Newspaper Page Text
THOS. 1 ADAMS. PROPRIETOR.
EDGEE?ELD, S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 7, 1892.
VOL. LVII. NO. 13.
SOTES AJTD COMMENT,
A Madrid paper Bays that "ti!
Americans aa ? Nation live on lard an
bacon, ano* nave no ideas of state
inansbip above that regime." Eve
that vonl J be preferable to living o
a bankrupt and plundered dependency
thinks the Chicago limes-Herald.
The Kio News, commenting on th
.rer-ent arrival of Fr enc h-Can ad i an in
miirrants at Sao Paulo, Brazil, sa.i
that "they are not the people for tb
country." In the meantime, tb
Government bas suspended the Can?
dian immigration until further notice
The statistician of the United State
estimates that the school populatio:
of this country is 20,099.383. Of thi
nntnber there were enrolled in 189
l-?,960,288 pupils in the district o
public sohools, noder the mstruotioj
of 3SS.531 teacher?. The average daih
attendance of the pupils in thee<
schools is 9.20S, 896.
The No-Two-Alike Club is the nam?
o? an organization of women in. South
ingloc, Conn., who profess to abhor a!
tbe oppositesexaadany assistance thej
might render. Just bow the title o"
the club came to be adopted, whethei
tha merni ers individually have no twe
opinions alike as to the men folk, or
whether no two men have similar at
tributes, is a mystery.
The late General Eli H. Murray was
a Southerner by birth, and was the
youngest general officer in the Union
Army. As United States Marshall he
freed Kentnoky of the Kuklux Klan,
and as Territorial Governor he settled
the n timare fate of polygamy m Utah
by refusing a certificate of election to
Congress to George Q. Cannon. The
General died recently at San Die^o
There is ample food for refleeHou
on the part of the bachelor maid in
the following resolution, which wai
debated reoently by the students ol
the Women's College at Baltimore:
"Besolved, That all bachelors 30 yean
of ago shall be subjeot to a tax ; that
such tax shall bo 5 per ceut. of the
annual income of every bachelor from
30 to 33 years old; 10per cent, ol the
income of every bachelor from 35 tc
40 years old ; 15 per cent of the in
come of every bachelor from 40 to 45
years old, and so on in an increasing
""^ 'l mj m 1CUCIU 11 ??"? .?luiuiru* uw umin
for an appropriation of $40,000,000
for the improvement of the navy.
Speaking of this item of foreigo newe
the Pittsburg Dispatch says: "The
fact is appreciated by all civilized Gov
ernments that the warfare of the fu
ture will be more largely upon the
high seas than by invasion of an
enemy's territory, and more attention
is being given to naval than to military
equipment. In this commercial age
the more effective fighting is that di
rected toward the destruction and in
commerce and the inter
feienoe with colonial relations. Great
Britain was the first of the great Na
tions to see this vantage ground and
to occupy it,but the others are follow
in j briskly ofter ber lead."
General Andrew Jackson, shortly
after the battle ot New Orleans, wrote
an account of the engagement in a let
ter to James Monroe, afterward Presi
dent. This letter is published, it is be.
htved for the first time, in an article
on "K ap D1 eon's Interest in the Battle
ot New Orleans," in the Centnry. In
thia battle, although the opposing
forces were about equal, the Engliah
lost 2117 killed and wounded, while
the American lo?s was only six killed
and ceven wounded. Mr. Monroe
showed General Jackson's letter to
Mapoleo^, and when the latter learned
that tho victory was mainly due to the
deadly aim of the Americans, he planned
the formation of troops of sharp
shooters, armed with guns of the
American pattern. Waterloo prevented
lae carrying out of the t?beme.
Soya London Truth: "An Old
Fashion .d Patriot" writes to say that
the attention of persons who love their
country ba3 lately been called by arti
cles in Aroernau magazines to the
systematic manner in which the senti
ment o!? patriotism is developed in
their h gher schools for girls. The
pupils are regnlarly drilled to perform
an exercise of "saluting the flag" in
military style. They are made familial
with tbe post of their country, and in
iU very short history everything thal
is glorious or can be a subject of No
tional pride is brought before then
till an enthusiasm for the "star
fpasgled banner" glows in every f oun|
heart We copy America in man;
things ; would that w? might copy he
ie educating the young to know th
glories ol tbeir country's pact and t
re ve* ec ce its flag. Our people do no
caro ior their flag. They do not kno
the meaning of the union jack. T
them one flag is as good os anotber
env thing that hos o bright color-au
wuen o town is draped for some festii
ity any flogs ore made use of; tfc
greater numbe" always have the Frene
tricolor. "I had rather," this patrh
savr, "toe the American stars an
?tripes. They ore our brothers j
Ts* wsfap tnwt SJ? ?
rims CESS TOM.
RICHEST AND MOST REMAT?K
ADLE WOMAN IX ALASKA.
She Built Up Her Wealth by Sue
cessful Business Ventures-Her
Ilouso is FIl!e:l With
TBE orvus dalli, the Kockj
Monntnin while sheep, is 01 ?
of the rarest of North Amvrl
can mammalia, writes Proies
for Lewis S. Dycne in the Chicago
Times Herahl. It is PO rare that no!
one sp?cimen of it is to be found in a
museum in the world. These sheep
have been described bj Government
scientists and named in honor of Dr
William ri. Dall, of the Smithsonian
Institution, and iragroentary speci
mens have been hrought to oiviiiza
I rion by Indians and hunters, bat a
? complete and perfect specimen was
I Dot seen, save on irs native heights in
the mountains of Alaska, until I
brought bnck seventeen last fall.
I left Lawrence June 1 last for
Alaska, where I hoped to find the
white sheep. I went from Seattle to
Sitka, aud thence to Juneau, where I
bad the oleaiure of meeiing the most
remarkable woman in Alasku, Princess
Tam, the Hetty Gretn of the North,
who welcomed me to her home and
bhowed me her manifold treasures, os
well as her latest husband.
I was introduced to Princess Tom
by Miss Florence Cumpbell, a teacher
and missionary at Juoeaa, who was
graduated nt the Haskell Institute for
Indians at Lawrence. Princess Tom
speaks only commercial English, aud
only enough of that to enable her to
drive a trude, at which she is very ex
pert. Therefore i had to enlist the
PEIKCESS TO ll.
services of Miss Campbell to interpret
my expressions of regard.
Princes Tom is short and squat and
about sixty years old. She is keen in
her judgment of men, and took quite
a fancy to me, although she could not
under?tn" ' why I bad jourutyed so
far for a few paltry sheepskins, while
I might have taken baok the much
more valuable peltry of sea otters and
bine foxes. When Miss Campbell ex
plained to her that I was impelled
more by scientifio interest and love of
love of dollars, she
marveled still more,^*^3 tie white
men sho had met were huntei
"See, I buy a man," said Princess
Tom to me through Miss Campbell.
"I pay 500 blankets for him to marry."
She pointed to a grinning, fat-faced
young fellow, who was ber fifth hus
band, "dbe says she will buy you,
too, if you are for sale," said Miss
Campbell, laughing. And when I said
I was not for sale, she took from her
finger a silver ring, shaped like a
snake, wonderfully chased in the
Alaska fashion and set with a tur
quoise, and placed it on my linger as
a token of good will. Then she set
about to show me her treasures and
allowed me to photograph her. She
desired me to phoiograph her fat
young husband also, but he ran off
like a bashful boy and hid himself in
DYCHE AND HIS 8HEEP-HU
the town. Her honse, a very comfort
able frame structure, modernly built,
is full of every description of Indian
treasure, blauketn, skins, baskets ol
won:1erlnl workmanship, copper ket
tles and domestic utensils fashioned
by the Bus* ians in the days before
American possession. Ber ebie est
treasure, besides tho good American
$20 goid pieces, are her sea ottei
??kin0. The sea otter fur ia the conn
fnr of both Knssia and China, and I:
therefore iu great demand at rniuou
prices. The eea otter has been s<
assiduously bunted and is now s<
wary that good skins, rough dried
ore worth anywhere Irora $100 to $3lV
each. In one room of her houie thi
Alaskan Prince** has piles of ceda
chests full of sea otter skins, of whic
she is in no hurry to dispose. In a
sho must own about 50U skins, an
che bas a large nnmber of nativ
hunters out in ber sloops constantl
. looking for more, so iusatiable is hf
\ do>irefor them. ? fl . . .
tangible token of wealth ns a pony i
to a prairie Indian. Warmth and foo
is the end of successful existence t
the fat Alaskan, hence a blanket mean
something to him. Passage over tb
great stretohes of nnwalkable prairii
is necessary to tbe Indian farther east
and to him wealth is best reproseutei
by a pony. A blanket and a pony ; i
blanket and a kyak, a skin canoe, i
the aome of wealth to both tvpes
DRESSED AGAINST THE MC
I Princess Tom hos enough kyaks and
blankets for an Alaskan king's ransom,
if there were such a person. Some of
the Alaskan blankets are very beauti
ful, and Princess Tom owns only the
choicest, which she keeps in piies in
her treasure room.
The Yakutat Indians of Alaska are
the most expert basket makers of the
North. They weave them of grasses
and tender willow woo 1 split iuto long
6ilky strips. Their decorative methods,
when they forsake totems, aie very
I similar to those of the Yaqui nnd other
Southern Indians. Some of their bas
[keta are so closely woven that they
will hold water. Princess Tom, being
j a Ya kn tat, has a passion for baskets,
and is the owner of some of the finest
specimens it has been my fortune to
see. The mark of the tutem is over
all of Princess Turn's treasure?,
whether blankets, baskets, fnra, chests
or ships that go down to the sea.
Princess Tom was a young woman
when she began to trade. Tho trading
instinct was as s rom; in ber as over it
waa in Jay Gould or in Rnesell Sa^e.
She began by peddling the furs taken
by her husband, and finding that *he
was skilled intrado she also made deals
for the husbands of her friends and
neighbors. Then she saw a good
chanoe to make goud trades for her
self, and bought Inrs from other lu
diana and took Ihem to the trading
posts. Meanwhile, she became A col
lecto'r of blankets, copper kettles and
that sort of thing. In the course of n
few yoars she amassed avait amount
of Indian wealth, bni learned that
white man's wealth was better^-i^V
than silver, and she traded her si.ver
for gold, of which she now owns about
815,000 worth in $20 piecer. Besides
these she has innumerable bangles,
bracelets, necklaces and other orua
ments made from the Ehiniug yellow
coin of the United States. Some of
her bracelets have as manyas fifteen
$2.0 gold pieces in them, and when
Princess Tom decks herself ont in her
golden coin jewelry she is a person of
weight Her golden treasure ?B hid
den away in a variety of places, nud,
as she never spends any of it, it is
getting to be a borden, especially as
she cannot look at it very oiteu for
fear of attracting covetous eyes to its
Princess Tom's mail is something
^enormous, considering all things. Im
lersons who have heard of
er and rely uponT??l??i^ejn? asimple
ndianmaiden with a lot ot?**ftaev_sbe
loes not know how to spend, write
?egging letters. MiS3 Campbell reads
hese to her whenever a euOicientnum
>er have accumulated toanake it worth
rhile.' Atter the fashion of writers of
legging letters, most of these begin by
itating that the per.-on who writes has
leard of the good and beneficent Prin
;es8 Tom, aud admirea ber for her
ibility and wealth. This sort of thing |
the princess enjoys, because the really
believes in human nature, bet as soon
ns the reader comes to that portion of
the letter which begs or demands
money the princess tites into a rage
and will hear no more of it, for tho
old lady loves her wealth exceedingly.
?TING EXPEDITION IN CAMI*.
As the employer of a larce nnmbei
traders, bunters boatmen and agent
and the owner of a number of virtual
slaves, Prinoess Tom is kept reaiona
bly busy looking after t.er affairs. Hei
husbands, of which there are live,
are graded in her estimation. Tin
oldest does no work, those of the mid
die-aged men who possess sufficient in
telligence waist her in managing hei
affairs. The youngest an I latest ia be
ing "raised a pot," and he seem* I
realize that he has a good position. #
I had several interpreted talks wit!
Princess Tom and found her to be ai
unusually intelligent Indian woman a
well as a good American. Her obsei
vations about American aftairs, an
particularly those relating or or intel
eBt to Alaska, showed good sense an
J mora information than ono wonld sn
: pact. She hoped, she said, to see tb
' time when Alaska would ba mot
closely govered and the fast inter?s
of the territory opened to intelligei
trade. She kuows intimately the d
jilli oj bwti&g Jur.iiflftriBg ftStttftl
on t? 1 Judge that ehe could not
easily fooled by her agents and
diemen. . She brought some of
choicest sea o.'ter skins ont for my
spection, and displaved au intim
91 knowledge of their u?a in other co
tries and their value. She also insis
that Tier photograph be taken with o?y
of her nea otter skins hanging over hfi
arm. She carries a gold watch, jj
which the well knows the uses, and k
?5Q?IT0 PLAGUE IN ALASKA.
though Fhe owns a good deal of jew
elry, seldom wears any of it. Ser
Collies she bas made in the American
fashion, as nearly as Alaskan seams
tresses can copy it.
I asked her if she intended visitin?
tho United Stufe?, and described to
her the ea^e of traveling across the
great siretche* of country lyjng be
treu the Pacifio and Atlautio ccast*.
She said that she knew all abont that,
land had heard of Chicaao and New
Yom and Washington, and knew their
populations, bnt she was noiv too old.
When younger travel was not so easily
accomplished, and she was not so rich,
but now ?ho could not leave her busi
ness and the East must get along with
She does not make friendships eas
ily with white men, and has never ab
lowed antone lo photograph her.
Through the good offices of MIKS
I Campbell, however, I was enabled to
establish euch confidence that she
readily granted my request to photo
graph ber, aq? grew quite interested
in it, Although t-he insiste 1 on looking
iuto the camera as soon as I had taken
it, and could not or would not
stund wb- ?
after the pin "...
At Jim " ane?
of two Indi
mirers ut ,. . ;, <\ ? ' \
One of th
esting oi l
hat aud st
house was f i
and in his p
and little gi
j of the Kn^sii
he is a devoi t
k church, af wftfcb
Alaska derives its name from
lian word Al-ay-ek-sa, meaning a
"great country,"and the name hits it
off exactly, lt is one of the greatest
possessions of the United States, and
the most interesting and wonderful.
But it is only half made. It is tumbled
up into volcanoes that belch vapora
almost constantly, glaciers that ont
paths across it, and it is tue preeneat
spot cn earth, where vegetation grows
rankly and grass in the swamps and on
the i-landB is six feet high, and berries,
the mont delicious I ever ate, may be
picked by the ton. It is rich in tim?
ber, in gobi, in tish and m furs. It
presents wonderful possibilities in the
way of cultivating fur bearing animale,
which 1 am iucliued to beliovo can be
made a paying industry. The tides io
! Cook's inlet rise to a height of thirty
feet, making it one of the most dan
gerous bodies of navigable water io
tho country. This season twenty-five
men lost their lives in it, and probably
hundreds more before them.
The eau'ts of Alaska carry gold
I richly. In the Yukon country are vasl
I coal berts so soft that they can be
whittled with & knife. The country
is GO big and the extent of it to the
westward so great that if ona draws i
line exactly midway between the odaM
of Maine an I Atta, the mo-t westerly
of the Aleutian Mande, it would strike
out in thc ocean 500 miles weet of San
Francisco. It is a possession worthy
of bettor government, and should re
ceive the earnest attention of Congress,
Cullen Bred Convicts.
There are fi teen college gradnatesii
prison stripes on Blackwell's Island.
This fact was learned by a clergyman o:
this city, who recently conducted i
Szuday morniuq service at the peni
tcntiary, and it was elicited by hi
remarking to ono ot the keepera tba
there were a great many intelb'gen
faces in the group of prisoners con
fronting him. Tue clergyman mad
mental notes of eoineof the laces1, an
after the service he pointed th?;m on
to the keeper and a'-ked if they wet
not college graduates. Ont of the th
meD indicated by him only ono wis
college graduate, and, to the dei*;
man'* dbm ay, the keeper designate
ns college men three of tho most r
pnbive and vicious looking prisone
in the group. One of the mos; inte
I ligent fares in the tbrong was deiiorib:
by the matter of lact keeper as to
I longing to "a tonga 'un, who'd b$
03 the island off aud on ever since.
SH1.VES EIGHTY MILE".
Greatest Search Lishe and SlsnalAp
puratus in the World.
It is now possible to throw ft beam
rom a-search light which will be
?ifiblo eighty miles from where tho
ight is located. This marks the most
urprisin? development in apparatns.
or the transmission of light. It seems
ilmost impossible to realize the fact
hat it is less than a year and a bali
ince the search light assumed any
:bing more than the orudest form of
?he idea which first led to its construc
The thousands of people who saw
ibo great search lights that were dis
grayed from the roof ot the Manufac
tures Building at the World's Fair can
form something of an idea of the great
mprovement in the apparatus told in
ihe relation of the facts quoted. When
;he display at the fair was in progress
t was thought very remarkable that
the beam thrown was visible several
nile3 away iu Indiana. The new
^ght, however, with which every ves
sel in the navy will sooner or later be
iquipped, can almost to seen in,
Philadelphia when it 13 displayed jn
With such a light as this tho nights
at sea, be they as dark and gloomy as
Possible, aro no proof against the
brilliant beam that shines fr tua tvis i
' he most marvelous iight tho braiL of
ian ever conceived or his hand con- *
& veted. For instance, a vessel ap
proving New York harbor at night
conj throw her light so as to make I
; THE GIGANTIC SEARCH LIGHT.
?very object on the water distinctly
dsible ju st a- far as the range of hu
'*.'.? ! 'v.- i". 5?o''- *-V<% A??
. .". CTvu'
niH? -uc-jt a ?
i(i?i?si rn re&pua '?? <'
..?ri.' ??2fci?i? the ?...: : :
% *l ?e? or the eb nm v.
? . ?'?. :' i
. I ?. "--j ,?:i?k.* v. u'^'&i ai lass pa
J i pi-id ..._- ul ta
.ToVald be to make the trip under
watler. The craft would have to be
sue of that sort that the United States
3oyernment has just constructed at
baltimore which can travel beneath
th/e surface just: as well as that giant
ivar ship, the Nt w York, steams along
ja top of old ocean.
Making Birch Oil.
- Connecticut farmers have found a
comfortable tide profit in gathering
:ho twigs, branches ani saplings of
black birch for the birch-oil distiller
ies, says the Chicago Journal. By
proteoting the young growth crops are
quickly raised. The birch brush hus
brought from $1.50 to S3 a ton. Tho
birch oil has sold at $5 to S3 a pound,
but is now less. One ton of birch
yields foeir pounds of dil. Farmers
'.rr make the oil themselves. The
itillery may be any rough building,
ld tho machinery is inexpensive.
ie birch twigs, not over two inches
diameter, are out in lengths of five
?hes and thrown into water-tight
iks with copper bottom*, in which
'e coils of steam pipes. Three feet
water is poured iu, the tanks her
etical ly sealed, and steam is turned
to the pipes. The water is kept
filing six hours, and the steam rising
issea into a pipe which nins in the
rm of a worm into a barrel of cold
fater consta, ut ly reuen ed. The steam
conclen-ed in the worm and tho oil
'ops from the end of tho pipe into a
ail. It was formerly clarified from a
all brown to a light green after '?lia
'ocess. Now this is done by spread
g a heavy woolen blanket over tho
;rch wood inside the tank, and the
drips out pure and ready for mar
Wheat Booms in England.
roughout the southern part of
lincolnshire, England, including the
fifts and marshes, there is a very much
li ?ger acreage of wheat sown this sea
sill than has been known for many
rs past. This it the eeqnel to tho
resent high price* obtained by farmers
ajtbe Lincolnshire corn markets.
Chi/lv- "Yas, M??B Cutter, that girl
?Afee made a fool of nie!"
Jdisb Cutter-"Oh, is that the way
|b?iii>flQe? r^J?ew York Journal,
A CHILD'S FROCK.
TYLE OF (; A II Al KN' TS WORN CY
harming Frocfc for a Tot of Six
Yea? and Under-Dainty
Little Nightdress for
IC OHABMING little frock for a
/ \ girl from one to six years is
depicted in the large illustra*
g~ tion. In the present instance,
ijh May Manton, the material chosen
.ns decked woolen novelty showing
olors of petnnia and moss green. Tho
oinled yoke, epaulets, wristbands,
ollar and deep band bordering the
kirt are of moss green Sicilian silk
nd the decoration is narrowsilk braid.
?he garment, simply made, is gath
red at the top and joined to a short
tody lining at square yoke depth that
?loses in cen re back. Upon this yoke
he material is applied to form a pretty
>ointed yoke, above which is a close
landing band. The beauty of the
ittle dress is farther enhanced by the
jointed epaulets that extend well over
he sleeves that are gathered at the
op and bottom, where the fulness is
jonflned by round coil bands.
Cashmere. Berge, Henrietta, Zibeline
md all other woolen fabrics will de?
relop prettily, while velvet, silk or
sontraating material may be employed
To make this dress for a child in the
r din ui ?izo will require two a ad one*
fojrth vards of forty-lour inch wide
DAINTY IiTTTXB NIGHTDRESS
Dainty little nightdress of white
cambric for children of one to eight
rears, lt if shaped by shoulder and
under arm eearas and deeply hemmed
The fulness at the neck is gatherec
into a hand over which a narrow frill
of embroidery falls. The Bishoj.
sleeves are gathered at the upper am
lower edges and finished at tho wrist
with narrow bands ind frills of em
broidery to match the neck. Th.
closing is in the centre-back with but
tons and button holes.
Nightgowns in tbis style can be mad
of muslin, percale, liuen, lawr, cam
bric or nainsook, embroidery iurnish
ing suitable decoration. Outing fan
nel in striped or oream white mak
comfortable nightrobesfor little folks
CHILD'S BISHOP NIGHTGOWN.
with feather stitching as a finish ; j
fact this soft pliable onting flannel hi
superseded santon flannel to a certai
extent as it is soft and warm, easier i
lannder and qnite as inexpensive.
To make tbis nightgown for a chi.
of four years wdl require two and on
fourth yards ot thirty-six inch wit
TUIIBAN8 WITH EVENING GOWNS.
Urie ut ul turbans are s (range acoor
paniments for evening gown?, but
number of smart youug women ha
recently inaugurated this remarkab
fashion. Its j nsf i ti at ion is suppos?
to be in the fact that it is a revival
early Vioiorian days, though it
doubtful if the headdress worn
New York to-day closely resemble ac
thmg ever worn before.
One of ti. i most striking was se(
at the opera one night last week,
was of pink velvet cut on the etri
tarban plun and pat on a little at ni
side m very coquettish fashion. Dj
monds studded the rim and there w
a huggestiou of delicate lace betwe<
certtiin of tho folds of the velvet.
New York Journal.
HANDSOME HOUSE GOWN.
Tliis charming house gown is ot
ried ont in violet-colored canvas clot
The deep pointed collar is of heli
trope velvet over which is appli
cream la:e, and the free edges a
trimmed with a foll ru?te u; lace, T
garment, ont in Princess style, is ar
ranged with a fitted lining-front of
basque depth, having single bnst darts,
and closing in centre. Upon this lin
ing the looso fronts depend ; the fal
PRINCESS HOTJSE GOWS.
ness nt the neck is collected in gathers
while at tho waist line is a Eemi-girdle
of dainty ribbon stylishly bowed. The
close fitting back shows the lines of
the figure to the best advantage. Be
low the waist line the gores widen
perceptibly, producing flute-like folds
that Hare io graceful : ash iou. At the
neck is a plain standing band over
which a pretty stock of ribbon is worn.
A stxiking feature is the handsome
coila].*, of unique shaping, falling deep
ly both back and front and extending
well over the sleeves. This collar may
be fastened permanently in tbe neck
of th3 gown or made adjustable and
worn with various costu ues. The
sleevos are of the newest of the season's
models, shaped with smooth-fitting on
. flers, and the uppers olose-fltting to
1 ?r goodly height above the elbow where
i the material is arranged m the short
> fnll puff of universal favor. The
i wrists are shaped with Venetian point
s and finished with a dainty frill of lace.
- Soft clinging textures may be employed
a in making in-? costly or inexpensive
- weaves, care being taken to seleofc col
ors most becoming to the wearer. The
s decorations .'may be of silk, velvet or
- lace, or the lace may be substituted by
. a fins knife-plaiting of either Bilk or
- mousseline-de soie.
s To make this gown for a lady in the
medium size will require six and three
fourths yards of forty-four-inch wide
NEW NECK FCBS.
Wide scarfs-called "necklets" in
London, I believe-are very fashion
able ibis winter, ami will be worn
through t?o euria? and summer. A
varna scarf is quite a necessity at tha
seashore, or at the mountainside, and
can be appreciated even ia towns on
chilly evenings. These new scarfs are
flat-not round, like the old-time boas
-and are frequently of one fnr about
the neck, with tails of tome other fur
forming the scarf ends. For example,
a neck band of seal is finished with
scarf ends of sable, either with tails at
tbe end or a cascade of tails from
throat to belt. Another favorite neck
fur, new this season, is the Elizabethan
ruff. This aleo is fashioned from two
furs-the pleated neckband, being of
broadtail (baby lamb), while ermine
is twisted through the centre of the
ruff, to hold the pleats in place, and
forms short scarf ends in front. *
Lace jabots are a feature of seal and
Persian jacket?, the creamy lace being
pleasantly decorative on the dark fur ;
but it must he exceedingly good laoe.
A cheap lace, against such a back
ground, would be intolerable. A rare
old bit of Mechlin, or any yellowed
relic in your treasure casket, .viii be
found most effective.--The Puritan.
Many of the a<hioaablo bodices of
the season for day wear represent a
very short single-breasted bolero or
other fancy jacket, or a double
breasted shape which leaches no lower
than the bust. A very deep oeintnre
comes up to meet the jacket, and this
gives the effect of a shorter a Vd thicker
waist than has b?en popular tor many
years, and young women and girls
seem without th.tw i o wy grace with
which poetic sentiment always invest*
tall and slender maidens.
RED IN niOU KAdHJON.
Ked in every tone and semi tone is
in high fashion, not only asa promin
ent accessory, but forming entire
gowns, wraps and head coverings;
Formerly American women employed
this color with greatest caution, and
left red to be lavishly ami artistically
need by the Frencli. All that is
changed, and tho g*:y Parisienne is
no more prodigal with brilliant colors
tiltia ar? Americans.
MOTHERS READ THIS.
For Flatulent CoHc, Diarrhoea, Dyscn
tes7. Nausea, Coughs, Cholera In
fantum, Teething Children, Cholera <
Morbus, Unnatural Drains from^
the Bowels, Fains, Griping, Loss of,
Appetite, Indigestion and all Dis
eases oithe Btorraoh and Bowels.'
> PITT'S CARMINATIVE .
I Is thc standard. It carries children ?vcr j
t the critical period of teething, and<
is recommended by physicians as.
the fricrd ot Kothen, Adulta and'
Children, lt is pleasant to thc taste, (
and never fails to g*7Q satisfac.-.on./
A few doses will demonstrate Us tm-)
pcr'iative vlrtnes. Price, 25 eta. peri
boule. For sala by druggists.
TO CLEAN BBOADCLOTH.
Mix with one ounce of finely ground
ripe clay twelve drops of alcohol and
/.relve of the spirits of turpentine.
Whenever a stain is to be remuved
[rom cloth, moisten this mixture with
alcohol, rub on the spot and let it re
main until dry. Bub oft then with a
woolen cloth and the spots will havo
COLD WEA TUES TABLE HOTS.
- Always warm the dishes and knives
and forks that are to be need on the
table in cold weather. There is noth
ing much more disgusting than to have
nioe broiled steak or a steaming ome
lette placed before you on a plate so
cold that the butter on each turns to
tallow before yon take a mouthful.
Tes and coffee should always be served
in hot eups to get the best results,
and where cream is used that is im
proved by heating also. The most ap
proved method of heating the dishes
is.to place them in the dishpan and
pour boiling water over them just be
fore serving the meal. ^ It ls only a
moment's work to dry them, and one
mes no risk of ruining one's best
shina, as is the case when put in a
CABNATXOIfS VS THE SITTING BOOH.
If proper care is taken of plants,
there is no reason why one should not
have fair sucoess with this flower in
the sitting-room window. If the oar
nation is neglected, the red spider is
pretty sure to injure it, therefore
guard against attacks from this most
." v*-.r ::t~;r-" -
rj0h X tfiu < viv '. r!'.v with <? eoioiipa
oiih -tree st?VflA?y.?flfery?r?''-;i
t .'?..-. ?> vr-.;f,..ir;
! ?pi 5? ss v ? ? -
yc.a i ]'n ^~g?&&bo??v, tu- yoi
-.. v.'* csrei :HT?* ?LC fio rora (taita
h>.l'by p?sate, ??sp thr i;-r.?pc?*Hto.re'
belo* seventy ?sgree?, ? possibles"
kixtT*-flrad%g?3M ?? ?' *..hotter.
> ryuai opening off the living room is a
good place in which to keep them.
New England Homestead.
TEZ FBOPEB WAY TO FEY FOOD.
Have a wire frying basket that will
flt nicely in a flat-bottomed iron kettle
writes Mary B. Eeeoh. Pill the kittle
three-fourths full of lard tad set oa
back of the stove so that it may be
come gradually heated. If you must
set the kettle direotly over the oe^a
so it will heat quickly, watch it cl oso*,
ly or it may boil over and take fire. \.
When the fat smokes in the center or
if a piece of bread drooped into it will
irstantly barn? it is just the right
temperature to sear the outside of the
food, thus preventing the grease from
penetrating, and rendering the food
light and digestible.
First, dip the frying basket in the
hot fat, bet?re putting the articles to
be fried into it In frying Chops,
doughnuts, potato chips and all food
that requires long cooking, after a
few minutes, draw the ketti9 back on
the stove, where it will not boil so
rapidly. Doughnuts, croquettes, etc.,
should not touch each other. The
fat should be kept smoking hot, and
enough to completely cover the arti
cles cooked in it.
Croquettes shoald be rolled in egg
and fine bread or cracker crumbs.
Leave them in the fat just long enough
to make them a very pale brown. As
they are made of articles that have
already been cooked, it is only neces
sary to heat them through nicely.
Tho fat should be clarified after
each using. While it is hot, drop in
a thiok slice of raw potato and leave
until cooked. If there are any sedi
ments in the bottom of the fat it
should be strained. When cold, set
away in the frying kettle.
Fillet of Beef a l'Allemand-Trim
the short fillet and skewer into good
shape. Bab well with one teaspoon
ful of salt and half that quantity of
pepper. Beat one egg and half a tea
spoonful of sugar together; roll the
fillet in this and then in half a pint of
fine breadcrumbs. Base in rather bot
oven for thirty minutes. Pour the
sauce around it and serve.
Sardine Canapes-Cut the crust
from a small loaf of stale bread, cut
in thin shoes, toast delicately and
batter. Pound five sardines to a
paste and mix with the hard-boiled
yolks o!>-two eggs, also ponnded
smooth; shakt* the cayenne pepper
caster three times^over the paste and
spread half the slices with the mix
tare, placing the remaining slices
over them ; press together, and wTttr*1
a sharp knife cat in strips.
Allemand Sauce-Make a white
sauce of one pint of rich milk, two
tablespoonfuls of flour, yolk of one
egg, half a teaspoonful of salt and a
galtepoonful of pepper. Into this, as
it comes to a boil, stir haifa cupial of
cream beaten well with the yolks ot
three more eggs, a tablespoonful of
mushroom catchup, a tablespoon int of
butter, a grating of nutmeg ; add tho
juice of half a lemon just as the sauce
ia lifted from the stove. Strain .-ouud
There are r?,S3S libraries In the TJnlte*