Newspaper Page Text
rpi. Oldest Savin gs
LOAN and e8t 8avln^
SAVINGS capita! i" city.
' ? * Pay? Interoit
AUGUSTA, GA, an.l Compounds
Organized 1870. CTtryflmonth'
THOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR
EDGEFIELD, S. C./fcEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1897.
VOL. LXII. NO. 46.
When fortuno treats you slightingly
And everything goes wrong,
Remember that you still are froo
To labor and be strong.
To bim who bravely does bis part,
Misfortune is no crime;
Just hold your grip and keep up heart
And learn to bide your time.
The surest road to greatness lies^
Through hard and patient work.
The glorious name that never dies
Comes not unto the shirk.
Famo sits upon an eminenco,
A pinnacle sublime;
He who would win must seek ber thence,
Strive on and bide bis time.
. And when tho fig)
The toil at last
"When standing ot
Beneath her set
Beyond tho futur
The bells ot he?
And justice, lovo ;
For him who bi
A Story of Gre
Skullcarp sat on
the gunwale of the
forward so that his
elbows rested on
his knees. With
both, hands he
grasped the short
stem of his cherry
pipe and his oue
eye gazed seaward
across the smokiug
bowl. The tiller
creaked idly to and
fro and the sail
flapped listlessly in the light breeze,
that scarcely ruffled the surface of the
"Ye know that young Mr. Archer
that's stayin' at the hotel?" The
Captain shifted his one eye inquir
ingly in my direction.
I raised my hand in warning and
The Captain acceded to my request
in silence, and a moment later another
fine fish joined its fellows that were
flopping about a box in the cockpit.
A faint splash and the treacherous bait
was scurrying away in search of new
"Now, Captain, what were you re
maiking?" Tasked, glancing up from
"I was about to remark that it was
right off here that me an' that senti
mental Mr. Archer was one clay last
week when he says to me. 'Cap'n,' he
says, 'do you s'pose a man could com
mit soocide here?' He was lookin'
mighty melumoholy an'-"
"Do you mean the quiet young man
with a black beard, who has the second
tobie from mine at the hotel, Skull
carp?" I interrupted.
The Captain 'lowed that he had
never eaten at tho hotel and conse
quently could not locate Mr. Archer
at his dinner, but he admitted that
the sentimental young man did
have a short, black beard, usually car
ried a pipe and pouch of tobacco in
the starboard pocket, and a few books
and magazines in the one to port.
Having completed the identification, I
was not surprised at the suggestion of
suicide, for my attention had been at
tracted to Aroher by his avoidance of
all companionship and his distraught
air. In fact, I had'last seen him sit
ting alone in a quiet nook on the hotel
veranda, striking match after match
in an attempt to light an empty pipe,
and accompanying each failure with
violent language, softly spoken. I
mentioned this to Levi Skullcarp.
"Soocide was the word he used,"
my skipper said when he had stoked
his pipe, as he called the operation,
for the Captain was fond of using
what he deemed nautical expressions,
though he had never ventured to poke
his nose ten miles off shore. It was
a failing of Levi to talk a great deal
about the deep sea, and at times he
even dropped mysterious hints that he
had circled the globe as commander of
a trim clipper, though in common
with the other Great South Bay cap
tains he derived his title from the
owuership of a small catboat and the
six aluminum buttons that adorned
his patched coat.
" 'You might commit soocide here,
Mr. Archer,' I says," continued he,
" 'providin' you dove over headfirst
an' then doubled up, or else walked
two miles out t' the channel.'
"He looks at me kind o' solemn,
tbeu sighed and went on crabbin'.
The day was jist like this here, only
there was a dead ca'm, an' over yan
der toward Fire Islan' thc clouds was
beginnin' to rise. I mention (them
clouds because I was .i-hopin' they'd
bring a breeze with 'em, for I wa3
tired floppin' 'round in the sun while
ho lay there ou the gunwale, some
times readin', sometimes crabbin', an'
most o' the time jist watchiu' the
water. That kind o' thing's all right
fer a man that never done nothin' nu'
don't have to, but fer a feller like me
ez has been used to sailin' thoo life in
a twenty-knot breeze, topsails up, an'
every inch of canvas set, studdinsails
included, to have t' flop 'roan' in two
feet of water like a steam dredge, with
tho sun blisterin' me paint-why, sir,
it's hard to bear."
Levi was shaking his pipe vigorous
ly, and I deemed it wise to assuage his
auger by exclaiming with aa ominous
wag of the head: "Oh, you old ^bar
This had a soothing effect on the
Captain, for in p. milder toue he con
tinued: "We'd been that way 'bout
four hour when I seen another boat
edgin' down our way. Her sail was
haugin' like clothes on a line, but she
was a leetle farder out an' caught the
tide. A man Avas sittin' in the stern
an 'a lady on the gunwale. Mr. j
Archer he seen 'em, too, au' watched j
fer a long time. Then he turns to me ?
an' says, 'Cap'n, the glaws.'
"That's just what he called it, the
" 'A trim little craft, Cap'n,' saya
he. To do 'im credit he knows a good
" *I don't like the lines o* her body, !
sir,' I ventures.
"At that he kind o: smiles an' says:
TE means the lady.'
"rle was right, there, too, fer a
Irita enough craft she looked, with
hov white duck snit au' sailor hafe,
though I couldn't see her ?ac3, ? waa
Tho rotin of hopo and energy,
"Who keeps one goal ia sight,
Who goes his way with oonstancy,
Will some time win the fight.
The man whose life a glory bonds
To every ago and elimo,
Is ho whoso purpose never bends,
Who works and bids his time.
Go onward. O'er the future's hills,
Tho dawn falls cool and sweet.
Go onward. Ho can win who wills
And bows not to defeat.
Go onward, though your path may lie
Through calumny and slime.
Tho way will brighten bye and bye;
Go on and bido your time.
it at last is o'er,
i lise's farther shore,
o's unbarred gate,
and glory walt
dos his tims.
'. A. Edgerton, In Atlanta Constitution.
just gittiu' me oyo fixed on that part
o' her hull when Mr. Archer jumps
up, run for'a'd to the mast an' stood
there like he was sightin' land after
a mouth adrift on a raft.
" 'Cap'n, kin you run a leetle
nearer that craft? I know her,' he
"'In this win'?' I asks.
"'I could pole,'I says, 'hed I a
pole, but I hain't.'
"He give a long groand an' set
down on top o' the cabin yander an'
kep' pippin his eye throo the glass at
the other boat that was foolin' around
'bout a mile off our bow.
"By an' by, he says. 'Cap'n, there's
a breeze comin'.'
" 'I've been wotchin' it, sir,' says I,
an' I ups with me anchor an' sail.
"It caught tho other feller first,
an' of a sudden her canvas filled an'
sha begin to cut throo the water on a
beat up the bay. I had the tiller
ready, an' it warn't a minute till we
was movin', too. It was slow at first,
L ut we soon had to reef, an' went
leariu' throo the water to beat a steam
la'neh. The clouds had brought a
reg'lar hurricane an' was piliu' up
aloft an' roarin' full o' thunder. You
otter 'a' seen Mr. Archer then. He
kep' ruunin' from bow to stern an'
back, forever askin' whether I thought
we was gainin'. Now, I'm proud o'
this here Miriam o' mine. I'll back
her agin anything on the bay but
that there strange boat. Why, that
craft slipped throo the water like she
was illed, Wo kep' up pretty well,
though, an' might o' caught her if the
rain hadn't come an' us lost sight o'
'em. I wanted to put back, but Mr.
Archer he wouldn't have it, an' kep'
runnin' up au' donw, pipin' his eyes
this way an' that way an' usin' bad
language till it come dark an' tho
storm had passed. Then he th'owed
himself down in the cockpit an' lit his
pipe an' says, 'Home, Cap'n!' That
was all-jist 'Home, Cap'n.' "
I had thrown aside my lines, for
Levi Skullcarp's account of the senti
mental man had awakened my interest,
and when he had finished his recital I
had turned my back on the water, my
feet were dangling in the cockpit and
my eyes were fixed on the hayman.
"Didn't be explain why he was so
anxious to see her?" I asked after a
silence of some minutes.
In reply the Captain clambered into
the cockpit and, bracing himself
against the end of the titler, fixed the
long glass to his eye. I followed his
gaze to where it rested on a small
white sail that was moving across the
bay about a mile away.
.TU be blowed!" he cried. There
was a pause and thou he muttered,
"Snail jib, white duck dress, spooney
bow, white hull, black hair-I'm
This exclamation was accompanied
by a loud rattle as he closed the glass.
"Git to wiu'ard, quick!" bc yelled.
Tho boom swung arouud, allowing
me just time to dodge it, and before
I had fully recovered from my surprise
we were moving through the water
under the fast freshening breeze.
"Where are you going, Captain?" I
asked in a tone of remonstrance.
He gave the sheet a few turns about
a cleat, tucked the tiller comfortably
under one leg, filled and lighted his
pipe, aud when the smoke was rising
in great volume from the bowl and
trailing astern in clouds that must
have made our boat at a distance pre
sent the appearauce of a small steam
ship, he exclaimed again: "I'll be
Then I arose in my wrath aud, sup
porting myself by grasping the center
board audfaciugthe obdurate mariner,
cried: "See here, Captain, I was un
der the impression I had hired this
i craft, and-"
"Im goin' fer Mr. Archer; yan's
i her," he said in a firm, solemn tone
that brooked no trilling aad forced me
Hardly had the Miriam touched the
dock when Lovi Skullcarp was ashore,
and after giving me a hurried admo
nition to be ail ready to push off on his
return, ho clambered into n rickety
vehicle and soon disappeared in a
cloud of dust. For some teu minutes
I struggled with the rising wind and
sea that kept incessantly pounding
the boat against the dock. At length
I was relieved to spy a cloud of dust
rolling down the level stretch of road
that led from the village. Preceding
j it was a man on a bicycle. It was
j Archer. He reached the deck, sprang
' from his wheel and tossed it against a
? post, jumped into tho Miriam, and
! without a Mord to me pushed her
away, seized the tiller and the sheet,
and ofi" we scudded.
"The Captain!" I cried, pointing at
tlie approaching cloud, in the centre
of which I knew the redoubtable mar
"Plague on the Captain," growled
Archer. Then he aided, more softly:
"Get to windward, please."
".But there ho is now," I expostu
Archer looked around. Standing
on the stringpiece of the wharf, vio
lently waving one hand above his head,
while with tho other he pointed sea
ward, was Levi Skullcarp. The sen
timental mau a- the catboat's helm
waved a hand to imply that he saw the
opeck of a sail to which he was point
ing, and turned to the busin
navigation. Away we went i
When the Miriam had at leng
tied down to work and was with
like regularity sticking her no?
the solid green waves, and then s
throwing it up in the air agai
sending the water skirting aloi
rail or flying over me, my next
panion broke tho silence by appi
for the first timo to recognize
J p 'Mister-r-r?"
"Kemp," I answered, bowing
"My name is Archer."
I "I think I have seen you abon
"This must seem a strange prc
ing to you," he said, laughing,
dently the peculiarity had just do
"Eather," I replied, thawing
enough to smile.
"And perhaps an explanati
due," said he.
"Not as long as you can sail,"
On that score I confess I feitn
easiness, for I soon saw that, s
fellow that he was, Archer
fully competent to handle the
for all the power there wa
the breeze he got out of it,
though time and again the Mi
keeled over till her lee rail was
awash and my heart was in my mi
she always swung back again wit
swerving an inch from her course
"There is a girl in that boat ti
am most anxious to see, Mr. Ke:
said Archer, after a pause.
"So I should judge," said I.
"I have spent nearly all my li
London," he went on. "I shoul
there now had I not met her.
sailed for home about two months
and ostensibly by accident but ri
by intention I came over on the ?
steamship. By tho fourth clay
from Queenstown we had fixed 01
thing up nicely. Then I happenc
remember another engagement
of a marriage of convenience
like a fool I told her. She shut
self up in her stateroom for the re
the voyage and cut me dead at
pier. I humbly followed her to
home in San Francisco. She
back East. All trace of her was
and I came down here to sulk."
"Do you think we'll catch 'era'
asked with suddenly awakened ir
"Thank you,"he replied. This 1
pie acknowledgement of his gratit
for my own evident sympathy in
venture won me completely am
scrambled to the mast with a reckl
ness that surprised me, that I mi
get the bearings of the craft wo x
"How far off do you make thei
he called to me.
* "About two miles."
"They are beating along the bi
he cried, "and I think if we hold 1
course we'll just cross their bow.
The man's judgment was superb
fifteen minutes later we were so cl
to the other boat that I could see
two occupants plainly. One wa
man, a regulation small-boat man,
tired in a combination of golf 1
yachting clothes. The second wa
girl. I felt that were she as inton
ing as she appeared as she sat th
on the windward rail, fearless ot d
ger, her faco aglow with the exci
ment of what she evidently reali:
was a race. Archer was excusable
forgetting his other engagement,
was meditating on this when my cc
panion, who had been hidden fr
her view by tho rail, exclaim
"We're all right," said I. "W<
catch them and you can go on boan
"That's just it," ho growled,
can't go on board. Why, she wot
cut me dead or toss me over."
As he was best posted as to t
young woman's character, silence
my part seemed befitting. He did 1
speak again until we had dre wu wil
in Hailing distance of the other bo
when he motioned me to him.
"We'll run right across thoir hov,
he whispered. "Don't yon miud rt
I can seo bottom here. Keep right
and they will have to take me in. No
Wo swept across the bow of tl
other craft, and by a seemingly clum
manouvre went about; tho boc
swung around and an instant lat
Archer was floundering in the bay.
grasped the tiller and the Miria
scudded away before tho wind. Po
sailor as I am, had necessity demau
ed it I doubt if I could have navigati
the boat back to where Archer wi
flopjung about in tho water, so it wi
an easy matter for me to obey his ii
junctions aud sa-il away oblivious to h
cries, which mingled with those of tl
girl in the tiny sloop. Only twii
did I look back. The first time wi
to see my erstwhile companion heit
dragged by main force into the oth<
boat; the second to see two men nu
a girl gesticulating wildly to me to r<
turn. But I smiled grimly und noin
ed the Miriam toward home.
On the next day I returned to towi
and I heard no more of tho seutimei:
tal man u"til late iu November,
was walking up Thirty-ninth etrei
one afternoon on my way home froi
the office when my attention was al
tracted to a well-appointed broughai
that swerved into the curb close b
me. I heard a voico call, "Kemp!"
It was Archer, and as I took his oui
stretched hand he turned to the prett
young woman who had just emerge
from the carriage and said:
"Kemp, my wife."-Now York Sun
Swiue were adored in Crete, weas
els at Thebes, rats and mice in Troas
porcupines iu Persia, tho lapwing ii
New Zealand, bulls in Benares, ser
peuts in Greece and many of the Af
rican countries. The Hindoos neve
molest snakes; they call them fathers
bvothers, friends and other endeariuf
names. On the coast of Guinea a ho<
happening to kill a snake, the Kinj;
gave orders that all the swine shotih
It Wn? n Klondike Then.
It is ??ty years since tho sensational
discoveries of gold in California. Then
is a plan on foot to celebrate the auni
versary. Fifty years ago, according
to the geographies of that time, Cali
fornia was a damp, foggy, miasmatic
wilderness, in which Indians, ferocious
wild animals and fevers beset tho ad
venturer. It is to-day one of the
? greatest and richest States of the
j Union.-Savannah News,
The pheasant of the Mongolian kind
will in a few short years succeed the
quail as the popular American game
bird. The pheasant has not only its
toothsome qualities to recommend it,
but its beauty, in waving plumage of
ravishing hues, and therefore will
prove a prize that every sportsman
will endeavor to "Secure when tho sea
son is once open for its slaughter.. It
has unduly attracted the attention of
our sporting gentlemen for many years
in consequence of its successful in
troduction on the Pacific Slope, and
now many Eastern States are introduc
ing the Mongolian bird into their
domains. In Ohio alone over 200
birds were liberated this year, and in
several Southern and Eastern States
the bird has been introduced for
The male bird has tho cheeks naked
and the bightest scarlet, minutely
specked with black; the crown of the
head bronze green; on each sido of
the occiput a taft of dark golden green
feathers capable of being erected at
pleasure, and very conspicuous in the
pairing season; upper part of the neck
dark green, glossed with purple and
violet blue; lower part of tho neck,
breast and flauks deep reddish orange,
showing in some positions beautiful
reflections of light purple; each feath
er bordered and terminated with pansy
purple; center of tho belly and thighs
blackish brown; center of the back
and scapular feathers black or brownish
black, surrounded with., a yellowish
white band and bordered with deep
reddish orange; lower part of tho back
nud upper tail covert green, inter
minged with brownish orange and
purplish red; tail feathers brown
BO* /Mp ftU^vAY
I crossed by bands of black and fringed
with reddish brown; bill pale yellow;
legs and toes grayish black. The
female has cheeks covered with small
closely set feathers, and the wholo of
the plumage yellowish brown, mingled
with different shades uf gray, brown
In a recent article in Recreation, a
sporting magazine, G. M. Miller, of
Eugene, Oregon, tells of the Mongolian
pheasant which was introduced into
that Stato about twenty years ago
from China and which has attracted
the attention of hunters throughout
the Unitod States. Mr. Miller says
of this interesting-bird:
"It was introduced into Oregon bj
Judge O. N. Deming and has multi
plied until, in the prairie sections oi
Western Oregon, it outnumbers any
other game bird. Tho reason of thc
great increase probably lies in the foci
that it hatches two broods, of sixteen
to twenty, each season. When the
chicks are about three weeks old the
ben turns the family over to the care
of the cock, she laying again. Th?
cock is not a Mormou, in any sense ol
the word. He selects one hen, and
'forsaking all others cleaves unto her.
Hence, to breed these birds success
fully it is essential that a cock be pro
vided for each hen.
"The Mongolian pheasant is i
prairie bird and is seldom found in 01
about thc timber. He likes the tal
grass, ferns, wheat stubbles and low
bushes, such as the wild rose and th(
buckbrush. After the young bird.'
reach full growth they do not congre
gate in large Hocks, as do the prairi<
chickens, hut are found alone, ii
pu irs, or in small flocks of Jive or six
They feed on grain, insects and gree*.
vegetables, such as red clover, oab
;ej etc. These birds are great
favorites -with sportsmen. The mag
nificent plumage of the cock almost
rivat$ that of thc peafowl in beauty.
His^revailing colors ave gold and
bronze, with touches of black. He
also ?as a clear -white ring about the
neck; The head and upper half of
tho ijeck bave a bluish green of change
abl?j?ihade, similar to that of the mal
'"J^he pheasant gives out a stronger
scenf than the blue grouse or the
prniine chicken, and lies better to the
dog$ During the open season, Sep
tember 1st to December 1st, an hour's
drive in any direction from Eugene will
bring one into tbe shooting grounds.
The law limits a shooter to twenty birds
eachj day, but tbis number is often
killey in a few hours.
"i\yith suitable inclooure and a rea
sonuole amount of patience these birds
cnn be successfully propagated any
where if the climate be not too severe.
They cannot be tamed or domestica
ted.-! After months of captivity they
are ap wild as when first taken. They
are 'game' first, last and all the time.
"Tbe flesh of the Mongolian pheas
ant ? almost as white as that of tho
domestic chicken and has a pronounced
'g?mky' flavor, much appreciated by
all lavers of wild meat."
Fc?lo-?ving are instructions, given by
a writer in the St. Louis Star, for
A .box should first be constructed.
Tue ;runway, which is covered with
wire j.netting, is detachable from the
box at the end, wherein the hen is set,
and jwhere the hen and young birds
are protected from storm and cold.
Both' the runway and tho box are
F0* IHATCIHIN/G. ?U^ASAKlf.T
placed on the ground.
To construct a nest take a square
piece of sod about the size of tbe box
and in tbe centre cut. out a round
space about the size of a common hen's
Very little dry leaves or chaff should
be placed in tho bottom of tho nest.
Disinfect the hen with insect pow
der before placing her upon the nest.
The hen should be placed upon tho
nest with some common eggs for at
least two days before placing the
pheasant eggs under her. This is
done to test her staying qualities.
The eggs should then be placed under
the hen at night time, after removing
the hens' eggs.
Food and water should be placed in
the runway so tho hen can subsist
The eggs should be examined every
day, and for this purpose the lid or
roof of tho box should be lifted while
the hen is out in the runway, so that
none become broken or soiled. Should
any of the eggs become soiled from
broken eggs or otherwise, they should
bo cleansed by taking a rag wet with
tepid water and wiping them, but do
not place the eggs in water.
It takes from twenty-two to twenty
four days for the eggs to hatch.
After the eggs have been under the
hen twenty days, they should be
sprinkled with lukewarm water twice
a day. This is necessary in order to
aid the young birds to leave the shell.
The runway and box should fit close
to the ground to prevent tho young
birds from leaving, as they will surely
leave the hen as soon as they are ont
ox the shell, unless this precaution is
heeded. The hen and young birds
should be kept closely in tho box for
twenty-four hours after they oso
hatched, and should not be allowed to
have either food or drink. At the end
of twenty-four hours both hen and
young birds may be let out into the
runway. Give the hen all the corn
she will eat. This will keep her from
eating the food of her young.
The food for the yonng birds for
the first week should be of custard,
made of milk and eggs, and should be
given fresh at least five times a day.
Care should be taken not to feed too
much at a time, so as to keep the coop
clean, for if the place becomes foul it
will tend to breed disease, and the
young birds may die from diarrhea.
The food for the young birds for
the second week should consist of
custard and milk curd. The custard
should be given three times a day,
aud milk curd, which should be mixed
with equal parts of ground hemp and
canary seed, should be given twice a
day. A common coffee mill will an
swer the purposo for grinding the
Some young lettuce and young onion
tops, chopped fine, should be added
to both the custard and milk curd.
The young birds should be given
plenty of green food by placing lettuce
or young clover in the coops.
"I will not go into the details of why
I was there," said the hale old capi
talist, "except to say that I was acting
for a large Eastern concern and trying
to find a man who had betrayed an
"There was a big snowstorm raging
in the Sierras when I reached tho lit
tle town near them and put Tip at the
primitivo hotel ?hat offered food, lodg
ing, drink and a proper care for my
horse. Conventionalities did not ob
tain out there, and during the evening
I be?ame acquainted with a woman
who was just from tho East. "With
her was a very sick little boy and her
one anxiety was to have her husband
with thom as soon as ho could be
brought. Ho was in the mountains
among the miners, and everyone in
the settlement said it would be impos
sible to reach him until the storm had
"My sympathy for the woman was
so great that I determined to relieve
her painful anxiety if it were possible.!
All efforts to dissuade me were useless,,
and they looked at me as I left the!
hotel as though they never expected to!
see me again. I will not attempt to de-,
scribe the trip. Thirty-six hours after
I started I stumbled into the camp
through sheer intervention of provi-i
dence. With men and mules we made,
our way back, and a happier reunion
yon never saw. The boy grew better
and tho big, rough miner burdened
mo with his thanks.
' 'Christmas morning he got me into
a little room back of the bar, and said:
Tard, I hain't no talker. Here's a
"It was a half interest in one of the
richest mines ever developed out
there. He and I have been 'pards'
ever since."-Detroit Free Press.
An Ancient Toll Abolished.
Windsor bridge across the Thames
has just been freed from its two-penny
toll through the greed of the corpora
tion. This had au undoubted right to
collect tolls from prescription as they
had been taken sinco the reign of
Henry VI. It asked Parliament in
1731, and again in 1819, for power to
charge additional tolls, and obtained
it for a limited number of years. The
privilege expired about ten years ago,
but the corporation continued to col
lect tho money till a litigious Briton
refused to pay, thus bringing the mat
ter to the attention of the courts.
In Mexico City "first-class Ameri
can butter, made by an expert," is ad
vertised at fifty and fifty-six cents a
pound, at wholesale and retail, re
To Kill Sheep Gadfly.
Persian insect powder blown forci
bly into the nostrils of sheep or used
asan extract in alcohol is recommended
for sheep gadfly. The usual method
of removing these flies with a feather
moistened in oil or carbolic acid is
also quite successful.-American Agri
Mistakes With Old Orchards.
There is scarcely a farmer in this
country who uses any fertilizer foi. "-is
orchard, simply because he has al
ways been taught that the old orchard
would take care of itself. And whatu
mistake! It needs the sanie ca-e ;.nd
attention as the land devoted to other
crops. Why not renovate tho old
orchard? (Jut down the worthless
trees. Plow the whole area, sow to
white clover and timothy, put on
about 200 pounds of muriate of pot
ash, and 200 pounds of dissolved bone
per acre. Keep the orchard trimmed
and each year apply chemical fertil
izers in about this proportion per acre:
Nitrate of soda, 100 pounds; ground
bone, 200 pounds; muriate of potash,
300 pounds. By a little systematic
work and study every farmer could
materially increase his profit with a
little extra work, and perhaps a little
outlay of money. If the old orchard
is hard and unproductive, first put it
in fit condition for the growing of
crops and the trees.
Cover the hardest spots with ma
nnie. Get humus in the soils, and
with an application cf potash and
phosphoric acid, one can feel sure that
a good harvest will result.-C. W.
Burkett, in Hoard's Dairyman.
G. A Woolson, of Vermont, writes:
It is a mistake to suppose that blighted
celery is not worth putting in for win
ter use. For fo.ur years the blight
has besieged my garden; rotating the
crop makes but little difference; not
a decent head matures. Plants set
early in Jnne grow well for a month
or six weeks perhaps, and then the
blight appears; active growth ceases,
then it stands in spite of fertilizers or
But about the first of October I
trim up the plants, leaving only the
the heart leaves. A shallow trench in '
the cellar is well watered and the '
roots, with as much soil as can be con- :
veniently left on, are placed in the i
trench; more water is given and sand ]
?^*v*Ti nifjii?hi^nd-dxy^il- is worked ?
carefully in and about "xmrpiuucs^ -
leaving only the tips exposed. Finer .
celery I have never had than such
roots furnished in January and Feb
ruary. If the long white brittle
stalks are cut off squarely-not too
close-a second crop has been ready
by April. This is lighter, of course,
than tho other, but a dainty luxury
for tho season. At tho present writ
ing-November 3-a marked growth
is already noticeable in plants not
three week? in the cellar.
Why Timothy Buns Out.
As contrasted with clover, which is
only biennial, and dies as soon as it
perfects its seed, timothy may be called
a perennial. But it is the least per
sistent of all the grasses grown, except
on land that is inundated by au annual
overflow. The timothy root always
runs near the snrface, and is, there
fore, much injured by winter freezing.
Not even letting the . fall growth re
main as winter protection will keep it
from being thus injured. Usually, on
upland, the timothy roots exhaust the
surface soil after two or three years'
growth. Even if they did not the sod
is likely to be desLoyad by white
grubs, the progeny of the slick beetle,
which lays her eggs in timothy sod,
and the first feed of its young is usually
the bulb at the surface of the ground
from which timothy roots proceed. In
many fields we have seen the sod so
entirely eaten out by these grubs ";hat
the plants for a yard square or more
could easily be pulled up by tho hand.
The thinning off of birds by sports
men or for ladies'hats has greatly in
creased the white grub nuisance. For
this reason we should not try to keep
a timothy sod more than two or three
years, though if it is a meadow that
cannot be easily put to other use, it
can be done by putting on a coat of
manure every other winter. If the
grubs eat out the sod, sow some more
timothy seed this fall, or else prepare
to plow it to be planted with some hoed
crop next "May and reseed the follow
Hemlock for Farm Buildings.
The farmer of tho United States
has gotten beyond the point where he
wants the cheapest thing, simply be
cause it is cheap, but he, like every
sensible man, wants the most possible
for his money, with due consideration
to a reasonable profit to everyone
legitimately engaged in manufacture
or trade. Economy in buying de
pends not so much on the actual price
as upon the peculiar adaptability of
the thing purchased to the purpose
for which it is intended.
The wider acquaintance the lumber
buyer or consumer has with varieties
of woods-with their peculiarities of
strength, durability, workable quali
ties, etc.-the more economically he
will buy. Having such knowledge,
he will find sometimes that the more
costly article is really the cheaper, or
he may find that the cheap articles
may, for certain uses, be as satisfac
tory as the mere expensive one with
which he is acquainted.
To the farmer, hemlock, which is a
comparatively new material in tho
West, should appeal with special force
because of its peculiar adaptability for
certain classes of construction com
bined with cheapness. It is actually
better for some things than white pine,
and yet can be had at a much lower
price. It is better for some things
than yellow pine-better, in fact, for
corn cribs than auy other material.
Hemlock has the advantage of being
both strong and stiff- that ie, it'is
capable of bearing a heavy strain and
of not yielding to it until the breaking
point is closely approached; therefore,
tor framing material it is unexcelled.
For nrhd sills and in situations where
it is subject to alternations of moisture
and dryness, hemlock is found ex
tremely desirable. Therefore, to a
large part of farm .building construc
tion it is peculiarly well adapted.
In sections of ?Iowa where it has
been thoroughly tried hemlock is
given the preference for barn conduc
tion. It is a little late in the season.,
to talk about corn crib material, and
yet the attention of farmers should be
called to the fact, supported by muoh
irrefutable evidence, that rats and
mice will not attack hemlock, and so
cribs built of it are rat and mouse
proof, except as the rodents mat find
their way through openings into criba.
They will not make an openings, how
ever, and this fact should commend it
for this purpose to the farmers.
Hemlock is still a cheap timber in
the "West, and lumber consumers
should be given the advantage of this
fact, that they may use it wherever it
is possible and economical to do so.
Bricht and Interesting Little Specimens
nf Oriental II inna, ii ty.
The Chinese children are things of
beauty and joys forever. They are as
pretty and bright as they can be, and
run scurrying away from you where
ever yo a may chance to walk in the
quarter. The pbce literally swarms
with them, and yet the Chinese are'
too provident to have very large fami
lies. A merchant with three wives
will probably not have over four chil
dren. It is said that the largest family
in Chinatown is that of a poor Chinese
clergyman. He is a Presbyterian
missionary and has already seven chil
dren. This is mor? Presbyterian than
Chinese. The parents are very fond
of their children, especially the men.
The women do not seem to care so
much, but the men fondle the little
ones all clay, and love to carry them
about in their arms. You cannot
please a Chinese father more than to
say pleasant things about his child.
The babies are undeniably interesting.
The little ones have a peppery smell
much pleasanter to the nostrils than
sour-smelling American children. The .
little - boys assume the dignity of cue
strings.wheu they are about five. Bed
the children of both sexes. It means
simply youth, and has no -sinister sig
uificauco, ns so many Americans think.
I once asked a Chinese father what
the fur ears on tho baby's head>eigpi
fied. "It's the fashion," he explained
loftily, "all same American ladies wear
birds on their heads." The Chinese
aro very fond of saying, when re
proached for the cruelty of foot-bind
ing, that the practice is not nearly as
injurious as squeezing the waist. In
telligent and educated Chinese are not
at all bad at repart -?e.
Of course, the little children have'
any number of bangles, beads and
bracelets by way of decorations. It
is not unusual to seo bangles on their
little baro ankles as they run through'
the streets. Their clothes we very
gay, though there seems to be a grow
ing and unfortunate tendency to dress1
the little ones in American fashion.:
This is the more to be regretted as,
though Chinese dress is becoming to
Americans, the converse is by no'
means true. The close-fitting Ameri-i
can garments show off all the defects'
of the figure and seem to rob the'
Chinese of all their native grace,!
which is considerable. Many of the'
children go to American or Mission;
schools, and parents of heathen faith1
allow their children to go to the
"white devils' " missionary schools be-,
cause of tho advantages they have in
learning English. After school hours
tho children play on the sidewalks.!
They play queer little games withj
sticks and stones. The most common
materials are playthings for a Chinese1
baby. -One of their favorites requires
a worm and bowl, aud the screams
that greet the worm's attempt to es-'
capo are fraught with merriment and
terror. The little girls are usually
staggering under the weight of an in
ordinately fat baby brother, but they
do not seem to mind. They are ex
tremely obedient children and seem
brighter than little Americans of the
same age.-National Magazine.
A Peculiar Fruit.
A Swiss pomologisfc exhibited last
autumn a fruit intermediate between
the apple and pear, which matured on
an espalier apple tree in an orchard in
the Canton Yaud, in 1893. The fruit
bore traces of both speoies, having the
eye of an apple, while the stem was
inserted in the oblique manner of the
pear. The cross-breeding accidental,
like that of the Loganberry, several
branches of the apple having inter
crossed with those of the pear. This
case is considered different from sim- ' -
pie hybridization and what is termed,
botanically, "xenia." This consists
of a cross-breeding evident in the seed
and fruit, though usually fecundation
of a flower by pollen, from a different
species results in a seed resembling
that of the mother plant, while the
plant growing from this seed has the
characteristic:; of the male parent.
Kural New Yorker.
A Rat Hunt.
A great rat hunt came to a finish
last Saturday at Gurney ville. The
total number of rat tails taken lacked
but three of 5000, and the winning
side won by fourteen. There were
forty-four on a side,* and Elvin Kirk
was captain of tho winning side and
Arthur Oren captain of the losing side.
The losing side is to give a supper at
the school house in the village Satur
day uight to the hunters and theil
families, which will make a company
of over 200.-Cincianati Enquirer. '