ANNUAL LOSS BY FIRE,
ft Has Been Very Much, Reduced by Im
proved Methods of Fighting Fire.
Mr. Charles T. Hill, the artist, who
has been writing a series of papers for
St. Nicholas on the New York Fire
Department, has a final paper on "The
Fire Patrol." Mr. Hill says:
The annual loss by fire In the United
States amounts to one hundred mil
lions of dollars, and fully one-half of
this loss is caused by the water used
in extinguishing the fires. Before the
introduction, in 1872, of controling or
shut-off nozzles used on the fire-hose,
the percentage of loss by water was
even greater-at least two-thirds of the
total loss. Previous to the Intruduc
tion of this much-needed device, there
was used what was known as an"open
pipe," a plain open nozzle, with no
contrivance for shutting off the waater.
When it was necessary to shut off, the
order had to be pased to the engineer,
sometimes a long distance from the
fire; and unless the nozzles could be
thrust from a convenient window, the
water would go pouring out, spread
ing destruction in all directions. In
small fires, especially in "up stairs"
fires in private dwellings, or In busi
ness houses stocked with perishable
goods, su- h as feathers, silks, etc., the
unnecessary destruction of property
. was very great.
To-day, fires are fought much more
scientifically, and with a great deal
more system, than were those of ten
or twenty years ago; and officers in
. command of engine companies are usu
ally very careful not to use any more
water than ls absolutely necessary.
Nearly every hose-wagon In the New
York Fire Department to-day carries
three sizes of hose-the regulation size,
2^i. inch, used at all ordinary fires;3
inch (known as"third-alarm hose,"
and only used at fires of considerable
magnitude), and a small hose carried
on a reel under the wagon. This hose
is iy? inches In diameter, and very
easy to handle, aDd on account of the
case with which any number of lengths
of it can be carried about, it ls that
oftenest used at small fires in dwell
ing-houses, office-buildings, and flats.
With a controlling nozzle on the end,
the fireman can dash up several flights
of stairs and into a bedroom or closet,
and extinguish a small fire before it
has time to spread, using the water
only where it is absolutely needed.
To drag the regulation size (it weighs
about eighty pounds to the length) up
and around winding stairways, etc.,
would take much longer, and perhaps
give a fire time to get just beyond the
point of easy control; besides, when
the water is finally started, a great
deal more is used by this hose than is
necessary, especially in the case of a
small fire. It has been practically
demonstrated that a considerable
amount of fire can be extinguished
with a small amount of water applied
effectively, and the use of the small
, hose has done much to reduce the
damage by water ai fires in dwellings
"E Pluribus Unum."
We are Indebted to John Adams for
our national motto, "E Pluribus
Unum." Yv'hile he was Minister to
England, Sir John Prestwick suggest
ed it to Mr. Adams as a good motto
to indicate the union of the colonies.
It was submitted to Congress, and
adopted by act of Congress Juno 17S2.
'The eagle in its beak bears a rib
bon, on Which ls the motto. In the
, early days of Its use the eagle bore
also in its talons a bundle of thirteen
arrows; but when, in 1841, a new seal
was made to take the place of the old
one, which had become worn, only six
arrows were placed in the talons.
Whether this change was ordered by
law or not ls not known. The old
Latin motto was In use in England as
far back as 1730 on the "Gentleman's
Give UR Itest.
This is tho prayer of the ncrvons who do
not sleep well. Let them use Hostetter's
Stomach Bitters and their prayer will bc
speedily answered. Insomnia is tho product
of indigestion and nervousness, two associate
ailments, soon remedied by thc Bitters, which
also vanquishes malaria, constipation, liver
complaint, rheumatism and kidney com
Man is made of dust-or at least some wivee
think their husbands are.
We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for
any case of Catarrh that cannot bc cured by
Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. CHENEY & Co.. Props., Toledo, O.
We, thc undersigned, have known F. .1. Che
ney for the last 15 years, and believe him per- I
fectly honorable in all business transactions
and financially able to carry out any Obliga
tion made by their firm.
WEST &TKUAX, Wholesale Druggist's, Toledo.
WALDINO. KINNAN & MAIIVIN, Wholesale
Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, act
ing directly upon thc blood and mucous sur
faces of the system. Price, 75c. per bottle, i
Sold by all Druggists. Testimonials iree.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
Fits permanently cured. No fits or nervous
ness after first day's use of Dr. Kline's Great
Nerve Restorer. $2 trial bottle and treatise free.
DR. P.. H. KLINE. Ltd., CHI Arch St., Phila., Pa.
After six years' suffering. I was cured by
PIXO'H Curo. -MARY THOMSON, Ohio Ave.
Allegheny, Pu., Mi rch 10, 'Ol.
Hetter Health Since Takin;r Hood's Than
"I was afflicted with catarrh and was iu
snch a condition that overy littlo draught
would causo mo to take cold. After haviog
taken a few bottles of Hood's Sarsaparilla
I have been strengthened and I am in better
health than I have ever been before." John
Albert, 79 James St., New York, N. Y.
Is the best-In fact thc OncTruo Blood Purifier.
th-best family cathartic.
AJtDS can be eaved with
out their knowledge br
Anti-Jag the marvelous
cure for the drink hal.ir.
V.'":-e R?nova Chemical
Cc Ci Broadway, N. V.
SHU information (in plain wrapper) malled freo.
IVA MT Cl) A man in every town to work for
Vf Ail I Elf Collecting Agency. W.T.DEVOl'..
|Y f f f f Hf V ? ^
A A A ^ A ^ ^ ^
^ ] The hair is like a p
plant fade and wither?
^ sary nourishment. The
Vigor restores gray or
color, stops hair from
grow, is because it supp,
HIS LAUCH WAS HIS FORTUNE.
An Arkansas Steamboat Captain's Jollity
Made Him Famous.
"Eve * hear of a man who made a
fortune out of hlB laugh?" said a guest
of the St. Charles'as he looked over the
register. "I have heard of girls whose
faces were their fortunes, but I knew
a man whose laugh was positively his
fortune. That name-Sam B. Adams
on the register there reminds me of a
man who made a fortune out of his
laugh. His name was John D. Adams,
and he was the father of Sam, the
gentleman registered there. John D.
Adams was a typical steamboatman of
Arkansas, and in addition to his steam
boating was a planter of extensive
interests, and was connected with
other business enterprises. He was the
first man to run a steamboat up the
Arkansas River, and his name in that
State to-day is a synonyme for genial
ity, courage and business succ?s1?. He
was very successful, and his friends
used to attribute his success tb bia
wondrous laugh. It was not boister
ous, yet loud, and was ?o musical and
jolly that one could imagine old Kri3
Kringle was personified in him.
Other river men would say that his
laugh got him all the Government
mail contracts. He would go to Wash
ington, get acquainted with the mun
who had charge of the contracts, and
he, like all of Adams's new acquaint
ances, would soon come under the in
fection of his magnetic laugh, and
form a genuine admiration for the
grizzled old steamboatman. He was
known at the hotel by everybody, and
was pointed out for years by a colored
porter, to whom he once gave a $5
gold piece as a tip in a fit of joJliil
catlon over the closing of a big con
tract in his favor.
'Amazing tales were told of his cour
age and his steamboat experiences. On
one occasion, when an accident hap
pened to his boat and the passengers
became panlcstricken, he calmed them
as if by magic by calling them child
ren, and laughing their fenr-his
famous laugh impelling confidence and
mirth by its very melody and jollity.
He even used his laugh when very
much angered; but it was cf a very
different character, and death lurked
behind lt. In a steamboat quarrel with
three desperadoes once he denounced
them with a laughing accompaniment,
a cynical, chilling, dangerous kind of
laugh, his eyes glittering like a
snake's, and his forefinger on his re
volver, ready to dash out the lifo, of
the first one who made a move. Ono
of thc desperadoes said afterward in
speaking of the occurrence that he
never felt so queerly before in his life.
He said he felt ns though the vary
marrow in his bones waa being fro
zen."-New Orleans Times-Democrat.
THE WORLD'S FASTEST RUNNER.
Bernard J. Wefers, the New Champion,
Weighs 135 Pounds.
Of all the men who in running re
galia ever faced a starter on a cinder
track, Bernard J. WeferB, who a few
days ago broke the world's record by
running the hundred yards In 9 3-5
seconds, probably fulfills best the re
quirements of an ideal runner.
With depth of chest that bespeaks
ample lung room, his lithe body tap
ers to the waist, and his world-beat
ing legs, strung with tendons of steel,
are of a minimum weight. He has
nothing to carry save that which is of
eminent use to bim in his task.
Perhaps the vital element, after all,
in a runner ls "sand." If Wefer's rec
ord of victories over famous competi
tors wore not sufficient proof of his
grit, his face, with Its square jaw, firm
set mouth, piercing eyes and aggres
sive nose, should tell the story plainly.
He hails from Lawrence, Mass. His
fieetnesa was inherited. His fathor
was an athlete of skill and a runner
hard to beat.
The present champion is but 38
years of age, and has been running
for four years. He is six feet tall in
his stockings and weighs 1S5 pounds.
When he first made his appearance on
the cinder track good judges saw no
future for him. His was a weight un
heard of for a runner to carry. Tho
years that have intervened have prov
en that the critics did not know.
Unlike most runners, Wefers, in mo
tion, is straight as an arrow. His style
Is very graceful, and with his long,
elastic stride, he seem-3 to travel al
most without effort. He gathars speed
as he goes, and is famed ia the athletic
world as a strong "finisher."
No picture could convey more of
tension and alertness than does that
which represents Wefers crouching for
the start. Every nerve and fibre Is
him are strung like a piano wire. And
it ls not for the gallery. He is prob
ably one of the quickest starters in
the world. He never in a race lias
permitted any competitor to pace him.
He takes the lead from the start, and
In the vast majority of his races has
held it with such display of speed as
has made the whole world wonder.
Another phenomenal thing about
this phenomenal man ls that his mar
velous efforts do not seem to affect
him after the manner of most athletes
of his class. It Is a familiar sight on
athletic tracks to see runners, after
breasting the tape, utterly collapsed,
and half carried to the clubhouse by
Not so with Wefers. After break
ing the world's records he has amazed
the onlookers by jumping a jig on the
greensward for joy and trotting off
to the dressing room with the alacri
ty of a colt.
It will be a long day before anybody
sees his like.-New York Journal.
The Usual Trouble.
"Blanche is dreadfully stingy."
"How do you know?"
"She was going to pay our car fare,
and I said it was my turn."
"And she let me pay it."-Ex
f *y *y "HJJT "V V V
A A A A Jh A A
)lant. What makes the
Usually lack of neces
reason why Ayer's Hair
faded hair to its normal
falling, and makes it
)lies the nourishment the
"Forestry commissioners and other
Interested people have taken up the
Bubject and prizes are offered for the
propagation and distribution of insect
eating spiders in forests.
|?- Professor Palazzi has made experi
ments which show that smoke kills the
microbes of various diseases in one to
four hours, and he therefore recom
mends it as a disinfectant superior to
Vondervyver, a Belgian, states that
the length of exposure for radiographs
through limbs of different dimensions
varies as the oubes of their thickness.
M. Bondeard states that Roentgen
rays can diagnose pleurisy and similar
Scientists measure by the contrac
tion of petroleum ether temperatures
several hundred degrees below zero
Fahrenheit. At 310 degrees below
zero, the temperature at which liquid
air boils, petroleum ether remains in
a semi-liquid condition and contracts
v;ith the decrease of temperature.
Condensation is the result of chill
ing the air. The ascent of the lowor
strata of the atmosphere into the high
er regions and the consequent expan
sion and loss of heat is tho most prob
able cause of rain, and it is n^t im
possible that the air near tht ground,
being made to rise by being artificially
heated, might tend to produce tho dz
Sudden and great fluctuations in the
level of water in wells ,-n stormy
weather, closely corresponding to the
fluctuations in wind velocity recorded
by Professor Langley, have been ob - ?
served by Dr. Ronioi Martini. Thia
explains the popular tradition that bid
weather may be predicted from the
sudden rise and fall of wells. Curi
ously, however, small and rapid
changes of barometer are more certain
to affect wells than largo changes.
The applications of the X-rays to tho
study of phenomena invisible withoat
their aid continually increase in Dum
ber. Some of the results are rather
curious than useful, but substantial
additions to knowledge are being mado
in this way. One of the latest scien
tific uses found for the rays is in re
vealing the inner structure of flowers
and fruit buds. In some respects this
is a better method than dissecting for
the study of certain parts of plants.
M. Janssen, tho eminent astrono?
mer, has left Paris to inspect his Mont ?
Blaue observatory. The scientific !
caravan will start from Chamounix
soon to take meteorological readings
at an altitude of 14,000 feet, the high
est station in the world. M. Perrotin,
director of the Nice Observatory, is
expected to join the party in order to
study the morning elongation of Venus
and to ascertain the period of the
planet's rotation, now a debated ques
tion among astronomers.
Fate of Old Bicycles.
The question "What becomes of ol
bicycles?" has often been asked, but
no satisfactory answer has been givon.
It is said by Cycling Life that they
are made into new machines and sold
to persons who caauot afford to give
more than $20 or ?25 for a wheel. The
process by which this is accomplished
includes raising the'frame, enameling
it, bending the handle bars, plating
them, a new saddle, new tires, black
ing the chain and gears and nickel
plating cranks, seat posts and fork
ends. Besides, broken spokes are re
placed with new, sot screws attended
to and parts deaned. Five or even
three years ago this could not be done
for half what it costs for a $100 ma
chine., and would not have paid. Ac
counts of stock and labor in making
these ojserations tell a different story,
and ihow that it does pay, and pay
well, to rejuvenate wheels, providing
that the work is done methodically
aud e ionomically, and that modern ap
pliauut-s arc used. The work should
be dene with not less thau six wheels
at on* time. They may be valued at
less t.Tiau $6 each. The tires are worn
out nonipleteiy, the nickel parts are
scratched and rusty, spokes bent, iron
rims broken aud twisted, bars mis
shapj. on, saddle seat ripped or gone al
together, the chain gummed and
whee>i hard to turn. But the tubing
in tim -frame is good and strong, tho
bearings all right if cleaned, oiled and
trued, the frame joints firm, and much
else is serviceable for years to come.
Thi? cost of making tho bicycles
over need not exceed $7 each, and
this r.gaves a margin of $7 when the
alter od wheel is sold for $20.
Hail 500 Gall Stout:?.
O.io of the most remarkable surgical
case.-, that has come under the notice
of t.'j\5 physicians of St. Agnes' Hos
pital. Philadelphia, was performed
the. e recently, when nearly 500 gall
stores, varying in size from a grape
seed to a small-sized marble, were
takca from the liver of Mrs. Catharine
McCaffrey. Doctors LaPlace and Mc
CoJiaack performed the operation.
Ai incision was made for an ordin
ary case of appendicitis, and the vermi
form appendage was found to be per
fectly normal. This was something
unlooked for, and it was decided to
cury the incision sufficiently high to
hy bore tho liver. A dark bluish
snot, whicn was supposed to bo an ab
sciss, was found on tho liver, but on
Otting it open itproved to be the gall
hhidder, from which gushed forth a
g.vat quantity cf gall stones. Whe.i
cjunted tho gall stones were found io
nnmber nearly 500. The caus<? of the
remarkable occurrence is said to bo
d-ie to a calcine formation which ii
cs used by a chemical chango in th ?
a:ids of digestion. The doctors haya
hopes of Mrs. McCaffrey's rcovery.
A "Tom Thumb" Train.
An interesting exhibit at the Trana
nr.ssissippi Exposition, at Omaha, is
t-> be the "Tom Thumb" train, so
ciilled because it is Baid to be the
smallest in the worid. It is the ork
of a young man without technical train
ing. The engine weighs four hundred
and fifty pounds, and its length, with
the tender, is six feet 7i inches. Th?
cylinder is li by 2} inches, and tlw
driving wheels are eight inches in
db.meter. The ongino, however, hauls
sir observation cars, in each of which
two children may be comfortably
skited. Tue entire length of the train
is twenty-nine feet. Six gallons of
water in the tender tank and five in
tho boiler will furnish sufficient steam
to propel it for two hours.
A State Carriage For Kruger.
President Kruger, of the Transvaal,
has so far departed from his usual
simplicity in matters of tho kind as to
o>der from London a state carriage
which, it is said, will cost him no less
than 83500. The arms of the South
African Republic will be painted lipon
the panels of the dooi's; silver eagles,
the National emblem, will pose with
spread wings upon the silver lamps
and upon the four corners of the upper
part of the carriage, and the interior
will be lined with light-blue satin.
A Turkish turban of the largest size
contains twenty yards of the finest and
BEAVE BICYCLE POLICE.
THEODORE ROOSEVELT'S TRIBUTE
TO THE NEW YORK SQUAD,
Three Typical Members Who Haye Great
ly Distinguished Themselves by Per
sonal Gallantry ~ Proficiency On the
Wheel Joined to Exceptional J?orvo?
Hon. Theodore Roosevelt bas ft pa
per in tiie Century on "The Boll of
Honor of the New York Police." Mr.
The members of the bicycle squad,
which was established soon after we
took office, soou grew to show not
only extraordinary proficiency on the
wheel, but extraordinary daring. They
frequently stopped ruuaways,_wheeling
alongside of them, grasping the horses
while going at full speed; and, what
wus even more remarkable, they man
aged not only to overtake, but to jump
into the vehicle and capture, on two or
three different occasions,men who wero
gnilty of reckless driving, and who
fought viorently in resisting arrest.
They were picked men, being young
and aotive, and any feat of daring
which could be accomplished on the
wheel they were certain to accom
Three of the best riders of thc bi
cyole'squad, whose names and records
happen to oocur to me, were man of
the three ethnic strains most strongly
represented in the New York police
force, being respectively of native
American, German or Irish-or, more
accurately, in this particular ca3o of
mixed Scotch and Irish-parentage.
The German was a man of enormous
power, and he was able to stop eaoh of
the many runaways he tackled without
? losing his wheel. Choosing his time,
he would get alongside the horse, and'
seize the bit in his left hand, ketping
hie right on the crossbar of the wheel.
By degrees he then got tho animal un
der control. He never failed to stop
it, and never lost his wheel. He also
never failed to overtake any ' 'scorcher, "
although many of theso were profes
sional riders who deliberately violated
tho law to see if they could not get
away from him; for the wheelmen soon
get to know tho officers whose?beats
Tho Yankee, though a tall, power
ful man and a very good rider, scarce
ly came up to the German in either re
spect; hepossessed exceptional ability,
however, as well as exceptional nerve
and coolness, and he won his promo- ;
tion first. He stopped about as \a^f
runaways; but where tho Jio?ie" wus
really panic-stricken ho,#suaily had lo
.turn his wheel loose:; getting a fina
grip on the hor?,^ reins, and then
kicking his wheel so that it would fall
out ofr th? way of injury from th3
wagon. On ono occasion ho had a
fight with a drunken and reckless
driver who was urging to top speed 0
very spirited horse. He first got hold
of the horse, whereupon the driver
lashed both him and the horse, and
the animal, already mad with terror,
could not be stopped. The officer
had of course kicked away, his wheel
at tho beginning, ?tfcl after being
dragged along for some distance ho
let go the beast, and made a grab at
tue wagon. The driver hit him with
his whip, but he managed to get in,
and after a vigorous tussle overcame
his man, and disposed of him by got-,
ting him down and sitting on hire.
This left his hands free for the r?ins.
By degrees he got the horso 'under
control, and drove the, wagon round td
tho station house,jii*ii' sitting on his
victim. "I jounced-up and. down on
him to-keep'him qniafwhenhe turned' :
ugly," he remarked to me parenthet
ieall'/. Having disposed of the wagon, .
he took the man round to the court,
and on the way the latter suddenly
sprang on him and tied to throttle
bim. Convinced at last that patience
ceased to be a virtue, he quieted his
aj3a-la.it with a smash on the head
that ta.>k all the fight out of him and
be was brought before thc judge and
fined. Like the other "bicycle cops,"
this officer made a number of arrests
ol criminals, such as thieves, high
waymen, and tho like, in addition to
his natural prey-scorchers, runa
v ay?, p.nd the like.
Thc third member of the trio, a
tull, sinewy man, with flaming red
hair, vhich rather added to the ter
ror h* inspired in evil doers, was
usually stationed in a rather rough
part of the city, where there was a
fcen?euoy to crimes of violence, and
incidentally an occasional desire to
har&ai; wheelmen. The officer was as
good off his wheel as on it, and he
speedily established perfect order on
his beat, being always willing to "take
?ma ices" in getting his man. He was
no?Rspecter of persons, and when it
became his duty to arrest a wealthy
mai; for persistently refusing to
havvS his carriage lamps lighted
I afte/ nightfall, ho brought him in
wit!? tho same indifference that he
I displayed in arresting a street-corner
tough who had thrown a briok at a
Hull: nu Kcccntrlc House.
"An eccentric carpenter in Alexan
dria some years ago," says pa old
timrt&, "erected a three-story dwelling
by cjon/tructiug the roof first and set
high up on the corner posts. He did
tins to have protection from the weath
er a;i he worked downward. This was
loot od on as a'novel waj to work, but
in aate-bcllum days the third ,story of
a building in the northern part of
Walkington, which had served as par
lor, dining room and kitchen, became
the, upper chambers of a comfortable
d^ elling. The owner had built on E
hijl of red gravel, and after he had
livud in his little house a few months
t'aura came a demand for gravel by thu
street contractors. He therefore dis
posed 01 the earth beneath his hous??
a-sd by carefully shoring up kept hi*
little home intact and built up to it,
the proceeds from his bank of gravel
bring sufficient to pay for quite 0
handsome improvement. "-Washing
Flufiy Mnlno Coon Cnts.
Cat-loving visitors to Maine are Bure
to bring back to their homes in other
Stites the pretty, fluffy, little cooii
ca^s for which Maine has a reputation.
Some of these animals in their normal
condition are very little different in
appearance from the ordinary cat, but
in the presence of her enemy, the dog,
ali the long, soft hair of Miss Kitty
Cpon stands on end, and she swelis
visibly until she has a barrel-like ap
pearance. A bandbox with air holes,
if seen on a Maine train, is almost sure
ti) be the traveling home of one &f
Maine's feline products.
Food of Mountain Climber*.
Professor Tyndall used to saj that I
his Alpine guides ate butter and honey
while climbing, as finding that they
supplied the greatest amount of hqat
?nd nourishment. He himself nibblbd
a cake of chocolate every two hours
while on the mountains.. These facts
supply hints to tourists everywhere.
Nowadays, oue may easily, too, carry
soup-squares, or tea-tablets, to be
readily made into a refreshing drink
with the Addition of hot water.
FATHER HAS SOLD HIS WHEAT.
There is nothing too good for us now,
I shall have a new sealskin sucque,
ind Johnny is going to Ret him a horse
That can pass anything on tho track;
ind mother wili dress up id silks,
And, oh, but life's oasy and sweet
Everybody's polito and clever and kind
Sinco father has sold his wheat!
We'll build anew house in tho spring.
And we'll store tho old organ away,
ind as soon as the dicker ls mado
I snail havo a piano to play:
Tho fellows aro coming in droves
And life is deliciously sweot
Oh, every ono soems just too lovely to us
Since father has sold his wheat!
PITH AND POINT.
A boy being asked what was tho
plural of a penny, very promptly re
""So slio refused you, did she?"
"Well, no-simply catalogued me, aud
hung mo on the lino. "-Harper's
"I feel moreland more every clay thad
'life is real, life is earnest."' "Ohj
goon! You've been playing golf. "
"Is your baby intelligent?" "Intel
ligent! Why, if she wasn't she'd
never be able to understand the lan
guage my wife talks to her."-Tit
Wife-"John, there's a burglar ia
the house!" John (fervently)
"Thank goodness he is not out in the
woodshed-my wheel is out there!" -
Husband-"My friend hardly recog
nized you to-day." Wife-"That's
strange, for I wore the same hat you
bought for me three years ago."
Jabbers-"I woke up lost night and
found a burglar in my room.-" Havers
-i'Catch him?" Jabbers-"Certainly
not. I'm not making a collection of
Critic-"The great trouble about
pictures 'nowadays is-" Artist-;
"That no one that has money enough
to buy one has taste^enough to want
one. "-Brooklyn Life.
Teaspoufc-"Why are you so angry
at the doctor?" Mrs. Teapot-"When
I told him I had a terribly tired feeb^'
ing, he told me to show him-''my
"Todd, your wife^htts' a voice like
velvet." "Gracious! Don't talk so
loud. It''she should hear that, I
wjjiil?rbave to get her a lot of gowns
to match it."-Chicago Record;
"Suicide," said the emphatic man,
"is the last thing I would do." "Yes,"
replied the soleniu ono, "those who
commit suicide seldom do anything
more."-Philadelphia North Ameri
Graham-"Speaking of Mortimer,
his wife is considered quite a good
judge of music, isn't Bhe?" Morgan
"I believe so. 'T any rato, Mortimer
never plays at home."-Boston Tran
"I can toll everything that man
writes," remarked the discerning citi
zen. "How?" "If it's poetry he be
gins each sentence with '0,' and if it's
prose ho begins it with 'I.' "-Wash
-;A-"My wife says she saw the lights
Gil burning in your house as sho came
home from the ball at 3 o'clock in tho
morning. She thought it a little
strange." B-"A little strange? It
was a little stranger."-Tit-Bits.
Mrs. Grady-"Mrs. Kelly, the way
your daughters bang thot pianney ar
?'ourfi frum morning till night is some*
bing outrageous!" Mrs. Kelly
"EeBht aisy, Mrs. Grady-resht aisyl
TJt's an old wan, aud they can't
"Madam," said Meandering Mike,
who had been pleading in vain, "ef
nothm' else'll move ye, I'm willin' to
do anythin' yer say in the way 'of odd
jobs fur me breakfast." "All right;
there's some wood that needs chop
ing.'" Ho looked at it fora moment
and then turning away said: "No.
I'm a man of my word, an' I stioks to
tho letter of me proposal. I said
'odd'jobs; an' there ain't nothiu' more
cpmmon an' ordinary than choppin'
wood. "-Washington Star.
A "Queer" Proaoher.
The Rev. Mr. Hagamore, to whose
memory a slab has been placed in tho
church at Catshoge, Leicestershire,
England, was "a little queer," saya
the St. Louis Republic. It seems
that the reverend gentlemau died in
January, 1886, leaving all of his prop
erty, valued at ?3500, to a railroad
The queer old preacher kept one
Bervant of each sex, whom he locked
up every night. His last employment of
an evening was to go tho rounds of his
premises, let loose the dog and fire off
his gup. He lost his life in a curious
manner. Starting out to let out his
Borvants, the dogs fawned upon him
and threw him into a pond of water,
The servants heard his cries, but be
ing looked up could not render assist
ance, BO the old man drowned.
when the inventory of his property
was taken he was found to be the
owner of 80 gowns, 100 pairs of trou
sers, 100 pairs of boots, 400 pairs of
shoes, 80 wigs (although he had plenty
of natural hah), 50 dogs, 96 wagons
and carts, 30 wheelbarrows, 249 razors,
80 ploughs, 50 saddles and 222 pick
axes and shovels. Ho surely was "a
Paris' Hat Catcher.
Paris boasts an official rat catcher.
He has served his town in this capac
ity for more than thirty-five years, and
he has caught, unaided by a trap, more
than 1,000,000 rats with his own
hands. The official rat catcher and
his assistant search out their victims
in the famous Paris sewers, and ho
frequently sells his tiny animals to peo
ple who are 1 fond of turning the crea
tures together and be;tting on their
abilities to fight.
Fostapo Stamp Slot Machines.
The Gorman Post-office Department
has deoided to introduce, experimen
tally, automatic stamp-selling ma
chines. These machines were exhibit
ed nt the Berlin Industrial Exhibition
last year. They will be placed at
prominent points where -tho demands
for staurps aro the largest, and oper
ate, on the deposit in the slot of the
proper coin, to furnish the purchaser
with the stamps desired.
Chimes Kuiigr ?J' Klectrlcily.
Electricity now supplies the power
for ringing the chimes in Grace
Church, New York, and the curfew
liymn is played by an automatic ar
rangement breaking the current to
Buge magnets connected willi the big
bells, the largest weighing 3000
"inUinrr Loans (o Farmern.
? Victoria, Australia, has inaugurated
an official loan oilier. Small loans up
to a maximum of #5900 are to Le
granted to farmers and others to en
able them to improve i heil' holdings.
The loaus will byar int-ccst at five per
cent. The money will bc provided
from the savin ga banks, ' |_
ALL NIGHT SHELTERS.
Metropolitan Lodging Houses for
Places in New York Where Beds Can
Be Obtained at Small Cost together
with Food tc Keep Body and Soul
The average New Yorker who hears
the words "Bowery lodging-house"
pictures to himself scenes of sneak
thievery, debauchery, depravity, and
privation. The newspapers have in
formed him that these are the homes,
sweet homes of a variety of individ
uals known technically as "pan-hand
lers," "Jail birds," "grafters," "rousta
bouts," "hamfattors," "Aim Hammers,"
"stool pigeons," "fakirs," "hobos,"
"tramps," "bums," and other equally
There are some two hundred or
more of these lodging-houses in this
city, out of which but six are devoted
to the exclusive use of wornem And
concerning these the general fmblic
knows but very little, if anything.
With but few exceptions, if any, the
lodging-houses for women iar excel, in
nearly every respect, the abodes of the
Bowery, and as a rule Gotham's finan
cially embarrassed daughters are a su -
perior set of Individuals, compared
with their similarly situated brothers.
Their shelters are kept scrupulous!}
neat and clean, the floors are scoured
daily, the sheeting and pillow cases
are often immaculate in their white
ness, the surroundings generally aro
snug and homelike, and, In short,
everything is as good as any one
might expect under the circumstances.
Women's lodging-houses are of three
distinct sorts, and if shipping terms
were applicable they mignt be rated
as of the cabin, intermediate and
steerage, for that would come nearer
describing them than anything .else:'
Thoseof thecabin.or first class1, should
hardly come under the jic?d of what is
generally meant and.-eommonly known
as a lodginfchense. Most of them are
expensj>erliffalrs,far beyond the means
o?-those really very hard up to patron
ize. They are often luxuriously fur
nished with moquette carpets, lounges,
portieres, bric-a-brac, mahogany ta-,
bles, brass and enameled bedsteads,
oil paintings, etc., and usually a piano.
Those of the second class are the abid
ing places generally of respectable,
more or less friendless women, who
secure from their masters penurious
compensation for their toil, and are,
therefore, compelled to seek shelter
where their scanty means will p?rmit.
Tho establishments of the third class
are what is known as shelters, and are
the domiciles of the poorest of the
poor, and correspond to the Bowery
lodgings for men.
One of the most interesting of these
last is located at G Rivington street,
just off the Bowery. The glass trans
parency over the do?r reads: ''AVom>
en's Lodging House." It is a five
story, tenement-appearing, brick build
ing, with ugly iron fire escapes in front
on each floor.
The place affords shelter nightly for
about one hundred women. The rules
are very strict. The price for a bed in
the dormitories is 15 cents, and for
single rooms 20 cents per night. Tbe
sleeping rooms are opened at G P. M.
and closed at 8.00 A. M. sharp, except
on Sunday, when they are open all day
for those who desire to rest, hut no
talking is permitted.
In cases of illness, not contagious,
beds are provided in one of the back
dormitories, but 15 cents a day extra
must be paid in advance, and on appli
cation to the matron meals may be or
dered from any of the neighboring
restaurants, but must be carried up
stairs by one of the female attaches,
as no man, unless he be a minister of
the gospel, is ever permitted to enter.
Children, twelve years old or mors,
occupying a bed with their mothers or
any one else, are charged full price,
and any one wishing to keep her closet
or private room key is allowed to do
so only by leaving a deposit of 30 cents
with the matron, who refunds it "if
thc key is returned in good order."
Any one may wash and iron c'othes
in the house laundry by paying in ad
vance 10 cents, for which soap and
starch are provided. Those desiring
to leave anything in the clos2ts or
lockers d?rii,g the day are required to
pay for that night's lodging before 8.80
A. M., and those who leav* bundles in
thc office ot storeroom are charged 80
cf ni s for each bundle, and the ?ame
n.'.ist be paid In advance, but if the
goods are removed before the expira
tion of thirty da#s the money is re
funded at the rate of 1 cent a day for
the days remaining. The house ia
Clewed for the night and the bell de
tached at ll o'clock, and anyone desir
ing to gain admittance after that hour
mus? give notice to the matron before
ii P. M. and pay double.
Everything about the place is clean
ond cozy, and waxed and polished are
the halls and dormitories. The sitting
room is nicely carpeted, and can boast
of an organ, tables covered with tur
key-! ed cloths, and a goodly supply of
honks and newspapers. Religious ser
vices are conducted each Sunday after
noon by a clergyman from the Protest
ant Episcopal General Theological
Seminary.-New York News.
Rudyard Kipling's thrlllinR new story, "'
Sands," " will appear exclusively In Thi
This Calendar is published exclusif
$1.00. It consists of three folding p,
; HUttlraUd 1
THE YOUTH'S COM3?
WHAT MAN DOES IN
Mrs. Pinkham Counsels Young Wv
A Letter From
Seven-eighths of the men
in thia world marry a woman
because she is beautiful
in their eyes.
What a rUsap'point*
ment then to see the ,
fair young wife's beauty
" fading away before a year
passes over her head 1
1 feel as if I would like
to say to every young woman
who is about to be marriod- .
"Strengthen yourself in ad
vance, so that you will not
break down under the new
strain on your powers." Keep your be
it is a precious possession ? Yourhusba
your beauty, he is proud to be seen i;
with you} try to keep it for his sake, a
The pale cheeks, the dark shadow!
the eyes,' tlie general drooping of th<
wife's fofin, wli?t dd l?f?y tae?? ? Thi
that her nerves are faiiirigy that her ?
must he done to help her through1 thc co
Build her up at once by a course of so
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compour
Following we publish by request a le
cord she addresses it to her "suffering
asks to withhold her name, she giv<
Chambersburg, Pa., so she can easily be
To my Suffering Sisters:-Let me '
what Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable G
nineteen and suffered with painful mer
ing sensation back of ears and on top
soreness of muscles, bearing-down par
to stand without pain, and oh! how I loi
One day I wrote to Mrs. Pinkham t
in perfect confidence.
She wrote me a lovely letter in re
After taking nine bottlesJO?'th'e Compc
one-half package of Sanative wash, I
and owe ray' happiness to none other 1
jyhy'wiil women suffer when help i
some experience, urge all suffering w
Mrs; Pinkham's adrice.-Mrs. R. S. R.,
The Clote Hm.
The clove tree is a native of tlie Yo
lucca islands, and belongs to the f?r
sprcad family of myrtles. It is a tall,
very handsome evergreen, with ovate
oblong leaves and purplish flowers,
arranged in corymbs on short jointed
stalks. The flowers are produced in
great profusion, and when they appear,
which is at tho beginning of the rainy
season, they are in the form of elon
gated, greenish bulbs. These unex
paneled buds are the cloves of com
merce, which derive their name from
the Spanish word, clavo, "a nail," so
called from the real, or fancied, re
semblance to a nail.
Sometimes the clove fruit appears in
commerce in a dried state, under the
name of "mother cloves," it has an
odor and flavor similar to cloves, but
is much weaker.
The flower buds are beaten from the
tree, and are dried by the smoke of
wood fires and afterwards by the sun.
Big Poultry Farm.
The largest poultry farm in tho
world belongs to Mr. Isaac Wilbur of
Little Compton, R. I. Mr. Wilbvr ships
about 150,000 dozen eggs a year. He
keeps his fowls on the colony plan,
housing about forty in a house S by
10 feet or S by 12 feet in size, hese
houses being about 150 feet apart, set
out in long rows over the gently slop
ing fields. He has 100 of these houses
scattered over three or four fields. The
food is loaded into a low wagon, which
is driven about to each house in turn,
the atte?dant feeding as he goes. Ai
the afternoon feeding the eggs are col
lected. The fowls are fed twice a day.
The morning food is a mash of cooked
vegetables and mixed meals. The
afternoon food is whole corn the year
A Virtue tlt?d n Vit??, *
i Va ul ty and a proper regard for thc feelings
of others should both urge yon to get rid of
! that disgusting 6kin disease. Whether it be a
simple abrasion, a chap or a burn, or whether
it is a chronic case of hczema. Tetter or Ring
worm, Tette ri nc will positively, infallibly cure
it. Cure it so it will stay cured, too. 50 cents
a box at drag storos, or by mail for 50 cents in
! cash or stamps from J. T. Shuptrine, Saran
' nab, Ga. _
Jean and Edouard do Rcszkc, the distin
guished opera singers, have been made nobles
by tho Czar.
TO CUKE A COLD IN ONE DAY.
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All
Druggists refund money i fit fails to cure. 25c. j
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for children I
teething sftftens the gums, reduces inflamma- !
tion, allays pain, cures ?rind colic. 25c. a bottle
GRAVELY i MILLER,
6 . . DANVILLE. VA. p
KIDS PLUC AND KIDS PLUG CUT
Sato Tago and Wrappers and got valuable
premiums. Ask your doaler, or wrlto to us
for premium list.
Seattle FREE INFORMATION
OnAMBF.R Ot COMMEHCX
SEATTLE") KLOSMKE, ALASKA. Washington State.
Seattle, 65.000 pop-1 tat lon! Pnllroad. Commercial.
Mining ?nd Agneultaral C-ntre; Best Outfits;
Lo wwit Pricei: Longest Experience} Lsrgflst Citjr.
Sales: Routes: \dilress Secretary.
Augusta. <Ja. Aetna! bavnesv Notext ?/
bootu. Short time. Cheap bonni- Send for cUiIojrni.
the famous story-writer
contributors engaged to
The Burning of the ' Sarah
: Companion during iSoB.
To show the vai
following partial Iii
> Right Hon. W. E. G
^ Hon. Thomas B. Ri
Hon. Justin McCarl
Hon. George F. Hoi
Frank R. Stocktor
d Calendar Free to Ne
rely by The Youth's Companion azd could no
aris, ca-.h a true reproduction of charming grout
\V SUBSCRIBERS who will cut out this slip
anti address, and 81.73, will receive:
ETC - Tito Companion cvorjr week from tho tl;
.January 1, 1808.
BB-Thanltssiving, Christinas and Now fart
ETC-Thc Companion Art Calendar for 1808,
thc famous pi?ces of Companion color-woi
tiftil ornament and aco'stly Birt. Size IO a
I Thc CDiupanion Kilty-Two Weeks, a Full Ye;
'?.ospertut of the IWtmii/r- ISM and Sample Copies of tl
?ANION, soi Columbus Avenue,
$ ? ? r t ? fr: t I
?OT LOVE BEAUTY?
ires to Keeep Their Attractiveness,
a Youoff Wife.
strength ia going and that something'
ming trials of maternity,
mo tonic with specific powers. Such as
id. You can get it at any druggist's,
tter from a j'onng wife-of her own ac
sisters," and while from modesty'she'
. s her initials and street number in
! fo?iid personally or by letter: *
write this for your benefit, telling you
Dmpound has done for me. I am but
istruation, leucorrhoea, dizziness, burn
I of my bead, nervousness, pain and
ns, could not sleep well, was unable
aged to be weill
elling her all, knowing I could do so
ply, telling me exactly what to do.
)und, one box of Liver pills, and using:
can say I am cured. I am so happy,
man Mrs. Pinkham.
is near? Let me, as one who has had
omen, especially young wives, to seek
113 E. Catherine St., Chambersburg, Pa.
SPEAKS FOR HER SEX.
Doyle's Station, Tenn.,
writes: Dr. BI. A. Sim
mons Liver Medicino needs
no commendation. It speaks
for Itself. It enres Livor
Disorders and bleaks up
Biliousness and Billons
Colic. I think it ls far bet
tor than "Thedford's Black;
This occurs in carly womanhood, espec
ially when the constitution is not strone.
It may resalt irom sadden exposure to cola*
immersion of thc hands and feet Incola
water, sitting on the cold ground or damp
grass, sedentary habits, co 2 fin i ns occupa
tions, continued standing on the feet, irreg
ular hours r.nd forcing the development of
tho mind at school. Best ls essential and
moderate exercise In the open air most bene
ficial. Thc bowels should 00 mored at least;
once a day by email doses of Dr. Bf. A. Sim?
mons Liver Medicine, and the restorative
effects of Dr. simmons Sqnarr Tine Wino
should bc secured by taking regularly a
doso three times a day for several weeks.
Celina. Tenn., writes: Hara"
used Dr. M. A. Simmons
Liver Medicine lOyearsior
Sick Stomach, Loss of
Flenn, Low Spirits. IS
also cutes Liver Disease*
Bowels. It docs not gripe,
and takes less to operate on
mc than either "Black
Draught" or "Zeilin's." end
j it has a more thorough and
J gentle offec1, and leaves my
system In better condition than either
"Black Draught'' or"2eliln'fl."
We are provided with ave organs for keep*
inp the blood pore; they ore tho akin, tho
ki an ova, the liver, tho lungs and tho
bowels. Tho blood becomcfl impure JOT
one or both of two reasons:
First, something impure hos been pnt
into it; Second, the five excretory organs"
Have not been sufficiently active.
Owing to its complicated formation, the
blood is liable to many morbid changes.
If any of the organs just mentioned are not
in perfect- working order, so that impurities
arc retained, tho blood becomes disordered
and even diseased When corrupted, its
impurities arc absorbed by the tissues, caus
ing emptions, fevers, lassitude end langour.
For restoring thc above organa to a health
ful condition there is no medicine so effec
tive as Dr. M. A. Simmens Liver Med!?
Rafi roe?, Mill, Machinists and Factory
FuppUes, BeUInc, Packing, JiTlectors, Pipo
Fittings, Saws, Files, Oilers, etc.
C^~Cast every day; work ISO hands.
LOBIBARD IRON WORKS
A Xl) SUPPLY COMPANY,
_. jfoittd out ot oner.
Burnda rd "37 (ruarant'd,
, SW to ?JO. M modeln #|IJ?
Motte. SdhandwhechSS $16
?S?. Shipped to arty oner
fon epproTiil without. i<dV?nca>
JderwMt. Grt ?I fartorr fltirU? HM
' KARN A liTCSCLE
'by brirli? ijinllmi Vf? ?Cl rlr. <?-?
*t?*t h ?MD M fSSS OBI of? nmfU
_ .(.bet ta intmlae. Ihm. Writ, at ont? Tat
oiu-8p?ci?i Offer. Mead Cycle Co. 136 Avenue F"
BO ^ Business College, Louisville, Ky.
fi\ \ SUrKRIOR ADVANTAGES.
. Ww? COOK-KEKri.VO. SnORTHAKD AND
TEi.EGiurnv. llcautlful Catalocuo Froo.
BUY YOUR RINGS OF THE MAKERS.
Thls (?ol.I Filled Ka!.y lUog scut
ron receipt of 10c St.-tmp; taken.
D. St. WATKINS A CO.
CATALOGUE FREE. Mfg.Jewelers. Fa^T-, lt. L
CHEW STAR TOBACCO-TUE BEST.
SMOKE SLEDGE CIGARETTES.
CUBES WHERE ?LT ELSE FAILS.
Beat Cough Syrup. Tastes Good. Uso
in time. Sold by drneirlsta.
MENTION THIS P?PERSSriKSSS
, is only one of many celebrated
write for the next volume of
5a Times- ?3
ried strength and charm of The
al features for 1898, we giva the
ladstone W. D. Howells
:ed Mme. Lillian N?rdica
hy Airs. Burton Harrison
ir Octave Thanet
Mary E. Wilkins
Alargaret E. Sangstcr
1 Harriet P. Spofford
!y Two Hundred Others.
t be sold in Art Stores for less thna
> pictures. US'See Important Offer.
and seid it at once, with name L'"
mo subscription ls received till
I Double Numbers,
a prod net ion superior to any of
-k of previous years. It is a bor.u
: 24 in. freo to A'ctc Subtcrlbor*.
ar, to January 1, 1S99. II 40 ?
ii Paper free. ?fjjf
. BOSTON, H ?SS.
IJI I-I iii
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