Newspaper Page Text
Bank In Eastern
Capital In City.
1? a y ? Interest
every C mcntlis.
TKOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR
EDGEFIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 189T.
VOL. LXII. NO. 50.
J. M. COBB'S,
al lier ill
WATCH THIS SPACE EVERY WEEK.
-YOU KNOW JUST WHERE TO BUY THE
CHEAPEST, BEST ?ND CLEANEST
Line of Goods, viz: Dress Goods, Pomestio Goods, Calicos, Percales, No
tions and Fancy Articles.
The Seamless Ladies' Black kose, 10c.
Ladies Hemstitched Handkerchiefs, 5c; Cambric Handkerchiefs, 2Jc.
Full stock Gents', Boys' and Children's Ready-made Clothing, Hats and Caps.
SHOES ! SHOES! SHOES! SHOES! I
From 25c. Per Pair to $5 00, - f
OUR LINE OF SHOES IS ESPECLALLY GOOD. COTTON PRICES.
Good Jeans at wholesale prices "jy the piece.
BSy*We want your business, and to get and keep it we must sell you the
best goods for the least money.
YOUR CHILDREN TO SCHOOL
s^And Give Them an Education.
-AND SEND THEM TO
" LOWER IO J&.Z_G??LS? '9
FOR TI?EIR SCHOOL HATS.
We can seil you any kind of Hat at 25c. Nicer ones at 50c. up.
SCHOOL HOSE seamless fast Blacks, Tans or Browns, 10c. pair, 5
for 25c. School Umbrellas, warranted to turn rain, good article, at
50c. Better ones 75c. and SI. SEE THEM.
Everything in Dry Goods
BALK DRY GOODS CO.
604 BROAD STREET, AUGUSTA. GA.
-REGULAR SESSION BEGINS
MONDAY,5 SEPTEMBER 13th, 1897.
HIGH SCHOOL I>E33P^HTMESlSrTr
E. C. DENNIS, Instructor.
Latin, Greek, Higher Mathematic.?,.Engl'sh, and usual branches. Stu
dents prepared for college or business.
Intermediate and Primary Departments,
Miss Elise Carwile and Miss Sudie Davis. Teachers.
Careful and thorough instruction in usual English branches.
Tuition SI.00 tc $3.00 per month. Ten per cent discount where three or
more corns from one family. Students from abroad can secure good board at
For further information apply to
Edward O. Dennis.
ggQ ACRES IN NURSERY Ogg
O . . 9
Over One Acre Under Glass
.WE HAVE HAD.-.
~ .EXPERIENCE IN.
FRUIT - GROWING
AND KNOW THE BEST VARIETIES FOR YOUR SECTION.
8^-ITyou need FRUIT TREES, GRAPES, PALMS or PLANTS, write
us and Illustrated Catalogue will be mailed free. Address
JE*a J". BercKiiians,
Established 165G. AUGUSTA, GA. Fruitlaml Nurseries.
S?TNo agents connected with oui- esia'iilishinont.
and ilia Golton 6i aili
LARGE STOCK OF ENGINES. CHEAP AND GOOD.
AND SUPPLIES. REPAIRS, ETC., QUICKLY MADE
loss before you buy.
Interest in the output of bicyoles for
1898 does not begin and end -with the
new bevel gear that is attracting so
much attention just at present. The
new chainless comes as an experiment
seeking popular favor, and the num
ber that will be in use at the close of
next season will be very small when
compared to the number of chain
wheels, although with a reduction in
price and moro perfected details the
bevel gear is undoubtedly the coming
The bevel gear will not be the only
new. feature in bicyc|os for next \
year. Chain wheels are'too popular, j
and too many of them are in practical (
use to be cast aside in au instant for ?
the new high-priced affair. A year or ,
two ago most of the cycling public was (
made up of people who could afford to j
pay the steep prices demaaded by the ,
manufacturers for their products, j
Since then times have changed, and ,
keen competition has become rife, ,
which has brought the cost of bicycles, i
down to a level that^akas^LnnsaihleX
?vnr^muutx^iziYOlMj^ to buy them. And j
with increased numbers there is an in- (
creased demand for a cheaper price and .
Outside of the chainless variety, bi- ?
.ycles, in all probability, will be -
oheaper next year than ever before,
while details in construction will re
oeive more attention than formerly,
for many have learned from bitter ex
perience that low prices, good quality
and simplicity must be combiued to
insure successes in bicycle construc
tion. Fixity of pattern has been put
forth as an explanation by some for
the present chaotic condition of the
cycle trade. And it is true that in the
present type of bicycles manufacturers
think they have attained that point
when departures will bo in the nature
of retrogression rather than improve
A local maker has perfected au ar
rangement of a hollow axle containing
an-absorbent wick, doing away with
the necessity of frequent oiling of the
bearings; has devised an eccentric
chain adjustment which regulates the
chain's tension without disturbing the
alignment of the rear wheel; has pro
vided dust-proof buttonholes in the
hubs, which permit of spokes being
taken ont and replaced immediately,
and dispenses with the wrench for ad
justing the handle bar or saddle by
providing simple but at the same time
radically new contrivances for holding
the seat po3t and handle bar stem in
To regulate the height of the handle
bar it is only necessary to turn a col
lar, which action will leave the handle
bar free to slide up or down. Revers
ing the operatiou secures tho handle
bar in place. The saddle adjustment
is manipulated by pressing a small
lever which projects from tho side of
the frayne. * This aefic* .. will incline
upward a tapered eccentric disk inside
the seat post tube, freeing the post.
When the lever is released tho pres
sure ou the Baddie renders the adjust*
ment firm. As both handle bar and.|
seat post tubes are slotted to receive
the internal adjustments, they cannot j
be inserted out of line with the frame.
And these are but a few of the good
things that the manufacturers have in
store for the riding public next year.
There are to be gear oases galore. Up I
to this time few makers in this coun- |
try have made any attempt to fit gear
cases to their bicycles, chiefly because.')
there has not been a very large demand
The much-mooted question of power |
transmission will resolve itself in the
minds of many riders, whose analysis
sf the subject does not comprehend its
strictly mechanical phase, into a Btudjjjj >
af internal gearing solely a mitigatiohj !
af the nuisance of mud clogged and; I
stiffened chains, a reform which gear j
?jases alone could -accomplish without
sacrificing the many points of superir :
arity which the chain possesses over a ?
combination of bevel gears. Unless ?
sonie unexpected discoveries are made"!
-yny --, ? ?5? o re- vue * ?r J>^~^
present chainless patterns, a chain- :
driven machine will be preferred as
possessing fewer disadvantages, espec
ially cs the addition, of a gear case
will be an effectual remedy for one of
the principal drawbacks which bevel
frears are iutended to overcome'.
There are several new designs of
banella bars on tbe market. One in
particular has a device which will ab
sorb the vibration before it enters the
bar. The bar is rigid in steering and
is also rigid in climbing a hill, as the
pull tends to strengthen the spring by
which it is fastened to ttfe head.
New York Journal.
Couldn't Talic to SATO Ills .'leard.
Several days ago a well-known
member of the Allegheny county bar,
who is also prominent in Grand Army
and Veteran Legion circles, appeared
at his haunts, shorn of a fine gray
beard which had added much to his
dignified appearance. He had worn
whiskers so long that his acquaint
ances often wondered what he would
look like without them. When he re
turned from a trip to Canada minus
his beard everybody had to look twice
to seo if he really was the colonel.
Some of his friends told him he was
not so handsome, and became in
terested enough to ask why he had
b?\aved off his hirsute appendage.
He na? explained, probably dozens of
times, that it was all an accident. He
says that while ho was in Canada he
went to a French barber shop to have
his mustache and beard trimmed a
little. He could not speak French,
and talked to the tonsorial artist by
signs. When he thought he had made
known to the Frenchman what he
wanted he leaned back in his chair
and the barber started to work. The
first clip took a large bunch of whiskers
from the left cheek, and before the
colonel could explain, two or three
more clips were taken, and nearly half
of his beard was gone. He looked in
the mirror and was mad, but he could
not speak French, and, therefore, he
had to let the. barber complete the
Crime and Atmosphere.
Dr. W. L. Moore, chief of the
weather bureau at Washington, who
is both physician and meteorologist,
states that during the months of Jan
I uary, February and March 1200 BU?
? cides were reported in the United
j States. In July, August and Septem
I ber there were 1600. There were 1700
murders and fifty persons lynched or
i hanged during the three cold months,
j and 2500 murders and 113 hanged or
! lynched during the three hot months,
investigations are being conducted in
regard to the connection between
crime and atmospheric conditions.
The hide of tho hippopotamus, in
(tome parts, is two iAohea thick,
Leaves Ectter Than Lightning Bod?,
fi The green leaf is the best conductor
of electricity-that most powerful and
destructive of all the forces of Jhe
'earth. To guard onr homes and pub
lio buildings from its destructive aotion,
we erect our lightning rods, whose
sharp points quietly drain the clouds,
,or, failing to do this, receive the dis
charge and bear it harmlessly to the
earth. But ages before Franklin
pointed the first lightning rod td the
storm, God has surrounded the dwell
ings of man with a protection far more
effectual than this; for since the crea
tion of organic life every pointed leaf
and blade of grass has been silently
disarming the clouds of their destruc
tive weapons. A twig covered with
leaves, sharpened by nature's exquisite
workmanship, is said to be three times
as effectual as the metallic points of
the best constructed rod. And when
we reflect how many thousands of
these vegetable points every large tree
directs to the sky and consider what
must be the efficacy of a single forest
with its innumerable leaves, orv of a
single meadow with its countless blades
of grass, we see how abundant the pro
tection from the storm is, and with what
care Providence has guarded ns from
the destructive force.-London Eoho.
The Locust Bean Tree.
On account of the high price of for
age for horses in South Africa, and
also of the small supply, an enquiry
is being made as to whether the locust
bean tree cannot be acclimatized in
Cape Colony, The carob or locust
<^<fcv CTC?U t>- u jrjirg- puu, Hiin/U muuvu
Excellent food for horses, and is at the
same time more portable than forage,
and it is for tl ase qualiiies that it is
desir?d to introduce it. The carob is
a tree much resembling the apple tree
and flourishes in the countries around
the Mediterranean. The pods have
been imported into England for horses.
Tho Arabs and Moors use the sweet
pulp for food very largely. The locust
tree of America is quite distinct from
Henry Varley, London's B utclicr-Prencher
He left the cleaver for the pulpit,
built a church in London, England,
and is now preaching to large audi
ences in this country. He is, consid
ered one of England's foremost evan
China's Great Wall.
The great wall of China was recently
measured by Mr., Unthank, an Ameri
can engineer. His measurements gave
the height as eighteen feet. Every
few hundred yards there is a towef
twenty-five feet high. For 1300 miles
the wall goes over plains and moun
tains, every foot of the foundation
being solid granite and the rest of the
structure' solid masonry.
The Rev. Dr. George C. Baldwin,
of Troy, N. Y., has been marrying
couples for over fifty years, and his
list is said to -have reached a total of
At the reoent gathering of Hoger
Williams's descendants in Providence,
a movement was begun to raise a great
monument to the founder of Rhode
The waters of North America are
stooked with 1800 different varieties
A Thoughtful "Woman.
First Farmer-"My ole woinau i..
ther most thoughtful and generous
Second Farmer-"Dew tell?"
First Farmer-"Why, when she
goes through my overalls after market
doy, she jes' keeps ont a quarter fer
me ter ?ive rais.tionftrieB on Sunday,"
The best kind of grasses to sow upon
a marsh subject to overflow, according
to some of the best authorities, are
four pounds red top, two of fowl
meadow grass, four of timothy and one
or two of alsike clover per acre. In
many cases low lands can be easily
drained or partially freed of water by
the digging of ono or two ditches. If
this can be done, it surely should he
practiced, for low lands are the rich
est and best for grasses.
Growing Apple Seedlings.
In the propagation of the apple
from the seed considerable skill and
experience are usually regarded as
necessary, the principal trouble being
to get the seeds to germinate and the
plants started. The seeds aro usual
ly bought from nurseries, and many
of them come from cider and vinegar
factories. They cost from $6 to $9 a
bushel usually, and a bushel will, with
skill and care in germination, usu
ally produoe about 65,000 seedlings.
They may be collected at any time
after the seeds are ripe and kept in a
! cellar until the time to prepare them
for planting. They may be prepared
in March, near planting time, or pre
paration may be made 'during the
winter. If prepared during Decem
ber and January, hang them in a well
for two or three days to souk. Then
mix them with three times their bulk
of sand, ordinarily damp like common
soil. Place the mixture in tight boxes,
small in size, flat and convenient to
handle. Put these on the north side
of a building that is shaded and corer
with damp earth or wet sawdust.
When this freezes solid, oover with
boards and place litter over the boards
to keep them frozen till planting time.
In the case of protracted warm winter
weather, when it is not possible to
keep them -frozen, they should be re
moved to an icehouse. During the
early thaw in March remove them and
thaw out slowly. Then drill in rows
and oover one and a half inches deep
on strong, rich soil. When the ground
crusts over, break the crust carefully
with a garden rake several times until
the seeds show in rows across the
plat. Hoe, plow and hand-weed dur
ing the season, giving them- attention
at least once a week during the sum
mer.-Western Farm Journal.
1-- bia 'iwkeyrFm~BrBeinrr.
?. believe that the average turkey
raiser make? a serious mistake in dis
posing of. his breeding stock every
year and recruiting his flock from
young and often immature birds.
Young turkeys do not make number
one breeders. While it is very true
that a yearling hen will lay more eggs
in a single season than a three or four
year-old, still from practical exper
ience I have become convinced that
the latter will produce a greater per
centage of "poults" with sufficient vi
tality to carry them to maturity.
My turkeys this year vary in age
from yearlings to six and seven year
olds. As each hen has a leg band, it
is little- or no trouble to trace them
accurately. After a close observation
I am well satisfied that the oldest hens
have paid the best. They have invar
iably proven the best mothers, a
greater per cent, of their eggs have
been fertile, and the poults hatched
have seemed to possess a greater de
gree of vitality.
One of my oldest hens, during the
fore part of May, made her nest and
brought off sixteen fine, strong
"poults," but owing to au accident,
for which she was not entirely to
blame, every one of the youngsters
perished. Later, she made two un
successful attempts to bring off an
other brood, but failed in both in
stances. In the first instance, crows
destroyed the nest, and the second
time a mowing machine wheel put an
end to her hopes.
One of the most striking instances
illustrating the hardihood of old hens
is the exp ^rience of a neighbor a few
years ago who succeeded in keeping
ono hen thirteen years. While she
was not as prolific as compared with her?
earlier years, yet in the aggregate she
reared as many "poults" towards the
last as during her more youthful years.
Good authorities on turkey raising
agree that breeding stock can be kept
with profit ar. long as they live. While
I do not know that I would put it quite
as strongly, I feel confident that
breeding turkeys can be kept with
profit much longer than they usually
are. In my earlier experience with
turkeys, I was a viotim of the vigorous
young stock craze, but I am getting
further and further away every year,
as I begin to see the errors of such a
"course. The fact that a domestic
pullet will lay moro eggs than a two
or tbree-year-old domestic hen, and,
Lenee, is the more profitable, does not
argue that the young turkey hen will
be better than an older one. A do
mestic hen aud a turkey hen are two
very different creatures, and are bred
and raised for two entirely different
. There is another great advantage in
keeping old stock. By so doing, it
greatly lessens the expense of procur
ing a tom every year to avoid inbreed
ing, "if the breeder doesn't wish to
go to an extreme, with old stock, he
will have no trouble in keeping stock
three, four or even five years without
a change. From actual experience I
feel perfectly safe in saying that a
breeder can keep turkeys until five
years of age and still have them strong
and vigorous.-American Agricultur
Farm and Garden Notes.
Every farm han a place for sheep
that no other stock can fill.
Food wisely fed will always come
back doubled if fed to a good animal.
It is poor economy to keep young
stock unless it is kept growing everj
'.Make it a rule to sell as little feed
as possible end to buy as little as pos
Teach the young horses to walk well
and a good foundation is laid for tho
For want of sufficient moisture a
tree may starve with its roots in tho
midst of plenty.
Thorough grubbing is the surest
way of getting rid of, elder, sassafras
A light daily feed of oats can nearly
always be given to the weanling colts
at this time with benefit.
One advantage in using *he drill or
seed sower is that the seed will be
distributed more evenly.
Always keep the plow sharp; it
makes better work and is easier for
both the team and plowman.
When the tools and implements are
stored away be "sure that they are
properly cleaned and painted.
The best systems of cropping are in
variably those whioh call for the most
thorough preparation of the soil.
Feeding, watering and grooming
regularly will aid materially in k?ep
ing the horses in a good, thrifty con
The best covering ?or roses during .
the winter is well rotted manure. For
Iceland poppies use branches and
Plant crocus mammoth yellow on
the lawn. It'blooms early, and makes
a fine show, its deep golden blossoms
appearing in clusters of six or a dozen.
To keep the cannas over the winter,
cut off the tops and place them in
boxes of sand, in a warm, dry ceuar.
If exposed to damp they will rot and
Nothing is prettier in th? way of an
autumn bouquet than a mass of scarlet
salvia set olf by a few dahlia sunflow
ers. But use the yellow sparingly..
Keep it subordinate to the stronger
color, remembering that it is used
only os a foil.
An excellent covering for the holly
hock is a nail keg with both ends
knocked out. Place one over each
plant, and fill in about it with leaves.
Then put something over the top to
keep out the rain. When snow cornea
bank up well about the keg.
Single roses make beautiful hedges.
They maybe planted now or in the
spring. - They will^ompk^ejy^cover a
and give their large single flowers and
later 'heir brilliant scarlet "hips" or
seed vessels, in great abundance. To
clothe a trellis or wall, or to hide un- ,
sightly buildings they are most ex
LATE NEW INVENTIONS.
For church and grave decoration, a
hollow sectional cross is used as a
flower holder, the interior being divided
into a number of water-tight compart
ments, with orifices to support the
3tems of the flowers in the water, thus
keeping them fresh.
A new tool case for cyclers consists
of a retangular box to be strapped on
to the frame of the bicycle, with both
sides hinged at the bottom to drop
down and bring the tools in view, each
of which slides into a rubber sheath to
prevent it from rattling.
A handy hose holder for sprinkling
lawns has a pointed rod to be pushed
into the ground and support a revolv
ing metal disk which has loops through
which the hose nozzlo is passed and
held by means of thumb screws which
tighten the loops.
A Massachusetts man has invented
a tumbler brush and chimney washer,
which will fit any size glass, the bristles
being set in opposite sides of a double
pivoted stem, which has handles to
open the brushes soutward until they
strike the glass.
Fogs on the ocean or navigable
streams may be dispersed for some dis
tance ahead of a vessel by means of a
new in zention, consisting of an arched
distributing pipe with jet tubes set in
one side to discharge water or other
liquid in spray against the fog.
To draw a measured quantity of
liquid from a receptacle a new faucet
has a double-acting valve which closes
one outlet as soon as the other is open,
thus preventing the pouring of. the
liquid into the measuring glass while
the discharge pipe is open.
Horseshoes which can be attached
to the hoof without the use of nails
have a broad steel band attached to the
front aud sides of the shoe, ending in
screw sockets at the rear to draw the
band tight over the hoof by means of
screws inserted in the rear of the
A California woman has patented a
cover for milk cans which is perforated
around its sides near the bottom, so it
can be closed tight to prevent spilling
ol the milk and can be pulled up a
short distance in the can to allow ven
tilation ' without insects getting in
Tho Oldest Plow-Maker.
Chicago has the oldest plow-maker
in the United States. His name is
David Bradley, and he is at the head
of a big manufacturing company on
the west side. Mr. Bradley first
worked at the business in Syracuse,
N. Y., in 1832. In 1835 he came to
Chicago, which then numbered about
2500 inhabitants and a camp of several
thousand Indians, to help erect the
first iron-foundry established here.
Mr. Bradley was the first man to bring
pig-iron into Chicago. In connection
with the f oundry whioh he helped build
was a maohine-shop, and the establish
ment soon began along with its other
, business the manufacture of plows.
Mr. Bradley, by the growth of hi*
business, was finally'forced to build s
1 little town of his own, which is known
as Bradley, 111. Mr. Bradley has
' passed his eighty-fifth birthday, bul
' is still hale and hearty, and thoronghl j
enjoys the prosperity which hard wor?
I i has brought him. The active businesi
? ! has been surrendered to the sons,
J Chicago Tribune,
Quinine and other te?
ver medicines take from 5
to 10 days to cure fever.
Johnson1 s Chill and Fever
Tonic cures in ONE DAY. \
Th9 Education of the indian.
That the Indian has a capacity for
higher education appears from, facts'
given in the eighteenth annual report
of the Indian Industrial School at Car
lisle, Pa. During the past year five
students from Cai "isle has attended"
Dickinson College, one at Metzger Col
lege for Women. Others have attended
the Carlisle High School, some have
been to the normal schools of the state,
Drexel Institute at Philadelphia, and
the nurses' schools at Philadelphia,
New Haven, and Hartford. One of the
pupils, after graduating, from a New
England normal school, was employed
last year in a high school in Connecti
cut, and taught so successfully aa tb
be recalled and given a permanent sit
uation as teacher. Thus far no diffi
culty has been experienced in placing ,
all those who showed a desire for
higher education than is given at Car
lisle. There, for manifest reasons, the -
education is of a practical industrial
character, as best fitted to make the
Indian self-supporting In his changed
condition. As a further means of In
ducing the Indian boys and girls Into
civilized family and national life, the
outing system has been adopted.
During the fiscal year 1897, there were
placed out from the Carlisle School,
for longer or shorter periods, 410 boys
and 319 girls. Of these 104 boys and
101 girls.remained .out all winter, at
tending district and other Americaniz
ing schools with the young people of
the families in. which they resided,
earning their board with their work
out of school hours. By an extension
of this system the school could? eco
nomically care for 1,500 children, or
about twice the present number en
rolled. The children placed with fam
ilies ?ast year earned a total of $20,
?48.39, of which the boys earned $13,
185.27, and the girls $7,263.12. From
these amounts the boys saved $6,426.
03, and the girls $3,288.21. Boye and
girls who have been out a number of
times haye acquired the ability to earn
Why take Johnson's
Chill & Fever Tonic?
Because it cures the
most stubborn case
ofFeverin ONE DAY.
li Plays Possum.
Just why any owl should be called
from the fact that it Is clever in a way
not common among Its cousins.
Mr. Saville-Kent, a naturalist who
has just written an interesting rnbk on
Australia, '? pays especial attention to
the morepork, which was called to his
notice one day as he saw drive by a
van filled with screeching, tumultuous
parrtts, cockatoos and butcher birds.
A pair of moreporks, mere fluff-balls,
with gleaming golden eyes, were among
this rabble and Mr. Saville-kent at
once bought them and transferred
them to his domestic circle. The owls
?.urned out to be such marvelous
"quick-change" artists that the amuse
ment they afforded the family, which
owned a camera, was boundless. The
pecvliar specialty of the morepork is
that it can stiffen, itself so that even
close ?t hand it is impossible to dis
tinguish it from the dead branch of a
tree. Again, it assumes a dignified
cast of countenance which Is ludicrous,
or is sentimental, sad or even gay, as
The morepork has been grossly slan
dered and called the Australian goat
sucker,' but its friend, Mr. Saville
Kent, has at last freed it from that
stigma, and explains in this latest
work that it only keeps the goatsucker
company-another instance of the evil
results of choosing disreputable asso
Johnson's Chill and Fe*
ver Tonic ls a ONE-DAY
Cure. It cures the most
stubborn case of Fever in
It is proposed by the llayor and
many thinking people of New Haven,
Conn., to begin in the schools a study
of the city ordinances which apply to
the care of the streets, the rights, of
the road, and the acts that violate the
laws of good order and health. Tho
reason for this suggestion is that in
many cases the parents are either ig
norant or Careless about _ the most
common provisions of the ordinances.
It is argued that if the children are
made to study the laws they will be
able to prevent many violations of
them. Half of the accidents happen- .
lng day by day are due either to care
lessness or to some violation of the
common laws of the roads.
Johnson's Chill and Fe*
ver Tonic is a ONE-DAY
Cure. It cures the most
stubborn case ofFeverin
At the Socialist Convention in Ham
burg there were several remarkable
features. The most remarkable prob
ably was the ubiquitousness of the red
flag. When the 200 Socialist delegates
made their pleasure trip through the
Hamburg harbor red was the prevail
ing tone all over the shipping and on
shore. The longshoremen and steve
dores waved red handkerchiefs, and
one enterprising caulker, as the
steamer with the excursionists drew
near his vessel, quietly painted in
huge crimson letters on the side of the
ship the legend: "Proletarians of all
Eight pence ls a pretty low rate for
coffins, yet this is what the Guardians
of the Preston Workhouse in London
have secured a four years' contract for.