Newspaper Page Text
THOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOK. EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST ll, 1897. VOL. LXII. NO. 3?.
Of all the gifts this side of heaven
That ever were to mortals given.
The best to have, the worst to miss.
The truest, sweetest source of bliss,
The one rail left ot Eden's fence,
Stands the pure charm of common sense.
To earn our right to "daily bread," "
To not regret when time is fled,
To wisely speak and act and think.
To keep life's boat from ruin's brink,
To balance every hour's expense
"We need the aid of common sense.
Sometimes, no doubt, we need to view.
The lightning bolts rome genius threw;
But now we need, well mixed and stirred,
With silent thought or spoken word,
A sort of human fool's defense
The wholesome aid of common sense.
Some things, perhaps, must still be taught,
Whoro mighty minds their power in
But how to guard the priceless wealth
Of peace and love, of youthful health,
And how to keep our own few pence,
Is taught alone by common senso:
We pray for faith, and light, and peace,
For sin's remove, and love's increase,
For strength to meet the tempter's power,
For dying race, for dying hour,
But now. right in the" present tenso.
Give us, O Lord! good common sense.
To keep from useless jar and strifo,
And bless the changing path of lifo
To make each fountain purer still,
Tp take from loss its fatal chill,
And bring thy own sweet recompense,
We bow to thee, blest common sense.
- O. S. Bice, in Boston Transcript.
? A LITTLE'COMEDY. 8
c - 8
O BY W. K. ROSE. O
OGEE Tiusley, Helen,
his daughter, Herbert
Torrance aud Alary. Avho
is only suggested.
The gray haired mau
at the desk looks up
from the mass of papers
hefpre him and turns
toward the door. His quick ear has j
detected the swish of skirts in the
passageway. There is but one visitor
who is permitted to thus invade his
private room unannounced. The door
swings in and a young woman enters.
"Ah, Helen," says the gray haired
man. "This is an early visit!"
The young woman runs her hand
caressingly across his scattered locks
and stooping, kisses him lightly on the
"Just as glad to see me, aren't you,
papa?" she cries.
She is a very beautiful young woman
and most bewitchingly gowned and
bootoU aud bnttcd, bnt Ulero ia un ot
pression of discontent on her well bred
lace that is not pleasaut to see.
"And -whatis thepricc of fliis queen
ly favor?" inquires the gray haired man
as he leaus back in his chair and looks
quizzically at his visitor.
She grows grave in a moment and
regards him with a troubled gaze.
"There, there," he says. "Don't
worry yourself over it. Speak up.
What shall it be? A bracelet, a
coupe, a necklace?"
"Papa," she says, "you think I'm a
dreadfully selfish little beast, don't
yon? I am, I know I am. I've just
been a nuisance and a bother to you
ever siuce-ever since mamma die !
Don't contradict me. Everybody knows
it. I'm just a selfish, money?spending,
proud, little-little pig."
The gray haired man takes the
daintily gloved hand that rests upon
"Why, Helen,"' he says, "what's
this? What's gone wrong? Have I
ever denied you anything?"
"Xo, no, papa," she half sobs.
"You've been much too good to me.*
You've spoiled me."
"Dear me, child," he slowly mur
murs, "how much you are like your
dear mother." He turns his head a
little away and puts his haud over his
"There, there, papa," cries the
young woman, and her soft cheek rests
against the gray hair. "I didn't mean
to distress you. There, there! I am
going to make you pay for this visit
oh. such a price! But not now. No,
not just now. Cousin Mary is waiting
for me in the carriage, and-aud, after
awhile I will come back and tell you
what it is. You are good natured now,
aren't you,dear? Say that you are good
He smiles and nods like a nodding
mandarin, and she kisses him again
and darts to the door.
"There!" she breathlessly cries as
she panses on the threshold. "Just
hold that expression, sir, if you please.
I'll be back in such a little while, dear
daddy." And the door closes and she
The gray haired man sighs.
"She grows more like her dead
mother every day," he says. "But,
heavens, how thoroughly she is
spoiled-twenty-three years old, a
finished coquette, a creature of the
wildest and most extravagant whims.
And yet she has a heart and a warm
place in it, too, for her doting old
father. I wonder what came over her
this morning. I never saw her quito
no hysterical. If she would marry
but no, she appears to despise every
man she meets. She flirts with them
and throws them aside like cast-off
gloves. What a load it would be off
my mind li she would find some hon
est, ambitious young fellow who
suited her wayward faucy. But, no.
She turns from them all, and hanged
if I blame her. They are a precious
He pauses as the door swiygj^open
and a boy enters with a card.
"In five minutes send the gentleman
in," the gray haired father says, and
the boy withdraws.
"Herbert Torrance," reads the gray
haired man. "A fine young fellow,
straightforward, honest, true. I half
wish he was in society. Xo, I don't;
it would spoil him. Wonder what he
wants with me."
He busies himself with his papers
for a moment or two, and then the
door swings open av 1 a well knit
young fellow with keen gray eyes en
"Ah, Torrance," says the gray haired
man, "have a chair. What can I do
.'Thank you, Mr. Tinsley," says ti
young man, and he draws a chair clo
to the desk. He seats himself with J
-."Nothing wrong with the brokera]
business, I hope?" says the old ma
"No, sir. The business exceedsn
expectations," replies the young ma
"And yet I could wish it were fif
times its present proportions."
"That's a rather ambitious wish, n
boy," says the older man. "Why th
display of grasping greed?"
"Because, sir, it might win me
more favorable consideration at yoi
"And why are you so anxious to wi
my favorable consideration?"
The young man hesitates.
"You are the man, shy he slowl
answers, "whose good will I vain
above all others. If I had wealth an
position I might approach you in
far different spirit; but, as I ha\
"Tut, tut, my boy," says the olde
man. "Xever mind what you haven
got. What do you want ? By Jo vt
you ave the second person who ha
hinted at some mysterious favor with
in the past half hour. " And he smile
at the recollection.
"What I want," says the 3*oun?
mau hurriedly, "is an inestimabl
treasure. It is yours to give or re
fuse. I feel my own unworthiness
sir, yet I boldly ask this gift at you
hands. I-I hope you understam
"Ithink I do," says the older man
kindly. "But really I didn't knoT
that you had ever met."
"It-it wasn't right, sir," says tin
young man. hurriedly. "I met he;
first at the seashore quite by acciden
-there was a little accident, in fact
but she said she wouldn't distress yoi
j about it. A^d our acquaintanci
rapidly ripeneu. When she cann
back to town, I met her at rario.ni
place's, sometimes quite by acciden
and later on by-by appointment. I
wasn't right, sir, but I-I was verj
deeply in love."
"The little minx!" cries the olde]
man. "Why, she never breathed a
word of this."
"So she told me, sir, and that-and
that makes my present task all thc
"Well, never mind that. You art
not her dearest friend-aud yet I sup
pose you think you are. Come, ari
you sure she loves you?"
"I have her word for it, sir. She
sent me to you."
"Well, well, and so quiet and de
"Wh-what did you say, sir?"
"I say, why didn't Helen tell nie?"
"Because she wanted to keep it a
"And she was in it too?"
"Well, well, she is a good girl and
you must make her happy."
The two men shake hands solemnly,
tho vountrer man's fTvyj beaming Jndth
delight. Then Ml". Tinsley rises and
goes to the safe that stands in a cor
uer. From it he take a large envelope.
"She'll not conic to you exactly
empty-handed. Torrance," he says as
he looks the contents of the envelope
over. "I've put aside from time to
time certain securities for her, and I
see that they now amount to something
like ?20,000. Of course when I leave
there'll be more."'
He puts the envelope in the sate and
comes back to his desk.
"She is a very good girl," he con
tinues, "a sweet tempered, dutiful
girl. Really, I couldn't think more of
her if she were my own child."
"Not your own child?" gasps the
"Certainly not. She is my brother
Edward's daughter. When her parents
died ten years ago I took charge of her.
I've brought her up like a daughter,
but she is my niece. You look sur
"I am," replied the young man. "I
-I thought she was your daughter."
"She didn't tell you so, did she?"
"Why I-I think she led me to be
believe that such was the case."
"Astonishing! And you've been
courting her all this time in the belief
that she was my daughter. Perhaps
-but, no, I won't say it. I believe
you ave au honorable mau. You surely
wouldn't wreck her happiness for the
sake of the paltvv dollars. No, 110.
I'll-I'll add to that ?20,OOO."
"Sir," says the young man, his face
all aflame, "I would marry your
your niece if she didn't have a dollar."
"Spoken like a man," cries the old
gentleman. "I'll double that ?20,OOO."
The young man stirs uneasily in his
"Waif," says the old man. "I can't
understand about this little pieco of
deception. It isn't a bit like Mary. '
"You mean Helen," says the younger
The young man pushes back his chair
"She-she nover told me her name
was Mary," he gasps.
"Who never told you?"
The older man leans back in his
chair and shakes his forefinger at Robert
"Will you kindly tell me what
Helen has to do with this muddle?"
"You mean Mary."
The young man rises and takes his
"Mr. Tinsley," he says. "I came
here to ask the hand of your daughter,
and you tell me she is your niece.
You even insist that her name is some
thing else. I-I don't know what to
think, sir. I have fear I've"-his
! voice trembles, and he stops.
"Hark," murmurs the older man.
A voice comes to them from the
passageway-" a sweet and timid voicv.
"Oh, is he engaged. Then I'll
"That-that's her voice," cries Her
"Not-not Mary's voice," gasps the
"No, no, Helen's voice."
The gray haired head drops back
against tho cushion.
"Heien!" ho cries. "Good Lord!"
He stares at the young man as if
"And Helen loves yon?" he gasps.
t "She says so," replies Herbert.
"But she threw over an earl!"
"But she didn't love him," eays
"Aud I thought all the time it waa
Mary," murmurs the old man.
"I don't know any Mary," says Her
Mr. Tinsley rises and walks toward
the door. As ho passes Herbert he
taps him lightly on the shoulder. A
smile breaks across his face.
"Not a word about the $20,000," he
"Come in, dear," he calls at the
And Helen enters with much rus
tling of skirts and a charming blush.
She nods shyly to Herbert and puts
her arm around her father's neck.
"You know now the price you h-.^e
to pay?" she murmurs.
"Yes, my dear."
"And I-I can have what I want?"
"Yes, my dear."
She kisses him gently and he
stretches out his disengaged hand to
the young man.
"You and Herbert must be very
good friends," laughed Helen. "He
has some excellent qualities. He saved
my life last summer."
"You didn't tell me that," says the
older man as he looks reproachfully at
"Iliad something much more impor
tant on my mind," murmurs the latter.
"There, there," cries Helen, "that
wasn't a bit pretty." Then she adds:
"Now you must all come to the win
dow. Somebody is out there who
knows about Herbert and who is just
dying to hear the news. "
They follow her to the window. In
a carriage drawn up at the curb a gen
tle-faced girl is sitting. To her Helen
smiles and pantomimes, and points to
Herbert and to her fi her with many
pretty nods. And the gentle-faced
girl smiles and nods back again.
The older man nudges the younger.
"That's Mary," iie whispers.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL
A new speaking tube for steamers
has the pipe insulated by a waterproof
textile covering which makes it easy to
hear speech in tho engine room from a
distance of 300 feet.
One of the most curious results of
the investigations made by doctors in
thc "Russian jails is the statement that
each group of criminals has its cwn
peculiar color of the eye.
Anthropologists have ascertained
that the Andaman Islanders, the small
est race of people in the world, average
less than four feet in height, while few
of them webjh more than seventy-five 1
Evidence of the complexity of
cathode rays is found by 31. H. Des
landres in the fact that when a ray is j
turned aside by a neighboring body it
is divided into several unequally 'Av
"Growing pains" are a myth, says
Ur. Irring S. Haines. The pain means ?
Potts* disease of the spine, and the 1
ignorant or lazy doctor does not find i
..-*-.> u.-.; M- +i..^u.^~._[
the back appears.
Paris and Marseilles aro now con
nected by telegraph lines entirely un- ?
der ground. They are placet! in iron ,
pipes, and buried four feet beneath
the surface with manholes 3000 feet
apart. It cost $7,000,000 to bury the j
Chelsea district in London utilizes
its street refuse by separating the rags
and paper, which aro converted into
brown wrapping paper, while thc rea?
of thc refuse is burned in tho furnaces ;
of the reducing works and the residuum
is used in brickmaking.
The Illinois Central Railroad :a
about to experiment with electriafry es
a motive power, with r. view to ita
adoption on all the suburban liner, of
Chicago. It is said that bot t tho third
rail and overhead trolley systems -.viii
he tried exhaustively before c dssision
is come to on equipment.
From records sxtending back to
16K9, M. Camille FI;\mmn\:c;i finds :
that the rainfall of Palis hr.:: gradually
increased about three inches, being
now a little more tlisi twenty-two
inches a year. The amount cf differ
ence seems to indicate that the increase
is real and not due to greater accuracy
The director cf ?J3 gas works at
Aix-les-Eains, France, Lao perfected a
simple system c2 automatically light
ing and extinguishing gas jets from
auy distance. The burner is closed
by a steel plate, which ls magnetized
and drawn aside v/kile au electric cur
rent is passing through it, the escap
ing gas being ignited either by a spark
from the plate or the incandescence of
a suitable material. The plate falls
back over the burner on being demag
Til? World's Ill?nd.
It is stated that there aro 1,000,000
blind people in the world, or one to
every 1500 inhabitants. Latest reports
show 23,000 blind persons in England,
or 870 for each million inhabitants.
Blind infants of less than five years,
166 for each million; between five and
fifteen, 288; between twenty and twen
ty-five, 422; between forty-five and
sixty, 1625, and above sixty-five years,
7000 for each million. Russia and
Egypt are the countries where the
blind constitute tho lastest proportion
ate number of the total population, in
Russia on account of the lack of ex
perienced medical attention, and in
Egypt because of ophthalmia duo to
irritation caused by movement of the
sand by the wind. There are nearly
200,000 blind persons in European
Russia, the larger number being in
Finland and the northern provinces.
This is ascribed to the flat country and
impcriect ventilation in huts of the
peasantry. Though more than half of
the blind population of Europe is
found in Russia, there are on! twen
ty-five asylums for the blind in the
empire, one-tenth of thc total number
in Europe.-London Mail.
Writing for Over Sixty Years.
Dr. James Martineau, who the other
day celebrated his ninety-second birth
day, is one of the very few remaining
authors whose literary activity dates
from the beginning of the Victorian
reign. Dr. Martineau published his
first book, "The Rationale of Religious
Inquiry," in 1837.
A New Military Bicycle.
A military bicycle recently patented
is fitted with an extension arm pro
jecting in the rear, with a piece of
canvas rolled over the handlebar,
which can be unrolled and strung
from the. handles to thc end of the arm
for use as a stretcher.
MW SUMARME BOAT.
TWELVE HOURS WITHOUT A SUR.
PLY OF FRESH AIR..
A Vessel Tluit Can bo Used. Either hs '?
Warship Destroyer or ns n Ploasaro
Craft-Sliding Panels of Clear Platjts
Glass to Gaze Through at Sea Marvell.
! . . ' ?' ' '
Before many months have elapsed a
submarino boat will probably be .com
pleted which will embody several fea
tures that are distinctly new. It is
the invention of H. E. Dantzbecher, a
naval architect and designer of yachts;
who lives in Philadelphia, and who
has contributed his share to the repu?
I talion this country has of late years
j Avon for skill in ship-building. Mr.;
? Dantzbecher, in other words, is ?j
! practical man, and not of the class Sfc
. inventors who construct dream fabrics
I which rise so conveniently superior to;
, tho limits of mechanical possibilities,"
I cutting so fine a figure in print and so
I poor a one in practice.
Put compactly, what Hr. Dantz
. becker purposes to give to the world
"THE NAUTILUS"-SHOWING NAVIGAT
; is a submarine yacht which will go to
almost any depth beneath the surface
of the ocean, and in which teu persons
will be able to live comfortably for
twelve hours without coming to the
top for a fresh supply of air. Rising
thus to get breath twice every twenty
four hours, the yacht will be able to
travel eighteen days at full speed, ca
a distance of 4300 or 5000 miles if only
sixty-six per cent, of her power is used.
Means of egress and ingress are pro
vided, so that such of the passengers
as feel disposed to step out for a stroll
on the bottom of the ocean can do so.
But, of course, they would have to
dress for the occasion. The ordinary
diver's costume would be sufficient, ? i
Furthermore, there is ah ample pro
vision of powerful electric search-lights
which can be turned in any direction
from the conning tower in the toil of
the craft or from a point in its bottom.
These lights are to be so intense that
even in comparatively turbid waters
objects will be made out with tolerable
distinctness. In waters as clear as are
those of the Atlantic in the vicinity of
the Bermudas, remote recesses of the
ocean depths may be ransacked with
need not be mado solely in diving
H. E. DAN'TZBECrTRK, 1 FTE INVENTOS.
suits. Mr. Dantzbecher has arranged
sliding panels both in the sides and
bottom of his craft which, when
slipped back, expose large areas of
thick but very clear plate-glass.
Through these windows the sub
marine travelers can look out upon the
illuminated depths of water at their
ease. They can thus turn the entire
ocean into a mighty aquarium, and
study the structure, life and habits of
the queer fish and grim monsters of its
lower depths. And all this seated in
a cozy room, with stenographers at
hand to tako down the words of the
learned scientist as they fall from his
And aside from this obvious value to
scientific research, the amount of plain
amusement tho scheme suggests is be
wildering to contemplate.
It is Jules Verne's fascinating Nau
tilus, which sailed "Twenty Thousand
Leagues Under the Sea," turned into
an actual reality-slidingpanels, plate
glass windows, doors leading out into
the dim, mysterious waters and all. In
fact, it is very evident that Mr. Dantz
becher, like many thousand of other
people, has had his imagination stirred
and his inventive genius stimulated by
Verne's delightful romance.
"With substantially all the experi
ments in submarine boat-building
heretofore the central idea has
been the creation of a weapon
that could work with deadly effect
upon the modern battleship. This
floating iron fortress has year by
year grown so impregnable above the
water line that the marine experts
have been trying to get at the monster
in some effective way from beneath.
Torpedoes launched aud directed in
the ordinary way, on or from above
the water level, are at the best but
vague and random blows which can
only be landed by chance or where
the warship is caught napping. That
the ideal way of planting the torpedo
was from beneath the vessel attacked
has been recognized from the start,
and the study of tho subject of sub
marine navigation has been almost
entirely on that line.
Whero Mr. Dantzbecher differs
from his predecessors in the field is
that he has aimed to build a craft
which, while capable of being turned
into the deadliest of submarine
weapons, would at the sam? time be
capable of such other purposes that
private, citizens as well as govern
ments would have a uso for it. He
aimed to make a yacht, in other words,
that was capable of sailing below the
water as other yachts sail on its sur
face, anet that, like the surface yacht,
might be seized by the Government
in case of war and converted into a
To convert his yacht into a war ves
sel all that is required is to make tor
pedo-tubes of the two elliptical open
ings which are on each side of the bow,
and which in. ordinary times are used
by the yacht's company as means of
egress and ingress when the boat is
lying on the bottom of tho ocean.
Ther ; openings are of such form that
eithc? the Sims-Edison or the White
head torpedo can be used. With air
supply enough to last A crew of ten
men for twelve hours the yacht can ap
proach the enemy unseen from a very
great distance. There would be ab
solutely no warning, no hint of danger
to those on board the ship she picked
out for attack. While sailing along
without a sail or a tuace of smoke iu
sight to indicate the presence of an
enemy, the most powerful battle-ship
might suddenly he heaved into the air
and her bottom literally torn out of her
by a fearful explosion.
Those on board who escaped instant
'ORS THROUGH THE GLASS WINDOW.
death would never know what had be
fallen them, whether their own boilers
or their own magazine had blown up,
unless the submarine yacht rose to the
surface and fished them out of the
water aud thc wild chaos of tossing
wreckage which in a few moments would
be all that would be left of their ship. If
the vessel attacked were of a fleet
her fate would bo as much a mystery
to those on board her sister ships a3 to
her own orew. There would be a dull,
smothered explosion, a lifting of the
huge mass of metal heavily upward,
then a staggering, headlong lunge into
the depths of the sea and the tossing
arms of those not dragged underneath
by thc suction as the ponderous mass
sunk out of sight.
On board the submarine yacht tho
spectacle would be even more thrilling
than from the decks of vessels on the
surface of the water. After hurling
its torpedo low down against the ex
posed flank of the enemy there would
be a reversal and swift whirling of the
twin screws until tho vicious little
craft had darted back to a safe dis
tance from the concussion and the
2^trtrrc?rs and crew, with their elec
tric search-lights turned on the scene
and the steel panels slid back from be
fore her broad plate-glass window,
could watch at their leisure every de
tail of tho death agonies of a sinking
ship and drowning men.
But aside from ail mere anticipatory
speculations as to what it may accom
plish in actual warfare, Mr. Dant;:
becher's submarine yacht is fa,st as
suming the proportions of a practical
business investment. Its details have
all been carefully worked out and the
plans drawn. The boat will ba 100 '
feet long over all and twelve feet in
diameter at the midship section.
It is a cigar-shaped cylinder in form,
for the reason that the cylinder will
best resist the pressure of the water,
which at a depth of ninety feet is thirty
nine pounds to the square inch. When
submerged there will be a displace
ment of 169 tons.- The plating in the
middle fifty feet of length is half inch
of mild steel, with a thickness of three
eights of an inch at the ends.
"The diving apparatus of tho boat,"
said Mr. Dan tzbe cher in n recent in
terview, "is radically different from
anything yet consta neted, and is coj)
ied from the fish. There is a shaft ex
tending athwartships and going two
feet beyond the hull, to which are at
tached the diving planes, which are
horizontal rudders, placed one on each
side and two feet wide by ten feet long,
located about twenty feet from the
bow. There is abo a duplicate set of
these planes about the same distance
from the stern, and so designed that
they may he worked independently or
together. A fish balauces in the
water, and rises, falls or maintains his
level by tho use of the two fins placed
just back of his gills. . This is a fact
of which any one may convince himself
by watching gold-fish in an aquarium.
"These diving planes, placed fore
and aft, will in the same way control
the depth of the hull in the water, a
set of levers in connection with cylin
ders either elevating or depressing
thom for rising or falling in the water,
and so arranged that the pressure of
water outside of the hull makes it au
tomatic in operation and keeps the
boat on an even keel at all times at any
There will always be maintained a
reserve buoyaucy of from 700 to 1000
pounds, so that should tho machinery
in any way become disarranged the
hull will at once cometo the surface.
"The boat's air tanks will be con
structed for a pressure of 1000 pounds,
and ventilation is provided for by
blowers and pumps, which exhaust the
'impure air to one compartment, where
it is pumped overboard, and the prop
erly regulated supply from the tanks
will keep the air pure.
"The boat will be driven by two gas
engines of eighty horse-power each,
direct connection, each engine having
two cylinders. This gas-power engine
is used because it keeps all fire from
the hold, the gas in the engines being
made from gasoline and exploded by
electric spark from the storage battery
plant. The engines will exhaust,
when on the surface, to the open air,
but when running submerged will ex
haust into a condenser, and tho gases
of exhaust will then be discharged
outboard by the vacuum pump. They
will also bo made to disconnect from
the driving shaft, and one will be
utilized to run the dynano and the
other to furnish power for the air com
A Philadelphia!! of great wealth is
furnishing tho money to build this re
markable craft. The interest he takes
in it is solely for its possibilities in
the way of advancing scientific kuowl
edge of the ocean depths. The actual
boat now in course of construction is
fitted with electric cooking apparatus,
etc., and in addition to quarters for
the crew, which will consist of first
and second officers, two engineers,
cook and assistant, will have berthing
space for eight people in. a main
saloon. This saloon will also serve so
a dining-room, of which the woodwork
will be painted white, so that the in
terior will be as light as possible,
deadlights in the upper hull shedding
a subdued light in all the compart
When the craft is completed it is the
intention of the owner to invite a num
ber of men prominent in science to
make a cruise to the bottom of the sea
with him. The estimated cost of the
vessel is $41,000. It is expected to
have a speed of fifteen knots per hour.
Moving the Pyramids.
The house mover who declares he
could move a skyscraper provided he
could keep it level, say?. there is noth
ing very extraordinary in the building
of the pyramids. The stones of the
great piles could easily be, and proba
bly were, conveyed along in the very
manner in which houses are now
moved. If the ancients had no jack
screws to lift up the great weights,
they could have accomplished their
purpose by means of the simplest kind
of iuclinedpianes composed of girders.
The rolling tree trunk proposition was
also advanced as plausible. Follow
ing tho line of balance, the obelisks
could have been set in position from
huge truss ways, composed of girders.
The ancients may have understood the
uso of cantilevers. The stack recently
moved ot Manhanset weighed 100 tons.
It was eighty-five feet hight, and it
was conveyed a distance of 950 feet
quito a feat, compared with obelisk
moving. This is the opinion of a house
mover who has achieved a wonderful
contempt for great weights. But, as
no skyscraper has ever been moved,
and as he probably never will be in
vited to move one, his opinion will
have to be accepted for what it is
A .'UO-Fotind Black BHSS.
The fish in this picture swallowed
seven pounds of bait and jerked about
tho water for half an hour a boat con
taining two men.
When he was subdued and landed
he was found to weigh 310 pounds.
His length was seven feet.
He was a black sea bass caught off
the California coast, near Pasadena.
Some of his kind weigh 800 pounds.
None goes under a hundred. The fish
has all the habits of the fresh water
Extra( rr Itaaiy Firnlc of Nature*
This is an exact reproduction from a
ONE GOOD AND FOI
photo, of a plank of poplar cut in the
mountains of Western Virginia, up the
great Sandy Biver. Absolutely, un
touched copies of thc photo, were is
sued by Messrs. Streit & Schmit,
upholsterers of Cincinnati, in whose
factory the board was originally found
in October, 1S94. The representation
of a human face in tho markings of the
wood is really most wonderful.
RIGHT AND WRONC POSITIONS.
Illustrations of the Proper and Improper
Methods of Getting on a Bicycle.
Tho accompanying pii;t ires, says the
Chicago Times-Herald, ?how soma of
the many shades of difference between
the right position, in which a woman
may ride gracefully and easily, and the
wrong positions, in which she is sure
to look awkward and uncomfortable.
Many women may find in these pic
tures, too, hints that will help them to
correct their styles of riding and en
able them to better euioy an exercise
which has been only half pleasurable
in the past, because they did not know
how to follow it.
It is easy to see what is the difficulty
with the woman shown in figure No. 1,
what it is that makes her look as if she
were working a s?ving machine rather
than riding a wheel. Her saddle is too
low. If it were raised to its proper.
height her knees would not pump up
and down before her chin with every
revolution like a pair of piston rods.
If it were raised she would have a de
cidedly better appearance, her skirt
would hang better, she would ride more
easily and it would nob be hard for her
to guide her wheel, as it certainly is in
the position in which she is shown.
The awkward position shown in
figure No. 2 is the result of having
the saddle too far back from the han
dle bars, so that the rider can just
reach the steering apparatus and no
more, and so that she has to push for
ward on the pedals almost as muoh
as down in propelling her wheel. The
position which that adjustment of the
machine gives makes the rider look
as if she were trying to keep her seat
on a bucking bronco from which she
was expecting to be thrown at any
instant. If the saddle were brought
forward a little and raised slightly the
position would be good. The lady
would be sitting over the pedals, too,
rather than behind them, and would
have half enough of her weight on the
handle bars to guide her machine eas- .
ily and safely.
There is sash a thing, however, as
having the saddle too far forward and
too high, as is shown in figures 3 and
4, which illustrate positions just the
reverse of those in the figures ex
plained above. In figure 3 the rider
has the appearance of climbing a steep !
hill and working very hard in the as- j
cent, simply because her saddle is too I
low and too fur forward. She has to j
push hack on her pedals rather than
down and has not room enough be- |
tween the saddle and the pedals to j
give full swing to her lyiees^ Raising ;
the saddle and putting it back a little
would give the rider a graceful and
The difficulty shown in figure 4 is
the opposite of that in figure 1-the
saddle is too high. The rider has to
tip forward in order to touch the han
dle bars and her toes just reach the
pedals when thev_areat iJieir lowaat
attitude is, perhaps, the most tiring
that can be assumed by a rider on a .
long journey, as it throws the entire
body out of position. The adjustment
would be correct if the saddle "were
lowered so that the pedals and handle
bars could be reached easily and the
lady would find cycling much easier
and more pleasurable thau she can in
the attitude in which she is shown.
All that is necessary to make any
of the changes suggested and to ad
just wheels so that the riders can loot
and be comfortable rather than awk
ward and uncomfortable is a monkey
wrench and a little common sense.
With those nearly all the changes that
are necessary to put women's wheels
in proper condition can be effected.
A proper position for a woman On a
bicycle is shown in figure u. The
rider there sits easily and gracefully,
and the work of propelling her wheel
is not half the work exerted by any of
the others. She not only looks well
but it is a position in which cycling
exercise is play rather than labor, and
beneficial rather than harmful.
Here are two good rules for women'
(and men as well) to follow in adjust
ing their saddles and handle bars:
Have tho saddle so lush that the heel of
the foot just reaches tho pedal when it is at
JR BAD POSITIONS.
_ Figure 3.
r0 5- Figure 4.
its lowest point. That will allow for plenty
of "leg play" when the pressure on the
pcdalB is exerted, as it 6hoUd bo, by the
forward part of tho ball of the foot.
Have the barullo bars so adjusted that
part of the weight may bo carried there
when it is desired to lean forward for a
change of position, but not so low that any
great amount of the weight has to be sup
ported there when tho rider reaches the bars
If these two rules were followed, so
far as the adjustment of saddles and
handle bars is concerned, the awk
wardness of a good many women on
wheels would be obviated.
An Elephant Trcflerrc.
An adequate effort is at last to be
made to prevent the extinction of the
elephant. The Government of India
has adopted a regulation preventing
the killing of these animals in a re
servo which extends from Sheikh pass
to the Afghanistan frontier. The area
is approximately 200 miles by fifty.
The herds of elephants which remain
in this reserve are at present confined
to a much smaller area of about forty
! miles square in the Gadabural moun
Johnson's Chill and Fe?
ver Tonic is a ONE-DAY
Cure. It cures the most
stubborn case of Fever in
ANTS BURY THEIR DEAD* "
An Exhibition Showing the Admirable Mu
nicipal System of the Insects.
Among the million and one attrac
tions -which will be offered this Sum
mer in London to charm the festive
shillings out of the pockets of sight
seers there will be none more interest
ing in its way than the exhibition of
the Working Ants at the Crystal Pal
The domestic economy of ant life is
wise and well considered, and as buil
ders the ants are possessed of an acu
men which is nothing short of mar
velous. Columns erected in their ar
chitecture are almost round. In the
great hill of the formica mfa one sees
that the pine needles which are used
in its construction are placed at vari
ous angles to give strength to the
dome, exactly as a human architect
would have employed them. It is es
timated that fifty thousand ants com-,
prise the community of this great nest
and all are busy constantly, their la
bors never seeming to cease. The struc
ture contains an enormous number of
chambers for the accommodation of
the larvae, pupae, cocoons, queens and
The heaviest of the ants' labor is in
attendance on the larvae and pupae in
the interior chambers. Therefore of
all this densely populated city of 50,
000 inhabitants Ir t few are seen out
side. The apterous, orwingless queens,
remain in state in their commodious
chambers at the bottom vt the nest,
and are never seen in pur lie; but a
liCAvy duty with tt?e workers "is to
drag the winged males for a promenade
outside the nest for a few turns and
The strength of these ants is enor
mous. The pine needles which are
furnished them for building are ten
times longer than themselves, but tho
ants move them about with the great
est ease. An entomologist in atten
dance at the show will pick np any one
of these ants as it runs about in its
work and will cause it to hold by its
mandibles a weight three thousand
times heavier than itself, or equal in
proportion to a man holding two hun
dred tons in his teeth. These ants
secrete great quantities of formic acid.
Chloroform was at one time distilled
from the formic acid furnished by the
The hill ants are of great service in
preserving forest trees, it being
estimated that one hundred thousand
simple eyes. The number of tacets in
the compound eye reach twelve hun
dred in the male of the formic species.
The life of a male ant rarely exceeds
twelve months, but a worker has been
kuown to live seven years. Ants have
memory and affection; they recognize
their friends after long absences. Sir
John Lubbuck speaks of an ant which
recognized him with signs of pleasure
after an absence of two years.
The queen of'the white ants is often
four inches in length, three ounces in
weight, and has been estimated to lay
eighty thousand eggs per day. These
eggs are very small, just discernible to
the naked eye, and are immediately
taken charge of by the workers, who
make them into clusters of ten to
twenty, 60 that one ant may cary a
Qumber into safety, in case of the nest
Why take Johnson's
Chill ?c Fever Tonic?
Because it cures the
most stubborn case
of Fever in ONE DAY.
Th* "-"'ay Applied to Hens.
When a hen will not lay, of what
use is she except as a "broiler?" But
how can you pick out from a flock the
hen that does not lay, but consumes
food as well as the others? Kudolph
Spreckles, of California, son of the
sugar king, owns a great poultry
farm, and" his method is thus descri
bed by the. Youth's Companion:
"He has 10,000 hens; and since the
proportion of sterile or non-egg-bear
iug hens is one to five, it recently oc
curred to him that he was supporting
not] less than 2,000 in idleness and
luxury. Mr. Spreckels thereupon ar
gued that if tho Roentjen ray could
locate stray buttons and vagrant fish
bones in the human anatomy, it
should serve to make a hon give up
her secrets. Two scientific experts were
called in and they experimented on a
dozen chickens. Of these eight were
found to contain eggs. The other
four were barren. A post mortem ex
amination confirmed the diagnosis.
Then an X-ray plant was established
at the ranch, and at last accounts the
10,000 hens were being revealed in
their true characters at the rate of 30
an hour. There is a glut in the
dressed poultry market of San Fran
;isco, and Mr. Spreckels' bill for coro
neal is much smaller ih*n it was."
Quinine and other fe
ver medicines take from S
to 10 days to cure fever.
Johnson's Chill and Fever
Tonic cures in ONE DAY.
A "South Sea Paradise" founded in
the Fiji Islands by tired Californians
has collapsed because the settlers
found -work to be necessary even,
there. The primal ourse of Eden
seems to be quite far-reaching even
Johnson's Chill and Fe
ver Tonic is a ONE-DAY
Cure. It cures the most
stubborn case of Fever in