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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, February 03, 1897, Image 1

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THOS. 1 ADAMS. PROPRIETOR.
EDGEE?ELD, S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 7, 1892.
VOL. LVII. NO. 13.
THUS. ?J. AUASXLi
BOTES 150 COMMENT,
i ]?lammarion, the eminent French
Astronomer, insists that on a recent
occasion he saw a canal on Mars
doubled.
A contributor to the London Spec
tator has come to the conolusion that
bumble bees have consciences. In
the matter of the sting it has long
been known that they have no
Borung es.
J It has been estimated that at least
two and one-half per cent, of the entire
population of the United States make
their living ont of the electric light
and power industry and the branches
of trade directly dependent upon it.
Tho St. Louis Star thinks the Presi
dency is a pretty safe life insurance,
as the widow of a President who dies
while in office has a pension of $5000
a year, besides what is usually raised
by the people of the country. When
Garfield died the sum of $300,000 was
?raised fo* Mrs. Gar Seid, making her
independent for life.
Never in the history of .the United
States has suoh a wave of organization
as at present exists been known, says
the Midland Mechanic. Bat in all this
boom there is one drawback-the
small town. By small it is not meant
towns where there are 50D or more
workingmen of the varions trades, but
places where but three or four work-.
men of any one trade find employ
ment.
The first true medical discovery
made by means of the new Roentgen
ys is now chronicled in the report
from Berlin that the' igbt has revealed
tho action of the heart, in cases of
asthma. It is deolared that the right
half of the diaphragm stops work
daring the attack, and the left hali is
compelled to bear all tho exertion.
This revelation may lead to some new
alleviative remedy for this distressing
disease, suggests the Trenton (N\ J.)
American.
7 lv-~-t?-*ntific stady of fruit cul
the STUUVum . .
laborers in tira gardens and fields,
tons taking coaisel of experienoa as
well as of text-books.
One of the most vital needs of the
cc nntry at this time, according to the
Anlanto Conrtitntion, is "a more effi
cient mail service in oar rural dis
tricts. On account of the laok of bet
_ ter facilities in this respect the farm .
era and country merchants are placed
at a very great disadvantage. It can
not be denied that the isolation of
country life is every day beooming
more irksome and that unless some
thing is done to oheok this growing
tendenoy it will soon develop into a
strions evil. Nothing could possibly
h ive a more beneficial effect at this
time than the extension of the free de
livery system to the rural districts.
Between these districts and the cities
there should be a balance of some k iud
established. Otherwise the cities will
continue to grow at the expense of the
farms. The free delivery system has
been in operation for several years in
this country, bat only for the benefit
of tho larger cities. It is now pro
posed to extend tho system and to
make itt operation more general. Ia
order to investigate the feasibility of
such a plan the Government has de
cided to adopt a number of experi
mental tests. On the success of these
experiments depends the ultimate ex
tension of the system. Since the free
delivery system has been a success ia
the rural districts of England sad
other countries there is no reason why
it should n <t be a success in the
United States. If the Government is
not able to extend the system through
out the entire area of the country it
should at least confer its benefits up
on the more densely settled districts.
The sooner this extension is made the
better it will be for oar commercial
interests."
Primitive Methods of Minting.
The early methods of coining money
were exoeeding imperfect. The mets),
having been brought to the required
?tanda *d of firmness, was melted and
east into small bars, which was re
duced into thin plates under the ham
mer. Square pieces oat from these
plates were rounded at the forg? and
then by means of rude dies-one fixed
like an anvil to a block and the other
held io the hand and struck with a
mallet like a punch--tho round lump
of motel was flattened and coined at
the same time. The difficulty of thus
placing the two dies exaotly opposite
suggested occasional improvements;
bat it was not till about the sixteenth
century that the forge f.nd hammer
gave place in France and England to
the mill and screw, a method by
whioh the bars were reduced to their
proper thickness by rolling ?ad the
pieces were coined by the pressure of
a screw. In the British mint screw j
presses impelled by steam are still
u^ed, while In the United States, in j
France and in some other countries
the lever presses have been substitut
ed,-Detr \*t Free Press,
3, Jr aur .ivi.jcjJA.fxv.
CENTENNIAL FAIR.
! TENNESSEE WILL HOLD A BIG
I WORLD'S EXPOSITION.
To Open at Nashville on May 1. 1S1}7
-.Many Great Nations to Par
ticipate- Ku'.lalu-s and
C rounds*
J I TENNESSEE will bold a world's
I fair at Nashville, beginning
May 1, 1897, end condoning
"fr six months. The occasion
is th? 100th anniversary of thc
admission of the State into the Union.
While, of course, it is not to be
expected that the exposition will be as
great an affair as the World's Colum
bian Exposition which was held in
Chicago, the plans now in tho way of
fulfillment indicate that the exposition
will be as great as most of tLose held
by foreign Nations, lt will be tia large
as the Antwerp exposition and larger
than a good many others ?vh?oh are
well known in the history of exposi
tions.
Since the world's fair.says the C hicago
Times-Herald, there bas each year been
an exposition in the United States.
The first was tb* California Midwinter
Exposition, whioh was held in San
Francisco a few months after the
dosing of the big exposition at Chioago.
This proved, successful and led to an
exposition at Ulan ta, the International
Cotton States Exposition, whioh was
successful in turn.
Shortly after the 1st of June, 1894,
a company was organized to hold the
Tennessee exposition. A charter was
secured under tba laws of the State
and the stock was placed at ?1, OOO, OOO.
Tho first. mot'?y paid on the'?took
subscriptions was in the spring ot
1894, and the balance of the year was
spent in arranging for funds. This
was a slow task, aud in tho spring of
1895 the available capital reached only
$200,000. but since that timo the
balance of tho money necessary has
beon secured.
Meanwhile it was decided to postpone
the centennial, much as the world's
fair was postponed and for tho same
reason. The world's fair was to have
been held m 1892, but it was found
impossible to finish it in time, and to
it was postponed until 18J8. Ga with j
the Tennessee centennial. Tennessee
was admitted as a State on June 1,
1796, but it was found impossible to
finish the work in time to open the
exposition on. June 1, 1896. Following
the precedent set" by the world's fair
at Chioago, the ground were dedicated
on the anniversary and the exposition
itself postponed one year.
MIU. VAN LKJSB KI?Ki?.U?. STA JOB J. W. THOMAS.
(President Wnmiu% U ?ard.) (President of F?lr!).
Elaborate ceremonies were held on
that d.ite at Nashville, which attracted <
eminent mon 'rom all parts of tho
United States. The glories of the
State in history and the deeds of its
great men were recited, due regard
being paid to tho memory of John
Sevier, the founder of the State, and
Andrew Jackson, its favorite hero.
In July, 1895, the Centennial Expo
sition Company leased and improved
apiece of property of 200 aores ly ng
in the western suburb of Nashville,
which bas tor years beon the famous
race course known as West Side Park.
The grading of the grounds for the
exposition buildings was then begun.
This was a difficult task. The entire
contour of the ground had to be al
tered, only a few trees being allowed
to remain as thty were. Two artificial
lakes were created, one of twenty-five
aores and a smaller body of water of
two acres. In the centre of tho plan
a high terrace was built to represent
the Acropolis at Athens, upon whioh
the representation of the Athenian
Parthenon was to be built.
The first building erected was the
Administration Building, which was
completed in the lall of 1895. Here
the officers of the exposition, tho di
rector of works, the architects and
their assistants have had theil.* offices.
Contracts were let on January 1, 1896.
for tho Parthenon, the Commeroe
Building, the Auditorium, the Machin
ery Building, the Transportation
Bnilding and the Woman's Building.
Their construction began at once and
those now under roof and finished, ex
cept in some cases the statuary, are
the Parthenon; for tho fine arts ; the
Commerce Building, 500 by 315 feet;
the Minerals and Forestry Building,
400 bj 125 feet; the Transportation
COMMERCE BUILDING ON THE EXPOS1
Bnilding, 400 by 120 feet ; the Agri
rmltuial Building, 525 by 175 feet;
the Auditorium, seating capacity 6000 ;
the Woman's Bnilding, 160 by eighty
five feet, and the Administration
Building, where the executive officers
are located.
These buildings are built, like those
ac the world's fair, of staff ovr ae
heavy frame, except in the case of het
Parthenon, the walls of which are of
brick, and the roof of tteel and glas?.
The preliminary work on Machinery
Hall and tho Po wer House, Children's
Building, Negro Building and Horti
cultural Building is being done.
When these are well under way the
History Building and the Live Stock
Arena will be commenced.
That all of the buildings will be
completed in time and the exposition
will be ready in May is assured.
Meanwhile the indications are that
the exposition will be most successful.
Exhibits are pouring in. Recognition
has been jjiven by twenty-five of the
States, Vilich Trill send exhibits of
their resources. Its international
cher act er is assured by the fact that
recognition and encouragement has
been given by many of the tzreat
Nations of the world. Japan, Chino,
Austria, England, Mexico and tho
Sonth American Staten will be repre
sented, and maur of them have .already
seiit exhibits and their buildings aro
THE AUI
in process of construction.
A recent visit to tbe grounds of the
exposition showed that rapid prog
ress was being mado in the work.
The grounds are easily accessible from
the city, not moro than twenty min
utes' distance by the street cars. Tho
park was beautiful before man began
to improve on nature's handiwork, and
is now even moro beautiful. It is
said that its site is prettier than that
which any other exposition has ever:
had. On this park a seoond whit>j
city is rising, with buildings a3 whito
as those of the world's fair and form
ing a fine contrast to tho blue of tho
hills and sky, and tho green of tho
waters and the lawns. The buildingu
are splendcd specimens of architec
ture, with most types represented, in
cluding tho Dorio, Ionian and renais
sance, as well as the colonial type,,
popular 100 years ago in this conn tr y.
One of the most important buildings,
and the first to be delivered to the
officials complete, is the Woman's
Building. To the woineu of Tennessee
is due all of the credit for the building
erected for tueir use. A woman, Mrs.
Sara Ward-Conley, was the architect,
and it will be managed entiiely by
women under the direction of Mrn.Vau
Leer Kirkman, tho President of . tho
Woman's Board. The building hia3 a
fine location in the southwestern por
tion of the grounds. Its architecture
greatly resembles that of the Bermit
? * -* *~.irat>? .Tnniison,
women will meet during the exposi
tion. The workmanship on tho statt
colnmns. the frieze and the figures is
of tho highest order.
Mrs. Kirkman, the President of the
Woman's Board, has made an eflort to
prevent striking features of unusual
interest, and special attention will bo
paid to woman's work in the ans.
Every variety of dfcorative and ap
plied art will be represented. Ono
entire room is to be devoted to cera
mics ; there will be an elaborate dis
play of the work of the American and
Swiss wood carvers, and the best wo
men artists in tho country will send
gems (rom their studio?.
Woman's increasing aptitude as n
poster designer has been shown very
clearly during the last joar or two,
and a po-ter exhibition of the work of
1 women will be one of the features.
Tho Southern wo mun, even when ehe
essays men's work, does not forget the
importance of her Eex as housekeep
er*, and this is shown by the fact that
the chief feature of tho woman's de
partaient will bo a model kitchen
where free practical lectures on cook
ing will bo given.
Another room will be devoted to an
exhibit ot tho patents ano: inventions
of womou gathered from all parts of the
country. The surroundings and
achievements of women in Persia,
Turkey, Egypt and Japan will be
shown in three other rooms. Ono
striking feature will be a colonial sit
ting room, an exact reproduction of a
room in an old house in Cambridge,
Mass., which was once the headquar
ters of General Washington. This is
the house now occupied by Alice
Longfellow, in which her father, the
famous poet, urnierlv lived.
Perhaps tho most splendid building
on the grounds will bo tho fine arts
building, which is known as the Par
thenon. It is in the aoiual center of
tho grounds and is said to be a perfect
TION GROUNDS AT NASHVILLE, TENN.
copy of the celebrated Athenian build
ing, which has been known for cen
turies as tho finest piece of architec
ture created by man. The Parthenon
was designed and completed in the
time of Perioles under the direction of
Phydias and Ictmue. Tho building is
intended as II permanent memorial of
the exposition, to last after all of the
other buildings shall have beun de
stroyed. It will therefore be entirely
fireproof, with stone foundations,
concrete floors, brick walls and steel
roof, the exterior being ornamented
in molded staff imitation of tho Athe
nian Parthenon. Of course it is im
possible to make on exact rep.ica of
the famous building in such a short
space of time, but the building is
startingly like the original, ex
cept for the delicate carvings on tho
pediment and the interior decoration.
In front of the Parthenon will be a
statue of Pallas Athenae, now being
made in Paris, which, with its pedestal,
will be forty-three feet high. From
the foot of the terrace lhere will burst
a fountain, and on all aides artistic
features will be grouped in harmony
with tho Parthenon i^elf, mating it
the chief point of interest to tho
visitors.
Near thc Parthenon will be another
interesting reproduction, known ns
the Rialto. For centnries the Rialto
has been an object of interest to boto.
?ITORIUM.
the architect and the student of his
tory. It will be a faithful representa
tion of the famous Eialto that spans
the Grand Canal at Venice, amid sur
roundings that are not inappropriate,
for tbe Tennessee sky in June is blue
and touched with warmth resembling
that of Venice.
Just south of the Parthenon and
within easy reach of the main entrance
is the Auditorium, which is one of t c
most : mpressivo buildings on VBti
grounds. Tho intention is to use it
for tbe meetings of. large bodiesl'
Many conventions whioh are to behold
in 1897 by various societies have de
termined to take advantage of th^r
opportunity to attend tbe exposition
and their sessions will be held in tajsj
Auditorium. It is also proposed tb
hold parliaments similar to tLoso-held
in Chicago during tho world's fair.
The capacity of the building is abou t
7000 people. The design is colonial!
in form and Ionio in treatment. Foo?
porticos, facing .the different points
of che compass, give the floor a shapa
resembling a short cross, exoept for
the circular colonnades connecting at
each corner, forming a desirable,
promenade and restful place for weary
Hight-seerB, v. hilo the roof furnishes a
beautiful balcony, which not only
adds to tho charm of the design but
in addition a?ordsa vantage point for,
tho viewing of outdoor displays and
pageants. The interior dimensions
ure 290 by 110 ieet. The tower is l?gl
WOMAN'S BUILDING.
and other concessions. Tho building
measures 591 by 258 feet. The in
terior is divided into aisles and a nave,
the former being twenty five feet wide
and tho latter forty-five feet high'.
The central pavilion is two stories in
height, tho second story forming a
gallery on either side ltl by 160 feet
overlooking the nave, and is reached
by four broad stairways, one on eaoa
end of tho four corners. The general
style is based on the Corinthian and
Ionic orders of the Graeco-Roman.
The Agricultural Building is more
on the lines of the ordinary exposi
tion building than most of the others.
It is tho renaissance style and was de
signed by Julius G. Z<vickor. It is
3()0 by 2 )0 leet in Fize, with a magnifi
cent dome lisiog in the center to a
height of 100 feet, while six minor
(1 JIU cs are used to balance the struc
ture. Triumphal arches, magnificently
executed, surmount the four en
trances. Tho Agricultural Building ;
" will be well lighten, as the domes are;
partly of opaque glass, while there are
numerous windows. The building is*
located so a9 to show its classical lines
and fine proportions to excellent ad'
vantage.
All of the buildings will be grouped
as closely together as possible, with a
view to artistic effect without sacrifice
of convenience. An attempt will be
made, if possible, for tho visitor to
travel over the whole ground in a
short space of time. The chief objec
tion, and in fact the only one to the
world's fair at Chicago, was that thero
was too much to be seen and that the
distances to be traversed were too
n. '.gnidcent. Ihe Tennessee Centen
nial will bo compact and an oppor
tunity will be given for everybody to
eee that which he wishes to see with
the least possible expenditure of effort.
The amusement row at every world's
fair since tho Chicago Exposition has
been known as the Midway in honor
of the Midway Plaisance, along which
these concessions were grouped in
Chicago. But the Tennessee Centen
nial has fouud a new name for the
amusement quartei. The placo set
apart for them is to bo called Vanity
Fair, alter the fhow meutioned in
"Pilgrim's Pi ogress" which was seen
by Chri>tian in his journey through
life. In a triangle will be erected
many of the features which were at
tractive at the world's fair, with
others. Free open-air shows ore pro
posed, barkers are to have full swing,
and there are a number of novelties
suggested. The Director-General has,
however, declared that there shall be
no exhibitions which would be
offensivo to - anyone. Startling
novelties are promised, snd the
Tennessee people say that tho Vanity
F.:ir will eclipse the Midway in novel
ties.
The following are ihe officers of tho
exposition: Major Jobn W. Thomas
President ; Van Leer Kirkmau, Nash
ville, vice-President; W. A. Hender
son, Knoxville, vice-President; John
Overtou, Jr., Memphis, Vice-Presi
dent; E. C. Lew.e, Director-General.
A company hin been formed at
Paintsville, Ky., to operato tho can iel
cuai mines near that place.
COAT ANO JACKET.
STYLISH GARMENTS FOR COLD
WEATHER AVE AR.
Correct Jacket of Electric Seal,
With Jaunty Hat-Comfort
able Coat and Hat lor
H Littles. Miss.
7T DECIDEDLY correct gar
/\ mont, fashioned in electric
J^y\ seal, ia shown in tho first
.jT large picture and described
br xMay Manton. Tho jaunty hat is of
tobacco-brown felt with trimmings of
forest-green ribbon and natural cocque
LADIES' COAT OF
sathers. At the back is a bunch of
velvet flowers. A handsome muff of
j-Icep, uiderlying plana, xno one
seamed gigot sleeves tit tho arm clo-ely
from wri st to elbow ; the fulness above
may be collected in forward or back
ward tur ling plaits or in gathers, as
preferred. The wrists are completed
with dee J flaring cuffs. The large and
protective storm collar fits closely to
the ned, rolling 6o:tly away at the
back and flaring widely at the front,
where iti corners are prettily rounded.
Plush, velvet, brocade, Persian and
o'her sec^onable cloths aro commend
ed to develop stylish and comfortable
coats by the mode.
To mato this coat for a lady haviug
a thirty six iuch bust will require
three and three-quarters yards of fiity
four-incli wide material.
COMFORT. .BLE COAT FOU A LITTLE MISS.
The oraiortable and stylish little
garment depicted in the second large
illustration, and also described by May
Manton, is developed in rough-faced
coating chowing a bouclo effect. It is
of becoming length, and has loose
fronts tl at lap widely with largo bone
buttons and button holes. Pockets
may be nierted in the fronts for con
venience, or the braid applied as illus- I
trated to simulate pockets. Thc sides
aud buck of the coat tit tho figure
somewhat closely with the usual num
ber of ?;eams entering into the trim
adjustment. Tho fulness below the
waist lire of the centre, and seam of
the side body is arranged in deep un
derlying plaits that stund out stylish
ly. Th?i one-seamed gigot sleeves ol
moderato fnlnessfit tho :orearm close
ly, while tho fulness above falls in
short dr ioping puff effect. The wrist*
are com ploted with a fanciful decora
COMFOilL'ABLE DOUDLK-DUEAS
Hon of iraid. A neat turn over collar
is at th( neck.
Attrajtive coats can be made from
any. ono of tho regulation heavy
weight oloakimis such as boucle,
irieze, tweed, cheviot, etc., and can
safely JO recommended for general
Utility >>r practical weir.
A serviceable accompaniment to
the little- game ut ia tho comfortable
Tam O'shanter that caa be made of
the samo material, thus completing a
very natty little school outfit. To
mnke this coat for a child of eight
yeard will reqniro two and one-quarter
yards of fifty-four-i nc h wide material.
OIRLS' INDIGO HLUE CLOTH JACKET.
Indigo blue cloth m ule this stylish
little coat. It is of generous length
with loose-?tting fronts that close in
double breasted stylo with handsome
smoked pcurl buttons . and button
holes. The upper edges of the front
are reversed to form lapels that meet
the rolling collar in uneven notches;
squure-cornercd pocket laps cover the
openings to inserted pockets in tht
ELEOTlltC SE AX.
fronts. The back is cloer-fifcting and
admirably adjusted with tin usual
JACKET OF INDIGO CLUE CLOTQ.
Tweed, cheviot, homespun, kersey
and diagonal are desirable materials
for making, with machine stitching ivs
a finish, or the coat can bo uiado of
light weight cloth in whipcord, me-ton
or box cloth in any one of the fashion
able colors, such as dova col ^r, dat.lia,
myrtle or lorest green.
JEWELED JACKET.-;.
The wealthy New York sooioty girl
is enjoying a new and sparkling gar
ment known as the jeweled jacket. It
TED COAT FOH A Ll TTL li MISS
j is bolero iu shaw, and counts of a
j inundation of coarse cream lace so
! thickly studded and incrnsted with
j jewels it is impossible to see the lace
I threads. They cost anywhere from
! S10?? up, and aro tar too expensive
! over to become common. They are
! very rich and Oriental loukiug, worn
j with handsome velvet and silk gowns.
?YSrERY OF THE DOWSER,
THE PROFESSIONAL WATEB FIND?
ESS OF ENGLAND.
Streams Four Hundred Feet Be
neath the Earth's Surface locat
ed-Employed by Land Owners.
PSYCHOLOGICAL sharps have
been deeply stirred the past
few weeks, says a London let
ter in the New Orleans Pic
ayune, by attempts made to fathom
the mystery of the "dowsers." You
may not know what a dowser is, and
when you do know, you jill probably
discredit the existence ol such a per
son. A dowser is a man, or woman,
who is possessed of some curious oc
cult forco which gives the owner the
power to locate hidden streams of
water flowing 200 or 400 feet beneath
tho surface of the earth. A dowser
can walk over an unknown piecte of
country and point out the exact spot
where a well or pipe can be sunk. Ho
san tell the exact depth a' which
water will be found, and also the num
ber of . gallons an hour which can be
pumped up.
Dowsers are scientifically termed
bydroscop?3ts. The presence of sub- j
ter ranean water has a peculiar effec*
upon their nervous systems. The
dowser, ?heu prosecuting his work,
always carries a hazel twig in his
hands. -. Wheo he reaches a spot whero ;
water is (lowing underneath the hazel
twig bends and points downward.
This sonnds fantastic and unreal, but
the tr mu of it must be acknowledged
or the testimony of some of tho most
respected-British peers doubted. The
psychic folks, who have been investi
gating the dowser mystery, have col
lected a mass -of corroborative facts
from scores of great land owners and
men who stand high in the opinion of
the public These men are either liars
or the doings of the dowsers are real.
There are five or six professional
dowsers in England, and tho leader of
these is a young man of thirty, named
Leicester Gataker. He is accumulat
ing a fortune by his entions work, and
he is kept " so busy that he employs
forty assistants, who complete the
work his strange facnlties map out.
Dowsers have recently been employed
by such august personages as the
Duke of Rutland, the Duke of Beau
fort, the Duke of Grafton, Lord Jer
sey, Sir E. Welby Gregory, and a host
of others of like prominence. Dowsers
demand rich pay, and it would seem ?
that if people of the caliber of those
just named did not have faith in the
art.they would not take cognizance of
it by patronizing it, and paying well
for it, too.
It is practically agreed among those
owner, as he could discover the pres
ence of metal withoat first going to
the expense of sinking a shaft.
More than a score of books have
been written on the subject, several
of them by American students of the
art, and from some of these it is
learned that in oldon times wielders
of the divining'rod used it for a vari
ety of purposes, often times with
success. It was commonly employed
for the solution of mysterious mur
ders and for the hunting down of
criminals. In France it was usod in
the last century, but the priests
frowned upon it, and eventually the
practice was abolished. It may be
mentioned that in the time of the in
quisitions, dowsers were put to death
as workers in thejblaok art.
In tho sixteenth and seventeenth
centuries dowsing was evidently an
extensive iudustry. There is a book
written in 1613 by the Baroness of
Beausoleil, iu which she gives a list of
150 mines discovered by herself and
her husbaud by use of the divining
rod. From 1550 to 1700 qo less than
forty-six separate works on the sub
ject of dowsing were published, and
when it is remembered that book
writing and printing in those days
were rare things, the imp?rtanos of
the subject can be imagined.
Au Enraged Ostrich.
To be overtaken all on a sudden
without time for preparation by a
cheeky ostrich is one of the graatest
ills flesh is heir to, and might result
disastrously to the uninitiated, but
old hands are always all there on an
emergency.
Undoubtedly the best weapon, bar
ring a wire fence, is a good stout stick
or blunt pitchfork. As a rule, if a
bird means to have your life or die
iu the attempt, he charges from about
thirty yards, when you receive him at
the bayonet's point. He rushes at you
with flashing eye, looking the very
embodiment of fury. Drawing him
self up tc a height of ton feet or more,
with wings outstretched and hissing
like a cobra, he makes four or five
strikes. You retreats pace or two, so
as to avoid the fork piercing through
his neck, and hold him off at arm's
length till he learus that his efforts
are useless. Drawing the fork sharply
aw&y? you strike him a blow on the
neck, rendering him insensible and
taking away his breath. This quiets
him for a while, till he reoovers from
his bewilderment and makes a fresh
charge, when the fork is again pre
sented.-Strand Magazine.
Funeral Baked Meats in Kaus&g,
At Moonlight, Dickinson County,
Kan., seventy-seven relatives attend
ed the funeral of aged Mrs. Katherine
Bert and spent most of tho day in the
c?r?monie?, pausing at noon to par*
take of a feast and lingering at the
grave after the lowering of the coffin
to witness the filling in.-New Yors
an.
Speed ol Carrier Pigeons..
Experiments made with carrier pig*
eons in connection with various Eu
ropean armies show that the speed of
the carrier in calm weather and for
short distances is about 1210 yards a
minute. With a very strong wind in
the direction of the dight a bird has
reached 1980 yards a minute.
? M07"15^5 REAP THIS*
The Best
Remedy. ^
:
1 For Flatulent Collo, Diarrhoa, Dysea
tory, Nausea, Coughs, Cholera In
Ian tum, Teethinc Cbilirea, Cholera
Morbus, Unnatural Drams from
tho Bowels, Pains, Griping, Loss of
Appetite, Indigestion and all Dis
eases of the Stomach and Bowels.
PITTS CARMINATIVE ? ?
[ls thc standard. It carries childrea over1
the critical period of teething, and
ls recommended hy phys ids jis ts,
the friend of Mothers, Ad ul! J and'
Children. It is pleasant to the taste, (
and never fails to give satifiinction.i
A few doses will demonstrate ita so*"
perlatlve virtues. Price, 25 clo. per<
? ' bottle. For solo by druggists.
HOUSEHOLD AFFAIBV
OIL SPILLED ON TEE CABPET,
if ? careless maid in filling the
many lamps now so popular about a
boneo spills the oil or allows it to rnn
down upon the carpet, it is voil to
wipe up as mnoh of the oil as possible
from the eaipet; then sprinkle tbe
epoi with bnckwheat flour or corn?
mei.!, and pin a paper or cloth over it
Abc ut five hours later sweep np all the
meal, sprinkle afresh and oover as be
fore. This operation moat be re
peated twice a day until the oil. has all
been absorbed. The length ot time
will, of course, depend upon the quan
tity of grease taken np by the carpet.
MANAGEMENT OP HOUSE PLANTS.
"Seeping plants indoors in living
rooms is something that a gretit many
persons make a lamentable failure of,"
said an old florist, "and the reason is
that they overlook some of the very
simplest rules that govern the vegeta
tion and blooming of plants. They
subject them to extremes of wet and
dryness, heat and cold, and allow the
soil in them to become hard and
baked, or sour and sodden, which last
state is absolutely fatal to the beauty
and health of plants, if it does not de
stroy them altogether. Perfect drain
age, abundance of light and warmth
and a moderate amount of moisture
are required for their beet develop
ment The soil must be fairly rich -
and nutritious, but free from crude
materials. Well-rotted sod and very,
old stable refuge, with a small amount
of sand to keep the mass from packing,
will be found the most desirable. G?
raniums and verbenas do best in a mod
erately cool atmosphere, and may be
soon as they have reached their prime
will, all other things being equal, re
sult in a fine return of perfect blooms, -
fr se growth of plant and a condition
of vigor and hardiness that marks the
productions of the expert Perhaps
the most common mistake in the rear
ing of house plants is the soil in which
they are potted.
"It is the easiest thing in the world
to have ever at hand an abundant sup
ply of potting earth, and as the au
tumn is an excellent time to begin the
accumulation, a few hints may not
come amiss.
"A large box or bin may be built in
some convenient place under shelter,
and into this all dead leaves, sod,
plant stalks and decayed wood and
similar vegetable matter are to be
thrown. The soapsuds from the week
ly wash will be a very important ad
dition if it can be poured over the
mass without draining through. One
of the very best compost deposits is
made with a bottom built like a cis
tern. A basin of any desired depth
may be prepared to bold the drainage,
whioh ma; again and again be poured
over the soil. As it settles more
leaves and other mattel may be added.
A load of very fine a ad old stable
manure, thoronghly rotted and dis
integrated is to be thrown upon the
heap. When well mixed and pulver
ized it is ready for use. Mixed with
equal parts of black muck from an ad
jacent swamp, it is an ideal soil in
whioh strong growing and luxuriant
plants will flourish anl astonish the
painstaking householder who has taken
the trouble to furnish them with the
requisite subsistence.
"House plants kept in large pots
should be washed off or sprinkled all
over at least onoe every veek, and as
ofter as this should be plaoed in a tub
of warm water and allowed to remain
at least half an hoar that the roots
may become thoronghly saturated. It
is frequently the case that the inner
portion of the roots and the ball of
earth around them become so dry that
oxdinary watering does not penetrate
the moe?. "-Xew York Ledger.
?
RECIPES.
White Layer Cake-One and one
half onpfuis of sugar, one-half oupiul
of batter, one cupful of sweet milk,
tvo cupfuls of flour, whites of four
eggs, two teaspoonfuls of baking pow
der. Put together with fiosting of
any kind desired.
?Stuffed Dates-Split open tho dates
on one side and remove tbe stone, be
ing oarefal to keep in as good shape
as possible, Fill the cavity thus made
with blanched almonds, English wal
nut meats or other nut meats. Press
together and roll in powdered or
granulated sugar.
Indian Cutlets-With a quarter of a
pint of milk mix a teaspoonful of cari
ander seed, and the same ol powdered
ginger, and a small onion finely
chopped. Take two pounds of tender
veal, cut it into neat cutlet-shaped
pieces and soak them in the above mix
ture one hour. Then roll them in
bread orumbs and fry a light brown.
Sprinkle a saltspoonfnl of salt crer
each and squeeze a little lemon jnice
over them at the moment of serving.
AN oak, still living in Tilford, near
Farnham, is mentioned in a charter of
Tie ur y of Bois under the dat? of 1250.

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