tho recent p -riurba
tion, time is necessary for the re-estab
lishment of business confidence. When,
however, through thia restored conn*
dence, the money which has been fright
?sm d into honrding places is returned to
trade ami enterprise, a snrycy pf tho
situation will probably disclose a safe
path leading to a permanently round
currency abundantly sn?icicut to meet
every requirement <-f our increasing
population and business.
In the pursuit of this object we should
resolutely tum awaj' from all alluring
and temporary expedients, duterinin *tl
to be content with nothing less than a
lasting and comprfhennivo finan hil plan.
In these circumstances 1 am convinced
that a reasonable delay in dealing with
this sub'ec', instead ni lr; :rr ininrionR
will increase the probability ot' wise ac
The monetary conference which as
eembled at Brussels upon our invitation,
was adjourned to the 30th day of No
vember in the present year.
The consideration just stated, and the
fact that a definite proposition from ns
seemed to be expected upon the reas
sembling of the conference led me to ex
press a willingness to have the meeting
still further postponed. It seems to me
that it would bo wiso to give general au
thority to the president to invite other
nations to such a conference at any time
when there should bc a fair prospect of
accomplishing an international agree
ment on the subject of Coinage.
I desire also to earnestly suggest the
wisdom of amending the existing stat
utes in regard to the issuance of govern
The authority now vested in the secre
tary of the treasury to issue bends is not
as clear as it should be, and the bonds
authorized aro disadvantageous to the
government, both as to the time of their
maturity and rate of interest.
? A Civil Service Advocate.
j Regarding the workings of the civil
service, the president announces his
hearty approval of the custom, and gives
it unqualified support. Ho says:
The continued intelligent execution of
the civil service law and the increasing ap
proval by the people of its operations aro
The recent extension of its limitations
and regulations to the employes at free
delivery postoffices. which lias been honest
ly and promptly accomplished by the com
mission, with toe hearty co-operation of
the postmaster general, is an immensely
important advance in the usefulness of
; I am, if possible, more than ever con
vinced of the incalculable benefits con
ferred by the civil service law, not only in
its effect upon the public service, but also
what is even more important in its effect
in elevating the tone of political life gen
If, in addition to this reform, another
was inaucurated, which would ?iveto the
United States commissioners the final dis
position of petty offences within the grade
of misdemeanors, especially those coming
under internal revenue laws, a great ad
vance would bc made toward a more re
cent administration of a criminal law.
Thc Tariff Issue.
After a hard struggle, tariff reform ls
Uxectly before us. Nothing ?a important
claims onr attention and nothuc ? . ;;?v:ir
ly presents itself ns both nu oppo.nu.j:;*
ana a duty-an opportunity to u?s TW I in
gratitude of our .ellon- citizens anti u duty
imposed npon us by <>ur oft-repea' pr -
fessions and by thc' emphatic luaa?aLu of
After lull discussion, our countrymen
have spoken in favor of this reform, and
they have confided the work of its accom
plishment to the hands of those who are
solemnly pledged to ir. If lhere is any
thing in tue theory of a repres siltation in
public places of the people and their de
sires, if public officer* are really the S;T
vants of the peop] ? an.l if political prom
ises and professions have any binding: our
failure to give the relief so long await
ed, will be BIIOWU reveraney.
Not liing should interven? to dis' rast our
attention or disturb mir effort until this
reform is accomplished hy wiso and care
While we should staunchly adhere to
thc principle that only i lia necessity of rev
enue justifies thc iuip'j?ition of tarin du
ties, and l hat tiley should he limited by
btrict economy,we cannot close our eyes to
the fact that conditions have grown up
among us which, in justice anil fairness,
call for discriminating care in the dis) ribu
tion of such (i'liies and taxation a. the
emergencies of our govern ment actually
Manifestly, if we arc to aid the people
directly through tariff reform, oue of its
most obvious features should he a reduc
tion in present tariff charges upon the
necessaries of life. The benefits of such a
reduction would be palpable and substan
tial, seen and felt by thousands, wLo
would be better fed and better clot bed and
better sheltered. Those gifts should bo
the willing benefactions of a guvernnie.it
whose blauest function is the promotion
of the welfare of the people.
Not less ciosely related to our people's
prosperity and well being is the removal
ot restrictions upon the importation of the
raw materials necessary to our manufact
The world should bo open to our na
tional ingenuity and enterprise. This
cannot be while federal legislation,
through the imposition of high tariff, for
bids to American manufacturers as cheap
materials as their competitors.
It is guile obvious that the enhancement
of the price of our manufactured products,
resulting from this policy, not only eon
fines the market for these products within
our own borders to the direct disadvan
tage of our manufacturers, but also in
creases their cost to our citizens.
The interests of labor are certainly,
though indirectly, involved in this feature
of our tariff system.
The sharp competition and active strug
gle among our manufactures to supply
the limited demand for their goods soon
lill the narrow market to which they are
OOUfined. Then follows a suspension of
work in mills and factories, a discharge of
employes and distress in the home of our
liven if the often disproven assertion
could be made good, that a lower rate of
wanes won Ul result from free raw mater
ial ?un? low tariff duties, the intelligence
of our workingmen leads them quickly to
discover that their steady employment,
permitted by free raw material; is the
most important factor in their relations 'o
A measure has been prepared by the ap
propriate congressional committee, em
bodying tariff reform on the lh.es herein
suggested, which will be promptly sub
mitted for legislative action. It is the re
sult of much pat riotic and unselfish work,
and I believe :t deals with its subject con
sistently and as thoroughly as existing
Jam satisfied that the reduced tariff
duties provided roc in tho proposed legis
lation, added to existing internal revenue
taxation, will, in the future, though per
haps not immediately, produce sufficient
revenue- to meet tho needs of tho govern
About An Income Tax.
The committee, after full consideration,
and to provide against a temporary defi
ciency which may exist before thc business
of the country adjusts Itself to the now
tariff schedules, have wisely embraced in
their schedule a few additional internal
revenue taxs, including a small tax upon
income derived from certain corporate in
These nev,' assessments are 50t only ab
solutely just and easily borne, but they
have the further merit of being .^ucn as caii
be remitted without unfavorable busbies
disturbance whenever the necessity for
their imposition no longer exists.
In my great desire for the success of thia
measure I cannot restrain the suggestion
that Its success can only bc attained hy
means of unselfish counsel on the part of
tariff reform, and as a result of their will
ingness to subordinate personal desires
and ambitions to the general good. The
local interests affected by the proposed re
form are so numerous and so varied that
if all are insisted upon the legislation enir
bodying the reform must inevitably fail.
[n conclusion, my intense feeling of re
spo'nsibiliy impels me to invoke for the
manifold interestsof a generous ami con-,
liding pconlt the most scrupulous care,
and to pledge my willing support to every
legislativo effort for the advancement of
the greatness um] prosperity of our coun.t
try. CfllUVKH Ol.KVKLAN'D.
invective Mmsbq, Washington. I). Q"
Western Union Wanta Protection.
FRANKFORT, Ky., Deo. 5.-The Wcsk
ern Union Telegraph company, through
Cincinnati aad Louisville attorneys, has
brought suit in the United SUte3 :lia
trict court to enjoin the auditor of tho
state from collecting taxes upon its fran
chise, tho value of which is placed at
$893,000 by the board of valuation. The
company claims to be exempt ?rom such
a franchise tax. and that should it bo
collected it would require fully 'Jo per
cent of its net income.' Tho suit is tho
first notification of resistance of tho col
lection of the new franchise tax provided
for in tho new tariff revenue lav/.
Hartford Threntcnod with Water Famine,
HARWOHD, DOO. 5. -Thia city is
threatened with another Witter famine,
and unless thcro bo a heavy rainfall
within a few days, water for domestic
uso will have to be pumped from tho
the Connecticut river. The river water
is muddy .and impure, and physicians
Hay its use would greatly monaco tho
public health. The new reservoir, ^vhich
is being constructed for tho city, will
?nt ho comuleted for a year.
The Interstate Commerce Men
Tell of Their Work.
A SYNOPSIS OF WHAT THEY SAY.
Congress Hos a Number of Suggestions to
Consider a-id a Number of Addi
tional Acts Aro Asked for
on Many New Lines.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 5.-The followi
is a synopsis of the seventh annual
port of the interstate commorce commis?
Attention is called to the peculiar of
fice of common carriers and the depend
ence of every occupation upon their fa
cilities; the right of every person to re
ceive just and equal treatment in nil
that pertains to public transportation,
and the paramount purposes of regula
ting enactments to secure to the people
tho actual enjoyment of thia right.
There must bo a common public rate,
prima facie, just and reasonable, which
measures the lawful charges of the cr
iers. Tho enactment of tho long and
short haul clause was deemed a publlo
necessity, lt is nothing more than an
extension to places of tho rule forbidding
unjust discriminations botwoon persons.
The operation of the long and short
haul provision is stated to have been un
satisfactory under the construction put
upon it by the commission and accepted
generally by the carriers. But the effect
of the court of appeals in an Iowa case,
wherein the word "Une" in the statute
was given a wholly different meaning
from that which the commission had
held was the proper construction, has
been startling. This court decision has
been followed and expanded by other
courts. These decisions hold, in effect,
that one railroad is a line and that the
same another road is a different line and
that theso railroads are still another lino
and so on aad that the rates of one line
are not to be compared with rates on
The commission holds that the word
"line"' means a physical lino, the tracks
of one or innre railroads, and-that a line
may bc extended over other roads by
sim ply-connecting tho traces. It is be
lieved that "tramp" vessels on tho lakes,
operating under fluctuating rates, pre
vent the ''regular' lines from publishing
through rates in connection with rail
earners. But certain methods pursued
by tho "regular" lines aro as obnoxious
as those of thc "tramp" vessels.
Further statements are mada with re
gard to publication of rates for water
and rail transportation, and recommen
dation is made for amendment, so as
to bring theso water carriers under the
The commission recommends addi
tional legislation on the following sub
1. With respoct to proceedings to en
forco the lawful orders of tho compa
2. To give legislative oonsirujtion to
thc word "lino" in the statute.
3. To pr?vido for establishing through
routes and joint through rates.
4. To give the commission power to
prescribe minimum as well as maximum
rates to competitive points.
5. To provide for the adoption of a
uniform rate for the classification.
6. To mako corporations subject to
tho act liable to indictment for violations
of the law.
7. To provide a penalty for failure on
the part of carriers to file their annual
reports within a specified time.
Tho commission also calls the atten
tion of congress to the subjects generally
considered in the body of the report and
suggestions therein made with a view to
tho further extension of the act by ad
His Vigils of No Avail,
INDIANAPOLIS, Dec. -John Wilson,
IS years old, armed with a shot gun,
kept guard over tho grave of his grand
mother. Mrs. Eliza Madden, in Mt. Jack
son cemetery for throe nights. Tho lad,
being tired ?ut by his vigil, allowed the
next three nights to pass without visit
ing the cemetery, and on ono of those
nights tho corpse of the old woman was
stolen. Mrs. Madden was buried a week
ago, and the grandson suspected that an
attempt would be m do to steal the
body, because tho woman died of a dis
ease, tho nature of which tho attending
physician admitted he did not under
Starting on Full Time.
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 5.-John Brom
ley & Sons' extensive carpet mills in
Kensington, have started on full time,
and the members of tho firm say the
prospects for the future are good. Hoyle,
Harrison & Kaye's carpet mills havo in
creased their running time.
They Were Happy a .Month Ago.
PARIS, Dec. l> -It would seem that the
trouble between the Prince and Princess
Colonna, which has finally led to legal
proceedings, is of recent date, as ihe
couple were living hero together a month
ago and apparently happy.
Switchmen on Strike at St. Louis,
ST. LOUIS, Dec. o.-r-Tho Louisville and
Nashville switchmen in the East St.
Louis yards aro on strike because of the
road's failure to restore wages to the
figures prevailing beforo the financial
stringency set in.
Postponed the Hearing.
DETROIT, Doc. 5.-The examination of
Frederick Marvin, late cashier of the
Third National bank, who is charged
with embezzlement of $7,500, has been,
postponed two weeks.
itlorgnn lins No Opposition.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala., Dec. 5.-It is be
lieved now that United States Senator
John T. Morgan will have no opposition
for re-election, Governor Jones positively
declining to run.
A l>uy .Set for a Conferenoc,
LOUISVILLE, Dec. 5.-Tho conference
between the Louisville and Nashville
officials and employes will not be held
until next Saturday, Dec. 9. This de
cision was reached at a'nieeting between
Chiefs J. A. Johnson, of the switchmen;
E. W. Eunias, of the trainmen, and W,
?. Pettibone, of tho engineers, who aro
now in the city. The other committee
men are expected to arrive soon.
A minding .Snow Storm.
IiAZLETON, Pa., Doc. "?.-During a
snow storm here Saturday night, a shift
ing engine ran into an express train just
below to vu. Tho shifting engine was
demolished and the express locomotivo
badly damage 1. Tho tracks wore torn
up and all traffic suspended for several
hours. Beyond a severe shaking up the
passengers escaped injury.
Liquor, Morphine, Tobacco, Kto.
The liquor, morphine, and chloral
habits absolutely cured under guaran
tee. Particulars given hy'otter or in
person at my office, which is open all
hom's of tile day.
Then1 is no use to go away from
home and spend hundreds of dollars
for treatment, when you can bc cured
al home for a much smaller amount.
J. GLOVER TOMPKINS, M. D.
Edg?fleld, C. IT., S. C,
THIS EXQUISITE YOUTH
Imported an Ancestor!
WHY AND WHEN llf HI H IT
HOW AND WHERE ML Ul U ll
will be explained in
i Dan De Quille's ^
Soon to appear in this vapor.
KEEP YOUR EYE ON
OUR FICTION' COLUMNS
Arc the leading and most auccescial speciall?tt and
MU give you help.
Younjr and mid
dle aged mea.
sults liuve follow
ed our treatment.
Jinny yttir* ot
Varied und SIK-.-PSS
in the csj of cara
lue methods thar
control f.jr eil ?H
|&t,'3?s,.*:c--' '-'-..-i-- c-rf.'ei?ciiaei. v.'ho
s*' \ '^vh ;x _ ' l.&\e weale, ami?
/^^^?^A:-te^ve:oped or dis
to crunrau?ee to ^;1 paMi.it*. li they cr.n pos*!ol7
be reatomli out- o wa escte^tvo treutnient
WOUESI Don't yon Wont to pet cured of tittil
wcakneaa with a treatment that you c;n ute at
home without, hii-mmestc? Car wonderful trees
ment baa cured t.;Uer?. Why not you? Try lt.
CATARRH, and d:rc.-.s23 of tho Skin, Blood,
Heart, Liver and Kidney*.
.TPHttra-Thcnv*tTflnM.tafo and effective
remedy. A complc: j Cure Gnanuiteed.
dJ?TX DISEASES of til kinds cared v.-hcro
mauy others have Ulled.
VSVATUKAXI nrscaARGXs promptly
enrcdlnafcw dava. Quick, sure and safe. Tlrb
maudes Gleet and ?onorhoa.
TRUTH AND FACTS.
We have cured case.*, of Chronic DittaMi tl*
lave failed to get cered a: the hands of other speclu
its and medical Institutes.
.?w-ra REM WXiTLa that there ls hope
for You. C'uuult no other, as you may waste valuable
time, obtain our triti'.incnt at once.
3?ware of free Ul it Cheap treatments. Wc give
.'hebest and most scientific treatment at moderate
pr.ces-at? low ns cnn bc done for safe and Bktll'c
treatment. FKE?2 consultation at tho otiicoc
by mail, Thorough axfinlcatJoa and careful dlne
nosls. Ahorne treatment ran bc given Ina majority
oteases. Send for Symptom Blank No. 1 for Men:
Ko. ti for Women ; No. 3 for S'tln Diseases. All corre
.?P'T.dep.cc answered promptly. Business strictly con
Sdenti'tl. Kntlre treatment sent free from observa
tlon. Refer to our pctlcats, banka and business mea
Address or call ca
DR. HATHAWAY & CO.,
! 2 i-a 5cutb Broad S"*?et, ATLANTA. GA
GEO. B, LAKE
Office over Bank of Edgefieid.
Fire Life Insurance
- IIsT -
- CALL ON -
D. R. DURISOE,
No. 3, ADDISON ROW,
EDGEF1ELD, - - S. C.
I Ay l
?TH pari raiga
?! TZ^^"T': \ 1
For Inventions Procured by the
PRESS CLAIM COMPANY,
Equal with .the interest of those having claims against the Gov
ernment is that of INVENTORS, who often lose the benefit ef valua
ble inventions because of the incompetency or inattention of tho at
torneys employed to obtain their patents. Tefo much care cannot be
exercised in employing competent and reliable solicitors to procure
patents, for the value of a patent depends greatly, if not entireh, upon
the care and skill of the attorney.
With the view of protecting inventors from worthless or careless
attorneys, and of seeing that inventions are well protected bv valid
patents, THE PRESS CLAIMS COMPANY has retained "counsel
expert in patent practice, and is therefore prepared to
Obtain Patents, Conduct Interferences, Make Sppcial Examinations;
Trosccute Rejected Cases, Register Trade-Marks '
and Copyrights, Render Opinions as to Scope
and Validity of Patents, Prosecute and
Defend Infringement Suits, etcf
If you have an invention on hand, send THE PRESS CLAIMS
COMPANY a6ketch or photograph thereof, together w>'th a brief de
scription of the important features, and you will at once be advised
as to the best course to pursue. Models are not necessary
unless the invention is of a complicated nature. If others are infring
ing on your rights, or if you are charged with infringement by others
submit the matter to us for a reliable OPINION before actinj? on the
The Press. Claims Company,
G18 F Street, Northwest, WASHINGTON, D. C.
P. 0. Box 463. JOHN WEDDERBURN, Man'g Att'v
??S?* Cut this out and send it with your.inquiry.
I*' YOU WANT INFORMATION ABOUT
ENS Ii? BS
ADDRESS A LETTER OR POSTAL CARD TO
THE PRESS CLAIMS COMPANY,
; JOHN WEDDERBURN, Managing Attorney, '
1?. O. Box 46, WASHINGTON, JD. C
Honorable discharged soldiers and sailors who'served nineiy days,
or over, in the late war, are entitled, if now partially or wholly diabled
for ordinary manual labor, whether disability was caused by service
or not, and regardless of their pecuniary circumstances.
Widows of such soldiers and sailors are entitled (if not remarried)
whether soldier's death was duo to service oj not, if now dependent
upon their own labor for support. Widows not dependent upon their
own labor are entitled if the soldier's death was due to service.
Children are entitled (if under sixteen in almost all cases where
there was no widow, or she has since died or remarried. i
Parents are entitled if soldier left neither widow nor child.orovided
soldier died in service, OT from effects of service, and they are now de
pendent upon their own labor for support. It makes no difference,
whether soldier served or died in late war or in regular army or navy.
Soldiers of the late war, pensioned under one law, may apply for
higher rates under other laws, without losing any rights. -?
Thousands of soldiers drawing from $2 to $10 per month under
the old law, are entitled to higher rates under new law, not only on
account of disabilities for which now pensioned, but also others,
whether due to service or not.
. Soldiers and sailors disabled in time of duty in regular army or
navy since the war are also entitled, whether discharged for disability
Survivors, and their widows, of the Black Hawk Creek, Cherokee,
and Seminole or Florida Indian Wars of 1832 to 1842 are entitled un
der a recent act.
Mexican War soldiers and their widows also entitled, if sixty-two
years of age or disabled or dependent. 1
Old claims completed and settlement obtained whether pension
has been granted under later law6 or not.
Rejected claims reopened and settlement secured, if rejection
improper or illegal.
Certificates of service and discharge obtained for soldiers and
sailois of the late war who have lost their original papers.
Send for laws and information. No charge for advice. No fee un
less successful. Address,
THE PRESS CLAIMS CO.,
JOIW WEDDERBURN, Managing Attorney.
P. O. Box 463. WASHINGTON, V. C
Corner Broad and McIntosh Streets,
T THE BOMHTftCE ?????5 '
T THE SECUBJTY ^"gf" ?f
T THE FMCMTjEB HngCoSerrpdrompt?y.
of articles manufactured
and sold by us.
in our prices, always
of writing to us
for estimates or
:USTA LiUlVlBE? Co.,