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TUOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 10, 1896._ VOL, LXI. NO. 20
It is figured thai the sea swallow
2000 vessels every year, with 12,000
human lives and $100,000,000 of prop
A French scientist says that the
"salt air" of the seacoast is a popular
delusion. He has been conducting a
series of elaborate experiments and
can find no trace of salt in the air.
The London Standard thinks that it
is high time to begin hanging captains
of ships who run down small craft ot
rea. Passing ship? uro !:rown to the
fialnrs and coasters as "silent deaths,"
and dreaded far more than storm-..
' A scientist in Washington cannot
understand why women have such a
strong prejudice against vivisection,
when, according to Genesis?, had it
sot been for au experiment in vivisec
tion there would have been no woman. *
A Spanish newspaper, quoted by the
New Orleans Picayune, Eays : "Exter
mination. This is the only solution
of the war in Cuba. Let the romantic
North Americana say what they wish,
the moment has arrived for showing
ourselves cruel and inflexible, and
bloody if necessary."
James P. Hamilton, a blind piano
inner of Grand Rapid?, Mich., is mac
ing a great excitement in Athens,
where he went to study Greek. Tho
Greeks were amazed at the idea of a
blind man acquiring an education, an I
they are discussing tho establish men!;
of a school for the blind, with Hamil
ton nt the head of it. There is no
such sohool in Greeo?, whore a blind
person is considered fit for nothing
The rate of increase in wages shown
by Mr. Carroll D. Wright, United
States Commissioner of Labor, in tho
lecture he lately delivered in New
York is striking. His figures cover a
period of fifty year?, no doubt the
most important in the history of mod
em times, and they show a progres
sive increase from an averago of $217.
83 in 1550 to $283.0 i in 1S30, to
8302.08 in 1870, to $316.91 in 1380
and to $44183 in 1890. Mr. Wright
points out that before the real signifi
cance of such averages con be compre
hended the fluctuating value of money
must be considered. He says that tho
real question of wages is of the amount
Th3 Atlanta Journal says that a syn
dicat*) of New York capitalists are
about to purchase the grounds of Pied
mont Park, Atlanta, on which the Ex
position was held. It adds that New
York capitalists already hold large
interests in Atlanta, and thus New
York capital is destined to cut a large
figure in tho bustling metropolis of
Georgia. These statements, comments
the New York Tribune, are especially
interesting, in view of tho fact that
whilo the Fair was in progress last fall,
everybody in Atlanta was predicting
that Chicago capital was soon to como 1
to Atlanta and revolutionize thing?,
and New York was denounced as slow
because it failed to appreciate its op
portunity. Chicago money, however,
is still far from conspicuous down j
there, but it should be added in fair- t
ness thal the Chicago papers wrote up
he Fair in fine style,
: It is stated in the New York Ob- (
server that the reindeer which wero
introduced into Alaska largely through
the efforts of Rev. Dr. Sheldon Jack j
eon, who is a kind of apostle of Alaska,
have been giving a good account of
themselves. While a dog can average
but thirty-five miles a reindeer can
make ninety miles a day. Sit ift oom- '
munication between many of the scat- |
tered settlements has thus been mndo
feasible. The natural increase of tho
reindeer is rapid, being estimated at
fifty per cent., so that large herds
may be expected in course of time. At
present nearly one ' thousand head of
reindeer are herded at Port Clarence,
sear Baring Strait. Numbers of the
natives whose homos are contiguous to
the Government school stations are '
thus being lifted by degrees from a '
dependence upon the uncertainties of
fishing and hunting to tho more steady
and comfortable condition of herds
men. The skins and meat of the rein
deer are also valuable, so that Alaska '
is finding the animals already import
ed a veritable godsend.
A great deal of lung trouble, con
sumption and throat difficulties ore I
chargeable directly to the habit of ?
laughing and talking on going out
from heated audienoe rooms. People
Bit for hours ia warm roora?, then go
out suddenly into tho cold air. They ?
are in high spirits and naturally in
clined to chatter and laugh, often j
keeling this np for a long time. The
sadden reducing of the temperature of,
the'laugs by the enormous inhalation 1
of very cold air is productivo of con- j
gestion and chills innumerable. It is j
declared by a physician who has made
a stndy of this subject that if people I
could be induced to keep thoirmonths
shat on goiag out of heated rooms '
into a cold atmosphere thero would ba .
fewer pulmonary and throat troubles
and fewer colds and coughs. People 1
should gradually accustom their lunga
to the :old, rarely speaking for the
first few minutes of their out-of-door j
trip. To the thoughtless this looks
like a small matter, but on it may de
pend health, happiness and long lifo.
-New York Ledger.
! "FARMERS' ROADS.
A MATTER OF ^IMPORTANCE TO
TILLERS OF THE SOIL.
United States Department of Agri
culture Takes It Up-Macadam
and Telford Systems-Model
North Carolina Roads.
HE United States Department
of Agriculture has taken up
the matter of "farmers'
roads," avers the Chicago
I Record, and Boy Stone, an engineer
1 of the department, believes that farm
ers can build good roads without im
! poverishing themselves. On this sub
ject Engineer Stonie says :
? "In the fit6t pkce the "road that will
b:st suit the needs of the farmer must
not be too costly ; in the second place
j it must be of toe very best kind, for
the farmer should be able to do his
heavy hauling over it when his fields
are too wet to work and his teams are
free. The road that would seem to
fill the farmer's need, all things con
sidered, is a solid, well-bedded stone
road, so narrow as to be only a single
track, but having an earth track along
"A fine, dry, smooth dirt track is
the perfection of roads ; it is easy on
the horses' feet ami legs, easy on the
vehicle and free from noise and jar.
lt holds snow better than gravel or
stone and requires less snow to mako
sleighing, and where sach a road has
a stone road alongside to take the
travel in wet weather it will suffer
hardly any appreciable wear.
"The stone road? on the other hand,
wears by the grinding of the wheels
and the chipping of the horses' calks
in dry weather more than ia wet. If
it can be saved this wear for an aver
age of six months in each year, so
much will be clear gain. "
"The questions raised regarding this
method of construction are : Can tho
junctions of the earth and stone sec
tions of the road be kept even so as
not to have a jog in passing from one
to the other, and can the mesting and
passing of loaded teams be provided
Mr. Stone oitcd the condition of the
Canandaigua (N. Y. ) roads nu evidence
that thero is no sign of division be
tween the earth and stone, and added
that those who use these roads say that
no difficulty is found in the passing
of teams, since practically no two
teams ever tnrn out at exactly the
same spot, and no rutting of the earth
A MECKLENBUna COUNTY
The League of American Wheelmen
has taken up the cause of good roads,
and men who are accustomed to feel
the public pulse say that good roads
will soon be a dominant issue in Stale
and National politics. What bicycle
riders are doing at present was done
by the horseless vehicle men of Eng
land in 1831, when their agitation re
snlted in the appointment of a com
mittee of the Hor-e of Commons "to
inquired into and to report upon the
propcrtion of tolls which ought to be
im poi ed upon coaches and other ve
hicles propelled by steam or gas upon
It was just about this time that
James Macadam^ Boad Surveyor, and
Thomas Telford, President of tho In
stitution of Civil Engineers, with their
adherents, were engaged in a contro
versy regarding the relative merita
ofMacadam" and "Telford" ::oads.
Up io that time England's best roads
were the remains of tho old Roman
roads, but Macadam and Telford be
gan an era of road building, each af
ter hii. own kind, which brought Eng
lish roads to a high state of develop
ment and made those two engineers
famous as the originators of the two
system* which to-day bear their names.
SBCnON^P TELFORD KOA?. '
The macadam road has the earth
graded and rollen for its foundation.
The principles laid down by Macadam
were as follows : lt is the natural soil
which really supports the weight of trav
el ; while it is preserved in a dry state
it will carry any weight without sink
ing. This native soil must previously
be made quite dry and a covering as
much impenetrcble to iain as possible
must then be placed over it to pre
serve it in that dry state. That the
thickness of a road should only be reg
ulated by the quantity of material
necessary to form such impervious
coveriug and never by any reference
to its own power of carrying weight!
These principles, modified in some
respects, govern the making of a mac
adam roadway to-day. The natural
earth foundation is graded so that the
curve cf the foundation will be par
allel to the curve of the surface of tho
roadway when completed. The earth
foundation is rolled and rerolled un
der a heavy roller until the rarlh is
firm, compact and even.
On both sides of the roadway exca
vations are made for the drains. In
the bottom of tho ditoh thus mndo
tiling in laid, oovered with hay, straw
or some such filtering material, and
over it is laid broken stone in such a
manner that water will easily find its
way down to the tile.
Sometimes, instead of tiling, bnndles
of rode or straight limbs of trees,
bound together fagot fashion, are laid
in the bottom of the drains instead of
tiles, '.Dhis is a cheaper construction,
br? is not regarded so good as tb*
When the roadway has been graded
and rolled and the drains haye been
built the first layer of broken stone is
put on the rolled surface of the eaith
foundation. This layer is about six '
inches deep, and consists of broken
stone, no piece too large to pass 1
through a ring of two and one-half
inches inside diameter.
When this layer is evenly spread
over the foundation the roller is again
brought into use, and the stone layer
is rolled until it is firm and compact.
Tho stone is sprinkled with water be
fore the roller is passed over it, and
sometimes clean, sharp sand is sprin
kled over the stone.
The second layer, thick enough to
bring the stone bed np to ten inches, !
is next spread on and rolled, and then j
a top layer of clean gravel or stone ,
chippings is put on and rolled. Care
is taken that the gravel shall not bo
waterworn, with smooth, round cor
ners, for this is injurious to the road
The Telford road differs materially
from the macadam, for it has a foun
dation of stones laid down singly, with
the broad side down, and tho spaces
between the stones filled with smaller,
SECTION OP MACADAM ROAD.
rough, wedge-shaped stones driver in
Orig'nally the Telford foundation
was "convexed" by laying the largest
stones to form the crown in the cent er
of the roadway and then grading down
to the gutters with smaller stone?, but
this*practice is no longer followed, tor
the earth is graded to form the crown
as it is done in a macadam road.
The earth foundation is well rollad
and then the sub-pavement is laid on
with the long side of tho stone set
transversely. Between these stones
stone chips are packed firmly and then
broken stone is placed over tho sub
pavement in two layers, tho first lay er
being rolled and packed before the
second is laid on.
i This layer of broken stone forms
the intermediate course, for the sur
face is mado of stone broken in smaller
pieces and packod under a light roller.
Sand is swept over the surface and in
other rolling with a heavier roller
complotes tho pavement. The sand is
moistened and tho rolling is continued
(NORTH CAROLINA) ROAD.
until the sand can no longer be drivo:i
in between tho broken stone. Drains
aro laid, as they "re for ma?adam
roads, before the ub-pavement is
A simple experim which can bo
made with any wht viii show why
a smooth, hard-sun 1 road makes
hauling easy for a ho. On such a
road the roadway i<> ngent to the
circumference of the wheel. The wheel
stands on the immediate point of con
tact, and there is no obstacle over
which the wheel must be lifted. On
a sandy or loose, soft earth road th$
wheel sinks iuto the roadway. To
draw tho wheel forward the earth be
fore its track must be displaced or
passed over, so that a horse, in addi
tion to the force it must exert to draw
the load, must use extra force to over
come tho obstacle in tho path of thc
In Mecklenburg County, North
Carolina, thc systematic improvement
of rfr.ids has made progress for nearly
fifteen year?. The general plan
adopted was to start at the city limits
of tho county seat and to grade and
macadam all public roads from this
point out toward the township and
county limits. These roads havo a
width of forty feet for the firBt two
miles from the city limits and beyond
this point a width of thirly-oix feet.
Tho average cost of these roads, in
clrding tho macadamizing and grad
ing, is about $2000 a mile. Tho effi
ciency of the roads is shown by the il
lustration, copiod from a photograph.
Tho wagon loaded with twelve bales
of cotton weighs G000 pounds, and
eaoh of the other three wagons is
loaded with a cord of wood.
Much of tho road bnilding in this
county is done by cenvicts. The av
erage number of convicts employed is
about eighty, and the averago cost of
this l'ibor per convict, including food,
clothing, medical attention cud guard?,
is from twenty to twenty-two cents a
The rate of taxnbion in the county
is eighteen cents on $100 worth of
property. In addition each township
levies a tax varying from Ecven to fif
teen cents on each $100 worth of
property. The law requires all able
bodied citizens along tbepublio roads
to labor four days of each year on tho
public roads or to pay fifty cents a
day in lien thereof.
This olass of labor is used indepen
dent of the convict labor, principally
in the work of grading or in tho gen
eral repairs of those roads or portions
of them upon which tho convict force
is not cngaggd.
Where Wafer h iccrcp.
Water is so tcarce in South Africa
that it is dealt oat by tho gallon, the
allowance to each person working for
tho mining companies ranging from
one to ono and a half gallons per day.
This limits tho drinker of tea and cof
fee to ono cup, whilo if stronger stim
ulants are indulged in they aro swal
lowed without. Wushing isa luxury,
clothing being f ubinitted to the action
of sunshine and air, with a good shak
ing, alter the manner of carpets, to
get rid of the dust
Recent Advance in This System of
With its many early imperfections
steam-heating was slow in coming into
favor, and there ore to-day many
worthy persons who hold a rooted
aversion to it, hased upon unhappy
experience. It is not difficult to under
stand the reason for this when one
visits a huilding equipped wi th a steam
heating apparatus of a score or more
years ago. The temperature is scarce
ly even bearable, for with the steam
turned on the rooms become torrid;
if it is turned oft they become frigid,
and there seems to be no happy me
dium. Added to this very vital objec
tion, when the steam is first admitted
to the radiator?, one might as well live
in a boilershop. The thumping and
clanging is enoughto craze a person of
In view of the splendid results that
aro now obtained in steam-heating, it
is needless to say that thc3o faults arc
not due to the system, but to the
ignorant application of it. Where
the heat cannot be properly and per
fectly regulated there has been no
scientific adjustment of heating sur
face to the cubic dimensions of the
room. In many buildings that have
been equipped with the apparatus,
subsequent to their ereotion, there are
hundreds of feet of steam pipe ex
posed, because it was impossible to
carry them from floor to floor and
from room to room within the walls.
The radiators themsolvcs have suf
ficient heating surface, while tho steam
pipes are responsible for tho over heat
ing.' The architect of to-day Bottles
this difficulty in his plan?. If the
matter is left to him, steam-heating
becomes a delight to the householder,
as it gives sure and equable tempera
ture in the utmost extreme weather,
and at a minimum of cost for fuel.
The thumping in tho radiators,
which forms a primo objection to thc
system in the mind of those who re
member the experimental stage of
steam-heating, is entirely obviated by
the nse of improved apparatus. It ii
caused, of course, hy the condensing
of steam in the radiators, and when
as hot air or hot water heating.
The accompanying design is for a
country villa in which tho plans c ill
for a simple' and inexpensive steam
GeneralDimensions : Width, throngh
dining-room and back parlor, 33 ft.
6 in?. ; depth, including bay window,
Heights of Stories : Cellar, 7 ft. ;
first st?ry, ? it. ; second story, 9 ft.
Exterior Materials: Foundation,
stone; first and second stories, clap
boards ; band between first and second
?. Ver?n dd
stories, band under eave?, gables, dor
mora and roofs, shingles.
Interior Finish ? Two [coat plaster,
hard white finish. Flooring and trim
in hall, oak; elsewhere, N. C. pine.
Oak staircose. Kitchen walls wain
scoted. All interior woodwork grain
filled and finished with hard oil varnish.
Colors: All clapboards, fawn
brown. Trim, including water-table,
corner boards, c?mico', etc., white.
Outside doors and ceiling, oiled.
Shingles on side walls left natural for
weather stain. Shingled roofs stained
a deep red.
Accommodations : Cellar under rear
half of house with inside and outside
entrance. Portiere openings connect
hall, parlor, sitting-room and dining
room. Open fireplaces in hail and
dining-room. Hat and coat closet in
hall. Butler's pantry, containing
Second TLoof "
dresser, connects kitchen and dining
room. Portabio rango and sink in
kitchen. Bath-room iu second story,
with full plumbing. Attic unfinished,
except for etorago purposes.
This House would cost ah ont $2985
-not inoluding the heating apparatus,
range and mantels-built -within 100
miles of New York City, although in
many sections of the country the cost
should be much less, where labor or
materials pre cheaper.
Eadiators should be placed as near
the mido wa ns possible, anl iu all
rooms but tho kitchen, including tho
bath-room and lower hall. A fair es
timate for the apparatus complete,
set, would be about $290.
A FEATHERED CURIOSITY.
It ls a Booster With a Sixteen Feet
The jopanoso oro a fun-loving peo
ple ana they are a- full of tricks of
various; kinds as an American school
boy. A writer who recently returned
from Japan" tells of a queer rooster ho
saw on tho Mikado's Island. "The
only toing in the shape of a live, phy
sical freak that ever came under my
observation was a common, everyday
6ort otf a barndoor rooster," ho says.
"That rooster had a tail sixteen feet
BOOSTER WITH ? ?.ONG TAHu
long and thought ho was 'somo pump
kins.' Nevertheless, ho wa3 a fraud, a
?mare and delusion. He strutted about
with the self complacent air of a pea
cock, notwithstanding that he must
have been aware of tho fact that his
tail was composed of plumes begged,
borrowed or stolen from the caudal ap
pendages of other rooster*. That tail
certainly was a marvel of ingenuity.
Tho feathers were so cleverly joined
one to enothor as to defy detection,
except on the minutest of scrutiny.
Yet the owner of tho bird could tako
off and put on that wonderful tail
whenever it pleased him to do so."
- ? "^jrn?" -
A Feline Fireman.
There's tv remarkable cat in this city
called 'Tootsy." She is tho only fire
cat ia the land. Tootsy is a member
of Engine Company No. 27, and all tho
firemen love her. She was born on tho
Fourth of July, has been in the cat ?
show, rides on the engine, sitting on j
tho driver's seat, and loves the smell ,
of smoko as much as she does a dinner
of live mouse. Nothing could induce j
the men of No. 27 to part with their
pet. Tootsy knows an alarm of fire,
even if she hears the gong strike when
she's a block away. When Tootsy
dies libero will be sorrow of tho genu
ine kind in the engino house of No.
27.-New York Eecord,
Iiis Imperative Duty.
A lady, cn route to tho last Queen's
drawing-room, in London, found her
self blocked in a lino of carriages con- j
faining people who had not tho cntrco
to which she herself was entitled.
Much annoyed, she loaned ont of the
oarriuge window and said to a police
man on duty there.in imperious tones:
"Perhaps you don't know that I am
the wife of a cabinet minister?" "I
couldn't let you pass, ma'am," he
calmly replied, "even if you were the
wife of a Presbyterian minister."-Ar
An inhabitant of Berlin is responsi
ble for the invention of fireproof pa
per. A considerado quantity of as
bestos fiber of tho best quality, with
several other ingredient?, is mixed
with tho ordinaiy wood pu'p, with the
addition of somo lime water and bor
ax. Paper thus produced will resist
the direct influence o" a flame and oan
be placed even in a white heat with
. Tho Largest Dam.
The largest dammed body of water
in the world will be secured by the
building o? a dam at Cloqnot, Minn.,
on tho St. Louis Biver, 900 foet long
and eighty feet high, by which back
water will bo extended sixty miles.
- iML.li -~
Great Botanic (Jardea.
Tho botanic gardens of tue Jardin
des Plantes, P?iris, includes about
seventy acres. The plants are all
labeled with rod labels, medicinol;
green for alimentary ; yellow, for or
namental purposes; blue, for art, and j
black, for poisonous plants.-Current .
STYLISH C03IBINATIONS IN JAC
KETS AND WAISTS.
Handsome Outing Jacket of Light
Gray Cloth-A Becoming Waist
of Linen Batiste-New Wi .yd
Of Wearing the Hair.
j I y HE stylish combination por
I / trayed in the first double-col
I uran engraving illustrates one
fr" of the newest fanoies of tho
season. The open jacket is made of
light gray cloth, the lapels and collar
being faced with fine suiting in "shep
herd's plaid" (black and white oheck)
that matches the skirt with which it is
worn. Smoked pearl buttons are used
for decoration. The fronts are deeply
faced and reversed to form long lapels
that meet the rolling collar in notches.
They are usually worn open, but can
be closed at the bust if so desired.
Tho back fits smoothly, side, back and
underarm gorep, with a curved centre
seam securing a trim adjustment.
Plaits are laid underneath, below the
waist line in back, to form tho fullness
now fashionable. The stylish gigot
sleeves aro shaped by single seams, tho
fullness at the top being laid in baok
and forward turning side plaits, that
form single box plaits at the shoulder
seams. The blazer can be made i rom
one material in self-colored cloth or
of suiting to match skirt. Pockets
can be inserted in the fronts if desired,
these being omitted from all the latest
?jgns, inside breast pockets being
The quantity of material, ii inches
wide, required to make this jacket for
a lady having a 36-inch bust measure
is 3? yarde.
A B2C01HNG WAIST.
The stylish waist depicted in tho
second large illustration i? ono of tho
season's novelties, its soft fullness and
handsome decoration making it un
usually attractive and becoming. Ecru
linen batiste is tho material repre
sented, made up over green taffeta
linings and decorated with bands of
batiste embroidery and green satin
ribbon. The full fronts and back are
joined in shoulder seams, and gath
ered in several rows of shirring around
tho neck and at tho lower edge3 in cen
tre. A full plaited basque of the j
trimming is sewed to tho lower edges
in centre. Tho standing collar has a
plaited frill standing out from ita up
per edge that separates in point3 at
front and back. Three bands of batiste
embroidery decorate tho frouts, tho
ceutro one blousing slightly at tho
waist. Tho bishop sleeves aro fash
ionably full, and are shirred top and
bottom over fitted linings of taffeta.
Straight cuffs of the batiste embroid
ery complete the wrists. Waists in
this style are stylishly developed from
any of the numerous weaves of fancy
silk now in vogue, with ribbon, lace,
insertion, jet or spangled passemen
terie for decoration. B?h combina
tions are possiblo by the mode.
The quantity of material ii inches
wide required to make this basque for
a lady having a 36-inch bust measure
is 3 \ yards.
The new ribbons are really wonder
ful in coloring and diversity or pat
terns. On wfcite and bright colored
grounds there are ohine designs, and
over these are narrow black and white
stripes or dots. Tl.07 como wide for
snehes, and coat between ?1 and $5 a
yard. One design of purple lilnc3
strewn all over a white around, with
one narrow white satin stripe down
either side nearly two inches from the
edge, is particularly pretty, but the
variety ia beyond description.
EVENING BONNET OP SPANGLED NET.
The home milliner has an excellent
opportunity to show her originality in
making up a variety ol bonnets for
evening wear. Spangled net is one of
the newest and most popular materials
to be employed in the make-up of
these necessary little bits of feminine
finery. Rhinestone buckles and
bunches of half-blown pink roses com
plete this simple but effective little
NEW WATS OP DRESSING THE HAIR.
With a return to the fashions of our
grandmammas there is also a return to
the elaborate mode of dressing the
hair. The plain "knot" that anyone
could do has given place to an elabor
ate structure of curls and waves and
frizzes and flowers and jewels that
only an artist can accomplish, and tho
reign of tho hair dresser will soon be
gin in the land.
Speaking of the new coiffures, a
noted French hair dresser says that for
an evening toilet waving the hair is
only accessory ; for morning it is in
dispensable. For day wear tho knot
is raised higher on the head than last
year, while for evening wear it is
raised quite up on the top of the head.
In the pretty designs for a daytime
coiffure given above tho hair is simply
waved all over the hca 1 and drawn
back so that it forms bands at the
?ides. At the back it is drawn loosely
into .a knot well up on the head, where
it is secured by a handsome tortoise
shell comb. ^ -
For evening wear all'sorts of hand
some accessories jewels, flowers,
feathers, rosettes are worn, mixed with
tufs of hair. To these ure added
.tigreU^' $cir? ?lightly .ct o ac side. I
The hair is very much puffed around ?
FOE DAT AND DINNER WEAH.
the head and the waving gives it a
pretty and airy effect. A stylish and
new arrangement of the hair for au
elaborate dinner or thoatro party is
pictured here. It is composed in front
of bande, which form waved festoons
over the oars. Behind are rosettes of
pink velvet, ono upon another, form
ing an aigrette. Five curls foll over
thc shoulder at the back.
WHITE STREWN WITH LU ACS.
Tho new ribbons aro wonderful in
coloring and diversity of pattern?. On
white and bright-colored grounds
there are chino design?, and over those
are narrow black and white stripes o:r
dots. One design of purple lilacs
strewn all over a whito ground, with
one narrow white satin stripe down
either side nearly two inches from the
edge, is particularly pretty, but the
variety is beyond description.
A VERT ODD SLEEVE.
The very popular sleeve model ol
the moment fits the arm very closely,
some inches above the elbow, and has
a short, full puff at the top, th? sleeve
a the wrist sharply pointed and frule J
with rich lace.
Sailor hat:? having tho edgo of tho
brim rolled ip all around arc among
] the n?T fcfv ?es, - -----
MOTHERS READ THIS.
? For Flatulent Colic, Diarrhoea, Dyscn
( i tery, Nausea, Cong tts, Cholera In-1
( ) fantum, Teething Children, Cholera !
I \ Horbas, Unnatural Drains from,
. ) the Bowels, Fains, Griping, Loss of
' I Appetite, Indigestion and all Dls
' j eases of the Stomach and Bowels, J
J PITTS CARMINATIVE . <
?ls thc standard. It carries cUldren over^
m the critical period ot teething, and(
.A ls recommended hy physicians as.
\ the friend ot Mothers, Adults and'
( t Children. 'It is pleasant to tho taste, (
(| and never fails to give iiatlsiactioQw
' [ A few doses will demonstran) its sn-'
(' portative Tlrtnes. Price, 25 ct*, peri
^ ) bottle. For ralo by drujjgista. j
HO UNE HOLD AFFAIRS.
If you wish to mark your silver,
china and glas? towels in the very
latest fashion, you will mark on the
former two crossed spoons, on the
glacs towels a wineglass or tumbler,
and on the china towels the outlines
of a cap. These outlines are then'
worked in stem stitch, and even the:
maid ignorant of English cannot mia?'
take their use.
OVEN DOORS OP CBTSTAIw
It has remained for a woman (o in*
vent and patent glass doors for ovens.
The wonder is that the idea has not
long ago been thought of by some wo?
man who cooks. Ail cooking instruc
tors lay the greatest stress on the care
to be obeerved in opening an oven
door to watch the progress of cakes
or muffins. Maria Parloa, making
sponge cake, touches the knob with
the most delicto care and lightness,
dreading even to jar the cake within,
and peeks through the smallest crack
that will aSord the necessary glance.
What a relief to walk boldly up to the
oven and through these transparent
doors, whioh the genius of a Michigan
woman has discovered, study at leis*
are the progress of rising cake dough
or crisping fowl.-New York Adver
CLEANING COVERS AND CARPETS.
To cleanse a rubber piano oover^Iay
the cover on a long, clean table, and
spongo it all over with clear, warm
water containing a little powdered
borax, just enough borax to soften the
water ; use no soap ; then with a olean
cloth rub it dry ; if it looks dall and
does not give satisfaction, then take
another soft cloth and drop on it not
more than two or three drops of sweet
oil andjrub gently all over the cover.
To deane? a Brussels carpet: first
have the carpet well shaken, then tack
it down in a room where it is to re
main and sweep it as thoroughly as
possible. Take a pail of hot water, put
rar, wash the carpet all over the sur
face, using a flannel cloth. For grease
spote or very dirty places, uso a scrub
bing brush freely and a very little
soap, taking care to rinse the soap off
well after scrubbing; ohange the water
quite often ; rub the carpet well after
washing with a dry cloth, and open the
doors and windows so as to dry tho
carpet as qrjickly as possible.-New
PAPER CARPET LIXIN3.
A carpet lining male entirely from
wood and paper pulp is ono of the
nowest articles to be prodused from
that seemingly unfailing sourcs
paper. Carpet linings made from
manilla paper, folded in flat rolls,
or otherwise constrnoted, are com
mon enough, but tba new typo of
lining is quite out pf the ordinary.
Anything that is between two layer?,
as a carpet lining (which is between
the floor and tho carpet), must bo
porous BO as to allow the dirt that
works through the texture of the car
pel to sift through to thc floor. Again,
tho lining must be flexible nnd smooth,
lt must also be moth proof.
These ends are obtained by running
the pulp on the floor to an nverago
depth of one-quarter inch, which will
furnish a good, smooth, elastic founda
tion for tho carpet. The pulp fills
every crack, bad place, depression, and
forms a perfectly-level sur?ace. Ex
posure to the air dries the composi
tion in a day or so. Thc carpet is
laid directly upon this surface, which,
being absolutely smooth and just
elostio enough, makes the poorer
grades of carpets seem like the softest
and most costly of pile textures.
Velvet Mush-Melt two tablespoon
fuls of butler in a porcelain kettle;
cook in this two coffcecupfuls of wheat
flour until it slips tho spoon und th 3
kettle ; have five caps of mill: ready
boiled and add to tho flonr, one cup
ial at a time. Let boil between each
cupful. Add one teaspoonful of salt ;
stir thoroughly aad serve.
Tartle Beaa Soap-Soak one pict of
black beans over night, then put them
iuto three quarts of water with beef
bones or a small piece of lean salt
pork ; boil three or four hours, strain,
season with salt, pepper, cloves and
lemon juice. Pat iu a few slices of
lemon, and if wished 1 ,dd slices of hard
boiled egc-8. Sirve with toasted bread
cut into dico and placed in the tureen.
Rica Bread-Quarter pounl of rice,
two pounds of flour, one-half table
spoonful 'salt one cake of yeast, one
pint of lukewarm water. Sew rice in
a sack, but leave snfficieat room to let
it swell ; put tho sack ia boiling water
and let cook for three hours. Dis
solve yeast and salt in water, m;x with
rice and knead in two pounds of flour.
Let ri?e, then put in bread pans and
treat as common wheat bread.
Turbot-Take a whitefish, steam till
tender, take ont boues, aad sprinkle
with pepper and salt. For dressing,
heat a pint of milk and thicken with a
quarter pound of flour ; wuen cool add
two eggs and a large piece of batter
and season with onion and parsley
(very little of each). Put in the baking
dish a layer of fish, then a layer of
sauce, till full, cover the top with
bread crumbs aid bake half un hoar.
Murderer of the Sones.
The trial of Romula* Cotoll, the
murderer 1 f the Stone family at Tal
ladega, Ohio, six weeks ago has boen
set by Judge Kohler fur Jane 22,
.. .- .