Newspaper Page Text
Edgef ield Advertiser
TI'US. J. ADAMS,.EDITOR
WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 4,1895.
The Constitutional Convention
meets on next Tuesday. The Co
lumbia Register says: "Predic
tions of a three weeks session of
the constitutional convention are
likely to come to naught. Why,
the Edgefield delegation alone is
good to talk three weeks by itself.
In addition to the boll worm the
caterpillars are getting in their
work in tho Mississippi Delta. In
Washington, Sunflower, andlssa
qttena counties they have appeared
in large numbers. The farmers
aie mixing Paris green and other
destructives preparatory to a war
to the knife and the knife to the
The State Farmers' Alliance had
its annual session in Columbia
Wednesday. Jas. L. Keitt, of New
berry, was elected president, Rail
road Commissioner Wilson vice
president, and J. W. Reid re-el je
ted secretary. The offices of treas
urer and State lecturer were abol
ished. Hon. W. J. Talbert rep
resented Edgefield at this gather
ing of the old guard.
How They Vote in "Massachu
Art. XX. No person shall have
the right to vote, or be eligible to
office under the Constitution of
this Commonwealth, who shall not
be able to rend the Constitution
in the English language, and
write his name: Providbd, how
ever, that the provisions of this
amendment shall not apply to any
person prevented by a physical
disability from complying with
its requisitions, noir to any person
who now has thc right to vote, nor
to any person who shall be sixty
years of age and upwards at the
time this amendment shall take
The Columbia Register gives
the following good advice as to
marketing cotton :
"The weekly financial review is
sued Saturday by ' the banking
home of Henrj Clews & Co , New
York, says : "The yield of cotton
may jie expected to faU considera
bly short of our largest' recent
can hardly be regarded as a mis
fortune; for, with the inevitable
higher prices, the net return to the
placiers will be much hetter than
that of the larger crops which sold
so low that virtually no profit was
made on them." Bufr, the farmers
should remember that though the
cotton1 crop is short, higher prices
are not "inevitable." If the far
mers will not rush their cotton to
market, higher prices will be re
realized; but, if they glut the
market at the beginning of the
season, the shortness of the crop
will be of no advantage to them
speculators will reap the benefit
after the crop is out of the hands
of the farmers. The Register's ad
vice, often iterated, to the farmers
is to market their cotton ?s slowly
as their necessities will permit, so
as never to allow- the supply to
greatly exceed the demand; if
they do this, buyers will soon run
up the price in their anxiety to
supply their mills with full stocks.
This advice cannot be given too
often, and farmers will find profit
in following tt. A crop of cotton
w as never made more economical
ly than this year's and consequent
ly a good price for it will bring
better times to most of the far
mers in the South."
The question of seed corn for
next year should be settled now
by going into the field and select
ic g the most perfect ears possible
from the most prolific stalks. The
ears selected should be large, even
grained, well filled to the very tips
and well covered with shuck, and
after selecting them keep them
separate from all other corn. It
is a good plan to shell as soon as
dry and put in a tight barrel or
box and cover with three or four
inches of ashes in which salt in
proportion of about one to ten has
been thoroughly mixed. This will
insure against weevil and will not
injure the germ if thoroughly dry
before putting away.
Every year also the question
comes up as to whether we should
reject the top and butt grains or
plant the whole ear. The result
of aseries of experiments running
through several years along in the
seventies, about 10 per cent, of the
grains from the tip of the ears fail
ed to germinate, and of those that
did come up fully one-half were
weak and never showed proper
vigor throughout the season, tas
seling and shooting unevenly and
from two to eight days late. The
g-ains in the middle of tho ear
seldom failed in a single instance
to sprout, grew off evenly, tasseled
and eilked v/ell together. Thu
grains from the butts of the cars,
no matter how-irregular in Fhape,
sprouted as universally as those
rom tho middle, but did not grow
off with such uniform vigor nor
tassel and ?boot so evenly, but in
this patch was always found the
earliest and some of the largest
In saving seed for these experi
ments I always shelled one inch
from each end of the ear and the
same from the middle, and these
were planted in separate patches
and of considerable size. As a
result of these experiments I con
cluded that an early variety of
corn might be produced by plant
ing only butt grains, and always
selecting the earliest from these
for next year's seed, and had im
proved greatly on my original
seed when in 1879 I unwisely dis
posed of all my seed except what
I wished to plant, and lost it all.
That year we had no rain in the
spring to bring up corn until
April 20, when there was a heavy
downpour and not enough fell on
my field to lay the dust from that
time until late in September.
Texas Stockman and Farmer.
Senator Marion Butler and our
South Carolina Reformers.
We cannot see the consistency
in inviting Marion Butler, the
Populist Republican senator from
North Carolina to address an au
diende of Reform Democrats in
South Carolina. Senator Butler
represents principles in direct an
tagonism to the principles sup
ported by the Reformers in our
own State. In the first place he
owes his election to an unnatural
and abortionery coalition with
Republicans. As a part of this
trade, he gave his support to
Pritchard, an avowed Republican,
an avowed Republican, and advo
cates principles and a political
policy as widely divergent from
the views of our South Carolina
Reform Democrats as the poles.
Hence, there can be but two inter
pretations placed'upon the posi
tion occupied by Senator Butler:
He must either believe in the re
publican doctrine, or be has sold
out his honest convictions and his
people for office and power. Again,
this North Carolina Pcpulist-Re
publicau senator believes in ap
pealing to the negro and bringing
that race prominently forward in
politics. This was evidenced by
the fact of the legislature that
elected him, and which body he
absolutely controlled, placing ne
groes in office over white men, and
honoring Fred. Douglass by ad
journing in his honor. Now, our
South Carolina Reform Democrats
believe that this is a white man's
government, and in order to em
phasize and perpetuate this doc
trine, we have called a constitu
tional convention with the avowed
end in view of disfranchising the
Now, we ask the intelligent,
thinking Reformers of South Car
olina, do they not consider that
M?rion Butler was as n.uch out of
place in addressing an audience of
Reform Democrats in our State as
^JCejitofik^. drove hog would be
trying to read a choir in a Chris
tian church? You can't deceive
the people by any such rot. They
are not ready as yet to accept as
their political guide and counsel
lor a man who owes his office to a
coalition with the party that has
brought such wrongs upon the
South, and for so many years rob
bed and oppressed our people.
And neither do they care to take
into their arms a man whose arms
a man whose garments are reeking
with the oder of the nigger.
If the position of Marion Butler
is to-day right, then the Democrats
of South Carolina and other South
ern States were wrong in throwing
off the yoke of African rule in the
days of reconstruction ; and in
stead of going to work and cap
turing their State governments
from Yankee Republican free
booters, they should have gone in
with those robbers, and shared
the plunder of their own property.
The Headlight is a dyed-in-the
wool Reform paper, but we don't
take any of that Marion Bijtlerism
in our'n. We try to be consistent,
and practice what we preach ; and
can't see any sense in organizing
our Reformers to combat the dan
gerous power of the negro one
week, and then fall down and wor
ship a man who owes his office to
a degrading political amalgama
tion with negroes. To one week
denounce the antis for trying to
vote the negro, and the next week
honoring a man who has been
guilty of the very offense that we
And neither do we believe that
the intelligent white farmers of
this State can be lead off on a
cold trail after Marion Butler's
Populist-Republicau party. He
can secure the support of a few
ambittous office-seekers and po
litical cranks, but the rank and
file of the Reform party have cut
their eye-teeth, and know the ring
of the true from the ring of the
Our people do not intend to
ever agin be lead into the support
of any gold bug ticket ; and neither
will they be lead into following
such a hybrid politician as Sena
tor Marion Butler. "Sufficient
unto the day ?3 the evil thereof."
Weather ior August.
Weather Observer C. A. Long, of
Trenton, sends us the following
data of the weather for the month
Max. temp. 91 ; date 8th and
Min. temp. 67; date 22ud.
Mean temperature, 79.5.
Number of days clear, 7, partly
cloudy, 17; cloudy, 7.
Prevailing wiud direction 12,
Total precipitation for August,
1895, 11.49 iuches; 1894, 7.60
inches; 1893,13.20 inches.
For 8 months ending Aug. 31st
1895, 49.76 inches.
Total precipitalion for 8 months
ending August 31st 1894, 35.56
INFORMATION FOR THE
If You Don't Sec What you
Want, Ask For lt.
''EDITOR ADVERTISER : Have you ever
used, and what do you think of, but
The best recipe for making it is
tograte a tablespoonful slightly
rounded (nutmeg greater is the
best as it makeB finer particles) in
a glass of water. Dissolve this
by stiring. If not acid enough, a
spoonful of vinegar should be
added; if soo acid, sweeten with
goose-neck sorghum to the taste.
EDITOR ADVERTISER: Do you know
who is the author of those beautiful
"Nigger at the woodpile pickin' up
Just as nigh heavPh as a nigger ever
They have been attributed to
Ben Tillman and up to date he
has not denied their authorship.
MR.EDITOR: What do these letters
Car. Cum. & Chi. on the tickets sold
from Edgetteld to Augusta mean^ind
why are these tickets so long; they are
eight or ten inches in length.
Car. Cum. & Chi. mean Caroli
na Cumberland and Chicago Rail
road Company and the tickets are
so long because when the railroad
builders cut off the Cumberland
Gap & Chicago end of the road
they forgot all about the tickets
and they stand in statue quo,
still long enough to take you all
MR. EDITOR: From present indica
tions who do you think will be the
next Governor of South Carolina, and
who will succeed Irby in the United
Pol Iv put the kittle on and we'll
all take T.
To the second question we give
the same alphabetical answer.
MR. EDITOR: Does Ben Tillman
wipe his nose on his coat sleeve? lt;
has been so reported by the Anti pa
Not habitually; he does so, how
ever, on rare occasions simply to
show that he is sprung from the
loins of tbe people. Fifty or six
ty years ago handkerchiefs were
not in universal use in Edgefield
County, and from 1785, when
Edgefield was made a county, to
1840, our hardy yeomanry wiped
its her or his nose on a fence rail.
Of course the passage of the sloclc
law bas precluded a return to this
good old custom, for wo hare'nt
PROF. FULLER REPLIES.
Or Rather Answers Sonic Queries
Ol' Prof. Donovant.
I want to thank my friend Prof.j
J. D. Puno vant for his kind stric
tures on my views of school teach
ing, and also for his kind sugges
Prof. Dunovant asks, "Why not
tako up the study of history in
stead of the fourth .reader"" To
answer this question intelligently
it is necessary to discuss the teach
ing of reading to a very short ex
tent. This makes it necessary to
define reading. Mr. F. W. Parker
ker says, "Reading, getting thought
by means of written or printed
words arranged in sentences."
From the very few children that I
find able to read intelligently, I
think far too many teachers have
adopted this definition; and in
teaching they have not tried to de
velop in the children anything
more than the power of getting
thought from written or printed
papers. If teaching reading be on
ly teaching the children how to
get thought from written or print
ed pages, then we may leave off
the fourth reader. I believe that
the teaching of reading should de
velop ia the children, "The pow
er to gain from the written or
printed page the thought and feel
ing expresfsed there, and the power
of so delivering the words orally
that the same thought and feeling
shall be awakened in the hearer."
Prof. Dunovant may suggest the
training of vocal organs, and there
by attain the art of expression
through the correlative science of
pitch, power, emphasis, and quali
ty of tone. I know that the proper
drill inthe use of vocal organs serve
useful as a drill. But the only
way to get children to read so as
their reading will awaken in the
hearer the thought and feeling of
the author is to give them plenty
of exercise in reading orally some
book which has, rightly arranged,
thought that contains every varie
ty of feeling. The foul th reader
is the best book for this particular
purpose for the fourth grade I
have ever seen. That is why I
suggested it. But if Prof. Duno
vant will suggest to me any histo
ry that will serve tho above place
as well as -he fourth reader I will
gladly use it instead of the fourth
Professor Dunovant objects to
"Tarbell's Language Lessons." He
suggests we teach language through
its correlative science. Is science
a primary study? Should not we
teach children the correct use of
language ia the primary grades?
Anyone who knows much about
the correct use of language knows
it is a liberal art which is acquir
ed both by theory and praclice.
But almost everybody will admit
practice hps more to do in acquir
ing the art of using correct lan
guage than anything, for many
peopl? have learned the arl of us
ing fairly good language without
knowing any (hing of the science
of language. The very fact that
good usa gr- determines the law of
language makes clear the fact we
learn to use good language by us
As for giving reasons Tor the use
of language." Good usage h.-ts
authorized many things in the lan
guage for which no rea?on can be
given,. The rules of syntax do
not make us speak correcjtly it on
Wo have made a Specialty
for private Consumption". As wc
reasonable figure than any dealer ci
Our Specialty is our Celebra
Which we furnish at $3.20 r
We make no shipmeut of
different brands. As WB sell on
remittance must accompany order.
Write us for Complete
Remember we Prepay all Ex
ly serves as a measure for our lan
guage, just as the try-6quare doeB
nor make the piece of timber
square, but shows when it. is
square; so parsing does not make
our expression correct, but serves
to show us when they are correct.
Then let us learn to make our lan
guage correct by practice as the
mechanic learns to square his tim
ber by practice. I think the great
use of theory in learning tho art
of using good language i.? to serve
as a measure for our language,
and as adeleuce against (he-adop
tion of incorrect expressions we
Prof. Dunovant misunderstands
the idea of "learn to do what we
have to do by doing." This does
not mean to learn theory by do
ing, nor does it mean everything
has to be hamed by practice. Bul
lint theory ?nd practice are com
bined in many of the arts, both
useful and liberal, und in most of
them practice is paramount, that,
is to say; it is more i m poi taut io
learn doing I han the theory ol' do
Now as lo the "overtaxing of the
memory and giving the mind in
"The memory is I hat. r"pre di
lative power which bringe before
I he mind concepts of absent ob
jects ns they are or were, ?ind re
30?niziug them.r I know thar ie
have children to memorize words
or sentences without making an
appeal t.* their understanding is a
mistake, a mistake which teach
ers often make. Of course lh?F
should be avoided.
Prof. E. C. Hewett one of the
best psychologists I ever read af
ter, says; "Iulhe years of. child
hood from infancy to tho age ot
twelve or fourteen memory is the
characteristic faculty." If the
memory is not trained during that
period it can never be developed,
aud if the training is proporhv r??
fltfcT??T ttl i", rr1 i tr T*r^ailg?rof over
taxing nor giving the mind indi
David P. Page, thc author of
"Theory and Practice of teaching"
says : Language Lessons may be
begun at. an earl}' age. The pur
pose of these lessons is to instruct
the pupil in t he correct use of lan
guage both in speaking and in
writing not by precept and mle,
but by practice. Tbis is the prop
3r introduction togrammar proper,
or the formal study of language.
Prof. Dunovant seems to have
thought I meant, to take up the
study of philology, in the fourth
grade, when I said "literature."
He asks ; "What good can Mr.
Fuller expect to get frou tho
study of literature in the fourth
grade?" If I were to ask Prof.
Dunovant what good be expected
to get out of the study of history
in the fourth grade, he veiy ?eiuii
ly would say ; the good I expect to
gut out of the study of history is a
knowledge of the heroic deeds of
our ancestors, and thereby encour
aging pupils to emulate their ex
amples of bravery, daring, aud
patriotism. The good I expect
to get from the study of literature
in the fourth grade, is some knowl
edge nf what our greatest ances
tors thought and how they express
ed their thought, hoping thereby
to inspire emulation of their lan
guage, thought, and influence for
good in the world.
R. J. FULLER.
P. S. I wish to say, by way of
postscript, that ill health and oth
er business kept me from replying
to Prof. Dunovant sooner.
R. J. F.
George Johnstone's Defence,
"I stole Jeni britches-I 'knowledge
But twan't no crime, shore's you're
Ef de motive am right, den whar's de
I stole dem britches to be baptized in !
Fur my onliest par was clean wor'd
Dey guv up de ghost winni 'gun tc
But 'ligion am mighty ami must pre
Tho*it land dis nigger in a count)
The chain-gang's got me, and the coal
But w'al could a'fenceless cuHud man
Wnon de jedge and de inry 'lowed ii
was a sin
To s?i-a! deni britches to be baptized
Tell 'all de folks howdy, and good-bye
I'll meet'em in heaven when my work
Fur my hean is while, tho' my skin bc
I'm g wi ne to travel on de shiuin
In de judgment, old Gabriel, he's
gwine to say :
''George's straight as a shingle nni
clear as day.''
He'll shuni to de world dat it wan't m
To steal dem britches to be baptized
Tho Hayner Distilling Uo
Springfield, Ohio, ship liquors di>
root lo consumer. Write for price
ORS FOR FAMILY USE.
of furnishing absolutely pure WHISKIES, WINES, BRANDIES &c,
) are distillers, are in a position to furnish a better article at a more
in afford to do.
fat Home Rye" Six Years Old
>er gallon and prepay all express charges.
less quanity than two gallons, but orders may be divided among
a very close margin we cannot rJlow time on shipments, consequently
Price List, Reference &c, &c.
THE HAYNER DISTILLING CO.,
[ M PO RTE RS & WHOLESALE LIQUOR DEALERS, BOX 290,
THE SOUTH AND NORTH AMERICAS
NEW YORK AND CHICAGO LLOYDS.
H. A. SMITH, General Co. Ag't. for Edge
.THE LLOYDS system, established in 1688, (over two centuries
ago) by Edward Lloyd, is made now more thorough and perfect
I through regular business nrogression. A LLOYDS COMPANY HAS
j NEVER FAILED. MANY PROMINENT BUSINESS MEN ARE
j IN IT, because, as business people, they are bound to accept the Rav
ing feature of the Lloyd?, coupled with equal, if not greater reliabi!:
i tv than id ofteied by any other insurance in existence. The Lloyds
! offer a uniform but of fifteen per cent, ou th** old line prices, and in
j case of excessive rates having b.een made, they give even greater reli> f
j than this. Among our policy holders'in Edgefield we name a feu:
I Jones & Son, E. J. Norris, Alvin Hart. W. B. Penn, Mrs A. E. Lewis,
?Mrs. S. A. Dozier, Jas. A. Bennet, R. P. Holloway, R. L. Fox. The
most prominent Northern corporations and concerns, well known in
the South, are in the Lloyds, such as Austin, Nichols & Co., Simpson,
Crawford it Simpson, Postal Cable it Telegraph Co., of New Yo?k,
Jordan, March & Co., Edison Electric Light Co. of Boston, Spreck!"S
Sugar Refining Co., J. B. Lippiucott it Co. of Philadelphia, P. LOiri
lard & Co., of Jersey City, Armstrong, Calor it Co.. Burnell it Co.
Henry SwiuUorn it Co., Daniel Miller ? Co, of Baltimore. IN SOU', fl
CAROLINA the largest concerns are in it. Applications for Imu
runc* received*at The ADVERTISER "Office.
Mav 1, 1895.
JOHNSTON and EDGEFIELD,
Vehicles of all Kinds,
FURNITURE and COFFINS,
Fine Harness, Saddles,
Gins ii Presses,
! Large StocB op Engines, CBeagjiiiLls??:-^
?1V)AVID ADn ? IRON WORKS AND
ILtJmDArlU I SUPPLY COMPANY.
Machinery and Supplies. Repairs, etc., Quickly Made.
Get our Prices before you buy.
WM. SCHWEISERT & Co.,
^ Has all the Newest Goods of the Season in
Diamonds, Watches, Jewelry,
LADIES SHIRT WAIST SETS in Gold and Silver. LADIES
1 FINE SILVER BELT BUCKLES with fine Silk Ribbon. STERLING
SILVER SPOONS and FORKS lower than ever before.
Watch and Clock Repairing Promptly Attended to by Competent
COR. BROAD and 7 TH S TTEJ^T,
WHAT DO YOU THINK!
LEV/IS F. /MLI6AR.
937 BROAD ST., AUGUSTA, OA.,
IS SELLING AN OAK MANTEL FOR ?3.00, AND ONE
WITH A 15x24 GLASS, A TILE HEARTH, A TILE FACING,
AND A BRONZE FACING FOR JUST $17 CO.
Palmetto Business College,
WILLISTON, s. c.,
Next Session Begins Sept. 26, 1895.
One of the most complete Commercial Collegee in tho South.
Tuition rates reasonable. First class board $8.00 per month. We
have large and comfortable Dormitories that will accommodate one
hundred and fifty boarding students. Military regulations. Perfect
For further particulars, address.
J. R. A. mitlock,
Jul v 16- tf. PRESIDENT.
JAS. H. CARLISLE, L. L, D., Pres.
A. G. REM BERT, Head Master,
Expenses for one year, from
$150 to $200.
Next Session begins Oct. 1, 1895.
- For Catalogne, address
J. A. GAMEWELL,
Spartan burg, S. C.
Flat to be Built,
TlIE Township board will be at
Shaws and Mackies Mill on Stevens
Creak on Satiuday September 14th at
10 o'clock,a. m., for the purpose of let
ting the flat to be built there, reserving
the right to reject any and all bids.
M. A. WHITTLE, Sup.
P. B. LANHAM,
J. P. ATKINS.
Now is the time to take
My name is Norman ;
On t he Grampian hills
My father feeds his flock.
The report that I had gone out
of business, or contemplated that
step, isa mistake. lam still on
the ground door and have reduced
the price of beef to 5 and 8 cents,
I'll always be glad to see my friende
and to make more friends.
To make more friends
To sell more beef
And sell more beef
To make more friends.
find Te?oprrnpliy, Angnftin. fin.
No theory. No text book*. Actual business fron
day of entering. College goods, money and buslnes
papers used. K. H. Tare paid to Augusta.
Writ? for handsomely Illustrated catalogue.
New Goods! New Goods!
o You Know
That there isa place in Augusta where
you can get something nice and tempt
ing to eat in the FANCY GROCERY
DOSCHER & CO., cany a full line of
the latest Home and Foreign Delica
cies. When you visit Augusta come_
and see us. Prices will please y?i?T^
' GOG "BROADWAY,
W. J. McKERALL. A GT.,
EDGEFIELD, S. C..
ALWAYS SN THE LEAD
/. C. LEVY & 00.,
' TAILOR-FI1 CLOTHIERS,
AUGUSTA, - GEORGI J\.
Have now in store their entire
FALL AND WINTER STOCK OF CLOTHING
The largest stock ever shown in Augusta. We aim to carry goods whic.i are
not only intrinsically good, but which also, in pattern, style, and finish,
gratify ? cul tivatcd and discriminating taste, and at the same time, we aim to
make our prices so low the closest buyers will be our steadiest;.customers
Polite atten tion to all. A call will be appreciated.
I. C. LEVY & CO.
TA FLOR-FIT CLOTHIERS, AUGUSTA. CA
YOUR ATTENTION !
-=XF YOU isl EED^.=
Cook Steves, Stove Pans, Stove Pipe, Tinware, Well Bnctets,
Loaded Shells, Canned Goods, Confeetionaries.
Evaporators Repaired or made to Order.
LARGEST COOK STOVE FOR THE MONEY.
Coffee Pots, Milk Buckets,and Covered Buckets made from the best of
Tin in the market. Repairs for Cook .Stoves I sell, kep-; in stock. Call
on or address
CHAS. A. AUSTIN",
aoEciTST our, s. o.
ONE Yoke Oxen, one No. 1 Saw
.Mill, made by the DeEoach Manufac
A. L. BRUMSON,
Jqly 23-tf ( ljoia, r.O:
Harvest Home Rye-6 years old
$3.20 per gallon, all exposs
charge prepaid. The Hayner Dis
tilling Co., Springfield, Ohio,