Newspaper Page Text
THOS. 1 ADAMS. PROPRIETOR.
EDGEE?ELD, S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 7, 1892.
VOL. LVII. NO. 13.
The only bicycle patenta now in
force are-those covering specialties.
It is estimated that the population
of the Argentin ^ Republic hos in
crease d thirty-five per cent, in the last
Loudon has gone into the renovating
business in earnest. The oity is spend
ing 82,500,000 in cleaning and re
building one slum.
Kew York has found out that a
geography used in her schools has a
good deal to say about the greatness
and importance of Chicago, and i
making a fuss about it.
Bishop Bowman expressed a very
ii nile tiering opinion of Congress dur
ing the general conference of tho Me
iji odis t Church at Cleveland. "Are
we in Congress?" ho exclaimed.
"Brethren, can wo not stop this hoot
ing and howling?"
?*T?e typewriter is a blessing to
business men, it is death to the charm
of all private correspondence, and its
extensive use in original composition
would inevitably dilute literature be
yond the celling point," dcolares
Charles Dudley Warner.
Biltmore, the new North Carolina
estate of George Vanderbilt, is a
wheelman's paradise. There aro 95,
000 acres in the estate and the system
of roadways is so porfeot that Mr.
Vanderbilt, who is a wheelman, can
go a hundred miles over a macada
mized road without going off his
The American propensity to leave
money to educational institutions
seems to Harper's Weekly tobe spread
ing across our northern border. Mr.
H. A Massey, a manufacturer of
Toronto, lately loft 3*70,000, by will
to Methodist colleges m Canada, be
sides $178,009 to Canadian churches
and charities, and $50,000 to the
American University at Washington.
The Atlanta Constitution says:
After a careful study of the situation
the cotton men of New England have
deoided to compromise the issue be
tween the cotton mills of that section
and those of Georgia, Alabama and
other Southern States, by agreeing
that coarser goods oan be manufac
tured at a greater profit in the South
while those of finer quality can be
.produced to better advantage by the
cotton miUs of New England.
Commander J, W. Miller, of the
New York Naval Militia, calla
"system developed by large corpora
tions has given powers of command
and habits of obedience to numbers of
citizens, and has trained employes to
much stricter methods than obtained
formerly in the regular armies and
navies of the world." That tho vast
social systems of America exercise a
tremendous educational influence upon
great masses of OUT people is very evi
dent lo the New York Observer ; and
it is pleasant to feel that in some re
spects at least this subordination of
small armies of men to great commer
cial powers and organizations is hav
ing a beneficial elfeot in the direction
of moral discipline and development.
The Atlantic Monthly remarks : Of
the panper and criminal classes the
Scandinavians have a smaller propor
tion than any other alien element ex
cept the British. Tho Danes, Nor
wegians and Swedes are particularly
free from other than traditional ties
binding them to the mother countries.
No dramatic outbursts of National
sentiment on the other side rekindle
the old enthusiasms here. As Swedes,
Norwegiars and Danes they fast dis
appear; merging, not into Scandi
navians, but into Americans. As
Americans, they will be builders,
not destroyer?; safe, not brilliant.
Best of all, their greatest service will
be as a mighty steadying influence, re
inforcing those high qualities which
we sometimes call Puritan, sometimes
Much ryo bread was eaten in this
country in the beginning of tho cen
tury, and mnoh rye and Indian-a
healthful compound that disappeared
when stcvessnperseded the hage briok
o ?en in whioh the maize ingredient
was rendered digestible by being
cooked all night. The snowy wheaten
loaf, as the staple bread of the land,
dates only back to the cultivation of
the wheat fields of New York in tho
early part of this century ; and simul
taneously there seemed to arise a
"fashion" of white bread. The using
of bread made from anything less than
"the best Gonesee flour" was thought
a mark of poverty. About 1810 there
appeared about an even distribution
of dyspepsia throughout the Northern
and Eastern States, more espeoially
among those well-to-do people who
used only the "best Genesee." One
investigator announced that the root
of the mischief lay in robbing the
wheat of its best elements in the pro
cess of milling, and taking away its
oater coating. This man was Sylves
ter Graham-a monomaniac on his
own hobby ; but he rendered au im
portant service to the science of ali
mentation, though the epithet "bran
bread" was derisively applied to the
sort that still bears his name,
CLOTHES HOB TOTS.
NEW.AND BECOMING GARMENTS
FOR LITTLE CHILDREN'.
A Gutmpe Dress of Dotted Swiss
Kilt and Blouse Suit for
a Hoy-Litt 18 Girl's
t - -~t - , Apron.
(i_. :_i ^ _ ~ "
ll yflT AY MANTON says tbat
IV /I dotted Swiss made the
JLVJL Ve^y simple ?nd pretty
guimpe dress pictured in
tho first large cut, frills of the fine
lawn, embroidered, headed by inser
tion, foi ming the attractive trimming.
A wide hem headed by three tucks
fashionably finish the straight lower
square yoko that is Bhaped in round,
low outline at tho neok. The yoko is
entirely concealed by the bertha-like
lapels, that ore edged with frills of om
broidery and meet over th' shoulders.
The short puff sleeves are arranged
over fitted linings that reach to the
elbow, deep frills of embroidery
falling below, headed with bands of
inser-ion. All soft-sheer fabrics will
develop daintily by tho mode, which
offers pretty suggestions for drespes of
Bilk, woolen or ootton fabrics.
Tho quantity of material 44. indi RR I
wide required to ma'.- ibu
a child six years of a
box's KILT AN:
The coming snit f p
tur ed in the second
consists of a kilt-plait
pique., and a pretty
xe tee ti nv i
ind embroidered ed g
;red in frills and trim,
ind right front edge
tuoks are stitched in
raffioient distance from tno dosing in
center to show beyond the frills of
embroidery that are sewed on each
Bide of the band of insertion. The
large sailor color falls deeply on back
and front, flaring slightly in center,
and a Windsor tie of yellow silk is
worn at the neok. The* kilt skirt is
hemmed on the lower edge and laid at
side plaits at the top all around. lt
is finished with a waistband that is
provided with hatton holes to attach
it to the buttons on the under waist.
Suits of this kind can be made from
plain, stripped or cheoked gingham,
galatea, duck or grass linen, a com
bination of two. materials having a
very stylish effect.
The quantity of material 36 inches
wide required to make this snit for a
child four years of age is 3 yards.
BUTTONS AND BUCKLES.
Fancy buokles and bnttons form a
very important pari of tho smart
gowns this year, and are often intrinsi
cally valuable, while even imitation
jewels are most brilliant. A gown of
green and white Bilk with the front of
the waist entirely of lace is trimmed
with battons of rhinestones and imi
tation emeralds, wonderfully true (can
it be said, to nature?) while the gowns
BOYS' KILT A
that have red in thom are trimmed
with garnets and rhinestones. Ribbon
bows aro apparently held in place by
fascinating buckles in which rhine
stones play an important part. Silver
is so cheap that sterling silver buckley,
very dainty and artistic in design, can
bo bought for little and nre[much used
as trimming. The belt buckles that
ore attached to belt3 aro small-, but
belt' buckles that belong on dresses are
of goodly shape* and size. A chiffon
Waist has the folds caught down aer?se
the bast by a rhinestone buckle curved
in shape, and the stonos marvellously
rosemblo real diamonds. Many con*
servative women object to this fashion
on the ground that they dislike intense
ly anything that is imitation ; but
these mock-jewels are taken for just
what they are worth) are not intended
to deceive, and consequently are worn
with simple morning gowns when the
real jewels would be incongruous. The
jet buokles are used with crepe, and
lighten very deoidedly the dull, som
bre look that crepe of necessity pos
The jacket front; which are EO much
% feature of summer gowes are par
ticularly adapted to the use of hand
some buttons; three on either side
oold the fronts in place and trim very j
prettily. This docs not apply to any
rat elaborate gowns ; for in t bas j but
ions rhinestones again are used, the
lain centro surrounded with rhine
tones, or all rhinestones, or tho minia
ures which were fashionable last win
A LITTLE GIRL'S APRON.
This dressy apron, writes May Man
on, is made of fine white lawn, pret
?lv (rimmn/| T"i*-V. TT-1
?ortion, tho full skirt being gathered
it the top and joined to its lower edge.
i band of insertion edges the top of
.oke and forms a heading to tho frill
?f embroidery. Full sleeves are
;athe:red at the top and sewed in the
irm's eye, the edge being decorated
o match yoke. The apron elotes in
?entre back with buttons and bntton
?oles, wide sash ends being attached
o the side- at the waist line and tied
n a bow with long ends at the back.
Lp ron s j in this style aro dainty look
ng and quite protective. They can
oe made up and plainly finished, or
elaborately deccrated with lace or cm
oroidery. Cross-barred muslin, main
iook, cambric, dotted Swiss, dimity or
organdie are usually chosen for it de
The ouautity of material 36 inches
wide required to make this apron for
a child eight years of ago is 2h yards.
According to the census of 1S90, the
men of the United States outnumbered
tho women by 1,422,182. In most
European countries the excess is large
ly the other way,
LAYING FLU OILS,
Improved Methods Which Prevail
la Houses of the Tresent Tit
Excellent artisans and honest
men as wero our forefathers,*!
could have learned mnch from this
circles; and commercial genera ti h of
tho soience of floor laying. Ho', ther
part of the house received such/ con
stant and severo use as the floors and
so it is the veriest truism to safe that
to none should more care and \ ten
tion be given. We have ceasedj tito
gethcr to use the matohed hoare i of
extra width for flooring, exoepti the
very cheapest of houses and tlij? - in
crease in expense that comes frone the
use of Darrow boards is so inconsider
able that it should cut no fignrejjjrith
the man who is building a house for
himself. Most people find it the pirt of
genuine economy to use tho Jrery
narrow strips of Georgia pine, bit if
this must bo put aside for the cheaper
woods, the strips should never exleed
three inohes in width. With paces
for material and labor as reasonable
os they are present, there ore fewleho
cannot afford i te luxury of a finer
floor in a few of the rooms.
The constant growing popularity of
rugs and art squares for the dinjjng
room and library has made hardwood
flt tors almost a necessity for thesomwo
apartments at least. It ia true ?hat
the ordinary matched pine floor may
be stained and shellacked with good
efl ect, but there is never the satisfac
tion that comes from a floor thqt is
meant to be seen.
Expensive marquetry floors, bei ?ti
ful in themselves, are not rcquined.
There are few more satisfactory nd
attractive floors than those that' ire
well laid in thoroughly seaso led
maple. These are reasonable ai to
first cost, and they are readily kep' in
good coudition. One advantage^ tey
have over the beautiful oak floors' is
that they do not become PO glassy
smooth. They do not require suce a
high polish as the oak, and conse
quently have less of menace for fragile
bones. It is by no means necessary
for the best effects that floors of ibis
kind, in one wood, be laici in elabo
rate patterns. Ono or two strips
around the edge of the room for a
border, and the rest laid ..bias" (as
the women have it), is a jcb that any
ordinary carpenter can manage. Of
course, there aro those who demand
the full marquetry floor, with costly
hard woods laid in complicated
geometrical patterns. But this forms
an entirely separate branch of wood
The accompanying design has tho
floors in library and dining-room laid
General Dimensions : Width,
through library and kitchen, 33 ft. 10
in?. ; depth, 46 ft G ins., including
Heights of Stories : Cellar,7 ft. ; first
story, 9 ft. 6 in. ; second Btory, 9 ft.
Exterior Materials: Foundation,
stone; first fctory, clapboards; 6?cond
story, gables and roo', Bhingleu.
Interior Finish : Two coat plaster,
hard white finish. Maple wood floor
ing. Trim throughout, N. C. pine.
Staircase, ash. Bath room and kitch
en, wainscoted. Chair-rail in dining
room. All interior wood-work grain
tilled and finished with hard oil var
Colors: All clapboards, medium
green. Shingling on walls of sesond
story and gables, oiled. Boof shin
glos, stained red. Trim, including
water table, corner boards, casings,
cornices, bands, veranda columns, rail,
etc, dark bottle green. Sashes,
white. Veranda floor, dark brown.
Veranda ceiling, oiled.
Accommodations: Tho principal
rooms and their sizes, closets, etc.,
aro shown by tho floor plans. Cellar
under whole house. Attic ?3 floored
for storage purposes. Open fireplace
iu sitting-room. Portable range, sink
and boiler in kitcheu. Bath room in
second story. Jjip?n closet in second
st?r-, hall. Two set tubs in kitchen.
Sliding door connects hall and parlor.
Portiere opening between parlor and
library. Lnrge sized veranda with
Cost: $4000, not including mantels,
range or heater. Tho estimate is
based on New York prices for mater
ials and labor. In many sections of
the country the cost should be less.
Feasible Modifications : General di
mensions, materials nncl colors may be
changed. Collar may bo reduced in
size or wholly omitted. Fireplace and
part or all of plumbing may be omit
ted. Attio may be finished for two
rooms. Sliding doors may be inti o -
dnoed between parlor and library.
MILLION DOLLAR NUGGET,
A Gold 3IInc?-*8 Wonderful Find In
A prospecting miner returningi
wearied and disgusted, from an unsuc
cessful seaeon stumbles across a boul
der so rioh in gold that in an instant
he is a millionaire. It reads like a
fairy tale?~but it happens to be true.
There is satisfactory evidence of the
truth of Martin Noilly's wonderful
find. It was on Monday, April 27, that
Neilly was returning to Eossland,
British Columbia, after on unsuccess
ful prospecting trip in the Salmon
River district. He had reached the
Columbia River at a point about sis
miles north of Trail Landing, B. C., at
about noon, and, eelecting a site on
the bank of the stream at the foot of
Lookout Mountain, sat down to eat
his dinner. As ho munched his hum
ble food he noticed a largo boulder,
half buried in the sand in a dry por
tion of the river be!, not far from
where he sat.
When he had finished his meal, he
walked over to the boulder, examining
itin a casual manner, and then, as his
experienced eye detected signs of [tho
precious metal for which ho had vain
ly sought for months, ho attacked the
great gray mass with his pick, work
ing with feverish energy. He almost
swooned when a fragment Of the rock
came away, showing distinctly the
traces of gold and copper.
NUGGET OP GOLD WOBTH A MILLION*.
bonanza, and hiu*r r,?u*.i.-: m cac ..o
05ouU?, icclnrcn that ?h-? b?nlde?
weigned approximately 20,000 tonp,
and that, in round numbers, it will
prove to be worth $1,000,000.
Tho miners aigue that there must
be more gold where this came from,
aud tho mountain side clear above tho
timber line is being rapidly staked
off, and miners are flocking to the dis
trict from distant points, confident
that the story of Cripple Creek is to
bo repeated. Neilly was originally an
Ohioan. He has been prospecting for
twenty years, but never "struck it
Save! by Iiis Boat Heel.
J. B. Ott, a brakeman on the Balti
more and Ohio Railroad, was caught
under a bad wreck which occurred at
Alberton, Md., Wednesday night. He
was held by the loft foot under tho
truck of a flat car loaded with coal.
After hard labor with hammer and
chisel, tho oak timber of tho truck
was cut away sufficiently to release
him, after an hour's confinement in
his perilous position. Ott bravely
held the torch whilo the trainmen
worked to release him. Dr. William
B. Gambull, tho company's surgeon,
made an examination, and, to the sur
prise of all, Otto was for nd to be but
slightly injured. His strong boot heel
had protected his foot from the crush
ing force of the enormous weight rest
ing upon it.-Baltimore Sun.
Moving a Whole Tow?.
She town of Wentachee, Wash., is
to be moved two miles from its pres
ent location to a point on tho bank of
the river. It is a pretty fair sized
town, too. All the buildings will be
moved ia tho usual way to tho new lo
cation. Thero is uot au adequate tup
ply of water whero the town now
stands, and in addition ?ho oitizens
are incensed at the avarice of ownere
of the present town site, who have
fixed the prioe of property at a very
New Way of Making Wire Nails.
A contrivance has boen patented for
making wire nails on a cut-nail ma
chine. It is easily attached to a com
mon machino at a cost of less than
$15. It consists of an arrangement of
dies into which tho wiro is drawu, and
the nail is made by a quick pressure.
While this pressure is in progress, the
head and point forming tho wiro for
another nail ?3 shot through to tho
dies, so that the rapidity of manufac
ture is equal to that of tho ordinary
A .Marble Tent.
The monument of the late Sir Rich
ard Burton is a great tent carved out
of marble, under which his body rests
in a steel casket. Lady Burton's
casket rests beside it. There is one
other yet to be put under the tent -
that of the erratic couple's most
"faithful servant and friend," as Lady
Burton called her.-New Orloans
lt is said that wbeu the perfume of
cut flowers grows faint, it may bo re
stored by placing them in sweetened
BUSY SCENES AT A FACTORY
". ON STATEN ISLAND.
_; * ^ ;;; ,T
Most of tho Employes Are Farmers'
Daughters-Turning Out Fire
crackers of All Sizes-Mak- .
_ .1 lng Roman Caudles*
"1 \ BOAD green fields; pretty
I-<L girls who move as though no
I_J oivio censors had told them
fc" that dress reform was too
new; bright faced boys who work
with the enthusiam of delight; only a
few men, whoso countenances, be
grimed, it is true, yet quite content
with the deeds they havo to do, and
yet heroes in a minor key, for they
work face to face with a possibility
that their next breath may be taken
half in this world and half as a sigh
for tho next. It is a modern Arcadia,
set between the hills of Staten Island,
and named Graniteville, yet why no
man has yet known, for there is no
granite nearer than tho- Army Build
ing that runs up its facade in White
hall street. All this blissful abode of
labor is simply a fireworks factory
and the Arcadians are its willing
Here it is that 300 persons, mostly
farmers' denghters, work from July ll
to July 3, from one year to the next,
making colored fires and rockets and
Bomen candles and those mysterious
things known as "set pieces," which
go off, it is true, according to pro
gramme, but which need a guide and
spokesman most times to tell what
they aro all "about. And talk about
Chinese labor 1 Well, these energetic
L GIRLS PACKING THE FIREWORKS FO
PAPER. 3. rOTTING THE F
*E!CT."sr.r work systec
. ot ihr-year,: ..
h&i oiployerd are
early. 20,000 ?ca is . :
teas join iuu uicuioui? vi
air and fite, thc water mr\y be theto
help out the insurance companies. lu
the midst of these there is a little
ihore pretentious building called tho
office; and it is hore that the Sn per in
tent sits, like Pluto on his throne,
master of all these dynamic possibil
Some of these litttle buildings aro
numbered and locked. They are tho
powder magazines. Others ore moro
significant, because in them men and
a large number of women are busy
filling pa8teboord cylinders with ex
plosives for July i. It must not be
thought from this that gunpowder is
used for these things. Iustead of ita
mixture is need-that is as fiuo as dust
in Broadway, lt is explosive;, of
course, but it burns slowly and does
not smash things unless it is confined.
Everything from them up to the
eight ounce cracker that goes off like
a six-inch gun are turned out here.
Tho pasteboard is mado into little
cylinders and these arc tin n taken to
one of the little houses, where boys
fix the American fuses, which give lots
of warning before they iguito the
cracker, eo that fingers may remain in
tact. These lads plug up one end with
bits of clay and then pour in the ex
MAKING ROMAN CANDLES.
plosive, which has tho same color ri
Uncle Silas's duster, and then they are
ready for packing. These firecracker
don't have Chinese characters on them.
But on each, in plaiu New York dia
lect, is a warning how to hold them
and when to let go. iou do anything
else at your own risk.
The Boman candles are made tko
samo way, 6avo that much moro cai e
is taken with them. They are packed
with hydraulic presses, and the globes
of various colored fire which aro sent
over your lawn or into your sweet
heart's window curtains aro little
cones that resemble yellow and blue
clay, which are so sedative to heat
that the mere placing of them in the
pasteboard cylinder sometimes fires
them prematurely by friction. .
Most of the set pieces and the rock
ets are loaded at the outset as til?
Boman candles are, the system being
practically the same. ?et with all the
apparent danger the factory has not
had an explosion for several years,
and insurance companies have confi
dence enough to risk $100,000 ic
policies on the place.
Ono of the most interesting division;
ol' the work of preparing for the eagle/?
screech ia ihe torpedo factory. The
giant torpedoes aro made by hand, for
they are very sensntive and they re
quire quite a lot of fulminate of sib
ver, which must be treated with ez
ra THE LABOBATOBr.
treme courtesy. Boys cut tho pieces
of tissue paper the csaot square, by
machine, and then force the centre
of tho square through the holes of a
brass rack. Then a lad drops some of
tho.fuJmiiuite.jflahii.bottjcuD sat the Jit
tie bng there formed, and another boy
fills the little paper up with graveL
Then the racks are handed to girls,
who brush paste over the tops of the
papers and twist them tight into little
points so that the gravel cannot fall
out. This done they are packed in
sawdust, ten in a box, and are ready
for you to awake your neighbors.
The one really dangerous place at
the factory is the laboratory where is
mado the fumina te of silver used in
the torpedoes and percussion shells
and caps of all sorts. Muslin and
cheese cloth is used here for tops of
tables, covers for boxes and every.
R MARKET. 2. SETTING THE TORPEDO
?LMINATE ON TORPEDOES.
unkindness seemingly unaccountable.
The gra?dnl swan, c. g., is ono of tho
most ungracious in its ways. Not only
(in tho breeding season) docs a male
bird resent the intension of strauge
gentlemen, but it will spend tho day
in driving off from its domain any un
lucky geese, which might be plainly
assumed to have no designs upon its
domestic arrangements, and have, in
deed, no desire beyond that for a com
fortable wash and swim* It will also
pursue even tho most innocent of new
born ducklings while they unwittingly
rejoico in au early taste of their com
mon clement. But this is not alb
Wheu un only child has passed out
of tho oygnet klage of life, and grown
KO full physical, if not mental, ma
turity, fath?r and mother swans have
been known to fall upon and deliber
ately beat it to death with wing and
beak. I havo myself seen an instance
of this. The gratified parents swam
gracefully about the more in whioh
lhey lived, while the great white
corpse of their son lay, battered and
dead, upon the shore. The following
year, after another had been born to
them, and in infancy carried upon his
mother's back, they began to tre-t
bim so roughly that, not being pin
nioned like them, he wisely flew away,
and we saw him no more. Curiously
euough, geese which have experienced
rudeness from swans in the lusty
spring have been known to retaliate
in tho calmer autumn, when tho
fierceness of their enemy had become
mitigated. I have seen a gauder leap
upon tho back of a once arrogant
swan, and after a period of enforced
impotent enmity, pound away at it in
the full enjoyment of gratified revenge.
Tho Royal Observatory of Green
wich, from which place English longi
tudo is measured, was established in
the reign of Charles ll. It was sug
gested by a celebrated astronomer
named Flamsteod, and measures were
taken under his superintendence for
adopting the study of astronomy as a
X Rays Ncfdcd.
"Hello I. ls that you, Billions?'*
Billions (slightly r?tt.ed)-"Can't
you soo who I am ?"
MOTHERS READ THIS.
For Flatulent Colic, Dlaxrbcoa, Dysen
tery, Nausea, Coughs, Cholera Is? i
furtum, Teething Chlldrou, Cholera,
Morbos, Unnatural Drains from,
tho Bowels. Palra, Griping, Lou of.
Appetite, Indigestion and all Dis
eases of the Stomach sad Bowels.!
la tho standard. It carries children over*
the critical period ot teething, andi
4 ls recommended hy physicians as.
the Wend of Mothers, Adults and'
w Children. It is pleasant to the taste, (
? and never falls to give satisfaction.,
J A Jew doses will demonstrate ita er '
w pe-latlve virtues. Price, 25 eta. perl
A boti>. For sale by druggists.
TKSTTNO THE OVEN. _
Miss - Parloa gives the following
-'directions for-iestiog tho oven in cake
baking: 'Tor sponge-cake put a piece
of paper into the oven, close the door,
and open it in fire minnies. If the
.paper is a rich yellow, the oven ia
right ; but if it is a light yellow, tho'
oven is too cool; if a dark brown, it
is too hot. For pound-cake, the oven
should bo just hot enough to color,
light brown. Cup cake requires an
oven of about the samo temperature.!
All thin-rolled cakes require a hotter
oven, so that the paper should turn a
dark brown in five minutes. Tho
length of time required for baking
certain cakes will vary with their
thickness or the size of the pan in
which they aro baked."-New York
Post. - g
- . &?ga
VEGETABLE SOUPS. .'H^iS^
A largo proportion of the soups in,
daily use in the French household aro'
made without stock, but of vegetables
simply boiled to a paree in water and1
properly seasoned. At the head of
this list of maigre soups, as the French1
call all soup made without meat, is
Julienne. - i, ?- ? -
Take two small oarrots, ono turnip,"
one leek, one onion, a quarter of a
head of fino young cabbage, and a
quarter of a head of celery. Clean all
those vegetables, wash and dry them.
Cut thom into little shreds, about tho
size and shape of matches, but not
over two inohes long. On account of
construction of the onion it is not pos
sible to out it on the exaot straight
strips whioh are considered the proper
shape for this soup, but it should
be cut as near the shape as possible.
Keep all the vegetables as dry os pos-,
sible. Melt four tablespoonfuls of
butter in a hot saucepan and fry alli
m\-.,M.-. ..; .... ; -.?uute? in m on d
riy ulc? m butter -'"-r b?v.. .!?..-.
.._. -._SOSu - - gTt?il?
deal better if it is made with a rich
stock or consomme in placa of water.
In this case it is made in exactly the
same way, except that the vegetables
are cooked for thirty minutes siter
adding them to the stock. ,
An onion soup is one of the best veg
etable soup3 wo have. Fry four onions,
cut in thin slices, in two heaping table
spoonfuls of butter, or even in nice
lal;. Stir the onions continually while
they aro irying, and when they aro
quito brown add a scant half cup of;
flour. Continue stirring the rather;
pasty mixture that you have till tito
flour has cooked a little and is well;
browned. Then add very carefully, a:
little at a time, three cups of boiling:
water. Add now a tablespoonful of;
salt and let the soup standing at tho
baok of the stove, where it will slowly!
simmer for half au hour. Now mash
smooth two fresh-boiled potatoes, odd;
about half a cup of milk to them, andi
stir them into the soup. Add another
cup of boiled milk, or enough to re
duce it to a cream consist ency. Some
brands of flour require ?> little moro.'
milk than others. Strain the soap,
through a fine puree sieve. Au ordin-j
ary flour sieve will do. Beturn it to
the kettle, which should be rinsed and]
wiped out, and let it boil te a minutes,!
stirring it frequently. Put a half oap.
of little squares of toasted bread and;
two tablespoonfuls of minced chives in
the tureen and pour the hot; soup over
Foi: making marmalade buy Messina
or Seville orange*.
Before washing colored stookings
set the color with alum or salt.
Two tablespoonfuls woshiug soda
dissolved in a gallon of boiling water
makes a good disinfectant for the
kitchen sink. . '
In making a mustard plaster take a
piece of lard and stir the dry mustard
into the lard until it is a thick paste
and will just spread. SpreAd on a
piece of lawn and apply to the affected
part. This will not blister.
Tho pretty little two-tinned forks
intended to be used for strawberries
arc now seen decorated with the berry
enameled in the natural colors. Tho
vine twists around and up the handle,
and has both the blossom and the fruit
In polishing silver that has lain
away for a long whilo and is badly
tarnished, it is a good plan to wet s
soft oloth in sweet oil and then with
a cleaning powder rub the silver until
the dark places have disappeared.
Then rab with the powder and a dry
chamois skin before finuhing with a
polishing brush. .
Kerosene oil added to the water
with which mirrors, windows, or any
thing of glacs is to be washed, will
give a luster. A pint of water and
three tablespoonfuls of oil will wash
four large windows. First dust the
windows carefully, then rub well with
keros?n s and water, wi po with a oloth
and polish with old newspaper.
THE secret of genuine happiness in
this life is to live ut right.