Newspaper Page Text
TITOS. J. ADAMS,.EDITOR
WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 4,1895.
The Constitutional Convention
meets on next Tuesday. The Co
lumbia Register says: "Predic
tions of a three weeks session of
the constitution?.\ convention are
likely to come to naught. Why,
the Edgefield delegation alone is
good to talk three weeks by itself.
In addition to the boll worm the
caterpillars are getting in their
work in the Mississippi Delta. In
Washington, Sunflower, andlssa
quena counties they have appeared
in large numbers. The farmers
are mixing Paris green and other
destructives preparatory to a war
to the knife and the knife to the
The State Farmers' Alliance had
its annual session iu Columbia
Wednesday. Ja*. L. Keitt,of New
berry, was elected president, Rail
road Commissioner Wilson vice
president, and J. W. Reid re-elec
ted secretary. The offices of treas
urer and State lecturer were abol
ished. Hon. W. J. Talbert rep
resented Edgefii-ild at this gather
ing of the old guard.
How They Vote in *Massacbu?
Art. XX. No person shall have
the right to vote, or be eligible to
office under the Constitution of
this Commonwealth, who shall not
be able to read the Constitution
in the English language, and
write his name : Provided, how
^^-^ever, that the provivions of this
amendaient shall Dot apply to any
person prevented by a physical
disability from complying with
ita requisitions, nor to any person
who now has the right to vote, nor
to any person who shall bo sixty
years of agc and upwards at the
time this amendment shall take
The Columbia Register gives
the following good advice as to
marketing cotton :
"The weekly financial review is
sued Saturday by the banking
home of Henry Clews & Co, New
York, says : "The yield of cotton
may jje expected ?ofaU considera
bly short of our largest recent
can hardly be regarded as a mis
fortune ; for, with the inevitable
higher prices, the net return to the
planters will be much hetter than
that of th 3 larger crops which sold
so low that virtually no profit was
made on them." But, the farmers
should remember that though the
cotton crcp is short, higher prices
are not "inevitable." If the far
mers will not rush their cotton to
market, higher prices will be re
realized; but, if they glut the
market at the beginning of the
season, the shortness of the crop
will be of no advantage to them
speculators will reap the benefit
after the crop is out of the haEds
of the farmers. The Register's ad
vice, often iterated, to the farmers
is to market their cotton cs slowly
as their necessities will permit, so
as never to allow- the supply to
greatly exceed the demand ; if
they do this, buyers will soon run
up the price in their anxiety to
supply their mills with full stocks.
This advice cannot be given too
often, and farmers will find profit
in following tt. A crop of cotton
was never made more economical
ly than this year's and consequent
ly a good price for it will bring
better times to most of the far
mers in the South."
The question of seed corn for
next year should be settled now
by going into the field and select
ing the most perfect ears possible
from the most prolific stalks. The
ears selected should be large, even
grained, well filled to the very tips
and well covered with shuck, and
after selecting them keep them
separate from all other corn. It
is a good plan to shell as soon as
dry and put in a tight barrel or
box and cover with three or four
inches of ashes in which salt in
proportion of about one to ten has
been thoroughly mixed. This will
insure against weevil and will not
injure the germ if thoroughly dry
before putting away.
Every year also the question
comes up as to whether we should
reject the top and butt grains or
plant the whole ear. The result
of aseries of experiments running
through several years along in the
seventies, about 10 per cent, of the
grains from the tip of the ears fail
ed to germinate, and of those thal
did come up fully one-half were
weak and never showed proper
vigor throughout the season, tas
seling and shooting unevenly and
from two to eight days late. The
g ains in the middle of the ear
seldom failed m a single instance
to sprout, grow off evenly, tasseled
and silked well together. The
grains from the butts of the (?are,
no matter howirregular in shape,
sprouted as universally as those
from the middle, but did not grow
or? with such uuiform vigor nor
tassel and shoot so evenly, but in
thia patch was always found the
earliest and some of the largest
In saving seed for these experi
ments I always shelled one inch
from each end of the ear and the
same from the middie, and these
were planted in separate patches
and of considerable size. As a
result of these experiments I con
cluded that an early variety of
corn might be produced by plant
ing only butt grafas, and always
selecting the earliest from these
for next year's seed, and had im
proved greatl}' on my original
seed when in 1879 I unwisely dis
posed of all my seed except what
I wished to plants and lost it all.
That year we had no rain in the
spring to bring up corn uutil
April 20, when there was a heavy
down?our and not enough fell on
my field to lay the dust from that
time until late in September.
Texas Stockman and Farmer.
Senator Marion Butler and our
South Carolina Reformers.
We cannot see the consistency
in inviting Marion Butler, the
Populist Republican senator from
North Carolina to address an au
dience of Reform Democrats in
South Carolina. Senator Butler
represents principles in direct an
tagonism to the principles sup
ported by the Reformers in our
own State. In the first place he
owes his election to an unnatural
and abortionery coalition with
Republicans. As a part of this
trade, he gave his support to
Pritchard, an avowed Republican,
an avowed Republican, and advo
cates principles and a political
policy a's widely divergent from
the views of our South Carolina
Reform. Democrats as the poles.
Hence, there can be but two inter
pretations placed-upon the posi
tion occupied by Senator Butler :
He must either believe in the re
publican doctrine, or he has sold
out his honest convictions and his
people for office and power. Again,
this North Carolina Pcpulist-Re
publican senator believes in ap
pealing to the negro and bringing
that race prominently forward in
politics. This was evidenced by
the fact of the legislature that
e lected him, and which body he
absolutely controlled, placing ne
groes in office over white men, and
honoring Fred. Douglass by ad
jouruiug in his honor. Now, our
South Carolina Reform Democrats
believe that this is a white man's
?government, and in order to em
phasize and perpetuate this doc
trine, we have called a constitu
tional convention with the avowed
end in view of disfranchising the
Now, we ask the intelligent,
thinking Reformers of South Car
oliua, do they not consider that
Marion Butler was cs n.uch out of
place.in addressing an audience of
Reform Democrats in our State as
a-Keiilnckj?-drovs-irog" would be
trying to lead a choir in a Chris
tian church? You can't deceive
the people by any such rot. They
are not ready as yet to accept as
their political guide and counsel
lor a man who owes his office to a
coalition with the party that has
brought such wrongs upon the
South, and for so many years rob
bed aud oppressed our people.
And neither do they care to take
into their arms a man whose arms
a man whose garments are reeking
with the oder of the nigger.
If the position of Marion Butler
is to-day right, then the Democrats
of South Carolina and other South
ern States were wrong in throwing
off the yoke of African rule in the
days of reconstruotion ; and in
stead of going to work and cap
turing their State governments
from Yankee Republican free
booters, they should have gone in
with those robbers, and shared
the plunder of their own property.
The Headlight is a dyed-in-the
wcol Reform paper, but we don't
lake any of that Marion Bijtlerism
in our'n. We try to be consistent,
and practice what we preach ; and
san't see any sense in organizing
JUT Reformers to combat the dan
gerous power of the negro one
?veek, and then fall down and wor
?hip a man who owes his office to
n degrading political amalgama
tion with negroes. To one week
ienounce the antis for trying to
vote the negro, and the next week
honoring a man who has been
guilty of the very offense that we
And neither do we believe that
the intelligent white farmers of
this State can be lead off on a
:old trail after Marion Butler's
Populist-Republican party. He
ian secure the support of a few
imbittou3 office-seekers and po
litical cranks, but the rank and
file of the Reform party have cut
their eye-teeth, and know the ring
)f the true from the ring of the
Our people do not intend to
?ver agin be lead into the support
)f any gold bug ticket ; and neither
viii they be lead into following
men a hybrid politician as Seua
;or Marion Butler. "Sufficient
inlo the day is the evil thereof."
Weather for August.
Weather Observer C. A. Long, of
rrenton, sends us the following
lata of the weather for the month
ust ended :
Max. temp. 91 ; date 8th and
Min. temp. 67; date 22ud.
Mean temperature, 79.5.
Number of days clear, 7, partly
iloudy, 17; cloudy, 7.
Prevailing wiud direction 12,
Total precipitation for August,
895, 11.49 inches; 1894, 7.60
nches; 1893,13.20 inches.
For 8 months ending Aug. 31st
895, 49.76 inches.
Total precipitalion for 8 months
nding August 31st 1894, 35.56
INFORMATION FOR THE
If You T>on't Sec Wliat you
Want, Ask For It,
"EDITOR ADVERTISER : llave you eve
used,and v:hat do you think of, but
The beet recipe for making it ii
to'grate a tablespoonful slightly
roiinded (nutmeg greater is thi
befit as it makes finer particles) ii
a glass of waler. Dissolve thii
by Miring. If not acid enough, J
spoonful of vinegar should b<
added; if too acid, sweeten wit!
goose-neck sorghum to the taste.
EDITOR ADVERTISER: Do you knov
who is the author of those beantifu
"Nigger at the woodpile piekin' u]
Just as nigh heav?h as a nigger evei
They have been attributed t<
Ben Tillman and up to date h<
ha? not denied their authorship
MR.EDITOR: What do these letter
Car. Cum. & Chi. on the tickets sob
from Edgelield to Augusta mean^in<
why are these tickets so long; they an
eight or ten inches in length.
Car. Cum. & Chi. mean Carob
na Cumberland and Chicago Rail
road Company and the tickets an
so long because when the railroac
builders cut off the Cumberlant
Gap & Chicago end ol' the roa<
they forgot all about the ticket
and they stand in statue quo
still long enough to take you al
MR. EDITOR : From present indica
Hons who do you think will be th
next Governor of South Carolina, am
who will succeed Irby in the Unit.e<
Pol Iv put the kittle on and we'i
all take T.
To the second question ?ve gi vi
the same alphabetical answer.
MR. EDITOR: Does Ben Tillmai
wipe his nose on his coat sleeve? 1
has been so reported by the Anti pa
Not habitually ; he does so, how
ever, on rare occasions simply t<
show that he is sprung from tin
loi.us of he people. Fifty orsix
ty j*ears ?o handkerchiefs wen
not in ui real use in EdgefieW
County, from 1785, whei
Edpefiekl made a coun'v, l<
1840, our li: 'y yeomanry wi pee
its her 3r hi > nose on a fence rail
Of course the pesage cf the eiocl
law has precluded a return to thi:
good old custom, for wo ha?e'n
tho ru i ls.
PROF. FULLER REPLIES.
Or Rather Ans we.rs Some Querie.?
Ol' Prof. Dunovant.
I want to thank my. friend Prof,
J. D. Du no vant for his kind stric
tures on my views of school teach
ing, and also for his kind sugges
Prof. Dunovant asks, "Why not
tako up the study of history in
stead of the fourth .reader"" Tc
answer this question intelligently
it is necessary to discuss the teach
ing of reading to a very short ex
tent. This makes it necessary to
define reading. Mr. F. W. Parker
ker says, "Reading, getting thought
by means of written or printed
words arranged in sentences."
From the very few children that I
find able to read in tell i gen tl j% I
think far too many teachers have
adoptad this definition; and in
teaching they have not tried to de
velop in the children anything
more than the power of getting
thought from written or printed
papers. If teaching reading be on
ly teaching the children how to
get thought from written or print
3d pages, then we may leave off
the fourth reader. I believe that
the teaching of reading should de
velop in the children, "The pow
3T to gain from the written or
printed page the thought and feel
ing expressed th6re, and the power
ii 60 delivering the words orally
that the same thought and feeling
shall be awakened in the hearer."
Prof. Dunovant may suggest the
training of vocal organs, and there
by attain the art of expression
through the correlative science of
pitch, power, emphasis, and quali
ty of tone. I know that the proper
irill inthe use of vocal organs eorve
useful as a drill. But the only
way to get children to read so as
their reading will awaken in the
hearer the thought and feeling of
the author is to give them plenty
}f exercise in reading orally some
book which has, rightly arranged,
thought that contains every varie
ty of feeling. The foui th reader
ls the best book for this particular
purpose for the fourth grade I
bave ever seen. That is why I
suggested it. But if Prof. Duno
vant will suggest to me any histo
*y that will serve the above place
is well as the fourth reader I will
;ladly use it instead of the fourth
Professor Dunovant objects to
'Tarbell's Language Lessons." He
luggosts we teach language through
ts correlative science. Is science
i primary study? Should not we
each children tho correct use of
auguagein the primary grades?
I ny one who knows much about
he correct use of language knows
t is a liberal art which is acquir
ed both by theory and practice.
Jut almost everybody will admit
iractiee has more to do in acquir
ng the art of using correct lan
guage than anything, for many
leople have learned the art of us
ng fairly good language without
mowing any thing of the science
if language. The very fact that
;ood ueuge determines the law of
anguage make? clear the fact, we
earn to use good language by us
As for giving reason? for the usc:
t language." Good usage has
uthorized many things in the lan
gage for which no reanon can bi?
ivei;. The rules of syntax do
ot make us speak correctly it on
We have made a Specialty o
for private Consumption. As we
reasonable figure than any dealer ca:
Our Specially, is our Celebrati
Which we furnish at $3.20 pe
We make no shipment of li
different brands. As we sell on a
remittance must accompany order. .
jgfiT" Write us for Complete J
Remember we Prepay all Exp:
ly serves as a measure for our lan
guage, just as the try-square does
no' make the piece of timber
square, but shows when it is
square; so parsing does not make
our expression correct, but serves
to show us when they are correct.
Then let us learn to make our lan- !
gu-ige correct by practice as the j
mechanic Wrns lo square his tim- j
ber by practice. I think the great j
use of theory in learning tho art
of using good language j.? to Herve
an a measure for our language,
and as adelence against the-adop
tion of incorrect expressions we
Prof. Dunovant, misunderstands
the idea of "learn to do what we
have to do by doing." This does
not mean to learn theory by do
ing, nor doe?$ it mean everything
has to be learned by practice. Bul
thit, theory and practice are com
bined in many of the arts, both
useful and liberal, itiyd in most of
them practice is paramount, that
is lo say, it is more important lo
learn doing than the theory ol' do
Now as l?> the "overtaxing of tho
memory mid giving the mind in
"The memory is tlust r'-pre di
lative power which tiring: before
I he mind concepts of absent ob
jects, as they are or were, and re
sogn?zing them.r I know that to
have children to memorize words
or sentences without-making an
appeal t: their understanding is a
mistake, a mistake which teach
ers often mutee. Of course this
should be avoided. ~J
Prof. E. 0. Hewett one of the 5
best psychologists I ever read af
ter, says; "lu the years of. child
hood from infancy- to the age of
twelve or fourteen memory is the
characteristic faculty." If the
memory is not traiued during that
period it can never be developed,
i and if the training is "ptor^?sJ^0^'
taxing nor giving the mind indi
David P. Page, tho author of
"Theory and Practice of teaching"
says : Langvage Lessons may be
begun at an early age. The pur
pose of these lessons is to instruct
the pupil in the correct use of lan
guage both in speaking and in
writing not by precept, and mle,
but by praclicei Tbis is the prop
er introduction togrammar proper,
or the formal study of language.
Prof. Du novan t seems to have
thought I meant to take up the
study of philology, in the fourth
grade, when I said "literature."!
He asks ; "What good can Mr.
Fuller expect to get from tho j
study of literature in the fourth'
grade?" If I were to ask Prof.
Dunovant what good he expected
to get out of the study of history
in the fourth grade, he veiy ?eadi
ly would say; the good I expect to
gi>t out of the study of history is a
knowledge of the heroic deeds of
our ancestors, and thereby encour
aging pupils to emulate their ex
amples of bravery, daring, and
patriotism. The good I expect
to get from the study of literature
in the fourth grade, is some knowl
edge of what our greatest ances
tors thought and how they express
ed their thought, hoping thereby
to inspire emulation of their lan
guage, thought, and influence for
good in the world.
II. J. FULLER.
P. S. I wish to say, by way of
postscript, that ill health and oth
er business kept me from replying
to Prof. Dunovant sooner.
R. J. F.
George Johnstouc's Defence.
"I stole Jem britches-I 'knowledge
But twan't no crime, shore's you're
Ef de motive am right, den whar's de
I stole dem britches to be baptized in!
Fur my onliest pur was clean wor'd
Dey guv up de ghost wiirn I 'gun to j
But'1 liri on am mighty and must, pre-!
Tho'it land dis nigger in a county
The chain-gang's got; me, and the coal
lint w'a! contd a'fenceless cull nd man
Wnen de jedgeand rte jury 'lowed it
was a sin
To steal dem britches to be baptized
Tell'all de folks howdy, and good-bye,
I'll meet, 'em in heaven when my work
is I brough,
Fur my hean is while, tho' my skin be
I'm gwine to travel on de shinin'
In de judgment, old (j abriet, he's
gu im1 to say :
'.George's straight as a .shingle and
?.lear as day/'
He'll shout to de world dat ii wan't no
To steal dem britches td be ?ap i/.ed
The Hayner Distilliiii Co
Springfield. Ohio, ship liquors di
rect lo consumer. Write' tor price
?RS FOR FAMILY USE.
f furnishing absolutely pure WHISKIES, WINES, BRANDIES ?tc.,
are distillers, are in a position to furnish a better article at a more
ii afford to do.
it Home Rye" Six Years Old
jr gallon and prepay all express charges.
iss quanily than two gallons, but orders may be divided among
very close margin we cannot allow time on shipments, consequently
Price List, Reference tte, &c.
THE HAYNER DISTILLING CO.,
JPORTERS & WHOLESALE LIQUOR DEALERS, BOX 290,
THE SOUTH AND NORTH AMERICAS
NEW YORK AND CHICAGO LLOYDS.
H. A. SMITH, General Co. Ag't. for Edge
,THE LLOYDS system, established in 1688, (over two centurie*
ago) by Edward Lloyd, is made nw./ more thorough sud psrfec!
through regular business progression. A LLOYDS COMPANY HA?
NEVER FAILED. MANY PROMINENT BUSINESS MEN ARK
IN IT, because, as business people, they are bound to accept the sa v.
ing feature of the Lloyd?, coupled willi equal, if not greater reliabili
ty than is ofreied by any other insurance in existence. The Lloyi'
oller a uniform 'cut of fifteen per cent, ou the old line prices, and ii
case of excessive rates having been made, they give even greater rel i- I
than this. Among our policy holders in Edgefield we name a fev\ :
Jones & Son, E. J. Norris, Alvin Hart. W. B. Penn, Mrs A. E. Lewis
Mrs. S. A. Dozier, .Ins. A. Bennet, R. P. Holloway, R. L. Fox. Tnt
most prominent Northern corporations and concerns, well known in
the South, are in the Lloyds, such as Austin, Nichols & Co., Simpson,
Crawford & Simpson, Postal Cable it Telegraph Co., ol' New Yo-k,
Jordan, March it Co., Edison Electric Light Co. of Boston, Spreckl?f
Sugar Refining Co., J. B. Lippiucott it Co. of Philadelphia. P. Loi fi
lard & Co., of Jersey City, Armstrong, Gator it Co.. Burnell it To
Henry Sw in born it Co., Daniel Miller ? Co, of Baltimore. IN SOU'. H
CAROLINA the largest concerns ure in it. Applications for Ii^u
rune* received'at The ADVERTISBK Oliice.
Mav 1, 1895.
JOHNSTON and EDGEFIELD,
p Vehicles of all Kinds,
FURNITURE and COFFINS,
Fine Harness, Saddles,
Lause StocR of Engines, ^^^Sisair^
h^/fD ADn < IRON WORKS AND
L-t^TVlDAKU I SUPPLY COMPANY.
Machinery and Supplies. Repairs, etc., Quickly Made.
Get our Prices before you buy.
WM. SeHWEieERT & 0o.(
Has all the Newest Goods of the Season in
Diamonds, Watches, Jewelry,
LADIES SHIRT WAIST SETS in Gold and Silver. LADIES
rINE SILVER BELT BUCKLES with fine Silk Ribbon. STERLING
HLVER SPOONS and FORKS lower than ever before.
Watch and Clock Repairing Promptly Attended to by Competent
7 OB. JIB O AD and 7 TI? S TTEJ^T,
WHAT DO YOU THINK!
LEWlS F. ^VILISAR.
937 BROAD ST., AUGUSTA, GA.,
IS SELLING AN OAK MANTEL FOR $3.00, AND ONE
WITH A 15x24 GLASS, A TILE HEARTH, A TILE FACING,
AND A BRONZE FACING FOR JUST $17.00.
Palmetto Business College,
WlLLISTON, S. C.,
Next Session Begins Sept. 26, 1895.
One of tho most complete Commercial College? in the South,
uition rates reasonable. First class board $S.OO per month. We
ave large and comfortable Dormitories that will accommodate one
undred and fifty boarding students. Military regulations. Perfect
For further particulars, address.
J. R. A. mitlock,
Julv 16- tf. PRHSIDENT.
L\s. H. CARLISLE, L. L, D., Pres.
A. G. RE M BE RT, Head Master,
Expenses for one year, from
$150 to $200.
ext Session begins Oct. 1, 1895.
- For Catalogne, address
J. A. GAM EWELL,
Spartan burg, S. C.
Flat to be Built.
HE Township hoard will be at
tiaws and Mackies Mill on Stevens
reak on Satiudny September 14th at
> o'clock,a. m., for the purpose of let
ng the Hat to be built there, reserving1
e right to reject any and all bids.
M. A. WHITTLE, Sup.
P. B. LANHAM,
J. P. ATKINS.
Now is the time to
My name is Norman ;
On the Grampian hills
My fattier feeds his Hock.
The report that I had gone out
of business, or contemplated that
step, is a mistake. lam still on
the ground floor and have reduced
the price of beef to 5 and 8 cents,
i'll always be glad to see my friends
aud to make more friends.
To make more friends
To setl more beef
And sell more beef
To make more friends.
and Telegraphy, Angnntn. Ga.
No theory. No text booka. Actual bmlneia from
day of entering. College gooda, monty acd business
papers used. K. K. fare paid to Augusta.
Write for handsomely Illustrated catalogue,
New Goods! New Goods!
That there isa place in Augusta where
von can get something nice and tempt
ing to eat in the FANCY GROCERY
DOSCHER & CO., carry a full line of
the latest Home and Foreign Delica
cies, When you visit Augusta come
and see us. Prices will plea&e. y?i?r"
i eoe "BROADWAY,
W. J. McKERALL, A GT.,
EDGEFIELD, S. C..
ALWAYS IN THE LEAD.
/. C. LEVY ? CO,,
AUGUSTA, - GEORGIA,.
llave now in store their entire
FALL AND WINTER STOCK OF CLOTHING
The largest stock ever shown in Augusta. We aim to carry goods whic.i are
not only intrinsically good, but which also, in pattern, style, and knish,
gratify a cul tivated and discriminating taste, and at the same time, we aim to
make our prices so low the closest buyers will be our steadiest;.customers
Polite atten tion to all. A call will be appreciated.
I. C. LEVY & CO.
TA ILOR-FIT CLOTHIERS. AUGUSTA, GA
YOUR ATTENTION ?
- TT?1 YOU JSI EEDE=
Cook Steves, Stove Pans, Stove Pipe, Tinware.. Well Boctets,
Loaded Shells, Canned Goods, Confectioneries.
Evaporators Repaired or made to Order.
LARGEST COOK STOVE FOR THE MONEY.
Coffee Pots, Milk Buckets.and Covered Buckets made from the best of
Tin in the market. Repairs for Cook Stoves I sell, kept in stock. Call
on or address
CHAS. A. AUSTIN,
Harvest Home Rye-6 years old
$3.20 per gallon, all exposs
charges prepaid. The Kayner Dis
tilling Co., Springfield, Ohio,
NE Yoke Oxen, one No. 1 Saw
Mill, made by the DeLoach Manufac
A. li. BRUNSON.
T..I.. DO ff fl..,.,... ?? (t*