Newspaper Page Text
TIIOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 19, 1895.
VOL. LX. NO. 21.
An electrical plow in Germany turns
up an acre of ground in an hour at
one-half the cost of animal power.
There are 88,210 acres of land in
Great Britain devoted to market gar
dening or truck farming, as it is
called on this side of the Atlantic.
Cnptain L. S. Hinde, of the Belgian
rervice in Africa, writes fhat in spite
of their slave trading propensities tho
Arab?, during their forty years' dom
ination, have brought the Manyema
and Malela country to a state of high
prosperity, ''the landscape seen from
the high hills of Kassongo reminding
ono strongly of ordinary arabic Eng
lish conn tr v.
The Illinois Legislature has passed
'a law providing that any citizen may
go before a court and make affidavit
against a public officer for neglect of
duty. .On the first complaint the offi
cer is warned, and the second brings
the case before a judge, who may, if
he finds canse, impanel a jury and try
the case. The penalty of guilt may
? bo a fine varying from $25 to $2000,
or imprisonment from ten days to
eleven months, or both.
The New York Sun remarks : There
is no doubt that the population of tho
earth is far greater at the end of our
century than it was in any other cen
tury since the creation of man. It is
probably more thau twenty times
greater t?an it was at the beginning
of the Christian era, thoagh it has
been kept down since then, in some
measure, by war, famine, plague, and
bad government. There are French
men and Germans who like to take a
pull in the dark at this question. There
can be no harm in guessing how many
people may be in the world when it ia
1895 years older. There may possibly
be betwoen 2,000,000,000 and 3,000,
000,000. with plenty of room for more.
A now fashion that is just beginning
to grow in vogueis that of writing let
ters in pencil rather than with pen
and ink, and when once it is fairly es
tablished, it is doubtful, states the At
lanta Constitution, whether anything
but logal documents and business
papers that must be preserved will
ever be prepared in the old style. Let
ters are generally shorter nowadayt
than they formerly were, are more
hastily, written, more frequent and sel
dom worth keeping for any length of
forts bT by-gone ^aaySj^u^^er^rwa
cherished for their intrinsic worth.
The pencil, whioh is far moro conveni
ent than the pen, is, therefore, taking
its place in the great mass of casual
correspondent. The greatest and
busiest writers in tho world are news
paper reporters. They write with pen
cils, and they are in the swim with the
In deciding the case of the Risdon
Iron and Locomotive Works against
Philip Medort, appealed from tho Cir
cuit Court of the Northern District of
California, Justice Brown, in the
United States Supreme Court, com
mented at considerable length upon
what constitutes a patentable article.
"There is," he said, "somewhat withe
same obscurity ia the line oi demarca
tion as in that between mechanical
skill and invention, or in that between
a new article of manufacture, which is
universally held to be patentable, aud
the function of a machine, which it is
equally clear is not. It may be said
in general that processed o? manufac
ture which involve chemical or other
similar elemental action are patenta
ble, though mechanism may be neces
sary in the application or carrying out
of such process, while those wbieti
consist solely iu thc operation, of ?
machine, are not. Most processe
which have been held to be patentable
require the aid of mechanism iu theil
practical application, hui where sud
mechanism is subsidiary to the chem
ical action, the fact that the patentee
may be entitled to a patent upon hil
mechanism does not impair his righ
to a patent for the process, since
would lose the benefit of his real
covery, which might be applied *u ft
dozen different ways if ho we-^ not
entitled to such patent. But if thc
operation of his device be parely me
chanicalno such considerations apply
since the function of the machiue i
entirely independent of any chemice
or other similar action.'.'
An Amusing Tragedy.
Weiss, the cpera singer, was a ver
handsome mau, but so thin that h
wore what on tho stage is called
"shape," a complete suit of paddi'
from neck to anklos, worn next *
skin. One night he was playing ir11
opera in which he wore Mowing res
and was able to dispense with hVin
the course of tho performance anP*
palling shriek astounded thc p?"?
and a coryphee rushed into th'refn
room with the information t6 T
basso had hanged himself. e
peeped into his dressing-rr1
seen the "shape" behind tkloor*
Wow Orleans Picayune.
Diamon'l Mines of I8"
A writer'in the Engrrin/ end
Mining Journal notes th^o discov
eries of the African diT'1 ,miDes
have pretty well killed tmond mT'
?Dg in Brazil. Thirty?T aS?.fc9he
Brazilian mines prog* 8om? *V
500,000 worth of oW8 ft J**.?*
now the output dotg' amount to
more than .?150,00C?razihan dia
monds are so infer?* t*T/*T*
iu Africa that it doTt pay to look
A BIG CHURCH.
UNIQUE FEATURES OF THE NEW
BROOKLYN BAPTIST TEMPLE.
I A Greater Seating Capacity Than
Any Other Church in the Metro
politan District-Will Bo
Open Day and. Night.
"V" "T"<?~T"ORK on tba new building
V-TV/ fcr tho First Baptist
\ Y Church, corner of Third
avenue and Schermerhorn
fftreet, Brooklyn, is being pushed
rapidly, and it is thought, declares
the New York World, that the struc
ture will be completed even sooner
than the builder anticipated. It will
be known as tho Brooklyn Baptist
Temple, ?nd the Rev. Cortlandt
Myers will bc retained as pastor.
The temple will have a larger seat
ing capacity than that of any other
church in Brooklyn or even New York.
In fact there aro only about half a
dozen other churches in the United
States that can 6eat as many people as
the new building will accommodate.
The main feature of this church is
economy. It will have cost when en
tirely completed less than $70,000.
This sum has already been raised by
the congregation, and there will be no
debt ou the building when it is com
G. W. Kramer and B. H. Simonson,
aro the architects. They planned a
structure in tho Norman Gothic style.
It is being constructed of rain-washed
(When completed it will have a
brick, with terra-cotta trimmings, and
will havo a frontage of 100 feet on
Third avenue and 130 feet on Scher
merhorn street. It will be three stones
in height, and will have a tall, square
tower at the corner where the streets
intersect. Thero will bo nine en
trances on the avenue front and on the
street side of the building, each open
ing from a vestibule directly opposito
tho foot of an aisle.
The main auditorium, which will be
arranged to seat 3000 people, will bo
reached by easy tiers of steps, both on
the interior and exterior of the build
ing. The steps to the entrances will
be broad and the doors wide and high.
The first floor of the church will bo
eight feet below the level of the street,
and will contain a large hall to be used
for prayer meetings or lectures, and
so arranged as to accommodate 1000
people; a drill room for mombers of
the Boys' Brigade, commodious dining
rooms for sooiables, reading-rooms
and library rooms for the King's
Daughters, young men's parlors, ac
commodation for the Ladies' Aid and
Dorcas societies, work rooms for mis
sion woik of all kinds and toilet
It is intended to have members of
tho Sunday-schcol assemble in thc
main auditorium, after which they
will retire to ,Jass rooms underneath
the gallery, where rooms are to be
formed by an ingenious arrangement
of poles ft0*3 curtains. Beforo tho
regular cknr?h services begin these
will be racc<^ ou* ?f 8*&ht, leaving no
evider0 ?* *?e auditorium having
l^gjjjsed for anything else.
rpo main floor will be entirely sur
T/xnded by a large and deep gallery,
a which there will be seating accomo
dation for tho congregation, except
in that portion directly over the pul
pit platform. In a semi-circular re
cess baok of the pulpit platform will
Tat placed tho large 810,000 organ,
vhich has been removed from thc old
church at Pierrepont and Clinton
streets and which is now in storage.
lt is the biggest organ of any church
in Brooklyn. In front of and at its
?ides there will be a space for a chorus
of200 voices, which it is intended to
organize under the leadership of Sig.
. C. Brocolini, the choirmaster at the
:hurch. Just beneath the organ loft
there will bo placed a white marble
baptismal pool, with retiring room on
Adjoining the main auditorium on
the Schermerhorn street sido will bo
the assistant pastor's study and tho
church offices. There will also bo
rooms on the opposite sido of tho au
ditorium, lu tho rear of tho main
building thero will be au extension
three stories in height and twenty-five
feet square. On the first floor of this
extension will be tho kitchens, pan
tries and the storo rooms of tho
It is designed to cover the entire
structure with ono roof, forming a
pointed dome. The dome will be cov
ered with enamelled, mottled Roman
tiles. Thero will be no obstruction
in the auditorium to mar its grand
proportions. On both of tho street
sides of tho structure there will be
large rose and mullion stained glass
windows, with scriptural aud em
blematic designs. Tho interior finish
of the church will be iu hard wood in
natural colors and handsomely fres
To tho pas!or, thc Rev. Cortlandt
Myers, is due the credit of the new
church's many original features, The
church is to bc kept open from early
in tho morning until late at night.
The reading aud other rooms of tho
church aro to be in constant use,
forming practically a home in the
church for all those who desire to
como together for prayer, Christian
intercourse or mutual improvement.
Although Mr. Myers has been pastor
of the First Baptist Church for only
about two years, he has made it ono of
tho most popular and strongest
churches in Brooklyn. Unlike the
Baptist Temple in Boston, tho Brook
lyn edifice will bo used for none other
than church purposes.
HOUSES PAST AND PRESENT.
Advantages of Both Styles, With
Plans for a Modern Residence.
Whenever a house that has stood
for many years is finally demolished,
there aro many cries that "our fore
fathers build better than we." It is
undoubtedly a fact that there was
greater honesty of construction in tho
old days than afc present, and that the
materials used wero generally better.
The mortar in the old buildings is so
hard that it seems almost a part of tho
stono or brick ; it was not made with
a plenitude of sand, a modicum of
cement, and so it has never crumbled
under wet weather as does the modern
mixture. The old bricks wero better
burned and seemed more flinty than
porous; the beams wero hewn out of
the heart of tho tree and wero not
slender joists 6awcd liko planks, tho
greater seating capacity than any otaer chu^
hewn beams having twice tho length e
of life that sawed timber has, tho ax ?
leaving a glaze on the surface of the ?
wood, closing tho pores. Iron played s
little part iu tho older buildings, i
structural iron work being a late ap
plication, but wherever metal was t
used at all it was of the best. Plumb- ?
ing and gas fixtures were honestly cast j
and finished and fitted by hand and r
not stamped out by machinery, There 1
were wide halls, easy stairs, generous 1
fireplaces and solid, substantial wood- A
These were undoubted advantages \
in the old style and many of them <
might well havo been retained ; still (
there is no justice in continually do- ]
cryiDg modern building. It is true t
that the man of the present now builds i
his houso for himself, taking little \
tnought as to whether it will serve his
children or his children's children.
Tho conditions of modern life provent
the cxciciso of great foresight for
one's descendants in this regard. Tho
diverso interests of business make
society largely migratory, and owing
to tho rapid growth of our cities there
is a constaut shifting of population.
So it would be worse than useless to
build a house in any city with the ex
pectation thai it would bo occupied
by three or four generations of the
builder; and it is the general and wide
recognition of thia fact that prevents
tho erection of such solid and endur
ing structures as our forefathers put
up. Wo can afford to sacrifico some
thing to sightliness in detail, in cost
The essential matter of all receives
far more attention now than ever be
fore-that is, sanitary [condition.
Solidity of masonry and joinery can
not take the place of sealed drains,
perfect ventilation, good lighting and
heating. In the old days every builder
was left to his own devices with con
science ns his solo mentor; now tho
most rigid laws prescribo tho things i
that aro essential for health and safety :
and leave the builder perfect freedom
only to gratify his aesthetic tastes. i
Holding our tenures as wc do, with '
no privilogo of entail to posterity, tho
American's attachment to locality is
not a conspicuous truit, for there ia
not a people on earth boasting a high
civilization and intelligence who are
such a roving . ice.
The writer does not make tho state
ment in a fault finding way, but to
fdtow thnt in the erection of buildings
utility is our chief object, and >o this
tendency we can trace the popularity
>f the moriera low cost houses, and
?vonld refer to the design illustrating
;his article as a type. A somewhat de
filed description is appended :
Width throughout dining room and
library, 26 feet 6 inohes ; depth, in
duding veranda, 45 feet 10 inches.
Heights of stories : Cellar, 7 feet ;
irst Etory, 9 feet 6 inches; second
story, 9 feet.
Exterior materials : Foundations,
?tone to grade and brick abovo grade;
irst story clapboards; second'story
md roof, shingles ; gables, panels and
(bingles; floors of balconies covered
nth heavy canvas.
Interior finish: Three-coat plaa
;er ; hard whito finish ; soft wood
looring and trim ; main staircase ash ;
jicture molding in principal rooms
ind hall, first story; kitchen and
bathroom wainscoted; all interior
voodwork grain filled and finished
yith hard oil varnish.
Colors All clapboards and spindle
vork of balconies, fawn ; trim, in
duding water table, corner boards,
jaeings, cornices, bands, veranda
josts, rail, etc., Tuscan yellow; out
side doors, blinds, sashes, stiles and
rails of panels, dark green; brick
work painted dark red ; shingling on
3ide walls and gables stained sienna ;
roof shingles stained dark brown.
Tho principal rooms, their sizes,
closets, otc, are shown by floor plans.
Uellar under whole house, with insido
and outsido entrances and concrete
floor. Attic floored for storage pur
poses ; open fireplaces in parlor and
dining-room; brick sot raugo in
kitchen ; folding and sliding doors be
tween dining-room and library and
parlor and dining-room. Bathroom
with complete plumbing ; ample ver
anda and closet room. Stationary
washtubs could bo introduced in
kitchen or a separate laundry planned
in cellar. Double doors may be intro
duced connecting parlor and hall.
Servant's room may be finished in
attic. Open fireplace could bo planned
in library. Tho veranda spaco may
bo increased or diminished without af
fecting thc artistic appearance of tho
This house may be built ns de
scribed for ?2700, not including man
tel, range and heater, the estimate
bfiiug based on New York prices for
materials and labor, though in many
sections of the conntry the cost should
bo much less.
This is a thoroughly modern house
in all that tho terra stands for as to
healthfulness, perfect sanitary con
dition, and that it is not calculated to
last for a hundred or two yours is no
drawback to those who admire tho
plau, ns the economy in urruugeraenr.
of rooms and general idea brings it
within a limit of cost that is rot
alarming to even tho most conserv
"A THING OF BEAUTY AND A
. I -
Newland Pretty Forms of the Shirl
Waist-Sleeveless Eton Jackets
Jtire Elaborately Decorated
Ih New Form of Bonnet.
SHIRT WAISTS, like Banquo'e
ghost, will not "down;" they
are too much of a joy forever,
;. and may be easily made n
tbinjf.of beauty. In its newest and
prettiest form, says tho New York Re
corder, it is made of swiveled silk,
which is well known to be a combina
tion' of silk and cotton, which goes
through the laundry in a most satis
factory manner. There is one partic
ular Bhade which is very attractive,
and Vmay bo described as raspberry,
with!" tiny seed ligures all over its sur
face.in white. This is mado up into a
shotf-waist with a box-plaited front
and ydke back, full sleeves gathered
into stiffened cuffs, and is belted be
neath the skirt.
The colors- of the shirt waists aa
they; are displayed- on tho counter J
suggest an old-fashioned garden, with
their marigold and primrose yellows,
carnation pinks, pea-pod greens, lilac
and cornflower bine. Then there is
another shade, which our grandmoth
ers >new as "Buff." And what a
treacherous color, too; for a drop of
tea or perspiration invariably results
in a black spot, or discoloration, which
nothing can remove.
Cotton cheviot in uneven checks is
again largely used for shirt waists, but
is not as cool for midsummer as per
cale or linen. A very cool and pretty
waist is made of a Madras gingham in
the true Creole plaid, combining red
andyellow. It is fastened up the front
with bright gold buttons half the size
of a penny, and has gold studs in the
cuffs. A certain Gotham bello has a
set of buttons mado of out-of-date
SHIRT WAISTS AND SLI
Sheer grass linen is, no doubt, the
material for the ultra, fashionable shirt
waist ; 80??***yy n "QT,frn hnj
.pj^it ,yZ?t ali edged with narrow Val
.^'c??irn?s, which may be either in
whit? or the fashionable suede tint,
and then the lingerie collars and cu ff H
will be of white linen lawn hemstitched.
These are "never starched, but allowed
to fall soft and limp,
t The shirt waist and Eton jacket
ever seem to go hand in hand, as one
appears to be so dependent upon the
other, until the heated term comes tc
separate them. The Eton may match
the skirt or not, as the wearer's taste
may dictate, and in its present form il
is made without a centre seam at thc
baok, very broad lapels and drooping
sleeves. Frequently it is sleeveless, ai
the sketches in the double column illus
tration show, and elaborately decora
ted with braid or braiding. Largo or
namental buttons, either [in out steel,
enamel or paste diamonds, are added
to the fronts, generally two at ead
side. These sleeveless Etons aro be
comingly worn over tho pretty ne?
waists of dimity. They are in th<
very daintiest of colorings and pat
The dimity waists arc delightfully
cool and pretty. They show mostly
old fashioned patterns, 6uch as tiny
posies scattered about, and again have
hair lines of color, with tiny sprigf
between. These waists are mado gen
erally with plaits in front and a yoke
at the back, and when the coloring
will admit, the waist is belted wit!
bright scarlet, closing with a silve]
buckle in Indian hand work.
COMBINATIONS IN CAPES.
Some of the new capes aro made ii
very narrow seotions that continuo ut
to the neck to form tho collar, tlat
entire length of the garment, collai
and all, being in one piece. This is c.
pretty and becoming style if one car
be satisfied to leave the cordings am
pipings out of it. A cape of raby vcl
vet recently made to fill an order Lac
heavy cordings of lemon-yellow be
tween each seotion. Yellow is the ca
price of the moment, and every wo
man who can wear it thinks hersel
quite the mode for tho timo being
Yellow is a beautiful color properly
used, but, like all fashionable fancies,
is liable to the greatest misusos, one
women who are simply hideous ir
yellow cover themselvos with it froti
head to feet. In all shades it prevails
from orange to cream. A special viev
of elegant costumes recently import
ed showed yellow in some of its varia
tions in nine-tenths of tho garments
and m millinery it appears in almos
every bit of headgear on exhibition.
The cotton goods likely to bo ii
most demand for costumes and dresse
are zephyr cr?pons, generally som'
sort of striped patterns; plaid am
checkered zephyrs, batiste, printe
and woven, in trou trou; plumeti
with plaid and other figured ground
and colored and figured pique reps
Among tho last, stripes of two color
and little brocaded dottings on pal
tinted grounds will be the favorites.
THE LATEST IN VEILS.
Another vagary of fashions deserve
mention. Some of the new lace aui
embroidered net veils are so tkickl;
covered they havo thu effect of a masli
and render tho features beneath un
recognizable. Fortunately for th
eyes of thc wearers, the pattern b(
comes much lighter or ceases alte
gether a few inches from the toi
which, however, adds to tho mas]
A NEW FORM OP BONNET.
This hat is moulded on the idea of a
Dutch peasant's head dress, the jet
? forming wing-like appendages starting
from the middle toward tho side,
where they meet a large and beautiful
; mauve orchid ; a rich osprey of un
nsnal size stands erect over the fore
head. The bonnet is of shot straw,
green and black, like a beetle's wing,
while a largo wired lace bow, secured
LIKE A Durca PEASANT'S HEAD-DRESS.
by a handsome diamond ornament, up
rears on either side.
The number and variety of crinkled,
waved and puckered-surfaced fabrics
increase, reiiorts tho New York Lecl
' ?<r, like tho flowers of spring. When
tbey aro not woven, they are machine
crimped in 6uch a bewildering, be
> witching way that they capture tho
fancy at once, regardless of tho fact
that they aro not worth a rap for dura
?EVELESS ETON JACKETS.
bility, and will scarcely bear the pro
cess of making np without becoming
J^B^bc draged ed and aotually good
t u n a??~ieil I lilies ur
trade that immediately an elegant fa
bric is put on the market, some-imita
tion is thrown out to catch and do
ceivo tho publio eve
Thero are on the counters of some
of tho stores crinkled materials that
absolutely mislead tho unwary pur
chaser. There aro alternate puffs and
plain stripes, deep-crinkled waves,
and apparently close and firm shir
rings that aro made entirely by pres
sure between hot dies. Tho light
touch that one is supposed to bestow
upon such goods fails to warn the
buyer of the utter worthlessness of it
in the item of durability. Every one
who desires to investigate crinkled
things should take tho material be
tween the thumb and finger of each
hand and gently and firmly pull it. If
it straightens out into perfectly
smooth-surfacod material, its pos
sibilities of wear aro clearly apparent.
Of course, if one merely wants a
fabric for ornament this is immaterial,
but it is almost always the case that
thc buyer wants to get what she pays
for, and when sho buys crinkled
goods, it is scarcely comforting to
discover that a few hours' U3e will
entirely destroy its beauty.
A CHARMING CHECKED ALPACA.
This is a girl's frock in checked al
paca with a full bodice and Equarecapo
with plaited frill. Tho collar, cuffs
and waistbaud aro of ceriso velvet.
GinL's FUOCK IN CHECKED ALPACA.
Wide strap of the same down the front,
with largo gold buttons.
Ladies who take delight in tho easy
and comfortable skirt aud blazer, with
the shirt waist that ha? become a ne
cessity, will bo comforted by tho as
surance that this stylo of dress is even
moro popular than heretofore, and a
groat deal of puins is being taken
ivitk the lit and finish of it.
Hidilen (??'nins Discovered.
Chicago has recently discovered an
?rlist in .fohn W. Needham, a mulatto,
who worked os n house painter, and
occupied his spare time iu painting
pictures on pieces of tobacco boxes.
His work is said to be lacking in
technique, but virile and fredi, and to
show undoubted genius.- New Or
now to Judge Cats.
"A cat is judged by practically tho
same points as a dog. Cats are of two
liasses-long-haired and short-haired.
& long-haired cat I always look at
Brst for hair or coat, |then the eye,
tail, body and ears. A short-haired
lat is judged first for color, then for
eyes, head, symmetry and ears. Tho
coat in a long-haired cat includes the
mane, chain and frill, as well as tho
cnr tufts, which last show plainest of
nil, perhaps, any admixtures of short
haired blood. This misture of short
haired blood is often purposely made,
POINTS OP A PERFECT CAT.
since the short-haired cat is imposing.
Dr. Huidekoper, an American ex
pert on the subject, made a little
sketch and explained even further
what are tho good points of a cat, re
gardless of its class.
"The head should show breadth be
tween the eyes and bo strong boned.
The eyes should be round and open.
The nose should bo short and taper
ing. The teeth should bo good and
the claws flat. The upper log should
lie at closed angles, the lower leg
should be straight. The foot should
be small and round. A good cat
should bo deep chested, but light
framed. The neck should be slim and
graceful, but firm ; the ear? medium
in size, with rounded points. The
croup should bo square and high, tho
tail long and tapering."-New York
A JIammolIi Potato.
Mr. E. William Randall, of North
Easton, Mass., has received a photo
graph of his brother-in-law, Mr.
Howard Talbot, with a mammoth po
tato said to weigh eighty-six pounds
on his shouldera Mr. Talbot was a
former resident of North Easton, and
is known as a man of veracity. The
Loveland (Col.) Beporter says of this
"At last J. B. Swan has succeeded
in having his immense potato of tho
Maggie Murphy variety photographed.
This mammoth ?jotato was twenty
eight inches in length, not circum
ference, and fourteen inches across it,
and is claimed to weigh eighty-six
AX EIGHTY-SIX POUXD POTATO.
pounds and ten ounces. Mr. Swan is
a grower of great repute, but this last
production beats anything of the kind
we have yet seen. "-Boston Globe.
Ten drops of tiucturo of myrrh in a
glass of water will sweeten and refresh
tho mouth ; a teaspoonful of spirits of
camphor or peppermint in tho samo
gargle is among tho very best antisep
tics, and a few drops of myrrh and
camphor in tho water are recom
mended in case of cold, throat trouble,
or any slight indisposition which may
affect the breath.-Hartford (Ccnn.)
Post. _ _ _
A Scll-Itocking Cradle.
Mothers and nurses who have been
compelled to spend hours and wear
out their arms cradling tho babies to
3leep will henceforth bo able to road
a novel or atteud to their household
duties while Morpheus, aided by a
AN AUTOMATIC! CRADLE. "
(simple contrivance inveuted by ar
Englishman, is overcoming the rebel
lious senses of their little charges,
The fin de si?cle is automatic. Th<
machinery is so arranged that it cat
bo wound up to rock for any length
of time desired and caa bo stopped at
A DISREPUTABLE PRACTICE
?which the people of the South
are - resenting, is the efforts of
some to sell them imitations for
the real Simmons Liver Regu
lator, because they make ,more
money by the imitation ;w and
they care little that they swindle
the people in selling them an
inferior article. It's the money
they are after, and" the people can
look out for themselves. Now
this is just what the people are
doing, and merchants are having
a hard time trying to get people
to take the etuff they offer them
in place of Simmons Liver Reg
ulator-which is the "King of
Liver Medicines," because it never
fails to give relief in all liver
troubles. Be sure that you get
Simmons Liver Regulator. You
kuow it by P03l!fojjrrffr tne same
old .stamp of the Red
Z on the S^5?eW package.
It has never fail
ed you, ff||5jy|y?| aD(l people
who have ^??*S?g|? been per
suaded to take something else have
always come back again to The
Old Friend. Better not take any
thing else but that made by J.H.
ZEILIN & Co., Philadelphia.
Can Pains be Remembered.
If an ordinary person who has at
some time in his career experienced
tho miseries of toothache were asked
if lie remembers the pain in question,
there is very little doubt as to what
Iiis response would be. Unquestion
ably lie would say he remembered i tl
Bat this incautious admission might
lead at once to controversial difficul
ties, for it appears that psychologists
are in doubt as to whether any one
can? under any circumstances re
member a toothache or any other
It seems desirable to follow this
statement at once with the assurance
that it is not a joke, Psychologists,
as a rule, are not humorists, and they
have no thought of boing funny when
they assert that pains and other
sensations cannot be remembered.
Those of them who hold this view
aro strictly in earnest and mean ex
actly what .the words imply in their /
soberest sense. They are perfectly
aware that we commonly speak o?
remembering pains, and suppose that
we do remember them. But they
contend that in such a case we re
member not tho pain itself, but the
ideas that were associated with the
pain. Wo remember, for example,
that we were unable to work because
we had a toothache ; that we applied,
remedies to it unsuccessfully; that -
finally wo went to a dentist and had
tooth extracted, and at once
L?jLre'lief. All this we remember
3-: every one^&droits..
itself \s a'memoryv -or ?)f-the sensa-. .
tioh' of relief "that* came: when the; .<
pain ceased. - .
To the person not accustomed to
looking sharply -into the,, darker "
corners of his own mind this will no
doubt seem a very unnecessary. .1
splitting of hairs. But the psychol
ogists do not so regard it. They are
discussing the matter pro. and con
with "a good deal of vigor, this being
indeed, one of the controversies that.
?0 to make up the current history of
that world apart in which the phil
Another moot-point of perennial
interest to the philosophers is the
question as to what pain and pleasure
really are, psychologically speaking. -.
There is opportunity for whole dic
tionaries full of controversy on that
Two Farmers and a Wildcat.
"Nate" Bowen .and W. 0. Curtis,
farmers, living just over the State
lino in Pennsylvania, eight miles
from Deposit, N. Y., had an exciting
adventure with a wildcat. Bowen is
a good shot and in tho winter does a
good deal of hunting. Two wildcats %
were seen by him one day recently,
and he succeoded in killing the fe
male, tho male getting away, the
dogs running it into its den, a cave
in a ledge of rocks. Bowen set a fox
trop and found it smashed the next
morning with plonty of yellow hair
and blood on it, showing that the
beast had had a struggle to get free."
With Curtis he next set a bear trap,
the jaws of which were strong
enough to cut the cat's le?s off al
most. Going to the place the next
morning early they missed the trap,
and investigation showed that the
cat had dragged it far back into the
darkest corner of its cave.
Neither of Bowen's hounds could
bo coaxed to go down into the hole.
Curtis, armed with a shotgun, said
"he'd be blowed" if he was going to
give up the fight like that, and helet
himself down into the cave. All he
could seo were two big gleaming eyes
in the darkness. With as good an
aim as possible he fired at the eyes.
Ho was greeted by a savage snarl
and ? rattling of the trap as the ani
mal retreated further back into the
den.. Ho climbed out in a hurry.
Bowen then said he would "tackle
the varmint," and he went down in
to the cave armed with a self-acting
revolver. He was creeping toward
i,ho back part of the cave when he
heard the screech of the cat and the
jingling of the trap as tho wounded
beast Hew at him. Ho ii red, and lucki
ly the shot took effect, the cat falling
dead at his feet. Tho animal weighed
nearly fifty pounds, and was one of
tho largest that had been seen in
Northern Pennsylvania for years.
There is a bounty of $2 on wild
Mts, and tho skin is worth a
few dollars. This is the season of
the year when they are most hun
rry and savage, and Bowen ran a
;reat risk in killing the cat as ho
Professor Culin, of the Museum of
Archaeology of the University of
"ennsylvania, states that football
?risinated with the Chinese. The
;ame was popular in China and
lapan as early as the seventh or