Newspaper Page Text
Bank in Eastern
Capital in City.
I* a y s Interest
every C months.
THOS. J. ADAMS, PR?PPJETOE.
VOL. LXII. NO. 44.
J. M. COBB'S,
Fall id f?r Oneil!
WATCH THIS SPACE EVERY WEEK.
-YOU KNOW JUST WHEEE TO'BUY THE
CHEAPEST, BEST AHB CLEANEST
Line of Goods, vi/: Dress Goods, Poniestic Goods, Calicos, Percales, No
tions and Paney Articles.
The Seamless Ladies' Black Hose, 10c.
Ladies Hemstitched Handkerchiefs, oe; Cambric Handkerchiefs, 2*c.
Full stock Gents', Boys' and Children's Ready-made Clothing, Hats and Caps.
SHOES! SHOES! SHOES! SHOES! I
From 25G: Per Pair to $5.00, |
OUR LINE OF SHOES IS ESPECIALLY GOOD. COTTON PRICES.
. Good Jeans at wholesale prices by the piece.
J6?>r"We Avant your business, and to get and keel) it Ave HMWt sell you the
best goods for the least money.
YOUR CHILDREN TO SCHOOL
*t,Aii(l (?ive Them an Education.
-AND SEND THE31 TO
.? IJO'WIESIF?. BALKS"
FOR THEIR SCHOOL HATS.
We can sell you any kind of Hat at 25c. Nicer ones at 50c. up.
SCHOOL HOSE seamless fast Blacks, Tans or Browns, 10c. pair, 5
for 23c. School Umbrellas, warranted tn turn rain, good article, at
50c. Better ones 75c. and $1. SEK THEM.
Everything in Dry Goods
BALK DRY GOODS CO.,
604 BROAD STREET. Al (.("STA. GA*.
-REGULAR SESSION BEGINS
MOND A17 SEPTEMBER 13th, 1897.
HIGH SCHOOL DBPARTMEKTT.
E. C. DENNIS, hist ni dor.
Latin, (?reek, Higher Mathematics, English, and usual brandies. Stu
dents prepared for college or business.
Intermediate and Primary Departments,
.Miss Elis?' Cannie and Miss Sndic Davis, Teachers.
Careful and thorough instruction in usual English branches.
Tuition SJ.00 to $3.00 per month. Ten per cent discount where three or
more come from one family. Students from abroad can secure good board at
For further information apply io
ESci^w^irci O. Dennis.
ggQ ACRES IN NURSERY QCQ
. e a
Over One Acre Under Glass
.:.WE HAYE HAD.
FRUIT - GROWING
AND KNOW THE BEST VARIETIES FOR YOUR SECTION.
t&Tli you need FRUIT TREES, GRAPES, PALMS or PLANTS, write
ns and Illustrated Catalogue will be mailed free. Address
Established 1S5G. AUGUSTA, GA. Fruitland Nurseries.
&3?"No ageuts connected with our establishment.
ii Alista Cotton Gins and Presses,
LARGE STOCK OF ENGINES, CHEAP AND GOOD.
LOMBARD ? IR?" "'HfWM'"1'
MACHINERY AND SUPPLIES. REPAIRS, ETC., QUICKLY MADE
S?tTGet our Prices before you buy.
Work Performed by the U.
Service on Ocean,
The work of tho life-saving service
of the country during the past year
has been so creditable as to bo highly
pleasing to the governmental officials
here. There have been fewer dis
asters and more lives saved on tho
coast in the last year than over before
in the history of the country. With
out question the life-saving service cf
the United States is the superior of
that of any Nation in the world. This
is demonstrated every day.
Many stories are told, and many
novels writteu of the hardy and sturdy
volunteer life savers of England, but
these veterans do not compare with
tho trained, brave life crews of our
During the fiscal year 1895-'96 there
were 4620 disasters on the coasts of
the British -isles. Despite the efforts
of the life savers 458 lives were lost.
Along the immense coast of this
country, including also the great
lakes, there were, during tho same
period, 6S0 disasters and only twenty
lives lost. The figures of rescues aro
not given, but the lives saved by
American lifo savers arc far in excess
of the number saved by the English.
There are 256 life-saving stations in
this country. Of these fifty-five are
on the lakes. There are only fourteen
stations on the Pacific coast, and these
do comparatively little work. Few
disasters are credited to this coast.
Tho Cape Cod district of this country
is the worst of any section, furnishing
more disasters than the same stretch
of any other part of thc United States.
From the eastern extremity of the
coast of Maine to Bace Point on lape
Cod, a distance-of 415 miles, there are
but sixteen stations, ten of these be
ing located at tho most dangerous
points on the coast of Maine and New
Hampshire, which, although abound
ing with rugged headlands, islets,
rook*, reefs and lumcate channels that
would naturally appear to be replete
with dangers, aro provided with nu
merous harbors and places of shelter
in which, upon short notice, vessels
can take refuge. The portion of the
Massachusetts coast included, al
though less favored with s.^.ie resorts,
enjoys tho excellent guardianship of
tho Massachusetts Humano Society
a venerable institution, operating un
der the volunteer system. On account
of this protection, thn general govern
ment has deemed ii proper to place its
stations within this -territory only at
points where wrecks aro unusually fre
quent; nt least, until other dangerous
parts of the coast shall have beeu pro
Tho life-saving stations upon the
ocean beaches aro generally situated
among the low sand-hills common to
such localities, sufficiently back of
high-water mark to bo safe from tho
reach of storm tides. They are plain
structures, designed to serve as bar
racks for the crews and to afford con
venient atorage for the boats and ap
.?aratus. Mo..t of those upon tho Long
island and New Jersey coasts have
been enlarged from tho boat houses j
put up to shelter the boats aud equip
ments provided for the use of volun
teers before regular crews were em
ployed. Those built later are more
comely in appearance, while a few,
located conspicuously at popular sea
side resorts, make some pre'u sions to
architectural taste. They arc all desig
nated by names indicating thi ir locali
In the majority of stations the first
floor is divided into four rooms-a
boat room, a mess room (also serving
for a sitting room for the men), a
keeper's room and a store room. Wide,
double-leafed doors and a sloping plat
form extending from the sills to the
ground permit tho running out of the
header equipments from tho building.
The second-story contains two rooms;
one is the sleeping room of the men,
the other has spare cots fo: rescued
people, and is also used for storage.
The more commodious stations have
two additional rooms-a square room
and a kitchen. In localities where
good water cannot bo otherwise ob
tained cisterns are provided for water
caught from the roof. There sur
mounts every station a lookout or ob
servatory, in which a day watch is
kept. The roofs upon tho stations on
those portions of the coast exposed to
view from tho sea are usually painted
clark red, which makes thom dis
tinguishable a long distance off short?.
They are also markod by a flagstaff
sixty feet high, used in signaling pass
ing vessels by the international code.
The stations (other than the house
of refuge) are generally equipped with
two surf boats (supplied with ours,
life hunt compass and Miler outfits), a
THE COAST? I
nited States Life-Saving m
Lake and River. Xs
boat carriage, two sets of breeches
buoy apparatus (including a Lyle gan
and accessories), a cart for the trans
portation of the apparatus, a life-car,
twenty cork jackets, two heaving stiHis,
a dozen Cost?n signals, a dozen ?g
nal rockets, a set of the signal flag?of
the international code, a medicine
chest with contents, a barometer, a
thermometer, patrol lanterns, patrtol
checks or patrol clocks, the requisite
furniture for rude housekeeping by the
crew and for the succor of rescued pejp
ple, fuel and oil, tools for the repair
of tho boats and apparatus and fox
minor repairs to the buildings, and
the necessary books and stationer] .
At some of the stations the Hunt g?: 1
and projectiles are supplied, andat;i
few the Cunningham rocket apparatus.
To facilitate the transportation bf
boats and apparatus to scenes of ship
wreck a pair of horses is also provided
at stations where they cannot be hired,
and to those stations where tho sup
plies, mails, etc., have to be brought
by water, a supply boat is furnished.
All the stations on the ocean coast
of Long Island, twenty-nine stations
on the coast of New Jersey, nine sta
tions on the coast between Cape Hen
lopen and Cape Charles, and all the
stations between Cape Henry and Hat
teras inlet are connected by telephone
Tho station buildings upon the coast
are all constructed with a view to withr
stand the soverest tempests. Those
located-as many necessarily are-_
where they are liable to be undermined
or swept from their positions by thfe
ravages of storms and tidal waves, are
so strongly put together that they may
be overthrown and sustain but trifling
injury. There are instances on record
where they have been carried a long
distance inland-iii* one case a half ??
mile-without sustaining material
ciamuge. This substantiaf"construc
tion also enables them to be easily and
cheaply moved when threatened by
the gradual encroachment of the sea,
which, upon many sections of thc coast,
effects in tho course of years great
changes in tho configuration of the
At Louisville, Ky., are dangerous
falls iu the Ohio River, across which
a dam has been constructed. Naviga
tion there is dangerous, and a station
is established. The floating station at
Louisville is a scow-shaped hull, on
which is a house of two stories, sur
mouuted by a lookout. Besides the
housekeeping furniture there are but
few equipments; two boats, called life
skiffs, and two reels, each with a Ra
pacity to hold a coil of five-inch man
illa rope, and so placed in the boat
room that a boat can be speedily run
out from either, or, if desired, that
TEE HREECHES BUOY.
they can bo run out of the boat room,
with the lines upon them, for use else
where. The station is usually moored
above the dam at a place which will
afford the readiest access to boats
meeting with accident, but it can be
towed from place to place when neces
sity requires, as was the case in the
great floods of 1883-'84, when it was
of incalculable service in rescuing
l^cople from tho upper stories and
roofs of their inundated dwellings,
and in distributing food to the famish
ing. On these two calamitous occa
sions the crew of this station rescued
and took to places of safety over 800
imperiled persons-men, women and
children-among them many sick and
infirm-and supplied food and other
necessities to more than 10,000.
The number of men composing the
crew of a station is determined by the
number of oars required to pull the
largest boat belonging to it. There
are some five-oared boats in the At
lantic stations, but nt all of them there
is at least one of six oars. Six men,
therefore, make up the regular crews
of these stations, but a seveuth mau
is added on tho first of December, sc
that during the most rigorous portion
of the season a mau may be left ashore
to assist in the launching and beach
ing of tho boat aud to see that the sta
tion is properly prepared for the com
fortable reception of bk comrades ant
the rescued people they bring witt
them on their return from a wreck
also to aid in doing the extra worl
that severe weather necessitates
Where tho self-righting and self-bail
in g boat, which ?Hills eight oars, i:
used, mostly at the lake stations, i
corresponding number of men is em
The crews aro selected by tho keep
era from able-bodied and experience!
rorfme? residing in the vicinity of the
Each station has a keeper -who has
direct control of all its affairs. The
position held by this officer will he
recognized at once as one of the most
important in the service. He is,
therefore, selected with the greatest
care. The indispensable qualifica
tions for appointment are that'he shall
be of good character and habits, not
less than twenty-one nor more than
forty-five years of age; have sufficient
education to be able to transact the sta
tion business; be able-bodied, physi
cally sound, and a master of boat-craft
Upon original entry into the service
a surfman must not he over forty-five
years of age, and sound in body, being
subjected to a rigid physical examina
tion as to expertness in the manage
ment of boats and matters of that
character by tho inspector of tho dis
Only Nino Tears Old and Swam tho Ten
Lizzie Hagar, aged nine, is now tho
pride of Hill City, near Chattanooga,
Tenn. She swam the Tennessee Biver
one day recently. At tho point where
the feat was performed the river is
three-fourths of a milo wide, and sho
was in tho water nearly half an hour.
The feat was made more remarkable
for so young a swimmer by the fact
that she accomplished it without rest
ing, and almost wholly ^by straightfor
ward swimming. . She changed her
/positiva by floating-occasionally, but
rsWxbptfoa- pro# . j
The feat was performed on a wager"
made by her father that shs could ac
complish it. He followed close in her
wake in a skiff, so as to be on hand if
she took swimmer's cramp or met with
any accident. Lizzie learned to divo
and swim before she was seven years
old, and is never happier than when
indulging in her favorite pastime.
A ludicrous episode of the Civil "Wal
is told in a Southern paper:
During the early months of tho war
a certain brigade was being drilled in
a Louisianian, and his son, also of
that State, was his Adjutant. Thc
General's voice wns not RS strong as it
might have been, and his son often re
peated his orders for him. On the
occasion in question tho brigade was
marching iu fours, aud the Brigadier
General gave tho order, "Head of the
column to the left." His son, the Ad
jutant, dressed to kill, galloped for
ward, and when he reached the head
of the column shouted in his powerful
voice, "Pa says head of tho'column to
the left." Discipline had hot been
perfected then, and what "Pa"
wanted very nearly broke np the
ranks, hundreds of men laughing as
they marched at the Adjutant's infu
sion of domestic relations into Hilli
A Musical Mousetrap.
Acting upon the idea that mice are
very sensitive to music a Belgian manu
facturer has substituted a musical
mousetrap for the common trap. In
stead of baiting the apparatus with a
bit of chee30 or lard the inventor has
hidden in a double bottom a small
music box, which plays automatically
various popular airs of the country.
The mice, ho insists, are drawn irre
sistibly toward the music box, and in
order to hear better they step into the
trap and find themselves prisoners!
According to recent Government
tests by Lieutenant Vladimiroff, of the
Russian Navy, pure caoutchouc should
stretch seven times in length without
Five and a half ounces of grapes are
equired to make one glass of good
TRICYCLE PATROL FOR TAKING Pl
It is in activo use by tho Dayton (Ohio
oonveuieut method nf handling au arrest,
TINIEST HORSE IN THE V/ORLD.
? Shetland Pony That ls no Bigger Than
t a St. Bernard Dog.
The tiniest horse in the -world is
only twenty-one inches in height, and
is the property of the M?rchese Car
SMALLEST HORSE COMP ABED WITH A DOO.
cano, a celebrated nobleman horse
fancier, whose four-in-hand of small
Shetland ponies have taken first prizes
at every horse fair in Europe for four
or five years.
The M?rchese Carcano told the Rome
correspondent of the New York World
that he is about to make a tour of the
world with his team of Shetland ponies,
and will also take with him his smallest
horse, Leo, which has won the gold
medal at the Milan.
Leo, the smallest horse, is a full
grown animal which has been reared
on the stock farms of the Mar?hese,
and is the surprising result of a num
ber of interesting experiments. The
smallest Shetland ponies are never un
der eight hands high, which is equal
to thirty-two inches, and is eleven
inches taller than Leo. The latter is
no less remarkable for his perfect
symmetry tban for bis minute propor
tions. He is a beautiful chestnut,
with shaggy tail, which reaches almost
to the ground. His neck measures ten
inches, aud his head from his face is
just about six inches. From his fore
legs to the hindlegs Leo measures just
as much as his height, and his chunky
legs are exactly ten inches long.
A Bright Bet?rt.
Sergeaut Garrow once had an archi
tect in tho witne?s-box and thus in
"You arc a builder, I believe?"
"No, sir, I am not a builder; I am
"Ah, well, builder or architect;
architect or builder; they are pretty
much the same, I suppose."
"No, totally different."
"Oh, indeed.' Perhaps j DU will
[ state wherein this great difference
.-^An^ra^^t^dr^gon?eives the de
sign; prepares" -?n^???. ^?i
tbe specifications-in snort, supplies
the mind. The builder is merely the
machine; the architect the power that
puts tho machino together and sets it
"Oh, very well, Mr. Architect, that
will do. A very ingenious distinction
without a difference. Do you happen
to know who was the architect of the
Tower of Babel?"
"Thero was no "architect, sir; hence
thc confusion there."
What Sonic- Plates Cost.
Tho plates that are most popular
among multi-millionaires aro of Min
ion ware. They cost $2710 each. A
plato of plain gold costs just about tho
same sum. They aro very handsome,
as they well might bo at the price.
These gems for tho tables of the rich
have an exquisite painting in the cen
tro of each. They are painted by tho
celebrated Boullinicre, and the de
signs are taken from old miniatures.
The coloring of these little pictures is
simply exquisite, and every tiny detail
of the face,, hair and costumo is worked
out with the daintiness of perfection.
The picture is surrounded by a lace
liko pattern in raised acid gold. The
edges of thc plates are open work in a
lace design, decorated -with a running
pattern in gold.
Tho Bishop and His Bun.
Tho Bishop of Worcester, England,
once had occasion to travel through
Banbury by rail. Being desirous to
test and at tho samo time to encourage
the far-famed industry of that town,
and tho train having stopped for a
short time at the station, he beokoned
to a small boy standing near at hand
and inquired the price of the cele
brated buns. "Threepence each,"
said the boy. The Bishop thereupon
handed him sixpence and desired him
to bring ono to the car, adding: "And
with the other threepence you may
buy one for yourself." The boy shortly
returned, complacently munching his
Banbury, and handing the threepence
in coppers to the Bishop, exclaimed:
"There was only ono left, guv'nor."
There is a little corner in kersey
cloth this year, one New York house
having bought up about the whole
?ISONERS TO THE. POLICE STATION.
) .'Olico department, and affords a quick and
; AGRICULTURAL TOPICS.
Surface "Water in Well?.
Wells are often dug in depressions,
the idea being that in such places
springs of -water are most apt to be
found. But if so dug the well should
ke stoned and cemented for twelve or
more feet from the surface, so that
shallow springs cannot finu entrance.
The deeper springs will generally be
free from surface impurities. Then if
the well is filled around about so as to
turn surface water from it, there wi 1
be little danger that it will be con
taminated in any way.-Boston Culti
Catting- Corn Fodder With Reapers.
Some farmers who have reapers
which rake off the bundles at the side
use them for cutting corn fodder. This
maohine works quite well on sowed
corn, but there is little of that now
among farmers who know their busi
ness. Drilled corn left far enough
apart to cultivate between can be cut
with the reaper, but it is rough work
for the machine. Tb? stalks are heavy
and full of juice. Only one row can be
cut at a time, and this is not left in so
good shape for binding as if cut by
hand. Working on rough, soft ground
is likely to injure if not break the
When Disease Come?.
The chicken business is all very nice
until disease comes along, and then
comes the rub. At the season-Aug
ust and September-when the weather
is hot and cool by spells, that specter
of the poultry yard, chicken cholera,
is very likely to stalk abroad. Now,
we are free to say that we have never
yet, in all the years that we have
raised chickens, been able to define
cholera-to corner it, so to speak, and
to tell just exactly what it is. ' Per
haps tho old-tims chicken cholera of
our grandmothers has played out.
We have dysentery among our
chickens at times, particularly among
the very smallest ones when in brood
ers, and then it often proves disas
trous. But when grown fowls take
the dysentery it does not spread, only
one or two at a time being affected.
There is, however, another disease
that comes in the autumn that carries
off the chickens, young and old, and
will keep it up sometimes till all are
gone. It is what we call limberneck
in the South, and we suspect very
?trongly that it was the cholera of the
It is nothing more nor less than the
natural result of carelessness and im
purity combined. It comes of the
chickens eating the maggots contained
in dead animal matter lying about on
the surface of the ground in some
fence corner or other out-of-the-way
place, and it will kill the chickens jnst
as long as a new one comes along and
is contaminated by it, Why chickens
should peck, scratch about and eat the
maggots in such stuff we Jo not know;
but we do know that they will do it,
and th^at it will kill them, too.
So, if disease comes along now, and
the chickens begin to die suddenly
search for the cause of the disease and
bury it. Bury all the chickens that
die, too. Suffer nothing dead to lie
unburied on the premises.-The Epito
* There is no better hay for general
farm use than the old clover and timothy
mixture, provided it is cut at the right
time and properly cured and secured,
writes George T. Pellit. But with the
common clover there is a difficulty in
the way of securing such a mixture of
the very best quality, in that the clover
reaches maturity so much earlier than
the timothy. The mammoth variety
of red clover possesses some advantage
in this respect, as it reaches the proper
stage for cutting at about the sany
time timothy does. We do not liko
mammoth clover alone, for in a favor
able season it does not long retain an
upright position; but when grown with
timothy the latter supports it, and the
hay is also much easier cured than pure
At the proper time for cutting mam
moth clover the weather and ground
are usually hotter and dryer than when
common clover is at its best, and dif
ficulty is sometimes met with in get
ting the hay properly cured without
having it "meadow burned" and losing
a large per cent, of its value. In such
cases it is best cured in cock. While
the mammoth does not produce as
much aftermath as the common, yet
we have found that by keeping all
stock off in the fall, the second crop
has reseeded the land and kept the
stand up for five years, there being
more clover present this year than in
any crop since the first, and when
taking up the hay we found on most
portions of the field a fine stand of
young plants from last fall's seeding.
The field before cutting presented a
somewhat ragged appearauce because
of the clover climbing upon the timothy
and leaning it this way and that. Had
it been all clover, the crop would have
been fiat and badly damaged.
In mowing the field this year the
timothy came to the horses' sides and
specimens of clover stretched to four
feet. Yield of hay, twenty-nine good
loads from eleven acres; quality, fine;
horses extremely fond of it.
There is more waste iu the stems of
the mummoth variety, but we do not
consider this a loss, as larger crops
are produced and the stems, used as
an absorbent, make the best of manure
to return to the land.
Insects That War With the Mosquito.
There are two natural enemies of
the mosquito, the dragon fly and the
spider. The latter, as we know, wages
constant warfare upon all insect life,
and where mosquitoes are plentiful
they form the chief diet of their hairy
foe. The dragon fly is a destroyer ol
mosquitoes in at least two stages ol
life. The larva dragon fly feeds upon
the larva mosquito, and when fully de
veloped the latter dines constantly
upon the matured mosquito. The
dragon fly as a solution of the mosquitc
pest question is not sati: ?'actory, foi
while there is no serious difficulty tc
be encountered in the cultivation ol
dragon flies in large numbers, yet it
is manifestly impossible to keep them
iu the dark woods where mosquitoes
abound, the hunting ground of the
"darning needle" being among tin
Howers and dry garden^ where th(
sunshine prevails. For ?'iisveryim
portant reason the Rehe;i:<* of hunting
jue kind of insect wit'1 ?t lother muai
be abandoned as unp;.ictieable.
J Washington Star.
Bank in Eastern
Capital in City.
I* a y s Interest
every C months.
THOS. J. ADAMS, PR?PPJETOE.
VOL. LXII. NO. 44.