Newspaper Page Text
THOS. 1 ADAMS. PROPRIETOR.
EDGEE?ELD, S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 7, 1892.
VOL. LVII. NO. 13.
Slothers, ont of the mother-heart.
Fashion a song both sots and low, J
Always the same, dear mo-.her art,
? flocking the baby to and fro.
Always arlazy.iloving crone, '. . .
Hammed in sleepy un der tono,
i) own the baby snuggles to Bleep
Winking as long as wink he may. ?
. Ne w with a kick he tries to keep
The trlcksey god from his eyes away,
? We-wa, we-wa, long, long ago; ? " i
; The Indian mother chanted low. '
Weeing, she said, on tho baby's brow
Softly struck with his wee war club.
' Astride of his no3e I > playeth slow,
With his little fist u rub-a-dub.
We-wa, we-wa, tender and low
Kooking tho baby to and fro.
Le-rp-la, le-ro-la, ever a mum, ' "
Like murmuring bees in the golden light
Under the nairn trees mothers come
Ethiope mothers, dark ns night
- Chanting the same old silvery flow,
ftwniglng thc ba?>y to and fro.
TALE OF f
ARSON,'* I said
invol u n t a r i 1 y,
stooping to knock
the ash from my
cigar, "perhaps I
ought not to ask,
although I haye
known you for
years, but is it usual for a wife to wear
two wedding rings?"
. Dead silence. He had just lowered
his violin, after a very soft solo-for it
was considerably past midnight whea
I ventured that curious question.
There had been au evening party, and",
as 1 was to stay at the house till morn
ing, Carson's wild had said "Good
night" and left us to finish our inevita
ble smoke and talk. His mouth
twitched a little, but it was some time
before he retorted in a low tone:
"Is it usual for a man well under
forty to have hair as white as mine?"
"Well, perhaps not-but I thought
you attributed that to some shock or
other. What has that io do with
witt, the two rings?"
"Everything." He listened at the
door for a moment, turned down the
lights and then cams and sat down,
?preading his hands over the fire.
"Tvro rings? Exactly, ono is the ring
I pct on her finger when I married
her;" the second was put there by an
other man, aud will stay there as long
"Never , mind now," I_j|aid.___Hisi
!"XOU'Ve neaiu nur op
the mine itself-the Langley Mine, in
Derbyshire. I hal only been assistant
surveyor at the pits there for aboui;
nine months when it happened. At
o'clock that morning, Arthur, three of |
ns stepped into the cage-oil Jim
Haliday, the foreman, his son Jim,
and myself; the men had gone down
an Lour bi fore. I shall never forget
that young Jim's sweetheart had
walked over to the pit with him, a3 she
occasionally did. They were to be
married in a wesk or two, and she
and she had on her finger the ring that
he Lad bought ia Derby the day be
fore-just for safety's sake, or perhaps
out of womanly pride. I recollect that' |
just as the chain clanked cud the wiu
ter sunshine was disappearing" over
head, he shouted out a third 'Good-by!'
to lier-little dreaming that it wa?
to be good-by. Little enough old Hal
liday and I thought that day3 would
elapse before we emerged iuto God's
"A new vein had been bored the
year before, and then abandoned be
cause it ran in tho direction of ,the
river. We three had bael instructions
to widen it for a space of 300 yards-a
piece of work that had occupied -us ;
nearly a a month. Old Jim picked, I
and young Jim wheeled the coal away |
to the nearest gallery, from where it
was carried over rails to the bottom of
the maiu shaft.
"Well, by 4 o'clock that afternoon
we calculated vougbly that we had
reached the limit laid down;.
" T ti'nk it's as near as possible,
Mr. Carson,' old Halliday said. 'Jira,:
give another count, we don't want the
water coming in.'
"Jim went back. We could hear
him singing out the paces in hi3 light
hearted fashion as he returned, his
voice echoing through the long galler
ies. 'Two-sixty-nine-pooh! you're
miles off it, dad!' . He was only a
score of yards off, though. 'Tvo-six
ty-nine-two-seveniy-four. It'll allow
a full twenty yet, I recon.'
He had just finished his count when
-but there, rio man could properly
describe it. It was something one
had to realize for himself before he
could understand a bare half of the
sudden terror that whitened our lips
and ?eemed to bring our hearts to a
standstill. There was a rumbliug in
one of the distant galleries, and a sick
ening tremble of the ground under
neath us; then-then the most paralyz
ing sound, I do believe, that is to be
heard in this world. How or why io
happened is something to 'be .placed
among the host of unsolved mysteries;
but there was one grinding, splinter
ing roar, aj though the earth had split
into pieces. ;
"Before we could stir hand or fob':
to save ourselves, before we could even
take in that au explosion had occurred
while we were guarding against an
other sort of danger, down thundered
a mass of coal, tons upon tons o? it,
that blocked up the only passage lead
ing to the, shaft. It just reached
yonng Jim; standing where he did, he
was struck down-we heard his scree?h
stifled beneath the debris. For about
'five more seconds the earth seemed to
be heaving and threatening universal
chaos; then all became still as a tomb.
? "A tomb! *" e had our lamps; old
Jim and I looked, and saw that we
were cut off from the rest of the world.
"What happened next I hardly
know; I was stupified with the shock,
sick with a mortal fear of death. He
and I stood staring mutely at each
)LD SONG? '.
Mothers, too, with the snowy skin,
. Bj-lo. by-Jo, tenderly sing, \ ,f
And tell the dustman coming iii,' * 1
- -lato the baby'* eyes toeing *.'**.
. * Atoms of dust td make him wink, .
And into dreamland gently sink.
We-wa, we-wa, by-lo, by-lo, ?
Le-ro-la,-?e-rb-la, ever the same-. " ?
Ever the tone of the long, ago!,..? * '?' .
V.Out of the motherly heart it cane,
' 'Born of a sense that mothers know,'
' Bocking the baby to and fro.
White or blaok- or bronze the, hue,
Always the same sweet tune is heard..
Th? sweetest song earth ever knew>
Happy as -trill of the nestling bird. ;
Mothers content ia the twilight glow
'. Are rocking their babies to and fro.
Mothers? out of the mother-heart, .
Fashion a song both sweet and low.
Always the same, dear moth?r ar1-,
Bocking the baby to aud fro.
Always a lazy, loving crone,
HumiDod in a dreamy undertone.
-The Home Queen.
WO RINGS. g
other. .The only thing I recollect is
that his ?ace,wos gray as marble, and
that a line of froth stood on his lips.
"He was the first to come back to
sense; He gave one choking cry of
'Jim!' and staggered forward to that
black pile? The boy's hand was stick
ing out from ibe bottom of it, clutch
ing convulsively at nothing. I sank
xlSwn and watched, in a sort of dreary
fascination, as old Jim, uttering
strange cries, tore at the mass in a
mad frenzy. God help him! Jim was
the only thing he had in the world to
love.. In less than five minutes he had
dragged him out, and sat down to hug
him in his arms. Dead? No; he could
just open his poor dust-filled ayes in
answer to his father's whispers; but
.we kaew at once that he would never
agaii. make the galleries echo hi:i pierc
"For whole hours, I suppose,
neither of us attempted to realize our
situation. We sat on in the d?ad si
lence, waiting for something to hap
pen. Once or twico we saw young
Jim's blackened lips move feely; and
each time his father would mutter
brokenly. 'Ay, my precious boy, we'll
look after her!" Once che old mah
broke otit, quaveringly, into the hymn,
"Abide With Me!' but he got no fur
ther "han the third line. That, per
haps, was about 8 .o'clock, but we
could keep no count of the time, as my
watch had stopped. Hour after hour
mus* have gone -by, and still old Jim
blcwkv? V?L pui>? xo the outer
world. As the bore ran level with the
foot of the .north shaft, we were about
for ly feet below the clear surface. We
had no- food, and our lamps would
burn, say, another five or six hours;
while the breathing air, hot and gas
eous already, would probably become
unendurable before the evening came.
That was our situation, and let any
man conceive a worse, if he can. One
slender chance of escape at the best
left; -perhaps the entire passage was
not blocked, and. we might force our
way to the main gallery. I was not
afraid of death in ?he way that it comes
to me st people, but I was afraid to
meet and struggle with it there. We
"sprang to the task, wild at the thought
that ?hose'few tours of stupor might
have made all the* difference.
"Yon can guess what happened, and
why, after a long spell of fighting to
break through that horrible wall, old
Jim threw himself down with a groan
.-and refused to go on. As fast as we
loosened one mass, another crashed
down in its place; at the end of our des
perate attempt we were half choked
and blinded with dust, our hands were
;raw apd we h d made scarce any head
way. Barely, too, had we given up
the A work as. hopeless when my lamp
fliok?red ont; half an hour later, old
Jim's followed suit.
"Total oblivion! As I sat and con
templated our fate, a faintness of
mi?gi?d hunger'and despair crept over
me. Young Jim, quite still, was
propped upagainst-the wall close by.
Withih a few feet of me sat his father;
at times he would start up and shriek
out in nameless terror-at others he
would catch up hi3.' pick and hack at
the walls with the fury of a maniac.
And worse was to come.
"I think I must have fainted. I do
not seem to recollect any more until
the momeut when I became icpnscious
of my mate's hard breathing over me,
and of the fact that his hand was feel
ing-or, so it seemed-for my throat.
I dashed away, panting under the
shock of this new horror.
" 'Jim,' I gasped, 'for Heaven's
sake keep sane! If we're to go, let us
die like men!'
"No answer; I heard him crawling
away, and that was all. The dead
silence w?n only broken by a faint
trickling sound. Trickling! Yes; I
put my hand to the level, and found
half cn inch of water-and hotter and
stifling grew the atmosphere. Pray
ing hard to myself, I realized now that,
should no help come, only a few hours
could live betwixt us and the end.
And then-old Jim/ might go first, and
T should be left. Nay, I was already
practically alone; the fear that was
slowly ^whitening my hair had turned
old Jim's brain.
"He suddenly sent np a peat of
delirious laughter. 'Water! 'Who
says water? Why, mates, I'm swim
ming in it! Here a go!'
"Presently he began creeping round
to find me. I CDuld hear him coming,
by his labored respiration, and the
swishing of the ooze as he moved.
Round and round the space we wen!
stealthily, until at last he made a cun
ning rush and caught me by the ankle.
'Got him!' lie yelled it with a gie?
that was unmistakable.
"Aur? words coubi'nSver .fcqnvej
the sensation of that moment. Hall
suffocated, past .sll ordinary fear, 1
closed with my poor? old mate, and wt
went staggered to aud fro across oui
priapn^un?Tat last I managed to throw
him" so that his head struck hjeayilj
against the wall.. After that he lay
quite still. I believed at the time that
Thad killed him, but we knew after
ward that it was that blow which pre
served his reason.
"The rest can be told in a few words.
After that I lay there like one in a
dream, while the pestilential air slowly
did its work. Sometimes L fancied I
could feel cool br?ese^ blowing down
on me, and at others heard some one
telling me to wake np, for that the
whistle had sounded at the pits. How
long I lay so, I can only conjecture. I
really knew nothing more until I was
roused by the found of that coal bar
rier crashing down before the picks
and spades of a dozen rescuers, and
the hubbub from a dozen throats as
they broke into our tomb.
"Only just iu time. Old Jim's face
was only just out of the water, and
they said that no human being could
have lived in :hat atmosphere for an
other two hours. And young Jim?
well, there was just enough life left in
him to last thrne days.
"Till the end of that third day, I?
kept to my bed; and then they sent to
say that he was going, but thar, he
wished to see me first. I reached the
house just in time to catch his last
" 'You-you'll take her, mate! Marry
her-no one else! Only-only, you'll
let my ring stay there. Promise-me
"What could I do but promise? I
had no thought then of marrying his
sweetheart-but it was his dying v ishj
and for years Jim and I had been like
"Just a year later I asked her if
there was room in her heart for me,
and-and-well, that's enough. Now
you know why my wife wears two wed- j
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL ~ |
Munich, Bavaria, reports bottled
Some comets have more than one
tail. The great comet of 1744 had six
tails spread fan shape.
Two French biologists find evidence
that fasting lessens the effect of diph
theria and other microbial poisons.
The largest mammoth found in the
Siberian ice fields measured seventeen
feet in length and was ten feet high.
Electricity has been adopted as the
motive power of the machinery con
nected with the drainage system in
To guard against disease the Legis
lature of New Hampshire passed a law
providing for the inspection of all ice
sold within the State. 1
The eye of the vulture is so con- !
-*:~-\z* *v* i* fr i fc?f? .
??'-.i. . 5v'*v': . ti v IKV/? ?* ':V- ..</<'.:;*
K >??.". f?st i?v\ Hie*:!
af*? Uti niicc lr? t'.' v*-.cier*jv '?,1 :
t . " ? ; j? ... - "? :" .* i- \'
L-?Ju.Q, t-u ...... w?* MA?O j
streets of the city with electric lights :
for the same price that is now paid for i
the very unsatisfactory lighting with I
"Charles Burckhalter, the astronomer '
of the. Chabot Observatory, of Cali
fornia, will travel half-way around the |
world so that for two minutes, in far- j
off India, he may endeavor to photo- :
graph the sun during solar eclipse of
True mauna is said to bo found on
the blades of a blue grass growing in
Queensland. Nearly, three parts of it
consist of manuite, -which, though,
sweet, is not a sugar. Masses as large
as.marbles appear on the nodes pf the
stems. The manna-bearing grass is
not only indigenous to Australia, but
ia found in tropical Asia and Africa.
Telegraph and telephone poles are
the latest development in the line of
manufactures from paper. They are
made of pnlp in which a small amount
of borax, tallow, and other ingredients
are mixed. These are cast in a mold
in the form of a hollow rod of the de
sired length.'' The'poles are claimed
to be lighter and stronger than wood,
and it is said' that the weather does
not affect them.
Derivation of tko Names of the Days.
. Sunday is so called, because it was
anciently dedicated to the worship of
-the sun. Monday means literally the
day of the moon. Tuesday was dedi
cated to Tuisc?, the Mars of our Saxon
ancestors, the deity that presided over
combats, strifes and litigation. Hence
in England Tuesday is assize day; the
.day for combat, or commencing litiga
tion. In ?his country it is generally
the day selected for the opening of
court terms or sessions. Wednesday
is so called from Wodin, or Odin, a
deity or chief among the northern
nations of Europe. Thursday was
named by the Saxons from Thor, the
old Teutonic god of thunder. Friday
in from Frea or Friga, a goddess of the
old Saxon mythology. Saturday means
simply Saturn's day,'the name being
derived from the deity of that name,
Soap Frbnv Sunflower Seeds.
Those interested in new industries
may be glad to hear that it is possible
to manufacture good soaps from sun
flower seeds. Sunflowers grow easily,
and need little attention. A company
has been organized in the United
States to manufacture this sort of soap.
It is claimed that the average yield of
plants to the acre is 2500 pounds gross;
percentage of oil is one-third the
weight of the seeds, sb that 600 pounds
of seed will make 200 pounds of? oil.
The latter, when refined aud ready to
use in making soap, is worth about
$1 a pound, and is said to make the
finest of toilet soaps. The net profit
of the sunflowers to the grower is put
at ?11 an acre.
r"- Kat Killing Their Fad.
The newest fad in Sect County,
Indiana, is "ratkillings." The vicinity
has lately been invaded by hordes of
rats, which are doing much damage.
When a "killing" is arranged all the
men and robust boys in the neighbor
hood are invited, and, armed with
clubs and accompanied by dogs, they
begin- a systematic cleaning out of
barus, haystacks and corn cribs. The
rats are very fierce, and several men
have been se rei ely bitten by them, but
the work goes on nevertheless, and the
average mortality of rodents at a kill
ing is about 20C\-Detroit Free Pres^
WHERE SOLDIERS FELL.
THE GOVERNMENT'S THREE GREAT
IIow the Battlefields of Chickumaupa,
Gettysburg and Shiloh Will Look to
the CommT Generations-Some of. tho
Characteristic Monuments Erected.
The Government has created three
elaborate National military parks on
the three greatest battlefields of the
Civil War-Chickamauga, Gettysburg
and Shiloh. It is intended that they
shall ser ve as permanent object lessons
of American courage and valor, and
each of them will be constructed on a
scale of magnificence not to be seen
elsewhere in the whole world.
None of these parks will be merely
ornamental pleasure grounds. The
prime idea is to restore those historio
fields to substantially the condition
they were in at the times of tho battles,
and, in harmony with that idea, the
parks to be created on their si tes .will
be devoted strictly to the illustration
of the supreme struggles which ren
dered them famous for the benefit of
future generations rather than of sur
viving participants. In these parks
every incident of the battles will bo
treated from the impartial standpoint
of history, without sectional animosity
or bias, and in all the markings and
monuments rigid justice will be shown
alike to the vanquished and victors.
Chickamauga and Shiloh were the most
memorable contests of the war in the
West, and Gettysburg was the most
momentous conflict in the East, and in
all three the most distinguished Gen
erals, Union and Confederate, com
manded, and troops from typical sec
tions fought, so that by securing and
preserving those fields intact as repre
sentative examples of the greatest
battles of the Civil War the Govern
ment will be able to perpetuate the:
history in a concrete physical form fo:
all time to come.
Each of those three battles, however,
was iu a measure representative of the
whole country. Twenty-nine of the
thirty-three States east of the Rocky
Mountains, which comprised the?
Union at the outbreak of the war, hadji
troops in the Chickamauga and^Chat- *
.. ~ .-. ' ; -?gi
GENERAL VIEW OF THE GETTY3BTJB
LITTLE ROUND TOP. SEMINA
tanooga campaigns, and five of those
States-Kentucky, Tennessee, Mis
souri, West Virginia and Maryland- I
had troops on both sides. Nearly every
Northern State, aud likewise nearly |
every Southern, was engaged at Gettys
burg, and at Shiloh were troops from
twenty different States, North and
South. The Battle of Chickamauga
(September 19 and 20, 1863), is re:
gardod by military experts as the best
demonstration of the pluck, endurance,
prowess aud strategy of the American
soldier ever given. Measured by per
centages of losses and the duration of I
the fighting, it was the deadliest battle]
of modern times. Its sequel and com
panion piece, Chattanooga (November
21 and 25,1863),is considered the grand
est spectacular engagement. So Gettys
burg (July 1, 2 and 3, 1863), corre
sponding with Chickamauga for East
ern operations, and surpassing it in
world-wide renown, registered the
highwater mark of American courage
mid achievements in arms, and stands
to-day as the pre-eminent battlefield of
the Western Contin?nt. As to Shiloh,
it furnished au admirable example of the
peculiar characteristics of the Ameri
cau soldier aud his adaptability in
sudden and unexpected emergencies,
SPECIMEN UNION MONUMENT, OETTYSBUBQ
and constitute!} a fitting third in the
trio of our greatest battlefields.
When completed the park will be the
most comprehensive and extended
military object lesson in the world/It
contains 7600 acres, and the central
driveway, pass ing through and over
looking all the heavy fighting ground,
is twenty miles long. The old roads
of the battles have been reopened ar d
new roads closed. Over forty miles of
the main roads of the field have been
rebuilt in a substantial manner. The
details of the six battles-Chicka
mauga, Missionary Ridge, Lookout
' Mountain; Orchard Knob, Wauhatchie
and Brown's Ferry-are set forth upon
historical tablets within the park.
These tablets, numbering about 2000
in all, are cast iron plates, four feet by
three feet, with embossed letters.
After casting, tho plates were glazed
black and the embossed letters
whitened, making the inscriptions dis
tinct at a distance. Each plate con
tons from 200 to-100 words of bis
to?cal text,- and is fastened to an iron
post, set in concrete. They mark the
positions of army headquarters, corps,
divisions and brigades, both Union,
and Confederate, and the parts taker:
each organization are concisely
; ?fc is left to the States having troops
In the battles to erect monuments to
Regiments and batteries, and to the
militiiry societies and the larger or?
ONE OF THE EIGHT 8HEEI. MONUMENTS MABK
EKO SPOTS WBEBE BBIQADE COMMANDERS WEBS
KILLED, CHICK A3IAUOA.
ionizations, such as corps, divisions
and brigades, to erect their own mon
uments. Nine handsome granite mon
uments, all different, to the United
States regulars, have been set up by
fchg Government, at a cost of $1500
Bach. Eight pyramidal monuments,
each ten feet high, constructed of
eight-inch shells, have been erected to
mark tho spots where brigade com
manders on each side were killed.
Each battery engaged is to be marked
in its most important fighting position
by guns and carriages of the patterns
used in the battle. There are thirty
five of these positions for each army
on the Chickamauga field alone. Five
observation towers of iron and steel,
?eventy feet high, have been built, two
on > Missionary Ridge and three on
Chickamauga field, from which the
whole landscape below appears clear
and recognizable with its markings.
All designs and inscriptions for mon
uments and tablets have to be submit
led first to the Chickamauga National
Park Commission and receive approv
1 by the Secretary of War in order to
laure reasonable'*niformity and har
mony, as well as artistio propriety and
"storical accuracy. All monuments
?'?.!/?.: ' ' . '
."V-<*- ,'r ~
ff . --. jftM .
1G BATTLE-FIELD FBOM SUMMIT
RY BUDGE IN THE DISTANCE.
must be either of durable stone or
bronze, and all inscriptions must con
form to the official reports and be pure
Under the law establishing a Na
tional park at Gettysburg, introduced
by General Daniel E. Sickles, the
Government at once prooeeded to ac
quire the 800 acres and rights of way
over avenues owned by the Gettysburg
Battle Field Memorial Association, and
also to acquire other lands on the bat
tle field by purchase or condemnation.
Additional roads will be opened and
tablets will be set np definitely mark
ing the lines of the troops on both
sides. The rights, however, of States
and military organizations to plats of
ground on which markers and monu
ments have already been placed, will in
nowise be prejudiced. The Gettys
burg National Park Commission, like
that of the Chickamauga Park, will co
operate with State commissions in fix
ing positions that are not yet determ
A special and noteworthy feature of
the Gettysburg Park, authorized in the
Sickles law, is a huge bronze tablet on
a pedestal bearing a medallion likeness
of President Lincoln and the whole of
his immortal address on the occasion pf
the National Cemetery dedication at
Gettysburg on November 19,1863.
There are now nearly $2,000,000
worth of monuments on the Gettysburg
field erected by States and regimental
organizations and military societies.
But until a few years ago there were no
lines of battle marked, and a visitor to
the field, noticing the absence of
monuments on the Confederate side,
would be prompted to ask: "Against
whom were the Union troops fighting?"
This lack has been supplied, and the
lines of all troops carefully indicated
by tablets, as at Chickamauga, without
censure and without praise, and, above
all, with historical accuracy.
The Shiloh Military Park for which
Congress passed an authorizing act un
der the lead of Representative David
B. Henderson, of Iowa, comprises
about 3000 acres, woods and farming
lands. Over 4000 Confederates lie|
buried on that hard-fought field (April
6 |and 7, 1862), and in the National
cemetery are 3000 Union dead. A
commission like those of Chickamauga
and Gettysburg has loct-ted the battle
lines and sites for tablets and monu
ments for the 258 organizations en
gaged in the battle. The arrangement
of roads and brigade sections has been
placed under the supervision of the
best landscape Architects procurable
by the War Department. The regula
tions as to tablets and monuments will
be uniform for all three parks-Chicka
mauga, Gettysburg and Shiloh.
Every little while some item about
the great profits in frog farming ap
pears in some sensational paper. But
after diligent search, we have not been
able to find that such an establishment
is in existence anywhere. There are
many damp localities where frogs
thrive better than in other places and
where catching them for their legs is
quite au industry, but this is only
a natural development and there is no
culture or farming about it whatsoever.
--American Agrio ilturist.
A forty-pound turkey was served at
an Allentown (Penn.) feast.
THE MODERN STABLE^
Extreme Simplicity Should Mark Tnt- At
tachment to a Country Residence.
Thc great vogue of the bicycle, tho
extension of trolley railroads, and the [
introductions of the Auto Mobile cabs;
have ca'led out many dismal predic*
tiona. The public has been told times j
without number that the reign of the
horse is forever over. In illustration
of this statement the unprecedentedly
low prices at which horses have lately
been sold are quoted, and there come
grewsome Btories from the "West of tho
shooting of entire herds of horses on
the ranges, in order to save the pas
ture for the more valuable beef crea
tures. As a supplement to these tales,
it is even said that canning factories
have been established where horse
flesh is put up in potted form for our
use or unsuspecting foreigners. The
paragraphers and cartoonists have had
their fling at the subject, and if one
should take the signs of the times,
everything would seem to point to the
virtual extinction of the equine species
in the not remote future. But those
who love man's best friend and servant
among the dumb beasts, and who do
not care to surrender him for studs of
steel or naphtha fed cabs, need not be
unduly alarmed. In fact, horseflesh
would seem to be an excellent invest
ment at this very moment. With the
fall in prices, that was due to a variety
of reasons, horse-breeding has been
giving adequate returns for the past
few years, and more brood mares have
come upon the market than ever before
in an equal space of time. Compara
tively few foals have been born, and
prices are bound to rise before long.
Aside from all questions of value,
few people who live in suburban places
care to be without horses, and the
question of housing them suitably has
to be met by a large proportion of
The carriage house and stable must
be influenced more or less by the na
ture of the grounds and the relative
position of the house to which it be
longs. The general rule, of course, is
that it must be inconspicuous, or if it
is where it must be seen, it should not
suffer in comparison with .the finished
t*i *uity bi
f' -r-. liA ?-*
jot t'-.-i ic-:
bined with strong and artistic lines,
always gives the best results.
The accompanying plan shows a
stable that would grace any suburban
?place, and yet it is not very expensive
or pretentious. The general plan is
capable of many modifications. As
originally drawn, it provides for all of
the newest improvements, single and
box stalls, carriage room, washing
stand and harness room, all on the first
floor; on the second floor provision is
made for the hay. loft and the quarters
for the coachman. The foundation is
of stone, the exterior rough clapboards
and shingles, upon which if we use
red and green stain the effect is ad
Grant's Different Hats.
After his return from abroad Grant
had a little Japanese servant, who took
charge of him as though the General
was a bit of machinery and he was the
engineer. Some of the newspaper men
noticed that in the course of one trip
Grant had on six different hats, and
they laughingly asked him what was
the significance of the change. Grant
said, "Why, I do not know; I sup
posed I had on the same hat all the
time." Investigation brought out the
fact that the little Jap, through the
suggestion of some of the ladies of the
party or some of the committee, had
received ideas as to what kind of a
hat the General ought to wear at cer
tain towns. If it was a college town,
just before he arrived the little Jap
would tiptoe to the General, remove
the slouch hat, place a silk hat care
fully on the General's head and trip
out, the General never losing a word
of any conversation. At the next stop,
if it was explained to the little Jap
that it was a soldier town, off would
come the silk hat and on went the
General's military hat. He made it a
rule for the General never to appear
at two places in the same hat, and the
joke of it was Grant himself did not
know anything of the scheme.
A Mlle From Land.
An old tourist, recalling Captain Jud-!
kins of the sidewheeler Scotia, tells
how that worthy skipper used to be
trundled about in a rolling chair when
his gout was bad. And he also recalls
the delight with which the irreverent
young men heard the anxious spinster
ask the scowling autocrat (three days
out) how far they were hom land.
"About a mile, ma'am, " snapped Jud
kins. "Indeed! How interesting! In
which direction?" "In that direction,
ma'am!" shouted the captain, pointing
downward as he turned his back toward
Decorating a Bald Head.
Artistic Wife (to bald husband)
' "Let me paint a spider on your head,
! darling, so that the flies won't come to
! trouble you while you are having your
j little nap."-Tit-Bits.
j There are thirty-seven newspapers
; and periodicals published in Guate
! mala, according to a recent consular
i report. Of this number seven are
1 dailies, fourteen weeklies and twelve
: are issued once a month,
Pe af. for Poor Soils. '..
.There is no better way to fertilize
poor land than to sow it with peas,
using phosphate of lime to furnish the
mineral fertility that this crop requires
to^ierfect the seed. It is not nitrogen
which the pea crop most needs other
than what the pea roots supply by dis
integrating air in the soil and liberat
ing its nitrogen. But to form the grain
both lime and phosphate are required.
With these supplied the soil will grow
richer every year.
_ rino Seed Bed for Onions.'
The roller is indispensable for pre
paring onion ground either for seed
or sets. That with a shallow cultiva
tion to the depth of two inches will
make a better seed bed than will
deeper tillage. If the soil is made
friable deep down thn onion may grow
large, but it will likely be thick necked
and grow a crop of scullions.-Boston
Extensive Pruning. !
F. J. Kinny, the Worcester garden
er and fruit grower, does not believe in
much pruning for trees. At a recent
horticultural meeting he cited the in
stance of a neighbor who had a fine
orchard but who had his trees trimmed,
with the result that his crop of apples
has since materially deteriorated both
in quality and quantity. He thought
it was an admitted fact that you could
remove a very large limb from a tree
without injuring the growth of the
whole tree. The best orchards he
knew of were those that had been
trimmed the least, but which were well
Soma Boyal Blood.
There is a man living in Florida who
san rightfully boast of royal blood
coursing through his veins. A. J.
Murat, of Apalachicola, Fla., is the
aristocrat, and he has some very high
family connections. He is a great
great-grandsou of Marshal Murat,
Napoleon's famous general, who after
ward became King of Naples. He is
the great-great-nephew of four kings
-Napoleon, Louis of Holland, Joseph,
King of Spain, and Jerome of West
phalia. He is a third cousin of Louis
Napoleon and great-great-grandson of
Napoleon's mother, who died in 1836,
the year he was born. Mr. Murat is a
man of about sixty years of age, and
one of the quietest, most unassuming
men imaginable.-Atlanta Constitu
The Best Poultry House Floor.
The subject of floors for poultry
houses has been discussed more than
almost any other point about poultry
bnildings. The best authorities are
-.. . r . : -,?..xf ?s -
>es? W. "? ii '
Tjvovefi*. >i.:cr?L H e r*yiSo!< '.
**'..'. [ftttu lt rit?; ptjji.* ft .
manner as to carry off surplus moisture
readily and prevent flooding by the
hardest rains. This can best be ac
complished by filling in until the floor
of the poultry house is six inches high
er than the surrounding surface. The
filling should be clay, if it can be got,
and in any event it should be slightly
damped and pounded down firmly and
allowed to dry beforeeing p but to use.
Then cover with two inches of garden
soil or dust as dry as is convenient.
As soon as there is any foul odor about
the house this coat of loose soil should
be removed and a new one put in. In
the summer months this must be done
about twice a month, but in the winter
a longer time may elapse, provided the
soil is raked over and the droppings
mixed in it once a week. The soil that
is taken out is one of the best fertiliz
ers about the farm, and may be used
on garden crops with great benefit.
The objection to a board floor is that
it becomes saturated with the drop
pings, and not only offensive, but dan
gerous as a breeder of disease. A
board floor is a good breeding place for
vermin, while one of earth act's as a
preventive in a great measure, the dust
arising from the floor acting as au in
' - A Coyote With a Bell.
One of Charles StolPs boys, of Hun- j
gry Hollow, caught a coyote in a trap '?
recently that had a collar around its
neck with a bell attached to it. This
would indicate that some one had been
breeding coyotes for their scalps and
that this one had either escaped or the
party or parties had gone out of the
business when the State appropriation
was shut off.
Another thing that leads to this be
lief is the fact that coyotes are now
more numerous in that section than
they have been for years. A little in
vestigating might produce seme inter
esting results. The Mail's correspond
ent from that section has complained
for the past year of the unusual num
ber of coyotes in that section and the
great annoyance and loss they have
oaused the farmers. If the State was
still paying a bounty of $5 for each
Bcalp tho breeding of coyotes would be
quite a profitable industry.-Wood
land (Cal.) Mail.
Electric Light as Bait.
William Johnson, who has jmit re*
turned from Binghamton, N. Y., from
a trout fishing trip to Delaware County,
made a successful experiment with a
number of small incandescent light
bulbs, which he used as bait. Pie at
tached a bulb about the size of those
used by physicians, to his line near
the hook. Then he made a trip up
the stream at night, throwing the
lighted bait into the water, the current
being furnished by a pocket battery.
His success was phenomenal.
The fish attracted by the light would
flock around the strange object and
snap at the baited hook. Mr. Johnson !
says he has consulted counsel, and !
finds that this manner of fishing is not ;
prohibited by the game laws, and ex- !
perience satisfies him that it is most
remunerative from a fisherman's point
of view.-New York Press.
In xhe Suicides' Cemetery at Monte
Carlo sixty-five new graves were filled
in last winter. The cemetery is in
barren, uncultivated land, and within
it are buried any who have taken their
lives through losses at the Casino.
Quinine and other fe
ver medicines take from 5
to 10 days to cure fever.
Johnson's Chi it and Fever
Tonic cures in ONE DAY.
ONE OF CRETE'S NElCKECR?
Corfu isa Sort of Geographical Mosalo
Corfu and Crete are said by a re
cent writer to te the most beautiful of
the Ionian Islands, and the former has
been described by Bishop Wordsworth
as "a sort of geographical mosaic to
which all the countries of Europe have
contributed colors." Corfu was never
conquered by the Turks, and Its in
habitants are considered to bear a
strong resemblance to tho ancient
Creeks. It has belonged at different
times to the Romans, Venetians, Nea
politans, French and English. In 186!?,
when Prince George of Denmark was
chosen by the powers for King of
Greece, the Corfiotes petitioned that
their island might be incorporated In
the kingdom of Greece and Great Brit
The climate of the island is delight
ful and the scenery enchanting. In
other portions of Sou them Europe tho
gray-green of the olive groves grows
somewhat monotonous, but in Corfu
lt is relieved by stretches o? gre MI
grass. Pomegranate and fig, orange,
lemon and banana trees grow in pro
fusion, and palma, eucalypti and papy
ri flourish. There are quantities of
oleanders, magnolias and roses. The
inhabitants are so lazy that they hardly
attempt even the easiest cultivation,
and fortunately for them the soil and
climate render it almost unnecessary.
A Corfu olive tree left to its own de
vices will frequently yield as much as
two gallons of oil each season, with
no more labor involved that a simple
""^.hering and pressing of the fallen
Corfu is the favorite place of resi
dence of the Empress Elizabeth of
Austria, who has built there a winter
palace, which she calls the Villa Achil
.eion. It was rumored that the name
was given in reference to the one vul
nerable spot ever discovered In the
heart cf the Empress. Several million
nolle -s nave been spent in beautifying
the palace and surrounding park, and
an ideal spot is the result. A most
beautiful and artistic monument ls
erected In the grounds to .the memory
of Prince Rudolph, the son of the Em
press, who, less Spartan than his im
perial mother, fled from unhappiness in
love by the way of suicide. When at hor
?n nnrfo the Empress Elizabeth
'_:;L. ..vjiSJ I*-1: ''. . "C
Bet Both Ways, Yet Lost
Daniel Webster, Tazewell and Gen.
Jackson's Secretary of the Navy were
once walking together on the north
bank of the Potomac, and while Web
ster lingered a little in the rear, Taze
well offered to bet Braoch a ten-dollar
hat that he could prove him to be on
the other side of the river. "Done,"
said Branch. "Well," said Tazewell,
pointing to the opposite shore, "isn't
thnt one side of the river?" "Yes."
"Well," isn't this the other sine?"
"Yes." "Then, as you are here, arc you
not on the other side?" "Why, I de
clare," said the victim, "so it Is; but
here comes Webster, I'll win back my
bet from him." As Daniel esme up,
Branch saluted uim with, "Webster,
I'll bet ou a ten-dollar hat I can pr^ve
you are on the other side of the river."
"Done." "Well, isn't this one side?
"Yes." "Well, isn't that the other
side? "Yes, but I am not on that side."
Branch had to pay for two bats, and
learned tbat it Is possible to bet both
ways and win upon neither.
Why take Johnson's
Chill & Fever Tonic?
Because it cures the.
most stubborn case
of Fever in ONE DA Y
Perfect Skull of a Mastodon.
The Museum of the Missouri State
University has just received what ls
declared to be the most perfect skull
. of a mastodon in the world. It waa
presented to the museum by R. A.
Blair, a well known geologist of Seda
lia, Mo. He reserves the privilege of
reclaiming the skull, but it is hoped
that it may remain there permanently.
With the skull were found other mas
todon remains of less value, and they
also are placed on exhibition. The
largest and most valuable collection of
mastodon remains hitherto has been
in the British Museum, and the next
In value ls at Berlin, Germany. Both
these collections ore made up almost
altogether of remains found in Mis
Remarkable Surgical Operation.
Dr. "William T. Bull hos lately given
to the world an amount of the entire
restoration to health of a woman who
had carried a plate of artificial teeth
in her esophagus for twenty-two
months, her health meantime being
at a low ebb, for the removal of which
he successfully operated. In that con
nection he relates some most Interest
ing experiments with the X-rays. It
seems that there are mr ny things thai
may be swallowed-one surgeon enu
merates twenty-five that have been,
and more than half of them are sub
stances that can be discerned by the
aid of the X-rays, hence he considers
that "this addition to surgical resources
cannot be overestimated."-New York
Johnson's Chill and Fe
ver Tonic is a ONE-DAY
Cure, It cures the most
stubborn case of Fever in