Newspaper Page Text
rpi. Oldest Savin gs
LOAN and e8t 8avln^
SAVINGS capita! i" city.
' ? * Pay? Interoit
AUGUSTA, GA, an.l Compounds
Organized 1870. CTtryflmonth'
THOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR
EDGEFIELD, S. C./fcEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1897.
VOL. LXII. NO. 46.
?Tr?I PATH ACRO!
Around ne wu ft? beauty
}*? Whloi ody snmmer yields,
The shadow of the^woodland,
The bounty ot the fields,
The gleam of shining waters,
The murmur of the sea
The varied book of Nature,
All opened wldo for mel. . .
Amid those scenes of beauty
I spied a pathway there,
All flowerless and dusty,
All hard and brown and bare.
No dainty gown "swept over,
No foot in dalliance strayed
Along the narrow limit
The tread of Toil had made.
name, a familiar
Mephistophel e a n
was her nature.
Sho had all the
nsual vices of the
feline tribe, in
cluding a double
portion of those
which men are so
fond of describing
as feminine. Vain, indolent, selfish,
with a highly cultivated taste for lux
ury and neatness in her personal ap
pearanco, she was distinguished by all
those little irritatiug habits and traits
for which nothing but an affectionate
heart-a thing conspicuous by its ab
We live in a comfortable old fash
ioned house facing the highroad, J
say we, but in fact for some months I
had been alone, and my husband had
just returned from ono of his sporting
and scientific expeditions in South
America. He had already won fame
as a naturalist, and h-id succeeded in
bringing home alive quite a variety of
beasts, usually of the reptile order,
whose extreme rarity seemed to be a
merciful provision of nature. But all
his previous triumphs were complete
ly eclipsed, I soon learned, by the
capture alive, on this last expedition,
of an abominably poisonous snake,
known to those who knew it as the
Blue Dryad, or more familiarly, in
backwoods slang, as tue "half-hour
striker," in vague reference to its
malignant and fatal qualities. This
precious reptile was destined for the
Being in extremely delicate health
at the time, I need hardly say that I
knew nothing of those grewsome de
tails until afterward. Henry (that is
my husband), after entering my room
with a robust and sunburned appear
ance that did my heart good, merely
observed-as soon as we had exchauged
greeting-that he had brought homo a
?pretty snake which "wouldn't do the
slightest harm"-an evasive assurance
which I accepted a3 became the ner
vous wife of an enthusiastic naturalist.
I believe I insisted on its not coming
into tho hou.^e. Fortunately the
weather was very hot, so that it was
decided that the Blue Dryad, wrapped
lin flannel and securely confined in a
.basket, should be left in the sun and
the farthest corner of the veranda, dur
ing the hour or so in the afternoon
when my hnsbaud had to visit the
town on business.
He had gono off with a cousin of
mine, an officer of Engineers in India,
stationed, I think, at Lahore, and
home on leave. I remember that they
were a long time, or what seemed to
me a long time, over their luncheon;
and the last remark of our guest as he
came out of the dining-room remained
in my head as even meaningless words
will run in the head of any idle in
valid shut up for the most of the day
in a silent room. What he said wa.,
in the po?itive tone of one emphasir
ing a curious aud surprising stateme"*.
"D'you know, by the way, it's the .io
animal that doesn't caro et rap for the
?cobra." And, my husband seeming
to express disbelief and a desire to
jchange the subject as t hey entered my
?boudoir, "It's a holy fact! Goes for
jit, so smart! Has the beggar on toast
before you can say 'Jack Robinson!' "
, The observation did not interest me,
but simply ran in my head. Then
,they came into my room, only for a
'few moments, as I was not to be tired.
The engineer tried to amuse Stonies,
'who was seized with such a fit of mor
tal boredom that ho transferred his at
tentions to Ruby, the Gordon setter,
.a devoted and inseparable friend of
mine, under whose charge I was short
ly left as .hey went out.
I suppose I may have been asleep
for ten minutes or so when I was
awakened by the noise of Ruby's
heavy body jumping out through the
open -window. Feeling restless and
seeing me asleep, he had imagined
.himself entitled to a short spell off
guard. Had the door not been osten
sibly latched he would have made his
way out by it, being thoroughly used
to open doors and such tricks-a ca
pacity which, in fact, proved fatal to
him. That it was unlatched I saw in
I a few moments, for the dog on his re
turn forced it open with a push and
trotted np in a disturbed manner to
my bedside. I noticed a tiny spot of
; blood on the black side of his nose,
and naturally supposed he had
scratched himself against a bush or 4
piece of wire. "Ruby," I said, "what
have you been doing?" Then he
whined as if in pain, crouching close
to my side and shaking iu every limb.
I should say that I was myself lying
with a shawl over my feet on a deep
sofa with a high back. I turned to
look at Stoffles, who was slowly per
ambulating the room, looking
for flies and other insects-her
favorite amusement - on the
wainscot. When I glanced again at
'the dog, his appearance filled me with
horror; he was standing, obviously
from pain, swaying from side to side
and breathing hard. As I watched,
his body grew more and more rigid.
With his eyes fixed on the half-open
door, he drew back as if from the ap
proach of some dreaded object, raisod
his head with a pitiful attempt at a
bark, which broke off into a stifled
howl, rolled over sideways suddenly,
and lay dead. The horrid stiffness of
th? body, almost resembling a stuffed
creature overset, made me believe that
he had died as he stood, close to my
side, perhaps meaning to defend me.
3S THE FIELDS,
But weary mon and women
At morn and ere did pass
Beside the way unshaded,
Amid the sunburnt grass;
Their step wa? slow and heavy,
Their garments bore the Boil
Of the hard world's grim work-day
They walked tho way of Tolh
So olose against our pleasure
Is the undertone of Care,
Of those who, all unsheltered!
Tho heat and burden bear, _j
And tho fair summer memory
Sweet harvest to me yieids,
Yet ever lives the picture
Of tho path across the fields! ~~
Unable to resist the unintelligible idea
that the dog had been frightened to
death, I followed the direction of his
last gaze, and at first Baw nothing!
The next moment I observed round
the corner of the veranda door a small,
dark and slender object, swaying
gently up and down like a dry bough
in the wind. It had passed right into
the room with the same slow, regular
motion before I realized what it was
and what had happened. My poor,
stupid Kuby must have nosed at the
basket on the veranda till he succeeded
somehow in opening it, and have been
bitten in return for his pains by the.
abominable beast which I now Baw
angrily rearing its head and hissing
fiercely at the dead dog within three
yards of my face.
I am not one of those women who
jump on chairs or tables when they
see a mouse, but I havo a constitu
tional horror of the most harmless
reptiles. Watching the Bluo Dryad
as it glided across the patch of sun
light streaming in from the open win
dow, and knowing what it was, I con
fess to being as nearly frightened out
of my wits as I ever hope to be. I
simply dared not speak or move a fin
ger for fear of attracting the boast's
attention to myself. Suddenly, Stof
fles, weary of patting flies and spiders
on the back, appeared gently purring
on tho back of the sofa.
Stoffles, as I have 6aid, was inordi
nately vain and self-consciouSi Stalk
ing along the top of the sofa baok and
bearing erect the bushy banner of her
magnificent tail, she looked the most
ridiculous creature imaginable. She
had proceeded half way on this pil
grimage toward mo, when suddenly,
with the rapidity of lightning, as her
ear caught the sound of tho hiss and
her eyes fell upon the Bl"^ r*rvad,
her whole civilized "play
meauor vanished, and hr
fened and contracted to t'
watchful wild beast .with
and instinctive antipat
enemy blazing from its
light bound she was on .
compressed, defensive t
all four feet close togeth?.
not too near, the unknow
hostile intruder; and to .
the snake turned and made ott towaru
the window. Stoffles trotted lightly
after, obviously interested in its
method of locomotion! Then sho
made a long arm and playfully dropped
a paw upon its tail. The snake wrig
gled free in a moment, and coiling its
whole length, some three and ft half
feet, fronted this new antagonist.
At tho very first moment, I need
hardly say, I expected that ono short
stroke of that little pointed head
against the cat's delicate body would
quickly have settled everything. But
one is apt to forget that a snake oan
move but slowly aud awkwardly over
a smooth surface, such as a tiled or
wooden floor. A snako that "darts"
when it has nothing secure to hold on
by, only overbalances itself. This par
ticular reptile, perhaps by some in
stinct, now wriggled itself onto a large
and thick fur rug about twelve feet
square, upon which avena took place
the extraordinary contest that fol
The audacity of the cat astonished
me from tho first. I have no reason
to believe she had ever seen a snake
before, yet by a sort of instinct sho
seemed to kuow exactly what she was
doing. As the Dryad raised its head,
with glittering eyes and forked tongue,
Stoffles crouched with both front paws
in the air, sparring as I had Been her
do sometimes with a large moth. The
first round passed so swiftly that mor
tal eye could hardly aee with distinct
ness what happened. The snake made
a dart, and che cat, all clawB, two
rapid blows at its advancing head.
The first missed, but tho second I
could seo came home, as the brute,
shaking its neck and head, withdrew
further into the rug. But Stoffles
crept after it, with an air of attractive
carelessness which was instantly re
warded. A full two feet of the Dryad's
body straightened like a black arrow,
and seemed to Btrike right into the
fury side of its antagonist-seemed, I
say, to alow-going human eyeu; but
the latter shrank, literally fell back,
collapsing with suoh suddenness that
she seemed to have turned herself in
side out, aud became the mere skin, of
\ cat. As the serpent recovered itself,
she pounced on it like lightning, driv
iug at least half a dozen claws well
borne, and then, apparently realizing
that she had not a good enough hold, '
3prang lightly into the air from off the ,
body, alighting about a yard off. ?
There followed a minute of sparring in
the air; the snake seemingly half \
ifraid to strike, the cat waiting on its
Now the poisonous snake when pro
voked is an irritable animal, and the
next attack of the Dryad, maddened
by the scratchings of puss and its own
unsuccessful exertions, was so furious,
?md so close to myself, that I shud
dered for the result. I could not have
left my position on the sofa without
llmost treading upon Stoffles, whose
bristling back was not a yard from my i
feet. At last, I thought-as the Blue
Dryad, for one second coiled close a*
i black silk cable, sprang out the next !,
in straight and sharp as the piston-rod
af an engine-this lump of feline vanity
ind conceit is dono for, and-I could
not help thinking-it will probably be
my turn next! Little did I appreciate
the resources of Stoffles, who without
a change in her vigilant pose, without
u wink of her fierce green eyes, sprang
backward and noward on to the top of
rae, and there confronted the enamy
calmly as ever, sitting, if you please*
upon my feet!
Trembling all Ove? with fright, I
Could not but Observe that she was
trembling, too-with rage; the last
act rapidly appro?ched, and no more
strategic catastrophe was ever seen.
For a Snak?j as everybody knows,
naturally rears its head when fight
ing; In that position, though one
may hit it with a stickj it is extremely
difficult) as this battle had shown, to
get hold of; Now, as the Dryad,
curled t? ? capit?l S, quivering and
hissing, advanced for the last time to
the charge, it was bound to strike
across the edge of the sofa on which I
lay, at the head of Stoffles, Which van
ished with a juggling celerity that
Would have dislocated the collar-bone
of any othef animal in creation. From
such att exertion the snake recovered
itself -with au obvious effort, quick
beyond question, but not nearly quick
enough: Before I could well see
that it had missed its aim, Stoffles had
launched out like a spring released,
and, burying eight or ten claws in the
back of its enemy's head, pinned it
down against the stiff cushion of the
sofa; The tail of the agonized rep
tile fiting Wildly in the ail' and flapped
on tho arched back of the imperturba
ble tigress? The whiskered muzzle of
Stoffles dropped quietly, and her
teeth met once, twice, thrice, like tho
needle and hook of a sewing machine
in the neck of tho Blue Dryad; and
when, after much deliberation, she
let it go, the beast fell into a limp
tangle on the floor;
When I saw that the thing was really
dead, I believe I must have fainted.
Coming to myself, I heard hurried
steps and voices. "Great heavens I"
my husband was Boreaming, "where
has the brute got to?" "It's ali right, "
said the engineer; "just you come and
look here, old man. Commend me to
the coolness of that cat. After the
murder of your priceless specimen,
here's Stoffle3 cleaning her fur in one
of her serenest attitudes."
From tho gland of the beast, as I
afterward learned, they oxtracted
enough poison to be the death of twenty
full grown human beings. Tightly
clasped between its minute teeth wah'
found a few long hairs, late the prop
erty of Stoffles.-G. H. Powell, in
"Animal Episodes and Studies in Sen
SCIENTIFIC AMD INDUSTRIAL
Wild birds do not sing more than
eight or ten weeks in the year;
In a year a horse will eat nine times
his own weight, so will a cow, an ox
six times and a sheep six times-.
The greatest force known to science
is. that produced by the contraction
and expansion of metals, resulting
from the action of heat and cold.
cases ot perlorauug mo ?au., ?.vi
epilepsy he kzxbv of only one perma
It has been calculated by Robert
Ball that the whole coal supply of our
planet would" barely suffice to produce
heat . *l to that which the sun dis
sipate- in one-tenth of a second.
At the beginning of a recent thunder
shower after a warm and windless day
M. Maurice Despres, of Cordova, Spain,
noticed electrified drops that cracked
faintly on touching tho ground and
emitted sparks. Tho phenomenon
lasted several seconds, Ceasing as the
ah' became moistened.
The first uso of the phonograph in
telegraphy seems to have been in Spahl ?
where receiving operators were unable
to take down rapidly enough messages
received by telephone, and repeated
into a phonograph. This repetition,
being li ear cl at th? bending end, serves
also as a control for tho correctness of
A new laboratory turbine, claiming
great steadiness, noiselessness and
economy of water, has been designed
by a German chemist, und is to be
made in Berlin by Koehler and Mar
tini. A circular pieco of wire gauze,
rotating in a thin cylindrical space, is
attached to the axle. The water jet
strikes the edge of the gauze at a
tangent, escaping by a pipe in the
center opposite the axle, and may
readily be made* to give % speed of
4000 revolutions per minute.
Professor Esohenhagen, of Potsdam,
has continued his researches on the
small variations of"the earth's magnet
ism first announced by him last year.
The most important oscillations have
a period of about thirty seconds and
occur chiefly between 0 a. m. and 6 p.
m., but on t'vo days since last October
-November 7, 189G, and February 4,
1897-shorter waves, lasting twelve or
fifteen seconds, were observed. Groups
of waves have been noticed on several
occasions. The cause of the phenom
enon is uncertain, but it is believed
to be atmospheric.
A Spelling Test.
If you can spell every word correct-1
ly in the following rhymes-all legiti
mate expressions-you may oonsider
yourself qualified to enter a spelling
Stand up, ye spellers, now and spell
Spell pbenakistoscope and knell;
Or take some simple word as chilly
Or gauger or the garden Illy.
To spell such words as syllogism,
And lachrymoso and synchronism,
And Pentateuch and saccharine
Apocrypha and celadino,
Jepnine and homeopathy,
Paralysis and chloroform.
Rhinoceros and pachyderm,
Metempsychosis, gherkins, basquo,
Is certainly no easy task.
Kaledioscope and Tennessee,
Kamtchatkn and erysipelas,
And etiquette nnd'sassafras,
In full i hie nnd pt yali? m.
Allopathy and rheumatism,
And cataclysm and boleaguor,
Twelfth, eighteenth, rendezvous, intriguer,
And hosts of other words all found
On English and on classic ground.
Thus, Boring Straits and Michaelmas,
Thermopylae, jalap, Havana,
CinquefoII and ipecacuanha,
And Rappunhannock and Shenandoah.
And Skuylkill and a thousand more,
Aro words somo primo good spellers misa
In dictionary lands like tills, ' i
Nor need one think himself n scroylo
If some of these his offorts foll,
Nor doom himself undone forever
To miss the name of either river.
Tho Dneiper, Seine or Quadalquiver.
I WORLD'S BIG(
The largest gun ever built is now
being constructed at the Bethlehem
(Penm) Iro? Works. This enormous
pieco of ordnance will weigh, when
completed, 12(5 tons, It will exceed
by six tons weight the monster gun
Which Krupp, of Germany, exhibited
at the World's Fair, in Chicago, and
in length it will be nearly fire feet
longer than the German gun.
This monster gun is being fabri
cated under the War Department. It
is the biggest order ever given to any
establishment in the world.
Tho great gun is being built under
the superintendence of John F.
Meigs, formerly a Lieutenant of the
United States army and a standard
artillery authority in this country.
With him is associated Captain E. L.
Zalinski, United States army (re
tired), The Government inspection
work is in the hands of Captain Ira
McNutt, of tho ordnance corps of the
army. All three gentlemen are on the
ground and personally see to every
detail of the immense undertaking as
Tho intention of the War Depart
ment, it is announced, is to mount tho
great piece ou a specially built.founda
tion on Borner Shoals. Tho protec
tion for this gun will be a turret,
which will wholly inclose the crew
and the greater part of the gun. From
its position on Romer Shoals the great
piece of ordnance will have ? full
sweep of the channels leading into
Nev York Harbor, There is not, it is
declared, a vessel afloat to-day with
armor of sufficient strength to resist
..... fJU -1U_
the length] from breech to muzzle;
will be forty-nine feet two inches.
Through the breech in a vertical lino
tho gun will havo a measurement of
exactly five feet. Mr. Meigs com
putes the weight of a shot for the now
gun at a little over 2300 pounds. That
means more than a ton of metal. The
heaviest shots fired in England have
not weighed over 2000 pounds.
The powder charge for tho Ameri
can gun will weigh nearly 1000 po?nd??
Provided extreme elevation for range
could be Obtained) ? Shot from the
New York Harbor prun should bo able
to travel more than sixteen miles.
The greatest known rang? ever afc
fained was from tho famous '.'jubilee
shot" in England. The distance
measured about twelvo statute miles
The United States has never before
attempted any heavier piece of ord
nance for coast defence than a twelve
inch gun. The weight of a piece of
the latter caliber is approximately
fifty tons. In the sixteen-inch gun
there is observed a jump of seventy
six tons increase in weight.
The first ingot for the new sixteen
inch gun was cast recently at Bethlee
hem. It was foi' the tube forging and
weighed 82,800 pounds, The jacket
forging is also out. It weighs OOjOOO
pounds. Under the contract mado
with the War Department the Bethle
hem works will turn out all forgings
for the great gun. The tempering and
annealing process will also Ls applied
at the Bethlehem shops. When all
the parts are out, the tube, jacket and
hoops will bo shipped to the United
States arsenal at Watervliet, West
Troy, N. Y. There they are to be as
sembled together, and the gun itself
rifled and made ready for service.
All metal used is fluid compressed.
The specifications which are being ad
hered to demand the most exacting
physical tests. Specimen pieces of
metal ore taken from all forgings, are
subjected to elongation, breaking and
bending tests, Finally every part of
tho gun must be of forged metal. The
tube, for instance, has been cast and
rough bored, it will next have a man
drel introduced through its length and
then be placed under the hammer.
For this latter stage the Bethlehem
works have the largest hammer in the
world. It is capable of delivering a
blow of 120 tons, or some ten tons
moro than the famous Krupp ham
The building of the new sixteen-inch
gun is an expensive undertaking. The
gun itself will cost abont $120,000.
For single guns the average cost to the
Government for all fortification work
in this couutry is roughly $1000 per
ton of gun.
Tho cost of the gun carriage and tur
ret will bring the cost up to as much
again as tho weapon, while the cost
for foundation will, it is estimated,
round out a grand total of at least
$300,000. The foundation for the six
teeu-inch gun will require a depth, it is
said, of fifty feet if earth be the basis.
This foundation must be constructed
For Dmr pening Clolhcu.
To dampen tho clothes before iron
ing, a Texas woman has invented a de
vice which consists of a water recep
tacle with a sponge at the bottom, to
ho attached to the nose of the iron and
wet the cloth as it slides along.
JEST CANNON I
IDAHO'S WOMAN GOVERNOR.
For Two Weeks Miss Margaret Reeve
Filled the Executive Chair.
?The news that for two weeks a
woman had filled. the executive chair
of the State of Idaho-a thing unpre
cedented in this country's history
created no end of lively comment
throughout the Northwest.
The woman is Miss Margaret Eeeve,
who for several years has held re
sponiblo places about Idaho's State
building, having for the last four years
been private secretary to the Gover
When Governor Stounenberg and
Secretary of State Lewis were called
to the northern part of the State on J
business of the greatest importance in
connection with tho State's vost do
main of white-pine timber, they were
afr their wits' end to know whom they
could safely leave in charge of State
matters during their absence, as At
torney-General McFarland had pro
ceded them from the State.
It seemed for a time the trip would
have to be postponed, or that one of
them would have to remain behind,
when Secretary of State Lewis sug
gested to the Governor that Miss
Reeve be left in charge. The Gover
nor was almost stunned by tho bold
plan, but Miss Reeve had proved her
self most efficient, being familiar with
all tho routine work in the building,
and the Governor consented to the
plan, and Miss Reeve was left at the
State houso clothed in ful1 Guberna
torial authority, which sho exercised
ESQ rr?nnij iSIIIIIiiE' I [Ini?II^n^I?tl?ilj L?ET?T^I ^rr^^tjrflrj'iH
uuuuui wi tlU^ui%nuii U1UU1?S tO Wilicll
tiley had attached their signatures,
and it was left to Miss Reeve's dis
cretion to issue them or not-requisi
tions, applications for extraditions :
from Governors of other States, and ;
many other matters. i
She sought legal advice, but tho at
MISS MARGARET REEVE.
torney informed her she must depend
upon herself, as he did not "care to be
mixed np in th* acts of any female
Governor." When the Governor re
turned he was surprised at the amount
of executivo business his fair substi
tute had turned out, and frankly ad
mitted the excellence of her judgment,
although in one instance-the case of
an application for extradition-he said
he would not have issued it until he had
given the protestants a hearing. He
has announced his determination to
defend with vigor every act of "Gov
ernor Reeve," including those quoted.
Currents In the Atlantic.
Experiments have been going on for
the past two years for the purpose of
trying to learn something of the
characteristics of the Atlantic ocean as
a great moving body of water. As a
result the whole Atlantic is shown to
be slowly circulating round and round,
like an enormous pool.
A Church Liter.illv rounded on n noch.
The tenth anniversary of the Pres
byterian Church at Waterloo, Iowa,
was celebrated a short timo ago. There
would be nothing remarkable about
CHURCH MADE FROM A ROCK.
that, only that the church is part, of a
Folid rock, having been cut out of a
big boulder ten years ago,
ELECTRIC CABS IN NEW YORK.
Horseless Vehicles HATO Become a Fix
ture lit the Big: City.
Electrio cabs, hansoms and broug
hams are a success in New York, so
ELECTBIC HANSOM USED IN NEW YOEE.
much of a success that the company
operating them has just given out an
order for 100 new vehicles. During
June, tljs first month of their opera
tion, a total number of 632 calls were
received, averaging between thirty-two
and twelve per day, carrying 1580 pas
sengers 4603 miles at rate9 similar to
the horse-cab system, and each month
since that time has seen a steady in
crease in tho service.
The best results obtained from these
vehicles show that about 1.25 horse
power is supplied for a propulsion of
2000 pounds over ordinarily level roads
at a speed of ten miles an hour. This
consumption of power is a trifle over
two and one-third times that of similar
work on rails, which indicates that the
equipment of the battery is carefully
adapted to the total weight of the vehi
cle and just sufficient for practical
traveling capacity. The maximum
weight of a battery for a hansom weigh- 1
ing 3000 pounds is 1200 pounds for a
distance of twenty-five miles at the
maximum speed of twelve miles or at
an average speed of six miles.
mate thirty miles an hour, Although it
would necessarily be made as ? rdc?ng
apparatus and not fit for street work.
Two one-and-one-half horse-power
motors, weighing 172J pounds each,
are found sufficient for a hansom, and
aro operated nt d maximum speed of
1350 revolutions per minute'.
TIio Treatment of the Hair.
Tho hair fa'ls out from various
causes. Sometimes it is because of
fevers, hui more often from debility,
or becansn there is a lack of some ele
ment iu the system which is necessary
to its healthy growth, Scientists de
clare that real, genuine' baldness--or,
a3 it was once grandiloquently termed,
"complete denudation of the crinia!
integument"-is caused by a micro
scopic creature that preys upon the
roots of the hair and deprives it of its
vitality. Then it dies and falls out,
The cause must be ascertained before
any remedy can be applied. If it l?
from weakness, take tonics and build
up the system. If any parasitio dis
ease exists, destroy the organisms and
tho hair will probably recover its
wonted vigor. As to the beneficial
effects of washing the hair, all authori
ties agree that it is much better for it
to be kept perfectly clean, Frequent
brushing is very necessary if one
would keep the hair in good order,
but the brush must not be too harsh
or more harm than good will result.
Great care should be used in the
selection of a good pomade.
Largest Cast Iron Flpo Ever Moulded.
The largest pipe ever cast was turned
out at Bessemer, near Birmingham,
Alabama, the other day, The pipe was
7"* riRST 72-INCH PIPE CAST. I
seventy-two inches in diameter on tho
inside,and seventy-six and one-quarter
inches in diameter, outside measure
ment, aud twelve feet six inches long
over all. Tho metal in it weighed 20,
000 pounds. The seventy-two-iuch
pipe was moulded for the New Orleans
& Northeastern Railroad, to be used
for culverts under their tracks. A
small river can flow through one of
these pipes. It is as large as the great
8ewersof Paris which were built of
brick and stone.
"Dead as a Door Nail."
The door nail in earlier times was
the plate of the door upon which the
old-fashioned knocker struck to
arouse the inmates of the house. As
the plate or ?ail was struck many more
times than any other, it was assumed
to be more dead than other nails.
Heneo the phrase, "Deap as a door
nail." If old ideas are to be revived,
as now seems possible, the jriirase may
roon have a present application.
Hardware. . _.
Every one must have noticed the
difference in-size and productiveness
of different chestnut trees in our
woods, saja the Massachusetts Plough
man, some producing large handsome
nuts in quantity, while others yield
only a meager crop of inferior size.
None of our native nuts, however,
compare at all for nize or attractive
ness with the chestnuts of Spain,
Italy and Japan, which are easily
grafted upon the common chestnut of
The peculiarities of these large nuts
are not propagated with certainty by
growing seedlings; these differ widely
from each other and from the parent
tree. It is, however, by no means
difficult to graft the chestnut, and by
this method the different varieties are
perpetuated with certainty. Trees
grown from our native ant make ex
cellent stock upon which to graft the
. large varieties.
The Italian and Spanish chestnuts
are not hardy enough to endure our
climate, but there are several large va
rieties from Japan that are entirely
hardy and much larger than any of" our
If one wishes to grow stocks on
which to graft chestnuts ho shonld
save the nuts now and pack them
carefully in sand in boxes made of
hemlock- boards, which mice and
squirrels dislike to gnaw into, and
these boxes should bo covered with a
foot of earth in a dry place out of
doors; in spring the nuts should be
taken out and planted in rows two
and one-half feet apart, setting the
nuts six inches apart. After the trees
have made one or two years' growth,
they should be grafted near th 5 ground
in early 3pring and banked up with
earth so as to cover the piase where
the scion is inserted, but leaving its
point exposed io tho air. As with
any other grafting it ia necessary to
bring the inner bark of the scion and
stock together in order to effect the
union and to keep out dry air and
sunshine until the union is well per- i
The chestnut is a very useful tree
1--?.1. ita nnts aud wood and de
uuu&, Aijj UA^OUCUU? ?as provea that
with a good market near by, a small
flock, well cared for and skillfully
managed, prolific in producing eggs
and good foi rearing chicks, may with
out difficulty pay, iu clear profit, the
interest on $50 a year for' each hen.
This is only ?3, and I have made with
the best of care and management fully
86 ft year from a small flock of light
Brahmas1 from eggs and chickens
alone. No fancy prices were received
for the eggs. They wera simply sold
for domestic use, and were frc *b and
guaranteed to be not moro th-.n three
days from the hens. The broiling
chicks, too, were fed well a?d reached
a good size early, so that they were
tender and sweet to eat, and brought
a high price/
Perhaps it will not be thought rea
sonable, but I have found it true in
practice, that a sheep may be kept for
no more than a hen, if managed as
they may be. This is counting things
nt cost, for it is not fair to charge
a flock " ' ;h fodder and grain at the
selling ^ric? ?rid then expect it to pay
another second profit* But this is
often done, and yet this Second profit
is really made from the sheep. I have
fed sheep for seventy-five cents a year
over and above the value of the fleece
in cases where they have had to be
fed on costly food and hand-fed the
whole winter. Elsewhere I have fed
sheep for seventy-five cents a year, all
expenses included. Tbis is where
they have been pastured nearly tho
entire twelve months. It has cost me
th? same amount to feed a hen, that
is, as it must be fed to make a profit.
And in the case of the flock ] have
sold three-month-old lambs for $10 a
head, and the ewes, fat in the fall, at
a profit of $3 a head. All this was
clear profit, for in the most expensive
method of feeding the fleece never
failed to pay the sheep's feeding. But
as a rule it is quite possible to feed a
sheep for the same cost as five hens
and at the average value of their
products the sheep will be far more
profitable than the hens will.
There is tho home market, however,
for the sheep reared on a farm, to the
extent of at least twenty head, and at
the averuge value of the meat a sixty
pound mutt on will be worth six or
seven dollars. And just here the farm
ers' meat clubs will serve a good pur
pose. These are mutual associations,
each member of which kills a beef or a
mutton in turn, dividing up the meat
according'to some rule established on
a fair and mutually satisfactory basis.
Tn this way the meat is disposed of at
the fnll butchers price and at the end
of the season an accurate division is
made of the funds in hand or of the
credits, the balance in cish accruing
to each oreditor being settled. In this
convenient way the cost of the meat
supply is reduced to its actual value
and at least one-half the money other
wise paid will be saved. For this mu
tual co-operative business, tue sheep is
most acceptable.-Henry Stewart, in
Farm and Gardon Kotes.
Get rid of all surplus stock.
See that the pullets have comforta
Sell off all hens that do not show
signs of moulting.
The early hatched pulled will lay
twice as many eggs this winter as the
It will pay to have the gar? an plo i
all cleared and ready for plowing this'
fall. In fact, won't it pay to plow it
as soon aa the crops are off?
Those contemplating the erection of
beet sugar factories will do well to re
member that for expert assistance and
management a small factory will cont
quite as much as a large ono.
The secret of winter eggs is: Hatch
the pnllets early and keep them grow
ing; have warm quarters; do not crowd
too many in a small place; keep them
exercising, and feed properly.
If any of our readers neglected to
repair and oil the harness last spring
when it should have been done, they
should make a note of the fact and at
tend to it at the first cr _;ortunity,
Again we say radical changes in the
food of animals should be made grad
ually as possible. This is especially
true of cows, for sudden changes effect
the quality as well as the quantity of
Corn and alfalfa go splendidly to
gether, especially for feeding fatten
ing animals. Corn being deficient in
protein, and alfalfa rich in the same
ingredient, serves to more nearly bal
ance the ration.
Hauling corn fodder np from the
field every few days as wanted during
the winter is, in most cases, a very
slavish and unnecessary operation.
No time should be lost now in getting
it into mow or stack.
On many farms we see the stock still
tramping over the meadows as it has
done ever since haying. We never
thought it paid to thus secure a little
fall picking at the possible expense of
the hay crop the next year.
Here is tho way a prominent stock
man puts it: We are going to have the
best times we have seen in fifteen
years, and the stock-raising interest
will, with proper management, have
its full share in the general prosperity.
One objection urged against winter
dairying is that it is so much trouble
to raise the calves when they cannot
be turned ont on pasture- This dif
ficulty is not a serious one if yon have
a good, warm barn, clover hay and
. :wu-.:-, j by
?M? ... j
IL OUI tuc ci cilium ico vi' uti ui C&J ; !_??.
It can be fed to great profit to grow-'
ing pigs, for it will assist in rapid flesh;
development. What is true of skim!
milk in Indiana is equally true of it'
Tho use of butter wLich contains
neither salt nor coloring matter is said
to be increasing in New York to such
an extent that it may now be obtained
at some of the best hotels and restau
rants, while other houses are using
butter containing about half the usual
salt. Of course, customers can sea
son the f 'esh butter to suit their own
individual tastes. Hebrews are the
largest consumers of unsalted butter.
A bunch of hungry hogs will do a
good job turniuj and fining coarse,
straw manure if some grain is sown
upon it. Occasionally, th air rooting
propensities may be utilized in other
ways. A Maine farmer is said to re
move stumps by fencing them in, mak
ing holes under them with crowbar,
placing grain in holes and turning
hops into the enclosure. In rooting
among the roots, the hogs are said to
root the stumps ont by the roots.
Chairs are cheaper than backbones.
No true woman is either a man wor*
skiper or a man hater.
On the shoulders of the young and
hale Poverty sits but lightly.
He who knows the weakness of his
own wings is sure of successful flight.
Before submitting to the inevitable
it is wise to be sure it is the inevitable.
In giving thanks for your blessings,
don't forget the criticisms you have
The world is full of human mile
stones, since it is more easy to point
than to plod.
It is better to say a little worse than
you mean than to mean a little worse
than you say.
One song sung amid a storm is bet
ter than a whole concert when the
sun is shining.
Anyone can start an organization,
but it requires skill and patience to
keep it growing.
People whose eloqnenoe reveals ras
cality are always said, by the rasoals,
to "talk too muon."
Experience is a hard blook to whit
tle, but every shaving is of priceless
value to the whittler.
Like a fair and symmetrical face,
behind which there is no heart, is a
beautiful flower that lacks perfume.
When one knows that he doesn't
know anything, it is worth more to;
him than all the rest that he does'
There are human beings who are:
proof against both commands and per
suasions, and we call them mulish;
but this is libelous, for even a mule
eau be persuaded sometimes.-New
Smallest Village on Earth.
Pelham, N. Y., is said to be the.
smallest village in the world. A few'
days ago a miniature election was held.
All of Pelham's nine voters, went to.
the polls and cast their ballots for or
against an appropriation for $15,000
for road improvements. It took ten
minutes to get the vote in, and the re
sult was six ballots to three, favoring