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THOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR ? EDGE FI ELP, S. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1895._VOL. LX. NO. 43.
More than one hundred writers have/
written the life ot Mr. Gladstone, '*
During the past fiscal year the num
ber of immigrants arriving in this
country was only 258,536, which was
less than any year's immigration since;
1S79. _ -, !
A Chicago paper thinks that the
trouble with San Francisco is that
* 'it is too distant from the center of
things." Ia San Francisco they think'
that things are too distant from the
The total railway capital of thej
world is $30,000,000,000, of whiohj
Great Britain owns one-sixth. The
total mileage of the world is 400,000,
r.r.d of this the British Empire has
70,000, employing 400,000 men and
carrying annually 900,000,000 pas
' Judge Buck, of the Superior Court
of Washington, who for three days
bad heard argument upon the ques
tion of the constitutionality of the
Barmaid act, recently passed in thal
State, declined to pass judgment on
the case because he had learned that
his wife was the author of the bilk .
i "Have you seen the fact stated in
the newspapers that Bussia has begun
to buy her armor plates in this coun
try,'1 asks the New York Herald, "and
has it come to your ears that Japan
will probably have some of her new
battle ships built here? Those two
facts are worth noting. We are a great
In England a distinction is made
between a "village" and a "town,"
the dignity of town being applied only
to those pla jes which are large enough
to support a weekly market in the
public square, to which the farmer*
of the surrounding country bring for
sale and baiter their butter, eggs and
Young women'with fortunes to in
vest in titles would do well to try Po
land, suggests the San Franciso Ex
aminer. In Warsaw alone, with a
population of 500,000, there are 30,
726 persons belonging to the heredi
tary nobility, and 9257 "personal no
bles'-people entitled to the distinc
tion by reason of office or discovery.
A curious fact discovered by Penn
sylvania's Dairy and Food Commis
tte t^mnch- of t he fJ^^
in little jars contains a very small;
quantity of the fruit from which it,
should be made. What appear to be
the seeds of tho berries, explains the
New York Post, are introduced into
the preserves by using plenty of grass
Bragging has brought Kansas into
a sorry strait again, alleges the New
York Sun. She has been astonishing
the world for some time telling about,
h-r 400,000,000-bushel corn crop of
1895, but now the crop is gath
ered and measured, she finds herself
compelled to sell her 200,000,000
bushels, the actual crop, afc the low
price set by her inflated estimate of
j Somebody has unearthed a book
written by Bartholomew Anglicus,
about 1260, of which one of the most
amusing chapters is on the children
of his day. Of these he writes : "They
drefrd no perils moro than beating
with a rod, and they love an apple
more than cold, and make more sor
row and woe for the loss of an apple
than for the loss of a heritage. They
. desire all that they see, and pray and
ask with voice and with hand. They
keep no counsel, but they tell all that
they hear and see. Suddenly they
laugh, and suddenly they weep. Al
ways they cry and jangle and jape ;
that unless they be still while they
sleep. When they be washed of filth
anon they defile themselves again.
When their mother washeth and
combeth them, they kick and sprawl
and put with feet and with hands, and
withstand with all their might. " All
of. which makes it appear that those
1260 boys were the same then as now.
The San Francisco Chronicle ob
serves: Mrs. Craigie, the novelist,
known as "John Oliver Hobbes," has
some sensible ideas on the folly of
American girls marrying Englishmen
or other foreigners. Whatever may
be the virtues of the foreigner, his
training has been so radically differ
ent from that of an American that
there can be no sympathy between
him and his American wife. The
American girl has been bred to expect
deference from men in private as well
as in public. Too often she expects
more than she should, for the tenden
cy of the American father is to spoil
his daughters by over-indulgence. In
England the method is to teach girls
that their brothers are superior, and
?ht.t obedience is the cardinal virtue
in women. Instead of being waited
npon by her husband the American
girl who marries an Englishman dis
covers when too late that she is ex
pected to cater to tho tastes of her
husband and to render him personal
service whenever he sees fit to demand
it. She gets no deference, and scanty
respect. This may seem a Email mat
ter, but it han been the cause of muclr
unhappiness in international mar*
MAKING SUBSTITUTES FOR MISS
ING LEGS AND AKHS.
An Industry That Is a Boon to Hu
manity - Various Processes of
of Replaced Members.
TT CCIDENTfc will happen and
/ \ legs and arms be broken or
crushed so that amputation
? becomes necessary, and then
the artidcial article is truly ^blessing.
It appears to be a difficult task to de
termine the date of the first appear
ance of this groat boon to humanity.
Fer centuries tho unfortunate cripple
was on object of pity, neglected and
entirely at the mercy of the unskilled
"surgeon. Crude and cruel methods
were a'dopted by the ancients in cut
ting off a limb. lt was not until the
seventeenth century that any humane
means of stopping the hemorrhage was
discovered. Previous to that, aft?r a
leg or arm had been knocked off by
the use of a mallet and a ohisel, the
stump was seared over with red hot
irons to stop the flow of the blood.
And even after all ?this torture 'the
sufferer was compelled to hobble about
as best he could without the slightest
hope of ever having his condition
ameliorated. And yet some substitute
for a missing member was certainly
found by the ancients, for Herodotus,
who died in 408 B. C., tells us in some
of his historical works of a prisoner
who amputated his own foot to free
himself from the shr 3kle, and was thus
enabled to escape and return to his
home, where his friends provided him
with a wooden foot. An artificial leg
was found in 1885 at Capua in a tufa
tomb and is now on exhibition in the
Academy of Sciences in London. At
toe feet of the skeleton where this
relict was found lay three vases bear
ing tho date of 300 B. C., provinf^that
the art of making artificial limbs is an
The beginning of the present cen
tury, however, marks the time when
real improvements were mad?) in arti
ficial limbs and shapely legs ind arms
and hands began to take the place of
the crutch and the stiff and immova
ble wooden peg. Although frequently
spoken of as "cork" legs, that very
useful material has never been a factor
in the making of an artificial limb.
Artificial limbs are made generally
from red or English willow. This
comes to the manufacturer ia blooks
after a thorough seasoning of twe
years. For legs, these blocke are long
enough to form either the lower or
calf or the upper or thigh part of the
limb. Then there is the ?oct block.
All the work is done by hand. Inven
tion has not yet devised machinery for
making artificiar limbs. The first
thing the operator does is to hew the
foot block into some rough semblance
of a human foot, and into this is put
one part of the ankle hinge. Then
the skin is rudely formed and the other
portion of the ankle hinge is adjusted.
When these two parts are put together
and connected a natural working
ankle joint is produced. The ordin
ary make has only the back and for
ward motion, though in some cases a
joint having a lateral action is found
necessary. This, however, is not often.
The next point to which the work
mun gives his attention is the toe
joint. This is a simple contrivance
to look at, but it is an ingenious piece
of mechanism. It is difficult to get
this hinge to exactly suit the step of
the wearer. Then comes fae socket
for the reception of the stump. This
is a work of great o ire, for ia the per
fect fit here lies all the comfort or dis
comfort. In one end of tho original
block as it arrives at the factory is a
round auger hole. With a peouliar
tool, shaped like a hook, with a sharp
edge, the workman begins enlarging
thin hole until be has made it fit the
Btu mp so that it touohes with preoisely
the same bearing every portion of it.
If the amputation has been below the
knee then comes the stout steel knee
joint. Tho making- and fitting of this
p?rt of the limb requires great skill.
The necessity ?B found for a separate
knee piece of wood. This is fashioned
into a shapely knee cap, and BO ad
justed that each end works smoothly
und steadily in either the top socket
oi the lower limb or the bottom part
o? the upper limb,
?h? makin* of tho various hingen
which form the joints is an important
part of the work. They are made of
steel and car-spring rubber, and must
be simply perfect in their adjustment
to insure satisfactory results.
ARTIFICIAL LEO FOR AMPUTATION BELOW
THE E3OE. ".
When tho leg has been fitted and all
the joints hare been made to work
perfeotly the wood is smocthed on the
outside. It is then covered with a
coating of thin rawhide and enameled.
But with all the care exercised in the
manufacture, the most difficult task,
perhaps, falls upon tho person who is
to wear the contrivance. In many
cases it is difficult to learn to use it.
According to all accounts people have
more trouble learning the use of an ar
tificial arm or hand than they do the
leg. If but one arm has been ampu
tated, the remaining member is made
to do all the Bervice. People as a
usual thing find it much easier to
learn to write with the left hand than
kl Ul .'l.UU'.alLJil..
getting tho knack of holding a pen or
pencil between a wooden or rubber
finger and thumb, but if both hands
are missing it becomes necessary.
In regard to artificial arms and
hands some great results have been
attained. The work on these is much
more complicated than on tho leg, but
still hands are made with fingers that
will pickup a pin or handle a sword
with wonderful facility. The simplest
contrivance for making -the fingern
work naturally is a strap which goes
over the shoulder. By "hunching"
or working the shoulder joint this
strap is mode to act upon a mechanism
in the forearm and action is thus com
municated to the fingers so that they
will open and shut.
While it is advisable for anyone who
intends procuring artificial limbs to
visit the factory in person to get a
perfect fit, it is possible to get fairly
good results from a plaster of Fans
cast. It is sometimes impossible for
people to reach large cities where this
work can be done as it should, and in
such cases the plaster cast serves a
good purpose. So also in regard to
the cost of limbs. A perfect leg will
oost about $75, while an arm, owing
to the complicated mechanism, will
cost from S40 to ?100.
There are what the makers call peg
legs. These are finished legs except
that they have no foot. They are
made with a peculiar joint at the
knee, so that tho pegean be either stiff
or, by*turning a screw, can be made
to work ou a hinge, as the wearer likes
best. The socket receptacle is hol
lowed out in the complete leg, and
they cai be made very comfortable.
There is a wide difference of opinion
regarding the time that ought to elapse
after amputation before tho artitioial
limb should be tried, but a fair aver
age of all judgments on the matter
sets the time at three months, and it
will then take two weeks to turn out a
Remarkable Privilege of a Baron.
The thirty-second Baron Kingsale,
who died recently, had the privilege
of keeping his hat on his head in the
presence of the sovereign. No other
nobleman in England had this privil
ege, which came to his ancestor, John
de Conroy, 700 years ago. John de
Courcy was a faithful friend of Richard
the Lion-Hearted, and King John
cruelly caused his imprisonment in a
dungeon. When the Kiug of France
sent a challenge from his most valiant
knight to tho most valiant knight of
Britain John de Courcy had to be
released. He won the battle, and then
exacted as a reward the right for him
self and his descendants to remain
with covered heads in the King's com
pany, and to salute him only with a
shake of the hand.-New York World.
Smoking Kills Hie Bacteria.
Professor Hajak, of Vienna, has de
clared that smokers aro less liable to
diphtheria and other throat diseases
than non-smokcru in tho ratio of one
to twenty-eight. Hho learned Doctor
Schiff also gives us to undorstand tuat.
smoking is always positively forbidden
in bacteriological laboratories, because
ii is known to hinder the devf .oymvnt
of baot eris,-Beaton Irawlltr.
A KAUiLJSSS NUKSfiauux.
Aa Important Invention Thnt Maj
Prove a Boou for Horses.
In one respect the human race has
made very little improvement during
the past few thousand years. This is
in the matter or horseshoes. Our pres
ent method of shoeing horses has not
changed materially for centuries, and
has always been rude and irrational.
One of thc chief objections to the sys
tem is that tho hoof is made to fit the
shoe instead of the shoe to fit the hoof.
This involves a lot of cutting and
scraping, and is the chief cause of
lamenoss and stumbling. The use o?
nails is also a serious objection, as, no
matter how careful the blacksmith
may be, there aro cases when a tender
spot will be penetrated. It is quite
obvious that nature never intended
nails to be driven into a horse's hoof.
The accompanying illustrations,
Bays the New York World, show a
novel horseshoe that has been sub -
jected to a careful and thorough trial
on half a dozen horses. In every in
stance it has worked lo perfection.
The inventor is G. L. Reynolds, of Au
burn, N. Y.
Like a great many works of genius,
tho one in question is extremely sim
ple. It consists of a band of metal
about an inch high, which fits around
the lower edge of the hoof. At. th?
base of this band there is a sort o?
projecting shelf, or flange, which ii
made to fit into a groove which runa
around the inside of the shoe. The
latter is made of steel, of the usual
shape and style. The only difference
THE nOBSESHOE WITHOUT NAILS.
between it and the ordinary shoe is the
presence of the groove and the absence
of nail holes.
When tho band is fitted to the hoof
(which is done very readily), the shoe
in tarn is attached by slipping the
flange into the groove. It now re
mains to clasp the arrangement by two
screws in the rear. These may be
turned to any degree of tightness de
sired, and a moderate degree is suf
ficient to prevent the shoe from com
ing off. The whole arrangement may
be put on or taken o fl' in a moment.
As the shoo is not nailed to the
hoof, there is a perfect freedom fnr
that has been denied bim up to the
present- time, for now the horse maj
remove his shoes before retiring foi i
the night. We all know what a reliel
it is to toko off our footgear, especially
in damp weather. There is no reason ;
why the horse should not feel equallj
LOWER PART OP SHOE.
relieved when deprived of his heavj
Another point of advantage, or
which the inventor properly lays much
stress, is tho fact that the shoe ii
granped firmly to the hoof at every
point. Under the nailing system the
last nails towards the fear are drivor
about half way between the heol ano
toe. This leaves one-half of the shoe
on either side unfastened. There ii
thus a considerable leverage, and it ii
for this reason that so many shoei
come off. If this shoe is canght, 6aj
in a track, at the rear end, it is almosl
sure to come off. This difficulty ii
obviated in Mr. Reynolds's shoe. In
fact, some persons have objected to
this shoe on the ground that it will
never pull off in an accident, thus ren
dering the hoof itself liable to injury.
The fastening in the rear is made by
means of a spring clinch, which may
be of any strength desired. It has one
end fast to the hoof of the rear up
right extension of the calk, and the
other end has a metallic bearing, at
tached to the hoof an inch or more
UPPER PART OF SHOE.
further back than where the last nail
is usually driven. The point of th?
screws, as they are turned in, press
upon the centre of this spring, and
thus, while the screw presses the clinch
fiimly down to hold the shoe and hool
tightly together, the spring reaota
upon the scrow with equal pressure.
This spring eases the solid, dead blow
that is ordinarily given by the hoof
when the shoe is fastened by means
The Limit ot Folly.
It seems about the limit of folly t<
hide money in a stove and leave it tc
i the risk of fire, but even that line wai
j passed by some unknown near Nor
' way, Ga., who stored a lot of cart
ridges in a stove. A woman started i
lire in tho stove one day last week anc
the cartridges exploded, destroving
tho fight of ono eve and otherwiee hr
juriug her.-New York Sun.
The late M. Stainbuloff was a col
. leotcr of postage Htamps. He ha<
about 40,000 of them, some of greii;
W?ite willow, tho eho-?en wood foi
the cricket bat, is said to o? dissp
pearing ir om ?ngland. 1
JN'JSVV AiYD MAT.
DISSIONS IN GA?l
Styl!?!?, Combination in a Waist for
Misses-Norfolk Basque for Geu
ctal W Air-Picturesque Ma
&ie Antoinette Fichus.
?Nthe first large illustration fancy
D?nele plaid ia united with hunt
er's green velvet and decorated
with -narrow, dull gilt gimp and
Bm all put tons to match. The stylish
waisti.is arranged over linings fitted
with ?ingle bust darts and other usual
seams? and closes in centre back. The
full fcpnts and back are gathered on
at yb$e depth. A pointed yoke of
velv?f covers the npper portions of
fronHHid back, the front yoko extend
ing lb form a stole in centre over tho
drooping blouso close to the waist
line.<>The neck is finished with a
close-fitting standing collar of vel
vet, ".and a belt to match encircles the
waiak:' Fall gigot sleeves are mounted
comfortable linings and corn
ed at tho wrists with flaring cuffs
Slvet, edged with gimp to match
? Handsome' combinations of
l'and mixed fabrics can be effected
ie mode, whioh is suitable for all
bs of material in wool or silk. The
Bt can be worn with a gored or
ld full skirt to match, and serge,
Bi's hair, cashmere, cheviot or
?d will nsua?ly be cho3eu for prac
1 purposes, with or without silk,
-rr-o? .-o> -o?
oyoling or general wear. The adjust
ment is glove fitting to the waist line,
below'which it falls with a slight rip
ple to fashionable length over the hips,
the box plaits being graded and ap
plied from the shoulders and the centre
of fronts and back to tho lower edge
of basque. A belt of the material is
worn around the waist. ? The closing
ia effected invisibly in centre front
under the box plait. Two styles of
collar are provided by tho pattern, a
high rolling collar that is closed to
the neck, as shown on the figure, and
a low-cut revers collar to wear with a
chemisette, as shown in the small
drawing. The fashionable full gigot
sleeves are gathered at the top over
comfortable sleeve linings and are
plainly completed at the wrists. This
style of basque is simple in construc
tion and dressy in effect, requires no
decoration or trimming of any kind,
is beooming to all figures, and for these
reasons held in -general favor, retain
ing to-day the popularity achieved on
its first introduction to the world cf
fashion. Cheviot, serge, camel's hair,
vienna, covert and ladies' cloth and
all varieties of smooth and rough
faced suiting in plaid, striped, mixed
or ohecked desigus will develop
stylishly by the mode.
The quantity of 44-inch wide mate
rial required to make this basque for
a lady having a 32-inch bust measure
is 4? yards; fora 36-inch size, !.'
yards ; for a 40-iich size, 4; yards ;
for 42-iuch size, 4} yards.
ORNAMENTS FOR THE 1IAIT!.
Of lato years it bas bt-come tho
fashion to wear some ornament in tho
bair when in foll evening drens.
Tiaras, crown? and corouet? are, of
course, the handsomest ornaments,
but, after all, the majority of women
do not possess mich jewel*. l?hine
?tunee, which closely resemble din-,
moods in their brilliant appearance. 1
are deemed permissible imitations ol
the precious stones, and come inman;
quaint and beautiful designs.
Mercury wings are very popular,
and are to bo had in all aizes. When
attached to a band of the same stones
they make a becoming and effective
headdress, and can be worn with hair
arranged either high on the head or
low in the neck, or part way between.
Yonng girls twist a bit of ribbon in
their hair and tie the ends of the rib
bon into a bow in asort of wing shape,
while the rhinestones are universally
conceded to be more suitable for older
women to wear. The wings are often
used without the bandeau. In that
case they are generally fastened to a
LADIES' MARIE ANTOINETTE FICHT/S.
Tho picturesque neck draperies of
tho Marie Antoinette period an? lound
among the dainty accessories to the
toilette ci the fashionable women.
The soft, fine mull, chiffon, silk, mus
lin, crepe-de-chine, or Brussels net,
of which they are usually made,
draped around the neck in soft folds,
with the fluffy, ruffled edging of soft
IT FOR MISSES.
lace or fine embroidery, render them
graceful and becoming alike to young
and old. No. 1 is here piotured of
bnttcr-colored chiffon, shaped in
square or Bailor outline at the Daok,
the edges being finished with frills of
the chilton, edged with butter-colored
Valenciennes lace. No. 2 is of white
mull with deep inns ot n??i?oyuie |
lace. It is shaped in round outline in
black and lies in soft, natural folds
around the neck. The ends can hang
loosely or tied in a knot over the bust,
as here presented.
The quantity of 44-inch wide mate
rial required to make designs flo. 1 or
No. 2 is 1 yard for either a 32-inob, 36
inch or 40-inch breast measure.
GOWNS TRIMMED WITH SABLE.
Half of the elaborate gowns seen
now are trimmed with sable, and the
sable animals can be used in many
pretty ways. A gown of blue cloth
has H scar?" of yellow lace forming a
soft vest and falling down on the skirt.
The scarf is edged by a flounce of
lace. The belt is a little sable with
the head on one side of tho lace
flounce and the bunoh of tails hang
ing down on the other. The scarf vest
edged with a narrow lace border forms
tho front of the ohoker. The rest of
the choicer is another animal with
head ou one side of the vest and
cluster of tails on the other-only on
tho choker the head is on the side that
boasts the tails at the waist line.
THE LATEST SLEEVES.
The latest sleeves aro lined with a
thick layer of lamb's wool. Crino
line, hair-cloth and papsr cambric aro
no longer required to make sleeves
fashionable. The lamb's wool inter
lining produces just the oorreot puff,
and yet it is exceedingly light in
weight. It has but ono rival at pres
ent and that is stiffened SW'BS, which '
is usc 1 both in sleeves and around the
bottom of manv of tho n?w skirts.
i'rcpirntions for the Millennium Ex
hibition to be opened at Budapest ntxt
.May me proceeding actively. The
grounds will cover 600,000 equara
meire?. The number of exhibitors ls
estimated at 16.600.
The Fur-Tradln<r Headquarters o!
tho Original Astor.
To live in a house that was once oe
enpied by John Jacob Astor, fouudej
of the greatest fortune in the world, U
to hove encouraging surroundings.
That is the situation of Mr. E. H.
Clerqae, of Philadelphia, who is in
THE OHIGIXAL ASTOR HOUSE.
charge of the Sault pulp and paper
plant of Sault St. Marie, Ontario.
Tho house is situated on the St.
Mary's Eiver, the outlet of Lake Su>
perior. It is 6aid to be one of the
place? which John Jacob Astor made
his headquarters while engaged in the
fur trade, in which he made his for
tune before buying real estate in New
York. It was probably the furthest
west he reached. The establishment of
Astoria, in Oregon, described by
Washington Irving, waa his enterprise,
but he did not go there.
Astor arrived in New York in 1783,
and a chance acquaintance with a fur
rier on the ship decided him to enter
the fer trade. At first he exported
furs from Canada to England and re*
imported them to tbis country.
Then a treaty with Great Britain
enabled him to organize tho fur trade
in the United States. In 1809 he in- j
corporated the American Fur Com-1
pany in the State of New York. After-1
wards he organized the Southwest 1
Company, with authority from the
Government to trade in the Indian ;
Territory along the Canadian border.
Thia company included the Mack- ;
inaw Company, a British corporation,
and certain members of the Northwest
Company, the greatest trading asso
ciation in Canada. Many of Astor's
hunters and trappers were Canadians.
Astor's company was suppressed by
the War of 1812.
It is said that he made two million
dollars in furs and the China trade be
fore he began his accumulation of real
The old house is built of very heavy
logs, '?videntlv with a viW tn (Wonse
-ul ???M?? .viosc, wuuru
scientific forestry is to be practiced,
and experiments made in acclimating
valuable foreign trees, and in the most
profitable management of tho native
species ; but every one does not know
that his plan inoludes horticulture
and agriculture aa well as forestry, and
that ho wishes and hopes to make his
experience valuable to American
farmers and land owners everywhere. !
With this view, he proposes to build
on his property a little village, in- '
eluding not only a hotel, but houses
and stores, where people interested in
agriculture, who come properly intro
duced, may rent rooms or houses for
themselves and their families, for such
time as they mav desire to study the
work going on upon the estate. There
can be no doubt that there will be
plenty of applicants, for nowhere else
in this country can such opportunities
for advanced study of the sort be
found. Fortunately for his country
men, Mr. Vanderbilt is not only able,
but willing, to expend large sums of
money in experimtnts which may re
turn, for the present, nothing but ad
vances in .scientific kuowledge ; and it
is just these experiments which are,
perhaps, in the end, most valuable to
the country.-American Arohitect.
An Undutiful Son.
General Skobeleff, the famous Rus
sian soldier, was a notorious son. Hu
father happened to be a General also.
Skobeleff, Sr., took care of his worldly
goods, while Skobeleff, Jr., had no re
gard for money-that is, when he had
any. So long as the father was the
son's superior in rank things went al! ;
right for the father, but when the son
was promoted over the father's head
there came a sad ohange. Whenevei
his martial progenitor refused to give
him money Skobeleff, Jr., threatened
to order the poor old man under ar
rest, and sometimes did not hesitate
to execute his threat, despite thi
prayers and tears of the unlucky par
ent. He always had money hence
forth.-New York World.
Hov?' hindnstan Was Named.
Hindnstau was so called irotn the
River Hindus. The buffix stan is ol
Persian origin, aud is often found in
the names of Orieotal countries.
A New Factor in Civilization.
The raotocycle, as the horseless car- j
riage is to be named ia future, has 1
come to stay. At Tua^ridge Wells an
exhibition of these vehicles 'has been
MOTOCYv Mdf, OK t'OUB WHEELED PJSTOO
hold, and recently a uiouirvric race .?..
?hicas? brought fha nevr wiucle si l l
moro prominent;y before rtis worKi.
The horse hue surnved H?' un ; will li"
be nble to dofy petroieam?
Are you taking SIMMONS LIVES REG
ULATOR, the "KING OF LIVER MEDI
CINES ?" That is what our readers
want, and nothing but that. It is the
same old friend to which the old folks
pinned their faith and were never dis
appointed. But another good recom
mendation for it is, that it is BETTER
THAN PILLS, never gripes, never weak
ens, but works in such an easy and
natural way, just like nature itself, thar,
relief comes quick and sure, and one
feels new all over. It never fails.
Everybody needs take a liver remedy,
and everyone should take only Sim
mons Liver Regulator.
Be sure you get it. The Red Z
is ou the wrapper. J. H. Zeilin &
MOTHERS READ THIS.
1 For Flatulent Colic, Diarrhoea, Dysen
tery, Nausea, Conghs, Cholera In'
faut um, Teething Children, Cholera
Morbus, Unnatural Drains Qom
the Bowels, Fains, Griping, Loss of
Appetite, Indigestion and all Dis
eases of the Stomach and Bowels.
PITT'S CARMINATIVE e
' Is thc standard. It carries children over
the critical period of teething, and
ls recommended hy physicians as
the friend of Mothers, Adulta and
Children. It is pleasant to the twtc,
und never fails to give satisfaction.
A few doses will demonstrate its su
perlative virtues. Price, 23 eta. per
A bottle. For sale by druggists.
Seven Royal Beauties.
Zenobia, the famous queen of Palmyra,
is said to have had a light brown skin,
with intensely black hair and eyes. She
l<?. hf)tr tn tllfl fashl'OTI Of M>0 ..>,,.I..rn
never succeeded in winning thc love of
her fickle husband.
Contrary to general belief,Cleopatra was
not of the Egyptian but of the Greek type
of beauty. A clear, milky skin, great
blue cres and clouds of golden hair, made
her irresistible: She also possessed a
voice of bewitching sweetness.
.Mme. dc Maintenou, wife of Louis
XIV. was, in her girlhood, remarkably
lovely. Her great dark eyes, clear olive
skin and wavy, raven tresses made a pic
ture good to look upon. She retained her
good looks in middle age, but was very
grave and sedate, seldom smiling.
Empress Poll tea, who was sacrificed to
Nero's brutality, was a small brunette
beauty, with great, lustrous black eyes,
and a glorious wealth of hair. Her skin
was like polished ivory, and she was so
fearful of losing her dainty complexion
that she always washed in asses' milk.
Peculiarities of Cats.
I was talking to a veterinary surgeon
who makes a specialty of dogs and cats,
and learned something aoout thc latter
anir-al that I never knew. Now that
cats have become a fad, the information
is of value. He says that the feline race,
?nstead of having less affection than dog?
for human beings, have nvre. Not only
do they become strongly attache 1 to
places, as is generally known, but to per
sons. Deaths from homesickness are very
common among cats, and, of course, this
ailment is incurable, and not only do they
die because removed from the localities
they love, but frequently the result of
separation from people they are attache 1
to proves fatal. A cat is not a friend to
every person it allows to stroke it. A cat
makes few friends, and those are very
strong ones. It may live with a family
for years and be thoroughly domesticated
and yet have no love for the people. Hut
when a cat really loves its master or mis
tress, separation will frequently cause
the death of the animal, while a dog will
?corne used to new masters.
Edward Atkinson recently told the
following anecdote, as ilustrating a
human failing very frequently to be
seen:"When colton seed oil was under
tho bane of popular prejudice and thc
law as well, a Chicago lard-maker
shipped some lard 'adulterated' with
cotton seed oil to Europe. It was
pronounced excellent lard. It was
liked so well thai he received a great
order for 10,000 tierces. But at this
juncture he could get no oil.and was
forced to ship the pure lard. The con
signee pronounced it 'off sample.'
wouldn't have lt. and the unfortunante
Chicago man lost a large sum of
money." The lard dealer was rendered
powerless because he had bitten off
moro adulteration than his factory
Previous to the breaking out of
the war in Cuba New York sent about
fifteen steamers a month to tho ports
of the "ever faithful" isle. Since the
trouble began six or seven of these
steamers have been taken off and Bent
elsewhere or laid up, with the result
that the trade of the port has Buffered
n loss of more than $1,000,000 a month.
It would lake a lons time lo get ibis
trade back again, even if the war
should stop within a short time, and
the lonper the rijxht ir. kept up the more
tho trade between the island and tIiis
country will Buffer.
WKXK a man ?nd woman are married
their romanee ceases and lucir bintoij