Newspaper Page Text
rpi. Oldest Savin gs
LOAN and e8t 8avln^
SAVINGS capita! i" city.
' ? * Pay? Interoit
AUGUSTA, GA, an.l Compounds
Organized 1870. CTtryflmonth'
THOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR
EDGEFIELD, S. C./fcEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1897.
VOL. LXII. NO. 46.
Z would not die in springtime,
When nature first awakes
When men get out their -wheelbarrows.
And spades, and hoe?, and rakes,
And twist their backs, and plant their
And wait to hear thain sprout.
While yet they stone their neighbors' hens
That come to scratch them out.
I would not die in summer,
When everything is ripe, . .
And fallen man is writhing , ?
In raw cucumber's gripe;
When baseball cranks are talking,
And all tho landscape o'er .
ls sprinkled thick with flower?
And "garden sass'' galore.
A Romance <
of a small
guests at a
tion, which was the upshot of one of
the most pathetic' chance meetings
that ever were brought about by the
surging ocean of cosmopolitan life in
this greatest of cosmopolitan cities.
The customers of the restaurant con
stitute one of the thousands of little
worlds of which the American metro
polis is made up, and for two or three
months a Russian artist and a Polish
piano teacher formed a separate micro
cosm in that world. The other
irequenters of the place aro French
men, French Canadians, Swiss and
Belgians, but Aleksey Alekseevitch
Smirnoff and Panna (Polish for Mrs.)
Roushetzka are natives of Russia. It
was not until they had taken their
supper at the same table every even
ing for several weeks that each of
them became aware of the other's
knowledge of Russian, and the fact
thrilled them both like the sudden
discovery of a* close blood relationship.
But there was a far more interesting
and, as it has since proved, a far more
important revelation in store for them.
Pauna Roushetzka was a woman of
thirty-five, a well- preserved brunette,
slender and stately, and with features
somewhat irregular, but full of typical
Polish grace. She had been educated
partly in Russia and partly in Paris.
She had come to New York, after
losing her hn<ibaud, with a small so
prano ^oice and with great musical as
pirations. The voice had deserted
her bef?se her ambitions were on the
road to realization, and, heartbroken
an?? peenriess, she: was driven tb take j
np p-ano lessons as a means of liveli
Smirnoff was a bachelor, some twen
ty-three years her senior, though he
looked fully ten years younger than
his age. Tall and wide awake, with a
brisk military carriage, a military
steel-gray mustache and blond hair,
unstreaked with > silver save at the
temples, he appeared in the prime of
health and activity, while his never
failing good humor and hearty, sonor
ous, ; genuinely Muscovite laughter
made one feel in the presence of a
young man of twenty-five. That had
been his actual age wheu he left his
native country, and after some three
decades of peregrination in Western
Europe he had at last settled down in
New York. He is a jack of all trades
and master of quite a few, and al
though free-hand drawing is one of his
strongest points he is clever enough
with his pencil to meet thc require
ments of a small electro-engraving es
tablishment, where he has steady em
ployment at a modest salary.
The language of the restaurant is
French, spoken with a dozen different
accents. One day, however, when the
Houp was exceptionally satisfactory,
and Smirnoff, who is something of an
epicure, was going off in ecstasies over
it, a word of his native tongue es
caped his lips. , "Slavny (capital)
soup!" he murmured to himself, as he
was bringing the second spoonful un
der his mustache-.
The piano teacher started.
"What is that you said just now
'slavny soup?' she inquired, with a
flush of agreeable surprise.
This was the way they came to speak
Russian to each other, aud from that
eveniug on it was thelauguage of their
conversations at the restaurant table.
Although there are many thousands of
Russian-speaking immigrants in New
York, the artist and tho music teacher
felt in the French restaurant like the
only two Russians thrown together in
a foreign country, and the little place
which had hitherto drawn them to the
quality of its suppers aud its genial
company now acquired a new charm
They delighted to converse in Rus
sian, and the privacy which it lent to
their chats, in the midst of people who
could not understand a word of what
they were saying to each other, be
came the bond of a more intimate ac
quaintance between the two. They
were reticent on the subject of their
antecedents, but both were well read
and traveled, and theru was no lack of
topics in things bearing upon Russia,
Paris, current American life, the stage,
art, literature and the like. The gal
lant old Russian was fnll of the most
interesting information and anecdotes,
and, their friendship growing apace,
lie gradually came to introduce into
his talks bits of autobiography, though
they were all of the most modest
nature, and he seemed to steer clear
vf a certain event which formed a
memorable epoch in the story of his
Panna Roushetzka neither asked
him questions nor saw fit to initiate
him into some of the more intimate de
tails of her own life, though by this
time it was becoming clearer to her
every day that her Russian friend was
in love with her and abont to approach
her with a proposal which she was by
no means inclined to accept. And
yet, like many another woman under
similar circumstances, she was flat
tered by his passion, and, being
drawn to him by the magnetism of
sincere friendship, she had not the
heart to cut their agreeable acquaint
Heprooured some lessonc for her,
escorting her homo after supper and
took her to theatres and public leo?
tures. All of which attention she i
I would not die in autumn.
When football bas the call,
And long-hnirod youths are training
Somo other youths to maul;
When politics is booming
Thanksgiving close at hand,
And cider mills are running
Throughout the happy land,
I would not die in winter,
E'en though it be so drear,
For then, you see, there's Christmas,
With all its goodly cheer.
Ko, I'd not die in winter,
Nor summer, spring, nor fall
And come to think it over, '
I would not die at all. * ?
rf New. York. 1
wonld accept with secret self-condem
nation, each, time vowing in ber heart
that on the following evening sho
wonld change her restaurant. Never
theless, and perhaps unbeknown to
herself, she even grew exacting, and
on ono occasion, when she had ex
pressed a desire to see Duse in Mag
da, and he remarked thereupon, with
a profusion of impulsive apologies,that
he was kept from the pleasure of tak
ing her to the performance by a previ
ous engagement, her face fell, and for
five minutes she did not answer his
questions and witticisms except in
rigid monosyllables. This augured
well for him, he thought. He did not
yield, but at the next walk they took
together he "popped the question" in
a rather, original way.
They stood in front of the Louse in
which she had her room. He had bid
her good-night and was about to doff
his hat with that dashing sweep of his
which makes him ten years younger,
when he checked himself, and said, as
though in jest:
"Is it not foolish, Panna Eoush
"What is foolish?" she queried,
without a'shadow of presentiment as to
what was coming.
"Why, the way we go on living
separately, each without what could
justly be called a home. I am madly
in love with you, Panna Eoushetzka,
and I feel like devoting my life to
She stood eyeing the door of a
house across the street and made no
"Panna Eoushetzka!"' he implored
"I'll give you my answer to-mor
row," she whispered.
"Mme. Eoushetzka has not come
yet, has she? Any letters for me?"
Smirnoff asked the next evening, as he
entered the little restaurant with his
usual blitheness. L??O -some-otter/
of the customers he received his mail
at the restaurateur's address.
The Frenchman handed him a letter.
When he opened it he read, in Eus
Bian, the following:
"Much respected Aleksey Alekse
evitch-I am the -unhappiest woman
in the world to-day. I confess I was
not blind to the nature of j'our feel
ings toward me, but was too much of
a woman and an egoist to forego the
pleasure of your very flattering kind
ness to me. Forgive me, I pray you,
dear Aleksey Alekseevitch; but my
answer must be of a negative charac
ter. I have been crying like a baby
since last night for having led you
into a false position. Do forgive me.
Your sincere friend, :
- "Do you forgive me? I beg you
again and again."
Smirnoff had had too many suc
cesses and failures in life to let this
defeat hurt his pride deeply. But he
was overcome with a poignant sense
of loneliness, coupled with a cruel
consciousness of his old age. At the
same time he sincerely regretted the
pain he had caused tho widow, and
out of sympathy for her as well as for
the opportunity of seeing her, he
secured another interview with her,
which took place in one of the remote
nooks of Tompkins Square.
"I wish-'..to reassure you, Panna
Eoushetzka," ho said, gravely, "and
to restore peace to your mind. I love
you, and your letter leaves me
more wretched and desolate than I
ever felt before, but believe me your
happiness is dearer to mo than my
own, and since you find that it would
be disturbed by your marrying me I
am resigned to my fate."
The panna -was overjoyed and
thanked him heartily for this friend
ship, and yet his ready surrender, the
case with which he was getting recon
ciled to her refusal nettled her.
However, he did not seem as light
hearted as he was affecting to be, and
the perception of it was a source of
mixed exultation and commiseration
to her. He was uncommonly effusive
and sentimental, and as if by way of
bidding her melancholy farewell he
launched out, describing his past, she
listening to his disconsolate accents
with heart-wringing interest.
"I know it is foolish for me to ob
trude my personal reminiscences upon
you. Why should you be bored with
the humdrum details of the lifo of a
man who is a perfect stranger to you.
Yet I cannot help speaking of it at
this minute. I feel sheepish, like a
schoolboy, but it somehow relieves my
overburdened heart. You will excuse
She was burning to offer some word
of encouragement, to assure him of
her profound respect and friendship,
and of her interest in everything he
had to say, but her tonguo seemed
grown fast to her palate and she could
not utter a syllable.
"It was many years ago that I was
torn from my -dear natiye; soil and
from a splendid career," he proceeded,
egged on by the very taciturnity of
his interlocutor. "I was a young fel
low and an officer in the army then,
with a most piomising future before
me. It was during "tho Polish insur
rection of the early sixties. . My r?gi
ment was stationed at the Government
city of N."
The panna gave a start, and a volley
of questions trembled on the tip of her
tonguo, but she somehow could not
bring herself to interrupt him.
"I had been recently graduated
from the military school, and that wan
my first commission,"he went on.^ "I
had many friends in the regiment,
and among them a young Polish' ?ftl
c?r named Staukevitch,''
Parma Roushetzka remained petri
fied. After a -while she made"* out to
inquire: "Slaukevitch, did you say?"
"Why, have you heard of him or
some of his family?'.' Smirnoff asked,
"No, I am simply interested in
what you are relating. Proceed
"Well, he was the most delightful
fellow in the whole lot of us, but he
did not know how to take care of him
self, and paid his life for it, poor boy.
His heart was with the insurgents,
and I knew it and begged him to be
guarded, but he was too much of a
patriot to allow the instinct of self
preservation to get the better of his
revolutionaay sympathies. One day
when the Cossacks had looted the
house of a Polish nobleman and taken
the owner and his family prisoners,
my friend gave loud utterances to his
overbrimming feelings in the Officer's
Club, cursing the Government and
"You must have heard how strict
things were in those days. The city
of N-was in a state of siege, mar
tial law prevailed, and the most peace
ful citizens were afraid of their own
shadows. Well, poor dear Staukevitch
was court-martialled and sentenced to
be shot within twenty-four hours by a i
line of soldiers from the very company,
of which he had been in command.
And who was to take charge of the
shooting and utter the fatal word to
the soldiers but I, his best friend, who
was ready to die for him."
Smirnoff said it with a grim sort of
composure, and then broke off abruptly
and fell into a muse.
"Well?" the widow demanded, in n
strange voice, which he mistook for. a
mere mark of interest in a thrilling
"Well," he resumed, "I did not, of
course, utter the terrible word, but at
the very moment I was to do so I fell
on the ground in a feigned swoon,. My
place was instantly taken by another
officer and I was since then, branded
as a coward, and had no choico but to
resign my commission and to become
the rolling stone that I have been ever
He went on narrating some of his
subsequent experiences in foreign
countries, but tho widow did not hear
him. All at once she .interrupted
"Don't tell me about that, pray.
Better tell me more about that friend
of yours-Staukevitch," and, succumb
ing to an overflow of emotions, she
burst out, sobbingly: "I know you.
I have your photograph, Staukevitch
was my father!" - v
"Ma-ma-mavusia! Is that you?'.'
the old man shrieked, jumping to his
feet and seizing her by both hancjs.
"Dear little Marusia! Why, when .
you were a morsel of a thing I used to
play .with you.".
- -rT lrcow,v she rejoined* ,fArid now
that you say it I can recognize your
face by. the faded old portrait; I^have
in my album. You were photographed
together with my unhappy papa.
Mamma left me the picture. I did
not remember your name, but I heard
the story from mother when I was a
child, and since then I have held- the
portrait dear for your sake as well as
papa's.. Of course it never ocqurred
to me that it was you, but now the
identity of it is as clear. , day tome."
She invited him to her lodgings,
where she introduced him to her land
lady as the best friend of- hier dead
father. They had a long and hearty
talk over the portrait and about the
persons and things it brought to the
old man's mind. And-on the follow
ing evening, when he came to the
French restaurant for his supper, he
found there a letter which read as fol
"Dear Aleksey Alexseevitch-It was
not yourself, but an utter stranger,'
that I refused the other day. I have,
loved you my whole life without know
ing you. The haudsomo officer who
ruined himself for my poor father has
always been my ideal of a husbaud,
and, will you believe it, I never gave
ap a vague sort of hope that he would
be mine. Your loving
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL
A drawing of the-bison has been
discovered in tho rocks of the La
Mouthe cave in Dordogne, France.
At the grape-cure establishments in
Switzerland, France, and Austria,
patients ave usually turned loose in the
vineyards and allowed to gorge them
selves at pleasure.
The relation of dust and typhoid
fever has been investigated by Drs.
Kelsch and Simonin, of Paris. They
have reported to tho Paris Academy ol
Medicine that in the summer of 1890
there were eighteen cases of typhoid
fever in a small barracks.
The tint of birds' eggs, especially
the light colors, are apt to fade, OD
exposure in museums to too greal
sunlight. This is the case with- th?
greenish blue eggs, as those of the
murre. By experiment the darker
colored eggs of olive brown or choco
late hue have been found to undergo
An inventor has hit upon a method
of putting stone soles on boots and
shoes. He mixes a waterproof glue
with .a suitable quantity of clean quarti
sand, and spreads it over the leather
sole used as foundation. These quartz
soles are said to be very flexible and
practically indestructible, and to give
the foot a warm hold even on the most
There are fully 12,000 hides tanned
weekly in- Newark, N. J. ,About half
pf these become shoe tipping nnd vamp
leather, the remainder carriage, dash,
furniture and fancy leather. ' Move
horse hides are tanned than in Tany
.o.therr'.pLaoe in this country. dor-'
dovan'vamps are the product. Chrome
tanned sole for bicycle shoes is made
and the manufacture of kangaroo and
kangaroo kid is an important interest.
All kinds of bag and book leather are
The great vitality of dragon-flies is
shown by McLachland, who having;
struck at .a large .??sckna at rest on aj
twig, the head was seen to .tumble;
down, while the rest of the insect ?ew!
away in an "undecided manner" for ?
considerable distance. Upon picking,
up the Lead he noticed that the insect^
had been eating a fly at the .-time.'
"The mandibles continued working as
if nothing had happened, and the |
masticated portions of the tly passed j
out at the back of the head, "
Circus day in any Western town at
the present time, according to the New
York Herald, is very much like the
circus day of old, except that there is
vastly more of it. It is as much a
holiday as Christmas and the Fourth
of July thrown into one. The poor,
benighted little ' New York boy who
goes to Madison Square Garden and
thinks he has sean it all would have
some of the conceit taken out of him
could he be transported to some one
day stand on the Western prairies on
the day when the circus is billed to
The first gray streaks of dawn find
the town already astir, with the rail-'
road station as the centre of interest.
In the old days it used to be turnpike,,
but the time when the circus traveled
from town to town in caravans is no
more. Nowadays it is a very one
horse show indeed that doesn't own
its own rolling stock.
The small boy of course, pre
dominates. He has secured the loft
iest perch within the range of his in
ventive genius. Suddenly, from the
dizzy height of the tallest telegraph
pole he shouts,. "Here she comes!"
The cry is taken up below. Haifa
mile away, around a curve, a column
of smoke is seen, trailing away toward
the horizon and a few minutes later
the powerful locomotive, snorting and
puffing like a spirited horse, comes
into view. Behind it is a long line of
yellow cars, and far oil', at the rear
end, glimmer the lights of the caboose,
which have not yet been extinguished.
Then comes the unloading of the
:vo e prosaic paraphernalia-the huge
teni poles, the acres of canvas, and-?all
the other "homely objects which aro
quite essential in the rapid transforma
tion so soon to follow. Gang3 of men
scurry hither and thither, apparently
all getting into each other's way, but
really working like the one great
machine of which each man is really a
Wagon after wagon comes off the
train with military precision. Two,
four, and oven ten horse teams are
coming from the direction of the stock
cars, all ready to start for the sttow
THE MEN'S DRESSING: ROOM.
grounds. The townspeople are agape.
When Obadiah Jones's new threshing
machine had arrive a few days before
it had taken almost an entire day to
unload it from tho train, if they had
undertaken to unload that pole wagon
it would have taken them a week.
Meantime, away out on the prairie,
toward thc east, a faint cloud of dust
has arisen. Toward the south a simi
lar cloud is seen, and toward the west
are others. The thrifty farmers, com
ing from far distant points, many of
them having been eu route all night,
begin to come in and look for suitable
camping places for their families and
their teams. The dust cloud grows
heavier and heavier as each moment
passes, until by the time the warning
whistle .of the locomotive drawing the
second train is heard gray streaks lino
out toward -the horizon in every direc
Two trains have been unloaded and
the eyes of the "multitudinous small
boy aro fairly bulging from their sock
ets. Where will it ali end? A third
train comes puffing in, and on this is
the menagerie. Tho small boy is now
in a state bordering on nervous
frenzy. It is doubtful if he knows his
Off toward the show ground goes the
morning crowd. Surely they will be
in time to see all the tents put up, for
has not the last train just come in?
IN THE LADIES'
To their surprise, however, the men
agerie tent, with its six great centre
poles, is up and finished. The horse
tent is in position, thc mangers are
filled and the horses. are munching
away at that breakfast which the
townsj>eople forgot to get. The cook
tents, one large tent-for the working
men and another of similar size for the
-performers, have been erected and the
choicest of steaks are broiling on the
ranges, whilst the fumes of steaming
coffee and hot bisouits, wafted upon
the morning breeze, smells sweet and
KRVory to the hungry throng now fill?
)f. Life on the Rpad Pictured Fr
ing the vacant spaces around the tents.
The camp cooks have already lighted
their fires and the great caldrons are
sizzling upon the cranes. This means
preparation for the midday meal,
' which even now has all been arranged
and is bound to be ready for everyone
shortly after return from parade.
That free glimpse of the enchanted
land behind the swelling canvas is
given at about 10 o'clock. Who that
has ever seen it on a clear, Western
morning can forger the gorgeous bands
of music, the^cavalcade of equestrians,
the open cages of wild beasts, the
*unny baud of clown musicians, tho
general atmosphere of a voluntary
holiday, when every boy has money
in his pocket, when his whole object
in life is to spend it.
Pr?*- -"/hot. nf tho fatj-pftfa in trtwn dur
. it ; &|B
' .'jp - U. . ? , -. ?"
have come io iroin tu? ~;:.r
country. Their teams, unhitched, line
the sidj streets upon every side.
Vacant lots are filled with them and
the alleys and lanes of the town are
impassable. The sidewalks and store
doors are sought as places of vantage,
and an hour before the baud strikes
up at the show grounds there is a solid
line of humauity from one end of the
town to the other.
By noon every face is turned toward
the show grounds. The side show
properly seen and its myriad of curios
and freaks explained, the tide turns
toward the ticket wagon. Another
DOSING K SICK EXiXFHAXT.
pandemonium, iu which each individ
ual in the " ^st throng imagines he
must get his ticket first or be . forever
debarred. A struggling, surging mass
of humanity, with hands and arms,
high in air, clutching tightly to the
money which is to be invested in the
magical pasteboards that will admit
them to the wonders of the big show.
The crowd carries itself along until
each of its component parts has reached
the goal. The money is snatched from
j the uplifted fingers and tickets placed
in its stead, so quickly, yet so accur
ately, that tho bewildered, perspiring
purchaser scarcely knows how it was
done. Yet, he has his tickets, and
then begins a battle for exit from the
crowd. There is no relief however,
until the doorway to the menagerie is
passed, and then the crowd spreads
ont within its spacious arena aud be
gins the real enjoyment of tho day.
A circus is a cirous the world over,
and to describe the performance in
this particular Western town would be i
but to repeat an old story. And yet
there are some old stories that are j
om Real Life.
always new. One is love, another is
the circus. The lithe limbed man. who
twists himself almost inside out; the
airily clothed women, who fly through
midair while you hold your * breath;
the clowns, who make you laugh in the
same old way that they made you laugh
years ago-who can resist the glamour
of it all?
And the strange sights behind the
scenes! Lucky the man or boy in that
town who rejoices in the acquaintance
of somebody connected with the show.
He is the hero of the year. Countless
times does he retell the stories of whal
he saw in the dressing rooms.
The evening performance is but a
repetition of that of the afternoon.
Within all i.s a scene of gayety, with
myriad lights blazing. Outside a dif
ferent scene T>T??I*? itself. .'. *"r
has disappeared in the gloom around
an adjacent corner. The herd of ele
phants has stalked off into the night,
majestically and silently, following a
man who carries a lantern half a square
The cook house, stable, tents, black
smith shop, barber shop, band tent,
side shew, together with the number
less other smaller tents, have been ex
peditiously, yet silently packed and
taken to the cars. In three-quarters
of au hour the "big top" stands alone,
its gaunt poles reaching far up into
the darkness of the sky. At the rail
road yards everything is bustle and
The night show is out; the concert
is finished, and the last of the per
formers skurries toward his trunk,
which has been left upon the open
6paco where tho dressing tent once
stood: a quick chango of costume, a
banging trunk lid, and the last mem
ber of the company takes his way to
the train. By midnight the show is
on its way to the next town.
A Regular Canine Battalion For Service
in Military Movements.
One may see any day circulating in
the streets of the village ofLechensch,
near Cologne, a regular battalion of
A DOG OF WAR (NEW STYLE).
dogs. Their, master is training them
for ambulance service in military
Each animal carries upon its back a
little saddle furnished with pockets,
containing all that is necessary for the
first dressing of wounds, as well as a
bottle of stimulant.
The dogs are taught to recognize
the wounded and to stoop down to
them, in order to permit them, while
awaiting the stretchers, to quench
their thirst and to alleviate their suf
ferings a little.
A large red cross is marked on the
saddle, and leather straps serve to
fasten around the neck of the animal a
little lantern that is illuminated for
The ambulance dogs figured at the
Germau manoeuvres last year, where
their usefulness was appreciated; so
this year their instructor has been en
gaged to traiu a whole pack. He has
chosen Scotch dogs, of medium height,
whose docility and . intelligence in
learning are said to be remarkable.
Town Witera JSvcrj'body is Irish.
Of Benedicta, Me., Professor Bate
man writes: "If there is another town
in this country like it I am unable to
locate it. The peculiarity of the place
is the fact that the population is com
posed exclusively of Irishmen. There
is not a family-in the entire township
through whose veins courses any other
blood than that of the Emerald Isle,"
--Lewiston (Me,) Journal,
Mixed Feed For HORS.
Tho Dairy Commissioner of the Do
minion of Canada says:
"1 have found the best results to be
obtained from using such grains (a
mixture of peas, oats, barley and corn,
or a mixture of peas, corn and bran)
ground fine and soaked for not less
than thirty hours before they are fed.
I think hogs should be kept so as to
permit, andJTeven to cause, them to
take a'good deal of exercise until after
they weigh more than 100 pounds
each. In tho growing of young pigs
it is important that they should re
ceive a daily allowance of skim milk
for six weeks or two months after they
are weaned. Skim milk is the great
flesh-forming or muscle and bone
forming food; and if the young pigs
are stunted in these regards a1- that
time they cannot be developed into the
best class of hogs, no matter what
breed they may be cf. In my judg
ment, it is highly important that the
Canadiau hogs, in regard to propor
tion of lean flesh and firmness, should
be maintained and improved, if the
best customers for hog products are to
be secured and retained.
Cat Feed For Horses.
Almost all farmers practise feeding
their horses while at work with cut
"hay, moistened and mixed with ground
corn and oats. The hay is much more
easily digested when cut and wet, and
1he meal on it causes the horses to
more thoroughly masticate it, as they
like the taste. There is also much
less waste in feeding grain after it has
been ground, especially after the mas
tication which is made necessary when
out hay is fed with it, and which thor
oughly mixes saliva with the food be
fore it goes into the stomach. There
is economy in steaming cut hay for
feeding all through the winter, when
less meal is required. When the hay
is steamed, and coru and oat meal
sprinkled over it, the flavor of the
meal permeates the cut hay, as it can
not when only cold water is used. But
care should be taken not to give at
itiiy Hine ??' : ?V??* 'han
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ititi iii ?1- J_'.._'i lill ..
A better price than it has for some
years past. Last spring it was espe
cially low, as apples were very abun
dant. Perhaps, also, the abundance
last year of canned small fruits helped
to lessen the demand for rhubarb.
By the way, how many know that
rhubarb can be put np in glans jars
for winter use, at no expense and
with but little trouble. Cut it up as
if for pies, fill the jars, place them in
tub of cold water deep enough to
cover the jar, which will fill with
water, and put on the rubber bands
and covers while Tinder water, so that
no air may enter. Then make covers
tight. Bhubarb so kept is even bet
ter than .vhen first picked, becoming
very teuder, losing some of its acid,
but none of its rich flavor. Lr.dt win
ter wo kept it until rhubarb c;?.me
again, and how good those pies did
tasto when we knew that rich people
were paying twenty cents a pound for
rhubarb not as good, forced under
glass. But this is a digression.
The rhubarb is a gross feeding
plant. It requires a large amount of
manure, and cares but little what it is
if it is strong aud abundant. Those
who have roots of it will do well to
cover them with manure now, whether
the ground is frozen a little or not,
and when the ground thaws, even if
next month, fork that rnauure in
around the crown of the roots. The
moro manure the bigger the stalks
will be. No matter if a few roots are
broken if the plants ave old ones, as
sometimes, with too many roots, it
throws up too many stalks and they
will be small. Ju tho spring a square
box with an old half window over it,
or even a covering of cotton cloth
nailed on top, eau bemused to give it
au early start, that it may be brought
to market, when worth five or six cents
Last spring some gardeners plowed
up fields of rhubarb because the price
was so low they thought it unprofit
able. Others allowed it to stand, but
pulled but little from it for the same
reason. We think bo.h were unwise.
For the reasons given above, scarcity
of apples, cranberries and canned
berries, we think good rhubarb will
sell well next spring. The stalks
should be pulled often and not too
much at one time. Long growing
without pulling tends to make the
crowns grow above ground, and the
stalks will not be as long. Going to
seed has the same result. Boots
should be broken up and divided, and
a new bed set when it gets so as to
throw up a large number of stalkts of
small size.-American Cultivator.
Farra and Garden Noten.
The Wyandotte class in the recant
Dairy Show, England, was the largest
of any, numbering 230 entries, whil?
the leghorns numbered 207, and the j
famous English table favorite only 104
Plymouth Bocks numbered 168 at
the same show which clearly shows that
they have taken weil also. WTe have
much to thauk England for in the
poultry line and England has much to
thank us for in the same Hue.
One advantage of breeding thorough
bred fowls is that AV ii know just what
the chicks will be b^ore they are
hatched. We will know just what to
expect from them, and, if we have
bred them any length of time, just
what they will be ?o">d for when ma
tured, All others a : 'chance" birds.
The Wyandotte i i about the best
table fowl we haw. It is a good
broiler, good roaster and a good
dressed fowl. It is not quite so rapid
a grower as some other varieties, bat
plenty rapid enough, and is flt to kill
at almost any age. It has an excellent
breast and comparatively little offal,
and, withal, is a good layer ;
At intervals during the Bummer
when the bees can not gather honey
the queens cease laying and
the strength of the colony is cur
tailed. A little feed at suoh t?res
keeps the queens laying and the col
ony is thus made much stronger than
it would have been otherwise: This
is very important in early summer.
Ii bees are wintered in ordinary
thin unprotected hives the moisture
arising from them will condense and
freeze to the hive, thereby [encircling
the bees with ice. On a warm day
this will melt and inn down over the
corni. s and bees and produce disease.
Protect with chaff hives, thoroughly
made with double wails, and pack with
good dry chaff.
Bees that lack stores for winter -
should be fed in autumn, and the
month of September is the proper time
to do it. They should be fed while it
is warm, so that they can seal over
their stores. " The best winter food
for them is thoroughly sealed honey
of the best class, and for feeding the
best of granulated sugar should be
used; It is a mistake to undertake to
feed bees during the winter.
The broiler season is with us once
more. In fact, those who work on a
large scale already have their houses
partly full or at least many eggs under
incubation: Those who intend to start
for th? frst time ought to get every
thing in apple-pie order this month at
latest and start np the machine or ma
chines the first of the year, so as tb
get, (1) experience in hatching,and (2)
be able to get three or more batches
off before April.
A FAMOUS DUELIST.
New German Ambassador at Washington
Bears Many Scars of Conflict.
English with as mucn Uu?uvj a " .
American or Englishman, and during
his stay five years ago won many
friends in Washington sooiety, where
he was known as one of the few bach
elors of the diplomatic corps. He is
about fifty-five years old and has an
inclination toward the pleasures of
Dr. von Holleben is probably most
widely known as ' 'the dueling diplo
mat." His face is covered with the
scars of saber wounds received on the
field of honor, some while he was a
student at Heidelberg and some since
then. Moro than that, he comes fresh
from serving as second in one of the
most deadly duels which have taken
place in Europe during recent years.
One of the combatants was killed on
the spot, and the other has sh.ce died
of his wounds. The duel took place
at Stuttgart, where Dr. von Holleben
was stationed. Both principals were
titled young men, and the other second
was a Genere 1 in tho Prussian army.
Dr. von Holleben was severely criti
cised by the press and publio, but his
imperial master evidently sanctioned
his course, for he soon after gave him
a decoration and now has made him
au Ambassador.-San Francisco Chron
Sea Lions as Rat-Catcher*.
The wonderful alertness and activity
of sea lions in the water, which en
ables them to get fish for their food in
Arctic seas, are qualities that are mani
fested in a still moie striking way by
the captive specimens at the Zoo, says
the Philadelphia Recor These three
sprightly individuals in the big out
door tank have developed into rat
catchers that never miss their prey.
Rats are pests that naturally thrive
about the animal houses, and at nights,
when the Zoo is deserted by visitors,
the rodents run in all directions. They
are fond of water, and they And their
way in considerable numbers to the sea
lion tank to dabble at the water's edge.
They may go to the lake and seal pond
with impunity, but when they venture
to the home of the sea lions that visit
is their last. Swiftly and noise
lessly the sea lion dives and reappears
at the surface precisely at the spot
where the rat is peering into the tank.
One snap and it is all over. The rat
goes down the hungry throat at a sin
gle gulp. So many rats do the sea
lions catch in this fashion that they
are sometimes indisposed to take their
early morning meal of fish thrown to
them by the keepers.
It is a favorite device of novelists to
have some one put a letter in the
wrong envelope, and an embarrassing
instance in English high life is re
called by the death of Prinoess Mary
of Teok. A candid young lady once
wrote to a friend that she could not
play tennis because "Fat Mary" had
invited her to a party. The good
natured Princess somehow got the
letter, and when the young lady ap
peared gave her this wholesome ad
vice: "My dear girl, I know I am
stout, but I cannot help it. You
should be more careful in posting
your letters, and never forget that
you never know who will read what
you write. Don't apologize. I have
Tobacco-chewing members of th:
Methodist Church in Albertsville, Ala.,
have been levied upon by the steward*
for a special tax ol $10 a year,