Newspaper Page Text
THOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR ? EDGE FI ELP, S. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1895._VOL. LX. NO. 43.
Ii is slated that new frei?bt cara or
dered by the railways Of the country
since the first of tho year represent an
outlay of $10,000,000.
A mo6t excellent wag-quoted, with
approval by the grave and sedate Lon
don Spectator-recently described
modern fiction aa "erotic, neurotic
The States are rapidly doing away
with the days-of-graoe law. Among
those where it has been abolished are
California, Idaho, Oregon, Utah, Ver
mont, Wisconsin, New York, New Jer
sey and Pennsylvania.
? With the money obtnined from the
sale of ,the Gospel Hymn books, Mr.
Moody carries on much of his school
work. He receives twenty per cent,
of all receipts, and aa over 20,000,000
copies have been sold Mr, Moody's
share already amounts to $1,250,000.
A board of trustees receive and dis
burse the money.
Buying off distasteful titled hus
bands is thought, by the New York
Advertiser, tn have established a bad
precedent, but the rich Amer'can
father-in-law is ever generous when
his daughter's happiness is in view.
Twel ve thousand a year to the average
titled foreigner is a sum that has the
dimensions of a barn door.
A literary woman in New York who
had been carefully building a story
suddenly looked up, relates the At
lanta Constitution, and saw the figure
of a friend, then in Washington, in
one corner of the room. She gave a
cry of surprise, and the apparition
vanished. She wrote immediately to
her friend, telling the incident. The
next day she received a letter Jrom
Washington saying : "A qneer thin:;
has just happened to me. I was sit
ting in my room orying when I dis
tinctly heard you oalling my name."
The two letters had crossed one an
other in transit. The other day the
osophy brought two souls togother, so
the happy pair claim. Strange, if
true, to be sure.'
The eup raoes-a competition upon
which there has been expended this
year something like $300,000-should
serve to remind us that, while there is
value in such a contest, it is still one
in a method of water communication
practically obsolete, says the Boston
Traveler. The '?ge of dependence on
wiud is past. The age of steam is
hore. This is a good time for those
who.out of the use of modern methods,
have built up enormous fortunes, to
remember that even a good and will
ing horse sometimes goes the better
fox a bit of encouragement. We need
stronger, safer, moro comfortable,
swifter steam vessels, or we need the
application of electricity to naviga
tion. If there are $300,009 to be
spent on fancy yacht sailing, should
not there be a somewhat approximate
sum available as prizes for stimulating
invention and experiment iu the direc
Tho Atlanta Constitution relates the
following: 1 "James Low, of Newark,
N.J., is dead-legally dead-bat he
is able to walk about and talk with his
mouth, and this fact causes no ead of
trouble. Low disappeared some time
ago from tho deok of a steamer, and
proof of his death was sent to New
ark. His relatives and friends ac
cepted the news in good faith. An
executor was appointed, and in duo
time he disposed of the dead man's
estate and divided tho cash among
several heirs who straightway spent
it The other day Low had the un
mitigated meanness to appear in New
ark to the great discomfort of his heirs
and the disgust of the executor. Tho
unwelcome visitor is raising a row
about his estate, and threatens the
executor with a law suit, li is not
convenient to restore his fortune to
Low, and the executor will make a
fight upon the ground that when a
man is legally dead he is dead to all
Intents aid purposes, so far as his
former property is concerned. It will
be an interesting case and it will be a
warning to executors who distribute a
man's estate without being positively
certain that he is in his grave or deaj
beyond a doubt. When the law pro
nounces a man dead it seems like
iheer impudence for him to contradict
Slgnaliug in a ?og.
A novel arrangement for signaling
at sea during fogs has been placed in
position on Winter Quarter lightship
No. 45, now repairing and refitting at
Wilmington, Del. It consists of two
safety oil engines, supplying com
pressed air to two upright boilers,
which in turn are automatically acted
npon by timeolooks, placed above.
These open and close the whistle valves
alternately every fifty-live seconds.
No steam power is use I, the power
being derive 1 from explosions of oil
vapor. The pressure of uir is regula
ted at forty p juuds, and gives a shrill
blast at each explosion. The new ap
pliance is expected to prove effective
in maintaining and operating the fog
whistle when coal might not be ob
tainable for Jue), and in transmitting
a clear tone for ina uv mile:-.-New
A crow in Belfast, Me., has ac
quired the habit of atteudiug the fam
ily church, and a cat in BiddeTord
started a burglar scare by getting
mixed up in some sticky fly paper.
THE WHEEL PUT TO STRANGE
AND CURIOUS USES.
Rapidly Laying Telegruph Wires
With a Bicycle-Discharging Can
non by Meuns o?s "Bike"
-An Ice Bicycle.
THE New York World de
scribes a number of novel
uses to which the bioyole will
be put. It says :
E. H. Wolff, of New York, who has
invented many novelties in the bicycle
line, including magazine rapid firing
gun, controlled by the cyclist, and a
tricycle cannon elsewhere desoribed,
has just made public his last appli
ance for rapid1 laying a provisional
military telegraph or telephone wire.
The illustration thows the general
On the handle bar of the bicyole is
FCC ii roo" a bracket constructed to hold
FOR LAYING TE
ihe necessary equipments for estab
lishing a oompltie telegraphic line, as
well as a telephone line, if desired. A
telegraphic transmitting instrument
and a receiving instrument are mount
ed on this bracket. When the bicyole
is supplied with telephonic apparatus,
the receiver is preferably suspended
by holders from the front of the
bracket. Any suitable construction
may be employed for throwing either
tho telephonic or telegraphic ap
paratus into the circuit.
In laying the temporary line, the
end of the wire on the reel is made
fast at headquarters. *nd, as tho rider
goes forward, the wire is unreeled.
The rider, from time to time, secures
the wire to some convenient objeot,
suoh as a tree, either directly or by
the use of suitable insulators. To en
able a long line to be laid, the bioycle
is provided at convenient points with
means for holding one or more extra
reels of wire.
At the end of the line tho rider
grounds the battery wiro by the use of
a suitable plate provided with a bind
ing post, to which latter one wire from
the battery is secured. The plate is
provided with a head, in order that it
can be driven into the ground.
The end of the wiro may be secured
in the pintle of the ree), and placed in
electrical connection with the battery
through the metallic frame of the bi
cyole, in which case the rubber tires
of the bioycle will give a perfect insu
lation from the ground ; or, at the end
of the line, the wire may be cut and
secured directly to the binding post
at the battery.
With a wheel constructed as de
scribed, a telegraphio or telephonic
oircnit can be quickly established be
tween headquarters and outlying posts,
or between two or more outlying posts ;
and reports received and instructions
given with great facility.
. Bicycle Cannon.
The Superintendent of a bioyole
company is engaged in the perfection
of two applications of the oyole idea
to modern warfare. A jealously
guarded secret is that of a rapid-firing
magazine gun attached to the handle
bar of a bioyole. The deadly weapon,
discharging four hundred shots a min
ute from its fanlike arrangement of
glistening barrels, is operated by the
rider, the same power that propels the
wheel being used to fire the gun at
will. A platoon of oyclists mounted
on these death-dealing engines would
work great havoc upon a mob or an
enemy at dose range.
The other engine, not as yet per
fected to the satisfaction of the inven
tor, is shown in an accompanying
sketch. It is called the "American
Flying artillery." The small oannon
is to be a rapid-firing breech-loader.
Two men ride the maobine. The am
munition is carried on another wheel
ol similar construction. In action the
riders dismount, swing the carriage
around, fire a volley or two, and then
remounting, resume their flight. This
novel piece of field artillery wan shown
on the day of the opening of the Har
lem ship canal, the naval parade being
f abated with one hundred guns as it
passed the foot ol East 118th street.
A Bicycle on Ice.
The bioyole does not go into com
p?ete retirement even upon the arrivai
of winter ice and snow. In fact, the
bicycle will be one of the big things
on ice daring the coming season. From
the suggestion thrown ont by a boy
who lashed an ordinary skate to tho
front wheel of his safety, and was en
abled to make good time over the sur
face of a frozen lake, two enterprising
young men in Chioago have invented
and patented an ioe bioyole, and
formed a company for its manufacture.
With the first perfected model ona
of the inventors made a mile in one
minute and twenty seoonds, and this
can be improved upon, the skill of the
rider being the only limit to the possi
bilities in the line of recorda. Tho
general features of the ioe bicycle are
conveyed in tho out. The change
fro n the normal bicycle to the ioo
ni.-, ?bi ne can be made m five minutes.
The rear tiro is deflated and the
toothed band of steal slipped over it.
The tire is then inflated until the ten
sion is sufficient to hold the band
firmly in place. The cut sufficiently
explains tho attachment of the akato
The blade is hollow ground, render
ing lateral slipping impossible. The
weight of the machine remains unal
tered. The device is quite cheap,
costing less than $20, and for that rea
son cycling on ico is sure to become
popnlar if not the reigning fad of the
wi u ter.
Awl ul Accusation.
A terrible accusation was that con
tained ia a complaint sworn out yes
terday by Jacob Gorgoschillitz against
George, Steve, Frank and Jack Tulda,
as well as little George, of the same
family, says ?he St. Paul Globe. Mr.
Gorgoschillitz states, swears and
avers that the foregoing five and sev
eral Thidas "did, on or about the 7th
day of September, 1895*, speak, utter,
enunciate, uso and employ, with
felonious and unauthorized reference
to himself, the said Jacob Gorgoschil
litz, certain and divers words and ex
pressions whioh would tend to provoke
an assault, namely, to wit, that tho
said five Thidas did, ono and all, de
scribe and apostrophize the said Gor
goschillitz as bologna sausage." The
warrant was at once placed in tho
hands of every detective of Chief
Among the great variety of fish that
are caught on the coast of Southern
California, says tho Los Angeles
Times, the shark is generally regarded
merely as a curiosity. It is a fact that
sharks are caught for commercial pur
poses, and the industry pays very
well. MoGarvin, a fisherman who
lives at Alamitos Bay, a few miles
south of Long Beach, makes quite a
business of catching sharks by means
of stout lines fastened to stakes on
shore. He recently caught as many
as eighty in ono day. The ohief value
of the shark is in the oil, although the
Chinese consider the fins of the fish
quite a delicacy.
E ON ICE.
College Boys as Conductors.
Among tho employes of the People's
Traotion Company, of Philadelphia,
last summer, were about fifty college
students, many of whom served as
conductors. They earned on an av
erage fifteen dollars a week, and were
able thus to lay by quite a sum for the
coming year of study. The Superin
tendent, speaking of fifteen of them,
stu dents in the Jefferson Medioal Col
lege, as they handed in their resigna
tions one day, said that they made the
best conductors in the employ of the
company, which was very sorry to
to lose their services.-Now York In
The Powder-Monkey's ItetorU
Once, when ono of Farragut's gun?
boats on the Mississippi was just go
ing into action, one of the powder
monkeys was noticed by an officer
kneeling by one of the guns saying
his prayers. The officer sneeringly
asked him what he was doing, and if
he was afraid.
"No, I was praying," 6aid he.
"Well, what were yon praying for?"
"Prayiug," said the Jad, "that the
enemy's bullets may be distributed
the Hamo way as the prize-money is
-principally among the officers."
II ULE II OF TUB Vt
QUEEN VICTORIA AND A FAC SIMILE Ol
OLDEST HOUSE IN NEW ?ORK.
Southampton Has the Relic Which -
Claims This Distinction. .
One of the few relios left of the <
early Colonial days is still standing at i
Southampton, Long Island. This town '
claims the pre-eminence of being the :
oldest English town in the State of :
BATHE HOUSE, BUILT IK 1648. |
New York, and the ancient house io- i
forred to was built by Thomas Sayre
one of the first settlers. It was erected
in 1648, and has been handed down
from father to son in an unbroken line ,
for ten generations, the present owner
being the direct descendant of the
At a time of threatened Indian out
break in 1666 it was one of the rally
lng places of the inhabitants in case
of a night attack. The descendants (
of Thomas Sayre are very numerous,
both in this State and in New Jersey.
The ancient mansion, which stands on 1
the main street of the village, is an
object of curions interest to the multi
tude of oity residents who find in that
quiet village by the sea a summer rest
The massive timbers and oovering
of thick cedar shingles are sufficient to
insure its remaining for years to come
as a our ions and interesting relic of a
long past age. Of no other house in
the State can it be said that ten gener
ations have been born and died within
its walls.-New York Herald.
The Theory ol Sharpening Knives.
Yery few people realize that a very
sharp knife, under a microscope, is
nothing more nor less than a 6aw,
having teeth and points. For this
reason a draw-cut on wood is muoh
easier than when the knife moves with
the grain. Drawing the knife baok
and forth, therefore, has practically
the effect of a saw, although the teeth i
are so fine they cannot be seen by the :
naked eye. For this reason the baok- :
a a d-f or th movement with the knife :
severs the fibers much more readily
and on some woods more smoothily*
New York Ledger.
He Predicts the End ol the World.
The end of the world, announced by
the German weather prophet, Dr.
Falb, to take place in 1896, has been
postponed by the dootor owing to un
expected obstacles, until November
18, 189(1, between 2 and 4 o'clock in
the morning. In this announcement,
Falb agrees with Brother Philippe
Olivarius, of the Citcux Cloister in
France. According to a manuscript
written in 1514, left by the monk, the
city of Paris is to be destroyed in
1<806, and tho end of the world is to
Uk? place ia 1899,
? HER AUTOGRAPH-FROM A PHOTO
It Bnlned Mice.
The young dude had a pet silk um
brella, aays tho Cincinnati Tribune,
ind he lived on Walnut Hills. Every
jne in the hon*,J liked that particular
umbrella better than any other, and
would use it in spits of him. He hid
it finally so securely that he could net
find it himself until he chun ced to
come across it while hunting up an old
coat he wanted to do some extra gar
den work in for his mother.
He remembered just where it was,
and yesterday he took it out because
ho was going to Hartwell to spend Snn
rtay. He jumped into the car beside
a sweet young lady with whom he was
very proud to bo seen. They alighted
at the corner of Fourth and Walnut
streets, and while waiting to put her
on a Covington car, he raised the um
brella to protect her from the sun.
There was then a smothered shriek or
two and,.a commotion. Three
wriggling baby mice baa fallen ou
the young lady's bat and dress. They
rolled into the gutter and a handy pup
gobbled them up. The young dude'i
spirits were at the wilted cabbage leaf
stage all the rest of the day.
A curious Australian bird is the lit?
tie rock warbler (Origma rubricate),
whose method of nest-constructing is
probably unique amoug birds.
Mr. Gould writes: "The true habitat
of this speoies is New South WaleF,
over whioh part of the country it is
very generally distributed wherever
situations ocour suitable to its habits ;
nrater courses and the rooky beds ot
gullies, both near the ooast and among
the mountains of the interior, being
squally frequented by it ; and so er
elusively, in fact, is it confined to
NEST OF THE BOCK WABBLEB.
such situations that it never visits th?
forests, nor haye I ever seen it perch
ing on the branohes of trees. It does
not even resort to them as a resting
place for its nest, but suspends the
latter to the ceilings of caverns and
tho under surface of overhanging
rocks in a manner that is most sur
prising ; tho uest, which is of an ob
long globular form and composed of
moss and other similar substances, is
suspended by a narrow neck, and
presents one of the most singular in
stances of bird architecture that has
come under my notice."
A Peculiar Crime.
Neligh, Neb., has been the scene
of one of one of the most peouliar
orimes in the history of the State, and
there is no clew to the identity of the
perpetrator. The entiro family of
W. 0, Brown has been worn out
with watching at the bedside of a sick
child, and when opportunity offered
slept more soundly than usual. When
Miss Jennie Brown, a girl just bud
ding into womanhood, awoke she dis*
covered that during the night she ha l
been shorn of ber tresses by some one
who had come in through the window
during the night. When she went to
sleep the night before she was pos
sessed of a beautiful head of hair.
One-half of it was gone, tho thief evi
dently being afraid to disturb her
sufficiently to secure the portion
from the side of her head which lay
on the pillow. The hair on tho ex
posed sido of her head was cut off
olose to the scalp, and the thief ha l
taken his flight without waking any
one in the house.-Chicago Times
Lapps Dress Alike.
To this day Lapp men and women
dress exactly alike. Their tunics, belt
ed loosely nt tho waist, their tight
breeches and their wrinkled leathern
stocking", their pointed shoos-the
whole appearance of them, in short, ii
1 NOTABLE FEATURE OF THE
rho Enormous Proportions of Last
Season's Sleeves to Be Reduced
-Ostrich Tips for Hats-Win
ter Coats and Jackets.
ONE of the notable features of
the new styles is the decrease
in the size of sleeves. There
is little probability that
mall sleeves will come in for a long
imo, for the large ones have been
ouch more comfortable and easy io
aanage, and everybody is satisfied
nth them ; but last season their enor
mous proportions made it impossible
0 wear anything in the way of ordin
ry wraps, and women who had those
rhich were ever so handsome were
ompelled to put them aside, and
ither buy new or get along as best
hey could. The latest sleeves droop
1 little over the elbows, and are reu
onably full at the tops. The straight
nrtion from wrist to elbow is fairly
lose-fitting, and is in most of the new
nits entirely untrimmed. Some cos
umes, however, have deep, turned
iaok oufis ; others have plantings ; ot la
rs are trimmed with bows and bands
f velvet, and a few havo passemen
erie or lace.
Large puffs from elbows to shout
ers are used on dresses of light rn
erial; but the tail jr costume and
loth dress have the drooping effect
Outside garments are, for the most
.art, either in jacket shape or in short
tasque style, with points in the front
nd an elaborate arrangement of
rimming set on from shoulder to
One of the ham.? mest models of
he season is made of black poplin.
?he skirt is the usual flaring shape,
md the bodice is oloee-fitting. A jac
ket basque has large leg-o'-mutton
This strikingly beautiful cape is i
ind the newest garment out for evenii
ileeves and extremely full skirts, fin
shed with buckram, and so full as to
itand in scallops around the hips just
jelow tho waist. The shoulders and
mtiro front of this jacket are covered
iy a cape-shaped arrangement of black
latin, folded in jabot fashion from the
leek to the belt on either side of an
daborately braided vest. This braid*
ng is one of the features of tho new
mits, and is done with heavy mohair
)raid, about three-fourths of au inch
n width, skirts having elaborate de
ligns on the side seams from waist -
ino to hem.
A trimming which is to be quite lav
shly used is velvet, either in ribbon
>r in bias bands turned in at the edges
ind lined with buckram. These bands
ire used to trim the seams of skirts,
ind aro also set from the shoulder
teams to the waist-line. Velvet collars
ind cuffs are used on wool fabrics of
di sortp, as well as on silk.
Lace is to be quite as much used a
it has been through the summer.
Dresses of silk or line wool are
trimmed with lace, about eight or ten
inches deep. This is set on in shoul
der ruffles and in bertha fashion;
sometimes it is laid flat and sewed
lown upon the fabric.
Nothing is more certain than the
popularity of ostrich tips. Hats, near
ly all, are trimmed with them; thc
Qumber in each case depending upon
the use to which the hat is to be put.
Two or tbreo are a modest number, if
tho ohapeau is lor general use. Severj
or eight are not a large collection if thc
hat is for dress occasions.
There are no favorite fashions ir
plume arrangement. Tho fancy i;
for artistic grouping, and the mon
picturesque the effeot, the more in thi
mode is it.
TIPS FOR HATS.
A PRETTY WINTER HAT.
I These trimmings make the beac
covering as large as ever. Th?
"small" bonnets are even larger.
For they are oftenest in toque Tarn
o' Shanter shape, and the feathers and
knots stand ont at aggressive angles.
The real theatre bonnet for the winier
has not appeared, unless we are to
suffer from a scourge of these orna
mented Tam o' Shanters.
Not that they are not very pretty
on the woman by one's side ; they are.
.But, onjthe lady in front of us, they ire
not contributory to our enjoyment of
the stage performance.
I have hardly seen a prettier winter
hat than the one here shown, says the
fashion writer of the New York Press.
It is a black silk beaver, with orna*
mentation of black miroir velvet, four
rich blaok plumes, and a fa'l of green
blue satin roses over tho back hair.
These green blue, parrot green, navy
blue roses, seemed odd enough at the
beginning of the season, but they no
longer appear objectionable.
"Madmoiselle's hair is arranged in
a large soft knot at the back of the
head. Tho portion which ?H curled
and eau eli fc over the can is th? same
straight hair which was parted in the
summer, and drawn down to conceal
them entirely. Fashion has concluded
that hor young charges aro not suited
by plain madonna effects.
WINTER COATS, CAFES AND JACKETS.
Velvet is a very great favorite in
the making of fall and winter ?pen,
jackets, cloaks and redingotes, black
velvet particularly, though the deep
shades in brown and green will ba
used. Fur edgings and spangled
bands and points are the garnitures.
There are very few medium lengths
in coats ; they are either sh >rt or long,
and the puzzle as to how the jaoketor
coat was to go on over the immense
dress sleeves has in a measure been
solved by the introduction of stylish,
elegantly fitted models, thatare sleeve
less, this omission concealed by a
pretty cape that nearly reaches the
waist. For unpleasant weather this
?D NOVEL CAPE.
lovel in design, elaborate in embroidery
ig wear, over big sleeves.
will button across, so that tho cape
cannot fly open, thus making a very
comfortable cool weather garment.
The redingotes of plain ladies' cloth,
fancy diagonal, rough checks and
English cheviot in various patterns
will be very fashionably worn during
the winter. These have immense
cape or sailor collars covered with
braid and edged with fur, and large
Cromwellian cuffs likewise trimmed.
A COVERT COAT.
All men find it necessary to have i
light covert coat among their stock o
outer garments, and the well gowned
woman, who prides herself upon al
ways having the corred thing to wear,
now buys ono once if not twice a year
Just now t:he style for these coats ii
to have them quite short, with skirt!
ut the back full enough to allow th?
skirts of thc gown to stand out well
loose fronted and buttoned under i
flap, and with the front so oleverli
cut that the curve from bust to hip i
FURS TO DE GENERALLY USED.
Jt is more than probable that fur
will be again most popular this sea
eon, judging from a hat one sees a
the leading fashion emporia. Fur
are not only seen on mantles am
jackets for outdoor wear, but ar
used to trim costumes of every de
scription. Sable, as usual, is th
ultra favorite, but blue fox and silve
fox aro also mnch patronized. Ther
are, of couree, cheaper furs than th
above mentioned, which are vcr;
effeotive and decide Hy mor J withii
reach of ladies whose purses are no
Are you taking SIMMONS LrvEE REG
ULATOR, the "KING OP LIVES MEDI
CINES?" That is what our readers
want, and nothing but that. It is the
same old friend to which the old folks
pinned their faith and were never dis
appointed. But another good recom
mendation for it is, that it is :3ETTEB
THAN PILLS, never gripes, neve:" weak
ens, but works in such an easy and
natural way, just like nature itself, that
relief comes quick and sure, aid one
feels new all over. It never fails.
Everybody needs take a liver remedy,
and everyone should take only Sim
mons Liver Regulator.
Be sure you get lt. The Bed Z
is on thc wrapper. J. H. Zeiliu &
MOTHERS READ THIS.
1 For Flatulent Colic, Diarrheas, Dysen
tory, Nausea, Coughs, Cholera Di'
faatum, Teething Children, Cholera i
Morbus, Unnatural Drains from
the Bowels, Pains, Griping, Loss of
Appetite, Indigestion and all Dis
eases of the Stomach and Bowels.
PITTS CARMINATIVE .
Is thc standard. It carries children over
the critical period ol teething, and
is recommended by physicians ali
the friend of Mothers, Adults and
Children. It is pleasant to the taste,
and never fails to give satisfaction.
A few doses will demonstrate its BU
]>erlative virtues. Price, 25 cts. per
A bottle. For salo by druggists.
MARRIAGE IN MADAGASCAR.
Ceremonias Are of a Somewhat
We have heard a great deal about the
war in Madagascar, but very little has
been said about its inhabitants, customs
and superstitions. Some of the latter are
very strange. Its inhabitants, so far as
esS?Sy^ C9UCCrned' 0?Ccr aQ ifllCr"
The Hovas are no longer savages.
They are subject to laws and regulations
and obey an absolute authority which pre
sides over their political destinies and de*
termines their social condition. This
power is vested in the queen, and though
in reality she wields no visible power in
the actual ruling of the country, yet her
influence is so great on the minds of her
subjects that nothing, even the most un
important action, happens in their lives
in which her name is not mingled, in
which her influence is not felt. Her
wishes arc considered supreme commands
aud slie is regarded as a divinity.
When she gives an audience in her
palace, her visitors are obliged to observe
the greatest ceremony. They approach
her with reverential salutations and genu
flections, the number of which are de
term i neil by their caste and honors.
Every morning her bodyguard present
arms before her palace and before she
arises intone the national byran, the
"Sidikina," to which everyone listens
standing and uncovered. When she goes
to any public ceremony, she walks under
a red umbrella ornamented with a golden
ball, through a respectful crowd, who
emit cries of joy, clapping their Lands in
The queen's husband, the prime minis
ter, is a man of the people and is really
the head of thc government. It is he who
directs the policies of the Irmcnian king
dom. Surrounded by his secretaries, his
staff and his aides-de-camp, who are
counted by the thousands, he exercises
the power which thc queen represents.
lie is perfectly familiar with all that is
passing in Europe, where several of his
sons have been educated, and he is ably
seconded by skillful advisers.
Marriage among the Hovas presents one
peculiarity which is indigenous to Mada
gascar; it is always preceded by a novitiate,
if it may be termed, which prevents any
unpleasant surprises to the married couple
later. They are authorized to make a
preliminary experiment of the linties and
rights which will follow their union. The
young girl is introduced into her future
husband's home, and after a few days is
returned to her parents. After these form
alities are complied with, the husband's
family address an official demand to the
young girl's family for her hand or they
signify their refusal.
An orator in these affairs repairs to the
home of the future bride at the head of a
deputation composed of the fiance and his
family. He expatiates on the object of
the delegation, goes over the titles, qual
ities and genealogy of the future husband
and winds up by making a formal de
mand for the young girl's hand.
The father or his representative replha
in a eulogistic speech, enumerates the
conditions of moral conduct, and wise
administration necessary in the house
hold, makes a discreet allusion to divorce
or an amicable separation which will al
ways be permissible in case of incompati
bility and terminates his address by grant
ing his daughter's hand. Then the flanee
gives some earnest money and acquires
marital authority. Ever after the wife
will be counted among his goods and
chattels. She becomes a piece of mer
chandise and may in case of necessity
enter into legal transfers, whether for
debts or crimes. It is therefore to a
husband's advantage to add to the number
of his wives. This is what he generally
does. Polygamy in this sense adds to
the wealth of the household
Cats Livi.ig In Trees.
Two cases are reported-one re
cently and the other in the aummor
of 1881. The latter was in St. James'
Park:, London, when a stray cat made
a nest in a tree some forty or fifty
feet from the ground, and her kittens
were seen to be disporting them
selves in the branches like so macy
A HISTORY will live, though writfcM
ever so indifferently.