Newspaper Page Text
THOS. 1 ADAMS. PROPRIETOR.
EDGEE?ELD, S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 7, 1892.
VOL. LVII. NO. 13.
The significant annonncementcomes
from Vladivostok that eighty of Seer*
o? the Russian garrison at that place
have expressed a wish to study Chi
nese in the gymnasium.
In the Government of Saratov, in
Russia, horse thieves and oattle raid?
ers are lynched when caught. The
latest case is the heating tc death with
stioks of four men by the peasants of
The State of Texas is not rich
enough to give everybody n farm, hut
still has a lot of good land for sale
oheapr Some 2,000,000 acres of pub
lio land that was sold and forfeited fox
non-payment goes on the market this
Walter Wellman, the Washington
correspondent of the Chicago Times
Herald, affirms that what President
Cleveland actually did say at the time
of the Saokville-West affair wa? : "I'd
like to take West by the nape of the
neck and drop him into tao Atlantic
Ocean, bat I suppose this thing will
have to be gone through with dig
Those married men who havo al
ready provided eeal skin sacques for
their wives and daughters are in big
luck/think s the Atlanta Journal. The
Alaska seal herd has decreased from
47,000,000 to 175,000 in twenty-five
years and is still falling. It is a con
solation that a pretty woman dares not
need a seal skin cover to make her at
An era of good tirr.es in the South
is reported hythe Knoxville (Tenn.)
Times, which says that: "Carefully
conducted inquiries oorering every
Southern State develop the fact that
the farmers generally are carrying
less debt than ever before, are pro
ducing more for home consumption,
and putting more money into farm
improvements than at any time since
the war. " The corn crop of the South
last year is shown, hy the completed
statistics, to have been 607,665,017
bushels, which is 124,000,600 bushels
more than any previous crop.
.Harry Furniss, the London carica
turist, told a story on George Augustus
. Sala, at a dinner in Scotland, to the
effect that when Sala was a boy he in
tended tb be a painter. At a drawing
test, for admission to an art academy,
Sala handed ?n the prescribed three
drawings of tho human hand, head
and foot, but in tho foot were six toes.
the story repeated in print. Suoh are
the English laws that although the
damages were mighty small, Furniss
had to pay the costs, including law
yers' fees on both sides, when o judg
ment was brought against him.
In the opinion of the New York
World, "the present condition of its
treasury makes it necessary for Spain
to bring the war in Cuba to the earli
est conclusion possible. The deficit in
the treasury dates back to 1870, and
in time of peace it has been running
from 47,000.000 to 112,000,000 pese
962,000,000 pesetas, or over a billion
dollars. Its credit was long ago ex
hausted.. The resources of the Bank
of Spain at the beginning of the Coban
war were about $100,000,000 in gold
and silver, with paper outstanding
against it at the rate of more than two
dollars to one. The common people
of Spain illustrate many of the home
y virtues. Americans who have lived
among them are apt to be enthusiastic
in their praise, but Spain is the least
advanced country of Western Europe.
It has hardly emerged from the fif
teenth century, and it would be inca
pable of carrying on an offensive war
against a modern Power.. Com pared
with the United States Spain is a mere
infant in wealth, population and re
sources. Its 17,000,000 people are
mostly simple peasants, living ob
ourely and almost contentedly under
an oppressive Government, which
tbongh it wrings from them all it can,
can taae little because their produc
tion is limited and their net pro?ts
nothing. They have aspired for free
dom and progress, but they have been
nnable to break from the control of
the haughtiest and most inoapable
aristocracy in Europe. Bat perhaps
for them, as for the people of Cuba,
the day of enfranchisement, may not
Vi'hy Cycling Exhilarates.
An enthusiastic cyclist tells yon that
the effects of excess in cycling are very
mach the same as exoess in drink.
And I feel very little doubt that the
doctor is right. Oy ding, I suppose,
because it acts as suoh a powerful
stimulant to the heart, produces, in
the first instance, a feeling cf exhilara
tion, which is ni itself a pleasure,
especially to the owner of a fagged
brain or jaded nerves. Any thing that
produces this effect is naturally
"craved" after when once tasted. This
exhilarating efieot, too, overcomes the j
consciousness of fatigue and conse
quently prevents the cyclist from
judging accurately when he (or she)
has had enough-another dangerous
point of resemblance to alcohol.-Lon
A graphio idea of the immense size
of Siberia may be gleaned from the
following- comparisons: AU of the
states, kingdoms, principalities, em
pires, etc., of Europe (except Russia),
and all of tho United States, including
Alaska, could be placed side by side
in Siberia, and yet hut little more
than ??ver that immense 'country._
,\ COMPAl?A?iVKLY UNKNOWN
j ISLAND BELONGING TO SPAIN.
Besides Cuba It ls the Sole Remain
ing Spanish Possession in tho
West Indies-Rich in
SPAIN'S vast possessions in the
two Americas have at last
dwindled to two islands of the
West Indies, Cuba and Porto
Pico. The former is well known
through the soenes of bloodshed and
war with which we hare become
familiar. The latter, Porto Rico, the
"Rion Port," so called by the early
Spaniards because of its fertile soil
and great shipments of iropioal pro
ducts, is comparatively unknown.
Few tourists go there, as there is no
direct line of steamers with passenger ,
accommodation, although the island
i has many and varied attractions. It
j lies in about the same latitude (18
degrees north) as the island of St
Thomas, and is situated between that
isle and Santo Domingo. Two great
names are connected with tho early
history of Porto Rico, not to mention
many others since its discovery and
first settlement Columbus discovered
the island, on his second voyage, in
1493, and gave io it the name of San
Juan Bautista, or St. John the Baptist,
but its native namo was Borinquen.
Fifteen years after, in 1508, another
name now famous in the annals of
America was linked with that of the
recently discovered i&land. Ponce de
Leon, then the Spanish Governor of
the eastern province of Santo Dom
ingo, had his attention called to Porto
Rico by reports of rich gold finds in
its rivers. Some of the golden sands
were brought to him, and he at once
organized an expedition for conquest
He and hi.} mail-clad soldiers were
well received by the native chieftain,
the Cacique Agneynaba, and allowed
to take up as much of the rich terri
tory as they needed. But that did
not satisfy the barbarous Spaniards of
tint day ; they wanted all or nothing,
and proceeded at once to exterminate
CITY WALL OF SAN .
the peaceful Indians in possession. The
Indians somehow got the impression
that the Spaniards wero immortal,
an idea that tho Spaniards them
selves were very careful to foster. So
two of the more intelligent of them
one day, finding a Spaniard alone in
the forest, resolved to put the ques
tion to the test. They oaptured him
alive and then took him to a river and
held his head under water several
hours. They then took turns sitting
J^y^he corpse during two or three
r?av8^trfc'cri-U4ho signa of dissolution
were incontest?t>';i!V Mi^-M^- were
satisfied. They reported tov^th<eir
oaoique that that particular Spaniard
was not immortal at all events ; and so
the chief ordered a massacre of all the
white strangers on the island. But,
as reinforcements were constantly
coming to the aid of the Spanish com
mander, tho simple Indians finally
submitted, firmly convinced at last
that the foreigners they had slain re
vived in some mysterious manner and
rose up out of the sea.
STREET BEHIND CASA BLANCA, SAN JUAN.
Tnese aboriginal inhabitants of Bor
inquen were among the most intelli
gent of any discovered by the first
voyagers to these seas. They had
huts ot palm leaves, fields pf corn,
tobacco and yucca, while their rudo
arts were beyond the attainment of
other Indians of America then existing.
Belies of these indians are being found
every year scattered in the fields of
the interior and in the oaves in which
they were driven by the Spaniards.
These remains are peculiar to this isl
and, and it may bo a matter of inter
est to American that the best col lee tion
of them is now contained in the Gov
ernment Museum at Washington.
Civilized or uncivilized, the Span
iards soon brought then to the verge
of extermination, and it is more than
200 years sinoe the last one of them
was seen alive. The old Spaniards
always went on the principle that there
is "no Indian so good as a dead In
dian," and this principle they lived
nobly t:p to wherever they went.
It has been reported of late that the
island of Porto Rico would not much
longer delay following the example of
Cuba, and soon be ablaze with tho
fires of insurrection. But that is not
likely, as a glance at the insular to
pography will show, lt is well known
that the s.rength of the Cuban insur
gents lies in the rugged and swampy
nature of the island m certain prov
ince.", which gives them almost im*
pregnable fastnesses to which they can
retreat when closely pursued. As the
inexperienced Spanith soldiery cannot
cope with,the nativa io bush-tig h ting,
the latter here has a great advantage,
of which ho is nob abw to avail him
In Porto Rico, however, tho topog
raphy is radically different. The isl
and is ono vast aggregation o*. hill?
and mountains, to be sure, but they
aro of a different character from thoso
of Cuba. Tho interior of the isl au i
is a sea of rounded hills, hut at the
same time, with such gentle slopes ar l
possessing such fertile soil that they
BAY OF SAN J?AN FBOM CASA BLANC' .
can be cultivated to their very sum
mits. The highest mountain cf the
great central chain that traverses tho
island from east to west is Luqui?lo,
about 4000 feet high. Between these
hills and mountains there are a thou
Eand fertile valleys devoted to the
culture of coffee, sugarcane, cocoa and
all tropical products. The hill pas
tures of Porto Rico aro noted for their
succulent grasses, and their breeds of
horses, or native ponies, and cattle
are the favorites throughout tho "West
The island is about 120 miles long
by sixty broad, and is almost rectan
cular m outline, with its sea girt shores
containing a population of three-quar
ters of a million. Cuba and Porto
Rioo combined possess an area of
about 50,000 square miles and a total
population of 2,300,000 souls.
The chief city of the island, although
not the largest, is San Juan on the
north coast, with 25,000 inhabitants.
It is built on an island connected with
the main by a bridge and causeway,
and a magnificenb highway oonneots
with tho oity'of Ponce on the southern
coast. San Juan is one of the most
compact; of cities, built on a penin
tem ? - . ' .
J?AN, LOOKING SOUTH.
sula terminated by a great fortress
and enclosed within high walls. En
trance is only to ne obtained through
well guarded gateways, from tho lower
batteries and the mole, while senti
nels stand vigilant on every parapet.
It is only by stealth that photographs
can be taken of those grim gray walls,
the Spanish officials seeming to think
that they are as effeotive for defense
as in tho days they were first built,
two or three hundred years ago. But
from that fine harbor, if entrance could
could once be gained, a modern iron
clad could knock thoso old stone tow
ers and sentry boxes into smithereens ;
oTbW&n from the sea outside the bar.
San JnarT^isj* sickly city in the sum
mer season, as it exp*gft<tgiJaPd invaria
bly receives, a visit from YeHolvN?ack,
who takes his victims mainly from the '
unacclimated classes. The houses of
the city, too, are crowded together,
after the manner of those in the older
portion of Havanft, while tho narrow
and filthy streets are reeking reser
voirs of corruption and disease. Not
withstanding this, however, there is a
fine residential class here, composed
of native and Spanish stock, and it the
stranger brings good letters of intro
duction he will be hospitably received.
That ie, according to Spanish ideas of
hospitality, which consist of au invi
tation to a cafe (one invitation), and
perhaps, as a great favor, another to
the cock pit.
Tho inland is governed by a" Gover
nor-General, with numerous officials,
all Spanish, and, although a Spanish
island, one of the very few yet remain
ing to the mother country here, yet
theroistho same discontent with re
gard to the home government as is
manifest in Cuba. Excessive taxation
and an alien soldiery, together with
high-salaried positions, filled with for
eigners, are among the causes con
tributing to weaning this loyal island
from its allegiar.ee to the Spanish
Aside from tho forts and the ceme
tery (where the dead are mainly de
posited in "columbariae") tho market
place and cockpit are the only objects
of interest within the confines of the
city. The cockpit is not so elaborate
as that of Havana, being an arena
thirty or forty feet in diameter, cov
ered with wire, a corrugated iron roof,
and with a floor of hardened earth,
around which wooden seats are plaoed,
within a fenoe three feet high. A cook
fight takes place here every Sunday.
One of the curious sights o:: the city
is the "rooster district," where the
sidewalks are monopolized by the aris
tocratic fowl, tied to posts three or
four feet apart. They are jealously
guarded, their keepers handling
them frequently, and continually giv
ing them "refreshers" by filling their
own months with water and squirting
it in their eyes and under their wingB.
The fighting cocks may be seen here
every morning, taking their matuti
nal airings, strutting to the length of
their Btrings and making the air re
sound with their crows of defiance.
Like Havana and every other Span
ish elty, San Juan has its "Morro," to
visit which permission must be ob
tained from the commandante. With
in the massive walls of this vast castle
fort ree s there is a 6mall foreign town
by itself? with houses, barracks .and
tven ? chapel, whilo deep beneath its
I walls ure dismal dungeons, ifometimes
filled with political prisoner*. A first
class light is shown above the tower,
from which a view is opened of the
entire north coast and the whole area
of the island oi ty. Then it is seen how
securely entrenched this old city was
in early times, and how carefully
guarded are the remaining poscessioDS
of the King of Spain ; for the wails
bristle with ancient cannon, diminu
tive soldiers pace the parapets, and
activo cavalry parade the broad spaces
of open ground within the walls.
The most picturesque structure, as
well as the most ancient and interest
ing is that called the Casa Blanco (the
great white house), whioh was built by
the first Governor soon after his ar
rival here in 1508. rhis gentleman
was none other than the great Ponce
de Leon, who, after he had gained all
that heart of man could presumably
wish for, sat within the crenellated
walls surrounding his gardens, with
their ornate sentry turrets, quaint old
cannon and massive battlements, and
planned a new scheme of conquest. It
should interest all who have studied
the romantic history of this period to
know that within the white walls of
the Casa Blanca was projected that
ohimerical voyage of his in search of
the fabled Fountain of Youth, of
which he had heard from an -lei In
dian woman of this island.
Setting ont from his castled resi
dence, in the year 1512, Ponoe de
Leon sailed through the island-chain
of the Bahamas, and eventually dis
covered the coast of Florida. He land
ed on the island of San Salvador just
twenty years after its discovery (the
first land seen by the great Columbus),
and th cn co sailed northwardly till tho
coast of a new country opened to bis
view. But he returned without find?
ing the fabled Bimini, Fountain of
Perpetual Youth, though his Sovereign
bestowed upon him the elevated title
of Adelantado of Bimini and Florida.
In 1515 he suffered defeat at the hands
of the savage Caribs, and then stayed
at home, attending to the afiV-iof his
island, until the year 152i, when
he again undertook to find that ignis
fatuus, the Fountain of Youth, and
this time the Indians of Florida
wounded bim with an arrow. Ho re
treated to Havana, where he died, and
his body was afterward brought to
Porto Kico, where it waa deposited be
neath the altar of the Dominican
Church of San Juan.
It is a strange coincidence that the
ashes of Columbus and Ponce de Leon
rest respectively in tho islands they
were instrumental in conveying to the!
Spanish orown-the remains of Col
umbus in Santo Domingo while those;
of the "Lion-Hearted", are to-day
'ound in a leaden case in San Juan.
Has Hanged Eighty .Eight Prisoners.
George Maledon, chaoipion hang?!
man of the world, with a record ora
eiflrhtv.Aifl''h?? propntiono *r. ^5? *- *T.
liva the rcpt of his ?if? on u ?tem. ? i?fifcJ
hy ?:.''? part?t*43*fl *v:th* i." ? " .'
? . . ?-? Ui- . <.,Vi
. ?.. ! V.L i.:'. ' .. . .' ;.. 't ".tv ii;;****'
When an execution Tas to take
place Maledon always fo .nd out the
exact weight of the man, After that
there was no guesswork. By a rule
known only to himself he adapted the
weights to a nicety.
On the morning of tho day ol: thei
hanging he would always rise early,
and, after testing the gallows, which
is built to hang ten men simultaneous
ly if necessary, proceeds to put it in
perfect order. The ropes were
greased, the pulleys and trap adjusted
and oiled and the noose carefully ad
justed and tried. It made no differ
ence whether one, two or ten men
were to be executed the same careful
preparation was made in each case.
There was nothing hard hearted in
the way the work was done. A favorite
remark of his to a doomed mon was:
"Oh, come on now ; it's not hing at all.
You won't feel it, and I'll have it all
over in a jiffy."
Cost of Parliament.
The most expensive parliament in
Europe is that of France. The two
chambers cost the Nation $1,500,000
annually. Spain spends $490,000 on
her representation, Italy $420,000,
England 8320,000, Belgium$190,000
Portugal $150,000, Germany $95,000.
A Novel Sign.
A Harlem butcher and dealer fin
provisions has a new sign on the side
walk which states that "This is the
store where Mrs. Thrifty and all the
Thrifty family deal."-New York Mail
HALF BIRP, HALF BEAST.
?ie Curions Cr??t nra ot British
r tiuiana Which Has Four Legs.
Nothing iu the realm of natural his?
1 >ry in late years excels in interest
t ie announcement of thc discovery in
British Qniana ot a bird with four
1 gs, says the Popular Science New?.
.S, be crested hoatzin, opisthocomus
j ?status, the only survivor of a race
? ! birds, several of which ore known
fossils, inhabits tho most secluded
tso? the forests of South America,
I it is probable that it is owing to
retiring habits that it has outlived
oongeners, as well as to the fact
t, feeding as it does upon wild
im leaves, its flesh acquires so of
sive a smell and flavor as to render
THE FOUR-FOOTED MUD.
itirely fit for food. It is a large
?, almost ns large ns a peacock, in
but is very seldom seen. Often
i loud, wailing cry is heard.
io chief peculiarity of the hoatzin
iiota in Hie faot that when it is
^hed it possesses four well-devol
legs, the front pair being ot a
lian charaoter. The young birds
re the nest and climb about like
onkeya over the adjoining limbs and
' ts, and act and look more like tree
ls than birds.
After hatching tho modification of
?$pre limbs begins, the olaws of the
falling 00, and tho whole of the
-like hands, becoming flattened,
ie into wings. After this modi
has taken place, and in a short
& not a vestige remains of the
final oharacter. As Professor F.
Lucas, in an admirable monograph
t'apura and Claws" in Ja bulletin
the Smithsonian institute, says :
ie aduH birds not only have no
upon theiT wings, but their
js, even, are so poorly developed
ine would hardly suspect that in
?stlings we have the nearest ap
ch to a quadruped found among
J. J, Queich, who studied them
One curious feature noticed with a
nestling which had been upset in the
river was its power of rapid swimming
and diving when pursued. As soon ai
the hand was placed on it it dived
rapidly into tho dark water, in which
.it was impossible to eeo it, and arose
at distances mor? than a yard away.
Owing to thispower the little oreature
managed to evade all efforts to secure
it, taking refuge eventually under the
bushy growth, when it was impossible
to pursue it. The prolonged immer
sion which a nestling will undergo, in
stinotly and voluntarily, or which an
adult bird will endure iu an attempt
to drown it seems quite remarkable.
How a Princess Travels.
The Princesa of Wales, to the great
d^comfort of whoever may be aoting
as lady-in-waiting, never puts herself
at ease in traveling. Hour after hour
ehe retains a bolt upright position and
never thinks of removing her bonnet
or lying down. Shs attributes the
PRINCESS OP W Ali ES.
habit to her rigid bringing up, and, in
speaking of it recently, said to a
friend: "We were never allowed to
lie down during the daytime when we
were children for fear of making our
selves untidy, and I am so accustomed
to the habit now that I should never
dream of removing my bonnet whil
on a journey."
? THUEE CHAPTER?.
-Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly,
DETAILS OP DRESS FOR YOUTH
Natty Walking Suit for a Young
Bliss-Stylish Skirt Waist of
Striped Linon Batiste
Dress for Young Girl.
FANCY checked suiting in mixed
tan and brown ehades made
the natty walking suit for a
young miss depicted in the two
column cut and designe'1 by May Man
ton. The only decoration is the large
pearl buttons that close tho fronts of
the double-breasted jacket. All the
edges are finished with machine stitch
ing in tailor style, the skirt facing be
ing stitched on with a double row to
correspond. The mode is suitable for
either school or best wear, is very
simple in its construction and stylish
to -ivethe razonable : id ' [
The mandolin sleeves are in three sec
tions, each seam being joined, p?e3sed
open and stitched on each side. The
box plaits are laid at the top, with the
rest of the fullness in side plaits tam
ing forward and back. The high turn
over collar in military style is stiffly
lined with canvas. Pocket laps cover
the openings to pockets inserted on
each front that are stitched and firmly
pressed in position. The skirt is gored
iu latest mode, and is- of ample, but
not extravagant, width, the pocket
opening beiDg finished at the top o?
the centre back seam. Tho jacket can
be interlined if necessa^^iaawii? ft*
bright lining of silk or talTeta adds
much to the stylo and finish of tho
garment. Cheviot, tweed, serge,
mohair, homespun, covert and ladies'
cloth all develop stylishly by the mode.
The quantity of material ? inches
wide required to make this jacket for
a miss fourteen years of age, is 3j
To make the skirt it will require of
the same width material 3 yards for a
MATES' smr.T WAIST.
Striped linen batiste made the styl
ish shirt waist depicted in the other
large illustration, the neck being flu
ishedby a fitted band to which sep
full fronts are gatheredrTTV^thejjetik,
a wide box plait being formed on raes
edge of right front, through which
button holes are worked to use in
closing with studs or buttons. The
full back is gathered at the top ind
joined to a seamless yoko lining hav
ing a straight lower edge, the double
pointed yoko being laid over and
stitched down firmly ou its lower
edges. The fullness at the waist line
is regulated by draw tapes, inserted
incasing at the back and tied around
in front, tho lower odcen of busque
Ieuglh being '.vorn nuder tho skirt.
Thy high stunriiu^ co lar or turn over
collar that is mounted on a deep band
oan be pernanentiy attached if to
preferred. Full gathered Paquin shirt
sleeves are finished with straight cuff's
at the wrists, slashed openings being
finished with under and over laps in
back. Madras, cheviot and Oxford
shirtings, lawn, dimity, percale, cam
bric and gingham in stripes, checks,
figured and plain varieties will de
velop stylishly by tho mode.
The quantity of material 36 inches
wide required to make this shirt waist
for a miss fourteen years of age is 3?
A YOUNO GIRL'S DBESS.
Striped mohair in fawn and applo
green is here combined with green
velvet of the e&me shade, decorated
with gilt gimp. The stylish combina
tion is very effective, though simple,
the full waist being gathered and
arranged over fitted body linings, with
a single box plait that droops slightly
in front over lhe belt in blouse
fashion. The seamless yoke collar
with bretelles closes with the waist in
zo??" of yal ?? aciu tfi;J gi&?
_tic andi* u U?l? ?rv- maicu
completing the waist. Fall puffs are
slightly disposed over fitted linings
that are faced to the elbow with the
material, cut bias. The full round
skirt is gathered to fall in natural
folds, sewed to tho belt, and closes
with the waist in centre baok. Com
binations of wool and silk fabrics are
stylishly decorated with insertion,
GIBI/S DBESS OP STRIPED MOHAIR.
lace or galloon, grass linen or "batiste
being made up in this style, with col
lar otSfli&OTex batiste embroidery or
trimmed wUuSijisertion edging. Other
washable fabricsS^uch as gingham,
lawn, dimity or cbamKi5y?^^ll^mako
up daintily by the mode.
The quantity of material 44 inches
wide required to make this costume
for a girl fourteen years of age is 3?
BONNETS TO THE FRONT.
Bonnets are a feature of spring mill
inery. Even tho toque must take sec
ond place. Wide slringF, either of
tulla or chiffon, will be tied under the
j chin in true demure fashion.
MOTHERS READ THIS.
1 For Flatulent Colic, Diarrhoea, Dyson- ( )
tery, Nausea, Coughs, Cholera In- ( >
fantnm, Teething Children, Choierai
Morbus, Unnatural Drains from 4 ?
the Bowels, Fains, Griping, Loss of. >
Appetite, Indigestion and all Dis
eases of the Stomach ?nd Bowels.
PITT'S CARMINATIVE a
?Is thc standard. It carries children over'
tho critical period of teething, andi
ia recommended by physicians as,
the friend of Mothers, Adults and'
Children. It is pleasant to thc taste, I
aud never fails to give satisfaction.
A few doses will demonstrate its su
perlative virtues. Price, 25 cts.
bottle, ?"or sale by druggists.
It ia said that cockroaches can ba
Lilied by sprinkling borax about the
room that they infect Another
method is to place a deep tin vessel
with perfectly smooth sides in th?
middle of their run and put soma
sweet cake in the bottom. Then placa
a lath or two from the floor to she top
of the buoket on the outside. The
roaches will run up the laths to get to
the sweet cake, and, dropping over,
are unable to get out, and are at your
mercy in the morning, lt is related
that houses badly infested with them
have been absolutely cleared by thia
How few persons there are who
really know how to make a bed well.
Out of one hundred housemaids ninety
nine will throw the bedclothes down
over tue foot of the bed, then throw
them up again in a few minutes. This
should never bo permitted. Every
article should be taken off and laid
separately over a chair, and a strong
current of air should be allowed to
circulate through the room before the
clothes are replaced. The mattress
should be turned daily, and from end
to end, as this insures it being worn
mord evenly, and it will not sink in
the middle, which spoils the looks of
any bed, no matter how beautiful its
cover.-New York World.
MAKES THE BEST BBZAO.
The best bread is that made from a
Hour whose granules are uniform in
size, or as nearly eo as possible. This
statement is made by J. B. Allfree
(the American Miller), and the plaus
ible line of reasoning by which he sus
ules would be affected by the formen*.
Where such conditions exist-that is,
where flour granules vary in size- the
process cannot proceed,, uniformly.
The fine particles cannot wait upon
the coarse. They will have passed
through the various stages, aud too
often have reached the acid stage be
fore the coarser or larger particles
will have been more than superficially
acted upon. Therefore, carbonic acid
gas that has been generated by the
smaller particles will have been elim
inated from the mass, and its useful
ness destroyed, while a portion of tho
nutritive properties will be trans*
formed into this gas and carried away
by it. This will materially affect the
size of the loaf as well as the flavor
f.nd dietetiayalue of the breacl^&nd,
other chemical conditions arise, re
sulting in discoloration.
"On the other hand, if the flour
globules be of even size this chemioal
i.otion will be uniform, the entire mass
will reach the alcoholic or bread stage
at the same time, and, when put in
the oven, the heat will stop further
fermentation, as well as serving to
cook the loaf and further enlarge it
by the expansion of the air and gas
contained in it. Thus the 'nutrient
properties are retained, raising the
commercial as well ail tho hygienic
raine of the bread."
Bouillon-Six pounds of beef and
jone; Cut the meat and break the
bone. Add two quarto of cold water.
Simmer slowly five hours. Strain
tta^^afine sieve, removing every
bit offtrij^MMsaa^aifch. pepper and
Delicious Sandwiches-Boil one
pint of chestnuts, and cook two good
sized obioken livers. Make a paste of
these, and season with salt, lemon
juice and pepper. Spread between
thin slices of white bread. Remove
the brown covering of the nuts by
pouring boiling water over them after
they are boiled.
Date Fie-Soak one pound of datea
over night in a little? water and stew
them in the same the next morning
until soft enough to strain ; add one
quart of rich milk, three eggs, a salt
spoon of salt and four or five gratings
of nutmeg. Bake without an upper
crust. This quantity is sufficient for
three pies, so guage according to your
Bean Salad-One can of stringless
beans, over which a French dressing
has been? poured. ? Both should he
thoroughly chilled before mixing and
brought to table very cold. Mix a
saltspoonful of salt and half that
quantity of pepper with one table
spoonful of olive oil, then add slowly
two more tablespoonfuls of oil and ono
of vinegar. Toast Saratoga flakes and
serve hot with salad.
The youngest sea captain in Kew
England, and perhaps in the country,
is Captain John A Yoi k of the schoon
er Charles J. Willard of Portland,
Me. He is just turne i eighteen years
of age and has had command ot th?
vessel, with a orew ol six men, for 1
year. His boat plies between Mahn
ports and Ifew York.
JUDAS committed no greater sin than
the compromising church member.
JUDAS committed no greater sin than
the compromising church member.