Newspaper Page Text
THOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1898.
VOL. LXIII. NO. ll.
There's one thing that can lift tba
And since there's much of both, of
If every friend has left yonr side a
While slander takes yonr record u
If every rose along your path has
The world ls not a desert If some -\
A curtain pulled aside for eyes to \
This cheers yon as no million stan
' The white hand waving you a kiss
Can make yon overlook men's hat?
And God has not forgot the world
Smj;o*He has given you the boon, 1
I THE FOR]
ESSIE and I
We had al
was when I
was five and she was four. "We were,
from that time, always together. Like
brother and sister, you say? More
than this. For brothers and sisters
are not always close friends. "We j
were chums. She went everywhere I
went and did everything I did, and,
as we grew np to boyhood and girl
hood,* we .were inseparable. Even
when I had attained the dignity of
long pants I preferred her society to
that of ,my male friends, for there was
nothing'' soft abont Tessie, except, per
haps, her eyes, and they were a
beautiful, soft hazel.
She was stroug and athletic, but of
a slender build; could drive, row and
swim as well as I conld; and had a
complexion well browned by a long
and intimate acquaintance with God's
sunlight. A brave girl, too. I re
member weil how once she swam
across a quarter of a mile of choppy
river to get the doctor for that grumpy
old Sarah Tore, the lighthouse keep
er's wife. She loved the cross old
woman, she said, although no one else
saw anything in her to love.
Then Tess went to boarding school
and came back at the end of three
years with a little of that "horrible
tao"-that's what her proper sister
Laura called it-gone out of her
cheeks, and just the faintest trace of
city manners abont her; but at heart
the same dear old Tess as ever.
Now, although my girl friend and I
had known each other so long and so
intimately, yet we had never fallen in
love .with each other. I am positive
of this, became when I got soft on
Jennie Bingham and lavished all my
money on flowers for her, Tess only
laughed. Then there was the time
I fell head: over heels in love with
dashing Cora Sands. "Why, then I had
it bad. I got to the stage where you
moon around street corners and carve
her name on old stumps and gate
posts; I even wrote my name and
hers together ou the marriage page of
tho old family Bible, just to soe how
it would look, and then rubbed it out
in guilty hasto. Even then didn't
Tessie get np the lawn party and ma
neuvre so that Cora and I were part
ners for the whole evening? And then,
there was the Jack Mauuers episode.
Jaok quite lost his head over Tess, and
asked her father if he could marry her.
I think he even proposed elopement to
Tessie. But she didn't love Jack, she
said, and so wouldn't hear of his wast
ingfany time or money on her. And
I didn't feel a bit jealous. I am sure
I didn't. So yon see it's quito plain
that we had not given the mischievous
little god Cupid any work to do for
us. But now I was twenfy and Tes
sie nineteen, and somehow, as I took
the shapely little hand she offered me
to welcome her back, after those
three years at school, somehow it
came to me suddenly that Tess was a
beautiful girl, and that her eyes were
bewitching. And there came into my
heart a strange, uncomfortable feel
ing- dissatisf ad ion, jealousy-what
was it? It certaiulywas not pleasant.
Suppose some ona. should take it into
his head to fall in love with Tessie
and marry her? Confoundhim! But
then, what was that to me? I was
not in love with her. Of course not.
We were simply friends. And yet I
instinctively disliked this fellow who
might make love to my girl chum.
The summer I wish particularly to
tell you of, the one following Tessie's
return from school, our folks aud her
folks decided to spend the hot season
at a little mountain hamlet with an un
pronounceable name-a mixture of
French and Indian-thirty miles or so
to the north of Lake Superior. We
had already spent one season there
and knew of a good boarding house
where they gave you enough to eat,
and were too unsophisticated to charge
a ruinous price. It was a one-horse
sort of a place, containing about a
dozen families, mostly French Cana
dian habitants, primitive as Noah.
The population numbered about one
hundred persons. The town was
perched right on the side of athirteen
huudred-foot-high hill. Dover Moun
tain, they called it. Directly back of
this hill-in fact, almost a continua
tion of it-rose a tall, pointed "moun
tain about three thousand feet high,
which the French habitants called
Ducre's Spine. This eminence, as
well as the hill on which the little vil
lage lay, as though it had been dropped
there, was very thickly wooded. Just
a little space close about the houses
had been cleared of trees, while for
miles around extended the dense vir
gin forest, most of whose heavy growth
of pine, cedar, chestnut, oak and
hickory, besides a rank undergrowth
of sumac and scrub oak, had never
been desecrated by the woodman's ax.
The folk6 were to go up to this wild
retreat early in the summer, and I was
to join them iu August, when I got my
The railroad by wh.ch one reached
this out-of-the-way place followed the
shore of the mighty Lake Superior for
about one hundred miles Lom Duluth,
and then struck into the forest for a
short distance to avoid a great mass
of basalt rock, too hard to tunnel
through, the tracks comiug close to
the water's edge again about five or
six miles from where they left it. Just
where the road was farthest from the
lake, at the most northeasterly point
pf the detour, the train slowed up a
soul abovo both caro and woe
course 'tis well that lt ls so.
nd foes have filled their place,
p its slimy charge to trace
disappeared from view
voman's loving you.
vatch while you're in sight
.( can light obscuring night;
from lips that love your namo,
3 and all their haste" to blame,
-you feel that this ls truo
;he woman loving you.
-Will T. Hale, in Chicago Times-Herald,
moment to let off any passenger for
the place with the long name. The
hamlet boasted no station, only a plat
form of rough, unhewn logs. From
this point there wound up through the
thick forest a narrow, tortuous road,
rough and stony, and dark even in the
daytime, from the overarching trees
up to tho houses ou the hillside. Only
one train a day stopped there, at half
past five, and they always drove down
from the boarding house to meet it in
au*- antiquated, nondescript vehicle
that might have come out of the ark.
This was a two-wheeled rig, the
wheels thick, rough slices cut from a
hickory log. The horse usually at
tached to it-he was the only being
attached in any way to the unlovely
thing-was a dignified, conservative
animal, full of years, and which no
amount of persuasion, either oral cr
flagellative, had ever been known to
induce to acc?lerate his progress to
anything faster than a stately walk.
It had been au unusually hot sum
mer. As tho train swejit along the
lake shore I noticed the vegetation
appeared very dry and parched, and
that the little pools, which always
flashed like gems from the rocky soil
along the edge of the lake, had dis
appeared. The yellow-red swamp
lilies that fringed the marshy ground
to the north margin of the track
seemed to literally burn in the
scorching rays of the afternoon sun,
and the sparks from the eugine stack
fell unpleasantly near some dry hem
lock brush that edged the lake. Un
comfortable thoughts of forest fires
came up in my mind. Away off to
the west leonid see a wreath of thin,
black smoke curling itself lazily up
ward. I watched it a moment and it
seemed to get thicker and blacker.
?VA trapper cooking supper," I
thought, but the notion of a forest
conflagration still lingered unpleas
antly in my mind.
As the train slowed up I grabbed
my valise and. sprang off onto the
platform. The conductor in the ca
boose behind-it was a long train of
"twee passTrnger-TOSCTI?* -?ut? Wrottty oT -
so freight cars-waved his arms and
the heavy train once more increased
its speed. Soon it had vanished
around the curve. I walked up and
down thc rough platform, waitiug for
my stage, aud my thoughts again re
turned to the possibility of a fire on
the mountain. What a terrible thing
it would be!
But just then I spied tho antedelu
vian rig winding in and out among
the tree?, about- half a mile up, and I
quickly dismissed from my miud all
thoughts of fire. Tess Avas driving
the conveyance.aud she was alone. I
was delighted with the prospect of a
two-hours' tete-a-tete with her, but
thought it strange that old Joe, the
farm hand, had not come for me, as
usual. Tess explained that the mau
was off at Tour Croix, a neighboring
town, helping fight a forest fire.
"Great Heavens!" I exclaimed.
"Suppose the fire should come this
way and overtake us before we get
Tess laughed. "No danger of that,
I guess," she said, as she "turned the
horse's head back in the direction he
It was a delightful afternoon. The
air waa now cooling down and, under
the shade of the trees that overhung
our homeward way, it was very pleas
ant. We chatted and laughed until
we quite forgot the existence of any
such thing as fire or dauger.
It was a good eight miles from the
railroad to the farm house, and we had
covered about a quarter of that dis
tance, when, on looking to the south,
I suddenly noticed a dense black
smoke rising in large, thick masses
three or four miles off. It seemed to
be rapidly approaching. Again that
terrible thought of fire suggested
"We had better get home as quickly
as possible! That is thc forest on
fire!" said'Tess. "Wouldn't it be a
terrible thing if it should reach the
road before we do! It is certainly
coming toward us!"
And coming toward us it was, at a
most alarming rate. Our octogenarian
steed would not move any faster and
the road seemed to cross the track of
the fire some distance ahead of us.
Our situation was becoming serious.
The road was not wide enough to
afford us an oasis in this approaching
simoon, aud if the flames got within
half a mile of us we could not escape,
except by a miracle. The fire came
nearer. There was no mistaking it
now. The evergreens and withered
underbrush had become veritable
tinder in the loug-continued hot and
dry spell, and before the destroying
flames they disappeared as snow be
fore the sun. It was only about half
an hour since I first noticed the
smoke, and now we could hear dis
tinctly the distant crack and roar of
the flames, aud every now and then
the heavy, resonant swish and boom
as some great king of the forest fell,
crashing through the smaller growth
beneath it. The twilight was coining
swiftly on. We began to get thor
oughly frightened as the fire came
nearer and nearer.
A great cloud of cinders and smoke,
the advance guard of the all-devour
ing enemy, began to blow in our faces
and fire the dry underbrush at our
feet. A breeze had sprung up. We
might have died for it two hours be
fore and not received it, but now,
when its presence was most deadly, it
appeared to give greater velocity to
tho already furiouj pace of our de
I applied the whip vigorously to the
j old horse, and he seemed to put forth
j his best energies, but the crazy wag
on was so heavy that we did not
?long any faster than a good trot.
The girl beside me was pale,
her lips were firmly set and her e
burned with a lustrous, deteruii:
light. She would not flinch, I s
She came of stern stuff, this ten
young girl, and the fierce, stubb
spirit of her Dutch ancestry was sta
ing her now in good stead. I kr
Tess would not faint or scream or
anything foolish or wild, but wo
be a comrade to nie in our dang
With a courago equal, if not superi
to my own.
On came the fire. It was now wi
in half a mile of us and roaring lik
wild beast in sight of his prey,
great cloud of smoke and cinders p
ceded the flames and blew right in i
faces, making our eyes smart so t
we could scarcely see, and grim:
and peppering our flesh till it felt ri
A flock of teal-great big, beauti
fellows-swept over us, flying tow^
the lake, uttering loud, discord
cries. Now and then one of the nu
ber would fall to the ground,
wings, perhaps, singed by the flan
over which it had passed. F<
beautiful deer, a massive stag w
magnificent antlers and three soft-ej
does, came at full bound from 1
covert to the left of the road, thebt
leading in a frightened run and t
females following with that starth
almost human, look in their lar
eyes that one notices in animals
bay. A long, glossy black sna
writhed its swift way through the v
derbrusb, across the road and -n
lost to view in an instant. I scarc?
knew how I managed to see all thc
minor features in the play which afti
wards came so near being a traged
but every little thing is indelibly ii
pressed upon my mind, even to tl
Our old horse was now fully ali
to tho danger we were in. HetrembI
and shook in every limb and drew tl
rickety old vehicle along at a rate
had never gone before. I held tl
reins and spoke encouraging words
him, and tried to comfort the bra
girl at my side. Tess was trying
keep the cinders off us with a litt
silk parasol-one of my gifts to her
bnt soon there were so many hoh
burned in that dainty relic of civiliz
tion that it became a veritable colo:
der, through which poured a red-hi
blinding flood of sparks and sniok0.
great hissing, cracking cinder lighte
on her Tam-o'-Shauter and that soo
was so near a blaze that I pitched :
off and threw it away. Tess looke
like au angry goddess. Her long brow
hair had escaped from its fastening
and swept out behind in the wiud on
passage created. As she held th
reins while I warded off a groat blaz
ing fir bough that came hurtling dow]
upon ns, with her eyes sparkling wit!
excitement, her face pale as ashes
and her lips set, she looked like an
other' Queen Boadicea driving he
chjaj?o? of wrath over-#ta-rw?sV.",^* *? ?
prona llbm?h~Tttsult~ers. " Even ii
those moment's of agony I wondere<
how she kept up so marvelously.
"We were now about half way horn*
and almost in the belt of flame. Thing
might now get better, and if wo couh
hold out for another half hour then
was a chance of our getting off witl
our lives. I tried to speak, but rn]
throat was so parched that I could no
utter a sound.
The heat was frightful. Clouds ol
dense white smoke settled about ns
in suffocating closeness, Avhile thc
thunder of the falling giants of tb(
forest, together with ..the sharp fusil
lade produced by their snapping
branches and the ever-increasing roai
of the flames, made up a grand anc
awful diapason. And the fire came
closer and closer-and finally-il
"Tess!" I shouted, as I put my arm
about her waist and drew her down
below the sides of the crazy old ve
hicle, "Dear girl, our time has come!
"Dear Ben, good-bye!" I read,
rather than heard from her lips. It
was impossible to hear her words.
And after4that, as the novelists say,
all was like a dream. I have a con
fused recollection of a heat so terrible
as to almost force my eyes from their
sockets and shrivel my skin up to
parchment-of the old horse dropping
to the ground-of standing over my
brave Tess fighting off the blazing
branches-of agonizing burns on my
head, face and hands! And then there
came a terrible crash! I seemed to
see ten thousand stars and all was
I never knew just how long I was
unconscious, but it must have been
for many hours, for wheu conscious
ness again mounted her throno in my
potfl it was broad day. At first I
could not open my eyes at all. Then
I managed to just separate the lids,
but it was the acutest tormeut to do
so. I afterwards found that they had
been horribly burned.
Full sensibility came back very
slowly. For awhile I was dazed. I
could not think-only gaze upward
stupidly at the clear sky and wonder
what hfiil happened. Soon, however,
it all came back-all the horror and
pain-and'I attempted to stnrt np.
"My God! Tess!" I groaned, as x
realized fully where I was and what
had transpired. But I found I was
too weak to do auything except barely
move my head.
When I could see about m what a
desolate scene it was that met my
blurred ami crippled vision. As far
as my poor sight could reach there
was nothing but blackness, except
[ overhead-a landscape in jet silhout
ted sharply against the soft azure of
the clear sky. A few feet from me
lay the figure of a human being! My
God! It was Tess! And was she
dead? Merciful Heaven! About half
of her clothes were gone and she lay
motionless, as though dead.
How I Buffered at that sight no one
but myself can ever know. It was
worse than my own misery. But I
could not move, and the ho*" tears, of
which I was not ashamed, distilled
from my eyes like drops of liquid fire
and ploughed red-hot furrows down
my scorched cheeks. And then I
again lapsed inte unconsciousness.
Whole ages might have passed be
fore I knew anything more. Then
suddenly I opened my eyes and saw.
I was in bed at home. By the beside
sat my small sister Jennie.
"You have been sick just three weeks,
, Ben," sahl she, "and Tessie' "-every
j one of us said "Tessie" and not Miss
i Mills-"is just able to walk around,"
i||It came out ai ter iv ard 3 that Tess
had received her worst burn while try
ing to -ward off a great blazing branch
from my head, after I had become un
conscious. Of course, she was lionized
for her bravery-"when I didn't do
auything brave at all," she afterwards
said to me, with a bright blush.- I
didn't say anything and what I did is
scarcely worth recording.
The doctor says I will bear no per
manent evil effects of my adventure
save several deep, ugly scars on my
head and arms.
But when I take my youngest boy
on my knee and pour into his never
tiring eav, again and again, the story
of my escape from a fiery death, and
then look over across the table where
sits my sweet-faced wife, I shudder at
the recollection of that night of horror
and marvel at the strength of a true
woman's love.-New York Ledger.
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL.
An English agriculturist has ano
ceeded in the cross fertilization ;of
grasses, clover, cereals and other food
During theliot months in Venezuela
exposure of the bare head to the sjin
for half an hour means a certain fevu*
and almost certain death.
C. A. Parsons, the English engin?er
who makes turbine engines for ships,
says that the new rotary engines will
cause vessels to travel sixty miles , an
hour or even more.
The proposal has been made by M.
! Gabriel Viand, a French chemist, to
obtain easily assimilable iron tonics
from vegetables by feeding the plants
judiciously with iron fertilizers. "f.
With most men the growth of the
beard is stronger on one side of the
face than on the other. It is usuaHy
the case that the hair grows moire
rapidly on that side on which we a|e
The Semaine Medical publishes de
tails of the successful experiments
made in Naples by Cantani, in making
guinea pigs immune against the in
fluenza poison by vaccinating thdm
with sterilized cultures of the influenza
A new typewriter has been perfect
ed for the benefit of blindmpeople.
The letters are raised, and they a/te
palpable as well as visible. Communi
cations made by this maohine can Re
read alike by the blind and those who
are blessed with sight.
A new method of testing steel bul
lets has been devised in Germant-*
The balls are dropped from a fixai
height on to a glass plate set at aji
angle.. If properly tempered they re?
bound into one receptacle; if they are
too soft they drop into another.
To test the power of the telephone
in transmitting tnneful sounds, Mrs>
Helen Buckley sang two songs into }a
funnel at the office of the Chicana}
Telephone Company, and the notes
were distinctly heard in New_YjorJr-i??'
w~mrmoer ot ?duSi??aTTmi?iagers who
had assembled for that purpose. .
Mr. Wragge, the meteorologist, who
established and worked the first ob
servatory on Ben Nevis, and who is
now meteorological observer of
Queensland, recently visited the sum
mit of Mount Kosciusko, the highest
mountain in Australia, for the purpose
of establishing an observatory there.
Apropos of New York's proposed
rapid transit tunnel, it is declared in
Ii.pD.don that the health of employes
on the Underground Railway is better
than on any line in England. The at
mosphere ?3 said to have positively,
cured cases- of quinsy and bronchitis
and to have benefited people with lung
The head is more a skeptic than the
Salvation is more than a moral refor
The pruned limb is seldom the one
He insults his nobler self, who mocks
Only the boor thinks it unmanly" to
say "thank you."
If our eyes were brighter, the stars
would be brighter.
Utilize even the thorns in your path,
but not for a pillow.
A wise man's mistakes are the capi
tal of his experience.
Disposition is the miut that coins
our comforts or their counterfeits.
Monopoly throws gold dust in the
eyes of politicians, to blind them.
"To err is human." That is sound
doctrine; nor is it hard to live up to.
Some people are baptized simply to
hear the world say, "0, how pious!"
Any demagogue can talk patriotism,
but it takes a man to live it and vote
The greatest deeds are done by those
who ore thc least conscious- that they
are gi eat.
The man who will do good as ufteu
as he has opportunity will be busy
The man who knows nothing except
what he has learned from books, is
poorly educated.-Ram's Horn.
American Method tho Best.
Germans are adopting American ma
chinery for their manufactories and
American ideas as well. The English
manufacturer proclaims boldly-prob
ably for the effect it may have upon
his workmen-that if he caunot adopt
American machiuery and methods in
Great Britain he will have to shut up
shop. The German and English may
be able to compete with each other
with the aid of American machinery,
and they may be able to excel all the
world save this great country from
which they are drawing new inspira
tions. But they cannot go thf> Amer
ican pace. Having caught up with
them we will pass them-distance
them, perhaps-for iu all the world
there is no such combination of ex
cellence as in these United States of
Thc Cost lieut Kean on Earth.
It is not generally known that the
vanilla benn is the costliest bean on
earth. It grows wild, and is gathered
by the natives in Papantla a: Mis
antla, Mexico. When brought from
thc forests these beans ave sold at
the rate of $11.25 per 1000, but when
dried and cured they cost about $11.25
per pound. They are mainly used by
druggists, and last year over 90,000,
000 beans were imported iuto this
Field Telegraphy and Mili
some little tricks
up his sleeve, which
in time ot war
could be brought
into service at a
and which, says W.
J. Bouse in the
New York Times,
would prove very
annoying to an ene
my. Comparatively little is known
about the Signal Corps of the army
and its important work, and it is the
purpose of this article to describe iu a
general way some of the interesting
things this little body of men accom
plish in these days of military progress.
Aerial military manoeuvres, photo
graphing from great heights and dis
tances, Jaying, equipping, and opera
ting telegraph and telephone lines in
time of battle at a rate as fast as a
horse can travel, are interesting mat
ters, and all of them are achieved by
this branch of the service.
The Signal Corps on a peace footing
consists of ten officers and a score or
more sergeants, together with small
detachments of enlisted men detailed
for this special service on the frontier
where instruction in the work of the
corps is being given. Brigadier Gen
eral A. W. Greely of arctic fame, is in
command of the corps and has his
headquarters at "Washington, D. C.
The largest school of instruction at
present is at Fort Logan, Colorado.
Captain W. A. Glassford, Chief Signal
Officer, of the Department of the Colo
rado, is in charge and has in his de
tachment three Sergeants and eighteen
detailed enlisted men.
In the present day, owing to the
rapid advanoe made in modern fire
arms, the necessity has arisen for a
means of instant communication from
one part of a battlefield tojanother. For
the transmission of orders, instruction,
reports, &c, nothing is so swift as
eleotricity. The manner of its adap
tion for this-work is interesting in the
extreme, and the means by which
telephone and telegraph lines are put
up and operated are unique and origi
nal^ Tho aerial exploits of somo
of these men outrival the wildest
dreams of "old-time aeronauts-for a
balloon train is now a part of the field
equipment of the modern United
The country surrounding Fort Lo
gan is particularly adaptedto the uses
of ?the Signal Corps for fi?Wr work.
^^-aittflvaifirt/i aknvftntrkv wonders the
correct and practicafuse oftE???r^J__:.
instruments employed easily taught.
The high peaks immediately in the
back ground afford lofty stations in
temperate weather for long distance
signaling and heliographing.
Supposing that a state of actual
warfare exists, wo will go with the
signal men into the field and see how
the field telegraph and telephone lines
are put up and operated. The tele
graph train consists of three wagons
of the usual army typo, built more for
rongh, hard service than for beautj'.
The electrical batteries are securely
packed in wooden bins or cells iu ono
of these wagons, to prevent their top
pling over in transit. Auother com
partment in this same wagon provides
safe storage for the telegraph instru
ments and necessary supplies. The
wagon is drawn by two or four mules
as the nature of the country demands.
The second wagon is kuown as the
wire wagon. It carries a supply of
ordinary galvanized telegraph wire
sufficient to erect a line ten or a doz
en miles in length. This wire is car
ried upon reels which pay it out auto
matically, once the line has been
started. The third wagon carries the
slender poles or lances, together with
the nect ssary insulators to support
the wire, and tools for settiug the
lances in tho ground. In boxes along
the sides of this wagon aro carried the
additional small supplies which may
be needed in cases of emergency.
BALLOON HOUSE A.1
The wagon train jogs along at a fair
rate of speed after leaving the post,
and no one knows, except the officer in
command, just where or when the line
is to be put up. The order for "dou
ble time" was given, and after the
men had trotted a short distance, the
ordor to halt was sounded. Tho offi
cer in command had selected his'im
aginary line and directed the battery
wagon to be placed in u certain posi
tion when halted. The men ran to
the wire wagon and swarmed over it;
others of them attacked the pole, or
lance truck, and in nu instant a stream
of poles was issuing from that wagon
that could only be approached by an
army of circus employes dismantling
a big teut.
The general direction of the line was
indicated by the officer and the men
set to work. Two of them, armed
with hufre o-?vWf'Xt V'Pi^i'i off U> ?V
SIGNAL GORPS. I
tary Ballooning Described. W
direction the line was to take. One
of them halted at about fifty or sixty
yards from the battery -wagon and
thrust the sharpened end of the steel
bar into the ground. The other passed
him and went twice as far, when he,
too, thrust the sharp instrument into
the yielding soil. The first man had
now run around him, and his place,
where he had dug the first hole, was
taken by a group of men armed with
one of tho lances, an insulator, and
the end of the wire, which was now
spinning out of the rear end of the
wire wagon. In less time than it takes
to tell it, the lance or pole was set, the
insulator was in position and the wire
was attached. The men were already
? T J
at the second station, where a pole
was going up, before I had time to
make a photograph. The men with
the crowbars wero now far away and
going further all the time. That row
of bristling poles seemed to grow like
magic and one could almost see tnem
ruu. In au incredibly short space of
time-but little longer than it would
have taken me to walk to the edge of
the timber-the line had disappeared
among the trees. While I was won
dering what would be done next, the
instrument in the battery wagon began
to tick and a message came iu over the
newly constructed line asking for
.further instructions. Orders were
flashed back and the line was. con
tinued all the way to the foothills.
At times, in actual warfare, it is not
only desirable but necessary for a com
manding General to get instant news
from the very front. Of course afield
telegraph line like the one just do
scribed could not be maintained there
long. To overcome this, however, the
field telephone can be used, andt in
case its instruments are ont of order
THE BALLOON WAGON.
from any cause, telegraphic messages
may be sent back from the front over
it to the rear, whence they may be in
stantly transmitted over the military
telegraph Hue as described.
Tho telephone wiro may be ad
vanced just as far to the front, oven
in actual battle, as brave men are able
to carry it. Its wire drags on the
ground aud is, of course, thoroughly
insulated. It is of sufficient strength
not to be injured by the passage of
troops over it. The wire is carried on
a little steel cart, drawn by hand. It
is wound upon a reel that works al
most without friction, and wire can
bo laid as rapidly as a man can run.
Tho operator in charge of the field
telephone carries a set of diminutive
yet perfect field instruments in a
leather case at his side. These field
instruments are attached to tue wire
by a flexible wire and comrauication is
possiblo at all times, even while the
wire is being laid. Messages may be
sent and received with as much facil
ity as if the instruments wero at
tached to a solid wall in a comfortable
Eminences, hills, bluffs, or other
[ FORT LOGAN, COL.
elevated portions of land, when so lo
cated as to be in view of headquarters
in tho field, serve nB admirable sites'for
heliograph'stations. Of course, unless
au uninterrupted view of the country
is to be had, uo heliographic signal
ing can be accomplished. The system
in vogue now in the Signal Corps is
tho latest and most improved, in the
matter of instruments procurable, but
the method which provides for the
transmission of messages by light
flashes, ?3 old. It ia astounding, how
ever, to note the fact that telegraphic
messages have been flashed with this
little instrument a distanoe of almost
200 miles. The Bysteni of dots and
dashes of the telegraph code is repro
duced by means of long and short
flashes of reflected sunlight. While
it is true that any operator may read
tho words spelled out in this manner,
y?t the information thus gained would
be totally unintelligible to bim, as
everything is sent in cipher.
'An exhaustive system of signaling,
try means of flags and heliograph l?y
day, and at night with rockets, bombs,
flash-lanterns and electric searchlights,
Hs in vogue. Messages can be sent,
under any and all sorts of conditions,
and in the face of seemingly insur
mountable obstacles, so that a com
mander may at all times be kept fully
advised of what is transpiring in any
or all of his commands.
Military ballooning has also ad
vanced to such a state of perfection
during the past few year that it will be
perfectly within the range of possibil
ity, in case of war, to accurately photo
graph an enemy's position, obtain ac
curate maps of his fortification, etc.,
without sending any one within hia
lines. There is at Fort Logan, a fully
equipped balloon field train, ready for
service at any moment.
The balloon train consists of threo
wagons, similiar in construction to
those described above, and which
transport the field telegraph parapher
nalia. The balloon itself, a huge affair,
: TELEGKAPH LINE.
has place in tho forward end of the
wagon. At the rear end there is a
large reel, upon which are carried sev
eral thousand feet of stout cable. In
a middle compartment to the balloon
wagon, room is reserved for the basket
and netting. In the second wagon are
storod the hydrogen gas tabes needed
for inflating the airship. These tubes
are constructed of steel and are as
light and as strong as it is possible to
There is a generating plant for gas
at Fort Logau, and ii is there that the
tubes are filled. They are shipped, in
such quantities as may be needed, to
various points throughout the country.
A supply sufficient for several infla
tions can bo carried with tho field
train, and if larger supplies are needed,
additional wagons are pressed into
service. The balloon itself is con
structed of the finest and most costly
material, gold beaters' skin being used
for this purpose. The heavy wagon is
of suflicient weight to hold the balloon
captivo, and if a change of base is
necessary during an ascension, the
wagon has Bimply to be moved in the
desired direction, Telephonic com
munication is maintained through the
cable which holds the balloong the
As the r???mners oFt?e ?Signal Cofpir
are also topographical engineers it is
a simple matter for them to prepare
accurate maps of the country beneath
them, while suspended out of harm's
way above an enemy's camp. The
adoption of teleophotographic lenses
also gives them means by which as
accurate photographs can be made as
if the artist were actually in the
Statistics show that it is almost im
possible to hit a cai>tivo balloon with
musketry lire when nt an el ovation of I
2000 feet. Tho balloon is kept, mov- |
iug almost incessantly, ' ami in that
lies a great measure of its safety.
Nearly all the standing armies of the
world are now equipped with balloon
corps, and the value of this sort of
aerial surveyiug in timo of war is in
calculable, at least it is so admitted by
the military experts, and they ought
Whether or not experiments have
been made in the use of explosives
dropped from balloons, I have not
been able to learn, but, from what ono
can seo of the use of these aerial
monsters at Fort Logan, it would not
be strange if the wildest dreams of
moderns may soon be realized and the
terrible death-dealing airship may soon
evolve, as did the Holland submarine
boat, from Jules Verne's "Twenty
Thousand League Under the Sea."
Pulpit Harbor is wondering how a
gull brought down by B. K. Carver
came to his death. The bird was shot
at with a forty-four-calibre rifle and
picked up dead fifteen minutes later
with not a drop of blood on it and not
a feather rulPed. The local wise men
of the place scorn that he came down
like Davy Crockett's coon, "bocause
he knew 'twaut no use," to do any
thing else, although Mr. Carver is
esteemed a mighty hunter, but are
divided in opinion as to whether the
bird had his mouth open and the bul-;
let went straight down his throat, or
whether it went so near that it-stunned
him and he fell and was drowned.
Lewiston (Me.) Journal.
An Old House With n History.
Ono of tho places in which tourists
in England revel is Bull's Tavera. It
looks to-day just as it did when it was
erected in 1612. "When repairs were
necessary they were made with the
dea of carefully preserving the ap
pearance of the old place.
It was here that Oliver Cromwell
made his headquarters for nearly a
CROMWELL Iir.TED ITERE.
year. Ten births and six weddings
are dated here, and there is a story of
a murder to lend a charm for thas*
who love the morbid.
A Likely Talc, This.
PRECEPT AND PRACTICE.
Hy grandmother used to say to mo,
My grandmother used ' o say,
"Now, don't run after the boys, my girl,
But stick to your sewing, pray!
For men who want wives will hunt thev
Care not to be mel half way;
For the longest chase Is the fairest sport,"
My grandmother used to say.
My grandmother used to say.to. me,
? My grandmother used Jo say;'
"Now, stop your dreaming and baste you
Dreams never were meant for day.
Don't hurry, my girl, to And a lad,
Maids never have will nor way
lill sorrow and twenty are cume and gone,"
My grandmother used to say.
But I'd heard some tales and said one day:
"Now, Granny, you dear old thing,
?LOU met, I've been told, your lover at
The gate nt tho meadow spring,
ind, though scarce eighteen, you rod bo
To the village si - miles ?way,
ind were married and all by Parson Phipps
Now, what have you got to say?" ,
And grandmother smiled demurely, then.
Above the hurrying thread;
" 'Twas not for the lack of precept, dear,
Things happened as you have said;
Por, 'Stop'your dreaming and baste yop
Por the men won't run away;'
ind 'Wooing will keep for a good two
My grandmother used to say."
-Richard Stillman Powell, in Puck,
HUMOR OF THE DAY.
Nobody seems to care muon whether,
he kisses the bride at a silver wed
ding or not.-West Union Gazette.
He-"Did she say why she left her
last place?" She-"Why, the woman
she lived with sneered at the wheel
"Lend me a dollar, ol ct man."
"Can't; only have a half." "That's
all right; you can owe me the othes
Duzby- "Do you" regard thirteen ad
an unlucky number?" Dooby-"Cer
tainly I do; aren't they always abus
ing it?"-Boxbury Gazette.
Spendley-"Well, if my money
should go, dearest, you'd still have
me!" Mrs. Spendley-"Don't you be
too sure about that!"-Puck.
"Now, when you ask papa for me,
be sure to face him like a man."
"That I will. He doesn't get any
chance at my back if I can help it."-?
Mrs. Goodenough-"Now, Johnnie,
won't you'sit down and tell me why
your papa whipped you?" Johnnie
"No, mam; I'd rather stand and say
Guest (in cheap restaurant)-"Here,
waiter, this meal is simply vile. I
won't pay for it. Where's the pro
prietor?" Waiter-"He's out at lunch,
"I am very sorry, Captain Brown,
but circumstances over which I have
no control compel me to say no."
"May I ask what the circumstances
: are?" "Yours,'.'-Pjck-Me-Up,
search of burl'?'a^e^s^^rer', ~ ~T~gtfes s
it is. He said something to me about
diving into his wife's pocket for cash."
-Philadelphia North American,
j ^ "I thoroughly enjoy looking at the
advertising pages after the holidays
are over." "Any special reason?"
"Yes; here and there I see something
my wife didn't buy."-Chicago Bec
? Beporter-"How much do you want
written about that dime museum freak
with a rubber neck?" Editor
"We're short of matter to-day; stretch
it out to a column."-Norristown
He-"I've a ripping new naughty
story to tell you. I don't think Tve
told it you before." She-"Is it a
real good one?" He-"It is indeed."
She-"Then you haven't told it me be
"Waiter, do you remember me? I
came in here yesterday and ordered a
steak." Waiter-"Yes, sir." Will you
liave the same to-day?" Customer
"Yes, if no one else is using it."
Old Foggs-"In this natural history,
Thomas, rt states that a thrush feeds
its young no fewer than two hundred
and six times a day. What have you
to say to that?" Thomas-"Wish I :
was a young thrush."-Standard.
Jack Bachelor-"So your late uncle
left yon all his money when he died,
did he?" Bob Bluffer (disgustedly)
-"No, not all. The mean old duffer
had to go and leave two hundred and
fifty dollars of it for a tombstone."
Mrs. Fogg-"One can never tell
what to believe. Mrs. Jones says the
Wimpers fight like cats and dogs, and
Mrs. Brown says they are the happiest
couple in town." Fogg-"I don't see
as there need be any inconsistency in
the two stories. Some people are never
happy unless they are quarreling."
"What pretty. illuminated cards!"
exclaimed one woman. "That one
with the motto, 'Honesty is the best
policy,' is especially nice." "Yes,"
replied the other. "I brought them
from Europe, and the best of it is, I
got them through with a lot of other
things without paying a cent of duty."
"Shall we shoot or hang him?"
asked the vigilantes. The methodical
man of business paused to think.
"Let us not be hasty," he said, "for
hurry begets criminal waste and ex
travagance. The first thing to do is
to learn the price of rope, ?[and com
pare it with the price of ammunition'"
-Philadelphia North American.
Dying Millionaire-"I have been
much in litigation, always successful,
too, and I feel that I owe everything
to the lawyers. I want them to have
all my property." Attorney-"Ah!
?bu wish me to make a will, tuen, be
queathing-" Dying Millionaire
"Cutting off all my relations and be
queathing the money to charitable
institutions."-New York Weekly.
How the Brain Act8.
Although the brain is perpetually
active, the whole of it is never active
at one time. The two hemispheres or
halves do not operate simultaneously,
but alternate in action-now it is the
one-half, then the other.
Kations That Own Telegraphs.
Austria, Hungary, Belgium, France,
Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Italy,
Portugal, Sweden, Norway and Swit?
zerland own all the telegraph lines ia
their respective territory,