Newspaper Page Text
SLEEP AFTEH EATING.
fs lt Beneficial, or Does lt Retard Diges
tion. Results of Experiments.
Advocates of the after-dinner nap.
have a powerful, and to them convinc
ing, argument, in the fact that most
animals sleep immediately after eating.
Yet the propriety of such a habit
among human beings bids fair to be an
open question for some time to come.
One authority has recently added
his mite to the collection o' statistics
upon this interesting subject by mak
ing a series of experiments upon two
persons of normal digestive abilities.
The stomachs of these two persons
were emptied a few hours after meals,
? some of which had been followed by
sleep and others not, and the contents,
The? normal stomach acts upon its
contents by churning them about, and
in this manner ?abjecting every parti
cle to the action of the digestive fluids.
The above mentioned investigator
found, as the result of his experiment,
that the constant effect of sleep is to
weaken the churning movements of
the stomach, while the acid quality of
the digestive juices is at the same time
On the other hand, he found-what
is quite as interesting-that simple re
pose in a horizontal position stimu
lated the motions of the stomach wlth
' out increasing the acidity of its juices.
The conclusion reached by this ex
perimenter was that while a recumbent
position after eating is not to be re
garded as harmful, one should be cau
tious about sleeping directly after a
meal. Especially should this caution
be observed in cases where there ls an
overacidity of the digestive fluids.
When all is said, however, the above
experiment proves little more than
that in such matters each person Is a
law unto himself; that the after-dinner
nap differs in no respect from other
habits, which can be indulged in with
impunity by some, while they work
havoc with the health and happiness
of others. Rest after eating is cer
tainly beneficial, both from a rational
*>nd a physiological standpoint.
Whether sleep can be advantageously
indulged in is a question that must be
determined by the Individual himself
by careful experiment.
Malaria In Central Asia.
Great ravages are being caused by
the dreaded malaria among the popu
lation of Tashkend, Central Asia, es
pecially in the Aclatic quarter of the
town, the inhabitants of which are
said to be dying like flies. It seems a
worse malady even than the cholera
because a visitation of the latter ls of
a limited duration, and after having
destroyed-its quota of victims, passes
away^ leaving the survivors with un
impaired constitutions. Malaria, how
ever, has been prevalent for the last
four years, and while causing a heavy
mortality estimated at several thou
. sands leaves the survivors heavily
physically exhausted, broken in health
.and incapacitated for work. It is al
most impossible to cope with the di
sease. At Merv, for example, the most
stringent and radical measures have
been taken to stamp out the malady,
but without success, and it has been
found necessary to transfer the Rus
sian garrison of that town to Krasno
vodsk, in order to preserve it from
The young man, as he passes
through life, advances through a long
line of tempters ranged on either, side
-ol-him;- -aad thc-inevit^te-^ct-ot
yielding, is degradation in a greater
or less degree. Contact with -them
tends to draw away from him some:
. portion of the divine element with
which nis nature ls charged; ano his
only mode of resisting them Is to utter
and act out his "No"' manfully and
resolutely. He must decide at once;
not waiting to deliberate and balan?a
reasons; for youth, like "the woman
who deliberates," is lost. Temptation
will come to try the young man's
strength; and once yielded to, tho
power to resist grows weaker and
weaker. Yield once, and a portion of
virtue has gone. Resist manfully, and
the first decision will give strength for
life; repeated, it will become a habit.
It is good habits which insinuate them
selves into the thousand inconsiderable
acts of life, that really constitute by
far the greater part of man's moral
Reputations Made in a Day
Are precious scarce. Time tries the worth of
a man or medicine. Hostetter's Stomach
Bitters is a forty-five years' growth, and like
those hardy lichens that garnish the crevices
of Alaska's rocks, it flourishes perennially
and its reputation has as Arm a base as the
rocks themselves. No medicine is more high
ly regarded as a remedy for fever and ague,
bilious remittent, constipation, liver and kid
ney disorders, nervousness and rheumatism.
Some people are like nails. They have to be
thumped on the head to make them go
Chew Star Tobacco-The Best.
Smoke Sledge Cigarettes.
The newer a man's watch the oftener he has
to consult it.
Deafness Cannot Be Cured
by local applications, as they cannot reach the
diseased port?vu of tho ear. There is only one
way to cure deafness, and that isby constitu
tional remedies. Deafness is caused by an in
flamed condition of the mucous lining of the
Eustachian Tube. When this tube gets in
flamed you have a rumbling sound or imper
fect hearing, and when it is entirely closed
Deafness is the result, and unless the inflam
mation can be taken out and this tube re
stored to its normal condition, hearing will be
destroyed forever. Nine cases out of ten aro
caused by catarrh, which is nothing but an in
flamed condition of the mucous surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dollars for any
case of Deafness (caused by catarrh) that can
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send
for circulars, free.
F. J. CHENEY & Co., Toledo, 0.
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are tho best.
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for children
teething, softens the gums, reduces inflamma
tion, allays pain, cures wind colic. 25c. a bottle
I have found Piso's Cure for Consumption
an unfailing medicine.-F. R. L?TZ, 1?05 Scott
St, Covington, Hy., Oct 1, 1894.
-Caused Croat Suffsring-A Y/o'.l
Man Slnco Taking Hood's.
' "I was afflicted with rheumatism and
have been a great sufferer with this dis
ease and also with stomach and heart
troubles, but thanks to Hood's Sarsapa
rilla I 3m now a well man. My wlfo has
been cured of kidney disoaso by Hood's
Sarsaparilla." Aro. ScnnEixza/317 West
69th Street, Now York, N. Y.
Istho best-in fact tho Ono True Blood Purlfler
Hood's Pills cure all liver llb. 25 cents.
ft are Property. Repre
' sent Wealth. Can be
Sold. Are Assignable.
INVENT improvements in tools, implements,
household articles, etc. Write F. H. APPLE
MAN, Patent Lawyer, Warder Bldg., Wash
lngtoa. D.C. Ifree circular and adTlce. Low fees.
OPIUM, MORPHINE, WHISKEY, CO
ca-n:-. Tobacco and Snuff-Oippinc Habits
permanently cured by HARMLESS HOME
TREATMENT. My book, oontalnlcg full Infor
mation. maUed free. DR. J. C. HOFFMAN.
Boom 4 Isabella Building, Chicago, III.
BA ? Business College, Lo ilsviiio. Ky.
JL \ SUPERIOR ADVANTAGES.
? ** w. BooK-KEErrxo, SHORTHAND AND
TSLSQBAPHT. Beautiful Catalogue Free.
io F l SO 'S ' CUR ? TOR N
UURES WHERE ALL ELSE rAILS. "
I Beet Cough Syrup. Tastes Good, uso
in time. Sold 07 drucpriats.
(f* . .CO N S U M PT IO N
O?B BUDGET OF HUMOR
LAUGHTER-PROVOKING STORIES FOR
LOVERS OF FUN.
Patter, Patter-A Palpable Distinction-A
Good Thing-The Criterion-The New
Addition - Daring tho Honeymoon
His Stirring Appeal-Tho Reason, Rte.
The frost has picked the burry locks that
held the forest's yield,
And posing in their velvet nooks the fruit
age is revealed,
And now I hear, as winds do sweep the
chestnut's swaying top,
The patter of the nuts os on tho fallen
leaves they drop.
Another gusti and now, the burnished nug
gets raining down.
I feel youth's thrilling ecstasy from feet to
And eke its trepidation, as I hear, to blight
The patter of the farmer's feet as he comes
A Palpable Distinction.
"Miss Highstopper is not a very
courteous young woman."
. "No; but aren't her society manners
The Professor-"Is he so very clev
The Bicycliste-"Wonderfully so!
He can mend any old kind of punc
Teacher-"Who knows why Colum
bus spent so many years in going from
one European Court to another?"
Pupil-"Ho was looking for an
The New Addition.
"Owing to tho recent increase in my
family, I have had to tuke a new
"Boy or girl?"
A Good Thli.g.
Hewitt-"How is that hair restor
Jowett-"Great. My wife can't
pull my hair out fast enough to keep
up with it."-New York Journal.
What Saved Him.
The policeman collared the scorcher.
"Here!" he exclaimed, "you bloody
Hello, you ride the same make of
wheel I do. You'd better pump up
that front tire a little, it's too soft."
Son-"Papa, what is a countess?'
Father-"A countess, my boy, is
the wife of a count."
Son (after a little thinking)-"Then
is a governess the wife of a Gover
Daring the Honeymoon.
Mabel (in her new riding habit)
"Do you think I look pretty in this
Tom-"My dear, you have a habit
of looking pretty at all times."-Chi
Consider the Poor mother.
Mrs. Bigg-"Bennie disturbed me 1
so that I couldn't take my nap this
Mr. Bigg-"Pretty noisy, was he?"
Mrs. Bigg-"No; he was so quiet
that I just knew he was sick."
Nows From Klondike.
Collins, tho Crook-"Here's an ac
count 'f a feller wot took eighty ounces
of gold out 'n\one pooket, in Alasky. "
Petey, the Piokpooket-'.'I sh'u'd
fink de fe.Ver he touched would 've
missei all dat weight out 'f hie
"The eyes of ifier world," said-the
orator, "are upon you. Humanity
After which, he presented! tne name
of his candidate for the nomination for
village constable, and everybody
The Light That Failed.
"And, in spite of all the light that
has been brought into your lives, you
still burn missionaries?"
Tho savage was palpably confused.
"Yes," he answered, sadly; "I must
confess that civilization doesn't seem
to have made our cooks appreciably
A Safe Steed.
Mrs. Timidity-"You are sure this
horse is perfectly safo-there is no
danger of his running away?"
Liveryman-"No, indeed, ma'am!
Why, we call him 'Lord Nelson.' "
Mrs. Timidity-"That is a very
funny name for a horse. Why do you
call him so?"
Liveryman-"Because 'he would
rather die than run.' "-Judge.
Power of "Words.
The King of Dahomey knit his
brows and was at no pains to conceal
"Think you the amazons will obey
when we give them the word?" he de
"Possibly, if you make it tho last
word," answered the chief of staff who
had not dwelt with women all these
years for nothing.-New York Jour
Horses Were Not Fed.
A boy out of breath rushed into
the office of Woodruff M. Vance, agent
of the Society for Prevention of Cruelty
to Animals at Morristown, Penn., and
informed him that there was a car load
of horses at the freight station of the
D., L. and W. Railroad which had not
been fed or watered for three days.
Would the agent investigate the case?
Hastily putting on his coat Mr. Vance
left the office, full of indignation at
the act aud sympathy for the suffering
animals. On his way he met Senator
John B. Vreeland and J. Frank Lind
say, editor of the Chronicle, to each;
of whom he related the story, and
induced them to accompany him on
the humane mission. Arriving at
their destination they marched up to
Superintendent Carr und denounced
him in n severe manner for the shame
ful treatment of the horses.
Mr. Carr was thunderstruck with
amazement. "What do you mean?"
ho finally gasped.
"Whr,t do you mean? Why, how
could you let that car load of horses
stand three days without water or
food? Show thom to us and let ns
minister to their needs."
A light dawned upon Mr. Carr.
"Come with me," he said. Ho led
the men into the freight yard and
without a word pointed out a lot of
inanimate wooden horses which an
enterprising caron ssel proprietor had
shipped in. Tho victims are now look
ing for tho joker who sent the boy to
Mr. Vance.-Philadelphia Press.
Neither Would Alo^e.
Some time ago the Grand Junction
Canal at Berkhampstead, England,
upon which large quantities of perish
able freight are conveyed to the Lon
don markets, was blocked for twenty
six hours beeaus'e two boats got into
the lock at the same time, and neither
one would back out. More than fifty
boats were blocked before the canal
anlkoritiesN?ompelled one of ?^^ap
tains to givoXin, ^ >- '?j??k^PLV
Weight of Boilers.
In many sections of the countr
rollers used in laying down new
adam, andj in repairing, are eni
'too light. They only snccee
'smoothing the surface through th
!of clay or other "binding matei
?The weight of the roller on the
5ng surface, in order to get the
Vesults, should be, per square inc
! oast equal? to the expected weight
?sanare inch, under the wheels o
On the principle that the greati
ways includes the less, good i
naturally imply a clean as well
smooth and durable surface,
sometimes' the only step that ca
taken toward better roads is to
keep the poor ones clean, and a
road that is clean js not quite so
as one that is not, and more or
covered with refuse. In New 3
for a year or two, the streets, poe
they are for the most part, have 1
kept remarkably clean, and since
happened it is said that the den
for rubber overshoes has mater
'decreased there. In towns and ir
country, if live stock were kept of
highways and properly confined,
roads would be much cleaner,
farmer could do away with nearl;
his expensive fencing, and trave
would be far more agreeable.
There is one fault frequently (
xnitted in the use of the road mach
'there is on insufficient escape allo
for water. Those who operate
Imachines objeot to being bothere<
bars, or the fao-ealled "thank j
marms." So these are not being
in their places as they should be.
If there is a short sag to be fil
it can probably be done from mat?
at the sides by using drag sorap
then dress up with a road machine
if the soil is a stiff clay or muck, 1
on gravel, rock, shale or sand, if t
are available. If not, the emba
ment should be raised to an e:
height to give a quiok drainage.
The worst feature in the worki"ja
the roads is that they are made
gutters of the county.
The ditoh on tue upper side of
road gathers all the water from
fields above the road and carry it
the foot of the hill; the ditch on
lower side gathers all the water ct
ing from the road, and between
two our road systems arp being wasl
Drainage can and should be prc
ded to get .the water outside of
ro?,d limits at short intervals. Wa
is a poor road material. Keep it fr
getting on the roads where possil
-Kenyon (Mich.) Leader.
Froflt In Oood Hoad Taxes.
The hill tax is produced by mun:
roads in straight lines over hills ii
mountains with grades of ten to
teen feet in one hundred, instead
following valleys, skirting hills a
making gradual winding aseen .o. kei
ing as close as possible to a ?our ]
The square corner tax is comm
on tho prairies and in level dis trie
It consists in traveling, for instan
seven miles north, and then sev
miles east to reach a point that is I
ten miles northeast in a straight Iii
In such a case forty per cent, ef *
actual distance is added. T'
age distance added in f
tween any tw
country is t.? i^c
The mud tax ia du? to _D w
roads insufficiently drained, and ge
orally "repaired" by having the so
stones and earth from the gutte
-^rownjpn them on.cejwyeaf-ivnen?o;
taxes are being worked out.
The fence tax arises from the tim
material and expense of erecting ai
maintaining unnecessary fences.
Tho snowdrift tax follows on tl
heels of the fence tax, fences servil
as obstructions to cause the formath
Tho waste land tax comes from tl
loss of good, unused land left on tl
roadside outside the fences.
The wagon wheel tax is caused 1
the use of vehicles having narro
tires, with rear wheels following :
the track of the front pair, and therel
always tending to cut up the road su
The good roads tax is the profit ai
cruing to the farmers and all othi
persons using tho roads from the r
moval of tho above self-imposed taxe
-L. A. W. _
Prosperity travels on good roads.
Good roads are highway morality.
Bad roads mean dreary isolation fe
months every year.
California has passed a law requii
ing the use of wide tires after Januar
The citizens of Orleans, Ind., hav
just voted $16, OOO for the constructio
of thirty miles of gravel roads.
Thirty-six miles of turnpike roac
thoroughly drained, are to be cor
structed at once in Felton, Minn.
Eoad repairing is all right, but :
should be preceded by road building
"Repairing" a mud hole will neve
make a road of it.
Rural postal delivery is popular an
is likely to come, but it will depen
for its efficiency and extension on bet
ter roads than now exist in most part
of the country.
The Merchants' Exchange of Oal
land, Cal., has decided to take hoi
with a will and help the Street Com
mission in its labor of getting goo
roads for that city.
Three years ago the death rate i:
New York City was twenty-six pe
thousand. Since the streets have bee;
kept clean it has fallen, and for th
first six months of the present year i
was under twenty per thousand.
The Founder of New York.
In a letter sent by the mayor o
New York some -time ago in answe:
to a request from Vienna, Austria, fo:
the name of the founder of the city
the following statement is made:
"All authorities agree that Pete:
Minuit, concerning whose nationality
there is a difference of opinion, arrive'
in New Netherlands on the Sea Gull
Skipper Tienpont commanding, oi
May 4, 1623. He was a director o
,the newly formed and powerful Dutcl
India Company. There is also no dif
terence of opinion that it was the re
doubtable Peter who purchasec
Manhattan Island from the Indiani
and founded in the same year. 1G23
New Amsterdam. New Amsterdan
afterward became New York. If th?
city ever erects a monument ir
memory of ' its founder, Peter Minuii
will como in for that honor.
A Stamp That Represents 85000.
Of the 250 United States stamps
which have been issued, the values
have ranged from one cent to $5000.
Five dollars is the highest value
among postage stamps, but newspapei
stamps reach the hundred dollar mark,
Iwhile a revenue stamp may represenl
i A NOTED INDIAN SLAYER.
A MONTANA MAN HAS MADE FORTY
REDSKINS BITE THE DUST.
Ho Killed Seven in a Singlo Combat and !
Five In Another-li?tes AU Indians j
Because a Favorite Brother Was Slain
hy Them-Wiry Lewis Wctzel's Career.
"Lewis Wetzel, who lived in tho
western part of Virginia, became not
ed as an Indian fighter previous to
and during the Revolutionary "War,"
remarked an old-timer, who was in a
reminiscent mood yesterday. "He
was a large, wiry, athletic man, who
became an Indian hunter because In
dians had killed all his nearest kindred
in their raids into tho settlements of
western Virginia. He possessed a
frame, that it seemed impossible to
tire, and he was considered the best
shot with a rifle in all that country.
He killed Indians out of pure revenge,
and he not only killed them when on
the warpath, but whenever he could
engage with them. Ho could load L;s
rifle running, and, therefore, .was a
dangerous antagonist. Ho was one
of the few men of the West who could
fire at the edge of a knife and cut the
bullet in two every timo at a distance
of ten yards, He enjoyed his prowess,
and when in tho settlements he was a
companionable man, but hunting In
dians he was morose and disagreeable,
and much preferred to be alone. It is
said that he even killed Indian women
and children, and it is well known
that he killed Indians who were am
bassadors to the whites on peaceful
errands. If he ever saw an Indian
that he did not kill it has not been re
corded. In tho upper Ohio River
country his name has been handed
down from father to sou, and many
exploits have been told of him which
never appeared iu print. There is a
oounty in West Virginia named after
him, and romances have been written
whose heroes have his character.
"Montana has a man now living
whose career has been something like
that of Wetzel. He has not probably
killed as many Indians, but that has
not been his fault. He is said to havo
slain at least forty redskins, aud he
has not been particular what tribe they
belonged to or where they were. He
has taken as great risks in killing In
dians as Wetzel ever did. The reason
of his hatred for the whole Indian
race was tho killing of a favorite
brother in a family of seven or eight
boys by Piegans. He was a good shot,
and used a Winchester rifle instead of
the old muzzle-loading Hint-lock rifle
that Wetzel carried. Ho is David
Wareham, of Fergus County.
"I have heard accounts of but two
of the^battles, but no doubt a history
of others would be just as interesting.
He encountered five bucks, evidently
on tho warpath, or a horse stealing ex
pedition. He had not his gun with
him, but he went home, which was
not far off, and returned -with it. He
sought a good spot aud began firing.
The Indians made fight,but he dropped
them so fast that two started to run .
away, but he was too swift for the~
even, and every one was killed.
"Another time he and apilgri
camping out, and in the ni'
dians stole both thp;
followed the T1 "
did not pf
. ?amp. War
^> a pet, and whinnied
i, scented its master. The In
. did not awake, and both horses
..ere taken away. They could not
? get . their own saddles, but got
.ywo old Indian saddles, as be- <
ing better than riding bareback.
Then they stampeded ^ ths Indian.
Benton. Passing a narrow canon,
Wareham told his companion to hurry
along with tho horses as fast as ho
could and he would wait for the In
dians, seven in number, whom they
had seen coming afar off, He con
cealed himself as well as he could and
awaited their coming. When the bat
tle was over the seven Indians had be
come good Indians, and Wareham had
not a single scratch. After resting his
horse he overtook his companion, who
was nearly scared tj death and almost
worn out with the old saddle. They
rested, not fearing any danger, and
rode leisurely into Fort Benton, where
they sold their stock and remained
until they had recruited. Itis related
that neither wa: able to sit down for a
week after arriving in the town.
"Wareham, even to this day, when
he sees an Indian, fires up, gnashes
his teeth, and regrets that he has not
his gun with him. He has never
killed any women or children, but
those who know him best are certain
that few Tidians have ever met him
on the t-^113 aQd ?ono away alive.
He is no;? in the vigor of life, between
forty-five and fifty yecrs old, and is
regarded by all his neighbors as ono
of the State's best citizens. But he
can't conceal, and doesn't try to con
ceal, his extreme hatred of all In
dians."-Helena (Montana) Indepen
It is rumored, according to the
Westminster Gazette, that before long
glass umbrellas will be in general use
-ihat is, umbrellas covered with the
new spun glass cloth. These, of
course, will afford no protection from
the rays of the sun, but they will pos
sess one obvious advantage, namely,
that they can be held in front of the
face when meeting the wind and rain,
and at the same time the user will be
able to see that he does not run into
unoffending individuals or lamp posts.
But what say the lovers-the seaside
holiday lovers-who are to be seen on
every beach round the coast, with
their backs to the cliff or a handy
boat, an unfurled old-style umbrella'
in front of them, leaving nothing to
the gaze of the inquisitivo save tho
soles of their four shoes? Surely
they will, revolt against the innova
A Frenchman, M. Cachot, has solved
the problem of using the web of the
spider, by turning it into the finest
silk of a beautiful and fairy fineness.
He has contrived a delicate little
machine, containing a number''of tiny
bobbins which aro made to revolve
continuously by light running gear.
The end of the web is caught while
it is still attached to the spider, and
the little machine is set in motion.
The spider does not seem to mind hav
ing his web pulled off, and the move
ment is continued until he has com
pletely surrendered his shining struc
ture. It is then released, put aside
and fed until it has recuperated its
powers, and a fresh spider is attached
! to the gear. M. Cachot is advertising
j for spiders.
A West Afric: king has just had an
, umbrella mad? for him twenty-one
j feet in diameter. When he use this
' umbrella, whioh opena and ?doses in
j the usual way, itis fixed in the ?round,
and thero is room underneath it for
j the king and thirty guests to take
Finer Than Silk.
Chanco for a IU ?gu.
; GOOD ROADS NOTES.
Good Boads and Population.
The drift of population is from the
country to town and from town to city.
Great cities are a danger to civiliza
tion. Nothing will equalize the con
ditions of town and country so well as
easy communication between them.
This is possible only through roads
that are good all the year round.
Road Instruction In Schools.
Competent instruction in road-build
ing and the economics of transporta
tion has been urged upon our colleges
and higher institutions of learning,
and is provided by some of them; but
why not begin farther back and teach
something of the economic value of
good highways in the public Bchools?
Every pupil can understand something
of the fundamental principles involved,
because of his practical acquaintance
with the subject. In a few years tho
influence of a vast number would be
-thrown naturally on the side of per
manent highways, and the Good Roads
problem would be solved. Then, too,
this instruction would make easier
other instruction now so sadly needed
on economic subjects.-L. A. W. Bul
Efllclency of Wide Tires.
The importance of wide tires for ve
hicles is not sufficiently realized.
They save expensive stone roads from
being worn into ruts, out up and
ruined, and .they improve dirt roads
by wearing them down to a smooth
surface. Experiments show that a
loaded wagon with two-inch tires will
soon form bad and deep ruts in a dirt
road, while the samo load on a wagon
with four or five-inch tires will roll a
compact surface. The power required
to haul the load in the latter case is
reduced by one-half.
In Michigan one-quarter of the as
sessed highway taxes are remitted to
those who use wagons with tires of
three and one-half inches or over for
loads of 800 pounds and upwards.
In Providence, E. L, the following
widths of tires are required by ordin
FOR FOUn-WHEELED VEHICLES.
Weight inclad- Tires
ing Wagon. must be
Iii to 2 tons.2 Inches
2 " 3 " ._.3 ?'
3 "5 .4 "
6 " 6 " ;.6tf '?
6ormore" .8 "
FOB TWO-WHEELED VEHICLES.
1 to two toDS. s Inches
2 or moro tons.4 "
Effects of Good Itonds In New Jersey.
Pennsylvania pays a tribute to a
3ister State through the columns of
the Philadelphia Press, when ? savs
that New Jersey "in SOUK
surpasses all its sisters ?
civilization. It was the
still the foremost in the
movement. It has
road law, and is
hard ' ? . Huad
rn- . ^ower with
es, and makes
.nd inviting as
; . .. tau?a?'
doon have universal free
.ne toll roads that still exist
", southern and western portions
oi the State are to bo done away with.
The last Legislature passed a law
providing for the appraisement and
condemnation of toll turnpikes and
their conversion into free roads.
Sihco the good roads of New Jersey
?have oo'me to form such a network it
?.has be?n interesting to note howmany
Fe, new road houses built, and way
iside booths erected, while farmers and
'others have opened then* houses to
dispense refreshments to wheelmen
and other tourists. Travel has im
mensely increased in districts that
were formerly well-nigh deserted, and
considerable money has been spent by
travelers in localities where it was a
boon to the inhabitants.
Smooth Surface and Trafile.
The increase of efficiency in vehicles
having a smooth surface on which to
travel is ,yory great. Perfect rails are
a necessity for the steam eugine, and a
smooth road-bed is essential if a high
speed is to be obtained. The motor car
riage, which has already become an es
tablished fact abroad, depends for its
efficiency on good road surface. The
bicyclo gains enormously in ease of
propulsion, in speed, and in adapta
bility to new fields of usefulness by
having good roads. About these three
there is no dispute, but it seems neces
sary to prove by argument, illustration
and statistics that carriages, wagons,
trucks, carts and all other vehicles,
are equally benefited by a smooth
The steel ball in a bicycle is worth
less unless it has a perfect surface on
which to ruu. A well lubricated axle
is an essential,but will not ensure easy
propulsion if road-bed is rough and
stony. The efficiency of every horse
drawn vohiclo is more than doubled on
good roads as compared with our
average highways; the strength and vi
tality "of the horse aro conserved, wear
and tear on vehicles reduced, and time
saved when often it is ready money.
The load that can be drawn must be
regulated by the worst or steepest
portion of the road. When grain was
to be shipped to the starving in India,
delay was caused by the condition of
the roads being so bad that the farm
ers could not reach tho railroads
All classes feet the benefits, which
are mutual between rural and urban
residents. Tho saving in time and
money to the farmer is not surpassed
by the improvement he secures in
social and educational advantages,
due to uniformly easy means of inter
communication for himself and family
with neighbors, school and church.
The merchants in towns and cities
which aro good road centres get in
creased trade, and the people have
new avenues for recreation opened to
them. The pleasures and possibilities
of the tourist are indefinitely in
creased. Let all classes pull together
and make our highways tho basis of
renewed prosperity, better understand
ing, and closer relationship between
nil classes.-L. A. W. Bulletin.
Cat Forages For Itscif.
'Squire Meltons, of Sunbury, Penn.,
whose cat caught twenty-eight chip
munks, one snake and a rabbit during
the last Season, was regarded as the
winner in its class until the record of
the cat belonging to M. E. Bitenbouse,
of Briar Creek, vas recorded.
This sprightly cat one day recently
caught a quail for breakfast, a red
squirrel for dinner and a frog for sup
per, and during the year killed numer
ous minks and skunk?, and is one of
the best rat-catchers in the county.
New York Press.
A Fouv-Mllllon-DoHnr Craft.
' The French cruiser Jeanne d'Arc is
estimated to have cost about $4,000,
000, of which perhaps $2,000,000 was
tor auxiliary fittings, such as armor,
gun mountings and meehan ?gp. tor
pedo gear aud special fitting,
WORDS OF WISDOM.
Cares are comforts; such, by heaven
designed, he that has none must make
them-or be wretched.-Young.
A beautiful woman pleases the eye,
a good woman pleases the heart; one
is a jewel, the other a treasure.-Na
Brooding over trouble is like sur
rounding one's self" with a fog; it
magnifies all the objects seen through
it. Occupation of tie mind prevents
The only faith that wears well and
holds its color in all weather is that
which is woven of conviction and set
with the sharp mordant of experience.
-J. R. Lowell.
The heaviest words in our language
are the two briefest ones, yes and
no. One stands for the surrender of
will, the other for denial; one for
gratification, the other for character.'
-Theodore T. Munger.
Silence is, in truth, tho attribute of
God, and those who seek Him from
that side invariably learn that medita
tion is not the dream, but the reality
of life; not its illusion, but its truth;
not its weakness, but its strength.
J Tho new dignity that comes to hu
man life by regarding it in its true re
lation to the divine is a significant
factor in its transformation. It lifts
it from selfishness to service, from
the passivity of desiring to be helped
to the noble activity of desiring to
These glimpses into the inner re
gions of a great soul do one good.
Contact of this k:.nd strengthens, re
stores, refreshes. Courage returns
as we gazo. When wo seo what has
been, we doubt no more that it can bo
again. At tho sight of a man we; too,
say to ourselves, let us also be men.
If you wish to be miserable you1
must think about yourself, about what
you want, what you like, what respect
people ought to pay you, and then to
you nothing will be pure. You will
spoil everything you touch, you will
make sin and misery for yourself out
of everything which God sends you;
will be as wretched as you choose.
Take up your duty, whatever you
can do to make the world more bright
and good. Do whatever you can to
help every struggling soul, to add
strength to any staggering- cause-the
poor, sick man who is by you; the
poor, wronged man whom you with
your influence can vindicate; the poor
boy in your shop that you may set
with new hopo upon tho road of life
Ahat is already begiuning to look dark.
. him. You know your duty. No
.;. ^ver looked for it and did not find
Tho IiUrst Cotton Mill.
Jeveral different towns in tho United
otates claim tho unique distinction of
having erected the first American cot
ton mill, but from the best information
that can bo obtained it seems that the
credit properly belongs to the town of
The circumstances leading up to
this discovery may bo of interest to
our readers. Some two or three years
ago Mayor Bantoul of Salem, Mass.,
was invited to Pawtucket, E. L, to at
tend the centennial exercises held at
that place in commemoration of the
opening of the famous Slater mill. In
sending out invitations to this centen
nial event the owners of the mill
claimed it to be the first establishment
of its kind ever erected in the United
States. For some feasop Mayor Kan- '
toni was unable to be present at the
exercises, but being deeply interested
in historical researches, he decided at
his leisure to investigate the claims of
the Pawtucket mill owners. This in
vestigation led to the discovery that
the old cotton mili at Beverly, Mass.,
which was burned down in 1838, had
been in operation for several years
prior to, the establishment of the mill
at Pawtucket, aud that no less a wit
ness than General Washington himself
could be cited in confirmation of the
fact. It seems that General Wash
ington, while on a tour of the New
England states in 1789, made a visit
to the old Beverly cotton mill, and was
so impressed with the novelty of tho
spectacle that he devoted several pages
of his diary to its description. This
old diary is still to bo found among
General Washington's papers.
As the researches of Mayor Bantoul
seemed to settle the matter beyond all
controversy, the residents of Beverly,
Mass., have recently caused a hand
some tablet to be erected on the site
of the old mill, commemorating the es
tablishment of the first enterprise of
its kind ever inaugurated in the United
A Loper Hero of Molokai.
We all know Father Damien, the
French priest who voluntarily forsook
the world and went to the leper island
of Molokai to labor among its popula
tion of sorrowful exiles, who wait
there, in slow-consuming misery, for
death to come and release them from
their troubles; and wo know that the
thing which he knew beforehand
would happen, did happen-that bo
became a leper himself, and died of
that horrible disease. There was still
another case of self-sacrifice, it ap
pears. I asked after "Billy" Bags-,
dale, interpreter to the parliament in
my time, a half white. He was a
brilliant young fellow and very popu
lar. As an interpreter he would have
been hard to match anywhere. He;
used to stand up in the parliament
and turn the English speeches into'
Hawaiian and the Hawaiian speeches
into English with a readiness and o
volubility that was astonishing. I
asked after him, and was told that his
prosperous career was cut short in a
sudden and unexpected way, just as
he was about to marry a beautiful
half-cast girl. He discovered by
some nearly invisible sign about' his
skin that the poison of leprosy was in
him. Tho secret was his own, and
might be kept concealed for years, but
ho would not be treacherous to the
girl that loved him; he would not
marry her to a doom Uko his. And
so he put his affairs in order and went
around to all his friends and bade
thom good-bye, and sailed in the leper
ship to Molokai. There he died tho
loathsome and lingering death that all
And one great pity of it all is that
these poor sufferers are innocent. The
leprosy does not come of sius which
they committed, but of sins committed
by their ancestors, who escaped tho
curse of leprosy!-From Mark Twain's
"Following the Equator."
Bicycle Roadside Marriages.
Mr. Stephen S. Pagenhardt and Miss
Mary Lamont McKinnon left Lonacon
ing on their wheels, presumably for
Westernport, Allegany county. About
/the samo timo Rev. C. Forrest Moore,
i Messrs. Lee Pagenhardt and James
1 Woodward loft \Vesternport on their
bicycles, The two parties met and
! dismounted, and Mr. Stephen Pagen
I hardt .-iud Miss McKinnon were mar
I ried by the roadside.-Baltimore Sun.
Odd Method Adopted to Get .lid of the
In the Southwest the railroads have
a large item of expense which finds
no place on* the books of Eastern com
panies, this being for the removal of
weeds which grow rank and luxuriant
ly between the tracks, seriously im
peding rapid running, being crushed
under the wheels and making the
tracks greasy and slippery. Various
methods have been proposed and tried
to destroy these weeds, but that finally
adopted by the Atchison, Topeka and
Santa Fe road is to burn them by
means of an oil,Came.
This burner destroys the vegetation
between the rails and over a space of
twenty-four to thirty inches outside
of them. The outfit consists of a car
made of iron, of iron shields suspended
?under the car and between the trucks,
an oil-tank car having a capacity o?
4,500 gallons and a similar oil tank
of SOO gallons capacity, strong enough
to withstand a pressure of seventy
pounds tb the square inch. This tank
?3 filled from the tank car and air pres
sure is supplied for forcing the oil to
the burners. The car, which is sixty
five feet long, is strengthened by con
necting trusses at the sides and has a
'cab sheathed with corrugated iron at
one end. The car ls intended to be
pulled over the road by a locomotive.
The shield beneath the car Is thirty
two feet long, with aprons at each side
to retain the heat and to prevent side
winds carrying the flame to one side
of the shield. The forward truck is
protected by an auxiliary shield fas
tened to the bottom of the lower arch
bars. When the fire is started the
shield is lowered to within three or
four inches of the rail, and the aprons
then slide on the ground. When cross
ing bridges the shields are lifted clear
of the rails twelve to fifteen inches by
means\ of air pressure from a supply
acting through a train of chains and
pulleys. The oil supply is also cut off
in crossing bridges, and the moment
the oil valves are closed the flame is
extinguished, and it is^ as readily re
newed when the oil valves are again
opened. The oil is directed against
the inclined under surface of the shield,
which retains sufficient heat to ignite
the oil, even after it has been shut off
for half an hour. In crossing small
culverts and cattle guards the closing
of the valve is unnecessary, as the lift
ing of the shield will carry the flame
high enough to prevent any firing of
The compressed air for forcing the
oil through the burners and for lifting
the shield is supplied by two Westing
house air pumps, these being sufficient
to maintain an air pressure of seventy
pounds with four burners in use. The
amount of oil required fur each burner
is about eight gallons per niile. A light
crude oil is preferred. Only a few
minutes are required to get an effective
heat after reaching the place whero
the work is to t>o done, and after the
first few minutes no difficulty is ex
perienced from the oil dropping on the
rails and making them greasy' A gang
of four men follow close to the car to
put out all ties fired, but it is the in
tention soon to use steam jets from
the locomotive in extinguishing fired
ties. The speed with which the car
travels depends upon the kind of vege
tation to be scorched. Early in the
season, when weeds are tender and
not over five or six inches high, a
speed of four miles an hour is practi
cable, whereas if the track ls thickly
covered and matted with heavy, coarse
grass the speed must be reduced to
two miles and a half an hour. Only
-thenight bladoc of grass are consumed,
the greater part being scorched, and
while many stalks appear quite green
after the flame passes over them, in a
few days they, too, wilt and die.
One curious and unexplained fact
which has also been observed in con
nection with forest fires is that a new
kind of vegetation appears after each
burning. The cost oT operating the
car for a day of twelve hours is $50,
so that covering thirty miles a day the
average cost per mile is ?1.0G. It is
claimed the oil consumed is a compara
tively small item in the total charge,
the transfer from one part of the road
to another and the use of a locomotive
bringing it up to the sum named.
Five Important Facts.
An inch of rainfall is equal to 14,
000,000 gallons per square mile.
The average weight of an American
man is 14H pounds; of an Amer-can
woman, 12?i pounds.
The falls of Niagara carry down 10,
000,000 cubic feet of water per min
ute, equal to about 3,000,000 horse-,
Gold can be beaten 1,200 times
thinner than printing paper. One
oui?ce will cover 146 square feet.
The big trees (redwood) of Calave
ras grove, California, are 92 in num
ber, ten being ever 30 feet in diame
ter. They range in height from 150
to 237 feet and in age from 1,000 to
If It Only Helped a Little
It would be worth 50 cents. Ono hour's free
dom from tho terrible irritating Itch of tetter
is worth more than a whole box of Tetterine
costs. It will cure-sure, and it's the only thing
that will cure. flO cents at drug stores, or by
mail from J. T. Shuptrine, Savannah, Ga.
Eve did not do so bad a thing in bringing
sin into the world. Were it not for reflecting
upon other people's transgressions we should
never bo able tojippreciate properly our own
To Cure a Cold In One Day.
Tako Laxativo Bromo Quinine Tablets. AU
Druggists refund money Ii it falls tocuro. 25o
It is a mistake to say that a man is known
by the company ho keeps. Tho company he
refuses to keep apparently knows him most
Fits permanently cured. No fits or nervous
ness alter first day's uso of Dr. Kline's Great
Nerve Restorer. S- trial bolcleand treatisefree.
Du. K. II. KLINE. Ltd.. 0J1 Arch St.. Phila., Pa.
J Walter Ba
Costa If?8s than
A LETTER TO WOMEN.
A few words from Mrs. Jiz?th, of
Philadelphia, will certainly corroborate
the claim that Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound is woman's ever
lI cannot praise Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound too highly.
weeks I was in
ing with in
tion of the
had a dis
the time. >
the time, I V*
able; but as soon as I would put my
iee? on the floor, the pains would
" Every one thought it was impossi
ble for me to get welL I was paying SI
per day for doctor's visits and 75 cents
a day for medicine. I made up my mind
to try Mrs. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound. It has effected a complete cure
for me, and I have all the faith in the
world in it. What a blessing to wo
man it is!"-Mas. JENNIE L. SMITH, No
324 Kauffman St., Philadelphia, Pa. ~"
ALABAMA'S BRAVE WOMEN.
Jenifer, Ala., says: I heve
used Dr. EL A. Simmons
Liver Medicino 20 years,
and know it will cure Liver
Bowel and Stomach
Troubles. I Uko lt bet?
ter than "Black DraugbV?
or "Zeilin'B" medicine.
Children bind husband and wifo mora
closely than tho wedding ceremony Itself.
One-half of married misery is duo to tho
growing physical weakness of women, which
makes child-bearing a dreaded barden and
prevents those close relations between hus.
band and wife, without which bnppincss
cannot exist How important then is ii
that tho woman bc brou pl * to as perfect a
condition of health, of whicu she is capable,
so that she can give to her offspring out of
her abundance of life ard spirits. Dr.
Simmons Sqnaw Vino Wine will do this;
it will purify her blood, tone up her nervous
system and give her coe ra RC and assur
ance of safety to go through thc ordeal c$
Ashland,Ala., writes: Have
used Dr. M. A. Simmons
Liver Medicino 10 years
for Colds, Diarrhoea
Summer Complaint with
children. It gives better
satisfaction than "Thcd
ford's Block Draught," or
"St. Joseph's Eegulator/*
or anything we can get.
Dimness of Vision.
Incases of weak and imperfect vision,
thc causes of disease should, if possible, bo
correctly ascertained, so that they may bo
er> far as possible obviated and guarded
against Where thc trouble is functional
and arises from some constitutional de
rangement or dobility, auch as torpid liver
or inactive kidneys, producing a morbid
condition in tho organism, constitutional
treatment with Dr. BL A. Simmons Livor
Medicine will produce tho happiest results.
When caused by prolonged nursing, exces
sive sexual indulgences, abuse oz stimu
lants, the excessive uso of tho eyes on too
bright or too minute objects, too much sleep
or other circumstances which produce de
termination of blood to tho bead, Dr.
Simmons Squaw Vino Wino quickly cures.
Trees and Vines become
hardier, and their products bet
ter colored and better flavored
j when liberally treated-ttfck
fertilizers containing at least
PpCC An illustrated book which tells
r^lvEE what Potash is, and how it
, should bc used, is sent free to
all applicants. Send your address.
GERMAN KALI WORKS,
93 Nassau St., New York*
GRAVELY & MILLER, <
. . 6 DANVILLE. VA. ?
KIDS PLUC AND KIDS PLUG CUT
Save Tags and Wrappers and get valuable
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for premium list
?fr OSBORNE* "
G^u?i^o?dd mg o-ueae
A II EU ?I a. ii a. Actual basinnsv No text ?7
books. Short tims. Chimp board . So mi for cit^lrwra..
PATENT CLUSTER SCATtF F TN
Heavy Gold Plate. Ituby Centro.
Surrounded by 8 Fine UrlULinU.
Sample 15c . D. M. WATKINS & Co?
CATALOGUE Fun. _ _ Providence, li. L,
CONSUMPTION AND CATARRH
"Are result of Contracted NostriK Drvos Cannot
Cure. Bend 5Cc. for NASAL INSPIRATOR cr 5 cts..
for pamphlet to G. B. FARMED, Perth. Ont, Canada.
HU. SEXTON'S PALME I TONE cures Hw.
kidney ana eenito-urinsry troup;.-?, both ??"lea. By
mad Kr, stamp* or postal noto. Audreys DR. J. Q.
SEXTON, 117 Wost MitchoU St, Atlanta, Ga.
If afflicted with
sore eyes, use
Thompson's Eye Water
MENTION THIS PftPER!""""""0^
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