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TO TELL TREE'S ACE.
Interesting Calculation Has Been Reduced
to a Science by Experts.
If you want to know how old the
venerable oak on your lawn is you
can easily find out, but you will first
. have to cut it down and get a cross
section as near the base aa possible.
Perhaps your curiosity would not 1us
tify stich a sacrilegious use ? ,ue
woodman's axe, yet it may he none the
less interesting to learn that accord
ing to Mr. B. E. Fernow, chief of the
Forestry Division of the Agricultural
Department at Washington, the cal
culation of timber tree ages in the
temperate part of the United StateB
has been reduced to a science, and its
accuracy has been tested by thousands
m the trees referred to the wood of
the stem is laid on in sheets or lay
ers, which on a cross section appear
as so many concentric rings, one being
formed each growing season. The
rings appear as alternate narrow
bands of lighter or darker color, the
dark line, or "summer wood," occupy
ing the outer portion of one ring and
being sharply contrasted against the
highest portion of the inner, higher or
"spring wocd" part of the next ring.
These annual rings differ in width,
commonly averaging from one-eighth
of an inch to three-eighths in hard
woods and from one-twentieth to one
enghth in conifers, and cases are not
rare where a whole century's growth
of a spruce or balsam amounts to but
to or three inches on the radius of
the stem. In all young, sound and
thrifty trees, Mr. Fernow says, the
rings are laid on with the utmost reg
ularity and a cross section of a stem
furnishes not only information as to
the age of the grown section, but is
a fair indication of the life history of
tho tr?e, periods of suppression and
v thrift oeing indicated respectively by
zones of correspondingly narrow or
broad rings. In such timber the
countings along diff?rent radii always
give the same result.
In very old, slow grown trees a dif
ference may appear of from one to five
rings, which '-i not due to the inability
of the eye to oatect an extremely nar
row ring, is based on the actual ab
sence of the ring, or rings, along a
given radius, unfavorable circum
stances having led to a failure of their
regular, continuous development. A
similar irregularity has been observed
In densely shaded or otherwise stunted
timber, and also in timber injured by
coal smoke; so that a given ring, or
year's growth, was found developed
twenty' feet from the -ground, but en
tirely absent near the stump of the
To determine the age of a tree it is
desirable to make a clean, smooth cut.
Frequently a magnifying glass will be
found indespensable. Count along the
greatest radius, avoiding covered
wounds and other obstacles. Since a
seedling of white pine, for instance, is
only one foot high when five years
old, says Mr. Fernow, and since the
parts of this five-year-old seedling are
never raised upward by growth, all
growth being by the addition of new
parts, a cross section two and a haif
feet from the ground does not include
this five-year-old tree at all. So, If the
number of rings on the stump section
is 100, the real age cf the tree is not
100 years, but 100 plus about six. For
most purposes it is sufficiently near
the truth to make this allowance, but
when greater accuracy is desired, the
cut must be made level with the
ground, so as to include the seedling
stem as well.
0n.ee Was Enough.
First Boarder-"Were you here last
Second Boarder (rossly)-"Xo;tlimk
I'd be here now if I had been hero
Would Hasten the Milleninin.
If every mother's children were as
good as she thinks her neighbor's
ought to be, the millenium would
dawn as soon as the rest of us die off.
WE LABOR for that which we con
sider of the most value. If it be gold,
then we bend our energies to its acqui
tion, and wc are in the end worth jnst
what vre have heaped together, and we
may be bought or sold, ?nd for just so
much as we are worth, secured by our
own standard. We have received our
The Pursuit of Happiness.
When tho Declaration of Independence as
serted man's right to this, it enunciated an
immortal truth. The bilious sufferer is on
thc road to happiness when ho begins to ?ike
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters, tho most effi
cacious regulator of tho liver in existence.
Equally reliable is ic ia chills and fever, con
stipation, dyspepsia, rheumatism, kidney
trouble and nervousness. Use it regularly,
and not?t odd intervals.
The Archbishop of Canterbury talks of
resigning. In view of the fact that he trots a
salary of about STiO.fKX) a year, many patriotic
Americans will find it difficult to understand
bow the idea of quitting entered his head.
To Cure a Cold in One Day.
Take Laxativo Bromo Quinine Tablets. All
Druggists refund money if lt falls to euro. 25o
Tho controversy ns to whether Adam or
George Washington was thc first rt.an may
be decided in favor of Washington if it
turns out that Adam wai a Chinaman.
Chew Star Tobacco-The Best
Smoke Sledge Cigarettes.
Tho sun shines for all, but e sleeping car
porter does it for a quarter.
There is more Catarrh in'this section of the
country than all other diseases put together,
an'? until the last few years was supposed to
bc incurable. For a great many years doctors
?ironounced it a local disease and prescribed
ocal remedies, and by constantly failing to
cure with local treatment, pronounced it In
curable. Science has proved catarrh to bc a
constitutional disease and therefore requires
constitutional treatment.Hall's Catarrh ('uro,
manufactured hy F. J. Cheney ?fe Co.. Toledo,
Ohio, is tho only constitutional cure on thr.
market, lt is taken internally in dosos from
10 drops to a teaspoonful. It acts directly o.i
the blood and mucous surfaces of the system
They offer one hundred dollars for nny caso
it failsto cure. Send for circulara and testi
monials. Address F. J. CHENKY ?SC CO.,
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills aro the best.
Dyspepsia, Indigestion, cured by Taber's Pep
sin Compound. Write for free book on stomach
trouble to Dr. Taber Mfg. Co., fnvannah, Ga.
We think Piso's Curo for Consumption is
tho only medicino for Coughs.-JENNIE
PINCKARD, Springfield. His.. Oct. 1, 18M.
Troubled with Hor Stomach
Could Wot Sloop-Hood's Cured.
" About a year ago I was troublod with
my stomach and oould not eat. I was
nervous and oould not sleep at night. I
grew vory thin. I bogan taking Hood's
Sarsaparilla and am now well and strong,
nnd owo it all to Hood'f Sarsaparilla."
M.vr.Y PETERS. 90 South Union Street,
? Eochesier, N. Y. Itemombor
Is tho bost.-Tho Ono Truo Blood Purlflor.
Mood's P?!lo ara tho favorata cathartic.
GRAVELY & MILLER. ?
GOO DANViLt-E, VA. ?
Ki?SpLuc ahd KIDS pLu? CUT
TOS AC CO
Pnve Taps and Wrappers and get valuable
?iremiums. Ask your dealer, or v,rlto to us
or premium Hsr.
mm fulHio'B GAZETTE
C?rtsi ANGLO-ALASKA* CO., M ??berty fit.,K. Y,
,-HOLD FAST TO THE DREAM
Strive, 0, yo foarloss onosl
Work for life's goal,
The thing you prlzo may not lio closo at
Dark clouds may round you roll,
And Hopo scorned vollod:
Still lot tho dream of youth
Bide with your soul.
T had been a per
fect harvest day,
thc air shari) an&
braci ng, and the sky
overhead clear and
blue as a sapphire.
Sinco early morn
ing tho sun had
shone with steady
brilliance, and ibo
west was still rud
dy with its dying
glow, when the
moon rode out in queenly splendor.
But instead of yellow corn or cluster
ing sheaves, it shone to-night on long
stretches of bare stubble. A spell of
dry weather had enabled the farmers
to secure thoir grain with unusual
rapidity, and oven on the cold uplands
of Fife there was not a single sheaf of
standing corn. In "ie stackyard at
Muirodge, John CaL as stood regard
ing his handiwork with supremo satis
faction. From his youth ho hr"d
maintained his reputation of being the
best stacker in the East Neuk, and
though ho was now in his sixty-fifth
year, the row of neat stacks before him
was sufficient proof that his hand had
lost none of its cunning.
How John Cairns and his wife man
aged to scrape a living off Muiredge
was a problem often discussed among
tho farmers in the East Neuk, for be
sides being a bleak, cold-lying place,
it consisted of little more than fifty
acres. Yet they had struggled on for
well-nigh forty years, nince they had
begun life together as man and wife.
Three children had been born to
them, the eldest a daughter, who had
died in her girlhood, and two sons.
Tho elder of thc two had mad o an
early and imprudent marriage with an
out worker in the neighborhood, and
thus handicapped in the race of life,
had been forced to hire as a plowman,
from iv h ich level ho never afterward
succeeded in rising. The yoangor
son remained with his parents till his
twenty-third year, when, filled with a
burning ambition to seek his fortune
abroad, ho left his native country and
emigrated to Australia. For a few
years they heard from him at brief in
tervals, but iu the eud all communica
tion ceased, and they had not tho re
motest idea whether he still lived.
Thus in their old age John and Kir
sten Cairns Were forced to fight the
battle of life unaided, and how hard
tho struggle was at times even the
shrewdest guesser could not have
With the assistance of one hired
woman, John had brought iu and
slacked thc whole of his grain. To
night they had been working late, and
the old man, though worn out with
his long day's lal ?or, was conscious of
a strangely uplifted feeling for which
he could not account.
Ho wandered around tho yard,
counting the stacks . over and over
agaiu, and wondering if it could bc be
cause they numbered two moro than
ttsual that ho felt so much elated.
Thou remembering suddenly that
Kirsten would bo waiting supper,
he sot oil toward the steading with thc
last sheaf under nuder his arm, which,
according to a time-worn custom, he
always carried homo with him. Its
presence in thc house indicated a mild
form of harvest festival.
Kirsten was staudiug outside thc
kitchen door watching for him, an un
couth yet athletic-looking figuro in the
short gown and petticoat of tho Scot
tish peasant woman. Her face was
eager and careworn. lier shoulders
beat with much toil, and her hands
full of the restless movements of one
who never knows what it is to bs unoc
"Is that yon, John?" sho cried
across the yard.
"Aye, mistress, it's inc,-' he ans
wered book. "I've been langer o'
gettin' through than expeckit, but thc
horses, pu ir beasts, begun to fail a
wee, on'wo had to ca' awa' canny."
"Elspot brocht them in mair tuan
half an boor syne," she added. "I
gaed ower to the stable to see that they
got a bit extra fodder cfter workiu'
late; but what hae ye been aboot sin'
"Oh, I was jistleokin'roun' the yaird
to ma' sure a'thiug was rieht," he re
turned. "You should seo what bonnie
raw o' stacks wo hao, Kirsten; here's
the last sheaf, an' a thumpin' big ano
it is. I dinna min' o' ever briugin'
hame ano like it, unless ic was that
'ear oor Dave was born. Hae yo min'
o't, wumraan? "We had a grauud hairst
that 'ear! '
"Ay, I hae min' o't," she answered,
turning away abruptly. "Como awa'
in to yer supper then; it's been waitiu'
this boor au' mair."
A sparkling log fire filled the kitchen
with a ruddy glow, und when the light
fell on Kirsten's face, it was seen to
wear a strangely troubled expression.
Tho table was spread with the evening
meal, a plate of home-baked bannocks,
a bit of cheese, and a bottle of ale.
"While John hung tho shea* on a nail
above thc fireplace, Kirsten filled out
a cup of milk for herself from a jug
which stood on the dresser. Then
they sat down together, and ate their
supper by the light of tho log fire.
'Tm thinkin' we'll hao something
ower for oorsels this 'ear cfter wo pay
tho laird," began John, when he had
quaffed off a glass of ale.
"Ye've thocht that mony a timo afore,
guid man, yet we'ro aye in the auld
bit," Kirsten made answer, soberly.
"Ye're no losiu' bert, aro yo, Kirs
ten? Ye're wcel onouch, I hopo?
Ye'vo been workin' ower hard this
whilie back, I doot," ho returned in
ono breath, and in the uncertain light
of tho fire scanned her face, eagerly.
"Dinna pit yersel' aboot, John,
there's naething wrang wi' me, only a
body canna help their thochts, an'it's
gion me a sair bert this day to seo yo
tearin' on as ye've been doin' wi'hard
ly a meeuit to draw breath. I wadna
min' sae mucklo gin it was to bring
ony guid to yersel', but a' the sillor
we've slaved for this last forty years
has gone to the laird, only to help him
to cairry oot his ill ends. It's no ea*y
believin' whiles that the Lord is mind
fu' o' His ain, for the mnist o' His
mercies seem to gang whaur they're
neither worked for nor deserved."
"Hoots! wnmman, ye manna speak
like that," said John, still regarding
bis wife anxiously. She was a silont,
reserved woman, who did not often
give expression to her own though, s,
and this sudden outburst troubled him
not a little. "We've been bare eneuch
whilea, I'll grant, we're never wantit
_0F THY YOUTH "-SCHILLER. .
Timo brings roliof from pain, .
Dawn follows night,
Piro Disappointment's chain drops link by
Might yields boforo tho right,
Truth will provnll;
Hold to tho droam of youth
Day-star most bright!
J D. Billington, in Chicago Timos-He?id.
for meat an' claes, an' a roof aboon
"Ye'ro aye wearin' tho blacks yet
that ye gc* when we were first marritt,
John, an' the last new goon j had was
when Leeby dee'd, twenty:five 'ear
yne. "Wo binna even had the comfort
in oor bairns that ithor folk bao. Had
Leoby been spared, things micht hao
been different-a dochter's aye a
dochter to the end o' her days. Jock
was a saft obap frae the first, au' I
nover expeckit muckle o' him ; he had
his ain adae wi' that wife o' his an'
their seeven bairns, but oh, John! I
can never get ower oor Davo. My
halo hope was centred in him, an' I
made sure he wad bring honor an'
credit to oor name. I'd raither believe
him doid than think he'd forgotten his
foi thor an' mither! It's tho terrible
uncertainty o't a' that malt's it mair
than I can thole, an' though it's mair
than five 'ear noo sin' wo heard ony
thing o' him, my first thocht every
mornin' when I rise is, will there ony
word o' oor Dave tho day?"
"I often hae thochts myseP, Kir
sten," said John, drawing his chair
closer to bert, "an' I'vo aye the notion
that we'll heur something o' the lad
die ' afore we've dune wi' this life.
They were happy days when the bairns
wero a' aboot us, gnid wife! Whiles
when I'm workin' oot on the fields my
lane, I fin' myseP awn' back i' tho
past again, an' a' the troubles an'
changes we've haen slip clean oot o'
sieht. Dae ye min' tho day, Kirsten,
that we were mairrit doon i* tho Elie,
an' I brocht yo hame to Mnircdgo in a
cairriage? Ye were as braw that day
as ony leddy i' tho land."
"Aye, John, I min' it weel," she an
swered, and her eyes met his in a
wistful gaze. "It was tho only drivo
I ever had wi' yo, but wo'vo walkit
inony a milo thegither sin* syno."
"An' yo'vo never rued tho day yo
cam' to Muiredgo, hae ye', Kirsten?"
"No, John, I can honestly say I've
never mod. Yo'vo been a gnid man
to me, au' though I've a grudge again
thc place for gioiu' us sao little back
for a' oor toil, it wad bo Uko ruggin'
the moss frae a stone to tak' mo awa'
frao't noo. Wheesht! what na noise is
that ootside? It was umist awfu' like
a mookine drivin' up to tho hooso.
There it ?3 again, an' it's turnin' to
gaug awa' noo. I've heard toll o' sic
sonn's comiu' to fouk as warnin's."
".Dinna speak o't, woman," inter
posed John, hurriedly; then they sat
in silence for a moment, regarding
each other with anxious, troubled
looks. Suddenly tho handle of tho
outer door was turned with a sharp
click, and before they had timo to
think, a tall follow strode iuto tho kit
"Mother! Eather! Thank God,
you're ayo boro yet," ho exclaimed,
and his voice raug joyfully through tho
"John! John! it's Davo, oor Dave!"
cried Kirsten, and springing to her
feet, she stretched out her arms to her
long lost "son. John had risen also,
even before she spoke, and grasping
the hand of his son, wrung it silently,
his heart too full of gratitude to find
speech. Kirsten's face was radiant,
yet the tears wero coursing down her
"Oh, laddie, whanr hae yo been?
Our berts hae been sair for a sieht o'
ye," sho asked, scanning him from
head to foot. "Ye're weel put ou, sao
yo canna hae been ill aff--tho laird
himseP couldna look ony mab'the :'ui
"I've made my fortuno at last,
mother, though ifc has been at terri
ble cost," he answered. "Again aud
again I have been at death's door with
hunger aud sickness combined, but
thank God, for your sakes, have won
thc victory over all. It has been ns I
supposed, tho different letters I wrote
have never reached you. Being far
away iu an uncivilized place, I had to
trust them to the care of others, who
cither forgot to post them or lost them
altogether. Whenever I struck gold
my first thought was to sell out and
come home to the old country. So I
have come-a rich man-you will not
need to grind on any longer in this
poor place, for I shall keep you in
every comfort to the end of your days."
"Davie, lad, this is a great day, a
givat day!" cried thc old man, wring
ing his hand again. "I was eure
something was gauu to happen, I'd sic
a queer uplifted fcelin'; au' ye mithor
too seemed wrocht up an' oot o'
her ordin?r'. The corn's a' safe i'
the yaird, lad, an' ye've como back
jisi in time to keep the Maiden (tho
feast celebrating the ingathering, of
the corn) wi' us. See, yon der's the
last sheaf, au' as I was tellin' ycr
mither, we binna haen tho like o't sin*
the 'ear ye wer born. Yo brocht luck
wi' ye when ye come first, an'it's como
back wi' ye rgain, though it dinna
seem a weo whilie syno that at Muiv
edge, o' a' places, there wad bo mair
rejoicin' the nicht thau ony ithcr gate
i' the East Neuk."
"Aye, laddie, yo'vo mado a now
wumman o' ycr mither," broke in
Kirsten, who still hung about him, un
able to withdraw her eyes from his
face for a singlo moment. "I've been
at mony a Maiden i' my young days,
but I never felt mair like danciu' than
I dae this nicht."
' You make too much of mo, mother, "
replied her son, laying his hand fond
ly on her bowed shoulders. "Yet you
arc not any more glad to see mo back
than I am to be home. It will uot be
my doings if ever I leave you again.
Come, -et us draw in close to tho fire,
and we'll talk over all that has past,
and see what plans we can inako for
"Aye, there's mucklo to talk ower,
laddie, but somehoo it seems as if the
sieht o' yo was eneuch for me the
nicht," answered Kirsten, taking ber
old chair by tho ingle neuk. "I hi' "t
felt sac proud sin' tho day vcr faither
asked mo to bo his wife."
"We've had a wearyyokin', Kirsten,
or wc got by wi' the sawin' an' tho
hairst," added John, "but tho last
sheaf's brocht us tho luck we've
wearied for sae lang."
"Diuna say luck, John, put in Kirs
ten, with a quiet smile. "It's the
Lord's daein', blessed bo His name."
Might i'.o Spent on a Patent.
To have au invention protoctod all
over tho world it is necessary to take
out sixty-four patents in as many dif
ferent countries, the estimated cost
of which is about ?31,500,
SHOOTING TURKEYS FROM TRAINS,
Ono of tho Diversions of Jtallrondlng
Through tho Arkansas "Woods.
They do some queer things railroad
ing in Arkansas. On some of tho new
roads there tho tracks ron through a
wild country where the wide owoth cut
in tho timber for tho right of way was
the first blow to the primeval forest.
The Hosie, Pocahontas and Northern
road, which was opened only last
November, is a line of this sort. Is is
not a great trunk lino, and it boasts
of only sixteen miles of main track be
tween Hosie on tho main line of the
Kansas City, Springfield and Memphis
Eailway, aud Pocahontas on the Cur
rent River. A mixed train of one
combination baggage car and passeng
er coach aud usually a box car makes
two trips daily over the lino between
its two terminals.
Tho deep bottom land forests stretch
away on each sido of tho track, broken
only by ono or two nov/ lumber camps.
The wild turkeys have not yet learned
that civilization has laid claim to this
land, and his fall 'they often porch
oalmly on the branches of trees along
tho railway track. The traiu crews
noticed this and engineer and firemen
have a daily hunt for tho game. They
sit on their ongino boxes with their
shotguns in their hands while the
train ambles along at the easy rate of
twelve miles an hour. When they run
into tho turkey regions they fivo at
them, and if they Kill any thoy stop
the train, back up to the spot, and re
trieve the game. Tho passengers en
joy tho sport, and occasionally some
who aro going to or from a hunt join
Somo of tho older sportsmen who
wore in this country when tho Kansas
Pacific Railway was built remember
when passengers and train crews shot
gamo from -tho car windows on tho
Kansas plains, and this Arkansas
diversion recalls it to thoir mind. The
sporf. will not last long, however, as
there is no wild gamo moro wary than
tho wild turkeys. They will soon be
come acquainted with tho dangers
along tho railroad, and then railroad
ing in Arkansas will once moro drop
back to tho steady paco it holds else
where.-Kansas City Star.
Hydrophobia Without a Blto.
Tho death of Milo. Santasiero from
rabies should bo a losson to ladies who
kiss lap dogs and let them lick thoir
faces. Mlle. Santasiero is the daugh
ter of tho former chef of Queen Isa
bella, who keeps a well-known res
taurant where one can have Spanish
and Neapolitan dishes. The only
daughter, aged twenty, had a bull ter
rier named Bob, of whom she was very
fond. Bob two months ago fell ill.
His mistross nursed him and lavished
carosses on him. Ho showed his
gratitude in licking her face and
hands. Ho then ran away from her
and howled if sho went near him. Tho
poor bruto may have felt an irresisti
ble dosiro to bito, and so wanted not
to have that easy opportunity. How
ever, ho grow worso. Ho bit, some
days ago, two customers aud a man
who was furnishing ice. They
wen!; to tho Pasteur Institute,
and seem to bo doing well, but Mlle.
Santasioi-o, whoso foot ho attempted
to bite, fell ill last week. Sho thought
she had a cold, and kopt on saying:
"Bob did not bite mo." Certainly
his teeth had not pierced tho nhoo
loather. Fever supervened, and then
convulsions. Tho doctor 3aid she was
Buffering, from rabies. "When her
mother went to kiss her sho oried,
"You must not, I only kissed Bob,
and seo, I have this distemper." For
two days her convulsivo state was
dreadful. Tho third day was quiet
till just toward the end, when conges
tion supervened suddenly and sho
died. No traco of a bite could bo
found on her fo. .t or any other part of
hor body. Tho dog's saliva, it is
thought, must have been absorbed as
ho licked her faco.-Paris Telegram to
tho London Nows.
City Soon to Ho Famous.
Opon your atlas at thc map of Asia
and look for tho city wita tho long
name of Vladisvostock, on tho eastern
coast, north of Japan. A few years
ago this was ouly a little, barron strag
gling town of a fow thousand inhabi
tants, most of whom wero Chinese
fishermen, who lived in the deepest
poverty. Now it is a rapidly growing
city of moro than 20,000 inhabitants,
aud it will soon bocomo ono of tho
great ports and naval stations of the
world. Last weok tho corner stone
of the new Russian public works was
laid with great ceremony.
Tho importance of Vladisvostock
lies in tho fact that it is tho terminus
of tho trau.-;-Siberian railroad, which
will run from Russia, a distanco of
over 5000 miles, across the barren
stretches of Siberia. When complet
ed it will havo cost over 3175,000,000,
making it one of thc greatest business
onterprisos of modern times. This
railroad will givo Russia a great port
on tho Pacific Ocean and enable hor
to develop tho rich coal and iron mines
of her vast territory, all of which will .
add to tbs importance of the now city.
Vladisvostock is also well located for
a fortress, and it is expected that Rus
sia will arm it and mako it a baso of
supplies for hor ships. Two months
every year its harbor is frozon over,
hut thc Russian Government keops a
shanuel plowed through tho ice with a
?rea? ice crusher of American inven?
Ho Photographed Himself.
A Chicago man has discovered away
by which he can take a photograph of
himself. He is an ardent devotee of
tho camera, and had often been filled
with regret that, while he could take
photographs of all his friends, he had
not bcon able to do tho same for him
self. Ho tried tho plan of tying a
string to his kodak and then, standing
in front of it, pulling the shutter. But
it didn't work. Thou ho called the
mirror to his aid and succeeded beau
tifully.. Ko pulled a table up near the
mirror, sat on tho table, and then
pointed tho camera at the reflection of
his face. With nervous oxiiectatiou
he developed thc plato. It succeeded.
Tho photograph of tho reflection was
good, although a littlo blared. And
ho had apicturo of himself. Tho young
man thought of patenting the device.
But as there isn't anything to patent
ho was generous enough to give his
idea to tho world freo of chargo.
IMoro Vegetables Needed.
Only brief reports of tho interna
tional vegetarian congress recently
held in London havo reached this
country, but sufficient is known to
warrant tho assertion that tho great
work of reforming mankind by diot, as
Galen recommended, is still making
progress. Ono Madame. Valgcle re
lated that sho had boen cured of a
painful illness by restricting herself
to a vegetable diet, and another, a
Miss Maud Whitfield, affirmed that a
flesh diet causes peevishness and ill
temper and when carried to excess re
sults in cruelty aud harduesB of heart.
' COOD ROADS NOTES.
Good Honda and Popnlntlon.
The drift of population is from tho
jountry to town and from town to city,
Great cities are a clanger to civiliza
tion. Nothing will oqualizo tho con
ditions of town and country so well as
easy communication b?tween them
This is possible only through roads
that are good all the year round.
Bond Instruction in Schools.
Competent instruction in road-build
ing and the economics of transporta
tion has been urged upon our colleges
and higher institutions of learning,
and is provided by some of them; but
why not begin farthor back and teach
something of the economic valuo of
good highways in tho public schools?
Every pupil can understand something
of the fundamental principles involved,
because of his practical acquaintance
with the subject. In a few yearn the
influence of n vast number would be
thrown naturally on tho sido of per
manent highways, and the Good Roads
problem would be solved. Theu, too,
this instruction would mako easier
other instruction now so sadly needed
on economic subjects.-L. A. W. Bal
.Efficiency of Wido Tires.
The importance of wide tires for ve
hicles is not sufficiently realized.
They save expensive stone roads from
being worn into ruts, cut up and
ruined, and they improve dirt roads
by wearing thom down to a smooth
surface. Experiments show that a
loaded wagon with two-inch tires will
soon i'pim bad and deep rut3 in 'a dirt
road, while the same load on a wagon
with four or five-inch tires will roll n
compact surface. Thc power required
to haul tho load in the latter case is
reduced by one-half.
In Michigan one-quarter of tho as
sessed highway taxes aro remitted to
those who uso wagons with tires of
three aud one-half inches or over for
loads of SOO pounds aud upwards.
In Providence, E. I., tho following
widths of tires are required by ordin
FOR FOUI1-WHEELED VEHICLES.
Wt>i?!it lnelnd- Tires
In;,'Wagon, must bc
IV to 2 tons-. .2 inches
2 " 3 " .3 "
3 " 5 .4 "
5 " G " .GJ? "
Gor moro " .8 "
Ton TWO-WHEELED VEHICLES.
1 to two tons.8 inches
2 or moro tons.i "
Effects of Good Itoail* In Vow Jcrsoy.
Pennsylvania pays a tributo to a
sister State through tho columns of
tho Philadelphia Press, when it says
that Now Jersey "in some respects
surpassos all it3 sisters in essential
civilization. It was the " first and is
still tho foremost in the Good Koads
movemeut. It hn3 the best State
road law, and is going ahead convert
ing section after section of its former
sand and mud roads into smooth,
hard telford that doubles and quad
ruples a farmer's horse-power with
out increasing his stock, and makes
the State attractive and inviting as a
place of residence."
It will also soon have universal free
roads, as tho toll roads that still exist
in tho southern and western portions
of tho State arc to be dono away with.
Tho last Legislature passed a law
providing for tho appraisement and
condemnation of toll turnpikes and
their conversion into freo roads.
Since the good roads of- Now Jersey
have como to form such a network it
has been interesting to note how many
dormant country hotels have come to
lifo, now road houses built, and way
side booths erected, while farmers and
others' have opened their houses to
dispense refreshments to wheelmen
and other tourists. Travel has im
mensely increasod in districts that
were formerly well-nigh deserted, and
considerable money has been spent by
travelers iii localities where it was a
boon-to tho inhabitants.
Smooth Surfuco and Trnfflo.
The increase of efficiency in vehicles
having a smooth surface on which to
travel is very great. Perfect rails aro
a necessity for the steam engine, and a
smooth road-bed is essential if a high
speedis to bo obtained. The motor car
riage, which has already become an es
tablished fact abroad, depends for its
efficiency on good road surface. The
bicycle gains enormously in ease of
propulsion, in speod, and in adapta
bility to new fields of usefulness by
haviug good roads. About these three
there is no dispute, but it seems neces
sary to prove by argument, illustration
and statistics that carriages, wagons,
trucks, carts and all other vehicles,
aro equally benefited by a smooth
Tho steel ball in a bicycle is worth
less unless it has a perfect surface on
which to run. A well lubricated axle
is an essential,but will' not ensure easy
propulsion if road-bed is rough and
stony. The efficiency of every horso
drawii vchiclo ia more than doubled on
good roads as compared with our
.average highways; the strength and vi
tality vof the horso aro conserved, wear
and tear on vehicles reduced, and time
saved when ofton it is ready money.
The load that can bo drawn must be
regulated by tho worst or steepest
portion of tho road. When grain was
to bo shipped to the starving in India,
delay was caused by tho condition of
tho roads being so bad that tho farm
ers could not roach tho railroads
All classes feel the bonefits, which
arc mutual between rural and urbau
residents. Tho saving in time and
money to the farmer is not surpassed
by the improvement he secures in
social and educational advantages,
due to uniformly easy means of inter
communication for himself and family
with neighbors, school and church.
Tho merchants in towns and cities
which aro good road contros got in
creased trade, and tho people have
now avenues for recreation opened to
them. The pleasures and possibilities
of tho tourist are indefinitely in
creased. Lot ill classes pull together
and mako our highways tho basis of
renewed prosperity, better understand
ing, and closer relationship between
all classes.-L. A. W, Bulletin.
Cat Fornpcs For Itself.
'Squire Meltons, of Sunbury, Penn.,
whoso cat caught twenty-eight chip
munks, one snake aud a rabbit during
the last season, was regarded as the
winner iu its class until tho record of
the cat belonging to M. E. Bitenhouso,
of Briar Creek, was recorded.
This sprightly cat ono day recently
caught a quail for breakfast, a red
squirrel for dinner and a frog for sup
per, and during the year killed numer
ous minks and skunks, and ia ono of
thc best rat-catchers in tho county.
Now York Press.
A Four-Mllllon-Dollnr draft.
The French cruiser Jeaune d'Arc ls
estimated to haye cost about $4,000,
000, of which perhaps $2,000,000 was
for auxiliary fittings, such ns armor,
gun mountings and mechauism, tor
podo gear and special fitting.
WORDS OF WISDOM.
Cares are comforts; such by heaven
designed, he that has none must make
them-or be wretched.-Young.
A beautiful woman pleases the eye,
a good woman pleases the heart; ono
is a jewel, the other a'treasuro.-Na
Brooding over trouble is like sur
rounding one's self with a fog; it
magnifies all the objects seen through
it. Occupation of the mind prevents
The only faith that wears well and
holds its color in all weather is that
which is woven of conviction and sot
with tho sharp mordant of experience.
-J. B. Lowell.
The heaviest words in our language
are tho two briefest one3, yes and
no. Ono stands for tho surrender of
will, tho other for denial; one for
gratification, tho other for character.
-Theodore T. Munger.
"Silence is, in truth, the attribute of
God, and those who seek Him from
that side invariably learn that medita
tion is not tho dream, but tho reality
of lifo; not its illusion, but its truth;
not its weakness, but its strength.
James Martin eau.
Tho new dignity that comos to hu
man life by regarding it in its true ro
tation to the divine is a significant
factor in its transformation. It 'lifts
it from selfishness to service, from
the passivity of desiring to be helped
to the noble activity of desiring to
These glimpses into the innor re
gions of a great soul clo one good.
Contact of this kind strengthens, ro
stores, refreshes. Courage returns
as we gaze. When wo seo what has
been, we doubt no moro that it can bo
again. At the sight of a man wo, too,
say to ourselves, let us also bo men.
If yon wish to be miserable ycu
must think about yourself, about what
you want, what you like, what respect
peoplo ought to pay you, and then to
yon nothing will be pure. You will
spoil everything you touch, you will
make sin and misery for yourself out
of everything which God sends you;
will be as wretched as you ohoose.
Tako up your duty, whatever you
can do to make the world more bright
and good. Do whatever you can to
help overy struggling soul, to add
strength to any s;aggering cause-tho
poor, sick man who is by you; tho
poor, wronged man whom you with
your influence can vindicate; the poor
boy in your ?hop that you may set
with new hope upon the road of life
that is already beginning to look dark
to him. You know your duty. No
man over looked for it and did not find
Tho First Cotton Mill.
Several different towns in the United
States claim tho unique distinction of
having erected thc first American cot
ton mill, but from tho bost information
that can bo obtained it seems that the
credit properly belongs to tho town of
Tho circumstances leading np to
this discovery may be of interest to
our readers. Some two or three years
ago Mayor Bantoul of Salem, Mas3.,
was invited to Pawtucket, B. I., to at
tend the centennial exercises hold at
that place in commemoration of the
opening of tho famous Slater mill. In
sending out invitations to this centen
nial event the owners of the mill
claimed it to bo the firBt establishment
of its kind over erected in tho United
States. For some reason Mayor Ban
toul was unable to bo present at the
exercises, but being deeply interested
in historical researches, he decided at
his leisure to investigate tho claims of
tho Pawtucket mill owners. This in
vestigation led to the discovery that
the old cotton mill at Beverly, Mass.,
which was burned down in 1838, had
been in operation for several years
prior to, the establishment of tho mill
at Pawtucket, and that no less a wit
ness than General Washington himself
could be citod in confirmation of the
fact. It seems that General Wash
ington, while on a tour of the New
England states in 1789, made a visit
to thc old Beverly cotton mill, and was
so impressed with the novelty of tho
spoctaclo that he devoted several pages
of his diary to its description. This
old diary is still to be found among
General Washington's papers.
As tho researches of Mayor Bantoul
socmed to settle tho matter beyond all
controversy, the residents of Beverly,
Mass., havo recently caused a hand
some tablet to bo erected on tho site
of the old mill, commemorating tho es
tablishment of the first entorpriso of
its kind ever inaugurated in the United
A Leper lloro of Molokai.
Wo all know Father Damien, the
French priest who voluntarily forsook
tho world and wont to tho loper island
of Molokai to labor among its popula
tion of sorrowful exiles, who wait
there, in slow-consiiming misery, for
death to como and release them from
their troubles; and we know that tho
thing which ho knew beforehand
would happen,. did happen-that ho
becamo a lepor himself, and died of
that horrible disease. Thero was still
another case of self-sacrifice, it ap
pears. I asko l after "Billy"- Bags
dalo, interpretor to the parliament in
my time, a half white. Ho was a
brilliant young fellow and very popu
lar. As au interpreter ho would havo
been hard to match anywhere. Ho
used to stand up in tho parliament
and turn the English speeches into
Hawaiiau and the Hawaiian speeches
into English with a readiness and a
volubility that was astonishing. I
asked after him, and was told that his
prosperous career was cut short in a
sudden and unexpected way, just as
ho was about to marry a beautiful
half-cast girl. Ho discovered by
some nearly invisible 6ign about his
skin that the poison of leprosy was in
him. Tho secret was his own, and
might be kept concealed for years, but
ho would not bo treacherous to the
girl that loved him: he would not
marry her to a doom like his. And
so he put his affairs in order and went
around to all his friends and bade
them good-bye, and sailed in tho loper
ship to Molokai. Thero he died the
loathsome and lingoring death that all
And ono great pity of it all is that
theso poor sufferers aro inuocent. The
leprosy does not como of sins which
thoy committed, but of sins committed
by their ancestors, who escaped thc
curse of leprosy!-From Mark Twain't
"Following the Equator."
Bicycle KOIMIH?UO Maniacos.
Mr. Stephens. Pagenhardt and Miss
Mary Lamont McKinnon left Lonacon
ing on their wheels, presumably foi
Westernport, Allegany county. Abou
the same time Bov. C. Forrest Moore,
Messrs. Loo Pngonhardt and Jame;
Woodward left Westernport on thch
bioyolos. The two partio3 met am
dismounted, and Mr. Stephen Pagen
liardt and Miss McKinnon were mar
ried by the roadside.-Baltimore Sun
For asthma, bronchitis, croup,
no remedy so sure and so safe a
This standard remedy for cc
of the throat and lungs, ia now
half price, 50c.
VICTIMS OF COITER.
ft Is Brought On in Portions of Europe by
Drinking Snow Wateri
This valley of the ~":hone has been
quite noted for its iter victims, al
though I am ha' jy to say that,
through the increas d watchfulness of
the authorities, there now ls an abate
ment of the disease. Many different
causes are assigned to the terrible af
fliction-this enlargement of the
glands of the throat, goiter, or "big
neck," as it is sometimes called-and
even the best informed are far from
being unanimous as to its origin or
prevention. The peasants themselves
say it is brought on by the habitu?l
use of snow and glacial water. The
water is so cold it acts aa a counter
irritant, and so Inflames the throat;
but this explanation hardly holds, as
tho inhabitants of the upper regions
arts not so often afflicted as are the
people in the lower valleys. The use
of chemically impure water, especially
hard water, is given as a cause.
The experiment has been made
where the water of certain wells was
used to the exclusion of all other wa
ter. Within a short time goiter symp
toms l)egan to manifest themselves
where none had been before. Some
times this disease is epidemic. An in
stance was noted wbere in a garrison
one out of every twenty men became
afflicted. Infants are seldom born
with goiter, but after it once takes
hold the progress of the disease is very
rapid. I believe that it is rarely fatal,
but because of this enlargement of the
glands, and tho consequent disfigure
ment of the throat, it ia most repul
sive; and yet the natives are so accus
tomed to seeing it that they do not
seem to care. It probably ls simply
a source of discomfort rather than
mortification. In fact, In some por
tions of France, Italy and Switzerland
a goiter is a thing to be prized and to
be exhibited, for Its possession ex
empts a man from military service.
Young men have been known to resort
to certain wells supposed to convey
this poison to the blood that they
might evade conscription. When
Savoy was annexed to France vigor
ous measures were adopted to stamp
out if possible this hateful disease.
There was a heavy penalty fdr drink
ing the water of forbidden" wells, and
then the little children were treated
In thc hope of curing them. Lozenges
of iodine were administered, and out
of 5,000 children 2,000 were c?red,
and more would have been helped had
not the parents ignorantly opposed
the giving of the remedies. The vil
lages also were cleaned and sanitary
measures insisted upon. For, aside
from all other causes, it is quite
agreed that goiter may be transmit
ted or be sporadic. Like diphtheria,
it is a filth disease, and often has its
origin in the negligent habits of the
villagers. These peasants refuse to
live elsewhere than in the old "dor
fer" (villages), each morning going
far away to the fields, but returning
at night to their overcrowded homes,
where men, women and children, cows,
goats and donkeys dwell together
Names of Pearls.
Pearls are named according to their
size. The very large are called para
gon pear's;when thc size of a cherry,
cherry pearls; medium are called
piece pearls; smallest, dust pearls.
The oval and long are termed pear
pearls, while badly formed specimens
are known as baroques. The value of
pearls varies, of course, with the
quality and general colors, but the
piece, seed and dust pearls always
have a market price.
The cherry and paragon are se'd on
an entirely different basis. If many
fine ones are on the market at a time,
they may be had at reasonable rates.
Some years they bring almost any
price. The last two years, especially,
the dealers say, there has been a great
scarcity of fine pearls, although there
is no falling off in the supply of the
When'a pearl exceeds one karet in
weight it is sold separately. Under
that weight they are sold in parcels,
and become less valuable as they be
come smaller. Thc smallest dust
pearls collected average about 5,000
to the troy ounce, and are at present
rated at about ?9 per ounce. If, on
the contrary, one paragon weighing
an ounce (or 150 karets) was on sale,
it would bring any amount from $30,
000 to $200,000, according to quality.
How to Wash With Care.
Hard water, strong lye, or inferior
laundry soap aro responsible for the yellow
clothes peen in many households. To wash
properly, fill n tub nearly full of hot
filter, put tho white e'othes In first, rub
with Ivory Soap, scald, rinso and starch.
When dry, sprinkle and fold down over
night and iron carefully. ELIZA B. PARKT,!!.
Whitelaw's Prize Poem.
The folio wing from tho pen of White
law Heid is said tobe his masterpiece;
If I were Lemuel Ely Quigg,
(Lcm Ely Quigg! Lcm Ely Quigg!)
If I were Lemuel Ely Quigg,
I'll tell you wbat I'd do:
I'd crawl into a woodchuck hole;
(An auger bolo, a gimlet bolo!)
And pull tho bolo in, too!
Curo Corns With Physic.
Mhrht ns well try that .is to attempt th?
cure of Tetter, Eczema, Ringworm and othe;
cutaneous affections with blood medicine
Tctterino is the only absolutely safo and cer
tail) remedy. With it cure is sure. It's ai
ointment. SO cents at druggists or by mai
for 60c. in stamps from J. T. Shuptrine, Sa
When a man marries a penniless girl hi
takes her at her taco value.
Fits permanently cured. No fits or nervous
ness after first day's use of Dr. Kline's G rea
Nerve Restorer. ?2 trial bottloandtrcatisof ree
Du. R. H. KMKE, Ltd, ?lt Arch St, Phila, Pa
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for childrei
teething, softens tho gums, reduces inflomma
tlon, allays pain, eurea wind collo. 86o. a bottle
, or whooping cough, there ia
s Ayer'3 Cherry Pectoral.
?ughs, colds, and all diseases
' put up in half .size bottles at
"Have a care, oh, my daughter,"
saith tho wise woman, "how thou tak
est man at his word, when he speaketh
concerning himself. He glories in his
strength and vaunteth it before his
fellows, and most of all before thee,
but he would be handled as a frail
piece of bric-a-brac."
Reporter-"You say you lynched
that negro last night on general sus
Georgia Citizen-1 'Exactly, rah ; his
children wuz all down wita chicken
pox an' he couldn't give no satisfac
tory explanation how they caught it,
Euh."-Judge. . .
responds readily to proper fer
Larger crops, fuller ears and
larger grain are sure to result
from a liberal use of fertilizer?
containing at least 7% actual
Our books are.free to farmers.
GERMAN KALI WORKS,
$3 Nassau St., New York.
TEXAS HEROES SPEAK FLAl?LY.
Ban Antonio, TeX?
writes: In 1S?2 I had
and Periodical Con
stipation. Dr. M. A?
Simmons Liver Medi
cine curad mo then,and
1 have raised my Daugh
ter, Miss Julia Ben,
whi? e picture I send, on
lt. Some Dealers try. to
force "Zeilin'3 Regu
lator" on mo, but I al?
Flooding is always an annoying and eorno*
times a very dangerous disorder. When tho
mecstru?l discharge is natural, it is so grad'
nal that by mixing with the vaginal secre
tions it is prevented from coagulating, while
in this disease, clots are often formed.
Where there is a tendency to costiveness,
laxative doses of Dr. M. A. 81nnnon?. Liver
Medicino should be taten, and to give tono
and strength to thc pelvis ?rgano Dr. Sim?
mons Squaw Vino v.'ir.o should be nsed
continuously for weeks, to effect anemia*
Lent cure. _
Dublin, Tex., writes:
Dr. M. A. Simmons
Liver Medicino has
saved many lives in
.?.this malarial coun
-3^' try. It prevents Bil*
?'ious Malarial In
and Congestion. It
my system without
any pain, while tho
and "Black Draught"
I used caused great uneasiness in bo\vci3
and griped. I think it as far ahead of them
ca noonday ls ahead of midnight
Es caused by disordered ncrvoc" ersten?
Vitiated blood, uterine derangements, dis
placement of womb, execsaivo menstrua
tion, nnd often completely Incapacitates;
suilering women for anything except sneer
ing untold agony. Forrclicr cf paiaapply
cloths wet with hotwater to back and hips.
For permanent euro tako ena tablespoonful
Dr. Simmons Squaw Tino '?viao beforo
each meal for tbrco days before and during
tho monthly period, and each nisht during
tho period tako a dena o! Dr. M.A. Sim
mons Liver Medicino, and cure i? certain.
Koop Your Eyer, Opon. Some men fer
money wo leam ire trying todeccivotne
public with a ^reparation called "Black
Draught," telling tho pcoplo "lt's Just tho
sarnosas M. A. S.L. M. The statement is
false. tfThcro is none genuino without tho
Name, Picture and Antosrapn of Dr, ft A,
And set a
3 sticks wood
will keep Aro 21
hours and bent
room twenty ft.
Send for affi
davits where we
with 40 lbs coal.
Tho complete Business Course or tho comploto
Shorthand Courso for 825, nt
WHITE'S BUSINESS COLLEGE,
ir, K. Cain St.. ATLANTA. GA.
Complete Business nnd Shorthand Courses Com.
bined. 37.50 Per Month.
Business prn?tlco fror.i tho start. Trainod
Teachers. Course of ?tudy unexcelled. No va
oatlou. Addrcn F. li. WU ITU, Principal.
ra n", Tob?ceo and Snuff.Pippina Haidts
permanently cured by HARV:LE8S HOME
TltEATME-Vi'. My book, containing full Infor
mation, malled free. DH. J. C, HOFFMAN,
Room 1 Isabella XinllJtr.fr, Chicago, Iii.
Augusta. <;a. Actual bn*inflsx. fio text &
books. Short time. Obeap board- Send for cHalo?n?-.
axe Property. Repre
sent Wealth. Can be
Sold. Are A ssl rn nhl e.
INVENT Improvements In tools, implements,
ncmsehoid articles, etc. Write F. S. APPLE?
MAN, Patent Lawyer. Warder Bldr., Wash
ington, D. C. Free clrcnkr and advice. Low fees.
BuatneRS Collego, Louisville, Ky.
BooK-ffxEriNo, SHORTHAND AND
TELEORAI'HV. Boautlful Catalogue Freo.
I>K. SEXTON'* PALMETTONE cares Hw,
kidney and genito-arinary troubles, both wxes. By
mini W<% stamii" or postal note. Addreia DR- J. G.
SEXTON, 117 West Mitchell St, Atlanta, Ga.
MENTION THIS PIPERSS^KSSS
?? Pl SO'S'CU R ECTOR
UUHtS WntHc Ait EtSE FAILS.
?J Best Cough Sj i up. Tastes Good. TJsoU^
Efl la time, ?old by drumrlets. m