Newspaper Page Text
THOS. 1 ADAMS. PROPRIETOR.
EDGEE?ELD, S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 7, 1892.
VOL. LVII. NO. 13.
?he average length of lifo is greater
in ??iWfty than in any other country
in tho world.
Four of the six Populist Senators in
Washington are university men or
gradu?tes of colleges.
The Supreme Court of Massachu
setts decides the.t a scholar is not
obliged to tell th J teaoher unless he
wants to, and oannot be punished fox
The charges made in Italian papers
b?me time ago that Russia had aided
Kirg Menelek in bis campaign against
Italy, and that Russian arms and even
Russian soldiers had been sent to
Abyssinia, do not seem so improbable
in the light of the report that the Czar
has oonferred the Order of St, George,
upon the African ruler. In view of
the course adopted by Austria, Ger
many and Great Britain, this act, sim
ple enough in its way and in other cir
cumstances, borders on open defiance
of the Triple Alliac?. The Czar seem*
also to have chosen purposely the most
irritating way of decorating King Men
elek, selecting Baron Meiendorf?
Councillor of the Russian Embassy in
Home, the capital of the defeated Na
tion, to trannmit the insignia^ Tho
Order of St, George is a proud oho td
bear, but King Menelek may regret
the day that he was singled out td
England hes BO mach ia the way oe
titles and fogs that Wo hive not, that
it is comforting td the New Orleans
Picayune td hear that so far a.* eating
is Concerned, they are in the soup, so
td speak, compared with na m Titles
are all very well, but they will not
stay the stomach of a hungry man who
finds that if ho wants "a dozen raw"
on the other side of the water on an
English half shell, he has got to pay
seventy-five cents. Of fish tho only
sorts procurable ia En glan 1 an.l not
here are turbots and soles. As on oT
Eet to these, we have in America at this
season Spanish mackerel, shad, smelt,
terrapin, green turtle, sheepshead,
pompano, bluefish, stripped bass
whitefish and oyster crabs. There i>
nothing in the way of fruit at tho
command of tho English that wo do
not possess. In addition, wo havo
many sorts of apples of which they
know nothing, and numerous varie
ties of California fruit that are not
-?pastee^ Their winter grapes are all
of the hothouse kind and very costly,
whereas we have them from California
in great perfection and profusion.
Of vegetables, celery, now abundant
w. th us, is not at this season in the
London market. Celeriao is advertised,
bot that is Uirid only in cookery. In
addition, we have green peas, fresh
asparagus, new turnips, egg plant,
and other sorts now out of the market
According to Mr. Munhal), tho fa
mous English statistician, tho United
States caa easily become the homo ot
210,000,000 people without overcrowd
ing. The population of this country
has doubled in every thirty years for
the past century. At this raft we
should have $10,000,003 inhabitants
in about forty-five years from the
present time. Thia would give the
Southern States about 60,000,003 in
habitants, and Georgia would have
about 5,100,000 population, provided
we grow as rapidly m the future as in
the past. Atlanta has frequently dou
bled her population in ten years, but
even if she should hereafter doubled
it every thirty years she would at the
end of forty-five years from now have
875,000 population within her gates.
But will population continue tc
double in this country everv thirty
years? asks the Atlanta Constitution.
It ls not likely. Conditions have
changed. Immigration has fallen off.
and it is safe to say that the growth
ot the country in future will be loss
rapid. Still, it is probable that for
(generations to come our population
irill make long strides, and it is also
likely that the South and her oities
will grow more rapidly than in the
past. So, we come down to a very
conservative estimate, the young men
of to-day may expect ia their old age
bo see folly 150,000,000 American cit
izens on deck, and the South, Georgia
and Atlanta may have the number of
people whioh we have figured out for
them, because there is certain to be a
large immigration here from other
Corpses Bented for Dissection.
The terror that the average oolored
woman has of the medical students
and oolleges is absolutely overpower
ing. Few people relish the idea of be
ing carved up after death, but this
feeling seems especially accentuated
ia the bosom of the colored woman,
especially if she comes from the coun
try. Many of them oannot be hired
to go by a medical college after night,
for they fear being captured by the
students and dissected alive. It is
hardly to be wondered that there is a
superstitious dread of the surgeon's
knife, M so many ''stiffs" are required
on the macy dissecting tables of the
Louisville medical colleges. There is
4 large supply from penal and other
institu.iuj-, but the di'inaud is great.
As a result it is not uucommoa for the
medical colleges to rent corpse--. The
body will generally be sent with a note
requesting that the face be not muti
lated. The remains are then placed
ia the coffin with the clothing prop
erly arranged about the uomutitated
face, and none besides those who ure
parties to the transaction are any the
wiser.-Louisville Coorie* Journal.
REU I NM XCi OP A WRW EBA IN
The Classic Movement, With Its
Charm of Simplicity, is Spreading
-A Suburban Residence-Prac
tical Heating Described.
From th? time when this country
passed ont of the beautiful simplicity
of the Colonial style of Cotise building;
architecture has been in rather a Cha
btio state. We have evolved no dis
tinctively National style cf architec
ture, nor have we been content long
to stick to any one model. At first we
were pleaded to follow the builders of
England -through the varying styles
that found acceptance in that country,
with an occasional copy of the worst
featnze of Frenoh architecture. Tbere
was also the reign of the Italian Yilla,
and this has dotted its monnm ents all
over the land. Then cama a time
when the country produ ?ed a few archi
tects of commanding ability who Were
enabled to impress upo a ottf architec
ture the personal element of oaf indi
The latest tendency) however, seems
to promise more than any that has
gone before. This is the growth bf
the Classic movement) with its a din if
able proportions, its chaste simplicity
and. its beauty of profile. Its fore
most merit for Americans is that it
prohibits offence in the line where we
are apt to sin-over-orlamentation
the crying evil of the architectural
styles that have preceded it.
Accompanying this article is a de
sign for a suburban house of a simple,
chaste appearance, in thorough accord
ance with the new movement in archi
tect are that hos been ne ted above. It
olaims no distinct style of architecture,
but is a composition agreeable in effect
and appropriate to almost any part of
the country and climate. It is of the
classic style and in strict consonance
with the requirements of domestic life.
The proportions of the house ar? good
and the form pleasing without being
complicated. The ?*r?*?rcsr pro 3r?
on the observer by ;
that room, com roi
are within its walls
clading bays, 50 ;<|?\ ; extten
including portico, c
Heights of Stot BS
first story, 12 ft. 6
10 ft. *
Exterior Mater ds
stone; first and second fetorits ?ad
gables, clapboards ; roof, tin.
Interior Finish-Hard white plas
ter, three coat work. Hard wood floor
ing and trim throughout, except par
lor and music-room. Kitchen and
second story being finished in yellow
pine ; parlor and music- room in white
pine, remainder of house in oak.
Main hall, kitchen, bath room and
rear hall to be wainscoted ; main hall
wainscoting being paneled oak. Oak
staircase. Parlor and music-room
painted white and gold, remainder of
woodwork finished with hard oil.
Colors-Clapboards, veranda col
umns, corner boards, bands, etc,
white. Trim, white; dentils of cor
nices picked ont with Colonial yellow.
Topping ont of chimneys Ted. Out
side doors and veranda ceiling, oiled ;
veranda floor, white. Tin roof paint
ed dark green.
Accommodations - The principal
rooms and their sizes, olosets, eta,
are shown by the floor plans. There
is a cellar under the whole honse with
inside and outside entrances and con
crete floor, also a laundry under kitch
en and pantry.
The ample portico is worthy of no
tice. From this we enter the hall
whhh oontains the principal staircase
fj Kite he r?.
^.. J Hedi I
Par lor" !
I J I? ?
and affords communication with all the
rooms on this floor. The parlor is
entered by sliding doors and is a good
example of a well proportioned room.
From the parlor we enter a music
room, which, being separated from it
by spindle arch and columns, can be
used as a separate room or thrown into
parlor. At the rear of the music-room
is the library, containing four sets of
book shelves, also having a wide win
dow seat at ono side and seats in the
fireplace nook. The kitchen at the
rear is shat off from the maia hoase
by a wide butler's pantry, containing
sink and dresser, preventing culinary
odors from entering the main part of
house. The rear staircase to second
story connecting with the servants'
bedrooms above is a oonvenienoc
which will be readily appreciated.
The sitting-room and music-room bays
afford pleasant outlooks on either side
of houee, and idesired can be oarried
up to second story. On second story
we have seven well lighted and ventil
ated chamber", provided with ample
closets ; a bathroom accessible direct
ly'from the hedi, convenient to all
Pr actical and Profitable Heating
It is only within the last century
that the attention of soi?ntiflc men
has been tnrned to the subject of pro
ducing and maintaining a proper de
grce of warmth in human dwellings on
an economical and effective plan. One
of the most important problems that
confronts the builder of a home in
this latitude is that bf heating-to
thoroughly inaugurate a healthy Sys
tem Of warming ; and at the same time
the saying bf fuel must engage his
sericitis attention. It bothers him even
if he means to be shut up by lour
brick walls, with houses on either side
and with harrow city Streets to break
tile rude force of the wind, Even
here he must calculate closely and re
ceive expert advice. Bat if he pro
poses to build a suburban house, ?
frame structuie, and in a more or less j
exposed situation, the problem be
comes one of overmastering import
ance. If he fails of perfect success
(and this is loo frequently the fate of
the builder) it may mean more than
unforeseen expense for fuel. It may
render his house well nigh uninhabit
able in the severest, weather.
Those who are most likely to expe
rience such troubles as this are, of
course, those who dispense with the
cervices of experienced architects,who
prefer to build "out of their own
heads. " They may hit it right the
first time, but in this case- they are
the beneficiaries of a lucky accident.
Heating is a branch of practical sci
ence that needs as careful a study as
pinn bing, as ventilation or sanita
tion ;. in fact, it is rather more intri
cate and important than any-of these.
The choosing of the method of heat
ing, whether by hot air, hot water or
steam, in not all that is to be done.
The iiocation of the furnaces, the size
and number of pipes, the matter of
draughts and cold air supply, the
placin? nf rponV-pr nf radiators to se
irr? th? "?.-?i-;- .OL?'I?--, ,.r.'> gnar-lfnjrj
agaiwi lose i-f heat by r*d?iltprs-^- j
tboso ?I\ ImjpOTiaut martello b$ j
.v--v.- JU it h-.r-' -
-t?Htr Ih ?FM5' ^"Fft'?i ? ": i ?ci -. i un-- .-*et?fc&i*cj
Ueeil miLuiu;; o icu jrcou'a june xrntj
the heating apparatus originally
planted for. But? if tho exact facts
could be known, the results would
doubtless be astonishing. Hardly one
house in ten bnt has some added fire
place, grate or stove, or else supple
ments tho regular heater by appliances
for burning gas or oil. The reason
for this is that the bnilder will not give
the'architect his own way or else at
tempts an economy in a line where he
thinks it will not show. If plans are
carefully prepared by those who have
had wide experience and who always
avail themselves of expert advice in
every branch of construction, and if
they are scrupulously followed by the
contractor, there is little chanco for
failure in the heating line. On the
other hand, if a plan for a house in
one locality ?3 copie J or modified for
a different location, or if an inexpe
rienced person draws up a "pretty de
sign" that snits his individual tasto
and gives it to a builder to work out,
there is certain to be many expensive
experiments before the honso is fit to
live in during our severe winters.
Among the controllable causes of ill
health is the excessively variable or
foul in-door atmosphere due to the do
feots in the modes of warming 'without
considering that of ventilation. Tho
different modes of warming may be
divided into three classes : Open fire
places, stoves (including furnaces) and
steam or hot water. A comparison of
these various methods must include
the oost*of apparatus, the cost of at
tendance, of fuel and the incidental ad
vantages and disadvantages belonging
to each. All buildings being designed
to fit the necersities of the situation
The six ships illustrate.1 herewith
are considered to be among Great
Britain's most formidable warships.
They are described as follows : Revenge,
first-class battleship, 14,151) ton?,
four 67-ton puns, ten six-inch quick
firing guns, thirty-six small rapid-fire
guns, 18 moues side armor, speed 17j
knots ; Royal Oak first-class battle*
ship, 14,150 tons, four 67-ton guns,ten
differ in plan ff oin each other, and in
order th introduce ? proper system ot
heating and ventilation, each should
be studied by one who is familiar witH
all kinds. Tibe design accompanying
this is heated by hot air furnace, be
ing the best-adapted and most econo
mical for this style of house.
This house is 34 ft. 6 ins. wide and
42 ft. in depth. The cellar is 7 ft.
high ; first story, 9 ft. ; second story,
8 ft. Its foundation is brick; first
story, clapboards ; second story, gables
and roofs are shingles.
There is a cemented cellar under the
whole house, containing' the furnace,
(Which is to be placed as near north as
possible) fuel bins, vegetable and store
rooms; Th? first floor oontaiha?parlor,
dining-room, reception hall and kitch
en, the sizes of which are shown by
the floo r plans. All of the above rooms
are supplied with hot air heat from
the furnace, with the exception of the
kitchen. The registers for these rooms
on first story are placed in the floor,
being made of black Japanned iron,
bordered with dark slate so that no
walking on them wonld mar their ap
On the second floor there are three
FIBST FLO OB.
bedrooms, bath-room and hat!. The
two front bedrooms are heated by a
combination flue from the cellar,
the other room and hall being heated
by separato flues. The registers of
second floor are placed in the wall
about 16 inches from the floor, and
are white enameled iron, making a
This design can be bnilt faoing any
point of the compass as long as the
furnaoe is placed as near north as pos
sible ; then tho cold winds from the
j Bei ? t< V
j I Bed R I
I . joxifc? I
north during the winter will not choke
np the hot air from the furnace to the
rooms. It is a common bolief with
the inexperienced builder that a house
should face the south in order to in
sure warmth. While this is prefer
able, yet it is not actually needful as
long as the winds do not interfere
with the draughts.
Including the heating apparatus,
the range in the kitchen and mantels,
a careful estimate, based on New York
prices for materials and labor, shows
this house will cost 82690. In many
sections of the country where lumber
is lower, or whore the prioe of labor is
cheaper, the cost should bo much
A Senii-OiHcInl tinaco Game.
"We have done away with the two
million-dollar bundle of money that
we used to allow the brides who visit
ed the vaults handle," said a Treasury
guide, "and they do not seem to be
pleased with it. Many is the bride to
whom I have handed the bundle,
marked 'two million dollars,' with the
remark : 'Now, yon can say you had
two million dollars in your hands.' It
tickled them wonderfully, and they
went away happy, but ignorant of
what they handled. What was in the
bundle? I don't remember distinct
ly, but there was no money in it. The
weight, I know, was made np of two
old census reports. It served them as
well as real monov."-Washington
b'ct a Wheel That's Big Enough.
? rider should bo able to sit in the
saddle so that it is possible just to
reach with the heel the pedal when
the lowest position in making a revolu
tion. That distance, with the too in
stead of the heel on the pedal, gives
tho proper reach to the leg, and en
ables the musoles to be used to the
best advantage. Of courte, height is
a good deal a matter of regulation of
the saddle, but too many riders go
about the streets ou wheels that are
not big enough for them.
ENGLAND'S MOST FORMIDABLE WA
? . --~- m .
'ESEUS HFf?rlIO?? _?i
six-inch quick-firing gnni, thirty-six
smaller rapid-fire guns, IS inches of side
armor, speed 17J knots; Gibraltar,
first-olasa steel cruiser, 7709 tons, two
22 ton guns, ten 6-inch quick-tiring
guns, twenty-four smaller quick-firing
guns, speed 10.7 knot? ; Theseus, first
elnss, steel cruiser, 7350 tons, two 22
ton guns ten 6-inoh quick-firing guns,
twenty-four smaller quick-firing guns,
Holland's little! (?uco-fl.
?Lito Queen Willielmi?a ttl the
Netherlands, is now spoken of ag des?
tined for Prince Harold of Denmark,
yptjitgef brother of I'rince Charles,
WILHELMINA IS PEASANT COSTUME.
affianced of Princess Maud of
Mea.' He is described aa a clever,
Isomo lad, not yet twenty years
.age. But after all, Queen Wil
co i na will be a sovereign power in
ther three years, and she may de
to choose her own husband, just
??nother girl queen did over fifty
jjfrs ago-Victoria of England. They
already that she greatly resents
ring of the efforts of her mother
aunts to find a husband for her,
vows that she has no intention of
rying at all. Her present sweet
rt is a little Dutch girl, who bas
hef playmate for several years.
C?og,,t a Huge Def ilflsuv
ie San Francisco Examiner says
the Laroo boys, since their peril?
adventure with the devilfish itt
ita Barbara channel, have been the
er of muon attention. The dried
of .the monstrous creature they
i preserved as a trophy of the event,
never tire of telling the tale of
ie boys were tending to their nets
sn suddenly a large and slimly arm
ira ootopuEwas thrown over the bow
ie boat Thia was quickly followed
second and a third. The little
strained and creaked under the
arms of the devilfish. The
i were quiokly followed by the
ions body of the ferocious sea
ter, and the boys realized that
THE CALTPOBNIA MARINE MONSTER.
into the sea had not one of the boy?
caught him. By the combined effort!
of the two thi. octopus was hauled in
to the boat. Thc monster is the larg
est ever seen in tho -.hannel and meas
ures fifteen and one-haj^eet from the
tip of ono arm to tho^fc^and ten
feet from his head to the^^^of the
longest arm. ^^^k
Electricity, says Popular Science
News, has been successfully employed
by Dr. M. G. Jennison in checking
hemorrhage from the extraction of
teeth. The current caused instant co
agulation of the blood, and gave relief
where the usual remedies were without
? Japanese company has purchaser*
a large tract of fertile land in Mexico
for colonization purposes.
tVCJV6? ROYAL OAK_
speed 20 knots; Charybdis, second
olass steel cruiser, 4330 tons, two
6-inch quick firing guns, eight 4.7
quick-firing guns, thirteen smaller
quick-firing guns, speed 19.7 knots;
Hermione, second-class steel cruirer,
with 4330 tons, two 6-inch qnick
firing gun', eight 4.7 quick-firing
guns, and thirteen smaller quick
firing guns. _
WHAT WOMKff WI Lt, WEAH JN
TV AB 31 WKATHBR.
An Attractive Blazer for Miases -
The Ever . Popular, Shirt
Waist -A Night or *
?AY MANTON writes that
fancy figured mohair that
matches the skirt made the
natty jacket depioted in the
first large illustration. It is worn over
a blouse or shitt waist for general out
ing or best wear. The open fronts are
neatly shaped by single bust darts and
are reversed in square shaped lapels
above the bust, that extend to form a
foiling collar and join in seam in back
of neck. Under arm and side back
gores, with a curved cen tie eeam,
complete the close-fitting adjustment
MISSES' BLAZER OF PA
in baok of the waist line, extended full
ness below being laid in plaits at the
end of the back and side baok seams.
The fashionable sleeves are shaped in
three sections, the centre seam being
opened and stitched on eaoh side after
lt is joined. Maehine stitching simu
lates cuffs and finishes all edges in reg
ular tailor style, smoked pearl buttons
in groups of three decorating the
4T~~*~ t-i- *
cloth in this style, lapels and collar be
ing faced with the chock. The same
idea is carried out in brown, black,
green, gray and tan.
The quantity of material 44 inches
wide required to make this jacket for a
miss fourteen years of ago is 3 yards.
THE rOFULAB SHIRT WAIST.
Another style of the popular shirt
waist, as seen in the second large il
lustration, is made of fancy striped
bastiste, and worn with a satin stock
neoktie. Turnover and standing col
lars are provided in the pattern, either
style of which can be joined perma
nently or both made separately and but
toned onto the shaped band that fin
ishes the neck. The shirt waist o'o e ii
front with studs or buttons throrga a
box plait formed on the right Iront
edge,gathers at the neok, causing pretty
fullness over the bust. The full back
is gathered at the top and joined to
the yoke lining that has a straight
lowor edge, the double-pointed yoke
being laid over, stitched on its lower
edges, thus insuring a neat and dura
ble finish. Gathers or a casing and
draw string can be used to adjust the
fullness at the waist line. Bishop shirt
sleeves are gathered top and bottom
into straight cuffs that olose with cuff
buttons or links, pointed laps finishing
the openings at the back of sleeves.
The lower edge of waist is worn under
the skirt, and a belt of the material or
a fancy belt of leather, gilt or ribbon
encircles the waist. Lawn, percale,
sateen, cambric, dimity, Oxford or
Madras shirting in checks, strips, Fer
Biau or laney designs all make up
stylishly by the mode.
The quantity of material 36 inohes
wide required to make this shirt waist
for a lady having a 36-inch bu6t meas
ure is ii yards.-May Mauton.
Summer millinery is already prac
tically decided for tho sea?on, und
fancy rough straws in a great variety
of colors uro to bo worn. These aro
mixed with shot eiiect, in decided
contrast or plaiu, und the shapes are
aa varied aa the color?. The brims
are gracefully fluted and the crowns
are pointed, with plaits at top, low
and square, bell shape, or sugar loaf,
os yon wish, and the trioorn hat is
commended as especially suited to the
new mode of trimming.
? new style of bonnet is shaped like
a heart, with the two points over the
face and trimmed with upright bows
of chine ribbon and aigrettes, which
are to flourish during the summer as
they have this winter. Flowers are to
be worn in great profusion, roses es
pecially, and the new varieties are of
velvet, with silk centers in the pecu
liar colors of the petunia. Wallflow
er, gray, mauve, and even shot effects
are produced in this flower show,
while violets are to be as popular as
ever. Rhinestones and pearl bookies,
cabochons* and steel ornamente of -di
sorts will be used, and some cu the
untrimmed; straw hats have coronets
of sequins.' Glace chine ribbons of
different widths will be a specialty of
summer millinery, and both hats and
NCY FIGTJBED MOHAIR
bonnets will be trimmed with bews of
blue lace whioh has a white design on
it. Chine ribbons on shot strawn with
a touch of this laoe make a very effec
tive combination, and black chiffon,
with cream lace applique, will be ex
LADIES' WIGHT OH LOUNGINO
if.'n lim .
gathered, top and bottom, the wrists
LADIES' NIGHT OB LOUNGING GOWN.
being completed with a frill of em*
broidery gathered into a band of in
sertion. This style is particularly
adapted for warm weather, and can be
prettily developed in printed lawn
with Yalencienne3 lao and insertion
for decoration to wear as a lounging
robe. Any soft, light materials will
make np well in this utyle, nainsook,
linen, lawn, batiste or fine muslin with
lace or embroidery being usually
chosen for night gown-'.
The quantity of material 36 inches
wide required to make this robe for a
lady having a 36-inch bust measure is
THE ODD WAIST.
At the beginning of the season some
one prophesied that the separate waist
would soon be a thin : of the past.
But DO such state of affair* is indi
cated in the showrooms at the shops.
Novelties in waists are being con
stantly shown, and, indeed, so long
as it is necessaiy to buy seven yards
of serge for one dress sicirc, the separ
ate waist is pure to stay with us.
Berlin has 7037 cabs. The average
receipts of a cabman are $2 a day aud
the number of passengers eight.
? MOTHERS RE^kD /THlS. ?
j The Best ] ;
; Remedy. *?. \\
1 For Flatulent Colic, I'larrhoea, Dyien- ( ?
I terr, Nausea, Congi a, Cholera Zn- ( I
I fantum, Teething Children, Cholera ( I
I Horbas, Unnatural Draina from 4 ;
I the Bowels, Fains Griping, Losa of. >
I Appetite, Indigestion and ail Dis- ; (
> eases of the Stomach and Borrels.: >
I PJTTS CARMINATIVE . ( >
Is the standard. It cairhs children over*
. the critical period ot teething, and<?
I ls recommended hy physicians as. \
the friend of Mothers, Adults and' .
I Children. It ls pleasant to the taste, ( '
I and never fails to give satisfaction. A
A few doses will demonstrate Its su-x
1 perlatlve virtues. Price, 25 cts. perP
I boole, for sale by druggists. f
^ WISE WOKDSc
Folly is soon learned.
Get your experience first-hand. ?
? burnt child dreads a whipping.
Method will teach yon to win timer'
It is easy to mateo a failure cf suc
Stubborn audacity is tho last refago
Good manners are maao np of petty
WO can. only do our best when wo
If we could see better the world
would be better.
Who dares not speak his freo
thoughts is a slave.
Love can he misunderstood, but
Borrowing is the canker and death
of every man's estate.
An investment in knowledge always
pays the best interest.
: Putting out the eyes cannot blind
tho maa who has a seeing soul.
They are never aloue that are ac
companied with noble thoughts.
The girl who rans away to get mar?
ried will very likely walk home.
There is no opposing brutal force to
the stratagems of haman reason.
En/y is. blind, and knows nothing
except to depreoate the excellencies of
A maxim is something that tells yon
how good it is to do ivhat yon don't
About the only advantage in being
sick is that you feel better when yon
vet over it.
out by 1 convict in his cell while 'un
dergoing the probationary nine months
to a long term of imprisonment.
The man was originally an archi
tect, and among the foremost of his
profession. He was a gentleman by
birth and education, but in early life
began to abase his natural gifts, and
it the time was undergoing his second
term of imprisonment for forgery.
The completion of the work occupied
him for nearly six months, and was ef
fected under great disadvantages. In
place of a table,'for instance, he had
to pin his paper to the wall of his cell,
moving it round with the suu ia order *
to obtain tbe best light.'
The prison authorities consider this'
marvellous specimen of architectural
drawing the finest piece of work ever
done by an English convict. It meas
ures in size five feet three inches by
five feet six inches, being drawn to the
scale of a hundredth part of aa inch.
The convict displayed the greatest
interest and prido in the ereotion and
completion of the'prison, which was
built entirely by convict labor. It
contains 1381 separate cells for prison
ors, which cost on an average $351.75
each, besides hospital wards and a
The total number of bricks required
was 85,000,000, each one being made
by the oonvicts on the premises, or on
some adjoining land leased for the
purpose. The iron castings were ob
tained from Portland or Chatham pri
son, the granite from Dartmoor, and
the Portland stone from Portland.
The total cost of the prison was moro
than $?85,000.- Tit-Bits.
The Punishment of tbe Bagno.
Ia former times tho paaishmeat oi
the Bagao (bath), one of the most
oleverly cruel iuflictious ever devised
by aa official of the torture chamber,
was administered in Italy, probably
in Venice, whore the water of the la
goons played so prominent a part in
its penal system. The paaishmeat was
as follows :
The prisoner was placed in a vat, the
sides of which were slig htly in excess
of the average height of a man. In
order to hold in chcok the rising tide
of a supply of water which ran into tho
vat in a constant stream, the criminal
was furnished with a scoon with which
to bale ont tho water as fast as it
The respite from death by immer
sion thus obtained was more or less
prolonged according to the powers of
endurauco possessed by the victim.
Bat imagino tho moral torture, the
exhaustiug aud evea hideously gro
tesqae effort, the incessant and piti
less toil by night and day to stave of]
the dread moment fast approaching,
when, overcome by sleep and fatip~
he was nuable to struggle any ' _
against his fate,-Le Moniteur dei. Mg
Clock Stopped When He Died. : ^
Grandfather's clock has turned ap,
with an apparently satisfactory affi*
davit, at Paris, Ky. John Barnett, a
grandfather, died there a week or si
ugo and at tho very moment he died
the old tall clock, that had stood many
years on the floor, suddenly stopped
and no one has beon able to make il
run.-New York Sun.
IN Russia the principals in a duel par
take of breakfast before fighting.