Newspaper Page Text
THOS. 1 ADAMS. PROPRIETOR.
EDGEE?ELD, S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 7, 1892.
VOL. LVII. NO. 13.
The newest term for wheelwome
The eaying is attributed to
Bnlow, the sarcastic German pian
that a tenor is not a man ; ho is ?in
A writer in the New York Sun
clares that the flavor of the Cal if or
peach is never equal to the promis)
It is proposed in England to bi
warships in docks instead of on sh
and thereby reduce the expenso J
danger of launching.
A Maine editor having rent lil
Marion Cleveland a poodle, the Gah
ton News facetiously observes: M
pf the editors have been giving 1
Within the past twenty years th<
has been a radical change in the El
lish taste for cheese. A very m
flavored article is now demanded
stead of the strong kind formerly
The Mexican Government has <
tended to homoeopathic physicians t
same privileges granted to old-sohc
doctors in that country, and it is <
"N---, peeted thai within a rea?, there will
a well-established homoeopathic tobe
of medicine in Mexico.
Probably few know thatuewspape
have a direct interest in forests, b
nevertheless it is so, declares the Ni
York Witness. Most all the pap
used nowadays to print newspapers
made of pulp, secured from sprui
trees, and the quantity of trees r
quired to furnish this paper eve]
year is amazingly largo. Acoordii
to the Southern Lumberman it is est
mated that the white paper for tl
dairy.supply of the several editions c.
the New York World requires all ?1
marketable spruce lumber fit to ci
whioh grows on seven acres of averac
spruce forests. The Boston Globe
edition requires the growth of thr?
acres of New England spruce forest
The wood pulp now used in the Unite
States requires about 2200 cords c
spruce daily, or 1,700,003 feet <
spruoe logs for every twonty-fon
hours, amounting to 500,000,000 fet
per annum. That amount of lumbei
now going to waste as soon si tl:
newspaper is a day old, used to unifie
J* to build houses intended to last half
Cheap books are a good thing if th?
books are worth read?Dg,bnt the greal
mass of the popular literature now
sent out i.o, in che opinion of the At
lanta Journal, tho veriest trash. Over
two hundred new novel* will be pub
lished in this country between non
and the holidays and it is safe to pre
dict that not a dozen of them will be
of any real value. The publication of
novels has been going on in this coun
try for some years pvst at a terrific
rate. In 1890 the number was 1118;
4n 1891, it was 1105; in 1892, it was
1102, and in 1893 1132. Of these
more than four thousand novels hardly
anybody now remember* even the
names of more than a score or two.
Nearly ail of them havo passed into
well deserved forgetfulness and are to
be followed by as many, or more, of
the same kind in an equal number of
years. John Buskin's advice is to
read no book until it is a year old. If
one should adopt thia plan he would
find a year hence very few of the books
that are* now just out. The Buskin
idea is an excellent one. We often
wonder when we read some new book
which is the temporary rage what
there is in it to make' everybody
anxious to get it and a little while later
we find that nobody wants it. It
would be a fearful doom to b j forced
to read-all of the two hundred Ameri
can novels which are to come oat this
The report of the Commissioner ot
the General Land Office for 1895
f shows that, compared with the fisca
year 1893-4, there has been a decrease
in laud entries of 19,095,, and of 6,
616,685 acres entered upon. Some
persons may hastily assume that this
indicates that the public lands of tin
the United States are nearly all occu
pied, bat tait is not the case. There
is plenty of good Government land
left, but it is a faot that in year s of
depression tho desire to take up land
seems to diminish. This rather dislo
cates the theory of some economist;
who profess to find an explanation ol
the superior condition of ?he massee
in this country in the ia;b that as soon
as work becomes diffisult to obtain in
oitiea the surplus population finds ita
way into agricultural pursuits. The
reverse, however, seems to be the case.
When work is abundant in cities the
wild agricultural lands are ireely
taken up, but when the working
classes in the city cannot find employ
ment the business of farming ceases to
have allurements. The explanation is
simple, remarks the Saq ?Francisco
Chronicle. When the manufacturing
industries of the country are thriving
and the workers in the orban districts
are earning good wages,, the farmer
and fruit raider oan sell his products
at good prices; when work in factories
is scarce and wages low the ?profits of
agriculture disappear and there is nc
temptation to engage in the pursuit
Two loves had I; a star ol morning one
The other like the-rising ot the son
Two loves, two dreams! The one made haste
The other had a life that may not die.
Two hopes, two aids. The one is lost In light,
The other still eludes my closest flight.
I mourn for ono beneath the rustling treo
"Where haunt the quiet birds of memory;
But rise and follow when the other cal's,
With scorn of obstacles, contempt of falls.
Perhaps 'tis well that 3 coal 1 never gain
The first-that I pursue the last with pain.
It may be t hnt our life was never meant .
For full achievement cr.complete content;
It may be we are taught by long pursuit,
Here ls the seed time, only there the fruit.
I Cannot tell: but still .he pangs remain;
Two loves had I,.aud followed both in v-dn.
-Arthur L. Salmon.
THE LOST TRUNK.
lend me your ears
for half an hour,
for I am in a
pickle, " exclaimed
Fred Sawyer to his
friend. . "Como up
to ray quarters. I
have cometbing to
show you, and-no
joking - I need
"If yon take it
it will be for the first time," laughed
good-natured Courtney. "Lead on,
and don't lose any time in relieving
this suspense. I'm not fond of rid
dles, you know."
"Why, yesterday I droppe I into
the saleroom at a London station.
You krow, they pell off the uncalled
for luggage at intervals, and a sale
wan just going on. ? number of tho
boys were there, and we each com
menced to bid for a trunk. I selected
rather a small one, and- Here we
are! Como right in, and yiew the
burden of my woes*."
He led the way into a pleasant apart
ment, and pointed to a small leather
trunk which stood in the middle of the
"Open it, if you want to," he said.
'Tve had enongh of- the confounded
thing. It's full of woman's stuff, and
what do yon suppose I can do with it?
I haven't an aunt or a cousin in the
"Keep it till you're married, Fred.
These seem to be good clothes," said
Courtney, peeping into the box, and
lifting dainty par m en ts with a halt
reverent touch, in spite of his laugh
ing face. . j
"Humph !s The idea of such advice
from you ! Why, old boy, I shall not
marry for ten years-five, anyway
said I'm not going to risk keeping
these things here and being taken for
JdPjfr. tefe ^Sft ^f?gSSJ, i
find them in spit o of everything
smell murder in the air, and hunt
around for the skull bones. No, I'll
dump the trunk in the river ; that's
what I'll do."
"Pshaw! You're too sensible for
that. These things cost money-lots
of it, I imagine-and you paid some
thing for them in the bargain. You
might sell them to the secondhand
No, I've a better scheme than that.
Why not go through the trunk sys
tematically, find out the owner's name
and address- there are surely letters
or something-and write to her, offer
ing her the whole thing for a reason
able sum ?"
"Do au act of charity, and yet turn
au honest penny. Any ono would
know you are Scotch. But I must go
back to the store, and- Here ! you
have all the time there is ; suppose
you go through it for me? ?1I I ask
is that you will keop Mrs. McGaffrey
out. Fare dieu!" And oft he went.
Courtney laughingly locked the
door ; but the smiles soon left his face
as he proceeded v< ith his task. He
wondered if the little battered trnnk
had been lost in some of the dreadful
catastrophes he had read of ; he im
agined the owner killed and her body
as well as luggage unidentified in the
They were girlish things-dainty
veils and ribbons, ginghams, silks and
showy linen. He lingered over a small,
worn slipper, and felt a thrill akin to
that awakened in Cinderella's prince.
"No clew yet,"' he murmured.
"Perhaps there aro letters in this
Its catch was bent, but he wrenched
it open, and out flew-his own photo
He eat Jown plump in a box of lace
and stared. On the other side were
his initials, and a date he had been
trying for three years to forget,
"June 2, 1890."
"Nell Burr's trunk !" he exclaimed.
"Oh, my little girl, what has hap
pened to you? May be aome one-.
No, here are your initial? on this belt
buckle, and your gloves were No. 6,
and this slipper would just fit your
dear little foot." .
The young mau grew excited and
rapturous over each article ; presently
he lifted a package of letters from one
"My own-and they express the
greatest happiness life ever brought
me. They are like the leaves that flut
ter down in the November rain. I
wonder why she kept them. How many
there are !"
Unfastening the cord, he turned the
letters over and found many of the
envelopes scribbled upon by a familiar
hand. There wera items jotted down
to be i emembered in answering, and
scraps of poetry which had not long
since reaohed his eye, and been ever
since cherished in his memory. Upon
the last one-for they were all num
bered-was written in ink this girlish
confession : "Al Courtney, 1 love yon,
but will never marry any one so in
Besting his head on the empty tray
in silence, he exclaimed :
"I was a fool-a consummate fool !
-and now, perhaps, she is dead."
A noise outside aroused him, and in
a bawildered way he surveyed the gar
meuts strewed on every side, and
gazed mournfully at the beautiful hat
through which he had run one foot
and the box of laces he had uncon
sciously nsed for a cushion. Fred
would be coming in a few minutes.
He !;<.-..au repacking the things with
ruthless haste, and, stowing the let
ters in his own pockets, was lying
lazily on the conch reading the pr
when his chnm entered.
"Well!" he cried, "what mysl
did you unearth?"
"No mystery at all," was the de
erate answer; "bnt the 'stuff,' as
call it, is worth something, and wc
be a regular gold mino tj a girl,
a notion to buy it from you and j
cent it to my sisters. What will
"Oh, come ! You're just'doing I
to help me out. I know your bent
lent old heart. No, I'll follow y
first advice, and hunt up the owi
It would be quite romantic, and,
side?, you hinted that I might mal
shilling or two by is. You found
name and address there, didn't yoi
"les," Al reluctantly answered;
found her name and an address, i
it is hardly likely you could find 1
after so many years. You know, tl
keep luggage a long time before il
"I'm not sure about that," s
Fred. "I've thought about it all I
morning, and the idea grows on i
It will be rare fun to try, any wi
What did you say the name was?"
".But no doubt this girl was kil
-luggage is seldom lost except
some such accident, and-and maj
she is an old woman."
Fred laughed immoderately.
"Just as if that would make an i
cf charity less meritorious. Old T
men don't usually wear white li
hats, though. You must have iou
something precionsin there-jewel:
or something-which makes you ai
ious to martyrize yourself. It's mil
however, and I am not as anxious
part with it as I waa-not till 1
looked through it, anyway."
As he turned the key Al remember
that his own photograph was lying
a conspicuous box, and exolaimed :
"Wait until after dinner, then; I
"Perhaps it would he better," TI
the auswer, and they passed out 1
When fairly downstairs Al said
had forgotten his handkerchief, ai
flew hack three step:? at a time to g
it. Siecuring the picture and plash
it in 'in inside pocket, he said to hil
"3arely there's nothing else to gi'
me away. But I must wheedle hi
out of the trunk."
After dinner Fred "went throngl
the contents of the truflk, makii
boyish remarks concerning each arl
cle as he threw it aside. AI inward!
winced at these remark?, 2nd ooul
scarcely restrain himself from knocl
ing him over on the spot.
"What makes you BO crusty?
queried Fred, suddenly, as ona of h
choicest jokes was met by a gru
"H'm !" "There's no fun in you, an
why you want this stuff beats m<
Your sisters would turu up their no3e
at second-hand clothing, if it isprottj
But it isn't worth fussing over, so tab:
it along. No doubt it would prove
white elephant on my hands sooner 0
. riot until the trunk was safely ir
his room could Al breathe freely ; even
then it was no easy matter to keep it
out of his sisters' sight. They both
made a pee and confidant of their om
brother, and had a fashion of dropping
into bis room at all hours to tell him
of their schemes and woe*. He had
pushed the trunk under a mahogany
table in the corner, the old-fashioned
cover of which reached almost to the
When he told them he was going
away for a little business "trip," they
beset him with questions and petitions
to be taken with him, fina?ly declar
ing that they would clean hou3e
while ne was gone, and "sort out his
So behold him, in the dead of night,
carrying the "white elephant" up the
narrow attio stairs bumping his head
on every rafter and getting cobwebs
in his mustache. He covered it with
old clothing, pushed a big box in
front of it and then crept downstairs,
feeling as guilty as if ho had.been con
cealing Eome crime. At breakfast the
girls both talked at once about tho
burglar who tried to get in, and how
they pounded on Al's door and could
not even get an answer.
At noon he was off, and as the train
whirled onward he became possessed
with fears. She might not be at Hast
ings ; she might not care for him after
these threo years ; she might even ,be
married or dead.
Arriving at his destination at last,
he only Bl ped to leave his bag at an
hotel, am' Iked rapidly to a familiar
house in suburbs. Binging the
bell, he in id for Miss Burr in a
matter-of-t vt.y, as if ho had seen
her tho day fore. He watched the
girl's face RS .ie spoke, and saw no
trace of surprise. She simply said :
"Miss Burr may not be able to see
you, but come in, and 1 will ask."
Presently he was shown into a sm all,
sunny room, where, on a couch, lay
the one girl he had ever loved. He
meant to explain at once the cause of
his foolish going and ea^r coming, all
of which he had framed into frank,
beautiful sentences; but somehow
they forsook him, and he fell back on
the commonplace. She received him
with quiet words of welcome, and then
"Pardon my position, but lam such
an invalid that it is a trial to sit np. "
"An invalid 1" he echoed, faintly.
"Yes," she answered. "Did you
not hear of my accident several months
ago? On coming home from a visit I
stopped for a day or so in a London
hotel. The building caught fire a few
hours after I entered it. The horror
of the scene is BO stamped-branded
would be a more appropriate word
on my memory that I cannot bear to
talk of it. I lost everything except
the ulster which wai wrapped about
me, and would have lost my lifo but
for the brave fireman who broke my
fall. Oh, no, I am not seriously in
jured," ehe continued, in answer to
his half-spoken question, "though I
have been ill ever since. It was such
a shock, von know."
By deft questioning he succeeded in
making her 6ay :
"Yes, I lost my trunk. It was left
at the siation (I expected to go on in
a day or two), and the deposit check
was destroyed with my pocketbook.
Railway people are necessarily par
ticular about identifying luggage, and
for two weekB ? was tod ill to even re
member it. Befiidep, I had only gone
for a short onting, audit held nothing
of much valne, except fotne keepsake*
that were dear to rae."
A deep flush stole over her face
at these words ; he watched it for s
delicious moment, and then gathered
her up in his ams, exclaiming:
"I will bring them baok, if you wil
pay the reward I want."
Then-or rather, after he had tor
tured her impatience mercilessly-he
told her of Fred's "bargain" bought
at undi OD. She begged for it, coaxed,
pleaded, all in vain. He declared she
could only have the littlo leather
trunk as a wedding present. And a
very happy wedding party it was, too.
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTBI1L.
Mail bags can now be taken on and
delivered from trains running at sixty
miles an hour.
The effeot of electric currents on
German silver aud alloy of gold and
silver is to render those metals brittle.
The nerves of warm-blooded animals,
says a scientific authority, telegraph
information to their brains at the rate
of about 150 feet per second.
The greatest transmission of power
by a wire rope is at Schaff hausen ; by
means of it 600 horse power is trans
mitted to a distance of a mile.
Sir William Turner ha? compiled a
table which shows that a whale of fifty
tons weight exerts 145-horse power in
swimming twelve miles an hoar.
Platinum has been drawn into
smooth wire so fine that it conld not
be distinguished by the naked oye,
even when stretched across a piece ol
Wheat can be grown in the Alps at
an elevation'of 3600 feet; in Brazil,
at 5000 feet ; in the Caucasus, at 8000 ;
in Abyssinia,, at 10,000; in Pera and
Bolivia, at 11,000.
Fruit cools the blood, cleans the
teeth and aids digestion. Those who
can't eat it miss the benefit of per*
haps the most medicinal food on
nature's bill of fare.
A chemical torch, which ignites when
wet, is a novel German invention. Ic
is intended for life-buoys, which aro
thus made visible at nigh ii when
thrown to persons overboard.
A match cutting machine is quite an
automatic cariosity. It cats 10,000,
000 a day, and then arranges them
over a vat, where the heads are pat on
at a surprising rate of speed.
The German Government has jost
purchased aa electric flag designed
for night use. The flag is four metres
square, aud the desiga is traced in
colored electric lamps, which are
lighted by a wire from the deck.
A process that is claimed to reader j
thread and fabrics absolutely non
shrinkable has been devised by Messrs.
Mathelin; Floquet and Bonnet. The
old alumina or sulphate of alumina
process is combined with treatment
with carbonate of soda solution and
the ase of steam. To its Axing prop
erty the steam adds the advantages of
increasing the degree of solution of .
ibfljttyn^iil^ aai^ removing all
f'reasy feeling of the treated fabrics. [ ,
AD Odd Badge of Office.
Among the badges of office that Mr.
Jasper Whitney has brought from the (
ar North, there is oue, a pair of baf- |
alo horns, mounted on a staff. Re
tailing the constancy of horns as the
imblem or symbol of office, or indicat
id in tho person parading horns a cer- ,
ain dignity, it may be remembered
hat the German nobility still use
?orns as a part of their coat-of-arms.
Studying the question Captain John
r. Bourke believes that symbolism al
vays has had a utilitarian derivation.
'Thus the horns of the altars of the
israelites may have been first intended
nerely for hanging parts of the offer
ng or the implements of sacrifice
ipon them, much as incense may have
?een introduced to cover the heavy
>dor of burning meats. Man io the
primitive period hunted, than herded
mimais, which in nearly every case
vere horned creatures. " Sometimes
/here must have been scarcity of food ;
:heu he "had recourse to dances or
:>ther ceremonies, in which one or
nore of the medicine men represented
ihe animal god whose wrath was to be
appeased." The priest woie the'
:iead, the horns, the skin of the an
imal. The head and horns might have
served for a mask. In time the mask
ivas abridged, and then only the horn,
vere used, and next the horns were
not worn, but borne before the priest
sr medicine man. The horn of plenty 1
?nay have come, Captain Bourke be- j
lieves, from its having been used as a;
receptacle for seeds. Following fur-' 3
ther the idea of symbolism, as present- 1
3d by Captain Bourke, there are those 1
:urioasly shaped American stones
jailed "ceremonial stones. " These are I
worked ap into two hornlike forms, 1
md have a hole in the middle. They 1
ire of various sizes and weights,
Some might have been too heavy to '
near suspended around the neck. ;
Might not the form have been derived .
from horns?-New York Times. 1
Ingenious Advertising. ],
A oitizen with a swollen jaw was
hastening along one of the principal t
streets of the city, when a sign ia
front of a tall building caught his at
tention. It was as follows :
"Painless Extraction Of Teeth Free."
He stopped long enough to note the
number of the floor on which the
business indicated by the sign was car
ried on and then hurried inside and
made his way to the dental parlors.
"Is this the place where you pull
teeth withoutpaia free?" he inquired.
"Yes, sir," said one of tho painless
oxtraotors on duty.
"Well, I've got a grioder that's beeo
giving a good deal of trouble. I wish
you'd yauk it out."
The sufferer took his place ia the
chair and opened his mouth. The
operator, after applying to the swollen
gum a pungent lotion of Borne sort,
speedily relieved him of the offending
"Thanks," said the caller, climbing
down and pioking up his hat.
"That will be fifty cents," remarked
"Fifty cents?" echoed the other.
"I thought it was free. That's what
you told me a minute ago, and it'i
what you say on y*our sign. "
"Just so. Did it hurt you any?"
"Yee, it hare a little."
"That's right. We do our painless
extracting free, exactly as. we claim.
When it hurts we charge for it. Fiftv
cen tb, please."-Chicago Tribune.
MS AND QUA LIT f KS
people of the Big Islnnrl arc
'lightened and Kind-Liv
ing ls Cheap -"Woman's
"TC N unprejudiced sfrday of the
f\ people of Madagascar will
JL^JL show that they have many
(?T superior qualities and have
made great progress in a short time.
They have not enjoyed the influences
of civilization around them as have
the Japanese nor have there been any
efforts worth mentioning to develop
the resources of the country. In fact
many parts of the great island conti
nent.have yet to be explored. That
part already explored has convinced
the best authorities that Madagascar,
in addition to being the third largest
island in the world, take3 first rank
for the variety and magnitude of its
LOVE AND MUSIC
3Be of the native officials receive
compensation for services ren
to theil Government. Their
reward is rank and honor, which
3d on military precedence and
red by the number of "honors."
Irst, "honor"" corresponds to the
.private soldier, and is the
highest is fifteen honors
jponding to the rank of Field Marsh-af. 1
One of the greatest ambitions of a
Ho va is to have his honors increased.
The officers of the Government and
Dobility are not devoid of income by
any means. In'fact, some of them in
chat respect would not trade places
with a United States Senator who gets
?5000 a year. Every man and woman
of rank and title is the proprietor of
a vast estate and many slaves and cat
MADAGASCAR GIRL CARRYING WATER.
tie. Though slavery exists in Mada
gascar only in name, the fruits of the
labor of these people bring in good
returns. In addition to the service
the officers are compelled to render
their country, they are also expected,
and sometimes forced, to contribute a
portion of their income to the Gov
Brnment exchequer. For instance,
should the Government need money
with which to purchase arms for the
soldiers, a special tax is levied, and
Bach one is made to pay two cents per
head for each slave owned and the
same on eaoh head of cattle. Some
times it happens that on this basis one
person will pay on slaves alone nearly
|400. The slaves are captives from
rebellions tribes. They are bought
and sold, but not abused.
While the women are not given a
voice in the affairs of State, excepting,
of course, the Queen, yet they are ex
tremely patriotic and loyal in their
.support of their fatherland. When
the last war with France came upon
them and they has to buy arms, one
woman responded to the call for
money with a contribution of $10,000.
This time she had given $15,000 for
the cause. Soldiers in the array do
not receive any pay beyond the
amount necessary to procure their
rations and clothing. Thu reason for
this is simply ihe poverty of the Gov
ernment, and that poverty is due
directly to the drain upon their re
sources to pay the indemnity due to
France as a result of the last war.
Their one source of revenue of any im
portance is the customs duties, and in
order to insure or guarantee the pay
ment of the indemnity these duties
are, and have been for several years,
under the control of the French.
The Malagasy are fortunate in hav
ing at the helm of State a wise and
cool-headed statesman who has
measured nrms with the cleverest
diplomats of hi6 time. Admiral Gore
Jones, of the British Navy, had occa
sion to pay an extended visit to the
Court of Imerina. In his notes on
his visit he says of the Hova Premier :
"He is one of the ablest men I ever
met." The ablest diplomats of the
French Republic can testify only too
! IN MADAGASCAR.
well to this, as among those whose
scalp hangs at the Premier's belt is
th* t of the renowned M. Le Myre de
Yilliars of Siam fame. Twice has he
met defeat at the Court of Imerina.
As the Prime Minister is the hus
band of the Queen as w:ll as Premier,
he has every thing pretty muoh his
own way. Ha owe- hid position and
[power to the fact that he is at the
head of the army as its" Commander
Banavalona III., the Queen of the
Hovas, is a woman now in her thirty
ninth year. She has reigned wisely
and successfully since 1883. Of
medium height, graceful in form and
carriage, rather sharp featured, com
plexion dark brown, hair long and
straight, she is what may be justly
said a fairly pretty wcman. Her court
is kept up in great splendor. She
dresses in Parisian style, except on
occasions of the National feast, called
"Fandrono," when the Queen and
members of the Royal family and
nobility appear in their red "lamba."
A lamba is similar to the Roman toga.
She is proud and independent, but not
vain, as some writers have it. Fol
lowing her example, many of the high
classes, and particularly those who are
under influences of the missionaries,
have adopted the Christian form of
marriage, but the masses, cannot in
spite of missionary efforts, be turned
from their own form. According to
their idea a man and a woman become
one by mutual consent. And the
only ceremony is a feast, to which the
respective families and friends attend.
A separation is seldom heard of.
It would be difficult to find more
domestic happiness anywhere in the
world than in Madagascar. The wo
men are always devoted and true.
A yearly tax of twenty-five cents is
levied upon every man who has a wife
and should he desire to separate from
hera feetof $15 is exacted. Polygamy
is no longer practiced. Women do
very little housework, however, as
nearly every one, even among the
poorer classes, owns slaves.
The Hova women are especially
clever in fine needle work. Since the
establishment of the medical college
and the numerous hospitals many of
the women are learning to be trained
nurses. This work is under the su
pervision of European instructors.
The increase of all the churches has
been remarkable. The Malagasy are
devoted to the Methodist Church, and
give it generous support.
At the capital the Hovas have a fine
college erected for them by tho Lon
don Missonary Society, and in con
nection therewith is a theological anl
j medical department.
The Malagasy have a reputation for
' honesty. With the example set them
by the ioreigoer.? now in their country
it is hard to say how soon this will oe
Agriculture is the principal pursuit
)f the Malagasy people, br,t the hand
crafts are by no means neglected.
Ml the tools necessary for their work,
* hile not elegant in finis':, are madci
jy natives and answer every parp?se.
It ccsts very little to live in Mada
gascar. A good ten to twelve room
louse in the best part of the city can
3e rented,for $8 a month. Servants
Mn be had for $1.50 a month, and as
'or provisions, they cost almost noth
ing. Porter ho cse i teak is two cents
i ponnd, chickens are three cents
ipiece, geese, sixteen cents; eggs,
;ireo cents a dozen; potatoes, ten
sents a bushel.
The average wages paid a native
Cacher or pastor is from $5 to ?10 a
xionth, and an ordinary servant gets
usually $1.50 to $2 per month, and his
"vary" or rice, amounting to two
jentB' worth per day. We seldom
aear of a want of food.
A stranger traveling through the
land will be astonished to find himself
the recipient of fowls' eggs, rice and
potatoes at every village where he
halts. These gifts from the natives
ure a token of weleome. In addition
to this the best house in the village is
?lways given up for the "vazah'! or
On the whole the Malagasy are in
'westing and thrifty, deserving of the
sympathy of. all civilized Nations in
their struggle for the preservation of
their fatherland and their independ
\ Ice "While Iou Waif.
A small ice maohine for the house
hold, which in fifteen minutes will
furnish a small cake of pure ice, is be
ing verv generally introduced abroad.
The water used to obtain pure ice
must be distilled or filtered through a
reliable germ-proof filter. The appa
ratus consists of a double sheet-metal
cylinder, covered on the outside with
a protective layer of asbestos, for the
purpose of heat insulation, and hung
in sockets by two central pivets. The
receptacle, the section of which shows
the shape of a cross, is fif ed with dis
tilled water up to within half an inch
from the top, and after the rubber
washer rnd the jnetal cover are ad
justed, it is tightly closed down with
a screw. This permits t he tilling of
the space between the double wall of
the outer cylinder with a chemical
used for generating the cold tempera
ture-in this case ammonium salt.
After turning the cylinder around
rapidly for fifteen minutes the inner
receptacle is withdrawn from the
cylinder, held for a moment in boil
ing hot water, and upon being opened
ITOHEN MACHINE XS? CTLISDEBS FOI
piece of ice exactly the shapo of tho
oner wall will slide out without iron
ie. Another round cylinder is pro
ided for the quick cooling of any
uid. The cost of the production,
ays the Illastrite Zeitung, is very
mall, as the salt may bo used over
nd over again, losing but little of its
Seyr Hurricane Flags.
The new hurricane flags issued by
he United States Government, on an
rder signed by Willis L. Moore, chief
1 the Weather Bureau, have been re
NEW SIGNAL FOB M.AFINEBS.
leived by the Weather Bureaus sta
ioned thronghout the country.
The flags are six feet square, a red
?old with a black square of two feet
n the center. They aro to be used to
ndicate the approach of severe storms
>n the coast and southerly tropical
toms moving northward. Two of
hese flags are to be displayed-one
ibove the other-to warn mariners.
Teaching the Bagpipes.
A Highlander, having to teach a
ihum in his regiment to play the bag
>ipes, began to instruct him in read
ng the music in the following way :
"You see that chap with a white,
ound, open face?" pointing to a
emibreve between the lines; "well,
ie moves slowly from that line to this,
vhile you beat one and take a long
dow. Now, if you put ? leg on him
rou make two of him, ard he moves
wice as fast. If you black his face he
?uns four times as fast as the white
aced one; then, if you bend his knees
>r tie his legs, he will hop eight times
'aster than the white faced one.
"Now, \ hen you blow the pipes, re
nember that the tighter those chaps'
legs are tied the faster they run, aud
the quicker they are sure to dance."
A Walking Encyclopedia.
Lord Bacon was a walking encyclo
pedia. He was a master of all the
knowledge of his time and remem
bered it to the minutest detail. He
rarely made a note of anything, trust
ing to his memory all the particulars
of the complicateu loga cases orought
before him, and seldom was it found
Are you taking SIMMONS LIVER REG
ULATOR, the "KINO OP LIVER MEDI
CINES?" That ia what our readers
want, and nothing bnt that It is the
same old friend to which the old folks
pinned their faith and were never dis
appointed. But another good recom
mendation for it is, that it is BETTER
THAN PILLS, never gripes, never weak
ens, but works in such an easy and
natural way, just like nature itself, that
relief comes quick and sure, and one
feels new all over. It never fails.
Everybody needs take a liver remedy,
and everyone should take only Sim
mons Liver Regulator.
Be sure you get it. The Bed Z
is on the wrapper. J. H. Zeilin &
MOTHERS READ THIS. *
1 For Flatulent Colic, Diarrhoea, Dysen
tery, Nausea, Goughs, Cholera In
fantum, Teething Children, Cholera j
Morbus, Unnatural Drains from,
the Bowels, Pains, Griping, Loss of
Appetite, Indigestion and all Dis
eases of the Stomach and Bowels. J
PITTS CARMINATIVE e i
[ls the standard. It carries children over ^
the critical period of teething, and<
is recommended hy physicians aa.
the friend of Mothers, AO alts and*
Children. It is pleasant to .he taste, i
and never fails to give satisfaction.j
A few doses will demonstrate ita sn-"
perlatlve virtues. Price, 25 cts. peri
bottle. For sale by druggists. g
They Can Be Etched Into Wood
With a Hot Poker.
Over the fireplace, in straggling
letters, may be carved in the wood,
or fired upon the tiling, appropriate
devices and sentences. It is not au
expensive fad, and is something in
dicative of real individuality. As
instances, " Welcome ye to this cot
tage by the sea, " or " Welcome ye to
I he cobby the old oak tree," orwhat
jver tree be nearest. Again, "Come.
iii my fir?, your heart's desire;"
"Good cheer, find ye here;" ' In
gladsome mirth, gather around my
hearth;" "Shall I not take mine
ease beside my fireside?"
These or other mottoes might be
etched into wood, for a cottage, by
poker work, a decoration of which
too little is generally known. Pyro
graphy,as it is designated, is done
after a little practice by any one hav
ing the least nrt training or dexter
ity and precision in drawing.
While there are sets of tools by
which finished work can be done, a
small-pointed poker, heated either
over a spirit lamp, or in a coal fire,
can bo made the instrument for fine
effects. Xot only lettering for man
tels, but designs in lights and shad
ows, for panels, screens, picture
frames, cabinets and brackets are
made by the poker point.
I Good, well seasoned wood, free
from knots and cracks, must be used
to expect good results. It is said by
experts that elm shows the blackest
tracings, but that sycamore, holly
and lime, followed by the oak, ash
and elm, lend themselves readily to
On any simple design or lettering
the beginner can practice. There
are bub few rules. The bright woman
will soou lind the limitations and the
beauties of pyrography. The begin
ner should trace upon a panel a sim
ple design, perfectly geometrical, and
with the heated poker or point fol
low the pattern with light, qui '.k
strokes. Site should avoid resting
the poker for an instant, even, on
first bouching bhe wood or upon leav
ing it, under the penalty of leaving
an unsightly hard dot or point.
Where the shadows are deep the
point cnn be slowly touched again
and again. With practice the ama
teur" can shade the wcod etching
from any conceivable depth of shadow
to the high lights, which are the un
touched wood. It is well to first
lightly trace the outlines, when the
iron can afterwards go over the deep
er portions at pleasure. The dark
background is made by fine parallel
lines crossed diagonally by others.
The same rules in regard to leaving
tho design untouched should be ob- .
served, as in any other kind of draw
Smallest Colliery in the World.
The little village of Nelson, England,
lias the distinction of possessing the small
est colliery iii the world. It \* situated
near the I Cillers' Arms, and affords cm
ployment to two workmen. These are
father and son, and they combine in them
selves tiie proprietors, managers, miners
and hauliers of thc undertaking. There
is no siding connecting the works with
any railway, and all the output is sold to
the householders who live in the village
and its surroundings. It should be stated
that a stout little donkey does duty for a
horse, and perfor :is Iiis work well. The
coal has a ready sale and commands a
THE Ge rman Emperor has one very sin
gular peculiarity. He cannot bear to
have any one look at him when he is say
ing his prayers in church, and in order
that the curiosity of his subjects shall not
disturb his religious devotions be basis
sued the following unparalleled order: "Aa
soon as I enter church every one is on the
qui viv?; to look at me, a thing which an
noys me extrp-uely. I therefore desire
that all shall aostain from this curiosity
when I u;o m Sunday to hear Divine ser
vice. Those who desire to have a good
view of me can do so every day when I
take my walk in the Thiergarden or drive
in my carriage."