Newspaper Page Text
TUOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR
EDGE FIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1895.
VOL. LX. NO. 4.
A scheme for supplying London with
Bea water for sanitary purposes is un
der consideration by the county coun
Germany is considering whether it
Would not be better for her to buy
part of her cotton supply elsewhere
than the United States.
Gymnastics are a healthy and
dangerous sport. At least it appears
so from the last annual report of a
society of Swiss "turners." During
the year, 32-t of its 6239 members met
with accidents while engaged in gym
nastic exercises-being hurt seriously
enough to draw a sick benefit from tho
society during on average time of 16}
One effect, noted by the New York
Ledger, of emigration to the West
and hard times everywhere is the fall
ing off in the value of farm lands.
People in the central part of New
York State say that many holdings
can now be had for half of what they
were rated at five or six years ago.
These farms are neither abandoned
nor played out, nor has any marked
deorease in population occurred about
them, but the farmers have the West
ern fever and want more room, or
they are anxious to get into town anJ
work at trades.
"The fact," declares the New York
Tribune, "that the Southern farmers
are going ahead in a quiet, unobtru
sive way, saying nothing, but minding
their business in the most exemplary
manner. With a climate unapproached
anywhere else on this continent, a
soil unsurpassed for its Latural fertil -
ity, a wealth of fertilizers uoder the
.surface, and a dogged perseverance o'
which they have heretofore given am
ple evidence, they are successfully
proving their fitness to survive in the
struggle for life, prosperity an.l hap
piness. ' '_
; Nearly all legal papers are now type
written, though documents are en
countered now and then .which have
been laboriously written out by the
hand of one of the counsel. The men
who still cling to the habit of writing
their own legal papers are usually old
lawyers, often of good practice, who
cannot accommodate, themselves to
the new order of thin - v '
yers, no matter how s
tic3, manage in ona w
^Some of the okler.-me
cally impossible tx
stenographer or typewrite*
! The famous codfish which hangs
from the base of the dome in the Mas
sachusetts Statehouse, and inside the
old room in which the Representa
tives used to meet, will be absent from
the chamber in the new extension
which they are soon to occupy. Just
why this emblem, which has always
attracted the notico of visitors and
sometimes moved them to ridicule,
should be ignored in the transfer of
movables from one room to the other
is not explained, and it is even said
that the codfish is doomed to figure in
a museum, presumably historical. The
following account of its origin is given :
"In 1866 Charles W. Palfrey, editor
of the Salem Register, and a member
of the House for several years, under
took to gather all the facts that could
be learned about the placing of the
figure in the chamber. After exten
sive researches, he found much con
cerning the fish, which, luckily, had
been preserved. On Wednesday,
March 17, 1784, John Rowe, a mern?
ber from Boston, moved permission
to hang the codfish in the house as a
memorial to the importance of the
codfishery to the welfare of the State.
The motion prevailed, and shortly
after the emblem was placed in posi
tion, and there it has remained undis
turbed through all the vicissitudes of
the years which have intervened.
Once it was repainted, but it has never
been taken down from the iron rod by
which it is held in position. Mr.
Bowe, who presented the figure to tho
Commonwealth, was a well-known citi
zen of Boston and a conspicuous
patriot, being associated with Samuel
Adams, James Otis, John Hancock,
and other leaders of the neriod. Ho
was ii terosted in commerce and an
extensive property owner along the
water-front, Rowe's Wharf and con
tiguous territory being among his
possessions. He died on February 17,
Fine Funeral of a Pet Pago
Paris is laughing over the extrava
gant funeral of the pet dog of an
?mericen family residing in the gay
capital. The body was placed in two
caskets, one of oak, the oiher leaden,
conveyed in a hearse covered with
flowers to Vaucresson, and there
buried. A number of mourners in car
riages followed tho hearse to the ceme
tery, and a monument costing $300
was erected over the grave, the total
expenditure for tho funeral amounting
o over $500. -Chicago Herald.
Substitutes Petroleum for Coal.
United States Consul Richman, at
St. Gall, Switzerland, has transmitted
to the State Department diagr..- ms and
a detailed description, of a new device
for burning petroleum to generate
steam, known as the Gleeman-Baum-'
gartner apparatu?, The results ob
tained were strikingly successful, and
inthe opinion of experts indicata the
displacement of coal as a steam pro
ducing fuel wherever petroleum can
pe procured,-Nev Jork Advertiser,
IN THE BANKS.
A CAVALRYMAN'S LIFE IX THE
A Hard Time at First-Learning to
Drill and Ride-In tho Bar
THE life of a soldier in tho ser
vice of Unelo Sam is but
vaguely understood by ci
vilians, says W. J. Rouso in
tho New York Recorder. Many peo
ple imagine that the enlisted man has
nothing much to do but to loaf around
in warm barracks, eat good food in
plenty, draw and spend his pay and
worry his mind about nothing. His
position is secure and his salary is cer
tain, therefore what better could a
This is doubtless tho opinion of
many men when they enlist as re
cruits, but befcre the two years neces
sary to tho making of a good soldier
have elapsed he finds that soldiering
is anything but a bed of roses.
After a citizen has signed the en
listment papers at the recruiting of
ficer's office in the city, has been ex
amined and accepted and assigned to
a troop in the cavalry service-assum
ing that ho has enlisted in that arm of
the service-ho is sent to the post
where his troop is stationed. At Fort
Riley (Kansas) there aro detachments
of recruits now in process of training
for cavalrymen, and it is of their daily
life that this article will treat.
The recruit is either sent to the post
from Fort Sheridan, Jefferson Bar
racks, David's Island or Columbus
Barracks, according to the locality of
his former home, and when he arrives
at the post is sent to the recruit bar
racks. Lieutenant Lewis, of the Sec
ond Cavalry, is now in charge of re
cruits, and Sergeant Dolan, Troop I,
Seventh Cavalry, one of tho oldest
men in the cavalry service, is their
drill master. If the recruits arrive in
citizens' clothes, uniforms and other
clothing necessary to the coldier are
given to them. The clothing is warm,
substantial and well made.
Tho newcomers aro put through a
thorough medical examination by the
surgeons, ^mediately upon their ar
rival and aro all vaccinated. When
they are ready to begin soldier life in
earnest they are issued arms and
equipaients and their education fairly
begins. But they do not have a fine
hors? to ric?e> nor are they placed at
once in the ranks of the troop to which
they have been assigned, by any
means. There is a probationary period
averaging sixty days, during which
the poor recruits wish they were safe
at home_again every time the sun goes |
isdij au I?U>VA ^itci tuey nave been
taught to stand in a comparatively
straight line, to march in fours and
in single file, they are taught a "set
ting up drill," which is a series of cal
isthen c exercises, tending to strength
en the muscles and give agility and
suppleness to tho body. They are a
queer looking lot of men, when one
sees them in the forenoon, in the
parade ground, pumping their arms
up and down like the fans of a wind
mill and turning this way and that as
the drill master utters his sharp,
authoritative commands. If tho re
cruit is cumbersome or sluggish in
his movements, or is inclined to bo
.funny, moans are always found to
make him look upon the serious sido
of the business and that without delay.
One of the first facts that dawn upon
the brain of the new men is that there
is a very wide gulf between an officer
and an enlisted man. He is educated
to this fact carefully and thoroughly
and is shown how properly to salute
an officer when necessary. This is a
lesson he nevf* forgets, for it is put
into daily use as long as he is a soldier.
After marching, and facing, and
wheeling, and walking over the rough
parade ground until ho is tired and
stiff and sore, the recruit is given his
arms. He is taught the sabre and
carbine drill dismounted and later the
manual of the pistol is added. Days
elapse beforo he progresses to this
point, however, and they are days of
the hardest sort of work, which seem
never to havo an end. He eats raven
ously at the big mess hall during this |
BARRACKS OF TROOP
time, for he has not yet cultivated
that abhorrence for steamed beef that
will come to him later. He will see
the day when he will hate the sight of
a cow alive or dead, and will not be on
speaking terms with a butcher for tho
remainder of his natural life. But he
hasn't attained that point yet. 1 He
has an appetite entirely out of propor
tion to Government rations, and would
eat three times his portion of every
thing if he could get it. The easy
marching and slow drills he has seen
und which he thought were nothing
allied to work aro beginning to have
weight, The tedium is becoming op?
pressivo and he longs for the time to '.
come when he will bo able to look ont i
of his barracks and see somo other j
poor recruit "pounding sand" on that i
terrible parado ground as he has been j
But there comes a day when h9 is <
told that ho is to have a horse. He ]
hails it. with delight. . He ha3 never i
been on a horse's baok in his life, but ?
he knows all about it, nevertheless, i
He will bo a veritable centanr when I
he gets that horse. Ho draws his sad- ?
die and horse equipments and is told i
how to uso them and to caro for them/
as well as to groom his horse properly.
That is one of the things he didn't
think of, but ho linds that half an hour
THE JOLLY SIDE 0
every day, from 4.30 to 5 o'clock t
in the afternoon, has to be spent at 1
the stables, and that if his horse is not (
groomed to the satisfaction of the in- 1
specting offioer, the half hour may 1
lengthen remarkably. But he learns i
to do this work satisfactorily, and af- 1
ter a few months' practice, does it 1
speedily as well as thoroughly. 1
But to go back to the morning of r
his first ride. He enters the great i
riding hall, which is tho largest in the ?
world, except ono, and there, in the (
middle of the hall, sees an officer ona 1
horse. He never imagined a man i
looked so well on a horse before. Of (
course, ho will be a rider, too, in a ]
day or two. The column of recruits, i
mounted now upon regular cavalry i
horses, move forward at a walk. Isn't <
it delightful. Covering more distance 1
than they used to cover on.the parade
ground pounding Band and without' i
The horses are wheeled into single 1
file, and then com?? tt?e sontmn** <
KO LONGER A NOVICE.
The illusion of luxury is dispelled 1 <
That horse seems to como down stiff- i
legged, all four at one time, and the i
recruit's anatomy receives such a suc
cession of jars that his teeth clatter '.
and he grabs tho treo of tho saddle i
for support. The sharp eye of the of
ficer is upon him, however, and he
has to let go of that dear saddle in- i
stanter. Bumpety, bump, ho goes
around tho big hall, time and again.
Will the command "halt" never como?
Two hours of torture, and his fore
noon's work is finished. When he
gets off his horse his knees tremble
under him and he walks from choice
at a broad-gauge gait. When he Bits
down to his dinner the board benches
seem to bo full of lumps, spots become
sore, and for a week he is in a frame
of mind to prefer a hot griddle and
harder than he ever noticed them to
be before. Ho is experiencing some
of the delights of soldiering, but ho
still has a little pluck left.
The second day is worse than the
first, and he loses small portions of
skin from tho constant rubbing of the
saddle. These to a cavalry saddle to
sit upon. He cannot stop, however,
H, SEVENTH CAVALRY.
for he has set out to be a soldier and
a soldier he will bo if his flesh and
bones hold out.
Before he is fairly accustomed to
the use of his feet in tho stirrups, and
just.wheu he is beginning to catch
the knack of supporting himself upon
them and relieve that terrible bump
ing, his sabre and carbine are given
him, and he is instructed in their use,
That is tho last straw. He has no
use of his hands to help balance him
self, and he gets a worse pounding
than ever. But all good timos must
haye an end, and within a few weeks
be rides fairly well in the riding hall
and the period of galling unpleasant?
DOSS is at an end. His education in
riding, the nse of sabre, carbine and
pistol progress rapidly, and eventually,
3ay at a period averaging abont sixty
3ays from his arrival at Fort Biley,
he finds himself in his troop an "in
structed ..ecruit," ready for any ser
rice whi.:?i the troop may be called
upon to perform. But he still has
that odious name clinging to him and
will have it until another detachment
of recruits join the troop. Then he
will be called a cavalryman ?nd the
newcomers will be recruits until tho
next detachment cornea
Turning now to the old soldiers,
iF SOLfJIEB LIFE.
?hat is, all those who have served
?bree years or thereabcuts-and some
)f them have servfld nearly thirty-*- |
et us see how they live, and what
hey do. Beveille is sounded at 6.30
n the morning, and breakfast is at 7. |
The drill hour comes some time be
iween 8 and 12 o'clock, according to
;he schedule laid down for each troop,
md after drill comes dinner. At 4.30
n the afternoon "stables" is sounded,
ind every man not on special duty
>r on sick report, must groom his
loree to the satisfaction of the officer
n charge. At 5.30 or G o'clock, ac- |1
;ording to the season of the year, sup
per is served in the mess hall, and
ifter that the men amuse themselves
n their quarters, playing oards, check
ers, chess and other games until bed
Some of the troops have literary as
sociations and libraries. Books, nov
?ls, periodicals and magazines are to I
be found here in profusion, and in the I
tracery i(>x special duty - i..any
time. Some of the men, in most cases I ^
Swedes or Germans, work for the of
Scers during the hours they are free
from duty in their troops. These men ?
ire in many cases looked upon with rj
disfavor by their comrades for doing
menial service, and the soldiers eall
them "dog robbers." There are some
excellent men, however, who are not
iverse to earning almost double pay .
in this way, and it is a question
whether their judgment is not better ^
than that of the other men who look
down such work as menial.
The barracks are roomy, well venti
lated, clean to a degree, and very j ^
comfortable. The cots are of iron,
with good mattresses and plenty of
blankets. The rooms are ail heated by
steam, and are supplied with wash and
bath rooms for the use of the men
Each barrack is under the charge of a ^
first sergeant, who is responsible for
the cleanliness of the rooms, as well ^
as for tho property of tho troop.
These non-commissioned officers have
a room to themselves, in the
building with their troops.
Troop messes were abandoned some I ?
years ago at Fort Biley, and a con
solidated mess was substituted. This
derives some income from the canteen
and store, but nothing very magnifi
cent in the way of menu is served
There is beef and substantial food in
plenty, and the men all admit that the
quality is of the best, but a system of
cooking by steam is in use here, and
roast beef is unknown. Steam beef
is to all intents and purposes like
boiled beef, and boiled beef 365 days
in the year is monotonous to say the
least. The men have sweetened
coffee, without milk, and bread with
out butter, at every meal. The offi
cers agree that the Government ration
should be so changed as to feed the
men at least properly. The old
ration, established for field use in war
times, is still in vogue, and the men
are allowed only about eleven cents a
day for subsistence. There can be no
doubt that radical changes aro needed
in the department, and ought to be
made, if the sentiments and opinions
of both officers and men amount to
anything. As matters in the mess
hal] now are, the men frankly admit
that no cause for desertion in the
army is so strong as the mess hall
Many of the men take their meals at
the restaurant in the canteen, as long
as their pay lasts. These mon there
fore are simply soldiering for their
board, and not tho best board at that.
Aside from this ono point, Fort
Biley is an ideal military station. The
buildings and everything in them ie
of tho best, and tho location of tho
post is one of tho most delightful in
the United States
Young Woman's Hair Turned White.
A Portland young lady received a
few-days ago a letter from a friend j
who appealed for aid in finding some
thing to restore the blackness of her
hair. Tho friend had suffered almost
unendurably from neuralgia in tho
head, and had tried nany vaunted
remedies. Finally she was advised to
have her hair shaved or cut extremely
close, and adopted this desperate
measure. Tho result of the experi- 3
mont has been that with its renewed ]
growth tho hair is appearing per- ]
fectly white, though it had been '
previously very dark, and the wearer ?
is terribly chagrinod at the unex
pected change. Tim effect upo'n the
neuralgia was favorable.-Portland
STIXES IN DllESS.
CREATIONS IN THE
TVORLD OF FASHION.
?Toalthful and Conventional Even
ing Costumes-Neck Garniture
Sleeve In Two Slaterlnls
4Younjf Girl's Dress.
THERE is considerable discus
sion at , present obout low
necked gownB. Some women
contend that they should be
lone-.Way with entirely. This
?pinion, however, is divided in educa.
:onal and particularly sooial circles^
physical culture has become a
and accepted belief. To
/ special information upon this
fag subject the New York Mail
ipr ess has endeavored to get the
creations in heathful and con
ti evening costumes. Tho ac
omBanying. double-column illustra
i?n?conveys Borne valuable hints.
>iie?>f the ohief points is the fitting
f the back loosely and the hanging of
he ?ater?ais fro u the shoulders, thus
leariaig the balance of the weight up
ri tp<?-liips and shoulders and not the
bier point is the freedom al
?>T?flPn/^ AKnnmotlfof-'. - r.*
. :, ^izrl0'... y.
ba eicirt ;;;TVS w i;..':
ulam- l?e bitsovea ioiiow t?t i?*i< .
re?a reform rules, and are cornrowed !
?large gracefully fitted rolls c. lace
nd chiffon to match tho other raa
erials' in the make-up of the gown.
!he latest and daintiest colors can be
mployed in the innovation; violet
nd lemon, old gold and seal brown,
laok and white are recommended.
Thesecond fashionable creation in
roduces a new basque, a late neck
arniture and a new style of coffuro.
lie waist is to be made of cheviot or
roadoloth. It fits like a glove over
he bust, and when molded to a per
ect figure is a modiste's dream of
elight. It does not need much gar
iture. The belt adds to the slender
ess of. the waist, and can be of jetted
atin ribbon, flowered crepe or broad
loth. The sleeves are extra large,
ut are quite smooth upon the shoul- .
ers. A. large military collar sur
lounts the affair. Mrs. J. J. Astor,
Irs. Edwin Gould, Mrs. de Forest
nd Miss Fair have done much to make
bis ideal creation fashionable by sub
cribing to its ' popularity. They all
re fortunately endowed with wonder
The neck garniture is a dainty
sathery cape. It can be made by
Bwing ostrich tips on to stiff ma
BTial, by fastening together rosettes
f pecot-edged ribbons nnd coffining
o a solid background, or by fluffy
ombinationsof rich laces.
The coiffure which presents itself is
iart Grecian and part Oriental. The
lairdressers are evidently extending
he Japanese fad. The hair is gently
rizzed into a pompadour in front,
aid in wrinkles of soft curls at the
ide and confined in a pug at the back.
THE LATEST IN WAISTS.
If the present-day woman were
siced what is the most important item
n her wardrobe, she would un
[uestionably answer-her waists,
md there seems to be new ones
irought out every day. At least, if
hey are not radically new they are
oodified and transformed, turned
'hind-sido before," and one might al
uost fancy upside dowu, so quaint
?hd novel are some of tho latest
nodels. A Paris design is of figures.
Che Bides and back fit closely, the
ront is a series of flat plaits from the
inst to the belt. Above these there
s a drapery of embroidered chiffon or
aco, while turning back from this
)mbroidery are sections of the material
bided in jabot fashion on either side.
These begin at the collar and cover
?he entire upper half of the waist
xont. They are made of tho silk
natching the waist and aro lined with
lome contrasting color. The collar
s of the waipt material, as is also the
:olded belt ; the sleeves are in enor
nou8 puffs from shoulders to elbows
md close-fitting hence to the waist.
Another waist, one that was greatly
idmired at its introduction, is of
India silk. The full back and front
ire shirred in at the collar, and wnist
ine and fall below tho waist tor some
;hmg moro than a quartei of a yard.
The lower edge is hemmed and is with
jut trimming. A strap belt with
jrossed ends, a folded collar with
rosettes at the sides and full leg-o'
nutton sleeves complete the design.
From collar to waist-linc are rosettes
made of the material. This is an ex
;remely pretty waist for a slender
Igure, and is especially adapted to
?Some of these dresses button from
collar, to hem down one side. This
is an improvement on some of the old
time fashions, as it is extremely diffi
cult to get into a princesses of the old
cut without assistance. This was un
questionably one leason for the going
out of this stylo. The fronts of prin
cesse dresses are trimmed after any of
the prevailing fashions, and for dress
and elegant costumes there is noth
ing made that is more desirable.
SLEEVE IN, TWO MATERIALS.
This very effective sleeve is made
with straight widths of the predomi
nating color of the drer.-, and goied
pieces of the fancy. In the flat paner
pattern the chief color is marked blue,
and the fancy red. The straight
widths of blue and the gored of red
are joined together, and then the pat
tern is laid on, and the sleeve shaped
for the top and bottom. It is gath
ered round the elbow, and though
gathered again at the top, the blue is
laid in box pleats over the red to hide
A narrow band of the fancy, and a
rosette, mako both the lace and the
raw edges of the sleeve neat on to the
fitted lining. A few stitches are neo
esary to keep the folds in place. One
width of the plain divided into three
pieces, and a gore from the skirt com
plete one sleeve, while three widths of
fancy cut up serve for tho two
DRESS FOR A YOUNG GIRL.
This dress, for a young girl, is in
woolen serge. Skiit mounted in
small plaits, grouped at the waist be
hind, flat in front, is trimmed with
two long brackets buttoned at bottom
A YOUNG GIRL'S DRESS.
and framing the front. Close jacket
with puckered basque plaits; the
fronts aro open in a straight line over
their length over a simulated waist
coat of black velvet. Very puffy
sleeve joined to a close fore-sleeve of
velvet trimmed with facings.
FAXCIE3 IN EMBROIDERIES.
There is a fancy for embroidery in
silks, crewels and beads, the latter be
ing especially liked in very fine jet.
Beaded belts with heavy twisted cord
made of strands of beads and long,
heavy bead tassels are worn with hand
some evening dresses of thin material.
A dross of pale pink chiffon has a
beaded belt with cord and tassels as
described. The cords are very long,
not less than a yard, and the tassels
full as near to tho hem of the dress as
is safe to avoid the danger of stepping
on them. This is the extreme. There
arc shorter cords with shorter tassels
comprising many moro strands. At
first thought one wjuld imagine these
affairs to be extremely perishable, but
they are not so, as they aro very care
fully strung ou soft threads.
January is ssid to be the month, for
some rer..son or other, when celery is
at its best.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL.
The human skeleton, exclusive of
the teeth, consiste of 208 bones.
Leunhauk once examined a section
of human ecalp that had nearly 12,000
hairs to the square inch.
One horse-power converted into gas
equals twelve candle-power ; into eleo
tricity, equals 1600 candle-power.
Solitary confinement is calculated,
dootors state, to produoe melancholia,
suicidal mania and loss of reason.
Nine months of absolutely solitary
confinement are almost certain to re?
suit in the mental ruin of the convict.
A musical instrument, the pyro
phone, has been invented whioh ex
tracts all the tones of the scale from
Railroad authorities says that an
ordinary locomotivo has 300 horse
power and burns a ton of coke for
eighty miles of passenger train travel.
The human lungs retain the air in
their substance with such obstinacy
that it cannot be expelled by any com
pression short of absolutely disinte
grating the tissue.
A Manohester (England) man car
ries on his person a complete pick
pocket alarm system. Removal of
his watch, pin, or other jewelry causes
the ringing of a bell. The electric
plant weighs twenty-two ounces.
An electric lighting plant at Ealing,
England, is operated by the waste
I heat from garbage destructors, and
provision is made for condensing the
steam from the engine with liquid
sewage, chemically treat 3d to make it
A novel plan of strengthening a fly?
wheel has been put into successful
practice in the Manncsmann Tube
Companv's works in Germany. The
wheel consists mainly of wire, seventy
tons of which are wound around the
hub, between two steel disks twenty
feet in diameter, and completely Ail
ing the space.
California is soon to try an indus
try that has hitherto been confined in I
ihio countrytc ?f?vi Tori C?Ty--tL
of wciylsb'>ne czUing. Whi'e .>.-..-.*> |
0? tijs world's rvpply cf whplc*i .% j
Vr.v: Sn S:'.n Fr^uais?o ran; tlje j
>-.~ . '?' U l.-. ':.u.neizc- iSr ??rjn .
<*i . ; '.? < . ?"sr* Ci*? :. cl f~>*c?<*"*b^
Ut" 'i??, ?ni* -. *". .... V "v, .'.? .'."'Li.
. ... -' .'. . .* .'. .
Lit. ??id: <r'?. i;';?-. ?.! ?* CZur ? pu^Slr
o?aii] baa 'c'j .. ? .. ..Tpfho'.; ?nr~?
I ptibieni, under she influence oj nhio
form, feels no pain ituu sa??H no iii
consequences. It is said that experi
ments show that by this method por
tions of the liver, spleen, kidneys or
lungs may be removed without serious
loss of blood and without fatal effects.
Pocket-knife blades are very un
evenly tempered. Even in so- called .
standard cutlery some blades are hard j
and some are soft. For the latter '
there is no remedy, but the temper of
hard ones can easily be drawn slight
ly. Take a kitchen poker and heat it
red hot. Have a blade that is to be
drawn bright and hold it on the poker
for a moment. "When the color runs
I down to violet blue stick the blade in
a piece of tallow or beef suet until .
Deadwood Is Defunct.
Deadwood, Norfh Dakota, of to- :
day is a straggling village of houses
and shops in a gulch. "The creek that
, tears through the town makes a noise
J when men are not talking politics on
the bridges. Seventeen years ago the
water of this stream was clear, and
men could whip trout from its depths.
It is red now, and when a stranger to
the village stands upon the bridge he
is told by the natives that if he were
to wheel a wagon from bank to bank
there would be gold enough on the
tires of the wheels to pay his fare to
Spearfish. And Spearfish is a goodly
distance. ' 'That water is colored by
the waste of the Homestake mine,"
these same natives will say. Continu
ing they will declare "there is gold in
every riffle." The town is dead,
though. Its dance-houses are closed,
the old-time mail coach is now a fea
ture of a show in the East, and the 1
limbs of the trees to which the vigi
lantes of old used to string their vic
tims are molting.-Chicago Herald.
Derelicts at Sea.
The Admiralty and Board of Trade
Committee, of England, have recently !
published a carious report on tho sub- 1
jeot of the destruction of derelict ves- j
sels. The committee recommends the
better reporting of derelict vessels, as
to their character and location and
the publication periodically of such
report. But, on the other hand, they
do not deem it necessary to destroy
abandoned vessels or to hold interna
tional conferences to discuss the sub
ject. The report further states that
the danger of collision with derelicts
is probably much exaggerated, and
that to publish the information con
cering derelicts given in the charts is
sued by the United States would be
likely to mislead and needlessly alarm
English mariners. This casts a very
unjust reflection upon the value of the
United States charts. If the derelicts
are a menace to navigation, as the
committee's report virtually admits,
they certainly deserve more serious at
Fine Funeral oi a Pet Pug.
Paris is laughing over the extrava
gant funeral of the pet dog of an
?mericen family residing in the gay
capital. The body was-j^laced in two
caskets, one of oak, the other leaden,
conveyed in a hearse covered with
flowers to Vaucresson, and there
buried. A number of mourners in car
riages followed the hearse to the ceme
tery, and a monument costing $300
was erected over the grave, the total
expenditure for tho funeral amounting
to over $500, -Chicago Herald,
-Latest TJ. S. GcVt Report
for these imitations and substi
tutes, they are poor stuff at the
best and increase your misery.
Take Simmons Liver Regulator
only. You will know it by the
large red Z on the face of every
package and by the elief it gives
when taken for Dyspepsia, Indi
gestion, Constipation, Biliousness
and Sick Headache.
IflKEi^GU?rATOR 0 N LY
J. H. ZEILIN & Co., Philad'a, Pa
CORRUPT TURKISH OFFICIALS
Two American Travelers Found But
One Brilliant Exception.
Messrs. Allen and Sachfcleben, al
though they "put a girdle round the
earth," were not what have come to
be termed "globe trotters." After
they had finished their college ed
ucation, they . started out to see
the world and the dwellers therein.
They gave three years to the task, ~
n 11 ri tia tiie> Li? 11 ?n bicycles
they ^|?b br;,;?. , "..(.:'. Jr*
: . . v. U;? . >} :;*i'b';tte' ' ?
? - <?ojp ?R? P^ppji
'i S- .. ''ri-, -vii i'.:v- ur' -h-n Sr
pcp?.i!'!?' "f t-batr. pirfcior. o; Outr
Hjoc>vr-??rbftt il?fi t C'? y.oinxt- mon-'
Ht' - i(tr?v!' tb v.ppti. .
? . . .-.u,y iiutr.h-- .
uio> give meir experiences in Asiatic
The corruptibility of the Turkish
official is almost proverbial; but
such is to bo expected io the land
where "the public treasury" is re
garded as a "sea" and "who does
not drink of it, as a pig. " Peculation
and malversation are fully expected
in the public official. They are nec
essary evils-a??<?? (custom) has made
them so. Offices are sold to the high
est bidder. Tho Turkish official is
one of the politest and most agree
able of men. He is profuse in his
compliments, but ho has no con
science as to bribes, and littlej&gard
for virtue as its own reward. We ?rre_
glad to be able to record a brilliant, '"
tliough perhaps theoretical, except
ion to this general rule. At Kosh
hissar, on our way from Sivas to
Kara Hissar a delay was caused by a
rather serious break in one of our
bicycles. In the interval we were the
invited guests of a district kadi, a
venerable-locking and genial old
gentleman whose acquaintance we
had made in an official visit on the
previous'day as he was then the act
ing ca?mric?T?H(mayor). His house was
situated in a neighboring valley in
the shadow of a towering bluff. We
were ushered into the selamluk, or
guest apartment, in company with
an Armenian friend who had been
educated as a doctor in America,
and who had consented to act as in
terpreter for the occasion.
The kadi entered with a smile on
his countenance, and made the us
ual picturesque form of salutation by
describing the figure 8 with his
right hand from the floor to his fore
head. Perhaps it was because he
wanted to be polite that he Baid he
had enjoyed our company on the pre
vious day, and had determined, if
possible, to have a more extended
conversation. With the usual coffee
and cigarettes, the kadi became in
formal and cha'.ty. He was evidently
a firm bolievor in predestination,
as he remarked that God had fore
ordained our trip to that country,
even the food we were to eat, and tho
invention of tho extraordinary
"cart" on which we were to ride.
The idea of such a journey, in such
a peculiar way, was not to be ac
credited to the ingenuity of man.
There was a purpose in it all. When
we ventured to thank him for his
hospitality toward two strangers,
and even foreigners, he said that this <
world occupied so small a space ia
God's dominion, that we could well
afford to be brothers, one to another,
in spite of our individual beliefs and
opinions. "Wo may have different
religious beliefs," said he, "but we all
belong to the same great father of
humanity; just as cbildren of differ
ent complexions, dispositions, and
intellects may belong to one com
mon parent. We should exercise
reason always, and have charity for
other people's opinions."
The Best Draught Horses.
England's pre-eminence as a cart
horse producing country is unchal
lenged, nothing equal in bulk to her
dray boise being previously known,
and lier Clydesdales, often over sev
enteen bands, are probably the finest
specimens of equine development in
size and strength that the world has
seen.-[San Francisco Chronicle;