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TUPS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 25, 1896. YOI T XT mi
The coal-mining industry ot Gr?a!
Britain has seldom had a mers unsatis
factory year than 1895 proved to be.
It is said that in the event of war
between England and Venezuela, 100,
000 Brazilians will join the latter
An Indiana Judge, in his address to
the local Grand Jury the other day,
charged them to hear oertain evidence
'\yith an unsparing hand."
Many a man's word is as good as hil
bond, but it always happens when the
pinch comes that the bank won't ad
vance any money except on the bond.
Since 1875 the marriage rate in Ber
lin has decreased from 30.6 to 20.3 per
thousand. At that rate there would
be no marriages at all forty years
It ia a French paper that says the
United States is commercially a great
and powerfnl rival for all Europe com
bined. This is ahead of time, but
Americans will try to live up to it
within the next century.
The famous Russian artist Verest
aohagin advises the people of Moscow
to build all their houses on distinc
tively Russian styles of architecture.
He says that it would give the city an
original aspect, and attract thousands
of tourists, with the accompanying
A heated cor troversy is now in pro
gress between St. Paul and Minneapo
lis, aa to which eats the most mutton.
St. Paul claims that she consumes
twice as many sheep as her sister oity,
and Minneapolis claims that the sheep
consumed in St. Paul are very small,
and although she may consume a
greater number of muttons that they
are so small as to oanse Minneapolis to
lead in pounds ot mutton.
The Scottish Farmer says that har
ness ho:.'663 are so scarce in that coun
try that they must come to America to
have their needs supplied. Not find
ing what they wish, they take back the
best available, which is to their loss
and ours. The French are buying
then' light cab horses from us, whioh
they formerly obtained from Germany.
They contend that they can buy their
cheap horses oheaper than they can
j???Rg afKcTi; in the Tale Literary
Magazine has cr et.ta J a stir among the
students. In che article one of the
editors attacks the Yale society sys
tem, and says that it has developed
hypocrisy and wira pulling ; that quiet
scholarship at Yale is under a shadow,
and that the "old! "Brick Row" de
mocracy has become greatly impaired.
The writer also attacks the Young
Men's Christian Association of the
collegs aa A refuge for hypocrites,
who seek society and other honors.
Dnring 1895 just closed the Utica
(N. Y.) Herald tried to keep a record
of all people reported to have died in
the United States at the age of 100
years or over. The total reported was
curiously enough, pays the Herald,
just 100. Two-thirds of those were
women, all but four being white wo
men. Of the oo'.ored centenarians
there were thirteen men. The oldest
person to die was a colored man, who
was 125. A white man died at St.
Louis who had claimed to be 140, hut
there was no proof that he was over
121. Even at that age, however, he
waa the oldest white man to die during
1895. The oldest white woman was
120. lhere were fourteen people
whose ages ranged from 110 to 125.
Tue New York Tribune says: Some
little time ago a famous firm of Lon
don solicitors found it neoessary, in a
case involving large interests, to have
some detective work of a difficult and
delicate nature* done in this city, and
instead of employing the regular agen
cies put ft in the hands of an American
women of good social standing in pri
vate life. She undertook the task,
and has been so completely successful
in the performance of it that the firm
employing her has not only thanked
her, but sent her a oheok for a hand
tome sum. The employment of women
of education and position for delicate
work has become common in England,
bnt thus far few women have been so
employed in th'.s country. If they go
into the buainei?, however, it is pretty
safe to say that they will succeed in it.
From Vienna oomes the nowa of a
wonderful discovery in photographic'
6cier.ee. It is no less than a means of
photographing the interior of solid,
opaque bodies. By the new system
the bones of a man's hand were per*
factly photographed, the flesh being
Invisible in the picture. Broken limbs
and bullets in human bodies were also
success!uliy revealed, as well as ob*
jeets placed in a woolen box. Pro
fessor Rontgen, of the University of
Wurzburg, is the inventor. The light
he uses to pbotogroph by is produoed
what is known as a Orooke's pipe, viz :
a vacuum glass tube with an induction
electric current passing through it.
The resnlt is a light that appears to
penetrate organic subs tances just as
ordinary light passes through glass, j
The inventor throws open a wide field
1er the deduction ol new truths in
electricity and optics.
BY THEIR AID THINGS INVISI
BLE ARE PHOTOGRAPHED.
The Marvelous Discovery ID Photog
raphy of Professor Roentgen-?
Results Obtained by Amer
THE recent discovery of Pro
fessor Roentgen, professor of
physios in the University of
Wurzbnrg, Bavaria, which it
is believed is destined to revolutionize
photography, is the latest topio to
olaim the attention of scientists in
Europe and America. By the Roent
gen disco very, pictures may be taken
of the interior of solid substances.
Mysterious rays, called by Professor
Roentgen "x rays," in this process
easily penetrate solid substances nuch
as wood and metal. The skull of
(This is the picture of the rat taken by i
photographie discovery. E very boa? of the
tall was pictured on the plate.)
a man, the bones of his feet and hands,
in fact, his entire skeleton may be
photographed by the Roentgen meth
od, showing how one would look with
the flesh ott his oones. Flaws and ine
qualities in the heart of minerals may
be detected, it is claimed, by this re
markable process of photography, and
still the discovery is in its infancy.
Professor Wright, who occupies the
chair of experimental physics at Yale
University, has been at work ever since
the first news of Professor Roentgen's
discovery was published. Professor
Wright's experiments, says the New
York Journal, were made with a great
variety of substances, and it was found
that strong impressions were obtained
upon a photographic plate even when
it was enclosed in an opaque wrapping
of black paper and covered with a pine
board half an inch thick between the
rays and the plate. He was aacceasiui
in obtaining distinct impressions of a
number of American coins-silver,
copper and nickel-showing almost
complete interception of the rays ; but
there were differences, the copper
coins transmitting more than the niokel
and the nickel more than the silver.
In an earlier experiment a somewhat
thinner board of white wood was
used, the plate being wrapped in
black paper as before. On this board
was laid a pocketbook of dark Russia
leather with several flaps of leather
within, and containing seven cards,
two of them thick. A number of small
coins were slipped into the inside com
partment of the book, which was then
closed and laid upon the board under
the tube. On the plate, when devel
oped, only a faint shading was left by
the pocketbook, but the coins left a
strong and definite picture, showing
with surprising clearness their num
ber and position in the book. A trace
of Professor Wright's hand, which
rested upon the board during this ex
periment, w?s also strongly depicted.
The outlines of the hand were some
what blurred, and in the palm faint
traces of the passage of the rays be
tween the bones could be detected,
but there was little of the effect, re
ported by Professor Roentgen, of the
PHOTOGRAPHS MADE BY PROFE9
(These show the lead In a renell, eye Rias
through a pasteboard box, und the metal st
greater distinctness of the impression
made by the bones.
It may be said with regard to the
pictures produced on the sensitive
plates by these experiments that they
have to the eye an appearance similar
to those of shadows thrown by the ob
jeot upon a surface when the source of
light is but a short distance away. If
the objeot is at a short interval from
th e illuminated surface ?he image is
somewhat enlarged, also distorted if
the rays falls obliquely, and the edges
somewhat blurred or diffused. If the
distance of the tube is increased or
the interposed opaqae layer is thinner,
so that the object experimented upon
is brought quite neat to the sensitive
plate, then the outline of the pictare
is more sharp and clear and the pro
portions are more nearly normal. In
Professor Wright's first successful ex
periment, instead of a photographic
plate, a piece of sensitive bromide
paper was used simply wrapped in
stout black paper absolutely opaque,
on which the objeets were laid, con
sisting of a pair of scissors, a lead
pencil, and a quarter of a dollar.
These objects left a strong impression,
with remarkably clear outlines of their
The reports of Professor Roentgen's
work state that the cathode rays do
not suffer refraction, and that there
fore no image is formed by the action
of the lens through which they pass.
OTOGRAPHING THROUGH A RAT'S SK
i Yale professor by the aid of tho "X ras'S," i
) rodent's skeleton shows plainly in spite o
Professor Wright's experiments con
firm this, and seem to indicate further
that they are not susceptible to double
refraction or to reflection. In this
respect they are radically different
from rays of light, as also from the
rays produced by electric oscillations
as described by Professor Hertz. The
real nature of these wonderfully
mysterious rays forms a most thrilling
PHOTOGRAPH OP A HAND.
(The third finger had a ring upon it.)
subject of future investigation, both
as to methods and scientific proofs.
Professor Wright has photographed
a rat by the new process, and the ribs
of the animal and the bones of the leg
show with great distinctness, although
the rays were required to pass through
a ooating of hair, hide and flesh. The
gristly substance forming the interior
basis of the rat's tail is visible and as
distinct as tho graphite core of the
lead pencil previously pkotographad.
SOR WRIGHT, OF YALE COLLEGE.
363 in their leather cnso, threo metal balls
tanks of tools through the wooden handles.)
Professor Wright has ako experi
mented with various kinds of wood,
and has secured notable photographic
results. His experiments are oarried
on in the usual dark room of the la
boratory, although he does not con
sider darkness an essential quantity.
The room is partially lighted by a
ruby window when the shutter is
dosed, or it can be lighted by daylight
with th? window shutter open. He be*
Heves the new photographic process ia
capable of great development, and
that it is destined to be invaluable in
medical and surgical usage.
Patients Under X Rays.
Important experiments to test the
value of the Eoentgen X rays in the
field of surgery have been made in the
laboratory of Dr. William James Mor
ton, in New York. The subjeots upon
which the rays were tried were several
patients from the Hospital for the
Ruptured and Crippled, in Forty-sec
As a preliminary experiment, the
physician made a picture of the hand
of a feminine attendant at the labora
tory, using tho discharge from Leyden
jars, the current being generated by a
static or influence maohine, and a new
tube or bulb, containing in addition
to the two aluminum eleotrode term
inals, a metal reflector, hanging bell
like from the top. The exposure lasted
thirty minutes, and the result was,
is one of a series of experiments with the new
t the tough skin, and ereu the gristle in its
perhaps, the best ever obtained in
this country from this now familiar
experiment-the electricity having al
ways been obtained previously by
means of an induction coil, circuit
breaker and other ordinary appliances.
The print from the negative showed
the bones in deep black, while the
flesh appeared as a shadowy substance
surrounding them. On one finger a
ring seemed curiously suspended in
the foggy effect produced by tbe flesh
shadow, while the bone of another
finger disclosed an old fracture.
Experiments on Animals.
Of all the experiments made in con
nection with the X rays, the oddest
are now being quietly conduoted, it is
reported, in the physiological labora
tory of the College of Physicians and
Surgeons in New Yo rk. Tho intent of
theinvefltigattonis to d?termin? tho
possibility of using the Roentgen rays
to impress images of objects on the
cortex of the bram.
Experiments made on animals gave
results regarded as most promising.
In one experiment a bone lying in an
out of the way corner of the room had
been previously photographed. The
shaven skull of a dog was exposed to
the influence of the picture by means
of the X rays. On being released after
a sufficient exposure, the dog immedi
ately hunted np the bone, showing
that there was an image of it in his
The image of a fierce dog was im
pressed upon the brain of a rabbit.
On being released the rabbit evinced
bigue of great fear-so great, indeed,
as to lead to the question whether in
sanity might not be produced by the
impressing of horrible images.
New Army Bicycles.
The new army tandem and the model
forty, mounted with a Colt's automatic
maohine gun, were exhibited at the
Madison Square Garden Cycle Show
and attracted great attention.
The tandem is a regular model taken
directly from stock and finished plainly
in enamel and nickel. On the front
handle bars are tightly strapped two
army overcoats, and on the rear bars
a pair of blankets. Besting safely in
brackets on either side of the machine
is a twelve shot repeating rifle, and
hanging on each seat post a Colt quick
action revolver of the latest pattern.
In addition to thia thera is a case of
signal flags extending almost the whole
length of the machine, but not inter
fering with the riders in the least ;
and this is the case with all the equip
ments, being as well and safely placed,
ready for use in a moment, and yet
oansing not the slightest interference.
The Colt automatic gun mounted on
the model forty is the one reoently
adopted by the Government for our
navy. This gun weighs between
thirty-nine and forty pounds, shoots
two hundred and fifty or five hundred
times-being automatically fed-and
is remarkably accurate. It is fastened
securely to the head of the maohine,
can be easily directed at any angle,
and does not intertero with the rider
or affect the steering of the machine.
These two wheels are as perfectly
equipped with the neoeasary accouter
ments of war as would seem possible,
and the interest which army people
and civilians alike h ive shown in them
leads one to believe that it will not be
long before the wheel will form a very
effective adjunct to regular army ser
Largest Cargo ol Live Stock,
What is believed to be the largest
cargo of live Btock ever shipped from
this country was being taken aboard
the Dominion liner Scotsman, at Port
land, Me., last Thursday, destined for
Liverpool. It consisted of 1500 head
ofoattleand 1600 sheep.-New York
Summer -and- Winter.
BApJE AND WAIST.
LATE FEATURES IN
h Jacket Basque of Almond
Grein Faced Cloth-Shirt Waist
of Figured Percale-Pretty
TT ?LMOND green faced cloth,
/\f brown velvet and changeable
taffeta, showing both shades
? T' are stylishly united in tho
handsome jacket basque, a row of gimp
decorating the lower edge of yoke.
The foil fronts of & ilk and seamless
yoke of velvet are arranged over fitted
linings that close in centre, the yoke
closing with the collar at the left
shoulder, and under rever. A belt ot
v?lvetJ wrinkled by gathers at each
end, crosses the fronts at the waist,
the bilk blousing slightly over the belt.
The jacket basque is glove-fittmg to
the waist line, below which the seams
are sprung to give tho fashionable rip
pled effect. Tho loose-fitting fronts
roll bj^ok in graduated lapels that
YOUNO LADIES' JACKET BASQUE
stand int in points from the shoulders.
Foll gigot sleeves are shaped with
singlejseams and gathered at the top
over comfortably fitted linings, the
wriatalbeing plainly completed. Plain
or.mimd woolens will develop stylish*
ly by /4he mode, with velvet and silk
to match, or contrast widely. The
reyirscan be faced with silk or velvet
or d^WL-5?ftfed with gimp if a more elab
orate finish is desired. Ono material
alone can be used, and the yoke decor
ated with rows of gimp, insertion or
The quantity of 4?-inch wide ma
terial required to make this jacket
basque for a lady having a 30-mch bust
measure is 3$ yards ; for a 34-inch size,
3} yards; for a 33-inch size, ? yards.
SHTBT WAISr FOR MISSES.
Figured percale made the stylish
shirt waist pictured in the sacond two
column engraving, and designed by
May Manton. The edges are finished
plainly with machine stitching. The
fronts and back have fullness collected
in gathers at tho upper edge. Toe
back and front yokes are inad,e double,
the under yoke being straight on its
lower edge. The gathers are joined to
the straight lower edge of under yoke
or lining, and the pointed yoke is
stitched down on its lower edges, thus
insuring a neat and strong finish. The
right front is finished with a box plait
stitched on, through which button
holes are worked for the 6tu ls or but
tons used in closing. A narrow cas
ing is applied at the waist line in
back, through which tapes aro drawn
and tied over the fronts to adjust the
fullness under the belt that encircles
the waist. The turndown collar is
mounted on a high standing band,
whioh can be joined to the shirt waist
or made separately, as preferred, the
neck being finished with a fitted baud
to whioh it can be buttoned. Large
gigot sleeves are gathered top and
bottom, straight cuffs completing the
wrists that are closed with Jink studs.
Cuff openings are made at the back of
sleeves, whioh are finished with under
and over laps, pointed at the ends.
The handsome new deeigns shown in
summer waBh fabrics intended for shirt
?waists insure their continued popu
larity IhroTuh the coming season.
Batiste, percale, lawn, satteen, cam
brio and. dimity develop stylish shirt
waistB by the mode.
Tho quantity of 36-inch wide ma
terial required to make this shirt waist
for a miss ten years old is 3 yards ; for
a fourteen-year-old size, 3? yards; for
a siKteen-year-old size, 3 V yards.
STOCK COLLARS OF BL KOK SATIN.
.Block collars of black satin to wear
wi til skirt waists and t'..in summer
drenaos appear among the novel access
eries of dress. They are a simple plai n
ctiff bani with a large cord of white
satin on the upper edge and marie to
button on to the waist back and front.
Over this is a nairow black satin tie
brought around and tied in front like
Fancy striped batiste in ecru and
pale green is here made np over pale
green taffeta, the collar, insertion and
all-over embroidery that forms the
shallow yoke being of ecru batiste.
The long blouse waist is arranged over
fitted body linings, the shallow round
yoke portions being covered with the
embroidery, and the closing is made
invisibly in center back. The pretty
bertha collar is of plain batiste over
green taffeta, outlined with insertion,
double, square tabs falling over each
shoulder, with straight outline, on
front and bnclc. Full, long drooping
pulls aro arranged over comfortable
linings that have cuff facings edged
with insertion at the wrists, the stand?
?Dg collar being of insertion to match.
The full, round skirt in fashionable
length ?3 gathered at the top and joined
to the lower edge of the body, the
blouse drooping over the top, as
6hown. Pretty dresses of plaid or
I-DESIGNED BY MAY MANTON.
mixed woolens, combined with velvet,
or silk, can be developed by the moda
for best or schqpl wear. Cotton wash
fabrics will make up stylishly by this
pattern with collar of colored cham
bray or batiste.
A CHILD'S DRESS OP STRIPED BATISTE.
The quantity o? 44-inch wide mater
ial required to make this dress for a
child two years old is 2J yards; for a
six-year-old size, 3 yards; for a ten
year-old size, 3} yards.
MUSLIN'S AN'D LAWNS.
New cotton cr?pons are the showiest
of all the cotton goods, coming in very
large plaids of colors in striking ( on*
trasts and very deeply crinkled. Pale
yellow and mauve with white is one of
the best schemes of cMor. These are
twenty-eight iuches wide, and are sev
enty-rive cents a yard.
Dotted and figured Swiss muslins
are in ne tr and charming designs. Lit
tle Dresden bouquets, and sometimes
larger clusters, in natural colors, are
set about amid dishes of wpving lines
of color, and tiny raised dots of white
are added. These are only forty-eight
cents, and are thirty inches wide.
Solid colored Swisa muslin, light re
seda green or dark navy blue, hassmall
pin dot? of white wrought in it, as if
embroidered there, and costs eighty
rive cents a yard. White Swiss mus
lins for r .ists, for separate sleeves,
or for entire gowns are embroidered
in inch wide stripes with beautiful
The newest lawns have flowered
stripes in Louis Seize coloring, deli
cate as if partly faded, and are simply
exquisite, yet only twenty-five cents a
yarii, which doe* not promise much
for durability. Still simpler lawns
aro in even narrow stripes of a color
witli white. New dimities hflve col
ored grounds, or else white grounds
with moire designs in mauve, blue, or
green. Dotted dimities for children's
frocks are largely imported.-Harper's
GIGANTIC LIFE BELT.
A Buoy Which Will Hold Up Many
In the Water.
Tho ever present dangers of the sea
-dangers illustrated almost daily by
accounts of collisions, firo or other
disaster, so often |attended with loss
LATEST DEVICE FOR LIFE SAVING.
of life-have prompted the invention
of many more or less ingenious life
saving devices. One of the simplest,
and yet most valuable, is that lately
introduced by William Brandt, a sail
maker, at Lubeck, Germany.
Substantially it is a reproduction on
a very large scale, of the life saving
belts or rings commonly found aboard
ships. But, besides its greater carry
ing capacity, it presents some novel
and sensible features, which enhance
Numerous partitions divide the belt
into watertight compartment.-', so that
damago to any part does not material
ly affect the efficiency of tho whole.
The great elasticity of the belt reduces
the danger of damage to a minimum.
Despite its great 6ize it is very
light. One man can easily roll it along
the deck and fling it ovorboard. It
does not matter how it strikes the
water-it invariably turns right side
up. The middle space is taken up by
a strong network.
An important addition is that of
ropes m*do fast to tho periphery of
the belt, and kept afloat by corks, so
that persons several yards away from
tho buoy can draw themselves to it.
Seven large men standing on it don't
appreciably sink the device, and when
it is considered how small the weight
of a person partially supported by the
water is it will be seen that one belt
can cave a large number of people.
Shoes From tho Mayflower.
Mrs. Eliza A. Brown, of Browns
rille, Me., has in her possession a pair
of shoes which came over on the May
flower. This particular pair of shoes
was made ac Chatham, London, in
1417, by John Hose, whose trade mark
can still be observed. Mrs. Brown in
herited the shoes from her mother,
Mrs. Lydia Gilman, of Acton, Me.
Mrs. Gilman had her'choice between
two pairs, the only authentic relics of
A COLONIAL DAME'S SHOES.
this nature of tho famous Puritan ex
pedition. They are of green brocade
satin, w>.th buckles, and tie over the
instep. Tho heels are made of cork
and are very lijht. Between the soles
and the uppers there is a piping of
white ki 3. Tho stitching, which is
visible, ia dona as neatly and exactly
as in any specimen of latter day ma
The shoes ara an interesting oxam
ple of the rotation of fashions. Al
though 480 years old, they are exact
ly in the style of the fashionable in
door woman's shoe for 1896. The toes
are of the toothpick variety, as point
ed as they can be, and turned up a
little. Tho ancient shoes 6eem to be
broader at tho ball of the foot than is
the vogue to-day. The uppers are of
a curious looking green brocade
satin, the Color ot which has not been
impaired in all these years.
This rare old pair of shoes could be
worn by a fashionable New York wo
man to-day without exciting any com
ment.-New York World.
A Unique Experience.
A unique experience, even in tho an
nala of the sea, was that of the bark
Alice which reached Portland, Me., a
few days ago after a stormy voyage of
nineteen days from Turk's Island, in
the Carribean. The bark carried a
cargo of salt, and* she bad been out
but a day when it was found that the
?alt had struck through into the water
butts, and every drop of fresh water
aboard was ruined. Tho captain
hoisted signals of distress, and made
provisions for condensing as much
water as possible. Enough water was
condensed to provide half a cupful for
every man aboard. It was five days
before a vessel was sighted. The suf
fering had been great and the situation
was growing desperate. The vessel
gave the Alice as much water as could
be spared, and tho voyago was com
pleted with a better, but still short
supply of water. Tho Alice bad only
fourteen hours of good weather during
Wear Woolen Kneecaps.
Man"y persons in Belgium wear
woolen kneecaps, which a?e exactly
like the woolen wristbands worn by all
school children in rural districts in
this country. The kneecaps are de
signed to protect the kneen, to which
they aro said to be more liable than
any part of tho lower limbs except tho
Most of the ivory that comes to thc
market is 'Mead"-that is, ivory taken
from animals long since dead, and
which has been stored awr.y by the
natives for years. There is no danger
in Africa of the supply hoing exhaust
ed for several generations at least.
Fishing by means of electric lights
has been successfully tried at New
Haven, Coan. A lamp lowered iuto
the sea brilliantly illuminated the
water over a circular area twenty
yards in diameter.
Are you taking SIMMONS LIVER REG
ULATOR, the "KING OF LTVER MEDI
CINES?" That is what our readers
want, and nothing but that. It is the
same old friend to which' the old folks
pinned their faith and were never dis
appointed. But another good recom
mendation for it is, that it is BETTER
THAN PILLS, ne ver gripes, never weak
ens, but works in such an easy and
natural way, just like nature itself, that
relief comes quick and sure, and ono
feels new all over. It never fails.
Everybody needs take a liver re-uedy,
and everyone should take only Sim
mons Liver Relator.
Be sure you get it. The Red Z
is on the wrapper. J. H. Zeilin <$
MOTHERS READ THIS, t
The Best *
Remedy. " $
1 For ?latulent CoUc, Diarrhoea, Dysen
tery, Nausea, Coughs, Cholera In-1
ian tum, Teething ChUdren, Cholera |
Morbus, Unnatural Drains irom^
thc Bowels, Tidna, Griping, Loss of t
Appetite, Indigestion and ail Dis
eases of the Stomach and Bowels. !
PITT'S CARMINATIVE *
[LJ thc standard. It carries children over'
the critical period of teething. and(
is recommended hy physicians as.
the friend of Mothers, Adults and'
Children. It is pleasant to thc taste, (
and never fails to give satisfaction.
A few doses wil demonstrate its su
perlative virtues. Price, 25 cts. peH
? bottle. For salo hy druggists.
Extinction of Birds.
One cause which threatens the ex
istence of many species of birds, if it
has not already produced the extermin
ation of some, is the rage for wear
ing their feathers that now and again
seizes civilized women, who take their
Ideas of dress from interested millin
ers of both sexes-persons who, hav
ing bought a large stock of what are
known as "plumes' proceed to make
a profit by declaring thom to be in
fashion. The tender-hearted ladies
who buy them little suspect that some
of the large supplies required by the
"plum trade" are chiefly got by lay
"plume trade" are chiefly got by lay
bretti gregariously, and that at their
very breeding time.
No havoc in these Islands approaches
that which is perpetrated in some other
countries, especially, it is surmised, in
India, though there now contrary to
Law; and the account of the ravages
of a party of "bird plumers," at the
breeding stations on the coast of Flor
ida, given by Mr. W. E. D. Scott, who
in former years had seen them throng
ed by a peaceful population, is simply
sickening. Did we not know what
Lis feelings were, one might in read
ing bis terrible narre t:ve lose patiouce
with him for not expressing more
strongly his detestation of the bar
barities be recounts. But bis absten
tion is doubtless attributable to the
fact that his narrative appears in
a strictly scientific journal, whore sen
timental expressions would be out of
place. All offorts to awaken the con
science of Liose who tacitly encourage
this detestable devastation, and there
by share in its guilt, have hitherto fail
ed, and, unless laws to stop it be not
only passed, but enforced, it will go
on till it ceases for -.vant of victims,
which, indeed, may happen very short
ly. Then milliners will doubtless find
that artificial feathers can be made,
men as aruflclal flowers now are,
?nd there will be a fine opening for the
Ingenious inventor. Thc pity Is that he
does not begin at once.
A Petrified Woman.
At Runja, in the Punjab, a native
who had recently married for a second
time was importuned by his new wife
to have the remains of wife No. 1 re
moved from their resting-place near a
mineral spring and deposited in the
Preparations were made to that ef
fect, laborers opening the grave in tho
usual manner. When the wickerwork
basket in which thc woman had been
Interred wa;* reached, and fiforts made
to raise it, ihe weight of the receptacle
and its contents was found to be too
heavy for the four men engaged in the
work and the appliances at hand.
When the basket collin was finally
hoisted to the surface one of thc lab
orers removed the lid to ascertain tho
cause of the unusual weight, To the
surprise of all. it was found that the
coffin contained a solid stone figure, the
corpse having become perfectly petri
fied. The husband removed the re
mains to bis home, where they now
are. and it is said that thousands are
daily viewing the wonder.
Lofty Tunnels ir Peru.
We are so absorbed with our own
affairs In this country that we can
hardly realize with what rapid strides
seme of the South Ai i erl can Repub
lics are advancing lu engineering.
To-day representatives of thc Westing
house electric people and the Baldwip
Locomotive Works are In Smith Ameri
ca figuring on equipping some ol* their
steep grade roads with electric loco
motives. There has recently been
completed a tunnel througl a range of
ti e Andes Mountains which lies at a
higher elevation than any other tun
nel In the world. This tunnel is eight
cen miles from Callao. Peru, and is cal
led tho- Galelra Tunnel. It it 3,800 feet
long, a::d is at an altitude of 15,060
it ct. There ure sixty other smaller
tunnels through the Andes Mountain*