Newspaper Page Text
THOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR
Hank in Eastern
Capital In City.
every G months.
EDGEFIEL?, S. C.. ?EDNESDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1897.
VOL. LXII. NO 43.
WATCH THIS SPACK RV FRY WEEK.
-YOU KNOW JUST WHERE TO BUY Tfi?_
CHEAPEST, BEST AND CLUNES
Line of Goods, viz: Press Goods, Domestic Goods, Calicos, jPercalte*} No
(? ' tious and Fancy Articles.
Thc Seamless Ladies' ?lack Hose, 10c.
Ladies Hemstitched Handkerchiefs, 5c; Cambric Handkerchiefs, 24c
Full stock Gents', Boy.s' and Children's Beady-made Clothing, Hats and Caps.
I SHOES! SHOKS! SHOKS! SHOKS ! t
I From 25c. Fer Pairto $5 00. |
OUR LINE OF SHOES IS ESPECIALLY GOOD. COTTON PRICES.
Good Jeaus at wholesale prices by the piece.
??"We want your business, and to get and keep it we must sell you the
liest goods for the least money.
YOUR CHILDREN TO SCHOOL
??And Give Them an Education.
-AM) SEND THEM TO_
' TWt t-1
FOR THEIR SCHCOL HATS.
SCHOOL HOSE seamless fast Blacks, Taus or Browns, 10c. pair 5
ST % ^nool Umbrellas, warranted to turn rain, good article,'at
oUc. Better ones 75c. and SI. SEE THEM.
Everything: in Dry Goods
BA LK D r\ Y" O O O I> cr ? o oj
?04 BROAD STREET, AUGUSTA, GA
-REGULAR SESSION BEGINS
MONDAY,3 SEPTEMBER 13th, 1897.
ECIGH: SCHOOL DEPARTMENT.
E. C. DENNIS, Instructor.
Latin, Greek, Higher Mathematics, English, and usual branches. Stu
dents prepared for college or business.
Intermediate and Primary Departments,
Miss Elise Carwile and Miss Sadie Davis, Teachers.
Careful and thorough instruction in usual English branches.
Tuition SI.00 to S3.00 per month. Ten per cent discount where throe <.
more come from one family. Students from abroad can secure good boardJ
For further information apply to
33c^w?t:rcl O. Dennis.
QgQ ACRES IN NURSERY g g
o o o o
Over One Acre Under Glas:
.WE HAYE HAD
FRUIT - GROWINC
AND KNOW THE REST VARIETIES FOR YOUR SECTION.
BSTIf vou need FRUIT TBEES, GRAPES, PALMS or PLANTS, w
us and Illustrated Catalogue will be mailed free. Address
IP. J. Berckjnans.
Established 1S56. AUGUSTA, GA. Fruitland Nursei
JBSTXo agents connected with our establishment.
LARGE STOCK OF ENGINES. CHEAP AND GOOD.
MACHINERY AND SUPPLIES. REPAIRS, ETC.. QUICKLY 3l
j^Get our Piic?s before yon buy.
^ Working Out the Man-Fli
^ tifie Lines ?<
j The day is almost at hand wileri mad
I will dispute wjth the bird for supreni
! acy in the air. For hundreds of years
his ambition has boen at work with
such persistency of effort that he now
begins to seo the end. He has grap
pled with the invisible forces of the
atmosphere, sometimes blindly, but
always courageously; generally to
meetwith disappointment, but happily
with enough success to keep alive his
determination to master the most dif
ficult of all problems in physics. Lives
have been lust and fortunes have been
expended in the pursuit of thin baffling
question of man-flight. Ridicule has
been heaped upon tho heads of those
who sought io cope with tho feathered
messengers of the air, and their sanity
questioned by tho world at large.
The advancement made toward tho
full solution of the problem of man
flight during the year 169G was greater
than that of any previous year; arid
Attracted the widest attention among
scientists. Probably more interest
centered in the experiments conducted
thirty miles southeast of Chicago on
the shore of Lake Michigan by Octave
Chauute, of Chicago, than uuywhero
else. The prominent position occu
pied by Mr. Chanute in the scientific
world was accepted as a guarantee that
ho had faith in his experiments, and
that he had.uo other purpose in view
but to demonstrate certain principles
involved in tho problem.
At the time he was thus engaged Mr.
Ohauute observed much caution in his
utterances concerniug the results ob
tained. Fearful lest his conclusions
might not be properly formed, or that
he might bo misunderstood, he re
frained as far as possible from commit
ing himself on tho subject further thd?
to say his experiments were very satis
factory. Since then he has gained i
courage, so to speak, and has become j
enthusiastic over what has been ac- '
coraplished. He is now confident that
tho way is clear for the solution of the
problem, and modestly takes to him
self a goodly shaie of the credit for
pointing the way; He claims that his
experiments have marked out tho best
lines for investigators to follow, and
nunib?i-3 them as follows in the order
Of their importance :
li The developmant of the self-pro
2. The- development of the motor
less air sailer.
_ 3. The development of tbo mofa-, !
near Dune Park, Ind., ami Mr.
Chanute has been almost a daily
visitor to the scene of action. His in
terest in the result will not let bini
stay away longer th?n one day for sev
eral reasons. One reason is that the
machine being used is one of his own
invention in its most important details,
and another is that the experiments
are following the second line of in
vestigation, which he laid down as
for the solution of the
It is said that
ono who is
problem of man-flight. K
Mr. Chanute is the real -
conductiug the experiments, but 'this
he denies in favor of A. M. Herring, a
young mau of considerable scientihe
knowledge, who was associated with
Mr. Chanute last year in his extensive
experiments at the same place.
Tho machine with which Mr. Her
ring is now experimenting daily repre
sents the ideas of both himself and
Mr. Chanute. It belongs to tho sam?
class as the machine which tho late
Otto Lilienthal, of Berlin, brought oui
in 1894 and in the use of which he me
his death last year. It might well b<
! termed a flying machine, and yet thu
description does not fit accurately,
is technically known as an aero-cu:
or a gliding machine. Better stil
might be called an air coaster, io
its action it approached very dosel
the motion of those machines ku
as roller coasters. The resembh
is carried still further iu the app
tion of th i principles of operation.
It is one of three sailing mach
invented by Mr. Chauute, iucludi
steering apparatus designed by
Herring. The first machine was b
upon a reverse of the principles eve
in the Lilienthal apparatus. Im
of tho mau moving about under
machine to bring the centor of gr
under the center of air pressui
was constructed with a view to b
ing the center of pressure ovei
center of gravity by the aid of i
moved automatically. This ma
had twelve wings, each six feet
and three feet wide, and each pi
to a central frame. It had a
wing surface of 177 sqnaiv feel
weighed thirty-seven pounds.
By a process of evolution th
paratUH beoame the machine in
th'.? present time with which sn
mark able resulta have been obt
Experiments showed many defe
THOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR
Hank in Eastern
Capital In City.
every G months.
EDGEFIEL?, S. C.. ?EDNESDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1897.
VOL. LXII. NO 43.
tards its motion. Sometimes a
rong gust of wind comes along when
ist expected and suddenly raises the
ichine higher than the starting point.
it for the automatic rudder this
ight prove disastrous to the operator,
e would, in all likelihood, turn a
wk somersault with the machine and
it badly hurt. Again, a Dlast of air
om above might strike on the top of
ie machine and cause it to shoot Jown
ard at a terrific rate of speod. This
what happened to Lilienthal last
sar, and was the cause of theaccident
hich resulted ic ?is death.
Th? line of flight of the machine in
ie hands of such a skillful Operator as
lr. Herring may b? t?ontrol?ed very
Irgely. He has demonstrated time
nd again his ability to steer the ma
hine in broad curves by simply shif t
ag the weight of his body from one
ide to another. Last Monday he suc
eeded in describing a compound
urve during a flight of about 300 feet,
nd landed with his back almost com
detely turned to the wind. It has
-Iso been demonstrated that the ma
mine can be made to travel almost at
ight angles with the wind at a high
ate of speed.
Flights have been made in all sorts
)f winds, the speed of which varied
rom ten to twenty-one miles an hour.
The latter wind is higher in its speed
?han any gliding machine was ever
tried in before and tested the steadi
ness of the machine most thoroughly.
The speed at which the machine travels
rests very largely with the operator
and depends upon the angle of descent
from tho starting point. When he
finds th?t h? is approaching the ground
tdd swiftly it is only riecessary for hinl
td tilt the front pf the machine ?pw?rclj
,when its sp?ed will be immediately
rphecked, and a landing can be made in
Safety. ? The range of flight is also
ery largely within the control of the
ierator, one who is skillful being
?le. to alight within ten feet of any
ot indicated while the wind main
tains an even rate of speed. The
ingest'flight recordedis the one made
his year by Mr. Herring, which waa
almost 900 feet. An< ~~
feet, was mado last wi
Long flights are n^
men who are_condu
ALBATROSS WHICH FAILED.
ments with the gliding machine. The;
are seeking to arrive at intelligen
conclusions concerning tho problem o
automatic stability more than anythinj
else, and it is claimed by Mr. Chanut
that many new facts have been discov
cred bearing upon this question. I
anticipation of au early solution of th
question Mr. Herring is hard at wor
on a motor which he hopes to be abl
to apply to the gliding machine. A
evidence of the faith that is within hi:
is shown by the fact that he predic
that an air ship will be construct
within another year which will fly
New York with birt four stops on tl
way to replenish the stock of fuel.
Rewarded For Flndlnc a Feather.
The Gazette of Moscow says tl
while the King of Siam was pr.sn
through the streets of that city a wh
feather fell from the plume of his h
met, aud was picked up by the peast
Toukianow, who is in the service
M. Koch. Toukianow hastened to
store the feather to the chief of poli
He was greatly surprised several di
later upon receiving from this offic
in the name of His Siamese Majesty
casket containing a portrait^ of
King and a massive gold chain ' dc
rated with a token of the same m<
bearing the arms of Siam in enan
Toukianow has not yet recovered fi
this unexpected piece of good fortti
Odd Use for a Flower Pot.
Frequently ice is hard to kee
hand with 'campers and picknicl
and the food suffers for the want c
A common clay flower pot may
made good use of in keeping the
ter cool and firm. Place the pot
j the plate of butter and wrap arc
it a cloth wet in cold water, sprjnli
water over the outside of the clo1
it becomes dry. Milk will rei
cool and sweet i: treated in the I
Ids the I
ard or j
Prehistoric Mexican Doll.
The sketch illustrates a prehis
Mexican doll unearthed by a Fr
anthropologist, Dr. Chipault. Tl
A DOLL OF ANCIENT DAYS
side is hollow and contains a
which proves that prehistoric c
were uot unlike the little ones
li ragging Newly Plowed Land?
When land is plowed for winter
grain after Midsummer it needs rtll the
moisture that the soil has when plowed,
and a good deal moro, to make a good
seed bed. The turning of the furrow
exposes a much larger surface to the
air, besides making a hollow beneath,
which also helps to dry out tho soil
above it. Early in spring, when tho
land is cold, this large exposure to the
air, which ?3 then warmer than the
soil, may be beneficial. Even then we
never wanted to let the furrow lie
moro than one or two days' without
putting in the' harrow to break up
clods formed by the plow, and which,
if they dried in that state, could not
be made into a good seed bed that sea
son. But iu late summer if it is neces
sary to plow, the rough furrow should
be dragged over as quickly as possible.
It will press the furrow down, causing
weeds and stubble to begin to rot. The
roller also ia a help to this, But it is bet
ter to run the smoothing harrow over
the rolled surface; so as to roughen it.
The compactness of the sdi! t brings
rtioisture td the surface^ aud th? rough
ened surface makes rt mdlch which
prevents too rapid evaporation.
Spring Grain Among Wheat.
To the Middle State farmer who
grows winter wheat the scattering
i spring grain which grows among wheal
; is a nuisance. Hence he usually
plows or harrows his spring grain
. stubble as soon as possible after the
' crop is harvested, so as to have the
I grains germinate early and be de
' stroyed by subsequcut cultivation.
But the far Western farmer who growt
wheat looks on the matter very differ
ently. The danger to his crop is tha*
winter blizzards will blow all the soi
away from his wheat. The spring
grain makes a larger leaf than does th<
wheat. If it occupies the soil, it pro
tects tho wheat plant beside it, and a
tho spring grain is killed by winte
freezing, it does not prevent, bti
rather aids, the later growth of th
winter grdid: Thus it often happen
that Western farmers sow spring grrtii
with their wheat as a protection to i
from, winter blizzards. This woul
never be done by Eastern farmers,wh
voutd find the spring grain an injur
' > the winter grain in fall, and no ber
imndedidtely'- sweating is
sary. When not shipped to home <
foreign markets, the fruit is put in
i bushel boxes and drawn to a stora;
! room, where the boxes are piled ii
and there held until ready to be sol
This cellar or storeroom is kept cc
by opening doors and windows
night and closing them as much
possible during the day, thus shntti
iu the cool air. These boxes shou
be made tight, so that when piled t
fruit is well confined 'rom the a
same as in a barrel. When ready
sell, the fruit is assorted into No.
and No. 2 grades, throwing out a
wormy or scabby apples. If the fr
is to be held for some time, the air <
be brought down to thirty-four
grees when freezing weather beg
by shutting in the cold air of freez
If there ave no facilities for hold
apples on the farm and they are pu'
cold morago in the city, they sho
be assorted und packed in the orch
and shipped at once, to save expe
in handling. There should be sor
enough to keep up with the piel
where fruit is shipped from
orchard, so that every day's piel
may be secured from the air and ph
in barrels. When picking in the b
for homo stovage, no sorting is nt
sary until the apples are sold, ex
that all apples showing any rot sh
be thrown out. If apples have t
held in barrels for a time, do not '.
too tight, but before shipping
head, or rather the bottom, of the
rel, put in another layer, to make
thoroughly tight, and then ship t
Tricksters at Agricultural Fairs
Wherever large numbers of p
gather, persons are usually founc
make a living by deceiving the.pi
They have schemes and tricks inni
able that appear to be easy and si
but in reality they are quite di
aud in some cases impossible tc
cessf ully perform. They have v
and machines that are doctored t<
as the proprietor may wish to
them. They have cocoanut-L
negro dodgers to arouse the bri
in men and boys. They have
shows which are disgusting in (
ness and vulgarity.
Among the throngs at agrie;
fairs these leeches are out of
They contribute nothing help
good. They do not add to the
tion of the fair. They do noi
desirable patrons. They do nc
the gate receipts.
They are not patronized by
gent patrons of the fair. They
wanted by honest farmers. Tl
shunned with fear by thought
cuts. Because of their presem
the fair is not patronized by :
our best citizens' families.
The harm accomplished b;
self-invited fakirs would doubt!
prise us, were it possible to ga
trace back to their door all th
of their work. They, disti
thought, they divert the attent
destroy the interest in the real
the fair. The competitive ext
the meritorious displays, the i
of prizes ore all robbed of \
vided interest that belongs to
The morals of the country s
iously, we believe, from act
wo'.ds that,without waruiug.a
upon inquisitive audiences in
We ave glad to see that
effort is being put forth this season to
keep these objectionable features out of
the grounds, and the attitude of man
agers is encouraging.-Farm, Field
Money In Turkeys.
As far as my observations go, writes
K; W. Davidson, of New Jersey, there
is more money ia turkeys than in chick
ens. Many people believe that tur
keys are delicate and hard to raise.
This is true as they are usually bred
and yet turkeys are net diffi??-1 to raise
if they are properly managed. The
causes of the great mortality in tur
keys are in breeding, dampness, lice
and improper food. Inbreeding is the
greatest evil. This degenerates the
stock and then the lice usually put a
stop, to all further development.. These
two evils are worse than dampness or
improper feed. Never breed from an
inferior or undeveloped gobbler and
never breed from the same gobbler
more than one year unless the same
breeding hons are also retained for an
other season. Young hens, if hatched
early, will begin to lay earlier and lay
mote eggs than old ones, yet the old
Ones make the best breeders. Tur
keys are profitable until four or five
years old. Do not inbreed, even for a
single season. It is far better to ex
pend a few dollars for a new gobbler
unless, as I remarked above, the same
bteeders are retained for another sea
If hen turkeys are not allowed to
sit, they will lay from thirty to sixtj
eggs in a season. If one becomes
broody, shut her up for three or foul
days and in a week she will be laying
again. In summer making growth is
the great object. Turkeys are sup
posed to gather their own living from
the fields, yet the same rule holds
good with turkeys as with chickens.
If we want good size and to have them
to come home to roost, we must feed
them at home every night. Give a
liberal supper of corn and wheat,
mostly wheat until November. Also a
light breakfast if possible. Pure-bred
turkeys aro the best if not inbred
yet if it ii considered too costly to
maintain a pure-bred flock, buy a well
developed pure-bred gobbler every
year. The additional expense will be
little compared-with the results. When
i work of
get half their living on the range.
Some .writers have said that thi
heavy breeds, auch as the Bronze, an
not d?sirable for the general market
being too heavy to sell well. This i
wholly incorrect. It should be born
in mind that turkeys are sold whil
yet young. The Bronze will weig
from two to five pounds more tba
any other breed at the same age au
with equal care. The largest torr
should be sent off at Thanksgivir
and Christmas, when large birds ai
in demand, and the hens held fi
other markets, when medium siz<
sell the best. Get all the turkeys <
before or duriug the holidays, as tl
market is always best then. It is be
to raise large, quick growing turkej
as they require no more time or fe
thau smaller cneB.
Malice drinks half of its own poise
Good will, like a good name, is |
by many actions and lost by one
He that calls a man ungrateful tu
up all the evil that a mau can be gui
Friendship improves happiness i
abates misery by doubling our joy i
dividing our grief.-Addison.
Gaiety is not a proof that the hi
is at ease, for often in the mids
laughter the heart is sad.-De Gei
Men of the noblest disposit
think themselves happiest when ot
share their happiness with thee
Good qualities are the substa
riches of the mind; but it is |
breeding that sets them off to ad
He who cannot forgive others br
tho bridge over which he must
himself; for every man has need 1
Energy will do anything that c?
done in this world, and no talent
circumstances,, no opportunities
make a two-legged auimal a man
It is impossible to make peopl
derstaud their ignorance; for i
quires knowledge to perceive it;
therefore, he that can perceive i<
it not.-Bishop Taylor.
A Partner In Crime.
"Parson," said the dying mai
you believe in a deathbed confes
"Under certain circumstances
the reverend gentleman.
"Well, it is this way. Year!
was a passengor on the Great C
dated Street Ballway. "
"Yes, go on."
"Oh, I hate to tell it."
"Aud one day, in a momi
vicious insanity, I beat them o
He sank back exhausted.
"Listen," said the reverent
"it may comfort you. Can ye
"You needn't feel so worrie
beating that gang of robbers o
paltrv nickel-I beat 'em ever
And the dying man passed a^
a peaceful smile,-Cleveland
Johnson's un m ana fe
ver Tonic is a ONE-DAY
Cure. It cures the most
stubborn case of Fever in
The Necessities of Life in Alaska Hay?
Increased the Demand.
The necessities of life in Alaska gold
fields has already begun to express it
self in trade relations. From every
traveler to that inhospitable land,
there is a demand for compressed
foods. Transportation ls exceedingly
difficult and expensive, and the saving
of every pound of weight in things
carried over glaciers and mountain
passes through snowbanks and rocky
paths, ia almost equal to a pound of
gold dust. The manufacturer and
scientist cook are, therefore, studying
how to compress various kinds of food
with a view of utilizing this special de
mand from the far north.
If they succeed it wil please the min
ers, and it will also please other
classes In the community-yachting
parties, camping-out parties, soldiers
at the State camps, and above all thos-j
luckless housekeepers who live in flats,
and for years wanted everything of
the nature of food put up in the
smallest possible limii.3. Something
has been done in this field, both at
home and abroad.
The Germans compress cabbage until '
it is nearly as hard as a bale of com
pressed hay. Potatoes have been de
siccated and compressed in France un
til they filled only one-quarter of the
space they required in their normal
condition. The beef extracts are an
other illustration of what can be done,
especially those which have been con
densed in the form of a tough and
In the north they compress animal
foods hy mixing meat cut up with lard
or suet, and with this mixture fill large
skins or tins. It is known as pemmi
can, and is a valued treasure to every
northern explorer. The Japanese are
very skilful in drying and condensing
clams, oysters, fish, the meat of crabs
The large Japanese clam, which Is
six to eight inches long, two deep and
three to four wide is reduced to what
resembles a piece of wood three by
two by three-quarters of an inch, prac
tically one-tenth of the original size.
The same thing p^bably could bo
done with most of our vegetables. The
tomato, for example, is nearly 90 per
cent, water. Were it desiccated pro
perly, ten cans of that heilthful food
could be put into one.
Professor Ellen Richards, in her in
teresting lecture, has shown a large
. ^mount -of water which abounds in'
3 ago I
?nfc of i
ut of a
ut of a
vay with I
to 10 daysTo ctn
Johnson's Chill and Fever
Tonic cures in ONE DAY.
She Killed a Copperhead.
Mrs. S. Cummings, who lives in an
historic mansion in the Milford road,
four miles south of Port Jervis, N. Y.,
had an encounter with a copperhead
snake a few nights ago, in her bed
room, and was the victor. When she
went to her room she was surprised
to find the snake coiled ready to give
She struck it as it was about to
spring. There was a short and lively
fight, and the snake was killed by a
blow on its head.
Mrs. Cummings, three rears ago.
seized a rattlesnake by the tail as it
was crawling into a stone wall and
was severely bitten.-New York Her
Johnson's Chill and Fe
ver Tonic is a ONE-DAY
Cure. It cures the most
stubborn case of Fever in
Opal Industry in Australia.
The White Cliffs opal-fields in New
South Wales has made very satisfac
tory progress during the past twelve
months. The stability of the field ha.?
been fully proved by the steady in
crease in the population since its open
ing. The principal gem merchants in
Europe have now agents on the field
for the purchase of opal, which is a
great convenience to the miners. At
the present time there are 400 miners
on the field, and all the claims are be
ing fully worked. Some difficulty is
experienced in obtaining complete re
turns from the men. but, from infor
mation obtained from the buyers, tho
value of the output for the year was
estimated at ?25.000.
Why take Johnson's
Chill & Fever Tonic?
Because it cures the
most stubborn case
of Fever in ONE DA Y.
Herr Andree's Floats.
An English paper says that Herr An
dree took with him some metal
"floats." Empty metal boxes which
had been tested and found capable of
standing a pressure of 20 atmospheres
so that they cannot be injured by pack
ice. They are painted blue and yellow,
and are surmounted by small flags,
and will be used for the dispatch of
letters from the balloon expedition.
Ships have asked to look out for them.
IT BEAT SWORD AND CANNON.
Sho-So you are a war correspond
ghe-What was the worst slaughter
vou ever saw ?
' He-The worst slaughter I ever
saw took place the night I turned my
first story in to the city editor.