Newspaper Page Text
IT OS. J. ADAMS,.EDITOR
WEDNESDAY, MAR. 6, 1895.
Judge Earle aud Solicitor Nel
son arrived on time Monday morn
ing and court was promptly open
ed at 10 o'clock.
Judge Earle seems to be per
fecta at home on the bench and
presides with equal dignity, grace,
and courtesy. His charge to the
Grand Jury was one of the best
ever delivered in an Edgefield
court. This body-the grand in
quest of the county-its judicial
eyes and ears, so to speak, is an
unusually intelligent one and the
selection of Capt. Henry B. Gall
man as foreman a very judicious
choice, his integrity and intelli
gence eminently fitting him for this
Only one case was heard on tho
first day of conrl, that of tho State
against John Henry Washington
for breaking in Dan Branson's
house. John Henry plead guilty.
To-day, Tuer day, the Modoc still
case will come up and will proba
bly be tried.
Has Senator Irby degenerated
into a bug eater at last.
A thousand Salvation Army
members bade farewell to Gen
eral Booth when ho sailed from
The town of Aiken has given up
all idea of testing the dispensary
law in the United States supreme
^ Clemson College opened on
/ Wednesday, February 27th and by
Friday night over 300 students
had been enrolled and a large
number came in Saturday and
Hereafter dispensary bottles
will have a stopper label, instead
of scaling wax. The new device is
a gummed paper, and with the coat
of arm, name and state, and ini
tials of Mixon.
Our beloved co-worker in the
vineyard, the News and Courier,
erstwhile so chary of its compli
ments, now pours out the milk of
human kindness on al] Tillmar.
ites and conservatives, gold bugs
and sil v?rit?s. Is this the begin
ning or the political millenium iv
The Edgefield Dispensary took
. in on Monday of this week $233,
and not a drunken man on th?
streets ! When in the history of
Edgefifld could this last assertion
have been made of any other
Salesday in March, when under
the barroom regime?
And yet why should so much
money have been spent for whis
key when the erv of hard times
prevails throughout the land, and
some even in cur own county are
suffering for bread?
Good roads and cotton mills
-"have worked wonders for Char
lotte, N. C., in the past two years.
Here is the record as presented by
the Observer. For 1893: "Four
cotton faccories; 1 compress
(85,000 bales;) 1 oil mill; popula
tion 11,557;" "Eight cotton fac
tories; 2 compresses (143,000
bales) 2 oil mills (one of them the
largest in the South;) 3 planing
mills; 1 furniture factory; 1 bag
ging and tie factory ; 1 sash, door
and blind facto y ; new City Hall,
cost $65,000; population Charlotte
and suburbs 20,000; 650 new
houses; macadamized county
roads, 10 miles streets macade
mized and paved; 8new churches;
paid fire department; 2 hotels;
Observer building," This town,
it should be noted, 13 the head
quarters of factories built on "the
"Last year alone, as already
shown in the Manufacturers' Re
cord, the new mills being built in
the South footed up about 250,000
spindles. Mills already planned
to be built this year will increase
the South's spindles by 200,000.
This is an extremely conservative
estimate, and is under rather than
over what results will prove.
What the gains in the South's
spindles during the year will be is
difficult to figure out ; Indications
promise at least 500,000, but it
would not be surprising to see the
figures go higher. The four lead
ing cotton manufacturing States
of the South, according to Dock
ham's table, increased their spin
dles during the two years as fol
lows: Alabama, 31,688; Georgia,
48 998; North Carolina, 146,200;
South Carolina, 118,479. Outside
of Massachuselts but a little over
50,000 new spindles were put in
operation in the other New Eng
land States. Rhode Island shows
a decrease of over 9,000 spindles."
Subscribe t? the Edgefield AD
Ivir. A. H. White, of Rock Hili,
in a letter to the News aud Cou
rier, gives a statement of his meth
od of raising twenty-one bales of
cotton on twelve acres of land and
his expense account which is as
Manuring, $ 50 00
Preparation, 15 00
Planting, . 2 00
Seed, 6 00
Hoeing, 7 00
Ploughiug, 6 00
Picking, 85 00
Ginning, 20 00
Bagging and ties, S 00
Total, $199 00
21-bales, 457 pounds each,
4.80c. ' $454 GO
525 bushels of cotton seed,
50c per bushel, 262 50
Deducting expenses, -199 00
This shows without doubt that
cotton raising can be made to pay
when done in an intelligent scien
tific manner. Mr. White says:
The twelve acres of land from
which I gathered the twenty-one
bales of cotton, averaging four
hundred and fifty one pounds, last
year, is a part of a tract of land
formerly consisting of thirty-two
acres. When I commenced farm
ing on it several years ago I sup
posed it wculdgrow not more than
six hundred pounds of seed cot
ton per acre. I divided it into
tracts of sixteen acres each, and at
once I commenced a rotation of
crops, viz., first cotton, followed
by oats, then peas, then cotton
again, always and only manuring
the cotton crop with a compost
consisting of stable manure, cot
ton seed, acid and kainit, until I
had worked it up to producing
very easily with ordinary seasons
a bale per acre. Of this land I
only had the twelve acres cultiva
ted iu cotton.
Pedagogue Writes Again.
MR. EDITOR: YOU have recently
had two articles on the school
question from two educators, and
we suppose it was their intention
to provoke discussion.
Theories are nice when formula
ted in the study, but when applied
in practice are often very disap
pointing. We have long been an
advocate of special districts aud
educational centres, but our opin
ion in the last few years has been
somewhat changed as we witness
their practical application. Our
school system, with its special dis
tricts, may be suitable for a very
thickly settled country, but ju our
thinly settled country it is a mis
erable failure. Competition is
necessary to the success of any
thing ?nd all pursuits, without it,
degenerate into a mere routine
without life or success.
A district is laid off, trustees
elected, and applications are sent
in by teachers with as many dif
ferent prices. The trustees may
have a favorite, esp9cially a rela
tive, and he will be employed.
Sometimes it is left to a vote of
the patrons, and they will certain
ly elect the cheapest teachers-all
without regard to merit. What
then is the consequence? Those
who have a just cause to be dissat
isfied cannot have a school, be
cause the trustees will only allow
one school in the district. They
either keep their children at home
or send them off, being generally
men of property. The ignorant of
the district do not realize their
loss. If I had my wav I would de
stroy every school district in the
State and throw the system into
the Atlantic. The people, not the
system, though, may be to blame,
but it is more merciful to destroy
the system than the people.
We were glad to learn that the
Professor has gone from an hum
ble home to opulence and distinc
tion ; but when he has taught as
loug as I have he will do like me,
go from a home of opulence to one
that is very humble.
We endorse Prof. Crouch's sug
gestion with regard to a library.
We were never more impressed
with this than the other day when
a class in Tarbell's primer had
to write a short biography of Clay,
Webster, Cosar, and Capt. John
Smith. It was a puzzled class I
can tell you. They thought they
had heard of Clay and Webster,
but of Cosar they had never beard.
They wrote a fair sketch of Capt.
John Smith, we suppose because
his life was so romantic, and-men
tion of him is made so often in
school readers. If every school
had a good Encyclopaedia, it would
be a wonderful help in our coun
try schools, if we could get no
other books of reference. Prof.
Crouch will have to join us in
pleading for good school buildings.
We cannot Lave a good library un
less we have somewhere to keep
the books. Some one goes into
our school buildings now, and
steals the children's books, and we
would not have any bookR in our
libraries very long unless we had
a secure building in which to keep
There is another evil affecting
or at least threatening our schools
besides the want of system or li
braries, and that is, sectarian
prejudices. It has divided the
schools of our towns, and is grad
ually spreading in the country. It
will not only break up our schools,
but it will undermine social order
and destroy good government,
through this spirits showing it
self in every form of our society.
The Roman Catholics claim that
Protestants are incapable of pre
serving social order, or insuring
permanency to forms of societv.
It. is p 'oposed to be carried into
the State's high institutions of
learning. lu a recent issue of the
Cotton Plant it advocated that ;
Baptist be made president of th
Female College at Rock Hill. N
one would object to a Baptist ii
itself, but ir demanded it becaus
of the existence of a. ifectariai
spirit. It would he better if th
heads of all our institutions o
learning should not belong to au
j church rather than an intolerau
spirit should invade their eacrei
precincts. We think the perioi
has arrived for some great mai;
like Luther, or Wesley to rise u
and restore true re'igion, aud som
stateman, like Roger Williams, t
separate religion and politics. I
is right and proper that an ir
structor should be a moral mai
and in all respects shold have
faultless character. The churc
and around the firesides, is th
place to give religious instruc
tions and the inculcation of secta
rian views and prejudices and nc
our schools, for in them we fin
children of all persuasions. Mor
upon same subject.
To the People of Edgefield :
I have heard that it has bee
circulated in Edgefield County b
some blackhearted scoundrel, tba
I am here acting as an Evans cou
stable. I want to say right here
the mau that started this false re
port is an infamous liar.
I worked for the State before
came here as Assistant Dispense
at Edgefield. I resigned my posi
tion there, and am now doing bu
siness at NOB. 1261 and 126
Broad Street. Augusta, Ga. I ar
responsible for every word I say.
HENRY M. KEAKSEY.
Augusta, Ga., Feb. 27.
Answer to Pedagogue.
WTe would say there is an nnex
pended balance 'o the credit o
the public schools of the countv
This balance accumulates by th
School Commissioner allowing;
?certain per cent, for nulla bon;
au I n<.n-est taxes. If theJTreae
mer is able to collect more thai
^he per cent, allowed the bal a nc
gO"s to the credit of the genera
school fund, which up to dat?
amounts to over six thousand dc?l
lars; and from the best- authorilj
we have we regret that we canuo
apportion ''aid balance wi thou
.Air. A." E. Padgett, cashier of tr i
Farmers Bank, ii,formed us that h
does not keen the Treasurer'
school a econ it and as thc amoun
is not deposited for any delimit
per.nd-it. ia impassible to use i
'or speculation. The law forbid
the School Commissioner handliiij
any money belonging to schoo
funds, and is not even allowod ti
discount teachers pay warrante
We eau find no record of an;
money being paid lo School Com
missioners, or County Board, b;
the Sta*e Board. WTe hope thi
above is satisfactory.
P. N. LOTT,
S C E C
Edgefie'd, March 4, '95.'
?lie Review Continued-Luthe
Jackson's Bakery on a
We are glad that our article o
last week ha^ given the Edgefieh
Bakery of Mr. L. E. skson sucl
a boom. A word spoke.: in season
THE CLERK'S OFFICE.
John B. Hill makes a good clerk
a very good one, but it is said tba
the office pays so much that other
are likely to be in the field ii
1896, in fact they are already a
it. As the little boy said abou
the preserves "it is too good to le
alone." The good people, the dea
people, will decide who shall havi
Esquire John Kennerly, and i
jolly old soul is he, would make ai
excellent Clerk of the Court, am
his friends will push him for tbj
Next comes our friend am
neighbor Cant. Sam Mays, whi
has never yet been beaten ii) any
thing he ever undertook, either ii
peace or war. He has never sough
political office. But we will no
declare the election until the vote
are counted. -
It would not be wise to ignon
Capt. Jas. C. Williams in th<
race for this office should he de
termine lo make the race, as hi
has already served one term anc
acceptably to the people.
THE SHERIFF'S OFFICE.
As for Sheriff Ouzts, the office
is his. He makes a noble Sherif
and he has out-sneezed the bosf
sneezer. Somebody else will be
Sheriff, but only when man hai
another eye in the back of the oc
cipital bone, and that will nnvei
be; for when God finished hi?
work he pronounced it good and
rested on tho seventh day.
In conclusion : As for myself J
will not be a candidate for office
until after thc constitutional con
vention, which may decide that J
am not a citizen and not entitled
to vote much less hold office. Bul
the year 1896-the year for oui
next State and general election
will in my judgment go down the
railway of time as the most excit
ing io all our records. There will
be a grand round up of all the
voters of the nation, on all kind:
of issues, from the barren shores
of rock-ribbed Maine to the alliga
tors of the Everglades, and fron
Cape Hatteras to the Golden Gate
Once upon a time, during lix
old days of Rome, while a grea'
multitude of citizens, gathered ii
the comitiat were listening to tin
fervid oratory of Tiberius or Cairn
Gracchus, so great a shout wen
up from the assembled hosts tba
a crow Hying overhead fell dead ii
their midst. In 189G we look fo
dead crows to fall at our feet, ii
every gathering on political mat
ters, whenever any shalt bo ven
turesome enough to fly over on;
Q ' Fronde, tho eminent English
0 writi-r, says that "the inequalities
El of life and that the}-, are so pa
e tiently endured ,-are the marvel of
n humau society." These inequali
e ties will exist and provoke discus
f sion, turmoil, and revolutions "till
y the last syllable cf recorded time."
t DARK CORNER.
1 March 1, '95.
i, News at and Around Cleora.
0 The region round about C!e.,ra,
0 or old Duntonsville, is getting to
.* be one of the best farming s?c
tions in the State. The most of
*> tbe people here live at homo and
a board at the same pla. e, making
D their own meat and bread.
e Mr. J. H. Heel has already be
;* gun to haul out his compost and
L" Mr. W. C. Jackson is doing like
d Mr. Sam Cheatham is breaking
e up the ground getting ready for
We all work up here from day
light till dark except when Eb.
Reynolds comes by going to the
village with a load of cat% when
everybody stops work and goes out
n to the road to h- ar his big tales.
v It is said that there is a great
jL deal of the new miueral "Mono
, zite" in the sands of the creek and
1 branch bottoms in this sectiou
2 which will soon be mined out and
shipped lo New York. A gentle
j mau was here from that city and
,. <;says it is O K.
? Mr.tl. W. Cartledge bas discov
[m cred a new process for-tanning
g bides and has a large number nice
Q ly dressed and on hand for sale at
reasonable figures. He has in mind
to put up a steam tannery this
fall. He has also a fine liddle that
ho wishes to swan for biddy. If
'any gentleman wishes a good vi
I lin this is his opportunity.
" Hill Snoolces Writes Pleasantly
1 of a Pleasant Gathering.
i The young people of the Butler
i community have always been
- famed, far and near, for their un
i paralleled social inclinations. For
> the past month they ha vc been
! given the opportunity of attend
.> iug musicals, ludd from place to
. pluCH, vi h ??re they, not oulyenjoy*.
. ut) pleasant social inir-rcourse, bul
t where a partial knowledge of mu
t sic was made available to al!.
Gi! tho evening of the first in
e si an ?, the doors of the. most hos
r> pi ta bio home of Mr. M. P. Walton
were thrown wide open for the in
gathering of these merry makers.
Though this night was not equal
r to the one depicted by "Lost Buy'1
sometime ago, for the wind biew
ami tue vain descended in torrents,
yet the people went in still great
er toi rents. The young people
went, the bab es went, the-old peu
ple went. Some went in carriages,
some went in buggies, Eome went
in carts, some went on horse-back,
some went on mule-back, some
went walking, some weut,?n ou?
horse wagon.*, some we ni" i n two
horse wagons, some went in three
horse wagons, some went who stay
ed at home, in fact they kept go
ing and coming until the house
was filled to its utmost capacity,
and everyone ?.retent seemed to T?T
doing their best.
Thc order of the evening con
sisted in anything and everything
that struck the fancy of those
present. Thc majority. of the
}oung people amused themselves
by playing harmless games, while
there were some aspiring archers
present practising very promiscu
ously with Cupid's darts. Music
was furnished for the occasion
by Messrs. Griffith and Pitts, which
was enjoyed by all alike. About
10 o'clock, when all had arrived
and exchanged greetings, and even
the most bashful boys had begun
to peep in at the doors, supper was
announced by Mr. Walton. All
were now ushered into the din
ing hall, where an excellent and
most bountiful supper was served.
No comment is needed to make
known the success of this pait of
the programme to those who know
Mrs. Walton, and to strangers it
suffices to say, that the many good
things that were served were pre
pared in a most tempting way. and
were equally welcome to all.
Though the crowd was unusually
large, yet there was a gracious
plenty for all. After all had. eaten
until they could eat no more, ful
ly another hour was spent in play
ing and talking, and the merry
peals of laughter told that the
hearls of all were free from care.
Indeed words are inadequate to
express the pleasant success of
this gathering, but then how could
it have been otherwise when it was
at Mr. and Mrs. Walton's house,
and Dr. Kirksey was in his jolliest
The vessel for saving cream in
should be either tin er earth ware,
well glazed; should always be kept
clean and sweet., and should be
kept where the surrounding tem
perature is 40 degrees if possible,
thus not allowing the ripening to
go on until a sufficient quantity
of cream has been saved for churn
ing. Then 'place the creamcan in
a temperature of from GO to G5 de
grees in the summer seasun and
from 05 te. 70 in winter, stirring
often, uutil the cream thickens a
little aud acquires a pleasant or
slightly acid taste, miugled with
th" natural r.weefne5Sof the cream,
being careful not to allow the tem
perature to rise or Hie acid to form
sufficiently to Jappe; or curdle the
casein of the milk in the cream.
When il has arrived al the above
condition, which can soon be as
certained by a lillie care and ex
perience, it is ready for churning,
.vliich should be done at aa low a
temperature a? the butter will
f. rm at.
Sometimes thu Inn t'-r-ir.n.kr.rs
cannot conveniently control the
temperature of the cream while
being saved. In such case ir. ?:J
necessary to thoroughly si ir sui!
mixt be cream together three 01
four times a d;?y until a sufficient
quantity is sa\ed, being careful tc
keep the temperature low and not
to add any sweet cream within thc
last twenty-four hours of the timi
In the winter season, when cows
have, been fed largely on dry feed
lacking in sugar, especially if tb.py
have been milking for a numbei
of months, the milk produced is
also liable to lack in sugar, that
important element in bringing
about the ripening of the cream,
in which case it is recommended
to add a little "starter" to the
cream a few hours before churn
ing. The starter is made by sour
ing skim milk to quite au acid
condition, renewing it from time
to time and keeping it on hand in
a cool place for the above purpose.
COLUMBIA DISTRICT WOMAN'S
MISSIONARY SOCJEXY.-The a?nual
meeting of the W. F. M. S. of the
Columbia District will bo held in
Washington Strevt Church, Co
lumbia, 19-21 April. Miss Laura
Haygood has very kindly.consent
ed to be with us. Let each Aux
iliary, adult and juvenile, electa
delegate at their regular meeting
in March, and send the name at
once to Miss E. E. Gibson, Arsenal
MRS. P. L. WRIGHT,
Johnston, S. C. Dist. Sec.
Til is Celebrated Stallion can be
lound at my bouse, for the present,
three miles; south of Edgefield.
Terms : Insure foal, $3.0C
Insure cult to stand und suck, $1U.0(J
Will make stands at diff?rent places
in the county, for S marcs.
?. li. M AYS,
Mardi ">, '95. Edgefield, t?. C.
COUNTY BOARD OF
XllK Members of the County Board
of Commissioners will meet ut Edge?
lield on Tuesday next, the I21I1 Mureil,
The purpose of such meeting is rc
make arrangements to borrow money
to pay court expenses.
M. A. WHITTLE,
J. 1). FRASER, Cl'k. B'rd.
Langley Manufacturing Com
pany will pay Augusta prices
for Cotton delivered' at their
Factory at Langley S. C.,
until further notice.
Lions for rent sud advances; Bill
of sale of personal property; Land
deeds and Mortgages, for sale at the
ADVK urisKR I3iiiee.
Tests made by the Ala1
, elsewhere prove ?orjcj
cotton blight. Planters can j
annually by this disease. Send
They are sent free. It will cost you r
Vehicles of all Kinds,
FURNITURE and COFFIN
O JOINTE J
Pratt ai Alista Cc
LeryS S?OCM G[i Eg!
Machinery and Supplies. I
Get our Prices before yoi
-HAS FOR TnK HOLIDAY
Ever displayed in the city. When visi
our stock and get prices.
COR. Bli 0AD and 7 TH 8 TTE!
PUBLIC SCHOOL APPORTION
I\'o. 1. Blocker,
2 North Coleman,
3 South Coleman,
j 4 Collins,
G West Cooper,
7 East Cooper,
S East Dean,
?J West Dean,
JO E G ruy,
ll W Gray,
13 S Hitler,
14 \V Huiet,
15 E Huiet,
17 N Meriwether,
18 S Meriwether,
19 N Mobley,
20 S Mobley,
21 N Norris,
22 S Norris,
28 N Washington,
29 S Washington,
40 Ridge Spring,
146 G regg,
! j 47 Kirksej',
i ! 48 Eureka,
49 Union Grove,
50 Fair Fax,
$ 508 56
24 i 87
29 J 25
Districts number 51 and 52 iver?
laid oi? after th? lax return- of
last ve^r were nia-le, and for that
reason a just apportionment tor
above district cuuld not be mad?.'.
Pay wan ants, sigm-d by the Trus
: lofa of the a! ove districts, will
j have Ki be c-harjred to the school
fund <>f the Townships or School
Districts in vvlii :h they wer-- orig
WH uou'd a,;:i'?i insist on the
Trustees taking mor;' interest in
the sch- ols under their respective
We bear s ane complaint on this
line and a hick of int .-rest shown,
except lo Bign pay wariantp. If
lhere nr?: tboso who have 60 much
i other business that they cannot
j look after this all-important duty,
? then th-.'ir resignation is in ord~r.
P. N. LOTT.
Soho J Commissioner.
bama Experiment Station and
yjhaj. m* . 'm r-.
Drevent the immense loss caused
for our pamphlets.
?othing to read them, and they will save you
M KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau Street, New York.
- Fine Harness, Saddles,
S, - - HARDWARE.
Bes,. Chapaos Oe ci.
IRON WORKS AND
lepairs, etc., Quickly Made.
:i@ERT & 00.,
S TI?K FINEST STOCK OF
ting the city you are invited to inspect
VT. - AUGUSTA, GA
FIEL? & KELLY,
949 Broad Street and 9^.6 jones Street,
AUGUSTA, Gr A.
WE SELL ALL THE COUNTRY PEOPLE THEIPv
BUGGIES, HARNESS AND WAGONS.
"WHY?" Because we give them the best goods for the least money.
Keep Out the Cold
SOLD BY LEWIS F. MILLICAN,
" .".,.," MUS, TILI?, GRATES, Al IRON FENCING.
CALL AZDsTO SEE STOCK.
937 Broad Street AUGUSTA, GA., above Planters Hotel.
YOUR ATTENTION ?
-==IP YOU J5?EE]D==
Cool Sta, Stove Pans, Sieve Pipe, Tinware, fell Bute,
FAITGY G-ROCERIES, .
Loaded Shells, Canned Goods, Confeetionaries.
Evaporators Repaired or made io Order.
LARGEST COOK STOVE FOH THE IVIONEY.
. Tin in the market. Repairs-for Gook Stovess|sell, kept iii stock. Ca il
on or address ymi
CHAS. A. AUSTIN
j-OHinsrsTonsr, s. c. -
That there isa place in Augusta where
you can get something nice and tempt
ing to eat in the FANCY GROCERY
DOSCHER & CO., carry a full line of
the latest Home and Foreign Delica
cies, When you visit Augusta come
and see us. Prices will please you.
DOSCHKR & CO.
FIRE, ACCIDENT, TORNADO,
and Ginhouse Insurance,
Come to W. J. McKERALL, Agt.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
TAIZ OB-FIJ CL O THIESS,
Have now in store their entire
FALL AND WINTER STOCK OF CLOTHING
The largest stock ever shown in Augusta. We aim to carry goods wbic 1 are
not only intrinsically good, but which also, in pattern,'style, and finish
gratify a cultivated and discriminating taste, and at the same lime we ann\o
make our prices so low the closest buyers will be our steadiest 'customer*
Polite attention to all. A call will b?> appreciated.
I. C. LEVY & CO.
TAILOR-FIT CLOTHIERS, AUGUSTA, GA